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Daelim S2-250 Service Manual
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Daelim S2 250 Scooter
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http://www.daelimmotor.com HEAD OFFICE (FACTORY) #58, SUNG SAN-DONG, CHANG WON, KYUNGNAM, KOREA TEL : (82-55) 239-7000 / FAX : (82-2) 467-9997
OPERATOR AND PASSENGER This motorcycle is designed to carry the operator and one passenger. ON-ROAD USE This motorcycle is designed to be used only on the road. READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL CAREFULLY Pay special attention to statements preceded by the following words:
Indicates a strong possibility of severe personal injury or death if instructions are not followed.
9. 2004 PRINTED 9. 2004 PUBLICATION
Indicates a possibility of personal injury or equipment damage if instructions are not followed.
Gives helpful information. This manual should be considered a permanent part of the motorcycle and should remain with the motorcycle when resold or otherwise transferred to a new owner or operator.
SPECIFICATION OPERATION INSTRUCTION
PRIOR TO STARTING VEHICLE OPERATION CORRECT ATTIRE CARGO MODIFICATION ATTACHMENT MUFFLER 13
STEERING STEM LOCK SEAT LOCK TRUNK DOCUMENT STORAGE AREA BAG HOLDER
CORRECT DRIVING OPERATION
STARTING THE ENGINE IF ENGINE CANNOT BE STARTED AFTER STARTING ENGINE PROPER DRIVING METHODS STOPPING
PARTS LOCATION METER READING AND USAGE
METER INDICATOR LAMPS
SELF INSPECTIONS BEFORE OPERATION
INSPECTION OF CONCENED AREA BRAKE INSPECTION FUEL CHECK TIRE INSPECTION ENGINE OIL LEVEL CHECK LIGHTS AND WINKER INSPECTION BULB REPLACEMENT METHOD REAR VIEW MIRROR FUEL LEAK INSPECTION
MAIN SWITCH START BUTTON HEADLIGHT WINKER SWITCH HORN BUTTON PASSING SWITCH
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONS BRAKES BRAKE HOSE, PIPE LEAKAGE, DAMAGE, ASSEMBLY STATE BRAKE PAD WEAR CHANGING ENGINE OIL TRANSMISSION OIL INSPECTION WHEEL REMOVAL SPARK PLUG BATTERY INSPECTION FUSE REPLACEMENT COUPLER CONNECTION AIR CLEANER ELEMENT INSPECTION SIDE STAND INSPECTION CABLE RUBBER PART CLEANING STORAGE GUIDE FRAME AND ENGINE NUMBER
SAFE DRIVING PREPARATION BEFORE DRIVING DRIVING METHOD
DRIVING POSITION TAKING POSE OF FELLOW PASSENGER PRECAUTION WHEN DRIVING STARTING
PRINCIPLE OF TURN EFFECT OF SPEED 3 POSITIONS OF TURNING TURNING METHOD PRECAUTION WHEN TURNING
BASIC PRINCIPLE OF BRAKE(FRICTION FORCE) RESTRAINT OF BRAKING EFFECT (INERTIA) BRAKING METHOD COMPARISION OF BRAKING DISTANCE IMPACT WHEN COLLISION
LENGTH WIDTH HEIGHT(mm) WHEEL BASE(mm) GROUND CLEARANCE(mm) SEAT HEIGHT(mm) DRY WEIGHT(kgf) PASSENGER ENGINE TYPE PISTON DISPLACEMENT(cc) BORE AND STROKE(mm) STARTING SYSTEM TRANSMISSION TYPE
2,1,356 1,2 OIL COOLED/AIR COOLED 4 STROKE 4VALVE 124.9
IGNITION SYSTEM BATTERY CAPACITY FUEL CAPACITY( ) RESERVE FUEL CAPACITY( ) TIRE SIZE FR. RR. SUSPENSION FR. RR. FR. BRAKE RR.
C.D.I 12V10AH(MF TYPE) 11 2./ 70 - 12 58S 130 / 70 - 12 62S TELESCOPIC UNIT SWING OIL DAMPER HYDRAULIC DISK HYDRAULIC DISK CR8EH-9 15
56 50.7 START MOTOR V - MATIC SPARK PLUG FUSE(A)
This manual describes matters pertaining to correct operation, safe operation and simple maintenance of the vehicle you purchased. To ensure more comfortable and safer operation, make sure to read this manual carefully prior to operation. The photographs and drawings shown in this manual may differ from those of actual vehicles due to changes in vehicle specifications and modifications made. This vehicle is designed for 2 riders including the operator.
Careful driving and the wearing of proper attire and safety equipment are the most important factors in the safe operation of the scooter. Please obey traffic regulations and do not be hurried and careless. Many new vehicle owners operate their newly purchased vehicles with great care and attention to safety factors. However, after becoming accustomed to the operations are often discarded, which can lead to accidents. Please don't let this happen to you and always approach the operation of your vehicle with the safety considerations needed. When operating the vehicle, always keep in mind and obey the notes of precaution printed on the Safety Precaution Label attached to the vehicle.
Do not use polluted gasoline. Using polluted gasoline will cause rust inside the fuel tank, and will close the supply of fuel to the carburetor, leading to an improper engine starting or may cause serious damage to an engine. Do not use polluted or low-grade oil. Always use genuine oil to protect and extend vehicle performance and its life span. If any failure occurs due to the use of polluted gasoline or oil, such failure will be excluded from being eligible for repairs under the warranty. Always wear helmet. Always put on gloves. Observe posted speed limits. Park vehicle away from people(especially children) as the muffler can get very hot. For safety, do not illegally modify the vehicle. Regularly conduct specified maintenance inspections. <Maintenance Inspection Points> Brakes, Tires, Oil, Lights, Horn, Instruments
PRIOR TO STARTING VEHICLE
Read user's manual carefully. Conduct maintenance checks prior to operation. Always maintain vehicle in clean status and carry out specified maintenance checks. Make sure to stop engine and stay away from fire when fueling. Exhaust gas contains harmful substance such as carbon monoxide. Start engine in well-ventilated places.
Operators should naturally fix bodies to keep smooth driving. Please check whether or not you are unnaturally strained and strung up. Driving pose has a great influence on safe operation. Please always maintain the center of your body in the middle of seat. Especially do not sit at the rear seat because it may lessen the weight of front wheel and cause trembling steering wheel. A passenger should hold on to the vehicle or the operator with both hands and keep both feet on the pillion step bar. When wanting to turn, slightly lean to body toward the direction of the turn. It is unsafe if the body is not moved in union with the vehicle. Curvy roads and poor, unpaved roads constantly change in surface quality. Driving on these roads can be unsafe if certain safety precautions are not followed. In order to safely drive through these driving conditions, anticipate coming road conditions, slow down to at least half the normal speed, and relax your shoulders and wrists while securely holding the handles.
METER READING AND USAGE
<SPEEDOMETER> Indicates driving speed. Maintain legal speed limits to ensure safe operation.
<WINKER INDICATOR> When the winker switch is operated, the winker indicator flashes in union with the flashing of the turn signals.
<ODOMETER> Indicates total distance in kilometers travelled by the vehicle.
<FUEL METER> The fuel meter indicates the gasoline level inside the fuel tank. Gasoline should be put in the fuel tank as soon as possible if the needle is resting in the red area.
FUEL TANK CAPACITY : 11 RESERVIOR CAPACITY : 2.8
1. ON. Starts engine. Key can not be pulled out. 2. OFF.Stops engine. Key can be placed in or taken out of the main switch. 3. LOCK.Locks handle bars. Key can be placed in or taken out of the main switch. 4. OPEN.When seat lock is released, key returns to its original position(OFF). Key can be placed in or taken out of the main switch.
When you park the vehicle and leave it, please lock handle bars and take out the key. It can be locked up in the main stand using supplementary device (Buglarproof) If the key is left in ON position without starting engine, battery is discharged. Rotate key smoothly without pressing to turn to OPEN. Do not use a number of keys together with a metal key holder. The keys and the key holder may cause scratches or other damage to the cover while operating the vehicle. (Recommend cloth or leather key holders)
Do not manipulate main switch key during operation. If the main switch key is placed on Off or Lock position, all electrical system will not function. Never operate the main switch key during travel as it might cause unexpected accidents. If it is necessary to remove the main switch key, stop the vehicle first prior to removing.
<TURNING ON HEADLIGHT>
Put main switch key in ON position and turn on headlight switch.
High beam or low beam can be operated by the use of dimmer switch.
The engine is started pressing this button when pressed in a state where the main switch key is placed to an ON position and the brake lever is pulled.
The engine will not start if the brake lever is not pulled. Do not hold the brake lever and pull the throttle grip when the engine was started. It may damage the engine.
Headlight, taillight, position lamp and meter lights on. Position lamp, taillight, and meter lights on. Light turned off.
HIGH BEAM. used when needing extra D(HI) light. LOW BEAM. used when other vehicles D(LO) are present, in the city, etc.
Use the high beam only in the suburban road or when the usage of the high beam not hinder the safe driving of the car ahead.
If this switch is turned on when the main switch is in an ON position, the winker will operate. (R).used when making a right turn. (L).used when making a left turn.
The horn is sounded if the horn button is pressed when the main switch is in an ON position.
Push the button 2~3 times when you need to call drivers attention.
The winker switch does not automatically turn back to its original position after completing the turn. Please set the switch back to its center position after turning.
STEERING STEM LOCK SEAT LOCK
As the seat automatically locks, take special care not to accidently leave the key in the trunk. Make sure that the seat is securely locked after closing the seat. Driving with unlocked seat lock may cause danger. When the seat lock is out of order, do not operate it further and inspect it in the closest authorized repair center.
<LOCKING> To lock the steering, turn the handlebars all the way to the left, turn the key to LOCK while pushing in. Remove the key. <UNLOCKING> To unlock the steering, turn the key to the OFF position.
Do not turn the key to LOCK while riding the vehicle; loss of vehicle control will result.
<LOCKING> The seat automatically locks when the seat is pushed in its downward position, Lightly pull upward on the seat to make sure the seat has been properly locked. <UNLOCKING> Turn the main switch key from OFF to OPEN to open the seat.
DOCUMENT STORAGE AREA
There is a trunk under the seat. The seat is opened to gain access to the trunk by using the main switch key on the seat lock. The lamp inside the trunk will be turned on if the seat is opened. TRUNK MAXIMUM LOAD:10kg
There is a document storage area on the bottom of the seat. Store the owners manual and the maintenance notebook in this area.
As water can enter the trunk when washing, make sure to remove articles that can be damaged by water. Do not load uncloseable size of helmet and thing in the tunk, otherwise, the battery can be discharged with the trunk lamp on.
The temperature inside the trunk rises due to heat from the engine. Do not place foodstuffs and other articles that can be damaged easily by heat. Also do not place flamm-able materials in the trunk. Do not place valuable or fragile goods in trunk.
For ease in carrying bags and similar items, they should be hung from the bag holder which is fitted for this purpose. When using the bag holder, place it in the open position and return it to the normal position when not in use.
Do not attempt to carry very heavy or bulky loads since this would affect the stability and steering characteristics of the scooter.
STARTING THE ENGINE
Make sure to check the oil, gasoline, etc., before starting the engine. Please ensure that the main stand is in a down position when starting the engine. Always follow the proper starting procedure described below. This motorcycle is equipped with a side stand ignition cut-off system. The engine cannot be started if the side stand is down. Always be ensure that you operate the engine starting controls with the scooter on its stand.
Never run the engine in an enclosed area. The exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas that can cause loss of consciousness and lead to death. While the scooter is on its stand you should NEVER apply full throttle:if the rear wheel touches the ground the scooter would set off at full speed. (Remember that the scooter has a centrifugal automatic speed control)
Make sure that the rear wheel is locked when starting the engine to prevent an unexpected quick start of the vehicle. Locking is not possible if the rear wheel brake is not adjusted correctly. Drive with care for both safety reasons and longer vehicle life. For 1 month (or 1,000km) after purchasing the vehicle, drive moderatly avoiding fast starts and fast acceleration
Lock the rear wheel.
<USING THE ELECTRIC START(CELL)>
Press the starter button without rotating the starter grip (opening the throttle). If the engine is hot and does not start after pressing the starter button for 3~4 seconds, rotate the throttle grip to 1/8~1/4 of a rotation and try again. This will allow easy starting
Turn the main switch to an ON position.
Immediately release the starter button as soon as the vehicle has started. Do not press the starter button when the engine is running. This can damage the starting motor.
Start engine with cell button.
IF ENGINE CANNOT BE STARTED
It is possible that starting will be more difficult if the vehicle has not been used for a long period of time or if the fuel hole is plugged up(starting problems even when there is sufficient fuel in the fuel tank may be an indication of a plugged fuel hole). When this happens, do not rotate the throttle grip and try the starter button a few times. When the engine is cold morning or winter or the vehicle has not been used for a long period of time, let the engine idle for a short period allow the engine to warm up. If engine cannot be started or vehicle does not move, check the followings. Is there fuel in fuel tank? Are you operating in accordance with the instructions given in owners manual? Is fuse not cut? Is starter motor running?
If the brake fluid is significantly lower than the specified level, inspect not only brake fluid but also check the front brake pad for wear.
<CHECK> Check gasoline to see if there is a sufficient amount of gasoline to reach your destination. Place the main switch to ON position. If the fuel meter needle indicates E mark (red portion), fill fuel tank with gasoline as soon as possible.
RESERVE FUEL CAPACITY : 2.8
<REFUELING> Open the key cover on fuel tank cap, and turn the key clockwise to remove the cap. Fill the tank with gasoline until it reaches the bottom of the level plate. Press the cap firmly, and pull out the main key.
Gasoline is extremely flammable and is explosive under certain conditions. Refuel in a well-ventilated area. Make sure to stop engine and stay away from fire when refueling. Do not fill gasoline past the level plate. Gasoline may leak out of the fuel tank when replacing the fuel tank cap if too much gasoline is put in the fuel tank. Dont fill low grade gasoline. Using it can cause damage (bending, getting worn, etc.) to combustion chamber and parts of fuel. Do not close the fuel cap with excessive strength. It may cause the damage of the cap and the rubber packing resulting in the leak of fuel and may cause fire in case of electrical short or the overturn of the vehicle. Avoid repeated or prolonged contact with skin or breathing of vapor. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
<AIR PRESSURE CHECK> Check for an appropriate level of air pressure by examining how the tire sits on the ground. If you notice any abnormalities in the shape of the tire with regard to the area contacting the ground, use a tire gauge to check tire pressure and adjust the tire pressure to the appropriate level.
120/70-12 58S 130/70-12 62S WITH ONE FRONT 2.00 PERSON REAR 2.00 FRONT REAR 2.00 2.25
<CRACKS/DAMAGE> Check tire tread and sides for cracks and damage.
<FOREIGN MATERIALS> Check tire tread and sides for nails, rocks, etc. That might have become wedged in the tire.
TIRE PRESSURE FRONT (kgf/ ) WITH TWO PERSON REAR
<ABNORMAL WEAR> Check tire tread for signs of abnormal wear.
If your motorcycle is overturned or involved in a collision, inspect control levers, cables, brake hoses, calipers, accessories, and other vital parts for damage. Do not ride the motorcycle if damage impairs safe operation. Have your authorized Daelim dealer inspect the major components, including frame, suspension and steering parts, for misalignment and damage that you may not be able to detect. Use new, genuine Daelim parts or their equivalent for maintenance and repair. Parts which are not of equivalent quality may impair the safety of your motorcycle and the effective operation of the emission control systems.
Brake fluid may cause irritation. Avoid contact with skin or eyes. In case of contact, flush throughly with water and can a doctor if your eyes were exposed. Keep out of reach of children.
<REPLENISHING FRONT BRAKE FLUID> Check that the fluid level is above the LOWER level mark with the motorcycle in an upright position. Brake fluid must be added to the reservoir whenever the fluid level begins to reach the LOWER level mark. 1. Remove the wind screen. 2. Clean dust and other foreign materials around reserve tank to prevent foreign materials from falling inside tank. 3. Remove the screws and take oil cup cap, diaphragm plate, diaphragm off. 4. Replenish recommended brake oil to the upper level inside reserve tank.
RECOMMENDED BRAKE OIL IS DOT 3 or DOT 4
When adding brake fluid, be very careful not to allow foreign materials to enter the reserve tank. Foreign materials can clog the system, causing a reduction or complete loss of braking ability. Do not fill past upper level. This can cause brake fluid to leak out of the reserve tank. Do not let brake fluid contact vehicle parts as this damages painted areas. If oil contacts parts, quickly clean the fluid off using a dry cloth. Use recommended brake fluid as other types can undergo chemical changes. If brake fluid is exceedingly low, this can be indication of damage to the brake system. A leak in the brake system can lead to reduced braking efficiency and possible loss of braking ability.
5. Reinstall the diaphragm plate, and oil cup cap. 6. Tighten the screws securely. 7. Install the wind screen.
<REPLENISHING REAR BRAKE FLUID> Replenish in the same method as that of front brake fluid replenishment.
BRAKE HOSE, PIPE LEAKAGE, DAMAGE, ASSEMBLY STATE
Visually check for fluid leaks or damage and, using a spanner, check joints and clamps for clearance. Also, check hose and pipe protective parts to see if they contact other parts when turning the handle bars or due to vibration when driving.
BRAKE PAD WEAR
Brake pad wear depends upon the severity of usage, the type of riding, and road conditions. (Generally, the pads will wear faster on wet and dirty roads.) Inspect the pads at each regular maintenance interval (page 32). [FRONT / REAR BRAKE] Check the cutout in each pad. If either pad is worn to the cutout, replace both pads as a set See your authorized Daelim dealer for this service. <FRONT BRAKE>
CHANGING ENGINE OIL
When the engine oil is contaminated, the life of engine will be remarkably shortened. Keep the proper oil level, kind and replacing period. Place the vehicle on a flat surface, and idle (warm up) the engine 2~3 minutes. Stop the engine, separate the oil level gauge, place a vessel under the engine, and remove the oil drain bolt to drain the oil. Remove the adjusting hole cap, and clean the oil filter screen. Check the condition of O-ring of oil filter screen. Install the oil filter screen, spring, adjusting hole cap. Install the oil drain bolt. Check the oil level gauge, and add the engine oil until it reaches the specified level (between max and min) Install the oil level gauge, and idle the engine for a while. Wait for 20~30 seconds after stopping the engine, check again the oil level gauge. WHEN CHANGING OIL: 0.75 WHEN CLEANING THE FILTER SCREEN: 0.8 TOTAL AMOUNT: 1.1
When changing the engine oil immediately after stopping the engine, be careful not to be burned the hot oil. When refueling, make sure not to enter the dirt into oil pouring port. If the oil overflows, wipe it clearly. Do not fill the oil past the level plate. It can cause damage to engine. Dont fill the low grade oil. Using it can cause damage to engine and parts. If the engine is stuck while traveling due to this, it may lead death or serious injury. Use only the genuine oil. Do not pour the 2 cycle engine oil. Using it can cause serious damage to engine. If the engine is stuck while traveling due to this, it may lead death or serious injury. If the tire is stained with oil while or after refueling, the vehicle may slip while traveling to cause roll over. Do not discard the engine oil other than specified place. It will bring environmental contamination, and be brought under the law.
[SPECIFIED GENUINE OIL] Dont fill the low grade oil. Using it can cause damage to engine, and cant receive the warranty. Use only the genuine oil. Genuine oil: Motics 4 oil SF, SL grade (SAE : 15W40#)
If changing the oil by loosening the oil drain bolt, always clean the oil filter screen.
TRANSMISSION OIL INSPECTION
Start the engine and let it idle for a few minutes. Stop the engine and put the motorcycle on its mainstand on level ground. Check to see if transmission oil leaks out of the transmission case. Fill the recommended oil when you need. RECOMMENDED OIL : SAE80W-90
Pay special attention not to leak out. When draining the oil, make sure that all of the oil is removed. The engine can be harmed if there is too much or not enough oil. Do not use low-quality oil. These oils can change quality overtime and can cause damage. <OIL LEAK> Check to see if transmission oil leaks out of the transmission case.
<FRONT WHEEL REMOVAL> Raise the front wheel off the ground by placing a support block under the engine. Loosen the oval screw and remove the speedometer cable. Loosen the axle nut. Withdraw the front wheel axle and remove the front wheel.
Fit the caliper over the disk, taking care not to damage the brake pads. Install the caliper fixing bolts, and tighten to a torque of : 2.8~3.4kgf m Install in the reverse order of removal. Tighten the front axle nut to the specified torque. FRONT AXLE NUT TORQUE : 5.0~7.0kgf m After assembling, operate brake for a number of times and see if wheel is turning smoothly without getting interruption.
Remove the front caliper assembly from the front fork by removing the fixing bolts. When installing the wheel, care- fully fit the left brake disk between the brake pads to avoid damaging the pads. Prior to assembling, match the depressed part( ) of the speedometer gear box with the projected part of the left front fork.
Do not operate brake lever after the front wheel is removed. It will make wheel assembling difficult.
<REAR WHEEL REMOVAL> Set vehicle on main stand in upright position on the ground. Remove the muffler. Remove the rear caliper assembly from the rear swing arm by removing the 2 fixing bolts. Remove the special bolt of RR. cushion securing the RR.swing arm and pull it up. Lossen the axle nut and remove the RR.swing arm. Remove the collar and the rear wheel. Install in the reverse order of removal. REAR AXLE NUT TORQUE : 8.0~10.0kgf m
If a torque wrench was not used for installation, see your authorized dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly. Improper assembly may lead to loss of braking capacity. Never perform the maintenance of the muffler right after stopping the vehicle because the muffler is extremely hot.
If electrode is stained or clearance is not right, satisfactory spark is not produced. Clean and make adjustment. Remove the spark plug cap. Clean around the plug. Using a plug wrench, remove the plug. Clean plug with plug cleaner. Check electrode for wear and corrosion. If the ends become round, replace it with a new one. Check the plug gap using a feeler gauge. PLUG GAP: 0.8~0.9mm Tighten with hands until the plug washer touches cylinder head. STANDARD PLUG: CR8EH-9 If new plug is installed, turn 1/2 and tighten using a plug wrench. If plug is reused, turn 1/3~1/4 and tighten. <HANDLING FOR POOR STARTING> During cold season or when frequent short-distance traveling, the starting may be poor and even the engine will be OFF. This may be prevented by use of spark plug. The spark plug of this vehicle is equipped as standard when delivery. However, the starting will be poor if the vehicle is continuously driven under low speed.
If plug of different maker or different heat value is used, it causes unsatisfactory engine starting, inadequate engine revolution and output deterioration. After driving, the spark plug become very hot. When inspecting, pay attention not to be burned.
When removing the pillion seat and open the battery box cover, you can find the battery. If the battery terminal is polluted or in-rust, separate battery and clean it. Battery terminal in rust with white powder should be cleaned with warm water. In case of serious rust of battery terminal, disassemble the battery cord and grind it with wire brush or sandpaper.
Turn the ignition switch OFF before disconnecting the terminal from the battery. Disconnect the negative(-) terminal lead from the battery first. When connecting, connect the positive(+) terminal lead first. If you work in reverse order, short circuit will occur resulting in fire. Make sure that terminals do not contact with other adjacent parts when handling (+), (-) terminals. Contact with other parts may cause spark resulting in electrical equipment malfunction, fire and electric shock. Do not apply excessive impact. When handling the battery, stay away from flammable materials. If the electrolyte contact with terminal, it will be corroded earlier. The battery is shield type, so do not disassemble the pouring plug. When not using vehicle during a long time, take off the battery from the vehicle to keep from self-discharge and electric discharge. Put the battery in a well ventilated place after charging fully. In case it isnt available to take battery off from the vehicle, disconnect (-) terminal.
Connect the white colored coupler only.
If the black coupler is connected by mistake the fuses are cutoff.
SIDE STAND INSPECTION
Erect main stand and place vehicle in upright position on level ground. Check the spring for damage or loss of tension and the side stand assembly for freedom of movement. Check the side stand ignition cut-off system; Put the side stand up. Start the engine. Lower the side stand. The engine should stop as you put the side stand down. If the side stand system does not operate as described, inspect it in the closest authorized repair center.
CABLE RUBBER PART INSPECTION
A rubber boots is assembled on the cable to protect the inner cable. Make sure that this part is placed firmly around the correct part of the cable. When washing the vehicle, do not directly spray water on to the rubber boots or scrub it with brush. Use a dry cloth to clean this area.
Infiltration of the foreign materials or water caused by damage of rubber boots (disengagement, tearing, etc.) may cause freezing in winter season resulting in faulty operation. It may lead death or serious injury by decreasing of sudden acceleration and braking force due to engine rpm. If any damage is found, replace with the new on immediately.
Check the installing condition of rubber boots daily. After adjusting the free play of throttle grip, never forget to place the rubber boots to the original position.
Make sure to stop the engine prior to car washing. Be careful not to allow water to enter the muffler during the washing.Water inside the muffler may cause an improper engine starting or rust occurrence. Do not let water get inside the braking system during the washing, as water inside the brake system may weaken the braking power. Upon completion of washing, select a safe place where there is no traffic obstruction, and start the vehicle. Lightly apply the brake while driving at a slow speed and check the braking power. If the braking power has been weak-ened, apply brake lightly while driving at a slow speed to dry up the brake system. Take precautions when waxing the vehicle. Excessive polish of the painted section and/or the resin part with compound wax might damage the painted section causing discoloration of the affected area.
3 POSITIONS OF TURNING
The basic principle of turn is balancing using combined force of the centrifugal force and the gravity. All 3 positions require straightening the head and keeping the eyes horizontally.
< LEAN-WITH > This is a turning position with motorcycle and driver in a line. This position is the most natural and exact, so driver must learn it thoroughly.
< LEAN-IN > This is a turning position with driver leaned inside more than motorcycle. This position is adequate to drive on the rained or slippy road because it has best road holding. However, special attention is required because front visual field is poor when driver leans inside more than motorcycle.
< LEAN-OUT > This is a turning position with motorcycle leaned inside more than driver, which is opposite to the lean-in position. With this position, quick turn is well performed and driver can obtain wide front visual field adequate to drive on the rained or slippy road because it has best road holding. However, special attention is required because there is danger of slipping on the bad holding road.
Turn the throttle grip to its original position and decelerate using both front and rear brakes. Lean the vehicle toward inside of turn circle while driving slowly at constant speed. Accelerate gradually.
PRECAUTION WHEN TURNING
Do not drive inside of large truck's turn circle.
< DEAD ANGLE ZONE > Dead angle zone is the sight range which cannot be identified by driver and increases in proportion to the width of the vehicle.
< DISTANCE BETWEEN THE FRONT AND REAR WHEEL TURN >
It is distance between path of the front and rear wheel and increases in proportion to the length of the vehicle.
BASIC PRINCIPLE OF BRAKE (FRICTION FORCE)
Vehicle is braked using friction between road surface and tires. Braking distance increases 1.5 times on wet road and 3 times on icy road because friction force of road surface is decreased.
RESTRAINT OF BRAKE EFFECT (INERTIA)
NEW TIRE IN A RAINY DAY
EXISTING TIRE IN A RAINY DAY
Due to the inertia, vehicle does not stop immediately after applying the brake.
Turn the throttle grip to its original position and decelerate using the engine brake. Erect the vehicle straight. Brake using both front and rear brakes.
IMPACT WHEN COLLISION
Learn the proper braking method to prevent accident.
COMPARISION OF BRAKING DISTANCE
Vehicle speed : 50 km/h
When using both front and rear brakes
When using only front brake
Impact increases in proportion to the speed and weight. The impact when collision to concrete wall at 50 km/h is same as one when falling from the height of 10m.
When using only rear brake
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