Navman Tracker 5500 Manual
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TRACKER 5500, 5500i 5100 and 5100i
C H A R T P L O T T E R S
Installation and Operation Manual
English. 2 Espaol.. 41 Portugus. 79
TRACKER 5100i TRACKER 5500
w w w. n a v m a n. c o m
TRACKER 5500i TRACKER 5100
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a normal installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. Connect the equipment into an output on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. Consult the dealer or an experienced technician for help. A shielded cable must be used when connecting a peripheral to the serial ports.
NAVMAN TRACKER 5100/5100i/5500/5500i Installation and Operation Manual
1 Introduction.... 6
1-1 Care.... 6 1-2 Plug-in cards.... 6 1-3 Removing and replacing the display unit... 7
2 Basic operation.... 8
2-1 Turning on and off / auto power... 9 2-2 The main displays.... 9 2-3 Backlight and display contrast... 10 2-4 Man overboard (MOB).... 10 2-5 Alarms.... 10 2-6 Simulate mode.... 10 2-7 Navigating..... 11
3 Chart.... 12
3-1 Chart display.... 12 3-1-1 Chart modes.... 12 3-1-2 Latitude and longitude.... 13 3-1-3 Chart scale.... 13 3-1-4 The compass.... 13 3-1-5 Chart symbols.... 13 3-1-6 Chart information.... 13 3-1-7 Find nearby services.... 13 3-1-8 Change the data display and compass display.. 13 3-2 Distance and bearing calculator... 14 3-3 Goto.... 14 3-4 Projected course... 15 3-5 Tracks and tracking.... 15
4 Fuel display.... 5 Data display.... 6 Highway display.... 7 Satellites....
7-1 Satellite display.... 18
8 Tides display... Waypoints.... 20
9-1 Waypoints display.... 20 9-2 Managing waypoints... 20 9-2-1 Creating a new waypoint... 20 9-2-2 Moving a waypoint... 21 9-2-3 Editing a waypoint... 21 9-2-4 Displaying a waypoint on the chart... 21 9-2-5 Deleting a waypoint... 21 9-2-6 Deleting all waypoints... 21 9-2-7 Changing a waypoints data... 21
10 Routes.... 22
10-1 Routes display.... 22 10-2 Managing routes.... 22 10-2-1 Creating a new route.... 22 10-2-2 Editing a route.... 23 10-2-3 Displaying a route on the chart.. 23 10-2-4 Deleting a route.... 23 10-2-5 Deleting all routes.... 23 10-3 Navigating a route.... 23 10-3-1 Starting a route... 23 10-3-2 Skipping a waypoint in a route... 23 10-3-3 Cancelling a route... 23
11 User card display.... About display.... Setup menu... 25
13-1 System setup.... 25 13-2 Chart setup.... 27 13-3 DGPS setup... 28 13-4 Fuel Setup.... 28 13-5 Track setup.... 29 13-6 Alarms setup.... 29 13-7 Units setup.... 30 13-8 Comms setup.... 30 13-9 Time setup.... 30 13-10 Simulate setup... 31
14 Systems of several instruments... Installation.... 32
15-1 What comes with the TRACKER.... 32 15-2 Options and accessories.... 32 15-3 Installation.... 33
Appendix A - Specifications... 36 Appendix B - Troubleshooting.. 38 Appendix C - Glossary and navigation data.. 39 Appendix D - How to contact us... 119
It is the owner's sole responsibility to install and use the instrument in a manner that will not cause accidents, personal injury or property damage. The user of this product is solely responsible for observing safe boating practices. Global Positioning System: The Global Positioning System (GPS) is operated by the US government which is solely responsible for its operation, accuracy and maintenance. The GPS system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and performance of all GPS equipment anywhere in the world including the TRACKER. Whilst the NAVMAN TRACKER is a precision navigation instrument, it can be misused or misinterpreted, which can result in its use being unsafe. To reduce the risk of misusing or misinterpreting the TRACKER, the user must read and understand all aspects of this Installation and Operation manual. We also suggest that the user practice all operations using the built in simulator before using the TRACKER at sea. Electronic Chart: The electronic chart used by the TRACKER is an aid to navigation and is designed to supplement the use of official government charts not replace them. Only official government charts supplemented by notices to mariners contain the information required for safe and prudent navigation. Always supplement the information provided by the TRACKER with other plotting sources such as observations, depth soundings, radar and hand compass bearings. Should the information not agree then the discrepancy must be resolved before proceeding any further. Fuel Computer: Fuel economy can alter drastically depending on the boat loading and sea conditions. The fuel computer should not be the sole source of information concerning available fuel onboard and the electronic information should be supplemented by visual or other checks of the fuel load. This is necessary due to possible operator induced errors such as forgetting to reset the fuel used when filling the tank, running the engine with the fuel computer not switched on or other operator controlled actions that may render the device inaccurate. Always ensure that adequate fuel is carried onboard for the intended trip plus a reserve to allow for unforeseen circumstances. NAVMAN NZ LIMITED DISCLAIMS ALL LIABILITY FOR ANY USE OF THIS PRODUCT IN A WAY THAT MAY CAUSE ACCIDENTS, DAMAGE OR THAT MAY VIOLATE THE LAW. Governing Language: This statement, any instruction manuals, user guides and other information relating to the product (Documentation) may be translated to, or has been translated from, another language (Translation). In the event of any conflict between any Translation of the Documentation, the English language version of the Documentation will be the official version of the Documentation. This manual represents the TRACKER as at the time of printing. Navman NZ Limited reserves the right to make changes to specifications without notice. Copyright 2002 Navman NZ Limited, New Zealand, all rights reserved. NAVMAN is a registered trademark of Navman NZ Limited.
NAVMANs TRACKER chartplotters are compact, ruggedly built, highly integrated navigation instruments. They have been designed to be easy to use. Complex navigation functions can be performed with a few key presses, taking the hard work out of navigation. This manual covers these NAVMAN chartplotters: TRACKER 5500 Colour display, external GPS antenna. TRACKER 5500i Colour display, internal GPS antenna. TRACKER 5100 Greyscale display, external GPS antenna. TRACKER 5100i Greyscale display, internal GPS antenna. The TRACKER has a built-in chart of the world, suitable for route planning and general interest. To see chart details for a region, plug in a C-MAP chart card (an electronic chart). The TRACKER receives information from the GPS system and displays the boats position and speed. The TRACKER can navigate to a point or can navigate along a route. When the boat is navigating to one of these points, the TRACKER displays course information for the helmsman to follow. The TRACKER can control an autopilot and can display depth information from a depth sounder. With an optional fuel kit, the TRACKER becomes a sophisticated yet easy to use fuel computer. Navigation data can be saved to a plug-in user card so that it can be easily transferred to another NAVMAN chartplotter. The TRACKER is part of the NAVMAN family of instruments, which includes instruments for speed, depth, wind and repeaters. These instruments can be connected together to form an integrated data system (see section 14). For maximum benefit, please read this manual carefully before installing and using the unit. Special terms are explained in appendix C.
Cleaning and maintenance
Caution should be used when cleaning the TRACKER, and especially the screen of the TRACKER. Only use a clean sponge or chamois soaked in fresh water and mild detergent. Never use a dry cloth as this may drag dried salt crystals across the screen resulting in scratching. Do not use any form of abrasive cleaner, solvent, petrol or other chemical cleaner. Push the dust cover over the display when the TRACKER is turned off.
Handle plug-in cards carefully. Keep them in their protective cases when not plugged into the TRACKER. If a card gets dirty or wet, clean it with a damp cloth or mild detergent. Keep the card holder in place in the display unit at all times to prevent moisture from entering the card compartment.
1-2 Plug-in cards
Tip: The MOB waypoint remains on the chart after the MOB has been cancelled. To delete the MOB waypoint, (see section 9-2-5).
When the TRACKER detects an alarm condition, it displays a warning message on the display, the internal beeper sounds and any external beepers or lights operate. Press ESC to clear the alarm. The alarm will sound again if the alarm condition occurs again. The TRACKER has five user settable alarms: arrival radius, anchor, XTE, danger and low fuel (see section 13-6). In addition, the TRACKER has a fixed alarm for loss of GPS/DGPS fix.
2-6 Simulate mode
Simulate mode allows a user to become familiar with the TRACKER off the water. In Simulate mode, the data from the GPS receiver and other sensors is ignored and the TRACKER generates this data internally to simulate the movement of the boat. Otherwise, the TRACKER functions normally. To see if the TRACKER is in Simulate mode, press DISP and select Satellite. If it is in Simulate mode, then it shows Simulate at the top left of the display. To start and stop Simulate mode, (see section 13-10). Warning: Never have Simulate mode on when the TRACKER is navigating on the water.
The TRACKER has two ways of navigating, going straight to a point or following a route. Enter waypoints at points of interest before starting to navigate (see section 9-2-1). Tip: create a waypoint at the start of the trip to navigate back to.
Following a route
A route is a list of waypoints that the boat can follow (see section 10). 3 To create waypoints before creating the route, use the waypoints display (see section 9-2-1). To create a route, go to the chart or routes display (see section 10-2-1). To start the route, see section (10-3-1). The chart, data and highway displays show navigation data. The chart shows: The boat position. The waypoint at the end of the current leg marked with a circle. The boats plotted course along the leg. Two CDI lines, parallel to the boats plotted course (see appendix C, CDI). If the TRACKER is connected to an autopilot, the TRACKER will send data to the autopilot to steer the boat to the destination. If the XTE alarm is enabled, an alarm will sound if the boat deviates too much from its intended course (see section 13-6). If the arrival radius alarm is enabled, then, when the boat comes within the arrival radius of the waypoint at the end of the current leg, an alarm will sound (to set the arrival radius alarm, see section 13-6). 4 The TRACKER stops navigating to the waypoint at the end of the current leg and starts the next leg of the route: a b c 5 When the boat comes within 0.025 nm of the waypoint. Or when the boat passes the waypoint. Or if the waypoint is skipped (see section 10-3-2).
The Chart has two modes, centre on boat mode and cursor mode. These are explained below. Centre on boat mode To switch to centre on boat mode in the chart display, press ESC. The boat is at the centre of the chart. As the boat moves through the water, the chart automatically scrolls to keep the boat in the centre of the chart. The cursor (see below) is turned off. Cursor mode and are called cursor keys. The keys , , To switch to cursor mode in the chart display, hold down a cursor key. The cursor appears and moves away from the boat: Press the key which points in the direction that to the cursor will move, for example press move the cursor down.
Press midway between two of the cursor keys to make the cursor move diagonally. Hold a cursor key down to make the cursor move continuously across the display. In Cursor mode: The distance (+RNG) and bearing (+BRG) of the cursor from the boat are displayed at the bottom, left corner of the display. The chart does not scroll as the boat moves. If the cursor reaches the edge of the display, the chart will scroll. For example, hold down to move the cursor to the right side of the display and the chart will scroll to the left.
3-1-2 Latitude and longitude
Latitude and longitude can be displayed at the top of the chart. Normally the position is the boats position, and the latitude has a boat symbol to show this: 36 29.637' S 175 09.165' E
Degrees Latitude Longitude
3-1-6 Chart information
To see stored data about a point on the chart (for example, a chart symbol): 3 Move the cursor to that point on the chart. Press MENU and select Chart info. A menu of objects is displayed: i Select an object to display. ii Press ESC to return to the menu. Select other objects. iii Finally, press ESC to return to the chart.
Minutes, to 3 decimal places (about 2 m (6 ft) resolution)
If the cursor has been moved in the last ten seconds, then the position is the cursors position, and the latitude has a cursor symbol to show this:
3-1-7 Find nearby services
To find and display nearby services: 1 To see services near the boats position, press ESC to switch to centre on boat mode. To see services near a different point, move the cursor to that point on the chart. Press MENU and select Find. Select the type of service. There are three types of service: Ports A list of ports is displayed. Select the port to display. To search for a port: i Press MENU and select Find. ii Enter some or all of the letters of the port name. Press ENT. Port services i Select the type of service to find. ii A list of places with this service are displayed. Select the place to display. Tide stations A list of tide stations is displayed. Select the station to display. The chart redraws with the tide station centred. To now display a tide chart (see section 8) for the station: i Press MENU and select Chart info. ii Select Tide height.
Projected position Boats projected course Boat position
3-5 Tracks and tracking
Tracking records the boats position to memory at regular intervals, which can be: Time intervals. Or distance intervals. The track of where the boat has been can be displayed on the chart. The TRACKER can display one track while recording another. To work with tracks, (see section 13-5). The TRACKER can store five tracks: Track 1 can hold up to 2000 points and is intended to record the normal progress of the boat. Tracks 2, 3, 4 and 5 can hold up to 500 points each and are intended to record sections to be retraced accurately, for example entering a river mouth. Tip: Record the tracks in good conditions. When recording is on and the track becomes full then recording continues and the oldest points in the track are deleted. The maximum length of a track depends on the selected track interval: a small interval will give a shorter, more detailed track and a long interval will give a longer, less detailed track, as shown in these examples: Time intervals Interval 1 sec 10 sec 1 min Interval 0.10 Track minutes 5.5 hours 33 hours Track 2,000 20,000 Track 2, 3, 4 or minutes 1.4 hours 8 hours Track 2, 3, 4 or 500 5,000
The track lengths are in the current distance units, for example nm.
4 Fuel display
To use the fuel display, the optional fuel kit must be installed and the fuel data set up (see section 13-4). To go to the fuel display, press DISP and select Fuel. The fuel display shows: Used: The total fuel used since it was reset to 0 by the Clear Used command (see section 13-4). Remaining: The amount of fuel remaining in the fuel tank(s). Flow: The fuel consumption. For twin engine installations, the fuel flow for each engine is shown separately. This is useful for checking that both engines are under the same load. Economy: The distance travelled per unit of fuel used. The units are set by the units selected for speed and fuel. Adjust throttle and trim for best economy. The bigger the number the better the economy. Speed: Boat speed over ground. Range: The estimated distance that the boat is able to travel, based on fuel remaining and current fuel consumption. Warnings: Fuel economy can change drastically depending on boat loading and sea conditions. Always carry adequate fuel for the journey plus a sufficient reserve. Each time fuel is added or removed use the fuel setup menu (see section 13-4) to record the fuel or else fuel remaining and the low fuel alarm will be meaningless!
8 Tides display
The tides display shows tide information at a tide station for the selected date. To go to the tides display for the tide station nearest to the boat, press DISP and select Tides. To go to the tides display for any tide station: 3 From the chart display, press MENU and select Find. Select Tide stations. A list of tide stations are displayed. Select the tide station to display. The chart redraws with the tide station centred. Press MENU and select Chart info. Select Tide height. Choosing the date of the tide chart 1 Press MENU. 2 Select Today, Next day or Prev day. To choose a different date from these, select Set date, edit the date, press ENT.
The tides display shows data for the chosen date:
Tide station name Distance from boat Current time Chosen date for display Tide chart Night Dawn Day
Moon phase for moon at the current time on the chosen date.
Night Dusk Day Tide height cursor. Press or to move cursor up and down. Height of cursor. Time of day, 0 to 24 hrs Times on selected date.
Time cursor. or to move cursor sideways. Time of cursor Tide height at that time. Press Height and time of highest high water and lowest low water on tide chart.
A waypoint is a position of interest that is saved by the TRACKER, for example a fishing spot or a point on a route. The TRACKER can have up to 500 waypoints. A waypoint can be created, changed or deleted. A waypoint has: A name (up to eight characters). An icon showing what kind of waypoint it is. The available icons are: A type: Normal: A normal waypoint can be navigated to or included in a route. Danger: A danger waypoint is a point to avoid. If the boat comes within the danger radius of a danger waypoint the unit can sound an alarm (see section 13-6). A display option: Controls how the waypoint is displayed when the Waypoints setup option is set to Selected (see section 13-2): Off: The waypoint is not displayed. Icon: The waypoint icon is displayed. I+N (Icon and Name): The waypoint icon and name are displayed. If there are many waypoints, use this feature to select which waypoints are displayed on the chart. A position. A colour (TRACKER 5500, 5500i) for the waypoint symbol and name on the chart. Note: the other choices for the Waypoints setup option are Hide all (no waypoints are displayed on the chart) and Show all (all the waypoints are displayed on the chart) (see section 13-2).
9-1 Waypoints display
To go to the waypoints display, press DISP and select Waypoints (see right). The waypoints display is a list of the waypoints that have been entered, each with waypoint symbol, name, latitude and longitude, distance and bearing from the boat, type and display option.
13 Setup menu
The TRACKER has a number of advanced navigation features which are set up through the setup menu. We recommend that you become familiar with the operation of the unit using the default settings before making any changes to the data in these menus. To display the setup menu, press MENU until the setup menu is displayed.
13-1 System setup
Select the language for the displays. The options are English, Italian, French, German, Spanish, Dutch, Swedish, Portuguese and Finnish.
Enable or disable the beep when a key is pressed.
Resets all the TRACKER setup menu data back to the factory default settings as shown on the setup menu map. Any waypoints, routes or tracks are not deleted. After the reset, the TRACKER displays an installation menu of setup data: Select the language to use. Change the setup data if necessary: i Select the data item to change. ii Use the cursor keys to change the data. iii Press ENT. When the setup data is correct, press ESC.
Colours (TRACKER 5500, 5500i)
Select the colour scheme for the LCD display. The options are: Normal Sunlight: Brighter colours, more visible in sunlight. Night: Reversed colours for night, to preserve night vision. Paper: Simulates the colours of a paper chart.
Setup menu map, with factory default settings in brackets System Rotation (North up) Projected course (Off) CDI scale (0.1 nm) Plotter mode (Off) Map datum (WGS84) Map shift (None) Waypoints (Selected) Lat.Lon Grid (Off) Boundaries (On) Names (On) Attention Areas (On) Water Features (On) Water depth Lights (On) Nav-Aids (Int) Land Features (On) Tank full Set remaining Clear Used Tank size (0) Num Engines (0) Fuel cal Flow filter (5 seconds) Arrival radius (Off) Anchor alarm (Off) XTE alarm (Off) Danger alarm (Off) Low fuel (Off) Language (English) Colours (Normal) Keybeep (On) Factory reset
Bathymetric Lines (On) Spot soundings (On) Depth Area Limit 1: (6 m) Depth Area Limit 2: (51 m) Bath & Sndgs Min: (0 m) Bath & Sndgs Max: (15 m)
Internal GPS (On) DGPS Source (None) Restart GPS Static Navigation (Off) Position Filter (Off) Speed Filter: (5) Course Filter: (4) Record (1) Display (1) Plotting Interval (Distance) Distance (0.1 nm) Time (10 seconds) Memory used Delete track Distance (nm) Speed (kn) Depth (m) Fuel (litres) Compass (M) Temperature (C) Wind (true) Local offset (0) Time format (24 hour) Date format (dd/MMM/yy)
Units Comms Autopilot out (Off) Autopilot data NavBus (On) NavBus group (0)
Simulate Setup menu
Simulate (Off) Mode (Normal) Speed (1 kn) Heading Route
13-2 Chart setup
The options for chart rotation are: North up: North is always at the top of the chart display. Track up: The chart is rotated so that the boat direction is to the top of the display. This option is useful for navigating narrow harbours or rivers. The TRACKER asks for a course deviation; this is how much the boat direction needs to change to make the chart redraw. Tip: If the chart redraws too frequently, increase the course deviation setting. Course up: This option is only available if the boat is navigating to a destination. The chart is rotated so that the plotted course to the destination is vertical. Either select Map datum and select the datum for the local chart. See appendix A for a list of the available datums. WGS84 is the default datum, and the datum most commonly used on paper charts. Or, if the correct datum is not available, retain the WGS84 datum and apply a map shift (see below). Map shift Map shift is a correction applied to the TRACKERs positions so that they match a charts positions. Warning: Map shift is for eliminating minor offsets. It should not be used if the correct datum is available. Use map shift with caution: incorrect application will cause incorrect boat positions. Set map shift 1 Move the boat to a known point on the chart, for example a marina berth. 2 In the Chart setup menu, select Map shift. 3 Move the cursor to the position on the chart where the boat actually is. 4 Press ENT to set the new map shift. The boat will now be displayed at its actual location. Clear map shift Clearing the map shift removes any map shift from the TRACKERs positions. In the Chart setup menu, select Map shift. Press MENU and select Clear.
The TRACKER can estimate the course after a given time, based on the current speed and heading (see section 3-4). The options are 2 minutes, 10 minutes, 30 minutes, 1 hour, 2 hours or Off.
The CDI Scale is described in appendix C, CDI. The options are 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 and 10.0 distance units.
Occasionally it is desirable to use a chart scale which is not available on a chart card. Examples are: To zoom in to a small scale to track very small boat movements. If there is no detailed chart for an area, for example when crossing an ocean. If Plotter mode is On, then if the chart zooms to a scale which is not available, the TRACKER will enter plotter mode and will only display the boat position and track (if enabled). Chart and map information will no longer be displayed and the display is white with black crosshatch lines. For normal use, turn Plotter mode to Off.
Controls how waypoints are displayed on the chart. The options are: Hide all: No waypoints are displayed. Show all: All waypoints are displayed. Selected: Waypoints with their display option set to Icon or I+N (Icon and Name) are displayed (see section 9).
Chart display options
The other chart setup options allow an extensive range of chart card features to be shown. Configure the most useful display format. Bathymetric Lines and soundings Chart cards contain a large amount of spot sounding and depth contour data. This can be selectively displayed by turning Bathymetric Lines and Spot Soundings on, then selecting the range to display with Bath and Sndgs Min and Max. Attention Areas Areas of importance, such as restricted anchorages and shallow areas, are highlighted as Attention Areas.
Map datum and map shift
Satellite derived positions on the TRACKER are based on a worldwide reference (datum) known as WGS84. Most paper charts are based on WGS84. However, some paper charts are not based on WGS84, which results in an offset between a position on the TRACKER and the same position plotted on the paper chart. To match the TRACKERs positions with a local chart that is not based on WGS84:
The options are: On: displays attention area boundaries and information icons. Off: does not display attention area boundaries or information icons. Note: In some early chart cards the information icons are inactive. Depth area limits (TRACKER 5500, 5500i) The depth area limits control the chart water colours for different depths. There are three water colours:
Surface to Depth area limit 1: Shallow water colour. Depth area limit 1 to Depth area limit 2: Medium water colour. Below Depth area limit 2: Deep water colour. The actual water colours depend on the LCD colour scheme in use (see section 13-1).
Enter the amount of fuel now in the tank after it has been partly filled or fuel has been removed.
Select Clear Used to set Used (the amount of fuel used) to zero. Do this to restart measuring the amount of fuel used. When asked for confirmation, Select Yes.
Enter the capacity of the fuel tank.
Set the number of engines to None, One or Two. If None is selected the fuel features are turned off.
Warning: Do this each time fuel is added or removed or else fuel remaining and the low fuel alarm will be meaningless!
Without calibration the error in fuel measurements can be up to 10%. Calibration can reduce the error substantially. For twin engine installations calibration of each transducer is required. Calibrating the fuel transducer requires accurate measurement of the fuel used. This is easiest with a small portable tank. It should be noted that due to air pockets, it is very difficult to fill underfloor tanks to the same level twice. At least 15 litres (4 US gallons) should be used to ensure an accurate calibration. (The more fuel used, the more accurate the calibration will be.) Each transducer in a twin engine installation must be calibrated separately. This may be done at the same time with two portable tanks, or at different times using one tank at a time. The procedure is: 1 Select Clear Used to set Used to zero. 2 Connect the measurement tank(s) to the engine(s) via the fuel transducer(s). 3 Run the engine(s) at normal cruising speed until at least 15 litres (4 US gallons) is indicated (30 litres [8 US gallons] for twin engines).
Check the actual amount of fuel used per engine. The easiest way to do this is to refill the tank(s) to the original level(s) and record the value(s) shown on the fuel dispenser. Select Fuel Cal. The amount of fuel that the TRACKER has measured is displayed. Change the number to the actual fuel amount used. (Repeat for the other engine in a twin engine installation).
Normally engines do not draw fuel from the tank at a steady rate. To give a stable fuel flow reading, the TRACKER calculates the flow values by taking several measurements and averaging them. The flow filter sets the period over which the fuel flow is averaged, and can be set from 1 to 180 seconds or Off. Set the flow filter to the lowest value which give a stable flow. Usually a value of 10 to 15 seconds will give a satisfactory result for carburettor engines. Fuel injected engines may require a larger value. This setting affects the Flow rate and Economy displays. It does not affect the fuel used measurement.
13-5 Track setup
Tracking records and displays the boats course on the chart (see section 3-5).
Select the distance plotting interval: 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 5.0 or 10.0 distance units.
Off: The TRACKER stops recording a track. 1 to 5 (select a track number): The TRACKER starts recording the boats course into the selected track.
Select the time plotting interval: 1, 5, 10 or 30 seconds or 1 minute.
Off: No track is shown on the chart. 1 to 5 (select a track number): The selected track is shown on the chart.
The percentage of memory used in the track being recorded. Tip: Use the user card display to check the number of points recorded in each track (see section 11).
The options are Distance or Time.
1 Select the track number to delete (1 to 5). 2 Select Yes to confirm. The data in the selected track is deleted.
13-6 Alarms setup
For alarm operation, see section 2-5. To turn off an alarm which is sounding, press ESC. b
Arrival radius alarm
When the arrival radius alarm is enabled, an alarm will sound: a When the boat is going to a point and the boat comes within the arrival radius of the destination.
Or when the boat is navigating a route and the boat comes within the arrival radius of a waypoint in the route. To enable the alarm, enter an arrival radius (up to 9.99 distance units). To disable the alarm, set the arrival radius to Off (0).
When the anchor alarm is enabled, an alarm will sound when the boat moves by more than the anchor alarm distance.
To enable the alarm, enter an anchor alarm distance (up to 9.99 distance units). The TRACKER saves the current boat position. To disable the alarm, set the anchor alarm to Off (0). The minimum usable setting of the alarm is determined by the accuracy of the global positioning system, typically within 10 m (33 ft). Warning: Do not rely on the anchor alarm as the only anchor watch.
To enable the alarm, set the XTE alarm to On. To disable the alarm, set the XTE alarm to Off.
When the danger alarm is enabled, an alarm will sound when the boat comes within this distance of a danger waypoint. To enable the alarm, enter an danger alarm distance (up to 9.99 distance units). To disable the alarm, set the danger alarm to Off (0).
When the XTE alarm is enabled, an alarm will sound when the boat is navigating to a point and the distance from the boat to the plotted course (XTE) is more than CDI (Course Deviation Indicator) scale (see appendix C, CDI).
Low fuel alarm
When the low fuel alarm is enabled, an alarm will sound when the fuel remaining in the tank is less than the low fuel value. To enable the alarm, enter a low fuel value. To disable the alarm, set the low fuel value to Off.
13-7 Units setup
Options are nm (nautical miles), mi (statute miles) or km (kilometres).
Options are litres, US gal (US gallons) or Imp gal (Imperial gallons).
Options are kn (knots), mph (miles per hour) or kph (kilometres per hour).
The options are T (True north) or M (Magnetic north).
Options are ft (feet), fm (fathoms) or m (metres).
13-8 Comms setup
Disable or enable the NMEA output to an autopilot or other instrument.
Off: NavBus is disabled. One of the NavBus connector pins becomes a NMEA input line (see sections 14 and 15-3). On: NavBus is enabled.
Displays a list of the NMEA sentences that can be sent to an autopilot. Turn each Off or On as required.
Enter the NavBus backlight group number (the range is 0 to 4, see section 14).
13-9 Time setup
The difference between local time and UTC (GMT). Change local offset when daylight saving time starts and ends. The range is 0 to 13 hours, in 30 minute steps.
The options are 24 hour or 12 hour.
The options are dd/MMM/yy, MMM/dd/yy, dd/MM/yy or MM/dd/yy.
13-10 Simulate setup
Simulate mode is a way of becoming familiar with the TRACKER (see section 2-6). Warning: Never have simulate mode on when the TRACKER is navigating on the water. Demo Simulates the boat moving along a route at a given speed. When it reaches one end it retraces the route in the other direction. Before setting this mode enter at least one route (see section 10-2-1). The options are: Speed: The simulated boat speed to use. Route: The route to follow. To turn simulate mode on from this menu: 1 If turning Normal mode on, go to the chart display. To start the simulation from the boat position, press ESC to switch to centre on boat mode. To start the simulation from a different point, move the cursor to that point on the chart. 2 In the Simulate setup menu, select Simulate and turn it on. 3 Select Mode and set it to Normal or Demo. 4 Select and enter the other data required for simulate: Normal requires Speed and Heading. Demo requires Speed and Route.
Turn simulate mode Off or On. Press MENU and select simulate. Select On or Off.
There are two choices for Mode: Normal Simulates the boat moving from the selected start point (see step 1 above) at the given speed and heading. The options are: Speed: The simulated boat speed to use. Heading: The simulated bearing for the boat to follow. Tip: To calculate a heading, use the cursor (see section 3-1-1). Tip: As the boat moves, vary Heading to simulate the boat moving off course.
Setup and test
Remove the dust covers from the connectors. Plug the eight way connectors into their sockets on the back of the display unit: Match the colour on the end of the connector to the colour of the nut on the socket. Hold the plug against the socket and rotate the plug until it slides into the socket. Lock the plug in place by pushing the locking collar towards the socket and turning it a quarter turn clockwise. Nothing will be damaged if a cable is plugged into the wrong socket by mistake. If the unit has an external GPS antenna: Plug the gold connector into its socket on the back of the display unit. Hand tighten the locking collar clockwise do not overtighten.
Power/data cable (black locking collar) Pin Wire Signal 1 Black Ground (power negative, NMEA) 8 Brown White Blue Red Orange Yellow Green Power out, 9 V DC NMEA out, to autopilot/radar NavBus - or NMEA2 input Positive power in, 11 to 16.6 V DC NavBus + Auto power in (connect to positive power in to enable auto power) External beeper or light out, switched to ground, 30 V DC, 200 mA maximum
This option is possible on both the TRACKER 5100 and the TRACKER 5500. Black wire: Connect this to the negative battery terminal. Red Wire: Connect this to the 12 V positive battery terminal after the main switch. Fit a 1 Amp fuse as shown. Yellow wire: Connect this to the black wire. Power on the TRACKER manually whenever the main switch is on.
Note: Shield is connected to pin 1, black wire
Yellow Main switch Black
12 V DC
Auto Power Wiring
External GPS antenna (TRACKER 5500, 5100) This option is possible on both the TRACKER 5100 and the TRACKER 5500. Black Wire: Connect this to the negative battery terminal. Red Wire: Connect this to the 12 V positive battery terminal after the main switch. Fit a 1 Amp fuse as shown. Yellow Wire: Connect to the ignition switch
To ignition system Fuse Ignition switch Fuse External Beeper or Light Main switch
White (NMEA out)
Yellow Red Green Black
To fuel tank
Fuel transducer(s) (optional)
Appendix A - Specifications
Physical Size 150 mm H x 164 mm W x 65 mm D (5.9" x 6.5" x 2.6"). Weight, display unit 600 g (20 oz). Display: 5" diagonal; TRACKER 5500, 5500i: TFT colour, (234 x 320 pixels); TRACKER 5100, 5100i: greyscale, (240 x 320 pixels). Electrical Power supply 11 to 18 V DC, 600 mA with full backlight. External beeper or light output, switched to ground, 30 V DC, 200 mA maximum. Operating Temperature 0C to 50C (32F to 122F). Chart and user cards C-MAP NT cards and NT+ cards. 3.3 V C-MAP user cards. Waypoints Up to 500, with default or user-defined alphanumeric names up to eight characters. Routes 25 routes, with up to 50 points each. Tracks By time or distance, one track of 2000 points and four of 500 points. Alarms Arrival radius, anchor, XTE, danger, low fuel (optional); individually controlled. Loss of GPS/DGPS fix (fixed alarms). Chart datums 140 chart datums (see below). One user-defined map shift. Chart scale 0.05 to 4096 nm for chart (chart dependent) down to 0.01 nm in plotter mode. Fuel Computer (Optional fuel transducer required) Outboard carburetted two stroke petrol/gasoline engines: 30 to 300 hp. Outboard four stroke petrol/gasoline engines: 90 to 300 hp. Inboard petrol/gasoline engines: 50 to 300 hp. Minimum flow rate: 5 litres per hour. Standards compliance EMC compliance USA (FCC): Part 15 Class B Europe (CE): EN50081-1, EN50082-1 New Zealand and Australia (C Tick): AS-NZS 3548 Environment: IP67 / CFR46 with card holder in place. NavBus Connection to other NAVMAN instruments. NMEA NMEA 0183 ver 2. Input, from GPS or DGPS receiver: GSA, GSV, GTA, RMC. Input, from a depth sounder: SDDPT (preferred) or SDDBT. Output, for autopilot or other instrument: APA, APB, GGA, GLL, GSA, GSV, RMB, RMC, BWR, VTG, XTE. 164 mm / 6.5" 65 mm / 2.6"
17 TRACKER operates erratically or unexpectedly: Setup data incorrect. Reset to factory defaults (see section 13-1).
Appendix C - Glossary and navigation data
Attention Area - An important area on a chart, such as a restricted anchorage or a shallow area (see section 13-2). Bathymetric line - A depth contour line on the chart. Chart card - A plug-in card that stores chart data for a region (see section 1-2). C-MAP chart card - See Chart card. C-MAP user card - See User card. Cursor - A symbol on the display (see section 3-1-1). DGPS - Differential Global Positioning System. A navigation tool based on GPS with some errors corrected (see section 7). Goto - A simple way of navigating straight to a waypoint or to the cursor position (see section 3-3). GPS - Global Positioning System. A satellite-based navigation tool (see section 7). Leg - The straight segments of a route between waypoints. A route with four waypoints has three legs. MOB - Man overboard. MOB function - Starts navigating back to the place where someone fell overboard (see section 2-4). NavBus - A way of connecting NAVMAN instruments together to share data (see section 14). NMEA - National Marine Electronics Association. NMEA 0183 - A standard for interfacing marine electronic devices (see section 14). Route: Two or more waypoints linked in sequence to form a course for the boat (see section 10). User card - A plug-in card that stores waypoints, routes and tracks (see section 1-2). UTC - Universal Time Coordinated or Coordinated Universal Time, which is a standard world time, formerly called Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Waypoint - A user-definable chart position (see section 9).
The boat is sailing from the start to the destination and has moved off the plotted course from the start to the destination. BRG CDI Bearing to Destination Course Deviation Indicator Bearing to the destination from the boat. Bearing to cursor from boat (cursor mode, see section 3-1-1). When the boat is navigating to a point, the chart and highway displays show a parallel line on either side of the plotted course. These two lines are called the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) lines. The distance from the plotted course to a CDI line is the CDI scale. Set the CDI scale (see section 13-2) to the maximum distance that the boat should deviate from the plotted course. The chart and highway displays show the CDI lines, which are like a highway over the water where the boat will move. The displays show how far the boat has deviated from the plotted course and if the boat is approaching a CDI line. If the XTE alarm is enabled (see section 13-6) an alarm will sound if the boat reaches a CDI line. COG CTS DTG ETA SOG Course Over Ground Course To Steer Distance To Go Expected Time of Arrival Speed Over Ground Direction in which the boat is moving over the ground. Optimum course to steer to return to the plotted course. Distance from the boat to the destination. At the destination, assuming that SOG and COG remain constant. Distance from boat to cursor (cursor mode, see section 3-1-1). Current boat speed over the ground. This is not necessarily the same as the boat speed through the water nor the speed at which it is approaching the destination. The difference between COG and CTS. The estimated time to reach the destination. The distance from the boat to the nearest point of the plotted course. XTE may have a letter: R means steer to the right to return to the plotted course, L means steer to the left. The speed at which the boat is approaching the destination. +BRG Bearing to cursor
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