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TASCAM 788 Additions and corrections
Since the printing of the manual for the 788, it has been found necessary to make a number of small corrections to the manual. This sheet summarizes these corrections. We strongly suggest that you keep this sheet with the original documentation for reference, and if necessary, amend the relevant parts of the original manual. We apologize sincerely for any inconvenience this may cause.
Section and page number
Copying songs on page 29
From the manual
Replace with or insert
The 788 shows the disks, rather than the drives, connected to the unit.
When all the songs to be copied have been marked, press the ENTER key. A list of all the currently-available drives and partitions is shown. Use the dial to select the drive or partition to which the selection will be copied and press ENTER.
When all the songs to be copied have been marked, press the ENTER key. A list of all the currently-available disks and partitions is shown. Use the dial to select the disk or partition to which the selection will be copied and press ENTER.
Note to Formatting a disk on page 32
Disks in the list are identified by their SCSI ID numbers (from 0 through 6; ID 7 is reserved for the788s internal controller). If the disks are divided into partitions, the partitions are listed as Part1, Part2, etc. To assign an input source (INPUTs A through D, the AUX INPUTS, the recorded TRACKs, the STEREO mix or the SUB MIX) to a mixer channel:
Disks in the list are identified by their SCSI ID numbers (from 0 through 6; ID 7 is reserved for the788s internal controller).
Partitions are only listed after a disk has been formatted and appear when a disk or partition is to be selected. The SUB MIX cannot be assigned to a mixer channel, but can be assigned to the stereo outputs.
Assigning sources to mixer channels. on page 36
To assign an input source (INPUTs A through D, the AUX INPUTS, the recorded TRACKs, or the STEREO mix to a mixer channel:
SSA (Slow Speed Audition) on page 59
It is not possible to record while the SSA mode is active. If you increase the beats value past There is no beat 0 in a the maximum number of beats on a barcounting therefore bar at that point in the tempo map, starts at 01. the number will wrap round; that is, the bars value will increase by one, and the beats value will be set to 01.
Direct location (ii) on page 61 (step 5).
If you increase the beats value past the maximum number of beats on a bar at that point in the tempo map, the number will wrap round; that is, the bars value will increase by one, and the beats value will be set to 0.
Using EFFECT 1 as a single NOTE NOTE stereo effect processor in the You can reverse this order of making the You can reverse this order of making the effect loop on page 82 settings (press and hold the SEND key, settings (press and hold the EFFECT and then press the EFFECT 1 key). 1 key, and then press the SEND key). Send levels, etc. on page 83 (note) The pan controls change to a centered mono pan. When two channels are unlinked, the stereo pan control changes back to mono pan controls, which are panned hard left (odd-numbered channels) and hard right (even-numbered channels). CHORUS on page 89 (FB DELAY) Synchronization master/ slave setting on the 788 on page 96 The time between the original and the delayed signal The pan controls change to a stereo pan control. When two channels are unlinked, the stereo pan control changes back to mono pan controls, which retain the stereo pan settings. The time between repeats.
The jog and repeat functions are disabled when the 788 is in timecode slave mode.
MIDI Timecode offset (788 as slave only) on page 97
Replace with or insert NOTE
Because of the time needed to lock to incoming MTC, allow at least 5 seconds of silence at the start of a song when using external sync.
For example, if the MIDI timecode master starts the timecode playback at 00:57:00:00, and the actual piece starts at 01:00:00:00, you might want to enter an offset of 3 minutes, so that when the piece starts, the ABS time on the 788 display shows 01:00:00:00 (see The time display on page 26).
For example, if the MIDI timecode master starts the timecode playback at 00:57:00:00, and the actual piece starts at 01:00:00:00, you might want to enter an offset of 1 hour, so that when the piece starts, the ABS time on the 788 display shows 00:00:00:00 (see The time display on page 26). Press ENTER/YES to return to the home screen. Pressing EXIT/NO returns you to step 3 of this process.
Recording the sync track on Press EXIT/NO to save the sync page 98 (step 7) track. If you press ENTER/YES at this point, you will re-arm the sync track and you will have to record it again.
Error messages, etc. on page 121 (EXT
(ACTION) Use the sync master to con- Set the 788 to internal sync and try again.
trol the 788, or set the 788 to internal sync and try again. You are attempting to record a song or songs to CD, but the CD is finalized and cannot be used for recording single tracks (or has already been used for recording and cannot be used for recording a song list). You are attempting to record a song or songs to CD, but the CD is finalized and cannot be used for recording single tracks or a song list.
Error messages, etc. on page 122 (INVALID CD!
Error messages, etc. on (ACTION) Erase any unwanted songs, Alternatively, shut down the 788, connect page 122 NO SPACE or copy them to another partition or disk, an additional external disk and try again. ON DISK FOR and then erase them. IMAGE FILE and Alternatively, copy the song you are trying NOT ENOUGH to record to another disk or partition with SPACE ON DISK more available space and try again. Error messages, etc. on page 122 (READ BUSY)
The 788 checks all connected disks for available space before displaying these messages if there is insufficient space.
This message may appear if the disk can- This message may appear if: The 788 playback suddenly stops without not be accessed during playback. warning A track is being played back erratically, or out of time with the other tracks There may be a noticeable drop in sound quality as well. Record timing, etc. suffers, or the 788 sud- This message may appear if the disk can- denly stops recording without warning. not be accessed during recording. * 3 M M C R P V er si o n 1. 00 ( T, R ), MT C F ul l T i me Co d e M es sa g e;
Error messages, etc. on page 122 (RECORD ERROR)
MIDI Implementation Chart *3 MM C R P V e rs i on 1. 0 0( T ,R ) , M T C Q u ar t er on page 124 (Note 3) Fr a me Me s sa g e;
Also note that in the Brief Guide, it is mentioned that two balanced XLR to unbalanced 1/4-inch jack adaptors for use when recording using balanced sound sources are provided with your 788. In fact, these adaptors provide balanced XLR to balanced 1/4 inch TRS jack facilities.
This appliance has a serial number located on the rear panel. Please record the model number and serial number and retain them for your records. Model number Serial number
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT REMOVE COVER (OR BACK). NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol, within an equilateral triangle, is intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated dangerous voltage within the products enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons. The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of important operating and maintenance (servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the appliance.
WARNING: TO PREVENT FIRE OR SHOCK HAZARD, DO NOT EXPOSE THIS APPLIANCE TO RAIN OR MOISTURE.
Important Safety Precautions
IMPORTANT (for U.K. Customers)
DO NOT cut off the mains plug from this equipment. If the plug fitted is not suitable for the power points in your home or the cable is too short to reach a power point, then obtain an appropriate safety approved extension lead or consult your dealer. If nonetheless the mains plug is cut off, remove the fuse and dispose of the plug immediately, to avoid a possible shock hazard by inadvertent connection to the mains supply. If this product is not provided with a mains plug, or one has to be fitted, then follow the instructions given below: IMPORTANT: DO NOT make any connection to the larger terminal which is marked with the letter E or by the safety earth symbol or coloured GREEN or GREEN-and-YELLOW. The wires in the mains lead on this product are coloured in accordance with the following code: BLUE BROWN : NEUTRAL : LIVE
TO THE USER
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency ener gy and, if not ins tall ed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be deter mined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures. a)Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. b)Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. c)Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. d)Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/ TV technician for help. CAUTION Changes or modifications to this equipment not expressly approved by TEAC CORPORATION for compliance could void the users authority to operate this equipment.
As these colours may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug proceed as follows: The wire which is coloured BLUE must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter N or coloured BLACK. The wire which is coloured BROWN must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter L or coloured RED. When replacing the fuse only a correctly rated approved type should be used and be sure to re-fit the fuse cover. IF IN DOUBT CONSULT A COMPETENT ELECTRICIAN.
TASCAM 788 Digital Portastudio
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
CAUTION: Read all of these Instructions. Save these Instructions for later use. Follow all Warnings and Instructions marked on the audio equipment. 1) Read Instructions All the safety and operating instructions should be read before the product is operated. 2) Retain Instructions The safety and operating instructions should be retained for future reference. 3) Heed Warnings All warnings on the product and in the operating instructions should be adhered to. 4) Follow Instructions All operating and use instructions should be followed. 5) Cleaning Unplug this product from the wall outlet before cleaning. Do not use liquid cleaners or aerosol cleaners. Use a damp cloth for cleaning. 6) Attachments Do not use attachments not recommended by the product manufacturer as they may cause hazards. 7) Water and Moisture Do not use this product near water for example, near a bath tub, wash bowl, kitchen sink, or laundry tub; in a wet basement; or near a swimming pool; and the like. 8) Accessories Do not place this product on an unstable cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or table. The product may fall, causing serious injury to a child or adult, and serious damage to the product. Use only with a cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or table recommended by the manufacturer, or sold with the product. Any mounting of the product should follow the manufacturers instructions, and should use a mounting accessory recommended by the manufacturer. 9) A product and cart combination should be moved with care. Quick stops, excessive force, and uneven surfaces may cause the product and cart combination to overturn. "Note to CATV system installer: This reminder is provided to call the CATV system installers attention to Section 820-40 of the NEC which provides guidelines for proper grounding and, in particular, specifies that the cable ground shall be connected to the grounding system of the building, as close to the point of cable entry as practical.
15) Lightning For added protection for this product during a lightning storm, or when it is left unattended and unused for long periods of time, unplug it from the wall outlet and disconnect the antenna or cable system. This will prevent damage to the product due to lightning and power-line surges. 16) Power Lines An outside antenna system should not be located in the vicinity of overhead power lines or other electric light or power circuits, or where it can fall into such power lines or circuits. When installing an outside antenna system, extreme care should be taken to keep from touching such power lines or circuits as contact with them might be fatal. 17) Overloading Do not overload wall outlets, extension cords, or integral convenience receptacles as this can result in risk of fire or electric shock. 18) Object and Liquid Entry Never push objects of any kind into this product through openings as they may touch dangerous voltage points or short-out parts that could result in a fire or electric shock. Never spill liquid of any kind on the product. 19) Servicing Do not attempt to service this product yourself as opening or removing covers may expose you to dangerous voltage or other hazards. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. 20) Damage Requiring Service Unplug this product from the wall outlet and refer servicing to qualified service personnel under the following conditions: a) when the power-supply cord or plug is damaged. b) if liquid has been spilled, or objects have fallen into the product. c) if the product has been exposed to rain or water. d) if the product does not operate normally by following the operating instructions. Adjust only those controls that are covered by the operating instructions as an improper adjustment of other controls may result in damage and will often require extensive work by a qualified technician to restore the product to its normal operation. e) if the product has been dropped or damaged in any way. f ) when the product exhibits a distinct change in performance this indicates a need for service. 21) Replacement Parts When replacement parts are required, be sure the service technician has used replacement parts specified by the manufacturer or have the same characteristics as the original part. Unauthorized substitutions may result in fire, electric shock, or other hazards. 22) Safety Check Upon completion of any service or repairs to this product, ask the service technician to perform safety checks to determine that the product is in proper operating condition. 23) Wall or Ceiling Mounting The product should be mounted to a wall or ceiling only as recommended by the manufacturer. 24) Heat The product should be situated away from heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other products (including amplifiers) that produce heat.
The SONG menu, as the name suggests, is concerned with the management of songs on the 788. You can load, save, copy and protect songs, as well as deleting the data which is currently on disk but unused in the song.
Creating a new song
Before you start recording, you must create a song on the disk. This means that any audio data you record on the 788 will be associated with that song until you select a new song. Any currently-loaded song will be saved when the new song is created. 1 Press the MENU key. 2 Use the dial to scroll down until SONG is highlighted, and press ENTER: 3 Move the cursor to CREATE and press ENTER: 4 Press the SHIFT + TITLE (MENU) key to enter a title for the new song (as described in Entering and editing titles on page 26). 5 Use the dial to select between 16-bit and 24-bit resolution. As you might expect, 24-bit songs take up more space on disk than 16-bit songs of the same length, but the audio quality is higher (there is more subtlety in the dynamic range). 6 Press ENTER/YES to close the current song, and create the new song. If you entered the song creation process by accident, or you change your mind about creating a new song, press the EXIT/NO key.
If you need to name or rename a song later on, you can reload the song, and press the SHIFT + MENU (TITLE) key to enter a title for the song when the 788 is displaying the title.
Saving a song
Typically, there is no need to perform a special operation to save songs on the 788, as the 788 automatically saves the song. The function described here is provided as a manual method of saving the song, to which you can return (Reverting to the previous saved version of a song on page 28): 1 Press the MENU key. 2 If SONG is not highlighted, turn the dial until it is, and press ENTER. 3 Turn the dial until SAVE is highlighted and press ENTER. As the song is saved, appropriate messages are displayed. The current song will be reloaded after it has been saved, and you can resume work on it.
Reverting to the previous saved version of a song
If you have saved a song, or the song has been automatically saved by the 788 (e.g. when it was last shut down), and you want to return to the version of the song at the time it was last saved: 1 Press the MENU key. 2 If SONG is not highlighted, turn the dial until it is, and press ENTER. 3 Turn the dial until REVERT is highlighted and press ENTER. 4 The 788 asks if you are sure. Press YES if you want to throw away all changes since the last save operation, otherwise press NO.
You will lose all recordings and edits made since the last save, and they will disappear from the undo list (Undoing and redoing actions on page 70). This revert operation is not undoable. Be sure that the work you have done since the last save operation is really work that you do not want to keep before reverting to a previous version.
28 TASCAM 788 Digital PortaStudio
If you dont hear anything
We suggest you check the following if you dont hear anything after following the steps above: Make sure that all connections between the monitor amplifier and the monitor speakers are securely made, as well as the connections between the 788 and the monitor amplifier Make sure that the volume control of the monitoring amplifier is turned up, and if the amplifier has source selector switches, make sure that these are correctly set. If the sound source is an electric instrument, make sure the volume control of the instrument is turned up. If the sound source is a switchable microphone, make sure the switch is turned on. In all cases, make sure there is a good connection between the sound source and the 788. The TRIM control of the 788 input should be set to the appropriate level, and the input should be assigned to the channel whose fader is being moved.
How to monitor tracks
Here are the basic rules which control what you will hear from the 788s tracks (in the example above, we were listening to the input source, not the track): If you are recording on a track, or the track is armed (the tracks REC READY indicator is lit or flashing) use the MONITOR CUE key to listen to the track. You control the volume of the monitored sound (as well as the volume of the signal sent to the track) with the channel fader, and the pan position of the recording using the channels software pan control (Fader and pan on page 45). If you have recorded on a track, and you want to play back the track while recording other tracks, use the MONITOR CUE key, and the TRACK CUE mixer described below (Monitoring the recorded sounds (TRACK CUE) on page 39. If you are mixing down, and you have assigned a track to a channel, the track is automatically removed from the cue mix (the TRACK CUE mixer settings have no effect). Use the channel fader and software pan controls to affect the level and position in the stereo mix (which is what you will usually monitor here).
38 TASCAM 788 Digital PortaStudio
Monitoring the recorded sounds (TRACK CUE)
When you have done some recording, you will need to listen to what you have recorded previously (otherwise you will be unable to synchronize overdubs, etc.). To do this, you will need to use the track cue facility. This is a small software mixer which provides a stereo output and is fed by the eight recording tracks. This output is from the MONITOR OUTPUT and PHONES connectors onlyit is never sent from the STEREO outputs. This facility allows you to set up a cue mix for the performers who will be overdubbing their parts; for example, you could have a mix which was very heavy on the kick drum and the bass line in order to keep a rhythm part in time. The cue mix is only output from the MONITOR OUTPUT and PHONES when the CUE key (above the dial) is on (the indicator is lit). When this indicator is off, the cue mix cannot be heard. To adjust the cue mix: 1 Press the TRACK CUE key (above the STEREO fader). 2 You can see and set the parameter for four tracks at a time. Pressing the SELECT key of one of the tracks that cannot be seen on the screen shows the other four tracks. You can also use the and keys to move the cursor past the left or right of the screen.
To position the playback point precisely, you can jog the playback position, using the dial. As you move backwards and forwards through the recording, you can hear the recorded sound at slow speed, either backward or forward, depending on the direction you are turning the dial. 1 Position the playback point to the rough position where you want the final point to be. 2 Press and hold the STOP key and press the PLAY key. The display shows a view of the waveform of the currently selected track at the current playback position. 4 Use the and keys to zoom out and in respectively horizontally. This is, pressing the key will increase the amount of space on the screen taken by a certain amount of time, and pressing the key will make the same amount of time take less space on the screen. The three zoom levels available are: x 1, x 2 (allowing approximately single-frame accuracy in adjustment), and x 32 (allowing approximately an accuracy of about 10 sub-frames). The resolution is shown below the time display. 5 Use the and keys to adjust the vertical scale (the way that the volume of the sound is shown). The zoom levels here are x 1, x 2, x 4, x 8, x 16 and x 32. Pressing the key increases the vertical scaling of the display, and pressing the key decreases the scale.
3 Press the SELECT key of the track that you want to view (pressing the 7/8 key changes between viewing track 7 and track 8). The display changes to the waveform of that track.
If you cant see any waveforms when you first enter this display, press the key to zoom the volume so that you can see the quiet passages.
50 TASCAM 788 Digital PortaStudio
5 Recorder operationsRepeat playback
6 Use the dial to move the cursor. You can monitor the jogged sound of the selected track through the monitoring system. 7 To move past the edge of the screen and position the cursor roughly at the correct location, press and hold the F FWD or REW keys to play all the tracks forwards or backwards at normal speed. When you release the keys, the playback will stop. You can then use the dial to position the cursor precisely. 8 Press STOP (or ENTER or EXIT) to return to the home screen, with the playback position now being the point which has just been set.
Because only one track can be jogged at a time, only one track of a stereo pair can be heard at a time in this mode. If it is difficult to hear the track , you may want to monitor in mono (see Monitoring on page 38).
Fast forward and rewind
On a tape recorder, you can use the fast forward and fast rewind keys to spool through a tape. A disk recorder like the 788 works in a somewhat different way. The forward and rewind keys can be used in the following ways:
TASCAM 788 Digital PortaStudio 55
5 Recorder operationsAuto punch operations
rehearsal mode allows you to simulate the punch recording, both to practise the actual take, and also to check punch points before recording actually begins. You can also use the repeat function together with the punch operations, allowing you to make repeated rehearsals of a punch section, as well as repeated takes of the same section (multi-takes) or when youre recording, repeated recordings can be used as multi-takes. When you have recorded a section many times in this way, you can then choose the best possible take to insert into the track.
Setting the punch points
The 788 provides three different punch settings. 1 With at least one track armed (the REC READY indicator flashing), and playback stopped, press the AUTO PUNCH key:
LAST REC This sets the punch-in point to be the last point at which recording started (the same as the LRP described in Last Recording Position (LRP) on page 50. The punch-out point is set to be the point at which recording stopped (either when recording dropped into play mode, or when the transport was stopped). Note that this last recording does not have to be a punch recording. IN -> OUT This uses the IN and OUT points (see Setting the IN and OUT points on page 52) as the punch-in and the punch-out points. The first of these points will be used as the punch-in point, and the second as the punch-out point, even if the OUT point is before the IN point. LAST TAKE LOAD The cursor can only be moved to this option if a punch recording has taken place, and no recording, no track editing or undo/ redo operations or virtual track assignments have been done since then. It allows you to select the takes from this punch session, in the same way as described later in this section (If you change your mind on page 58).
2 Select one of the three options, explained below, using the and keys to move the triangular cursor, and the ENTER key to confirm the selection (EXIT exits this screen without making any settings). 3 When the selection has been made, the AUTO PUNCH indicator lights, and the home display shows AUTO.
It is not strictly necessary to have a track armed when you first press the AUTO PUNCH key, but this is probably the most logical way to work.
Checking the punch points
When the punch points have been set, you can press the PLAY key. The home display shows CHECK, and the playback starts at the pre-roll point. It continues to the post-roll point. If the punch positions are not what you want, you can press the AUTO PUNCH key to turn off the punch mode, and reset the punch points as described above. You can also adjust the pre-roll and post-roll time using the menu system (Recorder settings on page 33), but you must exit the auto punch mode first by pressing the AUTO PUNCH key so that the indicator goes out. If you the punch points and pre and post-roll times are what you want, you should proceed to the rehearsal stage, as described below.
Using the location mark list
Every time a location mark is stored, it is entered into a list, and every time a mark is deleted, it is removed from the list. You can use this list to select a mark for location, or for giving a title to a mark. You cannot edit the time value of a mark, or delete a mark using the list. To see the list, press the LOCATE key:
TASCAM 788 Digital PortaStudio 63
There are two ways in which the list can be viewed; by title (TITLE) and by time value (TIME), as shown by the tabs on the top of the screen. Use the and keys to change between the two views:
Even when the time display on the home screen is shown in bars and beats, or the MTC time display is selected, the marks time values are always shown using the absolute time values.
The IN, OUT and TO location marks are always displayed at the top of the list. Other items in the list is always sorted in time order, not the order of the location mark names or numbers.
Locating using the list
To locate using the location mark list: 1 Press the LOCATE key. 2 Use the and keys to change to either the TITLE or the NAME view of the list. 3 Select the location mark using the dial (or the and keys). 4 Press ENTER. The playback point jumps to the selected location mark.
Using the IN OUT and TO marks
These are special cases. When these marks have been set, you jump to them simply be pressing the IN, OUT or TO key, as appropriate. You can use the list as described above, but there is no need for this.
Titling using the list
1 Press the LOCATE key. 2 Use the and keys to change to either the TITLE or the TIME view of the list. 3 Select the location mark to be renamed, using the dial (or the and keys). 4 Press and hold down the SHIFT key and press the TITLE (MENU) key. 5 Give a title to the mark, using the procedure described in Entering and editing titles on page 26. 6 When you press ENTER to confirm the name, the screen returns to the list.
You can select a mark for titling from either the TITLE or the TIME view of the list. Two marks can have the same title (but it is not a very sensible idea to give the same title to more than one mark), but they cannot have the same time value. It is not possible to rename the IN , OUT or TO marks these have special functions, and cannot be renamed.
64 TASCAM 788 Digital PortaStudio
About track editing
One of the most useful features of a disk-based recorder such as the 788 is the ability to edit material easily. When working with a stereo tape recorder in the past, the usual editing method involved a white pencil, a razor blade and sticky splicing tape. This was not an easy process, and was very difficult to undo if there were any mistakes, The 788 allows you to edit songs, copying and moving material from one part of a song to another. This editing is known as non-destructive editing, meaning that the operation does not actually destroy data, and you can undo mistaken editing operations easily. If you have ever used a word-processor on a computer, you will probably find most of the 788s editing operations pretty simple. If you have never used a computer, the 788s editing operations are nothing to be scared aboutjust read through this section to see how it all works.
IN, OUT and TO
We have previously seen how the IN, OUT and TO points can be used for punching and for location. They are also used in these track editing operations. The IN point marks the start of the part of the track which is selected when editing a part of a track (rather than a whole track). The OUT point marks the end of the part of the track which is selected when editing part of a track. The TO point marks the final destination of a copy or a move operation.
Entering the edit mode
1 Make sure that the 788 is stopped (not playing back or recording). 2 Press the TRACK EDIT key (just below the screen). 3 Use the JOG/DATA dial to highlight the track editing function you will be using. 4 Press the ENTER key. 5 Select the appropriate values, as described below. 6 Press ENTER/YES to perform the operation, or EXIT/NO to exit without performing the operation,
Track editing functions
The track editing functions available on the 788 are: COPY->PASTE COPY->INSERT MOVE->PASTE MOVE->INSERT OPEN CUT SILENCE CLONE TRACK CLEAN OUT
See the sections below for details of how to use these functions.
The original source is left unchanged. The insert operation adds the selected section as new material to the destination. Nothing is overwritten on the destination, as any existing material following the TO point is moved to the end of the newly-inserted section. The destination is longer than it was before the operation. You can copy the section more than once in one operation.
This sets the destination track or tracks into which the selected section is inserted. What you can select here depends on what you have selected for the source track. If you have selected a single track, you can select tracks 1 through 8 here. If you have selected a pair of tracks (for instance, 1/2), you can only select track pairs here. If you have selected all active tracks (1-8), then this is the only option available to you here.
This is the number of times that the selected section is inserted (end-to-end) in the destination track or tracks. You can set this value from 1 to 99.
66 TASCAM 788 Digital PortaStudio
7 Track editingMOVE -> PASTE
MOVE -> PASTE
This function takes the section of a track or tracks marked by the IN and OUT points, and moves it to the chosen track or tracks, starting at the TO point.
This sets the source track or tracks from which the section is taken. Choose 1,through 8 to select an individual track. Choose 1/2, 3/ 4, 5/6 or 7/8 to select a pair of tracks. Choose 1-8 to select all active tracks.
After the operation, the selected section of the source between the IN and OUT points is replaced by silence. This operation overwrites anything which is already recorded at the destination. The destination is therefore the same length as it was before the operation. You can change the following values:
This sets the destination track or tracks to which the selected section is moved. What you can select here depends on what you have selected for the source track. If you have selected a single track, you can select tracks 1 through 8 here. If you have selected a pair of tracks (for instance, 1/2), you can only select track pairs here. If you have selected all active tracks (1-8), then this is the only option available to you here.
While playing back the master track, it is output from the STEREO (and DIGITAL OUTPUT) jacks as well as from the MONITOR and PHONES jacks. It is therefore possible to use the pre-mastering and master check functions to mix to a DAT or MD recorder, etc.
Exiting master checking When you have listened to the master, you may decide to proceed with burning a CD-R, or you may want to re-master the song.
In either case, press the EXIT/NO key to return to the home screen, and restore the assignments, etc. which were in operation before the master check.
74 TASCAM 788 Digital PortaStudio
8 Mastering and backup (CD-R)Recording to CD-R
Trimming the master
You may sometimes want to trim the beginning or the end of a master track after checking it. For example, you may have made a perfect mix, except that there is too much dead time or a cough, fret noise, etc. before the start of the track, or there may be too much time after the end of the track, as the OUT point was not set correctly. To correct these, without having to do the whole mix again: 1 Make sure the 788 is in normal mode, that is, not in the master check mode or mastering mode. 2 Move the playback position to the approximate position where you want to trim (either the start or the end of the master). If you want to trim the start of the master: 3 Set the IN point to be the 00:00:00:00 point. 4 Use the jog control to set the OUT point to the exact position where you want the master to start (see Setting the IN and OUT points on page 52). If you want to trim the end of the master: 3 Set the IN point to the point where you want the end of the master to be, using the jog method to set the point (see Setting the IN and OUT points on page 52). 4 Set the OUT point to be some way after the existing OUT point. In both cases (trimming the start and trimming the end): 5 Use the Track Edit CUT function (see CUT on page 68) to cut all tracks between the IN and the OUT point. You must select the all option for the master track to be cut in this way. If you are trimming the end of the master: 6 Make sure that the OUT point is now located at the real end of the track (where you set the IN point previously). In both cases (trimming the start and trimming the end): 7 Play back the master track, as described in Checking the master on page 74. The start and end should now be as you want them.
Recording to CD-R
There are two ways of using the 788 to record a CDR: either a track at a time; TAO (Track At Once) with the disc being finalized after the last track has been recorded, or a number of tracks together; DAO (Disk At Once), with the disc being finalized at the end of the session. Recording many tracks at once allows you to reorder the tracks on the disc. It also allows you to put varying lengths of silence between tracks (ranging from 0 to almost 10 seconds). Remember that whichever method you use to record your CDs, you can record a maximum of 99 tracks on one CD, the minimum length of a track is four seconds, and the maximum track length you can record from the 788 is 70 minutes.
The screen shows: The elapsed time of the current track. Whether the disc is finalized or not
While this screen is displayed (the CD Player function is active), the eject button on the CD-R drive is disabled. To eject the CD, press EXIT to exit the CD player function, and then press the CD-R drive eject key.
78 TASCAM 788 Digital PortaStudio
8 Mastering and backup (CD-R)Backup using CD-R
Backup using CD-R
As well as allowing you to record the final mix to CD-R, the 788 also allows you to back up all of a song (tracks, virtual tracks, edits, undo history, effect settings, etc.) to CD-R. This is a relatively cheap and portable way of storing your work. Even if you produce large songs and use smaller hard disk partitions (e.g. 1 GB), this function allows you to store the song reliably and safely, reuse the hard disk space, and reload (restore) the song from CD-R and continue work on it. If the total amount of data that makes up a song is more than the capacity of a single CD disc, the 788 can split the backup over a series of discs. When you come to restore the song, it will ask for the discs in order and reassemble the song internally.
There must be sufficient space on the 788 disk partition for this backup to be able to take place (at least 640 MB). If you have selected a partition size of 512 MB, backup can never take place of a song recorded on that partition. For this reason, we recommend using a large partition size when formatting a new external disk (Formatting a disk on page 31) Backup discs cannot be played in a CD player (or read in a computer). They contain the audio data of a song in a form which can be read only by the 788.
Backing up a song
Before you start backing up, make sure you have a supply of blank CD-R discs. You cannot use discs that have already been used for mastering (and you cannot use backup discs for mastering, either). You can only back up one song at a time. 1 Put the first disc into the CD-R drive. 2 Make sure the 788 is in normal mode, that is, not in the master check mode or mastering mode. 3 With the transport stopped, press the MENU key. 4 Move the cursor to DATA BACKUP, and press ENTER. If there is no recordable disc in the drive, the screen shows an error message, otherwise the screen shows a list of the songs on the current partition. If the disc is a CD-RW disc in a CD-RW drive, and it has been used for 788 backup before, you have the option to erase the old data. 5 Use the dial to highlight the song to be backed up. The 788 reads the song and performs some housekeeping tasks. At the end of this, it shows how many CD-R discs will be needed for the backup. 6 If you have the discs ready and you want to proceed, press YES. If you do not have the discs ready, press NO. 7 If you press YES, the 788 makes an image of the song; its tracks, virtual tracks, playlist, edits, etc. and prepares to write this data. A countdown appears at the top of the display, providing a guide to how long the current operation will take. 8 If the backup is too big to fit on one CD-R disc, when the first disc is full, it is automatically ejected, and a message asks you to put in the next disc. 9 When the last disc has been written, it is ejected, and the song which was current when the backup started is reloaded.
TASCAM 788 Digital PortaStudio 87
Exciter An exciter is an effect which (usually) subtly emphasizes a range of frequencies, making them sparkle and stand out in the mix.
The multi-effect exciter in the 788 has two parameters that can be set:
The amount by which the exciter affect the signal
10.0kHz The minimum frequency which is affected by the exciter
Pitch shifter A pitch shifter allows the pitch of a
signal to move up or down to harmonize with the
PITCH FINE BALANCE
original signal. The multi-effect pitch shifter in the 788 has three parameters:
-12 -50 0
+12 +50 100
The amount by which the pitch is shifted expressed in semitones (coarse tuning) The fine tuning amount, added to the coarse tuning, by which the pitch is shifted expressed in cents (100 cents = 1 semitone) The balance between the original dry signal and the shifted (0=dry, 100=all shifted)
Chorus A chorus effect adds a slight doubling
effect to the signal and thickens it. The multi-effect chorus effect in the 788 has three parameters:
RATE DEPTH MIX LEVEL
0.1Hz 0 0
The speed of the chorus effect The depth (thickness) of the chorus effect The amount by which the chorus level is applied and passed down the chain
Reverberation (reverb). This is the spacey
effect you get in tunnels, caves, large halls, etc. It adds a feeling of spaciousness and depth when added
PRE DELAY HI DAMP MIX LEVEL
to a signal. The reverb on the 788s multi-effect processor has three parameters:
0ms 0 0
150ms 10 100
The time between the original signal and the start of the reverb The amount by which the high frequencies are removed from the reverb (0 is similar to a bare cave, 10 is similar to a heavily-furnished room) The amount of reverb relative to the original signal
Delay Sometimes referred to as echo, this provides one or a series of copies of the sound at regular
FB DELAY FEEDBACK
intervals. There are three parameters that you can set on the 788s multi-effect delay processor:
The time between repeats of the sound The level of the repeated sounds (in practical terms, this controls the number of audible repeatsnote that a high value here may result in runaway feedback, which is unpleasant) The amount of delay relative to the original signal
Parametric EQ This works to cut or boost a narrow part of the signal independently of the channels EQ settings, and can be used for special effects, etc. Remember that this multi-effect may be added preParameter
FREQUENCY GAIN OUT LEVEL
or post-EQ, and therefore this may be used to equalize an already-equalized signal! The 788s multieffect EQ has three parameters:
Global options 33 Guitar connection 23
Hands-free recording 53 Home display 26
Instant location on the INT LEVEL 100 Internal and physical faders 45
Jog positioning 50
Key sense time 33
126 TASCAM 788 Digital Portastudio
Index N - S
MMC 16, 103 Monitoring 3839 in mono 40 options 40 recorded sounds 39 solo 46 troubleshooting 38 Mono monitoring 40 MOVE -> INSERT (editing) 67 MOVE -> PASTE (editing) 67 Recorder 33, 49 Recording 13, 53 pre-master 73 punch 57 rehearsal 54 sync track 97 to CD-R 75, 77 Rehearsing punch recording 57 Rehearsing recording 54 Removable media 32 Repeat playback 51 Restoring data from CD-R 80 Return to zero (RTZ) 50 REVERB (effect) 89 REVERB + GATE (effect) 90 Reverberation (effect) 88 Reverting to previous version of a song 28 Routing and scene libraries 91 Routing libraries 91 Routing settings 34 loading 92
Names entering and editing (see also Titling) 26 New song 28 Noise gate (effect) 87 Nondestructive editing 12
Overdubbing 8, 55
Parametric EQ (effect) 88 Patchbay 13 PHASER (effect) 90 PITCH (effect) 90 Pitch control 59 Playback repeat 51 time between repeats 52 Playback position 50 Playing back CDs using the Power off 19 Pre- and post-fader sends explained 84 Precautions, etc. 19 Pre-fader (effect send) 84 Pre-mastering 73 Preset words (in titles) 27 Preset words and phrases. 27 Program Change messages 105 Protecting a song 30 Punch operations 8, 56 IN -> OUT 56 multi-take punch-ins 13 quitting 58 recording 57 rehearsing 57 setting points 56 undoing 58 Punch points checking 56
Sampling frequency 10 Saving a song 28 Saving the current routing settings to the library 91 Scenes 93 libraries 9192 loading from library 93 saving to library 92 SCSI 17 connections 17 devices and backing up 18 IDs 17 specifications 120 termination 17 Selecting disk or partition 32 multiple entries in interface 24 parameters in interface 25 synchronization type 96 type of effect 84 Send levels 44, 83 Sequencer control by Setting effect parameters 86 IN and OUT points 52 playback position 50 punch points 56 synchronization parameters 96 time between repeats 52 values 25 Shutting down the SILENCE (editing) 68 Single stereo effect processor settings 85 Single stereo effect settings 89 Slow Speed Audition 59 Solo 46 Song deleting unused space 30 loading 29
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