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PartitionMagic 8.0

PowerQuest

Includes PowerQuest BootMagic and PowerQuest DataKeeper

Quick Start Guide

PowerQuest PartitionMagic 8.0 Quick Start Guide
Published September 2002 1994-2002 PowerQuest Corporation All rights reserved. This product and/or its use may be covered by one or more of the following patents: 5,675,769; 5,706,472; 5,930,831; 6,088,778; 6,108,697; 6,108,759; 6,173,291; 6,178,487; 6,178,503; 6,185,575; 6,185,666; 6,253,300; 6,330,653; and 6,377,958. Additional patents may be pending. Refer to www.powerquest.com/legal for information about PowerQuests patents.
The entire risk of the use or the result of the use of this software and documentation remains with the user. No part of this documentation may be reproduced in any means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, except as expressed in the Software License Agreement. This software and documentation are copyrighted. All other rights, including ownership of the software, are reserved to PowerQuest Corporation. BootMagic, Drive Image, PartitionMagic, PowerQuest, PowerQuest DataKeeper, and the PowerQuest mark are trademarks or registered trademarks of PowerQuest Corporation in the United States and elsewhere. DOS, Microsoft, Windows, and Windows NT are trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of the respective owners.
PowerQuest Documentation Feedback To give suggestions for improving the PowerQuest PartitionMagic documentation (quick start guide, online help, electronic user guide, or readme files), e-mail your comments to documentation@powerquest.com, or fax them to (801) 437-4480. Specific suggestions are more helpful than general comments. Please include the PowerQuest product name and version with your correspondence. PowerQuest will use the feedback to improve documentation for future PowerQuest products. Because our staff is limited, we cannot provide personal responses to every message we receive, but we do appreciate hearing from our users. All feedback is given careful consideration for future improvements to PowerQuest documentation or software.
PowerQuest Corporation P.O. Box 1911 Orem, Utah 84059-1911 U.S.A.
PowerQuest End User License Agreement IMPORTANT: Read this before using your copy of PowerQuest software. This document is a legal agreement between you (an individual or business) and PowerQuest Corporation (PowerQuest). Use of the software indicates your acceptance of these terms. As used in this License Agreement, the term "Software" means the software included on the CD or disk media provided with this License Agreement. The term "Software" does not include any software that is covered by a separate license offered or granted by a person other than PowerQuest. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS, EITHER DESTROY OR RETURN, INTACT, THE SOFTWARE PACKAGE, CONTAINING THE CD OR DISK MEDIA, TOGETHER WITH THE OTHER COMPONENTS OF THE PRODUCT TO THE PLACE OF PURCHASE FOR A REFUND OF THE PURCHASE PRICE. 1. PROPRIETARY RIGHTS. The Software and any accompanying documentation are the proprietary products of PowerQuest or its licensors and are protected under national laws and international treaty provisions. Ownership of the Software and all copies, modifications, translations, and merged portions thereof shall at all times remain with PowerQuest or its licensors. 2. GRANT OF LICENSE. The Software and accompanying documentation are being licensed to you, which means you have the right to use the Software only in accordance with this License Agreement. The Software is considered in use on a computer when it is loaded into temporary memory or installed into permanent memory. This License may not be assigned or otherwise transferred without prior written consent from PowerQuest, and any unauthorized transfer is null and void. You are authorized to use ONLY a single copy of the Software on the number of computers for which you have purchased a license (as indicated on the accompanying license certificate, if applicable). Each permitted copy of the Software may be used only in connection with a single computer owned or leased by you. If the Software is made available on a network, it may be accessed only by ONE specific computer. Once the Software has been accessed by ONE specific computer it may not be used on any additional computers without purchasing additional licenses. All copies of the Software must include the copyright, trademark, and patent notices. This license is personal to you. You may not sublicense, lease, sell, or otherwise transfer the Software or any of the accompanying documentation to any other person. You may use the Software only for your own personal use if you are an individual, or for your own internal business purposes if you are a business. If you are a service bureau, integrator, value added reseller, or other type of service provider and wish to use this software on your clients' computers, you must purchase a Configuration License. BACKUP COPY. In addition to any copies authorized under this license agreement, you may make a single copy of the Software solely for backup purposes. UPDATES AND SUPPORT. You are entitled to receive technical support as outlined in the Software documentation. You are entitled to receive Software updates (updates shall include any patches or bug fixes that PowerQuest makes generally available at www.powerquest.com) in accordance with PowerQuest policies as announced from time to time on terms comparable to those offered to other users of the Software under similar licenses. TERM. This license is effective from your date of purchase and shall remain in force until terminated. You may terminate the license and this License Agreement at any time by destroying the Software and the accompanying documentation, together with all copies in any form. 3. NONPERMITTED USES. Without the express prior written permission of PowerQuest, you may not (a) use, copy, modify, alter or transfer, electronically or otherwise, the Software or documentation except as expressly permitted in this License Agreement, or (b) translate, reverse program, disassemble, decompile, or otherwise reverse engineer the Software. 4. EXPORT CONTROLS. Certain uses of the Software by you may be subject to restrictions under U.S. regulations relating to exports and ultimate end uses of computer software. You agree to fully comply with all applicable U.S. laws and regulations, including but not limited to the Export Administration Act of 1979 as amended from time to time and any regulations promulgated thereunder. 5. U.S. GOVERNMENT RESTRICTED RIGHTS. If you are acquiring the Software on behalf of any unit or agency of the United States Government, the following provision applies: It is acknowledged that the Software and the documentation were developed at private expense and that no part is in the public domain and that the Software and documentation are provided with RESTRICTED RIGHTS. Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Getting Started What is PartitionMagic?. 1 PartitionMagic System Requirements. 2 Installing PartitionMagic. 3 Creating Rescue Diskettes. 3 Before Running PartitionMagic. 4 Running PartitionMagic. 4 Chapter 2: PartitionMagic Basics PartitionMagic Main Window. 5 Disk Map. 6 Partition List. 7 Rescue Disk Main Window. 7 Process Overview. 8 Selecting a Hard Disk and Partition. 9 USB, USB2, and FireWire Support. 9 Removable Media Support. 9 Dynamic Disks. 9 Selecting an Operation. 10 Undoing an Operation. 10 Viewing Pending Operations. 11 Applying Changes to Your System. 11 Applying Changes in Windows vs. Boot Mode. 12 Chapter 3: Applications Included with PartitionMagic PowerQuest BootMagic. 13 BootMagic System Requirements. 14 Installing BootMagic. 14 Configuring BootMagic. 15 Disabling BootMagic. 16 PowerQuest DataKeeper. 17 PowerQuest DataKeeper System Requirements. 17 Installing and Configuring DataKeeper. 17 Monitoring Your System. 19 Restoring Backups. 19
PowerQuest PartitionMagic Quick Start Guide v
Chapter 4: Additional Information Where Can I Get More Information?. 21 Electronic User Guide. 21 Online Help. 22 PowerQuest Technical Support. 23 Complimentary Technical Support. 23 Fee-Based Support. 24 Fee-Based After-Hours Support. 24 Index

Getting Started

This chapter includes the following information:
What is PartitionMagic? PartitionMagic System Requirements Installing PartitionMagic Before Running PartitionMagic Running PartitionMagic

What is PartitionMagic?

With PowerQuest PartitionMagic, you can quickly and easily create partitions on your hard disks for storing valuable information such as data files, applications, and operating systems. Storing information in separate partitions helps you organize and protect your data and reclaim wasted disk space. In addition to creating new partitions with PartitionMagic, you can resize, move, copy, label, or convert existing partitions from one file system to anotherall without destroying your data. You can also use PartitionMagic to view comprehensive information about your hard disk geometry. PartitionMagic enables you to secure your data by physically separating it from your operating system files. Separate partitions also make backups easy. You can use PartitionMagic to save your data to a separate partition, then back up the data files with PowerQuest DataKeeper, which is included with PartitionMagic 8.0.

PartitionMagic helps you reliably run multiple operating systems on the same computer. PartitionMagic includes a wizard to help you install another operating system, and PowerQuest BootMagic (included with PartitionMagic) is a powerful boot manager that lets you choose which operating system you want to use when starting your computer. Because of limitations with the FAT file system, as much as 40 percent of your hard disk space can be wasted. PartitionMagic reclaims wasted space quickly and safely by using more efficient partition sizes. PartitionMagic lets you experiment with partitions and see how changes would affect your system before you actually apply the changes.
PartitionMagic System Requirements
PartitionMagic for Windows requires a minimum of 70 MB of hard disk space, a CD drive (any speed), a 3.5-inch floppy drive, VGA or higher resolution monitor with a screen area of at least 800 x 600 pixels, and processor and memory requirements as shown below. Operating System Windows 95b through Windows 98 SE Windows Me Windows NT 4.0 Workstation with SP6a applied Windows 2000 Professional Windows XP Minimum RAM 32 MB 32 MB 32 MB* Minimum Processor Pentium/150 MHz or compatible Pentium/150 MHz or compatible Pentium/150 MHz or compatible

64 MB* 128 MB*

Pentium/150 MHz or compatible Pentium/233 MHz or compatible
* Resizing NTFS clusters on partitions over 120 GB in size requires 256 MB RAM. PartitionMagic supports hardware RAID level 0 (disk striping) and RAID level 5 (striping with parity). PartitionMagic supports external USB, USB2, and FireWire (1394) hard drives under Windows. Operations that are executed in boot mode are not supported on these devices. See USB, USB2, and FireWire Support on page 9.
Chapter 1: Getting Started
The rescue disk version of PartitionMagic requires a Pentium/150 MHz processor (or faster), a 3.5-inch floppy drive, 8 MB of RAM (16 MB for NTFS partitions; 32 MB recommended for FAT32 partitions; some very large partitions may require up to 256 MB). Microsoft recommends 128 MB RAM for Windows 2000 and Windows XP systems, although the product can run on systems with 64 MB RAM.
Installing PartitionMagic
You must have administrative privileges to install PartitionMagic on a Windows NT, Windows 2000, or Windows XP system. Installing PartitionMagic 8.0 will not overwrite a previous version, and it will not affect your existing partitions in any way. PartitionMagic 8.0 installs into its own directory by default.
IMPORTANT! PartitionMagic
must be installed on a local drive, not on a network drive.
1 Insert the PartitionMagic CD into your CD drive. 2 If the installation program does not start automatically, click Start Run on the

Windows taskbar. Then type drive:\AUTORUN, where drive is the drive letter of your CD drive.
3 Click PartitionMagic > Install, and follow the on-screen installation instructions.
There is sometimes a delay after you click Install. If you click it twice, you will start two instances of the installation and will have to cancel the second one.
4 After installation is complete, click Back > Exit to close the setup screen.
Dynamic disks (disks you can create with the Windows 2000 or Windows XP Disk Management tool) are not supported. You cannot install PartitionMagic on a dynamic disk. Creating Rescue Diskettes You can run a DOS version of PartitionMagic or the BootMagic configuration program from the PartitionMagic CD if your computer has the ability to boot from a CD. If your computer cannot boot from a CD, PowerQuest recommends that you create rescue diskettes at the end of the PartitionMagic installation. If you do not create rescue disks during the product installation, you can create them later by running the installation program from the PartitionMagic CD.
PowerQuest PartitionMagic Quick Start Guide
If your hard disk becomes unbootable or you do not have access to Windows, you can boot your computer and run PartitionMagic from the rescue diskettes. The first is a DOS boot diskette. The second includes a DOS version of the PartitionMagic program. (For double-byte languages, a third rescue disk includes fonts.)
Before Running PartitionMagic
Close all other applications, including low-level disk utilities (such as virus detection software, defragmenting software like Diskeeper, or backup software like GoBack). You should back up your hard disk before using PartitionMagic. While PartitionMagic has been thoroughly tested and is reliable, other factors, (such as power failures, operating system bugs, and hardware defects), can put your data at risk. Before using any utility that makes extensive changes to your hard disk, you should back up your data. Run a file check before running PartitionMagic. Doing so can help you avoid problems.

Running PartitionMagic

must be run from a local, uncompressed drive. You cannot run PartitionMagic from a network drive.
You can run a DOS version of PartitionMagic from the PartitionMagic CD if your computer has the ability to boot from a CD. To run from: Windows Start menu Windows Explorer Do this: Click Start > Programs > PowerQuest PartitionMagic 8.0 > PartitionMagic 8.0. From Windows, click Start > Programs > Windows Explorer. Then right-click any drive object, and click PartitionMagic 8.0.

For information about running PartitionMagic from the rescue disks, see Running PartitionMagic from Rescue Disks in Chapter 1 of the electronic PartitionMagic user guide. (Click Help > User Guide to display the user guide.)

PartitionMagic Basics

PartitionMagic Main Window Rescue Disk Main Window Process Overview Selecting a Hard Disk and Partition Selecting an Operation Undoing an Operation Viewing Pending Operations Applying Changes to Your System
PartitionMagic Main Window
The main window includes an action panel with shortcuts for common tasks and an overview of pending operations, a map of each disk, and a list of the partitions on the selected disk. The menu bar and a toolbar appear at the top of the window. The menu bar gives you access to all of PartitionMagics features. The toolbar gives you quick access to commonly used options. When the pointer is over a toolbar, the status bar shows what the button does. You can customize the main screen by clicking commands on the View menu.
Note that the main screen is different if you run PartitionMagic from the rescue disks. See Rescue Disk Main Window on page 7.
Menu Bar Toolbar Tasks (wizards) Disk Map
Partition List Operations for selected partition (unavailable options are dimmed) Legend Status Bar
Disk Map The disk map shows the partitions approximately to scale and also shows unallocated space (space not assigned to any partition). You can also display hard disks to scale by clicking View > Scale Disk Map. Each partition is represented by a different color according to the file system it uses. If the selected hard disk contains logical partitions, the logical partitions are shown within an extended partition. Each partition is color-coded to show the file system it uses and the used and unused space within the partition. A legend is displayed just above the status bar located at the bottom of the PartitionMagic window. You can use the Legend to help you understand the different colors used in the disk map and partition list. There are triangle indicators to mark the 2 GB boot boundary and the 1024 cylinder limit. The boundary markers can help you as you create, move, or resize partitions, so you will not make primary partitions unbootable by accident. For additional information about the boot boundaries, refer to Understanding the BIOS 1024 Cylinder Limit or Understanding the 2 GB Boot Code Boundary in the PartitionMagic online help located under Getting Started > Partitioning Basics.
Chapter 2: PartitionMagic Basics
Partition List The partition list displays the following information about each partition: drive letter, volume label, file system type, size, amount of used and unused space in megabytes, status, and whether the partition is a primary or logical partition. If the partition does not have a volume label, Local Disk displays next to the drive letter. An asterisk (*) appears in place of a drive letter for: Hidden partitions Extended partitions Partitions with file systems not supported by the active operating system Unallocated space (space not currently assigned to any partition)

A partitions status can be: Active: The partition the computer boots from. Hidden: Partitions that do not have a drive letter. Partitions can be hidden by the operating system (which may hide all primary partitions except the active one), or you can hide partitions with PartitionMagic. Under Windows 2000/XP Professional, hidden partitions are permitted to have a drive letter. None: Partitions that are not active or hidden.

Rescue Disk Main Window

The main screen appears different when you run from rescue disks than it does when you run PartitionMagic from Windows. Menu bar gives you access to all of PartitionMagics features. Be aware that the operations available from the Partition menu when you run PartitionMagic under Windows are available under the Operations menu when you run from the rescue disks. Toolbar gives you quick access to commonly used options and allows you to select the disk you want to operate on. Partition information provides both a visual and text description of the partitions on the disk.
Status bar shows you how many operations are pending; also includes a brief description of the currently selected option.
Menu Bar Toolbar Disk Map

Partition List

Status Bar

Process Overview

To complete a task, follow this general process:
1 Select a hard disk and partition.
The steps for selecting a hard disk and partition are included on page 9. You must follow these steps before you can perform any operation within PartitionMagic.
2 Select an operation, and enter details about the changes you want to perform. 3 Apply changes to your system. See Applying Changes to Your System on page 11.
Selecting a Hard Disk and Partition
You can select a partition without first selecting a hard disk. To select a partition, click it in the disk map or partition list on the main screen. To select a hard disk, click the title bar on the disk map, or click the disk in the partition list. There are two operations that can be performed on a hard disk: delete all the partitions or display information about the hard disk. When you select a hard disk, its partitions display in the partition list in the main window. PartitionMagic does not support volume sets, stripe sets, stripe sets with parity, or partitions located on disk mirror/duplex sets configured using Windows NT Disk Administrator. Under Windows 2000/XP, PartitionMagic supports standard partitions located on basic disk sets only. USB, USB2, and FireWire Support PartitionMagic supports external USB, USB2, and FireWire (1394) hard drives under Windows. Operations that are executed in boot mode are not supported on these devices. You can see if an operation will be performed in boot mode by clicking View Operations Pending. If an operation displays with an asterisk (*), it will not work on a USB, USB2, or FireWire drive. If any of the queued operations displays with an asterisk, all of the queued operations will be applied in boot mode. You may increase the chances of an operations being applied under Windows by closing all applications other than PartitionMagic and only working on operations on that drive (as opposed to the USB or FireWire drive and drive C:, for example). Removable Media Support PartitionMagic is not designed to work on removable media. PowerQuest technical support does not guarantee they will be able to resolve problems you encounter when partitioning removable media. Dynamic Disks Windows 2000 and Windows XP use basic disks and dynamic disks. You cannot perform PartitionMagic operations on dynamic disks.

Selecting an Operation

After you have selected a disk or a partition, you can select an operation using the action panel, toolbar, context menu, or menu bar. If an operation cannot be performed on the selected partition, the item appears dimmed on the menu and in the action panel. Click one of the operations on the action panel or the toolbar. When you place the pointer on a toolbar button, a pop-up window displays the buttons function. In the disk map or partition list, right-click the partition you want to change, then click the desired operation from the context menu. On the menu bar, click Partition, then choose the desired operation. (If you are running PartitionMagic from the rescue disks, click Operations on the menu bar, then choose the desired operation.) You can use PartitionMagic to create, resize, move, copy, and label partitionsand more. For more information about the operations on the Partition menu, see the online help or Chapters 3, 4, and 5 of the PartitionMagic user guide. You can perform some operations using wizards. Wizards combine several operations into one easy process and do some of the thinking for you. Wizards are listed under Pick a Task in the action panel on the left side of the PartitionMagic main screen and on the Tasks menu. For more information about wizards, see the online help or Chapter 6 of the PartitionMagic user guide.

Undoing an Operation

To undo or reverse the last operation performed, click General > Undo Last Change on the menu bar, press <Ctrl+Z>, or click Undo at the bottom of the action panel. If you have performed an operation using a wizard, Undo Last Change will undo all the changes made by the wizard. To discard all the pending operations, click General > Discard all Changes, or press <Ctrl+D>.
Viewing Pending Operations
PartitionMagic queues operations until you apply them. You can view the operations that are pending at any time at the bottom of the action panel, or you can display a more detailed view.
1 Click View > Operations Pending.
The Operations Currently Pending dialog appears.
If an asterisk displays to the left of an operation, the operation will be applied in boot mode rather than in Windows. If any operation in the list appears with an asterisk, all of the operations will be applied in boot mode. From the list of pending operations, you can choose to undo the last change, discard all changes, apply all changes, or close the window. If you are running PartitionMagic from the rescue disks, you cannot modify pending operations from this window.
Applying Changes to Your System
As you complete tasks using the Partition menu (or the Operations menu if running from the rescue disks), the disk map and partition list reflect the changes you have made. However, no changes physically take place on your system until you apply them. You can perform several operations and then apply all the changes at once.

To apply changes to your system, click General > Apply Changes, or click Apply in the action panel. To discard the changes and start over, click General > Discard All Changes. With the exception of being able to undelete some partitions, you cannot discard or undo changes after you have applied them. Applying Changes in Windows vs. Boot Mode When you apply changes, PartitionMagic evaluates your system to see if changes are being made to partitions where there are open files (such as when you modify the C: drive while running Windows). If there are no open files, the changes will be applied while Windows is running. If there are open files, PartitionMagic must go into boot mode to apply the changes. When prompted, click OK to go into boot mode. You do not need to have DOS installed on your system to apply changes in boot mode.
Applications Included with PartitionMagic
PowerQuest BootMagic PowerQuest DataKeeper

PowerQuest BootMagic

PowerQuest BootMagic is a powerful disk-management tool that helps you run multiple operating systems on a single PC. Each time you start or restart your computer, BootMagic presents a list of operating systems you can boot to. The configuration program lets you quickly select the operating systems you want to appear in the BootMagic Menu and lets you set various boot-time options such as a default OS and a startup delay. With BootMagic, you can easily switch between operating systems, using whichever OS best suits your immediate needs. You can even try out a new OS risk-free, knowing that your old OS is there, readily accessible when you need it.
BootMagic System Requirements The following table lists the minimum and recommended system requirements for installing and using BootMagic. Hardware/Software Processor RAM Hard-disk free space CD-ROM drive 3.5-inch diskette drive Operating system Monitor Pointing Device Installing BootMagic You can install BootMagic from Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000 Professional, and Windows XP.
1 Insert the PartitionMagic CD in your CD drive. 2 Click BootMagic from the PartitionMagic setup screen, then click Install to launch
Requirement Pentium 32 MB for Windows 9x, Me; 128 MB for Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, or Windows XP 10 MB Any speed 3.5-inch diskette drive Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP SVGA Microsoft-compatible mouse
the BootMagic installation program.
3 Follow the on-screen instructions to install BootMagic.

IMPORTANT! BootMagic

can be installed to any FAT or FAT32 partition (primary or logical). If your system only has NTFS partitions, see Installing BootMagic on an NTFS System in the PartitionMagic user guide.
Chapter 3: Applications Included with PartitionMagic

PowerQuest DataKeeper

PowerQuest DataKeeper provides an easy way for you to perform secure, automated backups of all your important data. You can back up to your local hard disk, a second partition that has an assigned file system (such as FAT32) and drive letter, a network drive, or removable media such as LS-120, Jaz, or Zip drives. You can use DataKeeper to: Back up combinations of files and folders on your computer with options such as password protection and file compression. Restore a single file (even from a compressed backup), a most recent version of a file, or an older version of a file. PowerQuest DataKeeper System Requirements Before you install DataKeeper, you should ensure your computer meets the minimum system requirements. Operating system Windows XP Home Edition and Professional Windows 2000 Professional Windows NT 4.0 Workstation (through Service Pack 6) Windows Me Windows 98 Windows 95b (or later)
Hard-disk space File Systems Monitor
4 MB FAT, FAT32, or NTFS VGA or higher resolution
Installing and Configuring DataKeeper The installation of DataKeeper involves two processes: Install DataKeeper. If you are running Windows NT, 2000, or Windows XP, you must have administrator privileges to install DataKeeper. Configure the backup locations. Following installation, when you run DataKeeper for the first time, you will need to specify the primary and substitute backup locations. If there are multiple users sharing a single computer (usually under Windows NT, 2000, or XP), each user must run DataKeeper and set up their own primary and backup locations. It is recommended that you use the programs defaults to simplify the installation and to make file restoration easy and quick.
1 Insert the PartitionMagic CD into the CD drive. 2 Click DataKeeper in the installation browser, then follow the on-screen instructions
to install the program. If the installation browser does not appear, click Start > Run, then type D:\AUTORUN in the Open text box (where D:\ is the CD drive).

Restoring Backups

You can restore backed up individual or multiple files or folders in one simple operation.
1 From DataKeeper, click the Restore tab.
2 Select the files, folders, and drives you want to restore. 3 Select Only display most recent version to list only the most recent backed up
version of each file. Deselect the option to see all file versions. You can only restore those items that you have backed up using DataKeeper.
4 Select the destination folder or drive from the drop-down list, or click Browse to
select the destination folder you want. If you do not specify a destination folder, the items will be restored to their original locations.
5 Click Restore to begin file restoration.

Additional Information

Where Can I Get More Information? Electronic User Guide Online Help PowerQuest Technical Support
Where Can I Get More Information?
PartitionMagic, BootMagic, and DataKeeper are fully documented. If you need information beyond what this quick start guide includes, please refer to the electronic user guide or the online help for the product. The PowerQuest Technical Support web site, www.powerquest.com/support, also includes information about PowerQuest products.

Electronic User Guide

In addition to this quick start guide, there is a full user guide for PowerQuest PartitionMagic available in PDF format in the /English/Docs folder on the PartitionMagic CD. The filename is PM8.PDF. If you performed a standard installation of PartitionMagic, you can also access the user guide by clicking Help > User Guide.
PowerQuest recommends that you use Adobe Acrobat version 4.0 or later for best viewing quality. (With earlier versions of Acrobat, an error message will display briefly and screenshots will appear as black boxes.) You can download the current version of Acrobat for free from the Adobe web site, www.adobe.com. In the PDF version of the user guide, you can click cross-references (including page numbers in the table of contents and index) to jump to the relevant material. You can also click references to web sites to start your browser and go to the web site. The hand pointer in Acrobat changes to a pointing finger when it is located over text that is linked to other material.

Online Help

Online help provides in-depth information on features as well as step-by-step instructions for specific tasks. To access online help for PartitionMagic, BootMagic, or DataKeeper, click Help > Contents on the menu bar in the main window. Online help is organized into books and pages.

Find information with the Index and Search tabs.
Double-click a book to view the pages in it.
Double-click a page to read the help topic.
Each book focuses on a different aspect of the software, so you can quickly locate the information you need. When you double-click a topic, the information displays in the right window. You can click the key tab to search for a topic using keywords.
Chapter 4: Additional Information
PowerQuest Technical Support
PowerQuest offers a variety of technical support solutions. You can choose the level of technical support that best fits your needs. When you encounter a problem, you can often find solutions by consulting the products online help, the quick start guide, the README file, or PowerQuests technical support web site (www.powerquest.com/support) or by applying the most recent patch or upgrade of the software (www.powerquest.com/updates). You must furnish your product license (serial) number when you contact PowerQuest for technical support. To better assist you in resolving problems, PowerQuest technical support engineers may request information from the PARTINFO utility program. See Generating Diagnostic Reports with PARTINFO in the online help or the PDF user guide. Technical support for PowerQuest products is available beginning with the release of the product and ending six months after the release of the next major version of the product or after PowerQuest discontinues the product line. Complimentary Technical Support PowerQuests complimentary technical support consists of self-help support tools that are available at www.powerquest.com/support (in English only). An easy-to-use, powerful knowledge base that helps you find answers to the most frequently asked product questions, as well as how-to procedures and technical information about all PowerQuest products. Dozens of easy-to-use video clips that step you through product features. Product updates and patches for the most recent versions of PowerQuest products.
An automated e-mail form you can fill out to request written assistance from a PowerQuest technician. (Requests for e-mail support in North America are processed 8:00 am to 5:00 pm MST, Monday through Friday.) To obtain e-mail technical support for specific technical questions, fill out the form at the web site specified below. Language English French German Location of E-mail Support Form www.powerquest.com/support/emsupport.cfm www.powerquest.com/support/emsupport.cfm?language=FR www.powerquest.com/support/emsupport.cfm?language=DE

Fee-Based Support PowerQuests fee-based technical support program consists of live telephone support during regular business hours (8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. MST, Monday through Friday). Step-by-step consultations on product features and functionality fall under the fee-based support program. Language English Location U.S.A. Telephone Number and Fee 800-757-5049 at $30.00 USD per incident, charged to a credit card 900-328-8324 at $2.95 USD per minute, charged to your phone bill (first two minutes are free) English French German U.K. France Germany +44 (0)5517 at $30.00 USD or 34.50 (Euros) per incident, charged to a credit card +33 (0)30 at $30.00 USD or 34.50 (Euros) per incident, charged to a credit card +49 (0)at $30.00 USD or 34.50 (Euros) per incident, charged to a credit card
Fee-Based After-Hours Support PowerQuest offers fee-based after-hours support by telephone only. After-hours support is designed for anyone who requires support outside of regular business hours (8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. MST, Monday through Friday). The price is $95.00 USD per incident.

Numerics

1394 drive support 9 free space required to install BootMagic 14 full manual 21
applying changes 11 Windows vs. boot mode 12 asterisk (*) in partition list, explained 7
hard disk geometry 1 selecting 9 hardware requirements See system requirements help, online 22
boot code boundary 6 boot mode 12 booting from the PartitionMagic CD 3 BootMagic configuring 15 disabling 16 installing 14 system requirements 14
installing BootMagic 14 DataKeeper 17 PartitionMagic 3 interface, overview of 5

Jaz drives 9

cancelling changes 11 changes, applying 11 completing tasks, general process for 8 configuring BootMagic 15
main window overview 5 rescue disk 7 status bar 8 manual 21
data partition 15 DataKeeper installing and configuring 17 monitoring your system with 19 restoring backups 19 system requirements 17 deleting all the partitions on a hard disk 9 details, viewing 11 disabling BootMagic 16 discarding changes 11 disk, selecting 9 disks, dynamic 9 documentation 21 DOS mode, applying changes in 12 dynamic disks 3, 9
online help 22 operations performing from the rescue disks 7 process overview 8 selecting 10 undoing 10 viewing pending 11

partition list 7 asterisk (*) in, explained 7 status in 7 partition map 6 Partition menu 7 PartitionMagic system requirements 2 PartitionMagic, running 4

FireWire support 9

partitions active 7 applying changes to 11 data 15 deleting all 9 hidden 7 map in main window 6 selecting 9 status 7 pending changes 11 pending operations, viewing 11 physical disk, selecting 9 prerequisites 4 process overview 8

View menu 5

wizards 10 overview 7 see PartitionMagic PDF user guide

Zip disks 9

removable media 9 requirements, system 2 rescue disks creating 3 system requirements 2
selecting operations 10 partitions 9 physical disks 9 software requirements 2 status bar 8 support, technical 23 system requirements BootMagic 14 DataKeeper 17 PartitionMagic 2

technical support 23

undo 10 USB/USB2 support 9 user guide 21 utilities 4

doc1

PartitionMagic 8.0

PowerQuest
Includes PowerQuest BootMagic and PowerQuest DataKeeper

User Guide

PowerQuest PartitionMagic 8.0 User Guide
Published September 2002 1994-2002 PowerQuest Corporation All rights reserved. This product and/or its use may be covered by one or more of the following patents: 5,675,769; 5,706,472; 5,930,831; 6,088,778; 6,108,697; 6,108,759; 6,173,291; 6,178,487; 6,178,503; 6,185,575; 6,185,666; 6,253,300; 6,330,653; and 6,377,958. Additional patents may be pending. Please refer to www.powerquest.com/legal for additional information about PowerQuests patents.
The entire risk of the use or the result of the use of this software and documentation remains with the user. No part of this documentation may be reproduced in any means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, except as expressed in the Software License Agreement. This software and documentation are copyrighted. All other rights, including ownership of the software, are reserved to PowerQuest Corporation. PowerQuest, BootMagic, Drive Image, PartitionMagic, PowerQuest DataKeeper, and the PowerQuest mark are trademarks or registered trademarks of PowerQuest Corporation in the United States and elsewhere. DOS, Microsoft, Windows, and Windows NT are trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of the respective owners.
PowerQuest Documentation Feedback To give suggestions for improving the PowerQuest PartitionMagic 8.0 documentation (quick start guide, user guide, online help, or readme files), e-mail your comments to documentation@powerquest.com, or fax them to (801) 437-4480. Specific suggestions are more helpful than general comments. Please include the PowerQuest product name and version with your correspondence. PowerQuest will use the feedback to improve documentation for future PowerQuest products. Because our staff is limited, we cannot provide personal responses to every message we receive, but we do appreciate hearing from our users. All feedback is given careful consideration for future improvements to PowerQuest documentation or software.
PowerQuest Corporation P.O. Box 1911 Orem, Utah 84059-1911 U.S.A.
PowerQuest End User License Agreement IMPORTANT: Read this before using your copy of PowerQuest software. This document is a legal agreement between you (an individual or business) and PowerQuest Corporation (PowerQuest). Use of the software indicates your acceptance of these terms. As used in this License Agreement, the term "Software" means the software included on the CD or disk media provided with this License Agreement. The term "Software" does not include any software that is covered by a separate license offered or granted by a person other than PowerQuest. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS, EITHER DESTROY OR RETURN, INTACT, THE SOFTWARE PACKAGE, CONTAINING THE CD OR DISK MEDIA, TOGETHER WITH THE OTHER COMPONENTS OF THE PRODUCT TO THE PLACE OF PURCHASE FOR A REFUND OF THE PURCHASE PRICE. 1. PROPRIETARY RIGHTS. The Software and any accompanying documentation are the proprietary products of PowerQuest or its licensors and are protected under national laws and international treaty provisions. Ownership of the Software and all copies, modifications, translations, and merged portions thereof shall at all times remain with PowerQuest or its licensors. 2. GRANT OF LICENSE. The Software and accompanying documentation are being licensed to you, which means you have the right to use the Software only in accordance with this License Agreement. The Software is considered in use on a computer when it is loaded into temporary memory or installed into permanent memory. This License may not be assigned or otherwise transferred without prior written consent from PowerQuest, and any unauthorized transfer is null and void. You are authorized to use ONLY a single copy of the Software on the number of computers for which you have purchased a license (as indicated on the accompanying license certificate, if applicable). Each permitted copy of the Software may be used only in connection with a single computer owned or leased by you. If the Software is made available on a network, it may be accessed only by ONE specific computer. Once the Software has been accessed by ONE specific computer it may not be used on any additional computers without purchasing additional licenses. All copies of the Software must include the copyright, trademark, and patent notices. This license is personal to you. You may not sublicense, lease, sell, or otherwise transfer the Software or any of the accompanying documentation to any other person. You may use the Software only for your own personal use if you are an individual, or for your own internal business purposes if you are a business. If you are a service bureau, integrator, value added reseller, or other type of service provider and wish to use this software on your clients' computers, you must purchase a Configuration License. BACKUP COPY. In addition to any copies authorized under this license agreement, you may make a single copy of the Software solely for backup purposes. UPDATES AND SUPPORT. You are entitled to receive technical support as outlined in the Software documentation. You are entitled to receive Software updates (updates shall include any patches or bug fixes that PowerQuest makes generally available at www.powerquest.com) in accordance with PowerQuest policies as announced from time to time on terms comparable to those offered to other users of the Software under similar licenses. TERM. This license is effective from your date of purchase and shall remain in force until terminated. You may terminate the license and this License Agreement at any time by destroying the Software and the accompanying documentation, together with all copies in any form. 3. NONPERMITTED USES. Without the express prior written permission of PowerQuest, you may not (a) use, copy, modify, alter or transfer, electronically or otherwise, the Software or documentation except as expressly permitted in this License Agreement, or (b) translate, reverse program, disassemble, decompile, or otherwise reverse engineer the Software. 4. EXPORT CONTROLS. Certain uses of the Software by you may be subject to restrictions under U.S. regulations relating to exports and ultimate end uses of computer software. You agree to fully comply with all applicable U.S. laws and regulations, including but not limited to the Export Administration Act of 1979 as amended from time to time and any regulations promulgated thereunder. 5. U.S. GOVERNMENT RESTRICTED RIGHTS. If you are acquiring the Software on behalf of any unit or agency of the United States Government, the following provision applies: It is acknowledged that the Software and the documentation were developed at private expense and that no part is in the public domain and that the Software and documentation are provided with RESTRICTED RIGHTS. Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph

Menu Bar Toolbar Tasks (Wizards) Disk Map
Partition List Operations for selected partition (unavailable options are dimmed) Legend Status Bar
Disk Map The disk map shows the partitions approximately to scale and also shows unallocated space (space not assigned to any partition). You can also display hard disks to scale by clicking View Scale Disk Map. Each partition is represented by a different color according to the file system it uses. If the selected hard disk contains logical partitions, the logical partitions are shown within an extended partition.
Chapter 2: PartitionMagic Basics
Each partition is color-coded to show the file system it uses and the used and unused space within the partition. A legend is displayed just above the status bar located at the bottom of the PartitionMagic window. You can use the Legend to help you understand the different colors used in the disk map and partition list. There are triangle indicators to mark the 2 GB boot boundary and the 8 GB boot boundary (1024 cylinder limit). The boundary markers can help you as you create, move, or resize partitions, so you will not make primary partitions unbootable by accident. For additional information about the boot boundaries, refer to Understanding the BIOS 1024 Cylinder Limit or Understanding the 2 GB Boot Code Boundary in the PartitionMagic online help located under Getting Started > Partitioning Basics. Partition List The partition list displays the following information about each partition: drive letter, volume label, file system type, size, amount of used and unused space in megabytes, status, and whether the partition is a primary or logical partition. If the partition does not have a volume label, Local Disk displays next to the drive letter. An asterisk (*) appears in place of a drive letter for: Hidden partitions Extended partitions Partitions with file systems not supported by the active operating system Unallocated space (space not currently assigned to any partition)
A partitions status can be: Active: The partition the computer boots from. Hidden: Partitions that do not have a drive letter. Partitions can be hidden by the operating system (which may hide all primary partitions except the active one), or you can hide partitions with PartitionMagic. Under Windows 2000/XP Professional, hidden partitions are permitted to have a drive letter. None: Partitions that are not active or hidden.

Rescue Disk Main Window

The main screen appears different when you run from rescue disks than it does when you run PartitionMagic from Windows.

adjacent to it, yet are not able to enlarge your partition, you may have to delete some files in the partition so that PartitionMagic has room to work. You may be able to slightly enlarge the partition (1 MB or less) and then enlarge the partition a second time to provide the necessary buffer area for PartitionMagic. To see how much space is needed in a partition to resize past a cluster boundary, see the table in Freeing Disk Space Before Enlarging a FAT Partition in Help under Getting Started > Partitioning Basics. It is difficult to calculate in advance the minimum size to which an NTFS partition may be resized. If PartitionMagic runs out of space when you are resizing or moving an NTFS partition, PartitionMagic returns an error without completing the operation. The integrity of the NTFS partition and data is never compromised. A FAT partition has a 2 GB (2047 MB) size limit; however, a FAT partition under Windows NT (service pack 4 or higher) or Windows 2000/XP can be sized up to 4 GB and have a 64 KB cluster size. Under Windows 2000 and Windows XP, you can enlarge an NTFS partition (even the system partition) without rebooting. Scenario: Resizing a Logical Partition Larger This scenario outlines the procedure for adding space to a logical partition. You can also use the Resize Partitions wizard to perform the same operations.

Sample Configuration

One 1 GB hard disk containing: One active primary FAT32 partition (C:) running Windows 2000 One extended partition enclosing one logical NTFS partition (D:)

Objective

Resize drive C: smaller and add the newly created free space to drive D:.
Procedure 1 Resize drive C: smaller by the amount you want to add to drive D:.
Resize C: so that the unallocated space is on the right.
2 Enlarge drive D: to occupy the unallocated space just created.
The extended partition is automatically enlarged to accommodate drive D:.
3 Apply the changes to your system. Result
Drive D: has room for additional files.

Creating Partitions

The Create operation lets you create primary partitions, extended partitions, and logical partitions. If you have multiple hard disks and partitions, the process and available options may differ slightly from the following steps. For examples of creating partitions on more complex systems, see the scenarios that begin on page 40 of this user guide.
1 Select a block of unallocated space.
If no unallocated space exists, you must resize or delete an existing partition to create unallocated space. For instructions on resizing and deleting partitions, see Resizing and Moving Partitions on page 29 and Deleting Partitions on page 44. On a single hard disk, you can have up to four primary partitions or three primary partitions and one extended partition. Within an extended partition, you can create unlimited additional subdivisions called logical partitions.

Before performing the next step, make sure you have the Windows NT installation CD and disks; otherwise, you will not be able to boot your computer.
3 Set the new partition active. For more information, see Setting an Active Partition

on page 65.

4 Apply the changes to your system.

IMPORTANT! Before

installing Windows NT, make sure that all partitions start before the 4 GB mark and end prior to cylinder 1024 (8 GB). Otherwise, Windows NT will not install and will report that all the partitions are corrupted. If you cannot resize and move all partitions, you must obtain updated drivers from Microsoft (see article ID: Q197667 on the Microsoft web site).
5 Reboot the computer using the first Windows NT installation diskette. 6 Complete the Windows NT installation.
7 Add Windows NT to your BootMagic configuration so that each time you start or
restart your computer, you can select the operating system you want to boot. For more information, see PowerQuest BootMagic on page 89.

Result

When the computer restarts, BootMagic presents a list of the available operating systems, in this case, Windows 98 and Windows NT. Select the operating system you want to boot. Scenario 2: Creating a Logical Partition on a Secondary Hard Disk
Disk 1 One 4 GB disk containing: One active primary FAT32 partition (C:) running Windows 98. One extended partition enclosing one logical FAT partition (E:).
Disk 2 One 4 GB hard disk containing: One FAT32 primary partition (D:). Unallocated space.

One CD-ROM drive (F:).

Create a logical FAT partition on Disk 2.
Procedure 1 Select Disk 2. 2 Create a logical partition in the unallocated space using the following information:
Partition Type: Select FAT. Label: Type one, if desired. Size: Accept the precalculated size.
Create As: Choose Logical. The partition will be assigned drive F: after reboot. Additionally, an extended partition will automatically be created to enclose the logical partition.
After the computer reboots, the new logical partition is drive F: and the CD-ROM is drive G:. Scenario 3: Creating Linux Logical Partitions
One 20GB hard disk containing: One active primary FAT32 partition (C:) running Windows 98. One extended partition enclosing one logical FAT partition (D:) and one logical FAT32 partition (E:).

Converting FAT32 Partitions to NTFS
This conversion is only possible under Windows 2000 and Windows XP. The Convert FAT32 to NTFS operation launches the Microsoft Convert utility to convert a FAT32 partition to NTFS. You must be running Windows 2000/XP to complete this conversion. Be aware that data in an NTFS partition will not be accessible if you boot DOS, Windows 9x, or Windows Me. The steps for this process are listed on page 70. After clicking OK, if you have no operations pending and if Windows 2000/XP can lock the partition (no open files), the FAT32 partition is converted. If you have operations pending, you must apply them first before converting from FAT32 to NTFS. If you do not
apply the operations, a prompt appears asking if you want to apply the changes now before converting your FAT partition. Click OK to apply the changes and continue with the conversion. If you have any open files, a message appears indicating that the convert utility cannot gain exclusive access to the drive and asks if you want to perform the conversion immediately. If you type Y, your computer is shut down, and the conversion is done at reboot time.
Converting FAT/FAT32 Partitions to 4K Aligned
Unlike an NTFS partition, the first cluster in a FAT or FAT32 partition is not located at the beginning of the partition. Instead, all the FAT clusters come after a group of sectors that are designated as a system area. Because the number of sectors needed for this system area varies, the first cluster may not be aligned on any particular boundary. During a convert operation from FAT or FAT32 to NTFS, all the sectors in the system area must be converted to clusters. The cluster size of the resulting NTFS partition is dependent on how many sectors are in the system area. If the number of sectors in the system area is a multiple of eight, then the NTFS cluster size can be up to 4K in size (8 sectors x 512 bytes per sector equals 4K). If the number of sectors is not a multiple of eight, then a smaller cluster size must be used when converting to NTFS. When you convert a FAT or FAT32 partition to 4K aligned, the operation will check the number of sectors in the system area to see if it is a multiple of eight. If it is not, it will adjust the value by padding the number of sectors in the system area and shifting all the data clusters accordingly. This will ensure that if you decide to convert the partition to NTFS at a later time, it is possible to have 4K clusters on the resulting partition.
Converting NTFS Partitions to FAT or FAT32
Converting an NTFS partition to FAT lets you view the contents of the partition from DOS, or Windows 9x/Me/NT/2000/XP. Converting an NTFS partition to FAT32 lets you view the contents of the partition from Windows 95b/98/Me/2000/XP. However, a FAT32 partition will not be accessible to Windows 95a and Windows NT.

3 Type the ID number of the partition (shown in the first column) you want to make the
bootable primary partition.

4 Press <Enter>.

PQBoot makes the partition active and reboots the computer. If you need to maintain multiple, visible primary partitions under Windows NT, you should run PQBoot with the /M switch.
PQBoot for DOS Command Line Switches
PQBoot for DOS offers several command line switches that are useful when you know the ID number or volume name of the partition you want to make active. To use a switch, run PQBoot from a DOS prompt. Switch /A:<number or label> /M Description Marks a partition active without rebooting. Maintains the hidden/visible status of each partition. If you have a Windows NT installation that looks for multiple, visible primary partitions, you should run PQBoot with the /M switch.
Switch /P:<number> /S /V:<label> /?
Description Selects the active partition using the partitions ID number. Shows partition information, including ID numbers and volume names. Selects the active partition using the partitions volume label. Displays a brief description of the switches and examples of how to use them.
For example, to set the second available bootable partition active without rebooting, you would type PQBOOTX /P:2 /A.
Running PQBoot for DOS with Command Line Switches 1 Go to a DOS prompt. 2 Change to the directory containing PQBoot (typically C:\PROGRAM
FILES\POWERQUEST\PARTITIONMAGIC 8.0\DOS).
3 (DOS) Type PQBOOT switch or PQBOOTX switch (where switch is the

appropriate switch).

PowerQuest BootMagic
Getting Started Configuring BootMagic Setting BootMagic Passwords Adding an Operating System to the BootMagic Menu Removing an Item from the BootMagic Menu Modifying a Menu Items Properties Setting a Default Operating System Booting from a Second Hard Disk Setting the Startup Delay Disabling BootMagic Using the BootMagic Menu Using BootMagic to Install Operating Systems Troubleshooting
PowerQuest BootMagic is a powerful disk-management tool that helps you run multiple operating systems on a single PC. Each time you start or restart your computer, BootMagic presents a list of operating systems (OSs) you can boot from. The configuration program lets you quickly select the OSs you want to appear in the BootMagic Menu and lets you set various boot-time options such as a default OS and a startup delay. With BootMagic, you can easily switch between OSs, using whichever OS best suits your immediate needs. You can even try out a new OS risk-free, knowing that your old OS is there, readily accessible when you need it. BootMagic System Requirements The following table lists the minimum and recommended system requirements for installing and using BootMagic. Hardware/Software Processor RAM Hard-disk free space CD-ROM drive 3.5-inch diskette drive Operating system Monitor Pointing Device Requirement Pentium 32 MB for Windows 9x, Me; 128 MB for Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, or Windows XP 10 MB Any speed 3.5-inch diskette drive Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP SVGA Microsoft-compatible mouse

14 Install BootMagic, then BEFORE REBOOTING, perform the steps under
Configuring BootMagic to Work on an NTFS System on page 95. The new FAT partition will be automatically selected as the destination location for BootMagic. Create the BootMagic diskette when prompted during the installation process. When the BootMagic installation is complete, the BootMagic Configuration program automatically loads.
not reboot your computer at the end of the BootMagic installation.
Creating a BootMagic Rescue Disk During installation, you have the option to create a BootMagic rescue diskette. This diskette is vital if your systems master boot record (MBR) is ever damaged or overwritten. It can also be helpful if you inadvertently disable BootMagic and cannot access the configuration program to re-enable it.
Technical support may not be able to assist you if you have not created a rescue diskette.
To launch BootMagics configuration program from the rescue diskette, boot from the rescue diskette and follow the on-screen instructions. Once in the configuration program, you can make any needed modifications or additions. When you click Save/Exit to exit the configuration program, BootMagic re-saves all the necessary files and rewrites the MBR, thereby restoring the program to normal. Getting Help Refer to the BootMagic online help for information about all BootMagic features that are not discussed in this chapter. To access Help in the Windows configuration program, select Help Contents from the menu bar.
To access Help in the DOS configuration program, select Help Topic List from the menu bar. To access context-sensitive Help, click Help in the lower-right corner of most dialogs, or press <F1>.

Configuring BootMagic

BootMagics configuration program consists of two versions: one for DOS and one for Windows. Both versions have similar interfaces and offer the same functionality. BootMagics configuration program may be manually launched by any of the following: In Windows, select Start Programs PowerQuest BootMagic 8.0 BootMagic Configuration. In DOS, run drive:\BTMAGIC.PQ\CONFIG.BAT. On the PartitionMagic main screen, click Tools BootMagic Configuration. You can run a DOS version of the BootMagic configuration program from the PartitionMagic CD if your computer has the ability to boot from a CD.

Operating System Boot Utilities
Both OS/2s Dual Boot and System Commander 2.0 and above accommodate boot sector changes made by PartitionMagic. To install System Commander on drives that PartitionMagic has modified, you may need to use System Commander 2.06 or later. If you have System Commander on your computer, you must configure it so that it does not simultaneously unhide multiple primary partitions. To configure System Commander so that it does not create multiple visible primary partitions, complete these steps for each operating system selection on the System Commander menu:
1 On the Operating System Selection menu, select an operating system. 2 Press <Alt+S>. 3 Click Local Special Options Primary partitions accessible on drive 0.
A screen appears with three options: All, Auto (the default), and None.

4 Click None.

The other primary partitions will now be hidden when this operating system boots.
5 Repeat steps 1-4 for all operating system selections on the menu.
Virus Protection Software
PartitionMagic modifies the master boot record and partitions boot sectors. Virus protection software should be able to detect that PartitionMagic is changing partition tables and not boot code; however, it is possible that unsophisticated virus protection programs may mistake PartitionMagic changes as attempts to install a virus. If this occurs, turn off the virus protection program while using PartitionMagic and inform the virus protection software manufacturer of the problem.
Some motherboards contain virus protection software within the BIOS. If this causes a problem when you are running PartitionMagic, disable the BIOS virus protection, and then restart PartitionMagic.

Drive Overlay Programs

Drive overlays, such as Ontrack DDO, Microhouse EZ-Drive or Pro-Drive, Maxblast, WD DDO, and Seagate DDO, provide your computer with access to larger disk drives. PartitionMagic is compatible with these programs only if the drive overlay program is loaded before PartitionMagic. If you boot your computer from a diskette, the overlay will not load, and PartitionMagic will not get the correct information from your drive. You can boot from a diskette and still load the drive overlay by completing the following:
1 Start your computer as if you were going to boot from the hard disk. 2 When prompted, press <Space> or <Ctrl>. 3 The drive overlay information appears with an option of booting from a diskette.
Select this option and insert the boot diskette when prompted.

SoundBlaster

The DOS drivers for a SoundBlaster Live sound card may conflict with PartitionMagic operations that require going into boot-mode. PowerQuest recommends that you unload the SoundBlaster drivers (by remarking them in your CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files) until after you have finished using PartitionMagic.

Use a virus check utility that can detect the latest viruses. If a virus is found, data loss is likely. Before removing the virus, boot each operating system and use the Check for Errors operation to evaluate the integrity of the partition. Back up the files on any partition that passes the Check for Errors operation. Then remove the virus and perform the Check for Errors operation on the partitions again. Delete and recreate any partitions that fail the check. Finally, reinstall the operating systems and restore the backup files as necessary. Partition Will Not Boot After Resizing Occasionally, resizing a FAT partition displaces the first few files on the partition (such as IO.SYS and MSDOS.SYS if the partition contains an operating system). If you resize a boot partition and then it fails to boot, run SYS.COM from DOS or from the PartitionMagic rescue disks.
Generating Diagnostic Reports with PartitionInfo
PartitionInfo generates a report showing the contents of your hard disk partition table. This information is helpful in resolving various partitioning problems. PartitionInfo is available in English only. You can run PartitionInfo under Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT 4.0 Workstation, Windows 2000 Professional, and Windows XP. If you are using DOS or Windows 3.x, run PARTINFO.EXE (see page 129). Every time you run PartitionMagic, it creates a snapshot file PQ_DEBUG.TXT that includes information about all the disks and partitions on your machine. The file is saved in the %system root%\Temp directory (for Windows NT/2000/XP) or the Windows\System folder (for Windows 95/98/Me). PartitionMagic also saves up to five previous debug reports, renaming them PQ_DEBUG.001, PQ_DEBUG.002, and so forth, with PQ_DEBUG.005 being the oldest retained file. The debug files may be beneficial for PowerQuest Technical Support if you call PowerQuest for help resolving problems with PartitionMagic.
1 Click Start Program Files PowerQuest PartitionMagic 8.0 PowerQuest PartitionMagic 8.0 Tools PartitionInfo.

#100 Partition table is bad
The master boot record (MBR) can contain, at most, one extended partition, and each extended partition boot record (EPBR) can contain, at most, one link to another EPBR. This error occurs when a partition table violates the foregoing
rule. It can also occur if you have more than one active partition. Since any modifications PartitionMagic makes may decrease the amount of data that is recoverable from the hard disk, PartitionMagic does not recognize any of the hard disks partitions. If you must create new, error-free partition tables to resolve your problem, see Resolving Partition Table Errors on page 126 for instructions.
#104 No sectors in partition
No partition should contain zero sectors. Delete the partition before using PartitionMagic.
#105 Partition starts on wrong boundary
The hard-disk partition table contains erroneous values. PartitionMagic expects partitions to begin and end on the correct cylinder boundaries. If they do not, the disk may be partially corrupted. In this circumstance, if PartitionMagic were to make any modifications it might cause the loss of data. Therefore, PartitionMagic refuses to recognize any of the hard disks partitions. To resolve this problem, see the instructions in Resolving Partition Table Errors on page 126.
#106 Partition doesnt start with sector one

See error #105.

#107 Partition begins after end of disk
This error can occur if a partition erroneously extends beyond the physical end of the hard disk. This may happen if the hard disk has been used on a different computer or with a different hard-disk controller or if BIOS settings have been changed. Be advised that the physical geometry of the hard disk may differ from the logical geometry assigned to the hard disk by the operating system.
#108 Partition doesnt end at end of cylinder
#109 Partition ends after end of disk

See error #107.

#110 Partition table number of sectors is inconsistent

The hard-disk partition table contains two inconsistent descriptions of the number of sectors on the hard disk. This error is serious if both DOS and another operating system use the hard disk. Because DOS uses one description and other
operating systems may use the other, data loss is likely once the partition is almost full. To resolve this error, see the instructions in Resolving Partition Table Errors on page 126.
#111 Logical partition starts outside of Extended
An extended partition boot record (EPBR) is a sector on the hard disk that contains a partition table. The EPBR partition table is special because it generally only has two valid entries: one for the logical partition and one that is a pointer to the next EPBR. The standard is for the logical partition's entry to be the first entry in the table and the second entry is the pointer to the next EPBR. The third and fourth entries are not used. For some utilities, such as IBM's Boot Manager, the order of these entries is important because the utility expects the first entry to be the logical and the second entry to be the pointer to the next EPBR. If PartitionMagic detects that the EPBR entries are out of order, you will be prompted to fix the error. If you choose to fix the error, PartitionMagic will reorder the EPBR entries for you automatically.
#112 Logical partition ends outside Extended

See error #111.

#113 Partitions overlap
The hard disk partition table contains erroneous values. If data partitions overlap, writing to one may destroy data in another. This error is sometimes the result of an OS/2 FDISK bug. If free space exists within the extended partition, OS/2s FDISK program allows a primary partition to be created that overlaps the extended partition. A logical partition is subsequently created in the space occupied by the overlapping primary partition. If a primary partition overlaps the end of the extended partition but does not overlap any logical partitions within the extended partition, the problem can be remedied by patching the partition table. Only qualified individuals should attempt this repair! An incorrect patch could destroy all data on the hard disk! In most instances, you should resolve the problem as explained in Resolving Partition Table Errors on page 126.
#116 Partition table Begin and Start inconsistent
The hard disk partition table contains two inconsistent descriptions of the partitions starting sector. This error can occur if the operating system reports a hard-disk geometry that is different than the geometry in use when the partition table was written. Possible causes include: (1) different operating systems report different hard-disk geometries, (2) you boot from a diskette that loads a different

driver than is loaded when you boot from the hard disk, (3) upgrading the operating system causes a different driver to be used, (4) the hard disk or controller has been changed, (5) the BIOS has been upgraded, (6) the BIOS LBA setting has been changed, or (7) there is a partition table virus present on the hard disk. In most instances, you should resolve the problem as explained in Resolving Partition Table Errors on page 126. You can also use a virus scanning program to remove any partition table virus. Data loss is possible if the number of heads or sectors per track has changed since you first created your partitions.
#117 Partitions drive letter cannot be identified
Under OS/2, PartitionMagic must be able to find the drive letter for each partition before modifications can be made. There are various reasons why OS/2 might not be able to find a drive letter for each partition. For example, a driver on your system may change the drive letters from their defaults, or your partitions may not have serial numbers. You may also see this error when running PartitionMagic under Windows. The solution is to run PartitionMagic from DOS or from MS-DOS mode (in Windows 95 or Windows 98). When PartitionMagic runs from DOS or from MS-DOS mode, it does not need to be able to find the drive letter for each partition. Thus, if the problem indicated by this error message is the only problem, PartitionMagic can run successfully.
#120 The logical drive chain is incompatible
This error occurs under some operating systems when logical partitions are not chained together in the expected order. DOS, OS/2, Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows NT require that logical partitions be chained together in ascending order. Some other operating systems do not require this. For example, some versions of the Linux FDISK utility chain logical partitions together in the order they are created. This error message identifies a very dangerous situation; using the DOS FDISK in this situation can cause loss of one or more partitions. For solutions to this problem, see the instructions in Resolving Partition Table Errors on page 126. If you decide to back up your data and recreate your partitions, you may have to use the same partitioning program that you used to create the partitions in order to delete them. PowerQuest recommends recreating the partitions with DOS FDISK or PartitionMagic.
The first sector of the drive cannot be read
The first sector of the hard disk (cylinder 0, head 0, sector 1) contains the master boot record (MBR) and the primary partition table. PartitionMagic cannot make changes to this hard disk because an error occurred when it read the first sector. See error #50 for information on resolving this error.
#122 A bad sector was found in the current or new partition area
The partition cannot be moved safely because there is a bad sector in the new or current partition area. When you see this error message, the move operation is aborted before any corruption can occur. Try moving the partition to a different place. Run ScanDisk or CHKDSK /F with a surface scan before continuing. If your hard disk has bad sectors, we recommend that you replace the hard disk.

cancelling changes 19 CD-ROM, assigning a drive letter to 123 changes, applying 19 changing a password 11 changing drive letters 62 check error messages 136 resolving errors 125 checking disk integrity 28 checking partitions 50 cluster size 58, 68 cluster waste 57 clusters 64K 22 64K, use of 67 FAT, required size 68 resizing 66 size 66 clusters, bad 62 combining partitions 52 command line options, DataKeeper 112 command line switches 9 PQBoot 87 completing tasks, general process for 16 compression utilities and PartitionMagic 117 configuring BootMagic 94 context-sensitive help 25 continuous backup 103
backing up data files 81 backing up data with DataKeeper 103 backing up partitions 48 backup partition, creating 81 bad sectors 22 retesting 62 batch error messages 137 boot code boundary 15, 39 boot disks, creating BootMagic 93 boot mode 20 bootable partitions creating 38 FAT, troubleshooting 127 Linux, troubleshooting 39, 45 NT, troubleshooting 31 booting an OS on a second hard disk 98 BootMagic 89 adding operating systems to menu 96 booting from a second hard disk 98 configuring 94
conventional memory, freeing 122 converting 71 FAT or FAT32 partitions to 4K aligned 73 FAT to FATFAT to NTFS 71 FAT32 to FAT 72 NTFS partitions to FAT or FATNTFS to FAT or FAT32, limitations 75 primary partitions to logical 76 copying files within PartitionMagic (File Browser) 28 partitions 48 partitions (wizard) 82 create new partition wizard 80 creating partitions 34 backup 81 bootable 38 drive letter changes resulting from 37 file systems 81 scenarios 42 with wizard 80 creating rescue disks 5
data files, backing up 81, 103 data loss, causes of 63, 127, 134, 135, 147 data partition 91 data protection 1 DataKeeper 81, 103 command line options 112 creating custom backups 106 installing and configuring 104 mobile support 110 monitoring your system with 106 online help 113 restoring backups 110 system requirements 104 default operating system 98 setting startup delay 99 defragmenting drives 60 deleting all the partitions on a hard disk 17 deleting BootMagic menu items 97 deleting partitions 44 demo of PartitionMagic (Flash tutorial) 8 destroying partitions 44 details, viewing 19 diagnostic reports 129 disabling BootMagic 99
disaster recovery 81 discarding changes 19 from wizards 80 disk access error messages 130 disk compression utilities, DriveSpace 117 Disk Doctor, Norton 116 disk space, determining wasted 57, 68 disk usage 57 disk, selecting 17 Diskeeper 120 disks, dynamic 18 displaying contents of a partition 28 DOS keyboard doesnt work the same under 23 mode, applying changes in 20 running PartitionMagic from 8 drive letters changes to 37 changing under Windows NT 62 problems, caused by changes to 84 remapping with DriveMapper 84 drive overlay programs, compatibility with PartitionMagic 119 DriveMapper 37, 84 running after merging partitions 82 DriveSpace, compatibility with PartitionMagic 117 Dual Boot, compatibility with PartitionMagic 118 duplicating partitions 48 dynamic disks 18

 

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