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Epson FX-2180

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About

Epson FX-2180Epson FX 2180 B/W Dot-matrix printer

240 dpi x 216 dpi, A3, Parallel

EPSON's FX-2180 Impact Printer beats the competition hands down when it come to fast, reliable wide carriage printing. Loaded with impressive features such as Epson's legendary 9-pin technology and top print speeds of 500 cps, the FX-2180 delivers your most demanding print jobs with speed, ease, and near letter quality text. Invoices, check runs, multipart forms, reports, spreadsheets, labels - there's little this powerful Impact Printer can't handle. Known as the fastest industr... Read more

 

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Documents

doc0

EPSON FX-2180

paper guide cover
rear edge guides paper guide paper separator paper release lever
User Replaceable Part Ribbon cartridge Ribbon pack Tractor (pull or front push)
Parts Price List Name Ribbon cartridge Ribbon pack Front tractor assembly
Part Number S015085 S010033 1039013

printer cover

Options

Paper Handling Options

front paper guide (closed) control panel bottom cover
High-capacity cut-sheet feeder (C806731) Feeds up to 150 sheets of paper, 25 plain bond envelopes, or 30 postcards into the printer without reloading. You can also load a stack of single-sheet multi-part forms up to 0.59 inch (15 mm) thick in this feeder. Second-bin cut-sheet feeder (C806741) Connects to the high-capacity cut-sheet feeder to create a double-bin cut-sheet feeder. You can load up to 50 sheets of ordinary single-sheet paper in the second-bin cut-sheet feeder. Pull tractor (C800321) Improves continuous paper handling and reduces the chance of paper jams. Using a pull tractor in combination with a push tractor is especially useful for printing on continuous pre-printed forms, multi-part forms, and labels, and for printing high-quality graphics.

front edge guides

tractor
paper thickness lever connector cover

ribbon cartridge

parallel interface rear push tractor

paper tension unit

Roll paper holder (#8310) Allows you to use your printer with 8.5-inch roll paper like that used with telex machines.

Optional Interface Cards

You can install one of the following EPSON interface cards in your printer.
Card Type Model Number C823051 C823071 C823141 C823151 C823452 C823572 Part Number n/a 1039012 Serial interface 32KB intelligent serial interface Coax interface Twinax interface Type B bidirectional parallel Multi-protocol Ethernet print server

User Replaceable Parts

User Replaceable Part Bottom cover Connector cover Connector cover screws (2) Front edge guides Front paper guide Knob Logo plate Paper guide cover Paper separator Paper tension unit Paper thickness lever cap Printer cover Rear edge guides Rear push tractor Parts Price List Name Bottom cover Upper connector cover C.B. S-tite screw Front edge guides Front cover Knob Logo plate Rear printer cover Paper separator Paper eject assembly Lever cap Printer cover assembly Rear edge guides Rear tractor assembly

EPSON FX-2180 - 1

Paper capacity: High-capacity cut-sheet feeder: up to 150 sheets of 22 lb (82 g/m2) paper up to 25 plain or bond envelopes up to 30 airmail envelopes up to 30 postcards a stack of multi-part forms up to 0.59 inch (15 mm) thick
Note: The total thickness of the paper stack can be up to 0.59 inch (15 mm).

Printer Specifications

Mechanical
Printing method: 9-pin impact dot matrix Printing speed: High speed draft: 506 cps at 10 cpi Draft: 380 cps at 10 cpi Near letter quality: 95 cps at 10 cpi Printing direction: Bidirectional logic seeking for text and graphics printing. Unidirectional text or graphics printing can be selected using software commands. 1/6-inch or programmable in 1/216-inch increments 136 columns (at 10 cpi)
Second-bin cut-sheet feeder holds up to 50 sheets of 22 lb (82 g/m2) paper
Note: The total thickness of the paper stack can be up to 0.20 inch (5 mm).
Line spacing: Printable columns: Resolution: Interfaces:

Buffer:

64KB or 0KB (selectable in the defaultsetting mode or the EPSON Remote! utility with Windows 95) Bitmap fonts: EPSON Draft EPSON Roman 10, 12, 15 cpi 10, 12, 15 cpi, proportional EPSON Sans Serif 10, 12, 15 cpi, proportional Barcode fonts: EAN-13, EAN-8, Interleaved 2 of 5, UPC-A, UPC-E, Code 39, Code 128, POSTNET

Built-in fonts: Maximum dpi (near letter quality) One standard bidirectional, 8-bit, parallel interface with IEEE 1284 nibble mode support and one optional interface slot. Friction (front, rear) Push tractor (front, rear) Pull tractor (front, bottom, rear) Push and pull tractor (additional tractor is required) Cut-sheet feeder (optional) Roll paper holder (optional) Character sets: Reliability:

Paper feed methods:

Character tables: One Italic and 10 graphical character tables. (Nineteen graphical character tables are available in some countries.) 13 international character sets Total print volume: Print head life: 7.5 million lines (except print head) approx. 300 million characters (draft 10 cpi, 14 dots/character)
Paper feed speed: Continuous: 5 inches/second Intermittent: 61 ms/line at 1/6-inch line spacing

Dimensions and weight:

Height Width Depth Weight
10.1 inches (257 mm) 25.2 inches (639 mm) 15.8 inches (402 mm) approx. 28.8 lb (13 kg)

2 - EPSON FX-2180

Ribbon: Black ribbon cartridge (S015086) Ribbon life of approximately 12 million characters (draft 10 cpi, 14 dots/character) Continuous labels (front and bottom entry only):
Note: Use only labels mounted on continuous backing sheets.
Minimum Maximum See figure below (inches) (mm) (inches) (mm) (inches) (mm) (inches) (mm) (lb) (g/m2) 4 101.101.6 0.0028 0.07 0.0063 0.406.559 0.0035 0.09 0.0075 0.68

Electrical

120 V Model Input voltage range Rated frequency range Input frequency range Rated current Power consumption 99 to 132 V 50 to 60 Hz 49.5 to 60.5 Hz 1.0 A (maximum 1.8 A) 0.5 A (maximum 0.9 A) 220 to 240 V Model 198 to 264 V
Label size Backing sheet width Backing sheet length Backing sheet thickness Total thickness Label weight
Approx. 46 W (ISO/IEC 10561 letter pattern)
Note: Check the label on the back of the printer for your printers voltage. 2.5 inches (63.5 mm) min.

Environmental

Temperature Operation Storage 41 to 95 F (5 to 35 C) 22 to 140 F (30 to 60 C) Humidity (Without Condensation) 10% to 80% RH 0% to 85% RH
15/16 inch (23.8 mm) min. corner radius = 0.1 inch (2.5 mm) min.
Note: Use recycled paper and envelopes only under normal temperature and humidity conditions, as follows: Temperature Humidity 59 to 77 F (15 to 25 C) 30% to 60% RH

Single sheets:

Minimum Width Length (inches) (mm) Thickness Weight Quality (inches) (mm) (lb) (g/m2) (inches) (mm) 3.Front entry: 5.0.0025 0.52.3 Top entry: Maximum 16.5 420

5.83 148

Roll paper (rear entry with optional roll paper holder only):
Minimum Width Thickness Weight (inches) (mm) (inches) (mm) (lb) (g/m2) 0.0028 0.52 Maximum 8.5 0.3 0.0035 0.82

4 - EPSON FX-2180

Roll paper:
Pitch Lights Indicate what font size is selected. Tear Off/Bin Button
Feeds continuous paper forward to the tear-off position. Feeds continuous paper backward from the tear-off position to the top-of-form position. Selects a cut-sheet feeder bin when the cut-sheet feeder is installed. Enters the card mode to print on postcards and envelopes.
A A The minimum top and bottom margins are 0.17 inch (4.2 mm). B The minimum left and right margins are 0.12 inch (3 mm). The maximum printable width is 8 inches (203.2 mm).

Tear Off/Bin Lights

t t t t
f f when continuous paper is in the tear-off position. o n when bin 1 of the optional cut-sheet feeder is selected. n o when bin 2 of the optional cut-sheet feeder is selected. n n when the printer is in the card mode. n = on o = off f = flashing

Safety Approvals

120 V model: Safety standards EMI 220 to 240 V model: Safety standards EMI Acoustic noise: EN 60950 (TV, NEMKO) EN 55022 (CISPR pub. 22) class B AS/NZS 3548 class B Approx. 55 dB (A) (ISO 7779 pattern) UL1950 CSA C22.2 No. 950 FCC part 15 subpart B class B CSA C108.8 class B

Pause Button

Stops printing temporarily, and resumes printing when pressed again. When held down for three seconds, enters the micro adjust mode. When pressed again, exits the micro adjust mode.

Pause Light

On when the printer is paused. Flashes when the printer is in the micro adjust mode.
Control Panel Buttons and Lights

LF/FF Button

Feeds paper line by line. Ejects a single sheet or advances continuous paper to the next top-of-form position when held down.
Load/Eject Button Font Button Selects the font. Font Lights Indicate which font is selected. Micro Adjust Buttons Pitch Button Selects the font size. In micro adjust mode, let you adjust the top-of-form and tearoff positions using the down and up arrow buttons.
Loads a single sheet of paper. Ejects a single sheet of paper if a sheet is loaded. Loads continuous paper from the standby position. Feeds continuous paper backward to the standby position.

EPSON FX-2180 - 5

Paper Out Light

Paper Out

Beep Pattern
On when no paper is loaded or paper is not loaded correctly in the selected paper source. Flashes when paper has not been fully ejected or a paper jam has occurred.
No paper is loaded in the selected paper source. The paper is not loaded correctly. Paper is jammed in the printer.
Operate Button Turns the printer on and off. The printer is off when the top of this button is even with the button protectors.

Load paper in the selected paper source, remove and reload the paper, or clear the paper jam as described on page 13. Then press the Pause button to turn off the Pause light, if necessary.
Pause Paper Out Beep Pattern

Error Indicators

Light Status n = on o = off f = flashing

qqq qqqqq

Beep Pattern short series of beeps (three times) long series of beeps (five times)
Continuous paper is not fed to the standby position. Tear off the printed page at the perforation; then press the Load/Eject button. The paper feeds to the standby position. Press the Pause button to turn off the Pause light, if necessary.
If a printer error occurs, use the control panel lights to determine the problem and solution.
A single sheet of paper is not fully ejected. Press the Load/Eject button to eject the sheet. Press the Pause button to turn off the Pause light, if necessary.
The printer is paused. Press the Pause button to resume printing.

Pause Beep Pattern

Paper is jammed in the printer. Clear the paper jam as described on page 13.
The printer cover is open. Close the printer cover and press the Pause button to resume printing.
The print head is overheated. Wait a few minutes; the printer resumes printing automatically once the print head cools.
Font Tear Off/Bin Pause Paper Out
You moved the paper release lever while paper from another paper source was in the paper path. Move the paper release lever back to the previous position and press the Load/Eject button to eject the paper. Then move the paper release lever to the desired position. Press the Pause button to turn off the Pause light, if necessary.
An unknown printer error has occurred. Turn off the printer and leave it off for several minutes; then turn it on again. If the error recurs, contact your dealer.
Note: The printer beeps once if you press a control panel button when the corresponding function is not available.

Status Monitor

The EPSON Status Monitor 2 utility program comes with the printer and is for use only with Windows 95. It monitors the status of the printer, indicates when errors occur, and provides troubleshooting tips.

6 - EPSON FX-2180

If you often print on thick or heavy continuous paper, such as multi-part forms or continuous paper with labels, use a tractor in the pull position. The pull tractor provides the best paper jam prevention, and allows you to load continuous paper from the front, rear, or bottom of the printer. However, you cannot use the tear-off feature with the pull tractor.
Note: If you plan to use a pull tractor, you can remove the tractor from the front push position and install it in the pull position, or you can purchase the optional pull tractor (C800321) and install it in the pull position.

Paper Positions

Top-of-Form Position
The letters ABC above are printed at the top-of-form position. The top-of-form position is the position where the printer starts printing on a page of single-sheet or continuous paper.
Note: See page 4 for information on the printable area of your paper.
To improve continuous paper feeding and reduce paper jams, you can use the push and pull tractors in combination. This is especially helpful for printing on continuous pre-printed forms, multi-part forms, or labels, and for printing highquality graphics. The table below summarizes the paper paths available for printing on continuous paper.
Paper Path Front push tractor Front paper slot Description The paper path from the front slot is almost straight, which reduces the chance of paper jams. Use the front slot when you are printing on thick paper such as multi-part forms or continuous paper with labels.

Tear-off Position

Your continuous paper is in the tear-off position when the perforation is aligned with the printers tear-off edge, so you can easily tear off your printed document.
Rear push tractor Rear paper slot

Standby Position

Your continuous paper is in the standby position when it is attached to the tractor but not loaded in the printer.
When you print on multi-part forms that are bound on only one side by point gluing, load them onto the rear push tractor through the rear slot; the front push tractor cannot feed this type of form.
Pull tractor Front paper slot

Available Paper Paths

Printing on Continuous Paper
You can choose from three tractor positions (front push, rear push, and pull) and three paper entry slots (front, rear, and bottom) for continuous paper printing. If you often need to tear off sheets of continuous paper (for example, if you print purchase orders or sales slips), it is best to use a push tractor. This allows you to use the printers tearoff edge to easily tear off printed sheets of continuous paper at the perforation. Also, when continuous paper is loaded on a push tractor, you can load single sheets of paper from the paper guide without removing the continuous paper.
Pull tractor Bottom paper slot
The paper path from the front slot is almost straight, which reduces the chance of paper jams. Use the front slot when you are printing on thick paper such as multi-part forms or continuous paper with labels.
Because the bottom slot has the straightest paper path, it is ideal for printing on thick paper, such as multi-part forms or continuous paper with labels.
Note: When loading paper in the bottom slot, be sure to use a printer stand with an opening large enough so that the paper can feed through it without obstruction.
Pull tractor Rear paper slot When you print on multi-part forms that are bound on only one side by point gluing, load them onto the pull tractor through the rear slot; the printer cannot feed this type of form from the front or bottom slot.

The paper thickness lever is located under the printer cover. You need to set the paper thickness lever for the type of paper you are using, as shown in the table below.
Paper Type Ordinary paper (single sheets or continuous paper) Carbonless multi-part forms with: 2 parts (original + 1 copy) 3 parts (original + 2 copies) 4 parts (original + 3 copies) 5 parts (original + 4 copies) 6 parts (original + 5 copies) 7 parts (original + 6 copies) Thin paper Continuous paper with labels Envelopes Postcards Lever Position or 4 or 5 3
Rear push tractor Load paper printable side down.
Note: If the printing on the bottom copies of your thick multi-part forms is faint, turn on the double-strike mode as described in Chapter 2 of the Users Guide.
Make sure the left and right sprockets are positioned properly for your papers width. If they are too far apart or there is any slack in the paper, you need to move the sprockets. 1. If you are using the front push tractor, open the front paper guide and remove it. If you are using the rear push tractor, open the paper guide cover and remove the paper guide. 2. Open both sprocket covers. 3. Fit the first four holes of the paper over the sprocket pins (as shown above). Then close the sprocket covers.

EPSON FX-2180 - 9

4. If you are using the front push tractor, reattach the front paper guide and then close it. If you are using the rear push tractor, reattach the paper guide and close the paper guide cover. 5. Make sure the paper release lever is in the correct position.
Caution: Never press the Load/Eject or Tear Off/Bin button when printing on labels. When fed backward, labels can easily come off the backing sheet and cause a jam.
Switching to Printing on Single Sheets
You can easily switch from printing on continuous paper with a push tractor to printing on single sheets without having to remove or reload paper. Follow the steps below.
Removing the Printed Document From a Push Tractor
1. Make sure the Tear Off/Bin lights are flashing. (You may need to press the Tear Off/Bin button.) When the Tear Off/Bin lights are flashing, your paper is in the tear-off position. 2. Open the paper guide cover and tear off the printed document using the printers tear-off edge.
If continuous paper with labels is loaded in the printer, remove it before switching to single-sheet printing. If a tractor is in the pull position, remove any continuous paper from it before switching to single-sheet printing.

1. If any printed pages of continuous paper remain in the printer, press the Tear Off/Bin button to advance them to the tear-off position, and then tear them off.
Caution: Tear off your printed document before you press the Load/Eject button in the next step. Reverse feeding several pages at a time may cause a paper jam. Never use the knob to eject paper while the printer is on; this may damage the printer or cause it to lose the tear-off or top-of-form position.
2. Press the Load/Eject button to feed the continuous paper backward to the standby position. 3. Load single sheets in the top or front paper guide. 3. Press the Load/Eject button to feed the continuous paper backward out of the printer and into the standby position.
Caution: Make sure you tear off your printed document before pressing the Load/Eject button. Reverse feeding several pages at a time may cause a paper jam.
4. Set the paper release lever to the single-sheet position.
Switching to Printing on Continuous Paper
To switch from printing on single sheets to printing on continuous paper with the front or rear push tractor, follow these steps: 1. If a single sheet remains in the printer, press the Load/Eject button to eject it.
Caution: Never use the knob to eject paper while the printer is on; this may damage the printer or cause it to lose the tear-off or top-of-form position.
Removing Continuous Paper With Labels 1. Tear off the fresh supply of continuous labels at the perforation nearest the paper entry slot.

tear here

2. Make sure that the tractor is installed in the front or rear push position. 3. Load continuous paper onto the front or rear push tractor as described on page 9. 4. Set the paper release lever to the appropriate position.
2. Hold down the LF/FF button to eject the remaining labels from the printer.

10 - EPSON FX-2180

Adjusting the Top-of-Form Position
The top-of-form position is the position on the page where the printer will start printing. If your printing appears too high or low on the page, you can use the micro adjust feature to adjust the top-of-form position as described below.
Caution: Never use the knob to adjust the top-of-form position; this may damage the printer or cause it to lose the topof-form position. Note:
6. Press the Pause button to exit micro adjust mode.
Advancing the Paper to the Tear-Off Edge
If you use the front or rear push tractor, you can use the tearoff feature to advance your continuous paper to the printers tear-off edge when you finish printing. You can then easily tear off the printed document. As described below, you can use the tear-off feature in two ways: manually by pressing the printers Tear Off/Bin button, or automatically by turning on the auto tear-off mode. The Tear Off/Bin lights flash when the paper is in the tear-off position.

Caution: Never use the tear-off feature to feed continuous paper with labels backward; they may come off the backing sheet and jam the printer. Never reverse feed continuous paper loaded in the pull tractor using the Tear Off/Bin button; the paper may come off the pull tractor and jam the printer.
Your top-of-form position setting remains in effect until you change it, even if you turn off the printer. The top margin setting made in some application software overrides the top-of-form position setting you make with the micro adjust feature. If necessary, adjust the top-of-form position using your software.
1. Make sure the printer is turned on and paper is loaded. 2. If you are using a push tractor, press the Load/Eject button to advance the paper to the current top-of-form position. 3. Open the paper guide cover and lift the printer cover up and off the printer. 4. Hold down the Pause button for about three seconds. The Pause light starts flashing and the printer enters the micro adjust mode. 5. Press the Load/Eject U and LF/FF D buttons to move the top-of-form position up or down on the page.
Using the Tear Off/Bin Button After the printer finishes printing your document, press the Tear Off/Bin button to advance the paper to the tear-off edge.
Note: If the Tear Off/Bin lights are flashing, the paper is in the tear-off position. If you press the Tear Off/Bin button, the printer feeds your paper to the next top-of-form position.
Advancing Paper to the Tear-Off Position Automatically To automatically advance your printed documents to the tearoff position, you need to turn on the auto tear-off mode and select the appropriate page length for continuous paper in the default-setting mode. For instructions, see Using the Default-Setting Mode on page 13. When auto tear-off is on, the printer automatically advances the paper to the tear-off position whenever it receives a full page of data or a form feed command followed by no more data. Adjusting the Tear-Off Position If your papers perforation is not aligned with the tear-off edge, you can use the micro adjust feature to move the perforation to the tear-off position. Follow the steps below.
Caution: Never use the knob to adjust the tear-off position; this may damage the printer or cause it to lose the tear-off position.
The printer has a minimum and a maximum top-of-form position. If you try to adjust it beyond these limits, the printer beeps and stops moving the paper. When the paper reaches the default top-of-form position, the printer also beeps and stops moving the paper briefly. You can use the default setting as a reference point when adjusting the top-of-form position.
To adjust the top-of-form position for continuous paper loaded on the pull tractor, see the following example: First mark a point 6.5 mm (0.26 inch) above the papers perforation; then position the paper so that the mark is even with the top edge of the plastic ribbon cover. This gives you an 8.5 mm (0.33 inch) margin on the next page, meaning the printer starts printing 8.5 mm below the perforation. If you mark a point 5.5 mm (0.22 inch) above the perforation, you get a 9.5 mm (0.37 inch) margin on the next page.

EPSON FX-2180 - 11

Note: Your tear-off position setting remains in effect until you change it, even if you turn off the printer.
1. Open the paper guide cover. Then lift the printer cover by its back edge and pull it straight up and off the printer.
1. Make sure the Tear Off/Bin lights are flashing (the paper is at the current tear-off position). You may need to press the Tear Off/Bin button. 2. Open the paper guide cover. 3. Hold down the Pause button for about three seconds. The Pause light begins flashing and the printer enters the micro adjust mode. 4. Press the Load/Eject U and LF/FF D buttons to feed the paper backward or forward until the paper perforation is aligned with the tear-off edge.
2. Make sure that the print head is not hot; then slide the print head to the ribbon installation position (the indented portion of the paper tension unit) by hand.

tear-off edge

Note: The printer has a minimum and a maximum tear-off position. If you try to adjust the tear-off position beyond these limits, the printer beeps and stops moving the paper.
5. Press the Pause button to turn off micro adjust mode. Then tear off the printed pages. When you resume printing, the printer automatically feeds the paper back to the top-of-form position and begins printing.
When the pull tractor is installed, you can replace the ribbon cartridge when the print head is not in the ribbon installation position.
3. Grasp the used ribbon cartridge and pull it up and out of the printer.
Replacing the Ribbon Cartridge
Warning: If you just used the printer, the print head may be hot; let it cool before you replace the ribbon cartridge. Caution: Make sure the printer is off and unplugged from the electrical outlet. Moving the print head while the printer is on may damage the printer.

ribbon guide

12 - EPSON FX-2180
4. Remove the separator from the new ribbon cartridge and discard it. Then turn the ribbon-tightening knob in the direction of the arrow to remove any slack in the ribbon.
ribbon tightening knob separator
8. Turn the ribbon-tightening knob in the direction of the arrow to remove any slack in the ribbon. 9. Slide the print head from side to side to make sure it moves smoothly. 10. Replace the printer cover and close the paper guide cover.

Clearing Paper Jams

1. Press the Operate button to turn off the printer. 5. Hold the ribbon cartridge with the ribbon-tightening knob up. Fit the cartridges two front notches (1) over the small pegs on each side of the printer as shown. Then lay the cartridge flat so that the rear notches (2) fit over the corresponding pegs. 2. If a single sheet of paper is stuck on the paper guide, remove it. 3. Remove the printer cover. If continuous paper from the rear slot is jammed, also remove the paper guide. 4. If continuous paper is jammed in the printer, tear off the fresh supply at the perforation nearest the paper entry slot. 5. Turn the knob on the right side of the printer away from you to eject the paper in the printer. Remove any remaining pieces of paper.

Caution: Always turn off the printer before you use the knob; otherwise you may damage the printer or lose the topof-form or tear-off position.
6. Replace the paper guide, if necessary, and replace the printer cover. Then close the paper guide cover. 6. Gently press down the cartridge until both ends click into place. 7. Lift the cartridges ribbon guide (1) and insert it over the metal pins behind the print head (2). Make sure the ribbon is not twisted or creased and that it is in place behind the print head. Then press down the ribbon guide until it clicks into place.
7. Press the Operate button to turn on the printer. Make sure the Paper Out and Pause lights are off.
Using the Default-Setting Mode
The default settings control many printer functions. While you can often set these functions through your software or printer driver, you may sometimes need to change a default setting from the printers control panel using the defaultsetting mode.

EPSON FX-2180 - 13

The settings and options are summarized in the following table. The factory settings are bold.
Setting Page length for front tractor* Page length for rear tractor* Skip over perforation Auto tear-off Auto line feed Print direction I/F (interface) mode Auto I/F (interface) wait time Software 0 slash High speed draft Input buffer Buzzer Auto CR (IBM 2381 Plus)** IBM character table** Character table Options Length in inches: 3, 3.5, 4, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 8.5, 11, 70/6, 12, 14, 17 Length in inches: 3, 3.5, 4, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 8.5, 11, 70/6, 12, 14, 17 Off, On Off, On Off, On Bi-D, Uni-D Auto, Parallel, Optional 10 seconds, 30 seconds ESC/P, IBM2381 Plus
2. While holding down the Pitch button, press the Operate button to turn on the printer. The printer enters the default-setting mode and prints the language selection instructions (one page). 3. Press the Pitch button until the Pitch lights indicate the language you want, as described in the language selection instructions. 4. Press the Font button to print the default-setting mode instructions (two pages) in the language you selected. The printed instructions list the settings you can change, describe how to change them, and show you how the control panel lights help you make settings. Use these instructions to change the printers default settings from the control panel.

/ 0, 0

Off, On Off, On Off, On Off, On Table 2, Table1 Standard model: Italic, PC 437, PC 850, PC 860, PC 863, PC 865, PC 861, BRASCII, Abicomp, Roman 8, ISO Latin 1 Italic U.S.A., Italic France, Italic Germany, Italic U.K., Italic Denmark 1, Italic Sweden, Italic Italy, Italic Spain 1
The arrows in the instructions indicate the printers current settings.
5. To save your settings and turn off the printer, press the Operate button. This also exits the default-setting mode.
You may exit the default-setting mode any time by turning off the printer while it is not printing. Any settings you have made remain in effect until you change them again.
International character set for Italic table
* The options available vary depending on the country. ** These settings take effect only when IBM 2381 Plus emulation is selected.
Aligning Vertical Lines in Your Printout
If you notice that the vertical lines in your printout are not properly aligned, you can use the printers bidirectional adjustment mode to correct this problem.
Note: To complete the steps below, you need four pages of continuous paper that are at least 11 inches (279 mm) long and 14.8 inches (376 mm) wide. Caution: Do not use single sheets when using the bidirectional adjustment mode.
Changing Default Settings
Follow the steps below to enter the default-setting mode and change the printers default settings.
Note: To print the language selection and default-setting mode instructions, you need a minimum of four pages of continuous paper that are at least 11 inches (279 mm) long and 8.3 inches (210 mm) wide. Caution: Do not use single sheets when using the default-setting mode.
Follow these steps to perform the bidirectional adjustment: 1. Make sure continuous paper is loaded and the printer is turned off.
Caution: Whenever you turn off the printer, wait at least five seconds before turning it back on; otherwise you may damage the printer.
1. Make sure continuous paper is loaded and the printer is turned off.
2. While holding down the Pause button, press the Operate button to turn on the printer. The printer enters the bidirectional adjustment mode and then prints instructions and the first set of alignment patterns.

14 - EPSON FX-2180

3. As described in the instructions, compare the alignment patterns and select the pattern with the best alignment. 4. Follow the instructions to print the remaining sets of alignment patterns and select the pattern with the best alignment in each set. 5. To save your settings and turn off the printer, press the Operate button. This also exits the bidirectional adjustment mode.

Printing a Hex Dump

You can print a hexadecimal dump to isolate communication problems between the printer and your software program. In hex dump mode, the printer prints all data it receives from the computer as hexadecimal values. You can print a hex dump using either single sheets or continuous paper.

To temporarily stop the self test, press the Pause button. To resume the test, press the Pause button again.
3. To end the self test, press the Pause button to stop printing. If a printed page remains in the printer, press the Load/Eject button to eject it. Then turn off the printer.

EPSON FX-2180 - 15

6. Make sure the tractor that comes with your printer is installed in the front push position. 7. Replace the transportation screw using the screwdriver that came with the printer. 8. Repack the printer, ribbon cartridge, paper guide, paper separator, and power cord in the original packing materials and place them in the printers original box.

Cleaning the Printer

To keep your printer operating at its best, you should clean it thoroughly several times a year. Follow these steps: 1. Turn off the printer and remove any paper as well as the paper guide. If a pull tractor or an optional cut-sheet feeder is installed, remove it. 2. Use a soft brush to carefully brush away all dust and dirt from the outer case and paper guide. 3. If the outer case or paper guide is still dirty, clean it with a soft, clean cloth dampened with mild detergent dissolved in water. Keep the printer cover in place and lower the paper guide cover until it lies flat on the top of the printer to prevent water from getting inside the printer.
Caution: Never use alcohols or thinners to clean the printer; these chemicals can damage the printer components as well as the case. Be careful not to get water on the printer mechanism or electronic components. Do not use a hard or abrasive brush. Do not spray the inside of the printer with lubricants; unsuitable lubricants can damage the printer mechanism. Contact an EPSON dealer if you think lubrication is needed.

Related Documentation

4008465 TM-FX2180 PL-FX2180 EPSON FX-2180 Users Guide EPSON FX-2180 Quick Reference Guide EPSON FX-2180 Unpacking sheet EPSON FX-2180 Service Manual EPSON FX-2180 Parts Price List

Transporting the Printer

If you need to transport your printer some distance, carefully repack it using the original box and packing materials, as described below. 1. Turn off the printer and remove any paper as well as the paper guide. Pull out the paper separator from the paper guide. 2. Unplug the power cord from the electrical outlet; then disconnect the interface cable from the printer. 3. If a pull tractor is installed, remove it. If any options are installed, remove them and pack them in their original boxes.

Warning: If you have just used the printer, the print head may be hot. Let it cool before attempting to remove the ribbon cartridge.
4. Remove the ribbon cartridge as described on page 12. 5. Remove the paper tension unit. Attach the protective locking clips on both sides of the printer roller. Then reinstall the paper tension unit.

16 - EPSON FX-2180

 

Technical specifications

Full description

EPSON's FX-2180 Impact Printer beats the competition hands down when it come to fast, reliable wide carriage printing. Loaded with impressive features such as Epson's legendary 9-pin technology and top print speeds of 500 cps, the FX-2180 delivers your most demanding print jobs with speed, ease, and near letter quality text. Invoices, check runs, multipart forms, reports, spreadsheets, labels - there's little this powerful Impact Printer can't handle. Known as the fastest industrial-strength printer in its class, the FX-2180 also comes with a long-lasting print head (300 million character lifespan) and a free, built-in zero tear-off feature which significantly reduces paper waste. And talk about flexibility - you get front, rear, bottom, AND top paper paths, as well 7-part form printing so you can print on almost any multipart form. The FX-2180 is compatible with most software programs and virtually any Windows environment, including 3.1x and 95. And if you're working in a multi-platform network environment, here's a bonus: Optional internal Ethernet, LocalTalk or other Type B interfaces are available. This exceptional Impact Printer also comes with Energy Star compliance for reductions in operating costs and environmental impact.

General
Printer TypePersonal printer - dot-matrix - 9 pin - monochrome
Form FactorDesktop
Width25.2 in
Depth15.8 in
Height10.1 in
Weight28.7 lbs
Enclosure ColorWhite
LocalizationEnglish / United States
Printer
Print SpeedUp to 500 char/sec - max speed Up to 455 char/sec - draft Up to 95 char/sec - near letter
Connectivity TechnologyWired
InterfaceParallel
Max Resolution ( B&W )240 dpi x 216 dpi
PostScript SupportNot available
Language SimulationIBM PPR, EPSON ESC/P
Fonts Included8 x barcode 4 x bitmapped
RAM
RAM Installed ( Max )64 KB / 64 KB (max)
Technology / Form FactorIntegrated
Media Handling
Media Path TypeStraight
Media TypePlain paper, continuous forms
Max Media Size (Custom)11.7 in x 16.5 in
Media SizesLetter A Size (8.5 in x 11 in), Legal (8.5 in x 14 in), Executive (7.25 in x 10.5 in), A4 (8.25 in x 11.7 in), A5 (5.83 in x 8.25 in), B5 (6.93 in x 9.83 in), A3 (11.7 in x 16.5 in), B4 (9.83 in x 13.9 in)
Media Feeder(s)1 x manual load - A3 (11.7 in x 16.5 in)
Duty Cycle
Cartridge / Printhead Duty Cycle3 million characters
Cartridge / Printhead Included Qty1
Expansion / Connectivity
Expansion Slots Total (Free)1 ( 1 ) x Epson Type B - type B
Connections1 x parallel - IEEE 1284 (EPP/ECP) - 36 pin Centronics
Miscellaneous
Cables IncludedParallel cable
Power
Power DevicePower supply - internal
Voltage RequiredAC 120 V ± 10%
Frequency Required60 Hz
Compliant StandardsEPA Energy Star
Software / System Requirements
Software IncludedDrivers & Utilities
OS RequiredMicrosoft DOS, Microsoft Windows 3.x/95/98, Microsoft Windows NT 3.51 or later, Microsoft Windows 2000, Microsoft Windows Millennium Edition
Manufacturer Warranty
Service & Support2 years warranty
Service & Support DetailsLimited warranty - parts and labor - 2 years - carry-in
Environmental Parameters
Min Operating Temperature41 °F
Max Operating Temperature95 °F
Humidity Range Operating10 - 80%
Sound Emission55 dBA
Universal Product Identifiers
BrandEpson
Part NumberC244001
GTIN00010343814363

 

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