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Important Safety Information About Sun Hardware (included in system box) Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Safety and Compliance Guide: Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2/X4200/X4200 M2 Server (PDF, and HTML) Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation Guide: Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2/X4200/X4200 M2 Server (included in system box, PDF, and HTML) Sun Fire X4100/X4200 and Sun Fire X4100 M2/X4200 M2 Servers Operating System Installation Guide (PDF and HTML) Sun LSI 106x RAID Users Manual Integrated Lights-Out Manager (ILOM) Administration Guide (PDF and HTML) Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Service Manual: Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2/X4200/X4200 M2 Server (PDF and HTML)

819-7190 819-1161

819-1155

819-1158

820-4933 Depends on your servers ILOM version 819-1157
Server and software setup

Information

Title and Format

Part Number

Troubleshooting and diagnostics Late-breaking information and issues
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Diagnostics Guide: Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2/X4200/X4200 M2 Server (PDF and HTML) Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Server Product Notes (PDF and HTML) Sun Fire X4100 M2 and Sun Fire X4200 M2 Server Product Notes (PDF and HTML)

819-3284

819-1162 819-5038 820-0828 820-0827 817-7664 819-2948
Software release-specific information
Sun Fire X4100/X4200 Servers Release Notes for Software Release Sun Fire X4100 M2/X4200 M2 Servers Release Notes For Software Release
Diagnostic software Diagnostic software patch information
SunVTS 6.0 Users Guide (HTML) SunVTS 6.0 Patch Set Documentation Supplement for x86 Platforms (HTML)
Documentation, Support, and Training
The Sun web site provides information about the following additional resources:

Sun Function

Documentation Support Training Warranty
http://www.sun.com/documentation http://www.sun.com/support/index.jsp http://www.sun.com/training/ http://www.sun.com/service/support/warranty/index.html
Sun Welcomes Your Comments
Sun is interested in improving its documentation and welcomes your comments and suggestions. You can submit your comments by going to http://www.sun.com/hwdocs/feedback. Please include the title and part number of your document with your feedback.
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Operating System Installation Guide, 819-1158-25.

CHAPTER

This book applies to the Sun Fire X4100 and X4200 servers, and to Sun Fire X4100 M2 and Sun Fire X4200 M2 servers.
Installing an Operating System on a Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 or X4200/X4200 M2 Server
There are several supported operating system (OS) distributions and several ways to install each one. This topic is intended only as a general guide.
Note This document only covers supported Solaris, Linux, and VMware OS. For instructions on installing the Windows Server 2003 Operating System onto the Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 or Sun Fire X4200/X4200 M2 servers, see the Sun Fire X4100/X4200 Server Windows Operating System Installation Guide (819-4346), or the Sun Fire X4100 M2/X4200 M2 Server Windows Operating System Installation Guide (8205837).

Do you need to update the operating system and drivers? In general, you need to perform updates once the operating system has been installed. For details, see the appropriate chapter for your particular OS.
Learn about additional server and operating system-specific utilities. For details on supported utilities, refer to your servers x64 Utilities Reference Manual available on the web at http://docs.sun.com.

Drivers for Option Cards

Option cards supported by operating systems are listed on the platform-specific product web page under Companion Products. To check if the driver of your option card is available for download, check the Option Cards link on the Product Page. For example, Sun Fire X4100 M2 platform page and related option card are:
http://www.sun.com/servers/entry/x4100/ http://www.sun.com/servers/entry/x4100/optioncards.jsp
For complete platform listings please visit:
http://www.sun.com/servers/index.jsp?tab=2

Chapter 1

What to Do Next
See the appropriate chapter in this guide for your OS. Gather the installation, administration, and configuration documentation distributed with the operating system.
Using the Sun Installation Assistant (SIA)
This chapter describes operating system installation options using the Sun Installation Assistant (SIA). You can choose to install a Linux or Windows operating system on your Sun x64 architecture server using SIA.
About the Sun Installation Assistant (SIA)
The Sun Installation Assistant (SIA) is a tool that assists in the installation of supported Linux and Microsoft Windows operating systems (OS). With SIA, you can install the OS, the appropriate drivers, and if necessary, additional system software by simply booting the SIA media and following the prompts. SIA does not automate the OS installation process. You still need to follow the vendor installation procedures for your OS, but you do not have to inventory your system hardware, search for and download the most recent supported Sun device drivers, nor do you need to create a separate driver CD. SIA does that work for you.

Features and Benefits

SIA provides the following features and benefits:
Bootable media from either a local drive attached to the server (CD/DVD or USB flash drive), a remote redirected network drive (virtual CDROM or ISO image), or a PXE network boot.
Identification of your platform hardware and installed option cards. Identification of the operating system media and the supported device drivers that are required for your system. Note that SIA does not provide the operating system software. The operating system software must be provided by the customer during the SIA installation.

Gather the information you The type of information you need to collect About Solaris OS Installation on need to install the Solaris OS. depends on your environment and the page 8 method you choose to install the Solaris OS. Locate the Solaris OS documentation. The Solaris OS documentation included with your software contains most of what you need to know about installation. Where to Find Solaris 10 Information on page 12

Chapter 3

Task Map for Initial Solaris OS Installation (Continued)

Install the Solaris OS.

Choose an installation method and locate the installation instructions.
See TABLE 3-3 for installation methods. Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 or Sun Fire X4200/X4200 M2 Server Product Notes (819-1162)
Install additional software, if The Solaris OS drivers for the server are necessary. bundled in the Solaris OS. However, you may need to install additional software from the Sun Fire server Tools and Drivers CD. Install patches, if necessary.
Review and install required Solaris-specific See the TABLE 3-4 for the Required Patch List. patches.

TABLE 3-2 Requirement

Minimum System Requirements

Description

Hardware requirements Memory to install Disk space Swap area x86/x64 processor requirements BIOS
The server hardware and the initial service processor configuration must be installed before you install the Solaris OS. 256 Mbytes is the recommended size. 64 Mbytes is the minimum size. 12 Gbytes or greater. 512 Mbytes is the default size. x86/x64 120-MHz or faster processor is recommended. Hardware floating point support is required. Industry standard x86/x64 BIOS (resident in FLASH). The BIOS must be able to boot from CD or DVD media.

TABLE 3-3 Method

Installation Methods
Install from DVD or CD-ROM media. Install from the network by using PXE.
Use the Solaris Installation Program on the CD or DVD Installing the Solaris OS From media to install one server interactively. Distribution Media on page 16 You need a PXE installation to install the Solaris OS over the network from remote DVD or CD images or to automate the installation process and install several systems with a JumpStart installation. To boot over the network by using PXE, you need to set up an install server and a DHCP server, and configure the BIOS on each server to boot from the network. To set up for a PXE installation, see x86: Guidelines for Booting with PXE, in the Solaris 10 Installation Guide: NetworkBased Installations To boot by using PXE, see Booting a Server Over the Network By Using PXE on page 14 Solaris 10 Installation Guide: Basic Installations Using a Serial Console to Install the Solaris OS on page 17 x86: Booting and Installing Over the Network PXE, in the Solaris10 Installation Guide: Network-Based Installations

You must complete the following tasks before you install the Solaris OS. 1. Verify that your system meets the minimum system requirements. See the System Requirements section in the related topic about Solaris OS installation. If you are using the Solaris Installation Program GUI or text installer, you need a local DVD-ROM or CD-ROM drive or network connection, keyboard, and monitor. For more information, see the Solaris 10 Installation Guide: Basic Installations. 2. Gather the information you need to install the Solaris OS. See the Checklist for Installation, in Chapter 1, at http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/817-0544. For Solaris 10 installations see: http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/819-5775. For a non-networked system, you need to know the host name of the system you are installing and the language and the locales that you intend to use on the system. For a networked system, use the checklist to gather the following information:
Host name of the system that you are installing Language and locales that you intend to use on the system IP address of the server Subnet mask Type of name service (for example, DNS, NIS, or NIS+) IP address of gateway Domain name Host name of the name server IP address of the name server Root password
3. If you are installing the Solaris OS over the network, you need to set up a PXEbased network installation before you install the Solaris OS. For information about setting up a PXE-based network installation, see Solaris 10 Installation Guide: Network-Based Installations at: http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/817-5504 for Solaris 10. For Solaris 10 installations see: http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/8195776.
Note Consult the appropriate platform guide that ships with Solaris 10 for detailed information about remote installation via USB. If USB-based installation is not supported, use PXE.
Starting with the Solaris 10 release, the open-source GNU Grand Unified Bootloader (GRUB) has been implemented on x86-based systems that are running the Solaris OS. GRUB is the boot loader that is responsible for loading a boot archive into a system's memory. The boot archive contains the kernel modules and configuration files that are required to boot the system. For more information on GRUB, you can see the grub(5) man page. For information on how to boot a Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 or Sun Fire X4200/X4200 M2 server that is running Solaris 10 in a GRUB-based environment, refer to the Solaris 10 System Administration Guide: Basic Administration at http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/819-2379.

Note Solaris 10 is preinstalled on both the Sun Fire X4100 or Sun Fire X4200 servers and on the Sun Fire X4100 M2 or Sun Fire X4200 M2 servers. You do not need to follow this procedure unless you are installing a new OS version.
Perform the tasks described in the related topic Preparing to Install the Solaris OS on page 12.
To Install the Solaris OS From Distribution Media
1. Boot the system by shutting it down and then turning it on. The server BIOS supports booting from a CD/DVD drive. 2. Insert the Solaris 10 Operating System DVD or CD into your Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 or Sun Fire X4200/X4200 M2 server.
3. Continue the installation procedure by performing the steps in the procedure: x86: To Install or Upgrade with the Solaris Installation Program, in Chapter 2 at http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/817-0544. Start the procedure at Step 4. When prompted, answer the configuration questions to complete the installation. You can accept the default values on the screens to format the entire hard disk, use auto-layout file systems, and install a preselected set of software. Or, you can customize the installation to modify the hard disk layout, modify a Solaris fdisk partition, and select the software that you want to install.
Using a Serial Console to Install the Solaris OS
The Solaris text installer enables you to type information in a terminal or a console window to interact with the Solaris OS Installation Program. Use this procedure to use a serial console to install the Solaris 10 OS on a Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 or Sun Fire X4200/X4200 M2 server with a PXE-based network installation.
Before you set up the serial console, you need to set up the following systems for a PXE-based network installation:
An install server A DHCP server
To set up these systems, see Solaris 10 Installation Guide: Network-Based Installations at http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/817-5504.
To Use a Serial Console to Install the Solaris OS
1. Connect a terminal to the serial port on the service processor. A terminal can be a VT100, a PC running terminal emulation, or a terminal server. 2. Set the terminal to receive at 9600 baud.
3. Add an x86 install client to an install server and specify a boot device to use during the installation. If you specify the boot device when you set up the install client, you are not prompted for this information by the Device Configuration Assistant during the installation. The examples below use the following values:

Client MAC address: 00:07:e9:04:4a:bf Server IP address (GRUB only): 192.168.0.123 Client macro name (GRUB only): 01000039FCF2EF
Use the commands specified in the examples below for the operating system version that you are using:
For a Solaris 10 system: # cd /export/boot/Solaris_10/Tools #./add_install_client -d -e "00:07:e9:04:4a:bf" \ -b "console=ttya" \ -b "bootpath=/pci@0,0/pci1022,7450@1/pci8086,1011@1" i86pc For Solaris 10 system with GRUB booting: # cd /export/boot/Solaris_10/Tools #./add_install_client -d -e 00:07:e9:04:4a:bf \ -b consolatory i86pc # datum -A -m 01000039FCF2EF \ -d :BootSrvA=192.168.0.123:BootFile=01000039FCF2EF: # pntadm -f 01 -A $CLIENT_IP -i 01000039FCF2EF \ -m 01000039FCF2EF $CLIENT_NET
Note See the man pages for these commands for more information on the commands and options.
4. Log in to the service processor as an Administrator. 5. Enter the following command to use the serial console:

start /SP/console

6. Boot the Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 or Sun Fire X4200/X4200 M2 server. Follow the instructions in Solaris 10 Installation Guide: Network-Based Installations at: http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/817-5504. When prompted, use the following setting:
To boot via PXE, press F12 at the BIOS.
7. After the system is installed, log in to the system and use the eeprom command to change bootenv.rc: eeprom input-console=ttya
Installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux
This chapter contains information about manually installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) on a Sun Fire X4100, X4100 M2, X4200, or X4200 M2 server. It contains the following sections:
About the RHEL Installation on page 22 Preparing to Install RHEL on page 24 Installing RHEL From Distribution Media on page 27 Installing RHEL Using the Remote Console Application on page 29 Installing RHEL Using PXE on page 32 Updating the RHEL Operating System on page 46 Updating the RHEL SCSI Drivers on page 47
About the RHEL Installation
If you have installed RHEL software on other Intel or AMD Opteron servers, you are already familiar with how to install it on a Sun Fire X4100, X4100 M2, X4200, or X4200 M2 server. The two most common methods to install RHEL on your server are to use:
The RHEL distribution medium from a local CD/DVD drive (see Installing RHEL From Distribution Media on page 27) or from a remote CD/DVD drive using the ILOMs remote console function (see Installing RHEL Using the Remote Console Application on page 29). The automatic kickstart installation from RHEL software (installation tree) stored on a Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) network server (Installing RHEL Using PXE on page 32)

Red Hat Installation and Administration Documentation
Before you install the RHEL software on a Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 or X4200/X4200 M2 server, consult the following RHEL documentation.

TABLE 4-1 Document

Sources for RHEL Documentation
Description Where to Find

README file

Contains late-breaking information about system requirements and system configuration for your version of the RHEL software.
On the RHEL CD 1, and online at http://www.redhat.com/docs/
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Quick Installation Guide Red Hat Enterprise Linux Installation Guide
Brief printed guide containing Included with the RHEL useful information to assist you distribution media during the installation of RHEL. This is the full version of the printed Quick Installation Guide. Included on the Red Hat Documentation CD, and available for download at http://www.redhat.com/docs/ Available for download at http://www.redhat.com/docs/ manuals/enterprise/
Red Hat Enterprise Contains introductory Linux Introduction to information for RHEL system System Administration administrators.
Sources for RHEL Documentation (Continued)
Red Hat Enterprise Linux System Administration Guide
Contains information on Available for download at customizing the RHEL software. http://www.redhat.com/docs/ manuals/enterprise/ Available for download as the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Installation Guide for the x86, Itanium, and AMD64 Architectures at http://www.redhat.com/docs/ manuals/enterprise/ Available for download at http://www.redhat.com/docs/ manuals/enterprise/
System Administration Contains information on for Diskless Booting configuring your server and RHEL for diskless booting.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Security Guide
This is a guide for securing the RHEL software.
If you need to know the logical names of your physical Internet interfaces when configuring your OS, refer to the appendix: Identifying Logical and Physical Network Interface Names for Solaris OS Installation on page 101.
Task Map for RHEL Installation
Consult TABLE 4-2 to determine which sections in this guide are relevant to the installation tasks that you want to perform.

TABLE 4-2

Task Map for Installing RHEL

Relevant Section

Installation Task)
Collect information about your system and network. Create a RHEL driver CD.
Preparing to Install RHEL on page 24 To Create a RHEL Driver CD on page 25
Install RHEL from distribution media using a Installing RHEL From Distribution Media local or network-attached CD or DVD drive. on page 27 Update RHEL operating system files and drivers. Updating the RHEL Operating System on page 46

Chapter 4

Preparing to Install RHEL
You can install the RHEL software from a local CD/DVD, a remote CD/DVD, or the network; however, you need to collect some information about your system and your network before you proceed with any of these installation methods.

Task Map for SLES 9 Installation
Consult the following table to determine which procedures are relevant to the installation task(s) that you need to perform.
Installation Task Relevant Procedure(s) or Source(s)
Collect information about your system and network. Install SLES 9 and SLES 9 SP3 from a local or remote CD/DVD drive. Install SLES 9 SP3 from an image stored on a networked system. Install SLES 9 SP3 from a PXE server. Update SLES 9 SP3 software.
Preparing to Install SLES 9 on page 51 Installing SLES 9 From Distribution Media on page 52 or Installing SLES 9 Using the Remote Console Application on page 53 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 Installation Manual Installing SLES 9 or 10 Using PXE on page 59 Updating the SLES 9 or 10 OS and SCSI Drivers on page 77
Before you install SUSE Linux from CD, from DVD, or from the network, you need to gather information about your system and your local area network.
Preparing to Install SLES 9
You can install the SLES 9 operating system (OS) from a local CD/DVD drive, remote CD/DVD drive, or the network; however, you need to collect some information about your system before you proceed with any one of these installation methods.
Before installing SLES 9 on your server, verify or collect the following information:
DHCP server name MAC address on system label The SLES 9 SP3 set of CDs and SLES 9 CDs

Chapter 5

Installing SLES 9 From Distribution Media
SLES 9 provides an easy-to-use graphical interface for installing and configuring the operating system. Whether you are using Distribution CDs to install SUSE Linux from a locally attached CD/DVD drive or from a remote CD/DVD drive attached via KVMS, the installation procedure is fundamentally the same.
SLES 9 media base CD set and SP3 CD set Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 or X4200/X4200 M2 server equipped with:

DVD-ROM drive

Note The server ships with a DVD-ROM device. However, an external CD-ROM device can also be used.
USB keyboard and mouse Monitor
To Perform a Basic Installation From Local CD/DVD Drive
1. Power on the system. 2. Insert the SLES 9 CD 1 (or the DVD) into your local CD/DVD drive. SUSE Linux boots from the Distribution CD. The graphical boot loader displays several boot options. 3. During the installation process, you are prompted to swap Distribution CDs and to remove media before reboots. Follow the prompts.

2. If the TFTP server package is not listed, install the package using YaST. Enter the following command: # yast -i tftp 3. Edit and save the /etc/xinetd.d/tftp file. Make the following changes:
Change the -s /tftpboot entry to -v -s /home/pxeboot Change the disable attribute to no
4. Restart the inetd server. Enter the following command: # /etc/init.d/xinetd restart
1. If a compiler is not installed on the server, use YaST to install gcc with the following commands: # yast -i gcc # yast -i make 2. Install the neopxe boot server daemon onto your system that is your DHCP server. Depending on your OS version, enter the following command: For SLES 9: # cd /tmp/sles9-pxefiles/neopxe-0.2.0 For SLES 10: # cd /tmp/sles10-pxefiles/neopxe-0.2.0 3. Next, enter the following commands: #./configure # make # make install
4. Append the path /usr/local/sbin/neopxe to the rc.local file by typing the following command, making sure to use two greater-than signs: # echo "/usr/local/sbin/neopxe" >> /etc/rc.d/boot.local 5. Copy the PXE Linux image from the /tmp/ directory. Enter the following commands: # mkdir /home/pxeboot 6. Depending on your OS version, enter the following command: For SLES 9: # cp /tmp/sles9-pxefiles/pxelinux.0 /home/pxeboot For SLES 10: # cp /tmp/sles10-pxefiles/pxelinux.0 /home/pxeboot 7. Configure the PXE Linux image. Enter the following commands: # mkdir /home/pxeboot/pxelinux.cfg/ # touch /home/pxeboot/pxelinux.cfg/default 8. Edit the /usr/local/etc/neopxe.conf configuration file, which is read by neopxe at startup. If the /usr/local/etc/ directory does not exist, create it with the following command: # mkdir /usr/local/etc If you need to create the neopxe.conf file, you can copy it from the /tmp/slesX-pxefiles/neopxe-0.2.0/ directory. Where X is the OS version (9 or 10). A valid configuration file must have entries for each of the following lines, including at least one service line. ip_addr=n.n.n.n prompt=boot-prompt-string prompt_timeout=timeout service=service-number,boot-server,boot-file,label Where:
n.n.n.n is the IP address of your PXE server. boot-prompt-string is the character string displayed during a network boot that prompts the user to press the F8 key for a boot menu. timeout is the number of seconds the prompt is displayed before the server defaults to the first service for booting. service-number is an integer in the range of 1 to 254 that identifies the boot service.
boot-server is the IP address of the boot server for that boot service. boot-file is the name of the boot file that is read from your /home/pxeboot directory. label is the text string that is displayed when the boot menu is invoked by pressing the F8 key. For example: ip_addr=192.168.0.1 prompt=Press [F8] for menu. prompt_timeout=10 service=1,192.168.0.1,pxelinux.0,Linux service=2,192.169.0.1,nbp.unknown,Solaris
9. Start the neopxe daemon. Enter the following command: # /usr/local/sbin/neopxe
1. Determine whether the NFS service package is already installed on the server. Enter the following command: # rpm -qa | grep nfs-utils 2. If the NFS service package is not listed, install the package using YaST. Enter the following command: # yast -i nfs-utils 3. Edit and save the /etc/exports file to add the following line to it: /home/pxeboot *(sync,no_root_squash,no_subtree_check,insecure) 4. Start the NFS service. Enter the following command: # /etc/init.d/nfsserver start

Note Enter the text block from append through autoyast.xml as one continuous line with no returns.
default sles9 label sles9 kernel sles9/linux append textmode=1 initrd=sles9/initrd install= nfs://n.n.n.n/home/pxeboot/sles9 autoyast=nfs://n.n.n.n/home/pxeboot/sles9/autoyast.xml Where n.n.n.n is the IP address of your PXE server.
Note For console-based installations, add console=ttyS0,9600 to the append line.
Installing SLES 9, SP3 From a PXE Server
This procedure describes how to configure your Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 or X4200/X4200 M2 server to initiate the request to download the boot image file from the PXE/DHCP server and how to install the SLES 9 SP3 boot image onto your Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 or X4200/X4200 M2 server.
Before you configure your server to install SUSE Linux from a PXE server, you need to have done the following:
Configured your Linux network to support a PXE server. See Installing SLES 9 or 10 Using PXE on page 59. Installed a SLES 9 image on that Linux PXE server. See Creating a SLES 9 Service Pack PXE Install Image on the PXE Server on page 67.
To Install a SLES 9 SP3 Image From a PXE Server
1. Connect the PXE client to the same network as the PXE server, and power on the PXE client. The PXE client is the target Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 or X4200/X4200 M2 server to which you are installing the SLES 9 software. 2. When the PXE client prompts you for a network boot, press the F12 key. The PXE client connects to the PXE server and attempts to obtain an IP address from the DHCP server. 3. Press the F8 key to begin the downloading of the PXE boot image. 4. At the boot: prompt, enter in the label you gave the image when you installed a SUSE image on the PXE server. The SLES 9 SP3 install image downloads onto the target Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 or X4200/X4200 M2 server.
5. To configure the Linux operating system for your server, refer to the manual that is shipped with your SLES 9 media kit. 6. Update the operating system files. See Updating the SLES 9 or 10 OS and SCSI Drivers on page 77.
Installing SLES 10 Using PXE
Before you perform the procedures in this section, you must have configured your Linux network to support a PXE server (see Installing SLES 9 or 10 Using PXE on page 59). The two procedures in this section are:
Creating a SLES 10 PXE Install Image on the PXE Server on page 73 Installing SLES 10 From a PXE Server on page 75
The DHCP server that you set up when you preconfigured your network to support PXE installation equipped with a CD/DVD drive SLES 10 media CD set Sun Fire server Tools and Drivers CD

Post Installation Issue: Disk Added to HBA in Slot 0 Prevents Server OS Boot
On systems running SLES 9 or 10, if you add a disk to a host bus adapter (HBA) card that is plugged into slot 0 of the server, you might not be able to boot the system. This is because SLES 9 and 10 enumerates IDE and SCSI devices in scan order, and the BIOS scans PCI devices in ascending order. The scanning priority is: 1. NIC 2. Slot 0 3. SAS 4. Slot 2 5. Slot 3 6. Slot 4 7. Slot 1 If there is only one drive in the system connected to the internal LSI SAS disk controller, it is enumerated as /dev/sda. Lets say you install the SLES 9 or 10 operating system on that device. If an external device is later connected to an HBA card in slot 0, that device is enumerated as /dev/sda and the internal device is enumerated as /dev/sdb. However, the SLES 9 and 10 boot device points to /dev/sda, which is now an external device (not the internal device on which you installed the operating system) and so the system does not boot. The problem does not occur if the HBA card is plugged into slots 14 because these slots are scanned later than the internal disk controller. This problem is not specific to the server or the HBA card.

Workaround

Plug the supported HBA card into slots 14, and then reboot the system. Also, follow these general guidelines:
Do not move SCSI drives around. Do not change bus connections for IDE drives. Have a rescue disk ready in case these guidelines are not followed, as you might need to run grub or vi /etc/fstab.

Installing VMware

This chapter explains the procedure to install VMware ESX Server 3 on a Sun Fire X4100, X4100 M2, X4200, or X4200 M2 server.

About VMware

Although you can install the VMware ESX Server 3 software from a local CD/DVD, a remote CD/DVD, or the network, you need to collect some information about your system and your network before you proceed with any of these installation methods. You can find detailed information and procedures concerning VMware virtualization software at http://www.vmware.com/support/pubs. The two most common methods to install VMware on your server are:
Installation from downloaded ISO images from the VMware website and burned onto recordable CD/DVD media. Automatic kickstart installation from VMware software (installation tree) stored on a Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) network server.
VMware Installation and Administration Documentation
Before you begin installing VMware ESX Server 3 software on server, consult the following required documents for VMware ESX Server 3 install, at http://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/vi_pubs.html.
Introduction to Virtual Infrastructure Quick Start Guide Installation and Upgrade Guide Basic System Administration Virtual Infrastructure Web Access Administrators Guide Server Configuration Guide To prepare for PXE install, see the VMware Installation and Upgrade Guide for Virtual Infrastructure 3. Chapter 6, Remote and Scripted Installations.

To Install VMware ESX Server From CD-ROM
From a network-connected system with CD-burning capabilities:

Chapter 6

1. Download the ISO image at http://www.vmware.com/download/vi/eval.html. a. Burn the image to a CD/DVD.
Note If Java Remote Console is used to redirect a CD drive or image, you can select Host Device as the device type.
2. Install the ESX Server software on the Sun Fire X4100/X4200 system. 3. Update the ESX Server software if necessary. Updates are available at http://www.vmware.com/support/. The process is detailed in the following sections.
Before you begin installing VMware ESX Server 3 and later on your Sun Fire X4100/X4200 server, you require:
USB Keyboard, Mouse connected to rear USB ports of Sun Fire server, or access through a Java remote console. Monitor connected to Sun Fire server (not required if you are using Java KVMS.) If there is no built-in CD-ROM, choose either one of the following:
External USB DVD/CD-ROM drive connected to the Sun Fire server or Virtual CD drive redirected through Java remote console (only if no physical drive is present).
CD-ROM of VMware ESX 3 media. The Installation and Upgrade Guide for VMware Infrastructure
To Install VMware ESX Server From Local Media
1. Turn on the Sun Fire server.
2. Insert the media into CD/DVD drive. The server boots from the CD and display a boot prompt: boot: 3. Choose the interface that you would like to work with:
To work in graphical mode, press Enter. To work in text mode, enter the following command: esx text
4. Refer to the Installation and Upgrade Guide for VMware Infrastructure to guide you through the installation process. From your network-connected system go to http://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/vi_pubs.html. 5. Identify the Sun Fire-specific network interface. In the service console window on the Sun Fire system, identify the available network configuration alternatives.

FIGURE 6-1

Example ESX Server Network Configuration Dialog Box (the listing may differ depending upon the NICs installed in the Sun Fire server)
During ESX Server install network configuration, the interfaces are shown as these adapters if no extra or optional network controllers are installed in the Sun Fire X4100/X4200:

vmnic0 vmnic1 vmnic2 vmnic3 = = = = "6:2:1 "6:1:1 "6:2:0 "6:1:0 e1000 e1000 e1000 e1000 82546EB 82546EB 82546EB 82546EB Gigabit Gigabit Gigabit Gigabit Ethernet Ethernet Ethernet Ethernet Controller(Copper)" Controller(Copper)" Controller(Copper)" Controller(Copper)"
Or, on some versions of the Sun Fire X4200/X4200 M2, two types of network interface cards are available:
vmnic0 = "0:a:0 - forcedeth - Nvidia NForce Network Controller" vmnic1 = "80:a:0 - forcedeth - Nvidia NForce Network Controller" vmnic2 = "86:1:1 - e1000 - 82546EB Gigabit Ethernet Controller(Copper)" vmnic3 = "86:1:0 - e1000 - 82546EB Gigabit Ethernet Controller(Copper)"
6. Complete the VMware installation. This is detailed in the Installation and Upgrade Guide for VMware Infrastructure available at http://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/vi_pubs.html.
VMware Updates and Patches
VMware ESX Server image updates are available at: http://www.vmware.com/selfsupport/ When upgrading VMware ESX, note that previous network interface mapping is retained and newly detected Nvidia NForce ethernet ports is mapped by ascending order of pci bus enumeration.

APPENDIX

If you want to install your OS on disks that are part of a RAID, there is an LSI RAID configuration utility that is entered from the servers BIOS and can be used for any operating system. 1. Power off your server and then power it back on. The BIOS screen appears. Watch for the LSI Logic Corp. screen.

FIGURE A-1

Opening Screen of the Server BIOS
Watch for the LSI Logic prompt to press Ctrl-C.
2. When the BIOS screen shows the LSI Logic Corp. message, press Ctrl-C to start the LSI Logic Configuration Utility (see FIGURE A-2).

FIGURE A-2

BIOS Screen Showing LSI Logic Corp. Message
3. Follow the on-screen instructions to create a mirrored RAID. You can choose between RAID 1 (two mirrored disks with an optional hot spare) or RAID 1E (three or more mirrored disks with one or two hot spares). 4. Exit the LSI RAID configuration utility. 5. Install your OS on this RAID volume.
Note The LSI RAID configuration utility is described in detail in the Sun LSI 106x RAID Users Guide (820-4933), which is in the collection of documents for the X4100/X4100 M2/X4200/X4200 M2 servers.

doc1

Product Updates

For product updates that you can download for the Sun Fire X4100 or X4200 servers, please visit the following Web site: http://www.sun.com/servers/entry/x4100/downloads.jsp This site contains updates for firmware and drivers, as well as CD-ROM.iso images.

Related Documentation

For the most up-to-date information on the Netra X4200 M2 server, go to this site:
http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/prod/nt4200m2.srvr#hic

Information

Title and Format

Part Number

Safety information Safety notices and international compliance certification statements Server setup, including rack installation Operating system installation System management Server and software setup Late-breaking information and issues RAID Diagnostic software patch information
Important Safety Information About Sun Hardware (included in system box) Netra X4200 M2 Server Safety and Compliance Guide (PDF) Netra X4200 M2 Server Setup Guide (PDF) Netra X4200 M2 Server Operating System Installation Guide(PDF) System Management (PDF and HTML) Setup and Maintenance Guide (PDF and HTML) Netra X4200 M2 Server Product Notes (PDF) Sun LSI 106x RAID Users Guide SunVTS 6.0 Patch Set Documentation Supplement for x86 Platforms (HTML)

819- 7190 820-0068

820-0062 820-0065 819-1160 819-1157 820-0067 820-4933 819-2948
Translated versions of some of these documents are available at the web sites described above in French, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Korean, Japanese, and German. Note that the English documentation is revised more frequently and might therefore be more up-to-date than the translated documentation.

Using UNIX Commands

This document might not contain information about basic UNIX commands and procedures such as shutting down the system, booting the system, and configuring devices. Refer to the following for this information:
Software documentation that you received with your system Solaris Operating System documentation, which is at: http://docs.sun.com

Third-Party Web Sites

Sun is not responsible for the availability of third-party web sites mentioned in this document. Sun does not endorse and is not responsible or liable for any content, advertising, products, or other materials that are available on or through such sites or resources. Sun will not be responsible or liable for any actual or alleged damage or loss caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any such content, goods, or services that are available on or through such sites or resources.

Boot from the preinstalled image. Install from a serial console. Perform a diskless boot.
Depending on your configuration, a Solaris OS image may be preinstalled on a hard drive. Use a serial console to install the Solaris OS in a PXEbased network installation.
Boot the Solaris OS on a Netra X4200 server without a x86: Booting and Installing hard drive. Use this method with a PXE-based network Over the Network PXE, in the Solaris10 Installation Guide: installation. Network-Based Installations
Note The Solaris OS provides additional programs for installation, such as booting over a wide area network (WAN), but the Netra X4200 server supports only those methods listed in this topic.
Where to Find Solaris 10 Information
Solaris OS documentation is available from the web at: http://docs.sun.com/ Select Solaris 10 to display the list of documents in the Solaris 10 Documentation Collection.
For the Solaris 10 installation guides, see http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/coll/1236.1 For the Solaris 10 administration guides, see http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/coll/47.16 For information about upgrading your system, see http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/817-5505 For troubleshooting information, see Appendix A at: http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/817-5504
Solaris 10 documentation is also available on the Solaris Documentation DVD included with your Solaris OS software.
About Preparing to Install the Solaris OS
You need to gather information about your system before you install the Solaris OS. The amount of planning and initial set up that you need to perform varies depending on whether you are preparing for a local installation from DVD or CD, or you are preparing for a Preboot Execution Environment (PXE)-based network installation. You also need to obtain the appropriate media for your installation.

Media Title

DVD CD-ROM
Solaris 10 Operating System <version> DVD Solaris 10 Operating System <version> Software CDs Solaris 10 HW1 Languages for x86 Platforms CD Netra X4200 Resource CD See the Netra X4200 Server Release Notes for information about patches.

Patches

Installation Prerequisites

You must complete the following tasks before you install the Solaris OS. 1. Verify that your system meets the minimum system requirements. See the System Requirements section in the related topic about Solaris OS installation. If you are using the Solaris Installation Program GUI or text installer, you need a local DVD-ROM or CD-ROM drive or network connection, keyboard, and monitor. For more information, see the Solaris 10 Installation Guide: Basic Installations. 2. Gather the information you need to install the Solaris OS. See the Checklist for Installation, in Chapter 1, at http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/817-0544. For a non-networked system, you need to know the host name of the system you are installing and the language and the locales that you intend to use on the system. For a networked system, use the checklist to gather the following information:
Host name of the system that you are installing Language and locales that you intend to use on the system IP address of the name server Subnet mask Type of name service (for example, DNS, NIS, or NIS+) IP address of gateway Domain name Host name of the name server IP address of the name server Root password
3. If you are installing the Solaris OS over the network, you need to set up a PXEbased network installation before you install the Solaris OS. For information about setting up a PXE-based network installation, see Solaris 10 Installation Guide: Network-Based Installations at http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/817-5504.
Note Consult the appropriate platform guide that ships with Solaris 10 for detailed information about remote installation via USB. If USB-based installation is not supported, use PXE.
How to Boot a Server in a GRUB-Based Environment
Starting with the Solaris 10 11/06 release, the open-source GNU Grand Unified Bootloader (GRUB) has been implemented on x86-based systems that are running the Solaris OS. GRUB is the boot loader that is responsible for loading a boot archive into a system's memory. The boot archive contains the kernel modules and configuration files that are required to boot the system. For more information on GRUB, you can see the grub(5) man page. For information on how to boot a Netra X4200 server that is running Solaris 10 11/06 in a GRUB-based environment, refer to the Solaris 10 System Administration Guide: Basic Administration, at this URL: http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/819-2379
How to Boot a Server Over the Network By Using PXE
Use this procedure along with the instructions in Solaris 10 Installation Guide: Networked-Based Installations. The Netra X4200 server implements the Intel Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) specification required for a PXE network boot. PXE technology provides your server with the capability to boot the Solaris OS over the network using the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). Using a PXE-based network installation, you can install the Solaris OS onto a server from the network with remote CD or DVD images. You can also automate the installation process and install the Solaris OS on several Netra X4200 servers using a JumpStart scenario. A PXE network boot is a direct network boot. No boot media is required on the Netra

About the Sun Installation Assistant CD
Note The Sun Installation Assistant CD can be used remotely with the ILOM Remote CD-ROM feature and the Remote Console Application. For more details, see the topic that describes the Remote Console application.
The Sun Installation Assistant CD helps you to install a supported Linux operating system (OS) on your Netra X4200 server. It provides a set of Sun-supported drivers that have been tested for quality assurance. By using the Sun Installation Assistant CD, you can install the operating system, the appropriate drivers, and additional software on your system. The Sun Installation Assistant eliminates the need to create a Driver CD.
Note The Sun Installation Assistant CD does not automate the OS installation process. You will still need to follow the procedures provided in the Help topics about Red Hat Enterprise Linux and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 installation, but you will not need to create a Driver CD. The Sun Installation Assistant automatically installs the Sun-supported drivers.
The Sun Installation Assistant performs the following tasks:
Identifies the hardware on your system. Installs the operating system. Identifies and installs drivers and platform-specific software.
The use of the Sun Installation Assistant CD is optional but is provided to make the installation of Linux easier for the user.

Error Messages

If the Sun Installation Assistant encounters an error or an unexpected condition, it will generate an error message. You might encounter a number of straightforward error messages such as the following:
You have inserted Disc 3 but the system requires Disc 2. Please insert Disc 2.
You might also attempt to use the Sun Installation Assistant with versions of Linux that are not supported. In that case you might see error messages such as the following:
The media you have provided is not a release that is supported by Sun Microsystems, Inc. on this platform. You cannot use the Sun Installation Assistant to install this product and associated software.
In this case, choose one of the following options:
To install a supported product, click Back and then insert the appropriate media. To install this unsupported product, click Exit to exit the Sun Installation Assistant and reboot the system. You can now install the unsupported product as you normally would.

Log File

A log file of the Sun Installation Assistant is written to the /root directory of the newly installed system. To review this log file, refer to the file /root/SunInstallationAssistant.log.
How to Use the Sun Installation Assistant
This procedure explains how to use the Sun Installation Assistant to install Linux on your server.
Note The Sun Installation Assistant does not automate the OS installation process. However, you will not need to create a driver CD because the Sun Installation Assistant automatically installs the Sun supported drivers. Once the installation is complete, you will return to the Sun Installation Assistant screen.

The Sun Installation Assistant can be booted from either the servers CD-ROM, remote KVM with CD-ROM redirection or via a PXE network boot. Instructions for configuring PXE network boot can be found in the topic that describes how to configure the Sun Installation Assistant for PXE boot. In the steps below that mention booting from the CD-ROM, simply substitute selecting network boot. Media for the Linux system to be installed can be either a network image or a CDROM. Installation from a network image on a LAN is significantly faster to install.
Installing the Sun Installation Assistant software consists of the following procedures: 1. Boot the Sun Installation Assistant via the local CD, remote KVM with CDROM redirection, or via PXE booting the images contained on the CD. 2. Follow the prompts to provide the media or network image from which to install Linux. See the Help topic about how to update the operating system and drivers.

Chapter 3

To use the Sun Installation Assistant, do the following. 1. Insert the Sun Installation Assistant CD into the servers CD/DVD drive, use PXE booting, or use the remote KVM with CD-ROM redirection. See the topic that describes how to PXE boot or how to start and stop CD-ROM drive redirection. 2. Power on or reboot the server. Your server boots the Sun Installation Assistant. This can take a few minutes. The first screen that appears is the Software License Agreement screen. 3. Read through the terms of the agreement. You must scroll to the bottom of the license text window to make active the Accept radio button.
If you agree, select the Accept radio button and click Next to continue. (The Next button becomes active only when you select the Accept radio button.) The Welcome screen now appears with an introduction to the Sun Installation Assistant. If you do not agree, select the Decline radio button and click Exit to close the Sun Installation Assistant. The system then prompts you to reboot the server.
4. On the Welcome screen, click Next. The Welcome screen explains what the Sun Installation Assistant will do. Click Next to proceed. 5. Enable networking. If you want to use an HTTP or FTP install image, select Yes to bring up the Ethernet interface to reach that network install image. Select No to install from CD-ROM, and skip to Step 7. 6. Configure networking. Answer questions for the IP configuration and click Next. The Assistant now identifies the hardware on which it is running and scans for any SCSI devices, as the following example shows:

Identifying hardware. identified as. Scanning for SCSI devices. done.
It will then automatically proceed to the next screen. 7. Select installation method. Select whether you want to install the Linux distribution from CD, HTTP, or FTP. If the network has not been enabled yet and you select HTTP or FTP, you will be prompted to enable the network.
8. Provide installation media. Installing from HTTP or FTP: If you selected network installation, you will be prompted to supply the URL of the network image to install from. For example: http://host.name/path/to/install/image http://ip.address/path/to/install/image ftp://host.name/path/to/install/image ftp://ip.address/path/to/install/image Installing from CD: The Assistant now identifies the hardware on which it is running and scans for any SCSI devices. It will then eject the Sun Installation Assistant CD and display a list of supported Linux distributions. This list of distributions is specific to the server hardware.
The Netra X4200 server supports the following Linux distributions: Red Hat Linux 3.0 Update 5 and later updates, 32-bit and 64-bit Red Hat Linux 4.0 Update 1 and later updates, 64-bit SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 SP1 and later SPs, 64-bit
Insert Disc 1 for one of the supported distributions into the servers CD/DVD drive.
Note To install SLES9 SP1, insert the SLES9 CD 1 first. You will be prompted to insert the SP1 CD after the SLES9 installation is complete.
Note For the administrators convenience, the CD-ROM redirection feature of the SP can be used. See the topic that describes how to start and stop CD-ROM drive redirection.
Note You must supply the OS media on the same CD-ROM as you booted the Sun Installation Assistant.
9. Click Next. The Assistant identifies the Linux distribution, as the following example shows:
Identifying distribution. identified as Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 Update 1 AS - 64bit.
Note If you provide an unsupported media, you will see an error message.
10. Click Next to start the installer for this distribution. The installation software specific to the version of Linux that you are installing now takes over. 11. Proceed through the installer screens. 12. After the installation is complete, the Sun Installation Assistant installs RPMs for the Linux OS kernel(s) that you have just installed. The Assistant installs only those RPMs for your specific Linux OS kernel.
Note This operation replaces the steps for manually upgrading the drivers for your server, as outlined in the Help topics that describe how to update the drivers.

How to Update the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Operating System and Drivers
This procedure describes how to update the Red Hat Enterprise Linux operating system and drivers.
Since software is constantly being updated, your distribution media might not contain the most up-to-date versions of the operating system. In addition, the kernel that is installed on the system might not contain the proper SCSI drivers that the server requires. Updating the drivers helps ensure proper system operation. The following two procedures assume that you have already installed the Red Hat Enterprise Linux software on the Netra X4200 server. These procedures explain how to update that Red Hat Enterprise Linux installation with the latest OS and driver software.
Updating the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Software
Follow these steps to update the operating system software. 1. Set up the up2date program on the server. Refer to the documentation included with your Red Hat Enterprise Linux media kit for details. 2. Run the up2date program. Select the kernel packages in the available package updates section.
Caution Do not reboot the server after running the up2date program. If the server is rebooted before you installed the updated SCSI driver, the server might not function properly upon restart.
3. If necessary, After you have finished running up2date, proceed to the next section to update the SCSI drivers before rebooting the server.
Note If you did reboot the system after updating the kernel and before updating the SCSI drivers, the system might fail to boot and you must boot from the installation media in rescue mode by typing linux rescue at the installation boot prompt. For more information, see the Red Hat Enterprise Linux System Administration Guide located at http://www.redhat.com/docs/manuals/enterprise/
Updating the SCSI Drivers
Note If you are installing RHEL 4 Update 2 or later version, you do not need to update the SCSI drivers.
This procedure describes how to copy the latest drivers from the Resource CD. You can also download the driver RPMs from the product page for the Netra X4200 server: http://www.sun.com/servers/entry/x4100/downloads.jsp

new driver. To install this driver on your server, you must create a SLES9 or SLES9 SP1-specific CD that contains an installation-ready image of the driver distributed on the Resource CD.
Before you create a SLES9 or SLES9 SP1-specific Driver CD, you must have the following:
Access to another Linux server or Linux workstation that can burn a CD. The name of the CD device on that Linux server or workstation that can create the SUSE-specific Driver CD. Type one of the following commands on the Linux server or workstation to determine the name of that CD device:
If your Linux server or workstation uses IDE drives, type the following: # cdrecord -scanbus dev=ATAPI The system reports the names of matching devices: scsibus0: 0,0,0 0) SAMSUNGCDRW/DVD SM-352FT900Removable CD-ROM 0,1,0 1) * 0,2,0 2) * In this example, the name of the CD drive would be ATAPI:0,0,0.
If your Linux server or workstation uses SCSI drives, type the following: # cdrecord -scanbus The system reports the names of matching devices: scsibus4: 4,0,0 0) SONYDVD RW DRU-530A1.0Removable CD-ROM 4,1,0 1) * 4,2,0 2) * In this example, the name of the CD drive would be 4,0,0.
To create a SLES9 or SLES9 SP1-specific Driver CD from the driver images distributed on your Resource CD, do the following.
Note The instructions below show how to create a driver disk for SLES9. For SLES9 SP1 or substitute the SLES9 SP1 or driver disk iso.
1. Log in as root to the Linux server or workstation that has a CD recorder drive. 2. Insert the Resource CD into the local system CD drive. 3. Mount the CD. Type: # mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom 4. Copy the driver image from the Resource CD to the local /tmp directory. Type: # cp /mnt/cdrom/support/update_media/sles9/64/driverUpdate.iso /tmp 5. Unmount the Resource CD. Type: # umount /mnt/cdrom 6. Remove the Resource CD. 7. Insert a blank CD into the CD recorder drive. 8. Create a SUSE-specific Driver CD from the local copy of the driver image. Type:
Note Use the device name of the CD recorder obtained in the Before You Begin on page 47.
# cdrecord -v -eject dev=ATAPI:0,0,0 /tmp/driverUpdate.iso 9. Remove the newly created CD from the CD recorder when the recording process is complete and the CD recorder ejects the CD.
Note Use this SUSE-specific Driver CD when you install SLES9 Linux from the SUSE Distribution CDs.
How to Update the SLES9 Operating System
The operating system installation media shipping with SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 (SLES9) software might not contain the most up-to-date versions of the SUSE software. Since the media has been released, there have been many updates to the SLES9 software that you should install. This procedure describes how to update the SUSE operating system software on your Netra X4200 server after you have installed it from a PXE server or from Distribution CDs.

Caution Do not reboot your system after the YaST Update has completed its updates. You must update your SCSI drivers before rebooting.
13. Remove the SLES9 SP1 CD after you type the following command: umount /mnt/cdrom 14. Determine whether you are using an SMP or default kernel. Type: # ls -l /boot/vmlinux This command will return the kernel that will be used at the next boot. You will see a kernel of type -default or -smp. 15. Install the updated storage driver.
In the previous step, if you see a file that has -smp, type the following: # rpm -Uvh /tmp/mptlinux-smp-3.02.18_2.6.5_7.139sles9_1.x86_64.rpm
In the previous step, if you see a file that has -default, type the following: # rpm -Uvh /tmp/mptlinux-default-3.02.18_2.6.5_7.139sles9_1.x86_64.rpm
16. Verify that mptlinux drivers for kernel version 2.6.5_7.139 were installed correctly. Type: # rpm -qa | grep 139 You will get a list of RPMs. Verify that you see the mptlinux for kernel 2.6.5_7.139. If you do not see the correct drivers, repeat Steps 11 through 13. The update to SLES9 SP1 is now complete. 17. Reboot your system. Type: # shutdown -r now
How to Install the SLES9 OS Using the Remote Console Application
This topic explains how to install the SLES9 OS on your Netra X4200 server using the ILOM Remote Console application.
Note To install SLES9 SP2 or later versions, use the instructions in the documentation listed in SUSE Linux Installation and Configuration Documentation on page 44.
Use the following procedure to install the SLES9 OS on your Netra X4200 server using the ILOM Remote Console application. 1. Locate your SLES9 installation CD/DVD or the equivalent iso images.
2. Locate the appropriate DriverUpdate.iso file from the resource CD. Check the directory /support/drivers/sles9/64 on the resource CD.
Note This image can be transferred to a floppy disk or left on a hard disk drive because the Remote Console application can redirect a floppy image. If your hard drive is not displayed during the SLES9 installation process, verify that this driver is loaded.
3. Connect to the ILOM Service Processor web GUI. See the topic that describes how to log in to and out of the Sun ILOM web GUI. 4. Choose Remote ControlRedirection to start the Remote Console application. 5. Start keyboard and mouse redirection. See the topic that describes how to redirect keyboard, video, mouse, or storage devices. 6. Start CD/DVD redirection. There are two choices of redirection type, either to redirect a CD-ROM drive using the Devices menu and to insert either installation CD 1 into the redirect CD-ROM drive, or to redirect CD-ROM images using the Devices menu. Select disk 1 iso image when prompted. 7. Power on the server using the ILOM web GUI. See the topic that describes how to control power on the host server. 8. Press F2 to enter BIOS Setup and set the BIOS boot device to use AMI Virtual CDROM, or press F8 and select AMI Virtual CDROM when prompted. 9. When the SLES9 installation menu appears, use arrow keys to select Installation. Do not press ENTER.

Note Make this selection quickly before another value (the default) executes.
10. (Optional) Press F2 to change the display resolution to 1024x768. This is the default display resolution for the Remote Console application. 11. Press F6 to load the driver. SLES9 will indicate that you must have a driver floppy/CD ready. 12. Press ENTER to continue with the installation. SLES9 will prompt you for that driver disk. 13. Insert the driver disk into the redirected CD/DVD drive or (if using iso images) switch images by selecting CD-ROM Image from the Devices menu. 14. Select the CD/DVD image again and select driver iso image when prompted.
15. Select sr0 and press ENTER when SLES9 prompts you for which device the driver disk is in. 16. Select OK when SLES9 finishes installing the driver. 17. Choose Back. 18. Switch back to the SLES9 installation CD-1 or iso image-1 when SLES9 prompts you to insert CD-1 into the drive.
Note If SLES9 at this point indicates that there is not enough memory for graphical installation and that you must use text-based installation, use Tab keys to navigate options.
19. Proceed with SLES9 installation as usual.
About SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9, SP1 and PXE
The network interface card (NIC) in your Netra X4200 server supports the Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) network booting protocol. The system BIOS and network interface BIOS on your server automatically query the network for a DHCP server. PXE is a powerful and convenient solution for setting up a number of Netra X4200 servers so their configuration is identical.
To take advantage of SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 (SLSE9), Service Pack 1 (SP1) and PXE on your network, you need to perform the following tasks.
Set up your Linux network and PXE server. Install SUSE Linux images on that PXE server. Configure your server to boot from or to install from a SLES9 or SLES9 SP1 image on a PXE server.
Appendix A How to Create a SLES9 SP1 PXE Install Image on the PXE Server on page 59 How to Install SLES9 From a PXE Server on page 63
How to Create a SLES9 SP1 PXE Install Image on the PXE Server
Before you install a SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 (SLES9) image on your PXE server, you must configure your Linux network to support PXE images. See Appendix A for instructions on how to preconfigure your network to support PXE installations of SLES9.
The DHCP server that you set up when you preconfigured your network to support PXE installation, equipped with a CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 media CD set SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 SP1 media CD set Netra X4200 Resource CD
Follow these steps to create a PXE install image on the PXE server.
Note Before you start this procedure, verify that your network has been configured as described in the topic about preconfiguring your network to support PXE installation.

1. Insert the Resource CD into the DVD-ROM drive. 2. Copy the PXE support files from the Resource CD into the /tmp directory by typing the following commands: # mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom # cp -a /mnt/cdrom/support/pxeboot/sles9-pxefiles.tar.gz /tmp/. # cd /tmp # gunzip sles9-pxefiles.tar.gz # tar xvf sles9-pxefiles.tar # umount /mnt/cdrom 3. Set up the directory structure that will hold the SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 software. Type:
Note You can use a different target directory than the /home/pxeboot/sles9/ directory shown. The examples in this procedure use this directory.
# mkdir -p /home/pxeboot/sles9/sles9/CD1 mkdir -p /home/pxeboot/sles9/core9/CD{1,2,3,4,5} 4. Insert SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 CD 1 into your server and copy its contents to your PXE server. Type: # mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom # cp -a /mnt/cdrom/* /home/pxeboot/sles9/sles9/CD1 5. Remove SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 CD 1 from the server after you type the following command: # umount /mnt/cdrom 6. Insert SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 CD 2 into your server and copy its contents to your PXE server. Type: # mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom # cp -a /mnt/cdrom/* /home/pxeboot/sles9/core9/CD1
7. Remove SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 CD 2 from the server after you type the following command: # umount /mnt/cdrom 8. Insert SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 CD 3 into your server and copy its contents to your PXE server. Type: # mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom # cp -a /mnt/cdrom/* /home/pxeboot/sles9/core9/CD2 9. Remove SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 CD 3 from the server after you type the following command: # umount /mnt/cdrom 10. Insert SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 CD 4 into your server and copy its contents to your PXE server. Type: # mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom # cp -a /mnt/cdrom/* /home/pxeboot/sles9/core9/CD3 11. Remove SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 CD 4 from the server after you type the following command: # umount /mnt/cdrom 12. Insert SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 CD 5 into your server and copy its contents to your PXE server. Type: # mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom # cp -a /mnt/cdrom/* /home/pxeboot/sles9/core9/CD4 13. Remove SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 CD 5 from the server after you type the following command: # umount /mnt/cdrom 14. Insert SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 CD 6 into your server and copy its contents to your PXE server. Type: # mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom # cp -a /mnt/cdrom/* /home/pxeboot/sles9/core9/CD5 15. Remove SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 CD 6 from the server after you type the following command: # umount /mnt/cdrom

16. Insert the SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 SPx CD 1 into your server and copy its contents to your PXE server. Type: # mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom # cp -a /mnt/cdrom/* /home/pxeboot/sles9/SPx/CD1 Replace x with 1 for SP1. 17. Remove the SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 SPx CD 1 from the server after you type the following command: # umount /mnt/cdrom Replace x with 1 for SP1. 18. Insert SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 SPx CD 2 into your server and copy its contents to your PXE server. Type: # mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom # cp -a /mnt/cdrom/* /home/pxeboot/sles9/SPx/CD2 Replace x with 1 for SP1. 19. Remove SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 SPx CD 2 from the server after you type the following command: # umount /mnt/cdrom Replace x with 1 for SP1. 20. Set up the boot environment for the client system to boot from. Type: # cd /home/pxeboot/sles9 # ln -s sles9/CD1/boot. 21. Set up the content and media directories. Type: # ln -s sles9/CD1/content. # ln -s sles9/CD1/media.1. # ln -s sles9/CD1/control.xml. 22. Set up the appropriate content and instorder files. Type: # mkdir yast # cp /tmp/sles9-pxefiles/order yast/ # cp /tmp/sles9-pxefiles/instorder yast/ 23. Copy the autoyast.xml file from the /tmp/sles9-pxefiles/ directory to the root of the PXE image. Type: # cp /tmp/sles9-pxefiles/autoyast.xml /home/pxeboot/sles9/
24. Copy the updated initrd file from the /tmp/sles9-pxefiles/ directory to the root of the PXE image. Type: # cp /tmp/sles9-pxefiles/initrd /home/pxeboot/sles9/ 25. Create a directory to hold the updated Ethernet and SCSI driver RPMs. Type: # mkdir /home/pxeboot/sles9/rpms 26. Copy the Ethernet and SCSI RPMs into this new directory. Type: # cp /tmp/sles9-pxefiles/*.x86_64.rpm /home/pxeboot/sles9/rpms/ 27. On your PXE server, modify and save the file /home/pxeboot/pxelinux.cfg/default to add the following entry to it:
Note Type the text block from append through autoyast.xml as one continuous line with no returns.
default sles9 label sles9 kernel sles9/boot/loader/linux append textmode=1 initrd=sles9/initrd install= nfs://n.n.n.n/home/pxeboot/sles9 insmod = mptbase insmod= mptscsih autoyast=nfs://n.n.n.n/home/pxeboot/sles9/autoyast.xml Where n.n.n.n is the IP address of your PXE server.
How to Install SLES9 From a PXE Server

If a firewall is enabled on your PXE/DHCP server, you must disable it before attempting to install a PXE image onto the client system.
1. Execute the YaST command. Type: yast 2. Choose Security & Users. 3. Choose Firewall.
Choose none to disable the firewall for all network interfaces. Choose specific interfaces to enable the firewall on those only.
Installing SLES9 and SLES9 SP1 From the Network
When you have completed all the previous configuration steps, do the following. 1. Reboot the PXE/DHCP server. 2. Refer to the How to Create a SLES9 SP1 PXE Install Image on the PXE Server on page 59.
documentation Solaris 10 Operating System, 9 downloads, xi driver CD creation Red Hat Enterprise Linux, 29 to 31 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, 46 to 48
error messages, Sun Installation Assistant, 18
installing an operating system overview, 1 to 3 Red Hat Enterprise Linux, 25 to 42 Solaris 10, 5 to 16 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, 43 to 64
product updates Sun Fire X2100 server, xi Sun Fire X4100 server, xi PXE conguration Sun Installation Assistant, 23 to 24 PXE installation Red Hat Enterprise Linux, 38 to 42 creating a PXE install image, 38 to 41 installing the OS, 41 to 42 preconguring the network, 65 to 72 Solaris 10, 11 to 12 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, 58 to 64 creating the install image, 59 to 63 installing the OS, 63 to 64 preconguring the network, 72 to 79
Red Hat Enterprise Linux installation driver CD creation, 29 to 31 media installation, 31 to 33 overview, 25 to 27 preparation, 28 PXE installation, 38 to 42 creating a PXE install image, 38 to 41 installing the OS, 41 to 42 preconguring the network, 65 to 72 remote console installation, 36 to 37 updating the operating system, 33 to 35 updating the SCSI drivers, 34 related documentation, xii remote console installation Red Hat Enterprise Linux, 36 to 37 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, 56 to 58
log le, Sun Installation Assistant, 18
media installation Red Hat Enterprise Linux, 31 to 33 Solaris 10, 13 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, 51 to 53

 

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