Maxtor D740X-6L Manual
Internal - IDE - 40 GB - 7200 rpm - Maxtor
This maxtor d740x-6l ide hard drive features 80gb of formatted capacity and a 7200 rpm spindle speed. a 2 mb buffer, 8 ms average seek time, and udma/133 transfer rate ensures quick and reliable operation. add this maxtor d740x-6l 80 gb ide hard drive to
Part Numbers: D740X-6L, D740X6L, d740x-6l
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Maxtor D740X 6L 40GB
User reviews and opinions
|Jiml||9:23am on Sunday, August 1st, 2010|
|2 years of service Got this hard drive to install Win98 on and play old games. Super fast and reliable. 2 years of service Got this hard drive to install Win98 on and play old games. Super fast and reliable.|
|Big_Enchilada||3:30pm on Thursday, June 3rd, 2010|
|I used a pair of these on my Abit IT7 motherboard raid setup and talk about a fast hard drive. I got a reading of over 50. This drive really increaced the speed of my computer, before i had a 7 gig hard drive but now 80. Thanks newegg.|
|Doc Faustus||9:33am on Monday, May 10th, 2010|
|Had this drive for a while, worked fine for me until I decided to reformat when doing a clean install of XP. Nothing but problems after that.|
|rvanderblom||7:44am on Saturday, May 1st, 2010|
|Poor Quality This drive crashed within a week after I put it in use. I wipoed the data clean, and reinstalled everything, it crashed again. This drive not recommended I had one of these. It worked for about two years and then died. I lost all of my data. (After searching the internet.|
|cruelpup||1:21pm on Wednesday, March 10th, 2010|
|Cheap, only $40 on sale Drive has crashed three times in six months, must be replace Very easy set up None|
Comments posted on www.ps2netdrivers.net are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.
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September 19, 2001 Maxtor Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.
This publication could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically made to the information herein which will be incorporated in revised editions of the publication. Maxtor may make changes or improvements in the product(s) described in this publication at any time and without notice.
UL standard 1954 recognition granted under File No. E78016 CSA standard C22.2-950 certification granted under File No. LR49896 TUV Rheinland EN Tested to FCC Rules for Radiated and Conducted Emissions, Part 15, Sub Part J, for Class-B Equipment.
These products are covered by or licensed under one or more of the following U.S. Patents: 4,419,701; 4, 538,193 4,625,109; 4,639,798; 4,647,769; 4,647,997; 4,661,696; 4,669,004; 4,675,652; 4,703,176; 4,730,321; 4,772,974; 4,783,705; 4,819,153; 4,882,671; 4,920,442; 4,920,434; 4,982,296; 5,005,089; 5,027,241; 5,031,061; 5,084,791; 5,119,254; 5,160,865; 5,170,229; 5,177,771; Other U.S. and Foreign Patents Pending. Maxtor , MaxFax and No Quibble Service are registered trademarks of Maxtor Corporation, registered in
the U.S.A. and other countries. Maxtor D740X-6L, AutoTransfer, AutoRead, AutoWrite, DisCache, DiskWare, Defect Free Interface, and WriteCache are trademarks of Maxtor Corporation. All other brand names or trademarks are the property of their manufacturers. Maxtor reserves the right to make changes and improvements to its products, without incurring any obligation to incorporate such changes or improvements into units previously sold or shipped.
This product or document is protected by copyright and distributed under licences restricting its use, copying, distributing, and decompilation. No part of this product or document may be reproduced in any form by any means without prior written authorization of Maxtor and its licensors, if any. RESTRICTED RIGHTS LEGEND: Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraphs (c)(1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software clause at DFARS 252.227-7013 and FAR 52.227-19. THIS PUBLICATION IS PROVIDED AS IS WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTIULAR PURPOSE, OR NON-INFRINGEMENT. You can request Maxtor publications from your Maxtor Sales Representative or order them directly from Maxtor. Publication Number: 81-127378-01 Corporate Headquarters: 510 Cottonwood Drive Milpitas, California 95035 Tel: 408-432-1700 Fax: 408-432-4510 Research and Development Center: 2190 Miller Drive Longmont, Colorado 80501 Tel: 303-651-6000 Fax: 303-678-2165
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Thank you for your interest in Maxtor hard disk drives. This manual provides technical information for OEM engineers and systems integrators regarding the installation and use of Maxtor hard drives. Drive repair should be performed only at an authorized repair center. For repair information, contact the Maxtor Customer Service Center at 800-2MAXTOR or 408-922-2085.
CAUTION: Maxtor hard drives are
precision products. Failure to follow these precautions and guidelines outlined here may lead to product failure, damage and invalidation of all warranties.
BEFORE unpacking or handling a drive, take all proper electro-static discharge (ESD) precau-
tions, including personnel and equipment grounding. Stand-alone drives are sensitive to ESD damage. 4 BEFORE removing drives from their packing material, allow them to reach room temperature. During handling, NEVER drop, jar, or bump a drive. Once a drive is removed from the Maxtor shipping container, IMMEDIATELY secure the drive through its mounting holes within a chassis. Otherwise, store the drive on a padded, grounded, antistatic surface. 5 NEVER switch DC power onto the drive by plugging an electrically live DC source cable into the drive's connector. NEVER connect a live bus to the drive's interface connector. 6 ELECTRICAL GROUNDING - For proper operation, the drive must be securely fastened to a device bay that provides a suitable electrical ground to the drive baseplate. Please do not remove or cover up Maxtor factory-installed drive labels. They contain information required should the drive ever need repair.
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4
AUDIENCE.... MANUAL ORGANIZATION... TERMINOLOGY AND CONVENTIONS... REFERENCES....
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4
PRODUCT OVERVIEW.... KEY FEATURES.... REGULATORY COMPLIANCE STANDARDS.. HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS...
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This chapter gives an overview of the contents of this manual, including the intended audience, how the manual is organized, terminology and conventions, and references.
The Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT Product Manual is intended for several audiences. These audiences include: the end user, installer, developer, consumer electronics and personal computer original equipment manufacturer (CE/ PC OEM), and distributor. The manual provides information about installation, principles of operation, interface command implementation, and maintenance. The Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT family of drives provide a highquality, low-cost, market leading 40 GB per disk products to serve the consumer and mainstream commercial markets, as well as the consumer electronics market.
This manual is organized into the following chapters: Chapter 1 About This Manual Chapter 2 General Description Chapter 3 Installation Chapter 4 Specifications Chapter 5 Basic Principles of Operation Chapter 6 ATA Bus Interface and ATA Commands
In the Glossary at the back of this manual, you can find definitions for many of the terms used in this manual. In addition, the following abbreviations are used in this manual: ASIC ATA application-specific integrated circuit advanced technology attachment
Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT
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bpi dB dBA DPS SPS ECC Kfci Hz KB LSB mA MB bits per inch decibels decibels, A weighted Data Protection System Shock Protection System error correcting code thousands of flux changes per inch hertz kilobytes least significant bit milliamperes megabytes (1 MB = 1,000,000 bytes when referring to disk transfer rates or storage capacities and 1,048,576 bytes in all other cases) megabits per second megabytes per second megahertz milliseconds most significant bit millivolts nanoseconds tracks per inch microseconds volts Mb/s MB/s MHz ms MSB mV ns tpi s V The typographical and naming conventions used in this manual are listed below. Conventions that are unique to a specific table appear in the notes that follow that table. Typographical Conventions: Names of Bits: Bit names are presented in initial capitals. An example is the Host Software Reset bit. Commands: Interface commands are listed in all capitals. An example is WRITE LONG. Register Names: Registers are given in this manual with initial capitals. An example is the Alternate Status Register.
About This Manual
Parameters: Parameters are given as initial capitals when spelled out, and are given as all capitals when abbreviated. Examples are Prefetch Enable (PE), and Cache Enable (CE). Hexadecimal Notation: The hexadecimal notation is given in 9-point subscript form. An example is 30H. Signal Negation: A signal name that is defined as active low is listed with a minus sign following the signal. An example is RD. Messages: A message that is sent from the drive to the host is listed in all capitals. An example is ILLEGAL COMMAND. Naming Conventions: Host: In general, the system in which the drive resides is referred to as the host. Computer Voice: This refers to items you type at the computer keyboard. These items are listed in 10-point, all capitals, Courier font. An example is FORMAT C:/S.
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1. Open the shipping container and remove the packing assembly that contains the drive. 2. Remove the drive from the packing assembly. During shipment and handling, the antistatic electrostatic discharge (ESD) bag prevents electronic component damage due to electrostatic discharge. To avoid accidental damage to the drive, do not use a sharp instrument to open the ESD bag and do not touch PCB components. Save the packing materials for possible future use.
Drive Packing Assembly
Drive Packing Assembly of a Polypropylene 20-Pack Container
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Note: The 20-pack container should be shipped in the same way it was received from Maxtor. When individual drives are shipped from the 20-pack container then it should be appropriately packaged (not supplied with the 20-pack) to prevent damage.
The configuration of a Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT hard disk drive depends on the host system in which it is to be installed. This section describes the hardware options that you must take into account prior to installation. Figure 34 shows the printed circuit board (PCB) assembly, indicating the jumpers that control some of these options.
Jumper Locations for the Hard Disk Drive
Jumper Locations on the Interface Connector
The configuration of the following Three jumpers controls the drives five modes of operation: CS Cable Select DS Drive Select PK Jumper Parking Position (Slave mode) AC Alternate Capacity The AT PCB has two jumper locations provided to configure the drive in a system. The default configuration for the drive as shipped from the factory is with a jumper across the DS location, and open positions in the CS, PK and AC positions. Table 3-1 defines the operation of the master/slave jumpers and their function relative to pin 28 on the interface. 1 indicates that the specified jumper is installed; 0 indicates that the jumper is not installed.
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AT Jumper Options
CS 0 1
DS 0 0
PK X X
PIN 28 X Gnd
Note: In Table 3-1, a 0 indicates that the jumper is removed, a 1 indicates that the jumper is installed, and an X indicates that the jumper setting does not matter.
When a Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT hard disk drive and another ATA hard disk drive are daisy-chained together, they can be configured as Master or Slave either by the CS or DS jumpers. To configure the drive as a Master or Slave with the CS feature, the CS jumper is installed (1). The drive's position on the 80 conductor Ultra ATA data cable then determines whether the drive is a Master (Device 0) or a Slave (Device 1). If the drive is connected to the end of the Ultra (cable Select) data cable the drive is a Master. If the drive is connected to the middle connection it is set as a Slave. Once you install the CS jumper, the drive is configured as a Master or Slave by the state of the Cable Select signal: pin 28 of the ATA bus connector. Please note that pin 28 is a vendor-specific pin that Maxtor is using for a specific purpose. More than one function is allocated to CS, according to the ATA CAM specification (see reference to this specification in Chapter 1). If pin 28 is a 0 (grounded), the drive is configured as a Master. If it is a 1 (high), the drive is configured as a Slave. In order to configure two drives in a Master/Slave relationship using the CS jumper, you need to use a cable that provides the proper signal level at pin 28 of the ATA bus connector. This allows two drives to operate in a Master/Slave relationship according to the drive cable placement. The Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT hard disk drives are shipped from the factory as a Master (Device 0 - CS jumper installed). To configure a drive as a Slave (Device 1- DS scheme), the CS jumper must be removed. In this configuration, the spare jumper removed from the CS position may be stored on the PK jumper pins.
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To install the Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT hard disk drive in an AT-compatible system without a 40-pin ATA bus connector on its motherboard, you need a third-party IDE-compatible adapter board.
Carefully read the manual that accompanies your adapter board before installing it. Make sure that all the jumpers are set properly and that there are no address or signal conflicts. You must also investigate to see if your AT-compatible system contains a combination floppy and hard disk controller board. If it does, you must disable the hard disk drive controller functions on that controller board before proceeding. Once you have disabled the hard disk drive controller functions on the floppy/hard drive controller, install the adapter board. Again, make sure that you have set all jumper straps on the adapter board to avoid addressing and signal conflicts. Note: For Sections 3.7 and 3.8, power should be turned off on the computer before installing the drive.
2. Insert the other end of the cable into the header on the drive. When inserting this end of the cable, make sure that pin 1 of the cable connects to pin 1 of the drive connector. 3. Secure the drive to the system chassis by using the mounting screws, as shown in Figure 3-11.
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Drive Power Supply and ATA Bus Interface Cables
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Use a 40-pin ribbon cable to connect the drive to the board. See Figure 3-10. To connect the drive to the board:
Completing the Drive Installation
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Older BIOS that only support Int 13 commands for accessing ATA drives through DOS based operating systems will be limited to use only 1024 cylinders. This will reduce the effective capacity of the drive to 528Mbytes. Whenever possible the Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT drive should be used on systems that support LBA translation to ensure the use of the entire capacity of the disk drive. If that is not possible the following are some techniques that can be used to overcome this barrier. Use a third party software program that translates the hard drive parameters to an acceptable configuration for MS-DOS.
Use a hard disk controller that translates the hard drive parameters to an appropriate setup for both MS-DOS and the computer systems ROMBIOS. Insert the Alternate Capacity (AC) jumper on the drive (see Section 3.3.5).
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Newer BIOSs allow users to configure disk drives to go beyond the 528MB barrier by using several BIOS translation schemes. However, while using these translations the BIOS using Int 13 functions are limited to 24 bits of addressing which results in another barrier at the 8.4GB capacity. To overcome this barrier a new set of Int 13 extensions are being implemented by most BIOS manufacturers. The new Int 13 extension allows for four words of addressing space (64 bits) resulting in 9.4 Terrabytes of accessible space. Whenever possible the Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT drive should be used on systems with BIOS that support Int 13 extensions. If that is not possible the following are some techniques that can be used to overcome this barrier: Use a third party software that supplements the BIOS and adds Int 13 extension support. Obtain a BIOS upgrade from the system board manufacturer. Many system board manufacturers allow their BIOS to be upgraded in the field using special download utilities. Information on BIOS upgrades can be obtained on the System Board Customer Service respective web sites on the Internet. Insert the Alternate Capacity (AC) jumper on the drive (see Section 3.3.5). Most popular operating systems available today have additional limitations which affect the use of large capacity drives. However, these limitations can not be corrected on the BIOS and it is up to the operating system manufacturers to release improved versions to address these problems. The most popular operating systems available today, DOS and Win 95, use a File Allocation Table (FAT) size of 16 bits which will only support partitions up to 2.1GB. A newer release of Win 95 called OSR2 with a 32 bit FAT has been released to system manufacturers only. This new FAT size table will support partitions of up to 2.2 Terrabytes.
Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT 3-17
20.0GB LBA Capacity CHS Capacity Logical Cylinders Logical Heads Logical Sectors/ Track Total Number Logical Sectors 20.0GB 8,455MB
1. Maximum operating temperature must not exceed the drive at any point along the drive form factor envelope. Airflow or other means must be used as needed to meet this requirement. 2. The humidity range shown is applicable for temperatures whose combination does not result in condensation in violation of the wet bulb specifications. 3. Altitude is relative to sea level. 4. The specified drive uncorrectable error rate will not be exceeded over these conditions.
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Maxtor D740X-6L hard disk drives are designed to meet the form factor dimensions of the SFF committee specification SFF8300. Height: 25.4 mm maximum Width: 101.6 0.25mm Depth: 147.0 mm maximum Weight: 1.3 lb Table 4-7 summarizes the environmental specifications of the Maxtor D740X-6L hard disk drives. Environmental Specifications
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30.0Gs, 2ms (write) 63.0Gs, 2ms (read)
300Gs, 2ms 150Gs, 1ms
0.004 (10 500Hz).5G P-P 5-500Hz 1/2 octave per minute sweep 12.5 rad/sec (10 300Hz)
0.05 (10 500Hz) 2G P-P 5500Hz 1 octave per minute sweep
1. The specified drive unrecovered error rate will not be exceeded over these conditions.
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Before handling the Maxtor hard disk drive some precautions must to be taken to ensure that the drive is not damaged. Use both hands while handling the drive and hold the drive by its edges. Maxtor drives are designed to withstand normal handling, however, hard drives can be damaged by electrostatic discharge (ESD), dropping the drive, rough handling, and mishandling. Use of a properly grounded wrist strap to the earth is strongly recommended. Always keep the drive inside its special antistatic bag until ready to install. Note: To avoid causing any damage to the drive do not touch the Printed Circuit Board (PCB) or any of its components when handling the drive.
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The Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT hard disk drives can withstand levels of shock and vibration applied to any of its three mutually perpendicular axes, or principal base axis, as specified in Table 4-8. A functioning drive can be subjected to specified operating levels of shock and vibration. When a drive has been subjected to specified nonoperating levels of shock and vibration, with power to the drive off, there will be no loss of user data at power on. When packed in its 1-pack shipping container, the Maxtor D740X-6L drives can withstand a drop from 30 inches onto a concrete surface on any of its surfaces, six edges, or three corners. The 20-pack shipping container can withstand a drop from 30 inches onto a concrete surface on any of its surfaces, six edges, or three corners. Shock and Vibration Specifications
Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT 6-1
ATA Bus Interface and ATA Commands
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The Maxtor D740X-6L hard disk drives allow their host systems to address the full set of command and control registers as specified in ATA/ATAPI-6 section 7.
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The Processor, Disk Controller, and ATA Interface electronics are contained in a proprietary ASIC developed by Maxtor as shown in Figure 5-3. The Maxtor D740X-6L hard disk drives support all the mandatory commands from the general feature set for non-packet devices. They are: EXECUTE DEVICE DIAGNOSTIC FLUSH CACHE IDENTIFY DEVICE INITIALIZE DEVICE PARAMETERS READ DMA READ MULTIPLE READ SECTOR(S) READ VERIFY SECTOR(S) SEEK SET FEATURES SET MULTIPLE MODE WRITE DMA WRITE MULTIPLE WRITE SECTOR(S) The drives support the following optional commands from the general feature set for non-packet devices: DOWNLOAD MICROCODE NOP READ BUFFER WRITE BUFFER
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The drives support the Ultra DMA feature set for the following commands: READ DMA WRITE DMA The drives support the following commands from the optional Power Management feature set: CHECK POWER MODE IDLE IDLE IMMEDIATE SLEEP STANDBY STANDBY IMMEDIATE
Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT 6-3
The drives support the Multiword DMA protocol.
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The drives support the following commands from the optional Security Mode feature set: SECURITY SET PASSWORD SECURITY UNLOCK SECURITY ERASE PREPARE SECURITY ERASE UNIT SECURITY FREEZE LOCK SECURITY DISABLE PASSWORD The drives support the following commands from the optional SMART feature set: SMART DISABLE OPERATIONS SMART ENABLE/DISABLE AUTOSAVE SMART ENABLE OPERATIONS SMART RETURN STATUS SMART EXECUTE OFF-LINE IMMEDIATE SMART READ DATA SMART READ LOG SECTOR SMART WRITE LOG SECTOR The drives support the following commands from the optional Host Protected Area feature set including security extensions: READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS SET MAX ADDRESS SET MAX SET PASSWORD SET MAX LOCK SET MAX FREEZE LOCK SET MAX UNLOCK The drives support the optional Automatic Acoustic Management feature set which uses subcommands of the SET FEATURES command.
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Defect List Subcode Password Password Password Drive Select Extended Command Code
Length in Sectors (LSB) Length in Sectors (MSB) FFh 3Fh AXh = Drive 0 BXh = Drive 1 Status Register
AXh (Drive 0) BXh (Drive 1) Command F0h
Registers 1F2h through 1F5h must contain the exact values shown. These values function as a key. The drive issues the message ILLEGAL COMMAND if the bytes are not entered correctly.
The READ DEFECT LIST command is an extended AT command that enables the host to retrieve the drives defect list. The host begins by writing to address 1F6h to select the drive. Then the host writes to addresses 1F2h 1F5h using values indicated in Table 6-4. When the host subsequently writes the extended command code F0h to address 1F7h, the drive sets BSY, retrieves the defect list, sets DRQ, and resets BSY. The host can now read the requested number of sectors (512 bytes) of data. An INTRQ precedes each sector. Bytes 1F2h and 1F3h contain the 2-byte number of sectors that the host expects to read, with address 1F2h containing the LSB (see Table 6-4). The sector count (1F2h 1F3h) may vary from product to product and if the wrong value is supplied for a specific product, the drive responds by setting the ABRT bit in the Error register. If the host does not know the appropriate sector count for a specific product, it can issue the Read Defect List Length command, described in the previous section to set up the task file for the Read Defect List command.
READ DEFECT LIST Command Bytes
Variable Variable FFh 3Fh
Length in Sectors (LSB) Length in Sectors (MSB) Password Password
AXh = Drive 0 BXh = Drive 1 F0h
Drive Select Extended Command Code
Registers 1F2h and 1F3h must contain the transfer length that is appropriate for the specific product, and 1F4h and 1F5h must contain the exact values shown. These values function as a key. The drive responds by setting the ABRT bit in the Error register if the bytes are not entered correctly.
Pending defects will be excluded from the list, since no alternate sector is being used as their replacement, and since they may be removed from the drives internal pending list at a later time. Table 6-5 shows the overall format of the defect list, and Table 66 shows the format of the individual defect entries.
6-10 Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT
PE Prefetch Enable (Byte 32, Bit 1): When set to 1, this bit indicates that the drive will perform prefetching. A PE bit set to 0 indicates that no prefetching will occur. The CE bit (bit 0) must be set to 1 to enable use of the PE bit. The default value is 1.
6-14 Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT
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A 512-byte data field is associated with this command. This data field is sent to the drive through a normal 512-byte write handshake. Table 6-10 shows the format of the data field. Bytes 0 through 31 of the data field contain additional KEY information. The drive responds by setting the ABRT bit in the Error register if this information is not entered correctly. Bytes 32 through 35 control the operation of DisCache. Bytes 36 through 38 control operation of the error recovery procedure. The drive does not use bytes 40 through 511, which should be set to 0. Configuration Command Format
CE Cache Enable (Byte 32, Bit 0): When set to 1, this bit indicates that the drive will activate caching on all READ commands. With the CE bit set to 0, the drive will disable caching and use the RAM only as a transfer buffer. The default setting is 1.
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AWRE Automatic Write Reallocation Enabled (Byte 36, Bit 7): When set to 1, indicates that the drive will enable automatic reallocation of bad blocks. Automatic Write Reallocation is similar to the function of Automatic Read Reallocation, but is initiated by the drive when a defective block has become inaccessible for writing. An AWRE bit set to 0 indicates that the Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT drives will not automatically reallocate bad blocks. The default setting is 1. ARR Automatic Read Reallocation (Byte 36, Bit 6): When set to 1, this bit indicates that the drive will enable automatic reallocation of bad sectors. The drive initiates reallocation when the ARR bit is set to 1 and the drive encounters a hard errorthat is, if the triple-burst ECC algorithm is invoked. The default setting is 1. When the ARR bit is set to 0, the drive will not perform automatic reallocation of bad sectors. If RC (byte 36, bit 4) is 1, the drive ignores this bit. The default value is 1. RC Read Continuous (Byte 36, Bit 4): When set to 1, this bit instructs the drive to transfer data of the requested length without adding delays to increase data integritythat is, delays caused by the drives error-recovery procedures. With RC set to 1 to maintain a continuous flow of data and avoid delays, the drive may send data that is erroneous. When the drive ignores an error, it does not post the error. The RC bit set to 0 indicates that potentially time-consuming operations for error recovery are acceptable during data transfer. The default setting is 0. EEC Enable Early Correction (Byte 36, Bit 3): When set to 1, this bit indicates that the drive will use its ECC algorithm if it detects two consecutive equal, nonzero error syndromes. The drive will not perform rereads before applying correction, unless it determines that the error is uncorrectable. An EEC bit set to 0 indicates that the drive will use its normal recovery procedure when an error occurs: rereads, followed by error correction. If the RC bit (byte 36, bit 4) is set to 1, the drive ignores the EEC bit. The default setting is 0. SilentMode (Byte 36, Bit 2): When set to 1, this bit indicates that the drives acoustic emanations will be reduced. DCR Disable Correction (Byte 36, Bit 0): When set to 1, this bit indicates that all data will be transferred without correction, even if it would be possible to correct the data. A DCR bit set to 0 indicates that the data will be corrected if possible. If the data is uncorrectable, it will be transferred without correction, though the drive will attempt rereads. If RC (byte 36, bit 4) is set to 1, the drive ignores this bit. The default setting is 0. The drive will post all errors, whether DCR is set to 0 or 1. NUMBER OF RETRIES (Byte 37): This byte specifies the number of times that the drive will attempt to recover from data errors by rereading the data, before it will apply correction. The drive performs rereads before ECC correctionunless EEC (byte 36, bit 3) is set to 1, enabling early correction. The default is eight. ECC CORRECTION SPAN (Byte 38): This byte specifies the maximum number of 10-bit symbols that can be corrected using ECC. The default value for this byte is 20h or 32 decimal.
Bit 0 - Pre-power mode attribute saving capability - If the value of this bit equals one, the device will save its attribute values prior to going into a power saving mode (Idle, Standby or Sleep modes). Bit 1 - Attribute autosave after event capability - If the value of this bit is equal to one, the device supports the SMART ENABLE/DISABLE ATTRIBUTE AUTOSAVE command. Bits 2-15 - Reserved for future use. The data structure checksum is the twos compliment of the result of a simple eightbit addition of the first 511 bytes in the data structure.
COMMAND CODE - B0h TYPE - Optional - SMART Feature set. If the SMART feature set is implemented, this command shall be implemented. PROTOCOL - Non-data command. INPUTS - The Features register shall be set to DAh. The Cylinder Low register shall be set to 4Fh. The Cylinder High register shall be set to C2h.
Cylinder High Device/Head Command D
NORMAL OUTPUTS - If the device has not detected a threshold exceeded condition, the device sets the Cylinder Low register to 4Fh and the Cylinder High register to C2h. If the device has detected a threshold exceeded condition, the device sets the Cylinder Low register to F4h and the Cylinder High register to 2Ch. ERROR OUTPUTS - If the device does not support this command, if SMART is disabled or if the values in the Features, Cylinder Low or Cylinder High registers are invalid, an Aborted command error is posted.
Error Sector Count Sector Number Cylinder Low Cylinder High Device/Head Status
na na na na na obs BSY
na DRD Y
na DRQ na na ERR
PREREQUISITES - DRDY set equal to one. SMART enabled. DESCRIPTION - This command is used to communicate the reliability status of the device to the host at the hosts request. Upon receipt of this command the device sets BSY, saves any updated attribute values to non-volatile memory and compares the updated attribute values to the attribute thresholds.
5' 7. # 8 ' $+ # ' 8 # 4 #/ 5
COMMAND CODE - B0h TYPE - Optional - SMART Feature set. If the SMART feature set is implemented, this command is optional and not recommended. PROTOCOL - Non-data command INPUTS - The Features register shall be set to D3h. The Cylinder Low register shall be set to 4Fh. The Cylinder High register shall be set to C2h.
6-20 Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT
ERROR OUTPUTS - If the device does not support this command, if SMART is disabled or if the values in the Features, Cylinder Low or Cylinder High registers are invalid, an Aborted command error is posted.
PREREQUISITES - DRDY set equal to one. SMART enabled. DESCRIPTION - This command causes the device to immediately save any updated attribute values to the devices non-volatile memory regardless of the state of the attribute autosave timer. Upon receipt of this command from the host, the device sets BSY, writes any updated attribute values to non-volatile memory, clears BSY and asserts INTRQ.
6-22 Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT
ACCESS (v) Read, write, or update information on some storage medium, such as a disk. (n) One of these operations. ACCESS TIME The interval between the time a request for data is made by the system and the time the data is available from the drive. Access time includes the actual seek time, rotational latency, and command processing overhead time. See also seek, rotational latency, and overhead. ACTUATOR Also known as the positioner. The internal mechanism that moves the read/write head to the proper track. The Maxtor actuator consists of a rotary voice coil and the head mounting arms. One end of each head mounting arm attaches to the rotor with the read/write heads attached at the opposite end of each arm. As current is applied to the rotor, it rotates, positioning the heads over the desired cylinder on the media. AIRLOCK A patented Maxtor feature that ensures durable and reliable data storage. Upon removal of power from the drive for any reason, the read/write heads automatically park and lock in a non data area called the landing zone. AIRLOCK allows the drive to withstand high levels of non-operating shock. When power is applied to the drive, airflow created from the spinning disks causes the AIRLOCK arm to swing back and unlock the actuator, allowing the heads to move from the landing zone. Upon power down, the AIRLOCK swings back to the locked position, locking the heads in the landing zone. A park utility is not required to park the heads on drives equipped with AIRLOCK (all Maxtor drives). ALLOCATION The process of assigning particular areas of the disk to particular files. See also allocation unit.
ALLOCATION UNIT An allocation unit, also known as a cluster, is a group of sectors on the disk that can be reserved for the use of a particular file.
AVERAGE SEEK TIME The average time it takes for the read/write head to move to a specific location. To compute the average seek time, you divide the time it takes to complete a large number of random seeks all over the disk by the number of seeks performed.
BACKUP A copy of a file, directory, or volume on a separate storage device from the original, for the purpose of retrieval in case the original is accidentally erased, damaged, or destroyed. BAD BLOCK A block (usually the size of a sector) that cannot reliably hold data because of a media flaw or damaged format markings. BAD TRACK TABLE A label affixed to the casing of a hard disk drive that tells which tracks are flawed and cannot hold data. The listing is typed into the low-level formatting program when the drive is being installed. Because Maxtor disk drives defect-management scheme handles all such flaws automatically, there is no need to concern yourself with bad track tables. BIT Abbreviation for binary digit. A binary digit may have one of two values1 or 0. This contrasts with a decimal digit, which may have a value from 0 to 9. A bit is one of the logic 1or logic 0 binary settings that make up a byte of data. See also byte. BLOCK A sector or group of sectors. By default, a block of data consists of 512 bytes.
G-6 Maxtor D740X-6L 20.0/40.0/60.0/80.0GB AT
REMOVABLE DISK Generally said of disk drives where the disk itself is meant to be removed, and in particular of hard disks using disks mounted in cartridges. Their advantage is that multiple disks can be used to increase the amount of stored material, and that once removed, the disk can be stored away to prevent unauthorized use. RLL Run Length Limited. A method used on some hard disks to encode data into magnetic pulses. RLL requires more processing, but stores almost 50% more data per disk than the MFM method. ROM Acronym for read only memory. Usually in the form of an ROM in the controller that contains programs that can be accessed and read but not modified by the system. ROTARY ACTUATOR The rotary actuator replaces the stepper motor used in the past by many hard disk manufacturers. The rotary actuator is perfectly balanced and rotates around a single pivot point. It allows closed-loop feedback positioning of the heads, which is more accurate than stepper motors. ROTATIONAL LATENCY The delay between when the controller starts looking for a specific block of data on a track and when that block rotates around to where it can be read by the read/write head. On the average, it is half of the time needed for a full rotation (about 8 ms.).
header, which cannot be overwritten. SEEK A movement of the disk read/write head in or out to a specific track. SERVO DATA Magnetic markings written on the media that guide the read/write heads to the proper position. SERVO SURFACE A separate surface containing only positioning and disk timing information but no data. SETTLE TIME The interval between when a track to track movement of the head stops, and when the residual vibration and movement dies down to a level sufficient for reliable reading or writing. SHOCK RATING A rating (expressed in Gs) of how much shock a disk drive can sustain without damage. SOFT ERROR An error in reading data from the disk that does not recur if the same data is reread. Often caused by power fluctuations or noise spikes. SOFT SECTORED Disks that mark the beginning of each sector of data within a track by a magnetic pattern. SPINDLE The center shaft of the disk upon which the drives platters are mounted. SPUTTER A type of coating process used to apply the magnetic coating to some high-performance disks. In sputtering, the disks are placed in a vacuum chamber and the coating is vaporized and deposited on the disks. The resulting surface is hard, smooth, and capable of storing data at high density. Maxtor disk drives use sputtered thin film disks. STEPPER A type of motor that moves in discrete amounts for each input electrical pulse. Stepper motors used to be widely used for read/write head positioner, since they can be geared to move the head one track per step. Stepper motors are not as fast or reliable as the rotary voice coil actuators which Maxtor disk drives use. SUBSTRATE The material the disk
SCSI Acronym for Small Computer System Interface, an American National Standards Institute (ANSI) version of Shugart Associates' SASI interface between the computer and controller. SCSI has grown in popularity and is one of the most flexible and intelligent interfaces available. SECTOR A section of space along a track on the disk, or the data that is stored in that section. Hard disks most often have sectors that are 512 data bytes long plus several bytes overhead for error correcting codes. Each sector is preceded by ID data known as a
platter is made of beneath the magnetic coating. Hard disks are generally made of aluminum or magnesium alloy (or glass, for optical disks) while the substrate of floppies is usually mylar. SURFACE The top or bottom side of the platter which is coated with the magnetic material for recording data. On some drives one surface may be reserved for positioning information.
UNFORMATTED CAPACITY The total number of bytes of data that could be fit onto a disk. Formatting the disk requires some of this space to record location, boundary definitions, and timing information. After formatting, user data can be stored on the remaining disk space, known as formatted capacity. The size of a Maxtor drive is expressed in formatted capacity.
THIN FILM A type of coating, used for disk surfaces. Thin film surfaces allow more bits to be stored per disk. TPI Acronym for tracks per inch. The number of tracks or cylinders that are written in each inch of travel across the surface of a disk. TRACK One of the many concentric magnetic circle patterns written on a disk surface as a guide to where to store and read the data. TRACK DENSITY How closely the tracks are packed on a disk surface. The number is specified as tracks per inch (TPI). TRACK TO TRACK SEEK TIME The time required for the read/write heads to move to an adjacent track. TRANSFER RATE The rate at which the disk sends and receives data from the controller. Drive specifications usually reference a high number that is the burst mode rate for transferring data across the interface from the disk buffer to system RAM. Sustained data transfer is at a much lower rate because of system processing overhead, head switches, and seeks.
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive
From: Mark Smith <shieldsup@xxxxxxx> Date: Mon, 14 Mar 2011 16:16:05 GMT I had the same problem on one machine, but not the other. I went into DiskMgmt.msc and did see the external drive listed and it was associated to drive F:. Now I also noted that my work maps drive F: to a network drive, so there must be a conflict here. So, I changed the drive designation for the external drive from F: to a different letter that was not being used in this case for me I chose X:. Windows then detected the drive and I was able to view the contents via Windows Explorer.
On Tuesday, January 08, 2008 4:01 AM Smiley wrote:
I have an external drive which used at work as well as at home. After used it at work, found that can't be used at home. There are message came up to say drive H not found which is a drive on my machine at work. This external drive not showing in my computer, not in Disk Management or window explorer. I am using window xp at work and home. Any help appreciated
On Friday, January 11, 2008 9:12 AM pope114 wrote:
I can't help but I'm going to watch to see if anyone can. I'm having a similar problem with a Maxtor OneTouch external hard drive which functioned for a year thru USB with no problem, then suddenly would not work. I've moved it to my laptop and it is ok there. Bought a new external drive, another vendor, but the desktop computer will not recognize it. It also works fine on my laptop. I have posted this on XP General, with couple of responses but no success. There are enough similar posts (one every few Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 1
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive days) in XP General and other places that this is obviously a common problem which someone must have solved, but no solution has surfaced yet. "Smiley" wrote:
On Friday, January 11, 2008 11:28 AM Smiley wrote:
Glad I am not the only one as it seems I always has funny problem. Well we just have to watch this space.
On Saturday, January 12, 2008 6:33 PM smlunatick wrote:
On Jan 11, 11:28=A0am, "Smiley" <firework.@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
=A0I've , so e of ew or Sounds like your external device may now be showing up as a "unknown" device and you may have to clear it out from Device Manager and let XP redetect it. Here is a "batch" file that lets you "activate" Device manager in a mode to show "hidden" devices. set devmgr_show_nonpresent_devices=3D1 cd %SystemRoot%\System32 Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 2
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive start devmgmt.msc Just activate 'Show Hidden Devices" from the menu, once in Device Manager.
On Saturday, February 23, 2008 1:16 AM Jud wrote:
External HDD is not listed. I have had the same issue in just the last two weeks, since the last update push. I have lost all reference to 2 maxtor drives on 3 machines. I have been working with MS (as their issue) for over 15 hours. We don't have a fix yet. It has been escalated to senior technician. I'll let you know if I learn anything. Maxtor is ready to check it too, but is not guaranteeing my 300 G of data. J MCDBA
On Saturday, February 23, 2008 7:00 PM Ed Covney wrote:
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive Is the drive listed in Disk Management? (Start, Run, "DiskMgmt.msc") If listed without a drive letter import it. I've seen this happen when moving external drives between two or more systems. If not, you may have a bad port or drive try on a 2nd system. Ed
"Jude" <Jude@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote in message news:32D96BE50D904D09B5B4F37ED4B00E44@xxxxxxxxx
On Sunday, February 24, 2008 10:14 AM Jud wrote:
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive Hi Ed, When I go to Manage my computer, disk drives show under device manager and the drive shows there. But not under the disk mgmt DiskMgmt.msc. All the USB drives work on 3 machines, but all 3 cann't access the external hard drive. They all could 3 weeks ago for Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 5
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 1 week straight. it was connected to my TV programs and a small network. tx jude
On Sunday, February 24, 2008 1:19 PM Ed Covney wrote:
Jude Are you sure? DiskMgmt.msc has two areas At top it lists all drives Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 6
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive assigned a drive letter & attached. Below, it list all in two groups fix & removeable disks (0,1,2,. etc); and CDROM drives (0,1,. etc) whether they have an assigned drive letter or not. I can format drives on any system (mainframe, mini, sun, etc) and it should be Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 7
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive listed at the bottom. Importing foreign disks and getting Windows to assign a drive letter is another issue. Ed
On Monday, February 25, 2008 1:05 PM Jud wrote:
Hi Ed, Yes, I am very sure. Now it is over 15 hours with MS. Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 8
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive It shows at the top but not the bottom. It does not show in my computer. It acknowledges the connection and says it is installed, but it can't be accessed. This is only with my 2 maxtor drives. Not my speedmetal external drive. Today they decided it was the bios. Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 9
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive or my network program. I have uninstalled the networking program and I have flashed my bios. Nothing in "my computer". Do you work for MS? I can give you the case number. just let me know and I'll check with my senior technician.
"Ed Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 10
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive Covney" wrote:
On Monday, February 25, 2008 2:44 PM Ed Covney wrote:
No. But I've been in computers since the beginning (1966), IBMs, GE's, Honeywell and now PCs for nearly 30 years. First of all, DO NOT do any rash if you value Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 11
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive the 300GB of data. They are external drives, but how do they connect? (eSata, USB, etc.) Have you EVER assigned their drive letters manulally? (vs letting Windows assign the next letter automatically) Do they show up in your BIOS? (if SCSI, check SCSI controller BIOS). Has anything Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 12
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive changed on the drives themselves? (for ex: if they are IDE in a USB enclosure, the drive must be set to MA ("master") not SL, or CS How does the speedmetal drive connect? What happens if you disconnect all external devices except one of the maxtor's? (This includes your Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 13
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive printer if it has a flash reader. In fact, disconnect any and all flash readers, internal or external). If I had the drive here, I get down to basics: First, I'd remove the drive from the ext enclosure & connect it directly to my bench PC using the drive's native Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 14
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive cable connectors. This most of the potentially bad links from a chain where something adverse is happening. If you are comfortable doing that, it's probably the next best step. If not, still disconnect all except one of the Maxtor's and if not otherwise dangerous, restore your system back 3 or Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 15
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 4 weeks. If you know how to email me directly, send me an email with your number and a good time to call (I'm mst). Ed
On Friday, February 06, 2009 3:23 PM Karen Pulliam wrote:
I am having a similar problem. Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 16
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive I want to move the data from a Maxtor d740x6l to a new computer. The new computer has a SATA drive. I have tried on two computers (both running XP pro with current updates) to connect the drive using a USB 2.0 universal drive adapter as an external drive. Both computers Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 17
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive see a "USB Mass Storage Device" but don't recognize the manufacturer or any drive information. It isn't assigned a drive letter.
In "Device Manager" it shows as "USB Device", device type: disk drives and working properly. Under "Details\Hardware IDs" the drive is not identified (By contrast, a Kingston Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive 18
Re: Maxtor d740x6l not getting drive letter when used with USB as external drive DataTraveler 2.0 Flash Drive shows us as "Kingston DataTraveler 2.0 USB Device", gets a drive letter and under Under "Details\Hardware IDs" the Kingston is identified.)
The Maxtor does not show in Computer Management\Disk Management but the Kingston does.
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