Yamaha PSR-248 Manual
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A Tidbit of Video Game Themes! (A la TheMetalMan1112)
User reviews and opinions
|Chrof||9:37pm on Friday, September 24th, 2010|
|This is a great phone overall. The battery life is unparalleled. Texting is easy with the large key pad. This is truly a excellent phone and great for people who text or write a lot of emails on the go.|
|Scrook||5:24am on Thursday, September 9th, 2010|
|Would have worked perfectly if I did not have a skin that partially covered the screen. this is a great product for the price.....it has saved my phone several times when i have dropped it! I ordered the pink one and i love the color! Great products...the cover is great and I really like the mirror screen protector. Also car charger and wall charger were just an added bonus.|
|wismerhill||10:57pm on Monday, September 6th, 2010|
|I have a blackberry 9630. This is my 3rd blackberry and my last one. Nice keyboard and pretty.. alot of features ease of use trackball worked well for me Freezes on apps and GPS constantly freezing and needing a 5+ minute restart which is unaccep...|
|gregmccloud||2:06am on Thursday, August 26th, 2010|
|This is literally a base that your charger plugs into the back of. THAT IS IT! It does not sync, provide you with an additional charging cord. all in all, a good product for the money. Works Very well and phone charges every time you drop it into the charging stand 1.|
|phare||9:44am on Thursday, May 13th, 2010|
|I love my BlackBerry! I find it very easy to use! I love the ability to customize it, the ease with which I can get to my apps. Love the Blackberry Tour, the battery life is horrendous though.|
|vwgtiturbo||6:22pm on Friday, April 30th, 2010|
|Perfect for my needs I ordered this item to keep at my office and charge my HTC Evo 4G. It fits and charges the device perfectly. Works great for HTC Evo!!!! No noticeable difference between this and the charger that came with the EVO. It does charge while the phone is on. It works I bought this for a different phone (LG brand not Blackberry). It works, but when I plug it up.|
Comments posted on www.ps2netdrivers.net are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.
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61 Keyboard Yamaha PSR-85 Yamaha QS-300 Yamaha S-03 Yamaha S-30 Yamaha PSR-280 Yamaha PSR-320 Yamaha PSR-330 Yamaha PSR-420 Yamaha PSR-77 Yamaha PSR-79 Yamaha PSR-140 Yamaha PSR-170 Yamaha PSR-195 Yamaha PSR-220 Yamaha PSR-225GM Yamaha PSR-230 Yamaha PSR-240 Yamaha PSR-248 Yamaha PSR-260 Yamaha PSR-270 Technics SX-KN501 Technics SX-KN701 Technics SX-KN901 Technics SX-WSA1 Waldorf Microwave XTK Waldorf Q Waldorf Q+ Yamaha AN1X Yamaha CS1X Yamaha CS2X Roland XP-10 Roland XP-30 Roland XP-30 Roland XP-50 Roland XP-60 Instrument Size Keyboard Case size Steady Model No. SGB-K61T SGB-K61 SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61 SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61 SGB-K61 Steady Model No. RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61
38.000" H x 11.250" W x 4.500" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 42.000" H x 14.625" W x 4.750" D 42.5 x 15 x 4.75 38.250" H x 11.250" W x 3.250" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 39.437" H x 13.562" W x 3.875" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 37.375" H x 14.750" W x 5.250" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 36.750" H x 14.625" W x 5.000" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 36.750" H x 14.625" W x 5.000" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 36.750" H x 14.625" W x 5.000" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 36.625" H x 15.625" W x 5.375" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 36.250" H x 12.500" W x 4.250" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 36.250" H x 12.500" W x 4.250" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 36.660" H x 13.750" W x 5.062" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 36.660" H x 13.750" W x 4.330" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 36.400" H x 14.500" W x 4.700" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 36.750" H x 14.625" W x 5.062" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 37.000" H x 13.500" W x 5.500" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 36.750" H x 14.625" W x 5.000" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 36.250" H x 12.500" W x 4.250" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 37.375" H x 14.750" W x 5.250" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 36.750" H x 14.625" W x 5.062" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 39.250" H x 13.625" W x 4.625" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 39.250" H x 13.625" W x 4.625" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 39.250" H x 13.625" W x 4.625" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 41.500" H x 13.875" W x 4.500" D 42.5 x 15 x 4.75 39.250" H x 14.250" W x 5.437" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 39.250" H x 14.250" W x 5.312" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 39.250" H x 14.250" W x 5.312" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 38.375" H x 11.250" W x 4.000" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 38.375" H x 11.250" W x 4.000" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 38.375" H x 11.250" W x 4.000" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 40.750" H x 11.750" W x 3.750" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 39.750" H x 11.500" W x 3.500" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 39.812" H x 11.375" W x 3.500" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 40.500" H x 13.375" W x 3.875" D 42.5 x 15 x 4.75 40.500" H x 13.375" W x 3.875" D 42.5 x 15 x 4.75
Roland JV-35 Roland JV-50 Roland JX-305 Roland RS-5 Roland RS-70/50 Roland EXR-5/3 Roland Fantom X6 Roland JP-8000 Roland Juno D Peavey DPM4 Roland AX-7 Roland E-16 Roland E-36 Roland E-66 Roland EM-15 Roland EM-25 Kurzwell KME 61 Novation KS-5 Novation Super Nova II Korg Triton Le 61 Korg X-50 Korg x3 Korg x5 Korg x5D Kurzwell K2000VP Kurzwell K2VX Korg i5S Korg ix300 Korg n5 Kawai K11 Kawai K5000W Kawai KC20 Kawai X120 Kawai X130 Kawai X30 Korg 01W 39.750" H x 11.500" W x 3.500" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 39.750" H x 11.500" W x 3.500" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 39.875" H x 11.375" W x 3.250" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 40.687" H x 11.625" W x 4.062" D 42.5 x 15 x 4.75 40.687" H x 11.625" W x 4.062" D 42.5 x 15 x 4.75 40.187" H x 14.000" W x 5.250" D 42.5 x 15 x 4.75 41.375" H x 14.125" W x 4.927" D 42.5 x 15 x 4.75 36.437" H x 13.750" W x 4.500" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 40.250" H x 11.500" W x 4.062" D 42.5 x 15 x 4.75 40.750" H x 14.250" W x 3.750" D 42.5 x 15 x 4.75 39.812" H x 7.687" W x 4.062" D 39.76" x 16.1 x 6.7/5.1 SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61 SGB-K61 SGB-K61 SGB-K61 SGB-K61T SGB-K61 SGB-K61 SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61 SGB-K61 SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61 SGB-K61 SGB-K61 SGB-K61T SGB-K61 SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61 SGB-K61 SGB-K61 SGB-K61 SGB-K61 SGB-K61T SGB-K61 SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61T SGB-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61 RC-K61
SPECIAL MESSAGE SECTION
This product utilizes batteries or an external power supply (adapter). DO NOT connect this product to any power supply or adapter other than one described in the manual, on the name plate, or specifically recommended by Yamaha. This product should be used only with the components supplied or; a cart, rack, or stand that is recommended by Yamaha. If a cart, etc., is used, please observe all safety markings and instructions that accompany the accessory product. battery is approximately five years. When replacement becomes necessary, contact a qualified service representative to perform the replacement. This product may also use household type batteries. Some of these may be rechargeable. Make sure that the battery being charged is a rechargeable type and that the charger is intended for the battery being charged. When installing batteries, do not mix batteries with new, or with batteries of a different type. Batteries MUST be installed correctly. Mismatches or incorrect installation may result in overheating and battery case rupture.
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE:
The information contained in this manual is believed to be correct at the time of printing. However, Yamaha reserves the right to change or modify any of the specifications without notice or obligation to update existing units. This product, either alone or in combination with an amplifier and headphones or speaker/s, may be capable of producing sound levels that could cause permanent hearing loss. DO NOT operate for long periods of time at a high volume level or at a level that is uncomfortable. If you experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, you should consult an audiologist. IMPORTANT: The louder the sound, the shorter the time period before damage occurs.
Do not attempt to disassemble, or incinerate any battery. Keep all batteries away from children. Dispose of used batteries promptly and as regulated by the laws in your area. Note: Check with any retailer of household type batteries in your area for battery disposal information.
Should this product become damaged beyond repair, or for some reason its useful life is considered to be at an end, please observe all local, state, and federal regulations that relate to the disposal of products that contain lead, batteries, plastics, etc. If your dealer is unable to assist you, please contact Yamaha directly.
Service charges incurred due to a lack of knowledge relating to how a function or effect works (when the unit is operating as designed) are not covered by the manufacturers warranty, and are therefore the owners responsibility. Please study this manual carefully and consult your dealer before requesting service.
NAME PLATE LOCATION:
The name plate is located on the bottom of the product. The model number, serial number, power requirements, etc., are located on this plate. You should record the model number, serial number, and the date of purchase in the spaces provided below and retain this manual as a permanent record of your purchase.
Yamaha strives to produce products that are both user safe and environmentally friendly. We sincerely believe that our products and the production methods used to produce them, meet these goals. In keeping with both the letter and the spirit of the law, we want you to be aware of the following:
Model Serial No. Purchase Date
This product MAY contain a small non-rechargeable battery which (if applicable) is soldered in place. The average life span of this type of
PLEASE KEEP THIS MANUAL
FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.)
devices. Compliance with FCC regulations does not guarantee that interference will not occur in all installations. If this product is found to be the source of interference, which can be determined by turning the unit OFF and ON, please try to eliminate the problem by using one of the following measures: Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by the interference. Utilize power outlets that are on different branch (circuit breaker or fuse) circuits or install AC line filter/s. In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the antenna. If the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon lead, change the lead-in to co-axial type cable. If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results, please contact the local retailer authorized to distribute this type of product. If you can not locate the appropriate retailer, please contact Yamaha Corporation of America, Electronic Service Division, 6600 Orangethorpe Ave, Buena Park, CA90620 The above statements apply ONLY to those products distributed by Yamaha Corporation of America or its subsidiaries.
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of physical injury to you or others, or damage to the instrument or other property. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:
Do not place the AC adaptor cord near heat sources such as heaters or radiators, and do not excessively bend or otherwise damage the cord, place heavy objects on it, or place it in a position where anyone could walk on, trip over, or roll anything over it. When removing the electric plug from the instrument or an outlet, always hold the plug itself and not the cord. Do not connect the instrument to an electrical outlet using a multiple-connector. Doing so can result in lower sound quality, or possibly cause overheating in the outlet. Unplug the AC power adaptor when not using the instrument, or during electrical storms. Always make sure all batteries are inserted in conformity with the +/- polarity markings. Failure to do so might result in overheating, fire, or battery fluid leakage. Always replace all batteries at the same time. Do not use new batteries together with old ones. Also, do not mix battery types, such as alkaline batteries with manganese batteries, or batteries from different makers, or different types of batteries from the same maker, since this can cause overheating, fire, or battery fluid leakage. Do not dispose of batteries in fire. Do not attempt to recharge batteries that are not intended to be charged. If the instrument is not to be in use for a long time, remove the batteries from it, in order to prevent possible fluid leakage from the battery. Keep batteries away from children. Before connecting the instrument to other electronic components, turn off the power for all components. Before turning the power on or off for all components, set all volume levels to minimum. Also, be sure to set the volumes of all components at their minimum levels and gradually raise the volume controls while playing the instrument to set the desired listening level. Do not expose the instrument to excessive dust or vibrations, or extreme cold or heat (such as in direct sunlight, near a heater, or in a car during the day) to prevent the possibility of panel disfiguration or damage to the internal components.
Do not use the instrument near other electrical products such as televisions, radios, or speakers, since this might cause interference which can affect proper operation of the other products. Do not place the instrument in an unstable position where it might accidentally fall over. Before moving the instrument, remove all connected adaptor and other cables. When cleaning the instrument, use a soft, dry cloth. Do not use paint thinners, solvents, cleaning fluids, or chemical-impregnated wiping cloths. Also, do not place vinyl, plastic or rubber objects on the instrument, since this might discolor the panel or keyboard. Do not rest your weight on, or place heavy objects on the instrument, and do not use excessive force on the buttons, switches or connectors. Use only the stand/rack specified for the instrument. When attaching the stand or rack, use the provided screws only. Failure to do so could cause damage to the internal components or result in the instrument falling over. Do not operate the instrument for a long period of time at a high or uncomfortable volume level, since this can cause permanent hearing loss. If you experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, consult a physician.
NOTE: Make sure that the footswitch plug is properly connected to the SUSTAIN jack before turning on the power. Do not press the footswitch while turning the power on. Doing this changes the recognized polarity of the footswitch, resulting in reversed footswitch operation.
s Using the MIDI Terminals The PortaTone also features MIDI terminals, allowing you to interface the PortaTone with other MIDI instruments and devices. (For more information, see page 41.)
To prevent damage to the speakers, set the volume of the external devices at the minimum setting before connecting them. Failure to observe these cautions may result in electric shock or equipment damage. Also, be sure to set the volumes of all devices at their minimum levels and gradually raise the volume controls while playing the instrument to set the desired listening level.
Insert the bottom edge of the included music stand into the slot located at the top rear of the PortaTone control panel.
s Using a Sustain Footswitch This feature lets you use an optional footswitch (Yamaha FC4 or FC5) to sustain the sound of the keyboard voice. This is used in the same way as a damper pedal on an acoustic piano press and hold down the footswitch as you play the keyboard to sustain the sound.
Getting Started Playing the Demo Songs
The PortaTone has a huge variety of Demo songs, specially recorded to showcase the dynamic sounds and rhythms and give you an idea of what you can do with the instrument.
First, turn on the power.
Press the STANDBY/ON button. Whenever the power is turned on, the Voice mode is automatically called up and set to play Voice 1 (GrandPno).
Set the Volume.
Initially, turn the MASTER VOLUME control about a third of the way up. You can adjust the control for optimum level once the songs start playing.
Press the DEMO button.
All 100 songs will play in sequence. You can play along on the keyboard with the songs. If the Voice Change function is on (page 27), the keyboard voice will change to match the changes in the song of the melody voice. The current song name and number appear at the left of the display. Notice also that the display indicates both the chords (except for song #1, StarWars) and the melody notes (in the music staves and the keyboard diagram) as they change during the song. (Scores for the Demo songs are provided.)
Decreases Metronome Volume value
Increases Metronome Volume value
Current Metronome value
Restoring the Default Metronome Volume Value To restore the default Metronome Volume value (100), press both OVERALL +/- buttons simultaneously (when Metronome Volume is selected in the Overall menu).
Selecting and Playing Voices The Voice Mode
The Voice mode features 100 authentic voices that have been created with Yamahas sophisticated AWM (Advanced Wave Memory) tone generation system. Many of these voices also have special preset characteristics or embellishments. The voices are divided into various categories depending on their characteristics or the effects used.
Selecting and Playing a Voice
Select the Voice mode.
Press the VOICE button.
Voice name and number Indicates Voice mode is selected
Select the desired voice number.
Use the numeric keypad. The basic categories of voices and their numbers are shown at the right side of the panel. A complete list of the available voices is given on page 44.
GRAND PIANO PIANO HONKY-TONK E PIANO 1~4 HARPSICHORD CLAVI CELESTA E ORGAN 1~4 CHURCH ORG 1~2 FULL ORGAN WAVE ORGAN ACCORDION HARMONICA STRINGS VIOLIN CELLO HARP SITAR BANJO UKULELE VIBRAPHONE MARIMBA STEEL DRUMS THICK LEAD SIMPLE LEAD THICK SAW SIMPLE SAW SYNTH BASS SY STRINGS SY BRASS 1~2 RISING SLOW STRS HARMONY SPLIT ECHO DUAL DRUM KIT
TRUMPET TROMBONE MUTE TRPET FRENCH HORN SOFT GUITAR BRASS SECT FOLK GUITAR ALTO SAX TENOR SAX 12ST GUITAR JAZZ GUITAR CLARINET FLUTE E GUITAR STAR WARS MAIN TITLE A WHOLE NEW WORLD PAN FLUTE DIST GUITAR FAVORITE WOOD BASS FINGER BASS CHRISTMAS CHILDREN MUTE BASS SLAP BASS
There are three ways to select voices: 1) directly entering the voice number with the numeric keypad, 2) using the +/- keys to step up and down through the voices, or 3) pressing the VOICE button to advance through the voice numbers.
Using the +/- keys
Press the + key to select the next voice number, and press the - key to select the previous voice. Holding down either key continuously scrolls up or down through the numbers. The +/- keys have a wrap around feature. For example, pressing the + key from the voice 100 returns to voice 1.
Using the numeric keypad
Enter the digits of the voice number as printed on the panel. For example, to select voice #42, press 4 on the numeric keypad, then 2.
Using the VOICE button
Press the VOICE button to select the next voice number. (This functions exactly the same as the + button.)
NOTE: Each voice is automatically called up with the most suitable octave range setting. Thus, playing middle C with one voice may sound higher or lower than another voice at the same key.
Transpose and Tuning
You can also adjust the tuning and change the transposition (key) of the PortaTone with the Transpose and Tuning functions.
Transpose determines the key of both the main voice and the bass/chord accompaniment of the selected style. It also determines the pitch of the songs and the Multi Pads. This allows you to easily match the pitch of the PortaTone to other instruments or singers, or play in a different key without changing your fingering. The Transpose settings can be adjusted over a range of 12 semitones ( 1 octave).
Select the Transpose function in the Overall menu.
Press one of the OVERALL s/t buttons, repeatedly if necessary, until Tuning appears in the display.
Current Transpose value
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or decrease the Transpose value. Holding down either button continuously increases or decreases the value.
Restoring the Default Transpose Value If youve changed the Transpose setting, you can instantly restore the default setting of 00 by pressing both OVERALL +/- buttons simultaneously (when Transpose is selected in the Overall menu). NOTE: This setting has no effect on the DrumKit voice (#90, #100). Also, this setting cannot be changed during song playback.
Decreases Transpose value
Increases Transpose value
Tuning determines the fine pitch setting of both the main voice and the bass/chord accompaniment of the selected style. It also determines the pitch of the songs and the Multi Pads. This allows you to accurately match the tuning with that of other instruments. The Tuning settings can be adjusted over a range of 50 (approx. 0.5 semitones).
Select the Tuning function in the Overall menu.
Current Tuning value
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or decrease the Tuning value. Holding down either button continuously increases or decreases the value.
Restoring the Default Tuning Value If youve changed the Tuning setting, you can instantly restore the default setting of 00 by pressing both OVERALL +/- buttons simultaneously (when Tuning is selected in the Overall menu).
This useful function is ideal for practicing and learning purposes. It allows you to specify any section or phrase of a song (between point A and point B) and repeat it while you play or practice along with it.
While playing back a song, set point A (the start point of the section).
With the Song mode active, select and play back the desired song. (See button page 20.) Then, while the song is playing back, press the once at the beginning point of the section to be repeated.
Set point B (the end point of the section).
Press the button once again, at the ending point of the section to be repeated. The selected phrase repeats indefinitely until stopped.
Pause or stop playback as needed.
Use the Pause ( ) and START/STOP (>/s) buttons. Stopping playback does not cancel the set A/B points or the A/B Repeat function.
Turn off the A/B Repeat function.
Press the button. This can be done either when the song is stopped or during playback.
HINT: You can also set the A/B Repeat function while the song is stopped. Simply use the r/f buttons to select the measures for the A and B points in the song, then start playback. While the song is playing back (but before setting the A/B points), try slowing down the Tempo (page 21). This makes it easier to accurately set the A and B points. Slowing down the Tempo also makes it easier to practice the parts you want to learn. To set the A point at the beginning of a song, press the button before starting song playback.
NOTE: Selecting a different song number (or changing to the Style mode) automatically cancels the A/B Repeat function.
The PortaTone has a special Melody Guide function that makes practice and learning of the 100 songs both fun and easy. During song playback, the PortaTone shows the notes of the melody in the music staves and the keyboard diagram in the display indicating which notes you should play and when you should play them. The Melody Guide function even lets you practice at your own pace by automatically pausing playback until you play the correct notes. To further help you play the correct melody notes, scores for all songs have been provided. There are two different types of Melody Guide operations: Waiting (auto pause playback) and Minus One (muted melody). These can be turned on either before starting a song, or while a song is playing.
Select a song.
With the Song mode active, select the desired song. (See page 20.)
Set the Melody Guide function.
Press the MELODY GUIDE button repeatedly until the desired setting is shown in the display.
Waiting When set to Waiting, the PortaTone waits for you to play the correct melody notes, automatically pausing song playback until each note is played. This allows you to practice the melody at your own pace. The next note to be played is indicated in the display (in the music staves and the keyboard diagram). MinusOne Minus One, as its name implies, mutes the melody part of the song, allowing you to play that part yourself. Song playback continues without pausing, so you can play the melody part naturally in time with the music. The next
Selecting and Playing Styles The Style Mode
The Style mode provides dynamic rhythm/accompaniment patterns as well as voice settings appropriate for each pattern for various popular music styles.
A total of 100 different styles are available, in several different categories. Each style is made up of separate sections Intro, Main A and B (with 4 Fill-ins), and Ending letting you call up different accompaniment patterns as you perform. The auto accompaniment features that are built into the rhythms add the excitement of instrumental backing to your performance, letting you control the accompaniment by the chords you play. Auto accompaniment effectively splits the keyboard into two sections: The upper is used for playing a melody line, and the lower (labeled ACMP below the keyboard) is for the auto accompaniment function.
Selecting and Playing a Style
Select the Style mode.
Press the STYLE button.
Style name and number Indicates Style mode is selected
Select the desired style number.
Use the numeric keypad. Available styles are listed at the center of the panel. Style numbers can be selected in the same way as with the voices (see page 16). You can use the numeric keypad to directly enter the style number, use the +/- keys to step up and down through the styles, or press the STYLE button to advance through the style numbers.
Start the selected style.
You can do this in one of the following ways:
HINT: The PortaTone also features chord and bass accompaniment that can be played with the rhythm. For information on this dynamic function, see page 31.
Pressing the START/STOP button The rhythm starts playing immediately without bass and chord accompaniment. The currently selected Main A or B section will play. (You can select either section by pressing the appropriate button AUTO FILL/MAIN A or B before pressing the START/ STOP button.)
Using Sync-Start with an Intro section First, press the MAIN A or MAIN B button to select which section (A or B) is to follow the Intro. Next, press the INTRO button so that IntromA or IntromB is shown in the display.
Indicates that Intro will be followed by the Main A section.
Using Sync-Start The PortaTone also has a Sync-Start function that allows you to start the rhythm/accompaniment by simply pressing a key on the keyboard. To use Sync-Start, first press the SYNC-START button (the handclap icon flashes to indicate Sync-Start stand-by), then press any key in the ACMP section of the keyboard (or any key when accompaniment is off).
Single Finger Chords
Chords that can be produced in Single Finger operation are major, minor, seventh and minor seventh. The illustration below shows how to produce the four chord types. (The key of C is used here as an example; other keys follow the same rules. For example, Bb7 is played as Bb and A.)
To play a major chord: Press the root note of the chord.
To play a minor chord: Press the root note together with any black key to the left of it.
To play a seventh chord: Press the root note together with any white key to the left of it.
To play a minor seventh chord: Press the root note together with any white and black keys to the left of it (three keys altogether).
Using the key of C as an example, the chart below shows the types of chords that can be recognized in the Fingered mode. s Fingered Chords in the Key of C
NOTE: If the chord is inverted (i.e., C-E-G is played as G-C-E), the PortaTone will still recognize it as a C chord. The chord recognition system also has the following rules and exceptions: Minor 6th chords are recognized only in root position, however; all other inversions are interpreted as minor 7th/ flatted 5th. If augmented and diminished 7th chords are inverted, the lowest note will be recognized as the root. 7th flatted 5th chords may be played with the lowest note as the root or the flatted 7th. Augmented 7th and diminished 7th chords are interpreted as simple augmented and diminished. NOTE: The following chords are not recognized : B minor 6, Bb minor 6, and B augmented.
C 7 b5
Cm 7 b5
C 7 sus4
Notes enclosed in parentheses are optional; the chords will be recognized without them.
What is a Chord?
The simple answer: Three or more notes played simultaneously is a chord. (Two notes played together is an interval an interval being the distance between two different notes. This is also referred to as a harmony.) Depending on the intervals between the three or more notes, a chord can sound beautiful or muddy and dissonant. The organization of notes in the example at left a triad chord produces a pleasant, harmonious sound. Triads are made up of three notes and are the most basic and common chords in most music.
In this triad, the lowest note is the root. The root (also called the tonic) is the most important note in the chord, because it anchors the sound harmonically by determining its key and forms the basis for how we hear the other notes of the chord. The second note of this chord is four semitones higher than the first, and the third is three semitones higher than the second. Keeping our root note fixed and changing these notes by a semitone up or down (sharp or flat), we can create four different chords.
Major chord (ex. C) Minor chord (ex. Cm) Augmented chord (ex. Caug) Diminished chord (ex. Cdim)
Keep in mind that we can also change the voicing of a chord for example, change the order of the notes (called inversions), or play the same notes in different octaves without changing the basic nature of the chord itself.
Inversion examples for the key of C G E C C G E E C G
Beautiful sounding harmonies can be built in this manner. The use of intervals and chords is one of the most important elements in music. A wide variety of emotions and feelings can be created depending on the types of chords used and the order in which they are arranged.
Writing Chord Names
Knowing how to read and write chord names is an easy yet invaluable skill. Chords are often written in a kind of shorthand that makes them instantly recognizable (and gives you the freedom to play them with the voicing or inversion that you prefer). Once you understand the basic principles of harmony and chords, its very simple to use this shorthand to write out the chords of a song. First, write the root note of the chord in an uppercase letter. If you need to specify sharp or flat, indicate that to the right of the root. The chord type should be indicated to the right as well. Examples for the key of C are shown below.
Major chord Minor chord Augmented chord Diminished chord
For simple major chords, the type is omitted.
One important point: Chords are made up of notes stacked on top of each other, and the stacked notes are indicated in the chord name of the chord type as a number the number being the distance of the note from the root. (See the keyboard diagram below.) For example, the minor 6th chord includes the 6th note of the scale, the major 7th chord has the 7th note of the scale, etc.
Dominant 7th (flatted 7th)
The Intervals of the Scale
To better understand the intervals and the numbers used to represent them in the chord name, study this diagram of the C major scale:
C D E F G A B C D E F
4th 3rd 2nd 5th 6th
Csus4 C7 Cm7
One Touch Setting (OTS)
The One Touch Setting function automatically selects an appropriate voice for playing with the style you select. In other words, when One Touch Setting is on, the voice automatically changes when you change the style.
Select a style.
Select one of the styles, as described in steps on page 28.
Turn on the One Touch Setting function.
Press the OTS button so that OTS On appears briefly in the display.
When One Touch Setting is on, the following settings are automatically changed/made:
Main voice (set to match the selected style) Multi Pad bank Tempo Accompaniment Volume Accompaniment On Sync-Start On (set to standby when rhythm is stopped)
Play the style.
Since Sync-Start is automatically set to On when One Touch Setting is on, playing a key in the ACMP section of the keyboard starts the style. To turn One Touch Setting off, press the button again (so that OTS Off appears in the display).
The Chord Guide functions of the PortaTone provide powerful, easy-to-use tools for learning chords and chord relationships. Chord Guide features two different types of operation: Smart and Dictionary.
The Smart type allows you to set the basic key for the chord accompaniment. Once this is set, you can simply press single keys in the scale and have harmonically appropriate chords played automatically. For example, with the key set to C, playing an D will result in an D minor chord (rather than a harmonically inappropriate D major). The Smart type is not only a convenient feature for easily playing various chord progressions in a specified key, its also an excellent learning tool to find out how chords relate to each other harmonically in a given key.
Select one of the styles, as described in steps 1 - 2 on page 28.
Select the Smart Chord Guide.
Press the CHORD GUIDE button so that Smart appears briefly in the display.
NOTE: The accompaniment is turned on automatically when Smart is selected.
Set the desired key.
Use the +/- buttons on the numeric keypad to step through the available keys, or use the numeric keypad to directly enter the number corresponding to the desired key (see chart below).
Play the chord.
Play the chord (as indicated in the display) in the ACMP section of the keyboard. The chord name flashes when the correct notes are held down. (Inversions for many of the chords are also recognized.)
Flashes when correct notes are held.
Indicates notes to be played.
These convenient pads let you instantly trigger various musical and rhythmic phrases as you play the PortaTone. There are a total of 40 different sounds or phrases (20 banks, with two pad sounds for each bank). The phrases play back at the same speed as the Tempo setting, and they also change harmonically along with the accompaniment chords (both in the Style and Song modes).
Select the Pad function in the Overall menu.
Press one of the OVERALL s/t buttons, repeatedly if necessary, until MULTI PAD is selected in the display.
Current Pad bank number
Select the desired bank.
Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or decrease the bank number. Holding down either button continuously increases or decreases the value. For a complete list of the available banks and their contents, see page 46.
Decreases Pad bank number Increases Pad bank number
Play the Multi Pads.
Press one of the Pads. The phrase plays uninterrupted until it is finished. Pressing it repeatedly (before the phrase completely plays back) creates a stutter effect. In the Song and Style modes, melodic-type sounds correctly follow the chord changes. All sounds play back in perfect time with the current Tempo setting. When OTS is on, appropriate Multi Pad banks for the selected style are automatically called up. 40
The PortaTone also features MIDI terminals, allowing you to interface the PortaTone with other MIDI instruments and devices.
Receives MIDI data from the connected sending device.
IN MIDI OUT S
Transmits MIDI data (keyboard performance) to the connected device.
MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a worldwide standard that is built into many electronic musical instruments and other digital music related devices, allowing them to be connected and communicate with each other. For two MIDI instruments to communicate, they must be connected by MIDI cables. In a basic example, the MIDI IN and MIDI OUT terminals of the PortaTone could be connected to the MIDI OUT and MIDI IN terminals of a sequencer, allowing you to record and play back performance data from the PortaTone. The instruments communicate with each other by sending messages or MIDI data. The sending instrument usually assigns the data to one of sixteen MIDI channels, then transmits it over the MIDI cable. The cable itself, however, is not divided up into sixteen channels. Just as with a television set that receives programs on different channels, it is up to the receiving instrument to tune into the proper MIDI channel. If the sending and receiving channels on the respective instruments do not match, the receiving instrument may not understand or respond to the one sending.
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