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Asus A7M266

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Comments to date: 2. Page 1 of 1. Average Rating:
Herman Henderson 3:49am on Tuesday, October 12th, 2010 
Installation was painless. Board is stable and running great! Absolutely no problems with this board.
james_the_great 10:28am on Tuesday, March 16th, 2010 
There are known problems with the A7M266 and some ATI Radeon 8500 cards. For instance, my 8500LE (230MHz version) works fine on my A7M266. For the price of this board you can get a Gigabyte GA7-DXR+, with ATA-133 Raid, USB 2.0, 3 Dimm Sockets, Hardware Sound Blaster. I am a US service member working with NATO in Europe.

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1. INTRODUCTION

This manual is divided into the following sections: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. INTRODUCTION FEATURES HARDWARE SETUP BIOS SETUP SOFTWARE SETUP SOFTWARE REFERENCE APPENDIX Manual information and checklist Production information and specifications Instructions on setting up the motherboard. Instructions on setting up the BIOS Instructions on setting up the included software Reference material for the included software Optional items and general reference

1.2 Item Checklist

Check that your package is complete. If you discover damaged or missing items, contact your retailer. Optional Items Package Contents ASUS CIDB chassis intrusion detec(1) ASUS Motherboard tion module (1) 40-pin 80-conductor ribbon ASUS IrDA-compliant infrared cable for internal UltraDMA/ module 100 / UltraDMA/66 (also compatible with UltraDMA/33 ASUS MR-I Modem Riser Card IDE drives/devices) (1) Ribbon cable for internal UltraDMA/33 IDE drives (1) Ribbon cable for one 5.25 and two 3.5 floppy disk drives (1) ASUS 2-port USB Connector Set (1) Bag of spare jumper caps (1) ASUS Support CD with drivers and utilities (1) This Motherboard Users Manual
1. INTRODUCTION Manual / Checklist
1.1 How This Manual Is Organized

2. FEATURES

2.1 The ASUS A7M266
The ASUS A7M266 motherboard is carefully designed for the value-conscious PC user who wants advanced features processed by the fastest processors.

2.1.1 Specifications

AMD Athlon/Duron Processor Support: Supports Socket A-based AMD Athlon/Duron processors. North Bridge System Chipset: AMD-761 chipset with AGP/PCI/Memory controller supports a 266MHz Front Side Bus (FSB), supports DDR SDRAM DIMM, complies with AGP 2.0 specifications for 4X, 2X and 1X AGP modes and PCI 2.2. bus interface with support for 5 PCI masters. It is optimized to deliver enhanced AMD Athlon processor system performance. Super South South Bridge System PCIset: VIA VT82C686B PCIset with PCI Super-I/O Integrated Peripheral Controller (PSIPC) with support for UltraDMA/100, which allows burst mode data transfer rates of up to 100MB/sec; AC97 audio; USB controller with root hub and four function ports. PC2100 / PC1600 DDR SDRAM Support: Equipped with two Double Data Rate Dual Inline Memory Module (DDR DIMM) sockets to support up to 2GB of DDR SDRAM. DDR SDRAM is the newest memory standard with the highest bandwidth and lowest latency currently available and dramatically improves the memory systems ability to service, among others, high multimedia requirements. Stepless Frequency Selection: Allows CPU external (FSB) frequency settings to be set in 1MHz-increments or reduction. JumperFree Mode: Allows processor settings and easy overclocking of frequency and Vcore voltage all through BIOS setup when JumperFree mode is enabled. Easy-to-use DIP switches instead of jumpers are included to allow manual adjustment of the processors external frequency. AGP Pro Slot: Supports AGP/AGP Pro cards for high performance, component level interconnection targeted at 3D graphical applications supporting 133MHz 4X mode. UltraDMA/100 Support: Comes with an onboard PCI Bus Master IDE controller with two connectors that support four IDE devices on two channels. Supports UltraDMA/100, UltraDMA/66, UltraDMA/33, PIO Modes 3 & 4 and Bus Master IDE DMA Mode 2, and Enhanced IDE devices, such as DVD-ROM, CD-ROM, CD-R/RW, LS-120, and Tape Backup drives. Wake-On-LAN Connector: Supports Wake-On-LAN activity through an optional ASUS PCI-L101 10/100 Fast Ethernet PCI card (see 7. Appendix). Wake-On-Ring Connector: Supports Wake-On-Ring activity through a PCI modem card that supports a Wake-On-Ring connector. USB: Supports up to 4 USB ports, two on the back panel and two midboard, for more peripheral connectivity options.

2. FEATURES Specifications
One Touch Management: Supports an optional ASUS iPanel, an easy to access box with system information LED display, front I/O ports, and space reserved for a hard disk drive. With an ASUS iPanel, you can monitor your computer systems vital components. PC Health Monitoring: Provides an easy way to examine and manage system status information, such as CPU and systerm voltages, temperatures, and fan status through the onboard hardware ASUS ASIC and the bundled ASUS PC Probe. SMBus: Features the System Management Bus interface, which is used to physically transport commands and information between SMBus devices. PCI/AMR Expansion Slots: Provides five 32-bit PCI (Rev. 2.2) expansion slots, which can support Bus Master PCI cards, such as SCSI or LAN cards (PCI supports up to 133MB/s maximum throughput), and one Audio Modem Riser (AMR) slot (shared), which supports a very affordable audio and/or modem riser card. Super Multi-I/O: Provides two high-speed UART compatible serial ports and one parallel port with EPP and ECP capabilities. Enhanced ACPI & Anti-Boot Virus Protection: Programmable BIOS (Flash EEPROM), offering enhanced ACPI for Windows 982000/Millenium compatibility, built-in firmware-based virus protection, and autodetection of most devices for virtually automatic setup. Concurrent PCI: Concurrent PCI allows multiple PCI transfers from PCI master busses to the memory and processor. Smart BIOS: 2Mb firmware provides Vcore and CPU/SDRAM frequency adjustments, boot block write protection, and HD/SCSI/MO/ZIP/CD/Floppy boot selection. Integrated Infrared (IrDA) Support: Integrated IR supports an optional remote control package for wireless interfacing with external peripherals, personal gadgets, or an optional remote controller. Desktop Management Interface (DMI): Supports DMI through BIOS, which allows hardware to communicate within a standard protocol creating a higher level of compatibility. (Requires DMI-enabled components.) Color-coded Connectors: To enhance user accessibility to system components and to meet PC 99 compliancy, major connectors in this motherboard are colorcoded. Smart Networking (optional): Features the 3Com 3C920 Fast Ethernet controller, which supports Wired for Management, remote wake-up, and OnNow initiatives to reduce Total Cost of Ownership (TCO). PCI Audio (optional): Features Cmedia CMI8738 3D positional audio controller with high speed PCI v2.1 bus controller and legacy SB DSP audio emulator.
2.1.2 Specifications Optional Components

2.1.3 Special Features

ACPI Ready: Advanced Configuration Power Interface (ACPI) provides more Energy Saving Features for operating systems that support OS Direct Power Management (OSPM) functionality. With these features implemented in the OS, PCs can be ready around the clock, yet satisfy all the energy saving standards. To fully utilize the benefits of ACPI, an ACPI-supported OS, such as Windows 98/2000/Millenium must be used. Easy Installation: Incorporates BIOS that supports autodetection of hard disk drives, PS/2 mouse, and Plug and Play devices to make the setup of hard disk drives, expansion cards, and other devices virtually automatic. New Compliancy: Both the BIOS and hardware levels of this motherboard meet the stringent requirements for PC 99 certification. The new PC 99 requirements for systems and components are based on the following high-level goals: Support for Plug and Play compatibility and power management for configuring and managing all system components, and 32-bit device drivers and installation procedures for Windows95/98/NT. Color-coded connectors and descriptive icons make identification easy as required by PC 99.

3.6 Central Processing Unit (CPU)
The motherboard provides a Socket 462 or Socket A for CPU installation. The CPU that came with the motherboard should have a fan and heatsink attached to it to prevent overheating. If this is not the case, then purchase and install a set before you turn on your system. WARNING! Make sure that the heatsink is mounted tightly against the processor. Make sure also that there is sufficient air circulation across the processors heatsink by regularly checking that your CPU fan is working. Without sufficient circulation, the processor could overheat and damage both the processor and the motherboard. You may install an auxiliary fan, if necessary. To install a CPU, first turn off your system and remove its cover. Locate the Socket 462 and open it by first pulling the lever sideways away from the socket then upwards to a 90-degree angle. Insert the CPU with the correct orientation as shown. The notched corner should be orientated toward the blank space on the socket nearest the lever. Because the CPU has a corner pin for two of the four corners, the CPU will only fit in the orientation as shown. The picture is for reference only; you should have a CPU fan and heatsink that covers the face of the CPU. With the added weight of the CPU fan and heatsink, no force is required to insert the CPU. Once completely inserted, close the sockets lever while holding down the CPU. NOTES 1. When inserting or removing the CPU, make sure the ZIF socket arm is fully extended (90-100 upright) and that the CPU is kept parallel to the socket. Do NOT force the CPU into the socket as it will damage the pins. It should drop into the socket with minimal pressure. If not, check the CPU for bent pins or check the orientation of the CPU. 2. Do not forget to set the correct Bus Frequency for your processor or else boot-up may not be possible. 3. Socket A processors require a socket mounted thermal resistor. CAUTION! Be careful not to scrape the motherboard when mounting/unmounting a clamp-style processor fan or else damage may occur to the motherboard.

AMD Athlon

A7M266 Socket A

3. H/W SETUP CPU

(This page was intentionally left blank.)

3. H/W SETUP

28 ASUS A7M266 Users Manual

3.7 Expansion Cards

WARNING! Unplug your power supply when adding or removing expansion cards or other system components. Failure to do so may cause severe damage to both your motherboard and expansion cards.
3.7.1 Expansion Card Installation Procedure
1. Read the documentation for your expansion card and make any necessary hardware or software settings for your expansion card, such as jumpers. 2. Remove your computer systems cover and the bracket plate on the slot you intend to use. Keep the bracket for possible future use. 3. Carefully align the cards connectors and press firmly. 4. Secure the card on the slot with the screw you removed above. 5. Replace the computer systems cover. 6. Set up the BIOS if necessary (such as IRQ xx Used By ISA: Yes in 4.4.3 PCI Configuration) 7. Install the necessary software drivers for your expansion card.

A7M266 Wake-On-Ring Connector
IMPORTANT: Requires an ATX power supply with at least 720mA +5 volt standby power

Ground

PME +5 Volt Standby
15) Chassis, Power Supply, CPU, and Chipset Fan Connectors (3-pin CHA_FAN, PWR_FAN, CPU_FAN, NB_FAN) These connectors support cooling fans of 350mA (4.2 Watts) or less. Orientate the fans so that the heat sink fins allow airflow to go across the onboard heat sink(s) instead of the expansion slots. Depending on the fan manufacturer, the wiring and plug may be different. The red wire should be positive, while the black should be ground. Connect the fans plug to the board taking into consideration the polarity of the connector. NOTE: The Rotation signal is to be used only by a specially designed fan with rotation signal. The Rotations per Minute (RPM) can be monitored using ASUS PC Probe (see 6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE). WARNING! The CPU and/or motherboard will overheat if there is no airflow across the CPU and onboard heatsinks. Damage may occur to the motherboard and/or the CPU fan if these pins are incorrectly used. These are not jumpers, do not place jumper caps over these pins.

PWR_FAN CPU_FAN

Rotation +12V GND

NB-FAN

NC +12V GND
A7M266 12-Volt Cooling Fan Power
16) USB Headers (10-1 pin USBPORT) If the USB port connectors on the back panel are inadequate, two USB headers are available for two additional USB port connectors. Connect the USB headers to an optional 2-port USB connector set and mount the bracket to an open slot on your chassis.

A7M266 USB Port

Recommended Setup: Use USBPORT with the bundled 2-port connector set.
17) SMBus Connector (5-1 pin SMB) This connector allows you to connect SMBus (System Management Bus) devices. SMBus devices communicate by means of the SMBus with an SMBus host and/or other SMBus devices. SMBus is a specific implementation of an I2C bus, which is a multi-device bus; that is, multiple chips can be connected to the same bus and each one can act as a master by initiating data transfer.
SMB A7M266 SMBus Connector

Ground SMBDATA +5V

SMBCLK
USB Power USBP3 USBP3+ GND
USB Power USBP2 USBP2+ GND NC
18) ASUS iPanel Connector (24-1 pin AFPANEL) This connector allows you to connect an optional ASUS iPanel, an easy to access drive bay with front I/O ports, status LEDs, and space reserved for a hard disk drive. If you are not using an ASUS iPanel, you can connect an optional wireless transmitting and receiving infrared module to the SIR connector or an optional consumer infrared connector set to the CIR and SIR connectors for both wireless transmitting and remote control functions through one external infrared module.

IRRX GND IRTX SMBDATA +3VSB SMBCLK LOCKKEY NC IRRX GND IRTX +5 V NC
NC GND NC CIRRX +5VSB CHASSIS# EXTSMI# +5V MLEDPCIRST# BATT NC

SIR CIR

NC GND NC CIRRX +5VSB
Standard Infrared (SIR) Front View Back View

IR_CON

A7M266 Front Panel Connector

IRTX GND IRRX +5V (NC)

19) Power Supply Thermal Sensor Connector (2-pin block JTPWR) If you have a power supply with thermal monitoring, connect its thermal sensor cable to this connector.
Thermal Sensor for Power Supply
A7M266 Thermal Sensor Connectors
20) ATX Power Supply Connector (20-pin block ATXPWR) This connector connects to an ATX power supply. The plug from the power supply will only insert in one orientation because of the different hole sizes. Find the proper orientation and push down firmly making sure that the pins are aligned. IMPORTANT: Make sure that your ATX power supply can supply at least 10mA on the +5-volt standby lead (+5VSB). You may experience difficulty in powering ON your system if your power supply cannot support the load. For WakeOn-LAN support, your ATX power supply must supply at least 720mA +5VSB.
A7M266 ATX Power Connector
21) IDE Activity LED (2-pin IDELED) This connector supplies power to the cabinets IDE activity LED. Read and write activity by devices connected to the Primary/Secondary IDE and Primary/ Secondary ATA100 connectors will cause the LED to light up.

A7M266 IDE Activity LED

+12.0Volts +5V Standby Power Good Ground +5.0 Volts Ground +5.0 Volts Ground +3.3 Volts +3.3 Volts
+5.0 Volts +5.0 Volts -5.0 Volts Ground Ground Ground Power Supply On Ground -12.0Volts +3.3Volts
TIP: If the case-mounted LED does not light, try reversing the 2-pin plug.

IDELED

The following PANEL illustration is used for items 2227

Speaker Connector

+5V Ground Ground Speaker
+5 V TB_LED ExtSMI# Ground PWR Ground
ATX Power SMI Lead Switch* * Requires an ATX power supply.

Message LED

Reset SW
A7M266 System Panel Connectors
23) System Warning Speaker Connector (4-pin SPEAKER) This 4-pin connector connects to the case-mounted speaker. 24) System Message LED Lead (2-pin MSG.LED) This indicates whether a message has been received from a fax/modem. The LED will remain lit when there is no signal and blink when there is data received. This function requires an ACPI OS and driver support. 25) System Management Interrupt Lead (2-pin SMI) This allows the user to manually place the system into a suspend mode or Green mode where system activity will be instantly decreased to save electricity and expand the life of certain components when the system is not in use. This 2-pin connector (see the preceding figure) connects to the case-mounted suspend switch. 26) ATX Power Switch / Soft-Off Switch Lead (2-pin PWR.SW) The system power is controlled by a momentary switch connected to this lead. Pushing the button once will switch the system between ON and SLEEP or ON and SOFT OFF, depending on your BIOS or OS setting. Pushing the switch while in the ON mode for more than 4 seconds will turn the system off. The system power LED shows the status of the systems power. 27) Reset Switch Lead (2-pin RESET) This 2-pin connector connects to the case-mounted reset switch for rebooting your computer without having to turn off your power switch. This is a preferred method of rebooting to prolong the life of the systems power supply.

8. Follow the onscreen instructions to continue.
WARNING! If you encounter problems while updating the new BIOS, DO NOT turn off your system since this might prevent your system from booting up. Just repeat the process, and if the problem still persists, update the original BIOS file you saved to disk above. If the Flash Memory Writer utility was not able to successfully update a complete BIOS file, your system may not be able to boot up. If this happens, your system will need servicing. ASUS A7M266 Users Manual 49
50 ASUS A7M266 Users Manual

4.2 BIOS Setup Program

This motherboard supports a programmable EEPROM that can be updated using the provided utility as described in 4.1 Managing and Updating Your BIOS. The utility is used if you are installing a motherboard, reconfiguring your system, or prompted to Run Setup. This section describes how to configure your system using this utility. Even if you are not prompted to use the Setup program, at some time in the future you may want to change the configuration of your computer. For example, you may want to enable the Security Password Feature or make changes to the power management settings. It will then be necessary to reconfigure your system using the BIOS Setup program so that the computer can recognize these changes and record them in the CMOS RAM of the EEPROM. The EEPROM on the motherboard stores the Setup utility. When you start up the computer, the system provides you with the opportunity to run this program. This appears during the Power-On Self Test (POST). Press <Delete> to call up the Setup utility. If you are a little bit late in pressing the mentioned key, POST will continue with its test routines, thus preventing you from calling up Setup. If you still need to call Setup, restart the system by pressing <Ctrl> + <Alt> + <Delete>, or by pressing the Reset button on the system chassis. You can also restart by turning the system off and then back on again. But do so only if the first two methods fail. The Setup program has been designed to make it as easy to use as possible. It is a menu-driven program, which means you can scroll through the various sub-menus and make your selections among the predetermined choices. To access the BIOS Setup program, press the <Delete> key after the computer has run through its POST. NOTE: Because the BIOS software is constantly being updated, the following BIOS screens and descriptions are for reference purposes only and may not reflect your BIOS screens exactly.

4. BIOS SETUP Main Menu

4.3.1 Primary & Secondary Master/Slave
Type [Auto] Select [Auto] to automatically detect an IDE hard disk drive. If automatic detection is successful, the correct values will be filled in for the remaining fields on this sub-menu. If automatic detection fails, your hard disk drive may be too old or too new. You can try updating your BIOS or enter the IDE hard disk drive parameters manually. NOTE: After the IDE hard disk drive information has been entered into BIOS, new IDE hard disk drives must be partitioned (such as with FDISK) and then formatted before data can be read from and write on. Primary IDE hard disk drives must have its partition set to active (also possible with FDISK). Other options for the Type field are: [None] - to disable IDE devices
4. BIOS SETUP Master/Slave Drives
NOTE: Before attempting to configure a hard disk drive, make sure you have the configuration information supplied by the manufacturer of the drive. Incorrect settings may cause your system to not recognize the installed hard disk. To allow the BIOS to detect the drive type automatically, select [Auto].
IMPORTANT: If your hard disk was already formatted on an older previous system, incorrect parameters may be detected. You will need to enter the correct parameters manually or use low-level format if you do not need the data stored on the hard disk. If the parameters listed differ from the ones used when the disk was formatted, the disk will not be readable. If the auto-detected parameters do not match the ones that should be used for your disk, you should enter the correct ones manually by setting [User Type HDD]. [User Type HDD]
Manually enter the number of cylinders, heads and sectors per track for your drive. Refer to your drive documentation or look on the drive for this information. If no drive is installed or if you are removing a drive and not replacing it, select [None]. Translation Method [LBA] Select the hard disk drive type in this field. When Logical Block Addressing is enabled, 28-bit addressing of the hard drive is used without regard for cylinders, heads, or sectors. Note that LBA Mode is necessary for drives with greater than 504MB in storage capacity. Configuration options: [LBA] [LARGE] [Normal] [Match Partition Table] [Manual] Cylinders This field configures the number of cylinders. Refer to your drive documentation to determine the correct value to enter into this field. NOTE: To make changes to this field, the Type field must be set to [User Type HDD] and the Translation Method field must be set to [Manual]. ASUS A7M266 Users Manual

Head This field configures the number of read/write heads. Refer to your drive documentation to determine the correct value to enter into this field. NOTE: To make changes to this field, the Type field must be set to [User Type HDD] and the Translation Method field must be set to [Manual]. Sector This field configures the number of sectors per track. Refer to your drive documentation to determine the correct value to enter into this field. NOTE: To make changes to this field, the Type field must be set to [User Type HDD] and the Translation Method field must be set to [Manual]. CHS Capacity This field shows the drives maximum CHS capacity calculated automatically by the BIOS from the drive information you entered. Maximum LBA Capacity This field shows the drives maximum LBA capacity calculated automatically by the BIOS from the drive information you entered. Multi-Sector Transfers [Maximum] This option automatically sets the number of sectors per block to the highest number supported by the drive. This field can also be configured manually. Note that when this field is automatically configured, the set value may not always be the fastest value for the drive. Refer to the documentation that came with your hard drive to determine the optimal value and set it manually. NOTE: To make changes to this field, the Type field must be set to [User Type HDD]. Configuration options: [Disabled] [2 Sectors] [4 Sectors] [8 Sectors] [16 Sectors] [32 Sectors] [Maximum] SMART Monitoring [Disabled] This allows the enabling or disabling of the S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology) system which utilizes internal hard disk drive monitoring technology. This feature is normally disabled because system resources used in this feature may decrease system performance. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled] PIO Mode [4] This option lets you set a PIO (Programmed Input/Output) mode for the IDE device. Modes 0 through 4 provide successively increased performance. Configuration options: [0] [1] [2] [3] [4] Ultra DMA Mode [Disabled] Ultra DMA capability allows improved transfer speeds and data integrity for compatible IDE devices. Set to [Disabled] to suppress Ultra DMA capability. NOTE: To make changes to this field, the Type field must be set to [User Type HDD]. Configuration options: [0] [1] [2] [3] [4] [Disabled]

Onboard Peripheral Resource Control
Onboard AC97 Modem Controller [Auto] Onboard AC97 Audio Controller [Auto] [Auto] allows the motherboards BIOS to detect whether you are using any modem/audio device. If a modem/audio device is detected, the onboard modem/audio controller will be enabled; if no modem/audio device is detected, the onboard modem/audio controller will be disabled. If you have conflicts with the onboard modem/audio controller, you may set the appropriate field to [Disabled]. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Auto]
Game Port Function [Disabled] Enable this field to use the game port. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enable (200h-207h)] Onboard Legacy Audio Support [Disabled] The onboard chipset is integrated with a SoundBlaster Pro controller. To use it, you must enable this field. Leave on the default setting [Disabled] if you want to use an add-on audio device. NOTE: To display the rest of the setup items, this field must be enabled (as shown below).
Sound Blaster Emulation [Disabled] Select [Enabled] for this field if you want to use the Sound Blaster emulation feature. Sound Blaster I/O Base Address [220h-22Fh] Sound Blaster IRQ [IRQ5] Sound Blaster DMA [DMA 1] These fields set the I/O address, IRQ, and DMA channel for the Sound Blaster feature. MPU 401 [Enabled] Enable this field if you want to use the MIDI device onboard. MPU 401 I/O Base Address [300h-303h] This sets the I/O address for the onboard MIDI device. FM Enable (388h-38Bh) [Disabled] This field enables or disables the FM modulation feature.

4.4.3 PCI Configuration

PCI/VGA Palette Snoop [Disabled] Some nonstandard VGA cards, such as graphics accelerators or MPEG video cards, may not show colors properly. The setting [Enabled] should correct this problem. Otherwise, leave this on the default setting of [Disabled]. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled] PCI Latency Timer [32] Leave on default setting for best performance vs. stability. SYMBIOS SCSI BIOS [Auto] [Auto] allows the motherboards BIOS to detect whether you have a Symbios SCSI card. If the Symbios SCSI card is detected, the motherboards Symbios BIOS will be enabled; if no Symbios SCSI card is detected, the onboard Symbios SCSI BIOS will be disabled. [Disabled] will disable the motherboards Symbios SCSI BIOS so that the BIOS on an add-on Symbios SCSI card can be used. If your Symbios SCSI card does not have a BIOS, the Symbios SCSI card will not function. Configuration options: [Auto] [Disabled] ASUS A7M266 Users Manual 69
4. BIOS SETUP PCI Configuration
Slot 1, Slot 2, Slot 3, Slot 4/5 IRQ [Auto] These fields set how IRQ use is determined for each PCI slot. The default setting for each field is [Auto], which utilizes auto-routing to determine IRQ use. Configuration options: [Auto] [NA] [3] [4] [5] [7] [9] [10] [11] [12] [14] [15]
USB Function [Enabled] This motherboard supports Universal Serial Bus (USB) devices. Set to [Enabled] if you want to use USB devices. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled] Primary VGA BIOS [PCI Card] If your computer has both PCI and AGP VGA cards, this field allows ou to select which of the cards will act as your primary graphics card. [AGP Card] uses the AGP card as your primary card. The default, [PCI Card], allows your PCI graphics card to take precedence when detected. Configuration options: [PCI Card] [AGP Card] Onboard ATA device First [Yes] When set to [Yes], this field allows the devices on the ATA/100 channel to be bootable. Configuration options: [No] [Yes]

4. BIOS SETUP Power Menu

Video Off Option [Suspend -> Off ] This field determines when to activate the video off feature for monitor power management. Configuration options: [Always On] [Suspend -> Off] Video Off Method [DPMS OFF] This field defines the video off features. The DPMS (Display Power Management System) feature allows the BIOS to control the video display card if it supports the DPMS feature. [Blank Screen] only blanks the screen (use this for monitors without power management or green features. If set up in your system, your screen saver will not display with [Blank Screen] selected). [V/ H SYNC+Blank] blanks the screen and turns off vertical and horizontal scanning. Configuration options: [Blank Screen] [V/H SYNC+Blank] [DPMS Standby] [DPMS Suspend] [DPMS OFF] [DPMS Reduce ON] HDD Power Down [Disabled] Shuts down any IDE hard disk drives in the system after a period of inactivity as set in this user-configurable field. This feature does not affect SCSI hard drives. Configuration options: [Disabled] [1 Min] [2 Min] [3 Min].[15 Min] Suspend Mode [Disabled] Sets the time period before the system goes into suspend mode. Configuration options: [Disabled] [30 Sec] [1 Min]. [40 Min] PWR Button < 4 Secs [Soft Off] When set to [Soft off], the ATX switch can be used as a normal system power-off button when pressed for less than 4 seconds. [Suspend] allows the button to have a dual function where pressing less than 4 seconds will place the system in sleep mode. Regardless of the setting, holding the ATX switch for more than 4 seconds will power off the system. Configuration options: [Soft off] [Suspend]

4.5.1 Power Up Control

AC PWR Loss Restart [Disabled] This allows you to set whether you want your system to reboot after the power has been interrupted. [Disabled] leaves your system off and [Enabled] reboots your system. [Previous State] sets your system back to the state it is before the power interruption. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled] [Previous State] PWR Up On External Modem Act [Enabled] This allows either settings of [Enabled] or [Disabled] for powering up the computer when the external modem receives a call while the computer is in Soft-off mode. NOTE: The computer cannot receive or transmit data until the computer and applications are fully running. Thus connection cannot be made on the first try. Turning an external modem off and then back on while the computer is off causes an initialization string that will also cause the system to power on. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled] Wake On LAN or PCI Modem [Disabled] Wake-On-LAN/PCI Modem allows your computer to be booted from another computer via a network by sending a wake-up frame or signal. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled] IMPORTANT: This feature requires an optional network interface card with WakeOn-LAN and an ATX power supply with at least 720mA +5V standby power.

4. BIOS SETUP Power Up Control
Automatic Power Up [Disabled] This allows an unattended or automatic system power up. You may configure your system to power up at a certain time of the day by selecting [Everyday] or at a certain time and day by selecting [By Date]. NOTE: Automatic Power Up will not work if the system is powered down by operating systems, such as Windows 98, that have ACPI support enabled. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Everyday] [By Date]

4.5.2 Hardware Monitor

MB Temperature [xxxC/xxxF] CPU Temperature [xxxC/xxxF] JTPWR Temperature [xxxC/xxxF] The onboard hardware monitor is able to detect the MB (motherboard), CPU and power supply temperatures. Set to [Ignore] only if necessary.
4. BIOS SETUP Hardware Monitor
CPU Fan Speed [xxxxRPM] Power Fan Speed [xxxxRPM] Chassis Fan Speed [xxxxRPM] The onboard hardware monitor is able to detect the CPU fan speed, power supply fan speed, and the chassis fan speed in rotations per minute (RPM). The presence of the fans is automatically detected. Set to [Ignore] only if necessary. VCORE Voltage, +3.3V Voltage, +5V Voltage, +12V Voltage [xx.xxV] -12V Voltage, -5V Voltage [Ignore] The onboard hardware monitor is able to detect the voltage output by the onboard voltage regulators. Set to [Ignore] only if necessary. NOTE: If any of the monitored items is out of range, an error message will appear: Hardware Monitor found an error. Enter Power setup menu for details. You will then be prompted to Press F1 to continue, DEL to enter SETUP.

4.6 Boot Menu

Boot Sequence
The Boot menu allows you to select among the four possible types of boot devices listed using the up and down arrow keys. By using the <+> or <Space> key, you can promote devices and by using the <-> key, you can demote devices. Promotion or demotion of devices alters the priority which the system uses to search for a boot device on system power up. Configuration fields include Removable Devices, IDE Hard Drive, ATAPI CD-ROM, and Other Boot Device. Removable Device [Legacy Floppy] Configuration options: [Disabled] [Legacy Floppy] [LS120] [ZIP-100] [ATAPI MO] [USB FDD] [USB ZIP] IDE Hard Drive This field allows you to select which IDE hard disk drive to use in the boot sequence. Pressing [Enter] will show the product IDs of all connected IDE hard disk drives. ATAPI CD-ROM This field allows you to select which ATAPI CD-ROM drive to use in the boot sequence. Pressing [Enter] will show the product IDs of all your connected ATAPI CD-ROM drives. IMPORTANT: Make sure the ATAPI CD-ROM drive that you want to use in the boot sequence is connected to either the PRIMARY or SECONDARY IDE connectors, not to the ATA100 connectors. Currently, the Promise Ultra DMA/100 chip does not support this feature. ASUS A7M266 Users Manual 79

Exit Discarding Changes

This option should only be used if you do not want to save the changes you have made to the Setup program. If you have made changes to fields other than system date, system time, and password, the system will ask for confirmation before exiting.

4. BIOS SETUP Exit Menu

NOTE: Pressing <Esc> does not exit this menu. You must select one of the options from this menu or <F10> from the legend bar to exit this menu.

Load Setup Defaults

This option allows you to load the default values for each of the parameters on the Setup menus. When this option is selected or if <F5> is pressed, a confirmation is requested. Select [Yes] to load default values. You can now select Exit Saving Changes or make other changes before saving the values to the non-volatile RAM.

Discard Changes

This option allows you to discard the selections you made and restore the values you previously saved. After selecting this option, a confirmation is requested. Select [Yes] to discard any changes and load the previously saved values.

Save Changes

This option saves your selections without exiting the Setup program. You can then return to other menus and make changes. After selecting this option, all selections are saved and a confirmation is requested. Select [Yes] to save any changes to the non-volatile RAM.
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP

5.1 Install Operating System
You should always use the latest operating system and updates when using new hardware to ensure full compliancy. You may use any version of Windows 98/2000/ Millenium, but for Windows 95, you must use OSR 2.0 or later. For Windows NT 4.0, you must use Service Pack 3.0 or later.

5.2 Start Windows

When you start Windows 98 for the first time after installing your motherboard, Windows will detect all plug-and play devices. Follow the Add New Hardware Wizard to install all necessary device drivers. When prompted to restart, select No and then follow the setup procedures in this section. NOTE: Because there are various motherboard settings, options, and expansion cards, the following can only be used as a general reference and may not reflect exactly the screen contents displayed on your screen.

(TO RETURN TO THE MAIN MENU, CLICK LEFT ARROW ON THE LOWER-RIGHT CORNER OF THE SECONDARY MENU)
Additonal CD Content: Flash BIOS writer in the AFLASH folder
5.4 Uninstalling Programs
Add/Remove Programs is a basic component within Windows. You may use this function if a program does not provide its own uninstallation program.
(1) Double-click here to open the Add/Remove Programs Properties dialog box.

(3) Click here.

(2) Select the program to remove and click here.
86 ASUS A7M266 Users Manual

6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE

ASUS PC Probe is a convenient utility to continuously monitor your computer systems vital components, such as fan rotations, voltages, and temperatures. It also has a utility that lets you review useful information about your computer, such as hard disk space, memory usage, and CPU type, CPU speed, and internal/external frequencies through the DMI Explorer.
6.1.1 Starting ASUS PC Probe
When ASUS PC Probe starts, a splash screen appears allowing you to select whether to show the screen again when you open PC Probe or not. To bypass this startup screen, clear the Show up in next execution check box.
To open ASUS PC Probe, click the Windows Start button, point to Programs, and then ASUS Utility, and then click Probe Vx.xx.
The PC Probe icon will appear on the taskbars system tray indicating that ASUS PC Probe is running. Clicking the icon will allow you to see the status of your PC.
6. S/W REFERENCE ASUS PC Probe

6.1 ASUS PC Probe

6.1.2 Using ASUS PC Probe

Monitoring

Monitor Summary Shows a summary of the items being monitored.
Temperature Monitor Shows the PCs temperature (for supported processors only).
Temperature Warning threshold adjustment (Move the slider up to increase the threshold level or down to decrease the threshold level)
Fan Monitor Shows the PCs fan rotation.
Fan Warning threshold adjustment (Move the slider up to increase the threshold level or down to decrease the threshold level)
Voltage Monitor Shows the PCs voltages.

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FCC & DOC COMPLIANCE

Federal Communications Commission Statement
This device complies with FCC Rules Part 15. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: This device may not cause harmful interference, and This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with manufacturer's instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: Re-orient or relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING! Any changes or modifications to this product not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void any assurances of safety or performance and could result in violation of Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Reprinted from the Code of Federal Regulations #47, part 15.193, 1993. Washington DC: Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, U.S. Government Printing Office.
Canadian Department of Communications Statement
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications. This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. Cet appareil numrique de la classe B est conforme la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

1. INTRODUCTION

This manual is divided into the following sections: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. INTRODUCTION FEATURES HARDWARE SETUP BIOS SETUP SOFTWARE SETUP SOFTWARE REFERENCE APPENDIX Manual information and checklist Production information and specifications Instructions on setting up the motherboard. Instructions on setting up the BIOS Instructions on setting up the included software Reference material for the included software Optional items and general reference

3. H/W SETUP Layout Contents

Connectors

3.3 Getting Started
Before using your computer, you must complete the following steps: 1. Check Motherboard Settings 2. Install Memory Modules 3. Install the Central Processing Unit (CPU) 4. Install Expansion Cards 5. Connect Ribbon Cables, Panel Wires, and Power Supply 6. Setup the BIOS Software

3.4 Motherboard Settings

This section explains in detail how to change your motherboards function settings through the use of switches and/or jumpers. WARNING! Computer motherboards and expansion cards contain very delicate Integrated Circuit (IC) chips. To protect them against damage from static electricity, you should follow some precautions whenever you work on your computer. 1. Unplug your computer when working on the inside. 2. Use a grounded wrist strap before handling computer components. If you do not have one, touch both of your hands to a safely grounded object or to a metal object, such as the power supply case. 3. Hold components by the edges and try not to touch the IC chips, leads or connectors, or other components. 4. Place components on a grounded antistatic pad or on the bag that came with the component whenever the components are separated from the system. 5. Ensure that the ATX power supply is switched off before you plug in or remove the ATX power connector on the motherboard. WARNING! Make sure that you unplug your power supply when adding or removing system components. Failure to do so may cause severe damage to your motherboard, peripherals, and/or components. The onboard LED when lit acts as a reminder that the system is in suspend or soft-off mode and not powered OFF.

ON Standby Power

OFF Powered Off

A7M266-D Onboard LED

Motherboard Features Settings (DIP Switches - DSW) The motherboards onboard functions are adjusted through the DIP switches. The white block represents the switchs position. The example below shows all the switches in the OFF position.
1. Frequency Selection 2. Frequency Selection 3. Frequency Selection 4. Frequency Selection

DIMM Location Socket 1 (Rows 0&1) Socket 2 (Rows 2&3) Socket 3 (Rows 4&5) Socket 4 (Rows 6&7)
184-pin DIMM 64MB, 128MB, 256MB, 512MB, 1GB 64MB, 128MB, 256MB, 512MB, 1GB 64MB, 128MB, 256MB, 512MB, 1GB 64MB, 128MB, 256MB, 512MB, 1GB Total System Memory (Max 3.5 GB) x1 x1 x1 x1 =

Total Memory

104 Pins

80 Pins

A7M266-D 184-Pin DDR DIMM Sockets
3. H/W SETUP System Memory
3.5.1 Memory Installation
WARNING! Make sure that you unplug your power supply when adding or removing memory modules or other system components. Failure to do so may cause severe damage to both your motherboard and expansion cards Insert the module(s) as shown. Because the number of pins are different on either side of the breaks, the module will only fit in the orientation shown. A 184-pin DDR SDRAM DIMM has a single notch slightly to the right of center. This motherboard supports three pairs of differential clock signals per DIMM. Installing a DIMM: 1. Unlock a DIMM socket by pressing the retaining clips outward. 2. Align a DIMM on the socket such that the notches on the DIMM exactly match the notches in the socket. 3. Firmly insert the DIMM into the socket until the retaining clips snap back in place. 4. Populate the DIMM sockets in the following order: DIMM 1, 2, 3 then 4 to ensure system stability.

Unlocked Retaining Clip

Locked Retaining Clip

3.5.2 General DIMM Memo

DIMMs that have more than 18 chips are not supported on this motherboard. For the system CPU bus to operate at 200MHz/266MHz, use only PC1600-/ PC2100-compliant DIMMs. ASUS motherboards support SPD (Serial Presence Detect) DIMMs. This is the memory of choice for best performance vs. stability. Single-sided DDR DIMMs come in 64, 128, 256 and 512MB; double-sided come in 128, 256, 512MB and 1GB. Please refer to Appendix 7.1 for a list of Qualified Vendors for DIMMs that have been tested for use with the A7M266-D motherboard.
WARNING! Be sure that the DIMMs you use can handle the specified DDR SDRAM MHz or else bootup will not be possible.
3.6 Central Processing Unit (CPU)
The motherboard supports two A-type sockets (462 for dual CPU installation. Only AMD Athlon MP processors may be installed; each CPU should be rated for the same FSB speed, but the rated speed for each CPU need not be the same. For single processor operation, use any type of AMD Athlon /Duron processor. Attach a fan and heatsink onto the CPU to prevent overheating.
CPU NOTCH TO INNER CORNER

LOCK LEVER

AMD CPU A7M266-D Socket A

CPU NOTCH

1. Locate the CPU socket. Open it by pulling the lever gently sideways away from the socket. Then lift the lever upwards. The socket lever must be fully opened (90 to 100 degrees). 2. Insert the CPU with the correct orientation: the notched corner of the CPU must be oriented toward the inner corner of the socket base nearest to the lever hinge. CAUTION! The CPU fits in one orientation and should drop easily into place. Do not force the CPU into the socket to avoid bending the pins. If the CPU does not fit, check its alignment and look for bent pins. 3. Once completely inserted, press the CPU firmly and close the socket lever until it snaps into its locked position. 4. Place a CPU fan and heatsink over the CPU. The heatsink should entirely cover the CPU. Carefully attach the heatsink locking brace to the plastic clips on the socket base. No extra force is required to keep the CPU in place. CAUTION! Take care not to scrape the motherboard surface when mounting a clamp-style processor fan, or damage may occur. When mounting a heatsink onto your CPU, ensure that exposed CPU capacitors do not touch the heatsink, or else damage may occur! Refer to heatsink/CPU documentation. NOTE! To avoid start-up problems, adjust the correct Bus Frequency and Multiples. (See: 3.4 Motherboard Settings and, 4.4.Advanced BIOS.) ASUS A7M266-D Users Manual 23

3. H/W SETUP CPU

3.7 Expansion Cards
WARNING! Unplug your power supply when adding or removing expansion cards or other system components. Failure to do so may cause severe damage to both your motherboard and expansion cards.
3.7.1 Expansion Card Installation Procedure
1. Read the documentation for your expansion card and make any necessary hardware or software settings for your expansion card, such as jumpers. 2. Remove your computer systems cover and the bracket plate on the slot you intend to use. Keep the bracket for possible future use. 3. Carefully align the cards connectors and press firmly. 4. Secure the card on the slot with the screw you removed above. 5. Replace the computer systems cover. 6. Set up the BIOS if necessary (such as IRQ xx Used By ISA: Yes in 4.4.3 PCI Configuration) 7. Install the necessary software drivers for your expansion card.
3. H/W SETUP Expansion Cards
3.7.2 Assigning IRQs for Expansion Cards
Some expansion cards need an IRQ to operate. Generally, an IRQ must be exclusively assigned to one use. In a standard design, there are 16 IRQs available but most of them are already in use, leaving 6 IRQs free for expansion cards. If your motherboard has PCI audio onboard, an additional IRQ will be used. If your motherboard also has MIDI enabled, another IRQ will be used, leaving 4 IRQs free. IMPORTANT: If using PCI cards on shared slots, make sure that the drivers support Share IRQ or that the cards do not need IRQ assignments. Conflicts will arise between the two PCI groups that will make the system unstable or cards inoperable. The following table lists the default IRQ assignments for standard PC devices. Use this table when configuring your system and for resolving IRQ conflicts.
Standard Interrupt Assignments
IRQ 2 3* 4* 5* 6 7* 8 9* 10* 11* 12* 13 14* 15* Priority N/A 10 Standard Function System Timer Keyboard Controller Programmable Interrupt Communications Port (COM2) Communications Port (COM1) Sound Card (sometimes LPT2) Floppy Disk Controller Printer Port (LPT1) System CMOS/Real Time Clock ACPI Mode when used IRQ Holder for PCI Steering IRQ Holder for PCI Steering PS/2 Compatible Mouse Port Numeric Data Processor Primary IDE Channel Secondary IDE Channel
*These IRQs are usually available for PCI devices.
Interrupt Request Table for this Motherboard
PCI slot 3 PCI slot 4 PCI slot 5 AGP Pro slot Onboard PCI audio Onboard USB Controller INT-A shared INT-B shared shared shared INT-C used INT-D shared shared
3.7.3 Accelerated Graphics Port Pro (AGP Pro)
This motherboard provides an Accelerated Graphics Port Pro (AGP Pro) slot to support AGP/AGP Pro graphics cards, such as an ASUS AGP-V6800DDR/64M. CAUTION! To avoid damaging your AGP/AGP Pro graphics card, your computers power supply should be unplugged before inserting your graphics card into the slot.

TIP: If the case-mounted LED does not light, try reversing the 2-pin plug.

IDELED

A7M266-D IDE Activity LED
20) ATX Power Supply Connector (20-pin block ATXPWR, 6-pin EAUXPWER, 4-pin ATX12V) These connectors supply power from ATX and auxillary power supplies. Each type of connector socket requires a special plug from its type of power supply. Care must be exercised to sellect the appropriate connector for each power source. See the specifications for each power source below. When plugging the connectors, push down firmly to make sure that the pins are aligned. Important Specifications: The minimum requirement for full-power loading is a 400 Watt ATX 12V power supply; minimum requirement for +5v/3.3.V is 180 Watts; +12 Volts requires 15 Amps; 5VSB requires 1 Amp. Also ensure that the ATX power supply can put out at least 10mA on the +5-volt standby lead (+5VSB). You may experience difficulty powering ON the system if the power supply cannot support the load. For Wake-On-LAN support, your ATX power supply must supply at least 720mA +5VSB.

ATXPWR

+12.0Volts +5V Standby Power Good EAUXPWR Ground +5.0 Volts Pin 1 Ground +5V +5.0 Volts +3V Ground +3.3 Volts COM +3.3 Volts +5.0 Volts +5.0 Volts -5.0 Volts Ground Ground Ground Power Supply On Ground -12.0Volts +3.3Volts

+12V DC

A7M266-D ATX & Auxiliary Power Connectors
The following PANEL illustration is used for items 2127:

Keyboard Lock

PLED Keylock Ground

Speaker Connector

+5V Ground Ground SPKR

Power LED

Message LED
+5 V MLED ExtSMI# Ground PWR_SW Ground

SMI Lead

ATX Power Switch*
* Requires an ATX power supply.
A7M266-D System Panel Connectors
21) System Power LED Lead (3-1 pin PWRLED) This 3-1 pin connector connects to the system power LED, which lights when the system is powered on and blinks when it is in sleep or soft-off mode. 22) Keyboard Lock Switch Lead (2-pin KEYLOCK) This 2-pin connector supports a case-mounted key switch for keyboard locking. 23) System Warning Speaker Connector (4-pin SPEAKER) This 4-pin connector connects to the case-mounted speaker. 24) System Message LED Lead (2-pin MSGLED) This indicates whether a message has been received from a fax/modem. The LED will remain lit when there is no signal and blink when there is data received. This function requires an ACPI OS and driver support. 25) System Management Interrupt Lead (2-pin SMISW) This allows the user to manually place the system into a suspend mode or Green mode where system activity will be instantly decreased to save electricity and expand the life of certain components when the system is not in use. This 2-pin connector (see the preceding figure) connects to the case-mounted suspend switch. 26) ATX Power Switch / Soft-Off Switch Lead (2-pin PWRSW) The system power is controlled by a momentary switch connected to this lead. Pushing the button once will switch the system between ON and SLEEP or ON and SOFT OFF, depending on your BIOS or OS setting. Pushing the switch while in the ON mode for more than 4 seconds will turn the system off. The system power LED shows the status of the systems power. 27) Reset Switch Lead (2-pin RESET) This 2-pin connector connects to the case-mounted reset switch for rebooting your computer without having to turn off your power switch. This is a preferred method of rebooting to prolong the life of the systems power supply.

ResetCon Ground

Reset SW
3.9 Starting Up the First Time
1. After all connections are made, close the system case cover. 2. Be sure that all switches are off (in some systems, marked with ). 3. Connect the power supply cord into the power supply located on the back of your system case according to your system users manual. 4. Connect the power cord into a power outlet that is equipped with a surge protector. 5. You may then turn on your devices in the following order: a. Your monitor b. External SCSI devices (starting with the last device on the chain) c. Your system power. For ATX power supplies, you need to switch on the power supply as well as press the ATX power switch on the front of the case. 6. The power LED on the front panel of the system case will light. For ATX power supplies, the system LED will light when the ATX power switch is pressed. The LED on the monitor may light up or switch between orange and green after the systems if it complies with green standards or if it has a power standby feature. The system will then run power-on tests. While the tests are running, the BIOS will alarm beeps or additional messages will appear on the screen. If you do not see anything within 30 seconds from the time you turn on the power, the system may have failed a power-on test. Recheck your jumper settings and connections or call your retailer for assistance.

Award BIOS Beep Codes

Beep One short beep when displaying logo Long beeps in an endless loop One long beep followed by three short beeps High frequency beeps when system is working Meaning No error during POST No DRAM installed or detected Video card not found or video card memory bad CPU overheated System running at a lower frequency

3. H/W SETUP Powering Up

7. During power-on, hold down <Delete> to enter BIOS setup. Follow the instructions in 4. BIOS SETUP. * Powering Off your computer: You must first exit or shut down your operating system before switching off the power switch. For ATX power supplies, you can press the ATX power switch after exiting or shutting down your operating system. If you use Windows 9X, click the Start button, click Shut Down, and then click Shut down the computer? The power supply should turn off after Windows shuts down. NOTE: The message You can now safely turn off your computer will not appear when shutting down with ATX power supplies.
40 ASUS A7M266-D Users Manual

4. BIOS SETUP

4.1 Managing and Updating Your BIOS
4.1.1 Upon First Use of the Computer System

Sub-Menu

Note that a right pointer symbol (as shown in the left view) appears to the left of certain fields. This pointer indicates that a sub-menu can be launched from this field. A sub-menu contains additional options for a field parameter. To call up a submenu, simply move the highlight to the field and press <Enter>. The sub-menu will then immediately appear. Use the legend keys to enter values and move from field to field within a sub-menu just as you would within a menu. Use the <Esc> key to return to the main menu. Take some time to familiarize yourself with each of the legend keys and their corresponding functions. Practice navigating through the various menus and submenus. If you accidentally make unwanted changes to any of the fields, use the set default hot key <F5>. While moving around through the Setup program, note that explanations appear in the Item Specific Help window located to the right of each menu. This window displays the help text for the currently highlighted field. NOTE: The item heading in square brackets represents the default setting for that field.

4.3 Main Menu

When the Setup program is accessed, the following screen appears:
System Time [XX:XX:XX] Sets your system to the time that you specify (usually the current time). The format is hour, minute, second. Valid values for hour, minute and second are Hour: (00 to 23), Minute: (00 to 59), Second: (00 to 59). Use the <Tab> or <Shift> + <Tab> keys to move between the hour, minute, and second fields. System Date [XX/XX/XXXX] Sets your system to the date that you specify (usually the current date). The format is month, day, year. Valid values for month, day, and year are Month: (1 to 12), Day: (1 to 31), Year: (100 year range). Use the <Tab> or <Shift> + <Tab> keys to move between the month, day, and year fields. Legacy Diskette A [1.44M, 3.5 in.], Legacy Diskette B [None] Sets the type of floppy drives installed. Configuration options: [None] [360K, 5.25 in.] [1.2M , 5.25 in.] [720K , 3.5 in.] [1.44M, 3.5 in.] [2.88M, 3.5 in.] Floppy 3 Mode Support [Disabled] This is required to support older Japanese floppy drives. Floppy 3 Mode support will allow reading and writing of 1.2MB (as opposed to 1.44MB) on a 3.5-inch diskette. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Drive A] [Drive B] [Both]

Other options for Type: are: [CD-ROM] - for IDE CD-ROM drives [LS-120] - for LS-120 compatible floppy disk drives [ZIP-100] - for ZIP-100 compatible disk drives [MO] - for IDE magneto optical disk drives [Other ATAPI Device] - for IDE devices not listed here After using the legend keys to make your selections on this sub-menu, press the <Esc> key to exit back to the Main menu. When the Main menu appears, you will notice that the drive size appear in the field for the hard disk drive that you just configured.

4.3.2 Keyboard Features

4. BIOS SETUP Keyboard Features
Boot Up NumLock Status [On] This field enables users to activate the Number Lock function upon system boot. Configuration options: [Off] [On] Keyboard Auto-Repeat Rate [12/Sec] This controls the speed at which the system registers repeated keystrokes. Options range from 6 to 30 characters per second. Configuration options: [6/Sec] [8/Sec] [10/Sec] [12/Sec] [15/Sec] [20/Sec] [24/Sec] [30/Sec] Keyboard Auto-Repeat Delay [1/4 Sec] This field sets the time interval for displaying the first and second characters. Configuration options: [1/4 Sec] [1/2 Sec] [3/4 Sec] [1 Sec] 52 ASUS A7M266-D Users Manual
Language [English] This allows selection of the BIOS displayed language. Currently only English is available. Supervisor Password [Disabled] / User Password [Disabled] These fields allow you to set the passwords. To set the password, highlight the appropriate field and press <Enter>. Type in a password and press <Enter>. You can type up to eight alphanumeric characters. Symbols and other keys are ignored. To confirm the password, type the password again and press the <Enter>. The password is now set to [Enabled]. This password allows full access to the BIOS Setup menus. To clear the password, highlight this field and press <Enter>. The same dialog box as above will appear. Press <Enter> and the password will be set to [Disabled]. A Note about Passwords The BIOS Setup program allows you to specify passwords in the Main menu. The passwords control access to the BIOS during system startup. The passwords are not case sensitive. In other words, it makes no difference whether you enter a password using upper or lowercase letters. The BIOS Setup program allows you to specify two separate passwords: a Supervisor password and a User password. When disabled, anyone may access all BIOS Setup program functions. When enabled, the Supervisor password is required for entering the BIOS Setup program and having full access to all configuration fields. Forgot the Password? If you forgot the password, you can clear the password by erasing the CMOS Real Time Clock (RTC) RAM. The RAM data containing the password information is powered by the onboard button cell battery. To erase the RTC RAM: (1) Unplug your computer, (2) Short the solder points, (3) Turn ON your computer, (4) Hold down <Delete> during bootup and enter BIOS setup to re-enter user preferences.

Notes for JumperFree Mode
System Hangup If your system crashes or hangs due to improper frequency settings, power OFF your system and restart. The system will start up in safe mode running at a bus speed of 100MHz. You will then be led to BIOS setup to adjust the configurations.
4. BIOS SETUP JumperFree Mode
NOTE: To achieve more stable performance and precise frequencies, JumperFree Mode should not be selected with this version of the A7M266-D.

4.4.1 Chip Configuration

SDRAM CAS Latency This controls the latency between the SDRAM read command and the time that the data actually becomes available. NOTE: This field will only be adjustable when SDRAM Configuration is set to [User Define]. SDRAM RAS Precharge Time This controls the idle clocks after issuing a precharge command to the SDRAM. NOTE: This field will only be adjustable when SDRAM Configuration is set to [User Define]. SDRAM RAS to CAS Delay This controls the latency between the SDRAM active command and the read/write command. NOTE: This field will only be adjustable when SDRAM Configuration is set to [User Define]. AGP 4X Supported [Enabled] This feature allows the CPU to write directly to the AGP card for up to 30% performance gain over standard AGP 4X mode. Configuration options: [Enabled] [Disabled] ASUS A7M266-D Users Manual 57
4. BIOS SETUP Chip Configuration
SDRAM Configuration [By SPD] This sets the optimal timings for SDRAM related fields, depending on the memory modules that you are using. Default setting is [By SPD], which configures the subsequent 3 items by reading the contents in the SPD (Serial Presence Detect) device. The EEPROM on the memory module stores critical parameter information about the module, such as memory type, size, speed, voltage interface, and module banks. Configuration options: [By SPD][User Define]
AGP Fast Write [Disabled] Configuration options: [Enabled] [Disabled] AGP Compensation [Bypass] Configuration options: [Bypass] [Auto] AGP Signal Driving [Auto] Configuration options: [Auto] [Manual] Graphics Aperture Size [32MB] This feature allows you to select the size of mapped memory for AGP graphic data. Configuration options: [32MB] [64MB] [128MB] [256MB] [512MB] Video Memory Cache Mode [UC] USWC (uncacheable, speculative write combining) is a new cache technology for the video memory of the processor. It can greatly improve the display speed by caching the display data. You must set this to UC (uncacheable) if your display card cannot support this feature; otherwise your system may not boot. Configuration options: [UC] [USWC] Software DDR PDL Delay [Auto] Configuration options: [Auto] [Manual] Delayed Transaction [Disabled] Leave on default setting. [Enabled] frees the PCI Bus when the CPU is accessing 8-bit ISA devices that normally consume about 50-60 PCI Clocks without PCI delayed transaction. Select [Disabled] for ISA devices that are not PCI 2.1 compliant. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled] PCI to DRAM Prefetch [Disabled] Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled] AGP to DRAM Prefetch [Enabled] Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled] S2K Slew Rate Control [3] Configuration options: [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7] Onboard PCI IDE Enable [Both] You can select to enable the primary IDE channel, secondary IDE channel, both, or disable both channels. Configuration options: [Both] [Primary] [Secondary] [Disabled]

Video Off Option [Suspend -> Off ] This field determines when to activate the video off feature for monitor power management. Configuration options: [Always On] [Suspend -> Off] Video Off Method [DPMS OFF] This field defines the video off features. The DPMS (Display Power Management System) feature allows the BIOS to control the video display card if it supports the DPMS feature. [Blank Screen] only blanks the screen (use this for monitors without power management or green features. If set up in your system, your screen saver will not display with [Blank Screen] selected). [V/ H SYNC+Blank] blanks the screen and turns off vertical and horizontal scanning. Configuration options: [Blank Screen] [V/H SYNC+Blank] [DPMS Standby] [DPMS Suspend] [DPMS OFF] [DPMS Reduce ON] HDD Power Down [Disabled] Shuts down any IDE hard disk drives in the system after a period of inactivity as set in this user-configurable field. This feature does not affect SCSI hard drives. Configuration options: [Disabled] [1 Min] [2 Min] [3 Min].[15 Min] Entering Suspend in [Disabled] Sets the time period before the system goes into suspend mode. Configuration options: [Disabled] [30 Sec] [1 Min]. [1 Hour] PWR Button < 4 Secs [Soft Off] When set to [Soft off], the ATX switch can be used as a normal system power-off button when pressed for less than 4 seconds. [Suspend] allows the button to have a dual function where pressing less than 4 seconds will place the system in sleep mode. Regardless of the setting, holding the ATX switch for more than 4 seconds will power off the system. Configuration options: [Soft off] [Suspend] CPU Overheat Throttle [Disabled] This feature helps to prolong the life of the CPU and motherboard by monitoring the temperature of the CPU; if overheating occurs, the CPU is throttle down or shuts off completely. Configuration options: [Enabled] [Disabled]

4.5.1 Power Up Control

PWR Up On External Modem Act [Disabled] This allows either settings of [Enabled] or [Disabled] for powering up the computer when the external modem receives a call while the computer is in Soft-off mode. NOTE: The computer cannot receive or transmit data until the computer and applications are fully running. Thus connection cannot be made on the first try. Turning an external modem off and then back on while the computer is off causes an initialization string that will also cause the system to power on. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled] Wake On LAN or PCI Modem [Disabled] Wake-On-LAN/PCI Modem allows your computer to be booted from another computer via a network by sending a wake-up frame or signal. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled] IMPORTANT: This feature requires an optional network interface card with WakeOn-LAN and an ATX power supply with at least 720mA +5V standby power.

4. From the FTP site, select the BIOS version that you wish to download. Click Next.
5. Follow the instructions on the succeeding screens to complete the update process. If you selected the option to update the BIOS from a file, a window pops up prompting you to locate the file. Select the file, click Save, then follow the screen instructions to complete the update process.
6. S/W REFERENCE ASUS Live Update

6.4 ASUS Live Update

6.5 Multi-Channel Audio Feature Setup
The C-Media PCI Audio Driver and Applications are located on the Support CD. Installing the programs enables the multi-channel audio feature. Note: You must use 4 or 6 channel speakers for this setup.
6. S/W REFERENCE Multi-Channel Audio
6.5.1 The C-Media Audio Mixer
1. The C-Media Mixer Icon appears on the bottom right of the screen, or the Mixer may be turned on from the PCI Audio Applications & Audio Rack groups on the Main Program menu using the Windows Start button: Click on the icon to display the C-Media Audio Mixer:
2. The Tools button activates the S/PDIF, Speaker, Volume, Sound Effects and Options menus. The Speaker menu offers various configurations for your speaker system. This menu enables the Line-In and Mic-In audio jacks on the back panel to setup additional speakers for 4 and 6-Channel Audio.
6.5.2 The C-Media Applications
1. Activate the Multi-Channel Audio Demo program from the PCI Audio Applications group on the Main Program menu. Access various applications: the AudioRack, CD Player, MIDI Player, Mixer, and MP3 Player.
2. The PCI Multi-Channel Audio Demo has several Demos to help fine tune your PC speaker system. The Help menu features several pages of instructions and hardware diagrams to help configure and test the system. To activate the Speaker Channel Configuration Menu, point your mouse arrow and click on the TV box.
3. The Speaker Channel Configuration Menu displays all the options available to help tune the multichannel audio system even more precisely.
6.2.3 Connector Configuration
The chart below displays the configurations for the line connectors on the yellow MIDI/Game/ Audio connector port located on the back panel. The three female connectors are available for use in the 6-Channel audio system.

Line Out Line In Mic

Connector Settings and Functions
Headphone/ 2-Speaker Lime Light Blue Pink Line Out/ Front Spkr Out Line In Mic In 4-Speaker Line Out/ Front Spkr Out 6-Speaker Line Out/ Front Spkr Out

7. APPENDIX Glossary

Boot Boot means to start the computer operating system by loading it into system memory. When the manual instructs you to boot your system (or computer), it means to turn ON your computer. Reboot means to restart your computer. When using Windows 95 or later, selecting Restart from Start | Shut Down. will reboot your computer. Bus Master IDE PIO (Programmable I/O) IDE requires that the CPU be involved in IDE access and waiting for mechanical events. Bus master IDE transfers data to/from the memory without interrupting the CPU. Bus master IDE driver and bus master IDE hard disk drives are required to support bus master IDE mode. Byte (Binary Term) One byte is a group of eight contiguous bits. A byte is used to represent a single alphanumeric character, punctuation mark, or other symbol. Cache Memory. A type of RAM that allows a faster from the CPU than a regular RAM. The cache memory eliminates the CPU wait state. When the CPU reads data from the main memory, a copy of this data is stored in the cache memory. The next time the same address, the data is transferred from the cache memory instead of from the main memory. CODEC (Compressor/Decompressor). A software component that translates video or audio between its uncompressed form and the compressed form in which it is stored. COM Port COM is a logical device name used by to designate the computer serial ports. Pointing devices, modems, and infrared modules can be connected to COM ports. Each COM port is configured to use a different IRQ and address assignment. Concurrent PCI Concurrent PCI maximizes system performance with simultaneous CPU, PCI and ISA bus activities. It includes multi-transaction timing, enhanced write performance, a passive release mechanism and support for PCI 2.1 compliant delayed transactions. Concurrent PCI provides increased bandwidth, reduced system latencies, improves video and audio performance, and improves processing of host based applications. CPU (Central Processing Unit) The CPU, sometimes called Processor, actually functions as the brain of the computer. It interprets and executes program commands and processes data stored in memory. Currently, there are socket 370 (for Pentium III FC-PGA and Celeron-PPGA), socket 7 (for Pentium, AMD, Cyrix, IBM), slot 1 (for Pentium II and III), slot 2 (for Xeon), and slot A (for AMD) processors. Device Driver A device driver is a special set of instructions that allows the computers operating system to communicate with devices such as VGA, audio, printer, or modem. DOS (Disk Operating System) DOS is the foundation on which all other programs and software applications operate, including Windows. DOS is responsible for allocating system resources such as memory, CPU time, disk space, and access to peripheral devices. For this reason, DOS constitutes the basic interface between you and your computer. DRAM (Dynamic Random Access Memory)

A type of RAM that requires refresh cycles to prevent the loss of the data stored in it.
There are several different types of DRAM such as, EDO DRAM (Extended Data Output DRAM), SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM), and RDRAM (Rambus DRAM) and DDR DRAM, (Double-Data Rate DRAM). Flash ROM non-volatile memory device that retains its data even when power is removed. This device is similar to EPROM, but unlike EPROM which can be erased only using an ultra-violet light, flash ROM can be electrically erased. Flash ROM is normally used for system BIOS, which initiates hardware devices and sets up necessary parameters for the OS. Since the flash ROM contents can be modified, users can easily update the BIOS.
IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics) IDE devices integrate the drive control circuitry directly on the drive itself, eliminating the need for a separate adapter card (in the case for SCSI devices). UltraDMA/33 IDE devices can achieve up to 33MB/Sec transfer. I/O (Input/Output) The data transfers from the input devices like a keyboard, mouse, or scanner, to the output devices like a printer or the monitor screen. I/O Address The specific memory location for a particular device. Two devices cannot share the same I/O address space. IrDA (Infrared Data Association) An internaltional organization that creates and promotes inter-operable, low cost, infrared data interconnection standards that support a walk-up, point-to-point model. The IrDA protocol is designed to support transmission of data between two devices over short-range pointto-point infrared at speeds between 9.6Kbps and 4Mbps. ISP (Internet Service Provider) A company that provides customer access to the Internet and the World Wide Web for a fee. The ISP also provides Internet utilities and services like e-mail, newsgroup, weather reports, and a host of others. The user can connect to the ISP using a modem installed in the computer and connected to a phone line. LPT Port (Line Printer Port) Logical device name reserved by DOS for the computer parallel ports. Each LPT port is configured to use a different IRQ and address assignment. MMX A set of 57 new instructions designed to accelerate multimedia and communications applications, such as 3D video, 3D sound, video conference. Modem A device that allows a computer to talk to another computer through the phone system. Network An interconnected computer system linked by telephone wires, or other means. OnNow The OnNow design initiative is a comprehensive, system-wide approach to system and device power control. OnNow is a term for PC that is always ON but appears OFF and responds immediately to user or other requests. The OnNow design initiative involves changes that will occur in the Microsoft Windows operating system, device drivers, hardware, and applications, and also relies on the changes defined in the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) specification. PC100/133 This is an industry-standard designation for memory capacity as a measure of the speed of the memory bus. New platform requirements ensure that memory does not become a bottleneck to system performance. PCI Bus (Peripheral Component Interconnect Local Bus) PCI bus is a standard specification that defines a 32-bit data bus interface. PCI Bus Master The PCI Bus Master can perform data transfer without local CPU help and the CPU can be treated as one of the Bus Masters. PCI 2.1 supports concurrent PCI operation to allow the local CPU and bus master to work simultaneously. POST (Power On Self Test) Powering on the computer initiates the POST, a series of software-controlled diagnostic tests. The POST checks system memory, the motherboard circuitry, the display, the keyboard, the diskette drive, and other I/O devices

 

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