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AUTOCOM PRO-XL MDX1600/COMPOSER PRO-XL MDX2600/MULTICOM PRO-XL MDX4600
Version 1.1 June 2002
AUTOCOM PRO-XL MDX1600
COMPOSER PRO-XL MDX2600
MULTICOM PRO-XL MDX4600
DETAILED SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS: All the safety and operation instructions should be read before the appliance is operated. Retain Instructions: The safety and operating instructions should be retained for future reference. Heed Warnings: All warnings on the appliance and in the operating instructions should be adhered to.
To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not remove the top cover (or the rear section). No user serviceable parts inside; refer servicing to qualified personnel.
Follow instructions: All operation and user instructions should be followed. Water and Moisture: The appliance should not be used near water (e.g. near a bathtub, washbowl, kitchen sink, laundry tub, in a wet basement, near a swimming pool etc.). Ventilation: The appliance should be situated so that its location or position does not interfere with its proper ventilation. For example, the appliance should not be placed on a bed, sofa, rug, or similar surface that may block the ventilation openings, or placed in a built-in installation, such as a bookcase or cabinet that may impede the flow of air through the ventilation openings. Heat: The appliance should be situated away from heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other appliances (including amplifiers) that produce heat. Power Source: The appliance should be connected to a power supply only of the type described in the operating instructions or as marked on the appliance. Grounding or Polarization: This device must be grounded. Power-Cord Protection: Power supply cords should be routed so that they are not likely to be walked on or pinched by items placed upon or against them, paying particular attention to cords and plugs, extension cords and the point where they exit from the appliance. Cleaning: The appliance should be cleaned only as recommended by the manufacturer. Non-use Periods: The power cord of the appliance should be unplugged from the outlet when left unused for extended periods of time. Debris and Liquid Entry: Care should be taken that debris and/or liquids do not enter the enclosure through openings. Damage Requiring Service: The appliance should be serviced by qualified service personnel when: s s s s s The power supply cord or the plug has been damaged; or Debris or liquid has entered the appliance; or The appliance has been exposed to rain; or The appliance does not appear to operate normally or exhibits a noticable change in performance; or The appliance has been dropped, or the enclosure damaged.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, do not expose this appliance to rain and moisture.
This symbol, wherever it appears, alerts you to the presence of uninsulated dangerous voltage inside the enclosurevoltage that may be sufficient to constitute a risk of shock.
This symbol, wherever it appears, alerts you to important operating and maintenance instructions in the accompanying literature. Please read the manual.
Servicing: The user should not attempt to service the appliance beyond that which is described in the operating instructions. All other servicing should be referred to qualified service personnel.
Dear Customer, welcome to the team of BEHRINGER users and thank you very much for expressing your confidence in us by purchasing this unit. It is one of my most pleasant tasks to write this letter to you, because it is the culmination of many months of hard work delivered by our engineering team to reach a very ambitious goal: Shaping a new generation of dynamic processors that suit all possible demands of dynamic processingbe it in the studio or under the most demanding live conditions. The COMPOSER PRO, the AUTOCOM PRO and the MULTICOM PRO have for quite a long time been standard tools used by numerous studios and PA rental companies. The task to improve some of our best-selling products certainly meant a great deal of responsibility, which we assumed by focusing on you, the discerning user and musician. It also meant a lot of work and night shifts to accomplish this goal. But it was fun, too. Developing products usually brings a lot of people together, and what a great feeling it is when everybody who participated in such a project can be proud of what weve achieved. It is our philosophy to share our joy with you, because you are the most important member of the BEHRINGER family. With your highly competent suggestions for new products youve greatly contributed to shaping our company and making it successful. In return, we guarantee you uncompromising quality (manufactured under ISO9000 certified management system) as well as excellent technical and audio properties at an extremely competitive price. All of this will enable you to fully unfold your creativity without being hampered by budget constraints. We are often asked how we can produce such high-grade devices at such unbelievably low prices. The answer is quite simple: its you, our customers! Many satisfied customers mean large sales volumes enabling us to get better conditions of purchase for components etc. Isnt it only fair to pass these benefits back to you? Because we know that your success is our success, too! I would like to thank all people whose help on the projects COMPOSER PRO-XL, AUTOCOM PRO-XL and MULTICOM PRO-XL has made it all possible. Everybody has made very personal contributions, starting from the designers of the unit to the many staff members in my company to you, the user of BEHRINGER products.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION... 3
1.1 Before you get started.. 4 1.1.1 Shipment.. 4 1.1.2 Initial operation... 4 1.1.3 Warranty... 5 1.2 The users manual... 5
2. CONTROL ELEMENTS AND CONNECTORS.. 5
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 The expander/gate section.. 5 The compressor section.. 6 The dynamic enhancer section.. 7 The de-esser section.. 7 The peak limiter section.. 7 The rear panel control elements.. 8
3. EXAMPLES OF SIDECHAIN APPLICATIONS.. 8
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Eliminating interference.. 8 Emphasizing instruments.. 9 Time-delayed compression.. 9 Voice over compression (ducking).. 9 Triggering additional sounds from a rhythm track.. 9
4. WIRING... 9 5. INSTALLATION.. 10
5.1 Rack installation.. 10 5.2 Audio connections... 10
6. SPECIFICATIONS... 11 7. WARRANTY... 12
With this new dynamics processor from the PRO-XL series you have acquired an extremely powerful and universal compressor which unites in one compact device all of those dynamics control functions that are most frequently used in practice: each channel has an independent compressor/limiter, expander/gate and peak limiter. Thus, virtually all dynamics processing problems can be remedied with little effort. Future-oriented BEHRINGER technology The new PRO-XL dynamics processors from BEHRINGER feature several innovative circuit designs, making them topclass dynamics processing equipment. Compared to their predecessors, they now have improvements such as the de-esser, which allows you to effectively suppress disturbing hiss noise (COMPOSERPRO-XL), additional LED displays to set the de-esser levels, plus a switchable enhancer. The AUTOCOM PRO-XL not only includes an enhancer, but also a switchable de-esser and a peak limiter, which has already proved its versatility in the COMPOSER PRO. The BEHRINGER MULTICOM PRO-XL has been upgraded with an expander/noise gate plus enhancer. Additionally, we have managed to improve its audio properties even furtherin combination with a revised circuit design. To give you the best operational reliability possible, we manufacture our products in accordance with the highest quality standards known in the industry. Additionally the dynamic processors are manufactured under ISO9000 certified management system.
My friends, its been worth the trouble!
Thank you very much,
VAD (Voice-Adaptive) De-esser The COMPOSER PRO-XL and AUTOCOM PRO-XL incorporate a newly designed de-esser circuit specifically adapted to process the critical range of treble frequencies. Hiss noise on vocal tracks often contains high levels, giving the signals a rather edgy, unpleasant sound. The de-esser responds to those frequency ranges in which hiss noise usually occurs and limits the overall signal level as soon as the audio signal is affected by excessive energy density in this range. Unlike equalizers, however, it does not impair the frequency response of the signal. In this way, intelligibility in low-level passages is perfectly preserved, and you can even boost the treble range with a good equalizer. The sound becomes transparent and fresh, while the de-esser prevents hiss noise from becoming too dominant and disturbing the overall sound image. IDE (Interactive Dynamic) Enhancer Probably the best known negative side effect of a compressor is the dull and compressed sound that is likely to result from the processing of complex program material. Low-frequency instruments usually produce the highest signal energy and hence make the compressor reduce the overall level. Any instrument in the higher frequency ranges concurrently played also has its level reduced, which leads to a compressed overall sound. The dynamic enhancer provides the solution to this problem, enabling you to make up specifically for the compression-induced loss of treble energy. Since the enhancer can detect the amount of compression applied, it does not change the sound image as long as the signals remain uncompressed. No treble energy is lost, even when complex mix-down material is processed. ATS (Authentic Tube Simulation) circuitry Even today, the warm, expressive and transparent tonal character of electronic tubes is a real classic. We proudly present the COMPOSER PRO-XL and its high-tech circuit design enabling the authentic reproduction of this legendary sound, and at the same time avoiding all of the technical drawbacks that go along with tube technology. Owing to state-of-the-art semi-conductor technology, there is no sound deterioration caused by tube ageing, there are no heat problems and no maintenance required at all. All that remains is the advantage of tube technology: its distinctive sound! IKA (Interactive Knee Adaptation) Compressor Our proven IKA (Interactive Knee Adaptation) circuit successfully combines the hard knee compressor concept with the soft knee characteristic. This program-dependent control characteristic makes it possible to both provide an inaudible and musical program compression and allows for creative and efficient dynamics processing. IRC (Interactive Ratio Control) Expander A fundamental problem when using a compressor is the fact that the basic noise floor depends on the amount of compression applied, i.e. it is amplified maximally in low-level passages and breaks in the music (compressor noise). To eliminate this problem, compressors are usually equipped with additional expander or gate circuitry, simply fading out the noise during breaks. The dynamics processors from the PRO-XL Series feature our IRC (Interactive Ratio Control) expander, whose ratio setting changes automatically with the program material. The result is an expander that can be set quickly and easily, and does not cut off low-level wanted signals (e.g. the first or last syllable of a word in a vocal track). With the new IRC circuit, the expander/gate section of the BEHRINGER COMPOSER PRO-XL MDX2600, AUTOCOM PRO-XL MDX1600 and MULTICOM PRO-XL MDX4600 can be used as an independent device to eliminate any kind of interference, thus giving you almost unlimited flexibility of application. IGC (Interactive Gain Control) Peak Limiter Another outstanding feature of BEHRINGER dynamics processors is the IGC (Interactive Gain Control) limiter, an intelligent combination of a clipper and program limiter. The clipper comes in as soon as an adjustable threshold is exceeded and abruptly limits the signal gain. However, if the limiter threshold is exceeded for longer than a few milliseconds, the ICG circuit is activated automatically and reduces the gain of the overall output signal, so that audible distortion is eliminated (program limiter). When the signal drops below threshold again, its level is restored to its original value after about one second. This IGC feature is an extremely usefull tool for both live applications (e.g. speaker protection) and digital processing, in which excess levels lead to unpleasant distortion. Safety relay The design of the COMPOSER PRO-XL incorporates the so-called safety relays, which set the unit to bypass in case of a power failure or other malfunctions. Additionally, these relays are used to implement a switch-on delay, so as to suppress harmful switch-on thumps. Balanced inputs and outputs The BEHRINGER dynamics processors from the PRO-XL series are equipped with electronically balanced inputs and outputs. The automatic servo function detects any unbalanced plugs connected and adjusts the nominal level internally, so as to make sure that there is no difference in level between the input and output signals (6-dB correction).
First, this manual describes the terminology used, so that you understand the unit and its functions. Please read the manual carefully and keep it for future reference.
1.1 Before you get started
Your COMPOSER PRO-XL, AUTOCOM PRO-XL or MULTICOM PRO-XL was carefully packed at the factory and the packaging is designed to protect the unit from rough handling. Nevertheless, we recommend that you carefully examine the packaging and its contents for any signs of physical damage which may have occurred during transit.
If the unit is damaged, please do NOT return it to BEHRINGER, but notify your dealer and the shipping company immediately. Otherwise, claims for damage or replacement may not be granted.
1.1.2 Initial operation
Be sure that there is enough space around the unit for cooling and, to avoid overheating, please do not place it on power amplifiers, near radiators etc.
Before you connect the unit to the mains, please make sure that the voltage setting on the unit matches the local voltage:
The fuse holder at the AC power connector has 3 triangular markings. Two of these three triangles are aligned with one another. The unit is set to the voltage shown next to these markings and can be switched over by turning the fuse holder by 180. IMPORTANT: This does not apply to export models designed exclusively for 115 V operation!
If you set the unit to a different mains voltage, be sure to use a fuse of the correct type and rating. Please refer to the SPECIFICATIONS for details. Blown fuses must be replaced by fuses of the same type and rating! Please refer to the SPECIFICATIONS for details.
The mains connection is made using the enclosed power cord and a standard IEC receptacle. It meets all of the international safety certification requirements.
2.1 The expander/gate section
Please make sure that all units have a proper ground connection. For your own safety, never remove or disable the ground conductor from the unit or of the AC power cord.
Please take the time to fill in and return the warranty card within 14 days after the date of purchase, so as to benefit from our extended warranty. The serial number is printed on the top side of the unit. Or register online at www.behringer.com.
1.2 The users manual
This manual has been designed to give you a survey of all control elements and at the same time provide you with detailed information on how to use them. To help you understand what each control does, we have grouped the control elements according to function. If you need more detailed information on specific topics, please visit our website at www.behringer.com, where you will find for example explanations of in-detail dynamics applications.
Fig. 2.2: Expander/gate section control elements Use the TRIGGER control in the expander/gate section to determine the threshold below which expansion sets in, so that signals below threshold are reduced in gain. The setting range is from OFF to +10 dB. If a signal below the adjusted value is applied, the red LED (expansion on) lights up. If the signal gain is above the adjusted value, the green LED lights up. In order to adapt the expander/gate optimally to the program material, use the RELEASE switch to select a short or long release time. Percussive material with little or no reverb at all is usually processed with a short release time (switch not pressed). The long release time is the best choice for slowly decaying or heavily reverberated signals (switch pressed). The GATE switch allows you to toggle between the expander (switch not pressed) and the gate function (switch pressed). Use the gate function to mute signals below threshold (e.g. noise). Application hints The purpose of using an expander is usually to expand the usable dynamics towards the lower end, i.e. to improve the separation between low-level signals and the unavoidable noise floor by reducing the noise level. Start setting up the expander by turning the TRIGGER control from position OFF clockwise until the LEDs show the onset of the gain reduction. Preferrably, you should use some music material containing pauses and soft passages, so as to hear whether the beginnings or endings of words are cut off by the expander or are suppressed too much. If necessary, experiment with the release time or reduce the threshold a little bit.
2. CONTROL ELEMENTS AND CONNECTORS
This chapter describes the various control elements of your dynamics processor. All controls are explained in full detail, including useful suggestions on how to use them. The COMPOSER PRO-XL and AUTOCOM PRO-XL feature two identical channels, the MULTICOM PRO-XL four of them.
Fig. 2.1: Linking channels with the COUPLE switch Pressing the COUPLE switch links the channels. In couple mode, dynamics are controlled by using channel 1 switches and controls, whereby the control signal is derived from the energy of both side chain channels (true stereo processing). Therefore, all switches and controls of channel 2 (except for IN/OUT, SC EXT, SC MON, LO CONTOUR, TUBE, DE-ESSER, MALE, ENHANCER, I/O METER switches and OUTPUT, DE-ESSER LEVEL and ENHANCER LEVEL controls) will be disabled when you activate the COUPLE switch. On the MDX4600, channel 3 controls channel 4 in link mode.
Gates work basically in the same way, the major difference being the fact that they reduce gain to a much greater extent. Once the level drops below threshold, the signal is muted completely. The classic application of a gate is the separation of signals delivered by multiple microphones in a multitrack recording. Especially when drums are recorded, a gate is almost indispensable to avoid crosstalk, e.g. of the cymbals into the floor tom microphones. However, you should always try to use the microphones and their directivity in the first place to achieve some degree of channel separation and hence a better and more natural result. Subsequently, a gate helps you optimize your set-up. The program-dependent IRC allows you to set both gate and expander easily and conveniently. Nevertheless, you should experiment with different release times and trigger settings to get a perfect result!
AUTOCOM PRO-XL MDX1600/COMPOSER PRO-XL MDX2600/MULTICOM PRO-XL MDX4600 2.2 The compressor section
The RATIO control determines the ratio of input vs. output level with regard to all signals exceeding threshold by more than 10 dB. Although the compression starts earlier, the IKA characteristic ensures the smooth, inaudible onset of the gain reduction, which is why the ratio value will be reached only with 10 dB or more above threshold. It can be set continuously from 1:1 (no compression) to oo :1 (limiter). The 12-digit GAIN REDUCTION display (MDX4600: 8-digit) informs you about the current gain reduction applied (1 to 30 dB). The LO CONTOUR switch activates a high-pass filter in the side-chain path and thus avoids the pumping effect caused by high-energy bass frequencies and their influence on the compression process. Use the ATTACK control to determine when the compression sets in once the signal has exceeded threshold (MDX1600 and MDX2600 only). The setting range is from 0.3 to 300ms. Press the INTERACTIVE KNEE switch to change from hard knee to IKA characteristic: Input signals exceeding threshold by up to 10 dB will be processed with a soft knee characteristic. Above 10 dB the control characteristic changes from soft knee to a more conventional hard knee compression. The IKA characteristic allows for a subtle and musical compression of the program material, and should be used whenever inaudible compression is desired. The AUTO function, which is activated with the AUTO switch, disables the ATTACK and RELEASE controls and derives these time values automatically from the program material. It thus allows for a heavy and, at the same time, musical compression of signals with varying levels or of complex program material. The RELEASE control (MDX1600 and MDX2600 only) sets the time when the original 1:1 gain is reached, after the signal has dropped below threshold again. The setting range is from 0.05 to 5 s. Use the TUBE switch (MDX2600 only) to enhance the output signal with the warm and transparent tonal character typically produced by electronic tubes. Fig. 2.3: Compressor section control elements Use the THRESHOLD control to adjust the compressor threshold from -40 to +20 dB. These three LEDs (AUTOCOM PRO-XL and COMPOSERPRO-XL only) indicate whether the input signal is above or below the adjusted compressor threshold. The yellow LED in the middle refers to the IKA soft knee range (if IKA is on). Activating the SC EXT switch interrupts the link between the signal input and the compressor control section. At the same time, an external control signal can be fed in via the rear panel SC RETURN jack, taking over control of the input signal dynamics reduction. You can, for example, intensify the control function in a specific frequency range by inserting an equalizer via the SC SEND AND SC RETURN jacks. Detailed information on this special application can be found in chapter 3 EXAMPLES OF SIDECHAIN APPLICATIONS. This function, too, is only available on the AUTOCOM PRO-XL and COMPOSERPRO-XL. The SC MON switch links the sidechain input signal to the audio output, thereby muting the audio input signal. For example, this allows you to pre-monitor the sidechain signal in combination with an equalizer or other device inserted into the sidechain channel. The SC MONITOR function makes it easier to for example adapt the equalizer filters to the control signal. With the SC MONITOR switch activated, only the sidechain signal will be present at the output, which is shown by the flashing LED switch! The OUTPUT control allows you to raise or lower the output signal by max. 20 dB, so as to make up for a gain loss caused by the compressor or limiter action. Raise the gain by roughly the same amount that it has been reduced by the compressor. The GAIN REDUCTION display reads the value adjusted. When you adjust the LIMITER control in the peak limiter section, please note that the output gain of the compressor is set before the peak limiter. If the level is too high here, the peak limiter may respond permanently (see LIMITER control in the peak limiter section). The 12-digit INPUT/OUTPUT LEVEL display (MDX4600: 8-digit) reads both the level of the incoming audio signal and the level at the dynamics processor output. The range is from -30 to +18 dB (MDX4600: -24 to +18 dB). The IN/OUT METER switch selects whether the gain LEDs read the input signal (switch pressed) or the output signal (switch not pressed). This display is referenced to the operating level selected with the OPERATING LEVEL switch on the rear of the unit (-10 dBV or +4 dBu). The IN/OUT switch activates the corresponding channel. It provides a so-called hard bypass, i.e. if it is OUT or the unit is not connected to the mains, the input jack will be linked directly to the output jack (COMPOSER PRO-XL MDX2600 only). Usually, this switch is used for direct A/B comparison between unprocessed and compressed/limited signals.
Application hints Setting the compressor will be much easier if you first set both limiter and expander to a neutral setting by turning both threshold controls (TRIGGER and LIMITER) to OFF. Setting the compression ratio requires your sense of hearing: Anything goes. In general, however, the ratio setting should not be too high for mix signals; instead, use 2:1 as a starting point to preserve the natural sound of the music; a ratio setting of about 4:1 has proved successful for vocal recordings. The IKA (Interactive Knee Adaptation) characteristic allows you to achieve a gradual and inaudible compression and hence to use higher ratios. If you want to use the compressor as an effect in its own right, dont hesitate to experiment with higher values. Turn the THRESHOLD control counter-clockwise until the GAIN REDUCTION display reads the desired gain reduction (dont exceed 6 - 8 dB for mix signals). During this process the volume is reduced audibly. Now turn the OUTPUT control clockwise until this volume difference has been made up for. The levels of the compressed vs. uncompressed signals can be compared with the INPUT/OUTPUT LEVEL display activated with the I/O METER switch. These two levels should be the same. The AUTO function for the attack and release times provides a program-dependentand largely inaudibledynamics control, which suits most standard applications. If a somewhat more open sound processing profile is required, you can set the attack and release times manually (AUTO switch not pressed). Start with a longer Release time, then make it gradually shorter. You will soon notice an unnatural pumping effect caused by rapidly changing levels. Select a longer release time until the effect cannot be heard any longer. The Attack time setting, too, is highly dependent on the music material. Select longer attack times for a subtle and musical compression. As a result you avoid attack portions of treble signals being cut off if compression is triggered by a high-level bass drum beat that is played at the same time. The sound remains transparent and compact throughout. If the compressor is being used as a limiter, the attack time should be as short as possible. This, in combination with a high ratio (>20:1), a medium to long release time and the maximum possible threshold will protect your sound reinforcement system effectively from getting overloaded. Fig. 2.5: De-esser section control elements From a circuitry point of view, the de-esser is placed in the sidechain path of the compressor, so it will operate only if the compressor is active. LEVEL control (MDX2600). Instead of an adjustable enhancer, the COMPOSER PRO-XL has a controllable deesser, which helps you eliminate hiss noise contained in the audio signal. The LEVEL control determines the amount of frequency suppression. DE-ESSER switch (MDX1600). The AUTOCOM PRO-XL also has a de-esser. At the touch of a button you can enhance the audio signal considerably, especially when processing can be found in the compressor vocal recordings. Switch section. DE-ESSER LEVEL (MDX2600). The LED chain reads the current attenuation within a range from +3 to +12 dB. MALE switch. This switch adapts the de-esser to the male (switch pressed) or female registers (not pressed). IN/OUT switch. Switches the de-esser on and off. ENHANCER switch (MDX2600 and MDX4600). Activates the dynamic enhancer. ENHANCER LEVEL. The LED chain reads the current treble boost within a range from -30 to 0 dB (MDX1600 only). IN/OUT switch (MDX1600). Use this switch to activate the enhancer circuit, e.g. to assess the effect the enhancer has on the audio signal.
2.4 The de-esser section
2.3 The dynamic enhancer section
2.5 The peak limiter section
Fig. 2.4: Dynamic enhancer section control elements The dynamic enhancer circuit implemented in all three dynamic processors allows you to dynamically enhance the treble range. Since the bass portions of a music signal often have the highest energy yield, they usually are the ones that trigger the compression process, thus also reducing the gain of middle to high frequencies. The enhancer controls the compression process and gradually adds more highs, the stronger the treble range is compressed, so as to make up for the subjective loss of high-frequency content. LEVEL control (MDX1600). The AUTOCOM PRO-XL features an adjustable enhancer, on which you can set the amount of treble boost with the LEVEL control. Fig. 2.6: Peak limiter section control elements The peak limiter limits the signal to an adjustable level. When the LIMITER control is turned fully to the right, the limiter is switched off. Owing to its extremely fast zero attack, this circuit is capable of limiting signal peaks without any overshoot. If the signal is limited for more than 20 ms, the overall gain is reduced for about 1 s to avoid strong and thus audible limiter effects.
If you wish to use the peak limiter as a protecting device, the LIMITER control and the OUTPUT control in the compressor section should be set so that the peak limiter responds only rarely or never at all. It should be triggered by peak signals only. To achieve creative sound effects, on the other hand, you can also intentionally drive the peak limiter into this peak limiting range. The LIMIT LED lights up as soon as the limiter is on.
2.6 The rear panel control elements
Fig. 2.9: SIDECHAIN connectors SIDECHAIN SEND. This is the unbalanced sidechain output, which allows you to route the audio signal to other devices for external processing. SIDECHAIN RETURN. The sidechain input allows you to use an external signal or the processed (e.g. with an equalizer) audio signal routed from the SIDECHAIN SEND jack to control your COMPOSER PRO-XL or AUTOCOM PRO-XL.
Fig. 2.7: Power supply and fuse FUSE HOLDER/VOLTAGE SELECTOR. Before connecting the unit to the mains, ensure that the voltage setting matches your local voltage. A blown fuse should only be replaced by a fuse of the same type and rating. Please refer to chapter 6 SPECIFICATIONS for details. MAINS CONNECTION. Use the power cord supplied with the unit to connect it to the mains. Please note the instructions given in chapter 5 INSTALLATION. OUTPUTS. These are the audio outputs of your dynamics processor. The two matching 1/4" TRS and XLR connectors are wired in parallel and balanced. Of course, unbalanced cables can be connected here as well. OPERATING LEVEL switch. This switch can be used to adapt the COMPOSER PRO-XL, AUTOCOM PRO-XL or MULTICOM PRO-XL to various operating levels, i.e. to toggle between home recording level (-10 dBV) and studio level (+4dBu). The level meters will be referenced automatically to the nominal level adjusted, so that the compressor works in its optimum operating range.
3. EXAMPLES OF SIDECHAIN APPLICATIONS
A very common type of application is to make the compressor threshold frequency-dependent by inserting a graphic or parametric equalizer into the side-chain path. To be able to keep the threshold setting on the MDX1600 or MDX2600, unwanted frequencies should be cut with an inserted equalizer, without affecting the levels of selected frequencies. For example, to control the compressor from a narrow-band midrange frequency band, we recommend reducing the bass and treble controls on the inserted EQ, while leaving the midrange control set to 0 dB.
3.1 Eliminating interference
Insert an equalizer into the sidechain control path in the following order: SIDECHAIN SEND - equalizer - SIDECHAIN RETURN. Turn the THRESHOLD control to the left until the GAIN REDUCTION meter reads a clearly noticeable gain reduction. Now the equalizer must be set so that all frequencies are reduced in level, except for the interference frequencies. Thus, the interference signal will trigger the compression. Using this technique you can, for example, reduce the dynamics of a bass drum that is too loud in an existing recording. Simply use an equalizer to cut all frequencies above 150 Hz, so that the compression will be triggered by the individual beats of the bass drum.
To monitor the equalizer setting, press the SC MON switch to isolate and play back the processed signal.
Once you have checked the EQ setting, switch off SC MON and adjust the THRESHOLD, so that the compressor responds to the interference signals only.
Control element SC EXT switch SC MON switch INTERACT KNEE switch LO CONTOUR switch THRESHOLD control
Fig. 2.8: Rear panel connectors and switches INPUTS. These are the audio inputs. They are also on balanced 1/4" TRS and XLR connectors.
Position IN OUT OFF OUT +20 dB 4:1 OUT 0.3 msec 150 msec 0 dB
RATIO control AUTO switch ATTACK control RELEASE control OUTPUT control
Tab. 3.1: Eliminating interference with an inserted equalizer (basic settings)
AUTOCOM PRO-XL MDX1600/COMPOSER PRO-XL MDX2600/MULTICOM PRO-XL MDX4600 3.2 Emphasizing instruments
Conversely, you can also use your COMPOSER PRO-XL or AUTOCOM PRO-XL to highlight solo instruments or vocal tracks acoustically in a less than perfect recording. Please note that in this application only the amplitudes of the selected frequencies should be reduced in level. Compression produces a subjective volume reduction of the entire program material. Only those frequencies selected on the equalizer will cause NO compression and thus they seem to be emphasized acoustically. This inverse type of compression helps you make instruments stand out even in low-level passages. You can also insert the COMPOSER PRO-XL, MULTICOM PRO-XL or AUTOCOM PRO-XL into a sub-group insert (miking of drums!) or to process the mix output of the console (Main Out and/or Main Inserts). Here, too, the processor should be inserted into an insert path, so that you can fade out the overall signal by closing the main faders on the console.
3.3 Time-delayed compression
If you feed the audio signal directly into the SC RETURN input and at the same time route it to the audio input via a delay unit, the dynamics processor will work anticipatorily. With a bit of tweaking you can achieve zero attack effects for specific frequencies. Longer delays produce an effect that is similar to an audio tape being played back in reverse.
3.4 Voice over compression (ducking)
You can use the COMPOSER PRO-XL and AUTOCOM PRO-XL to lower music to a low background level as soon as a speaker speaks into the microphone. In this type of application the compressor section functions like an automatic fader controlled by the speakers microphone, which is also connected to the SC RETURN input via a preamplifier. Music and microphone signal are then mixed with the help of a console. This application is called voice over compression or ducking, and is used frequently in discotheques or radio stations. Fig. 4.2: Compressing a main mix signal with the MDX2600
When you process a stereo mix signal, we recommend that you link the channels in couple mode, because there is no faster and easier way to find the right settings. However, remember to set the output levels separately!
3.5 Triggering additional sounds from a rhythm track
This technique is used to give a rhythm track more punch by synchronizing the rhythm instruments after recording. Only the expander/gate section is required, the compressor and/or peak limiter remain disabled. Insert the bass guitar track into the audio path of the COMPOSER PRO-XL (or AUTOCOM PRO-XL), and route the bass drum to the SC RETURN input. Activate the SC EXT function to trigger the bass guitar with the kick drum, i.e. the kick drum exceeds the expander threshold, allowing the bass guitar signal to pass until the level has dropped below threshold again.
If you wish to use the dynamics processor as part of a P.A. system integrating an active frequency crossover (e.g. BEHRINGER SUPER-X PRO CX2310), you can connect it between the mixing console output and the crossover input, or between the crossover and the power amps. In the latter configuration you can process individual frequency ranges specifically (multi-band compression) to prevent a few highenergy frequencies triggering the compressor to process the entire frequency range. The illustration below shows how to set up this configuration with the BEHRINGER MULTICOM PRO-XL MDX4600.
Dynamics processors are usually inserted into the insert paths of a mixing console, because their signals are not added to the mix (unlike reverb or phaser effects, which are fed into the signal path via the aux busses).
PEAK LIMITER SECTION Type Level Ratio Level 1 limiter type Attack Release Level 2 limiter type Attack Release DE-ESSER SECTION Type MDX1600 Filter frequency Filter bandwidth Level reduction MDX2600 Filter frequencies Filter bandwidth Level reduction
IGC (Interactive Gain Control) peak limiter variable (0 dB to OFF (+21 dBu)) oo :1 clipper zero zero program limiter program-dependent, typ. <5 msec program-dependent, typ. 20 dB/sec VAD (Voice-Adaptive De-esser) 5-8 kHz program-dependent max. 15 dB 8.6 kHz (female), 7.5 kHz (male) program-dependent variable, max. 15 dB
DYNAMIC ENHANCER SECTION Type IDE (Interactive Dynamic Enhancer) MDX1600 Filter frequency 2.5 kHz (lower cut-off frequency) Characteristic high-pass filter (6 dB/oct.) Boost variable, max. 40 dB @ 7.5 kHz MDX2600 Filter frequency Characteristic Boost MDX4600 Filter frequency Characteristic Boost POWER SUPPLY Mains voltage General export model Power consumption MDX1600/MDX2600 MDX4600 Fuse MDX1600/MDX2600 MDX4600 Mains connection DIMENSIONS/WEIGHT Dimensions MDX1600 Weight Shipping weight MDX2600 Weight Shipping weight MDX4600 Weight Shipping weight 2.5 kHz (lower cut-off frequency) high-pass filter (6 dB/oct.) max. 28 dB @ 7.5 kHz 2.5 kHz (lower cut-off frequency) high-pass filter (6 dB/oct.) max. 28 dB @ 7.5 kHz USA/Canada 120 V ~, 60 Hz U.K./Australia 240 V ~, 50 Hz Europe 230 V ~, 50 Hz 100 -120 V ~, 200 -240 V ~, 50 - 60 Hz max. 15 W max. 18 W 100 -120 V ~: T 250 mA 200 -240 V ~: T 125 mA 100 -120 V ~: T 630 mA 200 -240 V ~: T 315 mA standard IEC receptacle H H H H
IMD Crosstalk EXPANDER/GATE SECTION Type Threshold Ratio Attack Release
COMPRESSOR SECTION Type Threshold Ratio Attack/release Auto characteristic Manual attack time Manual release time Auto attack time Auto release time Output
approx. 1 " (44.5 mm) x 19" (482.6 mm) x 8 " (217 mm) approx. 2.1 kg approx. 3.3 kg approx. 2.1 kg approx. 3.3 kg approx. 2.25 kg approx. 3.45 kg
BEHRINGER makes every effort to ensure the highest standard of quality. Necessary modifications are carried out without notice. Thus, the specifications and design of the device may differ from the information given in this manual.
1 WARRANTY CARD/ONLINE REGISTRATION To be protected by the extended warranty, the buyer must complete and return the enclosed warranty card within 14 days of the date of purchase to BEHRINGER Spezielle Studiotechnik GmbH, in accordance with the conditions stipulated in 3. Failure to return the card in due time (date as per postmark) will void any extended warranty claims. Based on the conditions herein, the buyer may also choose to use the online registration option via the Internet (www.behringer.com or www.behringer.de). 2 WARRANTY 1. BEHRINGER (BEHRINGER Spezielle Studiotechnik GmbH including all BEHRINGER subsidiaries listed on the enclosed page, except BEHRINGER Japan) warrants the mechanical and electronic components of this product to be free of defects in material and workmanship for a period of one (1) year* from the original date of purchase, in accordance with the warranty regulations described below. If the product shows any defects within the specified warranty period that are not excluded from this warranty as described under 3 and 4, BEHRINGER shall, at its discretion, either replace or repair the product using suitable new or reconditioned parts. In the case that other parts are used which constitute an improvement, BEHRINGER may, at its discretion, charge the customer for the additional cost of these parts. 2. If the warranty claim proves to be justified, the product will be returned to the user freight prepaid. 3. Warranty claims other than those indicated above are expressly excluded. 3 RETURN AUTHORIZATION NUMBER 1. To obtain warranty service, the buyer (or his authorized dealer) must call BEHRINGER (see enclosed list) during normal business hours BEFORE returning the product. All inquiries must be accompanied by a description of the problem. BEHRINGER will then issue a return authorization number. 2. Subsequently, the product must be returned in its original shipping carton, together with the return authorization number to the address indicated by BEHRINGER. 3. Shipments without freight prepaid will not be accepted. 4 WARRANTY REGULATIONS 1. Warranty services will be furnished only if the product is accompanied by a copy of the original retail dealers invoice. Any product deemed eligible for repair or replacement by BEHRINGER under the terms of this warranty will be repaired or replaced within 30 days of receipt of the product at BEHRINGER. 2. If the product needs to be modified or adapted in order to comply with applicable technical or safety standards on a national or local level, in any country which is not the country for which the product was originally developed and manufactured, this modification/adaptation shall not be considered a defect in materials or workmanship. The warranty does not cover any such modification/adaptation, irrespective of whether it was carried out properly or not. Under the terms of this warranty, BEHRINGER shall not be held responsible for any cost resulting from such a modification/adaptation. 3. Free inspections and maintenance/repair work are expressly excluded from this warranty, in particular, if caused by improper handling of the product by the user. This also applies to defects caused by normal wear and tear, in particular, of faders, potentiometers, keys/buttons and similar parts. 4. Damages/defects caused by the following conditions are not covered by this warranty: s improper handling, neglect or failure to operate the unit in compliance with the instructions given in BEHRINGER user or service manuals. s connection or operation of the unit in any way that does not comply with the technical or safety regulations applicable in the country where the product is used. s damages/defects caused by force majeure or any other condition that is beyond the control of BEHRINGER. 5. Any repair or opening of the unit carried out by unauthorized personnel (user included) will void the warranty. 6. If an inspection of the product by BEHRINGER shows that the defect in question is not covered by the warranty, the inspection costs are payable by the customer. 7. Products which do not meet the terms of this warranty will be repaired exclusively at the buyers expense. BEHRINGER will inform the buyer of any such circumstance. If the buyer fails to submit a written repair order within 6 weeks after notification, BEHRINGER will return the unit C.O.D. with a separate invoice for freight and packing. Such costs will also be invoiced separately when the buyer has sent in a written repair order. 5 WARRANTY TRANSFERABILITY This warranty is extended exclusively to the original buyer (customer of retail dealer) and is not transferable to anyone who may subsequently purchase this product. No other person (retail dealer, etc.) shall be entitled to give any warranty promise on behalf of BEHRINGER. 6 CLAIM FOR DAMAGES Failure of BEHRINGER to provide proper warranty service shall not entitle the buyer to claim (consequential) damages. In no event shall the liability of BEHRINGER exceed the invoiced value of the product. 7 OTHER WARRANTY RIGHTS AND NATIONAL LAW 1. This warranty does not exclude or limit the buyers statutory rights provided by national law, in particular, any such rights against the seller that arise from a legally effective purchase contract. 2. The warranty regulations mentioned herein are applicable unless they constitute an infringement of national warranty law. * Customers in the European Union please contact BEHRINGER Germany Support for further details.
The information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice. No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording of any kind, for any purpose, without the express written permission of BEHRINGER Spezielle Studiotechnik GmbH. BEHRINGER, COMPOSER, AUTOCOM, MULTICOM, SUPER-X and EURORACK are registered trademarks. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 2002 BEHRINGER Spezielle Studiotechnik GmbH. BEHRINGER Spezielle Studiotechnik GmbH, Hanns-Martin-Schleyer-Str. 36-38, 47877 Willich-Mnchheide II, Germany Tel. +49 (0) / 92 06-0, Fax +49 (0) / 92 06-30
AUTOCOM PRO-XL MDX1600/COMPOSER PRO-XL MDX2600/MULTICOM PRO-XL MDX4600
AUTOCOM PRO-XL MDX1600
COMPOSER PRO-XL MDX2600
MULTICOM PRO-XL MDX4600
s s s s
BEHRINGER Spezielle Studiotechnik GmbH BEHRINGER COMPOSER AUTOCOM MULTICOM SUPER-X EURORACK 2002 BEHRINGER Spezielle Studiotechnik GmbH BEHRINGER Spezielle Studiotechnik GmbH Hanns-Martin-Schleyer-Str. 36-Willich-Mnchheide II Tel. +49 (0) / 92 06-0 Fax +49 (0) / 92 06-30
VAD ( COMPOSER PRO-XL ) AUTOCOM PRO-XL
... 4... 4... 4... 4... 4
1.1.1 1.1.2 1.1.3 1.2
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6
. 5.. 5. 7.. 7.. 7... 7
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5
.. 8... 8. 8 ( )8. 9
... 9... 9
.. 9.. 9 ATS ( )
.. 1 1
PRO-XL 1 / / ( ) BEHRINGER BEHRINGER IKA ( IKA )
(COMPOSER PRO-XL) LED AUTOCOM PRO-XL COMPOSER PRO PRO-XL
IRC ( )
/ BEHRINGER MULTICOM PRO-XL BEHRINGER COMPOSER PRO-XL MDX2600 AUTOCOM PRO-XL MDX1600 BEHRINGER MULTICOM PRO-XL MDX4600 / IRC
IGC ( ) BEHRINGER IGC ( ) ( ( ) ) IGC ( 1 IGC 14 HP (www.behringer.com) COMPOSER PRO-XL ) IEC
1. 1. 3
BEHRINGER http //www.behringer.com
COMPOSER PRO-XL AUTOCOM PRO-XL PRO-XL MULTICOM
COMPOSER PRO-XL ( ) ( )
AUTOCOM PRO-XL MULTICOM PRO-XL
2.1 COUPLE COUPLE
180 ( 115 V)
1 COUPLE IN/OUT SC EXT SC MON LO CONTOUR TUBE DE-ESSER MALE ENHANCER I/O-METER OUTPUT ENHANCER LEVEL DE-ESSER LEVEL MDX4
AUTOCOM PRO-XL MDX1600/COMPOSER PRO-XL MDX2600/MULTICOM PRO-XL MDX4600 2.1 2.2
+10 dB LED LED
) ) ( ) (
LED TRIGGER OFF 3 (AUTOCOM PRO-XL COMPOSER PRO-XL ) LED (IKA IKA )
SC SEND SC RETURN
3 AUTOCOM PRO-XL COMPOSER PRO-XL
SC MONITOR LED
) ) 10 LED ( ( 10 d B V 1 IKA 10 dB 1 1( ) (MDX4600 (
OPERATING LEVEL ) +4 dBu) (OUT)
) 30 dB
(TRIGGER LIMITER) OF F
(MDX1600 MDX2600 ) 0.3 300
IKA 10 dB 10 dB IKA ( AUTO ATTACK ) GAIN REDUCTION THRESHOLD ) IKA ( 2 1
OUTPUT INPUT/OUTPUT LEVEL
) (1 )
MDX2600 ( 0.05 5
I/O METER AU T O
) (AUTO )
( LIMITER 12 ) (MDX4600 ) +18 dB) +18 dB (MDX4600 (>20 1)
AUTOCOM PRO-XL MDX1600/COMPOSER PRO-XL MDX2600/MULTICOM PRO-XL MDX4600 2.3
) ) ( (
(MDX1600) AUTOCOM PRO-XL LEVEL 20
MDX4600) 30 (MDXdB )
ENHANCER LEVEL LED IN/OUT
(MDX2600) COMPOSER PRO-XL 6 5
LEVEL DE-ESSER (MDX1600) AUTOCOM PRO-XL 6.3 mm
DE-ESSER LEVEL (MDX2600) LED
(+4 dBu) COMPOSER PRO-XL MULTICOM PRO-XL AUTOCOM PRO-XL
COMPOSER PRO-XL AUTOCOM PRO-XL
2.9 SIDECHAIN SIDECHAIN SEND
SIDECHAIN RETURN SIDECHAIN SEND
( ) AUTOCOM PRO-XL COMPOSER PRO-XL
0 dB COMPOSER PRO-XL
SC RETURN SEND SIDECHAIN SIDECHAIN RETURN GAIN REDUCTION THRESHOLD
AUTOCOM PRO-XL MDX1600/COMPOSER PRO-XL MDX2600/MULTICOM PRO-XL MDX4600 3.5
/ SC RETURN COMPOSER PRO-XL ( AUTOCOM PRO-XL) SC EXT
PA SUPER-X PRO CX2310
( ) BEHRINGER
REPLACE REPLACE FUSE WITH SAME TYPE FUSE AND RATING.
UTILISER UN FUSIBLE DE RECHANGE DE MEME TYPE ET CALIBRE. FUSE 100 -- 240 V : T 500 mA H POWER POWER SOURCE 100 -- 240 V : 50 W max.
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK! DO NOT OPEN!
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK DO NO O NOT REMOVE COVER. REMOVE COVER. NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS USER- SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE: REFER SERVICING TO Q ALIFIED PERSONNEL. SERVICING O QUALIFIED
RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE! NE PAS OUVRIR! PATENT PENDING TENT
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK O DO NOT EXPOSE THIS EQUIPMENT TO RAIN OR MOISTURE. NOT EQUIPMENT O
CHANNEL INSERTS 2 1
POWER POWER ON
MAIN OUTPUTS R L
SUB OUTPUTS 2 1
CONTROL ROOM OUT R L
PIN 2=HO / PIN 3=COLD 2=HOT
PRE FADER / PRE EQ TIP=SEND / RING=RETURN ADER
PRO-XL ) COMPOSER PRO-XL MULTICOM PRO-XL AUTOCOM ( ) (
19 1U 10 cm
MULTICOM PRO-XL COMPOSER PRO-XL AUTOCOM PRO-XL
PIN 1 PIN 3)
5.2 6.3 mm
5.3 6.3 mm
XLR 6.3 mm RF-rejecting 90 k 45 k @ 1 kHz (+4 dBu) 180 k 90 k @ 1 kHz (10 dBV) +4 dBu/10 dBV +22 dBu 40 dB >60 dB @ 1 kHz
IGC ( ) (0 B (+21 dBu) OFF )
2 typ. < 5 typ. 20 dB/ VAD ( )
@ 1 kHz +21 dBu +20 dBm
MDX8 kHz 15 dB
6.3 mm RF-rejecting DC 45 k +24 dBu
MDX2600 8.6 kHz (female) 15 dB IDE ( ) 7.5 kHz (male)
6.3 mm RF-rejecting 50 +21dBu
MDX1600 DC 2.5 kHz 6 dB/oct. 40 dB @ 7.5 kHz MDX2600
20 Hz 20 kHz +0/0.5 dB 0.35 Hz 200 kHz +0/3 dB 115 dB unweighted 22 Hz 22 kHz 0.008 % typ. @ +4 dBu 1 kHz 1 0.07 % typ. @ +20 dBu 1 kHz 1 0.01 % typ. SMPTE 110 dBu 22 Hz 22 kHz 1 kHz
2.5 kHz 6 dB/oct. 28 dB @ 7.5 kHz MDX4600 2.5 kHz 6 dB/oct. 28 dB @ 7.5 kHz / / 120 V 240 V 230 V 120 V 15 W 18 W - 120 - 240 - 120 - 240 IEC V V V V : : : : T T T T mA mA mA mA H H H H V Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz
IRC ( ) (OFF +10 dB ) () <1 ms / 50 dB (SLOW 100 / 1 dB FAST 100 / 100 dB) MDX1600/MDX2600 MDX4600 MDX1600/MDX2600 MDX4600 IKA ( ) (40 (( (0.3 +20 dB 1 ) MDX1600/MDX2600 / 20 dB 300 / 20 dB ) (0.05 / 20 dB 5 / 20 dB ) typ. 15 / 10 dB 5 / 30 dB 20 dB 3 typ. 125 dB/ (20 +20 dB ) ) ) /
1 3/4 (482.6 mm) 2.1 kg 3.3 kg MDX4600 /
(44.5 mm) 1/2 (217 mm)
2.25 kg 3.45 kg
Sillage 2000 Flowcam GT LE26R74BD PS-42Q91HR M Plus Review C-990 Zoom WD-1460FD Kawai MP4 Lavw1230-W 1800-204 Plantronics S12 Exciter SDR-H250 C-5000 Zoom EWF668 Series Sport DVD-RV20 CDX-GT11W Atlinks 2410 Iphoto 6 HI-601VT DTH8657 32AV625D XR-MS3 Logger Nokia 9000 ICF-M33RDS CVP-409-407-405-403-401 PV-GS12 6340I SRU5010-86 DSC-50 WD-1219BD S30 3D Alesis AI3 Dimage X20 IC-718 Bizhub 500 700 M Cl81219 DV-563A AJ-D400 XS-L120p5A SPC230NC 00 Opti-ECO PDP2762X Digital Elph VLS517 RDR-VX525 Remote Satellite A70 SP-47W3HF RC195 LCX-37C HVL-rlam CMT-HPZ9 Mpix-355 RB-60 Wizooverb W5 F18316S GR-332SFA KR753K 32LC56 AEC Maxima-1999 Romba 505 CT-S520 Of Time L60840 Multi-function Back 4500DN XT350-2000 Drivestation 281700 Portege 2000 RY52002 MD-CD1 RD-JT30 GTI 18 HDC-SD60 PX810FW HDR-HC7E Pinguino T90 Odmiany 3469 SBM 14 ITD63 ECO XVN55SL-xv-n55 LE46B530 Zywall 2WE Versatis 670 DES-1105 F40860 UM300 UE-22C4000 DE4744 Turns Nokia N80 S2-250 Yamaha M-85 VGN-NR11s-S
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