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Canon XH A1 Manual

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Canon XH A1 Digital Camcorder & Video Recorder, size: 6.2 MB
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Canon XH A1 Instruction Manual

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Canon XH A1Canon XH A1S Camcorder - 1080i - 1.67 MP - 20 x optical zoom

Mini DV (HDV), 6 MB, 1y warranty, F/1.6-3.5

A compact and maneuverable camcorder that delivers professional-quality HDV1080i recording, the XH A1S provides total user control with a comprehensive array of custom settings and presets.

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User reviews and opinions

Comments to date: 8. Page 1 of 1. Average Rating:
DjDiabolik 1:38am on Wednesday, October 27th, 2010 
I researched this camera and its predecessor for about two years, carefully comparing its features with other devices. Easy to transport to events with lighter weight. Nice picture. Comfortable to Operate,Great Features,Great Picture Quality,Great Sound.
mitja 1:26pm on Friday, July 16th, 2010 
If you buy this camera.. you have to know that the whole point is to use if manually, otherwise just buy an HV30 (great camera too)..
fantalltheweb 4:58am on Friday, June 4th, 2010 
Even after we got the cameras fixed, they stopped being recognized. After weeks of the runaround, I finally got on the phone with someone. I have had the camera for over two years and ...  Lots of manual control. Auto setting works well.
Aminaus 2:16am on Friday, June 4th, 2010 
price is very good and the use one of the best "Durable","Versatile","Great Sound","Great Picture Quality","Comfortable to Operate","Great Features"
Giacomino 10:29am on Wednesday, May 19th, 2010 
if it could directly record HD video to SD card that would be great, like 5D mark II does. Comfortable to Operate,Good Image Stabilization.
xanathon 2:02pm on Saturday, April 24th, 2010 
Great Quality and Button Layout none The XH A1 are 1.67 million pixels per chip 3CCD system. Canon XH A1 the pixels 3CCD million $167 DIGIC brand-new image sensor, carry, DV II imaging processor system.
vitaliyy 1:05pm on Saturday, April 24th, 2010 
a very inexpensive in the pro-camcorder world with simple but complex features to keep you going for a long time without having to buy another camcord...
faederli 2:57pm on Thursday, March 25th, 2010 
this is the best thing since sliced cheese! "Great Features","Simple Controls","Comfortable to Operate","Great Picture Quality","Great Sound".

Comments posted on are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.




Checking the Supplied Accessories
CA-920 Compact Power Adapter DC-920 DC Coupler BP-950G Battery Pack WL-D5000 Wireless Controller

SD Memory Card

HDVM-E63PR Digital Videocassette
2 x AA (R6) Batteries (for the wireless controller)
STV-290N Stereo Video Cable
DTC-1000 Component Video Cable
Adjustment Band (for the external microphone holder)

Tripod Adapter Base

SS-1100 Shoulder Strap

Lens Cap

Lens Hood

Eye Cup

The serial number of this product can be found at the battery attachment unit of the camcorder. Write down the number and other information here and retain this book as a permanent record of your purchase to aid identification in case of theft. Date of Purchase: Model Name: XH G1S A / XH A1S A Purchased From: Serial No.: Dealer Address Dealer Phone No.:

Components Guide

Left side view dial
External control mode* VCR/PLAY mode Power off Manual Auto Shutter-Priority Aperture-Priority Recording Spotlight programs Night Easy Recording
* Reserved mode for future software development.
DISP. (display) button ( 33) PEAKING button ( 39) MAGN. (magnification) button ( 39) (record review) button ( 33) POSITION PRESET switch ( 36, 40) Focus mode switch ( 37) POSITION PRESET ON/SET switch ( 36, 40) ND FILTER switch ( 41) Iris ring ( 58, 61) POWER indicator Side panel ( 138) OPEN (open the LCD display) switch ( 20) CH1/CH2 dials ( 51) AUDIO LEVEL LOCK switch ( 51) SELECT/SET dial ( 27)/ (volume) dial ( 108)
MENU button ( 27) Focus ring ( 37) Zoom ring ( 35) SHUTTER dial ( 60)/ dial ( 66) PUSH AF button ( 37) EXP. LOCK button ( 62)/PUSH AE button ( GAIN switch ( 63) AGC (automatic gain control) switch ( 63) OUTPUT switch ( 77) AWB (automatic white balance) switch ( 65) WHITE BAL. (white balance) switch ( 65) WHITE BAL. button ( 65) CUSTOM KEYS ( 73) CUSTOM PRESET ON/OFF button ( 92) CUSTOM PRESET SELECT button ( 92)

Right side view

ZOOM SPEED switch ( 35) / (card/tape) switch ( 114) VIDEO 2 terminal ( 81) HD/SD SDI terminal* ( 79) GENLOCK terminal* ( 46) TIME CODE terminal* ( 46) MIC (external microphone) terminal ( switches ( 50) * only.
switches ( 52) Lens hood ( 22) Lens hood locking screw ( 22) switches ( 51) CH1 input terminal ( 50) CH2 input terminal ( 50) Cassette compartment ( 25) TIME CODE switch* ( 46)

Front view

Back view
External microphone holder ( 50) Tally lamp ( 102) External sensor for the Instant AF ( 37) Grip belt ( 22) Attachment sockets for the optional TA-100 Tripod Adapter ( 148) or the supplied tripod adapter base Microphone lock screw ( 21) Remote sensor ( 24, 111) Tripod socket Viewfinder ( 19) OPEN (open the battery compartment) switch ( 16) CARD access indicator ( 114) Battery/memory card compartment ( 16)

Do not force the cover closed if the card is not correctly inserted.

Removing the Card

Do not forcefully remove the memory card without first pushing it in to release it.
1. Make sure that the CARD access indicator is not flashing and set the dial to OFF. 2. Push the OPEN switch in the direction of the arrow to open the battery/memory card compartment cover. 3. Push the memory card once to release it and then remove the memory card. 4. Close the compartment.

CARD access indicator

If you use memory cards other than the supplied one, make sure to initialize them with the camcorder ( 124). Turn off the camcorder before inserting or removing the memory card. Inserting/removing the memory card with the camcorder on may result in permanent data loss. SDHC and SD memory cards have a write-protect switch to prevent their accidental erasure. When this switch is set to the LOCK position, images cannot be recorded on or deleted from the memory card. Proper operation cannot be guaranteed for all memory cards.
Changing Settings with the MENU Button
Many of the camcorders functions can be changed from the on-screen menu.
Selecting Menus and Settings
1. Press the MENU button to open the menu. 2. Turn the SELECT/SET dial to select a submenu and press the dial. 3. Turn the SELECT/SET dial to select a menu item and press the dial. 4. Turn the SELECT/SET dial to select a setting option and press the dial. 5. Press the MENU button to close the menu.

MENU button

The , and icons displayed at the bottom of the screen will give you additional indications about the function of these controls in specific situations. You may find it more convenient to use the wireless controller to operate the menu. Press the MENU button on the wireless controller to open or close the menu. Use the menu selection buttons of the wireless controller instead of the SELECT/SET dial, and press the SET button on the wireless controller to save the settings or make a selection. Unavailable items will appear grayed out. Pressing the MENU button at any time closes the menu.






1. Press the MENU button. 2. Turn the SELECT/SET dial to select [SYSTEM SETUP/ ] and press the dial. 3. Select [D/TIME SET ] and then select [T.ZONE/DST] and press the dial.

Peaking While recording or in record pause, press the PEAKING button.
appears and the outlines of the subject will be emphasized. Press the button again to change the Peaking level to ; press once more to cancel the function. The Peaking function will not affect your recordings. The gain and frequency of peak levels and [DISPLAY SETUP/ ] [PEAKING SETUP] setting.
can be set independently with the


In record pause, press the MAGN. button.
MAGN. appears and the central part of the screen will be magnified approximately 2x. Press the button again to cancel the function. The magnified picture will be output as is to the HD/SD SDI terminal ( only) and the HDV/DV terminal. With the custom function [CUSTOM REC] ( 97) you can select to have the magnified picture recorded on the tape ( mode only) as it is, or to cancel the Magnifying function when you start recording video or record a still image on the memory card. In mode, the Magnifying function will always be canceled when you press the PHOTO button. You can use the custom keys ( 73) or the [SYSTEM SETUP/ ] [MAGN.B.LOCK] setting to prevent the accidental operation of the MAGN. button. With the custom function [BUTTONS OPER.1] ( 97) you can also change the operation of the MAGN. button (normal or long press). With the custom function [PHOTO BUTTON] ( 97) you can assign the magnifying function also to the PHOTO/MAGN. buttons.

Focus Preset

This function enables a focus position to be memorized. Later, you can return to the preset focus position instantly. You can also select the speed at which the camcorder returns to the preset focus position.

Presetting the Focus

2. Set the POSITION PRESET switch to FOCUS.
The focus preset speed currently selected appears.
3. Adjust the focus with the focus ring. 4. Move the POSITION PRESET ON/SET switch to SET.
MF and the focus preset speed display turn yellow.
Setting the Focus Preset Speed
Open the menu and select [CAMERA SETUP]. Select [F SPEED PSET], select a setting option and close the menu.
4 is the fastest speed; 1 is the slowest.
Returning to the Preset Focus position
The camcorder returns to the preset focus position.
Focus Limit and Macro Shooting
Usually the camcorders focus range allows macro shooting. You can activate the focus limit to restrict the focus range. The focus range 2 cm (at full wide-angle) is limited to 1 m (throughout the entire zoom range).


Open the menu and select [CAMERA SETUP]. Select [FOCUS LIMIT], set it to [ON and close the menu.


Using the ND Filter
When recording under bright conditions, the camcorder closes down the aperture. When the aperture value used is too large, the picture may appear blurred. Turn the built-in ND filter on/off according to the screen display.

In SD mode with the frame rate set to 24F, the frames value of the time code can be set only in multiples of 5. When you change the frame rate from 60i/30F to 24F, the frames value of the time code will automatically become a multiple of 5. When you mix drop frame and non-drop frame time codes (including 24F frame rate in SD mode), there might be a discontinuity in the time code at the point where the recording starts. When recording over existing scenes: When a time code discontinuity occurred near the recording start point, the time code at the point where the recording starts may be discontinuous as well. As long as the built-in rechargeable lithium battery is charged, the free-run time code continues to run even if you disconnect all other power sources.
Synchronizing the Camcorders Time Code
You can synchronize this camcorders time code to an external time code generator. You can also include in the recording the user bit signal received from the TIME CODE terminal ( 48). The camcorder offers the following synchronization options.


When a reference sync signal (analog blackburst or tri-level signal) is input through the GENLOCK terminal, the V and H phases of the camcorders time code will automatically be synchronized to it.

Time Code IN

Set the TIME CODE switch to IN to start the Time Code IN mode. An external SMPTE-standard LTC timing signal received from the TIME CODE terminal will be recorded as the time code on the tape. The user bit of the external timing signal can also be recorded on tape.

Time Code OUT

Set the TIME CODE switch to OUT to start the Time Code OUT mode. The camcorders internal time code is sent out from the TIME CODE terminal as a standard LTC timing signal. When [SIGNAL SETUP] [SDI OUTPUT] is set to [ON(OSD)] or [ON], the time code signal will be output also through the HD/SD SDI terminal. When [SIGNAL SETUP] [UB OUT] is set to [HD 24P 2:3], the user bit of the time code signal will be 2:3 pulldown data (when recording in 24F mode or playing back movies that are HDV 1080/24p). In other words, when recording in 24F mode or playing back movies that are HDV 1080/24p, the signal is converted to 60i using the 2:3 pulldown method and output from the HD/SD SDI terminal. An external device can receive the data used in this conversion (2:3 pulldown data) to convert the signal to 1080/24p specifications.
Genlock Time Code/User bit IN Time Code OUT
* In SD mode, Time Code IN is not available if you select the 24F frame rate (the mode will be canceled and the TC-(IN OUT) display on the side panel will disappear).

Connection Diagram

When synchronizing the camcorder to an external signal, input a reference video signal through the GENLOCK terminal or a time code signal through the TIME CODE terminal. To input a time code signal through the TIME CODE terminal, set the TIME CODE switch to IN. To output a time code signal, set the switch to OUT.

Embedded Audio

Embedded audio refers to the superimposing of the audio signal along with the video signal being output from the HD/SD SDI terminal. [ON]: To embed the audio. [ON(OSD)]: To embed the audio and on-screen displays.


Open the menu and select [SIGNAL SETUP]. Select [SDI OUTPUT], select a setting option and close the menu.
: The embedded audio output depends on the signal standard and the sampling frequency settings.

Signal standard

Sampling frequency
48 kHz 32 kHz (12bit) 48 kHz (16bit)

Locked/unlocked audio

Locked Locked Locked

Embedded audio output

: Embedded audio output from a tape that was originally recorded with unlocked audio is not 3/4 or 1/2 will appear on the screen. guaranteed. , Signal standard

48 kHz 32 kHz (12bit)

Locked Locked Unlocked Locked Unlocked
SD 48 kHz (16bit) * The sampling rate will be 48 kHz.
When [SDI OUTPUT] is set to [ON(OSD)], will appear on the screen and on-screen displays will be included in the video signal output from the SDI terminal.

Image Stabilizer

You can select to activate the image stabilizer or turn it off depending on the recording conditions.


Open the menu and select [CAMERA SETUP]. Select [IMG STAB], select a setting option and close the menu.
The image stabilizer cannot be turned off in the Easy Recording mode.
We recommend turning off the image stabilizer when the camcorder is mounted on a tripod. The image stabilizer is designed to compensate for a normal degree of camcorder shake. : The image stabilizer will have increased effectiveness while half-pressing the PHOTO button to lock the autofocus.
Using the Programmed AE Modes
Programmed auto exposure modes provide advanced automated recording techniques ensuring professional results in various shooting conditions.

Manual (

This mode offers the creative freedom of a complete range of manual controls. In Manual mode, you have the option to set the exposure at any combination of shutter speed and aperture levels.
Like the Easy Recording mode, the camcorder automatically controls camera adjustments allowing you to simply point and film. However, in Auto mode you have the option of adjusting the settings manually.

Shutter-Priority (

dial Iris ring SHUTTER dial

Available settings

Shutter speed (60i/30F) 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/75, 1/90, 1/100, 1/120, 1/150, 1/180, 1/210, 1/250, 1/300, 1/360, 1/420, 1/500, 1/600, 1/720, 1/840, 1/1000, 1/1200, 1/1400, 1/1700, 1/2000, 1/2300, 1/2600, 1/3000, 1/4000, 1/8000, 1/15000, CS (clear scan) 1/3, 1/6, 1/12, 1/24, 1/48, 1/60, 1/75, 1/90, 1/100, 1/120, 1/150, 1/180, 1/210, 1/250, 1/300, 1/360, 1/420, 1/500, 1/600, 1/720, 1/840, 1/1000, 1/1200, 1/1400, 1/1700, 1/2000, 1/2300, 1/2600, 1/3000, 1/4000, 1/8000,1/15000, CS (clear scan) 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/75, 1/90, 1/100, 1/120, 1/150, 1/180, 1/210, 1/250, 1/300, 1/360, 1/420, 1/500 F1.6, F1.8, F2.0, F2.2, F2.4, F2.6, F2.8, F3.2, F3.4, F3.7, F4.0, F4.4, F4.8, F5.2, F5.6, F6.2, F6.7, F7.3, F8.0, F8.7, F9.5, F10*, F11*, F12*, F14*, F15*, F16*, F17*, F19*, F21*, F22*, CLOSE*


* Can only be selected if the custom function [IRIS LIMIT] is set to [OFF].

1. Set the

dial to M.
The exposure indicator appears. Use the exposure indicator as an estimate. The mark above the indicator indicates the standard exposure (calculated by the camcorder). The mark of the indicator indicates the current exposure level within 2 EV stops of the standard exposure (beyond 2 stops, the marker will blink).
2. Select the aperture using the iris ring.
With the custom function [RINGS DIRECTION] ( when you turn the iris ring. With the custom function [OPER.DIRECTION] ( when you operate the SHUTTER dial. 97) you can change the direction of the adjustment
3. Select the shutter speed with the SHUTTER dial.
97) you can change the direction of the adjustment
You can use the custom keys ( 73) or the [SYSTEM SETUP/ ] [SHTR D.LOCK] setting ( 130) to prevent the accidental operation of the SHUTTER dial. With the custom function [IRIS LIMIT] ( 97) you can activate the iris limit to prevent the aperture from closing below the diffraction limit of the lens. If the iris limit is not activated, aperture values that exceed the diffraction limit will appear in gray when selecting the aperture. Using aperture values displayed in gray will cause diffraction blur.
With the custom function [LANC AE SHIFT] ( 97), you can change the function of the AE SHIFT dial on the optional ZR-2000 Zoom Remote Controller and use it to change the aperture value.

Push AE

In M Manual mode you can use the Push AE function when you want the camcorder to re-establish optimal exposure settings by automatically adjusting the aperture and gain (if the AGC switch is set to ON).

PUSH AE button

Press the PUSH AE button and hold it pressed down.
The camcorder will adjust the aperture value and gain to achieve optimal exposure ( mark above the exposure indicator). After you release the button, the aperture value and gain (if the AGC switch is set to ON) set by the camcorder will override the previous settings made in M Manual mode. You can use the custom keys ( 73) or the [SYSTEM SETUP/ prevent the accidental operation of the PUSH AE button. ] [E.LCK B.LCK] setting to

1. Open the menu, select [CAMERA SETUP] and then select the [SKIN DETAIL] submenu. 2. Select each setting option, adjust the levels as necessary and close the menu.
Adjust the hue for detection of the skin area. 13 levels (-6 to 6) are available; set [+] values to detect hues closer to green or [-] values to detect hues closer to red. [CHROMA]: Adjust the color saturation for detection of the skin area. 13 levels (-6 to 6) are available; set higher levels to detect areas with richer colors. [AREA]: Adjust the color range for detection of the skin area. 13 levels (-6 to 6) are available; set higher levels to detect a wider color range. [Y LEVEL]: Adjust the brightness for detection of the skin area. 13 levels (-6 to 6) are available; set higher levels to detect brighter areas. [HUE]:
Activating the Skin Detail Function
1. Open the menu and select [CAMERA SETUP]. Select the [SKIN DETAIL] submenu and then select [EFFECT LEVEL]. 2. Select a setting option and close the menu.
You can select the strength of the effect from low, middle or high. appears.
Selective Noise Reduction
With the selective noise reduction function you can set the camcorder to detect the characteristics of a certain color or tone and automatically reduce noise in the targeted areas. This is particularly useful for chroma keying, as targeting the selective noise reduction to the color of the background green or blue screen will result in a smoother composite picture. Targeted areas will be identified on the screen by a zebra pattern alternating with the normal picture. On a connected monitor or computer, targeted areas will be identified by white areas alternating with the normal picture.
Determining the Area to be Corrected
1. Open the menu, select [CAMERA SETUP] and then select the [SELECTIVE NR] submenu. 2. Select each setting option, adjust the levels as necessary and close the menu.
Select the base hue (-6 to 6) of the color to be detected. Use the following values as an approximate reference: -6=blue-violet, 0=cyan, 6=yellowish green. [CHROMA]: Adjust the color saturation for the color to be detected. 13 levels (-6 to 6) are available; set higher levels to detect areas with richer colors. [AREA]: Adjust the color range for the color to be detected. 13 levels (-6 to 6) are available; set higher levels to detect a wider color range. [Y LEVEL]: Adjust the brightness for the color to be detected. 13 levels (-6 to 6) are available; set higher levels to detect brighter areas. [HUE]: Recording

Connecting to a Computer

To connect the camcorder to a computer you will need a computer equipped with an IEEE1394 (DV) terminal and video editing software with video capturing capability installed. Use the optional CV-250F (4 pin-6 pin) DV cable or a commercially available 6 pin-6 pin DV cable. For the minimum system requirements for video editing, refer to the instruction manual of the video editing software.
IEEE1394 (DV) terminal 4-pin 6-pin
Operation may not work correctly depending on the software and the specifications/settings of your computer. If the computer freezes while the camcorder is connected, disconnect and reconnect the DV cable. Should the problem persist, disconnect the cable, turn both the camcorder and the computer off and then on again and reconnect them. Make sure that the computers video capturing system is compatible with the video signal standard you are using. If the computer is not compatible with the camcorders video output signal, the camcorder may not be correctly detected or may not operate properly. Refer also to the instruction manual of the computer and the editing software. Adjust the [SIGNAL SETUP] [PLAYBACK STD] and [HD DOWN-CONV] settings in accordance with the video signal standards of the connected computer. For video output from the camcorder to the computer: - HDV output: Set [PLAYBACK STD] to [HDV] and [HD DOWN-CONV] to [OFF]. - DV output: Set [PLAYBACK STD] to [DV]. - DV output of a recording originally made in HDV standard: Set [PLAYBACK STD] to [HDV] and [HD DOWN-CONV] to [ON]. For video input from the computer to the camcorder: - HDV input: Set [PLAYBACK STD] to [HDV] and [HD DOWN-CONV] to [OFF]. - DV input: Set [PLAYBACK STD] to [DV].

Custom Preset Settings

You can select preset level for a number of picture-related parameters (23 parameters when recording movies, 17 when recording still images). A list of the parameters is given in the following table and you can find more detailed descriptions on page 94. After changing individual parameters to your preference, you can save the whole set as a custom preset file. You can also embed the data of the custom preset parameters currently in use within a still image recorded on the memory card. Up to 9 different custom preset files can be saved on the camcorder* and up to 20 custom preset files can be saved on a memory card. Custom preset files can be copied between the camcorder and memory card. Custom preset files saved with a Canon XL H1S, XL H1A, XH G1 or XH A1 can be used with this camcorder. Custom preset files saved with this camcorder can be used on a Canon XL H1S, XL H1A, XH G1 or XH A1.
* Custom preset files 7 to 9 on the camcorder are predefined custom preset files, especially designed for specific scenes.

Custom Preset Parameters

GAM KNE BLK PED SET SHP HDF DHV COR NR1 NR2 CMX CGN CPH RGN GGN BGN RGM RBM GRM GBM BRM BGM Gamma curve** Knee point Black stretch/Black press Master pedestal** Setup level** Sharpness Horizontal detail frequency Horizontal/vertical detail frequency Coring Noise reduction 1** Noise reduction 2** Color matrix** Color gain Color phase Red gain Green gain Blue gain R-G matrix R-B matrix G-R matrix G-B matrix B-R matrix B-G matrix Group 1 Parameters related to light and gradation

Renaming a Custom Preset File
Follow steps 1-3 in Changing Custom Preset Parameters ( want to rename. 90) to select the custom preset file you
1. From the bottom bar, select [


The first character of the custom preset file name will start flashing.
2. Turn the SELECT/SET dial to select a number, letter or punctuation mark and press the dial.
The next character of the custom preset file name will start flashing. Set the rest of the custom preset file name in the same way.
3. When you finish renaming the custom preset file, press the dial.
You will return to the custom preset editing screen.
Protecting a Custom Preset File
Follow steps 1-3 in Changing Custom Preset Parameters ( want to protect. 90) to select the custom preset file you


The protection mark will appear next to the custom preset file name. To cancel the protection, repeat the procedure for a custom preset file with the
Resetting a Custom Preset File
Follow steps 1-3 in Changing Custom Preset Parameters ( want to reset to default values. 90) to select the custom preset file you
A confirmation screen will appear.


2. Select [EXECUTE] and press the SELECT/SET dial.

3. Close the menu.

Protected custom preset files cannot be reset. If you attempt to reset a protected file, flashing. will start
Activating the Custom Preset Settings
1. Press the CUSTOM PRESET SELECT button.
Repeatedly pressing the button will cycle through the available custom preset files. You can also set a custom key as [CP BKWD KEY] to cycle through the custom preset files in reverse order (from last to first) ( 73). When you are not using the custom preset settings, set the camcorder to. and the name of the selected custom preset file will flash on the screen. After 4 seconds, the file name will be replaced by the custom preset file number.
2. Press the CUSTOM PRESET ON/OFF button.
and the name of the selected custom preset file will stay on and the custom settings will be activated. After 4 seconds, the file name will be replaced by the custom preset file number.
Copying a Custom Preset File to the Memory Card
1. Open the menu, select [CUSTOMIZE] and then select the [CUSTOM PRESET] submenu. 2. Select [ CAMERA CARD] from the column on the left. 3. From the bottom bar, select [ SELECT CP] and then select the name of the custom preset file you want to copy to the card. 4. Select [ SAVE POSITION] and select the file name under which you want to store the file on the memory card.

To remove the protection select [OFF] instead.
appears and now the image cannot be erased.
Protecting Still Images from the Index Screen


2. Open the menu and select [CARD OPERATIONS]. Select [ the SELECT/SET dial. 3. Select the image you wish to protect and press the dial.

PROTECT] and press

appears on the image. Select additional images with the SELECT/SET dial and protect them in the same way.
4. Close the menu to return to the index screen.
Initializing a Memory Card
Initialize new memory cards, or when you get the message CARD ERROR. You can also initialize a memory card to erase all data recorded on it. The regular initialization option [INITIALIZE] will clear the file allocation table but will not physically erase the stored data. If you need to completely erase all the data, select instead the complete initialization option [COMPL.INIT.].
Initializing a memory card erases all data, including protected still images and custom preset files. Still images and custom preset files erased as a result of initializing the card cannot be recovered. We recommend using the [COMPL.INIT.] option when you feel that the time it takes to record an image on or read an image from the memory card has become too long. Depending on the memory card, the complete initialization may take up to a few minutes. If you use a memory card other than the supplied one, initialize it with the camcorder.


1. Open the menu and select [CARD OPERATIONS]. 2. Select [INITIALIZE] and select the initialization method. 3. [INITIALIZE]: Select [YES]. [COMPL.INIT.]: Select [YES] and, in the confirmation screen, select [YES] again.
The card initialization starts. The complete initialization can be canceled while still in progress by pressing the SELECT/SET dial. All the image files will be erased and the memory card can be used without any problem.

Print Order Settings

You can select still images for printing and set the number of copies. These print order settings are compatible with the Digital Print Order Format (DPOF) standards and can be used for printing on DPOFcompatible printers. A maximum of 998 still images can be selected.
Selecting Still Images for Printing (Print Order)
1. 2. 3. 4. Select the still image you wish to print. Press the SELECT/SET dial to open the still image operations menu. Select [ PRINT ORDER]. Select the number of copies.
To cancel the print order, set the number of copies to 0.
Setting Print Orders from the Index Screen
2. Open the menu, select [CARD OPERATIONS] and select [ PRINT ORDER]. 3. Select the still image you wish to print and press the SELECT/SET dial. 4. Set the number of copies with the SELECT/SET dial and press the dial.

Be careful not to scratch the glass when cleaning it.
Battery Pack Handling Precautions
DANGER! Treat the battery pack with care.
Keep it away from fire (or it might explode). Do not expose the battery pack to temperature higher than 60 C (140 F). Do not leave it near a heater or inside a car in hot weather. Do not try to disassemble or modify it. Do not drop it or subject it to shocks. Do not get it wet.
CAUTION: Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly attached. Attach only with the same type.
Charged battery packs continue to discharge naturally. Therefore, charge them on the day of use, or the day before, to ensure a full charge. Attach the terminal cover whenever a battery pack is not in use. Contact with metallic objects may cause a short circuit and damage the battery pack. Dirty terminals may cause a poor contact between the battery pack and the camcorder. Wipe the terminals with a soft cloth. Since storing a charged battery pack for a long time (about 1 year) can shorten its lifecycle or affect performance, we recommend to discharge the battery pack fully and to store it in a dry place at temperatures no higher than 30 C (86 F). If you do not use the battery pack for long periods, charge and discharge it fully at least once a year. If you have more than one battery pack, perform these precautions at the same time for all battery packs. Although the battery packs operating temperature range is from 0 C to 40 C (32 F to 104 F), the optimal range is from 10 C to 30 C (50 F to 86 F). At cold temperatures, performance will temporarily decline. Warm it in your pocket before use. Replace the battery pack if the usable time after full charge diminishes substantially at normal temperatures.
About the battery terminal cover
The battery terminal cover has a [ ]-shaped hole. This is useful when you wish to differentiate between charged and uncharged battery packs. For example, with charged battery packs, attach the terminal cover so that the [ ]-shaped hole shows the blue label.
Back side of the battery pack Terminal cover attached Uncharged Charged
Cassette Handling Precautions
Rewind tapes after use. If the tape is loose or damaged, it may cause picture and sound distortion. Return cassettes to their case and store them upright. Rewind tapes from time to time if they are stored for a long time. Do not leave the cassette in the camcorder after use. Do not use spliced tapes or nonstandard cassettes as they may damage the camcorder. Do not use tapes that have been jammed as video heads may become dirty. Do not insert anything into the small holes of the cassette, or cover them with cellophane tape. Handle cassettes with care. Do not drop or subject them to severe impact as this may damage the cassettes. With cassettes equipped with a memory function, metal plated terminals may become dirty with use. Clean the terminals with a cotton swab after about 10 times of loading/unloading. The memory function is not supported by the camcorder.

Tape is running, but image will not appear Video heads are dirty. on the TV screen. You attempted to play back or dub a copyright protected tape. The video output cable is not connected correctly. While playing back a tape recorded in HDV Video heads are dirty. standard there are brief stops in the playback picture.

Memory Card Operations

Memory card cannot be inserted. Memory card cannot be recorded.
Memory card was not facing the correct direction. No memory card. Memory card is full. Memory card is not initialized. The folder and file numbers have reached their maximum value.
Turn the memory card over and try inserting it again. Insert a memory card. Replace the memory card or erase images. Initialize the memory card. Set [FILE NOS.] to [RESET] and insert a new memory card. Set the dial to VCR/PLAY and the / (card/tape) switch to. Cancel the protection. Change the position of the write-protect switch on the memory card to unlock it. Turn off the camcorder. Remove and reinsert the memory card. Initialize the memory card if flashing persists. 124
Memory card cannot be played back. Image cannot be erased.
The dial or / (card/tape) switch are not set to the correct position. Image is protected. On an SDHC or SD memory card, the writeprotect switch is set to the locked position.

flashes red.

Card error occurred.

About the LCD screen

The LCD screen is produced with extremely high-precision manufacturing techniques, with more than 99.99% of the pixels operating to specification. Less than 0.01% of the pixels may occasionally misfire or appear as black, red, green or blue dots. This has no effect on the recorded image and does not constitute a malfunction.
System Diagram (Availability differs from area to area)
ZR-1000 Zoom Remote Controller
ZR-2000 Zoom Remote Controller

SBR-1000 Shooting Brace

WL-D5000 Wireless Controller Speedlite Flash 420EX, 430EX, 430 EX II, 550EX, 580EX, 580EX II
Memory card (SD/SDHC/MMC)
Eyecup Battery Video Light VL-10Li ll DC-920 DC Coupler CB-920 Car Battery Adapter

FS-72U Filter Set

BP-930, BP-945, BP-950G, BP-970G Battery Pack CA-920 Compact Power Adapter

Wide Converter WD-H72

BP-930, BP-945, BP-950G, BP-970G Battery Pack CH-910 Dual Battery Charger/Holder MiniDV Video Cassette DTC-1000 Component Video Cable
HC-4200 System Case STV-290N Stereo Video Cable Monitor/TV
VCR Tripod adapter base DV Cable TA-100 Tripod Adapter

Digital Device

Optional Accessories
Call or visit your local retailer/dealer for genuine Canon video accessories. You can also obtain genuine accessories for your Canon camcorder by calling: 1-800-828-4040, Canon U.S.A. Information Center.

Easy recording (programmed AE mode). 56 Embedded audio*. 53 End search. 34 Erasing still images. 122 Error messages. 139 Exposure. 62 Exposure lock. 62 External synchronization*. 46 External video input. 86
Peaking (focus assist). 39 Phantom power (microphone). 51 Playback - Movies. 107 Playback - Still images. 120 POWER dial. 11
Power save. 31 Print order. 125 Programmed AE. 55 Protecting still images. 123 Pulldown mode (24F frame rate). 43
Spotlight (programmed AE mode). 55 Still image quality. 112 Still image size. 112
Tape protection. 142 Temporary autofocus (Push AF). 37 Temporary automatic exposure (Push AE). 59 Time code. 44 Troubleshooting. 145 Tv (programmed AE mode). 60
Record review. 33 Recording - Movies. 30 Recording - Still images. 114 Recording mode (SD). 128 Rec-run (time code). 44 Rec-run preset (time code). 44 Remaining battery. 32 Remaining tape. 32 Remote sensor. 24 Resetting all settings. 145 Reviewing still images (Review). 116

User bit. 48

VCR Stop. 31 Video heads, cleaning. 143 Video output standards. 78 Videocassettes. 25, 142 Viewfinder. 19 VIEWFINDER COMPONENT OUT terminal. 80
Safety zone. 130 Screen displays. 136 SD/SDHC memory card. 26 Selective NR. 71 Setup level. 94 Sharpness. 95 Shutter speed. 58, 60 Side panel. 138 Signal standard. 34 Simultaneous recording. 115 Skin detail. 70 Slideshow. 120 Specifications. 150
White balance. 65 Wireless controller.15, 24, 111
Zebra pattern. 67 Zero set memory. 109 Zoom. 35 Zoom preset. 36 Zoom speed. 35


The limited warranty set forth below is given by Canon U.S.A., Inc. (Canon USA) with respect to Canon Consumer Digital Video Equipment (the Equipment) purchased in the United States. This limited warranty is only effective upon presentation of your Bill of Sale or other proof of purchase. The Equipment is warranted under normal, non-commercial, personal use, against defective materials or workmanship as follows: Parts: Defective parts will be exchanged for new parts or comparable rebuilt parts for a period of ONE YEAR from the date of original purchase, except for a defective Video Head, which will be exchanged for a period of three months from the date of purchase. Labor: For a period of ONE YEAR from the date of original purchase, labor will be provided free of charge by our factory service centers or designated service facilities located in the United States. When returning Equipment under this warranty, you must pre-pay the shipping charges, and you must enclose the Bill of Sale or other proof of purchase with a complete explanation of the problem. During the ONE-YEAR warranty period, repairs will be made and the Equipment will be return-shipped to you free of charge. For repairs after the warranty period is over, you will be given an estimate of the cost of repair and an opportunity to approve or disapprove of the repair expense before it is incurred. If you approve, repairs will be made and the Equipment will be return-shipped to you. (shipping charges apply). If you disapprove, we will return-ship the equipment at no charge to you. Non-Canon brand peripheral equipment and software which may be distributed with, or factory loaded on, the Equipment, are sold AS IS without warranty of any kind by Canon USA, including any implied warranty regarding merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. The sole warranty with respect to such non-Canon brand items is given by the manufacturer or producer thereof. If the Equipment contains a hard disk drive, Canon USA recommends that data stored on that drive be duplicated or backed up to prevent its loss in the event of failure or other malfunction of such drive. Canon USA shall have no responsibility under this limited warranty for use of the Equipment in conjunction with incompatible peripheral equipment and incompatible software. In order to obtain warranty service, contact the authorized Canon retail dealer from whom you purchased the Equipment or call the CANON INFORMATION CENTER AT 1-800-OK-CANON). You will be directed to the nearest service facility for your Equipment. This Limited Warranty covers all defects encountered in normal use of the Equipment and does not apply in the following cases: A) Loss or damage to the Equipment due to abuse, mishandling, accident, improper maintenance, or failure to follow operating instructions; B) If the Equipment is defective as a result of leaking batteries, sand, dirt or water damage; C) If defects or damages are caused by the use of unauthorized parts or by service other than by Canon USAs factory service centers or authorized service facilities; D) If the Equipment is used for commercial or industrial use. This Limited Warranty does not cover cabinet (exterior finish), video cassette tape, head cleanings, nor does it apply to Equipment purchased outside the United States. This warranty does not cover units sold to rental firms, military operations, hotels, schools, hospitals or for other commercial, industrial, or institutional applications. These uses are covered only by such specific warranty as Canon may issue with such sales. This Limited Warranty does not apply to accessories or consumables for the Equipment, which are sold AS IS, without warranty of any kind by Canon USA. Please retain this warranty card and your Bill of Sale as a permanent record of your purchase. This card is most important in order to be sure you are contacted right away should there be a safety inspection, modification or product recall under applicable laws or regulations. NO IMPLIED WARRANTY, INCLUDING MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE APPLIES TO THIS EQUIPMENT AFTER THE APPLICABLE PERIOD OF EXPRESS WARRANTY OR GUARANTY, EXCEPT AS MENTIONED ABOVE, GIVEN BY ANY PERSON, FIRM OR CORPORATION WITH RESPECT TO THIS EQUIPMENT SHALL BIND THE UNDERSIGNED (SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON HOW LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU). CANON USA SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR LOSS OF REVENUES OR PROFITS, EXPENSE FOR SUBSTITUTE EQUIPMENT OR SERVICE, STORAGE CHARGES, LOSS OR CORRUPTION OF DATA, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOSS OR CORRUPTION OF DATA STORED ON THE EQUIPMENTS HARD DRIVE, OR ANY OTHER SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES CAUSED BY THE USE, MISUSE OR INABILITY TO USE THE EQUIPMENT, REGARDLESS OF THE LEGAL THEORY ON WHICH THE CLAIM IS BASED, AND EVEN IF CANON USA HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. NOR SHALL RECOVERY OF ANY KIND AGAINST CANON USA BE GREATER THAN THE PURCHASE PRICE OF THE EQUIPMENT SOLD BY CANON USA AND CAUSING THE ALLEGED DAMAGE. WITHOUT LIMITING THE FOREGOING, YOU ASSUME ALL RISK AND LIABILITY FOR LOSS, DAMAGE OR INJURY TO YOU AND YOUR PROPERTY AND TO OTHERS AND THEIR PROPERTY ARISING OUT OF USE, MISUSE OR INABILITY TO USE THE EQUIPMENT NOT CAUSED DIRECTLY BY THE NEGLIGENCE OF CANON USA. (SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU).THIS WARRANTY SHALL NOT EXTEND TO ANYONE OTHER THAN THE ORIGINAL PURCHASER OF THIS EQUIPMENT OR THE PERSON FOR WHOM IT WAS PURCHASED AS A GIFT. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state. CANON U.S.A., INC.


Technical specifications

Product TypeCamcorder - 1080i
Width6.4 in
Depth15.5 in
Height7.6 in
Weight5.3 lbs
Main Features
Camcorder Sensor Resolution1.67 Mpix
Camcorder Effective Video Resolution1.56 Mpix
Camcorder Effective Still Resolution2.0 Mpix
Widescreen Video CaptureYes
Media TypeMini DV (HDV)
Color SupportColor
Optical Sensor Type3CCD
Optical Sensor Size1/3"
Min Illumination0.3 lux
Image ProcessorDIGIC DV II
Shooting ModesDigital photo mode
Shooting ProgramsSpotlight, night mode
Special EffectsBlack & White, Skintone
Image StabilizerOptical (SuperRange)
Max Shutter Speed1/16000 sec
Min Shutter Speed1/3 sec
Exposure MeteringEvaluative
Exposure ModesProgram, automatic, manual, aperture-priority, shutter-priority
Exposure Compensation±2 EV range
Exposure Metering Zones128
White BalanceCustom, automatic, presets
White Balance PresetsIndoor, outdoor
Remote ControlRemote control - infrared
Supported Resolution1080i
Pro Camcorder Features
Audio Signal FormatMPEG1 Audio Layer II, PCM
Gain Selection+12 dB, +18 dB, +3 dB, +6 dB, 0 dB, -3 dB, +36 dB
FeaturesZebra pattern
Memory / Storage
Flash Memory16 MB flash - SD Memory Card
Image StorageJPEG 1920 x 1080
Lens System
TypeZoom lens - 4.5 mm - 90 mm - f/1.6-3.5
Focal Length4.5 mm - 90 mm
Focal Length Equivalent to 35mm Camera32.5 - 650mm
Focus AdjustmentAutomatic, manual
Auto FocusTTL contrast detection
Lens ApertureF/1.6-3.5
Optical Zoom20 x
Zoom AdjustmentMotorized drive, manual
Filter Size72 mm
FeaturesUD glass, built-in 1/32 neutral density filter , built-in 1/6 neutral density filter, fluorite glass
Additional Features
DV inputYes
Low Lux / Night ModeYes
Digital Still Camera FunctionYes
Search ModesDate search, zero search, index search, end search
Additional FeaturesBacklight compensation, sharpness control, analog to digital conversion with pass through, histogram display, AE lock, accessories hot shoe, brightness control, contrast control
Viewfinder TypeLCD
Viewfinder Color SupportColor
Viewfinder Diagonal Size0.57"
Viewfinder Resolution269,000 pixels
TypeLCD display - TFT active matrix - 2.8" - color
Display Form FactorRotating
Display Format207,000 pixels
TypeMicrophone - built-in
Microphone TechnologyElectret condenser
Microphone Operation ModeStereo
Connector Type1 x headphones 1 x microphone 1 x IEEE 1394 (FireWire/i.LINK) 1 x composite video/audio (input/output) 1 x composite video output 1 x component video output 1 x Control-L (LANC)
Expansion Slot(s)1 x SD Memory Card
Included AccessoriesLens hood, camcorder shoulder strap
Cables Included1 x A/V cable 1 x component video cable
Power DevicePower adapter + battery charger - external
Supported BatteryCanon BP-950G
Supported Battery Details1 x Li-ion rechargeable battery ( included )
Manufacturer Warranty
Service & Support1 year warranty
Service & Support DetailsLimited warranty - parts and labor - 1 year
Universal Product Identifiers
Part Numbers3238B001, 3239B001
GTIN00013803063769, 00000138031013, 00013803101324



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