This is the Futaba Mode 2 Airplane Version / 10CG Transmitter and R6014HS 14-ch Receiver with the / 2.4GHz FASST system. / No Servos Included. / / This version is Mode 2-Left Hand Throttle and Right Hand Elevator, USA Standard / **For European Standard Mode 1-Right Hand Throttle and Left Hand Elevator** / **order FUTK9257** / / This airplane version which will default to airplane settings, / with mode 2 stick operation when powered up and has a ratcheted throttle stick.
Part Number: FUTK9255
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channels when in the high speed mode, the servo will not function properly. Additionally, while many peripheral devices will operate in either the high speed or normal mode, some will not. If there are any difficulties noted, please return the reciver's operational mode to the "Normal" mode to determine If using the R6008HS in the high speed mode, analog servos may be used for channels seven and eight. If using the R6014HS in the high speed mode, analog servos may be used for channels seven to 12 and for DG1 and DG2. (For Operation Mode Selection, see p.20)
The following additional accessories are available from your dealer. Refer to a Futaba catalog for more information: CAMPac Memory module - the optional DP-128K CAMPac increases your model storage capability (to 48 models from any other model of transmitter (i.e. 8U, 9Z, etc). However, CAMPac transmitter. See p.17 for the conversion method. Insertion of a CAMPac containing data of a different transmitter type (ex: 9Z) will result in a complete CAMPac data reset and loss of all data. NT8S Transmitter battery pack - the (700mAh) transmitter Ni-Cd battery pack may be easily exchanged with a fresh one
on a separate transmitter. Note that the 10CG transmitter may be connected to another 10CG system, as well as to many other models of Futaba transmitters. The 10CG transmitter uses the newer micro plug (rectangular type) cord plug. Both new-to-new and new-to-round plug style trainer cords are available.
precision, since your hands wont need to support the transmitters weight. Y-harnesses, servo extensions, etc - Genuine Futaba extensions and Y-harnesses, including a heavy-duty version with heavier wire, are available to aid in your larger model and other installations.
is designed to work with 4.8V (Ni-Cd 4 cells) or 6.0V (Ni-Cd 5 cells or alkaline 4 cells). Using a 6.0V pack increases the
Gyros - a variety of genuine Futaba gyros are available for your aircraft or helicopter needs. See p.73 for aircraft or p. 107 for helicopter gyro information. Governor (GV1) - for helicopter use. Automatically adjusts throttle servo position to maintain a constant head speed regardless of blade pitch, load, weather, etc. See p. 108 for details. Receivers - various models of receivers may be purchased for use in other models. (See p. 8.)
2-servo spoiler mode (SPOILER). (See p. 83). V-tail mixing mode. (See p. 58). 3 Using Second Aileron option, second aileron servo output is sent to channels 5 and 6 and channels 3 and 6. ( AILE-2) (See p. 55)
GLID(1A+1F) (ELEVON) GLID(1A+1F) (FLAPERON) GLID(2A+1F) GLID(2A+2F)
AIL2 ELE1 (CH2)
AIL1 ELE2 (CH1)
AIL2 FLP1 (CH6)
AIL1 FLP2 (CH1)
AIL2 FLP1 FLP2 AIL1 (CH7) (CH6) (CH5) (CH1)
Receiver Output and Channel 9 10
Helicopter (HELI) aileron (cyclic roll) elevator (cyclic pitch) throttle rudder pitch (collective pitch)
AIL (PIT) PIT (AIL) AIL (PIT) PIT (AIL)
(Normal linkage type) H-1:each servo linked to the swashplate independently.
AIL (PIT) ELE
ELE1 PIT AIL (PIT) ELE2 ELE2
CHARGING THE NiCd BATTERIES Charging Your Systems Batteries 1. Connect the transmitter charging jack and airborne NiCd batteries to the transmitter and receiver connectors of the charger. 2. Plug the charger into a wall socket. 3. Check that the charger LED lights.
The initial charge, and any charge after a complete discharge, should be at least 18 hours to ensure full charge. The batteries should be left NR4F1500 and NT8S700B Ni-Cd batteries.
TX: Transmitter charging indicator RX: Receiver charging indicator To transmitter charging jack
We recommend charging the batteries with the charger supplied with your system. Note that the use of a fast charger may damage the batteries by overheating and dramatically reduce their lifetime.
Receiver Ni-Cd battery
You should fully discharge your systems NiCd batteries periodically to prevent a condition called "memory". capacity, the memory effect can reduce the actual capacity even if the battery is fully charged. You can cycle your batteries with a commercial cycling unit*, or by leaving the system on and exercising the servos by moving the transmitter sticks until the transmitter shuts itself off. Cycling should be done every four to eight weeks, even during the winter or periods of long storage. Keep track of the batteries capacity during cycling; if there is a noticeable change, you may need to replace the batteries.
*Note that the 10CG transmitter system has electronic protection from overcharging and reverse polarity via a poli-switch. It does NOT have a
1. With the "Power Down Mode" on, walk away from the model while simultaneously operating the controls. Have an walk approximately 30-50 paces from the model without losing control. 2. If everything operates correctly, return to the model. Set the transmitter in a safe, yet accessible, location so it will be within reach after starting the engine or motor. Be certain the throttle stick is in the low throttle position, then start the engine or motor. Perform another range check with your assistant holding the aircraft with the engine running at various
that the battery has been fully charged.
TRANSMITTER DISPLAYS & BUTTONS
potentially leading to a crash.
128: CAMPac display (10CG/10C data) 9C: CAMPac display (9C/9CS data) Timers Throttle trim display 2.4G-7CH/10CH: Modulation indicator MIX: Mixer Alert Model number and name Elevator trim display CURSOR lever
Total timer display <TIMER> Shows the cumulated ON time. (hours:minutes) Up/down timer display <ST1.ST2> (minutes:seconds) Model timer display <MDL> Shows the cumulated ON time for each model.(hours:minutes) Resetting timers: Select the desired timer with CURSOR lever. The timer display flashes. To reset the timer, press Dial for one second. Dial
MODE END button button
Rudder trim display
Aileron trim display
MODE BUTTON: (key) Press and hold MODE BUTTON for one second to open programming menus. Press MODE BUTTON to switch N N between BASIC and ADVANCE menus. HELI only: Press MODE BUTTON to scroll between conditions in certain N functions. END BUTTON: (key) Press END BUTTON to return to previous screen. Closes functions back to menus, closes menus to start-up screen. CURSOR LEVER: Control CURSOR LEVER function. Press CURSOR LEVER
BASIC or ADVANCE menu or a function.
Turn DIAL: Turn DIAL clockwise or counterclockwise to scroll through choices within an option of a function. For example, to
Press DIAL: Press DIAL to select the actual function you wish to edit from the menu. Press DIAL memory, copy one model memory over another, trim reset, store channel position in FailSafe, change model type, reset entire model. An on screen inquiry will ask if you are sure. Press DIAL again to accept the change.
MODEL COPY 128K CAMPac). The name of the model memory you are copying into is displayed for clarity.
Notes: Any data in the model copied to will be written over and lost, including name, type and modulation. Upon completion, it cannot be recovered. To copy from one T10CG to another, use an optional CAMPac. (Note: The model may be flown directly off the CAMPac's memory, not requiring recopying into the 2nd transmitter. For more information on CAMPacs, please see p. 10.) With the trainer FUNC mode it is not necessary to have the student radio contain the setup of the aircraft. See TRAINER, p. 47.
Data cannot be converted from 8U or 9Z memory types. If a CAMPac is installed into the T10CG that has data on it from another radio type, it will have to be re-initialized which deletes all data. Examples: Create a new model that is similar to one you have already programmed. Copy the current model data into another model memory as a backup or before experimenting with new settings. Store your model data to an optional CAMPac prior to sending your radio for service. glider in extreme wind; airplane model at extreme altitudes). Store your model data to an optional CAMPac to use or copy the settings into a friend's T10CG (A or H) transmitter so
GOAL of EXAMPLE: STEPS: INPUTS: Open the BASIC menu, then open MODEL Copy model 3 into model 5. again.) for 1 second. (If ADVANCE, N O T E : T h i s i s o n e o f s e v e r a l submenu. C to MODEL. functions for which the radio requires Confirm you are currently using the If SELECT does not indicate 3, use MODEL proper model memory. (Ex: 3) SELECT, p. 25. Go to MODEL COPY and choose the model to copy into. (Ex: 5)
to COPY. for 1 second.
Are you sure? displays. Close. Where next?
SELECT the copy you just made: see p. 30. Rename it (it is currently named exactly the same as the model copied): see p. 32. Turn off the transmitter and remove the CAMPac for safe keeping or insertion
*Radio emits a repeating "beep" and shows progress on screen as the model memory is being copied. Note that if the power switch is turned off prior to completion, the data will not be copied.
MODEL NAME: assigns a name to the current model memory. By giving each model a name that is immediately recognizable, a crash. Adjustability and values: Up to 10 characters long. Each character may be a letter, number, blank, or a symbol. The default names assigned by the factory are in MODEL-xxxx format (MODEL-0001
NOTE: When you COPY one model memory over another, everything is copied, including the model's name. Similarly, if you change MODEL TYPE or do a MODEL RESET, the entire memory is reset, including MODEL NAME want to do after you COPY a model, change its type, or start from scratch, is rename the new copy to avoid confusion. GOAL of EXAMPLE: STEPS: Name model 3 Cap-232_ (where the Open MODEL submenu. underline represents a blank space.) INPUTS: for 1 second. (If ADVANCE,
High Rate 0% 30%
High Rate 100%
Adjustability: Range: 0 - 140% (0% would deactivate the control completely.) Initial value = 100% Adjustable for each direction (ACRO GLID
the amount required to hold the model inverted, the model now has equal travel available from level upright or level inverted.)
Exponential: make the servo movement less or more sensitive around neutral for rudder, aileron, elevator, and throttle (except HELI type - use THROTTLE CURVE instead). (ACRO typethrottle EXP and THROTTLE CURVE can not be activated simultaneously). Why use expo? Many models require a large amount of travel to perform their best tricks. However, without exponential, by setting different exponentials for each rate, you can make the effectiveness of small corrections similar in each rate, as in our example below. The best way to understand exponential is to try it: Having made no changes yet in the D/R,EXP screen, move SWITCH D to down (toward the AILERON STICK). Cursor down to EXP and dial to +100%. SWITCH D down. Move SWITCH D up. Hold the AILERON STICK Notice how much less travel there is.
Adjustability: More sensitivity around neutral. (positive exponential, see example) Less sensitivity around neutral. (negative exponential, see example) Adjustable for each direction. (ACRO GLID) For throttle, exponential is applied at the low end to help nitro and gasoline engines have a linear throttle response, so that
Special note for helicopters: Helicopter model types have just a single rate for each switch position rather than a rate for each side of the servos travel per switch position. Additionally, setting the D/R,EXP for each switch position requires cursoring back to the No. setting, allowing dual rates to be assigned with idle-up and other features on certain switches, and does not require putting
Special note for conditions: The helicopter and glider programming offers you the choice of Cond. This option allows you to have a separate rate for each of the 3 controls automatically selected when changing conditions, for a total of FIVE rates available. Simply change the switch choice to Cond. and then: (HELI) press the CURSOR LEVER to toggle through the 5 conditions while setting the rates. (GLID) activate the corresponding condition to edit the rates. GOAL of EXAMPLE: STEPS: Set up dual rates and exponential in a Open D/R,EXP. HELI model. Choose channel. Set rate and exponential (Ex: high rate = 95%, 0% exponential.) Go to 2nd switch position and set rate and exponential. Optional: if using a 3 position switch, set 3rd rate. Optional: assign dual rates to have one for each condition. INPUTS: for 1 second. (If ADVANCE,
C C C C
to D/R,EXP. to desired channel. to No>. to D/R>. 0% EXP. to No>. to No>. to SW. to UP. to 95%. to DN. to CT. to COND.
Repeat steps above to adjust for each condition.
GOAL of EXAMPLE: STEPS: INPUTS: Set up aileron triple rates on SWITCH Open D/R,EXP function. for 1 second. (If ADVANCE, C with travel settings of 75% (normal), C to D/R,EXP. 25% (slow roll) and 140% (extreme C to desired channel. aerobatics) and exponential settings of Choose the channel to change (Ex: aileron is already selected) 0%, +15%, and -40% respectively. C Optional: change switch assignment. to SW1. to C. NOTE: This normal rate has no C to D/R>. exponential so it has a very linear, Confirm switch is in desired position and set rate. (Ex: up = high rate, 75%). normal feel. This slow roll rate has C to up position. positive exponential (the opposite of AILERON STICK. what most people normally use), which AILERON STICK. makes the servos more responsive around center. This makes the servos Move SWITCH to 2nd rate position and C to center position. feel the same around center in the set this particular rate. AILERON STICK. normal and low rates, but still gives a (Ex: center = low rate, 25%). very slow roll rate at full stick. AILERON STICK.
to 75%. to 75%. to 25%. to 25%.
C to down position. The 3D rate (extreme aerobatics) has a Optional: if using a 3 position SWITCH, move SWITCH to 3rd position and set very high distance of travel nearly twice AILERON STICK. to 140%. that of the normal rate. Therefore, using this rate (Ex: down = 3D rate, 140%). AILERON STICK. to 140%. a very high negative exponential setting softens how the servos respond around Optional: instead of using a switch, C to SW1. to AILE (90%). center stick. This makes the servos you can set high rates to be triggered C to D/R>. respond similarly around center stick when the stick moves past a certain AILERON STICK. to 25%. point. To test this, set aileron high rate for a more comfortable feel. to 25%. Now set switch assignment to AILERON STICK. to 25%. Many modelers like to set up all 3 triple AIL (90%). Move AILERON STICK AILERON STICK and watch rates on a single 3-position switch, to the right and notice the huge jump in travel after the stick moves 90% of its screen graph. See the change?! creating a slow and pretty mode, a normal mode, and a wild stunts distance. You may also change the trigger point mode all with the flip of a single by holding the stick at the desired point, switch. To do so, simply set up rates then pressing and holding the DIAL. for all 3 controls and assign all 3 to the Set each rates C EXP. to EXP>. same 3-position switch. (Ex: 0%, +15%, -40%) C to up position. EXP reads 0. C to down position. AILERON STICK. AILERON STICK. C to center position. repeat to set low rate expo to -40%. Repeat above steps for elevator and rudder. Close. Where next? Set up TRAINER functions: see p. 47. Adjust the sensitivity of the trims: see p. 48. Set up twin aileron servos: see p. 51. Set up twin elevator servos: see p. 57. to +15%. to + 15%.
Note: Every aircraft snaps differently due to its C.G., control throws, moments, etc. Some models snap without aileron; others snap on elevator alone. Most models snap most precisely with a combination of all 3 surfaces. Additionally, rate of speed and acceleration when using the snap switch will affect how the model snaps. For information on using gyros with airplanes for cleaner precision maneuvers, such as snaps and spins without over rotation, see p. 74. Adjustability: Travel: Adjust the amount of elevator, aileron and rudder travel automatically applied. Range: -120 to +120 on all 3 channels. Default is 100% of range of all 3 channels. Directions: Note: for simplicity, the radio refers to snaps that use UP or positive elevator as U or UP snaps. This is more commonly referred to as a positive or inside snap. D or DOWN snaps are more commonly referred to as negative or outside snaps. R/U = Right positive R/D = Right negative L/U = Left positive L/D = Left negative snap roll Assignment of the 2 switches (DIR-SW1/2) to change snap directions is fully adjustable and optional. If you wish to have only one snap, leave the switches as NULL. (If assigned, SW1 SW2 Caution: it is critical that you remember if you assigned switches to select the three additional snaps. For example, assign SWITCH A SWITCH A for elevator dual rates. SWITCH A DOWN) you pull your snap SWITCH. The model will: use the throws set in the snap programming (the low rate elevator has no effect); and Both of these may come as a great surprise and risk crashing if you are unprepared. Safety Switch (SAFE-MOD): a safety may be set up on your landing gear SWITCH, preventing accidental snap rolls while the landing gear is down. The safety switch is turned on and off with the landing gear SWITCH. ON: the safety mechanism is activated when the landing gear SWITCH is in the same position when this feature is changed to ON. Snap rolls will not be commanded even if the snap roll SWITCH is turned on with the gear SWITCH in this position. When the landing gear SWITCH is moved to the opposite position, snap rolls may be commanded. OFF: activates the safety mechanism in the opposite position from the ON function. FREE: the safety mechanism is completely turned off. Snaps can be commanded regardless of the gear SWITCH POSITION. Note: The location of the safety switch always follows channel 5. If channel 5 is reassigned to switch C, for example, switch C is now the safety. If channel 5 is nulled or used as the second aileron servo, the safety function will not be available. Trainer Safety: SNAP-ROLL is automatically disabled when the trainer function is activated.
GOAL of EXAMPLE: STEPS: INPUTS: Activate SNAP-ROLL. Adjust elevator Open the SNAP-ROLL function. again.) for 1 second. (If BASIC, travel to 55%, rudder travel to 120% in C to SNAP-ROLL. SAFE-MOD so C to MIX. to OFF or ON. snaps can not be performed when gear Activate the function. is down. Adjust the travels as needed. (Ex: C to ELEV. to 55%. elevator to 55%, rudder to 120%.) C to RUDD. to 120%. snap to 105%. Optional: Activate SAFE-MOD. [Ex: E or G up. C to SAFE-MODE ON when SWITCH E (10CAG) or to ON. (Note: using negative percents can G (10CHG) is down, meaning snap change any of the 4 snap directions. For function is deactivated when that switch snap switch. example, change snap 1 to "down" by is in the down position.] Notice MIX reading is still OFF. changing the elevator percent to -100%.) E or G down. Notice MIX reading changes to ON. Optional: Assign switches to up/down and left/right. (Ex: Change to the left/ down snap and adjust rudder to 105%.)
to THROTTLE-NEEDLE. to MIX. to MIX. to POINT-. THROTTLE STICK to POINT1. to 40%. until POINT 2 is highlighted. to 45%. to POINT 3. to POINT 4. to POINT 5. to 65%. to 55%. to 40% to ACT. to ACT. as needed.
ACRO only. Optional: increase mixture when throttle is applied rapidlyACCE.(see above for details.)
to ACCE. THROTTLE STICK to idle.
THROTTLE STICK full open quickly. as needed. HELI only: set curves for other conditions.
to condition name. to next condition to edit.
Repeat above steps as needed. Close menu.
Throttle delay function THR-DELAY (ACRO): The THR-DELAY function is used to slow the response of the throttle servo to simulate the slow response of a turbine engine. A 40% delay setting corresponds to about a one-second delay, while a 100% delay takes about eight seconds to respond. For helicopters, see DELAYS, p. 103.
This function may also be used to create a slowed servo on a channel other than throttle. This is accomplished by plugging the desired servo (Ex: gear doors) into CH3 (THR), throttle into an auxiliary channel such as 8, and then using
GOAL of EXAMPLE: STEPS: Activate THR-DELAY for a ducted-fan Open the THR-DELAY function. replica of a turbine-powered aircraft. Slow the servo response byone second. Activate the function. Adjust the RATE to match the desired servo speed. (Ex: 40%.) Close menu. Where next?
INPUTS: for 1 second. (If BASIC, to page 2.
to THR-DELAY. to MIX. to RATE. to ACT. to 40%.
Set up THROTTLE-NEEDLE mixing: see p. 65. Adjust throttles END POINT: see p. 39. Adjust throttle exponential (D/R,EXP): see p. 42. Set up AILEVATOR: see p. 57. Set up programmable mixes, for example, RUDDER-AILERON: see p. 68. View additional model setups on the internet: www.futaba-rc.com\faq\
Throttle curve (THR-CURVE)(ACRO): This function adjust the throttle operation curve for optimum engine response to throttle stick movement. NOTE: If the throttle EXP function is activated, you can not use THR-CURVE function simultaneously.
Adjustability: Separate curves for each switch position are available. Moving and deleting the curve point: The curve point (-stk-) can be moved to the left or right by turning the DIAL (up to DIAL for one second alternately. GOAL of EXAMPLE: STEPS: Base point: Adjust base point of throttle Open the THR-CURVE function. curve until engine idles reliably. -out-: output, servo position. -stk-: curve point, stick position. Optional: Assign the switch. Optional: Move the curve point. (Ex: point 3) Optional: Delete the curve point. And return the curve point. (Ex: point 3) Next point: Adjust the next point. Close. Activate the function. INPUTS: for 1 second. (If BASIC,
LINK ON, mixing is applied to both CH2 and CH4. MASTER SLAVE LINK TRIM SWITCH POSITION RATE OFFSET ANY FLAP ELEV ON OFF NULL 5% 0 Trim: masters trim affects slave. Not displayed if master is not CH 1-4, because 5-9 have no trim. Ex: two rudder servos. With TRIM OFF, rudder trim would bind the two servos. TRIM ON resolves this. On/off choices: SWITCH: Any of the positions of any of the 8 switches may be used to activate a mix. Up&Cntr, Cntr&Dn options allow the mix to be ON in 2 of the 3 positions of a 3-position SWITCH. NULL: No SWITCH can turn this mix OFF. This mix is active at all times. LOGIC SW (Lsw1 to 3) may be assigned. Set up LOGIC SW: See p. 38. THROTTLE STICK STk-THR OFST-to-(gear doors) mix to open gear doors at idle, which is only active if throttle is below half. MASTER SLAVE LINK TRIM SWITCH POSITION RATE OFFSET OFST AUX2 OFF NO STK-THR Stick at 1/2, 100% 0 for 1 sec. Rate: the percentage of the slaves range it will move upon maximum input from the master channel. Ex: RUDDERAILERON MASTER SLAVE LINK TRIM SWITCH POSITION RATE OFFSET ANY NULL 50% 0 RUDD AILE OFF OFF Offset: Offsets the slaves center relative to the master. Ex: Smoke valve opens wider per throttle servo position when smoke SWITCH is ON. Smoke servos neutral is moved down from THROTTLE STICK center to the bottom. MASTER SLAVE LINK TRIM SWITCH POSITION RATE OFFSET THRO AUX2 OFF OFF E DOWN 100% 100%
STEPS: INPUTS: Open an unused programmable mix. for 1 second. (If BASIC, (Ex: use PROG.MIX3 since it is already C to PROG.MIX-. ON when SWITCH C is in the down set-up for FLAP-ELEVATOR.) C to 3 >. position. Activate the function. up (spoilers),
GOAL of EXAMPLE: Set up a FLAP-ELEV mix:
Choose master and slave channels. already CH6 (Ex: no need to change MASTER/SLAVE.) already CH2
5% elevator movement when flaps Optional: set Master as OFST or VR(A-E). move down, See above for details. LINK should be ON if model has twin Set LINK and TRIM as needed. e l e v a t o r s e r v o s. O t h e r w i s e , LINK (Ex: leave LINK OFF, TRIM not available.) remains OFF. Assign SWITCH and position. (Ex: change from E to C, DOWN.) (Flap has no trim lever, so TRIM is not Optional: set switch to STk-THR to an option.) activate mix with THROTTLE STICK. (See above for details.)
to desired choice.
to SW. to POSI. to SW. to POSI.
to C. to DOWN. to STk-THR.
THROTTLE STICK to desired point. for 1 second to set. Optional: set switch position to NULL. Makes mix active at all times. Not compatible with STk-THR. Set rates. (Ex: Lo=0%, Hi=5%.)
to RATE. VR(A) past center. Leave at 0%. VR(A) past center. to 5%.
Set OFFSET, if needed. (Ex: 0.) Close menu. Where next? Adjust servo END POINTs: see p. 39.
Repeat above to set FLP2. Assign the SWITCH and position. Close. Where next? ELEV-FLAP mixing. See p. 62. BUTTERFLY. See p. 63. Use a mix to OFFSET View additional model setups on the internet: www.futaba-rc.com\faq\
to C. to CENTER.
SPOILER MIX (GLID MIX works linking with BUTTERFLY function.
Adjustability: Position: -100% to +100%, with a default of -50% (off), +50% (on) Channel: Spoiler 1: ch8, 5 or 3 (ch8 or 3*), Spoiler 2: NULL, ch5 or 3 (NULL or ch3*) *GLID (2A+2F) mode Elevator setting: Rate: -100% to +100%, Delay: 0% to 100% SWITCH A-H fully assignable. Also LOGIC SW (Lsw1 to 3) may be assigned. Set up LOGIC SW: See p. 38. GOAL of EXAMPLE: STEPS: INPUTS: Open the SPOILER MIX function and 2-servo spoiler mode. for 1 second. (If BASIC, Adjust the spoiler servo position to move to 2nd page. C to SPOILER MIX. 60%. to 2nd page. Activate the function. Assign the SPO2-CH. (Ex: CH3) Adjust the spoiler servo position. (Ex: SPO1 SPO2=+55% to +60%) Optional: Set the elevator rate. (EX: 10%) Optional: Set the delay. (EX: 25%) Close menu. Where next? Set up BUTTERFLY mixing: see p. 87.
to MIX. to SPO2-CH.
to ON. to CH3. to +60%. to +60%. to 10%. to 25%.
to +50%. (SPO1) to +50%. (SPO2) to rate-ELE. to dly-ELE.
OFFSETs These additional flight conditions contain different offset trims to make the saiplane perform certain maneuvers more easily. Aileron differential functions may be set to provide separate rates per condition selected. Prior to setting up OFFSET, you must activate the conditions and assign the switches in the CONDITION/FUNCTION.
Unnecessary fuselage motion is generated when there are sudden changes in the servo position. Variations in the operating time between channels can be suppressed by using the delay function (-dly-). NOTE: The same delay amount for elevator and rudder is recommended when using V-tail function. NORMAL, START, SPEED, DISTANCE and LANDING) These offset trims have same setting abilities basically except the switch and dial assignment. For an example of trim settings, please see the following: Adjustability: condition. SWITCH G (10CAG) or E (10CHG) is programmed for NORMAL, START, and SPEED trims. SWITCH C is programmed for DISTANCE and LANDING trims. The CONDITION/FUNCTION) TRIM item (Digital trim operation mode): NORM: normal trim operation mode, MIX: offset rate trim operation mode while mixing is on. Optional assignable knob (CAMBER MIX) to allow trimming in flight of the
*During OFFSET operation, the aileron and elevator travels are displayed on each trim display in the Startup screen.
GOAL of EXAMPLE: STEPS: INPUTS: Set up a START to gain maximum Open OFFSET function. again.) for 1 second. (If BASIC, possible lift on launch. C to OFFSET. Each Aileron: 50%. Switch to the START condition. G (10CA) or E (10CH) from Each Flap: 100%. NORMAL to START. Elevator: -5% to compensate. Set the rates. (Ex: AIL1 and 2, 50%, FLP1 C to AIL1. to +50%. SWITCH (10CAG=G, 10CHG=E.) and 2, 100%, ELEV -5%.) C to AIL2. to +50%. Note: switch is assignable. (CONDITION) Repeat for, FLP1 and 2, ELEV. KNOB(null) Close the function. Note: knob is assignable. (CAMBER MIX) Where next? View additional model setups on the internet: www.futaba-rc.com\faq\
START DELAY (GLID 1A+1F only): START DELAY automatically switches the offset trims (OFFSET) from the START condition's trims to the normal condition's trims after the delay time (max.10sec.). This delay time set by the -dly- item when activating the START condition. (It is convenient for hand launch glider.) NOTE: The same delay amount for elevator and rudder is recommended when using V-tail function. Adjustability: Delay time (-dly-) range of 0 to 100%. The delay time is 10 second at 100%. GOAL of EXAMPLE: Ex: delay time=5 second. STEPS: INPUTS: Open ADVANCE menu, then open START for 1 second. (If ADVANCE, DELAY function. C to START DELAY. Activate the function. Set the delay time. (Ex: 50% each surface)
to MIX. to ELEV. to RUDD.
to OFF or ON. to 5O%. to 5O%.
Repeat as needed. Close.
Camber Mixing (CAMBER MIX)(GLID): This function adjusts the mixing rate of camber operation which operates the
changes caused by camber operation can be corrected. Also the operation reference point of camber control can be offset. (PRE) NOTE: Camber control is not assigned at default. Adjustability: Rate: -100% to +100%, with a default of +30% Reference point (PRE): The operation reference point of camber control can be offset. -100% to +100%, with a default of 0%. GOAL of EXAMPLE: STEPS: Ex: Set the mixing amount for aileron Open the CAMBER MIX function. to 40 %, camber control to VR(E), reference point to desired point. Choose desired slider. Adjust the mixing amount for AILE. (Ex: adjust to 40%.) Set the reference point. Close menu. INPUTS: for 1 second. (If BASIC,
to CAMBER MIX. to VR. to AILE. VR(E). to VR(E). VR(E). to 40%. or VR(E) to for one second. to 40%.
to PRE. desired point.
Flap Setting (CAMBER FLAP)(GLID): CAMBER FLAP assigns the primary flap control [defaults to VR(A)] to allow FLP) can be adjusted NOTE: If FLAP-TRIM is activated, you can not use CAMBER FLAP function simultaneously. Adjustability: Rate: -100% to +100%, with a default of +30% Center position (CENTER [Note] When changing the polarity of a rate, "change rate dir?" is displayed for a check. Please set up after pressing DIAL for 1 second and canceling an alarm display. GOAL of EXAMPLE: STEPS: Ex: Set the maximum travel of 35% of Open the CAMBER FLAP function. INPUTS: for 1 second. (If BASIC,
to CAMBER FLAP. to FLP1. VR(A). VR(A). to 35%. to 35%. Repeat. to desired point.
separately. (Ex: adjust to 35%.) Option: Adjust the center position of Close menu.
BUTTERFLY (crow) mixing (GLID):
BUTTERFLY (often called "crow"- see GLID and is usually used to make steep descents or to limit increases in airspeed in dives. Two separate BUTTERFLY settings are available. (CIR1 CIR2) Adjustability: Activation: Proportional by moving the THROTTLE STICK. Switch: Mix SWITCH is selectable. A to H: SWITCH A to H NULL: always on. Also LOGIC SW (Lsw1 to 3) may be assigned. Set up LOGIC SW: See p. 38. Inversely proportional to THROTTLE STICK: provides a proportional increase in amount of airbrake action as THROTTLE STICK is lowered (when SWITCH A (assignable) is in the down position). Includes selectable stick position where airbrake begins. If you would like to have the airbrake be directly proportional to throttle stick, you will need to reverse the THR-REV function. Note that this changes the throttle stick direction for all models. See page 38 for instructions. Elevator settings: (adjustable in the B.FLY-ELE) B.FLY-ELE links elevator with the BUTTERFLY function. Elevator rate is adjustable in a 3 point curve. Point 1: PRESET point. (Fixed) Point 2: MID point. Position and rate are adjustable. Point 3: END point. Position and rate are adjustable. Delayed reaction: You can suppress sudden changes in your model's attitude when BUTTERFLY is activated by setting the delay (DELAY point together. A setting of 100% slows the servo to take approximately one second to travel the prescribed distance. Channels controlled: BUTTERFLY, including setting to 0 to have no effect. Twin aileron servos: If AIL-DIFF function is inhibited, then AIL1 and AIL2 settings will have no effect. If AIL-DIFF is active, then CH1 and CH7 may be independently adjusted. Normally both ailerons are raised equally in BUTTERFLY, and the elevator motion is set to maintain trim when the ailerons rise. Different amounts may be set for each aileron to correct for torque reactions and other unique characteristics of the model. Be sure you understand what dropping ailerons will do when in BUTTERFLY. Along with creating an enormous amount of drag (desireble for spot landings), this also creates "wash-in", a higher angle of attack where the ailerons are, and encourages tip stalling. If you are using this for aerobatic performance and not "sudden stops", consider raising the
OFFSET: Optional separate trims in addition to those for the normal condition. This function is used to automatically change helicopter tends to drift to the right at high speed, so an aileron offset may be applied to offset the helicopter to the left. The necessary elevator offset varies with model geometry, so it must be determined by noting collective pitch changes at high speed. The rudder offset is affected by both revo. mixing and trim lever movement while in the offset function. Adjustability: Complete switch assignability, plus a CONDITION SELECT switches between individual trims for each of the idle-ups. When OFFSET is active (its switch is on), moving the TRIM LEVERS adjusts the stored offset, not the trims in the normal condition. When OFFSET is inactive (its switch is off), the OFFSET and any trim adjustments condition.) When OFFSET Rapid jumps caused by large offsets can be slowed using the DELAY function.
*During OFFSET operation, the aileron, elevator, and rudder travels are displayed on each trim display in the Startup screen.
GOAL of EXAMPLE: STEPS: Set up separate trims for each of the Open the OFFSET function. three idle-up conditions. Adjust the idle-up 2 rudder trim to Activate the function. correct for torque at high speeds. Change switch setting to Cond. (No need to change SW.) Select IDL2. Adjust trim settings as needed. (Ex:rudder to +8%.) trims between normal and idle-up 2.
to OFFSET. to MIX. to OFF or ON.
to No. to RUDD.
to IDL2. to +8%.
E (T10CHG) or G (T10CAG) from NORMAL to IDL2. Check that rudder trim changes.
DELAY: see p. 103. THR-HOLD: see p. 99. Setting up the Idle-Ups: Throttle and Collective pitch Curves and Revo. Mixing (THR-CURVE, PIT-CURVE, REVO. MIX) for idle-ups: see p. 101.
DELAY: The Delay function provides a smooth transition between the trim positions whenever OFFSET, REVO. MIXING, or THROTTLE HOLD functions are turned on and off.
Adjustability: Separate delay times are available for aileron, elevator, rudder, throttle, and pitch. With a 50% delay setting, the servo takes about a half-second to move to its new position.quite a long time.
GOAL of EXAMPLE: STEPS: Set up a delay on all channels to ease Open the DELAY function. to another so there are no "hard jumps." Adjust AILE response as needed. (Ex: aileron to +8%.) Repeat for other channels. Close menus and confirm slowed transitions.
to DELAY. to +8%.
to ELEV. Repeat step above.
E (T10CHG) or G (T10CAG) from NORMAL to IDL2. Check that servos move gradually to new positions.
Gain Example for AVCS/Heading-hold Gyros (GY)
100% NOR 0% 100% AVC
"Normal Mode" "Heading Hold Mode"
GOAL of EXAMPLE: 1 and 2 and normal mode setting in idleActivate the function. up 3 and normal. STEPS: INPUTS: Open and activate the GYRO SENSE for 1 second. (If BASIC, function. C to GYRO SENSE.
to MIX. to MODE. to SW. to NORM. to IDL1.
to ACT. to GY. to Cond. to NOR 50%. to AVC 50%.
Optional: change gyro type to Headinghold (GY). Optional: change switch assignment. Ex: select Cond. Adjust gyro rates as needed. (Ex: NORM, IDL3 to NOR 50%. IDL1 and 2 to AVC 50% as starting points.) Close the function. Where next? GOVERNOR: see p. 108. D/R,EXP: see p. 42. DELAY: see p. 103.
Magnetic sensor Throttle servo
Control amp Mixture servo
Connected only when fuel mixture function used.
Speed setting channel
Connected when speed set from transmitter
Governor ON/OFF / Mixture trim channel
Connected when the governor is turned on and off from transmitter and when mixture trim function is used, or when mixture curve data is sent from transmitter to governor
Receiver What is a governor? A governor is made up of a set of sensors which read the RPM of the helicopters head, and a control unit that automatically adjusts the throttle setting to maintain a constant head speed regardless of changes in pitch of blades, weather conditions, etc. Governors are extremely popular in competition helicopters due to the consistency provided.
How does it help in helicopter setup? The governor eliminates the need to spend large amounts of time setting up throttle curves, as it automatically adjusts the engines RPM to maintain the desired head speed. GOVERNOR: The Governor mixing function is used to adjust the GV-1 (Governor) speed settings (rS1, rS2, rS3) from the transmitter. (If you are using a different governor, follow the manufacturer's instructions.) Adjustability: ch8 and changing CUT-CH setting. not to assign governor off to a condition switch if you want the governor to function in that condition.
used, CH8 can be used for other functions. be created using an additional channel and a programmable mix. See www. futaba-rc.com\faq\ for details. 108
The GV-1 controls throttle when it is active, so the throttle will not obey any FailSafe setting presets for throttle in the and the throttle obeys the FailSafe throttle commands. Expert Tip: Mounting the GV-1 to the counter gear instead of the fan
Setting example: Governor Speed RS1: OFF RS2: 1400 RS3: 1700 Switch Position (Switch C or Cond.) UP or NORM CNTR or IDL1 DOWN or IDL2 Rate (%) 100 Adjustment from Tx. Use up to 0%. (Governor speed display reads off.) Speed adjusted by raising and lowering rate. Speed adjusted by lowering rate.
*The relationship of the governor speed setting rS1~rS3 and the switch positions conforms to the table above. *In throttle hold, always check that the governor is off. *If the speed value rises when the cut switch is activated, reverse the DIR setting from UP to DOWN or vice versa.
IMPORTANT!!! Two of the most important things you can do to preserve the radio controlled aircraft hobby are to avoid ying near full-scale aircraft and avoid ying near or over groups of people.
International Miniature Aircraft Assoc.
The Great Planes Yak-55M is an excellent sport-scale model and is eligible to y in IMAA events. The IMAA (International Miniature Aircraft Association) is an organization that promotes non-competitive ying of giant-scale models. If you plan to attend an IMAA event, obtain a copy of the IMAA Safety Code by contacting the IMAA at the address or telephone number below, or by logging on to their web site at: www.y-imaa.org/imaa/sanction.html.
Academy of Model Aeronautics
If you are not already a member of the AMA, please join! The AMA is the governing body of model aviation and membership provides liability insurance coverage, protects modelers rights and interests and is required to y at most R/C sites. Academy of Model Aeronautics 5151 East Memorial Drive Muncie, IN 47302-9252 Ph. (800) 435-9262 Fax (765) 741-0057 Or via the Internet at: http://www.modelaircraft.org
IMAA 205 S. Hilldale Road Salina, KS 67401 (913) 823-5569
Protect Your Model, Yourself & Others Follow These Important Safety Precautions
DECISIONS YOU MUST MAKE
This is a partial list of items required to nish the Yak-55M that may require planning or decision making before starting to build. Order numbers are provided in parentheses.
1. Your Yak-55M should not be considered a toy, but rather a sophisticated, working model that functions very much like a full-size airplane. Because of its performance capabilities, Radio Equipment the Yak-55M, if not assembled and operated correctly, could possibly cause injury to yourself or spectators and damage A ve-channel radio is the minimum requirement to y the Yak55M. However, it is recommended that you use a computer to property. radio with more than ve channels. We would recommend at 2. You must assemble the model according to the instructions. least a seven channel radio with mixing capabilities and inputs Do not alter or modify the model, as doing so may result in to put all of the servos on their own channel instead of using an unsafe or unyable model. In a few cases the instructions Y connectors. When choosing servos be sure to use high may differ slightly from the photos. In those instances the quality servos with torque ratings that are equal or greater written instructions should be considered as correct. than those listed here. The Yak has very large control surfaces that will strain inexpensive or lower than recommended torque 3. You must take time to build straight, true and strong. rated servos. 4. You must use an R/C radio system that is in good condition, a correctly sized engine, and other components as specied Radio Recommendations in this instruction manual. All components must be correctly installed so that the model operates correctly on the ground Futaba 7C (FUTJ67**) and in the air. You must check the operation of the model Futaba 10C (FUTJ9150) and all components before every ight. Futaba 10CAG (FUTK9255) 5. If you are not an experienced pilot or have not own this type of model before, we recommend that you get the assistance of an experienced pilot in your R/C club for your rst ights. Servo Recommendations If youre not a member of a club, your local hobby shop has information about clubs in your area whose membership Ailerons Minimum rating of 150 oz-in. Two required. includes experienced pilots. Futaba 9155 (FUTM0215) Elevator Minimum rating of 150 oz-in. Two required. 6. While this kit has been ight tested to exceed normal use, Futaba 9155 (FUTM0215) if the plane will be used for extremely high stress ying, Rudder Minimum rating of 250 oz-in. One required. such as racing, or if an engine larger than one in the Futaba 9156 (FUTM0216) recommended range is used, the modeler is responsible for taking steps to reinforce the high stress points and/or (The rudder can also be controlled with two servos substituting hardware more suitable for the increased stress. ganged together. Each servo should have at least a 7. WARNING: The cowl and wheel pants included in this kit are made of berglass, the bers of which may cause eye, skin and respiratory tract irritation. Never blow into a part (wheel pant, cowl) to remove berglass dust, as the dust will blow back into your eyes. Always wear safety goggles, a particle mask and rubber gloves when grinding, drilling and sanding berglass parts. Vacuum the parts and the work area thoroughly after working with berglass parts. We, as the kit manufacturer, provide you with a top quality, thoroughly tested kit and instructions, but ultimately the quality and yability of your nished model depends on how you build it; therefore, we cannot in any way guarantee the performance of your completed model, and no representations are expressed or implied as to the performance or safety of your completed model. Remember: Take your time and follow the instructions to end up with a well-built model that is straight and true.
IMPORTANT BUILDING NOTES
There are three types of screws used in this kit: Sheet Metal Screws are designated by a number and a length. For example #6 3/4" [19mm]. This is a number six screw that is 3/4" [19mm] long. Machine Screws are designated by a number, threads per inch, and a length. For example 4-40 3/4" [19mm]. This is a number four screw that is 3/4" [19mm] long with forty threads per inch. Socket Head Cap Screws (SHCS) are designated by a number, threads per inch, and a length. For example 4-40 3/4" [19mm]. This is a 4-40 SHCS that is 3/4" [19mm] long with forty threads per inch When you see the term test t in the instructions, it means that you should rst position the part on the assembly without using any glue, then slightly modify or custom t the part as necessary for the best t. Whenever the term glue is written you should rely upon your experience to decide what type of glue to use. When a specic type of adhesive works best for that step, the instructions will make a recommendation. Whenever just epoxy is specied you may use either 30-minute (or 45-minute) epoxy or 6-minute epoxy. When 30-minute epoxy is specied it is highly recommended that you use only 30-minute (or 45-minute) epoxy, because you will need the working time and/or the additional strength. Photos and sketches are placed before the step they refer to. Frequently you can study photos in following steps to get another view of the same parts.
The Yak-55M is factory-covered with Top Flite MonoKote KIT INSPECTION lm. Should repairs ever be required, MonoKote can be patched with additional MonoKote purchased separately. MonoKote is packaged in six-foot rolls, but some hobby Before starting to build, take an inventory of this kit to make shops also sell it by the foot. If only a small piece of MonoKote sure it is complete, and inspect the parts to make sure they is needed for a minor patch, perhaps a fellow modeler are of acceptable quality. If any parts are missing or are not would give you some. MonoKote is applied with a model of acceptable quality, or if you need assistance with assembly, airplane covering iron, but in an emergency a regular iron contact Product Support. When reporting defective or missing could be used. A roll of MonoKote includes full instructions parts, use the part names exactly as they are written in the for application. Following are the colors used on this model Kit Contents list. and order numbers for six foot rolls. Great Planes Product Support 3002 N Apollo Drive, Suite 1 Ph: (217) 398-8970, ext. 5 Champaign, IL 61822 Fax: (217) 398-7721 True Red (TOPQ0227) Black (TOPQ0208) Jet White (TOPQ0204) Metallic Platinum (TOPQ0408) E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
1. Fuselage 2. Cowl 3. Canopy 4. Stabilizers with Elevators 5. Tail Wheel Assembly
6. Rudder 7. Stabilizer Tubes 8. Fuel Tank 9. Wheel Spats 10. Wheels
11. Landing Gear 12. Dummy Engine 13. Right Wing 14. Left Wing 15. Wing Tube
4-40 Bolt Ball Swivel 4-40 Nut Brass Bushing
7. Locate all of the components shown in the picture, a 4-40 x 5 3/4" [146mm] pushrod wire and an additional 4-40 nut. Examine the diagram that shows the proper way to assemble the swivel ball link. Mount the swivel ball link into the hole you drilled in the servo arm.
This is what a properly soldered clevis looks like shiny solder with good flow, no blobs and flux removed.
8. The photo shows how your pushrod assembly should
look. Center the aileron and the aileron servo. Install the servo arm onto the servo and the solder clevis into the second most outer hole of the control horn. Mark where to cut the pushrod wire. Cut the wire on the mark you made. Remove all of the components of the pushrod wire from the clevises and the control horn. Solder the pushrod wire to the solder clevis using the soldering Hot Tip that follows.
9. After the solder cools, install the pushrod assembly
to the aileron servo and the aileron. Be sure to use thread locker on the nuts and a silicone clevis keeper on the clevis.
1. Slide the landing gear into the fuselage on both the left
and right side of the fuselage. The straight side of the landing gear should be towards the front of the fuselage.
10. Glue a 5/16" x 1" [7.9mm x 25mm] wood dowel into
the two outermost holes in the wing root. The dowel should extend out of the wing 1/2" [13mm].
11. Repeat steps 1- 10 for the left wing panel.
ASSEMBLE THE FUSELAGE Install the Main Landing Gear
The following steps explain mounting the main landing gear. We will nish the tail wheel gear and installation of the wheels 2. Secure the landing gear with 8-32 x 3/4" SHCS, #8 lock later in the manual. You will nd the fuselage much easier to washers and #8 at washers. Be sure to apply thread locker to the screw threads. work with when the landing gear is installed.
Install the Stabs & Elevators
1. Including the servo lead from the servo, you will need
58" [1475mm] of wire to reach from the elevator to the radio compartment in the airplane. For a Futaba servo this means you will need some combination of servo leads to equal 45" [1145mm] or more. We used a 12" [305mm] and 36" [914mm] lead plugged together. Be sure to secure all of the connections with heat shrink tubing, tape or some other method to secure all of the connections. If you have the ability make your own leads you may choose to do this and eliminate one of the connections. Make two of these extensions. Install the rubber servo pads and metal grommets on the servos.
you will need to use a 1-1/2" heavy duty servo arm. We used the Futaba aluminum arm (FUTM2118). Enlarge the hole that is 1-1/4" [32mm] from the center of the servo spline with a 1/8" [3.2mm] drill. (The 1-1/4" [32mm] dimension is approximate. You may nd that for your brand of servo, the holes might be spaced slightly different than the Futaba. Open up the hole closest to this dimension.)
2. To achieve proper elevator control
6. Guide the servo lead through the stab exiting through
the root rib. Secure the servo cover in place with four #2 x 3/8" [9.5mm] screws and #2 at washers.
3. Center your servo and then install the arm to the servo.
Remove the servo tray cover from the left stab. Place the servo on the tray with the servo arm centered in the slot. Glue a 5/16" x 9/16" x 13/16" [8mm x 14mm x 21mm] wood servo block on each side of the servo.
4. Drill a 1/16" [1.6mm]
hole through each of the mounting tabs of your servo. 7. Cut one of the 4-40 x 5-3/4" [146mm] pushrod wires Mount the servo with the to a length of 2-3/4" [70mm]. Using the solder technique used hardware that came with on the ailerons, solder the unthreaded end of the wire to the 4-40 threaded solder connector. your servos.
5. Drill a 1/16" [1.6mm] hole through the servo cover
to use thread locker on the nuts when doing the nal assembly. into the hardwood blocks you glued in place. Install a #2 x 3/8" Install the nylon swivel ball link to the servo arm with a 4-40 [9.5mm] wood screw into each block to secure them. x 1/2" [13mm] screw and 4-40 nut.
8. Assemble the pushrod as shown in the photo. Be sure
9. Using the pushrod wire as a guide, locate the plywood 12. Locate the two carbon ber stab tubes. Slide the shorter
plate in the elevator servo. Position the large nylon black control horn on the plate, in line with the pushrod wire. Position the control horn on the hinge line the same way you did for the ailerons. Drill a 3/32" [2.4mm] hole through each of the holes in the control horn. Drill only through the plywood plate. Do not drill through the top of the control surface. Mount the horn with four #4 x 1/2" [13mm] screws. length tube into the forward most hole in the rear of the fuselage and the longest tube in the rear hole in the fuse. Through the opening in the back of the fuselage, install the servo leads into the fuselage up to the radio compartment and then test t the stabs to the fuselage.
you are satised with the t, glue the stabs one side at a time to the fuselage with 30-minute epoxy. Apply the glue to the tubes, the root rib of the stab and the fuselage side. Clean any excess epoxy with a paper towel and rubbing alcohol. Use masking tape to hold the stabs 11. Repeat steps 2-10 for the right side stabilizer / elevator. tight to the fuselage while the glue is curing. 10. Install the servo pushrod as shown. Make any adjustments required to the arm to get the proper length for the pushrod so when the servo is centered, the elevator is aligned with the stabilizer.
Install the Rudder
Install the Rudder Servos
1. Without using any We have designed this airplane with the option to use one servo glue, install four hinges with 250 oz-in. of torque or to use two, lower strength servos into the holes in the in tandem. If you are more of a sport yer and not an aspiring trailing edge of the rudder. 3-D pilot, you can use a single servo with approximately 125 Note that the pivot point oz-in. You will need to make a decision on the number of of each hinge must align servos you will be using. Should you decide to use a single with the center of the servo and later decide you would like to use two servos you trailing edge. To achieve can add the second servo later. this alignment, the hinges will be fairly deep in the n. Also note that the hinges must be perpendicular to the leading edge.
2. Again without glue, test t the rudder to the n. Remove the rudder and all the hinges. Add a small drop of oil to the pivot point on the hinges. This will prevent the epoxy from adhering to the pivot point. Make sure oil does not get on the gluing surface of the hinge. If it does, clean the oil off with a paper towel square dampened with denatured alcohol. 3. Mix up approximately 1/4 oz. [7.4cc] of 30-minute epoxy.
Use a toothpick to thoroughly apply the epoxy in the holes in the n and rudder. Use the toothpick to get the epoxy out of the opening of the holes in the rudder and n so it doesnt get into the hinge pin. Wipe away any excess epoxy around the outside of the holes with a couple of the small paper towel squares dampened with denatured alcohol. hinges that go into the n. Insert each hinge into the n and wipe away any excess epoxy that squeezes out of the hole.
4. Use the toothpick to apply epoxy to the ends of the rudder 1. Modify two large black nylon control horns as shown. This is easily completed with a high speed motor tool, small belt sander or a sanding block with coarse sandpaper. As you did with the ailerons horns, locate the plywood plate on each side of the rudder. Position the horns over the plates. Drill a 3/32" [2.4mm] hole through each of the holes in the control horn. Drill only through the plywood plate. Do not drill through the control surface. Mount the horn with four #4 x 1/2" [13mm] screws. Do this on both sides of the rudder.
SINGLE SERVO INSTALLATION If you will be installing two servos, skip ahead to, Two Servo Installation. servo arm installation you will need one of the aluminum servo arms included in the kit and one of the round servo disks included with your radio system. The round servo disk needs to be at least 1" [25mm] in diameter.
5. Locate four heavy duty screw lock connectors, metal
6. Use wire cutters to cut the supplied braided cable into
3. Install your servos into the rudder servo tray using
the hardware that came with your servo. Center the servos and then install the servo arm.
4. Locate two 4-40 x 5-3/4" [146mm] thread pushrod wires.
Cut off the threaded end of the wire leaving an unthreaded wire 3-1/2" [89mm] in length.
7. Wrap the cable back around and through the swage.
8. Use pliers to pull the cable from the rst loop to reduce
the size of the second loop. Squeeze the swage with pliers and then cut off the excess wire. Do this for both wires.
2. Adjust the tension of the wires by turning the clevises in
or out on the connector. Then, lock the nut against the clevis. Be sure to apply a drop of thread locker to the nut.
Install the Engine
The following instructions cover the installation of the DLE55. Other engines will require similar installation. You will need to determine the proper mounting hole positions and location for the throttle connections for your choice of engine. MOUNT THE ENGINE AND INSTALL THE THROTTLE AND CHOKE SERVOS The following instructions will show how to install a servo activated choke. We know some modelers may wish to use some sort of a manual linkage. It is recommended that you read the installation instructions and then decide which method you prefer. We will not be showing installation of a manual linkage. Most modelers will nd that this is easy to do and requires little explanation.
9. Install a 4-40 thread clevis, 4-40 nut and a silicone
clevis keeper onto the threaded connectors.
10. Inside of the fuselage are two white plastic guide
tubes. Slide a wire into each of the tubes until they exit out the fuselage sides. Connect the clevis to the hole in the aluminum servo arm. Note: When you connect the clevises to the arm, be sure that the wires cross each other. In other words, the wire attached to the right side of the servo arm exits the left side of the fuselage and the left side clevis exits out the right side of the fuselage.
side of the fuselage. Be sure to leave at least 8" between the radio switch and any of the components of the engine and the ignition system, including the ignition switch.
5. Make all of the servo connections with the receiver. Secure the battery connection to the switch lead with tape, heat shrink tubing or some other method for securing the wires.
3. If you will be installing a pilot, install it securely in the
4. Attach the canopy hatch to the top of the fuselage with
four 4-40 x 3/4" [19mm] screws, #4 lock washers and #4 at washers. Test t the canopy to the top of the fuselage to determine the mounting position.
5. Determine the position of the canopy and make a couple
of reference marks on the fuselage so that you can easily locate the canopy position. Remove the canopy and apply a bead of RC 56 glue to the inside of the canopy. Note that the canopy rests on both the canopy hatch and the fuselage. You only want the glue to be applied to the canopy where it will be in contact with the canopy hatch. Tape the canopy to the canopy hatch. Be sure the tape is only applied to the hatch and not the fuselage below the hatch. and remove the hatch from the fuselage being careful not to disturb the canopy.
6. Remove the screws holding the canopy hatch in place 7. Clean any excess glue that may have gotten on the 8. Remove the canopy hatch from the fuselage. Mix a small
fuselage or the back portion of the canopy with a damp cloth. When you have removed the excess glue, reinstall the canopy onto the fuselage. IMPORTANT! Be sure that you reinstall all four of the screws that secure the canopy hatch. The hatch must be tight to the fuselage while the glue dries. If needed, add additional tape to secure the canopy. Allow the glue to dry at least 12 hours.
amount of epoxy and micro balloons and make a small llet of the glue on the back, underside of the canopy.
APPLY THE DECALS
1. Use scissors or a sharp hobby knife to cut the decals
from the sheet.
2. Be certain the model is clean and free from oily ngerprints
and dust. Prepare a dishpan or small bucket with a mixture of liquid dish soap and warm waterabout one teaspoon of soap per gallon of water. Submerse the decal in the soap and water and peel off the paper backing. Note: Even though the decals have a sticky-back and are not the water transfer type, submersing them in soap & water allows accurate positioning and reduces air bubbles underneath. decal down, use a paper towel to wipe most of the water away.
3. Position decal on the model where desired. Holding the 4. Use a piece of soft balsa or something similar to squeegee
remaining water from under the decal. Apply the rest of the decals the same way.
GET THE MODEL READY TO FLY Check the Control Directions
1. Turn on the transmitter and receiver and center the trims.
If necessary, remove the servo arms from the servos and reposition them so they are centered. Reinstall the screws that hold on the servo arms.
SERVO ARM OFFSET
Proper Pushrod Hookup
AVOIDING FLUTTER, MAXIMIZING SERVO OUTPUT TORQUE
CONTROL HORN OFFSET
2. With the transmitter and receiver still on, check all the
control surfaces to see if they are centered. If necessary, adjust the clevises on the pushrods to center the control surfaces. 4-CHANNEL RADIO SETUP (STANDARD MODE 2) RUDDER MOVES RIGHT RIGHT AILERON MOVES UP LEFT AILERON MOVES DOWN
When connecting pushrods and setting up your control throws, it is critically important to use proper pushrod geometry that is the distance from the pushrod on the servo arm to the center of the output shaft (servo arm offset) compared to the distance from the pushrod on the control horn to the pivot point (control horn offset). EXTREMELY DANGEROUS PUSHROD HOOKUP
Pushrod far out on the servo arm
pushrod close in on the control horn.
ELEVATOR MOVES DOWN
3. Make certain that the control surfaces and the carburetor
respond in the correct direction as shown in the diagram. If any of the controls respond in the wrong direction, use the servo reversing in the transmitter to reverse the servos connected to those controls. Be certain the control surfaces have remained centered. Adjust if necessary.
One particularly dangerous situation arises when the pushrod on the servo arm is too far out and the pushrod on the control horn is too close in. This setup is usually chosen by pilots who are trying to achieve maximum, monster control throws for 3D ight. But with your pushrods set up this way, any free play (slop) in the linkages or servo will be greatly magnied, possibly causing destructive control surface utter. Additionally, if you have to turn your ATVs way down for normal throw, the result will be poor resolution and poor servo holding/ centering capabilities. More importantly, too much force may be transmitted back to the servo, possibly causing control surface blowback, stripped servo gears or stripped servo armsthe latter two likely causing a crash. PREFERRED PUSHROD HOOKUP
Set the Control Throws
To ensure a successful rst ight, set up your Yak-55M according to the control throws specied in this manual. The throws have been determined through actual ight testing and accurate record-keeping, allowing the model to perform in the manner in which it was intended. If, after you have become accustomed to the way the Yak-55M ies, you would like to change the throws to suit your taste, that is ne. However, too much control throw could make the model too responsive and difcult to control, so remember, more is not always better.
Closest in on servo arm Farthest out on control horn
Here is an optimum pushrod setupthe pushrod is close in on the servo arm and far out on the control horn. This situation gives the greatest mechanical advantage of the servo over the control surface, which will increase the servos centering capabilities and output torque, minimize any free play in the system and allow high ATV settings for optimum servo resolution and positive control feel. Note: When the pushrod is close in on the servo arm, make certain the servo arm can travel through its full range of movement without the pushrod (or clevis or other type of connector) interfering with the servo arm, output shaft or servo case.
ACCEPTABLE PUSHROD HOOKUP
Balance the Model (C.G.)
More than any other factor, the C.G. (center of gravity/ balance point) can have the greatest effect on how a model ies and could determine whether or not your rst ight will be successful. If you value your model and wish to enjoy it for many ights, DO NOT OVERLOOK THIS IMPORTANT PROCEDURE. A model that is not properly balanced may be unstable and possibly unyable.
Move the pushrod farther out on the servo arm
But leave the pushrod in the farthest out location on the control horn.
If the optimum situation doesnt provide enough control throw, the pushrod may be moved inward on the control horn, but its better to go farther out on the servo arm because this will At this stage the model should be in ready-to-y condition with introduce less free play than the alternative. Only after moving all of the components in place including the complete radio the pushrod all the way out on the servo arm, if you still cant get system, engine, mufer, propeller, spinner and pilot. The fuel the throw required, youll have to resort to moving the pushrod tank should be empty. closer in on the control horn. Note: If you have a computer radio, it is always desirable to set your ATVs to 100% (or as 1. Use a ne-point felt tip pen to mark lines on the top of near 100% as possible to achieve the control throw required). wing on both sides of the fuselage 6.5" [165mm] back from If setting up a model that requires extraordinary control surface the leading edge. Apply narrow (1/16" [2mm]) strips of tape throw (for 3D ying for example), start by maxing-out your over the lines so you will be able to feel them when lifting the ATVs (typically 130% -- 140%). Then, the dual rates in your model with your ngers. normal ight mode will still be acceptably high (70% -- 80%) This is where your model should balance for the rst for good servo resolution. ights. Later, you may experiment by shifting the C.G. 1/2" 4. Referring to the Proper Pushrod Hookup illustrations [13mm] forward or 1/2" [13mm] back to change the ying characteristics. Moving the C.G. forward will improve the above, adjust the location of the pushrod on the servo arm or on smoothness and stability, but the model will then be less the elevator horn and program the ATVs in your transmitter to aerobatic (which may be ne for less-experienced pilots). increase or decrease the throw according to the measurements Moving the C.G. aft makes the model more maneuverable in the control throws chart. and aerobatic for experienced pilots. In any case, start at 5. Measure and set the low rate elevator throws and the the recommended balance point and do not at any time high and low rate throws for the rest of the control surfaces balance the model outside the specied range. the same way. NOTE: The throws are measured at the widest part of the elevators, rudder and ailerons.
2. With the wing attached to the fuselage, all parts of the
model installed (ready to y) and an empty fuel tank, place the model upside-down and lift it upside-down at the balance point you marked.
These are the recommended control surface throws:
LOW RATE AILERONS RUDDER ELEVATOR Up & Down 3/4" [19mm] 7 Right & Left 4" [102mm] 20 Up & Down 3/4" [19mm] 8
HIGH RATE Up & Down 1-1/4" [32mm] 12 Right & Left 6" [152mm] 42 Up & Down 1-3/4" [44mm] 19
3D RATE Up & Down 4" [104mm] 42 Right & Left 8" [203mm] 63 Up & Down 2-1/2" [64mm] 27
3. If the tail drops, the model is tail heavy. If possible, move
the battery pack and/or receiver forward to get the model to balance. If the nose drops, the model is nose heavy. If possible, move the battery pack and/or receiver aft. If needed, use Great Planes stick-on lead (GPMQ4485). To nd out how much weight is required, place incrementally increasing amounts of weight on the fuselage over the location where it would be mounted inside until the model balances. A good place to add stick-on nose weight is to the rewall. Do not attach weight to the cowlthis will cause the mounting screws to open up the holes in the cowl. Once you have determined the amount of weight required, it can be permanently attached. If required, tail weight may be added by cutting open the bottom of the fuse and gluing it permanently inside. Note: If mounting weight where it may be exposed to fuel or exhaust, do not rely upon the adhesive on the back to permanently hold it in place. Over time, fuel and exhaust residue may soften the adhesive and cause the weight to fall off. Instead, permanently attach the weight with glue or screws.
4. IMPORTANT: If you found it necessary to add any weight,
recheck the C.G. after the weight has been installed.
Balance the Model Laterally
1. With the wing level, have an assistant help you lift the
model by the engine propeller shaft and the bottom of the fuse under the TE of the n. Do this several times.
AMA SAFETY CODE EXCERPTS
Read and abide by the following excerpts from the Academy of Model Aeronautics Safety Code. For the complete Safety Code refer to Model Aviation magazine, the AMA web site or the Code that came with your AMA license.
1) I will not y my model aircraft in sanctioned events, air shows, or model ying demonstrations until it has been proven to be airworthy by having been previously, successfully ight tested. 2) I will not y my model aircraft higher than approximately 400 feet within 3 miles of an airport without notifying the airport operator. I will give right-of-way and avoid ying in the proximity of full-scale aircraft. Where necessary, an observer shall be utilized to supervise ying to avoid having models y in the proximity of full-scale aircraft. 3) Where established, I will abide by the safety rules for the ying site I use, and I will not willfully and deliberately y my models in a careless, reckless and/or dangerous manner. 5) I will not y my model unless it is identied with my name and address or AMA number, on or in the model. Note: This does not apply to models while being own indoors. 7) I will not operate models with pyrotechnics (any device that explodes, burns, or propels a projectile of any kind).
1. Fuelproof all areas exposed to fuel or exhaust residue
such as the cowl ring, cowl mounting blocks, wing saddle area, etc. in the manual.
2. Check the C.G. according to the measurements provided 3. Be certain the battery and receiver are securely mounted
in the fuse. Simply stufng them into place with foam rubber is not sufcient.
4. Extend your receiver antenna and make sure it has a
strain relief inside the fuselage to keep tension off the solder joint inside the receiver. 5. Balance your model laterally as explained in the instructions.
6. Use threadlocking compound to secure critical fasteners
such as the set screws that hold the wheel axles to the struts, screws that hold the carburetor arm (if applicable), screw-lock pushrod connectors, etc.
1) I will have completed a successful radio equipment ground check before the rst ight of a new or repaired model. 2) I will not y my model aircraft in the presence of spectators until I become a qualified flier, unless assisted by an experienced helper.
7. Add a drop of oil to the axles so the wheels will turn freely. 8. Make sure all hinges are securely glued in place. 9. Reinforce holes for wood screws with thin CA where
appropriate (servo mounting screws, cowl mounting screws, etc.). and the throws are set up according to the manual.
10. Conrm that all controls operate in the correct direction 11. Make sure there are silicone retainers on all the clevises
your glide path and airspeed. If you are going to overshoot, smoothly advance the throttle (always ready on the right rudder to counteract torque) and climb out to make another attempt. When youre ready to make your landing are and the model is a foot or so off the deck, smoothly increase up elevator until it gently touches down. Once the model is on the runway and has lost ying speed, hold up elevator to place the tail on the ground, regaining tail wheel control. One nal note about ying your model. Have a goal or ight plan in mind for every ight. This can be learning a new maneuver(s), improving a maneuver(s) you already know, or learning how the model behaves in certain conditions (such as on high or low rates). This is not necessarily to improve your skills (though it is never a bad idea!), but more importantly so you do not surprise yourself by impulsively attempting a maneuver and suddenly nding that youve run out of time, altitude or airspeed. Every maneuver should be deliberate, not impulsive. For example, if youre going to do a loop, check your altitude, mind the wind direction (anticipating rudder corrections that will be required to maintain heading), remember to throttle back at the top, and make certain you are on the desired rates (high/low rates). A ight plan greatly reduces the chances of crashing your model just because of poor planning and impulsive moves. Remember to think.
To initiate a landing approach, lower the throttle while on the downwind leg. Allow the nose of the model to pitch downward to gradually bleed off altitude. Continue to lose altitude, but maintain airspeed by keeping the nose down as you turn onto the crosswind leg. Make your nal turn toward the runway (into the wind) keeping the nose down to maintain airspeed and control. Level the attitude when the model reaches the runway threshold, modulating the throttle as necessary to maintain
Have a ball! But always stay in control and y in a safe manner.
Good Luck And Great Flying!
3.15 in. [80 mm]
This model belongs to:
Name Address City, State, Zip Phone Number AMA Number
Elite RB-1582 CW-21Z573N M1710A-BZ Revolution Commander 2002 Punto EVO 82333 A3eavhf RSP28A HTS3011 12 DMC-LS80 495309 MZ-B10 MHC-RG310 Convertible 2001 2FU 3611 PVD1075 HP6503 1400GTR VS 360 Energy 8462 SD RC1600 PM3500 SR5600 GT-P1000 Stylus 820 NV-MV15 Favorit40600 SP-2504C C RH299H DMR-BR500 PRO 4040 37LG2000 5 BT CDX-R3310 512SC K530I Graficko 2D 7224 A-D Setup DVP5990 PX-G5000 Dmpbdt100 FAX3150 247-5 Wellgate 26XX CHC-CL1 CD5000 AR-651 PCG-TR3A SL605 Syntax-brillian EEA130 AG-H380 AR02 NE-691 Laserjet 2300 50PC5D-UC Courage ICD-B100 MX450 SPA-120 DV-SP502 Navigon 2210 FJR1300AS-2006 C3010S RP200A Pentax MZ60 Urei 1122 Viking 190 Sportwagon CE116KT MHC-C20 VS4121BLK RM-AX1400 RX-DS05 Terminal 32 FS116 Point 510 Sagem D70V F86070IM TX-PF46g10 ICF-304 SPF-72H V7700 TI GWA-4080N 57114 SCH-B250 HAC4PRO GR-AX230u-gr-ax230 F44010VI KX-TCD235RU SV-4100 KV-29LS30K 32PW8506 12R WF0602NCE WD-12331AD SP2004C
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