The GY520 has cutting-edge MEMS (Micro ElectroMechanical System) sensor design, ultra high-speed processing and advanced PID control algorithm put it a quantum leap ahead of all other heading-hold gyros in size, weight and performance. It s the gyro of tomorrow -- and it s available today from Futaba.
Part Numbers: FUTM0810, GY520
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Futaba GY520 Programming Basics Part 1
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YAW-AXIS STABILIZER FOR MODEL HELICOPTER (RATE GYRO)
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Precautions ----------------------------------------------------- 3 Warranty and Repair Service (in U.S.A.) ------------------ 6 Contents -------------------------------------------------------- 7 Specications -------------------------------------------------- 8 Recommended Servos ---------------------------------------- 9 Replacement and Optional Items --------------------------- 9 Function and Connection Diagram ----------------------- 10 LED Indicator Description----------------------------------11 Introduction ---------------------------------------------------11 Mechanics Preparation ------------------------------------- 12 GY520 Installation ------------------------------------------ 13 Connecting the GY520 to your Receiver ---------------- 15 GY520 Programming -------------------------------------- Tail Rotor Servo Installation and Setup ----------------- Before Flight Checklist------------------------------------ Adjustments During the Test Flight --------------------- Using Normal Mode --------------------------------------- Setting the Gain --------------------------------------------30 31
Technical updates and additional programming examples can be found at: www.futaba-rc.com/faq
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Failure to follow these safety precautions may result in severe injury to yourself and others. Read through the entire manual before operating this product. The GY520 requires 5-10 seconds to initialize when the power is turned on. Do not move the helicopter and do not move the tail rotor stick during this initialization or the gyro may not initialize properly. Once the initialization process is complete, the tail rotor servo will move to the left extent and then to the right extent. This will occur twice. The indicator light will change to solid blue for AVCS Mode or solid red for Normal Mode. BEFORE EACH FLIGHT: Always check the transmitter and receiver battery voltage to ensure they have enough remaining capacity to complete the ight. Verify that the gyro is operating correctly. Verify that the gyro compensates in the correct direction before flight. If the compensation direction is incorrect the model will pirouette uncontrollably, at a very high rate. Verify that the gyro is operating in the desired mode. Verify that the gyro mounting pads are in good condition. Verify that the gyro wires are not contacting the frame of the helicopter. The servo type parameter within the GY520 must match the type of servo you are using. Incorrect setting may damage the GY520 or the servo, possibly resulting in a loss of control during ight.
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Only use the GY520 with a 2.4GHz system such as the Futaba FASST system, or a PCM system. Use with a FM system is strongly discouraged since interference can cause serious operational problems. In addition to this the latest high performance tail rotor servos generate electrical noise which may also cause interference to an FM receiver. Always ensure that there is some slack in the gyro cables to help maximize performance. Always use the supplied gyro mounting pads to attach the gyro to the helicopter mechanics. Do not use a strap that encompasses the GY520. This may affect the overall performance of the gyro. Always allow the gyro to adjust to the surrounding environmental temperature before ight. A large temperature change during use will cause drift and other operational issues. The GY520 uses a conductive resin case to prevent electromagnetic interference. Do not allow anything to touch the gyro case as it may cause a short circuit. If you are switching between Normal Mode and AVCS Mode in flight, please keep in mind that you must have the gyro re-learn the center position after making a trim change within the transmitter. To memorize the new center position simply flip the gain switch on the transmitter three times between Normal Mode and AVCS Mode within one second. The tail rotor servo will center indicating that the new center position has been memorized. When the GY520 is used in Normal Mode, tail rotor compensation or revolution mixing must be used within the transmitter.
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When operating the gyro in AVCS Mode, all tail rotor compensation and revolution mixing must be disabled and any tail rotor offsets for ight modes must be disabled. When the GY520 is operated in AVCS mode the tail rotor servo will not center when the stick is released. This is normal operation for AVCS mode. The servo may also move to the extent while the model is being carried out to the ight line. Before take off, you must center the tail rotor servo by moving the tail rotor stick full left, then full right, back to full left and then allow the stick to center within one second. You can also visually center the tail rotor pitch slider by using the tail rotor stick. Do not drop the GY520 onto a hard surface or subject the GY520 to a strong shock as this may damage the sensor. Always use the supplied mounting pads or the Futaba replacement mounting pads available from your local hobby dealer. Always exit programming mode before attempting to y the model. Do not use any type of priority mixing or gain reduction mixing on the GY520.
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WARRANTY & REPAIR SERVICE (IN U.S.A.)
If any difculties are encountered while setting up or operating your GY520, please consult the instruction manual rst. For further assistance you may also refer to your hobby dealer, or contact the Futaba Service Center at the web site, fax or telephone number listed below: www.futaba-rc.com or www.hobbyservices.com Fax (217)-398-7721, Tel (217) 398-0007 If you are unable to resolve the issue, pack the system in its original container with a note enclosed and a thorough, accurate description of the difculty. Include the following in your note:
Symptoms (including when the problem occurred) System (Transmitter, Receiver, Servos and model numbers) Model (Model name) Model numbers and quantity Your Name, Address and Telephone number
Send the respective items to the authorized Futaba Service Center Address below: Futaba Service Center 3002 N Apollo Drive Suite 1 Champaign, IL 61822
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CONTENTS GY520 Gyro Mounting Pads
2mm Thick (two) 3mm Thick (two)
Damping and Shield Plate
Tail Rotor Extension (Black)
Gain Extension (Red) 7
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Width: 0.79in [20mm] Length: 0.79in [20mm] Height: 0.39in [10mm] Weight: 0.243oz [6.9g] Maximum* Operating Voltage: 3.8V to 6.0V DC (Gyro only) Current Drain: 40mA (Gyro only) Selectable Servo Frame Rate: 70Hz, 280Hz and 560Hz Center Pulse Width: 1520 S (70Hz & 280Hz Frame Rate) 760 S (560Hz Frame Rate) Flight Mode: User selectable F3C or 3D Operating Temperature: 14F to 113F Control System: Advanced PID control Sensor: MEMS vibrating structure gyro Angular Velocity Range: 800 Degrees Per Second
*The maximum operating voltage listed only applies to the GY520. Always verify that your receiver, servos, tail rotor servo, governor, switch and any other electronic components used in your installation are capable of operating at the voltage you plan to use.
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Futaba S9257 EP Heli Digital (280Hz/1520S): FUTM0667
.30 .91 Size Helicopters
Futaba S9254 Digital Servo Heli (280Hz/1520S): FUTM0224 Futaba S9256 Digital Hi Speed (560Hz/760S): FUTM0226 Futaba BLS251 Brushless Heli Servo (560Hz/760S): FUTM0521
REPLACEMENT & OPTIONAL ITEMS
Futaba PC Interface CIU-2 for GY520: FUTM0951 FSH64 GY520 Extension 200 mm (2): FUTM4664 FSH65 GY520 Extension 350 mm (2): FUTM4665 FSH66 GY520 Extension 55 mm (2): FUTM4666 FSH67 GY520 Extension 80 mm (2): FUTM4667 FSH68 GY520 Extension 130 mm (2): FUTM4668 FSH69 GY520 Mounting Pad 2x22x22 mm (10): FUTM4669 FSH70 GY520 Mounting Pad 3x22x22 mm (10): FUTM4670 FSH71 GY520 Shield Plate 1x22x22 mm (3): FUTM4671
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FUNCTIONS & CONNECTIONS
Gain Channel Tail Rotor Servo
Tail Rotor Channel
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LED INDICATOR DESCRIPTION
Slow Flash: 1/2 Second or longer Fast Flash: 1/4 Second or shorter
LED INDICATOR Slow Red Flash Slow Blue Flash Fast Blue Flash
DESCRIPTION No Receiver Pulse or Sensor Error Warm-Up Sensor Initialization Normal Mode, Ready for Flight AVCS Mode, Ready for Flight Offset from the Neutral Position Gyro is Rotating
Solid Blue Solid Red Slow Violet Flash Fast Blue or Red Flash
The Futaba GY520 is the smallest and lightest heading hold AVCS gyro available today. Its cutting-edge MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical System) sensor design, ultra high-speed processing speed and advanced PID control algorithm put it a quantum leap ahead of all other heading hold gyros in size, weight and performance. The GY520 has been optimized to work with small electric models and larger nitro (.30 through.91) sized helicopters.
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Newer high end servos and other radio equipment are capable of placing large demands on the power systems in use today. When using a regulator you must ensure that the regulator is capable of delivering the current demands of the equipment you have selected. In addition to this make sure the wiring and switch you have selected are capable of handling high current draws. Even though the GY520 is a high performance gyro it will be necessary to ensure that the helicopter mechanics are also in optimum operating condition. Please use the guidelines below and address all issues before installing and test ying the GY520. The GY520 must be used with a rigid tail rotor drive system. Any modern torque tube or belt drive system should be adequate. Do not attempt to fly the GY520 using a wire driven tail rotor system. Always ensure the drive gears, torque tube, pulleys, belt, bearings and shafts are in proper working condition. If any of these items are damaged or worn they must be replaced. The linkage rod, tail rotor bell crank, pitch slider and tail rotor grips must operate without friction to obtain the best performance from the GY520. If any binding is present it must be xed before the helicopter can be own. Binding in the tail rotor control linkage will decrease the performance of the GY520 gyro and this may also shorten the servo lifespan. Please take the time now to ensure the tail rotor system on your helicopter is working correctly, without friction or binding. Vibration will affect the gyros overall performance. All rotating components on the helicopter should be balanced to minimize vibrations in flight. Ensure that your motor is running smooth and all vibrations have been addressed before installing and test ying the GY520.
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The gyro should be mounted on a rigid platform, at least 6in [152mm] away from a Nitro Engine. It is not necessary to mount the gyro near the main shaft of the helicopter but it is very important that the mounting area chosen is rigid. Please refer to your helicopter manufacturers instructions for recommended mounting locations. Installing the gyro The GY520 is supplied with two 2mm Mounting Pads, two 3mm Mounting Pads, and one 1mm Damping and Shield Plate to help accommodate several installation methods. Most electric helicopters with minimal vibrations can use one 2mm mounting pad to mount the gyro onto the Gyro Mount. If the GY520 is mounted near the ESC, near a servo, or near the tail rotor belt we highly recommend using two 2mm Mounting Pads and the steel Damping/Shield Plate to help prevent electromagnetic interference from reaching the gyro.
Recommended Installation for Smaller Electric Helicopters
(250, 450, and 500 size helis)
2mm Mounting Pad Gyro Mount
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Recommended Installation for Larger Electric Helicopters and All Nitro Helicopters
2mm or 3mm Mounting Pads Gyro Mount
On smaller electric helicopters it is best to mount the gyro using one 2mm mounting pad. When mounting the gyro in a larger electric or.50 through.91 size nitro helicopter we recommend using two 3mm Mounting Pads and the Damping/Shield Plate.
TROUBLESHOOTING If you experience erratic gyro operation (drifting, not holding well or inconsistent pirouette rate), please follow the troubleshooting tips listed below. 1. Always verify that your models tail rotor control and drive system are working correctly. 2. Electromagnetic interference could affect the gyro or tail rotor servo. Use the metal damping and shield plate or mount the gyro in a different location, away from the electronic speed control, servos and drive motor. 3. The trouble may be caused by vibration. Verify that your helicopters components are balanced. If problems persist, try mounting the gyro in a different location. Various combinations of the gyro mounting tape may help to mask the issue.
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CONNECTING THE GY520 TO YOUR RECEIVER
Tail Rotor Servo
Red: Gain Channel
Black: Tail Rotor Channel
Connect the supplied extensions to the GY520 connecter block as indicated. Route the wires through the helicopter mechanics and connect them to the appropriate receiver channels. To determine the appropriate receiver channels please check your transmitters instruction manual. Using a piece of double sided tape, mount the GY520 connector block onto the helicopter, ensuring that you leave some slack in the wire leading to the gyro. Using wire mounts, wiring fixtures molded into the helicopter, or hook and loop material, route the extensions to the receiver. Ensure that the extensions leading to the receiver cannot become entangled in rotating components and make sure the extensions are not rubbing against metal or carbon ber which may damage the wires. Once the power system is installed into your helicopter please move onto the next section to learn how to program the gyro.
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Entering Programming Mode Press and hold the button on the side of the GY520. After 3 seconds the LED indicator will momentarily change to violet. Release the button and the gyro will begin ashing once per second. The color shown is the option selected for the 1st parameter [Servo Type]. For example, if you see one Blue Flash then the [Servo Type] is set to Digital 1520 S. If you see one Red Flash then the [Servo Type] is set to Digital 760 S servo. The number of ashes is the parameter number you are viewing and the color of the LED indicates the setting that has been selected. Please see the GY520 Parameters and Settings Table. Changing the setting within a parameter To move to the next setting within a parameter, quickly (less than one second) press and release the button on the gyro. The LED will begin ashing rapidly. This indicates that the gyro needs conrmation of the change. While the LED is ashing, rapidly press and release the button again to confirm the change. The confirmation request flash will last one second, after this period of time the gyro will return to the parameter menu without making a change. Always ensure that the change has taken place by counting the number of ashes and verify the color of the indicator LED. Moving to the next Parameter Press and continue to hold the button on the side of the GY520. After 2 seconds the LED indicator will momentarily change to violet. Release the button and the gyro will move to the next parameter. The number of ashes will change to reect this.
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GY520 Parameters and Settings Table
PARAMETER SETTING Digital 1520S Servo* 1. Servo Selection S Digital 760S Servo Analog Servo 2 G 2. Gyro Compensation D Direction 3 S 3. Servo Limits 4 F 4. Flight Mode F3C Mode* 3D Mode Standard* 5. Response R Fast Slow 6 D 6. Data Reset (Resets Settings 1 5) * Default Setting Normal* Reverse LED INDICATION Blue, 1 Flash Red, 1 Flash Violet, 1 Flash Blue, 2 Flashes Red, 2 Flashes Red, 3 Flashes Blue, 4 Flashes Red, 4 Flashes Blue, 5 Flashes Red, 5 Flashes Violet, 5 Flashes Blue, 6 Flashes
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Parameter 1: Servo Type [1 FLASH] Select the appropriate setting for the servo you are using.
LED INDICATOR SERVO TYPE
SERVO COMPATIBILITY Futaba S9650 EP Heli Digital Servo Futaba S9257 EP Heli Digital Servo
Blue, 1 Flash Digital 1520S Servo*
Futaba S9253 Digital Servo Futaba S9254 Digital Servo Any digital servo capable of a 280 Hz update rate. Futaba S9251 Digital High Speed Servo
Red, 1 Flash Digital 760S Servo Violet, 1 Flash
Futaba S9256 Digital High Speed Servo Futaba BLS251 Brushless Heli Servo All analog (non-digital) servos. * Default Setting
The servo type parameter within the GY520 must match the type of servo you are using. Incorrect setting may damage the GY520 or the servo, possibly resulting in a loss of control of the model during ight.
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Parameter 2: Gyro Compensation Direction [2 FLASHES]
LED INDICATOR Red, 2 Flashes Blue, 2 Flashes DESCRIPTION Normal Compensation* Reverse Compensation * Default Setting
Verify that the gyro compensates the correct direction before ight. If the compensation direction is incorrect the model will pirouette uncontrollably at a very high rate.
This parameter controls which direction the gyro will compensate when the helicopter rotates. Once the tail rotor linkage is connected to the servo, pick the helicopter up by the main shaft and rotate the mechanics counter-clockwise. The gyro should compensate by adding clockwise rotation pitch to the tail rotor blades. If the gyro compensates by adding counter-clockwise rotation pitch to the tail rotor blades then it will be necessary to reverse the Gyro Compensation Direction setting.
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Parameter 3: Servo Limits [3 FLASHES]
LED INDICATOR Red, 3 Flashes Blue, 3 Flashes DESCRIPTION Limit Testing Mode Set limit using tail rotor stick.
The Servo Limit parameter is used to set the mechanical limits for the tail rotor servo. To obtain the highest performance it is recommended to adjust the servo arm length to set the mechanical limits and then use the servo limits parameter to make small adjustments. WARNING!
To prevent damage to the servo always perform limit setup with the tail rotor linkage disconnected and simply hold the linkage over the linkage ball to verify settings. While in the servo limits parameter the gyro no longer functions. Always ensure that the gyro is functioning correctly and it is not in the servo limits parameter before flying the helicopter.
Setting the servo limits: Go to the SERVO LIMITS parameter. While in the servo limits parameter the gyro compensation no longer functions and the tail rotor servo will always center. This can be used to set the centering position for the tail rotor linkage and the tail rotor stick can be moved to verify that the limits are set correctly. While in the servo limits parameter the tail rotor stick is 150% more effective to compensate for any tail rotor AFR or D/R adjustments made within the radio. Please do not be concerned if the tail rotor servo reaches its limit before the tail rotor stick reaches its physical limit.
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If one of the servo limits is set to a position less than 50% of the total throw, the LED on the gyro will turn red. When the LED is red, you will not be able to move to the next limit setting or exit the limit setting parameter. If the current value is greater than 50% then the LED will be blue and the setting is acceptable.
Quickly press and release the button once to enter limit setting mode. The LED will ash quickly and the tail rotor servo will travel to the set limit. When the transmitters tail rotor stick is moved to the left or to the right the servo limit will increase or decrease. Hold the tail rotor linkage over the linkage ball and adjust the servo limit using the tail rotor stick until no binding occurs. If the LED turns red, then the travel value is less than 50% and this is not acceptable. Please decrease the servo arm length to reduce throw. Quickly press and release the button once. If the limit is acceptable the LED will momentarily change to Violet and the servo will travel to the opposite limit setting. Hold the tail rotor linkage over the linkage ball and adjust the servo limit using the tail rotor stick until no binding occurs. If the LED is ashing red then the travel value is less than 50% and this is not acceptable. Please decrease the servo arm length to reduce throw. Quickly press and release the button once to return to the SERVO LIMITS parameter. If the limit settings are accepted the LED will momentarily change to violet. You can now move the tail rotor stick again to verify that the settings are correct. If you need to adjust the settings again simply repeat the above procedure to adjust the servo limit settings.
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Parameter 4: Flight Mode [4 FLASHES] WARNING!
Always make small (1%) adjustments to the tail rotor D/R or EPA once the value exceeds 100%. Over 100%, it is possible to exceed the sensors Angular Velocity Sensing Range (+/- 800 per second). The gyro will then no longer control the pirouette rate or consistency. The pirouette rate will be extremely fast. If you experiment with the ultra-fast pirouette rate, make sure that your ight battery and fuel tank are secure. Also be certain that your models tail rotor drive train is up to the task.
LED INDICATOR/MODE Blue, 4 Flashes F3C Flight Mode* Red, 4 Flashes 3D Flight Mode
DESCRIPTION 450 deg/sec pirouette rate at 100% D/R Softer pirouette starts and stops. 720 deg/sec pirouette rate at 100% D/R Aggressive pirouette starts and stops. * Default Setting
Selects the ight mode. Always try the F3C ight mode rst and if you determine that the gyro is not aggressive enough, then try the 3D ight mode. The F3C Flight Mode will satisfy most pilots.
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Parameter 5: Gyro Response Rate [5 FLASHES]
LED INDICATOR Blue, 5 Flashes Red, 5 Flashes Violet, 5 Flashes DESCRIPTION Standard Response* Fast Response Slow Response * Default Setting
Sets the gyros response rate. The standard setting is acceptable for most helicopters. We recommend trying this setting first. On extremely small or lightweight helicopters with high performance tail servos and high performance tail setups, the Fast response rate may work better. The slow response rate should be used on larger and heavier scale models. This setting will affect the pirouette rate, pirouette starts and stops, and the gyro compensation response as well.
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Parameter 6: Data Reset [6 FLASHES] Restores the gyro to the factory default settings. It will be necessary to reprogram all parameters again before ying the model.
PARAMETER 1. Servo Type 2. Gyro Compensation Direction 3. Servo Limits 4. Flight Mode 5. Gyro Response DEFAULT SETTING Digital 1520S Normal 100% / 100% F3C Standard
To perform the Data Reset: Quickly press and release the button on the gyro. The gyro LED will begin ashing quickly requesting conrmation of the Data Reset. To conrm the Data Reset the gyro button must be quickly pressed and released 3 times, within 2 seconds. Once the data reset is performed the gyro will automatically return to the Servo Type Selection [Blue, 1 Flash] parameter. Exiting Programming Mode: Once you have completed setting up the parameters simply turn the receiver power off.
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TAIL ROTOR SERVO INSTALLATION AND SETUP
Following your transmitter instructions, program your transmitter as follows: Enable the gyro function within the transmitter. Set the gyro mode to AVCS (GY) within the transmitter. Set the remote gyro gain to 70% AVCS in the transmitter for the Normal and Hold ight conditions and use 40% AVCS for all idle up conditions. See Setting The Gain section later in this manual for more details. Set the Tail Rotor ATV/EPA to 100% for both left and right. Set D/R to 75% for both left and right. This will reduce the maximum pirouette rate. Make adjustments to these values once the initial test ight has been completed. It is recommended that you run 30% softening expo on the tail rotor channel. WARNING!
Do not connect the tail rotor servo to the gyro until the servo type has been selected. Operating the servo using the incorrect setting may damage the GY520 or the servo.
Once these steps are completed, turn the receiver power on and allow the gyro to initialize. Follow the instructions within the GY520 Programming section of the manual and select the Servo Type that matches the servo you have chosen to use. Power down the receiver for now.
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Install the tail rotor servo into the mechanics and connect the servo to the gyro. Remove the servo arm screw from the servo. Turn the receiver power on and allow the gyro to initialize. Enter programming mode and go to parameter 3 Servo Limits [Red, Three Flashes]. While in the servo limits parameter the servo will remain centered. 90
Place an appropriate servo arm onto the servo and ensure that it is perpendicular to the tail rotor pushrod as shown. Remove the unused sides of the servo arm. Install the control ball supplied with your helicopter onto the servo arm. For smaller electric helicopters (250, 300, 450 and 500 size) we recommend placing the ball 7.5mm from center. For larger electric models or nitro powered models we recommend placing the ball 13.5mm from center. Once the control ball has been installed place the arm back onto the servo ensuring that it is perpendicular to the tail rotor pushrod. Install the servo arm screw.
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Smaller Electric Helis (250, 300, 450 and 500) 13.5mm 7.5mm
Larger Electric and All Nitro Helis
Follow the instructions within the GY520 programming section and set the servo limits for the tail rotor servo. Hold the tail rotor linkage over the linkage ball to avoid damaging the servo. Once the limits are set you can place the linkage onto the linkage ball. When using AVCS mode the optimum setup is to have 0 of pitch with the tail rotor servo centered and use all of the available pitch range available in the tail without binding. Turn the receiver power off to exit programming mode and then turn the receiver power back on. Once the gyro has completed initialization move the tail rotor stick to the right on the transmitter and verify that right (clockwise rotation) tail rotor pitch is inputted to the tail rotor blades. If left tail rotor pitch is inputted to the tail rotor blades, then it will be necessary to reverse the tail rotor channel in the transmitter. Pick the helicopter up by the main shaft and rotate the mechanics counter-clockwise (from the top). The gyro should compensate by adding clockwise rotation pitch to the tail rotor blades. If the gyro compensates by adding counter-clockwise rotation pitch to the tail rotor blades then it will be necessary to reverse the Gyro Compensation Direction setting within the gyro (refer to the GY520 Programming section earlier in this manual). If you are going to fly AVCS Heading Hold mode exclusively, then the gyro setup is now complete.
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BEFORE FLIGHT CHECKLIST
Transmitter and Receiver batteries are fully charged. The gyro mounting pads are in good condition. The gyro wiring has some slack in it and all wires are clear of the main frame. Power on the transmitter and receiver. Allow the gyro to initialize. The GY520 servo type parameter matches the servo you are using. The Tail rotor servo arm is perpendicular to the pushrod and the pitch slider is centered. The servo does not bind when full left or full right tail rotor is applied. The gyro is operating in the correct mode (AVCS or Normal). The tail rotor stick operates the tail rotor the correct direction. The gyro compensates the correct direction when the helicopter is rotated. The gain is set correctly and the gyro operates in the correct mode (AVCS or Normal) in every ight condition.
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ADJUSTMENTS DURING THE TEST FLIGHT
The Tail Rotor AFR or D/R function within the transmitter is used to adjust the pirouette rate of the helicopter. For example at 100% D/R, with the gyro set to F3C mode, the helicopter will achieve a 450 deg/sec pirouette rate. If you would like the model to pirouette faster, then increase the AFR or D/R. If you would like the model to pirouette slower, then decrease the AFR or D/R. The gain should be raised until the tail begins to oscillate quickly (also called Tail Wag). Once this point has been achieved, reduce the gain by a couple of percent and test y the model again. Check and set the gain for each ight mode. Typically the gain will be lower for the Idle up 1 and Idle up 2 ight modes due to the higher head speed being used. The gain for the Hold condition can also be much higher than other ight modes since the head speed is lower and the engine vibration is minimized. The tail rotor ratio, tail rotor pitch range and tail blade length play a large part in achieving optimum tail rotor performance. The gain value can vary drastically from model to model and the exact value should not play a part in the evaluation of the gyros performance. How the gyro operates during ight is the only concern of ours.
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USING GY520 NORMAL MODE
Most pilots today are using AVCS Mode. If you are just starting out, it is recommended that you use AVCS Mode exclusively from the start. Normal Mode is rarely used today due to the performance benets of AVCS mode. When using AVCS mode all trimming of the tail is automatically handled by the gyro. If you should decide to use Normal Mode than all trimming and mixing must be setup by you. If you will be using the Normal Mode (also referred to as Rate Mode) then a few changes to the setup will be necessary. The tail rotor should be set to 10 degrees of tail rotor pitch (to counteract torque) when the tail rotor servo is centered. With clockwise rotating main rotor blades this means 10 degrees of right tail rotor pitch will be necessary to counteract torque. In addition to this it will be necessary to use the tail rotor compensation or revolution mixing functions of your transmitter to help counteract torque. Please see your transmitter instruction manual for more information on how to set this up. If you decide to switch between Normal Mode and AVCS Mode in ight, you must have the gyro re-learn the center position after making a trim change within the transmitter. To memorize the new center position simply ip the gain switch on the transmitter three times between Normal Mode and AVCS Mode within one second. The tail rotor servo will center, indicating that the new center position has been memorized.
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SETTING THE GAIN
Most modern computer transmitters will have a gyro function built into them. If this is the case, please refer to your transmitters instruction manual. Most modern gyro functions will allow you to set the mode of operation and the gains for several ight conditions. The use of these functions is strongly encouraged. Shown below is a recommendation of settings: Recommended Gyro Function Settings: Switch: Condition Type: GY or AVCS Gain Values Normal: 70% A (AVCS) Idleup 1: 40% A (AVCS) Idleup 2: 40% A (AVCS) Hold: 70% A (AVCS)
Gyro Mode Gain Channel ATV or EPA
If your transmitter does not 0% +100% Neutral -100% have a Gyro function built 0% in then it will be necessary to use the ATV or EPA function to control the gain. The Gyro Gain channel will generally be assigned to a switch which provides two gain values. Simply set the ATV or EPA for the gyro channel to the desired gain value and set the Gain Switch to the desired mode of operation. Unfortunately since you will only have one gain value available it will be necessary to use the lowest value needed (for example Idleup 2). When using this method of controlling the gain, one direction of the switch will be AVCS mode and the other direction of the switch will be Normal mode. Always ensure the gyro switch is set to the desired mode before ying. Do not accidentally change the gyro switch in ight.
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Entire Contents Copyright 2009
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Great Futaba Heli Radio & Gyro Rewards
Purchase a GY520 Gyro (FUTM0810) and one of the systems listed below before July 31, 2009 to claim your reward!
System Purchased 14MZH FASST 14MZH FASST M1 12ZH FASST 12ZH FASST M1 12FGH FASST 10CHG FASST M2 10CHG FASST M1 Stock # FUTK9401 FUTK9403 FUTK9301 FUTK9303 FUTK9276 FUTK9256 FUTK9258 Merchandise Certicate $200.00 $200.00 $200.00 $200.00 $100.00 $100.00 $100.00 System Purchased 7CH FASST (4) 3152 7CH FASST TX/RX 6EX FASST TX/RX 6EX FASST TX/RX 4-S3004 6EX FASST TX/RX 4-3001 Stock # FUTK7001 FUTK7005 FUTK6900 FUTK6901 FUTK6902 Merchandise Certicate $100.00 $100.00 $50.00 $50.00 $50.00
Please Submit all three of the following:
1. This completed request form 2. The original proofs of purchase from both the GY520 gyro and qualifying heli radio. (Sorry; no photocopies will be accepted.) 3. The original cash register receipt or invoice showing the purchase amounts for the gyro and radio. The receipt or invoice must include both the retailers name and date of purchase.
PLE AM S PLE AM S
Validation For hobby shop use only
Name: ___________________________________________________ Address: _________________________________________________ City: _________________________ State: ______ Zip:____________ E-mail:________________________________________
Great Heli Radio and Gyro Rewards Offer, P.O. Box 9021, Champaign, IL 61826-9021. Requests must be postmarked by August 31, 2009.
Offer available only to residents of the U.S.A. and Canada, and is good only on new items purchased from June 22, 2009 through July 31, 2009. Used, auction, auction web site and scratch & dent purchases do not qualify for offer. Items are subject to availability. Offer good only for as long as supplies last. Offer request forms are available only on this web site. Submissions must be postmarked no later than August 31, 2009 and must include these 3 items: 1) the completed form; 2) the original proofs-of-purchase from the boxes, and; 3) your original cash register receipt or invoice. This is a manufacturer offer, and is not available direct from the retailer. It is available only to individuals and cannot be combined with any other offer. Requests from retailers, groups or organizations will not be honored. Duplicate submissions or submissions containing combined offers will be discarded. Merchandise certicates good only at original place of purchase, and only for products manufactured by: AquaCraft Models, Constructo, Coverite, DuraPlane, DuraTrax, Dynaite, ElectriFly, FlightPower, FlyZone, Fuji-Imvac, Futaba, Globee, Goldberg, Great Planes, Heli-Max, Hobbico, Kontronik, Mind Crafts, MuchMore Racing, Model Maker, ODonnell Racing, O.S. Engines, Professor Big Brain, SuperTigre, Team Checkpoint, Top Flite, Tre, U.S. AirCore, VS Tank or X-Cell Furion products made by Miniature Aircraft. Limit one request per household for each gyro & heli radio purchased. Offer void where restricted by law. We reserve the right to change or cancel the promotion at any time. Allow four to six weeks for processing.
Copyright 2009 Hobbico, Inc. Program #0909
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