Games PC Indiana Jones The Last Crusade - Grail Diary
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Games PC Indiana Jones The Last Crusade - Grail Diary
Indiana Jones And The Last Crusade Part I Doctor Jones! HANDS OFF ...
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|Rai||9:08am on Thursday, September 30th, 2010|
|Love both the silicone case and zebra sleeve pouch. The item was all that the description said it would be! I am very pleased with this product and would recommend it to friends.|
|harwey||6:33pm on Saturday, April 17th, 2010|
|PROS: OS, look, Awesomeness ITs great, and the idea is well along with the OS its a Mac downsized. its size is a bit big Awesome game player, and has replaced my laptop but I do not have to need for business and so I do not know about how those work. Great for traveling,...|
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16. As they pass a BUNDLE OF FUEL DRUMS, Indy uses the Two Sailors as leverage to KICK UP HIS FEET and break open the CLAMP on the metal bands that hold the drums together. Indy jabs his elbows into the stomachs of the startled Sailors and rushes toward the Man In The Panama Hat. Panama Hat sees Indy coming and hurries toward the ladder that leads up to the bridge. Indy withstands the force of waves crashing on the deck and makes his way to where Panama Hat is climbing the ladder. He pulls him off the ladder from behind the two men fall down on the deck. Indy takes the cross back from Panama Hat. A sailor delivers a powerful blow to Indys face, sending the cross flying out of his grip and skittering across the deck. Indy grabs a crowbar and fends off two sailors who attack him from the sides. Indy sees that the Cross is about to be swept overboard. He lunges for it. He SNATCHES UP the Cross only to be knocked down to the deck by a giant wave. He struggles to his feet, managing to avoid the giant fuel drums sliding across the deck around him. SEVERAL MORE DRUMS come Indys way. He sidesteps them all. PANAMA HAT Grab him, hes getting away! Grab him! Indy turns around and pummels two sailors with one punch. Indy sees a large Stevedores hook above him and he climbs up on crates to reach it. He grabs a hold of the hook and uses it to swing all the way across the deck, narrowly avoiding a huge wave behind him. He jumps into the rollicking ocean, still holding onto the cross. On the ship, a giant fuel drum rolls wildly, falling directly onto a crate of TNT. The crate explodes, causing the entire ship to blow, sending an enormous orange fireball into the sky. LONG SHOT - THE BOAT EXPLODING OUT OF THE WATER As bits of debris fall from the sky like rain. Indy BOBS UP in the water amid the debris, holding the Cross in his hand. He grabs for something to keep him afloat. It turns out to be one of the ships LIFE PRESERVERS. Indy loops his arm through the preserver. Only now do we see the FADED LETTERING on the preserver revealing the destroyed ships name and city of port: "VAZQUEZ de CORONADO BARCELONA"
A SHREDDED PANAMA HAT floats past. EXT. COLLEGE - DAY Students walk along brick, tree-lined paths. INDY (V.O.) Archaeology is. INT. COLLEGE LECTURE HALL - DAY DISSOLVE TO: INDY Dressed in professorial tweeds, stands before his class. He turns to the blackboard with a piece of chalk and writes the word: "FACT." INDY.the search for fact. Not truth. If its truth youre interested in, Doctor Tyrees Philosophy class is right down the hall. Laughter. INT. CORRIDOR - DAY INDY So forget any ideas youve got about lost cities, exotic travel, and digging up the world. You do not follow maps to buried treasure and "X" never, ever, marks the spot. MARCUS BRODY approaches Indys classroom. He peers through the window in the door to see Indy completing his lecture. INDY Seventy percent of all archaeology is done in the library. Research. Reading. INT. LECTURE HALL - DAY Brody enters the lecture hall and stands at the rear of the room. INDY We cannot afford to take mythology at face value.
KAZIM If you dont let go, Doctor Jones, well both die. INDY Then well die. KAZIM My soul is prepared. Hows yours? By now half the boat has been chopped up into matchwood and the blades are getting closer. INDY This is your last chance. KAZIM No, Doctor Jones. Its yours! The wind of the blades is on their necks. Indy grabs Kazim just in time and jumps. into the motorboat, driven by Elsa, which gets alongside in the nick of time. INDY All right! Wheres my father KAZIM If you let me go, I will tell you where he is. INDY Who are you? KAZIM My name is Kazim. INDY And why were you trying to kill me? KAZIM The secret of the Grail has been safe for a thousand years. And for all that time the Brotherhood of the Cruciform Sword has been prepared to do anything to keep it safe. Kazim pulls back his shirt to reveal a birthmark. or is it a tattoo? Whatever it is, its a cruciform sword; a Christian cross which tapers down, like the blades of a broadsword.
KAZIM Let me get off at this jetty. The boat is close to the edge of the canal. Indy gives Elsa a nod, telling her to bring the boat in. Kazim steps ashore. KAZIM Ask yourself, why do you seek the Cup of Christ? Is it for His glory, or for yours? INDY I didnt come for the Cup of Christ. I came to find my father. KAZIM In that case, God be with you in your quest. Your father is being held in the Castle of Brunwald on the Austrian-German border. Kazim walks away. INT. VENICE APARTMENT - DAY CLOSE ON THE WATER-SOAKED PAPER IMPRESSION: The rubbing taken from the shield of the Grail Knight. Brody is giving it careful study while he dabs the lump on the back of his head with an ice pack. INDY Hows the head? BRODY Its better, now Ive seen this. Its the name of a city. "Alexandretta?" Hmmm. Indy, wearing a bathrobe, leans over to study the impression. INDY The Knights of the First Crusade laid siege to the city of Alexandretta for over a year. The entire city was destroyed. Brody lowers the ice pack from his head and looks at Indy. INDY The present city of Iskenderun is built on its ruins. Marcus -- you (MORE)
INDY (contd) remember what the Grail Tablet said. "Across the desert and through the mountain to the Canyon of the Crescent Moon." (pause) But where exactly? BRODY Your father would know. Your father did know. Look. He made a map. Brody picks up the Grail Diary. BRODY He must have pieced it together from clues scattered through the whole history of the Grail Quest. A map with no names. INSERT: A PENCIL-DRAWN MAP It covers two pages of the Diary. Brodys finger moves across it. BRODY Now, he knew there was a city with an oasis due east. Here. He knew the course turned south through the desert to a river, and the river led into the mountains. Here. Straight to the canyon. He knew everything except where to begin, the name of the city. INDY (solemnly) Alexandretta. Now we know. BRODY Yes. Now we know. INDY (rising) Marcus, get hold of Sallah. Tell him to meet you in Iskenderun. Indy closes the Grail Diary and puts it into the pocket of his robe. BRODY What about you?
Storm clouds darken the skies. THUNDER EXPLODES in the distance; lightning flashes. The Mercedes-Benz drives into the courtyard of the formidable stone castle. INDY What do you know about this place? ELSA I know the Brunwalds are famous art collectors. INT. MERCEDES-BENZ - DAY Indy reaches into the back seat and retrieves his bullwhip. ELSA What are you going to do? INDY Dont know. Think of something. He glances up to the beret Elsa is wearing. She reaches up and adjusts it. INT. CASTLE ENTRANCE HALL - DAY A BUTLER walks to the door and opens it to reveal Indy and Elsa standing outside in the rain. She now wears Indys fedora; Indy is wearing Elsas beret. BUTLER Yes? Indy, followed by Elsa, steps inside, shaking the water from his overcoat. He adopts a Scottish accent. INDY And not before time! Did you intend to leave us standing on the doorstep all day? Were drenched! As Indy says this he pushes his way past the startled Butler, pulling a handkerchief from the mans pocket. Elsa follows, taking off her coat. Indy SNEEZES HARD. INDY Now look! Ive gone and caught a sniffle. Indy dabs at his nose with the handkerchief as Elsa looks on in amused amazement.
BUTLER (coldly; with Austrian accent) Are you expected? INDY Dont take that tone with me, my good man. Now buttle off and tell Baron Brunwald that Lord Clarence MacDonald and his lovely assistant are here to view the tapestries. BUTLER Tapestries? INDY Dear me, the man is dense. This is a castle, isnt it? There are tapestries? BUTLER This is a castle. And we have many tapestries. But if youre a Scottish lord, then I am Mickey Mouse. INDY How dare he?! Simultaneously knocking the Butler cold with one slug on the jaw. The Butler falls against a wall tapestry, sliding down to the floor, out cold. INT. CASTLE HALLWAY - DAY Indy and Elsa move cautiously and quietly down the wide, vaulted hallway. APPROACHING VOICES ARE HEARD. Indy and Elsa creep past a room full of NAZI SOLDIERS working around a large table with a map atop it. Indy reacts to the sight of them. INDY (to Elsa; softly) Nazis. I hate these guys. Indy and Elsa continue down the hallway. Indy carries a gun in his hand and his whip hangs from his belt. He steps to a closed door and listens. INDY This one. I think hes in here.
52. ELSA How do you know? Indy points out an ELECTRICAL WIRE. INDY Because its wired. He studies the situation for a moment, then decides to enter one of the other doors. He knocks at the door -- there is no response. He looks back at Elsa and enters. INT. CASTLE ROOM - DAY The room is dark and empty. Indy throws open the window shutters and looks out. RAIN comes down in sheets. There is a wide ledge beneath each window -- but below that is a SHEER DROP. Indy wants to get out onto the window ledge, which is several yards away. ELSA Indy? Indy? Indy reassures her. INDY Dont worry. this is kids play. Ill be right back. He leans out the window and wraps his bullwhip around some wires that protrude from the castle wall above the next window. He gives the whip a forceful tug to make certain it will hold his weight. EXT. THE CASTLE - DAY Indy SWINGS from the window to the stone gargoyle. CLOSE ON THE WINDOW LEDGE A PAIR OF WOODEN SHUTTERS seals the window. Indy with feet CLAP takes hold of the bullwhip with both hands, pushes off his feet. swings toward the shuttered window with his extended. CRASHING THROUGH THE WOODEN SHUTTERS as a OF THUNDER disguises the noise.
HENRY.you did it. INDY No, Dad. You did. Forty years. HENRY If only I could have been with you. INDY There were rats, Dad. HENRY Rats? INDY Yeah, big ones. What do the Nazis want with you Dad? HENRY They want my diary. INDY (interested) Yeah? Indys interest is a moment which becomes important later but for now it passes. HENRY I knew I had to get that book as far away from me as I possibly could. Indys hand moves unconsciously to his pocket. His eyes turn inward. INDY (thoughtfully) Yeah. Then. BAM! The door is kicked open and three NAZIS enter. One is an S.S. OFFICER. The other two are SOLDIERS with machine guns. Henry and Indy raise their hands. S.S. OFFICER Doctor Jones!! HENRY & INDY Yes!!
S.S. OFFICER I will take the book now. INDY & HENRY (simultaneously) What book? S.S. OFFICER (to Indy) You have the Diary in your pocket. Henry laughs genuinely, believing himself to be laughing at the expense of the S.S. Officer. HENRY Do you think that my son would be that stupid that he would bring my Diary all the way back here? At which point an awful thought strikes Henry. HENRY You didnt, did you? (a beat) You didnt bring it, did you? INDY Well, uh. HENRY You did!! INDY Look, can we discuss this later? HENRY I should have mailed it to the Marx Brothers. INDY (overlapping) Will you take it easy! HENRY Take it easy?! Why do you think I sent it home in the first place? (points towards the Nazis) So it wouldnt fall into their hands!! INDY I came here to save you.
HENRY Oh yeah? And whos gonna come to save you, Junior?? Indys eyes blazes. His nostrils flares. Hes so pissed off, he literally RIPS A MACHINE GUN from the hands of one of the startled soldiers. and for a moment we think hes going to use it on his dad. INDY I told you -He turns and sprays the room with machine gun fire, cutting all three Nazis to ribbons and blowing them backwards across the room. INDY Dont call me Junior! Henry looks shocked and horrified. HENRY Look what you did!! Indy grabs him and pushes him ahead. HENRY (aghast) I cant believe what you just. INT. CASTLE HALLWAY - DAY Indy leads Henry down the hallway as he searches for Elsa. INDY Elsa? Elsa? He opens a door and enters: INT. FIRST CASTLE ROOM - DAY Indy and Henry rush back into the room where Elsa had been left, only to find: A NAZI COLONEL HOLDING ELSA HOSTAGE. His name is Vogel: a vicious-looking, lantern jawed brute. One arm is wrapped around Elsas waist, the other hand presses the muzzle of a LUGER behind her ear. VOGEL Thats far enough Put down the gun, Doctor Jones. Put down the gun or the Fraulein dies.
HENRY But shes one of them! ELSA Indy, please! HENRY Shes a Nazi! INDY What?! Indy is thrown. He doesnt know what to do. He looks at Elsa, then back to his father. Everyone is yelling at once: HENRY Trust me! ELSA Indy, no! VOGEL I will kill her! HENRY Oh yeah? Go ahead! INDY No! Dont Shoot! HENRY (to Indy) Dont worry. He wont. ELSA Indy, please! Do what he says! HENRY And dont listen to her! VOGEL Enough! She dies! Vogel jams the barrel of the Luger painfully into Elsas neck. Elsa SCREAMS. INDY Wait! Wait! And then Indy gives in. He drops the machine gun to the table and it slides across, SHATTERING GLASS. Henry GROANS audibly.
60. Vogel releases his grip on Elsa and shoves her toward Indy. She is propelled directly into his arms. He holds her tightly. She buries her face in his chest. ELSA Im sorry. Indy comforts her. INDY No, dont be. Her hand slips into his coat pocket and removes the Grail Diary. ELSA But you should have listened to your father. She steps back next to Vogel. Indy is stunned. Henry gives him his most withering look of reprimand. INT. BARONIAL ROOM - DAY A large baronial room decorated with ancient tapestries and suits of armor. Firelight -- from the giant fireplace -dances across the ceiling and walls. Indy and Henry are ushered in, hands tied behind back, accompanied by Vogel and Elsa and TWO NAZI GUARDS. Elsa crosses the room toward a high-backed chair facing the fireplace. Indy and Henry do not have the advantage of seeing who is sitting in that chair. They only see a HAND REACH OUT AND TAKE THE BOOK. INDY (quietly to Henry) She ransacked her own room and I fell for it. How did you know she was a Nazi? HENRY Umh? INDY How did you she was a Nazi? HENRY She talks in her sleep. Indy nods, and then the statement catches up with him. He looks at Henry with surprise.
61. HENRY I didnt trust her. Why did you? MAN IN CHAIR Because he didnt take my advice. The MAN IN THE CHAIR gets to his feet and turns, revealing himself to be. Walter Donovan. Indy and Henry react with stunned expressions. INDY DONOVAN! DONOVAN Didnt I warn you not to trust anybody, Doctor Jones? Donovan smiles benignly and flips through the Grail Diary. HENRY I misjudged you Walter -- I knew youd sell your mother for an Etruscan vase. But I didnt know youd sell your country and your soul to the slime of humanity. DONOVAN (suddenly erupting) Doctor Schneider. Therere pages torn out of this! Elsa rushes to Donovans side. She takes the Grail Diary from him. Elsa takes a look for herself -- then glances up at Indy. ELSA This book contained a map -- a map with no names -- precise directions from the unknown city to the secret Canyon of the Crescent Moon. INDY So it did. DONOVAN Where are these missing pages? This maps we must have these pages backs Henry gives Indy a look of surprise. Indy smirks. ELSA (to Donovan) Youre wasting your breath. He wont tell us. And he doesnt have (MORE)
HENRY Ohh. Vogel exits. Indy shakes his head clear. INDY (to himself) Ooooh. I like the Austrian way better. HENRY So did I. INDY Lets try and get these ropes loose. Weve got to get to Marcus before the Nazis do! HENRY (confused) You said he had two days start. That he would blend in. Disappear! INDY Are you kidding? -- I made that up! You know Marcus -- he got lost once in his own museum! Indy and Henry are pulling at the ropes with great urgency. INDY Can you try and reach into my left jacket pocket? Henry is able to wiggle his hand towards Indys coat pocket. Indy squirms his body around towards Henrys hand. HENRY What am I looking for? INDY My lucky charm. HENRY Feels like a cigarette lighter. INDY Try and burn through the ropes. Henrys fingers open the lighter and ignite the flame.
HENRY Very good. Henry yelps as the cigarette lighter burns his hand. He drops the lighter to the floor. Henry kicks at the lighter, trying to reach it, but cannot. The rug starts to burn. Indy doesnt know it yet. HENRY I ought to tell you something. INDY Dont get sentimental now Dad -save it til we get out of here. HENRY The floors on fire! See?! INDY (turns and sees) What??? HENRY And the chair. INDY All right, move! Move! Rock your Chair. Do what I do. They begin to rock their chair legs, inching their way off the burning carpet. EXT. CASTLE - DAY As Elsa is driven away. Vogel and Donovan remain behind, flanked by NAZI SOLDIERS. Another car pulls up and Vogel holds the door open for Donovan who gets into the rear seat. A LIEUTENANT approaches with a written message for Donovan. LIEUTENANT Etwas Wichtiges, mein Herr. Donovan puts on his glasses to read the message. DONOVAN Well, we have Marcus Brody. But more important, we have the map. A RADIO OPERATOR steps forward with yet another written message for Donovan.
RADIO OPERATOR Aus Berlin, mein Herr. DONOVAN (reading) "By the personal command of the Fuhrer. Secrecy essential to success. Eliminate the American conspirators." (to Vogel) Germany has declared war on the Jones boys. (to DRIVER) Losfahren. The car drives off. INT. CASTLE ROOM - DAY Indy and Henry are still in their chairs, tied back-to-back. Indy tries to communicate with Henry, but each time he calls him, the men turn their heads in opposite directions. INDY Dad! HENRY What? INDY Dad! HENRY What? INDY Dad! Finally they turn their heads in the same direction. HENRY What? INDY Head for the fireplace! HENRY Oh. BANGING, ROCKING and HOPPING their chairs, they work their way INTO THE FIREPLACE -- the only safe place from the now ROARING FIRE.
INDY I think I can get these ropes off. Indy struggles to free his hands. His foot kicks out and accidentally hits a metal grill that operates a Secret Door. INDY Whoops! The fireplace floor rotates like a Lazy Susan and Indy and his father find themselves in the: INT. RADIO ROOM - DAY Where a NAZI RADIOMAN wearing headphones sits at an elaborate panel of dials, switches and meters, and a WOMAN stands over a map plotting coordinates. Their backs are turned to Indy and Henry. The floor begins to rotate again, and Indy and Henry find themselves back in: INT. CASTLE ROOM - DAY inside the fireplace, still tied back-to-back. HENRY Our situation has not improved. Indy glances over his shoulder at Henry. INDY Listen Dad. Im almost free. Indys foot hits the grill again. and the fireplace rotates to: INT. RADIO ROOM - DAY FOUR NAZI RADIOMEN and the Woman are still hard at work with controls and coordinates. Suddenly the Woman looks up and spots Henry and Indy. She screams. WOMAN Alarm! Now the Radioman turn to see Henry and Indy. WOMAN Schnell!! TWO NAZIS draw their revolvers and FIRE SEVERAL SHOTS at Indy and Henry
INT. CASTLE ROOM - DAWN Indy and Henry rotate into the room which is now an INFERNO. The carpet, drapes and furniture are all ablaze. HENRY This is intolerable! INDY Im out, Dad! Indy finally breaks free. And he immediately begins to untie his father. HENRY Well done, boy! INT. RADIO ROOM - DAY All four Radiomen now have their guns drawn. They activate the lever and begin to rotate through the Secret Door. INT. CASTLE ROOM - DAY The Radiomen appear in the fireplace on the other side -but there is NO SIGN OF Indy and Henry. The Radiomen move cautiously toward the flame, shielding their faces with one hand, holding their guns with the other. Is it possible that Indy and Henry escaped through these flames? Not a chance. Theyve hidden themselves UP THE CHIMNEY. And now they DROP DOWN, BEHIND the Radiomen. One of the Radiomen grabs Indy by the neck. As they struggle they fall against the rotating wall and disappear into the next room, leaving a frightened Henry behind. Henry presses against the wall, which rotates again. As he disappears into the next room, a DEAD NAZI RADIOMAN swivels into the room. The other Nazis rush forward to him. INT. RADIO ROOM - DAY Indy picks up a BUST OF HITLER and uses it to jam the rotating wall in place, sealing the Nazis inside the burning room. INT. CASTLE HALLWAY - DAY
Vogel strides purposefully down the hallway. He BARKS an order, and TWO MORE NAZIS fall into step with him. INT. RADIO ROOM - DAY Indy grabs his whip, his leather sack and Henrys case from a table. He hands the case to Henry and they begin to run. INDY Come on Dad. INT. SECRET ROOM - DAY Indy and Henry step into an empty room. INDY Dead end. Henry looks horrified by what hes been forced to do as Indy searches frantically for an exit. INDY Theres got to be a. a secret door around. A passageway or something. Indy begins to run his hands over the walls -- frantic. HENRY I find that if I just sit down and think. Henry sits on a chair which tips back, hitting the wall behind it. The floor at Indys feet suddenly begins DROPPING AWAY! Indy grabs a railing to keep from falling, but loses his grip and plunges through the opening which has formed a SPIRAL STAIRCASE. He rolls down the stairs. INDY Dad! HENRY.the solution presents itself. Henry follows Indy down the staircase. INT. CAVERN / UNDERGROUND HARBOR - DAY The stairway deposits Indy and Henry into an enormous WATERY CAVERN beneath the mountain on which the castle was built.
A full-scale Nazi BOAT DOCK has been built inside the cavern. We see MOTORBOATS, GUNBOATS, SUPPLY BOATS, etc. INDY Great. More boats. Indy boards one of the motorboats and STARTS THE MOTOR. HENRY Would you say this has been just another typical day for you? Huh? Henry tosses his case at Indy who catches it and angrily throws it back to his father. INDY (ironically) Ooof! No! Its been better than most. Indy moves back to the dock and pushes the boat away. Henry looks confused. INDY Come on, Dad. Come on! HENRY What about the boat? Were not going on the boat? INT. SECRET ROOM - DAY Vogel and the Nazi Soldiers enter the room and spot the spiral staircase leading below. They quickly descend the stairs. INT. CAVERN / UNDERGROUND HARBOR - DAY As Vogel and the Nazi Soldiers rush to the dock. Vogel sees that a motorboat is missing. He orders the Nazi Soldiers into a boat. VOGEL Sie alle ins Boat. Schnell! CAMERA PULLS BACK TO REVEAL A large box which suddenly BREAKS APART as Indy, now on a motorbike with Henry in the sidecar, ROARS PAST THE DOCK, hitting TWO NAZI SOLDIERS who scream as they fall into the river. Vogel screams after Indy and Henry as they drive off.
The Zeppelin is about to take off. Indy and Henry make themselves comfortable in one of the compartments. INDY Well, we made it. Henry looks over his newspaper at Indy. HENRY When were airborne, with Germany behind us, then Ill share that sentiment. INDY Relax. But Indy looks out the window and is suddenly concerned when he sees: VOGEL AND A GESTAPO AGENT Rushing across the tarmac toward the Zeppelin. VOGEL Nicht zumachen! Wir steigen ein! INDY Sits back in his chair, looks to Henry, now reading his newspaper. A Steward enters and sets a bowl of nuts on the table in front of Indy and Henry, then continues down the aisle of passengers. Indy follows after the Steward. He puts his arm around the Stewards shoulder and together they walk up a flight of stairs. VOGEL Now walks up the aisle. He approaches a MALE PASSENGER hidden behind a newspaper. Vogel uses his walking stick to lower the newspaper and show the Passenger the leaflet with Henrys photograph. VOGEL Haben sie diesen Mann gesehen? The Passengers at the table shake their heads in the negative. Vogel shows the picture to other Passengers. FEMALE PASSENGER Nein.
82. INDY (O.S.) Fahrscheine, bitte. MALE PASSENGER Nein. Vogel turns to see: INDY -- WEARING THE HAT AND JACKET OF THE CHIEF STEWARD MALE PASSENGER (O.S.) Ich habe ihn nicht gesehen. INDY Tickets please. The Passengers do not react to the request, made in English. INDY Fahrscheine meine Dame. Bitte. VOGEL Approaches Henry, still hidden behind his newspaper. Again, Vogel uses his walking stick to lower the paper, revealing Henrys face. VOGEL Guten Tag, Herr Jones. Now Indy, still playing the role of Steward, asks Vogel for his ticket. INDY Fahrscheine mein Herr. VOGEL Weg. INDY Tickets please. Henry looks confused. VOGEL (in German) Was? Vogel glances up and recognizes Indy -- who quickly punches Vogel in the face, knocking him toward the window. In another quick move, Indy TOSSES HIM OUT THE WINDOW onto the tarmac below. Shocked Passengers blink in bewilderment.
INDY (in German; with a shrug) No ticket. Everyone else with a ticket quickly produces it and waves it in Indys face. EXT. AIRFIELD TARMAC - DAY Vogel gets to his knees as the huge Zeppelin rises into the sky above him, revealing an airplane attached to the belly of the airship. Vogel shakes his fist at the rising Zeppelin. VOGEL Du wirst nochmal horen von mir! INT. ZEPPELIN - DAY Indy and Henry together again in their compartment. HENRY You know, sharing your adventures is an interesting experience. INDY (meaning Elsa) Thats not all we shared. Its disgraceful. Youre old enough to be her fa. er, her grandfather! HENRY Well, Im as human as the next man. INDY I was the next man. HENRY (laughs) Ships that pass in the night. Henry opens his Diary and begins to thumb through it. INDY Do you remember the last time we had a quiet drink? I had a milk shake. HENRY Hmmm. What did we talk about?
HENRY (sarcastic) Nice landing. INDY Thanks. Suddenly, Indys attention is directed to: TWO SCREAMING MESSERSCHMIDTS Coming in low. Guns BLAZING. As BULLETS EXPLODE around them, Indy and Henry jump over a stone barricade. Henry, frightened, grabs at Indy. HENRY Those people are trying to kill us! INDY I know, Dad! HENRY Its a new experience for me. INDY It happens to me all the time. EXT. ROAD - DAY An OLD MAN kneels at his car repairing a rear tire. The Man turns to the wheel, the hubcap in his hands. Suddenly the wheel moves forward, startling the Old Man. INT. THE CAR - TRAVELING - DAY Indy has the throttle down, both hands tightly gripping the steering wheel. Henry is a very nervous passenger. Indy sees a LOW-FLYING MESSERSCHMIDT coming up behind him in the SIDE MIRROR. As the Messerschmidt ROARS by overhead, BULLETS EXPLODE around them, narrowly missing the car. HENRY This is intolerable! INDY This could be close. EXT. THE ROAD - LONG SHOT - DAY
The car races toward a TUNNEL that cuts through a steep MOUNTAINSIDE. The Messerschmidt bears down on Indys car, machine guns CHATTERING. The car ENTERS the tunnel. The Messerschmidt cannot pull up in time. It SLAMS into the MOUTH OF THE TUNNEL, SHEARING OFF its WINGS. INT. THE TUNNEL - DAY The FLAMING FUSELAGE continues to ROCKET through the tunnel like a bullet down the muzzle of a gun. SPARKS fly as its belly SCRAPES against the pavement and the sides of the tunnel. INT. THE CAR - DAY Indy and Henry look over their shoulders to see this wingless BALL OF FIRE gaining on them; about to overtake them. HENRY Faster, boy -- faster! EXT. THE ROAD - OTHER SIDE OF THE MOUNTAIN - DAY The car exits the tunnel at top speed and veers off the road. The flaming Messerschmidt fuselage shoots past and EXPLODES in the middle of the road. INT. THE CAR - DAY As the car emerges safely from the flames, Henry wipes the sweat from his brow. HENRY Well, they dont come any closer than that! Henry looks out the windshield and sees the second Messerschmidt SCREAMING out of the sky toward them. EXT. THE ROAD - LONG SHOT - DAY The MESSERSCHMIDT drops its single UNDER-FUSELAGE BOMB. It EXPLODES in the road directly ahead of the car, missing it by only several feet. THE CAR FALLS INTO THE HOLE made by the bomb.
DISSOLVE TO: EXT. ROAD - DAY Indy climbs out of the car, still in the bomb crater. He turns back to Henry. INDY Dad, hes coming back. Indy and Henry run down the mountainside to: DESERTED MEDITERRANEAN BEACH - DAY Indy and Henry run to the shoreline. Indy reaches for his gun, tucked in his pants. He opens the chamber -- the GUN HAS NO BULLETS. THE MESSERSCHMIDT Swings around and is coming in for another pass. INDY AND HENRY Exchange a wordless glance. They dont even think about running: there is no place to run to. Henry hands his case to Indy. Holding his umbrella, Henry suddenly spins around and runs screaming and shouting into A FLOCK OF SEA GULLS. The SEA GULLS take to the wing in flight. Thousands of them. INDY Bullets kick up sand leading up to him. then -THE MESSERSCHMIDT AND THE SEA GULLS Meet in midair. MASSACRE! Sea gulls are shredded by the Messerschmidts whirling propeller blades into a FEATHERY WHITE PUREE that SPLATTERS against the cockpit and CLOGS THE ENGINE. ENGINE SPUTTERS. STALLS. Silence. The Messerschmidt falls from the skies and EXPLODES in an OFF CAMERA SOUND EFFECT. Indy stands as before -- stunned -- a statue. Henry walks back to Indy.
Crouch behind a rock watching as men on both sides of the battle run amongst camels and horses. INDY Im going after those horses. SALLAH Ill take the camels. INDY I dont need camels. SALLAH But, Indy -INDY No camels! DONOVAN AND ELSA They look down at Kazim who lies mortally wounded on the ground at their feet. Elsa looks saddened. DONOVAN (re: Kazim) Who is he? KAZIM A messenger from God. For the unrighteous, the Cup of Life holds everlasting damnation. Kazim dies. INDY Leaps atop a TURKISH SOLDIER on horseback, pulling the man and the horse to the ground. A SECOND TURK comes to assist his comrade; Indy mounts the horse, knocking both Turks to the ground. INT. THE TANK - DAY Brody has been left alone in the tank. Henry climbs down into the tank and taps Brody on the shoulder, startling him. HENRY Marcus! BRODY Arghhh! Oh!
They exchange an old University Club toast, swinging their arms at one another and missing. Then Henry flaps his arms and tugs his ears. HENRY "Genius of the Restoration --" Now Brody tugs his ears, flaps his arms and touches his head. BRODY "-- aid our own resuscitation!" They exchange a handshake. BRODY Henry! What are you doing here?! HENRY Its a rescue, old boy. Come on. As Henry starts to climb out of the tank, TWO NAZI SOLDIERS DROP DOWN from above, their Lugers drawn. They are followed by Vogel. VOGEL (re: Henry) Search him. The Nazi Soldiers point their guns at Henry and Brody. VOGEL (to Henry) What is in this book? That miserable little Diary of yours! Vogel removes a glove and slaps Henry with it. VOGEL Heres the map. The book is useless, and yet you come all the way back to Berlin to get it. Why? He slaps Henry again. VOGEL What are you hiding? Another slap. VOGEL What does the Diary tell you that it doesnt tell us?!
Vogel reaches out to slap Henry yet again, but Henry grabs his arm, stopping him. HENRY It tells me that goose-stepping morons like yourself should try reading books instead of burning them. Donovan appears at the turret cover. DONOVAN Colonel? Jones is getting away. VOGEL (indicating Henry) I think not, Herr Donovan. EXT. TANK - DAY DONOVAN Not that Jones -- the other Jones! NAZI SOLDIER Herr Colonel! EXT. DESERT VALLEY - DAY Indy rides away on one horse, leading three others as he goes. Sallah approaches on horseback leading five camels. INDY Sallah, I said no camels! Thats five camels. Cant you Count? SALLAH Compensation for my brother-in-laws car. Indy, your father and Brody -INDY Wheres my father? SALLAH They have them. In the belly of that steel beast. Indy and Sallah charge forward leading their horses and camels. Then Vogel commands the Tank Driver to give chase.
INT. TANK - DAY Vogel shouts to the Tank Driver. VOGEL Fire! EXT. DESERT VALLEY - DAY The tank starts firing at Indy on horseback. Indy zigs and zags as the tank fires two rounds at Indy, barely missing him. Each time Indy emerges from the plume of desert dust, hanging like a toadstool in the air. INT. TANK - DAY Henry and Brody hold their hands over their ears. EXT. DESERT VALLEY - DAY Donovan shouts orders to the Troops. Indy is followed by various vehicles in the caravan. Indy notices that the side gun that is now firing at him can only pivot so far. Indy makes a mental note of this and while riding right in front of the tank, turns his horse completely around, 180 degrees. The tank starts to follow. POV THROUGH THE VIEWING PORT Vogel watches the ground turning 180 degrees as he tries to catch up with Indy. Cleverly, Indy has turned the tank directly into a head-on collision course with some of the pursuit vehicles and a Kubelwagon. The tank and the Kubelwagon smash into each other, the German military sedan becoming lodged between the treads while blocking the front view and any use of the six-pound cannon on the turret. Indy, meanwhile, leans down on his horse, scooping up a stone from the wall of a culvert. He reigns his horse, paralleling the tank, as everyone scurries about inside, looking through viewing ports, trying to figure out exactly where Indy is. INT. TANK - DAY Vogel shouts to the GUNNER.
VOGEL Den Kubelwagon sprengen! The Gunner puts a shell into the large gun. He FIRES, CATAPULTING THE KUBELWAGON into the air, where it EXPLODES. The tank drives through the resulting smoke an dust, then rolls over the Kubelwagon, crushing it. EXT. DESERT VALLEY - DAY Indy gallops up to the side cannon and jams the stone down the barrel, lodging several rocks inside. Then he steers his horse directly in range of that gun. INT. TANK - DAY A NAZI SOLDIER pushes Henry away from the window. NAZI SOLDIER Keine Bewegung. He points his gun at Henry and Brody. NAZI SOLDIER Keine Bewegung. The smaller gun, blocked by the rocks, BACKFIRES, blowing the breech out into the face of the gunner, killing him and filling the tank with smoke. Brody, Henry, Vogel and the driver begin to choke. EXT. DESERT VALLEY - DAY Indy rides his horse alongside the tank. INDY Dad! Dad! Dad! INT. TANK - DAY Henry and Brody still held at gunpoint by the Nazi Soldier. HENRY Junior? Junior? Junior! The Nazi Soldier swings his fist, knocking Henry off his seat. EXT. DESERT VALLEY - DAY Smoke pours from the top of the tank as the turret pops open. Vogel emerges and aims his gun at Indy.
101. Indy and Vogel EXCHANGE SHOTS as Indy chases the tank on his horse. Indy pulls the trigger again -- his gun is empty! Indy immediately takes the high trail. Now Indy is above the tank twelve feet on a paralleling trail. He moves out of the saddle and leaps from the speeding horse onto the trundling tank. CLOSEUP - VOGEL Hate-staring at Indy. CLOSEUP - INDY Hate-staring back at Vogel. Suddenly, from nowhere a German soldier flies INTO FRAME, tackling Indy. CUT TO: SIDE ANGLE One of the two troop carriers is paralleling the tank and like pirates boarding a galleon, Nazi Soldiers leap over the treads and are swarming all over Indy. Indy is struggling with a Germans Luger. Indy presses the Luger against his assailant and forces the Nazi to squeeze off a shot into himself. The bullet not only passes through the Nazi, but passes through two other Nazis standing directly behind him on the crowded tank top and three bodies fall away, leaving Indy to stare at the gun in disbelief. Another Soldier leaps from the truck onto the tank and raises his knife as he grabs Indy. They struggle and fall. Indy sits up to see Vogel standing over him. Vogel wraps a chain around Indys neck. INT. TANK - DAY Indy appears at the entrance, the chain still wrapped about his neck and held by Vogel. INDY Dad! He drops the gun down into the tank.
102. INDY Dad! Dad! Get it! Vogel pulls Indy from the tank entrance, yanking on the chain wrapped around his neck. EXT. TANK - DAY A NAZI SOLDIER approaches. Indy hits him, knocking him onto the tank tread. The Nazi Soldier screams as he is dragged under the rolling tank. Now Indy and Vogel struggle with one another, the chain still wrapped around Indys neck. INT. TANK - DAY - THROUGH THE PERISCOPE We see Indy and Vogel struggling atop the tank. Indy lifts his feet, lunging toward the periscope and pulling Vogel with him. Indys face is pressed up against the lens of the periscope. INT. TANK - DAY The Nazi Soldier looking through the periscope pulls away from it, smiles, then turns back to it. THROUGH THE PERISCOPE Indys face, still pressed against the lens. Vogel pulls Indy from the periscope. INT. TANK - DAY The Nazi Soldier pulls away from the periscope again. PERISCOPE SOLDIER (laughing) Diese Amerikaner. Sie kmpfen wie Weiber. EXT. TANK - DAY Indy now lies on top of Vogel. He kicks out at the periscope which spins around. INT. TANK - DAY The periscope handle spins around and hits the PERISCOPE SOLDIER in the head. He falls against the Nazi Soldier guarding Henry and Brody.
103. Henry pushes the Nazi Soldier aside and grabs the gun. The Periscope Soldier struggles to take the gun from Henry. EXT. TANK - DAY Vogel holds the chain around Indys neck, pushing his head downward toward the revolving tread. INT. TANK - DAY The Periscope Soldier holds Henry from behind, forcing the gun toward him. Henry reaches down and pulls a fountain pen from his coat pocket. As the Periscope Soldier pulls on Henrys face, Henry lifts the fountain pen and squirts ink into his face. The Soldier falls, his head smashing into the wall of the tank. At the same time, Henry loses his grip on the gun which falls to the floor. BRODY Henry, the pen -HENRY What? BRODY But dont you see? The pen is mightier than the sword. EXT. DESERT VALLEY - DAY A troop truck pulls near the tank. INT. TANK - DAY Henry fires the TANK GUN at the troop truck. SOLDIERS FLY INTO THE AIR. The TROOP TRUCK flips over and EXPLODES. EXT. TANK - DAY The EXPLOSION knocks Indy off the tank and onto the tread. He grabs onto the shredded gun protruding from the side of the tank. Vogel looks down at Indy and smiles smugly. The tank is approaching a cliff wall. As Indy tries to secure footing, Vogel steps on his hands. INT. TANK - DAY Brody looks at Henry.
DONOVAN Helmut, another volunteer! TWO NAZI SOLDIERS force another Turk forward. Suddenly. The SOUND OF RIFLE BOLTS being cocked. Everyone turns to discover Indy and his party surrounded by NAZI SOLDIERS. Indys group are relieved of their guns. FULL SHOT - THE TEMPLE Indy, Henry, Brody and Sallah are brought forward by the Nazi Soldiers. Elsas eyes light up: glad Indys not dead. She controls herself and continues more coldly. ELSA (to Indy) I never expected to see you again. INDY Im like a bad penny. I always turn up. DONOVAN Step back now, Doctor Schneider. Give Doctor Jones some room. Hes going to recover the Grail for us. Indy laughs. DONOVAN Impossible? What do you say, Jones? Ready to go down in history? INDY As what? A Nazi stooge like you? DONOVAN (scornfully) Nazis?! -- Is that the limit of your vision?! The Nazis want to write themselves into the Grail legend and take on the world. Well, theyre welcome. But I want the Grail itself. The cup that gives everlasting life. Hitler can have the world, but he cant take it with him. Im going to be drinking my own health when hes gone the way of the Dodo. (he draws his pistol) (MORE)
110. DONOVAN (contd) The Grail is mine, and youre going to get it for me. INDY Shooting me wont get you anywhere. DONOVAN You know something, Doctor Jones? Youre absolutely right. Then Donovan shifts his aim, just a bit, and SHOOTS Henry. The bullet enters his side below the ribs. INDY Dad?! HENRY Junior. ELSA No!! DONOVAN (to Elsa) Get back! Henry collapses. Blood flowing from the wound. Brody and Sallah rush to his assistance. Indy spins toward Donovan with murder in his eyes. Donovan points the gun at him: DONOVAN You cant save him when youre dead. Indy hesitates. DONOVAN The healing power of the Grail is the only thing that can save your father now. Its time to ask yourself what you believe. Indy takes in the situation. The two decapitated men lie a few yards in front of him. He walks to the entranceway, flanked by two stone lions. We get silent reaction shots -Elsa -- Sallah -- Brody -- Donovan -- registering their different emotions Indy proceeds forward. His hands open the Grail Diary.
INDY "The Breath of God. Only the penitent man will pass. Only the penitent man will pass." Indy takes a few steps forward. INDY "The penitent man will pass. The penitent man." Indy stops. He is about to reach the spot where two men have just died. Henry looks at Indy. Indy looks at Henry. HENRY (in a raspy voice) "Only the penitent man will pass. Only the penitent man will pass." INDY (quietly to himself) The penitent man will pass. The penitent. the penitent. The penitent man. HENRY The penitent man. The penitent. Indy takes a step forward through the cobwebs. INDY The penitent man is humble before God. HENRY Penitent. Penitent. INDY The penitent man is humble. The cobwebs begin to move. INDY He kneels before God. (to himself; suddenly) Kneel!! We hear the awful rush of air -- WHOOSH! Because Indy is in the act of kneeling, only his hat is knocked off and his hair flies in his face.
Keeping up with the Joneses:
A Semester of Learning
Jason Aughenbaugh as Student Farrokh Mistree as Course Co-Orchestrator 1 Matt Chamberlain as Course Co-Orchestrator 2
Table of Contents
Table of Contents.....Introduction....An Introduction to Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade..The battle between systematic and ad hoc approaches..5 3.1 Systematic versus ad hoc in The Last Crusade..5 3.2 Systematic versus ad hoc in my experience...5 3.3 Closure on systematic and ad hoc approaches...Diaries....9 4.1 The Grail Diary....9 4.2 A Learning Diary....Perspectives: Its how you look at it...12 5.1 X Marks the Spot....12 5.2 The Six Thinking Hats....13 5.3 Making the familiar strange and the strange familiar..The system view: Understanding objectives...13 6.1 Mission objectives in The Last Crusade..13 6.2 Mission objectives in engineering design...Duty to society and the public good...15 7.1 Indianas role in the greater good...15 7.2 Corporate role in society...A Leap of Faith....16 8.1 Indianas Leap of Faith...16 8.2 Leaps of faith in engineering design...Communication....17 9.1 Language Problems...17 9.2 How you say it matters, too...Did I find the grail?...21 10.1 Learning to Keep Learning...21 10.2 My A0 Goals....Where is the next adventure?...23 References....24
As a participant in ME 6101 this semester, I have learned many things. Some are small lessons, and some are big. Some are about engineering design, and some are about me. In this paper, I try to illustrate some of these lessons by making an extended analogy. I have chosen to use the movie Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade as my analogy. I have watched this movie more than any other movie, and I still find it exhilarating and hilarious. For the most part, I will be relating particular scenes of the movie to particular lessons that I have learned by completing ME 6101. I try to avoid any direct analogies with the Crusade and the search for the Holy Grail. ME 6101 was not a war waged for the Holy Land, and searches for the holy grail of anything are often misguided. I will nevertheless draw one analogy between ME 6101 and the Holy Grail. The legend of the Holy Grail is that anyone who drinks from it will be granted eternal life. The holy grail of ME 6101 is attained when a student learns to keep learning. That is the primary accomplishment that lives on past ME 6101 and can help a student attain unlimited heights in the future. I assess my quest for the holy grail of ME 6101 in Section 10. My original idea for an analogy was based on the American West and frontier life. As this idea was in part fostered by Steve Rekucs ME 6101 and ME 6102 SLEs, I decided to read his ME 6102 SLE. I was unable to draw many new analogies from his, and as part of the point of writing the SLE is to exercise creativity, I sought a different analogy.
2 An Introduction to Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is the third movie in the Indiana Jones trilogy. The basic plot is that Indiana Jones sets out to find his father, who went missing while searching for information on the location of the Holy Grailwhich according to legend caught the blood of Christ on the cross, and can give eternal life to anyone who drinks from it. Unfortunately for the Joneses, the Nazis are also after the grail, and as one character states, no one is to be trusted. Henry Jones has dedicated his life to researching the grail. His all consuming passion and desire to win a race against evil has caused him to have a rocky relationship with his son, and caused his wife to hide her deadly illness from him. Indiana Jones is an adventurer. His full- time job as an archaeology professor is supplemented by his quests around the world to hunt down expensive and powerful treasures. In his mind, such treasures like the Cross of Coronado belong in a museum. Indiana is used to high adventure and danger. Henry cant get used to the idea that Those people are trying to kill us! The two rarely see eye to eye, as Indiana doesnt understand his fathers motivation, and Henry doesnt understand that his son wants to be
called Indiana instead of Junior. The movie is clearly an adventure movie first, but the quest for the Grail does not preclude the Joneses learning about themselves and each other. In the end, the two can succeed only if the work together. If you are not familiar with the movie, I suggest reading the following two summaries. The official Indiana Jones website [indianajones.com 2003] advertises the movie as follows:
I told you. dont call me Junior! The year is 1938. Twenty-six years ago, young Indiana Jones was thwarted in an attempt to retrieve the legendary Cross of Coronado from the hands of robbers. But an older, wiser and stronger Indy has finally returned the jewel encrusted Cross of Coronado to his boss, Marcus Brody. Almost as soon as he arrives back at his quiet, New England college, though, Indy is whisked away by representatives of multi-millionaire Walter Donovan, who has unearthed a mysterious stone. Indy recognizes it as the first of three long-buried markers that reveal the location of the Holy Grail itself. But the man who found the stone tablet has gone missing: Dr. Henry Jones, Indys long-estranged father and the worlds foremost Grail expert. Journeying to Venice, Indy meets Dr. Elsa Schneider, Donovans colleague, who helps him track down his father. But they are being followed by the Brotherhood of the Cruciform Sword, whose members have vowed to protect the Grail at any cost even Indy and Elsas lives. One of these warriors reveals that Indys father is being held in the imposing Brunwald Castle in Austria. What Indy doesnt know is that the castle is actually a Nazi stronghold and that Elsa is a Nazi double-agent whos also working for the duplicitous American Donovan. Dr. Jones Sr. and Dr. Jones Jr. find themselves chased through the streets of Berlin, through the skies above Germany and through the deserts of Turkey. Along with Brody and old friend Sallah, they finally locate the Grails resting place but the Nazis have beaten them there. Determined to force Indy to retrieve the Grail, Donovan shoots Indys father, who collapses to the floor. Hesitantly, Indy enters the temple.
The following summary of the movie is taken from fye.com (2003).
The third installment in the widely beloved Spielberg/Lucas Indiana Jones saga begins with an introduction to a younger Indy (played by the late River Phoenix), who, through a fast-paced prologue, gives the audience insight into the roots of his taste for adventure, fear of snakes, and dogged determination to take historical artifacts out of the hands of bad guys and into the museums in which they belong. A grown-up Indy (Harrison Ford) reveals himself shortly afterward in a familiar classroom scene, teaching archeology to a disproportionate number of starry-eyed female college students in 1938. Once again, however, Mr. Jones is drawn away from his day job after an art collector (Julian Glover) approaches him with a proposition to find the much sought after Holy Grail. Circumstances reveal that there was another avid archeologist in search of the famed cupIndiana Jones father, Dr. Henry Jones (Sean Connery) -- who had recently disappeared during his efforts. The junior and senior members of the Jones family find themselves in a series of tough situations in locales ranging from Venice to the most treacherous spots in the Middle East. Complicating the situation further is the presence of Elsa (Alison Doody), a beautiful and intelligent woman with one fatal flaw: shes an undercover Nazi agent. The search for the grail is a dangerous quest, and its discovery may prove fatal to those who seek it for personal gain.
3 The battle between systematic and ad hoc approaches
One of the things I struggled to accept in ME 6101 was that a systematic approach will support and not hinder creativity. It seemed to me that a systematic approach would stifle creativity and therefore limit the design process. By the end of the course, I learned that a systematic approach can direct thinking and actually increase the likelihood that a successful idea is found. 3.1 Systematic versus ad hoc in The Last Crusade Henry Jones is a diligent scholar who researches and records everything that might be valuable. Indiana is an action hero who graces the silver screen because of his ability to succeed in an ad hoc manner. In The Last Crusade, both personalities have their place. Indiana and the Nazis are convinced that once they know where the grail is, they can go get it. Henry knows better; they need to know what to do once they get to the temple that holds the grail.
[INDY glances back and smiles, but the smile fades as he looks forward again to see a sign at a CROSSROAD. Arrows pointing in opposite directions indicate the way to BERLIN or VENEDIG. Indy starts down the road marked VENEDIG.] HENRY: Stop! Stop! [The motorbike skids to a stop.] HENRY: Youre going the wrong Way! We have to get to Berlin! INDY: [pointing towards Venedig] Brodys this way. HENRY: My Diarys in Berlin. INDY: You dont need the Diary, Dad. Marcus [Brody] has the map [to the Grail]. HENRY: There is more in the Diary than just the map. INDY: All right Dad-tell me. HENRY: Well, he who finds the Grail must face the final challenge. INDY: What final challenge? HENRY: Three devices of such lethal cunning. INDY: Booby traps? HENRY: Oh, yes. But I found the clues that will safely take us through, in the Chronicles of St. Anselm.
In addition to having systematically considered and uncovered the secrets of the grail, Henry has planned strategically. He wants to know what to do at each step of the way, because otherwise there is a high likelihood of failure. The same is true of engineering design. A systematic approach will increase the chances for success, although I was reluctant to accept this. Indiana rushes forward, assuming he knows the next step, but since he doesnt have a plan, he often skips something important. 3.2 Systematic versus ad hoc in my experience In my assignment 1B, I stated the main me ssage of P&B as the following:
The main goal of an engineering design methodology should be to guide the designers down the correct path. Without a systematic approach, it is unlikely that designers will choose the correct path, and without the correct path, it is unlikely that the correct solution will be found.
ad hoc process showed more creativity, and given my obvious analytical abilities, I wanted to show that I could be creative too, even though my creative abilities have been more difficult to cultivate. 3.2.3 If it aint broke, dont fix it In my experiences, there has never been a compelling reason to reject an ad hoc approach in favor of a systemic approach. I pretty much always succeeded with the ad hoc approach because time after time, my raw abilities were sufficient to not only get by but to excel. There have been times when I adopted a systematic approach. During my internships, I assumed that things would be much more difficult than in school. I also thought that failure would be more costly. I therefore tried to plan my work more than ever before. As one example, I consider my presentations, including those in college. At first, I would outline and plan the presentations extensively, and I would rehearse for several hours. After doing this a few times, I began to become complacent, because everything always went well; I felt good about the presentation and I received exclusively positive feedback. This changed with a presentation I gave this year, which was close to an unmitigated failure. Only now am I recognizing that there may be something broken. As I have tried to organize a plan of study and research path for a Ph.D., I have begun to realize that I will not be able to complete a Ph.D. without a systematic approach. The task is just too broad, and there are too many wrong paths to take. 3.2.4 How I learned to appreciate the systematic approach My increasing appreciation for a systematic design approach is the best of example of me incrementally learning during ME 6101. In my A1A, I noted that
I completed all of Part 1 in one day, and by the end, my patience for reflecting was diminishing, and my descriptions followed the section introductions more closely than I would have liked. Even after taking several breaks, I could not regain the level of attention I had in the morning. Perhaps in the future I will have to split my work such that I work on two things during the course of the day.
Farrokh stressed to the class that ME 6101 is a learning opportunity, especially an opportunity to learn how to keep learning. With the number of possible lessons that I could learn in ME 6101, how will I ever recognize and remember them all? 4.1 The Grail Diary Henry Jones kept a diary of his lifetime of work in tracking down the Holy Grail. One purpose of this grail was to help him remember what he learned. For example, when discussing the final challenge that he who finds the grail must face, Indy and Henry have the following exchange:
HENRY: Oh, yes. But I found the clues that will safely take us through, in the Chronicles of St. Anselm. INDY: But what are they? Cant you remember? HENRY: I wrote them down in my Diary so that I wouldnt have to remember.
Humans, even one of the Joneses, cant remember everything. Henry used his diary as a tool to augment his memory. I argue that by keeping the diary, Henry also better understood what he was studying. For example, the Grail Diary contains a meticulously detailed sketch of a stained glass window from the library where Indiana finds the Knights tomb. I speculate that by detailing the window, Henrys attention was focused on the Roman numerals across the bottom. These numerals eventually pointed Indiana to the tomb. The act of keeping the diary helped Henry recognize important details, helped him remember vital information, and communicated it to others. 4.2 A Learning Diary Despite their title, I did not use my Learning Essays as a documentation of my learning. Certainly I used them as a mechanism to learn, and I directed my learning towards my goals and answering the Q4S. However, I did not use them as a learning diary. I began to learn the importance of a learning diary while completing my outline to my A2Q4S in LE5. I explored this lesson in LE6, where I wrote:
as I examined what material I have already prepared and started to work the tasks I had scheduled [in LE5], I realized that I have not taken a very serious look at what Ive done so far. This is a serious problem for several reasons. When I do not explicitly revisit and reread my past work, I cannot carry forward many of the lessons learned. This decreases the value of the original works because they are stuck in the past. By rereading and re-relating them to my experiences, I am bringing them into the present and then I can once again use them as a spring board towards the future. When I review my previous work now, I am also facilitating my completion of the semester learning essay. I can better tell the story of my journey of learning if I continue to update my notes and maps along the way instead of trying to recreate them all at end of the journey.
Unfortunately, I did not carry this lesson forward during the rest of the course, despite the following recognition of value at the end of the essay:
I have identified and consolidated some unanswered questions and some excellent passages that I can use to both formulate and then answer my question for the semester. Certain ideas have also been rekindled in my mind, and other re-settled, because I see that I already addressed them. I think that this work will help me assess my own work at the end of the course, and to write a semester learning essay. I have also added value to my previous work in several places by responding to Farrokhs comments, especially where he suggested that I draw a lesson from what Id written. In writing this paper I was able to use my better understanding on my tasks and P&B to extract more form my previous work.
I believe that a learning diary would have been as useful to me in ME 6101 as Henrys Grail Diary was to himself and Indiana. As the semester progressed, I began to summarize the value that I created by writing my learning essays, but I did not emphasize what I learned by completing the essay. I did nothing to record what I learned from lectures and other classroom activities. This was a failure on my part for the following reasons. Farrokh presented the notion of a learning square in ME 6101. I have reproduced this here in Figure 2 in the first person, making it my learning square. Keeping a learning diary can help me in several ways. Competent Know I know Incompetent Know I dont know
Dont know I know
Dont know I dont know
Figure 1: The Learning Square
In my A1B, I noted that, Apparently reflection takes time and can happen subconsciously as well as consciously. If I dont analyze and record the lessons that I learn, they will probably remain unconscious, falling into the dont know I know square. By consciously considering my lessons learned, I make them conscious, moving them into the know I know square. I can consciously apply these lessons in the future, leveraging to new things and adding value to them. In addition to the process of originally moving these lessons into the know I know square, the diary can help me keep things there. Due to limitations of the human mind, lessons are forgotten. I noted my limited ability to consider everything twice in A1B. For example, It was hard to exact where a specific though or understanding originated.
This ability will be necessary to properly acknowledge the work of other people. If I have captured my lessons in a diary, I can highlight and review the most important ones. This pulls lessons back into the know I know square, and helps me to identify from where, or in what activity, I learned something. I also wrote in A1B that, I had to iterate to complete the deep reading, unable to keep all the questions (which can be thought of as requirements or goals) in mind from the beginning. In this case, the assignment provided the scaffolding of things that I needed to consider. In the future, I will need to provide my own scaffolding. I believe that keeping a learning diary can also help me identify things that I dont know. For example, in The Last Crusade, Henry created a map marking the location of the grail. He pieced this map together from clues, but the map had no names. By recording this map in his diary, he learned what he didnt know: the name of a key city, which Indiana finds in the Knights tomb: Alexandretta. Therefore, the practice of keeping a learning diary can help me move from the dont know I dont know square into the know I dont know square, which is the only place that learning can begin. Put another way, the completion of a learning diary achieves a similar effect in learning that the P&B process achieves in engineering design. According to Pahl and Beitz, Systematic procedures merely try to steer the efforts of designers from unconscious into conscious and more purposeful paths (Pahl and Beitz 1996). The act of creating a learning diary steers learning efforts into conscious paths. Once in the know I dont know square, learning can begin. I can use activities such as deep reading and writing learning essays to help me move to the competent half of the learning square. The ORA (observe, reflect, articulate process) is a very valuable tool, and it definitely helps me to move from the incompetent half to the competent half. Without the use of a learning diary, I could easily move into the dont know I know square instead of the know I know square. In Figure 2, I have modified the learning square to show the role of different activities in learning. In summary, the Learning Diary helps to move knowledge from the unconscious to the conscious, and the learning essays help to create knowledge, and move me from incompetent to competent.
Know I know
Know I dont know
Figure 2: The role of a learning diary and learning essays in learning
5 Perspectives: Its how you look at it
In A1B, I noted that, Sometimes it was necessary to try to adopt a particular belief and see how far I could get with it; this was fruitful but clouded what I was really thinking. It seems that I have developed a skill for adopting a perspective and running with it, without really understanding how committed to that perspective I am. From the Little Pigs Game and my reflection in LE1, I learned that, multiple perspectives are valuable, especially if the perspectives come from people with different areas of expertise. Engineering design is about solving problems by finding ideas and making decisions. In order to find good solutions and make good decisions, an individual must be able to employ multiple perspectives. It is therefore important for individuals and teams to have a diversity of the mind. 5.1 X Marks the Spot Indiana travels to Italy to a library where his father was last seen. Knowing that his father was in the process researching the tomb of one of the Grail Knights, Indiana assumed that his father was doing research at the library. However, he suddenly has another thought:
INDY: Dad wasnt looking for a book about the Knights Tomb. he was looking for the Tomb itself! [ELSA wears a blank expression.] INDY: Dont you get it? The Tomb is somewhere in the library! You said yourself it used to be a church! Look.
As Indiana tries to match numbers on a window to other locations in the library, he cant find the second Roman numeral for ten.
INDY: And ten. Now wheres the ten? Look around for the ten. [INDY walks past aisles of book-lined shelves. He stops, turns, then looks down.] INDY: Three, seven and ten. [He climbs a spiral staircase leading up to a LOFT and looks down at BRODY and ELSA. The floor beneath their feet is an elaborate tile design containing a huge X-visible only from this higher angle.] INDY: Ten. [wryly; to himself] X marks the spot.
Indiana had to change his perspective twice to find the entrance to the tombonce mentally and once physically. Engineers will also have to learn to employ diverse perspectives in their quest for superior designs. 5.2 The Six Thinking Hats The Six Thinking Hats is an attention directing method in which people are asked to adopt a particular way of thinking, or six particular perspectives. There are six colors of hats, and each color is a set of directions on how to think. The notion of hats that can be put on and taken off is essential, because a role should not be filled by the same individual all the time. The six thinking hats are not about pigeon-holing people into roles, but about the oppositebroadening perspectives. I really learned to appreciate this attention directing tool, and it helped to open my mind to other tools. It also helped me to understand the notion of bounded rationality. It really is impossible to consider everything at once. By confining thinking to some region, direction, or quality, more progress can be made. I learned to apply this when I considered four aspects of the year 2020 while writing my LE2. Prior to this approach, the task of defining a vision for 2020 seemed too daunting. When I focused on specific aspects of 2020, I suddenly had a stream of ideas. Focusing ones thinking on one topic or way of thinking is not the only way to reach a new perspective. 5.3 Making the familiar strange and the strange familiar By completing my LE2, I began to learn how to apply a different technique for changing perspectives; I compared the advance of technology and engineering design to the expansion and settlement of the American geographic frontier. Through this analogy, I developed an appreciation for some of the challenges in engineering design and the advance of technology. I was able to abstract frontier lessons which I translated into design principles.
6 The system view: Understanding objectives
I would like to make two points here. First, if an individual has no clear objectives or goals, then, as Farrokh has presented in lecture, it doesnt matter in which direction one goes, he or she will still never get there. Second, if the members of a team dont share the same vision, there will be problems. As teams are omnipresent in engineering design, there must be a means to keep them on the same page. 6.1 Mission objectives in The Last Crusade When Indiana set out for Europe, he had a clear goal: he wanted to find and rescue his father. He soon found his father, although the rescue was a bit more challenging. Unfortunately, Indiana did not understand his real role in his father-son team. Soon after
Indy finds his father, the Nazis find and capture Indy and Henry. Then the following occurs:
S.S. OFFICER: [to INDY] You have the Diary in your pocket. [HENRY laughs genuinely, believing himself to be laughing at the expense of the S.S. OFFICER.] HENRY: You dolt! Do you think that my son would be that stupid that he would bring my Diary all the way back here? [At which point an awful thought strikes HENRY.] HENRY: You didnt, did you? [pause] You didnt bring it, did you? INDY: Well, uh. HENRY: You did!!.I should have mailed it to the Marx Brothers. INDY: Will you take it easy.! HENRY: Take it easy?! Why do you think I sent it home in the first place? [points towards the NAZIS] So it wouldnt fall into their hands!! INDY: I came here to save you. HENRY: Oh yeah? And whos gonna come to save you, Junior??
Indiana clearly failed to understand the significance of his mission or the details of it. At this point, he has failed in what should have been his number one objective, from his fathers perspective. Indianas failure to understand his fathers mission is illustrated again later:
HENRY: The quest for the Grail is not archaeology. Its a race against evil. If it is captured by the Nazis, the armies of darkness will march all over the face of the earth. Do you understand me? INDY: This is an obsession Dad. I never understood it. Never. Neither did Mom. HENRY: Oh yes, she did. Only too well. Unfortunately she kept her illness from me until all I could do was mourn her.
For years, Henry had failed to convey to his son the importance of his work. His wife understood it enough to withhold her illness from him so that he would continue his work. She was on the same page with Henry, but Indiana is not. 6.2 Mission objectives in engineering design In ME 6101, I learned that teams need to understand their role in the larger project. If they lose sight of the system objectives, or if they misunderstand the system objectives, the entire design will fail. This is true at two levels. At the lowest level, each human must understand his or her role on their team. At the higher level, members of each team must understand how that teams fits into the larger organization. By working on the team project, I learned that the management planning tools can help members of a team stay on the same page. Leyla and I achieved this by creating a team contract and schedule. Both of these began augmentations for the year 2020 that we believe will become even more important than today; although the role of teams is prominent today, there will be more challenges in the future when teams are geographically distributed. Tightly coupled with the need to understand the mission objectives is understanding the requirements. In my LE1 I related my learning experience from the Three Little Pigs game. I noted the important in understand the goal as, the failure of most teams to concentrate on clarifying the task probably illustrated a fundamental flaw in our approach
to design. The groups may have chosen a goal and heading for it, but it was not necessarily the correct goal. In my LE1 I state that:
I learned that no matter how clear the task sounds, implicit assumptions (such as the definition of a house) can lead to design failure and that failure to revisit the task description can lead to even the most obvious requirements being overlooked. I learned that it is important to ponder consciously and explicitly what the stakeholder could possibly mean, and then seek clarification, rather than just implicitly assume what they probably mean.
Without fully understanding the stakeholders true requirements, it is impossible to understand the mission objectives. Even if a systematic path is followed to the perceived goal, it does little good if the perceived goal is incorrect.
7 Duty to society and the public good
This builds off of my previous lesson. It isnt enough to know your role in an explicit team; you also have to understand your role in society at large. A shared vision and philosophy can unite individuals in a common purpose, which will help mind teams together. 7.1 Indianas role in the greater good On several occasions Indiana loses sight of his responsibility to society. In the earlier example when he brings the diary back to the Nazis, he put his personal concern rescuing his fatherahead of saving the world from Nazi immortality. At another point, he risks both his fathers life and the fate of society to save a single woman who he is in love with. Depending on an individuals values and ethics, his actions could be considered good or bad, but my assumption is that the good of society as a whole should be considered, in which case he has failed. In the end, it is Indianas rescue of society that makes him a hero to the audience. 7.2 Corporate role in society In ME 6101, I learned that a company must have a philosophy of operation. Without an established code of ethics, there will be ambiguity in what courses of actions to pursue, even if decision makers start from identical premises. There is also a need to agree on some values, such as the importance of environmentally conscious design. The shared philosophy will he lp for a community across geographic and departmental boundaries. I also learned that I would feel more content working for a company with a clearly stated purpose in serving society. I wasnt sure about this before trying to articulate a philosophy for my company, especially considering how dissatisfied I was working for MITRE. By working for a company that has a clear dedication to serving society, I can picture myself as a small hero. There are certainly ways to give back to society outside of work, but it would be nice to be able to do it at work, too.
Communication plays a large role in anything involving humans. Humans do not naturally think alike all the time, and they certainly dont share the same experiences and knowledge. This became painfully aware to be during the Three Little Pigs game. Communication is the means through which humans can collaborate and share knowledge. Since design requires the application of knowledge, effective design requires effective communication, and as I noted in my LE1, good communication requires a standard language. 9.1 Language Problems The most obvious obstacle to communication is the lack of a shared language. This can lead to the complete inability to communicate, or to serious misunderstandings. 9.1.1 Language problems in The Last Crusade There are two clear instances of language problems in The Last Crusade. The first is the obvious lack of a shared spoken language :
[CITY OF ISKENDERUN. BRODY disembarks from the train along with the other PASSENGERS, a cross-section of ARABS and TURKS. We wanders looking very nervous and lost through a gauntlet of street vendors] BRODY: Does anyone here speak English? Or even ancient Greek?
Marcus Brody is unable to communicate with the local population. Anyone who has traveled in a country where he or she does not speak the local language has probably shared Brodys feeling of helplessness. There is another example in The Last Crusade that is more subtle and at the same time more related to communication problems in engineering design. As part of the final challenge, Indiana has to walk over a grid of letters on the cave floor.
[INDY holding the Grail Diary, reading once again, his fedora now covered in cobwebs.] INDY:The second challenge is the Word of God. Only in the footsteps of God will he proceed. [to himself] The Word of God. The Word of. [INDY pulls away some cobwebs to reveal a cobblestone path. Each cobble is engraved with a letter.] INDY: Proceed in the footsteps of the Word. INDY: The Name of God. Jehovah!. INDY: J. [INDY takes a step and immediately a stone breaks away and INDY falls up to his hiphis leg stuck through the hold where the stone once was.]. [INDY grunts as he pulls himself from the hole, the Grail Diary in his hand.] INDY: In Latin, Jehovah starts with an I. I. [Now we SEE each letter on the stones as INDY carefully walks forward. DONOVAN and ELSA follow in his footsteps.] INDY:E. H. O. V. A.
Indiana literally fell for a slight difference in syntax. He did not know what language the word was written in, and his lack of knowledge nearly cost him his life.
9.1.2 Language problems in Engineering Design The first examplenot sharing the same languageis a superficial problem. It is obvious that people with no common language will have major problems communicating. What is more interesting is the relationship between the Jehova example and engineering design. Language problems occur not just across cultures and countries, but also across disciplines. For example, consider Indianas confusion of the letters j and i. These letters frequently take on different meanings in engineering. For example, in mechanical engineering, i is a symbol that stands for the square root of negative one. Given the equation V=iR a mechanical engineer should conclude that V is equal to R times the square root of negative one. An electrical engineer will instead see V=iR as voltage V equal current i times resistance R. Electrical engineers use the symbol j for the square root of negative one. In reality, most mechanical engineers would recognize V=iR as the electrical equation because they are familiar with that example for basic physics context. Essentially, their implicit knowledge supplies the correct context for interpreting V=iR. In many other cases, the two disciplines would not share the same common knowledge and the ambiguity and confusion would remain. What I learned in ME 6101 is that in order to distributed teams of designers to be successful in 2020, we will need to bridge this type of communication gap. The question is, How can people from different thought worlds communicate and collaborate on decisions? One way wo uld be to create a standard language to represent decisions. For example, a DSP Template might capture the necessary information in a common language. By completing my LE9 on Decision Based Design, relating it to the lecture material, and speaking with Farrokh, I learned that once something is captured unambiguously in something like a DSP template, there is no reason for the human to be involved. A computer should be able to take the DSP template and process it. The question is how to accurately capture all of the necessary knowledge and information from different disciplines and objectives. For the foreseeable future, the role of a decision maker will continue to be played by a human. 9.2 How you say it matters, too It isnt always sufficient to speak the same language; often, the use of the language and other signals affect how a message is received. Communication is more than just words, it is about forming relationships. 9.2.1 We named the dog Indiana Indiana and his father have had a somewhat stormy relationship. Communication and understanding were never their strengths.
INDY: Do you remember the last time we had a quiet drink? I had a milk shake. HENRY: Hmmm. What did we talk about? INDY: We didnt talk. We never talked.
HENRY: And do I detect a rebuke? INDY: A regret. It was just the two of us, Dad. It was a lonely way to grow up. For you, too. If you had been an ordinary, average father like the other guys dads, youd have understood that. HENRY: Actually, I was a wonderful father. INDY: When? [HENRY looks up from his Diary.] HENRY: Did I ever tell you to eat up? Go to bed? Wash your ears? Do your homework? No. I respected your privacy and I taught you selfreliance. INDY: What you taught me was that I was less important to you than people who had been dead for five hundred years in another country. And I learned it so well that weve hardly spoken for twenty years.
Just after Henry is introduced in the movie, he and Indiana have the following brief exchange, in which the audience learns that Henry calls Indiana by a name that he doesnt like.
HENRY: It is you Junior! INDY: [an old familiar Irritation] Dont call me that, please.
At the end of the movie, Indiana is struggling to save the Grail from falling into an abyss. His father is grasping one of his hands as Indiana dangles into the crevice, stretching for the Grail. At this point in the movie, communication and mutual understanding is of vital importance, because Henry is losing his grip on Indy.
[Now the ledge INDY lies upon begins to break apart. HENRY grabs one of his hands as Indy struggles to reach the Grail with the other.] HENRY: Junior, give me your other hand! I cant hold on!! INDY: I can get it-I can almost reach it, Dad. [INDY looks down into the black bottomless pit beneath him from which nothing can ever be retrieved.] HENRY: Indiana.Indiana!! [INDY snaps his look up to his father. His father has never called him this before.] HENRY: [very calmly]. let it go. [INDY abandons the Grail and grabs onto HENRY with both hands. HENRY pulls him up to safety.]
Henrys first attempt to convince Indiana to give up on the Grail failed, because it did not slice through Indianas preoccupation with the Grail. However, when Henry pleads, IndianaIndiana, he grabs Indys attention, because his father has never before called him by that nickname. Borrowing from the notion of the oracle in the Matrix, Henry told Indiana what he needed to hear in order to make him do the right thing. It was Henrys presentation of his plea that was effective. For completeness of the movie, I feel compelled to add the following dialogue, in which Henry reverts to calling Indiana Junior, which illustrates that he really did call him Indiana earlier just to get him to listen.
learning, is an immortal part of ME 6101. As long as I keep returning to the grail (my lessons learned), my accomplishments in ME 6101 will live for everor at least as long as I do! 10.2 My A0 Goals I began ME 6101 by formulating goals for the course. These goals changed during the first few weeks as I learned what I wanted to accomplish and what opportunities would be available to learn. I have not focused on the progress and value that I achieved towards my goals in this learning essay. I chose to focus more on the other lessons, the ones that arent as obvious. I have critically evaluated my progress towards these goals in my A2Q4S. However, the A0 goals form a central pillar of the ME 6101 scaffolding, so I will address them here briefly by relating them to The Last Crusade. 10.2.1 Primary Goal My primary goal was aimed at building the foundation for a DETC paper. Indiana Jones begins most of his adventures with the mindset that It belongs in a museum. When it comes to my adventure in ME6101 and Indianas in The Last Crusade, we both came up short; I will probably not have a paper for DETC 2004 and the Holy Grail is not in a museum, but rather lost forever. In my case, my goal is not lost forever, because I still have formed the basis for future research, and my primary goal has directed my course work along a direction that will make it relevant to my goals outside of ME 6101. For Indiana and me, the journey was more important than our original goals. Along Indianas journey, he gained a new relationship with his father, one that may or may not persist after the final credits roll. There is already a hint that they wont, as after leaving the temple, Henry reverts to his old ways of calling his son:
HENRY: What did you find, Junior? INDY: Junior?! Dad.
In my case, I have learned all of the lessons presented in this paper, and more. The question is whether these lessons will live on after the credits roll on ME 6101, which I address in the Section 11 of the paper. 10.2.2 Secondary Goal My secondary goal was to Augment the P&B process to incorporate modern tools such as computer simulations, knowledge representations, CAD, and other computer- aided engineering tools and mathematical models, as well as identify opportunities to create new tools. The biggest lesson that I learned here was the role that tools should play in the design process. I discovered the role that these tools (simulations, knowledge management systems, and risk assessments) play in the design process; specifically, their role is to extend the human designers abilities. I have come to understand the motivation and role for Farrokhs notion of a human-computer cyborg. Now that I have a sense of the role tools play in design, I can continue to answer how the tools need to be changed or 22
augmented to better fill their roles, but I really did not succeed in augmenting P&B to incorporate these things in this course. 10.2.3 Deep reading goal In the long run, I may have gotten the most value out of my efforts to meet this goal. As I illustrated in Section 4, this is one of the ways that I have learned to keep learning. In the future, I will be able to deep read and think deeply better than before. This will allow me to keep learning on my own, without a course orchestrators providing scaffolding. 10.2.4 Group systematic Design goal As I have explained in Section 3, I learned a lot about the value in following a systematic approach to design. Some of these lessons came from following a systematic approach to designing a design project. The systematic approach helped my group measure our progress, delegate tasks, and stay on the same page. It also helped lead to the creation of a project that, if completed, would move both of us a long way towards achieving our goals. 10.2.Vision goal The ability to look to the future will help me to be a better strategic thinker, which will help me to position myself for the future. Hopefully I can be like Wayne Gretsky and skate to where the puck is going to be. I employed several methods for developing this vision, including exploration by analogy, leveraging the opinions of others, and drawing from my own experience. Indiana Jones does not seem to have strategic vision. He rarely anticipates what might happen, he just goes, which makes for a very exciting and suspenseful movie. However, it is a lousy approach to design and a stressful way to live life. In real life, I dont believe we benefit from predestination of script writers. As I wrote in my LE3, the future is a place to be created, and by helping to create it, I can make it something that I like. If I let others dictate the future, I have to live by their rules. 10.2.6 Qualifier goals Just as the Grail Diary gave Indiana the clues to pass the tests, ME 6101 has provided me with the clues to pass my final challenge. However, ME 6101 has given me more. Indiana did not what the clues meant when he needed to use them, which almost cost him his life twice. ME 6101 has given me practice in applying P&B, thinking deeply, and internalizing an approach to design. This should make me more prepared to face my challenge than Indiana was for his.
11 Where is the next adventure?
I dont know if there will actually be a fourth Indiana Jones movie or not (there are rumors about one), but I do know that there will be a next installment of my life. Much as the continuity must be checked in a script for movie sequels, I should check for continuity in my life. In this essay, I have recognized that I have learned the value of a systematic approach and a learning diary. I have speculated that these lessons will be very valuable. However,
they will only be valuable if I remember them and use them in the future. If someone else stands up at the end of 2004 and looks at my work in ME 6101 (Part 1) and compares it to my life in 2004 (Part 2), they should not be able object to Part 2 and say the equivalent of, That doesnt make sense based on the previous film! As I proceed from here, I need to be my own consistency checker. There are not millions of fans analyzing whether what I do next makes sense given what Ive already done; there is only me. As I write my lifes story, I need to be own best critic and my own continuity editor.
Carril, P. (1997). The Smart Take from the Strong: The Basketball Philosophy of Pete Carril, Simon and Schuster. Hazelrigg, G. (2003). Thoughts on Model Validation for Engineering Design. ASME 2003 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and the Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Chicago Illinois. Pahl, G. and W. Beitz (1996). Engineering Design: A Systematic Approach. London, Springer Publishing.
Note on Movie Quotes
The quotations from the movie for taken from a copy of the script available at http://www.twiztv.com/movies/indianajones3.htm. I do not know whether this script was reproduced with permission. Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade was released by Paramount Pictures in 1989. The names Indiana Jones and the title Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade as protected under various trademarks of Lucasfilm, Ltd.
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