Garmin Apollo 360 GPS Manual
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User reviews and opinions
|lefritz||9:34pm on Saturday, October 9th, 2010|
|Bottom line, this is an electronic map with o... Large, sharp display. Easy to follow map. Clear voice commands Maps are incorrect. I am happy with this unit, but am disappointed that it costs so much for new maps.|
|george||9:52pm on Friday, September 17th, 2010|
|Easy to read, clear voice prompts, keeps up in real driving time. I am so pleased with this GPS. When first using the Voice Imput feature I suggest mounting the unit to your vehicle and practicing what it takes to make it perform the way it should... I will use this unit alot. Just a awsome little pocket size unit. I do not right any reviews but this little gadget just made me do it.|
|_J_||6:31pm on Wednesday, August 18th, 2010|
|Very good !!! "Compact","Easy To Read","Secure Mounting","Easy Menus","Long Battery Life","Acquires Satellites Quickly","Easy To Set Up".|
|b4codes||3:47am on Monday, August 9th, 2010|
|I bought this specifically to use on the road but soon found it to be useful in getting around town. The 360 is so compact that I keep it in my purse.|
|caffreys||9:18am on Saturday, July 10th, 2010|
|"I have not left the house and I already like it. Did not realize how important the features really mean till I turned it on. "I bought this unit about a month ago, and it has proven itself very usefull. "This Gps is good for the price its a little slow to turn on and the anteena has to be up in order for it to work.|
|mimetnet||5:17pm on Wednesday, June 16th, 2010|
|At first I was worried about buying the nuvi 360 because it is a 3 year old model, but i have found it functions really well. I am baout to buy another one for the other car. No loading maps for different regions. Look up business/restaurants any where in the states.|
|danperryy||8:14am on Sunday, June 6th, 2010|
|My rating would be a five, however there have been a few issues regarding the blue tooth, and some questionable directions. For the most part. This is my first time writing a review for any type of product that I have purchased. However. Navigate This product was easy to use, Opened the package, started it and it was ready to go.|
|tuleggi||11:10pm on Thursday, April 1st, 2010|
|My Garmin 360 works flawlessly and the bluetooth works well with my cell phone. Garwin nuvi 360 GPS If you do travel from state to state this machine will not be okay.|
Comments posted on www.ps2netdrivers.net are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.
Table of Contents
Section 1 Subject Introduction to GPS Navigation Overview. 1-1 GPS System Accuracy. 1-2 Summary. 1-Introduction to the Apollo GPS Receiver The Operating Functions. 2-1 Function Keys. 2-2 Navigation Function. 2-2 Menu Function. 2-3 Goto and Nearest Functions. 2-3 New Waypoint Function. 2-3 Waypoint Information Function. 2-3 The Display. 2-4 Display Care and Cleaning Instructions. 2-4 LCD Backlight Switch. 2-5 Helpful Instructions on the Display. 2-5 Control Knobs. 2-5 The Power Knob. 2-6 The Concentric Rotary Knobs. 2-6 The Display Screens. 2-7 The Startup Screen. 2-7 Navigation Function Screens. 2-8 Menu Function Screen. 2-9 Goto and Nearest Function Screens. 2-11 New Waypoint Function Screen. 2-12 Waypoint Information Function Screen. 2-13 Summary. 2-Getting Started Power Up. Entering a Seed Position. Checking GPS Signal Strength. Checking Each Satellite.
3-1 3-2 3-5 3-6
Entering a Destination Waypoint. 3-7 Summary. 3-9 Section 4 Navigating a Trip About the Navigation Function. 4-1 About Navigation Function Screens. 4-1 GPS Signal Strength Screen. 4-2 Current Messages Screen. 4-3 Present Position Screen. 4-5 Bearing/ETA/Track Screen. 4-6 Bearing/Range/Ground Speed Screen. 4-6 Moving Map/Nav Window Screen. 4-7 Moving Map Screen. 4-8 Zooming In or Out. 4-9 Auto Zoom. 4-9 The Route Screen. 4-10 Searching for Nearest Waypoints. 4-10 Creating Waypoints. 4-11 Getting Waypoint Information. 4-12 Destination Waypoint Information. 4-13 Information About Other Waypoints. 4-13 Information About Nearest Waypoints. 4-13 Scanning Waypoints for Information. 4-14 Navigating Multiple Leg Trips. 4-15 Creating a Route. 4-15 Changing a Route Waypoint. 4-17 Adding a Route Waypoint. 4-18 Deleting Route Waypoints. 4-19 Starting a Route. 4-20 Stopping or Holding a Route. 4-21 Resuming a Route. 4-22 Route Direct To. 4-22 Subject Page
Subject Menu Function Options
The Main Menu. 5-3 Changing Menu Option Settings. 5-3 Return to Nav. 5-3 Operation Mode. 5-4 Time and Place. 5-5 Screen Controls. 5-5 Map Setups. 5-6 Declutter Maps. 5-7 Track Point History. 5-8 Arrival Alerts. 5-9 Airspace Alerts. 5-10 CDI Scale. 5-10 Magnetic Variation. 5-11 Countdown Time. 5-12 Display Units. 5-13 Serial Outputs. 5-14 User Waypoint Management. 5-15 System Info 1. 5-16 System Info 2. 5-16 Default Settings. 5-The Waypoint Database Database Structure. Available Waypoint Information. ARPT Waypoints. VOR Waypoints. NDB Waypoints. INT Waypoints. USER Waypoints. 6-1 6-1 6-1 6-2 6-3 6-3 6-4
Introduction to the Apollo 360
Section 2 Introduction to the Apollo 360
This section introduces you to the Apollo 360 and explains how to use and switch between the units operating functions. A description of information that shows on the display when you use each function is included at the back of this section. Section 3 builds on the introductory information presented here as you switch on and begin using the Apollo 360. The There are five main operating functions, each performing Operating a different and unique task while you navigate. Each Functions function also provides one or more screens of information on the display. At least one of these functions is always in use when the unit is on. The functions operate independently of one another, so you can switch between them freely without disrupting navigation. The five operating functions are: Navigation (always active) Menu Goto and nearest New waypoint Waypoint information As you set up and navigate a course with the Apollo 360, you will typically use several of these operating functions. During the trip, you will use the navigation function most of the time to monitor your progress. To most effectively use the Apollo 360, become well acquainted with each operating function.
Each of the operating functions is easily accessible from the front panel by using the function keys. Remember, the navigation function is always active -pressing a key is not necessary to enable it.
Navigation This function starts automatically when the unit is Function switched on and stays active. You will use this function most often while flying. The navigation function provides information about: Your current position and navigation progress to a destination GPS satellite signals Routes, or trips with multiple legs Events or conditions important to trip navigation Navigation function screens show on the display whenever other functions are not in use.
Use this function to access a menu of options that modify the way navigation information shows on the display. In this way, you may customize the Apollo 360 to best suit your navigation requirements. The menu function also controls many other important ways the unit operates.
Goto and The goto and nearest functions operate together. Press this Nearest key once for the goto function or twice for the nearest Functions function. Use the goto function to assign a destination waypoint, perhaps one you create, or a waypoint from the Apollo 360s built-in database. The nearest function, always available when you use the goto function, provides a list of waypoints nearest to your present position. These two functions allow you to quickly and easily create a flight plan, or change it while navigating. Use the waypoint function to create your own waypoints New Waypoint and store them in the Apollo 360s memory. You can create Function up to 2,000 of your own waypoints, each with a name you choose. You can create waypoints based upon your present position, or you can enter latitude and longitude coordinates (usually abbreviated lat/lon) to define the waypoint location. Waypoint Use this function to get information about any waypoint in Information the Apollo 360s built-in database, including those you Function have created and stored. Available information includes: Waypoint identifier and type (airport, VOR, NDB, or intersection) Bearing and distance to the waypoint from your current position Lat/lon coordinates of waypoint For airports, the elevation, fuel availability and type, radio communication frequencies, runway details, and more
Use the illustration on the next page to determine the UTC differential for your area. Enter this value as the difference between local and UTC time (UTC DIFF).
+ Subtract Hours Add Hours Subract 1 hour during summer for Daylight Savings Time (where DST applies)
As an example, the UTC DIFF value in Seattle, Washington would be +08:00 (or +07:00 during daylight savings time). 8. Press the ENT key.
The values you set are entered and the main menu returns to the display. Return To Nav is selected. 9. Press the ENT key once again.
The display shows the navigation screen in use before the menu function was started in step 1.
Checking After startup, the unit shows the GPS signal strength screen GPS on the display, indicating that the navigation function is Signal active. Strength
Note While the Apollo 360 acquires signal information from satellites, the bars representing signal strength show grey in color. This process takes place quickly. When the unit has acquired the signals and begins tracking the satellites, the bars change to black. The GPS signal strength screen is the first to show on the display after the unit starts up. Make it a habit to check this screen to make sure that the constellation of satellites are healthy and that the unit is properly tracking visible satellites before you fly. In this example, the screen shows that six satellite signals are being received. The question mark symbol (?) is highlighted, indicating that information on the display relates to all visible satellites. The Apollo 360 requires signals from at least four satellites to calculate a 3D position fix (lat/lon and GPS altitude).
Checking Each Satellite
T urn the S MALL knob to view information about each of the visible s at el li te s. T h i s ex a mple shows information about satellite 25.
Important! The GPS antenna must be able to see each satellite it is tracking. If a satellite is shaded by the wing or fuselage during a turn, it may temporarily loose track of that satellite. If this happens, or if the geometry of the satellites available is poor, the unit may temporarily calculate a 2D Fix or DR Fix (dead reckoning). NOTICE Apollo 360 GPS units, part number 430-0256-01, contain an 8-channel GPS receiver instead of the 6-channel receiver used in earlier units. The 8-channel Apollo 360 GPS units provide performace that is equal to or better than the 6-channel models. However, the Satellite Tracking Page will only show tracking status of the satellites assigned to channels 1 through 6. It is possible that up to 2 satellites that are in track ( those assigned to channels 7 and 8) will not appear on the Satellite Tracking Page.
Entering With a seed position and the current time and date set, the a Apollo 360 is ready to begin navigating a trip. Prepare for Destination trip navigation by entering a destination waypoint. Waypoint How to Do This 1. Press the GOTO/NRST key.
The goto function screen shows on the display with the distance and bearing from your present position to the indicated waypoint. 2. Select a destination waypoint.
Use the SMALL knob to change the highlighted character in the waypoint identifier. The LARGE knob moves the highlight on the screen to select the next character to change. Note Waypoints on the display are stored in the units built-in database. By moving the highlight to ARPT and turning the SMALL knob, you can change the type of destination waypoint to select: airport, NDB, VOR, INT, or USER (user created). For instance, with ARPT indicated as the type of destination waypoint, only airports show on the display as you select identifier characters.
P/N 560-0123-01 B 3-7
Hints For airport waypoints, turn the LARGE knob to move the highlight on the screen down to the second line containing the city name. You can select characters in this line, too. The SMALL knob scrolls through waypoint names that most closely match the characters you select. You can also scroll through each waypoint in the database. With the highlight over the first character of either the waypoint identifier OR city name, turn t he L AR GE knob one detent counterclockwise. A highlighted vertical arrow symbol appears to the left of the first character.
Use the SMALL knob to scroll through each waypoint in the Apollo GPS receivers built-in database. 3. Make sure correct waypoint is selected.
4. Press the ENT key.
The selected waypoint is set as the destination. The display shows the navigation screen in use before the Goto function was started in step 1. Summary With the seed position and current time entered, and the destination waypoint showing on the display, the Apollo 360 is ready to use to help you navigate. Before you fly, remember to check GPS satellite signal strength and verify the type of position fix the unit is providing based on visible satellites above you. This operation is quick and easy, as the satellite signal strength screen is the first to show on the display after the unit starts up. The next section contains information about how to use the navigation function while you fly. A built-in simulator is included with the Apollo 360 to help you become better acquainted with using it. Appendix C at the back of this manual contains a tutorial on how to start the simulator and practice navigating without actually flying.
Navigating a Trip
Section 4 Navigating a Trip
This section explores the navigation function and describes the powerful features it contains. You will use this function most frequently while you fly, so it is important to have a good understanding of this operating function. Follow the instructions provided in Section 2 before you read this section. Leave the unit on, relax in the cockpit with your aircraft parked, and use the features this section describes to become familiar with them. In this way, you can more effectively use this powerful navigation instrument to your advantage when flying. Even though you may not be actively navigating, you will be able to gain valuable familiarity with the unit. When you become comfortable operating the unit, you may wish to fly the Apollo 360 using the built-in simulator. Follow the tutorial instructions in Appendix C. About the The navigation function is always active. When you use Navigation other functions, the navigation function continues to run Function in the background calculating your present position, navigating your multiple leg trip (if active), and alerting you to events or conditions important to the navigation process. When you finish using other functions, the unit automatically returns to the navigation function, displaying the last navigation screen used. About the While you navigate, the Apollo 360 gives informationon Navigation eight screens. Each screen contains unique information Function useful to the navigation effort. Screens
The LARGE knob scrolls or pages forward or backward through the screens in the order shown in Section 2. After you become more familiar with each screen, you may develop a preference for some. This section describes each screen. GPS Signal Strength Screen This screen, the first to appear after the unit starts up, contains information about signals received from visible satellites in the sky.
The screen tells you: The type of position fix currently calculated by the unit: NO FIX: no signals available DR FIX: (Dead Reckoning) the position is estimated based on the last known track, ground speed, and position 2D FIX: the position fix is calculated based on signals from only three satellites and GPS altitude is not available 3D FIX: the position fix is calculated based on signals from four or more satellites, and GPS altitude is available The total number of operational or good GPS satellites in orbit
4-2 P/N 560-0123-01
The number of satellites visible in the sky from your position The Position Dilution of Precision (PDOP) value for the position fix provided by the satellite constellation - a high value (6 or greater) indicates poor position reliability, while a value of 3 or less indicates good position reliability In addition, individual satellite information is available by rotating the SMALL knob, as follows: The strength of the received signal from each satellite The satellite azimuth and elevation from the current position The GPS receivers current track status for each visible satellite Current The Apollo 360 helps you navigate by informing you of Messages important events or conditions while you fly. When an Screen important event or condition occurs, an alert message shows on the display to inform you. (Alerts marked with the * can be controlled by menu options described in Section 5.) Alerts may show on the display anytime the unit is operating to alert you of the following conditions: Airspace penetration*
Arrival at a destination*
Excessive course deviation*
Loss of position fix
Low memory back-up battery
Expiration of countdown time
Manual magnetic variation alert
Magnetic variation compensation limitation
Simulated flight warning
When you see one of these alerts on the display, follow the instruction shown to clear it. Clearing the alert removes it from the display. The screen shown before the alert appeared returns to the display. The current messages screen serves as a review of any alerts presented this way during the trip. Alert messages that show on the screen must be valid at the time you check them or they will not show as a current message. Press ENT, as shown on the current message screen, to view other current messages (if available). Present Position Screen This screen shows the lat/long coordinates of your present position, GPS altitude, and any course deviation from desired track.
When you fly, this screen can be valuable to check your position against a chart with close precision. Keep in mind that GPS altitude is not based on the same criteria as barometric altitude which uses a pressure offset value. GPS altitude is also affected by selective availability. Course deviation shows in the rectangular Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) at the bottom of the display. The airplane symbol moves over the graduated CDI to show your current distance left or right of desired track. You can select CDI range and units of measure using the menu function options CDI Scale and Units of Measure described in Section 5. Bearing/ In addition to the CDI, the bearing/ETA/track screen also ETA/Track shows: Screen The destination waypoint and type
P/N 560-0123-01 4-5
The bearing (BRG), estimated time of arrival (ETA), and desired track (DTK) to the destination The current time The current track
Bearing/ Range/ Ground Speed Screen
Similar to the bearing/ETA/track screen, this one substitutes range for ETA, estimated time enroute (ETE) for current time, and ground speed (GS) for desired track. Since this screen is viewable by turning the LARGE knob only one detent clockwise from the bearing/ETA/track screen, you will likely find it convenient to switch back and forth between these two screens often to check your navigation progress.
Moving Map/Nav Window Screen
One of the most attractive features of the Apollo 360 is its ability to show your navigation progress graphically against a moving map of waypoints. Your present position is indicated by the airplane symbol near the center of the display.
Using the moving map screen, you can easily track your navigation progress as the aircraft travels over or near waypoints beneath you. The moving map/nav window screen shows this information in the box at the right side of the display: The destination waypoint and type Bearing to the destination waypoint Range to the destination waypoint Ground speed Current track Course deviation distance and a directional arrow indicating the direction to turn to get on course The map scale shows in the highlight at the lower left corner of the screen. The scale shows the approximate distance represented on the map between the airplane symbol and the top border of the display. You can select distance units of measure for the map scale and all other navigation screens using the menu function Display Units option explained in Section 5. The figure below shows a change in scale caused by turning the SMALL knob. The scale may be changed from.1 nm to 750 nm or set to auto. In this case, the distance from the airplane icon to the top of the screen is 20 miles.
Stopping or Holding a Route
While flying a route, you may wish to deviate temporarily from your intended flight plan. You may then want to resume travel on this route. You can hold the route to do this. A route on hold can be resumed later from the current leg. Holding a route leaves the route active, but stops leg sequencing while you deviate from the planned course of travel. In other cases, you may wish to abandon an active route to navigate a different route or to travel to waypoints not in the route. Press the GOTO key, dial in a new waypoint, and press the ENT key. If the new waypoint is not in the active route, the route will be stopped. If you wish just to stop the route, use the Stop option. Stop or hold the active route by selecting it from the route menu. Press and hold the ENT key to select the active route.
Select STOP or HOLD the route. You can also select QUIT to avoid any action and return to the active route screen.
Resuming Select RESUME to resume a route on hold. a Route
Route Direct To
While navigating a route, you may wish to bypass one or more waypoints and proceed directly to a destination waypoint. The route Direct To feature allows you to do this. Select the active route from the route menu. Then, select EDIT as if creating or modifying a route. Turn the LARGE knob to move the marker arrow to the waypoint to which you wish to navigate. Then, press the GOTO/NRST key. Press the ENT key to enter the waypoint as the destination.
The route screen shows direct status to the waypoint. You can now navigate directly to the desired destination waypoint, bypassing previous waypoints in the route.
Menu Function Options
Section 5 Menu Function Options
This section details options available when you use the menu function. Use this function to access a menu of options that modify the way navigation information is displayed. The menu options allow you to customize the Apollo 360 to best suit your navigation requirements. The menu function also controls many other important ways the unit operates. A list of menu option default settings (those in effect when the unit is first switched on) for each option is included at the back of this section. Option settings are stored in memory and remain in effect until you change them. Note Navigation is not interrupted while you use other features. The menu function makes these options available: Return to Nav Returns the unit from the menu function to the navigation function Operation Mode Enables the built-in navigation simulator or changes the map datum Time and Place Contains seed position and current time settings Screen Controls Contains control settings for display backlight and contrast as well as 1-Leg/3-Leg route display selection Map Setups Contains control settings for information shown on moving map screens (navigation function)
Note The countdown timer can run in the background while you navigate and will not interfere with unit operation. An alert message shows on the display when the countdown time has expired.
This option controls the way navigation units of measure show on the display. The units of measure you select show consistently throughout all screens in all operating functions.
You can select the following units of measure for each navigation parameter: Distance - nm/kts; sm/mph; km/kph Altitude- feet; meters Lat/lon - d-m.mmm; d-m-s.s (where d=degrees, m=minutes, and s=seconds of latitude or longitude) UTMS - Universal Transverse Mercator System
The Apollo 360 is equipped with 2 serial data ports for communication with external serial devices. This option controls the function of each port.
Using this option with appropriate electrical connections, you can: Connect the Apollo 360 to your personal computer to manage waypoints you create* Send serial data to an external moving map display in the cockpit** Send serial data matching the NMEA formats to any serial device in the cockpit capable of accepting it** Disable the serial data port *See your II Morrow dealer or contact the factory for information about the optional Apollo 360/PC Interface Kit. Consult kit documentation for instructions on proper serial port settings. **Your avionics dealer should install this equipment and select proper serial port settings for you.
User This option allows you to manage waypoints you have Waypoint created (user waypoints). You can edit or delete waypoints Manage- as your area of travel or other requirements change. ment
You can edit created waypoints to change the waypoint name or lat/lon coordinates. To edit a waypoint, turn the LARGE knob to move the arrow cursor to the desired waypoint. Turn the SMALL knob to select EDIT.
Move the highlight to the desired name character or coordinate digit to make changes. When you finish making changes, press the ENT key to save changes in memory. Note It is important to manage user waypoints wisely. With the capacity to store up to 2,000 user waypoints in memory, the Apollo 360 can hold an immense amount of information. When you edit, use intuitive identifiers for waypoints you have created. This will help you find waypoints more easily when you need to navigate to them.
Database: A collection of data structured in such a way as to allow quick and convenient access to any particular record or records. The Apollo 360 contains a built-in database of waypoints and waypoint information. Users may add waypoints to this database. Degree: 1/360th of a circle. Desired Track (DTK): The desired course of navigation between a point of origin and a destination waypoint. Distance: A measure of interval in space. Also referred to as range. Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) Drift: Displacement from the intended course of travel.
Elevation: The altitude above ground. Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) Estimated Time Enroute (ETE)
Fix: A geographical location determined by either visual reference or by electronic navigation aids. Global Positioning System (GPS): Also known as NAVSTAR. A constellation of satellites launched by the U.S. Department of Defense into six orbit lanes (four satellites per plane) at an altitude of 10,898 nm above the earth. Ground (GRND): Ground communication frequency Ground Speed (GS): Speed of travel across the ground. In aviation, the relation between ground speed and air speed is affected by the prevailing winds.
Icon: A symbol shown on the display depicting present position. The icon is shown as a symbol of an airplane on the Apollo 360s moving map screens. Identifier: A name, typically abbreviated, assigned to a waypoint. The identifier may consist of numbers and alpha characters, up to six in length. For example, the airport identifier for Los Angeles International Airport is LAX. Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) Intersection (INT): A point defined by any combination of courses, radials, or bearings of two or more navigational aids.
Knot (kt): A unit of speed equal to one nautical mile per hour. Latitude (lat): Any line circling the earth parallel to the equator, measured in degrees, minutes, and seconds north and south of the equator. Longitude (lon): Any line from the north to the south pole, measured in degrees, minutes, and seconds of a circle, east or west of the Prime Meridian (Greenwich, England).
Magnetic North: The region, some distance from the geographic north pole where the earths magnetic lines concentrate. A magnetic compass points to the magnetic north. Magnetic Variation (Mag Var): The angle between the magnetic and true north. At various points on the earth it is different due to local magnetic disturbances. It is shown on charts as isogonic lines marked with degrees of variation, either east or west. These degrees must be added to or subtracted from the true course to get the magnetic course. (Easterly variations are deducted, and westerly variations are added.) The Apollo 360 automatically sets
magnetic variation to 0 degrees at positions above 70 degrees north or south latitude. Map Datum: A mathematical model of the earth used for the purpose of creating navigation charts and maps. The Apollo 360 contains the set of datums listed in Appendix B. Meter (m): A metric distance measurement equal to 39.37 inches. Minute: 1/60th of a degree. N Nautical Mile (nm): A distance measurement equal to 6,076 feet, or 1.15 statute mile. One nautical mile is also equal to one minute of latitude. Non - d i re ct ion al Beacon (NDB): A low frequency/medium frequency navigation aid sending non-directional signals that can be used for navigation. P Position Dilution of Precision (PDOP): A merit value for the calculated position based on the geometrical configuration of the satellites used; 3 is considered good, greater than 7 is considered poor. Radial: Any of the 360 magnetic courses from a VOR or similar navigational aid, beginning at the navigational aid and proceeding outward in a straight line. Range (RNG): The distance from the present position to a destination waypoint. S Second: 1/60th of a minute of a degree. Seed Position: A latitude and longitude position fix approximately equal to the current position that the Apollo 360 uses to determine the location of available satellites from which signals may be received.
Selective Availability (SA): The degradation of accuracy of GPS position fix data by the United States Department of Defense for civilian use. Statute Mile: A distance measurement equal to 5,280 feet or 0.87 of a nautical mile. T Three-dimensional (3D) Position Fix: A position fix defined by latitude, longitude, and altitude. Track (TRK): The imaginary line that the flight path of an airplane makes over the earth. True North: Geographic north, at the earths north pole. Tower (TWR): Airport tower communication frequency U UNICOM: The radio frequencies assigned to aeronautical advisory stations for communication with aircraft. Unicoms may provide such airport information as active runway, wind direction and velocity and other conditions of importance to pilots. Universal Coordinated Time (UTC): Greenwich Mean Time, or the time at the Prime Meridian in Greenwich, England. Also referred to as Zulu time. UTC Differential: The difference in time between that at the present position and UTC. V Ve ry H igh Frequ ency Omn irange (VOR): A navigational aid that transmits signals such that a receiver can indicate its current radial or bearing from the transmitter. Waypoint: A navigational fix used in area navigation and defined by latitude and longitude coordinates.
Starting the Simulator
How to Do This
1. Turn the power knob to switch on the Apollo 360. 2. Press the MENU key to call the main menu. 3. Turn the LARGE knob clockwise one detent to select the O p e ration Mod e option.
4. Press the ENT key to select the option.
5. Turn the SMALL knob clockwise one detent to select Simulator mode. 6. Set your Ground Speed. 7. A message warns you against navigating while using the Flight Simulator. Press ENT to continue.
Preparing Before you navigate a trip, determine whether you will fly for the direct to a waypoint, or navigate a route of several Trip waypoints. This tutorial presents instructions to set up either kind of trip. It may be helpful to first navigate direct to a destination before setting up a route to travel. Originating The Apollo 360s simulator uses your present position as the Trip the point of origin for the trip unless you have already used the unit to navigate a route. If this is the case, refer to the tutorial section entitled Navigating a Route later in this section, or deactivate your route and continue. These exercises assume your present position is the point of origin for the trip. Assigning a Direct Waypoint
1. Press the GOTO key.
Note: Prepare to choose a waypoint close to your present position to keep the trip length under approximately 40 nm. 2. Turn the SMALL knob to select the first character of the destination waypoint name.
3. Turn the LARGE knob to move the highlight to the next character of your destination waypoint name.
4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 t o s e l e c t t h e la s t character of the destination waypoint name.
5. Press the ENT key to assign the waypoint as the destination.
Navigating Turn the LARGE knob to scroll through the navigation the Trip screens. Notice the GPS signal screen. No received signals are shown while you use the simulator.
Notice the present position screen. Your track shows directly on course with no deviation from the bearing to the destination. The lat/lon coordinates change to reflect your present position to the nearest hundredth of a minute.
Note GPS altitude is invalid while you use the simulator. No GPS altitude value shows on the display. Continue to turn the LARGE knob to check the other navigation screens. The bearing/ETA/track screen shows your the bearing and desired track to the destination. UTC time is invalid while you use the simulator. For this reason, no ETA shows on the display.
3. The route screen shows OFF status for the stopped route.
Editing a You can edit any route you have created to insert, change, Route or delete waypoints in the route. Changes remain in effect until you edit the route again.
Inserting a Waypoint 1. Choose the route you want to insert waypoints. You can choose any route, including an active route.
2. Select EDIT and press the ENT key.
3. Use the LARGE knob to move the arrow cursor to the waypoint before which the new waypoint is to be inserted. 4. Select INS a nd press ENT to insert a waypoint. 5. Use the LARGE and SMALL knobs to select the waypoint name to insert. When the desired name shows on the line, press the ENT key. 6. Select DONE and press the ENT key.
C-20 P/N 560-0123-01
Changing To change a waypoint in a route, begin by editing the route a as you did to insert a waypoint. Waypoint How to Do This 1 Choose the route to change. You can choose any route and change any or all waypoints in the route. 2. Select EDIT and press the ENT key.
3. Use the LARGE knob to move the arrow cursor to the waypoint to change.
4. Select CHG and press ENT to change the waypoint. 5. Use the LARGE and SMALL knobs to select the new waypoint name. When the desired name shows on the line, press the ENT key to enter the change. 6. Select DONE and press the ENT key.
P/N 560-0123-01 C-21
Deleting a Waypoint How to Do This 1. Choose the route from which you want to delete a waypoint. You can delete any or all waypoints in the route. 2. Select EDIT and press the ENT key. 3. Use the LARGE knob to move the arrow cursor to the waypoint to delete.
4. Select DEL to delete the wa ypoint and press the ENT key.
5. Select DONE and press the ENT key.
The Apollo 360 can store a record of your trip navigation progress in memory. The record consists of a series of track points, each containing your position at the time the point was stored. You can store up to 2,000 track points. Track point storage can be activated or deactivated any time you navigate. How to Do This
1. Select the Track Point History option from the main menu. The track point history screen shows on the display. 2. Turn the SMALL knob to activate the Track Point History feature.
3. Select a storage strategy.
5. Technical Assistance
The Limited Warranty set forth above shall not be enlarged, diminished, or affected by, and no obligation or liability shall arise from II Morrow, any authorized dealer, or any person rendering technical advice, assistance, or service in connection with the selection, purchase, or use of any II Morrow products.
2. No Other Warranties
T O THE E XT ENT PE RMITTE D BY APPLICABLE LAW, AND EXCEPT ONLY AS PROVIDED IN PARAGRAPH 1 ABOVE, THE PRODUCTS ARE PROVIDED AS IS AND WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
6. Place of Repair or Replacement
In order to obtain the benefits of this Limited Warranty, the defective II Morrow products, along with a copy of your receipt, must be returned within the applicable warranty period and with the transportation charges prepaid, to II Morrow at its plant at 2345 Turner Road, S.E., Salem, Oregon 97302 or to any authorized II Morrow dealer. Products repaired or replaced by II Morrow under this Limited Warranty will be returned by surface transportation at II Morrows expense. Revised September 28, 1994
3. Exclusion of Liability for Damages
IN NO EVENT SHALL II MORROW, ANY DISTRIBUTOR, OR THE SELLING DEALER
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