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Product environmental attributes THE ECO DECLARATION
Brand * Company name * Contact information * Internet site * Additional information Hewlett-Packard Hewlett-Packard Company Hans Wendschlag http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/globalcitizenship/environment/contactemail.html http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/globalcitizenship/environment/ Logo
The company declares (based on product specification or test results based obtained from sample testing), that the product conforms to the statements given in this declaration.
Type of product * Commercial name * Model number * Issue date *
Intended market * Additional information
Server HP ProLiant ML310 G5 ML310 G5 Tuesday, 18 December 2007 Global Europe Japan U.S. Other
This is an uncontrolled copy when in printed form. Please refer to the contact information for the latest version. The declaration may be published only when all rows and/or fields marked with a * are filled-in (n.a. for not applicable).
Quality Control Item Additional information regarding each item may be found under P14. QC1 * QC2 * The company enforces an internal quality control scheme to ensure the correctness of this eco declaration The company is a member of an eco declaration system that enforces regular independent quality control such as organized by IT-Fretagen (see http://www.itforetagen.se).
Requirement met Yes No
Annex B of ECMA-370 2nd Edition, December 2006
Page 1 (4)
Model number * Issue date *
ML310 G5 Tuesday, 18 December 2007
Product environmental attributes - Legal requirements Item P1 P1.1* P1.2* P1.3* *=mandatory to fill in. Additional information regarding each item may be found under P14. Hazardous substances and preparations Products do not contain lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) as specified in EU 2002/95/EC and its amendments Products do not contain Asbestos (EU 76/769/EEC, amendment 1999/77/EC) Products do not contain Ozone Depleting Substances: Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC), hydrobromofluorocarbons (HBFC), hydrochlorofluorcarbons (HCFC), Halons, carbontetrachloride, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, methyl bromide (EU : Regulation (EC) No. 2037/2000, 2038/2000, 2039/2000) Products do not contain polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB), polychlorinated terphenyl (PCT), (EU 76/769/EEC)
Requirement met Yes No n.a.
Products do not contain short chain chloroparaffins (SCCP) with 10-13 carbon atoms in the chain containing at least 48% per mass of chlorine in the SCCP as specified in Norwegian regulation relating to restrictions on the use of certain dangerous chemicals 20.12.2002 Textile and leather parts with direct skin contact do not contain Tri-(2,3,-dibromopropyl)-phosphate (TRIS), Tris(aziridinyl)-phosphineoxide (TEPA), polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) (EU 76/769/EEC) Textile and leather parts with direct skin contact do not contain Azo colourants that split aromatic amines as specified in EU 76/769/EEC, amendment 2003/3/EC Wooden parts do not contain arsenic and chromium as a wood preservation treatment as well as pentachlorophenol and derivatives (EU 76/769/EEC) Parts with direct and prolonged skin contact do not release nickel in concentrations higher than specified in 76/769/EEC, amendment 94/27/EEC Batteries If hazardous batteries (as defined in 91/157/EEC) are used in the product they are easily removable and labelled with the disposal and the substance logo (as defined in 91/157/EEC, 93/86/EEC) If batteries are used in the product they do not contain mercury in concentrations higher than specified in 91/157/EEC If batteries are permanently installed in the product, information on the environmentally hazardous substances and safe removal method is listed in the user manual (91/157/EEC) Electrical safety, EMC and connection to the telephone network The product meets the Low Voltage Directive (LVD) regarding electrical safety (73/23/EEC & 93/68/EEC) The product meets the EMC Directive regarding electromagnetic compatibility (89/336/EEC / 2004/108/EEC th after June, If product is intended for connection to a public telecom network or contains a radio transmitter, it meets the EU R&TTE Directive (1999/5/EC) The product is CE-marked and a Declaration of Conformity is available (93/68/EEC) Consumable materials If a photo conductor (drum, belt etc.) is used in the product, it does not contain cadmium in concentrations higher than specified in (76/769/EEC and 91/338/EEC) If ink/toner is used in the product, it does not contain cadmium in concentrations higher than specified in (76/769/EEC and 91/338/EEC) If the ink/toner formulation/preparation is classified as hazardous according to EU Directive 1999/45/EC, and as amended, the product/packaging is labelled and a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) in accordance with (99/45/EC & 2001/58/EC) is available. Product packaging The sum of the concentration levels of lead, cadmium, mercury, and hexavalent chromium present in packaging or packaging components does not exceed 0,01% by weight (94/62/EC). Plastic packaging material is marked according to ISO 11469 referring ISO 1043.(97/129/EEC) The product packaging material is free from CFC/HCFC. Treatment information Information for recyclers/treatment facilities (e.g. as requested by 2002/96/EC) is available.
P1.6* P1.7* P1.8* P1.9* P2 P2.1* P2.2* P2.3* P3 P3.1* P3.2* P3.3* P3.4* P4 P4.1* P4.2* P4.3*
P5 P5.1* P5.2* P5.3* P6 P6.1*
Page 2 (4)
Product environmental attributes - Market requirements - Environmental conscious design Item *=mandatory to fill in. Additional information regarding each item may be found under P14. P7 Design, Disassembly, recycling P7.1* Parts that have to be treated separately are easily separable P7.2* P7.3* P7.4* P7.5 P7.6* P7.7* P7.8* P7.9. P7.10 P7.11* P7.12* P7.13* P7.14 P7.15 P7.16 P7.17 P7.18 P7.19 P7.20 P8 P8.1* P8.2* P8.3 P9 9.1 Mode Plastic materials in covers/housing have no surface coating. Plastic parts >100g consist of one material or of easily separable materials. Plastic parts >25g have material codes according to ISO 11469 referring ISO 1043. Plastic parts are free from metal inlays or have inlays that can be removed with commonly available tools. Labels are easily separable. (This requirement does not apply to safety/regulatory labels). Product lifetime Upgrading can be done e.g. with processor, memory, cards or drives Upgrading can be done using commonly available tools Spare parts are available after end of production for: 5 years Service is available after end of production for: 5 years Material and substance requirements Product cover/housing material type: Material type: ABS Material type: PC/ABS Electrical cable insulation material of power cables are halogen free (including PVC) Electrical cable insulation material of signal cables are halogen free (including PVC) All cover/housing plastic parts >25g are halogen free All printed circuit boards (without components) >25g are halogen free
Material type: PC
Chemical specifications of flame retardants in cover / housing plastic parts >25g according ISO 1043-4: FR (40) Chemical specifications of flame retardants in printed circuit boards (without components) >25g according ISO 1043-4: FR (16) Weight of recycled material in plastic parts is 0.0 g Plastic parts >25g are free from flame retardant substances/preparations above 0.1% classified as R45/46, R50/51/53 and R60/61 (67/548/EEC) Light sources are free from mercury If mercury is used specify: Number of lamps: and max. mercury content per lamp: mg Batteries Product does not contain batteries defined as hazardous according to 91/157/EEC Battery chemical composition: LiMnO2 Batteries meet the requirements of the following voluntary program/s: Energy consumption For the product the following power levels or energy consumptions have been measured: Power level at Time (s) to <mode> Mode description * Volts *
Onnormal On-idle Save 1 Save 2 Off 1 Off 2 No load TEC P9.2* P9.3
to to to to to to
* * * * * * External power supplies/charger plugged in but disconnected from the product
* * * * * * * *
W W W W
kWh/y Typical Energy Consumption per year
Information about the energy save function is provided with the product. The product meets the energy requirements of the following voluntary program/s: ENERGY STAR V 4.0 Tier 1 Others specify:
Page 3 (4)
Product environmental attributes - Market requirements (continued) Requirement met Item * = mandatory to fill in. Additional information regarding each item may be found under P14. Yes No n.a. P10 Emissions Noise emission Declared according to ISO 9296 P10.1 Declared A-weighted Mode Mode description Declared sound pressure level LpAm (dB) A-weighted sound power Operator position Bystander positions level LWAd (B) Desktop or Deskside Idle * One or more steady-state conditions in which the equipment being tested is energized but is not operating. * Condition in which the equipment being tested is performing its intended function(s). ISO 7779 Other * 5.0B 32dB (only if product is not operator attended)
Operation Other mode
Measured according to: P10.2
ECMA-74 (only if not covered by ECMA-74 with LpAm measurement distance
The product meets the acoustic noise requirements of the following voluntary program/s: Chemical emissions from printing products
Test performed according to ECMA-328 standard The test covers: Dust Ozone
, other specify: Styrene Benzene TVOC
The product meets the chemical emission requirements of the following voluntary program/s: Electromagnetic emissions
P10.5 P11 P11.1* P11.2* P11.3* P12 P12.1* P12.2* P12.3* P13
Computer display meets the requirement for low frequency electromagnetic fields of the following voluntary program/s: Consumable materials for printing products A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is available for the ink/toner preparation, even if not legally required (see P4.3). Paper containing recycled fibres that meets the requirements of EN12281 can be used. 2-sided (duplex) printing/copying is an integrated product function. Ergonomics for computing products The computer system meets the ergonomic requirements of EN 29241-3, -7, -8 for CRT displays and EN-ISO13406-2 for flat panel displays. The product keyboard meets the requirements of ISO 9995 and EN 29241-4. The computer input device meets the requirements of ISO 9241-9. Packaging and documentation Product packaging material type(s): Carton - Corrugated Paper weight (kg): 2.36 Product packaging material type(s): Carton - Corrugated Paper weight (kg): 0.41 Product packaging material type(s): Cushion - PE-E weight (kg): 0.47 Product packaging material type(s): Bag - PE weight (kg): 0.061 Product plastic packaging is halogen free (including PVC) User and product documentation do not contain chlorine bleached paper User and product documentation contain recycled paper Additional information "The IT Eco Declaration covers the product base model only. If optional items with moving parts are added, like extra hard disks or graphic cards with fans etc, these can change energy and acoustics values for which HP can take no responsibility."
P13.2* P13.3* P13.4* P14
Energy consumption for specific system configurations can be determined using the HP Enterprise Configurator at http://h30099.www3.hp.com/configurator/
NOTE: Additional lines may be inserted to declare further items, by positioning the cursor at the far right of the row and hitting the [Enter] key. Annex B of ECMA-370 2nd Edition, December 2006 Page 4 (4)
TEST REPORT OCTOBER 2008 Performance of Dell and HP servers running Windows Small Business Server 2008
Dell Inc. (Dell) commissioned Principled Technologies (PT) to measure the performance of a Dell and an HP server running Microsofts Windows Small Business Server 2008 (SBS2008): Dell PowerEdge T300 HP ProLiant ML310 G5
The Dell PowerEdge T300 delivered an average of 51.6 percent better performance across the three workloads on Windows Small Business Server 2008 than did the HP ProLiant ML310 G5 (see Figure 1). The Dell PowerEdge T300 produced a 95.1 percent higher performance-per-dollar result across the three workloads on Windows Small Business Server 2008 than the HP ProLiant ML310 G5 (see Figure 2).
We simultaneously ran workloads that simulated three of the functions a typical small business server may have to handle: Web, email, and database service. We used WebBench to simulate Web traffic, Microsoft Exchange Load Generator (LoadGen) to simulate email activity, and SysBench to simulate the database activity. The Workload section provides more information on each of the benchmarks.
Figure 1 presents averaged results for the two servers running SBS2008 on the three workloads relative to the lower-performing server, the HP ProLiant ML310 G5. For each benchmark, we assigned a value of 100 percent to that servers results and then calculated the percentage performance improvement of the Dell PowerEdge T300. This approach makes each data point a comparative number, with higher numbers indicating better performance. Finally, we took the percentage performance Averaged peformance relative to the HP ProLiant ML310 G5 improvement over the HP 1.6 ProLiant ML310 G5 for the three benchmarks and 1.4 averaged them.
1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0
Dell PowerEdge T300 HP ProLiant ML310 G5
As Figure 1 illustrates, while running SBS2008, the Dell PowerEdge T300 delivered an average of 51.6 percent better performance across the three benchmarks than did the HP ProLiant ML310 G5. For each of the two servers, we took the averaged relative performance results in Figure 1 and divided them by the price (see Appendix B). For ease of comparison,
Figure 1: Averaged performance of the two test servers running SBS2008 across the three benchmarks relative to the HP ProLiant ML310 G5. Higher numbers are better.
we then normalized those results to that of the HP ProLiant ML310 G5. As Figure 2 illustrates, the Dell PowerEdge T300 produced a 95.1 percent higher performance-per-dollar result running SBS2008 than the HP ProLiant ML310 G5.
WebBench WebBench 5.0 (128-bit US version) is an industry-standard benchmark for Web server software and hardware. It uses PC clients to send Web requests to a server under test. It generates performance results by incrementally increasing the number of clients making HTTP 1.0 GET requests to the Web server; the result is a curve Figure 2: Normalized performance-per-dollar result of the test servers running showing the servers performance SBS2008 across the three benchmarks. Higher numbers are better. under increasing load. The peak of that curve represents the peak throughput of the server. WebBench reports both the total number of requests per second the server handled and the servers total throughput in bytes per second. To be certain that we found the true peak performance in our testing, we verified that the servers processor utilization reached or was extremely close to 100 percent during the test. LoadGen Microsoft Exchange LoadGen 2007 is an industry-standard tool for benchmarking an Exchange 2007 Mail Server. LoadGen performs tasks to simulate a standard user generating mail activity. When the workload finishes, LoadGen reports the response time, which is the number of seconds necessary to complete the task. SysBench The developers at SourceForge.net (www.sourceforge.net) created SysBench to test various aspects of the performance of servers running database systems. The benchmarks original target was the MySQL database system (see www.mysql.com). Intel created a version of SysBench 0.4.0 that would work with Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Enterprise Edition (www.microsoft.com/sql/editions/enterprise/default.mspx). We ran that version in our test. SysBench created a 100,000-row SQL database and executed a batch of online transaction processing (OLTP) transactions against that data.
For testing, we staggered the starting times of the benchmarks to allow each server to ramp up slowly. We began the benchmarks in the following order: WebBench, SysBench, and Microsoft LoadGen. Figure 3 shows a timeline for the benchmark runs. To obtain the final results, we removed the first and last parts of WebBench and SysBench runs, and computed the results based on the 30 minutes of peak performance during the LoadGen run.
Principled Technologies, Inc.: Performance of Dell and HP servers running Windows Small Business Server 2008
Multiple benchmark timeline 45 minutes total time 00:00 00:05 00:10 00:15 00:20 00:25 00:30 00:35 00:40 00:45
WebBench SysBench LoadGen
Figure 3: The timeline we followed when starting the benchmarks for the multiple-benchmark runs on all servers. The shaded areas from 00:15 to 00:45 represent the period that we measured performance.
Figure 4 presents results for the two servers on the three benchmarks relative to the lower-performing server, the HP ProLiant ML310 G5. For each benchmark, we assigned a value of 100 percent to that servers results and then calculated the percentage performance improvement of the Dell PowerEdge T300. This approach makes each data point a comparative number, with higher numbers indicating better performance. Finally, we took the percentage performance improvement over the HP ProLiant ML310 G5 for the three benchmarks and averaged them. As Figure 4 shows, the Dell PowerEdge T300 running SBS2008 achieved better performance on all benchmarks than the HP ProLiant ML310 G5. Each result below is the median of three runs. We used LoadGen to determine the median for all runs. Average of Web, email, and database scores (relative to HP ProLiant ML310 G5) 151.6% 100.0%
Percentage CPU utilization
Web requests per second (relative to HP ProLiant ML310 G5) 107.4% 100.0%
Email response time (relative to HP ProLiant ML310 G5) 145.2% 100.0%
Database transactions per second (relative to HP ProLiant ML310 G5) 202.2% 100.0%
Figure 4: Performance relative to the HP ProLiant ML310 G5 for the two servers on the three benchmarks. Higher numbers are better.
WebBench results We ran WebBenchs default ecommerce API test suite, which generates both secure and non-secure static and dynamic HTTP 1.0 GET requests. While running the ecommerce suite, the clients must negotiate to a secure Web server port using the Secure Socket Layer (SSL) protocol. A default WebBench test suite incrementally increases the number of clients making the HTTP 1.0 GET requests to the Web server. As the workload increases the number of clients, the Web servers processor utilization also increases, until the processor in the Web server is saturated with work. Each workload point with a fixed number of clients is a WebBench mix. The ecommerce API test suite begins with a mix that involves one client; the next mix has four clients, and each subsequent mix increases the number of clients by four to a total of 60 clients. We modified the test suite so it
Principled Technologies, Inc.: Performance of Dell and HP servers running Windows Small Business Server 2008 3
would run eight clients with 10 engines per client for the entire test. This allowed us to keep a constant Web load on the server. We performed the standard 16 mixes for testing. A WebBench run reports the total requests per second a server can perform and the total throughput, in bytes per second, that the server delivered. WebBench reports these results for each mix. To obtain the results below, we averaged the requests per second and throughput from the mixes that ran during the peak performance of the benchmark run as illustrated in Figure 3. Figure 5 shows the WebBench peak results in requests per second and in throughput (bytes per second) for the two test servers. Each result below is the median of three runs. Server Dell PowerEdge T300 HP ProLiant ML310 Throughput (bytes per second) 145,744,417.8 138,050,593.2 Requests per second (raw) 9,355.6 8,714.8 Requests per second (relative HP ProLiant ML310 G5) 107.4% 100.0%
Figure 5: Median WebBench results for the two servers. Higher numbers are better.
LoadGen results LoadGen results show the response time each for each server, the time in milliseconds it took to complete a request. Because the object of the server is to handle as many requests as possible, lower scores, which show a server able to handle more requests in a given time, are better. Because the results are in response time for each tasks, we created a weighted average to calculate a final score. To create a weighted average, we used the same procedure used in Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Load Simulator (LoadSim), another tool used to test Exchange Mail Servers that Microsoft has replaced with LoadGen. Figure 6 shows the weighted average we used for testing. Task Name BrowseCalendar Logon Logoff SendMail ReadAndProcessMessages MoveMail DeleteMail ExportMail CreateFolder PublicFolderPost BrowsePublicFolder PostFreeBusy RequestMeeting MakeAppointment Total
Figure 6: Weighted average for LoadGen tasks.
Weight 1 1
Task Name BrowseContacts CreateContact BrowseTasks CreateTask EditRules DownloadOab EditSmartFolders SynchronizeFolders Search InitializeMailbox UserInit UserTerm ModuleInit ModuleTerm
People usually run LoadGen tests on servers with large disk storage systems, i.e., a large number of total disk drives. Because our testing focused on small business servers, which do not typically have a large number of disks, the scaling between the servers was not as good as the other benchmarks. The systems were mostly bottlenecked waiting on the disk, prohibiting a large amount of scaling. This bottleneck created an inverse relationship between SysBench and LoadSim results: as SysBench scores increased, LoadSim scores dropped and vice versa.
Principled Technologies, Inc.: Performance of Dell and HP servers running Windows Small Business Server 2008 4
For testing we used 75 Microsoft Exchange mailboxes; all of the servers could handle the load while performing other tasks. Figure 7 shows the average response time for both systems. Each result is the median of three runs. Median 95th percentile (relative to HP ProLiant ML310 G5) 145.2% 100.0%
Server Dell PowerEdge T300 HP ProLiant ML310 G5
Average response time (in seconds) 402.1 733.6
Figure 7: Median LoadGen results for the two servers. Lower response time is better.
SysBench results For testing, we created a script so each system would perform as many transactions as possible in a given time. The script processed 10,000 transactions as quickly as possible and then started over again. The output shows the completion time in seconds for each group of 10,000 transactions. We calculated the transactions per second by using the following formula: total transactions = transactions per second time in seconds Figure 8 shows the median SysBench results and processor utilization for the two test servers. Each result below is the median of three runs. Completion time (seconds) 30:00 30:00 Transactions completed 1,544,577 763,768 Transactions per second 858.1 424.3 Transactions per second (relative to HP ProLiant ML310 G5) 202.2% 100.0%
Server Dell PowerEdge T300 HP ProLiant ML310
Figure 8: Median SysBench results for the two servers. Higher numbers are better.
Figure 9 summarizes some key aspects of the configurations of the two server systems; Appendix A provides detailed configuration information. Server Processor frequency (GHz) Front-side bus frequency (MHz) Processors Motherboard chipset RAM (8 GB in each) Hard drive NICs Dell PowerEdge T300 3.16 1,333 Intel Xeon X5460 Intel 5100 PC2-5300 FB-DIMM 4 x 73GB SAS 2 x Broadcom NetXtreme Gigabit Ethernet HP ProLiant ML310 G5 3.00 1,333 Intel Xeon X3370 Intel 3200 PC2-x 73GB SAS HP NC326i PCIe Dual Port Gigabit Server Adapter
Figure 9: Key aspects of the server configurations.
Dell configured both servers, and PT purchased them. We began our testing by installing a fresh copy of Windows Small Business Server 2008 on each server. We followed this process for each installation:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.
Accept the default language settings. Click Install now. Enter the product key. Click Next. Select a Custom Install. Accept the default settings. Click Next at the Continue Installation screen. Set the time/date to the correct time/date. Click Do not get the most recent installation updates. Fill Out the Company information screen. Assign the computer a name of ORANGESERVER and a domain name of ORANGE. Fill out the Add a network administrator account screen with ro as the first name, ot as the last name, root as the Administrator use name and Passw0rd as the Administrator password.
General OS Stuff 1. Open the control panel. 2. Double-click User Accounts. 3. Click Turn User Account Control on or off. 4. Uncheck the radio box beside Use User Account Control (UAC) to help protect your computer. Installing and configuring the mail server Due to the nature of Windows SBS2008, all components for the mail server are setup upon initial installation of the OS. Installing and configuring the Web server Deploying WebBench data WebBench includes data that must reside on the server and that the Web server must use. We loaded that data and set the Web server to use it with the following procedure: 1. Copy the file wbtree.exe from the WebBench CD to the wwwroot directory on the server under test. (The wbtree.exe file is on the WebBench CD at \wb50\workload). 2. On the server, execute the wbtree.exe file. This program copies the WebBench workload to the server. 3. In the wwwroot folder on the server, create a new folder with the name CGI-BIN. 4. Copy the file simisapi.dll to the CGI-BIN folder. 5. Click Start Programs Administrative Tools Computer Management to open the management console. 6. Go to Services and Application Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager ServerName. 7. Click ISAPI and CGI Restrictions. 8. Click Add. 9. Put in the path for the simisapi.dll and click the radio box saying allow extension path to execute. Configuring Internet Information Services (IIS) We configured the Windows Internet Information Services Web server as follows: 1. Open Computer Management. 2. Go to Services and Application Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager ServerName. 3. Click MIME Types. 4. In the MIME Types window, click Add. 5. In the Extension field, type *. 6. In the MIME type field, type application/octet-stream, and click OK. 7. Click OK to exit the MIME Types window. 8. In the Computer Management window, go to Go to Services and Application Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager ServerName. 9. Click ISAPI and CGI Restrictions. 10. Click Edit Feature Settings. 11. Click the radio boxes beside Allow unspecified CGI module and Allow unspecified ISAPI modules. 12. Click OK. 13. Go to Services and Application Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager ServerName. 14. Double-click Logging. 15. Click Disable.
Principled Technologies, Inc.: Performance of Dell and HP servers running Windows Small Business Server 2008 6
Installing certificate services Because WebBench includes tests that involve security, we installed Windows Certificate Services as follows: 1. Go to Services and Application Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager ServerName. 2. Click on Server Certificates. 3. Click on Create Self-Signed Certificate. 4. Name it Performance, and click OK. 5. Go to Services and Application Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager ServerName Sites Default Web Site. 6. Click Bindings. 7. Click Add. 8. Set the type to https and set the SSL Certificate to Performance. 9. Click Yes when the warning pops up. 10. Click OK. Creating SSL Communication Finally, we had to enable SSL communication as follows: 1. Go to Computer and Application Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager ServerName. 2. Expand the Default Web site. 3. Expand wbtree. 4. Click Wbssl. 5. Click SSL Settings. 6. Check Require secure channel (SSL). 7. Check Require 128-bit encryption. 8. Click Apply. We then set the following operating system tuning parameters for optimum WebBench performance. When creating the following parameters, ensure that they are DWORD files, with decimal coding (rather than hexadecimal): HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Inetinfo\Parameters\MaxCachesFileSize to 1048576 HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\HTTP\Parameters\UriMaxUriBytes to 1048576 HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\FileSystem\NtfsDisableLastAccess to 1 HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters\MaxHashTableSize to 65535 Installing and configuring the database server Creating the test database and generating data 1. Select Start Microsoft SQL Server 2005 SQL Server Management Studio. 2. Click Connect to connect to the server. 3. Right-click the Database folder in the left window, and select New Database from the pop-up menu. 4. In the Database name field, type sbtest, and click OK. 5. Open a command prompt by selecting Start Run, type cmd, and click OK. 6. In the command prompt, type cd\ to change to C:\. 7. To prepare the database, type sysbench.exe --test=oltp --sqlhost=ORANGESERVER\SBSMONITORING --oltp-table-size=100000 prepare, and press Enter. 8. When the command finishes, the C:\ prompt appears. 9. Type exit, and press Enter to close the command prompt. 10. In SQL Server 2005 Management Studio, stop the database service by right-clicking server in the left window pane, and then select Stop from the drop-down menu. 11. Using Windows Explorer, create the folder C:\sysbench_backup. 12. With Windows Explorer, copy all sbtest files from C:\Program File (x86)\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL.1\MSSQL\Data\ to c:\sysbench_backup. (You should see two files: sbtest.mdf and sbtest_log.ldf.) 13. Close Windows Explorer once the copy completes. 14. Restart the database service using SQL Server 2005 Management Studio by right-clicking server and selecting Start.
Installing the mail test client We began our testing by installing a fresh copy of Microsoft Windows Server 2003 R2 x64, Enterprise Edition Service Pack 2 on the test client. Before following these instructions, make sure to statically assign an IP address for the client, and then plug that port into the system under test. This allows the client to correctly join the domain. We followed this process for each installation: 1. Assign a computer name of Clientx for the mail client, where x is the client number. 2. For the licensing mode, use the default setting of five concurrent connections. 3. Enter a password for the administrator log on. 4. Select Eastern Time Zone. 5. Use typical settings for the Network installation. 6. Use Testbed for the workgroup. To set up this server, we had to install several additional software components. The following subsections detail the necessary installation processes. Joining the domain 1. Right-click My Computer, and select Properties. 2. Under the Computer Name tab, click Change. 3. In the Computer Name Changes window, under the Member of section, select the Domain radial box, and type orange. 4. Select OK to start joining the domain. 5. When the window appears asking for a person qualified on the domain, enter root as the username and Passw0rd as the password. 6. Click OK at the welcome pop-up window and the window warning that you must reset the computer for the changes to take effect. 7. Click OK in the System Properties window. 8. When a pop-up appears asking if you want to restart now, click Yes to restart your computer. Installing Internet Information Services 6.0 1. Select Start Control Panel Add or Remove Programs. 2. Click Add/Remove Windows Components. 3. Select Application Servers, and click Details. 4. Click Active Directory Services, and make sure a check appears in the check box. 5. Select Internet Information Services (IIS), and click Details. 6. Click NNTP Services and SMTP Services, make sure a check appears in both check boxes, and click OK. 7. Click OK to close the Application Server window. 8. At the Windows Components Wizard, click Next to begin the installation. 9. When the system prompts you to do so, insert the OS CD, and click OK. 10. At the Completing the Windows Components Wizard window, click Finish. 11. Close the Add or Remove Programs window. Installing Exchange Server 2007 and Load Generator 1. Insert the Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 CD. The CD should automatically launch the installation software. 2. Click the link to Step 1: Install.NET Framework 2.0. 3. When you arrive at the download link, download the x64 version of the.NET Framework, and install. 4. Click the link to Step 3: Install Microsoft Windows PowerShell to be sent to the download link. 5. When you arrive at the download link, download Microsoft Windows PowerShell, and install with defaults. 6. Search for and download.NET 2.0 SP1 x64. 7. Install SP1 with all defaults. 8. Click the link to Step 4: Install Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 SP1. 9. Click Next to go past the introduction screen. 10. Accept the license agreement, and click Next. 11. Select No for error reporting, and click Next. 12. Select Custom Exchange Server Installation, and click Next. 13. Check Management Tools, and click Next. 14. After the check finishes, click Install to start the installation process.
Principled Technologies, Inc.: Performance of Dell and HP servers running Windows Small Business Server 2008 8
15. Once installation is complete, click Finish. 16. Download and install Load Generator using all defaults. Preparing Load Generator 1. Select Start All Programs Microsoft Exchange Exchange Load Generator. 2. When the Load Generator window appears, select Start a new test. 3. Select Create a new test configuration, and click Continue. 4. In the Specify test settings window, type Passw0rd as the Directory Access Password and Mailbox Account Master Password, and click Continue with recipient management. 5. Make 100 users in the Mailbox Database, and click Continue. 6. To accept defaults for Advanced recipient settings, click Continue. 7. In the Specify test user groups window, select the plus sign to add a user group. 8. Change the Client Type to Outlook 2007 Online and the Action Profile to MMB4, and click Continue. 9. Leave defaults in Remote configurations, and click Continue. 10. Click Save the configuration file as, and name it Loadgencfg. 11. Click Start the initialization phase (recommended before running the test) to start initialization. The initialization process might take a few hours. Back up the mail database On the test server, once youve set up LoadGen and created its initial mail database, you need to back up that database so you can have clean copies for each test. Use this process to back up that database. 1. Select Start All Programs Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 Exchange Management Console in the mail server. 2. In the left pane, under Server Configuration, click Mailbox. 3. In the right pane, right-click Mailbox Database, and select Dismount Database from the menu. 4. Click Yes on the Do you want to continue? pop-up message. 5. Right-click Public Folder Database, and select Dismount Database from the menu. 6. Click Yes on the Do you want to continue? pop-up message. The red arrow appears when youve dismounted the Public Folder Store. 7. Using Windows Explorer, create two new folders C:\backup\mailstore and C:\backup\publicstore. 8. With Windows Explorer, copy all files from C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Mailbox\First Storage Group to C:\backup\mailstore and all the files from C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Mailbox\Second Storage Group to C:\backup\publicstore. This process may take several minutes. 9. Close Windows Explorer. 10. In Exchange Management Console, right-click Mailbox Database, and select Mount Database from the menu. 11. Right-click the Public Folder Database, and select Mount Database from the menu. 12. Close Exchange System Manager. Run Methodology WebBench 1. Restart the Web Controller. 2. Double-Click the Web Controller shortcut on the desktop. 3. Go to the top bar and click Clients->Start Log In 4. Restart all of the Web Clients. 5. Wait for all of the Web Clients to show up on the left side of the WebBench Controller Program. 6. Click OK. 7. Click Yes when prompted if you would like to add a test suite. 8. Select Bermuda 8 client ecommerce_api_template.tst 9. Give the run an appropriate name (IE: Orange_WB_Run1) 10. Click OK. 11. Leave the Screen sitting at Would you like to start executing the test suites screen. LoadGen 1. Restart the Mail Client.
Principled Technologies, Inc.: Performance of Dell and HP servers running Windows Small Business Server 2008 9
2. Leave the screen sitting when it boots up. SysBench 1. Restart the system under test. 2. Let the SUT idle for 10 minutes 3. Run c:\sysbench_run1.cmd 4. Start WebBench when the script tells you to. 5. LoadGen and SysBench will kick off automatically in the next 15/30 minutes respectively. 6. Run the restore_all script between each run.
Network test bed configuration
To generate the workload, we used a network with 10 client PCs. Each PC contained an Intel Pentium 4 3.0GHz with HT Technology processor, 512MB of system memory, a 40GB hard drive, and a Gigabit Ethernet network adapter. We split eight of the clients into two segments, or subnets, of four clients each. We configured these clients with Windows XP Professional with Service Pack 2 and all critical updates available as of June 7, 2007. We connected each segment to the server under test via one NETGEAR GS724T Gigabit Smart Switch. To balance the load on the server and to prevent a network throughput bottleneck, we connected each segment to a separate network port. We used the remaining two clients for the WebBench controller and LoadGen client.
Appendix A Test system configuration information
This appendix provides detailed configuration information about each of the test server systems, which we list in alphabetical order.
General Number of processor packages Number of cores per processor package Number of hardware threads per core System power management policy CPU Vendor Name Stepping Socket type Core frequency (GHz) Front-side bus frequency (MHz) L1 cache L2 cache Platform Vendor and model number Motherboard chipset BIOS name and version BIOS settings Chipset INF driver Memory module(s) Vendor and model number Type Speed (MHz) Speed in the system currently running @ (MHz) Timing/latency (tCL-tRCD-iRPtRASmin) Size Number of RAM modules Chip organization Channel Hard disk Vendor and model number Number of disks in system Size Buffer size RPM Type Controller 1
Dell PowerEdge T4 1
HP ProLiant ML310 G5
Always on Intel Intel Xeon XSocket 771 LGA 3.16 1,KB + 32 KB (per core) 12 MB (2 x 6 MB) Dell Intel 5100 Dell 1.2.0 (04/07/2008) Default Intel 18.104.22.1687 Samsung M393T5160CZA-CE6 PC2-5300 FB-DIMM 5-5-5-12 8,192 MB 2 x 4,096 MB Double-sided Dual Seagate ST373455SS GB 16 MB 15,000 SAS Dell PERC 6/I Adapter RAID Controller
Always on Intel Intel Xeon X3370 A Socket 775 LGA 3.00 1,KB + 32 KB (per core) 12 MB (2 x 6 MB) HP Intel 3200 HP W05 (06/20/2008) Default NA Micron Technology MT18HTF25672AY-800E1 PC2-800 5-6-6-18 8,192 MB 4 x 2,048 MB Double-sided Dual Fujitsu MAX3073RC GB 16 MB 15,000 SAS Smart Array E200 Controller
Controller driver Operating system Name Build number Service Pack Microsoft Windows update date File system Kernel Language Microsoft DirectX version Graphics Vendor and model number Chipset BIOS version Type Memory size Resolution Driver Network card/subsystem Vendor and model number Type Driver Additional network adapter Driver Optical drive Vendor and model number Type Interface Dual/single layer USB ports Number of ports Type of ports (USB 1.1, USB 2.0)
Dell PowerEdge T300 Dell 22.214.171.124 (02/14/2008) Windows Small Business Server 2008 xNA NA NTFS ACPI x64-based PC English 10 ATI ES1000 ATI ES1000 BK-ATI VER008.005.031.000 Integrated 32 MB 1,280 x 1,024 ATI 126.96.36.19900 (01/21/2008) 2 x Broadcom NetXtreme Gigabit Ethernet Integrated Microsoft 10.10.0.1 (08/01/2006) Intel PRO/1000 PT Dual Port Server Adapter Intel 188.8.131.52 (02/06/2008) LG DH10N DVD-ROM IDE Dual layer 6 USB 2.0
HP ProLiant ML310 G5 HP 184.108.40.206 (03/31/2008) Windows Small Business Server 2008 xNA NA NTFS ACPI x64-based PC English 10 ATI ES1000 ATI ES1000 BK-ATI VER008.005.028.001 Integrated 32 MB 1,280 x 1,024 ATI 220.127.116.1100 (01/21/2008) HP NC326i PCIe Dual Port Gigabit Server Adapter Integrated HP 10.81.0.0 (03/20/2008) Intel PRO/1000 PT Dual Port Server Adapter Intel 18.104.22.168 (02/06/2008) LG GDRH20N DVD-ROM IDE Dual layer 4 USB 2.0
Figure 10: Detailed configuration information for the test systems.
Appendix B Price information
Figure 10 presents the price information for the test systems as of August 28, 2008. Prices exclude tax and shipping costs. System Price as of 8/28/08 Dell PowerEdge T300 $2,884.00 HP ProLiant ML310 G5 $3,711.00
Figure 11: Price information for the test systems. Prices exclude tax and shipping costs.
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Disclaimer of Warranties; Limitation of Liability: PRINCIPLED TECHNOLOGIES, INC. HAS MADE REASONABLE EFFORTS TO ENSURE THE ACCURACY AND VALIDITY OF ITS TESTING, HOWEVER, PRINCIPLED TECHNOLOGIES, INC. SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTY, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, RELATING TO THE TEST RESULTS AND ANALYSIS, THEIR ACCURACY, COMPLETENESS OR QUALITY, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE. ALL PERSONS OR ENTITIES RELYING ON THE RESULTS OF ANY TESTING DO SO AT THEIR OWN RISK, AND AGREE THAT PRINCIPLED TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ITS EMPLOYEES AND ITS SUBCONTRACTORS SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY WHATSOEVER FROM ANY CLAIM OF LOSS OR DAMAGE ON ACCOUNT OF ANY ALLEGED ERROR OR DEFECT IN ANY TESTING PROCEDURE OR RESULT. IN NO EVENT SHALL PRINCIPLED TECHNOLOGIES, INC. BE LIABLE FOR INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH ITS TESTING, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. IN NO EVENT SHALL PRINCIPLED TECHNOLOGIES, INC.S LIABILITY, INCLUDING FOR DIRECT DAMAGES, EXCEED THE AMOUNTS PAID IN CONNECTION WITH PRINCIPLED TECHNOLOGIES, INC.S TESTING. CUSTOMERS SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDIES ARE AS SET FORTH HEREIN.
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