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830CN/830CH/830CF USER'S MANUAL
M/B For Socket-A Athlon/Duron Processor
NO. G03-830CNR5A Release date: November 2001
* Specifications and Information contained in this documentation are furnished for information use only, and are to change at any time without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by manufacturer. subject
TABLE OF CONTENT
USERS NOTICE.... 1 MANUAL REVISION INFORMATION.. 2 THERMAL SOLUTIONS.. 2 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION OF 830CN/830CH/830CF MOTHERBOARD
1-1 1-2 1-3 1-4 FEATURE OF MOTHERBOARD... 3 SPECIFICATION... 4 PERFORMANCE LIST... 5 LAYOUT DIAGRAM & JUMPER SETTING.. 7
CHAPTER 2 HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2-1 HARDWARE INSTALLATION STEPS... 9 2-2 CHECKING MOTHERBOARD'S JUMPER SETTING. 9 2-3 INSTALL CPU.... 10 2-3-1 GLOSSARY... 10 2-3-2 ABOUT AMD ATHLON & DURON 462-PIN CPU.. 11 2-3-3 OVERCLOCK RUNNING... 12 2-4 INSTALL MEMORY... 13 2-5 EXPANSION CARD... 14 2-5-1 PROCEDURE FOR EXPANSION CARD INSTALLATION. 14 2-5-2 ASSIGNING IRQ FOR EXPANSION CARD.. 14 2-5-3 INTERRUPT REQUEST TABLE FOR THIS MOTHERBOARD. 15 2-5-4 AGP SLOT... 15 2-6 CONNECTORS, HEADERS.. 16 2-6-1 CONNECTORS.... 16 2-6-2 HEADERS... 19 2-7 STARTING UP YOUR COMPUTER... 23
CHAPTER 3 INTRODUCING BIOS
3-1 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 3-6 ENTERING SETUP.... 24 GETTING HELP... 25 THE MAIN MENU... 25 STANDARD CMOS FEATURES... 26 ADVANCED BIOS FEATURES... 28 ADVANCED CHIPSET FEATURES... 30 3-6-1 DRAM TIMING SETTINGS.. 31 3-6-2 AGP FUNCTION SETTING... 32 3-7 INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS... 32 3-7-1 ONCHIP IDE FUNCTION... 33
3-8 3-9 3-10 3-11 3-12 3-13
3-7-2 ONCHIP DEVICE FUNCTION.. 34 3-7-3 ONBOARD SUPERIO FUNCTION.. 35 POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP.. 36 3-8-1 PM WAKE UP EVENTS.. 37 PNP/PCI CONFIGURATION SETUP... 38 3-9-1 IRQ RESOURCES.... 39 PC HEALTH STATUS... 39 MISCELLANEOUS CONTROL... 40 LOAD STANDARD/OPTIMIZED DEFAULTS.. 40 SET SUPERVISOR/USER PASSWORD... 41
CHAPTER 4 DRIVER & FREE PROGRAM INSTALLATION
MAGIC INSTALL SUPPORTS WINDOWS 95/98/98SE/NT4.0/2000. 42 4-1 AGPVXD INSTALL SIS 630/730 AGPVXD DRIVER.. 43 4-2 VGA INSTALL SIS 630/730 VGA DRIVER. 44 4-3 SOUND INSTALL SIS 7018 AC'97 AUDIO DRIVER AND APPLICATION SOFTWARE.. 45 4-4 LAN INSTALL SIS 900 PCI FAST ETHERNET DRIVER.. 47 4-5 LANLED INSTALL SIS 900 LAND STATE UTILITY.. 48 4-6 PC-HEALTH WINBOND HARDWARE DOCTOR MONITORING SOFTWARE... 48 4-6-1 HOW TO UTILIZE PC-HEALTH... 49 4-7 MAGIC BIOS INSTALL BIOS LIVE UPDATE UTILITY. 50 4-8 PC-CILLIN INSTALL PC-CILLIN 2000 ANTI-VIRUS PROGRAM. 51 4-9 HOW TO DISABLE ON-BOARD SOUND.. 53 4-10 HOW TO UPDATE BIOS... 53
COPYRIGHT OF THIS MANUAL BELONGS TO THE MANUFACTURER. NO PART OF THIS MANUAL, INCLUDING THE PRODUCTS AND SOFTWARE DESCRIBED IN IT MAY BE REPRODUCED, TRANSMITTED OR TRANSLATED INTO ANY LANGUAGE IN ANY FORM OR BY ANY MEANS WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION OF THE MANUFACTURER. THIS MANUAL CONTAINS ALL INFORMATION REQUIRED TO USE 830CN/830CH/ 830CF MOTHER-BOARD AND WE DO ASSURE THIS MANUAL MEETS USERS REQUIREMENT BUT WILL CHANGE, CORRECT ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE. MANUFACTURER PROVIDES THIS MANUAL AS IS WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, AND WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING DAMANGES FOR LOSS OF PROFIT, LOSS OF BUSINESS, LOSS OF USE OF DATA, INTERRUPTION OF BUSINESS AND THE LIKE). PRODUCTS AND CORPORATE NAMES APPEARING IN THIS MANUAL MAY OR MAY NOT BE REGISTERED TRADEMARKS OR COPYRIGHTS OF THEIR RESPECTIVE COMPANIES, AND THEY ARE USED ONLY FOR IDENTIFICATION OR EXPLANATION AND TO THE OWNERS BENEFIT, WITHOUT INTENT TO INFRINGE.
Manual Revision Information
Reversion 5.0 Revision History Fifth Edition Date November 2001
830CN/830CH/830CF Motherboard Cable for IDE/Floppy CD for motherboard utilities Cable for USB Port 3/4 (Option) 830CN/830CH/830CF Users Manual
AMD Athlon / Duron Processor Family
As processor technology pushes to faster speeds and higher performance, thermal management becomes increasingly crucial when building computer systems. Maintaining the proper thermal environment is key to reliable, long-term system operation. The overall goal in providing the proper thermal environment is keeping the processor below its specified maximum case temperature. Heatsinks induce improved processor heat dissipation through increased surface area and concentrated airflow from attached fans. In addition, interface materials allow effective transfers of heat from the processor to the heatsink. For optimum heat transfer, AMD recommends the use of thermal grease and mounting clips to attach the heatsink to the processor. When selecting a thermal solution for your system, please refer to the website below for collection of heatsinks evaluated and recommended by AMD for use with AMD processors. Note, those heatsinks are recommended for maintaining the specified Maximum T case requirement. In addition, this collection is not intended to be a comprehensive listing of all heatsinks that support AMD processors. For vendor list of heatsink and fan, please visit http://www1.amd.com/products/duron/thermals http://www1.amd.com/products/athlon/thermals
Introduction of 830CN/830CH/830CF Motherboard
1-1 Feature of motherboard
The 830CN/830CH/830CF motherboard is design for use AMD Athlon / Duron processors, which utilize the Socket A design and the memory size expandable to 1GB. This motherboard use the newest SiS 730S chipset, whose front side bus (133MHz/ 266MHz (DDR) for 830CH/830CF/830CN. Provides a high performance/low cost solution for Socket A series CPUs based system, by integrating a high performance North Bridge, advanced hardware 2D/3D GUI engine and Super-South Bridge. Moreover, by integrating the Ultra AGP technology and advanced 128-bit graphic display interface, SiS 730S delivers AGP 4X performance and up to 2GB/s memory bandwidth, and provides powerful hardware decoding DVD accelerator to improve the DVD playback performance. On-board VGA memory can select from 8Mb to 64Mb. 830CH/830CF provides 4x Mode AGP slot support 4X AGP card for those wanting even greater graphic performance. However, due to chipsets specification, on board AGP slot supports n-Vidia TNT series VGA card only. 830CF also support 10/100 Mb Fast Ethernet controller for office requirement. This motherboard provides AC97 compliant interface that comprises digital audio engine with 3D-hardware accelerator, on-chip sample rate converter. This motherboard also provides dual USB host controller with four USB Ports that deliver better connectivity and 2x12Mb bandwidth. The built-in Fast PCI IDE controller supports Ultra DMA 33/66/100 function up to 100MB/s for data transfer rate. In addition, 830CN/830CH/830CF provides hardware monitor function that will monitoring and protects your computer. The 830CN/830CH/830CF motherboard provides special function in BIOS Setup to setting CPU Host clock step by step increasing let users to approach over clocking. This motherboard provides high performance & meets future specification demand. It is really wise choice for your computer.
Design Chipset Clock Generator
Micro ATX form factor 4 layers PCB size: 24.4x21.0cm SiS 730S Chipset for 830CN/830CH/830CF Support 100/133MHz Front Side Bus Clock (CPU Bus clock) Support 100/133MHz system memory clock Support 33MHz PCI Bus clock Support AMD Athlon 600MHz1.33GHz processor Support AMD Duron 600MHz850MHz processor Support 100/133 MHz CPU Bus clock Support 266MHz DDR (Double Data Rate) F.S.B. (for 830CN
Integrate VGA Integrate IDE
(Only for 830CF)
Reserves support for future AMD Athlon/Duron processors 168-pin DIMM socket x2 PC-100/PC-133 SDRAM Expandable to 1GB Support 3.3V SDRAM Module 32-bit PCI slot x3, 2.2 Specification Compliant CNR slot x1 support Audio, Modem only AGP Slot x1 (Only for 830CH/830CF) 3D graphic acceleration VGA Memory Selectable by BIOS from 8MB to 64MB Two PCI IDE controllers support PCI Bus Mastering, ATA PIO/DMA and the ULTRA DMA 33/66/100 functions that deliver the data transfer rate up to 100 MB/s Fast Ethernet Controller 10/100 Mbps AC97 Digital Audio controller integrated AC97 Audio CODEC on board Audio driver and utility included Award 2MB Flash ROM PS/2 keyboard and PS/2 mouse connectors Floppy disk drive connector x1 Parallel port x1 Serial port x2 USB connector x2,USB headers x2 (connecting cable option) Audio connector (Line-in, Line-out, MIC & Game Port)
BIOS Multi I/O
1-3 Performance List
The following performance data list is the testing result of some popular benchmark testing programs. These data are just referred by users, and there is no responsibility for different testing data values gotten by users (the different Hardware & Software configuration will result in different benchmark testing results.)
AMD K7 900MHz FC-PGA package CPU: 128M SDRAM x2 (Hyundai GM 72V66841ET75) DRAM: VGA Expansion Card: On Board VGA IBM DTLA-305040 (ATA-100) Hard Disk Driver: Award Optimal default BIOS: Win 98SE OS:
Performance Test Report
Share 8M Share 16M Share 32M
3D Mark 3D Mark 3D Winbench 99 V1.3D Winbench 2000 16.1 18.8 19.8 Final Reality 5.04 5.02 5.00 Winstone 99 V1.3 28.7 28.5 28.7 Content Creation Winstone 2000 34.6 32.5 33.9 Content Creation Winstone 2001 38.2 37.6 36.7 Business Winstone 2001 32.1 31.9 31.7 Winbench 99 : CPU Mark 99 70.8 70.7 70.6 FPU Winmark Business Disk WinmarkHi-end Disk WinmarkBusiness Graphic Winmark 227 Hi-end Graphic Winmark 884 SYS Mark 2000 : SISMark 2000 Rating ( Internet Content Creation / Office Productivity ) Suites 152 (154/151) 153 (153/153) 153 (154/153) Official 152 (155/149) 153 (153/153) 153 (155/152) SISOFT Sandra 2000 : CPU MIPS 2772 FPU MFLOPS 1188 CPU / Memory MB/S 252 FPU / Memory MB/S 297 QUAKE3 : DEMO1 FPS 25.9 26.2 26.2 DEMO2 FPS 24.7 24.9 25.0
AMD K7 1.2GHz FC-PGA package 128M SDRAM x2 (Hyundai GM 72V66841ET75)
VGA Expansion Card: On Board VGA IBM DTLA-305040 (ATA-100) Hard Disk Driver: Award Optimal default BIOS: Win 98SE OS:
2466 3D Mark 3D Mark 3D Winbench 99 V1.2 22.2 27.3 29.8 3D Winbench 2000 9.28 6.29 6.29 Final Reality 32.6 33.5 32.3 Winstone 99 V1.3 39.4 40.9 37.2 Content Creation Winstone 2000 45.5 45.4 45.5 Content Creation Winstone 2001 39.2 39.2 39.3 Business Winstone 2001 Winbench 99 : CPU Mark 99 94.8 94.4 94.4 FPU Winmark Business Disk WinmarkHi-end Disk WinmarkBusiness Graphic Winmark 304 Hi-end Graphic Winmark 1170 SYS Mark 2000 : SISMark 2000 Rating ( Internet Content Creation / Office Productivity ) Suites 193 (198/190) 195 (197/194) 194 (195/194) Official 193 (199/188) 197 (199/196) 195 (200/192) SISOFT Sandra 2000 : CPU MIPS 3687 FPU MFLOPS 1579 CPU / Memory MB/S 334 FPU / Memory MB/S 395 QUAKE3 : DEMO1 FPS 31.9 32.0 32.2 DEMO2 FPS 30.5 30.8 30.9
1-4 Layout Diagram & Jumper Setting
Only for 830CF
PS/2 MOUSE LAN PRINT GAME/MIDI PORT
MIC_IN LINE _I C D_IN2 C D_IN LINE _O U11
C M1 O
AC 97 CO C DE
PS/2 MO USE & K/B
Jumper S1 Name CPU Front Side Bus Frequency Setting Description 1x2-pin Block Page P.9
C SLO NR T
ATX PO RC NN. WE O
C NR AUDIO C M2 O IR
PC 2 I
PC 1 I
TURBO IDELE LED R T SPKR D ESE
SMI TURBO S/W S/W
Only for 830CH/830CF
PC 3 I
ZIF SO KE A C T
PO R WE LE D
IDE 2 IDE1 FDD
Keyboard Power ON Function Setting CMOS RAM Clear Name ATX Power Connector PS/2 Mouse & Keyboard Connector USB Port Connector LAN Port Connector Parallel Port Connector VGA Port Connector Audio/Game Connector Serial Port COM1 Connector Floppy Driver Connector Primary IDE Connector Secondary IDE Connector Name COM2 Headers USB Port Headers IDE activity LED Turbo LED switch Reset switch lead Speaker connector Power LED Power switch Wake On-LAN Headers FAN Speed Headers IR infrared module Headers CD Audio-In Headers AUX-IN Audio Input Header Audio External Connector Name AMD CPU Socket DIMM Module Socket PCI Slot AGP Slot CNR Slot
1-2 closed Clear CMOS
2-3 closed Normal (default)
CMOS RAM Clear Setting
2-3 Install CPU
Chipset (or core logic) - two or more integrated circuits which control the interfaces between the system processor, RAM, I/O devises, and adapter cards. Processor slot/socket - the slot or socket used to mount the system processor on the motherboard. Slot (AGP, PCI, ISA, RAM) - the slots used to mount adapter cards and system RAM. AGP - Accelerated Graphics Port - a high speed interface for video cards; runs at 1X (66MHz), 2X (133MHz), or 4X (266MHz). PCI - Peripheral Component Interconnect - a high speed interface for video cards, sound cards, network interface cards, and modems; runs at 33MHz. ISA - Industry Standard Architecture - a relatively low speed interface primarily used for sound cards and modems; runs at approx. 8MHz. Serial Port - a low speed interface typically used for mouse and external modems. Parallel Port - a low speed interface typically used for printers. PS/2 - a low speed interface used for mouse and keyboards. USB - Universal Serial Bus - a medium speed interface typically used for mouse, keyboards, scanners, scanners, and some digital cameras. Sound (interface) - the interface between the sound card or integrated sound connectors and speakers, MIC, game controllers, and MIDI sound devices. LAN (interface) - Local Area Network - the interface to your local area network. BIOS (Basic Input/Output System) - the program logic used to boot up a computer and establish the relationship between the various components. Driver - software, which defines the characteristics of a device for use by another device or other software. Processor - the "central processing unit" (CPU); the principal integrated circuit used for doing the "computing" in "personal computer"
Front Side Bus Frequency - the working frequency of the motherboard, which is generated by the clock generator for CPU, DRAM and PCI BUS. CPU L2 Cache - the flash memory inside the CPU, normally Athlon CPU has 256K or above, while Duron will have 64K.
2-3-2 About AMD Athlon & Duron 462-pin CPU
This motherboard supports Socket-A (Socket-462) AMD Athlon/Duron processors. This motherboard provides a ZIF Socket-A. The CPU that comes with the motherboard should have a cooling FAN attached to prevent overheating. If this is not the case, then purchase a correct cooling FAN before you turn on your system.
WARNING! Be sure that there is sufficient air circulation across the processors heatsink and CPU cooling FAN is working correctly, otherwise it may cause the processor and motherboard overheat and damage, you may install an auxiliary cooling FAN, if necessary. Due to this motherboard provides new function of protecting CPUyou must connect the CPU FAN connector on CPUFAN location in order to obtain this feature. Without connection on CPUFAN (or you have connect CPU FAN on SYSFAN), the system will shut down immediately to protect both your CPU and motherboard.
To install a CPU, first turn off your system and remove its cover. Locate the ZIF socket and open it by first pulling the level sideways away from the socket then upward to a 90-degree angle. Insert the CPU with the correct orientation as shown below. The notched corner should point toward the end of the level. Because the CPU has a corner pin for two of the four corners, the CPU will only fit in the orientation as shown.
CPU ZIF Socket-A
When you put the CPU into the ZIF socket. No forces require to insert of the CPU, then press the level to Locate position slightly without any extra force.
2-3-3 Over clock Running
This section is for experienced motherboard installer only. Over clocking can result in system instability or even shortening life of the processor.
After setting the Jumper S1 you can choose over clock running by BIOS CMOS SETUP UTILITY. When you entered CMOS SETUP UTILITY, choose Miscellaneous Control you will see the screen as below, when setting clock control by software, you can setting Host Clock step by step in Host Clock at next boot from 100MHz to 166MHz for user approach over clock running.
CMOS Setup Utility Copyright(C) 1984-2000 Award Software Miscellaneous Control Auto Detect DIMM/PCI Clk Enabled Spread Spectrum Disabled Clock Control By Software ** Current Host Clock is 100 MHz ** HOST clock at next boot is 100 Mhz ** Current DRAM Clock is 100 MHz ** DRAM clock at next boot is 100 Mhz (HOST CLK) Item Help Menu Level >
Move Enter:Select Item +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F5:Previous Values
F6:Optimized Defaults F7:Standard Defaults
Clock Control This item allows you to set the CPU Host Clock by Hardware (Jumper S1), or by Software (BIOS) Host clock at next boot is When Clock Control setting By Software, this item allows you to set CPU Host Clock step by step from 100MHz to 166MHz, use Page Down/Page Up key can change the frequency to approach over clocking. DRAM clock at next boot is This item allows you to set the DRAM clock synchronous as CPU Host Clock, or Asynchronous as Host clock *4/3 to approach your SDRAM specification.
2-4 Install Memory
This motherboard provides two 168-pin DUAL INLINE MEMORY MODULES (DIMM) sites for memory expansion available from minimum memory size of 16MB to maximum memory size of 1GB SDRAM. Valid Memory Configurations
Bank Bank 0, 1 (DIMM1) Bank 2, 3 (DIMM2) Total 168-Pin DIMM SDRAM 32, 64, 128, 256, 512MB SDRAM 32, 64, 128, 256, 512MB System Memory (Max. 1GB) X1 X1 Total Memory 16MB512MB 16MB512MB 16MB1GB
Generally, installing SDRAM modules to your motherboard is very easy, you can refer to figure 2-4 to see what a 168-Pin PC100 & PC133 SDRAM module looks like.
DIMM1 (BANK0+ BANK1) DIMM2 (BANK2+BANK3)
When you install DIMM module fully into the DIMM socket the eject tab should be locked into the DIMM module very firmly and fit into its indention on both sides.
For the SDRAM CLOCK is set at 133MHz, use only PC133-compliant DIMMs. When this motherboard operate at 133Mhz, most system will not even boot if non-compliant modules are used because of the strict timing issues, if your DIMM are not PC133-compliant, set the SDRAM clock to 100MHz to ensure system stability.
2-5 Expansion Cards
Turn off your power when adding or removing expansion cards or other system components. Failure to do so may cause severe damage to both your motherboard and expansion cards.
2-5-1 Procedure For Expansion Card Installation
1. Read the documentation for your expansion card and make any necessary hardware or software setting for your expansion card such as jumpers. 2. Remove your computers cover and the bracket plate on the slot you intend to use. 3. Align the cards connectors and press firmly. 4. Secure the card on the slot with the screen you remove above. 5. Replace the computer systems cover. 6. Set up the BIOS if necessary. 7. Install the necessary software driver for your expansion card.
2-5-2 Assigning IRQs For Expansion Card
Some expansion cards need an IRQ to operate. Generally, an IRQ must exclusively assign to one use. In a standard design, there are 16 IRQs available but most of them are already in use.
Standard Interrupt Assignments
2 3* 4* 5* 6 7* 8 9* 10 * 11 * 12 * * 15 *
System Timer Keyboard Controller Programmable Interrupt Communications Port (COM2) Communications Port (COM1) Sound Card (sometimes LPT2) Floppy Disk Controller Printer Port (LPT1) System CMOS/Real Time Clock ACPI Mode when enabled IRQ Holder for PCI Steering IRQ Holder for PCI Steering PS/2 Compatible Mouse Port Numeric Data Processor Primary IDE Channel Secondary IDE Channel
* These IRQs are usually available for ISA or PCI devices.
2-5-3 Interrupt Request Table For This Motherboard
Interrupt request are shared as shown the table below:
PCI slot 1 PCI slot 2 PCI slot 3 Onboard VGA AC97/MC97 Onboard USB Onboard USB 2
Shared Shared Shared
IMPORTANT! If using PCI cards on shared slots, make sure that the drivers support Shared IRQ or that the cards dont need IRQ assignments. Conflicts will arise between the two PCI groups that will make the system unstable or cards inoperable.
5VSB G ND WO N
(10) FAN Speed Headers (3-pin): CPUFAN, SYSFAN These connectors support cooling fans of 350mA (4.2 Watts) or less, depending on the fan manufacturer, the wire and plug may be different. The red wire should be positive, while the black should be ground. Connect the fans plug to the board taking into consideration the polarity of connector.
(11) IR infrared module Headers (9-pin): IR This connector supports the optional wireless transmitting and receiving infrared module. You must configure the setting through the BIOS setup to use the IR function.
VC C IR X R G ND IR TX
NC C R IR X IO VSB NC NC
IR: (Pin1Pin5) for Standard IR CIR: (Pin6Pin10) for Consumer IR
Infrared Module Headers
(12) CD Audio-In Headers (4-pin): CD_IN, CD_IN2 CD_IN and CD_IN2 are the connectors for CD-Audio Input signal. Please connect it to CD-ROM CD-Audio output connector.
CD Audio-In Headers
(13) AUX-In Headers (4-pin): AUX_IN
AUX In Headers
(14) Audio External Connector (9-pin): AUDIO
L-IN-L G ND MIC L-O UT-L
L-IN-R G ND MIC P G ND L-O UT-R
Audio External Connector
2-7 Starting Up Your Computer
1. After all connection are made, close your computer case cover. 2. Be sure all the switch are off, and check that the power supply input voltage is set to proper position, usually in-put voltage is 220V240V or 110V120V depending on your countrys voltage used. 3. Connect the power supply cord into the power supply located on the back of your system case according to your system users manual. 4. Turn on your peripheral as following order: a. Your monitor. b. Other external peripheral (Printer, Scanner, External Modem etc) c. Your system power. For ATX power supplies, you need to turn on the power supply and press the ATX power switch on the front side of the case. 5. The power LED on the front panel of the system case will light. The LED on the monitor may light up or switch between orange and green after the system is on. If it complies with green standards or if it is has a power standby feature. The system will then run power-on test. While the test are running, the BIOS will alarm beeps or additional message will appear on the screen. If you do not see any thing within 30 seconds from the time you turn on the power. The system may have failed on power-on test. Recheck your jumper settings and connections or call your retailer for assistance. Beep One short beep when displaying logo Long beeps in an endless loop One long beep followed by three short beeps High frequency beeps when system is working Meaning No error during POST No DRAM install or detected Video card not found or video card memory bad CPU overheated System running at a lower frequency
6. During power-on, press <Delete> key to enter BIOS setup. Follow the instructions in BIOS SETUP. 7. Power off your computer: You must first exit or shut down your operating system before switch off the power switch. For ATX power supply, you can press ATX power switching after exiting or shutting down your operating system. If you use Windows 9X, click Start button, click Shut down and then click Shut down the computer? The power supply should turn off after windows shut down.
The BIOS is a program located on a Flash Memory on the motherboard. This program is a bridge between motherboard and operating system. When you start the computer, the BIOS program gain control. The BIOS first operates an auto-diagnostic test called POST (power on self test) for all the necessary hardware, it detects the entire hardware device and configures the parameters of the hardware synchronization. Only when these tasks are completed done it gives up control of the computer to operating system (OS). Since the BIOS is the only channel for hardware and software to communicate, it is the key factor for system stability, and in ensuring that your system performance as its best. In the BIOS Setup main menu of Figure 3-1, you can see several options. We will explain these options step by step in the following pages of this chapter, but let us first see a short description of the function keys you may use here: Press <Esc> to quit the BIOS Setup. Press (up, down, left, right) to choose, in the main menu, the option you want to confirm or to modify. Press <F10> when you have completed the setup of BIOS parameters to save these parameters and to exit the BIOS Setup menu. Press Page Up/Page Down or +/ keys when you want to modify the BIOS parameters for the active option.
3-1 Entering Setup
Power on the computer and by pressing <Del> immediately allows you to enter Setup. If the message disappears before your respond and you still wish to enter Setup, restart the system to try again by turning it OFF then ON or pressing the RESET button on the system case. You may also restart by simultaneously pressing <Ctrl>, <Alt> and <Delete> keys. If you do not press the keys at the correct time and the system does not boot, an error message will be displayed and you will again be asked to Press <F1> to continue, <Ctrl-Alt-Esc> or <Del> to enter Setup
3-2 Getting Help
Main Menu The on-line description of the highlighted setup function is displayed at the bottom of the screen. Status Page Setup Menu/Option Page Setup Menu Press F1 to pop up a small help window that describes the appropriate keys to use and the possible selections for the highlighted item. To exit the Help Window, press <Esc>.
The BIOS attempts to load the operating system from the devices in the sequence selected in these items. The settings are Floppy, LS/ZIP, HDD-0/HDD-1/HDD-3, SCSI, CDROM, LAN and Disabled. Swap Floppy Drive Switches the floppy disk drives between being designated as A and B. Default is Disabled. Boot Up Floppy Seek During POST, BIOS will determine if the floppy disk drive installed is 40 or 80 tracks. 360K type is 40 tracks while 760K, 1.2M and 1.44M are all 80 tracks. Boot Up NumLock Status The default value is On. On (default) Keypad is numeric keys. Keypad is arrow keys. Off Gate A20 Option The A20 signal is controlled by keyboard controller or chipset hardware. Normal Fast (default) The A20 signal is controlled by port 92 or chipset specific method. Typematic Rate Setting Keystrokes repeat at a rate determined by the keyboard controller. When enabled, the typematic rate and typematic delay can be selected. The settings are: Enabled/Disabled. Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec) Sets the number of times a second to repeat a keystroke when you hold the key down. The settings are: 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 20, 24, and 30. Typematic Delay (Msec) Sets the delay time after the key is held down before is begins to repeat the keystroke. The settings are 250, 500, 750, and 1000. Security Option This category allows you to limit access to the system and Setup, or just to Setup. The system will not boot and access to Setup will be denied if the System correct password is not entered at the prompt. (default) The system will boot, but access to Setup will be denied if the correct Setup password is not entered prompt. OS Select For DRAM > 64MB Allows OS2 to be used with >64MB or DRAM. Settings are Non-OS/2 (default) and OS2. Set to OS/2 if using more than 64MB and running OS/2. Report No FDD For Win 95 Whether report no FDD for Win 95 or not. The settings are: Yes, No.
3-6 Advanced Chipset Features
The Advanced Chipset Features Setup option is used to change the values of the chipset registers. These registers control most of the system options in the computer.
CMOS Setup Utility Copyright(C) 1984-2000 Award Software Advanced Chipset Features DRAM Timing Settings AGP Function Settings PCI GRANT Parking on Memory Parity Check System BIOS Cacheable Video RAM Cacheable Memory Hole at 15M-16M System Share Memory Size Press Enter Press Enter PMR Disabled Disabled Disabled Disabled 8MB Item Help Menu Level >
Move Enter:Select Item +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F1:General Help F5:Previous Values F6:Optimized Defaults F7:Standard Defaults
DRAM Timing Settings Please refer to section 3-6-1 AGP Function Settings This option determines the effective size of the graphics aperture used in the particular PAC configuration. The AGP aperture is memory-mapped, while graphics data structure can reside in a graphics aperture. The aperture range should be programmed as not cacheable in the processor cache, accesses with the aperture range are forwarded to the main memory, then PAC will translate the original issued address via a translation table that is maintained on the main memory. The option allows the selection of an aperture size of 32MB, 64MB. Please refer to section 3-6-2 PCI GRANT Parking On The settings are: PMR, PCI Master. Memory Parity Check This function provides parity check of memory. The choice is either Disabled or Enabled. System BIOS Cacheable Selecting Enabled allows caching of the system BIOS ROM at F0000h-FFFFFh, resulting in better system performance. However, if any program writes to this memory area, a system error may result. The settings are: Enabled and Disabled. Video RAM Cacheable Select Enabled allows caching of the video BIOS, resulting in better system performance. However, if any program writes to this memory area, a system error may result. The settings are: Enabled and Disabled. Memory Hole at 15M-16M You can reserve this area of system memory for ISA adapter ROM. When this area is reserved, it cannot be cached. The user information of peripherals that need to use this area of
system memory usually discusses their memory requirements. The settings are: Enabled and Disabled.
3-6-1 DRAM Timing Setting
CMOS Setup Utility Copyright(C) 1984-2000 Award Software DRAM Timing Setting Auto Configuration RAS Active Time RAS Precharg Time RAS to CAS Delay Early CKE Delay Adjustment Early CKE Delay 1T Control Write Recovery Time Background Command Lead-off Time Read/Write Cycles Lead-off Time CAS Latency Manual 6T 3T 3T Auto Normal 2T Delay 1T Delay 1T Auto Item Help Menu Level >>
Move Enter:Select Item +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESC:Exit F5:Previous Values F6:Optimized Defaults
RAS Active Time Select the number of SCLKs for an access cycle. The settings are: Auto (Default), 6T, 7T, 5T, 4T. RAS Precharge Time If an insufficient number of cycles is allowed for the RAS to accumulate its charge before DRAM refresh, the refresh may be incomplete and the DRAM may fail to retain date. Fast gives faster performance; and Slow gives more stable performance. This field applies only when synchronous DRAM is installed in the system. The settings are: Auto (default), 4T, 2T and 3T. RAS to CAS Delay This field lets you insert a timing delay between the CAS and RAS strobe signals, used when DRAM is written to, read from, or refreshed. Fast gives faster performance; and Slow gives more stable performance. This field applies only when synchronous DRAM is installed in the system. The settings are: 2 and 3. CAS Latency When synchronous DRAM is installed, the number of clock cycles of CAS latency depends on the DRAM timing. The settings are: Auto (Default) 2T and 3T.
3-6-2 AGP Function Settings
CMOS Setup Utility Copyright(C) 1984-2000 Award Software AGP Function Settings AGP Aperture Size AGP Driving Control AGP Driving Value 64MB Auto 88 Item Help
(Only for 830CH/CF)
3-7 Integrated Peripherals
CMOS Setup Utility Copyright(C) 1984-2000 Award Software Integrated Peripherals > OnChip IDE Function > OnChip Device Function > Onboard SuperIO Function Init Display First Press Enter Press Enter Press Enter PCI Slot Item Help Menu Level >
OnChip IDE Function Please refer to section 3-7-1 OnChip Device Function Please refer to section 3-7-2 Onboard SuperIO Function Please refer to section 3-7-3 Init Display First This item allows you to decide to activate whether PCI Slot or AGP VGA first. The settings are: PCI Slot, AGP Slot.
3-7-1 OnChip IDE Function
CMOS Setup Utility Copyright(C) 1984-2000 Award Software OnChip IDE Function Internal PCI/IDE Primary Master PIO Primary Slave PIO Secondary Master PIO Secondary Slave PIO Primary Master UDMA Primary Slave UDMA Secondary Master UDMA Secondary Slave UDMA IDE Burst Mode IDE HDD Block Mode IDE Prefetch Mode Delay For HDD (Secs) Both Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Enabled Enabled Enabled 0 Item Help Menu Level >>
3-7-3 Onboard SuperIO Function
CMOS Setup Utility Copyright(C) 1984-2000 Award Software Onboard SuperIO Function
Onboard FDD Controller Onboard Serial Port 1 Onboard Serial Port 2 UART2 Mode RxD,TxD Active IR Transmission Delay IR Duplex Mode Use IR Pins Onboard Parallel Port Parallel Port Mode EPP Mode Select ECP Mode Use DMA
Enabled 3F8/IRQ4 2F8/IRQ3 Normal Hi, Lo Enabled Half IRRX/IRTX 378/IRQ7 SPP EPP1.9 3
Onboard FDD Controller
Select Enabled if your system has a floppy disk controller (FDD) installed on the system board and you wish to use it. If you install add-on FDC or the system has no floppy drive, select Disabled in this field. The settings are: Enabled and Disabled.
Onboard Serial Port 1/Port 2
Select an address and corresponding interrupt for the first and the second serial ports. The settings are: 3F8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4, 2F8/IRQ3, Disabled, Auto.
UART 2 Mode
This item allows you to determine which InfraRed(IR) function of the onboard I/O chip, this functions uses.
Onboard Parallel Port
There is a built-in parallel port on the on-board Super I/O chipset that Provides Standard, ECP, and EPP features. It has the following option:
Disabled (3BCH/IRQ7)/ Line Printer port 0 Line Printer port 2 (278H/IRQ5)/ Line Printer port 1 (378H/IRQ7) Parallel Port Mode
SPP EPP ECP : Standard Parallel Port : Enhanced Parallel Port : Extended Capability Port
To operate the onboard parallel port as Standard Parallel Port only, choose SPP. To operate the onboard parallel port in the EPP modes simultaneously, choose EPP. By choosing ECP, the onboard parallel port will operate in ECP mode only. Choosing ECP+EPP will allow the onboard parallel port to support both the ECP and EPP modes simultaneously. The ECP mode has to use the DMA channel, so choose the onboard parallel port with the ECP feature. After selecting it, the following message will appear: ECP Mode Use DMA at this time, the user can choose between DMA channels 3 to 1. The onboard parallel port is EPP Spec. compliant, so after the user chooses the onboard parallel port with the EPP function, the following message will be displayed on the screen: EPP Mode Select. At this time either EPP 1.7 spec. or EPP 1.9 spec. can be chosen.
3-8 Power Management Setup
The Power Management Setup allows you to configure your system to most effectively save energy saving while operating in a manner consistent with your own style of computer use.
CMOS Setup Utility Copyright(C) 1984-2000 Award Software Power Management Setup ACPI function Video Off Option Video Off Method MODEM Use IRQ Hot key Function As Power Button Function > PM Wake Up Events Enabled Always off V/H SYNC+Blank 3 Power Off Instant Off Press Enter Item Help Menu Level >
freebsdquestions: Is this new hard drive going to be useless with freebsd?
Is this new hard drive going to be useless with freebsd?
From: Mark Jayson Alvarez (jay2xra_at_yahoo.com) Date: 12/24/04
Date: Fri, 24 Dec 2004 06:57:(PST) To: email@example.com
Good day, I currently have this setup at home and its working fine with FreeBSD 4.10. Motherboard: Jetway 830CH Hard Drive: 10 Gb Samsung Video Card: SiS onboard Processor: AMD Athlon 1200 Mhz (this is not an Athlon XP) Memory: 256 mb PC100 SDRAM I bought a new 80 Gb Seagate 7200 rpm Hard Drive and installed it on the primary master my pc. The access mode for my hard drive <Primary Master: ST380011A> in BIOS which shows these choices is set to Auto: CHS LBA Large Auto I boot into FreeBSD 5.3 cd and proceed with the installation. Some time after choosing the XUser in the installation method, it ended up failing to install some packages(perl and xorg). Still, it says, Congratulations. FreeBSD is now installed. (and I'm really hoping that nothing went wrong with the base system, and thinking to just install perl and xorg later). I removed the cd, and boot the pc. The kernel boots silently until this error message showed up:
freebsdquestions: Is this new hard drive going to be useless with freebsd? ad0 Warning_Read_DMA UDMA ICRC error(retrying request) LBA=1518639 ad0: Failure_Read_DMA status=51<READY,DSC,ERROR> error=84 <ICRC, ABORTED> LBA=1518639 spec_getpages:(ad0s1a) I/O read failure:(error=5) bp0xc65fe2ec vp0xc16f7d68 size: 32768,resid:32768,a_count:37268, valid: 0x0 nread:0, reqpage:7, pindex:61, pcount:8 vm_fault:pager read error, pid 55(sh) pid 55(sh),uid 0:exited on signal 11 Dec 24 17:28:39 init: /bin/sh on /etc/rc terminated abnormally, going to single user mode Enter full pathname of shell or RETURN for /bin/sh: After pressing return key, the same error message appeared. I tried reinstalling it again but this time, I selected LBA access mode in BIOS. I also choose minimal installation. It successfully installed withouth any package extraction or cd read error problem. Again, I removed the cd, rebooted the pc praying that this time I will be able to see some login prompt. then waiting. and waiting. and then. Grrr!! Waaaaaaa!!!!! ad0 Warning_Read_DMA UDMA ICRC error(retrying request) LBA=1518639 ad0: Failure_Read_DMA status=51<READY,DSC,ERROR> error=84 <ICRC, ABORTED> LBA=1518639 spec_getpages:(ad0s1a) I/O read failure:(error=5) bp0xc65fe2ec vp0xc16f7d68 size: 32768,resid:32768,a_count:37268, valid: 0x0 nread:0, reqpage:7, pindex:61, pcount:8 vm_fault:pager read error, pid 55(sh) pid 55(sh),uid 0:exited on signal 11 Dec 24 17:28:39 init: /bin/sh on /etc/rc terminated abnormally, going to single user mode Enter full pathname of shell or RETURN for /bin/sh: Do you know what's causing this problem. I'm thinking maybe my new hard drive is not compatible with my other pc peripherals (because I have 5.3 running on the same hard drive specs in my office workstation but together with a newer board and processor). I haven't tried installing FreeBSD 4.10 on it yet, because I'm Is this new hard drive going to be useless with freebsd? 2
freebsdquestions: Is this new hard drive going to be useless with freebsd? really looking forward to using 5.3. I really need some good advice here. I can't afford to upgrade the rest of my pc because its like a chain reaction, once I upgrade the board., the processor, memory and video card shall have to be upgraded too due to compatibility issues. Any cheeper idea? Thank you very much for any advice. I'm really hoping to be able to use my new hard drive soon. __________________________________________________ Do You Yahoo!? Tired of spam? Yahoo! Mail has the best spam protection around http://mail.yahoo.com _______________________________________________ firstname.lastname@example.org mailing list http://lists.freebsd.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsdquestions To unsubscribe, send any mail to "email@example.com"
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