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1956 Bel Air
User reviews and opinions
|Good Records NYC||3:41am on Wednesday, September 22nd, 2010|
|That I needed a new Kenwood like a hole in the head - after all how many virtually retired batchelors really need a food processor?|
|Willem||9:41am on Tuesday, July 20th, 2010|
|It is very quiet, the flexi beater is brilliant!! The Kenwood chef is a very sturdy machine and with the different accessories is very versatile.|
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JULY * AUGUW 19%
f H t O T 1 - f l Y b CENT$
successor to Resourceful Oklahoma
Val. VI, No. 7
JOHN McWlLLlAMS EDITOR
PAUL E. LEFEBVRE
EDITORIAL BOARD Chairman: HON. RAYMOND GARY
Governor of Oklahoma
DR. RANDALL T KLEMME, Director,
. Commerce & Industry Department
C. A. STOLDT, Director, State Highway Department JACK V BOYD, Director,. Planning & Resources Board DAVE WARE, Director,
Game & Fish Department
CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: JEFF GRIFFIN,
CARL HELD AND JUANITA MAHAFFEY.
OKLAHOMA TODAY is published bi-monthly in the interest of all Oklahoma by these state agencies: Commerce 8 Industry Department, Planning 8 Resources Board, Highway Department and Game 8 Fish Department. Address: OKLAHOMA TODAY, P. 0. 3331, State Copitol Station, Oklahoma City, Oklohoma. $2 per year in U. S. and possessions; $3 elsewhere; 35 cents per single copy.
IN THIS ISSUE
Lush Grand River Valley.
A Leisurely Lap Through Lapland. 4
The Country Doctor.
Calendar of Events.
Centuries-Old Indian Ball Game.,
What They're Saying
About Oklahoma Today. New State Park Lodges Dedicated. Oklahoma Today-P.S. Business Progress Reports. Oklahoma Symphony (a vignette).
Twenty-one years ago-August 5, 1935-the world was shocked by the ~ e p o r tthat Will Rogers, Oklahoma's great humorist-philosopher, had plummeted to his death in a plane crash in icy Alaska. Victim in the same fatal mishap was Rogers' close pilot-friend Wiley Post-also a well-known Oklahoman. Since that tragic day, Rogers' name has become legend. Many writers have penned books about this man who frequently said, "I never met a man I didn't like." In this issue of OKLAHOMA TODAY is a warm, nostalgic story about Oklahoma's noted ambassador of good will by his son, Will Rogers ]r., whose friendly television show is viewed weekday mornings over CBS-TV. Other by lines in this issue belong to The Daily Oklahoman's Imogene Patrick; The Tulsa Tribune's ]oe Howell; Marcel Lefebvre, Okmulgee glassworker-writer who has made many friends among Oklahoma Indians of many tribes since adopting the Sooner State as his home 1.5 years ago; Walter M. Harrison, , pteran Oklahoma editor. ; As OKLAHOMA TODAY continues to ; grow and its circulation spreads across the nation and throughout the world, it is our sincere hope that more and more Oklahoma by-lines will find their way into its pages. -1. McW.
YOU'RE WELCOME-Permission is granted to reproduce any portion of the reading material in this publication, provided due credit is given to OKLAHOMA TODAY.
(LITHOGRAPHED IN OKLAHOMA U S.A )
OUR COVERS FRONT-Statue of Will Rogers and his favorite horse, "Soap Suds," located at the Will Rogers Memorial, ClareCOLORPHOTO BY DICK COBB more, Oklahoma. BACK-Camp Classen, Oklahoma's world-famous Arbuckle Mountains, southwest of Davis, off US 77. It is a 300-acre area, complete with this colorful 36-acre lake. This playground provides plenty of wholesome outdoor activity for growing boys. COLOR PHOTO BY A. Y. O W E N
"Whenever I'm tempted to give anybody a false impression.
My Dad is very "live" in my memory. It may come as a surprise to many of our old neighbors, but I've learned a lot about Will Rogers, Sr., in recent years. Folks assume that physical similarities between Dad and me must mean we're a lot alike. Actually, there are many differences. Maybe the differences have contributed to my respect for the man who was my father. Like most kids, I never really knew my Dad when I was young. T o me, he was mostly un-understandable. Though 1 didn't realize it until after his death, we had a raft of common interests. They included a love of the outdoors, fierce pride in our Indian heritage and a real "at home" feeling on a horse with a rope. Most people's view of Dad is almost as distorted as linine was when I was younger. Particularly, modem youngsters are mistaken in their impression of Dad. Time and again, youngsters tell me. "Gee! Your Dad was funny. A real riot!" They've read some of the things he said. My father's humor was hardly riotous. I t was rather subtle and deeply thoughtful. penetrating's as good a word as any. Dad was well read on current events, despite a mighty sparse formal education. H e was basically a practical, slow-spoken cowboy. H e turned vaudeville entertainer only in that people learned to love his introspective, philosophical humor. H e just did what came naturally, twirling his lasso and commenting on the life around him. After the plane crash that ended his life, I began to know my Dad better than ever. His biographers began to assemble his anecdotes and his philosophies. I'd always known them. never seen them for what they were.
Continued on next page
The Author, son of the noted Oklahoman, says'heqs "not very much" like his father.
COLOR PHOTO, COURTESY OF CBS-TV NEWS
P A G E ONE
Will Roger;~, philosopher-cowboy, relaxes with Mrs. the Rogers, and (left to right) sons Jim and Will Jr., and daughter Mary.
I REMEMBER DAD
Continued from preceding page
After I graduated from Stanford University, he'd introduce me to all.his friends as "the college boy." It used to infuriate me. I guess I always figured he looked down on my education. It's become clear to me since that all he mocked was my education's impracticality. Dad was always unimpressed with "know-how" and deeply moved by its application. "If you can do the job," he used to say, "it doesn't matter much whether you know how." He made a few other acute obse~ations that subon ject, too, including the famous "There is nothing so stupid as an educated man, if you get off the thing that he was educated in." In this age of ever-growing specialization, many people are growing aware of the system's shortcomings. But it took most of them a whole lot longer. As to humor, he had a lot to say. With all his sharp criticism of phoniness, he was always sensitive to somebody's hurt feelings. Constantly aware of people's ability to laugh at his mocking of America's leaders, Dad often reminded us, "Everything is funny as long as; it is happening to someone else." - He was honest! insultingly straightforward sometimes. That, I guess was his outstanding trait. Others will say his wry humor was more characteristic, but they're not his sons. Life presents an awful lot of temptations to people, in one form or another. I feel lucky to have known my Dad. It's helped me to resist a lot of them. Dad was pretty critical of us kids, just as he was critical of everything else. In the same way, we always had the feeling that his criticism was backed by a love of us and life. W e rode together, and he taught me tohandle a rope. Life in the West was hard but easv-going. Dad talked iubjects, seemslow and thought fast. He could tea6hhvall ing to know a little bit about everything. And yet he was a real human being. Very un-funny when any of us misbehaved, he demanded strict obedience. In return for this and a lot of respect, he gave us the companionship of a rare personality. While growing up, I got to meet the world's great personalities because I was Will Rogers' son. It entitled me to a lot of traveling, too. More than that, though, it gave me a chance to know Will Rogers and to appreciate his humanity. Even if it took me a while to learn that appreciation.
Dad's biographers gathered scads of material and memorialized a thousand things that seemed pretty commonplace to me at the time. Since that day in 1935, when Dad crashed with Wiley Post a few months after I graduated from college, a lot of them have become almost sacred to me. People always ask me how much I'm really li e my Father. I'll tell you. Not very much. He was a natural analyst, seeing through everything he came in contact with. I'm a commentator with a comparatively limited range. Only thing I hope is that a little of Dad's basic honesty and wry viewpoint has rubbed off. I've followed a number of vocations during my life. Through soldiering, a term in Congress, editing and reporting for newspapers, acting in movies, and now entertaining on television, I've thought a lot about Dad; Whatever he was, I'm convinced he was always himself. Whenever 'I'm tempted to give anybody a false impression. and sometimes the occasion presents itself on television, then I remember Dad.
Will Rogers was always the cowboy, and he wanted his youngsters to learn the tricks of the trade. Here, he and Will Jr., daughter Mary and younger son, Jim, are out Tor a h~,rseback ride-standing up, that is.
~at&,"'&~ecrr~cit~ and natural gas form a potent triumvirate that's providing the LLgimmick" new for industries to locate iri NORTHEASTERN.OKLAHOMA'S
LUSH GRAND RIVER VALLEY
If it's scenic
beauty you're looking fortry this one.
By Kent Ruth
A. Y. OWEN
Although it is a hundred years old, this old mill at Bitting Springs, near Stilwell, is still making stone-ground corn meal.
Be a stickler, if you like. Call it a vadtion. But in the latest Eastern Oklahoma jargon, it's really a lake-ation. And lake-ation is a most proper (if un-Bostonian) word for fun-and-frolic in this watery Lapland section of the Sooner State, this far-eastern slice of old Indian Territory where the highly touted Ozark-Ouachita play areas of Missouri and Arkansas "lap" over into Oklahoma's own hills and forests, sprawling lakes and eminently fishable streams and lakes. A water shortage hereabouts? Don't you believe it. What with one dam thing after another, the Army Engineers-like the Marines-have the situation well in hand. Grand, Spavinaw, Fort Gibson, Greenleaf, Tenkiller, and Wister. Those are just the bigger lakes.
The whole area is now so water-logged odds are 5050 a parachutist would need a Mae West to reach dry&
ground. Or a rope ladder with which to climb down from the top of a lofty pine or oak. For hill-carpeting woods blanket the water-free areas from the Neosho river bottoms near the Kansas line south across the Cookson Hills and the Winding Stair Mountains to the Red River thickets along the Texas border. Predictably enough, with water and trees providing the one-hCo scenic punch, the vacation activities hit parade follows much the same pattern. The birth rate of Eastern Oklahoma fishing fans is currently pressing that of rabbits. Signs for minnows and red woms now exceed those for Burma Shave three to one. And non-angling
water sport enthusiasts are converging on the area like ants at a Sunday School picnic. As for the woods, they boast more spring foliage tours than Howard Johnson does ice cream flavors. The fall deer kill (of deer, not hunters) is nearing the 1,000 mark. The coon dog market is stiffening. And there is even an increasing number of those hardy souls who feel the urge to climb to the top of one of the region's.fire tdwers, just to see how beautiful the horizon-to-horizon vista of undulating forest can really be. Admittedly, though, this Eastern Oklahoma charm is the sum of a lot of little things. Lakes and forest rightfully ,head the list. But there are also industrial installations to inspect, ranging from Miami's huge Goodrich Rubber plant on the north to the Dierks lumber mill out of Broken Bow to the south. And at the opposite end of the sightseeing ledger, there are virtual ghost towns like Cayuga and Park Hill, ancient cemeteries to poke through, and isolated hill-country cabins-complete with dog-trot, and dog-that epitomize a way of life changed hardly a whit in the past 100 years. There are a half-dozen scenic state parks, too, offering comfortable accommodations running from simple to lavish; fascinating historical shrines by the score; off-trail forest roads with more curves than Marilyn Monroe (and a topography almost as exciting); any number of old schools, missions and courthouses built by the Cherokees and Choctaws long before their "civilized" white brethren had put together their first sod huts on the plains to the west; throbbing water-driven generators (Pensacola and Fort Gibson) and even an anachronistic water-powered mill (at Bitting Springs) that still turns out tasty, stoneground cornmeal. It all adds up to a sprawling and supremely variegated vacationland. But how does one go about getting a representative sampling of its scenic and recreational offerings? There, alas, is the rub. For no single highway-for reasons given below-does complete justice to this 250-mile-long stretch of Oklahoma's Lapland. Using US 59, however, as his basic route-and combining it with one or more of our suggested secondary highways-will give the unhurried motorist a pretty fair inkling as to what this Eastern Oklahoma charm is all about. For a staging area let's use Miami. The hub of the tristate mining section, it is also focal point for most of the federal highways entering this far northeastern corner of Oklahoma. US 59, 69 and 66 from Kansas and US 60 from Missouri all join briefly below Miami at the elaborate Northeast Oklahoma Turnpike interchange now under construction. Serving Miami too is Oklahoma SH 10, perhaps the state's No. 1 scenic byway. The area's attractions are headlined by the lead and zinc mining operations around Commerce andt Picher. Sprawling man-made mountains of dirty gray waste rock provide a kind of doorstep-to-hell atmosphere. But deep underground money is still being gouged from the earth's vitals. For a look at those vitals (no longer vital to EaglePicher and hence leased to private operators), try a tour of an abandoned shaft. The Nancy Jane northeast of Commerce and the Oklahoma mine south of Baxter
PAGE E I G H T
The Crippled Children's commission looked to southeast Oklahoma for an example of how its patients benefit from "hospitals at home". "Before the new hospital (52-bed LeFlore County Memorial) was built, we had to bring the children from that area into Oklahoma City," McConnell said. "Now, except for severe plastic or orthopedic cases, we can take them to Poteau." Improvement of convalescent care and chronic disease facilities has been concentrated in the larger cities, in the belief that a child farther along the road to recovery can weather the separation from home better than the critically ill. Additions to increase outpatient capacity at the Junior League Convalescent hospital for children in Tulsa and at Children's Convalescent hospital at Bethany are under way. In several cases, at the community's request, small hospitals, too tiny to give adequate service, have been abandoned and replaced by one large unit big enough to offer varied and specialized care. This happened at Poteau, where two units that could handle 28 patients between them gave way to the new 52-bed hospital. Five 10-to-12 bed hospitals at Altus were abandoned by that community in favor of up-to-the-minute 47-bed Jackson County Memorial hospital. "The Woodward tornado pointed up the need for a new facility there," Snelson recalled. The old building, obsolete by hospital standards, has been remodeled and converted into a nursing home and the community, with Hill-Burton aid, has built a 50-bed hospital of reinforced concrete. "They wanted to be sure it would stand up under the next blow," Snelson said. Beaver has shown how a community can cash in on the construction program. The city built a 25-bed community hospital and public health center adjacent to its old 15-bed hospital. The latter structure then was converted into a nursing home and is operated by a non-profit civic organization. It is attached to the new building, so that the public health program, general hospital and chronic disease unit are "under one roof." It was in the early Hill-Burton days that the mental hospitals began to take on a new look physically and that- additions at the tuberculosis saniioria enabled them to start making a dent in the waiting list for admissions. Mental hospitals have gotton -$6,764,966 worth of construction, adding 1,581 beds. Tuberculosis hospitals-Eastern Oklahoma sanitorium at Talihina and Western Oklahoma sanitorium at Clinton-have had five building projects totaling $1,764,672 and adding 247 beds. Federal funds were matched with state moneys to en, large and improve tuberculosis and mental hospitals. New centers for the operation of local public health programs have gone up at Wewoka, Ponca City, Muskogee, Miami, Sand Springs, Collinsville, Bixby, Broken Arrow and Skiatook. More are in the building process.
C A L E N D A R OF E V E N T S
July 15 through September 15
July through August.Indian Festivals, Watonga
After July 1 and Sept. 1.Green Corn Dances, Henryetta
July 5-8.Indian Festivals, Waiters
July 12-15.Pawnee Indian Homecoming; billed as "world's largest
free lndian Powwow." All performances start at 8 p. m., Pawnee JU~Y 12-14. Annual Rodeo, Walters July 17-20. Rodeo, Chickasha July 26.6th Annual Square Dance Festival, Pawhuska July 26-28. Roundup Radeo,Yukon July 27-29.Cheyenne-Ara~aho Indian Powwow, El Reno July 27-29 10th Annual International Roundup club's Cavalcade. Pawhuska July 28.Ardmore's Birthday Celebration, Ardmore Each Thursday through July and August.Pro & Semi-Pro Sooner Outdoor Variety Show, Drumright
Sept. Sept. Sept. Sept. Sept.
13-15.District Fair, Cushing
13-15.-.Choctaw County Fair, Hugo
14-15.Tri-County Fair, Geary
15-23. Oklahoma Free State Fair, Muskogee
16.Cherokee St;ip Celebration, Perry
Aug. (usually).Green Corn Festival, White Oak Area, near Claremore
Aug. (usually).Seneca's Peach Seed Dance, Turkey Ford Area
Aug. 1-3.Rodeo, Duncan
Aug. 6-9.Rangersv Rodeo, Lawtan
Aug. 11-12.Negro Rodeo, Drumright
Aug. 11-18.American Indian Exposition, Anadarko (Throughout the
year, lndian ceremonial activities may be found at the new lndian City, U. 5. A,, near Anadarko)
Aug. 14-18. odeo,Ada
R Aug. 22-26. W i l l Rogers Memorial Rodeo, Vinita
Aug. 25.Sucker Day Celebration (All day and night), Wetumka
Aug. 29-31.Rodeo, Enid
Aug. 30.Snug Harbor Water Festival, Wagoner
Aug. 30 through Sept. I.Free Fair, Wellston
Aug. 30 through Sept. 2.Elks' Rodeo, Woodward
Aug. 30 through Sept. 3.Panca Indian Powwow, near Ponca City
Throughout the summer months, in various sections of Oklahoma, members of different Indian tribes gather for their annual oow-wow festivals, and the like. some are well-established and the dates set well ahead of a particular celebration. 'POn crop While other dates are "static," etc. Because o f these variations, the above listing involving lndian events cannot be considered complete. The information has been compiled for OKLAHOMA TODAY by Chambers of Commerce in the respective localities. Only those events reported for specific dates, and those controlled by seasonal conditions, are hereby published. Any reader interested in events in other areas of the state'and not listed because of undecided dates are urged to contoct Chamber of Commerce officers for exact dates that may have been set since this issue of OKLAHOMA TODAY went to press.-Editor.
Sept. Sept. Sept. Sept. Sept. Sept. Sept. Sept. Sept. Sept. Sept. Sept. Sept. Sepf. 3.Labor Day Celebration 8 Rodeo, Henryetta
3-5.18th Annual Rodeo, Elk City
3-6. Ottawa County Fair 8 Race Meet, Miami
6.Cherokee National Holiday, celebrating Cherokee Nation's
founding in Oklahoma, Tahlequah 6-9.Prison Rodeo, McAlester 7-9.Formal Dedication Riverbank Power Plant #3, 0 G&E, Muskogee 9-12.Southwest Regional Baseball Tournament "Little World Series," Cushing 11-15.Tri-State Fair, Guymon 10-13.
.Free Fair 8 Old-Timers' Reunion, Pawnee
.Annual Osage County Free Fair, Pawhuska
12-15.County Fair, Wewoka
.County Fair, Waodward
.Payne County District Fair, Stillwater
.Amateur Rodeo, El Reno
Frank Boskin, 93-year-old Pawnee Indian, sits stoically by his teepee in lndian City, U. S. A., near Anadarko. lndian City i s an authentic reproduction of where and how Plains Indians lived 100 years ago in the country that now is southwestern Oklahoma. Opened to the public a year ago, the village rapidly is becoming one of the state's main tourist attractions.
COLOR PHOTO BY KAZlMlR PETRAUSKAS
I S STILL PLAYED IN O K L A H O M A
- and it's lusr
a s fast and rough as it ever was, says this author.
PA%E T E N
O K L A H O M A TODA'r
stomp-dance all night around a blazing bon-fire, and then march out to the ball field at sun-up for the strenuous, and bone cracking game their ancestors have kept alive. The game must be seen to be fully appreciated. Very few people, other than members of the tribe, have seen the real game: the climax to days and nights of dancing and penance. Deep in the wood hills overlooking the winding Canadian river, in southeastern Okmulgee County, the clan gathers once each year for the Green Corn Ceremonies. A period of Thanksgiving to the Spirits for the bountiful crops. The period of cleansing individual bodies of all impurities, and the time when all misdeeds are forgiven. A new year is begun wholesomely, cleanly and friendly. With that sort of atmosphere permeating the campgrounds, forty or more stalwart Indians line up for the game at dawn. With a 32-inch hickory stick in each hand, a light heart and an empty stomach, they play to win. The ball is very elusive and difficult to handle with the cuplike depressions at the end of each stick. Since the player must not touch the ball with his. hands, he must manage to get it inside the two sticks to thrcrw it, or prevent his opponent from doing so. Almost all sticks used by the Arbeka team are stained with blood; pure Indian blood drawn from friend or foe over the years. Some of the sticks are generations old, having been handed down from father to son. Whether they were made in Georgia or Alabama, before the removal, or made yesterday by a young brave recruit, all are the same pattern and weigh approximately two pound each. The existing team has many members who speak little or no English. They were all reared in the old traditions. They are made of honor, brawn and guts. Their devotion to their beliefs, clan and families is unparalleled. No better combination has ever stepped out on a field of sports. They are nearing the end of the trail now, but surely all the Indian athletes who have played the game from time immemorial deserve to go down in the annals of American sports, as the most rugged of them all!
I T 0 BY PAUL E.
The referee chants traditional plea for a sportsmsnlike conduct of all participants while playing on the field.
when The really mean battles between playws opposing players assail each other with their sticks as they ayeppt to recover thq b_all.l
ah: : ~
Young Creeks get their training in actual combat, without hindrance from the older players. They learn the game the hard way-all the way!
Restored to its original appearsnce, Fort Gibson Stockade --bekern M u h g e e ond Tahlequah-is a historic place. @At s a frc~ntieroutpost in 1824, it also was occupied a during the Civil War.
Unequalled scenery in Bearer's Bend Stote Park and the roarina ra~ids Mountain Fork River make o combina- b of tion th;lt hives the Oklahoma tourist a never-to-be-
(crappie, black bass, channel cat, and many others) to scenic boat cruises (Southern Belle and Cherokee Queen on Grand Lake) to just plain or fancy loafing. These services and recreational offerings, however, hold true for virtually all of our Lapland Tour. So in the space remaining let's trace our routes and indicate some of the more rewarding things-to-see along the way. One final word of summary and we're off. This whole section is moving forward. You'll see gleaming new factory buildings, heated fishing docks (equipped with theatre seats and TV!) and other atomic age modernities. But it remains Indian Country from top to bottom, as you'll quickly realize as you stop to read the many roadside markers erected by the State Historical Society. So expect too to see old forts, battlefields, missions, schools, agency buildings, and many other centuryold reminders of the Sooner State's first citizens, the highly developed Five Civilized Tribes who were "dumped" into this wooded wilderness during the first half of the 19th century. US 59 arches across upper Grand Lake into Grove, center of the p'opular Honey Creek arm of the playground, crosses Upper Spavinaw Lake south of Jay, and loops through the almost virgin woods of the Kenwood Indian Reserve Area. Veering east toward the Arkansas line near Siloam Springs,,it drops south again through Watt (popular jump-off point for 100-mile-long Illinois river float (.trips), the lumber town of Westville, and Stilwell, (selfstyled "Strawberry Capital of the World"). Crossing the Cookson Hills (legendary outlaw hideout), the highway comes within eight paved miles of
Continued from page 5
Sequoyah's Home State Monument. (A stone building protects the crumbling cabin of the famed inventor of the Cherokee alphabet.) At Sallisaw and the junction with US 64 out of Fort Smith the halfway point is reached. Two other state roads-circuitous, but largely paved now-also serve this northeastern Oklahoma lakeland, join US 64 close to Sallisaw, from where one can continue his US 59 tour. Each deserves a paragraph. Both are highly scenic, extremely rich in history. Oklahoma SH 82 from near Vinita (on US 60) to Vian (on US 64) might well be called the History Special. True, it comes within a few miles of such scenic attractions as Pensacola Dam, Spavinaw Hills Park and Tenkiller Lake State Park. But it also touches such important early-day points as Salina (where Major Jean Pierre Chouteau established an Osage Trading Post in the Tahlequah (made the permanent capital early ~ ) ~ of the Cherokee Nation on July 12, 1839, today the home of Northeastern State.College), and Park Hill (first Cherokee capital, now offering the beautifully restored Murrell Mansion). Oklahoma SH 10 manages to wind to within a few miles of all the area's five big lakes: Grand, Upper Spavinaw, Fort Gibson, Greenleaf, and Tenkiller. For scenery it also offers a 25-mile-long stretch of the bluff-lined Illinois river valley above Tahlequah. And for history it provides Old Fort Gibson State Monument with its restored stockade. From Sallisaw south the choosing of a representative route is more difficult. The Kiamichi and Winding Stair Mountains together give Oklahoma some of its most rugged and most beautiful scenery. They also provide the
Continued on page 17
Continued f o page 15 rm
ighway department with perhaps its greatest single chalenge. As a result there has until recently been no road, in sense of the word, over this forest covered And US 59 has long been forced, to etour into neighboring Arkansas after traversing the leasantly scenic, modestly industrial stretch- through But there have been several encouraging developents of late. Roads have now been pushed tentatively cross the mountains and it is hoped that before too long S 59 can be given an all-Oklahoma routing. For this mson we are going to continue our Lapland tour with two byway sug&estions.Those who like mountain scenery and aren't too adverse to driving middling gravel roads to enjoy it will, we think, thoroughly appreciate either or both of them. US 59-to-be drops south from Stapp to Big Cedar, crosses Kiamichi Mountain to Smithville, then follows Oklahoma SH 21 into Broken Bow and Idabel, two of Southeast Oklahoma's most important cities. Along the way are Ouachita National Forest recreation areas, the scenic Narrows between Smithville and Bethel (where traces of the ~ l wagon road from Fort Smith can still be d seen under the Boktuklo Creek bridge), and idyllic Beavers Bend State Park above Broken Bow. The second route skirts the new recreation facilities o Lake Wister State Park southwest of Poteau. It crosses f the beautiful Winding Stairs on US 271, perhaps the most impressive single mountain road in the Sooner State. And then, below Talihina (home of the Eastern Oklahoma Tubercular Sanitarium and the Talihina Medical Center, for Indians), it follows the new, scenic Indian Service Road over the Kiamichis to Oklahoma SH 21 at Bethel. Well, there it is: a leisurely lap (or brace of laps, if you will) through the lake-and-forest covered strip of Eastern Oklahoma that is the Sooner State's contribution t o the long famed Ozark-Ouachita playground. I t was a frontier at the end of a "Trail of Tears7' for the refugees of the Five Tribes almost a century and a half ago. It was a frontier for white settlers and railroad builders some three-quarters of a century ago. It is still a frontier today. With its abundant natural resources, it has many advantages to offer the nation's expanding industry. And with its lakes and forests, it has become one of the nation's fastest growing vacationlands. Try US 59-with our suggested detours-and see for yourself. Take one week. Better yet, take two weeks and give Oklahoma's Lapland a really thorough inspection.
Unexcelled scenic beauty abounds in many sections of Oklahoma. This romantic spot is in the southeastern section of the state, near Beaver's Bend State Park.
GRAND RIVER VALLEY
Continued from page 3
Goodrich, in a move to reduce distribution costs, decided to build a plant in this area to serve its midAmerica market. Miami was chosen as the location, partly because of :heap power offered by GRDA, and partly because a supply of good, cold water was available there. The Goodrich people looked first at Grand Lake, but subsequent studies developed that the job could also be done with deep wells. Today the company supplies its $20,000,000 plant with 1,000,000 gallons of water daily taken from its own well. Originally, the plant used four times that much, but recycling arrangements have reduced the amount required even though the concern is now making its fourth major expansion since coming to the state. With the fall of Japan, O O W was shut down, and most of its 15,000-acre reserve leased to farmers. DuPont, which had operated it, was not interested in converting it to peace time use. A little of its equipment was sold, but the cold war and the Korean fighting produced a change in U.S. military thinking. At the beginning of each of the last two world wars the country had to build a munitions industry. Next time, the defense experts decided, America should already have its munitions industry established and ready for action.
Consequently, 34 munitions plants, instead of being
In the sale GRDA acquired the water pumping facilities of the big plant, and its steam making equipment, as well as its power generators. This put the state in a position to sell not only electricity, but water and steam, three items all vital to certain types of industry. First takers were two paper companies, National Gypsum Co., and Certain-teed Products Corp. National Gypsum's ipitial investment was $4,000,000. Certain-teed started out with a plant costing well over $1,000,000 and since has been doubled in size. Waste paper is a major raw material in each plant, and in the processing National Gypsum uses 750,000 gallons of water daily, Certain-teed 1,500,000 gallons. GRDA pumps the water from Grand river, and supplies the steam and electricity. Last yea; Certain-teed paid $250,000 for these three utilities. The paper plants had hardly been completed before GRDA landed its third prize catch, a $20,000,000 Deere & Co. chemical plant which makes anhydrous amonia and fertilizer, and which uses water, air and natural gas as its principal raw materials. The Deere plant consumes more than 2,000,000 gallons of water daily, 140,000 pounds of steam per hour, 7,000,000 cubic feet of gas per day, and has a connected electric load of 13,000 kilowatts. GRDA supplies the
electricity, water and steam. Oklahoma Natural Gas Co.
dismantled, were placed under the supervision of the Ordnance Ammunition Command. Twenty-six were placed in operation; eight, including OOW, were assigned standby status. "Reaction of the Oklahoma Ordnance Works is included in mobilization planning," spokesmen for the Army explained. "If a shooting war starts, it will be cranked up again as in the last war." But while conversion of 0 W has been stymied, 0 the great plant has not been prevented from giving birth to the industrial development George Smith foresaw. Industries have sprung up around it, much like sprouts which force their way through the earth from the roots of a tree that has been pruned back to a stub. The Grand River Dam Authority needed a steam generating plant to firm up its hydro-electric power, and when the O O W steam plant was offered for sale as war surplus, GRDA bought it for $3,500,000.
built an 18-inch pipeline capable of delivering 75,000,000 cubic feet of gas per day in the area, a supply big enough to serve still more industries expected to come into the area. North and east of the Deere plant, two more industries have sprung up, both of which promise to play their part in an expanding industrial region although neither is a heavy water user. Midwest Carbide Co., built a $3,000,000 plant to make calcium carbide, the basic ingredient in acetylene gas, and Ozark Portland Cement Co., established a $500,000 cement plant. Midwest was attracted by the possibilities of selling its product to nearby chemical industries and by the opportunity to obtain dump power from GRDA during flood periods "for a song.". Big names in the industrial world are keeping tabs on this Grand river development, and one of the most interested is American Cyanamid. Chemical Construction Corp., an American Cyanamid subsidiary, is designing and is expected to build a $28,000,000 plant on the eastern edge of the O O W property to make nitroguanidine, a shell propellant developed in the late stages of World War 11. Security restrictions still cover most of the details about a $35,000,000 "high energy fuel" plant the Navy has announced that it plans to build a little further down the valley near Muskogee, but it is known that the requirements include 1,300 acres of land, and supplies of water and gas which could ultimately be called upon to produce 100,000,000 gallons of water and 100,000,000 cubic feet of gas per day.
The multi-million-dollarB. F. Goodrich Co. plant, Miami, 4 Okla., employer of 15,000 Oklahomans.
PHOTO BY ORRICK SPARLIN
Saying About OKLAHOMA TODAY.
"The articles (in Oklahoma Today) are informative, and give a vivid picture of life and history in your state. Readers of your magazine will undoubtedly feel inclined to partake in the pride you feel for your state and your comm~nity.~' -Johan Waage
Yes, Oklahoma pride is contagious.
Still a True Oklahoman! "I just read Oklahoma Today for the very first time.
It's a superbly edited, wonderfully written and very beautiful magazine, and it made me proud to be an Oklahoman." -Lyman L. Bryan Manager of Community Relations Chrysler Corpora tion Detroit
"Oklahoma Today has been the subject of much favorable discussion in the Ad Club since the first issue hit the stands. As advertising and promotion minded people we have long recognized the need for some truly effective way to sing Oklahoma's praises to the nation. Our state's really fine selling points have been obscured too long in the dust storm of such things as Steinbeck's 'Grapes of Wrath.' 1 am pleased to send you the congratulations of our entire membership on the great job you and your staff are doing. Your magazine is outstanding in every respect. You also have our sincere hope that your splendid beginning is an indication of even greater accomplishments to come." -Lynn Martin President, Oklahoma City Ad Club. We're sincerely grateful to you, gentlemen!
"Oklahoma Today is one of the nicest, most colorful magazines spreading the laurels of any state. It offers an ideal piece of information for the out-of-state residents and potential visitors and also serves as an 'eye-opener' to Oklahomans themselves. whereby they, too, can learn about the beauty of this state." -Brooks Bicknell Alva Review-Courier A1va
In Texas, too?
"A note from May West, former Woodward county school teacher, informs us that when she visited a dentist's office at Mission, Texas, recently the magazine that claimed top spot on the reading table was Oklahoma Today." -Helen E. Heath Woodward County Iournal Woodward
"We feel that this magazine (Oklahoma Today) will greatly enhance our great state in the eyes of all the people of our nation. W e feel that this magazine is another step in selling Oklahoma and its assets to the people of Oklahoma, the nation and the world. W e deem it a pleasure to have Oklahoma Today in our lobby for our customers'to see and read." -Pat Moore First National Bank Clinton Thanks, Mr. Moore-for the nice letter, and the two subscriptions.
"Oklahoma Today. is a credit to the state. It is beautifully printed and illustrated from cover to cover and contains interesting articles regarding Oklahoma by our most gifted writers." Frederick Press Frederick
From Coast to Coast
Limited space will not allow us to publish all the many wonderful things that have been said about our publication, but we thank each and every individual and state newspaper that has taken the trouble to write us letters and to comment editorially. These nice things have been written by readers in and outside Oklahoma. Many officials from various states who have seeu Oklahoma Today have been most complementary. States represented in this correspondence include Massachusetts, Connecticut, Colorado, Nevada, Florida, Kansas, North Carolina, Delaware, Minnesota, Utah; Illinois, New Mexico, Maine, New York, Washington, Missouri, Maryland and Vermont. W e thank each of you, and invite you to drop in and see us anytime! The Oklahoma welcome mat is always stretched out all the way, and the latch string is outside.-The Editor.
From an Arkansas Neighbor
"I'm not in a habit of writing sage and not-so-sage comments to magazines, but in this case I'm compelled to. I just bought your May-June issue of Oklahoma Today and if I were able to put down my full reaction, it would sound like a promotional stunt for Oklahoma's Semicentennial Celebration in 1957. So, I will say simply that I think it is a terrific magazine, superbly written and very colorful. Enclosed find $2 for a year's subscription." -Van Coffman Route 2 Arkinda, Ark. Thanks for everything!
DEAR READER-Again we ask you, Let your Oklahoma pride show! Subscribe now to Oklahoma Today. Mail your subscriptions to OKLAHOMA TODAY, P. 0. Box 3331, State Capitol Station, Oklahoma City 5, Okla. $2 in the U. S. A., $3 elsewhere.
ULY-AUGUST 1956 PAGE N I N E T E E N
Structures Represent $4,000,000 Investnzent in Texoma and Sequoyah State Parks for vacationers' accommodations.
INTERESTED IN JUNIOR GOLF? THIS IS KENWOOD'S ANSWER
can my club do to stimulate interest in junior golf? With a new season fast approaching, many dub officials are probably attempting to answer this question as they complete summer plans. An example of what can be done with junior golf on the club level is the program of Kenwood Golf and Country Club in Bethesda, Md. Kenwood junior golfers are now preparing for what promises to be their most ac'tive program to date. Last year, 130 participants were attracted, most of them in the 12 to 14 age group. Program Objectives In ana'lyzing Kenwood's rapid success with junior golf, it is well 10 begin with the objectives of the program as outlined by the dub's Junior Golf Committee. The first objective is to enable Kenwood families >to derive the maximum benefit of their membership. Secondly, the program teaches juniors how to play properly, enjoy golf, and how to -conduct themselves on the course. Indirectly, the program has the added benefit of publicizing Kenwood as an active club interested in junior golf, thus making the dub more attractive to present and prospective members. A study of last year's schedule of events reveals why Kenwood's juniors responded so enthusiastically. The formal program began with golf movies in mid-May, and ended in late August with a Field Day and picnic supper to award season trophies and prizes. Highlight of the picnic supper was the showing of 200 feet of 8 mm. color movies taken as the junior program progressed. The movies will be expanded this summer. As a prelude to the season, the Junior Golf Committee sponsored the District of Columbia's first Junior Girl's Ta'lent Hunt
JOSEPH M. GAMBATESE Chairman, Junior Golf Committee, Kenwood Golf and Country Club, Bethesda, Md.
in May. As a postlude, the juniors were guests of the Kenwood women golfers in a lady-junior foursome tournament in October. During the summer, the juniors took part in a well-planned, active program designed to build and maintain interest. There was constantly something to do and something worth while on the way. There were five weekly clinics; a clinic-exhibition featuring the then Women's Amateur Champion, Miss Barbara Romack, and other top women golfers; a midget 'tournament; a parent-junior twilight event; and the junior championships by age groups. To keep the Kenwood juniors informed of planned activities, six news1et'ters were mailed during the summer. Each newsletter was printed on a distinctive letterhead with a three-hole punch for sui,table placement in a notebook. In this manner, the juniors were informed of coming activities at Kenwood and in the District of Columbia, results of pas't events, and other information designed to stimulate their interest and participation in golf. One newsletter offered tips on golf etiquette and good conduct. Handicap System A handicap system was established with a card box and handicap rack in George Diffenbaugh's golf shop. A wallet-size handicap card was issued to juniors turning in at 'least ten nine-hole scores, properly a'ttested. They were urged to play on Monday mornings when the course had least play and, unless they had played enough to carry a handicap card, were asked not to play at other times unless playing with an adult or another junior with a handicap. Scores for handicaps were turned in by 44 juniors and 16 of them received handicaps and cards.
AND TURF MANAGEMENT: APRIL, 1956
Kenwood Junio,r Champions
Photo by Robert J. Hawkins, Kenwood Golf and C. C. Climax 01 last year's iunior goll program at Kenwood Goll and Country Club, Bethesda, Md., was the presentation 01 trophies. Here Johnny Dunn, boys champion, and Daphne Dutton, girls champion, accept their prizes. At the lelt is Frank Emmet, Director 01 Junior Gollers 01 Washington and member 01 USGA's Junior Championship Committee, and on the right is Joseph M. Gambatese, Chairman 01 the Junior Goll Committee.
A special bulletin board was maintained at the entrance of the golf shop. In this way, all members of the club, and juniors, were kept fu'lly informed of junior activities. Financially, the 1955 program cost Kenwood a total of $175, less than.the dues of one member. The Junior Golf Committee raised $70 for defraying of incidental expenses with a Hit the Green" contest in mid-summer. Needless to say, the benefits resulting from the program were considered well worth this slight expense. Highly gratified by last year's response, Kenwood approached 1956 with no reservations about junior golf. Registration cards have been mailed and the program will open at ceremonies in May. Clinics, a balanced ,tournament schedule, and continuation of ,the junior handicap system will remain a part of ,the program. Group lessons will be added this year after the spring clinics are completed. A Kenwood Junior Golf Association is being organized so that juniors may begin learning how to run their affairs with adult advice. As in USGA junior play, participation in the Kenwood program is. limited to juniors who have not reached the age of
USGA JOURNAL AND TURF MANAGEMENT: APRIL,
18. Those who reach that age before May 1 are ineligible. During championship play, age at the time of play applies. Indications of Success It is hoped Kenwood's interest in junior golf will produce more good golfers like Johnny Dunn. Johnny, 1955 Kenwood Junior Champion, competed in the 1953 Junior Amateur Championship at Tulsa, Okla., and in the 1954 tourney at Los Angeles. Kenwood juniors have taken an active part in tournaments in 'the District of Columbia area. In this respect, Frank Emmet, Director of the Junior Golfers of Washington and a member of USGA's Junior Championship Committee, considers Kenwood's program an ideal adjunct to junior golf on the district level. Of primary importance is the fact ,that all Kenwood juniors have been given every encouragement and opportunity to play and enjoy the benefits of golf. The Kenwood program is the resuh of much hard work, but the benefits have been rewarding. The increased junior interest in golf has resulted in better golf for everyone, and the training junior golfers of Kenwood are receiving will bring them lasting enjoyment of ,the game,
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