Konica Minolta Dynax Maxxum 500SI
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Konica Minolta Dynax Maxxum 500SI Digital Camera, size: 1.9 MB
Konica Minolta Dynax Maxxum 500SI 1
Konica Minolta Dynax Maxxum 500SI 2
Konica Minolta Dynax Maxxum 500SI
MINOLTA MAXXUM 400Si DYNAX 500Si ALPHA 303Si w/ 35 80mm
User reviews and opinions
|Gepeto||8:34pm on Friday, June 25th, 2010|
|I bought this camera a few years ago as a replacement for my old Zenit, on the basis of a few magazine reviews and a shop test. I bought this camera a few years ago as a replacement for my old Zenit, on the basis of a few magazine reviews and a shop test.|
Comments posted on www.ps2netdrivers.net are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.
AUTO POWER SAVE
To conserve battery power, the camera shuts down if an operation is not made within three minutes. To restore power, press the shutter-release button partway down. The length of the auto-power-save period can be changed in section 3 of the setup menu (p. 105). The LCD monitor backlight turns off after five seconds. Press a camera button to restore the display. The length of this period can be changed in section 3 of the setup menu (p. 105).
INSERTING AND CHANGING A MEMORY CARD
Always turn off the camera and confirm the access lamp is not lit before inserting or removing a memory card, otherwise the card may be damaged, and data lost. A memory card must be inserted for the camera to operate. If a card has not been inserted, ---- is displayed in the frame counter. Type I and II CompactFlash cards and Microdrives are compatible with this camera.
1. Slide the card-slot door toward the back of the camera to release the safety catch and open. 2. Insert a memory card all the way into the card slot. Insert the card so the face is toward the front of the camera. Always push the card in straight. Never force the card. If the card does not fit, check that it is oriented correctly. 3. Close the card-slot door and slide it toward the front of the camera to engage the safety catch.
4. To eject a card, open the card-slot door, and press and release the card-eject lever to extend it. 5. Press the extended card-eject lever to eject the card. The card can now be pulled out. Take care when removing the card as it becomes hot with use. The card-eject lever should remain inside the camera body. If it extends, push it into the camera. 6. Insert a new memory card and close the cardslot door.
If the Unable to use card, Format? message appears, the card should be formatted with the camera. Use the right/left keys of the controller to highlight the yes button. Press the central button of the controller to format the card; this can take several minutes depending on the card. When a card is formatted, all the data on the card is permanently erased. Selecting No cancels the formatting operation; remove the card from the camera. A memory card used in another camera may have to be formatted before being used.
Spot AF area
When focus-focus area selection is active, use the controller to select the AF area; autofocus activates and locks each time an area is selected. The central button selects the spot AF area. Focus remains locked after the picture is taken until the controller is released.
The active area is indicated on the monitor and is briefly illuminated in the viewfinder.
Single-shot AF (Autofocus), continuous AF, automatic AF, and direct manual focus is set with the function button (p. 56).
The AF system activates when the shutter-release button is pressed partway down or with the controller (p. 57). Focus is confirmed with the viewfinder focus signals, see page 29.
Single-shot AF - a general purpose autofocusing mode. Its operation is described in the basic recording section. Focus lock is available (p. 30). Automatic AF - this AF mode automatically switches between single-shot AF and continuous AF depending on the subjects motion. Continuous AF - used for photographing moving subjects. The camera continuously focuses on the subject even when the shutter-release button is pressed partway down. Spot and local AF areas illuminate as the subject moves through the wide focus frames to indicate the point of focus when the continuous AF is active. Focus lock is not available. Direct manual focus - operates like automatic AF, but after the AF system focuses, the focus can be adjusted manually by the photographer. Press the shutter-release button partway down or press the controller to activate the AF system. When the viewfinder focus signal is displayed, manually focus the lens. Do not attempt to focus the lens until the focus signal is displayed. The active mode is displayed on the monitor.
The metering mode specifies the metering pattern. The metering mode is set with the function button (p. 56).
On the function-selection screen, use the up/down keys of the controller to select the metering modes and the left/right keys to select the specific mode. Press the central button of the controller to complete the operation.
Multi-segment metering - the cameras standard metering mode appropriate for most photographic situations. By combining information on the subjects distance and position from the autofocus system, this mode is less influenced by spot lighting or backlighting. Center weighted - measures light values over the entire image area with emphasis given the central region. Spot - uses a circular area within the image to calculate the exposure. Spot metering allows precise exposure measurements of a particular object without being influenced by extremely bright or dark areas within the scene. Spot metering area The active mode is displayed on the monitor. If the luminance levels of the scene are outside the metering range, both arrows at each end of the Ev scale blink. In dark conditions, use the camera flash. Under bright light, use a neutral density filter on the lens to control the light levels.
The relative output of the flash can be compensated by 2.0 Ev with the function button (p. 56). On the function-selection screen, use the up/down keys of the controller to select exposure compensation and the left/right keys to adjust the degree of compensation. Press the central button of the controller to complete the operation.
When the camera flash is raised, the degree of flash compensation is indicated by the Ev scale. When using fill-flash to reduce harsh shadows caused by bright illumination or direct sunlight, flash compensation can change the ratio between the highlights and shadows. Fill flash affect the darkness of the shadows without affecting the area illuminated by the main light source. 1.0 Ev flash compensation
By decreasing the flash output with a negative Ev setting, the shadows receive less light and are darker, but subtle details in the shadows that would not appear without the flash are apparent. Increasing the flash output by using a positive Ev setting softens and nearly eliminate shadows.
Color / DEC Natural
Raise the built-in flash on the camera and position the camera and flash around the subject. See the following page for operating ranges.
Make sure no objects come between the camera and flash unit. The flash units can be test fired by pressing the AEL button on the camera. AEL button setup in section 1 of the custom menu should be set to one of the hold options. If the flash does not fire, change the camera, flash, or subject position. The slow shutter sync is active in auto recording, P, A, and digital subject program exposure modes (p. 47). When the 5600HS(D) and 3600HS(D) flash is charged, the AF illuminator on the front of the unit blinks. The viewfinder flash signal shows the status of the camera flash (p. 31). Take a picture as described in the basic recording section on page 28. Wireless/Remote flash performs best under subdued light or interior lighting. Under bright light sources, the flash may not be able to detect the control signals from the cameras built-in flash. When not using off-camera flash units, always turn off the wireless flash mode in section 2 of the recording menu, or inaccurate flash exposures will result. The 5600HS(D) and 3600HS(D) flash units can be reset simultaneously with the camera. Simply mount the flash unit in the accessory shoe and change the wireless flash mode setting on the menu to another flash mode. High-speed sync. is available, see page 112. The Wireless/Remote Flash Controller is not compatible with this camera.
WIRELESS/REMOTE CAMERA AND FLASH RANGES
Camera-to-subject distance The camera and flash must be within 5m or 16.4 ft of the subject.
Specifications with Maxxum / Camera-to-subject Aperture distance /2.8 1.4 ~ 5m / 4.6 ~ 16.4ft /4.~ 5m / 3.3 ~ 16.4ft /5.~ 5m / 3.3 ~ 16.4ft Specifications with Maxxum / 1.4 ~ 5m / 4.6 ~ 16.4ft /2.~ 5m / 3.3 ~ 16.4ft /4.~ 5m / 3.3 ~ 16.4ft /5.6
Program flash 5600HS(D) at ISO 100 Flash-to-subject distance2 1/250 second Up to sync. speed1 1/1000 second 1 ~ 5m / 3.3 ~ 16.4ft 1 ~ 5m / 3.3 ~ 16.4ft 1 ~ 2.5m / 3.3 ~ 8.2ft 1 ~ 5m / 3.3 ~ 16.4ft 1 ~ 3.5m / 3.3 ~ 11.5ft 1 ~ 1.7m / 3.3 ~ 5.6ft 1 ~ 5m / 3.3 ~ 16.4ft 1 ~ 2.5m / 3.3 ~ 8.2ft 1 ~ 1.2m / 3.3 ~ 3.9ft Program flash 3600HS(D) at ISO ~ 5m / 3.3 ~ 16.4ft 1 ~ 4m / 3.3 ~ 13.1ft 1 ~ 2m / 3.3 ~ 6.6ft 1 ~ 5m / 3.3 ~ 16.4ft 1 ~ 3m / 3.3 ~ 9.8ft 1 ~ 1.5m / 3.3 ~ 4.9ft 1 ~ 5m / 3.3 ~ 16.4ft 1 ~ 2m / 3.3 ~ 6.6ft
1. The cameras flash sync. speed is 1/125 sec. with Anti-Shake on and 1/160 sec. with Anti-Shake off. Shutter speeds up to this limit can be used. 2. Double the maximum distance when using the camera sensitivity at ISO 400. The maximum distance cannot exceed 5m or 16.4 ft.
Only the images in the folders specified with the view-folder option in section 1 of the playback menu (p. 82) can be viewed or edited in playback. Two options are available: All folders - to view and edit all images on the memory card. Single folder - to view and edit images in a specific folder. The folder is selected in the folder-name option below the view-folder option.
Delete Format View folder Folder name Lock Index format Single folder 100KMframes
For more on memory card organization, see page 120. Folders can be created and selected in section 2 of the setup menu (p. 104, 105).
Single, multiple, or all images on the memory card or in a folder specified with the view-folder option can be locked. A locked image cannot be deleted by either the playback menu functions or the delete button. Important images should be locked. Images are locked in section 1 of the playback menu (p. 82). The lock has five options: Marked frames - to lock or unlock multiple images. When this is chosen, the frameselection screen (p. 83) is displayed. Use the left/right keys of the controller to highlight the image to be locked. Pressing the up key marks the thumbnail with the lock indicator. To unlock an image, highlight it with the yellow border and press the down key; the lock indicator disappears. Continue until all the images are marked. Press the controller to lock the marked frames, or press the menu button to cancel the operation and return to the playback menu. All in folder - to lock images in a single folder specified by the view-folder option. All on card - all images on the memory card are locked. Unlock folder - to unlock images in a single folder specified by the view-folder option. Unlock card - all images on the memory card are unlocked. Locking an image protects it from a delete function. However, the formatting function erase all files on a memory card whether locked or not. Locked images are indicated in the playback displays.
INDEX PLAYBACK FORMAT
The index-format option in section 1 of the playback menu can specify a four, nine, and sixteen image display for index playback (p. 37) and frame-selection screens (p. 83). A file browser can also be used in place of the index playback display mode; a 9-frame display is used for the selection screens. 9-frame index After selecting the file-browser option in the menu, press the display button in the playback mode to display the file browser. The up/down keys of the controller switch between the folder tabs and images; a tab or image is highlighted. The left/right keys of the controller select the folder tabs or images.
The operation of the control dial in the auto recording, program, and manual exposure modes (p. 39) can be specified in section 1 of the custom menu (p. 92). This custom function has two options: Shutter speed - this is the default setting. Descriptions in the manual are based on this. When using program shift (p. 41), PS is displayed as the exposure mode and the exposure is shifted based on the displayed shutter speed. If the lighting changes, the shutter speed remains fixed and the aperture changes for the exposure. In manual exposure (p. 44), the control dial changes the shutter speed. Press and hold the exposure-compensation button and turn the control dial to change the aperture. Aperture - When using program shift (p. 41), PA is displayed as the exposure mode and the exposure is shifted based on the displayed aperture. If the lighting changes, the aperture remains fixed and the shutter speed changes for the exposure. In manual exposure (p. 44), the control dial changes the aperture. Press and hold the exposure-compensation button and turn the control dial to change the shutter speed.
EXPOSURE COMPENSATION SETUP
Exposure compensation setup is set in section 1 of the custom menu (p. 92). This custom function has two options: Ambient & flash - when using exposure compensation with the flash, both the ambient and flash exposure controls are adjusted. Ambient only - the flash exposure is fixed and only the ambient exposure controls (shutter speed, aperture, and camera sensitivity) adjust the exposure.
The built-in flash is used as an AF Illuminator. When the scene is too dark for the camera to focus, raise the built-in flash. It fires a few short bursts to provide light for the camera to focus. When an accessory flash is attached, the flash unit is used as the AF illuminator. The AF illuminator can be turned on and off in section 1 of the custom menu (p. 92). The range of the AF Illuminator is approximately 1 to 5 m ( 3.3 to 16.4 ft.). It does not fire when using the continuous AF focus mode. The AF illuminator may not operate with focal lengths of 300mm or longer or with the 3x-1x Macro Zoom.
Priority setup FocusHoldButt. AEL button Ctrl dial set Exp. comp. set AF illuminator
AF Focus hold AE hold Shutter speed Ambient&flash On
CARD SHUTTER LOCK
The card shutter lock prevents the shutter from releasing when no memory card is inserted in the camera. The shutter lock is turned on and off in section 2 of the custom menu (p. 92).
Shutter lock Shutter lock AF area setup Monitor disp. Rec. display Play. display On: no card On: no lens 0.3s. display Automatic Auto rotate Auto rotate
LENS SHUTTER LOCK
The shutter lock prevents the shutter opening and exposing the CCD to dust when no lens is mounted on the camera. Turn the shutter lock off when attaching the camera to a telescope or microscope. The shutter lock is turned on and off in section 2 of the custom menu (p. 92).
AF AREA SETUP
The spot focus or local AF areas are illuminated when the camera focuses. The illumination period is selected in section 2 of the custom menu (p. 92) between 0.3 seconds and 0.6 seconds. AF area illuminator activation can also be turned off. AF area illuminator
MONITOR DISPLAY SETUP
Automatic and manual monitor display is selected in section 2 of the custom menu (p. 92). The automatic option uses the viewfinder eye sensors to turn the monitor off when using the viewfinder. The manual option requires the monitor to be turned off using the display button (p. 33).
RECORDING DISPLAY SETUP
The auto-rotate and horizontal display is selected in section 2 of the custom menu (p. 92). The auto-rotate option automatically changes the recording display as the camera orientation is moved between horizontal and vertical positions. The horizontal option fixes the display to the horizontal position.
PLAYBACK DISPLAY SETUP
The auto-rotate and manual-rotate options are selected in section 2 of the custom menu (p. 92). The auto-rotate option records camera orientation with the image file so that it is displayed correctly with the camera and DiMAGE Master Lite. The manual option does not tag images. When the manual option is selected, previously recorded images are not affected and are rotated when played back.
The setup menu controls camera operation. See page 91 on how to open the setup menu. Use the left/right keys of the controller to highlight the appropriate menu tab; the menus change as the tabs are highlighted. When the required menu section is displayed, use the up/down key to scroll through the menu options. Highlight the option whose setting needs to be changed. Press the right controller key to display the settings; the current setting is indicated by an arrow. To return to the menu options, press the left key. Use the up/down key to highlight the new setting. If Enter is displayed, press the central button of the controller to continue.
To set monitor brightness (p. 100).
LCDbrightness Transfer mode Video output Audio signals Language Date/Time set Data storage NTSC On English
To specify camera operation with a computer (p. 100). To switch video output between NTSC and PAL (p. 101). To change or turn off audio signals (p. 102). To set the menu language (p. 102). To set the cameras clock and calendar (p. 103). To activate file number memory (p. 103).
File # memory Folder name Select folder New folder
Off Std. form 100KM028
To select the folder name format (p. 104). To select the destination folder for recorded images (p. 104). To create a new folder (p. 104).
To specify monitor backlight illumination period (p. 105).
LCD backlight Power save MenuSec.Memory Delete conf. Clean CCD Reset default 5 sec. 3 min. Off No
To set the auto-power-save period (p. 105). To memorize the last menu section opened (p. 106). To change the confirmation screens default setting (p. 106). Read cleaning instructions before using (p. 106). To reset camera functions (p. 108).
Monitor brightness is adjusted in section 1 of the setup menu. Highlight Enter and press the central button of the controller to open the LCD brightness setup screen.
LCDbrightness Transfer mode Video output Audio signals Language Date/Time set Enter
Brightness is controlled in eleven levels. Use the left/right controller keys to adjust the brightness, the monitor adjusts accordingly. Press the central button of the controller to set the level and complete the operation. Press the menu button to close the screen without applying any changes.
Set LCD brightness
The data-transfer mode must be specified depending on whether the camera is used to transfer data to a computer or print images with a PictBridge compatible printer. Select the appropriate option: Data storage - to transfer data between the camera and a computer. This option must be selected when moving image files to a computer or when using the DiMAGE Master Lite software. PTP - to print images with a PictBridge compatible printer. See page 126 for more on PictBridge.
Camera images can be displayed on a television. The video output can be changed between NTSC and PAL. North America uses the NTSC standard and Europe uses the PAL standard. Check which standard is used in your region to play back images on your television set.
VIEWING IMAGES ON A TELEVISION
It is possible to view camera images on your television. The camera has a video-out terminal which can be used to connect the camera to a television using the supplied video cable. 1. Turn off the television and the camera. 2. Slide the card-slot door toward the back of the camera to release the safety catch and open. 3. Insert the plug of the video cable into the cameras videoout terminal. 4. Plug the other end of the video cable into the video input terminal on the television. 5. Turn the television on. 6. Change the television to the video channel. 7. Turn on the camera and press playback button. The cameras monitors do not activate when the camera is attached to a television. The playback-mode display is visible on the television screen. 8. View images as described in the playback section. Because of the broadcast standard used to display television images, image quality and resolution will appear lower than when displayed on a computer monitor.
When the shutter-release button is pressed partway down, an audio signal gives a positive confirmation the AF system has focused. This signals can be turned off in section 1 of the setup menu (p. 98).
The language used in the menus can be changed. Highlight the current language and press the center of the controller to open the language setup screen.
LCDbrightness Transfer mode Video output Audio signals Language Date/Time set
Use the four-way keys of the controller to select the menu language. Press the central button of the controller to set the language. Press the menu button to close the screen without making any changes.
Japanese English Deutsch Franais Espaol italiano :select
Svenska Russian Chinese (CS) Chinese (CT) Korean :enter
DATE AND TIME SETUP
It is important to accurately set the clock. When a still image is recorded, the date and time of the recording are saved with the image and are displayed during playback or can be read with the DiMAGE Master Lite software. When the Date/Time-set option is selected and entered in section 1 of the setup menu, the date/time screen is displayed. Use the left/right keys of the controller or rear control dial to select the item to be changed. Use the up/down keys or front control dial to change the item. Press the central button of the controller to complete the operation.
ATTACHING AN ACCESSORY FLASH UNIT
To extend the versatility of the camera, an accessory flash unit (sold separately) can be used. Always remove the accessory flash when the camera is not in use, and replace the accessory-shoe cap to protect the contacts.
Slide the accessory-shoe cap off as shown. Mount the flash unit on the accessory shoe by sliding it forward until it stops.
The following flash units are compatible with this camera: Maxxum/Program Flash 2500(D) Maxxum/Program Flash 3600HS(D) Maxxum/Program Flash 5600HS(D) Macro Ring Flash 1200 with Macro Flash Controller Macro Twin Flash 2400 with Macro Flash Controller
HIGH-SPEED SYNC. (HSS)
This camera is compatible with the High Speed Sync. (HSS) function in the Program/Maxxum Flash 5600HS(D) and 3600HS(D). This allows the camera to use its full range of shutter speeds up to 1/4000 second. HSS cannot be used with the 2-second self-timer drive mode nor the rear sync. flash mode. Attach a compatible flash unit to the camera. Set the flash unit to HSS. When the shutter speed exceeds the camera sync. speed, the High Speed Sync. indicator (H) is displayed on the monitor and in the viewfinder.
High Speed Sync. indicator
PC FLASH ADAPTER PCT-100
The PC Flash Adapter PCT-100 allows a studio or location flash system to be connected to the camera with a standard PC cord. The adapter is compatible with both center positive (normal polarity) and center negative (positive polarity) flash units with a voltage of 400V or lower. The software upgrade included with the PCT-100 should not be used. To ensure correct exposures, use the manual exposure mode. Set the shutter speed equal to or slower than the flash duration; refer to the flash units instruction manual. The cameras flash-compensation function has no affect on the flash exposure. To make an exposure bracket, press and hold the AEL button during the bracketing series to control the exposure with the aperture rather than the shutter speed. The use of custom white balance is recommended. When calibrating the camera, use the shutter speed and aperture settings require for the final exposure. A gray card may have to be used as the reference target with powerful flash units to reduce the intensity of the illumination. If custom white balance is not practical, use the preset daylight or flash setting or set the color temperature to the flash units color temperature if known; auto white balance is not recommended.
ABOUT THE BATTERY CHARGER CORD
The included AC cord is designed for the current of the sales region. Only use the cord in the region it was purchased.
Region Product code
Continental Europe, Korea, Singapore (220-240V) Great Britain, Hong Kong (220V-240V) United States, Canada, Japan, Taiwan (100V-120V) China (220-240V) Australia (220-240V)
APC-150 APC-160 APC-170 APC-151 APC-230
The External High-Power Battery Pack Kit EPB-100 is not compatible with this camera.
Read this section carefully before connecting the camera to a computer. This manual does not cover the basic operation of computers or their operating systems; please refer to the manual supplied with your computer.
For the camera to be connected directly to the computer and used as a mass-storage device, the computer must be equipped with a USB port as a standard interface. The computer and the operating system must be guaranteed by their manufacturers to support USB interface. The following operating systems are compatible with the camera: Windows 98, 98SE, Me, 2000 Professional, and XP Macintosh OS 9.0 ~ 9.2.2 and Mac OS X 10.1.3 ~ 10.1.5, 10.2.1 ~ 10.2.8, 10.3 ~ 10.3.9, 10.4 ~ 10.4.1 Compatibility with Windows XP is with the home or professional editions only. Check the Konica Minolta web site for the latest compatibility information: North America: http://www.konicaminolta.us/ Europe: http://www.konicaminoltasupport.com Users with Windows 98 or 98 second edition will need to install the driver software on the included Digital Camera Software CD-ROM (p. 116). No special driver software is required for other Windows or Macintosh operating systems. Customers who have bought a previous DiMAGE or Dynax / Maxxum digital camera and have installed the Windows 98 driver software must repeat the installation procedure. The updated version of the driver software included on the supplied Digital Camera Software CD-ROM is required for the operation of the this camera with a computer. The new software will have no affect on the performance of previous cameras. A remote camera driver is supplied in the Windows edition of the Digital Camera Software CD-ROM. This driver is not compatible with this camera.
CONNECTING THE CAMERA TO A COMPUTER
A fully charged battery should be used when the camera is connected to a computer. The AC adapter (sold separately) is recommended over the use of batteries. For users with Windows 98, read the section on how to install the necessary driver before connecting the camera to a computer. 1. Confirm the data-transfer option in section 1 of the setup menu is set to Data storage (p. 98). Turn the camera off. 2. Start up the computer. The computer must be on before connecting the camera. 3. Slide the card-slot door toward the back of the camera to release the safety catch and open. Attach the smaller plug of the USB cable to the camera. The plug should be firmly attached. 4. Attach the other end of the USB cable to the computers USB port. The plug should be firmly attached. The camera should be connected directly to the computers USB port. Using a USB hub may prevent proper operation. 5. With a memory card inserted, turn on the camera. A screen appears to indicate the start of the connection process. When the connection is made, the cameras monitors turn off. To change the card while the camera is connected to a computer, see page 124. With the camera properly connected to Windows XP or Mac OS X, a window may open to download image data; follow the instructions in the window. A drive icon, or volume, appears in My Computer or on the desktop; the volume name varies with memory card and operating system. If the volume does not appear, disconnect the camera, restart the computer, and repeat the procedure. My Computer: Windows
Extra fine, fine, or standard embedded Adobe RGB image
Image file names begin with PICT followed by a four-digit file number and a mrw, jpg, jpe, or thm extension. The thumbnail images (thm) are used in camera and DiMAGE Master Lite operation. If a RAW or JPEG image uses the Adobe RGB color mode without an embedded profile, the file name begins with _ICT. When a new folder is created, the first three digits in the folder name is one greater than the largest folder number on the card. When the file number in the image file name exceeds 9,999, a new folder is created with a number one greater than the greatest folder number on the memory card: e.g. from 100KM028 to 101KM028. The file number on the image file may not correspond to its frame number on the camera. As images are deleted in the camera, the frame counter adjust itself to show the number of images on the card and reassign the frame numbers accordingly. The file numbers on the image files do not change when an image is deleted. When a new image is recorded, it is assigned a number one greater than the largest file number in the folder. File numbers can be controlled with the file-number-memory function in section 2 of the setup menu (p. 103).
Image files contain exif tag data. This data includes the time and date the image was recorded as well as the camera settings used. This data can be viewed with the camera or the DiMAGE Master and DiMAGE Master Lite software. If a camera image is opened in an image-processing application that does not support Exif tags, and then the image is saved overwriting the original data, the Exif tag information is erased. Some Exif compatible applications rewrite the Exif data preventing DiMAGE Master Lite from reading it. When using software other than DiMAGE Master or DiMAGE Master Lite, always rename the image file to protect the exif tag data. To view images correctly on your computer, the monitors color space may need to be adjusted. Refer to your computer manual on how to calibrate the display to the following requirements: sRGB, with a color temperature of 6500K, and a gamma of 2.2.
DISCONNECTING THE CAMERA FROM THE COMPUTER
Never disconnect the camera when the access lamp is lit - the data or memory card may permanently be damaged.
WINDOWS 98 / 98 SECOND EDITION
Confirm the access lamp is not lit. Turn off the camera and then disconnect the USB cable. If Kodak EasyShare is open, quit the application before disconnecting the camera.
No memory card in the camera.
Insert a memory card (p. 24).
Solution Make sure the subject is within the focus range of the lens.
Subject is too close. Focus signal is blinking.
Pictures are not sharp. Pictures are taken indoors or in low-light situations without flash.
Use the focus-lock function to A special situation is focus on an object at the preventing the autofocus same distance as the subject system from (p. 30) or use manual focus focusing (p. 29) (p. 49).
Slow shutter speeds Use Anti-shake or a tripod, result in blurred images change the camera sensitivity to a higher setting (p. 54), or when the camera is use the flash (p. 31). hand-held.
While using flash, the pictures are too dark.
The subject is beyond the flash range (p. 55).
Move closer to the subject or change the camera sensitivity to a higher setting (p. 54).
Always remove the lens hood A shadow Lens hood The lens hood blocks the when using the built-in flash. appears on mounted when light from the built-in Also see the lens shadowing the bottom of using flash. flash. section on page 110. the image.
Symptom Shutter speed and/or aperture display blink.
Cause Subject or scene is outside the exposure control range of the camera.
Solution Adjust the exposure until the display stops blinking or change camera sensitivity (p. 54). In dark conditions, use the camera flash. Under bright light, use a neutral density filter on the lens to control the light levels. Turn the camera off and on. If the Anti-Shake scale continues to blink, contact a Konica Minolta service facility. Select the folder with the menu (p. 82).
Inaccurate exposures with very bright or dark Arrows blink at scenes. each end of the Ev scale.
Subject or scene is outside the metering range of the camera.
Anti-Shake does not work.
The viewfinder Anti-Shake scale is blinking.
CCD setup error.
Folder is not selected Unable to see with the view-folder Folder number option in section 1 of the recorded not displayed. images in playback menu. playback. Unable to delete folders with the file browser (p. 87). Memory card was opened on a Windows operating system.
Delete the folder using the computer.
If the camera does not function normally, turn it off, remove and reinsert the battery, or unplug and reconnect the AC adapter. Always turn the camera off using the main switch otherwise the memory card may be damaged and camera settings reset.
PROGRAM FLASH MAXXUM FLASH
FOR PROPER AND SAFE USE
Read and understand all warnings and cautions before using this product. Do not disassemble this product. Electric shock may cause injury if a high voltage circuit inside the product is touched. Immediately remove the batteries and discontinue use if the camera is dropped or subjected to an impact in which the interior, especially the flash unit, is exposed. The flash has a high voltage circuit which may cause an electric shock resulting in injury. The continued use of a damaged product or part may cause injuries. Store this product out of reach of children. Be careful when around children not to harm them with the product or parts. Do not fire the flash directly into the eyes. It may damage eyesight. Do not fire the flash at vehicle operators. It may cause a distraction or temporary blindness which may lead to an accident. Do not expose this product to liquids or operate this product with wet hands. If liquid enters the product, immediately remove the batteries and discontinue use. The continued use of a product exposed to liquids may cause damage or injury through fire or electric shock. Do not use the product near inflammable gases or liquids such as gasoline, benzine, or paint thinner. Do not use inflammable products such as alcohol, benzine, or paint thinner to clean the product. The use of inflammable cleaners and solvents may cause an explosion or fire. If the product emits a strange odor, heat, or smoke, discontinue use. Immediately remove the batteries taking care not to burn yourself, as batteries become hot with use. The continued use of a damaged product or part may cause injuries. Take the product to a Konica Minolta Service Facility when repairs are required.
Using batteries improperly can cause them to leak harmful solutions, overheat, or explode which may damage property or cause personal injury. Do not ignore the following warnings. Only use the batteries specified in this instruction manual. Do not install the batteries with the polarity (+/) reversed. Do not use batteries which show wear or damage. Do not expose batteries to fire, high temperatures, water, or moisture. Do not attempt to recharge, short, or disassemble batteries. Do not store batteries near or in metallic products. Do not mix batteries of different types, brands, ages, or charge levels. Do not charge alkaline or lithium batteries. When recharging rechargeable batteries, only use the recommended charger. Do not use leaking batteries. If fluid from the batteries enters your eye, immediately rinse the eye with plenty of fresh water and contact a doctor. If fluid from the batteries makes contact with your skin or clothing, wash the area thoroughly with water. Tape over battery contacts to avoid short-circuiting during disposal; always follow local regulations for battery disposal.
Do not use or store the product in a hot or humid environment such as the glove compartment or trunk of a car. It may damage the product and batteries which may result in burns or injuries caused by heat, fire, explosion, or leaking battery fluid. If batteries are leaking, discontinue use of the product. Do not fire the flash while it is in contact with people or objects. The flash unit discharges a large amount of energy which may cause burns. Burns may result if the batteries are removed immediately after prolonged or heavy flash use. Wait for the batteries to cool.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. Changes or modifications not approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver. Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
NAMES OF PARTS...6 BASIC OPERATION INSTALLING BATTERIES...10 GETTING STARTED....12 Mounting the flash..12 Removing the flash...12 Turning the flash on...12 Auto Power Off....12 Metering-mode switch...13 About film use (Maxxum/Dynax cameras)..13 P MODE FLASH: THE BASICS..14 With Maxxum/Dynax series cameras..14 With DiMAGE series digital cameras..17 EXPOSURE MODES...20 A Mode Flash...20 S Mode Flash...20 M Mode Flash....21 Flash Sync Speed..21 ADVANCED OPERATION BOUNCE FLASH...23 AF ILLUMINATOR...26 OFF-CAMERA CABLES..27 Flash-Ratio Control (Varying the intensity of individual flash)..28 APPENDIX COMPATIBILITY WITH OTHER PRODUCTS..30 CAUTIONS WHILE HANDLING..32 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS..34
Thank you for purchasing this Konica Minolta product. Please take time to read through the instruction manual so you may enjoy all the features of your new flash unit. This manual covers the operation of PROGRAM/MAXXUM FLASH 2500HS(D) with the following cameras: Maxxum 9, 7, 800si, 700si, 600si, 400si, 300si, XTsi, HTsi, STsi, QTsi, 3, 4, 5 Dynax 9, 7, 800si, 700si, 600si, 505si, 505si Super, 500si, 500si Super, 404si, 303si, 300si, 3L, 3, 5 DiMAGE A1, A2, Z1, Z2, 7Hi, 7i, 7, 5 When using another Maxxum, Dynax series 35mm camera, a Vectis series APS camera, or a Dimge series digital camera, refer to Compatibility with Other Products section on page 30 while read the main section of this manual. This flash unit is designed and manufactured solely for use with the Konica Minolta Maxxum/Dynax series cameras and DiMAGE series digital cameras. It cannot be attached to other Konica Minolta cameras. Performance when used with cameras from other manufacturers cannot be guaranteed. Konica Minolta takes no responsibility for accidents or malfunctions due to use with those cameras.
NAMES OF PARTS
Figures in parenthesis refer to the page number of relevant sections.
Mounting-foot-release button (12) AF illuminator (26) Mounting foot (12) Metering-mode switch (13, 14, 17) Switch up - ADI flash metering Switch down - TTL flash metering
The section covers how to prepare the flash for use as well as the basic flash operation.
Ready lamp (11, 15, 18) Glows steadily when the flash is ready to fire. Blinks when the correct flash exposure was made. Turns off when the flash is charging.
Battery-chamber door (10) Main switch (12) Autoflash lamp (14) Glows to indicate autoflash is active. Turns off when using fillflash.
The 2500 (D) may be powered by : Four AA-size alkaline batteries Four AA-size lithium batteries Four AA-size rechargeable nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH) batteries Only charge nickel-metal hydride batteries in an appropriate charger unit. When the flash is charged and ready, the ready lamp at the rear of the unit glows. When the flash charging time exceeds 30 seconds, replace the batteries.
1. Open the battery-chamber door as shown.
2. Insert the batteries as shown in the diagram in the battery chamber.
3. Close the battery-chamber door.
Mounting the flash
Slide the flash mounting foot firmly into the cameras accessory shoe until it stops.
The flash locks into place automatically. If the cameras built-in flash is up, lower it before mounting the flash unit.
Select the flash metering-mode.
For the Maxxum/Dynax series cameras, ADI flash metering is available with the ADI compatible cameras and D series lenses. Refer to the cameras instruction manual for details. For the DiMAGE series digital cameras, ADI flash metering is available with the ADI compatible digital cameras when the ADI flash metering-mode is set with the recording mode menu. Refer to the cameras instruction manual for details. When using a close-up diffuser, a filter that increases exposure (red 25, neutral density), or bounce flash, set the metering mode to TTL. ADI metering will result in incorrect exposures.
Removing the flash
While pressing the mounting-foot release button (1), slide the flash (2) from the accessory shoe.
Turning the flash on
Slide the main switch to turn the flash on and off.
About film use (Maxxum/Dynax cameras)
Do not use films with a speed in excess of ISO 1000. Exposure errors may result.
The low-speed film limit is the same as specified in the cameras instruction manual. Refer to the instruction manual for details.
Auto Power Off
The flash is turned off automatically to save battery power if the flash is not used for 15 minutes. To restore power, slide the main switch off and on.
P MODE FLASH: THE BASICS
1. Turn the camera and flash on. 2. Set the P exposure mode on the camera. 3. Select the flash metering mode on the flash. The active metering mode depends on the metering mode selected and the camera in use, see chart below.
Metering-mode switch position ADI flash compatible cameras with a D series lens ADI flash compatible cameras with TTL metering selected with a custom function Cameras incompatible with ADI flash metering ADI TTL ADI TTL metering TTL The photo will be under-exposed if taken before the flash is completely charged. When using the self-timer, confirm the flash is charged before pressing the shutter-release button to start the countdown. Flash metering mode used ADI metering TTL metering With the Maxxum/Dynax 9 and 800si, fill-flash is used when the P mode is selected (autoflash may also be selected as a custom setting with the 800si). With other cameras, autoflash is used with the P mode. Fill-flash can be selected in the same way as the flash mode of the built-in flash on the camera.
5. When the flash is charged, press the shutter-release button all the way down to take the picture.
The flash is charged when the ready lamp on the rear of the unit and the flash-ready lamp in the camera viewfinder are both lit.
If the flash output was sufficient for the exposure:
The ready lamp blinks on the rear of the flash unit. The indicator blinks in the camera viewfinder.
4. Press the shutter-release button partway down.
The autoflash lamp glows to indicate
autoflash is active.
The autoflash lamp does not glow when using fill-flash.
P MODE FLASH
With Maxxum/Dynax series cameras
With the Maxxum/Dynax 7, autoflash is used with full-auto, and fillflash with the P mode.
P MODE FLASH: THE BASICS P MODE FLASH
Flash range of the 2500 (D) in meters Aperture 2.5.11 ISO 100 1-9 1-- 4.5 1-- 2.2 ISO - - 12 1-9 1-- 4.5
With DiMAGE series digital cameras
With the DiMAGE A1, A2, Z1, Z2, 7Hi, 7i, 7 and 5, fill-flash is used when the P mode is selected.
1. Turn the camera and flash on. 2. Set the P exposure mode on the camera. 3. Select the flash-metering mode on recording-mode menu and the flash metering mode on the flash. The active metering mode depends on the metering mode selected on recordingmode menu and the flash, see chart below.
Recordring-mode menu setting ADI TTL ADI P-TTL TTL The flash-metering mode can not be selected with the DiMAGE Z1, and Z2 on recording-mode menu. With these digital cameras, always P-TTL metering will be used regardless of the metering-mode switch.
(Continued on next page)
If the subject is closer than 1m, use the flash off-camera with a cable. The flash range is for negative films. When using slide film, underexposure may be apparent at the farther limits of the flash range.
Metering-mode switch position ADI
Flash metering mode used ADI metering P-TTL metering P-TTL metering
4. Press the shutter-release button partway down. 5. When the flash is charged, press the shutter-release button all the way down to take the picture.
The flash is charged when the ready lamp on the rear of the unit glows and the flash signal on the monitors turns white. Flash range of the 2500 (D) in meters with the DiMAGE A1 / A2 / Z1 / Z2 / 7Hi / 7i / 7 / 5. Aperture (F) 2.5.11 Camera sensitivity (ISO) AUTO
0.5 - 12 0.5 - 9 0.5 - 6 0.5 - 4.5 0.5 - 3
0.5 - 9 0.5 - 6 0.5 - 4.5 0.5 - 3 0.5 - 2.2
0.5 - 18 0.5 - 12 0.5 - 9 0.5 - 6 0.5 - 4.5
0.5 - 25 0.5 - 18 0.5 - 12 0.5 - 9 0.5 - 6
The ready lamp blinks on the rear of the flash unit. The indicator used with the built-in flash appears on the monitors. Refer to the digital cameras instruction manual for details. The photo will be under-exposed if taken before the flash is completely charged. When using the self-timer, confirm the flash is charged before pressing the shutter-release button to start the countdown.
If the subject is closer than 0.5m, use the flash off-camera with a cable.
The following descriptions are for camera models with A, S and M exposure modes.
M Mode Flash
1. Turn the camera on. 2. Set the M exposure mode on the camera.
Fill-flash is the active flash mode.
A Mode Flash
1. Turn the camera and flash on. 2. Set the A exposure mode on the camera.
3. Set the aperture and shutter speed, and focus on the subject.
When using an SLR film camera, the shutter speed should be set to the flash sync speed or slower. The aperture will affect the flash range. The larger the aperture (the smaller the f number), the greater the range.
3. Set the aperture and focus on the subject.
The aperture will affect the flash range. The larger the aperture (the smaller the f number), the greater the range. The shutter speed is automatically set by the camera.
4. When the flash is charged, press the shutter-release button all the way down to take the picture. FLASH SYNC SPEED
Because of flash duration and focal-plane shutters, there is a limit to the maximum shutter speed that can be used. This maximum speed is known as the flash sync. speed. Sync speeds for specific camera models:
Maxxum/Dynax 9 : Maxxum/Dynax 7, 800si, 700si, 600si : Maxxum XTsi, HTsi, 5 : Dynax 505si, 505si Super, 5 : Maxxum STsi, QTsi, 400si, 300si, 3, 4 : Dynax 500si, 500si Super, 404si, 303si, 300si : Dynax 3L, 3 : 1/300 sec. 1/200 sec. 1/125 sec. 1/125 sec. 1/90 sec. 1/90 sec. 1/90 sec.
4. When the flash is charged, press the shutter-release button all the way down to take the picture.
S Mode Flash
1. Turn the camera on. 2. Set the S exposure mode on the camera.
3. Set the shutter speed, and focus on the subject.
When using an SLR film camera, the shutter speed should be set to the flash sync speed or slower. The shutter speed is set automatically with the Dynax 500si, 500siSuper, and Maxxum 400si.
All shutter speeds can be set with DiMAGE series digital cameras.
Direct flash illumination can cause harsh shadows on the subject and background. Bounce flash reflects the light from the ceiling to create soft diffuse illumination.
The section describes advanced flash photography techniques and accessories.
Bounce flash Normal flash
Tilt the flash towards the ceiling.
The flash has a click stop at 60. The bounce head can be set in any position between 0 and 90.
Adjusting the Bounce Angle
The angle of the bounce head is important. If the bounce angle is too low, the subject will be illuminated by both directly with the flash and indirectly with the reflected light from the ceiling resulting in a harsh and unevenly lit photograph. Determine the bounce angle in reference to the distance to the reflective surface, the distance from the camera to the subject, and the angle of view of the lens.
With bounce flash, using ADI metering can result in incorrect exposure. Set the flash metering-mode switch to TTL. Use a white ceiling or wall to reflect the flash. The color of a surface will affect the color of the flash illumination. High ceilings or highly reflective surfaces such as glass are not suitable for bounce flash.
Determine the angle in relation to the table at right.
Focal length of lens 70mm minimum 28~70mm 28mm maximum
Bounce angle 75, 90
In low-light or when subject contrast is low, the autofocus system may not be able to focus. In these conditions, the flashs AF illuminator will active to aid the AF system when the shutterrelease button is pressed partway down.
The use of the optional off-camera cables allows the flash unit to be placed to the left or right of the subject to create attractive side lighting. Up to four flash units can be connected.
The cameras AF illuminator is disabled when the flash AF illuminator is in use. The AF illuminator is disabled when using the continuous AF mode. The AF illuminator may not operate with lenses with focal lengths greater than 300mm. The illuminator is disabled when the flash is used off-camera, or with the AF macro-zoom 3X-1X lens. The AF illuminator may not operate when the flash is used with the DiMAGE series digital cameras.
The off-camera cable allows the flash to be used from any position. The extension cable further extends of the distance of the flash from the camera. The cable CD and triple connector TC-1000 allows photography with multiple flash units.
AF ILLUMINATOR OFF-CAMERA CABLES
The following off-camera accessories are available: Off-camera cable Off-camera shoe Extension cable Cable CD Triple connector TC-1000
OFF-CAMERA CABLES Flash-Ratio Control (varying the intensity of individual flash)
When using this flash with other accessory flash units*, a 2:1 flash ratio can be used. The flash ratio controls the relative power of two flash units. The 2:1 ratio indicates the output difference between the main light and fill light; the fill light controls the depth of the shadows. *5600HS (D), 5400HS, 5400xi, 5200i
The flash ratio cannot be set with this flash. The ratio must be set with the compatible accessory flash unit. See the flash manual for details. Ratio control cannot be used with the DiMAGE series digital cameras and Maxxum/Dynax 300si. The use of this function may result in incorrect exposures.
COMPATIBILITY WITH OTHER PRODUCTS
Have your camera manual as reference when reading this flash manual.
Using APS SLR Cameras
Flash is set to autoflash in the P exposure mode. Fill flash can be selected with the flash-mode button on the camera. The shutter speed is set automatically in the S exposure mode. The flash coverage with APS cameras is sufficient for lenses with a focal length of 22mm or longer.
Using xi Series SLR Cameras
(Maxxum/Dynax 9xi, 7xi, 5xi, 3xi, SPxi, 2xi)
Flash is set to autoflash in the P exposure mode with the 9xi, 7xi, 5xi and 3xi. Fill flash can be selected. See the camera manual for details. Flash is set to autoflash in the P exposure mode with the SPxi and 2xi. Fill flash cannot be selected. The shutter speed is set automatically in the S exposure mode with the 7xi, 5xi, 3xi, SPxi, and 2xi.
Using Dimge RD3000 and RD-175 Digital Cameras
Flash is set to autoflash in the P exposure mode. Fill flash is used when a photo is taken while the manual fill-flash button on the camera is pressed. The shutter speed is set automatically in the S exposure mode.
Using i Series SLR Cameras
(Maxxum/Dynax 8000i, 7000i, 5000i, 3000i)
Flash is set to autoflash in the P exposure mode. Fill flash can be selected with the 8000i. See the camera manual for details. Flash is set to autoflash in the S exposure mode, and the shutter speed is set automatically. The use of ratio flash control will result in incorrect exposures when used with the 5000i and 3000i.
Using Early AF Series SLR Cameras
The optional flash shoe adapter FS-1200 is required. See the FS1200 manual for details.
(Maxxum/Minolta 9000, 7000, 5000)
CAUTIONS WHILE HANDLING
This flash unit has an intense light output and should not be fired directly in front of anyone's eyes. To prevent condensation from forming, place the flash in a sealed plastic bag when bringing it from a cold environment to a warm one. Allow it to come to room temperature before removing it from the bag. Battery capacity decreases at colder temperatures. Keep your flash and spare batteries in a warm inside pocket when shooting in cold weather. Batteries will regain some of their capacity when warmed to normal operating temperatures. This flash unit is not waterproof. Care should be taken not to expose the unit to water. Care should be taken when used on a beach or near water. Exposure to water, sand, dust, or salt may damage the product.
Do not store the flash unit with the alkaline batteries inside. Leakage from the batteries may damage the battery chamber. When using alkaline batteries, temperature and storage conditions can affect performance and may require more than 30 seconds for the flash to charge. Battery performance can be restored by using the flash a few times or turning the flash unit on and off several times. Replace the battery if performance does not improve. If lithium batteries become hot due to high temperatures or repeated use, an internal safety circuit shuts them down. Wait until the batteries cool before using the flash again. Nickel-metal hydride batteries can lose power suddenly. If battery performance drops while using the batteries, recharge them. Depending on the time elapsed since the battery was manufactured, the flash performance for new batteries may differ from the values shown in the technical specification section.
Clean by wiping with a soft, clean cloth. If the flash has been in contact with sand, wiping will cause surface damage. Gently remove sand particles using a blower before wiping. Do not use organic solvents (paint thinners or benzene) to clean the product.
Questions and Service Temperature
Flash unit operating temperature: 20C to 50C, 4F to 122F. Do not leave the flash unit exposed extremely high temperatures (eg. direct sunlight inside motor vehicles), or in conditions of high humidity. If you have questions about your flash, contact your local camera dealer or write to the Konica Minolta distributor in your area. Before shipping your flash for repair, please contact an authorized Konica Minolta Service Facility for instructions.
Guide number Recycling time (sec.) Number of flashes 25 (in meters at ISO 100), 82 (in feet at ISO 100) Alkaline 0.2 - 6 Alkaline 200 - 4000 Ni-MH 0.2 - 5 Ni-MH 200 - 4000 Lithium 0.2 - 6 Lithium 500 - 10000
For every new battery set.
Equal to a 28mm focal length lens
Continuous flash 30 continuous cycles of 3 flashes per second (GN 2.8, Nickel-metal hydride battery) performance AF illuminator LED. Automatic with low-contrast subjects or under low-light conditions Approximate operating range (with Maxxum/Dynax 7) AF mid 1 area: 1 - 5m (50mm lens) Flash control using pre-flash, TTL direct metering TECHNICAL SPESIFICATIONS 65 (W) x 115 (H) x 69 (D) mm 190g (without batteries) This mark below the flashtube certifies that this product meets the requirements of the EU (European Union) concerning interference causing equipment regulations. CE stands for conformit Europenne (European conformity).
Flash control Size Weight
Specifications are based on the latest information available at the time of printing and are subject to change without notice.
2004 Konica Minolta Photo Imaging, Inc. under the Berne Convention and universal Copyright Convention
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