Minolta X-700 Manual
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Minolta X 700 Part 1
User reviews and opinions
|jessejhein||11:13pm on Saturday, October 16th, 2010|
|This camera has a secret advantage over any digital slr Try to find a macro 24mm equivalent for your digital slr that focuses as close as 4" and you w...|
|flu1d||7:10pm on Wednesday, July 21st, 2010|
|This was my first SLR camera and I have never needed (or wanted with more than a passing interest) any thing else. I bought my Minolta X-700 for $100 used from a pawn shop.|
|verflixtnix||1:02pm on Sunday, July 18th, 2010|
|Good Film Camera Good Camer.This was a direct replcement for the same camera that was to expensive to repair.|
|geodome||2:13am on Friday, July 2nd, 2010|
|Enough spec for virtually any assignment,excellent handling,clear sharp viewfinder,Minolta lenses. full system back-up Slow flash sync speed.|
|friedsonjm||4:44pm on Friday, March 12th, 2010|
|Very pleased with the camera and the accessories The camera arrived well-packaged and appeared like new just as the ad had promised. Great camera for pro or beginner. I have two of these and have taken many great shots with them.|
Comments posted on www.ps2netdrivers.net are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.
Before using your camera for the first time, study this manual carefully all the way through or at least all the sections covering your photographic needs. As you read, attach a lens, load batteries, turn the main switch on, and handle your X-700 to acquaint yourself w i t h its parts and features. Then load it w i t h f i l m and proceed to actual picture taking. In this way you can take good photos and begin to realize the broad potential of your X-700 right from the start. To obtain many years of service f r o m your X-700, be sure to read and follow the precautions given on page 8 and elsewhere. Keep this manual for reference later as necessary.
Your Minolta X-700, the state-of-the-art SLR camera at the center of the Minolta Program System, offers you the focus-and-shoot simplicity of programmed auto-exposure (AE) c o n t r o l : Both aperture and shutter speed are automatically set over a wide range by the camera, with continuous viewfinder LED readout of speeds being set. The program is designed to maintain fastest practicable speeds as light dims, then give audible beeps, if desired, to guard against blur from subject/camera-movement, making the X-700 ideal if you're starting out in photography or if you want full program automation for ease of use or fast-breaking action. The X-700's aperture-priority AE mode lets you control the depth of field but still maintain AE control of stepless shutter speeds fine-tuned for proper exposure with light metered up to the instant of exposure. This mode is excellent for AE photography w i t h the wide range of Minolta SLR system lenses and accessories available, including mirror lenses and close-up bellows not possible w i t h shutter-priority AE systems. For full creative f l e x i b i l i t y , aperture and shutter can be set independently in any combination in the X-700's metered/full-manual mode. Other handy features of your X-700 include: touch-switch metering that keeps the LEDs on for 15 seconds after you first touch the operating b u t t o n ; AE lock for holding adjusted-framing meter readings;+/ 2EV stops' exposure adjustment w i t h LED indicator in finder; self-timer w i t h triple-rate visual/audible indications; flash-ready and Flash Distance Checker (FDC) indications in finder; split-image microprism spot and Acute Matte focusing screen; integral front and back grips for surer holding; Safe Load Signal; and a new easy-load take-up spool. A programmed autoflash, multi-function back, and quartz data back (see pages 53 to 55) complete the Minolta Program System; also available are a new wireless controller, a motor drive and auto winder, and a broad range of other SLR system accessories.
NAMES OF PARTS/MAIN FEATURES. TAKING CARE OF YOUR X-700
9 Strap and case 10 PREPARING TO TAKE PICTURES 10 MOUNTING AND CARE OF LENSES 10 Body and lens caps 11 Attaching and removing lenses 11 Care of glass surfaces 12 BATTERIES AND POWER 12 Batteries 13 Main switch 14 Operating button Automatic battery check and shutter lock. Battery holder 15 Cold-weather operation 16 F I L M AND F I L M SPEED 17 LOADING AND ADVANCING F I L M 17 Loading film 20 Film-advance lever 20 Safe Load Signal/Frame counter 21 REWINDING A N D UNLOADING F I L M
TAKING PICTURES WITH YOUR X-700
Pre s h o o t i n g check
EXPOSURE CONTROL WITH THE X-700. 24 Summary of modes 24 Mode/shutter-speed selector and P/A-lock release 25 Minimum-aperture lock 25 Eyepiece cap 25 PROGRAMMED AUTO-EXPOSURE MODE (P mode) 26 F U N D A M E N T A L S OF EXPOSURE 28 COUPLED RANGES A N D PROGRAM GRAPH 30 LENS AND MODE COMBINATIONS 31 APERTURE-PRIORITY AUTOEXPOSURE MODE (A mode) 32 METERING WITH THE X-AE LOCK 34 EXPOSURE-ADJUSTMENT CONTROL 35 WHEN TO USE AE LOCK A N D EXPOSURE-ADJUSTMENT CONTROL. 36
M E T E R E D / F U L L - M A N U A L EXPOSURE MODE (M mode) Long exposures ( " B " setting) FOCUSING Focusing aid Distance scale Film-plane index Infrared index DEPTH OF F I E L D Preview button Depth-of-field scale BLUR FROM CAMERA/SUBJECT MOVEMENT SUPPORTING THE CAMERA AND RELEASING THE SHUTTER Slow-shutter-speed warning Mounting camera on tripod Self-timer Other ways of releasing shutter
C R E A T I V E CONTROL OF APERTURE A N D SHUTTER SPEED FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY
ACCESSORIES (Minolta Program System) TECHNICAL DETAILS STORAGE
: Supplemental information on photography given in boxes
NAMES OF PARTS/MAIN FEATURES
Exposure-adjustment control 2 EV stops continuous adjustment over or under normal exposure, with LED indicator in viewfinder Back-cover release k n o b Main switch Mode/shutter-speed selector P: Programmed AE A: Aperture-priority AE 1 -1000: Stepped shutter speeds for metered/full manual B: Long ("bulb") exposures Operating button "Soft t o u c h " electromagnetic release; locks when battery power too low "Touch switch" metering with 15-sec. hold of LED display Safe Load Signal Monitors correct film advance
Under range LED Exposure-adjustment LED Aperture setting Focusing screen Split-image spot, microprism band, and Acute Matte field; exchangeable with eight other screens at authorized Minolta service facilities
Lens shown: 50mm f/1.7 MD
Back-cover release knob Film-cartridge chamber Shutter curtain Horizontal-traverse focal-plane type Sprocket Take-up spool Pressure plate Eyepiece frame/eyepiece Memo holder ISO (DIN-ASA) table Back grip Battery-chamber cover Tripod socket Rewind release
Accessory connections: Contact terminals for camera control by Multi-Function Back and data-imprint control w i t h Multi-Function Back or Quartz Data Back 1 Motor-drive guide socket Motor-drive contacts Winder contact Winder/motordrive coupler Winder/motordrive guide socket
TAKING CARE OF YOUR X-700
Your Minolta X-700 is a high-precision instrument designed to give many years of trouble-free picture taking if used and cared for properly. The precautions you should follow for keeping the camera in good operating condition are given below and at various places throughout the text. Always keep your camera in its case w i t h the lens capped when not in use, or with a body cap on when a lens is not attached. No part of the X-700 should be forced at any time. If operation is not as you think it should be, carefully restudy the applicable instructions or consult an authorized Minolta service facility. Never subject your camera to shock, high heat and/or humidity, water, or harmful chemicals. Be particularly careful not to leave it in the glove compartment or other places in motor vehicles where it may be subject to high temperatures. Never lubricate any part of the body or lens. Never touch the shutter curtains or the front inside part of the body with fingers or other objects or blow against them, as doing so might damage the alignment and movement of either the curtains or mirror.
External camera and lens barrel but not glass surfaces should be wiped with a soft, silicone-treated cloth now and then, especially after using the camera near salt water. It is recommended to have your camera cleaned once per year at an authorized Minolta service facility. Lens-care instructions are given on pages 10 and 11. If you will not be using your camera for an extended period, see the storage instructions at the back of the manual. If you have questions concerning operation of your camera or about photography, feel free to contact your local Minolta agent or distributor by writing one of the offices listed inside the back cover. CAUTION Before using lenses, flashes, or other accessories made by companies other than Minolta, attach them to the camera to make sure they function properly and take test photographs if necessary.
S t r a p and case
The strap (provided with camera) and case (sold separately) should be attached as shown to keep your camera handy for use and to protect it from being dropped or bumped.
Eyepiece cap Battery holder
NOTE The protective plastic film on the camera's base can be removed if desired.
PREPARING TO TAKE PICTURES
The next four sections cover things you must do to prepare your camera for taking pictures: Attach lens (at right). Insert batteries and turn main switch on (pp. 12 and 13). Set film speed (p. 16). Load camera with film (pp. 17 to 20). You must always install batteries properly and turn on the main switch before loading f i l m ; the order of other steps may vary. Instructions for rewinding and unloading film are also given in this part. We recommend reading them before starting to use your camera, so that you will be sure what to do when you come to the end of the film.
MOUNTING AND CARE OF LENSES
Body and lens caps Remove body and lens caps as shown above. CAUTIONS Always cap the rear end of the lens and the lens mount of the camera when the lens is not attached, and the front of the lens when the camera is not in use.
To prevent damage to the control pins, never set a lens w i t h its rear end down unless a rear lens cap is on. If it is necessary to set an uncapped lens with its front end down, do so on a smooth surface. Fisheye lenses should always be capped before being placed front end down. Keep lenses, properly capped front and rear, in their cases when not in use.
To attach lenses After removing the body cap and rear lens cap, align the red mounting index on the lens barrel w i t h the red index on the camera's lens mount, insert the lens bayonet into the socket, then turn the lens clockwise until it locks into place with a click.
To remove lenses While pushing the lens-release b u t t o n , turn the lens counterclockwise as far as it will go, then lift it out of the mount. CAUTION Be careful not to touch anything inside the camera when attaching or removing lenses.
Care of glass surfaces Never touch lens or eyepiece surfaces with fingers or other objects. If necessary, remove loose matter with a blower brush. Use special photographic lens tissue or a soft, clean cloth to remove smudges or fingerprints with a gentle circular motion. Only if absolutely necessary, the tissue may be moistened very slightly with not more than one drop of a satisfactory quickevaporating fluid cleaner specially compounded for photographic lenses. Such fluids must never be dropped directly on the glass surface. Never lift the mirror or touch its surface, as doing so might damage the alignment. Small smudges or fingerprints on the mirror will not affect the meter reading or image quality; if they are very annoying, have the camera cleaned at an authorized Minolta service facility.
Automatic battery check and shutter lock If any LED in the viewfinder lights up when the main switch is on and the operating button is touched or slightly pressed, the batteries are inserted correctly and have sufficient power for operation of the camera. When battery power decreases to a point almost insufficient for camera operation, the LED display will no longer light up, serving as a warning to insert fresh batteries as soon as possible. When battery capacity is no longer sufficient, the shutter will not operate.
Cold-weather operation Since batteries tend to lose power as they become colder, always use fresh batteries and keep a spare set with you when using your camera in cold weather. For prolonged cold-weather use (approx. OC or lower), silver-oxide batteries are recommended. Battery capacity will be restored as temperatures rise. Battery holder Fresh spare batteries can be stored in the battery holder threaded on the camera strap (p. 9 ). To insert batteries, form a loop as shown above then drop them in. Slide the holder off the strap to remove batteries. NOTE If the camera is not to be used for more than two weeks, it is advisable to remove the batteries (especially old ones). NOTE If a lithium battery is used below 0C, the camera may not operate. Never transfer the camera directly from low to high temperatures as condensation may f o r m inside and prevent normal operation.
FILM AND FILM SPEED
The X-700 uses standard 35mm cartridge f i l m. If you are not already familiar with the many types available, you may want to experiment to find one or more that give pleasing results for subjects you like to photograph or for special situations. The ISO film speed (incorporating ASA and DIN numbers) indicates the film's sensitivity to light. The first part of the ISO number (equivalent to ASA number) is marked on the X-700's film-speed ring. Each time this number doubles (e.g., f r o m 25 to , 50 to 100), the required exposure is halved. Such a change is called one " s t o p ". Though selecting a high-speed film will allow you to take pictures when there is less light, such films in general may produce a grainier image. ASA 25
DIN 32 33
200 Setting film speed Lift up on the film-speed ring and turn it until the proper ASA number appears centered in the film-speed window and locks in that position when the ring is released. Marks between numbered graduations indicate speeds shown in the table at right.
CAUTION Film should be stored in a cool, d r y , dark place before use and exposed before the expiration date printed on the box.
LOADING AND ADVANCING FILM
Loading film Before opening the camera back, confirm that there is no film inside that could be damaged by light if the back is opened, by checking that: No red is visible in the Safe Load Signal (see p. 20). Rewind crank can be freely rotated clockwise many times without pushing rewind button. Since the frame counter advances each time the shutter is cocked even if no film is inside, the camera may be empty even when the index does not point to " S ". Prior to loading f i l m , set the film speed (see previous page) and turn the main switch on (p. 13). CAUTIONS Film should be handled and loaded in subdued light - at least shaded from direct sunlight by your body. Do not touch any parts or areas shown in blue below.
COUPLED RANGES A N D PROGRAM GRAPH As shown in the graph at right, the X-700's program is designed to maintain the fastest practicable shutter speed as light dims. The graph gives you a general idea of which aperture is being set for a given LED-indicated shutter speed. For example, if the " 5 " LED lights, the aperture will be approximately f/2.8 (for a 50mm f/1.4 lens, at ISO 100/21 ). The accurate working range of shutter-speed and aperture combinations at ISO 100/21 w i t h an f/1.4 lens is EV 1 (f/1.4, 1 sec.) to EV 18 (f/16, 1/1000 sec). At ISO / , the range is EV -1 to 16; at ISO 400/27 it is EV 3 to 18. The maximum EV depends on the minimum aperture of the lens: for f/16 it is EV 18; for f/22, EV 19; for f/32, EV 20. Program for 50mm f/1.7 lens set at minimum aperture of f/22 Program for 50mm f/1.4 lens set at minimum aperture of f/16 Program when lens is set at f/5.6 rather than minimum aperture
Programs shown for ISO 100/21 SHUTTER SPEED
LENS AND MODE COMBINATIONS ISO 25/15 50/18 100/21 200/24 400/27 Shutter speed 4 to 1/1000 sec. 2 to 1/1000 sec. 1 to 1/1000 sec. 1/2 to 1/1000 sec. 1/4 to 1/1000 sec. The table at right shows the usable modes for various types of lenses and accessories. Because the X-700 meters while the diaphragm is closing to obtain correct exposure in auto modes, operation may be somewhat different than stated in the lens or accessory manual. Special instructions for specific lenses and accessories are as follows: Only MD lenses should be used in P mode. If a non-MD lens is used, the " P " will blink as a warning that exposure may be incorrect. When using an Auto Rokkor lens, Auto Bellows I, or Auto Bellows III w i t h the X-700, you need to press the preview button only when you want to check the shutter speed that will be used in A mode or the recommended shutter speed in M mode, not when you actually release the shutter. For Auto Bellows I I I , press the preview button on the bellows itself. Lens or accessory MD MD plus MD 2X Tele Converter MC Auto Rokkor Manual preset RF (mirror) CA Shift Varisoft MD or MC plus: M C 2 X Tele Converter Close-up accessories A A Mode P P A M A M A A A M M M M M M
The accurate working range of shutter speeds of the X-700 depends on the film speed, as shown in the table. If you release the shutter when the LEDs indicate a speed outside the applicable range, exposure may be incorrect.
(P) A M
Though RF lenses (which have a fixed aperture) can be used with the mode selector at " P " , they will function in the same way as when it is at " A ".
APERTURE-PRIORITY AUTO-EXPOSURE MODE (A mode
Set mode selector at " A ".
Set lens at desired aperture.
Taking pictures in A mode After you have set the mode selector and desired aperture as shown at left, the camera will automatically select the stepless shutter speed needed for proper exposure. All you need do before releasing the shutter is compose, focus, and check the viewfinder as follows: Is the over-range LED blinking? If so, turn the aperture ring towards f/22 until the LED stops blinking. If it does not stop, use a neutraldensity (ND) filter or reduce the light level if possible. Is an LED on in the danger zone for hand-holding (usually 1/30 sec. or slower see p. 44)? Or does the slow-shutter-speed warning beep when the main switch is at "ON " and you touch the operating button? If so, turn the aperture ring towards f/1.7 until an LED outside the danger zone lights. If impossible, use a suitable
camera-support method (p. 46) or a flash (p. 50). Is an LED on or blinking outside the applicable range from the table on page 31? If so, exposure may be incorrect. NOTES In some situations you may want to use the AE lock or exposureadjustment control (pp. 34 and 35). If your head is not shielding the eyepiece from light when the picture is taken, use the eyepiece cap (p. 25). Almost all Minolta lenses and close-up accessories can be used in aperture-priority AE mode. See page 31 for special instructions for some of them.
Viewfinder shows: Red " A " = Aperture-priority AE mode in use Aperture you selected (equals taking aperture) Stepless shutter speed set by camera for that aperture (If two LEDs light, speed is in between.)
Selecting an aperture In aperture-priority AE mode, your X-700 will set the precise shutter speed for proper exposure automatically. Even so, you have considerable control over results and can adjust aperture and shutter speed over considerable ranges to suit the conditions and yourself. For good pictures with a minimum of care where no particular effect is desired, simply set the aperture as indicated in the table. These guide settings will provide as much depth of field (see p. 42) as possible while producing a shutter speed fast enough to stop the motion of most subjects and guard against blur from camera movement (see p. 44).
ISO 25/15 64/19 100/21 160/23 200/24 400/27
f/8 f/8 f/11 f/11 f/11 f/16
f/4 f/4 f/5.6 f/8 f/8 f/11
f/2 f/2.8 f/4 f/5.6 f/5.6 f/8
f/1.4 f/1.4 f/1.4 f/2 f/2 f/2.8
(These are only guidelines for typical picture-taking situations. For additional information see p. 48).
METERING WITH THE X-700 Your X-700's center-weighted averaging meter system is designed so that light from all parts of the viewfield (picture area) is measured by the silicon photocell but influence from a broad central area is greatest. Thus the reading should give satisfactory exposure without adjustment as long as the main subject area occupies a major part of the center of the frame. When it does not, you may want to use the AE lock to take a close-up reading or the exposureadjustment control to increase or decrease exposure by up to two stops (see the two sections at right and box on pages 36 and 37). As with most metering systems, strong sources of direct light or other very bright areas may adversely influence the reading if allowed to dominate the frame.
AE LOCK Though the X-700's viewfinder is designed to minimize the effect on the meter of light entering through the eyepiece under usual conditions, you should be careful to shield the eyepiece especially if you wear glasses in the following situations: When the subject is in shade and the camera is in sunlight When bright sidelight falls between eye and eyepiece When stop-down metering is used (p. 31) To shield the eyepiece, use a rubber eyecup or place your thumb so that it blocks sidelight. When viewing is unnecessary, the eyepiece cap (p. 25) can be used to completely eliminate the problem.
To obtain proper exposure in high-contrast lighting situations where your subject is on the edge of the frame or occupies only a small portion in the center, use the AE lock as follows: 1. Shift the camera's position so the subject fills most of the frame. For small subjects, you may need to move closer. 2. With the viewfinder LED display on, press the AE lock all the way down and hold it there; you may
EXPOSURE-ADJUSTMENT CONTROL then remove your finger from the operating button if desired. 3. Recompose your picture as desired. 4. Release the shutter while still holding the AE lock down. NOTES Suggestions on when to use the AE lock are given on pages 36 and 37. The AE lock cannot be used in M mode or together with the selftimer. If you wish to change the settings of film speed, exposure adjustment, mode/shutter-speed, or aperture, do so before pressing the AE lock. The AE lock does not operate if pressed while the motor drive is used at " H i ".
-2 -+1 +2
To deliberately increase or decrease exposure from the normal metered value, turn the exposureadjustment control while pressing the lock release until the desired position is aligned with the index. Set minus () numbers to darken exposure and plus (+) numbers to lighten exposure, as indicated in the table. NOTES The control will lock at " 0 " and each half-stop setting, though settings between half stops can also be used.
two stops less = one-quarter normal exposure one stop less = one-half normal exposure normal exposure one stop more = double normal exposure two stops more = four times normal exposure
Focusing aid The X-700's standard focusing screen has a split-image spot surrounded by a band of microprisms in the center of an Acute Matte field. To focus the camera visually with usual lenses, look through the viewfinder and turn the focusing ring of the lens u n t i l : Upper and lower subject images in the spot are exactly aligned with no broken lines between them, Subject image in the band does not shimmer or appear broken up,and Subject image within the focusing aid appears clearest and seems to blend w i t h that on the matte field surrounding it. Though the most satisfactory focusing aid and method depend upon the conditions and your personal preference, the above method may provide the best results with medi40 um wideangle to medium telephoto lenses. Generally speaking, however, you will probably find that focusing is easiest if: Split-image spot is used for subjects having vertical lines. Microprism band is used for lenses from medium wideangle through medium telephoto, especially with subjects not having vertical lines. Matte field is used for longerfocal-length lenses or for macro or other work involving considerable lens extension.
NOTE The X-700's standard focusing screen can be replaced at any authorized Minolta service facility by any of eight optional focusing screens (see p. 57).
Out of focus
Distance scale You may find that in the following situations it is easier to focus by estimating the distance to your subject, then aligning the corresponding figure on the distance scale with the index: If you are taking long exposures or flash pictures when it is too dark to focus through the lens If you want to prefocus on your subject, such as in quickly shot candid photos
Film-plane index The symbol beneath the filmadvance lever indicates the position occupied by the film in the camera. It can be used for measuring the distance from subject to film when taking close-ups, photomacrographs, and photomicrographs, where the exact distance is sometimes important.
Infrared index For proper focus when using infrared film, first focus your subject as usual w i t h visible light, then attach a red filter and turn the focusing ring to the right to align the point of proper focus on the distance scale w i t h the small red dot (or red " R " on MC and oldtype MD lenses) on the depth-offield scale. Set exposure according to the film manufacturer's recommendations. 41
DEPTH OF FIELD
Focused distance APERTURE
Focused distance FOCUSED DISTANCE
focused distance FOCAL LENGTH
The range behind and in front of the focused distance within which the image appears acceptably sharp is called the depth of field. It extends a greater distance behind the focused distance (usually about 1/3 in front, 2/3 behind) and is determined by three factors: the aperture, the distance at which the lens is focused, and the focal length of the lens. As illustrated by shaded trees above, depth of field increases as the lens is stopped down (e.g., f/1.7 to f/22) and becomes greater the farther from the camera the lens is
focused. It decreases as the lens is opened up (e.g., f/22 to f/1.7) and the closer the lens is focused. Depth of field is greater for short-focal-length lenses than for telephotos at the same focused distance and aperture. It is at its least for any given lens in normal mounting when the lens is at maximum aperture (as when metering and focusing normally with Minolta MD or MC lenses) and at minimum focusing distance.
Preview button In A and M mode, depth of field at any focused distance and aperture can be checked visually by pushing the preview button all the way in. This will stop the diaphragm down to the aperture corresponding to the f-number set on the aperture ring, allowing you to see through the viewfinder how much of the subject is acceptably sharp. NOTE The shutter speed indicated by LED while the preview button is pressed is NOT the actual shutter speed.
Depth-of-field scale When the lens is focused at a given point, the image will be in satisfactory focus from the nearer value to the farther value on the distance scale indicated by the depth-of-field marks for the aperture in use. For example, if a 50mm f/1.7 lens is focused at 3m (about 10 ft.) and the aperture is f / 8 , the corresponding graduations to left and right of the index indicate acceptable sharpness from about 2.4 to 4.2m (approx. 8 to 14 ft.).
The depth-of-field scale can also be used to zone focus, i.e., set the focusing ring so that some anticipated action will take place within the limits of the depth of field. For example, if you want any subject within a range of 2.6m (approx. 81/2 ft.) to infinity to be reasonably sharp and the lighting conditions allow you to set an aperture of f/16 in A or M mode with a 50mm f/1.7 lens, set the lens so the infinity mark is opposite the " " on the right end of the scale.
BLUB FBOM CAMERA/SUBJECT MOVEMENT
A blurred photograph results when movement of the subject or camera during exposure causes a shift in the position of the image on f i l m. The shutter speed required to "freeze" an object's action normally increases as the object's speed increases; however, no matter what the speed, an object moving across the viewfinder field requires a faster shutter speed than one moving at the same speed directly toward or away from the camera. Similarly, a moving object near the camera (or one appearing nearer due to use of a longerfocal-length lens or a close-up accessory) requires a faster shutter speed than one farther away. Blur from camera motion depends on such factors as the lens being used, the apparent closeness of the subject when viewed through the lens, the shutter speed, and the camera-support method. Since longer-focal-length lenses and closeup accessories increase the relative size of the subject, even a slight movement of the camera will be magnified on f i l m ; the greater weight and size of such lenses and accessories may also make it difficult to hold them steady. A good rule to follow is that the slowest shutter speed that can be safely used by most people when hand-holding a lens is the reciprocal of the focal length. For example, for a 125mm lens, the speed would be 1/125 sec; for a 300mm lens, it would be 1/500 (1/300 raised to the next faster speed to be on the safe side). Use of a sufficiently fast shutter speed is also important when taking pictures from a moving, vibrating vehicle such as a boat, car, train, or plane (especially to prevent blurring the foreground, if any) or from a vibrating object such as a bridge. To reduce transmission of the vibrations through your body to the camera, relax your body and avoid direct contact with the object as far as possible.
D 1/1000 above. can be (photo sec. can "freeze" action, as in photo C Slow shutter speeds such as 1/2 to 1 sec. used to emphasize subject flow or motion D).
Besides its pentaprism-mounted silicon photocell for ambient light metering, the X-700 has a second cell located in its mirror compartment to measure through-the-lens (TTL) light reflected from the film during flash exposures with PXseries Auto Electrofl3Shes. Used in program T T L autoflash mode with the X-700 and an MD lens set for P mode, this Minolta Direct Autoflash Metering system allows you to simply compose, focus on a subject in flash range, and shoot. The aperture will be automatically set for you by the camera's flash program. In any-aperture T T L autoflash mode with the X-700 set at " A " , you can open the aperture fully up to obtain maximum flash range, or close it down for greater depth of field. Since light is metered through the lens at the taking aperture during exposure, this mode is ideal for autoflash close-ups, bounce flash, and other creative flash techniques. 50 In both modes, an LED will blink in the viewfinder to indicate if exposure was sufficient, and flash exposures can be lightened or darkened over a wide range by using the camera's exposure-adjustment control. The table at right summarizes how to use PX and other flash units with the X-700. For specific instructions, see the applicable owner's manual.
Connecting flash units Cordless clip-on flash units are attached and electrically connected by simply sliding them into the camera's hot shoe. Sync cords of clip-on or bracket-type units must be plugged into the camera's sync terminal. Bracket-type flash units attach to the camera's tripod socket.
PX-series A u t o Electroflash Camera connection Hot shoe (or off-camera cables) Controllable by camera's selector: P: program T T L (camera selects aperture by flash program) A: any-aperture T T L (user selects aperture to control flash range and depth of field) 1-1000, B: manual flash (aperture determined by distance)
X series A u t o Electroflash Hot shoe
Other Hot shoe or sync cord
Flash mode and aperture setting
Selected on flash: A u t o : by on-flash sensor at designated aperture(s) Manual: aperture determined by distance
X-sync shutter speed Flash-ready signal If shutter released before flash charged: Flash-distance check (FDC) signaling Exposure-adjustment control
Shutter automatically releases at 1/60 if flash charged (except when camera set at " B " ) LED next to " " blinks at 2Hz (and " A " or " M " LED goes out in A or M mode); monitor lamp on flash Photo taken without flash at existing settings " " LED blinks at 8Hz (in T T L ) ; FDC lamp on flash Usable in P and A modes (viewfinder + / - LED goes out even when in use) FDC lamp on models 320X, 132X only Not usable
Electronic flash: 1 to 1/60, B M, MF, or FP bulb: 1 to 1/15, B Monitor lamp on flash Flash may or may not fire FDC lamp on models 320, 128 only Not usable
A u t o Electroflash 360PX also has on-flash sensor for auto control at any of 3 apertures depending on f i l m speed. A u t o Electroflash CLE is usable for any-aperture T T L flash in A mode or for manual flash.
ACCESSORIES (Minolta Program System)
Wideangle Adapter Panel Set Wideangle Adapter Auto Electroflash 360PX Auto Electroflash 280PX Auto Electroflash 132PX Auto Electroflash Macro 80PX Set
AC Adapter 4 or 5
Baterry Charge PG
Off Camera Shoe
Bounce Reflector Set Cable OC
Ni-Cd Charger NC 2 Cable CD Color Filter Set X 700 Cable EX
Motor Drive 1 NiCd Battery Pack NP-2
Multi Function Back
Power Grip 2 Set Cable AW
Auto Winder G
Quartz Data Back 1 Ni-Cd Charger QC-1 Cable FB Wireless Conntroller IR-1 Set
AUTO ELECTROFLASH 280PX. 132PX. 360PX. MACRO 80PX SET With one of these flash units attached, the X-700's Direct Autoflash Metering system provides through-the-lens (TTL) off-film flash control in program (P) mode or any-aperture (A) mode. Viewfinder flash-ready signaling, auto sync-speed setting, and sufficient-exposure confirmation are other features that make them extremely simple to use. The compact, lightweight 280PX has energy-saving thyristor circuitry and a power-level selector enabling 2fps winder/motor-drive sync. The inexpensive yet versatile 132PX gives you the option of vertical bounce and automatically turns itself off when disconnected. Among the many handy features of the top-of-the-line 360PX are: horizontal/vertical bounce, variable GN/power control (enabling sync at up to 2fps), auto power switchoff, terminals for off-camera cables and direct auto charge control by the Multi-Function Back in time-lapse photography, and a built-in auto sensor for use with other cameras. The lens-mounted Macro 80PX Set (used in A mode) has four flashtubes that can be independently switched on or off to control lighting of close-up and macro subjects. A wide range of accessories for PX flash units expands their usefulness for creative flash photography. Designed for the 280PX and 360PX, Power Grip 2 features well-balanced handling, sync at up to 3.5fps, auto power switchoff, auto charge control (with Multi-Function Back), and bounce flash at a great range of angles. Filter panel sets and a bounce reflector are available for the 360PX and 132PX. and an AC adapter for the 360PX and Macro 80PX Set. Cables and connectors enable simple, accurate T T L autoflash operation for close-up, directional, and multi-flash techniques.
MULTI-FUNCTION BACK The quartz/microcomputer-controlled Multi-Function Back connects cordlessly to the X-700 in place of its regular back to perform a variety of cameracontrol and data-imprinting functions. By simply pressing keys while viewing its liquid-crystal display, you can set it for time-lapse photographs at a huge range of intervals, automatically timed long exposures, and/or multi-frame sequences. The quartz timer and auto calendar enable recording the time accurate to the second, or the year/month/day in any of three orders. Or you can set the imprinter to record any six-digit code number, to consecutively number each frame, or for no imprinting. Manually controlled imprinting before or after taking the picture is also possible, and data exposure can be selected at any of six levels to match the sensitivity of the film in use.
MOTOR DRIVE 1 and AUTO WINDER G With Motor Drive 1 attached, you can capture the action with single-frame or continuous operation at either 2 or 3.5 frames per second. The comfortable handgrip has two operating buttons, each w i t h a Minolta "touch switch", enabling full viewfinder readout for either horizontal or vertical framing. Auto Winder G lets you focus full attention on the creative aspects of photography by freeing you from winding the film after each picture. Continuous sequences up to 2fps are also possible by holding the camera's operating button down. Both units are designed to attach quickly and easily without access caps to remove or store. Their film-advance mechanisms stop automatically at the end of the roll, and film can be easily loaded and unloaded without removing the units. WIRELESS CONTROLLER IR-1 SET The IR-1 infrared transmitter/receiver set lets you trigger the X-700 from up to 60m (about 200 ft.) away for remote-controlled single-frame exposures, continuous sequences, or time exposures. When used with extra receivers, the three-channel transmitter enables independent operation of up to three cameras or groups of cameras, or simultaneous operation of an unlimited number of cameras. 56
The X-700's standard focusing screen can be replaced by any of eight optional Acute Matte screens at authorized Minolta service facilities. Types and usages are as follows: P1
Other: Audible 4Hz piezoelectric warning when finder speed indication is 1/30 sec. or slower whenever finger contacts "touch s w i t c h " normally or presses operating button slightly with main switch appropriately set; integral front handgrip; detachable back with integral handgrip, memo holder, and ISO (DIN-ASA) table; positive 4-slot take-up spool; remote shutter-release socket Size and weight: 51.5 x 89 x 137mm (2 x 3-1/2 x 5-3/8 in.), 505g (17-13/16 oz.) without lens and/or power cells Standard accessories: Carrying strap w i t h slide-on spare battery holder and eyepiece cap Optional accessories: Auto Electroflash 360PX. 280PX. 132PX, Macro 80PX Set, off-camera cables and connectors. Power Grip 2, sec; Multi-Function Back; Motor Drive 1. Auto Winder G; Wireless Controller IR-1 Set; MD, MC, and other Minolta interchangeable lenses and applicable Minolta SLR system accessories Specifications subject to change without notice
If the camera is not to be used for more than two weeks, the batteries should be removed.
It is advisable to operate the f i l m - a d v a n c e lever a n d release the s h u t t e r once o r t w i c e f r o m t i m e t o t i m e d u r i n g e x t e n d e d storage. Minolta Co. Ltd. Minolta GmbH Minolta France S.A. Minolta (UK) Limited Minolta Austria Ges. m.b.H. Minolta Camera Benelux B.V. Belgium Branch Minolta (Schweiz) AG Minolta Svenska AB Finland Branch Minolta Portugal Limitada Minolta Corporation Head Office Los Angeles Branch Minolta Canada Inc. Head Office Vancouver Branch Minolta Hong Kong Limited Minolta Singapore (Pte) Ltd. Shanghai Minolta Optical Products Co. Ltd. If the camera is to be s t o r e d f o r a long p e r i o d of t i m e , t h e b o d y and lens s h o u l d b e r e t u r n e d t o their original packing a n d kept in a c o o l , d r y place a w a y f r o m dust o r chemicals, p r e f e r a b l y i n a n a i r t i g h t c o n t a i n e r w i t h a d r y i n g agent such as silica gel.
3-13. 2-Chome. Azuchi-Machi, Chuo-Ku. Osaka 541-8556. Japan Kurt-Fischer-Strasse 50, D-22923 Ahrensburg. Germany 365 Route de Saint-Germain. F-78420 Carrieres-Sur-Seine, France 7 Tanners Drive. Blakelands. Milton Keynes. MK14 5BU. England Amalienstrasse 59-61. A-1131 Wien. Austria Zonnebaan 39, P.O. Box 6000. NL-3600 HA Maarssen, The Netherlands Kontichsesteenweg 38. 8-2630 Aartselaar, Belgium Riedstrasse 6. CH-8953 Dietikon. Switzerland Albygatan 114, S-Solna. Sweden Niittykatu 6 PL 37. SF-02201 Espoo. Finland Av. do Brasil 33-A. P-1700 Lisboa. Portugal 101 Williams Drive. Ramsey. New Jersey 07446. U.S.A. 11150 Hope Street Cypress. CA 90630. U.S.A 369 Britannia Road East. Mississauga, Ontario L4Z 2H5, Canada 230-3771 Jacombs Road. Richmond. B.C. V6V 2L9, Canada Room 208, 2/F. Eastern Center. 1065 King's Road, Quarry Bay. Hong Kong 10. Teban Gardens Crescent, Singapore Minolta Road, Songjiang. Shanghai. China
Minolta X-700 X700 Test Review
by Ken Rockwell
Minolta X-700 INTRODUCTION This is Minolta's best mass market manual focus camera, ever. A testament to its lasting and good design, it was introduced in the early 1980s and was in continuous production until the beginning of 2001. I had a very new one with a serial number above 3,000,000, and I also bought an X-570 (it's brother) back in 1982.
It uses all of the Minolta manual focus lenses made since the 1960s, although you'll have better luck in program mode if you stick to the newest MD lenses. SPECIFICATIONS It has program and aperture-preferred automation modes. Manual mode only indicates the suggested shutter speed in the finder; you have to take your eye away from the finder to see what you've actually set. It weighs 17.5oz (520 g) Unlike amateur cameras like the $1,000 Nikon F100, the Minolta X-700 has a stainless steel lens mount. "MPS" on the front stands for "Minolta Program System," which was hot stuff when Program automation cameras were novel in 1985. Today it just means it has program mode, like every other camera. It has a cloth horizontal focal plane shutter. It runs on two S76 button cells. PERFORMANCE Metering includes most of the frame, only discounting a little along the top. I prefer more heavily center weighted meters like those in Nikons or the Canon AV-1. My meter was consistently off by about 2/3 of a stop, so I shot ISO 50 Fuji Velvia at EI 80. Once I set that, it was fine. The finder is very bright, brighter than my Nikons! Unlike the Nikons of the same era which outperform their low light specifications, the X-700 is poor for night photography below about EV1 since the meter and automation really do stop at about EV 1. Other cameras of the era would make and meter correct time exposures out to several minutes. The problem with the X-700 is
that there appears to be a bias dark current in the meter equivalent to about a light level reading about 1/4 second at EI 1600. Also bad for night photography on a tripod, one cannot use the self timer and the AE lock at the same time, since they are on the same switch. You have to shield any sources of light with your hand and release the shutter with a cable release and then get your hand out of the way fast. Otherwise you would have to keep the AEL button pressed by hand during the exposure, blurring your results. You can't get the AE to lock without holding the button. At least it has a real cable release socket, unlike most modern Canon and Nikon cameras. The AEL lock retains the same total exposure in A automation mode even if you change the aperture after you've pressed AEL. Unlike Nikon and Mamiya, where you can easily set exposure compensation by pressing AEL and then changing the aperture, doing this on the X-700 gets you no change in exposure. This means you need to set exposure either by pointing the camera in a different direction and using the AEL button, or using the typically clumsy compensation dial. It indicates LOW BATTERY by turning off the LEDs in the finder, even though the camera continues to work. Nikons don't have this feature; they just stop working. The X-700 indicates low battery sooner than the Nikons turn off, meaning that batteries that are low in the X-700 may still work OK in the Nikons. I bought an X-570 brand new in the early 1980s because I could not afford the exotic X-700. The X-570, almost identical to the X-700, often indicated low batteries when the temperature dropped below about 55F. My Minolta Autometer IIIF also turned off before the batteries really were dead, even in nice weather. Living now in La Jolla where every day is like the first day of spring I will have no idea how the X-700 works in the cold, thank God. I usually prefer Program mode on Nikons, but don't like the X-700's program mode simply because it's programmed differently that I'd normally set things. Its program is slanted towards fast shutter
speeds and large apertures. Therefore I usually use Aperture priority mode instead. Minolta suggests the newer MD lenses for the X-700's program mode. Program mode works fine with the one 50mm f/1.4 MC lens I have. MC are an older series of lenses. Minolta cautions that you may get some screwy exposures with the MC lenses, so try it first.
LSK243C-1 KX-TCD445 JD-990 Officejet 6215 TV Card 42PFL5603H RX3141 LN22C450 L225WT-BF KD-SHX701 26PF5320-28 Avtl 104 PV1530 PDR-L77 IC-A2 LI860-5 6 AE Attachment TL-SF1008P F7305 P ES200U GLC2500L Price NW-E026F Edition HLS820 4200N Information Compass CS9000 Mk2 CQ-RX200N DM7000-S KDC-MP528 HR8891 Lexmark X654 ER3661BNS RW6828 IC-T7E AR8258B Photosnap KDC-W4044uaug 4 5 ND2700 Gigaset C345 PRO 12 Zelda VR747 FZ6-C DN-A200 Siemens C75 HM320JI-D Ocean Blue P7120 Flickr 605M52R3 Battery KX-TG2357S H1940 Nokia 2260 MC147 WL-114 QIG DRA-500AE Piano Samsung M300 Server Repair Doublet DC-ONE Motorola L6G Nokia 6681 SC163VS DMP-BDT350 TT10E DSR8121 400 AE DPL950VD-DVD X1230 Satego X200 MV900 Slr 600YG2 940BF Recorder 4 FL-36R Mount SGH-Z320I AWH-65-USB EMP-503 Yamaha FB01 CDX-GT23W 8840 PC 110 IS Mps CA260 Optimizer GGW-H20L MRV-1005 Plantinum EW815F SPA2100 SA-VE100 CR-525 24-30 E Review DCR-HC32 Touch Full Samsung P800
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