Minolta X700 Manual
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Minolta X 700 Part 1
User reviews and opinions
|bauer172uw||2:49am on Wednesday, November 3rd, 2010|
|Good Film Camera Good Camer.This was a direct replcement for the same camera that was to expensive to repair.|
|sailajabhandaru||1:37am on Friday, October 29th, 2010|
|This was my first SLR camera and I have never needed (or wanted with more than a passing interest) any thing else.|
|pterner||6:00pm on Wednesday, September 29th, 2010|
|these are manual focus film based cameras of which there are many lower level models such as the X- 300 and X-370s models|
|moreje||2:42pm on Saturday, August 21st, 2010|
|This camera has a secret advantage over any digital slr Try to find a macro 24mm equivalent for your digital slr that focuses as close as 4" and you w... Very pleased with the camera and the accessories The camera arrived well-packaged and appeared like new just as the ad had promised. Great camera for pro or beginner. I have two of these and have taken many great shots with them.|
|kand_x1||6:50am on Wednesday, June 30th, 2010|
|Enough spec for virtually any assignment,excellent handling,clear sharp viewfinder,Minolta lenses. full system back-up Slow flash sync speed.|
|sla||1:54am on Thursday, June 17th, 2010|
|I bought my Minolta X-700 for $100 used from a pawn shop. The Minolta X-700 was the second SLR I ever owned; the first being an X-370 purchased as part of a kit in 1986.|
Comments posted on www.ps2netdrivers.net are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.
Before using your camera for the first time, study this manual carefully all the way through or at least all the sections covering your photographic needs. As you read, attach a lens, load batteries, turn the main switch on, and handle your X-700 to acquaint yourself w i t h its parts and features. Then load it w i t h f i l m and proceed to actual picture taking. In this way you can take good photos and begin to realize the broad potential of your X-700 right from the start. To obtain many years of service f r o m your X-700, be sure to read and follow the precautions given on page 8 and elsewhere. Keep this manual for reference later as necessary.
Your Minolta X-700, the state-of-the-art SLR camera at the center of the Minolta Program System, offers you the focus-and-shoot simplicity of programmed auto-exposure (AE) c o n t r o l : Both aperture and shutter speed are automatically set over a wide range by the camera, with continuous viewfinder LED readout of speeds being set. The program is designed to maintain fastest practicable speeds as light dims, then give audible beeps, if desired, to guard against blur from subject/camera-movement, making the X-700 ideal if you're starting out in photography or if you want full program automation for ease of use or fast-breaking action. The X-700's aperture-priority AE mode lets you control the depth of field but still maintain AE control of stepless shutter speeds fine-tuned for proper exposure with light metered up to the instant of exposure. This mode is excellent for AE photography w i t h the wide range of Minolta SLR system lenses and accessories available, including mirror lenses and close-up bellows not possible w i t h shutter-priority AE systems. For full creative f l e x i b i l i t y , aperture and shutter can be set independently in any combination in the X-700's metered/full-manual mode. Other handy features of your X-700 include: touch-switch metering that keeps the LEDs on for 15 seconds after you first touch the operating b u t t o n ; AE lock for holding adjusted-framing meter readings;+/ 2EV stops' exposure adjustment w i t h LED indicator in finder; self-timer w i t h triple-rate visual/audible indications; flash-ready and Flash Distance Checker (FDC) indications in finder; split-image microprism spot and Acute Matte focusing screen; integral front and back grips for surer holding; Safe Load Signal; and a new easy-load take-up spool. A programmed autoflash, multi-function back, and quartz data back (see pages 53 to 55) complete the Minolta Program System; also available are a new wireless controller, a motor drive and auto winder, and a broad range of other SLR system accessories.
NAMES OF PARTS/MAIN FEATURES. TAKING CARE OF YOUR X-700
9 Strap and case 10 PREPARING TO TAKE PICTURES 10 MOUNTING AND CARE OF LENSES 10 Body and lens caps 11 Attaching and removing lenses 11 Care of glass surfaces 12 BATTERIES AND POWER 12 Batteries 13 Main switch 14 Operating button Automatic battery check and shutter lock. Battery holder 15 Cold-weather operation 16 F I L M AND F I L M SPEED 17 LOADING AND ADVANCING F I L M 17 Loading film 20 Film-advance lever 20 Safe Load Signal/Frame counter 21 REWINDING A N D UNLOADING F I L M
TAKING PICTURES WITH YOUR X-700
Pre s h o o t i n g check
EXPOSURE CONTROL WITH THE X-700. 24 Summary of modes 24 Mode/shutter-speed selector and P/A-lock release 25 Minimum-aperture lock 25 Eyepiece cap 25 PROGRAMMED AUTO-EXPOSURE MODE (P mode) 26 F U N D A M E N T A L S OF EXPOSURE 28 COUPLED RANGES A N D PROGRAM GRAPH 30 LENS AND MODE COMBINATIONS 31 APERTURE-PRIORITY AUTOEXPOSURE MODE (A mode) 32 METERING WITH THE X-AE LOCK 34 EXPOSURE-ADJUSTMENT CONTROL 35 WHEN TO USE AE LOCK A N D EXPOSURE-ADJUSTMENT CONTROL. 36
Focusing grip Distance scale Depth-of-field scale Aperture ring/scale Mounting index Minimum-aperture lock Prevents accidental m o v e m e n t of a p e r t u r e ring in P m o d e Diaphragm-control pin
Shutter-speed scale/LEDs LED indicates stepless speed set by camera in P and A modes LED indicates stepped speed recommended in M mode " " LED blinks at 2Hz as flash-ready indicator w i t h PX- and X-series A u t o Electroflashes " " LED blinks at 8Hz as flash-distance checker (FDC) w i t h PX-series A u t o Electroflashes
Under range LED Exposure-adjustment LED Aperture setting Focusing screen Split-image spot, microprism band, and Acute Matte field; exchangeable with eight other screens at authorized Minolta service facilities
Lens shown: 50mm f/1.7 MD
Back-cover release knob Film-cartridge chamber Shutter curtain Horizontal-traverse focal-plane type Sprocket Take-up spool Pressure plate Eyepiece frame/eyepiece Memo holder ISO (DIN-ASA) table Back grip Battery-chamber cover Tripod socket Rewind release
Accessory connections: Contact terminals for camera control by Multi-Function Back and data-imprint control w i t h Multi-Function Back or Quartz Data Back 1 Motor-drive guide socket Motor-drive contacts Winder contact Winder/motordrive coupler Winder/motordrive guide socket
TAKING CARE OF YOUR X-700
Your Minolta X-700 is a high-precision instrument designed to give many years of trouble-free picture taking if used and cared for properly. The precautions you should follow for keeping the camera in good operating condition are given below and at various places throughout the text. Always keep your camera in its case w i t h the lens capped when not in use, or with a body cap on when a lens is not attached. No part of the X-700 should be forced at any time. If operation is not as you think it should be, carefully restudy the applicable instructions or consult an authorized Minolta service facility. Never subject your camera to shock, high heat and/or humidity, water, or harmful chemicals. Be particularly careful not to leave it in the glove compartment or other places in motor vehicles where it may be subject to high temperatures. Never lubricate any part of the body or lens. Never touch the shutter curtains or the front inside part of the body with fingers or other objects or blow against them, as doing so might damage the alignment and movement of either the curtains or mirror.
External camera and lens barrel but not glass surfaces should be wiped with a soft, silicone-treated cloth now and then, especially after using the camera near salt water. It is recommended to have your camera cleaned once per year at an authorized Minolta service facility. Lens-care instructions are given on pages 10 and 11. If you will not be using your camera for an extended period, see the storage instructions at the back of the manual. If you have questions concerning operation of your camera or about photography, feel free to contact your local Minolta agent or distributor by writing one of the offices listed inside the back cover. CAUTION Before using lenses, flashes, or other accessories made by companies other than Minolta, attach them to the camera to make sure they function properly and take test photographs if necessary.
S t r a p and case
The strap (provided with camera) and case (sold separately) should be attached as shown to keep your camera handy for use and to protect it from being dropped or bumped.
Eyepiece cap Battery holder
NOTE The protective plastic film on the camera's base can be removed if desired.
PREPARING TO TAKE PICTURES
The next four sections cover things you must do to prepare your camera for taking pictures: Attach lens (at right). Insert batteries and turn main switch on (pp. 12 and 13). Set film speed (p. 16). Load camera with film (pp. 17 to 20). You must always install batteries properly and turn on the main switch before loading f i l m ; the order of other steps may vary. Instructions for rewinding and unloading film are also given in this part. We recommend reading them before starting to use your camera, so that you will be sure what to do when you come to the end of the film.
MOUNTING AND CARE OF LENSES
Body and lens caps Remove body and lens caps as shown above. CAUTIONS Always cap the rear end of the lens and the lens mount of the camera when the lens is not attached, and the front of the lens when the camera is not in use.
To prevent damage to the control pins, never set a lens w i t h its rear end down unless a rear lens cap is on. If it is necessary to set an uncapped lens with its front end down, do so on a smooth surface. Fisheye lenses should always be capped before being placed front end down. Keep lenses, properly capped front and rear, in their cases when not in use.
To attach lenses After removing the body cap and rear lens cap, align the red mounting index on the lens barrel w i t h the red index on the camera's lens mount, insert the lens bayonet into the socket, then turn the lens clockwise until it locks into place with a click.
To remove lenses While pushing the lens-release b u t t o n , turn the lens counterclockwise as far as it will go, then lift it out of the mount. CAUTION Be careful not to touch anything inside the camera when attaching or removing lenses.
Care of glass surfaces Never touch lens or eyepiece surfaces with fingers or other objects. If necessary, remove loose matter with a blower brush. Use special photographic lens tissue or a soft, clean cloth to remove smudges or fingerprints with a gentle circular motion. Only if absolutely necessary, the tissue may be moistened very slightly with not more than one drop of a satisfactory quickevaporating fluid cleaner specially compounded for photographic lenses. Such fluids must never be dropped directly on the glass surface. Never lift the mirror or touch its surface, as doing so might damage the alignment. Small smudges or fingerprints on the mirror will not affect the meter reading or image quality; if they are very annoying, have the camera cleaned at an authorized Minolta service facility.
BATTERIES AND POWER
Batteries For operation of the X-700's circuitry and shutter, use one of the following types of batteries: T w o 1.55v silver-oxide (SR44: Eveready S-76, EPX-76, or equiv.) Two 1.5v alkaline-manganese (LR44: Eveready A-76 or equiv.) One 3v lithium (CR-1/3N)-See note on p. 15. CAUTIONS Never use 1.35v mercury batteries (MR44: Eveready EPX-675 or equiv.), which have a similar shape and size. To avoid battery leakage or bursting, do not mix batteries of different types, brands, or ages. Used batteries should not be disposed of in fire. W A R N I N G : Keep batteries away from young children.
1. Unscrew counterclockwise and remove the battery-chamber cover on the camera b o t t o m.
2. After wiping the terminals with a clean, dry cloth, hold the batteries by their edges and insert them plus (+) side out into the sleeve on the inside of the cover.
Main switch For the camera's circuitry and shutter to operate, the main switch must be set at either " O N " or " O N ". The latter position should be used when you want audible beeps during self-timer operation or an audible warning whenever the shutter speed set or recommended by the camera is 1/30 sec. or slower. (For the slow-shutter-speed warning to function, the operating button must be touched or slightly pressed.)
To prevent accidental exposures and battery drain, move the main switch to " O F F " when you are done taking pictures. (When the switch is left on, however, battery drain occurs only if the operating button is touched, so you may want to leave it on to avoid missing unexpected shots.)
Operating button Touching the operating button in the center of the mode/shutterspeed selector activates the camera's meter, viewfinder LED display, and exposure-control system. If proper contact is not possible (e.g., in cold weather, when fingers are excessively d r y , or when wearing gloves), press the button slightly. The shutter is released when the operating button is pressed all the way down.
For easier operation of other controls while viewing through the finder, the circuits will remain on for 15 sec. after you first touch the button. NOTE If the operating b u t t o n becomes dirty or greasy, turn off the main switch and wipe the button w i t h a clean, dry c l o t h.
200 Setting film speed Lift up on the film-speed ring and turn it until the proper ASA number appears centered in the film-speed window and locks in that position when the ring is released. Marks between numbered graduations indicate speeds shown in the table at right.
CAUTION Film should be stored in a cool, d r y , dark place before use and exposed before the expiration date printed on the box.
LOADING AND ADVANCING FILM
Loading film Before opening the camera back, confirm that there is no film inside that could be damaged by light if the back is opened, by checking that: No red is visible in the Safe Load Signal (see p. 20). Rewind crank can be freely rotated clockwise many times without pushing rewind button. Since the frame counter advances each time the shutter is cocked even if no film is inside, the camera may be empty even when the index does not point to " S ". Prior to loading f i l m , set the film speed (see previous page) and turn the main switch on (p. 13). CAUTIONS Film should be handled and loaded in subdued light - at least shaded from direct sunlight by your body. Do not touch any parts or areas shown in blue below.
A handy ISO (DIN-ASA) table, w i t h a surrounding memo holder for keeping the film-box end as a reminder of the film type and number of exposures, is located on the camera back.
1. With the case off, pull up on the back-cover release knob until the camera back springs open. Gently blow away any dust or other particles inside with a blower brush. NOTE When loading film in a dark place or with the lens cap on, loading will be easier if the mode selector is not set at " P " or " A ".
2. Leaving the knob pulled out, position a 35mm film cartridge as shown with the projecting spool down. Then push the knob all the way in, rotating it slightly if necessary. NOTE If the film-advance lever stops at the end of a full stroke during the following steps, release the shutter and continue (main switch must be on).
3. Pull out enough film leader to just reach the take-up spool, then insert the end into a slot on the left (as shown above), making sure it does not protrude from another slot. A hole in the film should be lined up w i t h the tooth on the take-up spool, and the sprocket teeth should be engaged w i t h holes at the b o t t o m of the f i l m.
If you find it easier to hold the film leader in your right hand, insert the film as shown in the diagram above, making sure the take-up spool tooth is properly engaged with a hole.
4. With the film held against the sprocket by your left hand, slowly operate the film-advance lever until the film is wound firmly around the take-up spool, the sprocket teeth are engaged with holes on both edges of the f i l m , and the slack in the film is taken up.
Programs shown for ISO 100/21 SHUTTER SPEED
LENS AND MODE COMBINATIONS ISO 25/15 50/18 100/21 200/24 400/27 Shutter speed 4 to 1/1000 sec. 2 to 1/1000 sec. 1 to 1/1000 sec. 1/2 to 1/1000 sec. 1/4 to 1/1000 sec. The table at right shows the usable modes for various types of lenses and accessories. Because the X-700 meters while the diaphragm is closing to obtain correct exposure in auto modes, operation may be somewhat different than stated in the lens or accessory manual. Special instructions for specific lenses and accessories are as follows: Only MD lenses should be used in P mode. If a non-MD lens is used, the " P " will blink as a warning that exposure may be incorrect. When using an Auto Rokkor lens, Auto Bellows I, or Auto Bellows III w i t h the X-700, you need to press the preview button only when you want to check the shutter speed that will be used in A mode or the recommended shutter speed in M mode, not when you actually release the shutter. For Auto Bellows I I I , press the preview button on the bellows itself. Lens or accessory MD MD plus MD 2X Tele Converter MC Auto Rokkor Manual preset RF (mirror) CA Shift Varisoft MD or MC plus: M C 2 X Tele Converter Close-up accessories A A Mode P P A M A M A A A M M M M M M
The accurate working range of shutter speeds of the X-700 depends on the film speed, as shown in the table. If you release the shutter when the LEDs indicate a speed outside the applicable range, exposure may be incorrect.
(P) A M
Though RF lenses (which have a fixed aperture) can be used with the mode selector at " P " , they will function in the same way as when it is at " A ".
APERTURE-PRIORITY AUTO-EXPOSURE MODE (A mode
Set mode selector at " A ".
Set lens at desired aperture.
Taking pictures in A mode After you have set the mode selector and desired aperture as shown at left, the camera will automatically select the stepless shutter speed needed for proper exposure. All you need do before releasing the shutter is compose, focus, and check the viewfinder as follows: Is the over-range LED blinking? If so, turn the aperture ring towards f/22 until the LED stops blinking. If it does not stop, use a neutraldensity (ND) filter or reduce the light level if possible. Is an LED on in the danger zone for hand-holding (usually 1/30 sec. or slower see p. 44)? Or does the slow-shutter-speed warning beep when the main switch is at "ON " and you touch the operating button? If so, turn the aperture ring towards f/1.7 until an LED outside the danger zone lights. If impossible, use a suitable
camera-support method (p. 46) or a flash (p. 50). Is an LED on or blinking outside the applicable range from the table on page 31? If so, exposure may be incorrect. NOTES In some situations you may want to use the AE lock or exposureadjustment control (pp. 34 and 35). If your head is not shielding the eyepiece from light when the picture is taken, use the eyepiece cap (p. 25). Almost all Minolta lenses and close-up accessories can be used in aperture-priority AE mode. See page 31 for special instructions for some of them.
To obtain proper exposure in high-contrast lighting situations where your subject is on the edge of the frame or occupies only a small portion in the center, use the AE lock as follows: 1. Shift the camera's position so the subject fills most of the frame. For small subjects, you may need to move closer. 2. With the viewfinder LED display on, press the AE lock all the way down and hold it there; you may
EXPOSURE-ADJUSTMENT CONTROL then remove your finger from the operating button if desired. 3. Recompose your picture as desired. 4. Release the shutter while still holding the AE lock down. NOTES Suggestions on when to use the AE lock are given on pages 36 and 37. The AE lock cannot be used in M mode or together with the selftimer. If you wish to change the settings of film speed, exposure adjustment, mode/shutter-speed, or aperture, do so before pressing the AE lock. The AE lock does not operate if pressed while the motor drive is used at " H i ".
-2 -+1 +2
To deliberately increase or decrease exposure from the normal metered value, turn the exposureadjustment control while pressing the lock release until the desired position is aligned with the index. Set minus () numbers to darken exposure and plus (+) numbers to lighten exposure, as indicated in the table. NOTES The control will lock at " 0 " and each half-stop setting, though settings between half stops can also be used.
two stops less = one-quarter normal exposure one stop less = one-half normal exposure normal exposure one stop more = double normal exposure two stops more = four times normal exposure
When the control is not at " 0 " , the +/- LED in the viewfinder will blink to let you know exposure is being adjusted. Be sure to return the control to " 0 " after using exposure-adjustment settings. Both aperture and shutter speed are changed by exposure adjustment in P mode; in A mode, only shutter speed is adjusted.
WHEN TO USE AE LOCK A N D EXPOSURE The following suggestions on when to use the AE lock or exposure-adjustment control can serve as starting points for trial; individual conditions and taste will, of course, determine what exposure you choose. In situations where there is a great brightness difference between the subject and background and the most important area is considerably darker than the area surrounding it, use the AE lock to lock the meter reading with the camera positioned so the subject fills most of the finder, or set the exposure-adjustment control at + 1/2 to +2 stops. Examples are pictures with strong backlighting and no fill-in illumination (such as photos A and B), or subjects against a background of snow or lightcolored sand, unless the bright area occupies a very small part of the frame. If the most important subject area is much brighter than the rest of the picture, use the AE lock as above or set the exposure-adjustment control at 1/2 to -2 stops. Examples are subjects in a spotlight or shaft of sunlight or against a very dark background (such as photos C and D), unless the background occupies only a small area in the frame. When copying documents printed on white stock or on other predominantly light-colored materials, an adjustment of +1/2 to +2 stops may be necessary. Similarly, you will probably want to make an adjustment of 1/2 to 2 stops for predominantly dark copy material, or that on a dark background. When using an R60 (red) filter, adjust exposure + 1 stop.
The depth-of-field scale can also be used to zone focus, i.e., set the focusing ring so that some anticipated action will take place within the limits of the depth of field. For example, if you want any subject within a range of 2.6m (approx. 81/2 ft.) to infinity to be reasonably sharp and the lighting conditions allow you to set an aperture of f/16 in A or M mode with a 50mm f/1.7 lens, set the lens so the infinity mark is opposite the " " on the right end of the scale.
BLUB FBOM CAMERA/SUBJECT MOVEMENT
A blurred photograph results when movement of the subject or camera during exposure causes a shift in the position of the image on f i l m. The shutter speed required to "freeze" an object's action normally increases as the object's speed increases; however, no matter what the speed, an object moving across the viewfinder field requires a faster shutter speed than one moving at the same speed directly toward or away from the camera. Similarly, a moving object near the camera (or one appearing nearer due to use of a longerfocal-length lens or a close-up accessory) requires a faster shutter speed than one farther away. Blur from camera motion depends on such factors as the lens being used, the apparent closeness of the subject when viewed through the lens, the shutter speed, and the camera-support method. Since longer-focal-length lenses and closeup accessories increase the relative size of the subject, even a slight movement of the camera will be magnified on f i l m ; the greater weight and size of such lenses and accessories may also make it difficult to hold them steady. A good rule to follow is that the slowest shutter speed that can be safely used by most people when hand-holding a lens is the reciprocal of the focal length. For example, for a 125mm lens, the speed would be 1/125 sec; for a 300mm lens, it would be 1/500 (1/300 raised to the next faster speed to be on the safe side). Use of a sufficiently fast shutter speed is also important when taking pictures from a moving, vibrating vehicle such as a boat, car, train, or plane (especially to prevent blurring the foreground, if any) or from a vibrating object such as a bridge. To reduce transmission of the vibrations through your body to the camera, relax your body and avoid direct contact with the object as far as possible.
SUPPORTING THE CAMERA AND RELEASING THE SHUTTER
In order to obtain sharp, blur-free photos, it is important to release the shutter gently while keeping the camera as still as possible. Always, regardless of shutter speed, release the shutter with a slow, steady squeeze never a quick jab preferably while holding your breath. Shown at right are some ways of holding the camera to provide adequate support at normal and fast shutter speeds. If you grasp the camera firmly with your right hand on its front and back grips, you can easily shift it back and forth for horizontal (a) and vertical (b) pictures without removing your hand from its controls. Also, by cradling the camera in your left hand to support it, you can readily focus and set the aperture, if necessary, then shoot; another way is to use
your left hand to focus, then grasp the left part of the body for support. Photo (c) shows an alternative for holding the camera vertically. You should, of course, experiment to find the way that suits you best.
Slow-shutter-speed warning When the main switch is set at " O N " and the operating button is touched or slightly pressed, a slow-shutter-speed warning will beep if the camera sets (in P or A mode) or recommends (in M mode) a shutter speed of 1/30 second or slower. Though the actual danger of blur from camera or subject movement depends on many factors (p. 44), including your own ability to hold the camera steady, you may wish to use the figure " " as a reference point to gauge the chance of blur.
When a slow shutter speed is unavoidable, use one of the following methods (given in order of increasing steadiness) to prevent blur from camera movement: Hold the camera firmly against your face (in horizontal position, place your thumb between camera and face for support), brace your arm(s) against your body, and spread your feet slightly or lean against a tree, etc. Another way is to kneel on one knee and rest your elbow on the other. Steady the camera against a post or other f i r m , non-vibrating support. Use a minipod or similar device to prop the camera on a table, ledge, etc. Mount the camera on a sturdy tripod.
Mounting camera on tripod For maximum sharpness when making exposures too long to permit hand-holding the camera, as well as for self-timer pictures, mount it on a tripod using the socket on the camera b o t t o m. Release the shutter in one of the ways explained on the next page. CAUTION Do not use excessive force when attaching the camera to a tripod with a screw that extends more than 5.4mm (1/5 in.).
Self-timer The X-700's electronic self-timer can be used to delay release of the shutter for 10 seconds. To operate it: 1. Mount the camera on a sturdy support, compose your picture, and focus. 2. Set the mode/shutter-speed selector at any setting other than " B " , and make sure the film is advanced. 3. Pull the self-timer switch up. 4. To start the timer, press the operating button. A visual signal and (if main switch is at " O N ") audible beeps indicate how much time is left before the self-timer releases the shutter. The self-timer LED blinks and the camera beeps as follows: First 8 sec. Next sec. Last sec. twice per sec. eight times continuously
NOTES If you wish to cancel the selftimer after it has been started, push the self-timer switch down or turn the main switch off. Be sure to turn the self-timer off after the picture has been taken. If you do not, the next picture will also be taken after a 10-sec. delay. When taking self-timer pictures in P or A mode, use the eyepiece cap (p. 25).
Other ways of releasing shutter The shutter can also be released by using one of the following: Minolta Remote Cord S (50cm, 20 in.) or Remote Cord L (5m, 16-1/2 ft.) Minolta Wireless Controller IR-1 Set (p. 56) Minolta Multi-Function Back (p. 55) The remote cords and cable release should be screwed into the shutterrelease socket on the side of the lens mount.
CREATIVE CONTROL OF APERTURE AND SHUTTER SPEED
A Sometimes you may want to select an aperture so as to obtain a particular effect, such as rendering a certain range in sharp focus or emphasizing a subject against an out-of-focus background. In either case, use the X-700 in A or M mode, setting
B the lens at the desired aperture. Small f-numbers yield a shallow field of sharp focus, as in photo A above, while large f-numbers give greater depth of field, as in photo B.
At other times, the subject or effect you want may make the shutter speed more important. In A mode turn the aperture ring until the LED next to the desired shutter speed lights, or use M mode to set the speed. Fast shutter speeds such as 1/500 to
D 1/1000 above. can be (photo sec. can "freeze" action, as in photo C Slow shutter speeds such as 1/2 to 1 sec. used to emphasize subject flow or motion D).
Besides its pentaprism-mounted silicon photocell for ambient light metering, the X-700 has a second cell located in its mirror compartment to measure through-the-lens (TTL) light reflected from the film during flash exposures with PXseries Auto Electrofl3Shes. Used in program T T L autoflash mode with the X-700 and an MD lens set for P mode, this Minolta Direct Autoflash Metering system allows you to simply compose, focus on a subject in flash range, and shoot. The aperture will be automatically set for you by the camera's flash program. In any-aperture T T L autoflash mode with the X-700 set at " A " , you can open the aperture fully up to obtain maximum flash range, or close it down for greater depth of field. Since light is metered through the lens at the taking aperture during exposure, this mode is ideal for autoflash close-ups, bounce flash, and other creative flash techniques. 50 In both modes, an LED will blink in the viewfinder to indicate if exposure was sufficient, and flash exposures can be lightened or darkened over a wide range by using the camera's exposure-adjustment control. The table at right summarizes how to use PX and other flash units with the X-700. For specific instructions, see the applicable owner's manual.
Connecting flash units Cordless clip-on flash units are attached and electrically connected by simply sliding them into the camera's hot shoe. Sync cords of clip-on or bracket-type units must be plugged into the camera's sync terminal. Bracket-type flash units attach to the camera's tripod socket.
PX-series A u t o Electroflash Camera connection Hot shoe (or off-camera cables) Controllable by camera's selector: P: program T T L (camera selects aperture by flash program) A: any-aperture T T L (user selects aperture to control flash range and depth of field) 1-1000, B: manual flash (aperture determined by distance)
X series A u t o Electroflash Hot shoe
Other Hot shoe or sync cord
Flash mode and aperture setting
Selected on flash: A u t o : by on-flash sensor at designated aperture(s) Manual: aperture determined by distance
X-sync shutter speed Flash-ready signal If shutter released before flash charged: Flash-distance check (FDC) signaling Exposure-adjustment control
Shutter automatically releases at 1/60 if flash charged (except when camera set at " B " ) LED next to " " blinks at 2Hz (and " A " or " M " LED goes out in A or M mode); monitor lamp on flash Photo taken without flash at existing settings " " LED blinks at 8Hz (in T T L ) ; FDC lamp on flash Usable in P and A modes (viewfinder + / - LED goes out even when in use) FDC lamp on models 320X, 132X only Not usable
Electronic flash: 1 to 1/60, B M, MF, or FP bulb: 1 to 1/15, B Monitor lamp on flash Flash may or may not fire FDC lamp on models 320, 128 only Not usable
A u t o Electroflash 360PX also has on-flash sensor for auto control at any of 3 apertures depending on f i l m speed. A u t o Electroflash CLE is usable for any-aperture T T L flash in A mode or for manual flash.
ACCESSORIES (Minolta Program System)
Wideangle Adapter Panel Set Wideangle Adapter Auto Electroflash 360PX Auto Electroflash 280PX Auto Electroflash 132PX Auto Electroflash Macro 80PX Set
AC Adapter 4 or 5
Baterry Charge PG
Off Camera Shoe
Bounce Reflector Set Cable OC
Ni-Cd Charger NC 2 Cable CD Color Filter Set X 700 Cable EX
Motor Drive 1 NiCd Battery Pack NP-2
Multi Function Back
Power Grip 2 Set Cable AW
Auto Winder G
Quartz Data Back 1 Ni-Cd Charger QC-1 Cable FB Wireless Conntroller IR-1 Set
AUTO ELECTROFLASH 280PX. 132PX. 360PX. MACRO 80PX SET With one of these flash units attached, the X-700's Direct Autoflash Metering system provides through-the-lens (TTL) off-film flash control in program (P) mode or any-aperture (A) mode. Viewfinder flash-ready signaling, auto sync-speed setting, and sufficient-exposure confirmation are other features that make them extremely simple to use. The compact, lightweight 280PX has energy-saving thyristor circuitry and a power-level selector enabling 2fps winder/motor-drive sync. The inexpensive yet versatile 132PX gives you the option of vertical bounce and automatically turns itself off when disconnected. Among the many handy features of the top-of-the-line 360PX are: horizontal/vertical bounce, variable GN/power control (enabling sync at up to 2fps), auto power switchoff, terminals for off-camera cables and direct auto charge control by the Multi-Function Back in time-lapse photography, and a built-in auto sensor for use with other cameras. The lens-mounted Macro 80PX Set (used in A mode) has four flashtubes that can be independently switched on or off to control lighting of close-up and macro subjects. A wide range of accessories for PX flash units expands their usefulness for creative flash photography. Designed for the 280PX and 360PX, Power Grip 2 features well-balanced handling, sync at up to 3.5fps, auto power switchoff, auto charge control (with Multi-Function Back), and bounce flash at a great range of angles. Filter panel sets and a bounce reflector are available for the 360PX and 132PX. and an AC adapter for the 360PX and Macro 80PX Set. Cables and connectors enable simple, accurate T T L autoflash operation for close-up, directional, and multi-flash techniques.
MULTI-FUNCTION BACK The quartz/microcomputer-controlled Multi-Function Back connects cordlessly to the X-700 in place of its regular back to perform a variety of cameracontrol and data-imprinting functions. By simply pressing keys while viewing its liquid-crystal display, you can set it for time-lapse photographs at a huge range of intervals, automatically timed long exposures, and/or multi-frame sequences. The quartz timer and auto calendar enable recording the time accurate to the second, or the year/month/day in any of three orders. Or you can set the imprinter to record any six-digit code number, to consecutively number each frame, or for no imprinting. Manually controlled imprinting before or after taking the picture is also possible, and data exposure can be selected at any of six levels to match the sensitivity of the film in use.
MOTOR DRIVE 1 and AUTO WINDER G With Motor Drive 1 attached, you can capture the action with single-frame or continuous operation at either 2 or 3.5 frames per second. The comfortable handgrip has two operating buttons, each w i t h a Minolta "touch switch", enabling full viewfinder readout for either horizontal or vertical framing. Auto Winder G lets you focus full attention on the creative aspects of photography by freeing you from winding the film after each picture. Continuous sequences up to 2fps are also possible by holding the camera's operating button down. Both units are designed to attach quickly and easily without access caps to remove or store. Their film-advance mechanisms stop automatically at the end of the roll, and film can be easily loaded and unloaded without removing the units. WIRELESS CONTROLLER IR-1 SET The IR-1 infrared transmitter/receiver set lets you trigger the X-700 from up to 60m (about 200 ft.) away for remote-controlled single-frame exposures, continuous sequences, or time exposures. When used with extra receivers, the three-channel transmitter enables independent operation of up to three cameras or groups of cameras, or simultaneous operation of an unlimited number of cameras. 56
Other: Audible 4Hz piezoelectric warning when finder speed indication is 1/30 sec. or slower whenever finger contacts "touch s w i t c h " normally or presses operating button slightly with main switch appropriately set; integral front handgrip; detachable back with integral handgrip, memo holder, and ISO (DIN-ASA) table; positive 4-slot take-up spool; remote shutter-release socket Size and weight: 51.5 x 89 x 137mm (2 x 3-1/2 x 5-3/8 in.), 505g (17-13/16 oz.) without lens and/or power cells Standard accessories: Carrying strap w i t h slide-on spare battery holder and eyepiece cap Optional accessories: Auto Electroflash 360PX. 280PX. 132PX, Macro 80PX Set, off-camera cables and connectors. Power Grip 2, sec; Multi-Function Back; Motor Drive 1. Auto Winder G; Wireless Controller IR-1 Set; MD, MC, and other Minolta interchangeable lenses and applicable Minolta SLR system accessories Specifications subject to change without notice
If the camera is not to be used for more than two weeks, the batteries should be removed.
It is advisable to operate the f i l m - a d v a n c e lever a n d release the s h u t t e r once o r t w i c e f r o m t i m e t o t i m e d u r i n g e x t e n d e d storage. Minolta Co. Ltd. Minolta GmbH Minolta France S.A. Minolta (UK) Limited Minolta Austria Ges. m.b.H. Minolta Camera Benelux B.V. Belgium Branch Minolta (Schweiz) AG Minolta Svenska AB Finland Branch Minolta Portugal Limitada Minolta Corporation Head Office Los Angeles Branch Minolta Canada Inc. Head Office Vancouver Branch Minolta Hong Kong Limited Minolta Singapore (Pte) Ltd. Shanghai Minolta Optical Products Co. Ltd. If the camera is to be s t o r e d f o r a long p e r i o d of t i m e , t h e b o d y and lens s h o u l d b e r e t u r n e d t o their original packing a n d kept in a c o o l , d r y place a w a y f r o m dust o r chemicals, p r e f e r a b l y i n a n a i r t i g h t c o n t a i n e r w i t h a d r y i n g agent such as silica gel.
3-13. 2-Chome. Azuchi-Machi, Chuo-Ku. Osaka 541-8556. Japan Kurt-Fischer-Strasse 50, D-22923 Ahrensburg. Germany 365 Route de Saint-Germain. F-78420 Carrieres-Sur-Seine, France 7 Tanners Drive. Blakelands. Milton Keynes. MK14 5BU. England Amalienstrasse 59-61. A-1131 Wien. Austria Zonnebaan 39, P.O. Box 6000. NL-3600 HA Maarssen, The Netherlands Kontichsesteenweg 38. 8-2630 Aartselaar, Belgium Riedstrasse 6. CH-8953 Dietikon. Switzerland Albygatan 114, S-Solna. Sweden Niittykatu 6 PL 37. SF-02201 Espoo. Finland Av. do Brasil 33-A. P-1700 Lisboa. Portugal 101 Williams Drive. Ramsey. New Jersey 07446. U.S.A. 11150 Hope Street Cypress. CA 90630. U.S.A 369 Britannia Road East. Mississauga, Ontario L4Z 2H5, Canada 230-3771 Jacombs Road. Richmond. B.C. V6V 2L9, Canada Room 208, 2/F. Eastern Center. 1065 King's Road, Quarry Bay. Hong Kong 10. Teban Gardens Crescent, Singapore Minolta Road, Songjiang. Shanghai. China
Minolta X-700 X700 Test Review
by Ken Rockwell
Minolta X-700 INTRODUCTION This is Minolta's best mass market manual focus camera, ever. A testament to its lasting and good design, it was introduced in the early 1980s and was in continuous production until the beginning of 2001. I had a very new one with a serial number above 3,000,000, and I also bought an X-570 (it's brother) back in 1982.
It uses all of the Minolta manual focus lenses made since the 1960s, although you'll have better luck in program mode if you stick to the newest MD lenses. SPECIFICATIONS It has program and aperture-preferred automation modes. Manual mode only indicates the suggested shutter speed in the finder; you have to take your eye away from the finder to see what you've actually set. It weighs 17.5oz (520 g) Unlike amateur cameras like the $1,000 Nikon F100, the Minolta X-700 has a stainless steel lens mount. "MPS" on the front stands for "Minolta Program System," which was hot stuff when Program automation cameras were novel in 1985. Today it just means it has program mode, like every other camera. It has a cloth horizontal focal plane shutter. It runs on two S76 button cells. PERFORMANCE Metering includes most of the frame, only discounting a little along the top. I prefer more heavily center weighted meters like those in Nikons or the Canon AV-1. My meter was consistently off by about 2/3 of a stop, so I shot ISO 50 Fuji Velvia at EI 80. Once I set that, it was fine. The finder is very bright, brighter than my Nikons! Unlike the Nikons of the same era which outperform their low light specifications, the X-700 is poor for night photography below about EV1 since the meter and automation really do stop at about EV 1. Other cameras of the era would make and meter correct time exposures out to several minutes. The problem with the X-700 is
that there appears to be a bias dark current in the meter equivalent to about a light level reading about 1/4 second at EI 1600. Also bad for night photography on a tripod, one cannot use the self timer and the AE lock at the same time, since they are on the same switch. You have to shield any sources of light with your hand and release the shutter with a cable release and then get your hand out of the way fast. Otherwise you would have to keep the AEL button pressed by hand during the exposure, blurring your results. You can't get the AE to lock without holding the button. At least it has a real cable release socket, unlike most modern Canon and Nikon cameras. The AEL lock retains the same total exposure in A automation mode even if you change the aperture after you've pressed AEL. Unlike Nikon and Mamiya, where you can easily set exposure compensation by pressing AEL and then changing the aperture, doing this on the X-700 gets you no change in exposure. This means you need to set exposure either by pointing the camera in a different direction and using the AEL button, or using the typically clumsy compensation dial. It indicates LOW BATTERY by turning off the LEDs in the finder, even though the camera continues to work. Nikons don't have this feature; they just stop working. The X-700 indicates low battery sooner than the Nikons turn off, meaning that batteries that are low in the X-700 may still work OK in the Nikons. I bought an X-570 brand new in the early 1980s because I could not afford the exotic X-700. The X-570, almost identical to the X-700, often indicated low batteries when the temperature dropped below about 55F. My Minolta Autometer IIIF also turned off before the batteries really were dead, even in nice weather. Living now in La Jolla where every day is like the first day of spring I will have no idea how the X-700 works in the cold, thank God. I usually prefer Program mode on Nikons, but don't like the X-700's program mode simply because it's programmed differently that I'd normally set things. Its program is slanted towards fast shutter
speeds and large apertures. Therefore I usually use Aperture priority mode instead. Minolta suggests the newer MD lenses for the X-700's program mode. Program mode works fine with the one 50mm f/1.4 MC lens I have. MC are an older series of lenses. Minolta cautions that you may get some screwy exposures with the MC lenses, so try it first.
PCG-VX71P LWT-32000C UE-32C4000 TX-28LK1F Forever 400 YP-S5 Express Marquis 2000 PRO 9 NC4200 Film Freeroll RTS SLV-R1000 Tower PC 35mm Camera GR-DX25E DX9400F Platinum Bass WF8590NMW XDP-U50D Soundcraft GB4 WF7600NAV XEC CW-29Z418T IP110 RQ1050 15 LSR122V-4 Camera PS-42P2ST Psae1 ONE 130 507si Proheat 8910 RC278 Light Junior KX-TCD545GM VP-D80 DMR-E55EBL -5010 WD8602R8w XSG RX-V1050 Jaguar XF DXZ615 Dtxtreme III 9 0 EX-Z8 GR-131SF SD-250 NZ KDC-X491 3 0I Motorola U6 Primea Ring DMW-FL360 151 Me1 Abit BL7 DSC-TX1 L ESV 2003 Seiko V657 Omnibook 6000 HP 50G USA 370 STX-15F FT-950 WAG320N PET723 ZDT6053 Wusbf54G Strada Amplifier XL25U Numark PT01 CD 2 AVR 147 N1005V Shot 130U CM-2500D Nokia 1200 Dvdit Lacetti Infocus X16 Slr C435X 81408 Iloa 110 Review Trackfish 6600 4 Li-2 SX-650 Value KDL-40EX701 AVR-4308A Music 1 Ultra Flickr CS 100 PS50B450 KVT-725DVD-B TX-9100 System AFM35 Tv410 WJ-HD316 A335W Battery LVT-3668PS Ring Plus HF 200 Digital
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