Nero Nero Photosnap
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Information on copyright and trade marks The Nero PhotoSnap QuickStart manual and all its contents are protected by copyright and are the property of Nero AG. All rights reserved. This QuickStart contains materials that are protected by internationally valid copyright laws. This QuickStart may not - in whole or in part - be copied, transmitted or otherwise reproduced without the express written permission of Nero AG. All trade names and trademarks are the property of the respective owners. Nero AG rejects any claims that transcend the clauses of the guarantee rights. Nero AG does not undertake any liability for the correctness of the content of the Nero PhotoSnap QuickStart. The contents of the software supplied and of the Nero PhotoSnap QuickStart may be changed without prior warning. The trademarks mentioned here are named for information purposes only.
Copyright 2005 Nero AG REV 1.0
Table of contents
1 General information... 5
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4
About Nero PhotoSnap... 5 System requirements... 5 Installation... 5 Formats supported... 6
Formats that can be read.. 6 Formats supported when writing... 7
Conventions of the manual.. 8
Nero PhotoSnap Viewer.. 9
2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.2.4 2.2.5 2.2.6 2.2.7 2.2.8
Launching Nero PhotoSnap Viewer.. 9 Viewing pictures... 9
Opening a picture... 9 Zooming a picture.... 10 Display picture in full screen mode... 10 Rotating a picture.... 11 Obtaining status information on the picture.. 11 Displaying the previous picture... 12 Displaying the next picture... 13 Launching Nero PhotoSnap... 13
Pop-up menu... 14
Nero PhotoSnap... 15
Launching Nero PhotoSnap.. 15 Editing images... 16
Opening an image... 16 Selecting filters... 17
3.3.1 3.3.2 3.3.3 3.3.4 3.3.5 3.3.6 3.3.7 3.3.8 3.3.9 3.3.10 3.3.11 3.3.12
Preset filters... 21 Automatic correction... 22 Exposure... 23 Color balance... 27 Changing the size... 30 Cropping... 32 Noise... 33 Sharpening.... 35 Red eye removal... 37 Rotating.... 39 Removing 'hot pixels'.. 41 Other filters.... 43
Table of contents 3
4.1 Contact details... 46
Glossary... 47 Index.... 49
Table of contents 4
1.1 About Nero PhotoSnap
Nero PhotoSnap consists of two applications: Nero PhotoSnap (Editor) is a program for editing your favorite photographs. The variety of options available allow you to improve the quality of the photos and, of course, save the pictures you have edited. Nero PhotoSnap (Viewer) is a program for displaying images and for rummaging through directories containing images. It does not allow you to edit or save photographs.
1.2 System requirements
Nero PhotoSnap is installed together with NeroVision Express 3 - the system requirements are the same. You can find more detailed information on system requirements in the NeroVision Express 3 manual.
Nero PhotoSnap is not installed separately but together with NeroVision Express 3. In other words, after installing NeroVision Express 3, you will automatically have Nero PhotoSnap as well. Following installation, a dialog will appear that lets you link graphic files with the Nero PhotoSnap Viewer, so double-clicking on a file will open it in the Nero PhotoSnap Viewer. If you have not done this and would like to open the settings, then: Highlight an image file and click on the right-hand mouse button. Select the 'Open with' command from the pop-up menu and highlight 'Choose program'. Select Nero PhotoSnap Viewer from the list of recommended programs, tick the 'Always use the selected program to open this kind of file' check box and click on 'OK' to save the changes and to close the window. You can also change the file allocations at a later stage. 1. Open the Nero PhotoSnap viewer. 2. Click on 'File' and select the 'File Associations' command. The file allocations dialog will open.
General information 5
3. Highlight the formats that you would like to have Nero PhotoSnap Viewer linked with, in other words the image formats that will open Nero PhotoSnap Viewer. 4. Click on the 'OK' button to save the changes and close the window. Warning: Please note that it is not possible to link the 'BMP' format with Nero PhotoSnap Viewer.
1.4 Formats supported
Nero PhotoSnap supports the most common image formats, so that it is suitable for all kinds of image files.
1.4.1 Formats that can be read
jpg jp2 (not PhotoSnap SE) tga pcd iff xbm gif png bmp tif pcx ras
General information 6
1.4.2 Formats supported when writing
jpg jp2 (not PhotoSnap SE) tga gif png bmp tif pcx
General information 7
Conventions of the manual
In order to make best use of this manual, please note the following conventions: Formatting / symbol Meaning This symbol stands for warnings, preconditions or instructions that have to be followed strictly. If a text is marked with this symbol, its contents are of importance for the procedure concerned. This symbol refers to additional details or advice. If a text is marked with this symbol, it should be understood as supplementary information. 1. Start If there is a number at the beginning of a line, a request for action will follow. Carry out these actions in the order specified. In this QuickStart, text passages or command buttons which appear in the Nero PhotoSnap program interface are made in single quotes 'X'. References to other sections in this QuickStart are made in (double) quotation marks: "X".
General information 8
Nero PhotoSnap Viewer
2.1 Launching Nero PhotoSnap Viewer
You can start Nero PhotoSnap Viewer in three different ways: Via Nero StartSmart, the 'command center' of the Nero family of products. Directly by 'Start > (All) Programs > NeroVision Express 3 > Nero PhotoSnap Viewer'. By double-clicking the chosen file.
2.2 Viewing pictures
2.2.1 Opening a picture
1. Launch Nero PhotoSnap. 2. Click on the icon (or select from the 'File' menu the 'Open' command and switch to the directory containing the desired image). 3. Highlight the image you want and click on the 'Open' button.
At the lower edge of the picture you will find information on the name of the image, its size and the degree to which it has been magnified or reduced.
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2.2.2 Zooming a picture
1. Open the picture you would like. or the icon 2. Depending on your preferences, click on the (or select from the 'View' menu the 'Zoom' command and highlight the desired degree of magnification). Alternatively you can uses the '/' (original size), '*' (autozoom), '-' (zoom out) and '+' (zoom in) keys on the numeric right-hand part of the keyboard.
2.2.3 Display picture in full screen mode
1. Open the picture you would like. 2. Click on the 'Full screen mode' icon (or select from the 'View' menu the 'Full screen' command). The image will then fill the entire monitor.
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To leave the full screen view, press the 'Esc' key (or click on the right-hand mouse button and choose the 'Toggle Full Screen Mode' command from the popup menu).
2.2.4 Rotating a picture
1. Open the picture you would like. or icon (or select from the 'Tools' menu 2. Click as desired on the the 'Rotate left' or 'Rotate right' command). The image will then be turned through 90 in the desired direction.
2.2.5 Obtaining status information on the picture
Digital images in the JPEG and TIFF formats contain so-called metadata, extra information in addition to the picture itself. This data includes the name of the camera manufacturer, the model, the date the picture was taken, shutter speed, and the aperture used, etc. This information is expressed in the 'Exif' standard. 1. Open the picture you would like.
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2. Click on the icon (or select from the 'Tools' menu the 'Image Info' command). The Exif information available is shown.
2.2.6 Displaying the previous picture
1. Open the picture you would like. icon (or select from the 'Go' menu the 'Previous file' 2. Click on the command). The preceding image file in this directory will be displayed. Alternatively, you can also use the '' (image up) key to get to the next and the '' (image down) to get to the last picture.
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2.2.7 Displaying the next picture
1. Open the picture you would like. icon (or select from the 'Go' menu the 'Next file' 2. Click on the command). The next image file in this directory will be displayed.
2.2.8 Launching Nero PhotoSnap
1. Open the picture you would like. icon (or select from the 'Tools' menu the 'Edit image' 2. Click on the command). Nero PhotoSnap will then start and you will be able to edit the image.
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2.3 Pop-up menu
If the mouse cursor is within the Nero PhotoSnap Viewer window, you can open the pop-up menu by clicking on the right-hand mouse button. The pop-up menu provides you with the most important commands, which are carried out by highlighting and clicking.
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3.1 Launching Nero PhotoSnap
You can start Nero PhotoSnap in three different ways: Via Nero StartSmart, the 'command center' of the Nero family of products. Start > (All) Programs > NeroVision Express 3 > Nero PhotoSnap. By Clicking on the 'Edit' button in Nero PhotoSnap Viewer.
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3.2 Editing images
3.2.1 Opening an image
1. Launch Nero PhotoSnap. 2. Click on the icon and switch to the directory containing the desired image. Highlight the image and click on the 'Open' button. The chosen image is now ready to be edited.
Two tabs ("index cards") will appear once you have opened the image. The 'Saved' tab will show you the image as it has been stored and the 'Current' tab will show you the image as it looks at the moment (though without having been saved.)
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3.2.2 Selecting filters
The right-hand area of the Nero PhotoSnap window shows you the filters available for editing images. The first column contains the filters that are shown when Nero PhotoSnap is started. Additional filters are displayed when you click on 'Other effects'.
Start Nero PhotoSnap and open the desired photograph.
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Click on the filter you would like to use in order to open the editing menu for this filter.
After you have opened the filter, two new tabs will appear that provide a preview.
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Activating a Preview
There is a preview dialog for most filters, but not for all.
When you have selected a filter, you can open a preview image showing the filter effect in two miniature images (before / after). Tick the corresponding check boxes in the filter area.
If this check box has been ticked, you will see the opened photograph as it would look before and after using the filter.
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The first preview tab shows you how the photograph would look when using the filter.
In the second preview tab you will see the current image (left) and right the image when using the filter.
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Nero PhotoSnap offers you a great many filters for editing images. They are not all explained in this QuickStart only the most important are dealt with here. Try out for yourself the filters that are not described here it is not dangerous, because the changes will only be saved if and when you want them to be. A detailed explanation of these filters would be well beyond the scope of this QuickStart manual, and so it has been left out. It is also possible to apply a number of filters on one image, one after the other!
3.3.1 Preset filters
If you use filters particularly often, you can also create a template (a preset) and use it later. You can load the preset at any time to call up the saved filter action.
Creating a preset filter
1. Start Nero PhotoSnap and open the desired photograph. Then click on the filter you would like to use. 2. In the 'Presets' area, click in the text box and assign a name to the filter preset.
3. Perform the desired action(s) and click on the 'Save' button once you are satisfied with the result.
Loading preset filters
1. Start Nero PhotoSnap and open the desired photograph. Then click on the filter you would like to use. 2. In the 'Presets' area, click on the dropdown button and select the desired preset. The action(s) saved will then be performed automatically.
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Deleting a preset filter
1. Start Nero PhotoSnap and click on the filter that contains the preset you want to delete. 2. In the 'Presets' area, click on the dropdown button and select the desired preset. 3. Click on 'Delete' to remove the preset.
3.3.2 Automatic correction
1. Start Nero PhotoSnap and open the desired photograph. 2. Click on the 'Autofix Image' filter in order to open the editing menu for this filter. 3. Select the filter that should be automatically carried out or disable the ones that should not be used.
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The preview will show you the image after using the automatic adjustment feature.
4. Click on the 'Apply' button to conduct automatic adjustment. v
The CCD chips used in digital cameras, record images by measuring the brightness of each pixel and depicting the brightness as a numerical value. Usually, values between 0 and 255 (i.e. 8 bit) are saved for each color component (red, green or blue). Where possible, the brightness in the subject being photographed should match the range that can be achieved by the sensor, so as to achieve optimum picture quality. When post editing a digital photograph it thus makes sense to check which brightness values the sensor can record. A so-called histogram is used to assist. The brightness values which can generally be achieved in the picture are displayed on the horizontal (X) axis, while the vertical (Y) axis shows the number of pixels with their respective brightness values. Graphically displayed, this provides a kind of "mountain range", which tells you at a glance whether the image is already of a good quality or whether it may need post editing. The histogram and its importance for post editing: a. The histogram contains a "mountain" on the left-hand side, whereas the righthand side does not display any upward deflection or is very flat. A picture like this is underexposed. In order to correct this digital photograph, the histogram must be (figuratively speaking) "stretched" to the right so as to cover the entire brightness range.
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b. The histogram has a "mountain" on the right but the left-hand side is relatively empty or very flat. This means that the picture is overexposed. The histogram needs to be moved to the left to correct it. c. The histogram has a "mountain" in the middle, though the histogram to the left and right of it is very flat. This means that your digital camera has not made full use of the CCD chip's available brightness range. Depending on the width of the "mountain" in the histogram, the picture may appear low in contrast to a greater or lesser extent. There are two possible causes: either the camera's automatic control mechanisms have not worked or the subject does not have a large brightness range (e.g. a foggy day in London or a black cat on a dark cushion). If the subject was the cause of the problem, an exposure correction would ruin the atmosphere of the picture and so the image should not be changed. When correcting the image, the histogram should be stretched in such a way that use is made use of the entire brightness range available. d. A mountainous landscape can be seen on the histogram, covering the entire range of the histogram from left to right. By all appearances, a picture like this is correctly exposed. Correction is probably not necessary. However, if you would still like to undertake an exposure correction by shifting the left and right-hand sides of the histogram, all the data outside the vertical border lines of the histogram will be lost. On the other hand, if a particular color area is to be brightened or made darker, this can be done with the aid of the gradation curves (by "bending" the curve up or down).
1. Start Nero PhotoSnap and open the desired photograph. 2. Click on the 'Exposure' effect to open the editing menu for this effect.
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3. To make an automatic histogram correction, click on the 'Autofix Histogram' button. The left and right brightness limits will be reduced and the enclosed area will 'slip' into the middle. As a result, the colors will become brighter.
On the X-axis, the brightness values will be displayed, ranging from very dark (left) to very bright (right). The Y-axis shows the number of pixels with this brightness. In the preview you will see a comparison between the current picture and the picture as it would look if you used the effect.'
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If you would like to set other brightness limits, click with the mouse on a fringe region and shift the enclosed color area. 4. Click on the 'Apply' button once you are satisfied with the results of the correction. The tool menu will then be closed. On the 'Current' tab you will then see the altered image, while you will be able to see the stored image on the 'Saved' tab. In addition to (or instead of) a histogram correction, you can also alter the gradation curves. The gradation curve determines which input brightness value is to be represented by which output brightness value during the filtering process. On the X-axis however, the darkest pixels are on the left and the brightest on the right. The Y-axis displays the darkest pixels at the bottom and the brightest at the top. A straight line on the diagonals does not have any effect. A curve bending upwards makes the picture brighter if the curve bend downwards, the photograph will become darker. Special effects can be achieved by deliberately changing the shape of the curve. Particular areas can be made brighter, for instance. To do this, bend the desired brightness area up or down. Control points can be set out, to avoid changes in those brightness ranges that are not to be altered. Normally, significantly deformed curves have an unattractive effect on the picture and should be avoided. However, gentle manipulation of the gradation curve can be very useful. To do this, click on 'Gradation Curves' and shift the curve in the directions desired.
icon if you would like to save the result and overwrite the 5. Click on the original image. If you would like to retain the original image, click on the icon next to the 'Save' icon and add a file name. You can also change the type of file if you would like to save the image in another file format. Click on the 'Save' button to store the image and to close the dialog.
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3.3.4 Color balance
If often occurs that images have a bluish or reddish tinge. This is because the camera saves the original chromaticity (hue). In particular, photographs taken in daylight with a great deal of blue sky frequently have a blue tinge. In contrast, pictures taken indoors, illuminated only by artificial lighting, usually have a reddish hue. Though the human brain is capable of compensating for these distortions, a camera is not. In earlier times (analog) photographers conducted color balance correction in the darkroom. Nowadays, you can make these corrections yourself, without any need for an outside darkroom. In fact, in some cases you may be obliged to make these changes yourself, depending on the type of camera you have. If you do not print your own pictures but use a print service, color balance correction will usually be performed at the print service itself. In this case it does not really make sense to spend too much time on adjusting the colors, as the print service will perform its own color balance correction in any case. However, should you wish to print them yourself or publish them on the Internet or use a print service that operates without any automatic picture correction when requested, then it is useful to conduct the color balance correction carefully.
1. Start Nero PhotoSnap and open the desired photograph. 2. Click on the 'Color balance' effect to open the editing menu for this effect. 3. Look for a neutral color on the photograph such as gray, in other words, a color without any red, green or blue components and use the click on the desired section. pipette to
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In the case of an automatic color repair, an attempt is made to eliminate any possible changes to the color on the basis of the color distribution in the picture. Unfortunately it is not always possible to do this automatically because the best color representation in a picture is a question of taste. If photographs are taken of a candle-lit party without using flash for instance, then the pictures will certainly appear to have a reddish tinge. However, should this reddish hue be removed or is it precisely this tone which provides the evening's atmosphere? Does a primarily blue underwater photograph have a bluish tinge or on the contrary, is this the very effect that is desired (and something that is perfectly normal for this type of picture)? In other words, you can now understand how perfect automatic color correction is unfeasible. Please remember this next time Nero PhotoSnap provides an autocorrection that does not appeal to you. The RGB component of the color will then be recalculated and the color will change.
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In the preview you will see a comparison between the current picture and the picture as it would look if you used the effect.
4. Click on the 'Apply' button once you are satisfied with the results of the correction. The tool menu will then be closed. On the 'Current' tab you will then see the altered image, while you will be able to see the stored image on the 'Saved' tab. In addition to (or instead of) an RBG correction, you can also conduct an HSL correction (HSL = hue, saturation, lightness): Click on 'HSL' and move the sliders for the individual parameters in the chosen directions. HSL filtering is useful to make pictures look "more colorful" or "grayer", for instance.
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5. Click on the icon if you would like to save the result and overwrite the original image. If you would like to retain the original image, click on the icon next to the 'Save' icon and add a file name. You can also change the type of file if you would like to save the image in another file format. Click on the 'Save' button to store the image and to close the dialog.
3.3.5 Changing the size
If the photograph you have taken is too large or too small, you can change its size to fit the chosen format.
1. Start Nero PhotoSnap and open the desired photograph. 2. Click on the 'Resize' effect to open the editing menu for this effect. In the 'Pixel dimension' area you can see the number of pixels (or a percentage) for both the width and height of the photograph, while at 'Document Resolution' you can view the width and height of the image in cm, mm or inches. 3. If you want to keep the proportions the same when you change the dimensions, ensure that the 'Constrain proportions' check box has been ticked. Please tick it if you have not done so already. 4. Specify the method to be used for changing the sizes by clicking on the dropdown button at 'Resize Mode' and highlighting the desired method. The standard setting is 'Lanczos', which leads to the qualitatively best results. If the
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'No image resampling' option has been selected, it will not be possible to change the pixel dimensions. Whether you change the pixel dimensions or the document resolution depends on why you would like to change the size. Generally speaking: If you would like to publish a photograph on a Website, for instance, you should enter the number of pixels. On the other hand, if you want to print an image, then you should state the exact size in cm, mm or inches. 5. Enter the desired value for either the width or height the other corresponding value will be calculated automatically if the proportions are to be kept the same. If the proportions are not to be retained, you will have to enter values both for the width as well as for the height.
6. Click on the 'Apply' button once you are satisfied with the results of the correction. The tool menu will then be closed. On the 'Current' tab you will then see the altered image and you will be able to see the stored image on the 'Saved' tab. icon if you would like to save the result and overwrite the 7. Click on the original image. If you would like to retain the original image, click on the icon next to the 'Save' icon and add a file name. You can also change the type of file if you would like to save the image in another file format. Click on the 'Save' button to store the image and to close the dialog.
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You can extract a chosen segment of a picture by cropping away the unwanted parts of the picture.
1. Start Nero PhotoSnap and open the desired photograph. 2. Click on the 'Crop' effect to open the editing menu for this effect. 3. Move the highlighted area to that part of the image you would like to cut off and use the sizing handles to define the segment to be cut away. This area will appear brighter in the preview window. 4. Click on the 'Apply' button once you have marked the chosen area and would like to trim it off. You will then see the results of this action in the 'Current' tab.
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The CCD chip in a digital camera makes a noticeable 'noise', above all when the ISO number is high. In other words, the darker pats of the image are particularly grainy.
1. Start Nero PhotoSnap and open the desired photograph. You will best be able to see the effect of this filter when using a zoom factor of 100% (original size). Click on the icon.
2. Click on the 'Noise' effect to open the editing menu for this effect.
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3. Move the slider to the desired filter size, either to remove noise or to add it. In the preview you will see a comparison between the current picture and the picture as it would look if you used the effect.
4. Click on the 'Apply' button once you are satisfied with the results of the correction. The tool menu will then be closed. On the 'Current' tab you will then see the altered image and you will be able to see the stored image on the 'Saved' tab. icon if you would like to save the result and overwrite the 5. Click on the original image. If you would like to retain the original image, click on the icon next to the 'Save' icon and add a file name. You can also change the type of file if you would like to save the image in another file format. Click on the 'Save' button to store the image and to close the dialog.
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The sharpness of a photograph does not solely depend on the resolution the contrast of an image also plays a role in creating the impression of sharpness. When sharpening a photograph, the edges are strengthened and the contrast of the individual elements of the picture is increased. The most common method of sharpening is called 'Unsharp masking' and it stems from analog photography. If a pale, indistinct negative of a photograph is placed over the original, it results in a picture that is sharper than the original. This term is still in use to this day. Sharpen the photograph once you have specified the desired image size, otherwise the effect could be lost.
1. Start Nero PhotoSnap and open the desired photograph. You will best be able to see the effect of this filter if you use a zoom factor of 100% (original size). Click on the icon.
2. Click on the 'Sharpen' effect to open the editing menu for this effect. 3. Move the sliders for the individual parameters until the required sharpness has been achieved.
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Instead of sharpening the image, you can also use a softening tool. Click on 'Gaussian Blur' and move the slider in the direction you would like.
4. Click on the 'Apply' button once you are satisfied with the results of the correction. The tool menu will then be closed. On the 'Current' tab you will then see the altered image - you will be able to see the stored image on the 'Saved' tab. 5. Click on the icon if you would like to save the result and overwrite the original image. If you would like to retain the original image, click on the icon next to the 'Save' icon and add a file name. You can also change the type of file if you would like to save the image in another file format. Click on the 'Save' button to store the image and to close the dialog.
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3.3.9 Red eye removal
If you use a flash, it will often happen that people being photographed appear to have red eyes (actually pupils) instead of their real eye pigmentation. The red in the pupils comes from blood in the choroid (a layer of tissue at the back of the eye, containing a large number of blood vessels) which becomes visible because the iris cannot close quickly enough. This effect is stronger the nearer to the camera's lens aperture the flash is positioned. In other words, the problem is worst with the most popular compact cameras.
1. Start Nero PhotoSnap and open the desired photograph. 2. Click on the 'Red eye removal' effect to open the editing menu for this effect. 3. Use the mouse to mark the area with the reddened eyes. You can mark the area quite generously because the filter will only change the red values, replacing them with gray values.
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4. Move the slider to define the degree of reduction. The further left the slider is, the less will be recognized as red (and thus converted). The further right the slider is moved, the more will be distinguished as red.
5. Click on the 'Next' button once you are satisfied with the results of the correction and you would like make a further correction to the picture. 6. Repeat stages 3 to 5 if you would like to remove the red eyes from another part of the picture. 7. Click on the 'Apply' button once you are satisfied with the results of the correction. The tool menu will then be closed. You will then see the altered image on the 'Current' tab, while you will be able to see the stored image on the 'Saved' tab. icon if you would like to save the result and overwrite the 8. Click on the original image. If you would like to retain the original image, click on the icon next to the 'Save' icon and add a file name. You can also change the type of file if you would like to save the image in another file format. Click on the 'Save' button to store the image and to close the dialog.
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If the camera has been inadvertently held at an angle, this error can be remedied by rotating the image. When you rotate a photograph it will inevitably be cut at the edges (or else black bands will appear there). When cutting, Nero PhotoSnap attempts to retain the picture's aspect ratio. The "Size of the rotated image" option determines how the edges are to be treated. Either black edges will be added or the picture will be cropped. In the latter case you will be able to decide whether the target picture should be exactly as large as the original (to do this, the picture will first be cut and then restored to full size) or left at the cut size.
2. Click on 'Hot Pixel Fixer' to open the editing menu for this filter.
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3. Move the slider to define the intensity of the correction. The further to the left the slider is, the fewer the number of pixels that will be interpolated the further to the right, the more pixels that will be interpolated.
4. Click on the 'Apply' button once you are satisfied with the results of the correction. The tool menu will then be closed. icon if you would like to save the result and overwrite the 5. Click on the original image. If you would like to retain the original image, click on the icon next to the 'Save' icon and add a file name. You can also change the type of file if you would like to save the photograph in another file format. Click on the 'Save' button to store the picture and to close the dialog.
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3.3.12 Other filters
Nero PhotoSnap also offers additional filters that you can edit your photos with.
1. Start Nero PhotoSnap and open the desired photograph. 2. Click on ' Other Effects' to display them. 3. Click on the desired filter to use it either directly (e.g. with 'vignetting') or in order to open the editing menu. 4. Choose the desired option and click on the 'Apply' button once you are satisfied with the results of the correction. The tool menu will then be closed.
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Of course, you can also use a number of filters one after the other!
icon if you would like to save the result and overwrite the 5. Click on the original image. If you would like to retain the original image, click on the icon next to the 'Save' icon and add a file name. You can also change the type of file if you would like to save the photograph in another file format. Click on the 'Save' button to store the picture and to close the dialog.
The Nero PhotoSnap toolbar contains many simple functions for dealing with photographs and for configuring the program. Opening a file. Clicking on the arrow icon will display the last files to have been opened. Saving the open file. Clicking on the arrow icon will display the 'Save as' command. It is possible to change the file name as well as the file format. If the file format allows particular settings, the 'Settings' command will also be active. Undoes (reverses) the last action. Clicking on the arrow icon will show the 'Undo last Step' and 'Undo all' commands Restores the action that has be undone. The entire photograph will be shown in the program. This zooms into the photograph. The photograph is shown original size. This zooms out of the photograph. Opens the Nero PhotoSnap option area. Clicking on the arrow icon will display the Nero PhotoSnap option area commands.
Manual Nero PhotoSnap
Copyright and Trademark Information
Copyright and trademark information
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Table of contents
1 1.1 1.2 1.5 5.1 5.2 5.2.1 5.2.2 5.2.3 5.2.4 5.2.5 5.2.6 5.3 5.3.1 5.3.2 5.3.3 126.96.36.199 6.2 6.8 8.1 8.1.1 8.1.2 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 Start Successfully About the manual About Nero PhotoSnap Basic Steps Launching the program User Interface Program options Image effects General Effect Area Main effects Settings in the Lighting Region Color Balance Resolution Settings Area Noise Settings Area Sharpening Settings Area Rotate Settings Area Further Graphic Effects Settings in the Aging Area Median Settings Area Canvas Settings Area Duotone Settings Area Image formats Compression Settings for the TIFF Format. Compression Settings for the JPEG Format Compression Settings for the PNG Format Overview of Data Information and Metadata Edit Picture Autofix exposure Correcting the Lighting with the aid of the Histogram Lighting with Gradation Curve Balancing the Color of a Picture Red Eye Removal Save Picture Save Picture Nero PhotoSnap Viewer About Nero PhotoSnap Viewer Program Interface Full Screen Configuration 40
Table of contents 10 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.3.Technical Information System requirements Key Combinations Formats supported Image formats Glossary Index Contact 45 49
About the manual
This manual is intended for all users who want to learn how to use Nero PhotoSnap. It is process-based and explains how to achieve a specific objective on a step-by-step basis. To make best use of this documentation, please note the following conventions: Indicates warnings, preconditions or instructions that have to be precisely followed. Indicates additional information or advice. 1. Start The number at the beginning of a line indicates a prompt for action. Carry out these actions in the order specified. Indicates an intermediate result. Indicates a result. OK (see)  Indicates text passages or buttons that appear in the program interface. They are shown in boldface. Indicates references to other chapters. They are executed as links and are shown in red and underlined. Indicates keyboard shortcuts for entering commands.
About Nero PhotoSnap
Nero PhotoSnap lets you edit your digital photographs. You can choose from a large selection of tools to improve the picture quality or to create special picture effects. Nero PhotoSnap is supplemented by the Nero PhotoSnap Viewer viewing software. Your digital photos and photo files can be viewed with Nero PhotoSnap Viewer. With the integrated database of Nero Scout and using the Select an Image File to be Opened window, you can search for files using various criteria and then directly edit them in Nero PhotoSnap. With Nero CoverDesigner, you can create covers and labels for discs (CDs, DVDs, etc.). Nero CoverDesigner is a part of Nero 9 Premium and is automatically installed with it. You will find further information in the Nero CoverDesigner manual. See also: About Nero PhotoSnap Viewer 38
Tab Split Preview
In the Toolbox area, effects are available that you can apply to pictures. Other effects Back to main effects See also: Program options 10 Shows additional effects. Shows the main effects.
Nero PhotoSnap lets you define the presets for displaying pictures. You define the presets in the Options window, which you open with the button.
The following setting options are available: Check Box Zoom to see the whole picture when file is opened Check Box Load last opened picture when started Check Box Reload the picture after saving to see the possible changes Fits the picture to the editing area. If the check box is cleared, the picture is displayed in its original size (100%) in the editing area. Loads the most recently opened picture when Nero PhotoSnap is launched. Reloads after saving the picture and displays it in the Saved and Current tabs. If the check box is selected, the Saved tab displays the original picture before editing (from the Nero PhotoSnap clipboard) and the Current tab displays the edited and saved picture. If you are not button to satisfied with the changes, you can click the reset the changes and edit again from the original picture.
Program options Check Box Also allow picture enlargement during autosizing Button Background Color Input field Maximum undo steps Button Plug-ins Opens the Configure Plug-in Manager window where you can register plug-ins (currently, no additional plug-ins are available). Defines how many steps can be undone. Enlarges the picture if required to fit into the editing area. If the check box is cleared, the maximum picture enlargement is the original size. Defines the background color of the editing area.
See also: User Interface 8
General Effect Area
When you select an effect, a corresponding effect area is usually shown. Some effects possess special settings possibilities and areas. Generally, the following options are available: Drop-down menu Preferences Button Save Button Delete Button Apply Button Cancel Check Box Preview Shows the Filter Preview preview window. Here you see the saved picture above and the edited picture below. Cancels the action and shows the Toolbox area. Applies the effect. Deletes the selected preset. Saves the preset. Creates a name for the selected settings.
See also: Main effects 13 Further Graphic Effects 22
You can correct the color of the picture with Nero PhotoSnap and, for example, remove a color cast. Correction options in RGB and HSL modes are available for that purpose in the Color/Color balance area. You can perform the color balance with the RGB tab in RGB mode: colors are defined with combinations of the three primary colors red, green and blue. The color balance can be performed on the HSL tab in HSL mode: colors are defined by a combination of hue factors, saturation and lightness.
Color Balance, Tabs, RGB Area
The following input options are available on the RGB tab: Slider Red / Green / Blue Button Auto-remove color cast Regulates the amount of color. Slide the regulator to the right to increase the amount of color (up to 100%). Slide the regulator to the left to decrease the amount of color (to 0%). Automatically balances an existing color cast.
The following input options are available on the HSL tab: Slider Hue Slider Saturation Slider Brightness Regulates the primary colors. Slide the regulator to the right or left to change the primary color hue of each pixel. Regulates the saturation of the colors. Slide the regulator to the right to increase the saturation or to the left to decrease. Regulates the saturation of the colors. Slide the regulator to the right to increase the saturation or to the left to decrease.
See also: Main effects 13 Balancing the Color of a Picture 34
5.2.3 Resolution Settings Area
The resolution, size and font size of a picture can be changed in the resolution area.
The following areas are available in the Resolution area: Area Resize Mode Check Box Constrain proportions Area Document resolution Area Document Print Size Area Document Print Size The following selection items are available in the Size-Change Mode selection list: No picture resampling Nearest Neighbor Changes the pixel size of the picture; the picture is not re-calculated if there is a major change. This method is the fastest and easiest and is especially suited to illustrations with few colors. Contrasts and edges are retained. Not well suited for photography. Defines the print size of the picture in cm or inches. Defines the print size of the picture in cm or inches. Defines the resolution of the picture in pixels per cm or inch. Retains the proportions of the picture. Selects a method for changing the size of the picture.
Image effects Bilinear Re-calculates the picture if there is size change by taking into account the upper and lower pixels for the recalculation. This method is fast and especially suitable for drawings and illustrations. If there is a size change, the picture is re-calculated by taking into account the surrounding pixels in different parts. Though more exact for picture size reductions than the simple bilinear method, it is slower. This method produces the best results for drawings and illustrations. If there is a size change, the picture is recalculated by taking into account all adjacent pixels during the recalculation. This method is particularly suited for realistic photos. The edges and lines are retained relatively well. However, the method may produce artefacts on sharp edges and is therefore not well suited for drawings. If there is a size change, this recalculates the picture by taking into account the surrounding pixels in a defined ratio to the recalculation. This method is qualitatively the best and thus requires the most time to calculate. It is especially well suited for detailed half-tone photos. However the method may produce artefacts on sharp edges and is therefore not well suited for drawings.
See also: Main effects 13
5.2.4 Noise Settings Area
In the Noise area it is possible to increment or decrease the picture noise. Noise occurs in digital photos if the ISO sensitivity is high when taking photos. Disturbance signals, unwanted pixels or artefacts may appear.
Image effects The following settings are available on the Noise tab: Slider Smoothness Area Noise levels Button Auto profile Defines the degree of noise reduction of the primary colors red, green and blue. Automatically reduces noise. The regulators are set to an optimal value. Defines the degree of general noise reduction.
The following slider is available on the +Noise tab: Noise levels See also: Main effects 13 Defines the degree of general noise reduction.
5.2.5 Sharpening Settings Area
In the Sharpen area the picture can be sharpened or softened. The sharp effect is achieved by the Mask Softening filter that wipes out unsharpness or softening effects with the Gaussian filter. The impression of sharpness in pictures is the result of as high as possible tone value change, meaning from the contrast between two surfaces. The more edgy and contrasting these surfaces are, the sharper the transition seems to be.
The following settings are available on the Mask Softening tab: Size Amount Defines how many pixels should be included in the sharpening calculation. Defines the degree of contrast removal.
Image effects Threshold Defines from which edge contrast sharpening should occur.
The following slider is available on the Gaussian Blurring tab: Size Defines how many pixels of an area should be included in the unsharpening calculation. There is no general regulator mixing for sharpening that applies to all picture. The optimal regulator mixing must be determined by trial and error. See also: Main effects 13
5.2.6 Rotate Settings Area
In the Rotate area you can rotate the picture or the picture content.
The following configuration options are available in the Rotate area: Option button No rotation Option buttons Left/Right 90 degrees Rotates the picture 90 degrees to the left or right. The picture is not rotated.
Image effects Option button 180 degrees Option button Custom angle Color space Background Color Button Autorotate picture Rotates the picture by any number of degrees. Enter the degrees in the input field or rotate the slider of the circle. Defines a background color for unfilled areas that occur when rotating. Rotates the picture automatically by looking for edges; the picture is rotated so that most edges are horizontal or vertical. Rotates the picture 180 degrees.
The following items are available in the Size of the rotated picture drop-down menu: No cropping Does not crop the picture and fits the picture in an outer frame with horizontal and vertical edges. The newly created area is filled with the selected background color. Crops the picture in such a manner that no background areas can be seen. Here the largest possible cropping is used, although under certain circumstances picture content can be lost. Crops the picture like Crop picture but increases the size of the crop so that the dimensions of the rotated picture are the same as the original.
Crop but keep picture size
See also: Main effects 13 Save Picture 35
Further Graphic Effects
When a picture is open, you can switch between main effects and other effects in the Toolbox area with the Other Effects and Return to Main Effects buttons. The other effects are used for artistic editing and creative picture manipulation. The following further effects are available, clarified by the comparison between the original graphic at the left and the effects used on the right. Shows the Median area where you can use a water color effect.
Shows the Color/Inverting area, where you can invert the colors of a picture and create a negative of the picture.
Changes the gray scale conversion. This means that a colored picture is recalculated into gray scales.
Image effects Reduce the picture to its edges, i.e. to the transitions between color areas.
Applies the vignetting filter. This means that the picture is elliptically shadowed toward the corners.
Mirrors the picture horizontally. Mirrors the picture vertically. Applies the relief effect. This means that edges of areas within a picture are highlighted as shaded and other colors are suppressed.
Image effects Shows the Aging area where you can apply an aging effect.
Shows the Canvas area, where you can apply the canvas effect.
Shows the Glow area, where you can add a glow emanating from a bright surface area.
Shows the JPEG artefact removal area, where you can improve pixelated JPEG pictures. Displays the Duotone area, in which a desired color scale can be set by means of two particular contrasting color shades.
Image effects Shows the Kaleidoscope area, where you can use a kaleidoscope effect.
Shows the Posterization area, where you can use the oil painting effect.
Shows the Solarization area, where you can apply the solarization effect.
Shows the Water area, where you can apply water effects.
See also: Main effects 13 General Effect Area 12
5.3.1 Settings in the Aging Area
A picture can be artificially aged in the Aging area. The following sliders are available in the Aging area: Intensity Desaturation Noise Scratches Lines Defines the degree of aging. As a picture ages, it becomes increasingly sepia toned. Defines how faded the colors should be. Adds noise to the picture, i.e. randomly distributed artefact pixels. Adds sepia scratches to the picture. Adds vertical lines to the picture.
See also: Further Graphic Effects 22
5.3.2 Median Settings Area
In the media area the picture can be alienated with the help of median effects. This effect replaces an individual pixel with another pixel that possesses the median value of a neighboring pixel within a certain environment. For instance, with a high median value you can alienate a photo to such an extent that it looks like a painting. The following slider is available: Filter intensity Determines the amount of the median intensity.
5.3.3 Canvas Settings Area
In the Canvas area, you can imitate a surface structure of a picture with the aid of texture. The following setting options are available: Drop-down menu Texture Slider Intensity See also: Further Graphic Effects 22 Determines how visible a surface structure should be seen. Selects a predefined surface structure.
5.3.4 Duotone Settings Area
In the Duotone area two contrasting color shades can be selected with which the picture is to be colored. The following buttons are available: Dark color Light color Opens the Color window in which you can select the one predefined dark color or can mix the corresponding color. Opens the Color window in which you can select the one predefined light color or can mix the corresponding color.
Compression Settings for the TIFF Format.
Nero PhotoSnap has several compression processes available in the TIFF picture format. You can set the desired process and the degree of compression in the Save As > settings window.
Edit Picture A well-exposed picture has a histogram with different elevations spread from left to right. In contrast, a picture which is underexposed or overexposed has no elevations or only very flat elevations in the left and/or right areas. To correct such a picture, you can move the lines accordingly until they achieve the elevations or you can have it done automatically. The hue values then cover the entire brightness range, and the exposure is corrected. The following requirement has to be fulfilled: The Exposure area is displayed. Proceed as follows to adjust the lighting of a picture:
1. Click the Histogram correction tab.
The Histogram Correction tab is displayed.
Exposure area, Histogram correction tab -- this picture is underexposed
2. To automatically adjust the brightness range, click the Adjust Automatically button.
The two lines that define the brightness range are shifted.
3. If you want to adjust the brightness range manually:
1. Move the left line. The beginning of the brightness range is defined. The end of the brightness range is defined. 2. Move the right line.
4. Click the Apply button.
You have adjusted the exposure. The histogram of the picture being edited now stretches across the entire brightness range. See also: Settings in the Lighting Region 15 Lighting with Gradation Curve 33
8.1.2 Lighting with Gradation Curve
With Nero PhotoSnap it is possible to correct the lighting of the picture in that the gradation curve is corrected. The gradation curve defines the distribution of the brightness values. On the X axis are the hue values of the original from light to dark, on the X axis the tone values after the correction from light to dark. A straight curve with a 45 angle means that the original values remain unchanged. The following requirement has to be fulfilled: The Exposure area is displayed. To correct the lighting with the aid of the gradation curve, proceed as follows:
1. Click the Gradation curves tab.
The Gradation curves tab is displayed.
2. If you wish to prevent a deformation in certain lightness areas, set the control points by clicking on the curve.
A control point is set.
Exposure area, Gradation Curves tab -- drawn gradation curves with control points
3. Pull the curve upward or downward to lighten or darken the hue values of this area. 4. Click the Apply button.
You have adjusted the exposure. The histogram of the edited picture then shows a
changed profile. See also: Settings in the Lighting Region 15 Correcting the Lighting with the aid of the Histogram 31
Balancing the Color of a Picture
You can perform a color balance or correct a color cast with Nero PhotoSnap. You can perform the color balance manually, semi-automatically, or automatically. The following requirement has to be fulfilled: The Color/Color balance area is displayed. To correct the color of a picture with Nero PhotoSnap, proceed as follows:
1. To perform a manual color balance:
1. Click the RGB tab or the HSL tab. The RGB tab or the HSL tab is displayed. The picture shows the changes. You can perform the color balance with the RGB tab in RGB mode: colors are defined with combinations of the three primary colors red, green and blue. The color balance can be performed on the HSL tab in HSL mode: colors are defined by a combination of hue, saturation and lightness factors. 2. Slide the regulator as required.
2. To perform a semi-automatic color balance:
1. Click the RGB tab. The RGB tab is displayed. The cursor appears as a pipette. The regulators are moved accordingly and the picture shows the changes. 2. Move the cursor over the picture. 3. Click in an area of the picture with a neutral color, e.g. gray.
3. To perform an automatic color balance:
1. Click the RGB tab. The RGB tab is displayed. Nero PhotoSnap analyzes the color distribution. The regulators are moved accordingly and the picture shows the changes. 2. Click the Remove Color Cast button.
You have performed a color balance.
See also: Color Balance 16
Red Eye Removal
Nero PhotoSnap lets you remove red eyes. Red eye in photos usually occurs when a person or animal is photographed with a flash in dark surroundings. The flash or light is reflected by the retina and appears red in photos. The effect is even greater if the pupil is opened wide. The red-eye effect describes a side effect in photography with a flash. It is visible by the wide opened pupils due to the bright flash passing unhindered through the retina with its strong blood flow, which then reflects the flash in red. The following requirement has to be fulfilled: The Red eye removal area is displayed. To remove red eye from the picture, proceed as follows:
10.2 Key Combinations
The following key combinations for entering commands are available in Nero PhotoSnap and Nero PhotoSnap Viewer: [Ctrl+O] [Ctrl+P] [Ctrl+S] Ctrl + Z [ALT + F4] Number pad * Number pad / Number pad + Number pad Opens the file browser so that a picture can be selected for importing. Prints the opened picture. Saves the processed picture. Undoes the last action. Ends the application. Zooms the whole picture in. Zooms to 100%. Zooms in. Zooms out.
In addition, the following key combinations are available in Nero PhotoSnap Viewer: [Enter] [Space] [L] [R] Right/left arrow keys Changes between full-screen and normal view. Jumps to the next frame. Rotates the picture to the left or right. Rotates the picture to the right. Navigates through several pictures.
You can also use the mouse wheel to navigate through the pictures.
10.3 Formats supported
10.3.1 Image formats
Bitmap (BMP) Device Independent Bitmaps (DIB) Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) JPEG File Interchange Format (JFIF) Joint Photografic Expert Group (JPEG, JPG, JPE) Picture Exchange (PCX) Portable Network Graphics (PNG) Portable Pixel Map (PPM) Targa Image File (TGA) Tagged Image File Format (TIFF, TIF) Windows Media File (WMF) Dr. Halo Image (CUT) - read only Direct Draw Surface (DDS) - read only Amiga Paint Image (IFF, LBM) - read only JPEG2000 (JP2, J2C, J2K, JPC, JPF) - read only Koala Paint C64 (KOA) - read only Photo CD (PCD) - read only Portable BitMap (PBM) - read only Portable Bitmap Utility Formats (PGM, PNM) - read only Portable Pixel Map (PPM) - read only Photoshop Document (PSD) - read only SUN Raster Format (RAS) - read only Wireless Bitmap Image (WBMP, WBM) - read only X BitMap (XBM) - read only PixMap (XPM) - read only X-Quiktime (QTI,QTF, QTIF) - read only
The Dots per Inch give the number of pixels per inch (1 inch = 2.54 cm) and thus the resolution which an output device, such as a printer, can provide.
EXIF stands for Exchangeable Image File Format and is a standard of JEITA (Japan Electronic and Information Technology Industries Association) for metadata in picture files. Information such as camera type, aperture, exposure time, distance to object and the date when the photo was taken can be stored in the metadata. The graphic formats JPEG and TIFF are supported. The metadata is written in the header, thus in front of the actual picture information.
A hot pixel is a point in a picture, which in digital photography appears in strong additional color in the background and occurs mostly when the image sensor of the digital camera gets too hot while photographing or when the period of exposure to light is too long. It occurs due to inaccuracies in chip manufacturing. Hot pixels can be removed from the photo by means of special filters.
The HSL mode (Hue; Saturation; Lightness) determines a color by means of the hue, the saturation and the lightness.
The interpolation is a process in which pixel values known from analysis are shot on to unknown values. This procedure serves for the seeming enhancement of the resolution of graphics, videos and photos.
The ISO (International Organization for Standardization) number is a standard for defining light sensitivity in the field of analog photography. The graininess increases with increasing ISO number, leading to the picture becoming coarser. The greater the ISO value, the quicker the film absorbs the light. Thus the lighting times become shorter. The sensitivity of CCD chips is constant, but a higher ISO number can be simulated in that the sensitivity can be increased by an increase in the signal strength. An unwanted result of picture signal strengthening is an increase in picture noise.
The Joint Photographic Experts Group-Format denotes a file standard for compression of pictures with resulting losses. Pictures compressed with JPEG carry the file extensions *.jpg or *.jpeg.
A lens aperture is an arrangement on the camera which regulates the amount of light falling onto the lens. It determines, on the one hand, the light intensity on the data carrier and, on the other hand, the color sharpness of the photo.
The Lempel-Ziv-Welch algorithm uses a standard of loss-free data compression that was developed by Abraham Lempel, Jacob Ziv and Terry Welch.
Metadata is particular additional information for data with the purpose of describing it better and for making it easier to find. Metadata contains information on the artist, album, track, running time, bit rate, resolution, and so on. As a result, it is possible to categorize files according to their type (audio, video or picture).
Carry out automatically. 34 Implement manually.. 34 Implement semi-automatically.. 34
CCITT RLE.. 28 Compression... 37
Kaleidoscope... 25 Main effects.. 9, 13 Median.. 22, 26 Median effect... 26 Mirror, horizontally.. 23 Mirror, vertically.. 23 Negative... 22 Nostalgia.. 24, 26 Oil picture... 25 Other effects.. 9 Painting.. 26 Posterize... 25 Shadowing.. 23 Solarize.. 25 Surface structure.. 26 Texture.. 24, 26 Texture effect... 26 Vignetting.. 23 Water... 25 Watercolor.. 22
H Help information.. 9 Histogram correction.. 32 Hot pixel fixer.. 15 J JPEG
JPEG compression. 28 K Key Combinations.. 41 L Lempel, Ziv and Welch compression. 28 LZW.. 28 LZW compression.. 28 M Main effects.. 9 Manual color balance.. 34 Manual, conventions. 5 Manufacturer information. 9 Menu bar.. 38 Mirror
Horizontal.. 23 vertical.. 23
Adapt... 13 Correct.. 31, 33
Aging... 24 Black-white.. 22 Duotone... 24 Edge filter... 23 Edges.. 23 Emboss.. 23 Embossing.. 23 Glow... 24 Gray scale.. 22 Inversion... 22 JPEG artefact remover.. 24 Kaleidoscope... 25 Median... 22 Mirror, horizontally.. 23 Negative... 22 Nostalgia... 24 Oil picture... 25 Posterize... 25 Shadowing.. 23 Solarize.. 25 Vertical mirroring.. 23 Vignetting.. 23 Water... 25 Watercolor.. 22
N Nero PhotoSnap Viewer
Full Screen.. 39
Decrease... 14 Increase... 14
Noise levels.. 18 Nostalgia.. 26 O Open
Options... 9 Picture... 8 Settings.. 9
Full Screen.. 39 G Gaussian Blur.. 19
Options.. 10 Original view.. 8 Other effects.. 9
Index P Picture
Adapt brightness... 14 Adapt color.. 13 Adapt exposure.. 13 Adapt pixel dimension.. 13 Aging... 24 Aging filter... 24 Aquarel effect.. 22 Aquarel filter.. 22 Automatic correction.. 13 Automatic picture correction.. 13 Background Color.. 21 Balance colors.. 13 Balance lens distortion. 14 canvas... 24 Canvas.. 24 Change Resolution.. 13 Crop... 21 Customize font size... 13 Decrease.. 39 Duotone... 24 Duotone filter... 24 Edge filter... 23 Edges.. 23 Edit.. 31, 39 Emboss.. 23 Embossing effect.. 23 Embossing filter.. 23 Enlarge.. 39 Font size... 13 Glow... 24 Glow filter... 24 Gray scale.. 22 Gray scale filter.. 22 Increase noise.. 14 Inversion... 22 Inversion filter.. 22 JPEG artefact filter.. 24 JPEG artefact remover.. 24 Kaleidoscope... 25 Kaleidoscope filter.. 25 Median... 22 Median filter... 22 Mirror filter, horizontal.. 23 Mirror filter, vertically.. 23 Mirror horizontally.. 23 Mirror vertically.. 23 Negative... 22 Negative filter... 22 Nostalgia effect.. 24 Nostalgia filter.. 24 Oil picture... 25 Oil picture filter.. 25 Open.. 8, 39 Posterize... 25 Posterizing filter.. 25 Print.. 9 Red Eye Removal.. 15 Reduce noise... 14 Release picture section.. 14 Relief filter... 23 Removing 'hot pixels'.. 15 Resolution... 13 Rotate.. 15, 20, 35, 39 Select... 8 Shadowing.. 23 Shadowing filter.. 23 Sharpen... 14 Solarize.. 25 Solarizing filter.. 25 Texture... 24 Texture filter... 24 TIFF compression.. 28 Vignetting.. 23 Water... 25 Water filter... 25 Zoom All... 8
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