5.3 lbs, 13″ x 8.1″ x 1.7″
NETGEAR's GS524T 10/100/1000 Mbps Gigabit Switch gives your office network a mega-boost of speed and capacity. Its 24 ports can blast 2000 Mbps per port of data throughput in full-duplex mode. Ideal for combining 10, 100, and 1000 Mbps devices, this unmanaged, rack-mountable switch features 10/100/1000 automatic speed and full/half-duplex sensing plus Auto Uplink on every port. Users can take advantage of the GS524T's ability to deliver large amounts of multimedia, image, and video infor... Read more [ Report abuse or wrong photo | Share your Netgear GS524T photo ]
Netgear GS524T - Product Brochure, size: 143 KB
User reviews and opinions
|marc||8:22am on Friday, October 29th, 2010|
|No Comment. very easy to program and rock solid No Comment My second 726T switch, they both work like a charm, have a ton of features, and the price is right! Will definitely use this switch again. Reliable.|
|patrickh||5:44am on Tuesday, September 28th, 2010|
|Ideal switch for any growing small business Out the box, this switch can easily be setup for any small business with little or no fuss.|
|JeSuisLeTigre||3:14pm on Tuesday, September 7th, 2010|
|Solid product at a value price This switch is tough to beat at the price offered. Totally Impressed! I needed to deploy 9 VoIP phones and 3 Wireless Access Points in our new church installation and this switch was the key.|
|Alan Weinstock||10:04pm on Tuesday, August 31st, 2010|
|Excellent entry level managed/smart switch The FS726T ProSafe Smart Switch is an ideal product for NetAdmins and home users alike. Excellent entry level managed/smart switch The FS726T ProSafe Smart Switch is an ideal product for NetAdmins and home users alike.|
|jmiller||7:30am on Thursday, August 26th, 2010|
|Ideal switch for any growing small business Out the box, this switch can easily be setup for any small business with little or no fuss.|
|Phr33k_magg0t||9:49pm on Sunday, July 25th, 2010|
|Quietier, cheaper than $600 Cisco switch Our $600 CISCO switch went down with a power strike. This machine cannot feed 24 POE devices. However.|
|Trex78||3:31am on Thursday, March 25th, 2010|
|I use the Netgear Prosafe PoE Switches exclusively for all of my VoIP deployment. They do an excellent job at a great price.|
|rkm28||9:23pm on Monday, March 15th, 2010|
|Ordered & installed our first FS726T in March 2010 to replace a legacy switch and it is still working perfectly. No resets, slowdowns or downtime. The most economical switch with POE on the market. I would like to have more information in the menus, but it does the most critical information. good price for PoE switch. only 12 of the 24 ports are PoE.|
Comments posted on www.ps2netdrivers.net are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.
Copper Gigabit Switch
2002 by NETGEAR, Inc. All rights reserved.
NETGEAR is a registered trademark of NETGEAR, Inc. in the United States and other Countries. All other trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their perspective owners.
Statement of Conditions
In the interest of improving internal design, operational function, and/or reliability, NETGEAR reserves the right to make changes to the products described in this document without notice. NETGEAR does not assume any liability that may occur due to the use or application of the product(s) or circuit layout(s) described herein.
Certificate of the Manufacturer/Importer
It is hereby certified that the NETGEAR Model GS524T Copper Gigabit Switch has been suppressed in accordance with the conditions set out in the BMPT-AmtsblVfg 243/1991 and Vfg 46/1992.The operation of some equipment (for example, test transmitters) in accordance with the regulations may, however, be subject to certain restrictions. Please refer to the notes in the operating instructions. Federal Office for Telecommunications Approvals has been notified of the placing of this equipment on the market and has been granted the right to test the series for compliance with the regulations.
Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) Statement
This equipment is in the first category (information equipment to be used in commercial and/or industrial areas) and conforms to the standards set by the Voluntary Control Council for Interference by Data Processing Equipment and Electronic Office Machines that are aimed at preventing radio interference in commercial and/or industrial areas. Consequently, when this equipment is used in a residential area or in an adjacent area thereto, radio interference may be caused to equipment such as radios and TV receivers.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Compliance Notice: Radio Frequency Notice
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: This device may not cause harmful interference. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules.These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that which the receiver is connected. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
EN and EN Statements
This is to certify that the Model GS524T Copper Gigabit Switch is shielded against the generation of radio interference in accordance with the application of Council Directive 89/336/EEC, Article 4a. Conformity is declared by the application of EN Class A (CISPR 22) and EN 55 024. Warning: This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment, this product may cause radio interference, in which case the user may be required to take appropriate measures.
Canadian Department of Communications Radio Interference Regulations
This digital apparatus (NETGEAR Model GS524T Copper Gigabit Switch) does not exceed the Class A limits for radio-noise emissions from digital apparatus as set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
Rglement sur le brouillage radiolectrique du ministre des Communications
Cet appareil numrique (NETGEAR Model GS524T Copper Gigabit Switch) respecte les limites de bruits radiolectriques visant les appareils numriques de classe A prescrites dans le Rglement sur le brouillage radiolectrique du ministre des Communications du Canada.
For assistance with installing and configuring your NETGEAR system or with questions or problems following installation: Check the NETGEAR Web page at http://www.NETGEAR.com. Call Technical Support at the phone number listed on the Support Information Card that shipped with your switch. Email Technical Support at support@NETGEAR.com. Defective or damaged merchandise can be returned to your point-of-purchase representative.
Internet/World Wide Web
NETGEAR maintains a World Wide Web home page that you can access at the universal resource locator (URL) http://www.NETGEAR.com. A direct connection to the Internet and a Web browser such as Internet Explorer or Netscape are required.
CHAPTER 1 Introduction Features Package Contents CHAPTER 2 Physical Description Front Panel RJ-45 Auto-uplinkTM LEDs Rear Panel CHAPTER 3 Applications Desktop Switching Segment Switching and Bridging from 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps to 1000 Mbps CHAPTER 4 Installation Preparing the Site Installing the Switch on a Flat Surface Installing the Switch in a Rack Connecting Devices to the Switch Verifying Installation CHAPTER 5 Troubleshooting
2-1 2-2 2-2 2-4 2-4
4-1 4-2 4-2 4-2 4-3
APPENDIX A Technical Specifications APPENDIX B Connector Pin Assignments RJ-45 Plug and RJ-45 Connector APPENDIX C Cabling Guidelines Using 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet over Category 5 Cable Overview Cabling Length Return Loss Near End Cross Talk (NEXT) Patch Cables Conclusions Fast Ethernet Cable guidelines Category 5 Cable Category 5 Cable Specifications Twisted Pair Cables for 1000BASE-TX Patch Panel and cables
C-1 C-1 C-1 C-1 C-2 C-2 C-3 C-3 C-3 C-4 C-4 C-5 C-6
Figure 1-1. Model GS524T Switch Package Contents Figure 2-1. Front Panel of the Model GS524T Switch Figure 2-2. Rear Panel of the Model GS524T Switch Figure 2-3. Warning! Creating loops disables your network (Example 1) Figure 2-4. Warning! Creating loops disables your network (Example 2) Figure 2-5 Rear Panel of the Model GS524T Switch Figure 3-1. Model GS524T Switch Used as a Desktop Switch Figure 3-2. Model GS524T Switch Used as a Segment Switch Figure 4-1. Attaching Mounting Brackets Figure 4-2. Connecting to the Model GS524T Switch Figure B-1. RJ-45 Plug and RJ-45 Connector with Built-in LEDs Figure C-1. Straight-through Twisted Pair Cable Figure C-2. Crossover Twisted Pair Cable Figure C-3. Category 5e UTP Patch Cable with Male RJ-45 Plug at Each End 2-3 2-4 3-1 3-2 4-2 4-3 B-1 C-5 C-5 C-6 2-3 1-2 2-1 2-2
Table 2-1. LED Descriptions Table 4-1. Operating Environment Requirements Table 5-1. Troubleshooting Information Table B-1. 10/100/1000 Mbps RJ-45 Plug and RJ-45 Connector Pin Assignments Table C-1. Electrical Requirements of Category 5 Cable 2-4 4-1 5-1 B-2 C-4
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
The NETGEAR Model GS524T 24-Port Copper Gigabit Switch provides you with a low-cost, high-performance network solution and is designed to anchor and interconnect 10/100/1000 megabits per second (Mbps) workgroups using copper Gigabit links. Features The Model GS524T switch has the following key features: 24 full-duplex copper Gigabit ports with standard RJ-45 connectors Automatic address learning function to build the packet-forwarding information table. The table contains up to 32,000 media access control (MAC) addresses (that is, the switch can support networks with as many as 32,000 devices). Address aging function to automatically track changes in network configuration Protocol independence and compatibility with all common protocols, such as TCP/IP, Netware, DECNet, Microsoft Networks, and AppleTalk Full-duplex mode to double throughput of point-to-point connections by letting individual ports transmit and receive concurrently when the other end also supports full-duplex mode Wire-speed filtering and forwarding of the traffic Store-and-forward intelligent processing to minimize erroneous packets on the network Easy Plug and Play installation with no software to configure, which saves time and minimizes the potential for configuration errors Auto UplinkTM in all ports to make the right connection Auto-negotiation with link partners to speeds of 10, 100, or 1000Mbps on all ports Flow control traffic management to ensure no packets are dropped if there are back-ups or bottlenecks in the network
Package Contents Figure 1-1 illustrates the Model GS524T switch package contents.
Figure 1-1. Model GS524T Switch Package Contents
Verify that your package contains the following: Model GS524T switch Rubber footpads for tabletop installation The Installation Guide Rack mount kit for 19-inch rack installation Warranty & Owner Registration Card Support Information Card Power cord
CHAPTER 2: PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION
This chapter describes the hardware features of the NETGEAR Model GS524T Copper Gigabit Switch. Front Panel The front panel of the Model GS524T switch contains the following LEDs that correspond to each network port: FDX/COL (full-duplex/collision), Activity(RX/TX)/10Mbps. Each network port has its own link and speed LEDs (located above each port).
Link and Speed LEDs
Figure 2-1. Front Panel of the Model GS524T Switch
RJ-45 Ports The Model GS524T switch has 24 auto-sensing 10/100/1000 Mbps UTP ports. Each port can operate at 1000 Mbps full-duplex mode, 100 Mbps full/half duplex mode, or 10Mbps full/half duplex mode, and provide a standard UTP for Category 5 or Category 5e cable. Figure 2-2 shows a RJ-45 connector. For further information about Category 5 cables and connectors, refer to Appendix B, Connector Pin Assignments, and Appendix C, Cabling Guidelines. The 1000BASE-T requires very careful cable installation.
Key: 1 = 1000M Link LED 2 = 100M Link LED
Figure 2-2. RJ-45 Connector with Built-in LEDs
Auto Uplink To simplify the procedure for attaching devices, all RJ-45 ports on the GS524T Switch support Auto Uplink.This technology allows you to attach devices to the RJ45 ports using either straight-through or crossover cables. When you insert a cable into the switch's RJ-45 port, the switch automatically: Senses whether the cable is a straight-through or crossover cable, and Determines whether the link to the attached device requires a "normal" connection (such as when connecting the port to a PC) or an "uplink" connection (such as when connecting the port to a router, switch, or hub). After detecting this information, the switch automatically configures the RJ-45 port to enable communications with the attached device, without requiring user intervention. In this way, the Auto Uplink technology compensates for setting uplink connections, while eliminating concern about whether to use crossover or straight-throughcables when attaching devices.
physical description 2-2
Note: Using Auto Uplink to create multiple active paths between any two network devices can cause undesirable loops in the network, resulting in an endless broadcast traffic that disables your network. Loops occur when there are alternate routes between two network devices. In Figure 2-3, for example, a loop is created by connecting two RJ-45 ports on a GS524T Switch to a router containing a 4-port switch. Figure 2-4 shows another scenario where a router with a 4-port switch connects to a hub and to a GS524T Switch; the hub and switch, in turn, connect back to the same router, creating multiple active paths between all three devices.
Figure 2-3. Warning! Creating loops disables your network(Example 1)
Figure 2-4. Warning! Creating loops disables your network(Example 2)
LEDs Table 2-1 describes the activity of the LEDs.
Table 2-1. LED Descriptions
Label Power Color Green Activity On Off FDX/COL Green Yellow On Off Blinking Description Power is supplied to the switch. Power is disconnected. The port is operating in full-duplex mode. The port is operating in half-duplex mode. Data collisions are occurring on the port. In a full-duplex environment, there is no collision. In a half-duplex environment, some collisions are normal. Packet transmission or reception is occurring on the port. A valid 10 Mbps link is established on the port. No Activity on the port. A valid 1000 Mbps link is established on the port. A link is not established on the port. A valid 100 Mbps link is established on the port. A link is not established on the port.
Blinking On Off
Rear Panel As illustrated in Figure 2-5, the rear panel of the Model GS524T switch has fans for cooling and a standard AC Power Receptacle for the supplied power cord.
Fans AC power Receptacle
100-240 VAC 50-60 Hz
Figure 2-5. Rear Panel of the Model GS524T Switch
technology of the
CHAPTER 3: APPLICATIONS
This chapter presents an overview of the topologies possible by incorporating the NETGEAR Model GS524T Copper Gigabit Switch into your network. Desktop Switching Figure 3-1 illustrates the Model GS524T switch, used as a desktop switch to build a powerful network that enables users to have 1000 Mbps access to a file server. If a full-duplex adapter card is installed in the server or PC, a 2000 Mbps connection will be provided to each server and PC.
Servers with GA622T Gigabit network cards
Model GS524T Switch
PCs with GA302T Gigabit network cards
Figure 3-1. Model GS524T Switch Used as a Desktop Switch
Segment Switching and Bridging from 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps to 1000 Mbps The Model GS524T switch, as illustrated in Figure 3-2, connects multiple power workgroups and servers using high-speed gigabit links. Each power workgroup is anchored by a NETGEAR Model FS518T switch. Other workgroups are connected by a NETGEAR FS524 switch. Because each copper link can be up to 100 m long, these workgroups can be located on separate floors.
Server with GA622T Gigabit network card
Model GS524T switch
Figure 3-2. Model GS524T Switch Used as a Segment Switch
CHAPTER 4: INSTALLATION
This chapter describes the installation procedures for the NETGEAR Model GS524T Copper Gigabit Switch. Preparing the Site Before you begin installing your switch, prepare the installation site. Make sure your operating environment meets the operating environment requirements of the equipment listed in Table 4-1.
Table 4-1. Operating Environment Requirements
Characteristic Temperature Requirements Ambient temperature between 0 and 40C (32 and 104F). No nearby heat sources such as direct sunlight, warm air exhausts, or heaters. Maximum relative humidity of 90%, noncondensing. Minimum 2 inches (5.08 cm) on all sides for cooling. Adequate airflow in room or wiring closet. At least 6 ft (1.83 m) to nearest source of electromagnetic noise (such as photocopy machine or arc welder). Adequate power source within 6 ft (1.83 m).
Operating humidity Ventilation
Checking Package Contents Unpack the contents of the package and verify them against the following list: NETGEAR Model GS524T Gigabit Ethernet Switch Self-adhesive rubber footpads for desktop installation Rack Mount Kit for rack installation AC power cord Warranty & Owner Registration Card
The Installation Guide Support Information Card
Installing the Switch on a Flat Surface To install the switch on a flat surface, be sure to attach the rubber footpads to the bottom of the switch. Installing the Switch in a Rack Refer to Figure 4-1 when installing the switch in a rack.
Figure 4-1. Attaching Mounting Brackets
Connecting Devices to the Switch To connect the switch: 1. Connect the devices to the network ports on the switch, using Category 5 (Cat5) or Category 5e (Cat5e) UTP cable. Note: Ethernet specifications limit the cable length between your PC or server and the switch to 100 m. 2. Connect one end of the AC power adapter cable to the power receptacle on the rear panel of the switch and the other end of the power adapter cable to the wall outlet.
Refer to Figure 4-2 when connecting the switch.
Key 1000 Mbps 100 Mbps 10 Mbps
10/10 0Mbp sGiga
Fibe r Swi tch
Figure 4-2. Connecting to the Model GS524T Switch
Verifying Installation When power has been applied to the switch, verify that: The green power LED on the front panel is on. The green link LED on each connected port is on. When the switch is connected and operating, refer to Table 2-1 LED Descriptions for information about the LEDs and their activity.
CHAPTER 5: TROUBLESHOOTING
This chapter provides information about troubleshooting the NETGEAR Model GS524T Copper Gigabit Switch. Table 5-1 lists symptoms, causes, and solutions of possible problems.
Table 5-1. Troubleshooting Information
Symptom Power LED is off. Cause No power is received at the switch. Solution Check the power cord connections for the switch and the connected device. Make sure all cables used are correct and comply with Ethernet specifications. 1000M or 100M LED is off or intermittent. Port connection is not functioning. Check the crimp on the connectors and make sure that the plug is properly inserted and locked into the port at both the switch and the connecting device. Make sure all cables used are correct and comply with Ethernet specifications. See Appendix C. Check for a defective adapter card, cable, or port by testing them in an alternate environment where all products are functioning. File transfer is slow or performance degradation is a problem. A segment or device is not recognized as part of the network. Half- or full-duplex setting on the switch and the connected device are not the same. One or more devices are not properly connected, or cabling does not meet Ethernet guidelines. Collisions are occurring on the connected segment. Duplex modes are mismatched. Make sure the remote link partner is set to auto negotiate.
Verify that the cabling is correct. Be sure all cable connectors are securely positioned in the required ports. Equipment may have been accidentally disconnected.
COL LED is blinking yellow excessively.
Some collisions are normal when the connection is operating in half-duplex mode. Recheck the link partner settings.
Network Adapter Cards Make sure the network adapter cards installed in the PCs are in working condition and the software driver has been installed. Configuration If problems occur after altering the network configuration, restore the original connections and determine the problem by implementing the new changes, one procedure at a time. Make sure that cable distances, repeater limits, and other physical aspects of the installation do not exceed the Ethernet limitations. Switch Integrity If required, verify the integrity of the switch by resetting the switch.Turn power to the switch off and then back on. If the problem continues and you have completed all the preceding diagnoses, contact your NETGEAR point-of-sale representative. Auto Negotiation Each port will negotiate the correct duplex mode and speed, provided the link partner supports auto negotiation. If the link partner does not support auto negotiation, only the speed will be determined correctly and the duplex mode will default to half.
APPENDIX A: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
This appendix provides technical specifications for the NETGEAR Model GS524T Copper Gigabit Switch. Network Protocol and Standards Compatibility IEEE 802.3ab 1000BASE-T IEEE 802.3u 100BASE-TX IEEE 802.3i 10BASE-T IEEE 802.3x flow control Data Coding 1000 Mbps with PAM5 encoding 100 Mbps with MLT3 encoding 10 Mbps with Manchester encoding Performance Specifications Frame filter rate:(using 64-byte packets): Frame forward rate:(using 64-byte packets): Network latency (using 64-byte packets): Address database size: Addressing: Forwording Mode: 1,480,000 frames/second maximum(1000 Mbps) 148,000 frames/second maximum(100 Mbps) 14,800 frames/second maximum(10 Mbps) 1,480,000 frames/second maximum(1000 Mbps) 148,000 frames/second maximum(100 Mbps) 14,800 frames/second maximum(10 Mbps) 30 microseconds maximum 32,000 MAC addresses 48-bit MAC address Store & Forward
Interface RJ-45 Connectors for 10BASE-T Ethernet, 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet, and 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet Power Consumption 75 W Heat Radiation: 34.9812 Btu/hr Acoustic Noise: 50.2dB Input Voltage (Power Adapter) 100240 V AC Physical Specifications Dimensions: Weight: 13.0 x 1.7 x 8.0 in.; 33.0 x 4.3 x 20.7 cm 5.3 lb; 2.3 kg
Environmental Specifications Operating Temperature: 0 to 40 C (32 to 104 F) Operating Humidity: Storage Temperature: Storage Humidity: 90% maximum relative humidity, noncondensing -20 to 70 C (-40 to 1500 F) 95% maximum relative humidity, noncondensing
Electromagnetic Compliance CE mark, commercial FCC Part 15 Class A VCCI Class A EN 55022 (CISPR 22) Class A EN 50082-1 EN 55024
technical specifications A-2
Safety Agency Approvals UL Listed (UL 1950), cUL TUV Licensed (EN 60 950)
APPENDIX B: CONNECTOR PIN ASSIGNMENTS
This appendix provides information about the RJ-45 plug and the RJ-45 connector used for the NETGEAR Model GS524T Copper Gigabit Switch. RJ-45 Plug and RJ-45 Connector It is important that all 1000 BASE-T certified Category 5 or Category 5e cabling use RJ-45 plugs.The RJ-45 plug accepts 4-pair UTP or shielded twisted pair (STP) 100 ohm cable and connects into the RJ-45 connector. The RJ-45 connector is used to connect stations, hubs, and switches through UTP cable; it supports 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, or 1000 Mbps data transmission. The RJ-45 plug and RJ-45 connector are both illustrated in Figure B-1.
Key: 1 to 8 = pin numbers
Figure B-1. RJ-45 Plug and RJ-45 Connector with Built-in LEDs
connector pin assignments
Table B-1 lists the pin assignments for the 10/100/1000Mbps RJ-45 plug and the RJ-45 connector. Table B-1. 10/100/1000 Mbps RJ-45 Plug and RJ-45 Connector Pin Assignments
Pin Channel A B C D Description Rx/Tx Data + Rx/Tx Data Rx/Tx Data + Rx/Tx Data Rx/Tx Data + Rx/Tx Data Rx/Tx Data + Rx/Tx Data -
APPENDIX C: CABLING GUIDELINES
This appendix provides specifications for cables used with the NETGEAR Model GS524T Copper Gigabit Switch. Using 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet over Category 5 Cable Overview When using the 1000BASE-T standard, the limitations of cable installations and the steps necessary to ensure optimum performance must be considered.The most important components in your cabling system are patch panel connections, twists of the pairs at connector transition points, the jacket around the twisted pair cable, bundling of multiple pairs on horizontal runs and punch down blocks. All of these will affect the performance of 1000BASE-T technology if not correctly implemented.The following sections are designed to act as a guide to correct cabling for 1000BASE-T. Cabling The 1000BASE-T product is designed to operate over Category 5 cabling, but to further enhance the operation, the cabling standards have been amended.The latest standard is Category 5e, which defines a higher level of link performance than is available with Category 5 cable. If installing new cable, we recommend using Category 5e cable, since it costs about the same as Category 5 cable and will increase performance. If using the existing cable, be sure to have the cable plant tested by a professional who can verify that it meets or exceeds either ANSI/EIA/TIA-568-A:1995 or ISO/IEC 11801:1995 Category 5 specifications. Length The maximum distance limitation between two pieces of equipment is 100 m, as per the original Ethernet specification.The end to end link is called the channel. TSB-67 defines the Basic Link which is the portion of the link that is part of the building infrastructure.This excludes patch and equipment cords.The maximum basic link length is 295 feet (90 m).
cabling guidelines C-1
Return Loss Return loss measures the amount of reflected signal energy resulting from impedance changes in the cabling link.The nature of 1000BASE-T renders this measurement very important; if too much energy is reflected back on to the receiver, the device will not perform optimally. All four pairs of the twisted pair are used by 1000BASE-T, unlike 10BASE-T and 100BASE-TX, which use only two of the four pairs of wires within the Category 5. It is important to ensure that all wires are tested. The factors that will affect the return loss are the number of transition points, as there is a connection via an RJ-45 to another connector, a patch panel, or a piece of equipment at each transition point. removal of the jacket that surrounds the four pairs of twisted cable. It is highly recommended that, where RJ-45 connections are made, this is minimized to 1-1/4 inch (32 mm). pair untwist of any of the twisted pairs. It is important that this be minimized to 3/8 inch (10 mm) where RJ-45 connections are made. cabling or bundling of multiple Category 5 cable.This is regulated by ANSI/EIA/TIA-568A-3, and can adversely affect all parameters of the cabling if not correctly implemented. Near End Cross Talk (NEXT) This is a measure of the signal coupling from one wire to another, within a cable assembly, or among cables within a bundle. NEXT measures the amount of cross-talk disturbance energy that is detected at the near end of the linkthe end at which the transmitter is located. NEXT measures the amount of energy that is returned to the sender end.The factors that affect NEXT and cross talk are exactly the same as outlined in the Return Loss section.The cross-talk performance is directly related to the quality of the cable installation.
Patch Cables When installing your equipment, replace old patch panel cables that do not meet Category 5e specifications. As pointed out in the NEXT section, this near end piece of cable is critical for successful operation. Conclusions For optimum performance of your 1000BASE-T product, it is important to fully qualify your cable installation and ensure it meets or exceeds ANSI/EIA/TIA568-A:1995 or ISO/IEC 11801:1995 Category 5 specifications. Install Category 5e cable where possible, including patch panel cables. Minimize transition points, jacket removal, and untwist lengths. Bundling of cables must be properly installed in order to meet the requirements in ANSI/EIA/TIA-568A-3. Fast Ethernet Cable Guidelines Fast Ethernet uses UTP cable, as specified in the IEEE 802.3u standard for 100BASE-TX.The specification requires Category 5 UTP cable consisting of either two-pair or four-pair twisted insulated copper conductors bound in a single plastic sheath. Category 5 cable is certified up to 100 MHz bandwidth. 100BASE-TX operation uses one pair of wires for transmission and the other pair for receiving and for collision detection. When installing Category 5 UTP cabling, use the following guidelines to ensure that your cables perform to the following specifications: Certification Make sure that your Category 5 UTP cable has completed the Underwriters Laboratories (UL) or Electronic Testing Laboratories (ETL) certification process. Termination method To minimize cross-talk noise, maintain the twist ratio of the cable up to the point of termination; untwist at any RJ-45 plug or patch panel should not exceed 0.5 inch (1.5 cm).
Category 5 Cable Category 5 distributed cable that meets ANSI/EIA/TIA-568-A building wiring standards can be a maximum of 328 feet (ft) or 100 meters (m) in length, divided as follows: 20 ft (6 m) between the hub or switch and the patch panel (if used) 295 ft (90 m) from the wiring closet to the wall outlet 10 ft (3 m) from the wall outlet to the desktop device The patch panel and other connecting hardware must meet the requirements for 100 Mbps operation (Category 5). Only 0.5 inch (1.5 cm) of untwist in the wire pair is allowed at any termination point. Category 5 Cable Specifications Table C-1 lists the electrical requirements of Category 5 UTP cable.
Table C-1. Electrical Requirements of Category 5 Cable
Specification Number of pairs Impedance Mutual capacitance at 1 KHz Maximum attenuation (dB per 100 m, at 20 C) Category 5 Cable Requirements Four 100 15% 5.6 nF per 100 m at 4 MHz: 8.2 at 31 MHz: 11.7 at 100 MHz: 22.0 NEXT loss (dB minimum) at 16 MHz: 44 at 31 MHz: 39 at 100 MHz: 32
Twisted Pair Cables for 100 BASE-TX For two devices to communicate, the transmitter of each device must be connected to the receiver of the other device.The crossover function is usually implemented internally as part of the circuitry in the device. Computers and workstation adapter cards are usually media-dependent interface ports, called MDI or uplink ports. Most repeaters and switch ports are configured as media-dependent interfaces with built-in crossover ports, called MDI-X or normal ports. Auto UplinkTM automatically senses which connection, MDI or MDI-X, is needed and makes the right connection. Figure C-1 illustrates straight-through twisted pair cable.
1 Tx 1 Rx
3 Rx 3 Tx
Key: A = Uplink or MDI port (as on a PC) B = Normal or MDI-X port (as on a hub or switch) 1, 2, 3, 6 = Pin numbers
Straight-Through Twisted Pair Cable
Figure C-2 illustrates crossover twisted pair cable.
1 Rx 1 Rx
3 Tx Tx 6
Key: B = Normal or MDI-X port (as on a hub or switch) 1, 2, 3, 6 = Pin numbers
Figure C-2. Crossover Twisted Pair Cable
cabling guidelines C-5
Patch Panels and Cables If you are using patch panels, make sure that they meet the 100BASE-TX requirements. NETGEAR recommends Category 5e UTP cable for all patch cables and work area cables to ensure that your UTP patch cable rating meets or exceeds the distribution cable rating. To wire patch panels, you need two Category 5e UTP cables with an RJ-45 plug at each end, as shown in Figure C-3.
Key: 1 = RJ-45 plug 2 = Category 5e UTP patch cable
Figure C-3. Category 5e UTP Patch Cable with Male RJ-45 Plug at Each End
Note: Flat silver satin telephone cable may have the same RJ-45 plug. However, using telephone cable will result in excessive collisions and cause the attached port to be partitioned or disconnected from the network.
NETGEAR, Inc. 4500 Great America Parkway Santa Clara, CA 95054 USA Phone: 1-888-NETGEAR www.NETGEAR.com
NETGEAR's GS524T 10/100/1000 Mbps Gigabit Switch gives your office network a mega-boost of speed and capacity. Its 24 ports can blast 2000 Mbps per port of data throughput in full-duplex mode. Ideal for combining 10, 100, and 1000 Mbps devices, this unmanaged, rack-mountable switch features 10/100/1000 automatic speed and full/half-duplex sensing plus Auto Uplink on every port. Users can take advantage of the GS524T's ability to deliver large amounts of multimedia, image, and video information in no time at all. Use it as a robust and reliable network backbone for your 50- to 250-employee company.
|Device Type||Switch - 24 ports|
|Enclosure Type||Rack-mountable - desktop|
|Ports||24 x 10/100/1000|
|MAC Address Table Size||8K entries|
|Features||Flow control, full duplex capability, auto-sensing per device, MDI/MDI-X switch, auto-negotiation, auto-uplink (auto MDI/MDI-X)|
|Compliant Standards||IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.3u, IEEE 802.3i, IEEE 802.3ab, IEEE 802.3x|
|Status Indicators||Link activity, collision status, port duplex mode, power, link OK|
|Expansion / Connectivity|
|Interfaces||24 x 10Base-T/100Base-TX/1000Base-T - RJ-45 - 24|
|Power Device||Power supply - integrated|
|Voltage Required||AC 120/230 V ( 50/60 Hz )|
|Power Consumption Operational||70 Watt|
|Compliant Standards||UL, cUL|
|Rack Mounting Kit||Included|
|Compliant Standards||CE, FCC Class A certified, TUV, VCCI, C-Tick|
|Service & Support||Limited lifetime warranty|
|Service & Support Details||Limited warranty - lifetime Limited warranty - power supply - 2 years Technical support - phone consulting - response time: 24/7 hours a day / days a week Technical support - web knowledge base access - response time: 24/7 hours a day / days a week|
|Min Operating Temperature||32 °F|
|Max Operating Temperature||104 °F|
|Humidity Range Operating||0 - 90%|
|Universal Product Identifiers|
DAV-SR1W 3810T HD Adapto 3 S400I We CAN Amilo Compact 102 GA-MP61pme-s2P M-950 GE86N Option WP13T590 MAX-X3 A63270GT Trioset LXT320 Powerview EDC46130W T1 P37-H01-1 Spotmeter F M1319 MFP DS524 LE26A456 GT-S8500 Ii 7988 Qtek 9090 Curve 8310 ZWF16381W Proii GC-3986slqa Ethernet Intruder M800 LG JM53 RM-V402T DVD-F100 Array WS-WV10A WGR101 Elan 110 Plcxu73 Mixer Pilot KX7-333R LTV-3201 NV-DS65 Abit BL7 Pmr 446 F-Z570L Kh 1166 Considerations SRU5040-19 SCL906 XR-L500V RX-5502 ME-6B Panasonic VB9 CFD-360 LAC-M1501 HDR-UX1 ACS2500 FJR1254W Fireworks Compact 350 LE32N73BD Satellite 2180 LA32S71B DVD580M-171 ATA 172 RH2T80 MC-809NC N400I BCD396T KX-FT57E Dvdr3510V-31 STU1130 00G BHT-600 Tales ARC 8R Nikon FM10 LW056V2 Turbo KDC-BT6544UY Sweetpeace 29PT8607 12 74850 Fire-18M Maker Halley EVO Starbox F03 Exai4580 PDX-1300 Dual 400 XPR Job PRO Wsxh208 BR-HD50 29FX4BLE VCE-306 GT-S8003 M08 Astro 1997
manuel d'instructions, Guide de l'utilisateur | Manual de instrucciones, Instrucciones de uso | Bedienungsanleitung, Bedienungsanleitung | Manual de Instruções, guia do usuário | инструкция | návod na použitie, Užívateľská príručka, návod k použití | bruksanvisningen | instrukcja, podręcznik użytkownika | kullanım kılavuzu, Kullanım | kézikönyv, használati útmutató | manuale di istruzioni, istruzioni d'uso | handleiding, gebruikershandleiding
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101