Mini DV, F/1.6
The arrival of the AG-DVX100B is an important and progressive step in supporting cost effective Standard Definition production. The AG-DVX100B is evidence of Panasonics commitment to recognized standard formats keeping pace with new products like P2. The AG-DVX100B addresses some of the modifications program makers have been asking for with improvements throughout the unit. Where cost effective system set-ups have previously been out of reach of restricted budgets an important enhancement is a T... Read more [ Report abuse or wrong photo | Share your Panasonic AG-DVX100 photo ]
Panasonic AG-DVX100 Digital Camcorder & Video Recorder, size: 1.2 MB
Panasonic AG DVX100B footage
User reviews and opinions
|joubertm||10:55pm on Monday, October 25th, 2010|
|Perfect starter set It is a good starter filter set. The only thing which I was not happy about was that it was not Panasonic. excellent esta es una gran oferta que solo podia conseguir en amazon.com buen servicio.|
|jennjennsd||8:49pm on Saturday, October 2nd, 2010|
|Panasonic AG-DVX100 MiniDV Proline professional camcorder offers superior function in a lightweight 4 pound body. Course find the charger. The Panasonic camera is also equipped with a 10x optical zoom lens of the highest quality with brightness f / 1. The Panasonic DV PROLINE AG-DVX100A is the latest in the series of camcorders by Panasonic. General Product Info Weight: 3.7 lbs.|
|rpband||1:59pm on Friday, August 6th, 2010|
|I use two of these cameras in my company www.040-itv.nl for all TV and DVD productions. Using both 50i and 25p depending on the desired effect. Good lens non|
|roguejag1||4:16pm on Monday, July 26th, 2010|
|The Panasonic DVX100 has been the workhorse of many video productions for almost 5 years now.|
|so_close||9:38pm on Thursday, March 25th, 2010|
|This Set Contains a Linear Polarizer!!! EDIT: Digital cameras require circular polarizer filters. excellent esta es una gran oferta que solo podia conseguir en amazon.com buen servicio, entrega rapida y buen precio estoy feliz de comprar en amazon.|
|novado||10:33pm on Wednesday, March 17th, 2010|
|I LOVE THIS CAMERA. The 24P and settings offered are far better than the other 24p copycats on the market (i.e. Canon & Sony).|
Comments posted on www.ps2netdrivers.net are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.
Panasonics AG-DVX100 Set-up Menus
Panasonic Broadcast & Television Systems Company
The AG-DVX100 Setup Menus
A guide for getting the most from your 60i, 30p, 24p Camcorder
By Harry W. Foulds
Copyright 2003 2
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 2. How to use the Menus 3. Quick Menu Index 4. CAMERA MENUS 4.1 SCENE FILE 4.2 CAMERA SETUP 4.3 SW MODE 4.4 AUTO SW 4.5 RECORDING SETUP 4.6 DISPLAY SETUP 4.7 OTHER FUNCTIONS 5. VCR MODE MENUS 5.1 PLAYBACK FUNCTIONS 5.2 RECORDING SETUP 5.3 AV IN/OUT SETUP 5.4 DISPLAY SETUP 5.5 OTHER FUNCTIONS 6. Glossary - 33 - - - - 19 - - - - - 29 4- - -13
The AG-DVX100 has captured the imagination of creative filmmakers, broadcasters, and video professionals around the world, with its 24p (progressive) capabilities. Panasonic has won a total of 15 Emmys, 12 of them for advancements in the area of digital video technology. Panasonics engineers are continuously pushing the limits of product design and the AG-DVX100 is a prime example of their innovation and imagination.
What is 24p?
Lets start with film, which is shot at 24 frames per second. Inherent in this capture rate, is a motion blur that is used by the artistic filmmaker to draw the attention of the viewer to his subject. In the movie theater, film is projected at 48 frames per second due to a shutter in the projector. The AG-DVX100 uses an electronic shutter which the user can set to different speeds. When you watch 24p, you know you are being told a story. Its a different look. Its the difference between the look of a soap opera or the six oclock news and the look of a feature film. There is a three part answer to what must be done to create the cinematic look in video
What is Cine Gamma?
Fact: The contrast ratio of film is greater than contrast ratio of video. Can the range of bright to dark areas be correctly exposed in a scene? Video has been optimized for high ambient lighting during image capture (studio) and viewing (living room). Therefore image brightness has a been much more important than contrast ratio. Film, when used in cinematic presentations, has a very high wide dynamic range providing great detail in both the brightest and darkest areas of the image. The Cine-like Gamma feature of the AG-DVX100 emulates this wider exposure range characteristic and with the recommended 1/2 f-stop under exposure should help to maintain increased highlight handling abilities.
What is Progressive?
Rather than capturing one half of a picture (the odd lines) and 1/60th of a second later capturing the second half of the picture (the even lines), wouldn't it be better to capture an entire frame of video with no temporal (time) difference? Progressive recording does accomplishes this! What progressive recording does is creates a picture with double the scan lines of a conventional interlaced picture, to create a noticeably sharper image.
What is 24p Playback?
If you made a recording in 24p or 24p advanced and now you want to play it back on a standard NTSC video monitor. The AG-DVX100 has a built in telecine or conversion circuit so that you can playback your 24p recordings on a NTSC Monitor. There are two different schemes used in the AG-DVX100, 2:3 and 2:3:3:2. In 24p playback mode we use a 2:3 pulldown scheme and in 24p Advanced mode we use 2:3:3:2. This is actually a method of mapping the 24p into the 30 frames per second NTSC standard video. See the next page for additional details.
What is 24p Playback? Cont
Here is a graphical view of what is taking place when we playback our 24p recorded video.
New CCD Imaging System Exceptional picture quality, due to a new 1/3 inch, three CCD progressive imaging system that has 410,000 pixels per chip. This new system was developed specifically for broadcast and professional applications. These new CCDs are able to record light as low as three lux, enabling the shooter to record nighttime events in good detail. The picture quality is outstanding, with a high signal- to- noise ratio and low smear in bright areas. Newly developed Zoom Lens The DVX100 uses a Leica Dicomar lens which incorporates the optical technology of Leica Camera AG. This lens system employs 15 lens elements in 11 groups, including two aspherical lenses, to render a shaper image. A Leica multicoating process is applied to the lenses to reduce flare and ghosts. The 10X zoom has been designed to increase the lens wide-angle (f=4.5 to 45mm) capabilities. The zoom lens utilizes a cam-driven manual zoom ring, with quick, nimble manual zooming as well as a multi-speed servo driven zoom rocker switch, plus a three-speed handle zoom. Optical Image Stabilizer Compensates for Hand Held Production Incorporated in the DVX100 is an OIS (Optical Image Stabilizer) that compensates for slight hand shaking that may occur when shooting handheld. A gyrosensor detects handshake and sends signals to a linear motor, which adjusts the lens to compensate. This process takes place prior to the CCD image capture rather than in the downstream electronic processing, this minimizes any effect of handshake. Worlds First DV 24p Mode and Cine-Like Gamma The DVX100 is the worlds first handheld camera designed with video & cinema looks. You have a choice of three shooting modes, which are selectable, 24p (24 fps progressive) for images with a movie-like look and motion, 30p (30 fps progressive) or standard 60i (60 fps interlaced). Images that are captured in 24p mode, Re converted to either 2:3 (24p Mode) or (24p Advanced) with a 2:3:3:2 pulldown sequence. And recorded onto the video tape in the standard 60i Video format, which allows for playback on an ordinary DV VCR and TV monitor and edited on a DV system.
The Gamma settings menu curve allows you to select from four gamma curves:
CINE-LIKE LOW NORM HIGH Film-like images
Recording Setup Screen (Camera) (VCR) Scene File Screen (Camera) SW Mode Screen (Camera) SW Mode Screen (Camera) Other Functions Screen (Camera) (VCR) Recording Setup Screen (Camera) Recording Setup Screen (Camera) SW Mode Screen (Camera) Display Setup Screen (Camera) (VCR) Display Setup Screen (Camera) (VCR) Display Setup Screen (Camera) (VCR) Scene File Screen (Camera) Display Setup Screen Scene File Screen (Camera) Recording Setup Screen (Camera) Recording Setup Screen (Camera) Recording Setup Screen (Camera) Scene File Screen (Camera) Scene File Screen (Camera) Display Setup Screen (Camera) (VCR) Scene File Screen (Camera) Other Functions Screen (Camera) Recording Setup Screen (Camera) (VCR) Recording Setup Screen (Camera) Other Functions Screen (Camera) (VCR) Scene File Screen (Camera) Display Setup Screen (Camera) Camera Setup Screen Scene File Screen (Camera) Camera Setup Screen
23, 29, 26, 34 26, 34 25, 17 25, 28 21, 27, 16 18
Tape Protect Tape Battery TC Mode TC Preset TCG Time Shift UB Mode UB Preset User 1 User 2 User File V Detail Freq Video Out OSD Zebra Detect 1 Zebra Detect 2 Zoom Focus
Other Functions Screen (Camera) Display Setup Screen (Camera) (VCR) Recording Setup Screen (Camera) (VCR) Recording Setup Screen (Camera) (VCR) Recording Setup Screen (Camera) (VCR) Other Functions Screen (Camera) (VCR) Recording Setup Screen (Camera) (VCR) Recording Setup Screen (Camera) (VCR) SW Mode Screen (Camera) SW Mode Screen (Camera) Other Functions Screen (Camera) (VCR) Scene File Screen (Camera) Display Setup Screen (Camera) Display Setup Screen (Camera) Display Setup Screen (Camera) Display Setup Screen (Camera)
29 25, 34 22, 31 23, 32 22, 32 28, 35 23, 32 23, 20 29, 25, 24 25
4. Camera Menus Screen
4.1 Scene File Screen
The Scene File Menu allows the user to quickly change the setup for up to six scenes with a turn of the scene dial. The scenes are tailored to various shooting conditions and are stored in the six menu memories and are selected by a six position rotary dial (cine switch), located at the back of the camcorder. You may also set up your own scene files instead of using the factory defaults.
Defaults for Scene File Dial
Factory Defaults for
DETAIL LEVEL CHROMA LEVEL CHROMA PHASE COLOR TEMP MASTER PED A. IRIS LEV GAMMA SKIN TONE DTL MATRIX V DETAIL FREQ PROGRSSIVE
NORM OFF NORM THICK OFF
0 +0 NORM OFF NORM THICK OFF +5 +0 -LOW OFF NORM THICK OFF
ATW Normally, the white balance should be re-adjusted as the lighting conditions
change. The Auto Tracking White function, is used during the record mode to continually adjust the white balance automatically. With this menu item you can turn this function OFF or ON when the AUTO button is pressed.
AF When set to the ON position, auto focus operates when the AUTO button is pressed, the FOCUS switch and PUSH AUTO buttons will not function. When AF is set to the OFF position, the auto focus operation will not be performed when the AUTO button is pressed. The FOCUS switch and PUSH AUTO will be functioning. Not in available in progressive mode 4.4 RECORDING SETUP Screen (Same Menu used for the VCR, some functions not used) Item
REC SPEED AUDIO REC MIC ALC MIC GAIN 1 MIC GAIN 2 TC MODE TCG FIRST REC TC TC PRESET UB MODE UB PRESET INTERVAL REC REC TIME INTERVAL TIME SP / LP 12 bit / 16 bit ON / OFF -50dB, -60dB -50dB, -60dB DF / NDF FREE RUN / REC RUN REGEN / PRESET Input Start of Time code USER, TIME, DATE, TCG, FRM RATE Setting users bit OFF, ON, ONE-SHOOT 0.5s, 1s, 1.5s, 2.Os 30s, 1m, 5m, 10m
SP 16 BIT ON -50 dB -50 dB DF REC RUN REGEN ---USER ---OFF 0.5s 30s
Rec Speed This item allows the user to select the recording time, either SP for standard play or LP for long play. SP is preferred for interchange.
Audio Rec Used for selecting the method of recording audio, 12 bit (12bit/32kHz) or 16 bit
(16 bit/48kHz). 16 bit audio recording is preferred.
Mic ALC This item Allows the user to turn ON or OFF the automatic level control for the
Mic Gain 1 This item allows the user to select the input level of the external microphone that is connected to INPUT 1 connector. Either 50dB or 60 dB, see your MICs specs. Mic Gain 2 This item allows the user to select the input level of the external microphone that is connected to INPUT 2 connector. Either 50dB or 60 dB, see your MICs specs. Time Code A Time code is used for accurate video editing of the recorded video tape. A
special internal generator will place an 80 bit code or number on every recorded frame. The VCR will use this number for precise identification of a frame when editing. This code is recorded with the video and audio signals and is stored in the sub code area on the DV tape. This code contains the hour, minute, second and frame number. In the 80 bits of time code you have a lot of information, such as drop frame information, color frame information and user bit information.
The drop frame is used to keep accurate timing between the vertical timing and the actual time. The drop frame is bit number 10, this bit identifies if the drop frame or the non-drop frame format is being used. If it is 1 the unit is placed into the drop frame mode and will account for the missing frame numbers which are missing due to the timing of the vertical and time. If it is 0 it will be placed into the Non-drop Mode. In the 24p mode we use NDF only. There are 32 User Bits in each 80 bit code, these user bits can be used to identify the user information, the time, the date, the time code generators value, or the frame rate. There are two ways to start recording time code, record run and free run. Normally, for most productions the VCRs time code is set to the Record run mode. In this mode the time code will be set to zero at the start of the days recording (operates only during record) and a continuous record is produced on each video tape covering all takes. In the free run mode the time code is running regardless of the VCRs operation mode.
Marker This item allows the user to turn OFF or On a measurement value of the video
level. When on, at the bottom left of the viewfinder or LCD a measurement of the video level from the center of these displays will be displayed. This is very useful to the user that utilizes manual iris.
Video Out OSD When turned ON all information displayed on the LCD or EVF is output
to the video output signal with the video image.
Date/Time This item is used to set the date and /or time that is displayed in the EVF,
LCD or video output. You have four selections OFF, TIME will be displayed, DATE will be displayed, and TIME & DATE will be displayed. Note: If TIME, DATE or TIME & DATE is selected it will be displayed in the video output regardless of the VIDEO OUT OSD setting
turn it OFF.
Level Meter This item allows the user to display the audio level meter in the display or
Zoom Focus This item allows the user to display the zoom and focus values in the display or turn it OFF. Tape Battery This item allows the user to display the remaining tape amount and remaining battery charge in the display or turn it OFF.
Other Display The viewfinder and LCD monitor are capable of displaying 21 items of information when the MODE CHK button is pressed, some cases certain information is displayed already. This item has three choices OFF, PARTIAL and ALL. Default is PARTIAL
Counter Display Record Time Mode display (SP or LP) Auto Iris control status display Shutter speed display Audio level meter display Audio sampling frequency display Scene filename display Progressive display Zoom position display AWB information display Focus control information display Iris display Gain display ND filter display Recommended ND filter display Date and time display Remaining battery charge display Remaining tape display Camera shake compensation display Mic level automatic control display AUTO button operation display
Another setting Displayed Displayed Displayed Another setting Displayed Displayed Displayed Another setting Displayed Another setting Displayed Displayed Displayed Displayed Another setting Another setting Another setting Displayed Displayed Displayed
Another setting Displayed VCR, Not Camera Displayed Displayed Another setting Displayed VCR, Not Camera Not Displayed Not Displayed Another setting Displayed Another setting Displayed Not Displayed Not Displayed Displayed Another setting Another setting Another setting Displayed Not Displayed Displayed
Another Setting Not Displayed Not Displayed Not Displayed Another setting Not Displayed Not Displayed Not Displayed Another setting Not Displayed Another setting Not Displayed Not Displayed Not Displayed Not Displayed Another setting Another setting Another setting Not Displayed Not Displayed Not Displayed
LCD Backlight Allows the user to adjust the LCDs monitors backlight slightly brighter, NORMAL and HI are the two choices. LCD/EVF Set Allows the user to adjust the viewfinder and LCD monitors brightness and the LCDs color level. Self Shot: When doing a headshot or face-to-face shot you can turn the LCD toward the person so he can monitor himself. When set to Mirror, the LCD monitor will be reversed at the left and right for display during the face to face recording. EVF Mode This item is used to select when the EVF will be on. When turned ON video image will be shown at all times in the viewfinder. In the AUTO mode, when the LCD monitor is opened the video no longer appears in the viewfinder.
4.6 OTHER FUNCTIONS Screen Item
REMOTE DV CONTROL DV CMD SEL REC LAMP BEEP SOUND CLOCK SET TIME SHIFT TAPE PROTECT USER FILE HOUR METER
VCR1, VCR2, OFF OFF, EXT, BOTH, CHAIN REC P / STOP OFF, FRONT, REAR, BOTH OFF / ON SETS INTERNAL CALENDAR +23h, +1h, OFF, -1h, 23h POWER OFF / STBY LOAD, SAVE, INITIAL VIDEO HEAD HOUR METER
VCR1 OFF REC P OFF OFF YES OFF POWER OFF ---00000H
Remote This item is used to set the operations of the wireless remote control. There are
3 settings, VCR1, VCR2 and OFF. When using two DVX-100s this setting allows the two camcorder to be control from one remote control, by selecting which camcorder you want to control from the remote control. This item makes sure that only that one button (VCR1 or VCR2) will operate this camcorder from the remote control. OFF the remote will not be able to control the camcorder.
IEEE 1394 Or firewire as it is often called is an extremely high speed, high performance Serial Bus with a special protocol (set of rules). Part of that protocol has been used for high speed digital video and audio transfer. Not only can you transfer video and audio, you can transfer time code and control your VCR remotely. The cable used must not be longer then 4.5 meters. DV Control: This item selects the method for backup recording, using the DV (1394)
connector located on the side, under a cover of the DVX-100. There are 4 selections: OFF: There is no control information supplied. EXT: The START/STOP button will control the backup recording. In this mode only the backup recorder will record the video and audio. The camcorder does not record. BOTH: The video is recorded on both the camcorder and the backup unit. CHAIN: used when additional record time is needed. Once the camcorder approaches the end of its record time the backup unit will automatically start recording. Remember the back up unit must be in the record standby mode to function.
DV CMD SEL: This item sets the record function performed by the backup unit when the START/STOP button on the camcorder is pressed. There are two choices REC_P: Allows switching between recording and pause. STOP: Allows switching between recording and stop. Note: Used when backup unit does not have a pause mode. Rec Lamp: this item allows the user to control the tally lights, OFF turns both tally lights off. The Front tally lamp selection allows the front tally lamp to function only. Rear selection allows the rear tally lamp to function only. Both allows both tally lamps to function. Note: The tally lamps supply you with additional information:
Tally Lamp 8 blinks per second 8 blinks per second 4 blinks per second 4 blinks per second 1 blink per second Operation When a remote operation has been received. When Recording has started. When the video tape has come to the end. When a problem has arisen in the tape transport. When there is little tape or battery charge remaining.
Beep sound this item allows the user to turn the beep sound ON or OFF. When the
beep tone is sounded the audio signals from the output connectors are muted, and the beep tone is output instead. When turned on, the beep tone have different meanings.
Beeps 1 beep Sound 1 beep Sound 2 beep Sounds 10 beep Sounds 10 beep Sounds 10 beep Sounds 10 beep Sounds Operation When the power has been turned on. When you start to record. When recording has been temporarily stopped. When the cassette tape has not been inserted. When the unit is in the pause mode. When condensation has formed inside the Camcorder. When a problem has occurred in the Camcorder.
Clock Set This item allows the user to set the internal time and calendar of the Camcorder. The Year, Month, day, Hour and minutes. Which is held by an internal battery. Time Shift When you travel, this item allows the user to set the time for different time
zones and countries without changing his original home time (CLOCK SETTING) setting. This item effects both the viewfinder, LCD and the clock time recorded on the tape. This adjustment is done in 1 hour increments, from +23 to 23 Hours and also a OFF position which is the factory default.
12bit / 16 bit OFF / ON DF / NDF FREE RUN / REC RUN REGEN / PRESET INPUT START OF TIME CODE OFF / ON USER, TIME, DATE, TCG, FRM RATE USER bit
SP 16bit ON -50dB -50dB DF ---OFF USER ----
for long play
Rec Speed allows the user to select the recording time, either SP for standard play or LP Audio Rec used for selecting the method of recording audio, 12 bit (12bit/32kHz) or 16 bit
1394 TC Regen This item is used to select the time code that will recorded from the DV connector. OFF: The signal recorded will use the time code set up using the TC MODE item, TCG item and the First REC TC item. ON: The signal recorded will use the time code from signal being recorded from the DV connector. Note: When ON is used, it will take precedence over TC MODE item, TCG item and the First REC TC item. If no Time code is supplied to the DV connector, TC MODE item, TCG item and the First REC TC item will be used. TC Mode this item selects DF (Drop Frame) or NDF (Non-drop Frame) modes and as explained earlier this item corrects for timing differences. Note: When the progressive mode, 24P or 24P ADV is used, the non drop frame mode is set regardless of the setting. See more information about Time Code on page 21
TCG This item selects FREE RUN OR REC RUN, as explain its best to leave in the REC RUN mode. First Rec TC This item allow the user to select the time code that will be used when
recording is started. PRESET: here the time code is recorded using the value set in the TC PRESET item serving as the initial value. REGEN: in this mode the time code is regenerated from the time code on the video tape
1394 UB Regen This item selects the users bit to be recorded when the DV connector is used. OFF: The users bit selected in the UB Mode item is used for the recording. ON: The users bit of the signals input of the DV connector is used for recording. Note: When set to ON, this setting takes precedence over the UB MODE item setting. The users bit is not recorded if the signal does not contain the users bit information And when there is no signal supplied to the DV connector the UB MODE item is used.
bits. The user may select one of 5 items: User: the users information, which is selected in the UB PRESET item. Time: The time that the recording was made. Date: The date that the recording was made. TCG: The time code generators value is recorded. FRM Rate: The frame rate information for frame conversion is recorded. This is a 8 bit digital number, which contains the following information. The users bit value verification information, the frame sequence number, the frame rate information and the recording control information.
UB Mode This selection allows the user to set up the information to be recorded as user
5.3 AV IN / OUT SETUP Screen Item
A DUB INPUT DV OUT MIC / A_IN OFF / ON
5.5 OTHER FUNCTIONS Screen Item
REMOTE CLOCK SET TIME SHIFT USER FILE HOUR METER
VCR1, VCR2, OFF SETS INTERNAL CALENDAR +23h+1h, OFF, 1h23h LOAD, SAVE, INITIAL VIDEO HEAD HOUR METER
VCR1 ---OFF ---00000H
Remote This item is used to set the operations of the wireless remote control. There are 3 settings, VCR1, VCR2 and OFF. When using two DVX-100s this setting allows the two camcorder to be control from on remote control, by selecting what camcorder you want to control on the remote control. This item makes sure that only that one button (VCR1 or VCR2) will operate this camcorder from the remote control. OFF setting the remote will not be able to control the camcorder.
Clock Set This item allows the user to set the internal time and calendar of the Camcorder. The Year, Month, day, Hour and minutes. Time Shift When you travel, this item allows the user to set the time for different time zones and countries without changing his original home time (CLOCK SETTING) setting. This item effects both the viewfinder, LCD and the clock time recorded on the tape. This adjustment is done in 1 hour increments, from +23 to 23 Hours and also a OFF position which is the factory default. User File This item has three settings: Load: which will store the last settings in the user file. Save: this item allows the user to save any settings that have been changed. Initial: this item allows the user to re-install the factory settings. Note: When the LOAD or INITIAL operation has been performed, turn the power OFF and then ON in order to enable the settings. Hour Meter This item keeps a record of total hours that the video head has been rotating, this is a 5 digit number, measured in 1 hour increments.
6. Video Glossary
24p 24 frames per second progressive, a standard for digital video 4:1:1 A sampling frequency ratio used in digitizing a video pictures luminance and color difference components (Y, R-Y, and B-Y). In this ratio the luminance is sampled at 13.5 MHz and R-Y , B-Y are each sampled at 3.37 MHz. 4:2:2 A sampling frequency ratio used in digitizing a video pictures luminance and color difference components (Y, R-Y, and B-Y). In this ratio the luminance is sampled at 13.5 MHz and R-Y, B-Y are each sampled at 6.75 MHz. This method of digitizing provides a wider chrominance bandwidth relative to luminance. A ALC Automatic Level Control, a circuit that is used to maintain a constant signal level. Amplifier A component that increases the level of an audio signal from line level to speaker level. Analog A signal that can be continuously varied in amplitude and frequency. Analog Components Video signals in which a continuously variable voltage or current represents the value of a pixel. Aspect Ratio The ratio of the width to height of a video screen or film when it is projected on a screen. The old standard NTSC aspect ratio was 1.33 to 1 or 4 to 3, but now with at advent High Definition technology 16 by 9 is common. B Back Light The main function of the backlight is to separate the individual subjects from the background and give them depth and dimension. Back Porch The period of time during horizontal blanking that follows the horizontal sync pulse and continues to the beginning of active video. Backlit Refers to the illumination used to light a projectors control panel or the buttons of a remote control, so it can be used in the dark. Black Level The level of the video signal that corresponds to the maximum limits of the black areas of the picture. Blanking or Composite Blanking Related to composite sync, this signal has both horizontal and vertical components and is at its negative level whenever video is to be blanked or turned off. Blanking Level Also known as pedestal, it is the level of a video signal, which separates the range that contains the picture information from the range that contains the synchronizing information. The level of the front and back porches. Is Zero IEEE units. C CCD Charge Coupled Device CCIR - Comite Consultatif International Radiocommunications, the French standards body which now falls under the control of the ITU-R. CCIR 601 (ITU-R 601) - This standard defines the encoding parameters of digital television. Charged Coupled Device Is a sensor used in scanners, camcorders, digital cameras, etc., to capture an image. CCDs work by converting light into electrical energy. Chroma The color information contained in a video signal, consisting of hue (phase angle) and saturation (amplitude) of the color sub carrier. Also, known as Chrominance. Chrominance The color part of a signal, relating to the hue and saturation but not to the brightness or luminance of the signal, e.g. black, gray and white, have no chrominance, but any colored signal has both chrominance and luminance. U,V: Cr, Cb: I,Q: (R-Y, B-Y) represent the chrominance information of a signal.
Coated Optics Is lens with a special coating to minimize the amount of light reflected back to the lamp, and the amount of ambient light that mingles with the focused light leaving the lens. Codec Coder Decoder, a device used to encode a signal and decode it. Color Bars A test signal that should be recorded at the beginning of every videotape. The color bars test signal provides the necessary elements of a video signal that are added during the initial set up of a tape machine. Color Burst A few (8 to 10) cycles of 3.58MHz color sub carrier, which occur during the back porch interval. Color burst amplitude is 40 IEEE units and phase is 180 degrees. The color oscillator of a color television receiver is phase locked to the color burst. Color Difference Signal The calculation of the chroma signal (R-Y, B-Y and G). Color Phase The correct timing relationship within a color display - color is considered to be in-phase when the hue is reproduced correctly. Color Sub carrier The 3.58MHz signal which carries color information. This signal is superimposed on the luminance level. Amplitude of the color sub carrier represents saturation and phase angle represents hue. Color Temperature A measurement of overall color of a source of light, measured in degrees Kelvin (K). The higher the Kelvin reading the more blue the light, the lower the Kelvin Temperature the redder the light. Normally, video uses lights that are 3200 Degrees Kelvin. Component The normal interpretation of a component video signal is one in which the luminance and chrominance are sent as separate components, e.g. Analog components in MII and Betacam VCRs, digital components UCRCB in CCIR re 601. RGB is, however, also a component signal. Component video signals retain maximum bandwidth, unlike composite systems. Composite A composite video signal is one in which the luminance and chrominance information have been combined using one of the coding standards: NTSC, PAL, SECAM, etc. Composite Sync A signal consisting of horizontal sync pulses, vertical sync pulses, and equalizing pulses only, with a no signal reference level. Composite Video A mixed signal comprised of the luminance (black and white), chrominance (color), blanking pulses, sync pulses and color burst. Compression A process used to store digital information in a smaller block of space than it would normally take Compression Ratio This is the ratio of data in the original video picture signal to the amount of data after compression. Contrast The range of light and dark values in a picture or the ratio between the maximum and the minimum brightness values. Low contrast is shown mainly as shades of gray, while high contrast is shown as blacks and whites with very little gray. It is also a TV monitor adjustment, which increases or decreases the level of contrast of a televised picture. Contrast Ratio A method of measuring the dynamic range of an image. A large contrast ratio indicates that the projector works well despite extraneous light. D DATA Digital information stored or used by a computer dB Decibel dBm A measurement of sound, measurement made across 600 ohms. DCT - Discrete Cosine Transformer is widely used to compress video; here 8x8 picture elements are converted to 8x8 frequency elements. This way the higher frequency numbers can be minimized and compression made simpler. DV Digital Video
being passed through. Letterbox Format used to fit wide screen movies (1.85:1 and 2.35:1, for example) on the average, 1.33:1 TV screen. The image is shrunk to fit the screen, leaving blank space on the top and bottom. Line Frequency The rate or number of video lines that are being read or scanned by the electron beam per interval. There are 262 1/2 lines scanned per field, 525 lines scanned per frame and 15,750 lines of video information scanned every second. Liquid Crystal A liquid in which the molecules are arranged in a regular pattern. LTC (Longitudinal Time Code) This is another expression for the SMPTE time code signal recorded onto the third audio track of a videocassette tape. Luminance refers to the amount of visually effective light emitted by a light source. Typically expressed in nits, foot lamberts (fL) or candelas per square meter (cd/m2). One fL = 3.43 cd/m2 or 3.42626 nits, One cd/m2 = 0.292fL or 1 nit Lux A unit of measuring the e intensity of light. (1 FC=10.76 lux). M MHz Short for megahertz, which is 1 million Hz. MPEG Motion Pictures Expert Group Megabyte One million bytes of data. Memory A storage place for computer data. Microphone A piece of equipment that will convert sound into electrical signals for recording and use by audio equipment, such as sound amplifiers. N NTSC National Television Systems Committee National Television Standard Committee (NTSC) This organization formulated the NTSC system, 525 lines 60 field; usually taken to mean the NTSC color television system itself, or its interconnect standards. Non-Drop Frame A type of time code that runs at thirty frames a second and does not allow for the slower color frame rate of television. NTSC Color Bars A pattern generated by the NTSC Generator, consisting of eight equal width color bars. Colors are white (75%), black (7.5% set-up level), 75% saturated pure colors red, green, and blue, and 75% saturated hues of yellow, cyan, and magenta. (Mixtures of two colors in 1:1 ratio without third color). O One Volt "Peak to Peak" - A reference to the measurement of a video signal which should go from -40 IRE units for sync up to 100 IRE units for the luminance level. The distance from -40 to 100 (140 IRE units) is referred to as 1 volt peak to peak. P PCM Pulse Code Modulation Peak White The white portion of the video signal. Pedestal The level of the video signal representing black, normally set at 7.5 IRE units. Phone Plug This type of plug is mostly used on a microphone or pair of headsets. There are basically two types stereo and mono. Phono Plug Known as a RCA plug it is used with audio amplifiers. Pixel Picture Element or Pix Element; related to a particular image address in digital systems or to the smallest reproducible element in analog systems. Pixel Depth The number of bits used to address a pixel. Also called color depth, the bit depth determines the number of colors that can be displayed at one time. Power Zoom A zoom lens that has a motor, which allows you to zoom in and out from the
systems today, and when used, is usually accompanied by sub carrier. T Tape A medium capable of storing an electronic signal and consisting of backing, binder, and iron oxide coating. The orientation of the iron oxide determines whether the tape can be used for helical scan video recording. Tape Guides Guides that are replaced on a VTR that make sure the tape stays within the correct path from the supply reel to the take up reel. Test Signals Signals such as color bars, stair step, multiburst and cross hatch that are used in the setting up and checking out of a VTR. Time Code - A labeling system that is used to identify a specific frame of videotape. It can be an audio signal recorded on Track 2 or a video signal that is recorded in the vertical interval of a tape. Time Code Editing By recording a sequential time code along with the video and audio material, you can obtain a more precise reference for editing. Each frame has its own number or code, which tells the time in hours, minutes, and seconds, and includes a frame number. The world standard code is called SMPTE (Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers) and has also been adopted by the IEC (International Elecrotechnical Commission). Time codes permit very fast and accurate editing. Automatic editing is possible under computer control. Tripod A three-legged stand on top of which a camera is mounted Tripod Head The top portion of a tripod where its legs meet and the camera is mounted; friction or fluid-head tripod designs are available. U UL - Underwriters Laboratory. Underwriters Laboratory (UL) A non-profit safety organization in the U.S. that inspects and certifies the products sold in the U.S. for their safety standards. V VCR - Video Cassette Recorder. VITC - Vertical Interval Time code VTR Video tape recorder Vertical Interval That portion of the video signal that includes the vertical blanking, the vertical sync pulses and the pre and post-equalizing pulses. It is also the area where other information that is carried with the television signal, such as captioning and satellite instructions, are inserted. Vertical Scan The action of the electron beam sweeping across the entire face of the display. Video Level A measurement of the video level or luminance level of the video signal. The video level should not exceed 100 IRE units. W Watt Is a unit of measurement of power. WFM (WAVEFORM MONITOR) - A type of oscilloscope that is used to display the luminance, chrominance and timing diagrams of the video signal. White Balance A method of setting a camera for the correct color temperature. X Y Y Signal The luminance portion of the color signal. Z Zoom Lens A lens with a variable focal length. Which allows you to adjust the size of the image on a screen by adjusting the zoom lens.
The arrival of the AG-DVX100B is an important and progressive step in supporting cost effective Standard Definition production. The AG-DVX100B is evidence of Panasonics commitment to recognized standard formats keeping pace with new products like P2. The AG-DVX100B addresses some of the modifications program makers have been asking for with improvements throughout the unit. Where cost effective system set-ups have previously been out of reach of restricted budgets an important enhancement is a TC Synchronization setting that assists in multi camera shooting. Connecting two or more AG-DVX100B units together with a DV Cable (IEEE1394) allows synchronous time code settings. This is the first Camcorder in this class with this ability, which was previously only available on much bulkier and more costly cameras. For situations where remote controls are necessary, iris and focus control are added making the Camcorder even more versatile. Now using any of the currently available aftermarket products, all the Cameras key functions are available by remote making it more usable in rigs, on cranes or in any situations where the user can't be close to the unit. The LCD screen will now show letterbox for 16:9 shooting. The space above and below will show relevant shooting data and the screen is now better protected against drops. The basic design is unchanged; however there are some small changes in the overall package creating a more sophisticated look. The screw for tripods is now changeable, the internal mic has been enhanced and the speaker has been moved nearer to the LCD screen to make the audio easier to hear during playback. Improved color reproduction with advanced image adjustments have enhanced this already high quality unit allowing productions to cut material shot on this Camcorder into other formats with even more ease.
|Product Type||Camcorder - professional|
|Enclosure Color||Black, metallic gray|
|Camcorder Sensor Resolution||410 Kpix|
|Camcorder Effective Video Resolution||380 Kpix|
|Widescreen Video Capture||Yes|
|Media Type||Mini DV|
|Optical Sensor Type||3CCD|
|Optical Sensor Size||1/3"|
|Min Illumination||3 lux|
|Analog Video Format||NTSC|
|Recording Speed||SP, LP|
|Digital Scene Transition||White fader, black fader|
|Max Shutter Speed||1/2000 sec|
|Min Shutter Speed||1/24 sec|
|Exposure Modes||Program, automatic, manual, aperture-priority, shutter-priority|
|White Balance||Custom, automatic, presets|
|White Balance Presets||Indoor, outdoor|
|Remote Control||Remote control - infrared|
|Pro Camcorder Features|
|Audio Signal Format||PCM|
|Gain Selection||+18 dB|
|Features||4 channel audio recording|
|Type||Zoom lens - 4.5 mm - 45 mm - f/1.6|
|Focal Length||4.5 mm - 45 mm|
|Focal Length Equivalent to 35mm Camera||32.5 - 325mm|
|Focus Adjustment||Automatic, manual|
|Auto Focus||TTL contrast detection|
|Min Focus Range||0.8 in|
|Optical Zoom||10 x|
|Zoom Adjustment||Motorized drive, manual|
|Lens Construction||11 group(s) / 15 element(s)|
|Filter Size||72 mm|
|Features||Built-in 1/64 neutral density filter, built-in 1/8 neutral density filter, aspherical lens|
|Edit Functions||A/V insert, audio dubbing|
|Search Modes||Blank search, index search|
|Additional Features||Built-in speaker, backlight compensation, progressive scan CCD system, date/time stamp|
|Viewfinder Color Support||Color|
|Viewfinder Diagonal Size||0.44"|
|Viewfinder Resolution||180,000 pixels|
|Type||LCD display - TFT active matrix - 3.5" - color|
|Display Form Factor||Rotating (270°)|
|Display Format||200,000 pixels|
|Type||Microphone - built-in|
|Microphone Technology||Electret condenser|
|Microphone Operation Mode||Stereo|
|Connector Type||1 x headphones 2 x microphone 1 x composite video input/output 1 x S-Video input / output 1 x audio input / output 1 x IEEE 1394 (FireWire/i.LINK) 1 x remote control 1 x DC power input|
|Included Accessories||Lens hood, cleaning tape, camcorder shoulder strap, microphone holder, eyepiece|
|Cables Included||1 x DC coupler cable|
|Power Device||Power adapter + battery charger - external|
|Voltage Required||AC 120/230 V ( 50/60 Hz )|
|Power Consumption Operational||18 Watt|
|Supported Battery Details||1 x Li-ion rechargeable battery - 1600 mAh ( included )|
|Min Operating Temperature||32 °F|
|Max Operating Temperature||104 °F|
|Universal Product Identifiers|
|Part Numbers||AG-DVX100B, AG-DVX100BMBK, AG-DVX100BPS, AG-DVX100BS, AGDVX100BSC|
|GTIN||00791871302842, 00092281890890, 00791871302231|
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