Raymarine Autohelm 1000 Analog Tiller Pilot Manual
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User reviews and opinions
|provencau||10:57am on Sunday, October 31st, 2010|
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|gamzu||2:03am on Monday, October 18th, 2010|
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|MuiFull||6:30am on Tuesday, October 5th, 2010|
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|cagold||4:42pm on Thursday, September 9th, 2010|
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|Dios||1:41am on Wednesday, August 4th, 2010|
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|hfgv||9:33am on Saturday, July 10th, 2010|
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|JSorel||10:12pm on Sunday, May 23rd, 2010|
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|BookLady||9:19am on Sunday, May 16th, 2010|
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Comments posted on www.ps2netdrivers.net are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.
Installation and Operating Handbook
The Autohelm 1000 is a highly developed autopilot built to operate reliably in exposed marine conditions. When correctly installed it will soon become a vital crew-member giving many years of invaluable service. The system has been designed for owner installation and aided by the following installation guide, fitting should prove to be a straightforward and enjoyable job. Cockpit and tiller configurations vary widely, and thus in some cases special attachments may be necessary to effect the neatest possible installation. The attachments available and their applications are fully described and are stocked for immediate supply when required. In cases where special advice is needed you are encouraged to contact our Technical Sales Department who will be pleased to assist.
The basic actuator unit is a totally self-contained magnetic sensing automatic pilot. The autopilot is mounted between the tiller and a single attachment point to the yacht's structure. After connection to the yacht's 12 volt electrical system the unit becomes operational.
The actuator pushrod attaches to the tiller via a ball-ended pin situated 18 (460mm) radially distant from the rudder stock or rudder pintle centreline. If the rudder pivot axis is sloping, the position of the ball-ended pin must be positioned at a radius of l8 (460mm) at 90 degrees to the axis of Since the autopilot incorporates a magnetic sensing rudder rotation as shown on the accompanying device, it is advisable to ensure that the yacht's illustration. steering compass is situated at least 2'6 (750mm) away to avoid deviation. The autopilot slots into the bronze mounting socket A provided, which should be permanantly fixed in position. The mounting socket should be positioned 19 (480mm) to starboard of the cockpit centreline to ensure that port and starboard tiller movements are equalised. It is also important to ensure that the unit is positioned horizontally and as near as possible to 90 degrees to the tiller when the tiller is centralised.
Extended pushrods In some cases it may not be possible to provide a convenient site for the mounting socket at the standard mounting distance of 19" (480mm). In such cases the mounting distance can be increased in increments of 1" (25mm) to a maximum of 6" (l5Omm) with the use of special pushrod extensions. The pushrod is extended by first unscrewing the pushrod end cap and then screwing the pushrod extension Basic installation method into position between the pushrod and the end cap. When the tiller is positioned low in the cockpit This attachment is necessary, for example. When the and is adjustable in height, the mounting socket cockpit is unusually wide or when it is convenient can be most conveniently positioned on the to mount the unit on the cockpit coaming. starboard cockpit seat. The pushrod is attached to the tiller via the standard ballpin provided which is inserted directly into the top of the tiller. The ballpin is installed by inserting it into a (6mm) drilled hole and securing with a good quality two pack epoxy adhesive such as Araldite. The shoulder of the ballpin should be positioned (12.5mm) above the upper surface of the tiller to avoid fouling when the pushrod is fully retracted. Porthand mounting In certain instances it may be more convenient to mount the unit on the porthand side. The standard unit is sensed to operate on the starboard side of the tiller and where porthand mounting is required a special porthand system must be ordered. Porthand systems must be fitted with porthand wind vane attachments. The autopilot mounting socket is installed by inserting it into a 1.2 (12.5mm) drilled hole and permanently bonded with Araldite. It is important to ensure that the mounting socket is securely installed. If the mounting site, for example, consists only of a single glass fibre skin of less thickness than the depth of the socket it will be necessary to provide reinforcement by bonding a plywood strengthening plate to the underside. The autopilot is capable of generating very high pushrod loads and it must be stressed that in all cases the mounting socket should be very firmly bonded into position.
Tiller attachments When the tiller is not adjustable in height or is positioned appreciably higher than the most convenient site for the mounting socket. It is often convenient to lower the ballpin underneath the tiller. Standard tiller cranks are available in a range of sizes to lower the ballpin centre in increments of 1 (25mm) to a maximum of 5 (125mm) below the underside of the tiller. Since the pushrod centreline is positioned 2 (62mm) above the mounting socket, these attachments can cater for a vertical distance between the mounting socket and the underside of the tiller of up to a maximum of 7" (190mm). This attachment is particularly useful- in the case of transom hung rudder configurations (such as the Folkboat) where the tiller passes over an extended counter. In such cases a tiller crank of suitable ballpin off-set will enable the unit to be neatly mounted directly on the surface of the counter or the rear coaming.
The tiller crank attachments are bolted through the centreline of the tiller, with (6mm) diameter bolts and since the bolts through the neutral bending axis, the bending strength of the tiller will not be significantly altered. The securing bolts should be looked into the clearance holes through the tiller with epoxy adhesive to ensure that they do not work loose in operation.
Cantilever mounting It may sometimes be necessary to attach the autopilot to a vertical face such as the cockpit sidewall. In this case, a special cantilever mounting is available and is particularly convenient when the tiller is positioned substantially higher than the level of the cockpit seat. Full instructions are supplied with each cantilever mounting kit. The standard cantilever mounting kit allows the autopilot mounting socket to be off-set by a maximum of 10 (250mm) from the vertical mounting face. This maximum dimension may be reduced by cutting the cantilever to length during installation. The cantilever screws into a permanently mounted base which is bolted into position by three (6mm) stainless steel bolts. The cantilever may be unscrewed from its permanent mounting base to allow unobstructed working space when the autopilot is not in use.
Pedestal mounting In certain cases it may be convenient to raise the height of the autopilot mounting socket above the cockpit seat or counter for example. Standard pedestal assemblies are available to raise the mounting height from 1 to 3" above the mounting surface in " (12.5mm) increments. The pedestal base is bolted into position by three (6mm) stainless steel bolts. When the autopilot is not in use the pedestal may be unscrewed from its base to allow clear working space when necessary.
Wind vane attachment The wind vane attachment consists of two basic modules the mounting mast which elevates the wind vane into clear wind and the wind vane transducer head which attaches to the clevis at the head of the mast by means of the cranked key provided. The wind vane transducer is electrically connected to the main autopilot unit by means of the waterproof jack plug on the end of the interconnecting cable. When the wind vane is not in use and the waterproof plug is disconnected special care mist be taken to ensure that the rubber blanking plug attached to the socket on the main autopilot unit is firmly pushed into position. If this is not done water Battery connection could enter the jack socket and temporarily disable For trial purposes the actuator power lead may be the autopilot until the water is dried out. connected directly to the vessel's 12 volt battery. The brown lead should be connected to the positive terminal and the blue lead to the negative terminal. If the power connections are accidentally reversed the autopilot will not function but no damage will result. Use of attachments In very many cases the autopilot can be installed without the need for special attachments. Where this is not easily possible the above standard attachments will normally provide a neat solution and avoid the need for structural alterations. In very rare cases where the standard range of attachments do not provide a convenient mounting arrangement it may be necessary to consider the use of purpose made attachments. In the event of difficulties occurring, our Technical Sales Department will be pleased to advise. It is recommended that a waterproof plug and socket is situated adjacent to the unit and the power lead shortened. A standard 5 amp fuse should be provided in the power supply circuit to protect the internal supply cable between the battery and the waterproof outlet socket. NB The equipment must not be connected to a battery charger for testing.
Similarly when the jack plug is inserted in wet cockpit conditions, extreme care should be taken to ensure that the plug is kept dry. Occasional lubrication of the jack plug with Vaseline will help to minimise problems of water intrusion. Once the jack plug has been inserted, the connection is absolutely watertight. The wind vane transducer mounting mast is normally clamped centrally to either a vertical or horizontal rail of the after pulpit using the 'U' clamps provided. In the event of an after pulpit not being fitted the mounting flange may be bolted directly to a suitable vertical face. Care must be taken to ensure that the wind vane transducer is in clear wind on both tacks and not too close to the deflected air stream from the mainsail. This is normally ensured by situating the mounting mast centrally behind the backstay and by elevating the wind vane at least 2ft (60cm) above the highest deck obstruction. Feedback linkage The autopilot operates on the principle of mechanical feedback between the sensors and the rudder to correlate corrective rudder action with off course error. To complete installation of the wind vane attachment, the feedback drive cord emerging from the base of the mounting mast must be connected to the pushrod. You will see that when the feedback cord is pulled out of the mounting mast against spring tension, backlash free rotational movement of the wind vane transducer results.
Two small blocks are provided for leading the feedback cord to the tiller. Normally only one block is necessary to obtain a clear run out but. occasionally two blocks may be necessary to avoid obstructions such as the mainsheet. The final fairlead should be positioned aft of the actuator unit as shown so that the final run of the feedback cord is orientated nearly at right angles to the tiller. It is important that the final fairlead is positioned below the centreline of the pushrod so that the spring tension on the cord has a tendency to pull the pushrod down onto the tiller pin.
Finally, a loop is formed on the end of the feedback cord after cutting to length and made fast by means of the plastic adjustor slide provided. The end of the loop is positioned so that the feedback cord is just under tension when attached to the hook on the end of the pushrod in the fully retracted position. This ensures that the feedback cord is under tension over the full stroke of the pushrod. If the feedback cord is over tensioned, the remaining free scope of movement may not be sufficient to accommodate the full stroke of the pushrod and may cause damage to the feedback mechanism at the full extremity of pushrod travel. After adjusting the cord tension as described above, carefully check that the remaining scope of feedback cord movement is sufficient to accommodate the full stroke of the pushrod. After rigging the feedback cord, check that the wind vane transducer head rotates smoothly over the full stroke of pushrod movement. Backlash free vane head movement is essential to ensure accurate steering performance.
Functional test procedure
Operation under compass control Hold the unit towards the tiller and rotate the compass dial until the cardinal point graduations are approximately aligned with your main steering compass. Switch to calm and note that the north graduation on the compass dial then automatically homes to magnetic north. After completing the installation you should carry out the following functional test to familiarise yourself with the system before attempting sea trials. The autopilot is fitted with a 4 position thumb operated rotary switch located on the upper case. The autopilot is switched off when the thumb control wheel is in the fully anti-clockwise position. The remaining 3 positions of the control switch provide the following functions. Calm selects compass conditions.
Rough selects compass operation for 'rough' sea conditions. In this position minor yawing motions caused by wave action are neglected. The autopilot will respond only to changes in mean course, and thus the duty cycle and power consumption will be substantially reduced. Vane selects wind vane control and enables convenient transfer of control mode when the wind vane attachment is fitted. Main Control Switch
Rotate the compass dial in small increments until the end of the pushrod remains settled over the tiller pin and clutch onto the tiller. Rotate the compass dial clockwise to retract the pushrod and anti-clockwise to extend it. Note that after making adjustments, it is necessary to release the compass dial to allow the compass to realign with the earth's magnetic field. If the yacht is swinging about its mooring, you will see that small variations in heading cause the unit to apply corrective action to the rudder. Now switch to rough and note that the frequency of corrective action is reduced.
Rotate the mounting mast a little further and note how the tiller takes up a new position to one side. This is how trim corrections are made for weather or lee helm when under sail. Finally, tilt the vane head back until the vane is nearly horizontal. This de-sensitises the wind vane, and you will note that the frequency of corrective rudder action is noticeably reduced. Operation under sail Preferably, initial trials should be carried out in reasonably calm conditions and with plenty of sea room. familiarisation procedure is
Operation under wind vane control following If the system is fitted with a wind vane attachment The the following familiarisation test may be carried recommended. out. Compass control Connect the wind vane jack plug to the main actuator and attach the feedback cord to the end of the pushrod. Set the wind vane head into its most sensitive position by tilting the head forward until the vane is almost vertical. Then grip the mounting mast just above its base and slowly rotate until the vane feathers into wind. In this position the vane will flutter evenly between the buffers. Switch over to vane to transfer the sensing mode to wind vane control. Note that small variations in wind direction will now cause the actuator unit to apply corrective action to the rudder. This is how the Autohelm 1000 functions when under sail.
Steer onto a fixed heading under engine or sail and hold the course steady. Holding the pushrod towards the tiller, rotate the compass dial until it is approximately aligned with the yacht's main steering compass and switch to calm. Allow the compass to automatically align with the earth's magnetic field and then adjust the compass dial further until the end of the pushrod is approximately positioned over the tiller pin. Clip the pushrod onto the tiller and allow the autopilot to take over.
After allowing the boat to steady onto an automatically controlled heading, carry out small incremental adjustments to the compass dial until the vessel steadies on to the desired heading. Note that clockwise adjustment of the compass dial will alter course to port.
Note that to adjust the yacht's heading you rotate, the vane stanchion in the same direction as you would the tiller. You will find also that to trim your course only very small movements should be applied to the vane stanchion. Repeat the above procedure broad reaching and finally running down wind by progressively slackening the sheets and slowly rotating the vane to bring the vessel onto the new headings.
The vessel may now be steered onto any other heading by adjusting the compass dial. If the autopilot appears to be working continuously due to sea conditions, switch over to rough. The rate Disengagement of working will then reduce substantially. The pushrod is held into engagement with the tiller pin merely by the weight of the actuator unit. This Wind vane control When the system is fitted with a wind vane method of engagement is secure and has been adopted attachment it will in general be easier to set up for safety reasons to allow the pushrod to be under compass control first as described above, and easily disengaged when manual override becomes necessary. then to switch over to wind vane control. First trials under wind vane control are best Operating hints carried out when sailing to windward slightly off the wind Sail balance It is always advisable when sailing under automatic When the vessel is sailing steadily under a pilot control to pay strict attention to sail magnetically controlled heading, the wind vane balance. Good sail balance is particularly mast should be rotated to feather the vane to essential in gusty conditions and strong winds. wind. When a yacht is sailing badly out of balance, Switch over to vane and the actuator will then sudden gusts will generally cause it to luff violently to windward. When hand steering, this respond to variations in wind direction. tendency is corrected by applying sufficient weather helm to hold the original course until the When the vessel has steadied onto a windcontrolled heading, carry out small rotational gust subsides. A simple autopilot, however, does adjustments to the vane mounting mast until you not understand the need for weather helm and will, are satisfied that you are sailing on an optimum therefore, allow the yacht to luff to windward until sufficient helm is applied to achieve a new course to windward. state of balance.
Furthermore, it will maintain the luffed heading for as long as the need for increased weather helm 'persists. Contrary to popular opinion a proportional steering autopilot will not maintain a constant heading when the yacht's balance changes. Thus sailing badly out of balance in varying wind strengths will always give rise to excessive course wander. This tendency is best overcome by reefing the mainsail slightly more than you would when hand steering. On longer passages when a constant compass course may be steered for hours on end, variations in wind strength and direction will almost certainly cause changes in helm balance. For the same reasons given above, variations in standing helm will cause the autopilot to steer slightly away from the set course. In the case of the Autohelm 1000, if 5 degrees of additional weather helm is required as a result of rising wind strength, for example, the course steered by the autopilot will correspondingly change by approximately 20 degrees. Thus when passage making, if a change in compass heading is observed, the original course should ideally be restored by re-trimming sails to obtain the original state of balance. Alternatively, providing weather helm has not become excessive, the yacht may be trimmed back on to the original heading by re-adjusting the autopilot's compass setting.
Vane sensitivity adjustment Normally the wind vane is set almost vertically to operate at near maximum sensitivity. High vane sensitivity is essential to ensure optimum penetration to windward when sailing close-hauled and usually does not result in excessive actuator activity. The sensitivity of the vane may be reduced by tilting the entire unit backwards on its clevis mounting. This has the effect of increasing the 'dead band' of the vane sensor by allowing up to a maximum of 15 degrees course variation to occur before automatic correction is applied. When it is not necessary to sail a very accurate course, lowering the sensitivity of the vane in this manner will reduce the number of corrections made and hence reduce power consumption. In heavy weather or turbulent wind conditions, the duty cycle of the autopilot can usually be lowered by de-sensitising the wind vane. De-sensitising the wind vane under these conditions will not affect the accuracy of the mean course steered.
Selection of transducer When the wind vane attachment is not fitted it is possible to use the basic magnetic sensing unit under both engine and sail. It should be borne in mind, however, that the compass sensor is internally gimballed to cope with a maximum angle of heel of 30 degrees, and will not operate beyond this heel angle. It will also be necessary to lay slightly off the wind when sailing long passages close-hauled to prevent becoming backed by gradual shifts in wind direction. Wind vane control is always more efficient sailing close-hauled when it will ensure immediate advantage is taken of changing direction to ensure optimum penetration windward. In steady wind conditions, wind control will. Usually give best results on other points of sailing. when that wind to vane all
Tacking in enclosed waters When the wind vane attachment is fitted the system can be set up to automatically tack the vessel by alternately switching over from compass to wind vane. This is done by setting the vane to control on the longest tack and the compass sensor on the other. Tacking is then simply achieved by switching over from one mode to the other leaving you free to handle the sheets.
As a final caution. it is very easy to relax permanent watch-keeping, and this temptation must be avoided however clear the sea ahead may appear to be. Remember that a large ship can cover two miles in five minutes -just the time it takes to brew a cup of coffee! Stowage After use, the Autohelm 1000 system is easily stowed by unclipping the actuator unit from its mounting, and removing the vane transducer from its mounting mast. The entire system can then be stowed easily in a small locker. Maintenance All moving parts of the system have been lubricated for life at the factory. Therefore no maintenance whatsoever will be required. Should a fault develop, the entire unit should be returned in the original packing case for repair and servicing, which will be carried out speedily and at a moderate cost.
When the wind is abaft the beam and unsteady in strength and direction surprisingly large variations I in apparent wind direction can occur. Under these conditions compass control generally improves course keeping accuracy.
Raymarine Ltd. Anchorage Park Portsmouth Hampshire PO3 5TD Tel 3611
AUTOPILOT SYSTEM GUIDE EDIUG METSYS TOLIPOTUA
SMARTPILOT X-SERIES TECHNOLOGY
From the invention of the Autohelm tiller pilot almost 30 years ago to the SmartPilot gyro enhanced Advance Steering Technology of today, Raymarine autopilots lead the way in autopilot technology and innovation and set a new benchmark in autopilot performance and reliability. From our tiller pilots and wheel-mounted Sportdrive to our fully integrated inboard systems, Raymarine SmartPilot X-Series (SPX) autopilots are powerful but simple to use with clear, easy-to-read LCD displays and a wide variety of options for any vessel. Sailing, fishing or cruising, SmartPilot X-Series (SPX Series) autopilots offer the sophisticated performance and innovative features that demanding skippers appreciate. At the core of the SmartPilot X-Series autopilots are newly engineered course computers and the ST70 Series color autopilot control heads. This powerful combination of SmartPilot X-Series course computer technology and the elegant simplicity of the ST70 Series control heads offer captains innovative new features, precise course keeping and reliable performance.
Advanced Networking All Raymarine SmartPilot systems support standard NMEA 0183 and SeaTalk interfaces. In addition the ST70 Series control head and X-Series course computers utilize SeaTalkng data bus technology. SeaTalkng is a super fast data network that features rugged color coded connectors and cables for hassle free installation. Dodge A single press the Dodge key facilitates manual course changes with options to resume the current track or start a new course Vane Mode Utilizing wind information from SeaTalk wind instruments SmartPilot steers to wind angle and sets the boat up so that the sails are at full trim (balanced) Wind Trim 9 trim levels filter out unwanted autopilot movement due to wind gusts, conserving power while maintaining a straighter track AutoLearn AST technology and SPX course computers enable SmartPilot to AutoLearn your vessels steering characteristics, simplifying calibration and allowing the autopilot to constantly adapt to changing sea conditions Smart Rudder Sense Smart Rudder Sense technology enables precision steering without the use of a rudder feedback sensor. AutoTack Tack the boat through a user-programmable turn. Perfect for sailing with a shorthanded crew
Auto Speed Gain Adjusts the amount of helm applied at different boat speeds for a smooth safe ride
AutoSeastate and AutoTrim Automatically adjusts for wind and sea conditions to hold the best course
CHOOSING A PILOT
Cockpit pilots are easy-to-install autopilot systems that mount directly to your boat's helm, wheel or tiller. Raymarine offers several different cockpit pilot options engineered for vessels up to 30 feet in length.
below deck pilots
Typically recommended for boats larger than 30 feet, below deck autopilots generally consist of three main components: the drive unit, the corepack, and a control head. Raymarine SmartPilot systems accommodate a wide range of steering systems including hydraulic, mechanical, and power assisted stern drive steering systems. Step One: Choose a Control Head The control head is your interface to the autopilot system. Add additional control heads wherever you need to interact with the autopilot system. Step Two: Select a Drive Unit Under the control of the course computer Raymarine autopilot drive units interface with your vessels steering system for reliable and straight course keeping. A broad range of drive units are available to match almost any type of steering system. Step Three: Select a Corepack The brain of the autopilot system, SmartPilot X-Series corepacks consist of a course computer and fluxgate compass.
Selecting an Autopilot Control Head
Raymarine control heads offer the same level of autopilot performance but vary in size and feature-sets. To take full advantage of the SmartPilot X-Series Autopilot capabilities and performance, choose the ST70 Series Autopilot Control Heads.
ST70 Autopilot Control Head
ST70 Plus Autopilot Keypad
The color ST70 offers crisp sunlight viewability in a feature packed control head. Calibration is simple with the intuitive start-up wizard. The ST70 features an all new dodge function, 3-D isometric autopilot view, and extensive fishing patterns.
ST70 Plus Autopilot Control Head
The ST70 Plus system is an innovative instrumentation and autopilot display and control system engineered for premium yachts. ST70 Plus is the perfect partner for Raymarine E-Series and G-Series navigation systems. The ultra bright 6.5" color display is ideal for installations where information is viewed at a distance. The ergonomic remote autopilot keypad provides complete control of the intuitive menu and icon user interface. ST70 Plus is fully customizable, with high quality graphics, multiple color palettes and unique screen layout options.
Automatic Fishing Patterns
Box pattern search
Lazy S Turn
180 & 360 turn
ST6002/ST7002/ST8002 cONTROL HEADs
The ideal solution for a secondary autopilot control head, the ST6002, ST7002 and ST8002 can also be used as a primary autopilot control head with an X-Series Corepack; however advanced features like fishing patterns and simplified calibaration are only available with the ST70 Series control heads.
The large LCD display and rotary control knob make the ST8002 control head an excellent choice for precise course changes. The ST8002 offers 15 SeaTalk data pages and Power Steer mode (utilizing the rotary control knob).
The ST7002 control head offers a large LCD display and dedicated controls for response, resume, and set course. A unique feature of the ST7002 is the capability to control your ST60+ instruments remotly from the ST7002 keypad. The ST7002 also features AutoTack control.
Sized to match our ST60+ instruments, the ST6002 is the perfect control head when dash space is limited. Featuring AutoTack control and the ability to display up to 15 SeaTalk data pages.
PART # E12119-P E12183 E12099-P E12182 E12098-P E12100 DESCRIPTION ST8002+ Surface Mount ST8002+ Flush Mount ST7002+ Surface Mount ST7002+ Flush Mount ST6002+ Surface Mount ST6002+ Flush Mount PART # E12196 E22115 E22117 E22118 DESCRIPTION ST70 Control Head* ST70 Plus Display* Sail Keypad for ST70 Plus* Power Keypad for ST70 Plus* *SeaTalkng Autopilot Backbone Kit required for installation
SMARTPILOT X-5 TILLER
Smartpilot X-5 ST6002 Tiller Pilot
SMARTPILOT X-5 Tiller Pilot Systems
The SmartPIlot X-5 Tiller or the high performance SmartPilot X-5 Tiller GP feature a remotely mounted course computer, fluxgate compass and ST6002 control head. The GP Tiller drive is used by the worlds top single handed race skippers. Built-in rate gyro sensor enables Raymarines AST (Advanced Steering Technology) software to intelligently monitor vessel yaw and actually anticipate course changes. AutoLearn simplifies the calibration procedure enabling the SmartPilot X-5 to automatically adjust calibration settings based on the vessels steering characteristics
st1000 and st2000 Tiller Pilots
Raymarine tiller pilots set the standard for performance, reliability and ease of use. A valuable member of your crew, the ST1000 and ST2000 feature powerful and efficient drives, housed in rugged waterproof enclosures. For larger boats the X-5 Tiller Pilot offers below deck pilot features and performance.
The ST1000 and ST2000 feature a NMEA0183 and SeaTalk interface for GPS waypoint steering
ORDERING INFORMATION & fit guide
PART # A12004 A12005 E12203 E12204 E12137 E12138 DESCRIPTION ST1000+ Tiller Pilot, for sailing vessels up to 6,600 lbs (3,000 kg) ST2000+ Tiller Pilot, for sailing vessels up to 10,000 lbs (4,500 kg) SmartPilot X-5 Tiller for sailing vessels up to 13,000 lbs (6,000 kg) displacement SmartPilot X-5 Tiller GP for sailing vessels up to 16,500 lbs (7,500 kg) displacement SmartPilot X-5 Tiller Core Pack (Course computer, fluxgate compass and drive unit only - no control head included) SmartPilot X-5 Tiller GP Core Pack (Course computer, fluxgate compass and drive unit only no control head included)
SMARTPILOT X-5 WHEEL
SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Pilot for Sailboats
The SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Pilot is the successor to the popular ST4000 and S1 Wheel drive systems. Equipped with the advanced X-5 course computer this rugged wheel pilot system features Raymarine's Advanced Steering Technology (AST). The SPX-5's integral rate gyro sensor and AST offers smarter performance and enables the SPX-5 to "AutoLearn" the vessel's steering characteristics for improved course keeping and simplified calibration.
Wheel Pilot Features:
Advanced wheel mounted cockpit autopilot system for sailing vessels All new SmartPilot X-5 rate gyro equipped course computer Fully enclosed MkII wheel-drive delivers below deck autopilot performance Simple clutch engagement mechanism Easy-to-install, no rudder reference sensor required Available bundled with the ST6002 control head
ORDERING INFORMATION & FIT GUIDE
PART # E12201 DESCRIPTION SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Pilot for wheel steered sailing vessels up to 16,500lbs (7,500kg) displacement. (Course computer, ST6002 control head, compass and drive unit) SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Corepack (Course computer, fluxgate compass and drive unit only - no control head included) for wheel steered vessels up to 16,500lbs (7,500kg) displacement
SMARTPILOT X-5 SPORT
Sport Drive (Wheel not included)
SmartPilot X-5 Sport
The perfect crew member for power and sport boats, the SmartPilot X-5 Sport is an innovative helm mounted autopilot system that is easy-to-use and easy-to-install. The rugged Sportdrive system simply mounts to an existing fixed or tilt steering helm. No cutting hydraulic lines or complicated rudder sensors are required. Behind the scenes the intelligent X-5 course computer provides precise steering, while the proven ST6002 control head offers intuitive autopilot control. Helm mounted autopilot system Easy-to-install autopilot for power boats typically up to 30 (9m) Built-in rate gyro sensor with Raymarine AST (Advanced Steering Technology) AutoLearn technology simplifies calibration and enables the autopilot to automatically adapt to changing sea conditions Smart Rudder Sense technology eliminates the need for a rudder reference sensor SeaTalk, SeaTalkng and NMEA 0183 compatible Modular system includes X-5 course computer, fluxgate compass, Sport Drive and ST6002 control head
PART # E12206 E12132 DESCRIPTION SmartPilot X-5 Sport autopilot system with ST6002 control head SportDrive without a control head
Cable steered powerboats with a laden displacement of up to 2,000 kg (4,400 lbs) or powerboats with manual hydraulic and servo hydraulic steered vessels up to 3,500 kg (7,700lbs). Steering Helm Requirements 2.5 to 5.0 turns lock to lock - 15Nm (11 lbs) torque
S1000 Wireless Autopilot System
No wires, no plugs. The S1000 utilizes the latest in wireless technology for reliable and convenient autopilot control. Everything you need for installation is included in the SmartPilot S1000 box, including fittings, hoses and tools. (For most applications. In some instances, additional fittings, hardware or tools may be required.) Key features of the S1000 Autopilot system include: Smooth course changes regardless of boat speed The anglers copilot with automatic fishing patterns Intuitive, menu driven interface No rudder reference is required
Minimum trolling speed 1.5knts
PART # E12169 DESCRIPTION S1000 Wireless Autopilot System
For hydraulically steered vessels typically up to 25 feet in length. The S1000 is designed for hydraulic steering systems with a capacity of 5 to 8 cubic inches (80 to 130 cubic centimeters). See Raymarine.com for list of compatible balanced hydraulic steering systems.
SeaTalk or NMEA0183 GPS input required
Selecting a Drive: Hydraulic Steering Systems
Raymarine SmartPilots connect to hydraulic steering systems using a rugged hydraulic pump matched to the capacity of the vessels hydraulic steering system. To properly match a Raymarine hydraulic pump to a specific vessel and steering system, the actual size (in cubic inches) of the hydraulic cylinder ram (or rams) needs to be determined. Your steering system documentation will have this information. Alternatively, you can look on the actual cylinder ram itself for the brand and model number. Once you have learned the model number of your cylinder ram(s), visit our website www.raymarine.com to access our hydraulic cylinder ram cross-reference guide to learn which Raymarine hydraulic autopilot pump type is compatible with your hydraulic steering system. Raymarine autopilot hydraulic pumps are available in several sizes to accommodate a broad range of hydraulic steering cylinder capacities. The table below illustrates the capacity of each type of Raymarine hydraulic autopilot pump when used with the corresponding SmartPilot corepack.
Check valve (if required)
Reservoir pipe Ram pipes
Typical Hydraulic System SmartPilot Hydraulic Drive Selection Chart
Ram Capacity 3.1in3 6.7in3 (50-110cc) Drive Needed Type 0.5 q E12139 (12v only) Type 1 q M81120 (12v) q M81119 (24v) Pump Type 2 q M81121 (12v) q M81123 (24v) Type 3 q M81122 (12v) q M81124 (24v) Constant Running q E12171 (12v) q E12172 (24v) Corepack Needed X-10 X-10
Reservoir 4.9in3 14in3 (80 230cc)
14in3 21in3 (230- 350cc) 21in3-30.5in3 (350-500cc) 21in3-73in3 (350-1200cc)
X-30 Motor cables X-30
In some systems with dual steering rams, cylinder capacity is total of the two rams. Ram Push rod Visit www.raymarine.com to learn more about selecting a hydraulic drive for dual Clutch cable Rod end steering ram systems. A Certified Raymarine Dealer is best suited for installing a hydraulic autopilot system.
Selecting a Drive: Mechanical Steering Systems
When selecting an autopilot drive unit for a mechanical steering system, the vessel displacement is the determining factor for selecting the properly sized drive. When determining your vessel displacement always add 20% to the dry weight of your vessel to account for the added weight of fuel, gear, provisions and people. Next select the type of autopilot drive that is right for your mechanical steering system. Raymarine SmartPilot drive units for mechanical steering systems are available in linear, hydraulic linear, sterndrive and rotary drive configurations. Below are images of each type of mechanical steering drive.
Mechanical Rotary Drives
The rotary drive is designed for power and sailboat steering systems that can be driven from the helm position through a chain and sprocket (for example: cable and rod steering systems). The outstanding design of the Raymarine rotary drive unit provides smooth, powerful autopilot-controlled steering with quiet operation. Use the table below to select a rotary drive suitable for your vessel displacement.
Drive Chain Drive sprocket
Typical Rotary Drive System
SmartPilot Rotary Drive Selection Chart
Maximum Boat Displacement 24,000 lb (11,000 kg) 44,000 lb (20,000 kg) Drive Needed Type 1 q M81135 (12v only) Type 2 q M81136 (12v) q M81137 (24v) Corepack Needed X-10 X-30
Optional drive sprockets and modification to the steering chain may be required. An authorized Raymarine Dealer is best suited for installing a rotary drive system. Rudder Post
Top view Tiller Arm
Mechanical Linear Drives
Our most common drive type for sailing vessels, Raymarine mechanical linear drives provide powerful thrust, fast hard over times and quiet operation. Mounted below decks, the linear drive moves the rudder directly by pushing the tiller arm or rudder quadrant.
Rudder Post Top view
Typical Linear Drive System Check valve (if required)
SmartPilot LinEar Drive Selection Chart
Maximum Boat Displacement
Drive Needed Type 1 Ram pipes q M81130 (12v only) Type 2 Short q M81131 (12v) q M81133 (24v) Type 2 Long q M81132 (12v) q M81134 (24v)
Corepack Needed X-10 X-30
24,000 lb (11,000 kg) 33,000 lb (15,000 kg)
44,000 lb (20,000 kg)
Hydraulic Linear Drives
Typical Hydraulic System
Designed for larger mechanically steered vessels, our hydraulic linear drives are selfcontained hydraulic steering systems consisting of a reversing pump, reservoir and hydraulic ram.
Mounting foot Clutch cable
Push rod Rod end
SmartPilot Hydraulic LinEar Drive Selection Chart
Maximum Boat Displacement 48,500 lb (22,000 kg) 77,000 lb (35,000 kg) Drive Needed M81200 (12 Volts) M81201 (24 Volts) M81202 (12 Volts) M81203 (24 Volts) Corepack Needed X-30 X-30
The linear drive unit connects to the rudder stock via an independent tiller arm. Accessory fittings from your steering system manufacturer may be required. An authorized Raymarine Dealer is best suited for installing a linear drive system.
Selecting a Drive: Stern Drives
Many boats equipped with inboard/outboard engines and power assisted cable steering can take advantage of our universal I/O drive unit. This innovative electromechanical drive unit operates the power steering valve in the same way as the steering cable.
SmartPilot Stern Drive Selection Chart
Type Corepack Type Drive method Maximum thrust Maximum stroke Hard over to hard over time Part Number Universal I/O drive X-10 Electromechanical 50 kg (110 lb) 214 mm (8.3 in) 8.8 sec E12026
Always verify compatibility before installing a drive unit by consulting with an authorized Raymarine dealer or Raymarines Product Support Team. This drive is not compatible with 1997 or later Mercruiser power assist Inboard Outboard drives. Please see Smartpilot X-5 Sport. Cable steering systems using non feedback helms are not compatible with this drive. Additional stern drive units are available for specific engine configurations. Visit our website www.raymarine.com to learn more.
C O R E PAC K S
Selecting a Corepack
Once you have determined the appropriate Drive Unit, the next step is to select a SmartPilot Corepack. Corepacks contain the SmartPilot course computer and compass. The X-30 and X-SOL corepacks also include a rudder reference sensor. Corepacks are available in three levels of performance (X-10, X-30 or X-SOL). Based on the type of drive unit your vessel requires, use the chart below to select the appropriate level of SmartPilot Corepack.
SmartPilot x-series corepack Selection Chart
Core Packs Compatible Drive Types Supply voltage Solenoid drive interface Supplied with Rudder Reference Sensor Smart Rudder Sense technology Fast 10Hz gyro stabilized heading output for MARPA and radar/chart overlay on Raymarine Multifunction Displays Part Number X-10 Type 1 12/24v No No Yes X-30 Type 2 ,3 12/24v No Yes Yes X-SOL Solenoid Drive Systems 12/24v Yes Yes No
X - C A N C O R E PAC K
Selecting a Corepack: X-CAN for steer-by-wire systems
Designed to integrate with modern steer-by-wire system like the Volvo Penta IPS, the Raymarine SmartPilot X-CAN represents the convergence of autopilot and propulsion technology. Employing Raymarines proven AST (Advanced Steering Technology), the SmartPilot X-CAN delivers razor sharp course keeping and smooth course changes. CAN Bus communication protocol provides the SmartPilot X-CAN with a single cable interface to today's modern propulsion systems. SeaTalk and SeaTalkng technology provides captains their choice of multiple SmartPilot or ST70 control heads as well as seamless integration with Raymarines multifunction displays, instrument systems and NMEA2000 devices.
Features: Steer-By-Wire Technology Advanced Steering Technology (SmartPilot AST) Simplified CAN Bus interface* Compatible with the ST70 autopilot control heads
* Volvo Penta Autopilot Gateway required for some installations. Please consult your Raymarine dealer for more information.
PART # E12200 DESCRIPTION SmartPilot CAN Corepack
mercury verado systems
Choose the SmartPilot X-10 corepack, your choice of control head, the Type 1 hydraulic drive and the optional Verado hose kit (part # A18127) for vessels equipped with single or twin Mercury Verado outboard engines. Raymarine Smart Rudder Sense technology eliminates the need for a rudder feedback sensor, simplifying the autopilot installation with Verado propulsion systems.
Mercury Verado TECH TIP
For triple or quad Verado engine applications use X-30 Corepack, your choice of control head, a Type 2 hydraulic drive and the optional Verado hose kit (A18127).
A utopilot A ccessories
Wireless Autopilot Controllers
Add the freedom of a wireless remote to your Raymarine SmartPilot Autopilot. Choose from the compact S100 Wireless remote for full function autopilot control. The larger SmartController offers full autopilot control plus the ability to quickly monitor vital instrument and navigation data. The SmartController features a rechargeable battery that connects to any SeaTalk network and automatically recharges the batteries from the SeaTalk network power supply. Compatible with current and legacy SeaTalk instruments and SeaTalk autopilots.
S100 Wireless SeaTalk autopilot remote control
Compact and lightweight, the S100 remote delivers the freedom of wireless control to any Raymarine autopilot. The bright display is easy to read with two lines of text and a graphical autopilot mode indicator. The 5 button ergonomic keypad and intuitive menu structure provides simple operation and easy access to extended features. Rugged and waterproof, the S100 fits in your pocket or clips to your belt, keeping full function autopilot control always within reach.
PART # E15024 DESCRIPTION S100 Wireless Autopilot Control
SmartController Wireless SeaTalk autopilot and instrument remote control
Take control of your Raymarine SeaTalk network with the powerful SmartController wireless handheld remote. Set a new course to steer or monitor vital instrument and navigation data in the palm of your hand. Big on features, the waterproof SmartController is lightweight and compact for easy handling. The SmartController features a rechargeable battery that recharges from the SeaTalk network power supply. A convenient mounting cradle holds the SmartController firmly in place when recharging.
PART # E15023 DESCRIPTION SmartController Wireless Autopilot Control
SmartPilot Autopilot Joystick
Compatible with any Raymarine SmartPilot below-deck autopilot system, the SmartPilot Autopilot Joystick provides you with convenient auxiliary steering control anywhere on your boat using your autopilots drive system. Multiple Joystick Controllers can be fitted anywhere you need to steer. Mount them at bridge-wing control stations, aft-decks or even in the arm of your Captains chair. Easy SeaTalk network integration simplifies installation. The Raymarine SmartPilot Joystick Controller supports both proportional and bang-bang operation. Combine the Joystick Controller with an optional rudder angle instrument below for convenient full-function steering anywhere.
PART # E12136 DESCRIPTION Smartpilot Autopilot Joystick
Rudder Angle Instruments
ST60 Plus Rudder
ST70 Plus Rudder
The Raymarine ST60+ and ST70+ Analog Rudder Angle Instruments provide a clear indication of rudder angle position anywhere you need to see it. The perfect compliment to your Raymarine SmartPilot system, our rudder angle instruments can be mounted at the helm, in the pilot house, or at auxiliary control stations. SeaTalk networking makes installation easy. Multiple Rudder Angle Instruments can be mounted anywhere you need them. These instruments are backlit for night time operation, and are fully waterproof for mounting inside or out. Convenient surface mount or flush mount options match your other instruments, autopilot control head and multifunction displays perfectly.
PART # A22008-P E22122 DESCRIPTION ST60 Plus Rudder Angle Indicator ST70 Plus Rudder Angle Indicator
* Optional rudder reference unit required for operation (part number M81105)
Choose an autopilot online
Visit our website at www.raymarine.com and access our interactive online autopilot sysytem builder. The interactive system builder will help you select the best autopilot solution for your boat. While online you can also connect with our network of authorized dealers. Raymarine dealers offer expert installation and advise on Raymarine autopilot systems.
Extensive product information and video tutorials Expert Technical advice and FAQs Connect with authorized Raymarine dealers Stay connected with the latest Raymarine news on our Insider Blog
Raymarine Inc. 21 Manchester Street Merrimack, NH 03054 USA Tel: 603.881.5200 Fax: 603.864.4756 www.raymarine.com
Raymarine plc. Marine House, 5 Harbourgate, Southampton Road, Portsmouth, Hampshire PO6 4BQ, UK. Tel: +44(0)3611 Fax: +44(0)4642 www.raymarine.co.uk
Additional information, specifications and interactive product tours available online at www.raymarine.com
Product specifications subject to change without notice LIT82303 - 0909
Learn about all our new products. Go to www.raymarine.com
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