Raymarine Raychart 420
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Raymarine Raychart 420 Quick Reference Card
Raymarine Raychart 420D
Raymarine Raychart 420D Quick Reference Card
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Raychart 420 and 425 Chartplotters
Raychart 420 Chartplotter Service Manual E32014 Raychart 425 Chartplotter Service Manual R38064
Document Number: 83150-2 Date: May 2001
Display Unit used with:
E32012/E32012E: RC420 system RS112LP GPS Transducer E32013/E32013E: RC420D system RS114 DGPS XDR E32032: RC425 system RS120 GPS Transducer
The Raychart Unit contains high voltages to drive the EL backlight. The specialised service procedures should only be carried out by qualified service engineers.
CE Marking of Equipment/Replacement Parts
If the Raymarine equipment under repair, test, calibration, installation or setting to work carries the European CE mark, only parts and components supplied or approved for such use by Raymarine should be used in order to maintain compliance with the relevant CE requirements. Incorporation, use or attachment, by any means, of parts or components not supplied for or not approved for such use by Raymarine or, if supplied or approved for use by Raymarine, not properly fitted in accordance with instructions published, provided or recommended by Raymarine, may cause the equipment to malfunction and, in particular, to become unsafe or to no longer meet the relevant CE requirements. In these circumstances, Raymarine Limited excludes liability to the fullest extent permissible in law for any loss or damage including any liability for its contribution to such loss or damage by its negligent acts or omissions.
Raychart 420 and 425 Chartplotters Service Manual 83150-2 1
Chapter 1. Raychart 420 and 425 disassembly/assembly.. 4 1.1 Raychart 420 and 425 Chartplotter spare parts list.. 5 1.2 EL Panel removal/replacement... 6 Removal.... 6 Replacement.... 6 Chapter 2. PCBs details.... 7 2.1 Main PCB, Input/Output signals... 7 Power/NMEA connector... 7 GPS connector... 7 Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 1 of 14).. 8 Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 2 of 14).. 9 Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 3 of 14).. 10 Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 4 of 14).. 11 Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 5 of 14).. 12 Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 6 of 14).. 13 Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 7 of 14).. 14 Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 8 of 14).. 15 Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 9 of 14).. 16 Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 10 of 14)... 17 Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 11 of 14)... 18 Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 12 of 14)... 19 Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 13 of 14)... 20 Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 14 of 14)... 21 Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board layout... 22 Raychart 420 and 425 Connector board (Sheet 2 of 2).. 23 Raychart 420 and 425 Connector PCB layout... 24 Chapter 3. Raychart 420 and 425 fault finding guide.. 25 General fault finding overview.... 25 Introduction.... 25 Blank display.... 26 Dark display.... 26 Keyboard buttons not working.... 26 No keyboard backlight.... 26 Cartridges not being read... 26 Loses information.... 27 No buzzer.... 27 NMEA port not working... 27
2 Raychart 420 and 425 Chartplotters Service Manual 83150-2
Chapter 4. Software upgrade... 30 Upgrade method.... 30 Upgrade using Nav-Chart cartridge... 30
Raychart 420 and 425 Chartplotters Service Manual 83150-2
GPS port not working.... 27 No GPS 12V... 27 RAM and ROM faults.... 27 RC420 and 425 self-test.... 28 Resetting the system.... 29
7 (x3) Torque to 4 lb in 8A or 8B 12 (x14) 7 (x13) Torque to 4 lb in (x14) Torque to 6 lb in
9A 9B 9C 1A. 1B. 2. 3A. 3B. 4. 5A. 5B. 6. 7. 420 Facia 425 Facia Cartridge flange seal Light guide Kepad mat Cartridge cover EL panel Snap rivet (x2) LCD assembly Screw, 15 mm (x16) 8A. 8B. 9A. 9B. 9C. 10. 11. 12. 13. 420 Main PCB Assembly 425 Main PCB assembly PCB connector assembly Gasket washer (x2) Nut (x2) Case seal Back case Fibre washer (x14) Screw, 20 mm (x14)
Raychart 420 and 425 Chartplotter
Figure 1: Raychart 420 and 425 Chartplotter exploded view
3B 6 Note: A. It is recommended that a new Cartridge flange seal (2) is fitted when the PCB assembly (8A or 8B) has been removed.
1A or 1B
Chapter 1. Raychart 420 and 425 disassembly/assembly
2 (Note A)
1.1 Raychart 420 and 425 Chartplotter spare parts list
The item numbers refer to Figure 1: Raychart 420 and 425 Chartplotter exploded view
Item 1A 2 1B 3A 3B 5A 5B 2 5A 5B 6 Spare/Accessory Description 420 Facia kit, including 420 Facia Cartridge flange seal 425 Facia kit, including 425 Facia Cartridge flange seal Keypad mat kit, including Cartridge flange seal Light guide Keypad mat Cartridge cover EL panel kit, including Cartridge flange seal EL panel Snap rivet (x2) LCD assembly, including Cartridge flange seal EL panel Snap rivet (x2) LCD assembly 420 Main PCB kit, including 2 8A 2 8B 9A 9B 9C Cartridge flange seal 420 Main PCB assembly 425 Main PCB kit, including Cartridge flange seal 425 Main PCB assembly Connector PCB kit, including Connector PCB assembly Gasket washer (x2) Nut (x2) Case seal Back case Sun cover Trunnion mount kit, including Trunnion bracket Trunnion mounting knob (x2) Screw, No.8 x 3/4 in (x3) Panel mount kit, including Panel gasket Stud (x2) Finger nut (x2) R38063 Part No. R38037 Comments
USA Background chart ROW Background chart
R38040 R38036 E35004 E35005 Not illustrated Not illustrated
Note: It is recommended that a new Cartridge flange seal (2) is fitted when the PCB assembly has to be replaced.
Raychart 420 and 425 Chartplotters Service Manual 83150-2 5
1.2 EL Panel removal/replacement
WARNING: Care must be taken as the EL circuit runs on very high voltages. Power should not be applied to the unit with the EL panel disconnected.
Refer to Figure 1: Raychart 420 and 425 Chartplotter exploded view and Figure 2: EL panel replacement Remove the back case (11) and disconnect the connector PCB (9A). Remove the 16 screws (7) holding in the PCB and LCD assembly (8A or 8B and 6) and remove from the facia. On PCB side below EL transformer, remove the snap rivet (5B) from the EL panel tail and unsolder the tabs. From LCD side remove snap rivet holding the EL panel (5A) to the electronic support, and gently pull the tag to remove faulty EL panel.
Fold tabs back along the replacement EL panel tail and introduce into gap between LCD and electronic support. Carefully push EL panel until EL panel tail is visible in the slot of the electronic support. Guide the EL panel tail through the PCB with a suitable tool from LCD side. Unfold the solder tabs, attach both snap rivets and solder tabs to the PCB. Reassemble unit and test EL panel is working correctly. Note: It is recommended that a new Cartridge flange seal (2) is fitted when the PCB assembly has been removed.
EL panel replacement
5B Tag 5A EL panel tail Electronic support Tab 8A or 8B
Fixing of EL panel tail to PCB
Insert and secure snap rivet (5B) and solder tabs of EL panel tail to PCB (8A or 8B). 5B Apply solder to tabs 8A or 8B Electronic support
Figure 2: EL panel replacement
6 Raychart 420 and 425 Chartplotters Service Manual 83150-2
2.1 Main PCB, Input/Output signals
Pin Function Color
Battery negative Battery positive (10.0Vdc to 18.0Vdc) NMEA data input (+ve) NMEA input (-ve) - common Not connected NMEA data out NMEA data output common Not connected
Black Red White Green Grey Yellow Brown Screen
Pin GPS Function RS114 RS112/RS120
+12V dc 0V dc Ground I/O Data in from GPS Data out to GPS
Red Black White Green Yellow
Red Screen White Yellow Green
Chapter 2. PCBs details
Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 1 of 14)
Figure 3.1: Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board circuit diagram (Sheet 1 of 14)
8 Raychart 420 and 425 Chartplotters Service Manual 83150-2
Title: RC420 CPU Board - HED00299.SCH
Sheet 1 of 14
Drawing No: 4402-002 Issue:C
Power & Reset PWGOOD WAKEUP nON SYSOFF PB2 nON PB2 D[0.31] D[0.31] D[0.31] WAKEUP WAKEUP MEMORY PWGOOD PWGOOD
PA[0.7] PA[0.7] nRAS0 nCAS[0.3] nCS2 nCS0 nCS1 WORD PWGOOD PWGOOD HEDMEM sheet 4 NAV CHART I/O D[0.7] A[0.23] nCS5 nOE nWE nCS5 nRAS0 nCAS[0.3] nCS2 nCS0 nCS1 WORD nRAS0 nCAS[0.3] nCSRAM nCSFLSH nCSBK WORD
A[0.27] nXWE nWE nOE nXOE PB4 PB3
A[0.27] nXWE nWE nOE nXOE PB4 PB3 A[0.27] nXW E nWE nOE nXOE nWP VPPEN
Figure 3.2: Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board circuit diagram (Sheet 2 of 14)
PA0 PA1 PA2 PA3 PA4 PA5 PA6 PA7 PB5 PB7 PD3 PB5 PB7 PD3 D[0.7] A[0.23] nCSCHART PD4 BUZ PD4 nON BUZ KEY0 KEY1 KEY0 KEY1 nOE nWE VCC TXD 1 RXD1 TXD 2 RXD2 TX D1 RXD1 TX D2 RXD2 D[0.7] A[2.9] nXOE nXWE HEDCHART sheet 8 FACTORY D[0.7] A[2.9] nOE nWE KEY1 VD[0.3] CP1 CP2 S CONTR_0 CONTR_1 CONTR_2 CONTR_3 nON_LCD DRIVE0 DRIVE1 FB0 FB1 BACKL0 BACKL1 BACKL2 PD0 PD1 PD2 PB6 DRIVE0 DRIVE1 FB0 FB1 PB6 DRIVE0 DRIVE1 FB0 FB1 PD0 PD1 PD2 PD5 PD6 PD7 PE1 PD5 PD6 PD7 PE1 S S CP1 CP2 CP1 CP2 PB0 PB1 VD[0.3] VD[0.3] nCS3 nCS4 nCS3 nCS4 PB0 PB1 PWGOOD nCS3 nCS4 PB0 PB1 PWGOOD SMPCLK ADCIN ADCCLK ADCOUT nADCCS RUN WRITE nEXTFIQ EXPRDY EXPCLK SMPCLK ADCIN ADCCLK ADCOUT nADCCS RUN WORD WRITE nEXTFI Q EXPRDY EXPC LK SMPCLK ADCIN ADCCLK ADCOUT nADCCS RUN WORD WRITE nEXTFI Q EXPRDY EXPCL K
Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 2 of 14)
Keyboard and Buzzer
PRNG_K MRNG_K RIGHT_K LEFT_K UP_K DOWN_K ENTER_K GOTO_K CLEAR_K DISPL_K LIGHT_K
KLIGHTOFF nON BUZ
HEDLCD sheet 12
Title: RC420 CPU Board - HEDROOT.SCH
Sheet 2 of 14
D[0.31] D[0.31] GND R97 VCC 3 R98 VCC 1
C46 100nF 1 R101 VCC R102 PE1 1
R93 TP100 K PETP32.768KHZ
100 K VCC TPX2 TPRTCOUT C37 15pF
Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 3 of 14)
22 TPnCS1 TP1
DRIVE0 DRIVE1 C52 100nF FB0 FB1 BUZ NC7 NC14 NC15 UnCS0 nCS1 TP1 NC8 NC9 NC10
DRIVE0 DRIVE1 FB0 FB1 BUZ
100nF C_VSS JP12 1
GVCC 100K nEINTTPMOSCOUT 100K nEINT4 TP177 EINTTP3.6864MHZ MEDCHG 1 C34 15pF C35 15pF RK TP1 RK TPMOSCIN TPX1 TPUTP1 TP1 TP1 4K7 TP190 PER103 VCC VCC R175 VCC TP56 A[0.27] A[0.27] TP3 PBTP20 PB2 R113 nENSTB 1 TP57 PB4 R104 VCC TPPB6 R107 VCC TPRTPnOE 1 TPS TPEXPRDY 1 PA5 R174 VCC nCAS[0.3] nCAS[0.3] TPTP1 R114 nRAS0 C40 C41 J1/2W C42 C_VDD C43 C39 nMW E 100K PA6 PATP1 JP11 VCC TP1 PA1 TPPATPPATPR110 VCC 100K 1 TPPATPPATPWRITE 1 TPR109 VCC CTS 1 100K TPWORD 1 TPVCC DCD 1 100K TPnWE EXPCL K 1 TP4 DSR PB7 100K TPTP6 PDTP1 PDTPPHDIN PB5 PD5 100K TPTPTP1 PDTPTP8 PB3 PDTPTP58 TP1 PD2 TP1 PD1 TPPB1 PD0 TPnMO E 100 K VCC FBK C36 15pF 1 TPR112 4K7 TPTP1 RTCIN X_VDD C_VSS C_VDD O_VDD NC0 NC1 NC2 NC3 NC4 NC5 NC6 TT0 TP1 TP1 PA0 PA1 PA2 PA3 PA4 PA5 PA6 PA7 PB0 PB1 PB2 PB3 PB4 PB5 PB6 PB7 RTCOUT nTES T0 nTES T1 RTCIN MEDCHG MOSCIN 1 TPTP1 TP1 MOSCOUT nEINT1 nEINT2 EINTTPTPBATO K nEXTP W R nBATCHG 1 TPnPWRFL nURESET D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10 D11 D12 D13 D14 D15 D16 D17 D18 D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30 D31 A0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9 A10 A11 A12 A13 A14 A15 A16 A17 A18 A19 A20 A21 A22 A23 A24 A25 A26 A27 nCAS0 nCAS1 nCAS2 nCAS3 nMRAS0 100nF TPJ1/2W 47 TPnOEU nWEU nXW U nXO U R106 R105 R164 R166 nOE nWE nXWE nXOE TPTPnOE nWE nXWE nXOE 1 TP242 UnCS0 nCS0 TP13 TP12 TP1 TP33 PHDIN NC11 CTS PCMIN PD0 PD1 PD2 PD3 PD4 PD5 PD6 PD7 DSR DCD C_VSS U3C TP1 nCS3 nCS3 nCS4 nCS4 UnCSNC13 TPTPO_VSS U14B nMO E Y1 A1 nMW E Y2 A2 EXPC LK EXPC LK Y3 A3 EXPRDY EXPRDY Y4 A4 WRITE WRITE WORD nENSTB 19 WORD EN VD0 VD74ACT244 VD2 VD3 TP14 TP29 VD[0.3] NCUnCS0 VD[0.3] S S CP1 TPCP1 CP2 JPCP1 TP30 NCNETS TPNC[0.15] NC[0.15] VCC HEDNC sheet 14 1K2 TC7W241FU TPJP-T 1 TC7W241FU TPU39 UnCS5 R6 nCS5 nCS5 74AC14 X_VSS PE0 PE1 PE198 R_VDD R_VDD R_VDD R_VDD R_VDD R_VDD R_VDD R_VDD R_VDD R_VDD R_VDD VDD C_VSS C_VDD O_VDD C_VDD COL0 COL1 COL2 COL3 COL4 COL5 COL6 COL7 PA0 PA1 PA2 PA3 PA4 PA5 PA6 PA7 PB0 PB1 PB2 PB3 PB4 PB5 PB6 PB7 RTCOUT TEST0 TEST1 RTCIN WAKEUP MEDCHG MOSCIN RUN EXTFIQ MOSCOUT EINT1 EINT2 EINT3 ADCCS SMPLCK ADCOUT ADCCLK ADCIN PWRFL URESET POR BATOK EXTPWR BATCHG DRIVE0 DRIVE1 FB0 FB1 BUZ PCMSYNC PCMOUT PCMCLK PCMIN PD0 PD1 PD2 PD3 PD4 PD5 PD6 PD7 DSR DCD RXD1 CTS RXD2 PHDIN LEDDRV TXD1 TXD2 C_VSS C_VSS C_VSS C_VSS C_VSS X_VSS PE0 PE1 PE2 R_VSS R_VSS R_VSS R_VSS R_VSS D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10 D11 D12 D13 D14 D15 D16 D17 D18 D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30 D31 A0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9 A10 A11 A12 A13 A14 A15 A16 A17 A18 A19 A20 A21 A22 A23 A24 A25 A26 A27 CAS0 CAS1 CAS2 CAS3 RAS0 RAS1 N/C N/C CS0 CS1 CS2 CS3 CS4 CS5 N/C O_VSS MOE MWE EXPCLK EXPRDY WRITE WORD DD0 DD1 DD2 DD3 M FRM CL1 CL2 R_VSS R_VSS R_VSS R_VSS R_VSS R_VSS R_VSS R_VSS R_VSS R_VSS R_VSS R_VSS R_VSS R_VSS CL-PS7111
ALL UNCONNECTED PINS ARE W RED TO I A TEST POINT FOR FA CTORY TESTS
nEXTP W R
PB0 VCC PB1 PB2 PB3 PB4 PB5 PB6 PB7
RUN nEXTFIQ C49 100nF
nADCCS SMPCLK ADCOUT ADCCLK ADCIN
1 TP13 2
Figure 3.3: Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board circuit diagram (Sheet 3 of 14)
TP 9 JP9
TP256 TPVCC PD0 PD1 PD2 PD3 PD4 PD5 PD6 PD7
TP1 TXD 1
Title: RC420 CPU Board - HEDCORE.SCH
Sheet 3 of 14
TP1 R117 4K7 VCC D0
VCC D1 BT1 BBAT T
D28 MBRS140T 3 SOD106A MOTOROLA TPBTV
D27 BATTP1 R120 D3 JP-T
JP13 R121 D4
TP1 R122 D5 TP1 R123 D6 TPR124 D7
Figure 3.4: Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board circuit diagram (Sheet 4 of 14)
Dram & Back-up Alternative Flash bank A[0.27] A[0.27] D[0.31] D[0.31] A[0.20] A[0.20] A[0.20] A[0.20] D[0.31] D[0.31] D[0.31] D[0.7] nWP VPPEN nWE nOE WORD nCSRAM PWGOOD nWE nOE WORD nCSRAM PWGOOD nXW E nXOE nWP VPPEN nX WE nXOE nCSFLSH PWGOOD nCAS[0.3] nXOE nXW E nWE nOE nRAS0 nCSRAM PWGOOD nCSBK HEDDRAM sheet 7 nCSFLSH PWGOOD HEDALTM sheet 6 HEDFLASH sheet 5
Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 4 of 14)
nCAS[0.3] nXOE nXW E nWE nOE nRAS0
nCAS[0.3] nXOE nXWE nWE nOE nRAS0
nCSRAM PWGOOD nCSBK
nWP (P B4)
VPPEN (P B3)
nCSFLSH ( nCS0)
Title: RC420 CPU Board - HEDMEM.SCH
Sheet 4 of 14
JP5 nFCS0 U3E 11 TC7SH00FU TP4 A1 74AC14 TPTP1 TC7SH00FU nFCS0 U36 U3F 2 nFCSU37 TP1
A0 D7 D6 D5 D4 VCC D3 D2 D1 D0 nXOE nFCS0 A1
R128 VPP 1 TP216
A0 D7 D6 D5 D4 VCC D3 D2 D1 D0 nXOE nFCS1 A1
A16 A15 A14 A13 A12 A11 A10 A9
nXWE PWGOOD VPP nWP A19 A18 A8 A7 A6 A5 A4 A3 A2
A15 A14 A13 A12 A11 A10 A9 A8 NC NC /WE /RESET NC NC RY/BY A18 A17 A7 A6 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1
A16 /BYTE VSS D15/A_1 D7 D14 D6 D13 D5 D12 D4 VCC D11 D3 D10 D2 D9 D1 D8 D0 /OE VSS /CE A0
F14 NFM60R 1 B
(VSS) (VDD) (CP2) (CP1) (S)
DRIVE FEEDBACK R219 3K6
NO FI T
2 TP1 1
VCC TP1 TP31 1
TR2 RVG4M01 5K TP38 4
PD0 PD1 PD2
BACKL0 BACKL1 BACKL2
TPC28 22uF35V C30 100nF 50V VCC U16A R71 3K3
1 R76 39K R77
R84 3K3 U16B 7 LMFB0
DRIVE Q23 FEEDBACK R180 33K TPTP1 TP1 470uF25V-LESR VK 1 TP32 6
DRIVE TP1 R197 68K TP1
VREF BDP950 R196 1K2
L6 RVK C79
C78 100nF 50V D31 MBRS140T3
R190 1M 2
C80 R22K 1 TPTP1 22K 1 R1uF 16 V 3 Q25 BC817-R187 10-1/2W
FPWR C83 47uF25V DIAM.6.R179 1K 2 C77 10pF 2 QBC817-40 DRIVE 220uH R181 1KTPQ24 TP3 BDP949 TP1 R184 10K TP1 R80 22K-1% TP1 VREF VCC 2 4
AVK 2 AVK 1
Figure 3.13: Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board circuit diagram (Sheet 13 of 14)
Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 13 of 14)
Title: RC420 CPU Board - HEDBACKL.SCH
Sheet 13 of 14
Mechanical holes to
be gr ounded
NC[0.15] H1 NC0 1
NC[0.15] H2 H3 H4 H5 H6 H7 H8 H9 H10 H11 H12 H14 H13
Figure 3.14: Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board circuit diagram (Sheet 14 of 14)
NCTPNCTPNCTPNCVCC TPNCTPNCTPU15B LM3 93
Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board (Sheet 14 of 14)
TPR10K 74AC1 TPU3D
Title: RC420 CPU Board - HEDNC.SCH
Sheet 14 of 14
R28 R23 R27 R24 R26 R25
C16 R45 R46
R115 R97 R98 R99
R103 D27 R84 R176 R31 R96 R210 R101 R112
Raychart 420 and 425 CPU Board
Raychart 420 and 425 CPU board layout
TP388 TP390 TP394 TP349 JP6 TP117 TP195 TP234 TP389 TP392 TP387 TP346 TP201 TP137 TP338TP348 TP113 TP344 TP11 TP103 TP134 TP77 TP86 TP208 TP198 TP232 TP386 TP340 TP129 TP10 TP339 TP121 TP347 TP288 TP341 TP82 TP139 TP90 TP115 TP365 TP212 TP120 TP101 TP366 TP112 TP345 TP108 TP29 TP238 TP96 TP111 TP125 TP242TP287 TP114 TP27 TP370 TP236 TP94 TP102 TP118 TP98 TP110 TP34 TP92 TP32 TP76 TP81 TP289 TP35 TP322 TP88 TP130 TP297 TP33 TP99 TP78 TP303 TP84 TP126 TP128 TP298 TP379 TP301 TP302 TP299 TP307 TP250 TP39 TP253 TP290 TP300 TP79 TP73 J7 TP74 TP85 TP93 TP89 TP83 TP95 TP97 TP305 TP323 TP296 TP87 TP91 TP136
TP30 TP314 TP304 TP318 TP257 TP306 TP319 TP312 TP309 TP320 TP308 TP321 TP384 TP335
F9 F10 F11 F12 F13 F14
To change the RC420 PCB to a RC425 PCB refer to the following:
U21 U36,U37 C55, C67 29F800B 75HOO 100nF 0R resistor
IMPORTANT RC420 PCB's can be used in the RC425. RC425 PCB's cannot be used in the R420.
R4 G_VAU X TP41 TP1 R3 AN
VCC TP1 F2 NFM60R 1 B
1K6 GPS_IN GPS_OUT FU3 GPS_CONN 1 TPSMD075
UB 2 DBAS16 2
VAUX +1 2V GND DATA COMM ON NMEA I N+ NMEA OUT+
RX CAT 1K-1/2W
C2 J3 TP18 TPRB
VCC B_GND B_PWR PNMEAIN NNMEAIN 3 GPS_OUT PNMEAOUT NNMEAOUT NMEA_CONN TP6 7
100nF TPRB 1
D5 220-1/4W 120-1/2W
P_GND PWR +1 2V NMEA I N+ NMEA I NPRINTE R NMEA OUT+ NMEA OUT-
MBRS140T 3 D6 BZX84-5. 3
R12 4K7 TP1
3 Q1 BC817-40 2
TP6 TP32 TP7 TP22 VCC 1 C3 VCC
1uF 25V 25V 1206
RUE160 C5 100nF 25V
Figure 4.2: Raychart 420 and 425 Connector board circuit diagram (Sheet 2 of 2)
1 TP1 VCC TPQ2 BC817-R11 10K VCC
TO THE MAIN BOARD
TP27 TPJ1 PWR PNMEAIN P_GND VAU X VCC 1 R1 AN B B CAT DBASB B 3 NNMEAIN 100nF F5 NFM60R TPTP2 1K-1/2W 3 F4 NFM60R 1 TPHDR16 TX1 RX 1 TX2 RX 2 CU3 MAXTPFU2 TP100R F7 PNMEAOUT SMD075 VKVA UX TP1 L1 G_VAU X 2 TPR5 120-1/2W TP2 C1 TP4
Raychart 420 and 425 Connector board (Sheet 2 of 2)
1uF 25V 1206
TPL3 VKF1 1
TPFU1 MOTOROLA MBRS340TD2
RV1 VARISTOR SIOV-CU3225K30G P_GND LTP26 TP2 TP36 VK1
Title: RC420 Connector Board - HEDGPS.SCH
Sheet 2 of 2
Drawing No: 4402-005 Issue:D
Raychart 420 and 425 Connector PCB layout
TP38 TP16 TP20 TP24 TP39 TP9 TP35
TP26 TP22 TP36
TP21 TP17 TP1
TP41 TP27 TP28
TP18 TP14 TP33
TP34 TP15 TP29 TP30 TP32 TP19 TP3
General fault finding overview
Problem Unit does not function Correction 1. Make sure that the power supply cable is sound and that all connections are tight and free from corrosion. 2. Check polarity of the dc power cables for proper connection. Reconnect leads if necessary. 3. Check in-line fuse. Replace if necessary. 4. Check vessels power (battery) for correct voltage readings (10.0Vdc to 18.0Vdc) Adjust contrast setting and/or backlight level Check the GPS connection Check the GPS receiver/antenna Check that GPS receiver is not obstructed Check beacon station coverage Check RS114 antenna ground (see GPS antenna Installation Guide) Check the POWER/NMEA connector and the NMEA equipment Return to dealer for internal battery check Check that Nav-Chart card is pushed fully home Check that the Nav-Chart card has appropriate cartography visit website www.raymarine.com
Poor display definition No position information No fix No dfix (RC420D only) No NMEA data received Loss of stored data, eg. waypoints No detailed chart data Other problems
This document is intended to be a guide to fault finding on the RC420 and RC425. For each fault, there are suggestions and where possible, methods to confirm the fault, followed by the most likely causes. In most cases, final diagnosis will be by replacement of the suspected part. Note that a high voltage generated on the main PCB drives the EL backlight in the display. Great care should be taken not to touch this area of the PCB when the unit is operating. The PCB will be damaged, if the backlight circuit is driven without a backlight connected. During re-assembly, great care should be taken that connectors are plugged in fully, with the correct orientation, taking care not to damage any of the pins. For initial fault finding, only power needs to be connected to the unit. NMEA and GPS only need to be connected if these ports are to be tested. There are self-test options built in to the RC420 and RC425, and these are described later in this document.
Chapter 3. Raychart 420 and 425 fault finding guide
Disconnect and reconnect power. Press the power switch while listening very carefully to the unit, and use the suggestions below. This test can be repeated if there is any doubt. No sound. The unit is not starting to power up at all. Likely causes are: Faulty main PCB. Faulty connector PCB or ribbon cable connector. Power not actually reaching the unit, due to a faulty power lead, faulty power supply, or incorrect connection. Beep. Power is reaching the unit, but the power supply is not operating correctly. Faulty main PCB. The power supply is operating correctly, key backlight is on but not the LCD. Beep. The unit is operating, but the display is faulty. Display lead disconnected or damaged. Contrast set incorrectly. Faulty main PCB. Faulty Display.
The likely cause is: Contrast set incorrectly. Faulty display.
Keyboard buttons not working
Run the keyboard self-test (see RC420 and RC425 self-test) to confirm the fault. Note that a button being stuck on can give unexpected faults. For example, the power switch being stuck on will prevent the unit powering up.
No keyboard backlight
Likely fault is: Faulty main PCB
Cartridges not being read
Run the cartridge self-test (see RC420 and RC425 self-test) to confirm the fault. Likely cause of this fault is: Faulty or damaged cartridge slot. Replace main PCB.
The unit stores data in battery backed RAM. If position data, waypoints etc are all lost when the power is turned off, then the likely cause is: Faulty main PCB, probably battery. Check link JP3 is fitted.
NMEA port not working
Run the connectors self-test to confirm the fault. The likely cause is: Faulty main PCB. Faulty connector PCB/ribbon cable.
GPS port not working
No GPS 12V
The 12V supplied to the external GPS is also used internally, and so if the rest of the unit works correctly the cause is almost certainly an external short. There are two levels of protection for this. Firstly there is a short circuit protection on the power supply, and if this operates then all power will be lost and the unit will shut down unless the power switch is held down. Secondly, there is a self-resetting thermal fuse in line with the GPS power output. Once tripped, this may take a few seconds with the power off to cool down and allow the GPS supply to work correctly again.
RAM and ROM faults
These are only likely to be seen while carrying out the self-test. In both cases: Faulty main PCB.
RC420 and 425 self-test
The RC420 and 425 include self-test functions that can be used to verify correct functioning of the unit. This operating mode is obtained by powering up the unit as normal, but simultaneously holding down the ENTER key. Note: The ENTER key needs to be held down until the self-test screen is seen, as a brief press will not be sufficient. DRAM memory This will show Ok if the internal DRAM is operating correctly. If not, replace the main PCB. RT clock This will show Ok if the real time clock is operating correctly. If not, replace the main PCB. INT control This will show Ok if the interrupt control is operating correctly. If not, replace the main PCB. GPS This will show Ok if the GPS is connected and sending data. If not: a) check GPS is connected. b) check GPS power from unit. c) check GPS is transmitting data. d) check connector board. e) check main PCB. Flash checksum This will show Ok if operating correctly. If not: a) reload the code. b) replace the main PCB. Cartridge NotP if not present. Pres if present. If incorrect: a) check cartridge. b) replace the main PCB. Keyboard (run) The display shows a representation of the keypad mat. As each key is pressed, the corresponding word on the display will change to a filled box with clear wording, and a beep will be heard. When all keys have been pressed the buzzer will sound. If there is no buzzer sound replace the main PCB.
Press the CLEAR key to exit test mode and enter serial test. Serial test GPS data (GPS connected should be seen on screen) Press the CLEAR key to exit. A summary of the tests is diplayed. Press the ENTER key to restart cycle.
Resetting the system
Two types of reset are available for the Chartplotter: Power-On Reset: When you turn the display unit off, then on again, the screen reverts to the chart display with all windows cleared. Factory Reset: This resets all values back to their original factory settings.
Note: Take care - factory reset clears all Waypoint and Route databases. At power-on, the last-used values are retained for all the options, except for those listed in the following table which are reset to the factory default each time.
Item Heading Mode Alarm Contrast Level Backlight Level Power-on setting North Up ON, with last-used value Within 30-70% range, if last-used value outside this range ON at the lowest level if previously ON
To perform a factory reset: 1. Power off the unit. 2. Press and hold CLEAR whilst powering up until <Erase backup procedure> is displayed. 3. Either press CLEAR to abort Factory Reset and resume normal Power-Up or press ENTER to continue Factory Reset. 4. Press ENTER again; the unit restarts as for a first time Power Up with all values reset to their original factory settings
EL panel Pressing the up/down key will vary the Backlight level. If not: a) replace the EL panel. b) replace the main PCB.
Chapter 4. Software upgrade
The software in the RC420 or RC425 can be upgraded using a software upgrade cartridge in the cartridge port. The method is as shown below. WARNING Upgrading the software will delete all user-entered data such as waypoints etc. Main PCBs supplied as spares will already have software programmed into them as part of their test. The RC420 or RC425 can be upgraded as many times as required. The software upgrade cartridge can be used as many times as required. Removing the upgrade cartridge part way through upgrading the software (or a bad connection to the cartridge) will leave the software in the RC420 and 425 damaged, and it will not run properly. It will then be necessary to turn off the unit and have another attempt at the upgrade.
Upgrade using Nav-Chart cartridge
1. Connect Raychart 420 or Raychart 425 to a power supply. 2. Insert Nav-Chart upgrade cartridge into the cartridge port. 3. Press and hold the POWER switch for normal power on 4. The unit will start up , with a single beep. 5. Wait approximately 15 seconds while the unit initialises. 6. The version number of the upgrade software will be displayed. Confirm this corresponds to the desired upgrade version. 7. Press ENTER to commence upgrade. 8. Once Updated successfully has appeared at the bottom of the screen, remove the Nav-Chart cartridge. 9. Upgrade is complete. 10. Press ENTER to restart normal start up sequence.
Raymarine Limited Anchorage Park Portsmouth, Hampshire England PO3 5TD Telephone +44 (0)3611 Fax +44 (0)4642 www.raymarine.com
Raymarine Incorporated 22 Cotton Road, Unit D Nashua NH 03063-4219, USA Telephone +Fax +www.raymarine.com
1.2 Satellite Differential System
The Raystar 120 GPS Receiver utilizes a new satellite differential correction system to improve the accuracy and integrity of the basic GPS signals. Three separate compatible systems currently exist or are being developed: 1. Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS). Developed by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in the USA. 2. European Geostationary Navigation Overlay System (EGNOS). This system is being developed by a European consortium. 3. The MTSAT Satellite-Based Augmentation System (MSAS). Being developed by the Japan Civil Aviation Bureau (JCAB) for civil aviation use. The area coverage of the WAAS system is the furthest advanced so far and includes the entire United States of America but also covers large areas outside of this as shown in Figure 1-1.
135E 75N 150E 165E 180 165W 150W 135W 120W 105W 90W 75W 60W 45W 30W 15W 0 15E
Figure 1-1: WAAS Coverage Map
The combination of the WAAS, EGNOS and MSAS systems will provide global satellite based differential GPS augmentation into the future.
How it Works
The following description is based on WAAS, but the principles apply equally to the EGNOS and MSAS systems. WAAS comprises the following components: Ground Reference Stations across the USA Master Stations located at East Coast and West Coast Geostationary Satellites located above the equator The Ground Reference Stations are located at known positions and receive data continuously from GPS. The Ground Reference Stations send their data to the Master Stations which calculate the error of the GPS-received positions and generate correctional data. The corrected differential signals are then sent to the two Geostationary Satellites which broadcast the corrected data on the standard GPS frequency, making it available to the users Raystar 120 GPS Receiver. The Raystar 120 GPS Receiver uses the correctional data transmitted by the Geostationary Satellites to refine the GPS positional data for greater accuracy. WAAS is shown pictorially in Figure 1-2.
Figure 1-2: The WAAS System
Availability of the WAAS System in North America
The WAAS system is presently broadcasting and being tested for aviation use. It is expected to be certified by the FAA in 2002. During this testing and certification period, continuous service is expected, however, brief signal outages may occur as refinements and upgrades are made to the system. The status of WAAS and planned outages are available online at Raytheons website http://wwws.raytheontands.com/waas or http://www.raymarine.com
Display options are selected in System Set Up and Chart Set Up as described in Chapter 4.
The chartplotter is operated by means of the following controls: A trackpad. Six dedicated push-button (labelled) keys. On-screen pop-up menus from which options are selected. On-screen database lists which enable the editing of items. The controls are shown in Figure 1-3; they are back-lit for night-time use.
SIM OV NU CSR 4830.367'N POS 135.636'W
GOTO key PAGE key CLEAR key RANGE key ENTER key Trackpad
EXETER TOPSHAM TEIGNMOUTH EXMOUTH ENPORT TORQUAY PLYMOUTH DARTMOUTH SALCOMBE
CAP DE LA HAGUE ALDERNEY GUERNSEY JERSEY PORTB
POWER key Navionics Nav-Chart compartment Cursor
Primary Function Bar
Figure 1-3: Raychart 425 Chartplotter Operating Controls
Trackpad and Cursor
The trackpad is used to move the cursor horizontally, vertically or diagonally. The cursor is the cross-hair symbol (+) which is used to select a position or item on the chart. The longer that the edge of the trackpad is pressed, the faster the cursor moves. The current cursor position is shown in the status bar at the top of the screen. The cursor is context-sensitive. Some items on the screen, such as waypoints and chart objects have information associated with them. When the cursor is placed over such objects, their information is displayed in the status bar. In addition, a function bar is displayed for certain items. For example, when the cursor is placed over a waypoint, the waypoint data is displayed in the status bar and the waypoint options function is displayed.
Note: During many operations the cursor cannot be moved around the screen, eg. whilst a function bar is displayed, the cursor is used exclusively for selection. In such cases, three rapid beeps indicate invalid action.
These keys have fixed functions. Some keys can be used in either of two ways: Press: Press the key momentarily and then release it. This method is used for most key operations. Press and hold: Press the key, keep it pressed for the period of time stated (eg. 3 seconds), then release it. When a dedicated key is pressed, one of the following occurs: 1. The associated operation is actioned, eg. change chart scale (RANGE key). 2. A pop-up menu is displayed, providing further options. 3. A set of functions is displayed. As a key is pressed, a single audio beep confirms the key action. If the key-press is not valid for the current screen or mode, three rapid beeps sound to indicate that no response is available. If required, the key beeps can be turned off as part of your set up procedure (see Chapter 4).
2. 3. 4. 5.
Figure 2-2: Set Up Function Bar Press trackpad left/right to highlight SYSTEM SET UP and press ENTER to display the System Set Up menu. Use trackpad up/down to highlight the SIMULATOR option. Use trackpad left/right to select ON. If necessary, use trackpad up/down to highlight, in turn, the SIMULATED SOG and COG options and trackpad left/right to set as required. These set Speed in 1Kt intervals and Course in 1 intervals, respectively. Press CLEAR twice to return to the chart screen. A flashing SIM indicator appears in inverse video in the status bar at the top of the chart screen.
2.4 Controlling the Display
This section describes how to: Change the display mode. Move around the chart by panning the display, changing the chart centre and changing the chart scale.
Selecting the Display Mode
Use the PAGE key to select the display mode. Select the following modes by repeat presses of the PAGE key as listed below and shown in Figure 2-3: Set Up functions (see Chapter 4) Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) Bearing & Distance Indication (BDI) Waypoint data Navigation data Time/Date data Return to Set Up functions
Note: Press GOTO to return to normal Chart display at any time.
From Chart Display Press PAGE to display Set Up functions
to return to Chart display
SUNRISE SUNSET 06.23 21.34 TODAY
SYSTEM SETUP CHART SETUP
to display CDI
AT POSITION (USER SELECTED) 5045.000 N 00106.000 W (c)
TRACK SETUP GPS SETUP
TIME 12:34 DATE 26/01/99
ETA TTG ETA TTG (WAYPOINT) (WAYPOINT) (ROUTE) (ROUTE) 13:37 01:03 14:32 34:03 27/01/99 26/01/99
to display Time/Date information
Note: In any display mode, press GOTO to return to chart display
to display BDI
5045.000 N 00106.000 W(c)
COG 230 T SOG 6.8 Kts
WAYPOINT BRG RNG 234 T 2.4 nm 001 GPS TIME FIX 14:32 12/12/99
ROUTE ROUTE 01
WAYPOINT WPT 001 TO WPT 002
BRG 234 T RNG 12.4 nm
COG SOG XTE 230 T 6.8 0.5 Kts nm TIME 13:29 TTG ETA 01:03 14:32 12/12/99 12/12/99
to display Navigation Data
to display Waypoint Data
Figure 2-3: Display Modes
Moving Around the Chart
You will normally operate the chartplotter with the chart showing your vessels current location. In the default North-Up orientation (shown in the status box at the top of the display), the vessel moves in relation to the screen. You will need to reposition the chart if your vessel moves out of the area currently displayed, or if you wish to examine or place waypoints in another area. Alternatively, you can home the cursor onto the vessel using the FIND SHIP function. homing locks the vessel to the cursor and updates the display such that the chart is re-drawn so as to ensure that the vessel is always on screen, see Using FIND SHIP below. There are three ways in which you can reposition the chart: Use the trackpad to move the cursor to the edge of the chart; the chart pans across. This method is useful if the area you wish to see is just off screen. Automatically re-centre the vessel using the FIND SHIP function. Change the chart scale using the RANGE key to zoom out and in to a new area. This method is useful if the area you wish to see is some distance away.
Up menu, as described in Chapter 4. The waypoint is added to the waypoint list and named with the next available number. The edit functions can be used to change the symbol and name. When the cursor is positioned over a waypoint, the waypoint bearing and range are displayed. Waypoints can also be transferred between the chartplotter, other NMEA connected instruments or a PC, using the Waypoint Transfer functions. This section explains how to perform the following tasks using the on-screen cursor and the waypoint list: Placing a Waypoint Selecting a Waypoint Displaying Waypoint data Editing a Waypoint (symbol, name & position) Erasing a Waypoint Moving a Waypoint
Placing a Waypoint
Note: It is not possible to place multiple waypoints at the same position.
To place a new waypoint:
1. From chart mode, press ENTER; the primary function bar is displayed (Figure 3-1):
Figure 3-1: Primary Function Bar 2. Using trackpad left/right, select WAYPOINTS (Figure 3-2).
Figure 3-2: Waypoints Soft Keys 3. To place a waypoint at the cursor position: i. Select PLACE WPT AT CURSOR. The selected function now has help text appended to it (Figure 3-3):
PLACE WAYPOINT MOVE CURSOR, "ENTER"TO PLACE WAYPOINT, "CLEAR" TO QUIT
Figure 3-3: Place Waypoint Function
ii. Place the cursor in the required position on the chart and press ENTER to place the waypoint. The waypoint is added to the waypoint list and named using the next available number. The waypoint functions remain displayed so that further waypoints can be placed. If required, use EDIT WAYPOINT to name the waypoint as described in Editing Waypoint Details on page 3-5. iii.When finished placing waypoints, press CLEAR. 4. To place a waypoint at the vessels position: Select PLACE WPT AT VESSEL. A new waypoint is placed at the vessels current position. 5. To place a waypoint using the Waypoint List: Select WAYPOINT LIST. The Waypoint List and associated function Soft Keys are displayed (Figure 3-4):
SIM OV NU
Figure 3-4: Waypoint List Display 6. Select MAKE NEW WAYPOINT. The waypoint is placed at the current vessel position or, if a GPS fix is not available, the cursor position. The new waypoint is added to the Waypoint List and named with the next available number. To return to chart mode, press CLEAR twice.
Selecting a Waypoint
Positioning the cursor over a waypoint selects that waypoint and accesses the WAYPOINT OPTIONS function bar. This enables you to GOTO (described in Section 3.4), edit (symbol, name, position), erase or move the waypoint. Selecting a waypoint from the Waypoint List allows you to GOTO and edit (symbol, name, position, erase) the waypoint. The Waypoint List also provides options to make a new waypoint and transfer waypoints.
To select a waypoint using the cursor:
1. Move the cursor over the waypoint; the WAYPOINT OPTIONS function bar, together with help text, is displayed (Figure 3-5):
Figure 3-5: Waypoint Options 2. Press ENTER to select the waypoint function bar (Figure 3-6):
Figure 3-6: Waypoint Function Bar The selected waypoint can be edited via these functions.
To select a waypoint using the Waypoint List:
1. Press ENTER to display the primary function bar (Figure 3-7):
Figure 3-7: Primary Function Bar 2. Select WAYPOINTS and press ENTER to display the waypoint function bar (Figure 3-8):
Figure 3-8: Waypoint Function Bar 3. Select WAYPOINT LIST and press ENTER to display the Waypoint List. The Waypoint List and associated function bar are displayed (see Figure 3-4).
The list details all waypoints. The selected waypoint is indicated by the highlight bar with its position; bearing and range are provided (if GPS fix available). 4. Use trackpad up/down to move through the list to highlight the required waypoint. The selected waypoint can be edited using the EDIT WAYPOINT function.
Waypoint Data Display
Waypoint data can be viewed in two ways: the cursor can be used to select the waypoint to display the waypoint data in the status bar at the top of the screen, or the waypoint details can be viewed on the waypoint list.
To display waypoint data:
Move the cursor over the waypoint. The waypoint data is displayed in the status bar, indicating waypoint number/name, bearing and range from vessel (dashes are shown if no fix is available). Whilst the cursor is over the waypoint, the WAYPOINT OPTIONS function bar is displayed.
To remove the waypoint data:
Move the cursor away from the waypoint or press CLEAR.
To display the waypoint details from the waypoint list:
Select the waypoint in the list as described above. The details for the selected waypoint are displayed in the lower half of the window. Date and time are included for all waypoints. To remove the Waypoint List and return to chart mode, press CLEAR three times.
Editing Waypoint Details
The name, symbol and position of a waypoint can be changed, either by means of the cursor or via the Waypoint List. Note: The target waypoint cannot be edited.
To edit a waypoint using the cursor:
1. Place the cursor over the waypoint, see Selecting a Waypoint on page 3-4. 2. Select WAYPOINT OPTIONS and press ENTER to display the Edit Waypoint function bar. 3. Select EDIT WAYPOINT. The Edit Waypoint function bar is displayed (Figure 3-9):
Figure 3-9: Edit Waypoint Function 4. To edit the waypoint name, select EDIT NAME. The NAME WAYPOINT window is displayed. 5. Use the trackpad to enter or edit the name as follows: Use trackpad left/right to move the cursor to the character to be changed. Up to eight characters can be used. Use trackpad up/down to scroll through the characters. When editing is complete, press ENTER; the waypoint name is updated and the window is removed 6. To edit the symbol, select EDIT SYMBOL. The SELECT SYMBOL options are displayed (Figure 3-10).
1. Place the cursor over the waypoint; see Selecting a Waypoint on page 3-4. 2. Select WAYPOINT OPTIONS and press ENTER to display the Edit Waypoint function bar. 3. Select MOVE WAYPOINT. The selected (highlighted) function now has help text appended to it (Figure 3-15):
CURSOR SELECT POS, "ENTER" MOVES WPT, "CLEAR" TO QUIT
Figure 3-15: Move Waypoint Function 4. Move the cursor to the required waypoint position. 5. When the cursor is in the correct position, press ENTER to set the new position and return to normal cursor control. To return to chart mode, press CLEAR.
To move a waypoint using the Waypoint List:
1. Select the waypoint using the Waypoint List as described above. The waypoint functions are displayed. 2. To edit the waypoint position proceed as previously described in Editing Waypoint Details on page 3-5.
3.3 Working with Routes
A route is made up of a series of waypoints (maximum 50). A route is made by placing a series of waypoints on the chart.
When a route is created it becomes the current route and is displayed on-screen. The current route is maintained after power-off. Only one route can be current and is displayed (if it is in the field-of-view) as solid lines connecting waypoints. If following the route, the current leg is shown as a dotted line. After a route has been created, the GOTO key can be used to follow the route. The GOTO key provides various other options as described in Section 3.4. Up to 20 routes can be saved in the route database. Any one of these can be selected from the database to be used as the current route. The current route can be edited by adding and/or moving waypoints. When a route has been saved, options are also provided to name or erase a route. This section explains how to perform the following tasks: Create a new route. Save the current route in the database. Clear the current route. Retrieve a route from the database list as the current route. Display route information, including route leg data and waypoint details. Use the database list to erase and name existing routes. Edit a route by adding, removing and moving waypoints.
To access the route function bar:
1. Press ENTER to display the primary function bar (Figure 3-16):
Figure 3-16: Primary Function Bar 2. Select ROUTES to display the first level functions (Figure 3-17):
Figure 3-17: First Level Functions 3. Select MORE to see more functions (Figure 3-18):
Figure 3-18: Second Level Functions 4. Select MORE again to return to the first level functions. 5. Press CLEAR to return to chart mode.
Creating a New Route
To cancel the Arrival alarm and go towards the next waypoint in the
route, press any key. The target becomes the origin, the next waypoint becomes the target point and the two are connected by a dotted line indicating the current leg. If the target waypoint was the subject of a GOTO, or was the last waypoint in a route, the pop-up alarm is cleared and any temporary waypoint is removed.
Alter a Route
A route can be followed from a selected waypoint (Join a route) or, if already following, advanced to the next waypoint. Also the XTE can be restarted, setting the current vessel position as the new origin. In addition, a selected waypoint can be moved as described in Section 3.2, or removed from the route as described in Section 3.3.
Join a Route
To start following the current route from a selected waypoint:
1. Move the cursor over a route waypoint until the WAYPOINT OPTIONS function is displayed (Figure 3-29):
Figure 3-29: Route Options Function 2. Press ENTER and select FOLLOW FROM HERE(Figure 3-30).
FOLLOW FROM HERE EDIT WAYPOINT REMOVE WAYPOINT MOVE WAYPOINT
Figure 3-30: Waypoint Function The vessel follows the route, using the selected waypoint as the target.
3. To return to chart mode, move the cursor away from the waypoint or press CLEAR.
Advance to a Waypoint
When following a route it is possible to advance to the next waypoint, even if the current target waypoint has not been reached.
To advance to a waypoint:
1. Press the GOTO key to display the Goto/Follow functions (Figure 3-31):
STOP FOLLOW RESTART XTE WAYPOINT ADVANCE
Figure 3-31: GOTO/Follow Functions 2. Select WAYPOINT ADVANCE. The current leg of the route is abandoned and the next waypoint becomes the target. The display is updated to show the new route leg.
Restart Cross Track Error (XTE)
Reset XTE is useful if you find yourself off track and prefer to go directly to your target, rather than get back onto the original track. Whilst following a route, or going to a target point, you can restart the XTE. This sets the XTE to zero and moves the origin to the vessels actual position.
To restart XTE:
1. Press the GOTO key. If following a route, the following functions are displayed (Figure 3-32):
Figure 3-32: GOTO Options (1) If a GOTO is in progress, the following functions are displayed (Figure 3-33):
To set the position data manually:
1. Display the Position functions as described for Sunrise/Sunset display above (Figure 3-45). 2. Select SET POSITION then either: i. VESSEL POSITION which sets the position to the current position of the vessel, or ii. SELECT POSITION which enables specific Latitude/Longitude data to be entered. Use cursor left/right to select individual characters to edit. Use cursor up/down to select the required character. iii.Press ENTER to complete, or CLEAR to abort, the change(s).
3.6 Transferring Waypoints and Routes
Waypoints and routes can be received and transmitted via NMEA, see also Chapter 5, Section 5.3, Installing the Chartplotter. The NMEA link could be to a PC, typically via a spare RS232 COM port.
Managing Database Lists
The SEND WAYPOINTS function sends all waypoints in the Waypoint List and all routes in the Route List. Sending the Waypoint List does not affect current routes. Note: Sending the Waypoint List includes waypoints in an unsaved route.
The RECEIVE WAYPOINTS function adds waypoints and routes received via NMEA to the Waypoint List and Route List. Note: Where multiple waypoints have the same position, the last waypoint sent is the only one included in the Waypoint List.
To send waypoints (and route lists):
1. From chart mode, press ENTER; the primary function bar is displayed (Figure 3-46):
Figure 3-46: Primary Function Bar 2. Using trackpad left/right, select WAYPOINTS (Figure 3-47).
Figure 3-47: Waypoint Function Bar 3. Select WAYPOINT LIST. The Waypoint List is displayed, with its associated function bar (Figure 3-48):
Figure 3-48: Waypoint List Function Bar 4. Initiate receiving of waypoints on the NMEA compatible equipment. 5. Select WPT/ROUTE TRANSFER. The waypoint transfer functions are displayed (Figure 3-49):
Figure 3-49: Waypoint Functions 6. Select SEND WAYPOINTS and press ENTER; the text changes to STOP SENDING. 7. To stop waypoint transfer, press ENTER.
To receive waypoints and route lists:
1. Display the Waypoint List as previously described, then select WPT/ROUTE TRANSFER. 2. Select RECEIVE WAYPOINTS and press ENTER; the text changes to STOP RECEIVING and remains selected. 3. Initiate sending waypoints on the NMEA compatible equipment. 4. To stop waypoint transfer, press ENTER. Note: If either the Waypoint List or Route List becomes full, a warning is displayed and the operation is terminated.
3.7 Using Tracks
1. Select the INTERVAL function. Use trackpad up/down to select the appropriate options to set either a time interval or a distance interval; press up to increase the interval or down to decrease the interval. 2. Use trackpad left/right to select TRACK ON and press ENTER. The TRACK ON text changes to indicate TRACK OFF. The vessels track is displayed on-screen with a line joining the points at the selected interval.
Clearing the Current Track
The current track can be cleared from the screen.
To clear the current track:
1. Select CLEAR TRACK. The current track is cleared from the screen and memory. 2. If no further track points are to be placed, select TRACK OFF and press ENTER; the TRACK OFF text changes to indicate TRACK ON.
SmartRoute enables the latest track to be converted to a route.
To convert a track to a route:
1. Select MAKE INTO ROUTE and press ENTER. The current track is converted to a new route, with the most recently placed track point as the start of the route, ie. the track is reversed. If there is an unsaved current route on screen, the option to save the route is given, see Section 3.3, Working with Routes. 2. Check the calculated route and, in particular, that the route deviation from the original, given in the warning box, is within navigable limits.
3.8 Displaying Chart Information
Nav-Chart cards include a number of displayed objects for which data is available, eg. lights, buoys, ports or tidal data. Placing the cursor over an object displays its associated data in a pop-up box. Typical examples for Port Services and Tide Information are given below.
At detailed chart scales, placing the cursor over a port symbol enables detailed information to be displayed. Port information is indicated by the symbol. The port facilities are listed in the object information pop-up and, where available, details for each facility can be displayed. In some areas the chart shows symbols for individual facilities. These facilities and symbols are dependent upon the particular area Nav-Chart card used.
To obtain port services information:
1. Place the cursor over the port symbol for which information is required. The PORT SERVICES function, together with help text, is displayed (Figure 3-53):
Figure 3-53: Port Services Function 2. To view the port services available, press ENTER. The available services are listed on-screen in an object information pop-up (Figure 3-54):
Times of MAXimum EBB and FLOOD Tides, together with SET and DRIFT figures are shown. A separate box shows corresponding SLACK figures. These data correspond to the selected Date/Time. 3. To return to chart display, press CLEAR.
To display the Tidal Current data for a particular Date:
1. Press ENTER to select MORE OPTIONS; the SUN/MOON DATA soft keys are shown (Figure 3-62).
Figure 3-62: Sun/Moon Data Soft Keys 2. Using trackpad left/right, select PREVIOUS DAY or NEXT DAY soft key; press ENTER the appropriate number of times to select the required Date. 3. Select TODAY to return to current Date/Time.
1. Select SUN/MOON DATA; the SUN rise/set and MOON rise/set times are shown in individual boxes. The MOON PHASE box indicates the number of days referred to full moon, together with a pictorial representation (Figure 3-63).
1.43 0.90 0.35 -0.18 -0.69 -1.22 -1.22 24
TIME SUN RISES SETS MOON RISES SETS 4:50 19:45 4:18 19:13 TODAY DATE:13/ 7/99 TIME:01:16:56 MOON PHASE FIRST QRT IN 7 DAYS
Figure 3-63: Tidal Current & Sun/Moon Data Display 2. Select TIDAL CURRENT or press CLEAR to return to the Tidal Current data.
3.9 Man Overboard (MOB)
If a person or object is lost overboard, and you need to return to the location, use the Man Overboard (MOB) function. Note: To obtain MOB position, a valid GPS fix must be available.
To initiate the MOB procedure from the Chart display, press and hold the
GOTO key for two seconds. The system performs the following tasks automatically: Stops any GoTo or Follow operation. Selects a 1/2 nm scale (even if cartography is not available). Marks the current position as a temporary waypoint with an MOB symbol which replaces any current active waypoint and route. Displays the MOB data box, showing the bearing and range to the MOB position, the elapsed time since the MOB was initiated and COG data (Figure 3-64).
Figure 3-64: MOB Data Box Sends an MOB message, including bearing and range, to other units in the system, via NMEA.
Notes: (1) A suffix (c) to the POSition data indicates that the vessels position has been User Calibrated, see Chapter 4,Chart Set Up Parameters. (2) The RANGE key operates normally to change chart scale.
To cancel MOB, press and hold the GOTO key for 2 seconds.
The MOB symbol and data box are removed and the unit returns to normal Chart mode.
The chartplotter reports the following alarms (Table 3-1 ):
Table 3-1: Alarm Settings
Alarm Arrival Indicates The vessel has arrived at the active waypoint: it has either reached the arrival circle (the radius of which is specified) or, has reached its closest point of approach (defined by a line passing through the waypoint and perpendicular to the track). The vessel has exceeded the specified distance (maximum cross track error) from the active route leg. The vessel has drifted from its anchor position (set when the alarm was turned on) by more than the specified distance. GPS fix or Differential data has been lost for more than 30 s.
XTE Anchor No Fix
The alarms are switched on or off, and the limits set, using the Chart Set Up function via the PAGE key menu, see Chapter 4, Section 4.3, Chart Set Up Parameters. When an alarm is triggered, the alarm buzzer sounds and a pop-up box, describing the alarm, is displayed.
To silence the alarm and clear the message, press any key.
Chapter 4: Setting Up
When you have installed your system and are familiar with its basic operation, you may wish to set it up to operate according to your requirements and display information according to your preferences. This is achieved using the function controls which are displayed when the PAGE key is pressed. These settings can be changed at any time. When your preferences are set, they maintain until they are reset and are retained even when the unit is powered off. This chapter covers the following topics: System parameters and default settings. Chartplotter-specific parameters and default settings. System Set Up: controlling overall functionality. Chart Set Up: controlling the chartplotter functions, including waypoint information and vectors. GPS Set Up: displaying the Raystar 120 GPS receiver status.
The set up parameters are selected via three soft keys:
Note: The additional TRACK SET UP function is covered in Chapter 3:Operation. This section provides instructions for displaying and changing the factory default values to your preferences. The following sections list the parameters with their possible settings and describe the function of each parameter in turn.
4.2 System Set Up Parameters
To set the System default parameters:
1. From chart mode, with no function bar displayed, press the PAGE key to display the SET UP function bar (Figure 4-1):
Figure 4-1: Set Up Function Bar 2. Use trackpad left/right to highlight SYSTEM SET UP and press ENTER to display the System Set Up menu (Figure 4-2):
Figure 4-2: System Set Up Menu 3. Use trackpad up/down to move the highlight up or down the list. 4. When the required parameter is highlighted, use trackpad left/right to step through the settings. 5. When the required values have been chosen, press ENTER to implement the change and return to the set up function bar. 6. Press CLEAR to clear the function bar and return to the chart display.
Note: To return all settings to their original factory settings, perform a factory reset as described in Chapter 6. Table 4-2 lists the System menus and their options, shows the factory default settings and provides space to make a note of personal settings. Each parameter is described in the following subsections. Table 4-2: System Menu Options
Panel mount the unit as follows:
1. Check the selected location for the unit. A clear, flat area at least 7in (175mm) wide by 7in (190mm) high, with at least 3in (90mm) of clearance behind the panel, is required. 2. Using the supplied template, trace out the display unit cut-out and mark the drilling centres for the four securing holes outside of the cut-out area. 3. To provide start holes for removing the cut-out, drill four 3/8 in (10mm) holes in each opposing corner and four 1/4 in (6mm) holes for the two trunnion lug clearance slots in the cut-out area. 4. Using a suitable saw, cut along the inside edge of the cut-out line. 5. With the trunnion (yoke) and knobs removed, make sure that the unit fits in the cut-out area. 6. Drill out the four 3/16 in (5mm) securing holes as indicated on the template. It is recommended that a 1/16 in (1mm) pilot hole is drilled first. 7. Screw the studs into the vacant holes at the rear of the unit, hand tight only. 8. Place the gasket on the unit and slide the unit into the panel cut-out. 9. Secure the unit with the thumb nuts, hand tight only (Figure 5-5).
Figure 5-5: Raychart 425 Panel Mounting Arrangement
5.4 Cable Running
The minimum requirements are a power cable and a connection from the Raystar 120 GPS Receiver. Additional cables will be required if connecting to other equipment. Notes: (1) All cables should be adequately cleated and protected from physical damage and exposure to heat. Avoid running cables through bilges, doorways or close to moving objects or heat sources. (2) Where a cable passes through an exposed bulkhead or deckhead, a watertight gland or swan neck tube should be used.
The GPS connector provides power and data connections to the Raystar 120 GPS Receiver using the attached 33ft (10m) cable terminated in a moulded 6-pin connector.
Connect the GPS Receiver as follows:
1. Mount the GPS Receiver as detailed in GPS Receiver Installation on page 3. 2. Feed the GPS cable through to the rear of the chartplotter. 3. Coil up any unused cable in an appropriate safe space out of view. Do not bend the cable tighter than 4in (100mm) radius. 4. Connect the cable to the GPS connector on the rear of the chartplotter. Note: If the supplied cable is too short, use an extension cable (Part# E35003) available from your local Raytheon dealer.
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