Raymarine Raytech RNS 6 0 Manual
Raymarine Raytech RNS 6.0, size: 6.2 MB
Integrates seamlessly with E-Series displays using SeaTalkhs networkingThe complete navigation solution for Windows 2000 and XP systems. Raytech RNS v6
Part Numbers: 26227, E83040, e-83040
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User reviews and opinions
|lfforman||12:08am on Wednesday, October 20th, 2010|
|If you are unfamilar with this unit, make sure you talk with PC nation before purchasing or you could be charged a return processing fee.|
|hsukore||4:21pm on Tuesday, October 19th, 2010|
|GREAT ON A FAMILY ROAD & FISHING TRIP. Excellent! I use this on my Mountain Bike. I maily ride XC but it can get very technical here in New England.|
|Stev||10:26pm on Wednesday, October 13th, 2010|
|My husband just bought this and granted it is his first GPS system but he has fallen in love with it! He will never travel anywhere without it again.|
|Abacus||6:34am on Thursday, September 30th, 2010|
|The GPSMAP 276C GPS Chartplotter is a color for use in both sea and land. This panel or portable GPS has a TFT color display with 256 colors.|
|kcculhwch||11:50am on Thursday, September 23rd, 2010|
|Purchased in combination with the Forerunner 405 (#010-00658-10) for just slightly less than the 405 with the heart rate monitor included (#010-00658-... The hearth monitor strap started functioning erratically, so I had an opportunity to see how well Garmin does Customer Service - Excellent. 301 is perfect for people wanting to run and keep a record. Buy a 305 if you want somethign to look down at every second and sigh.|
|raylittle||4:44pm on Friday, August 20th, 2010|
|Having lost my GPS mount, and in a need for a quick replacement, you can count on J&R [...] Thank you. Easy To Use","Improves Functionality". A great bargain!!! I shopped around, j+r had the best price. [...] Improves Functionality|
|VisualBasicImp||9:27pm on Sunday, August 15th, 2010|
|USB cable works fine with Windows XP. Nice well padded case. Easy To Use","Improves Functionality","Well Made","Works Well With GPS|
|inxisle||12:13am on Tuesday, July 20th, 2010|
|First off, I bought the Garmin 276c because it suits my needs. I wanted something I could use in my car, on my boat and on my motorcycle.|
|malexis||10:02pm on Tuesday, July 13th, 2010|
|Bike Mount Review Ideal for bike mounting. Looks great. Less comfortable with the additional height of the unit when used for running.|
|Punam||4:43pm on Monday, July 12th, 2010|
|"I think that this is a good thing for all you fishers out their because it takes the fishing experience to a whole new level. "Three of my scuba buddies have purchased this unit and love it.|
|JensK||10:28am on Friday, June 11th, 2010|
|Good to have it in each car, it is simple, easy to use, and acurate Easy To Read, Easy To Use, Intuitive Menu, Quick Signal Loses Signal.|
|addinall||7:42pm on Thursday, April 22nd, 2010|
|Having used GPS extensively while flying, I understand that the geometry of satellites "in view" is the key to a quicker "lock" of signals.|
|abcd5674||2:23am on Wednesday, April 14th, 2010|
|At present, as the market prices continue to drop in, use and want to try to use the GPS navigation equipment Friends increasing. On the land the Garmin GPSMAP 276C Auto route base map features motorways and major roads.|
|CK1312||10:44pm on Tuesday, April 6th, 2010|
|Garmin 305 bike mount This product is top drawer, locks 305 in without any worry of coming off. Sure beats wearing 305 as watch when cycling. Garmin Bike Mount for Forerunner 305 After reading mixed reviews I was delighted with this kit. Easy to fit and really secure on both wrist and bike.|
Comments posted on www.ps2netdrivers.net are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.
from the internet
To install RNS from the internet: 1. Point your internet browser to http:///www.raymarine.com/RayTech Software. 2. Click Download RayTech. 3. Follow the on-screen instructions. Note: RNS is a very large file (85MB). Dial-up connections are not recommended for this operation.
2.3 How do I run RNS for the first time?
To run RNS for the first time: 1. Select Start/Programs/RayTech/RNS V5.0 from the Windows taskbar. The program will load and display the Open New Page dialog box. 2. Click the Raster Chart icon. 3. Click OK. The dialog box closes and a raster chart page opens. The disclaimer is displayed. 4. Read the disclaimer. 5. If you agree to the terms of the disclaimer, click I Agree. If not, click I do not Agree, and the program will terminate. 6. After clicking I Agree, the license key dialog box will be displayed. 7. Select the type of license key you are entering. See below. 8. Enter your license key using the on-screen keyboard. Move the cursor over the required number and click to enter. 9. Select OK. The dialog box closes. The default opening screen of RNS is displayed.
Continuing to use RNS
You will only need to enter your license key the first time you use RNS after installing it. Each time you open RNS, the following dialog box will appear:
Click on the way in which you would like RNS to open: Planning - allows you to work in a simulated mode, away from the boat if you want to, for planning and learning purposes. On-board - allows you to work in a real-time mode on-board your boat with data being collected and used from all the instruments that are connected to RNS
How do I disable the disclaimer?
The disclaimer dialog box will be displayed each time you start RNS unless you choose to disable it.
To disable the disclaimer dialog box, click the action box next to Show this disclaimer
How do I obtain license keys?
A license key is required to activate RNS.
There are two types of license key: 5.0 Upgrade License - this type of key is required if you are upgrading to RNS V5.0 from a previous version. 5.0 License - this type of key is included when you purchase RNS V5.0. Both types of keys can be purchased from http;///www.raymarine.com/RayTech.
2.4 How do I set up RNS?
Once you have installed and started using RNS, you can enter specific information on your boat and change default settings to your personal preferences to suit the way you work.
To set up RNS: 1. Select File/Setup. The Set up dialog box is displayed. 2. Click on the setting you want to change. 3. Click OK. The dialog box for that setting will be displayed. 4. Click the action boxes and change the required settings. 5. Click OK to close a dialog box. 6. Repeat Steps 2 through 5 for each setting you want to customize. You can customize any of the following settings:
To display a toolbar: 1.Select View. The toolbar drop-down menu is displayed. 2.Click the toolbar you want to display. It is checked and the toolbar appears a the top of the screen, below the drop-down menu bar.
The softkey labels change to reflect the page selected and the functions available. Click the corresponding softkey to select the required function. When you have finished using a function or making adjustments, click BACK to return to the previous level of softkeys.
The Pathfinder panel provides shortcuts for some of the more common functions. Just move the cursor over the required button and click. The controls that can be found in this panel are:
use to scroll through open pages changes the active window in a split page displays the waypoint softkeys (if the function bar is open) displays the databox softkeys (if the function bar is open) displays the setup softkeys (if the function bar is open)
zooms the page to show a larger (OUT), or smaller (IN) area.
Right mouse menus
Clicking the right mouse button will display a menu of functions for a particular object such as a mark, waypoint or chart object. Virtually any object on the RNS screen will present a specific menu of functions when you place the cursor over it and click the right mouse button. This is a very fast way to find the function that you want (even if you dont know exactly what it is), because you will see only those functions which are appropriate for the object at which you are pointing.
3.4 How is information displayed?
Information is shown in databoxes or dialog boxes on the RNS screen. The different types of information boxes are illustrated in the following section:
Selection dialog box
A selection dialog box allows you to access various components to carry out a selected function or feature setting.
To make a selection from the box, either click the icon you wish to access then click OK, or double-click the icon.
Action boxes are contained in a selection dialog box and change a parameter. Click an action box and a drop-down menu or on-screen keyboard will be displayed, allowing you to change the parameter as required.
5.4 How do I move around the chart?
You can move around the chart using:
RNS includes chart panning. Whenever you move the cursor near the edge of a chart page and click, the chart will move in that direction. You can also use the arrow keys on the keyboard to pan the chart. Click over an object or position on a chart and the chart page or pane will center on the location of the cursor.
The are a number of ways to change the range, or zoom in and out of a chart to see more or less of a given area.
Range In will show a smaller area of a chart, Range Out will show a larger area of a chart. You can use:
Menu Item Keyboard Pathfinder panel Left mouse button Select Tools/ Range In or Range Out. Press tab to zoom in, or Shift + tab to zoom out. Click the upper portion of the RANGE key to zoom out, or the lower portion to zoom in. Click and hold the left mouse button. As you drag the mouse, the selected area will be highlighted in gray. Release the button and the selected area will be zoomed in. When you right click on a chart, the right click menu is displayed. Select Range In or Range Out. If your mouse has a wheel, move it up to zoom in and down to zoom out.
Right mouse button
How do I find my boat on the chart?
Now that you have opened a chart, you will need to know where you are.
Your boat is displayed using a boat shaped icon.
To find your current position on the chart: Click Find Vessel in the standard toolbar, or the Find vessel softkey. The chart will automatically pan and the boats position will be centered on the screen. The chart will remain centered until you click the screen. The chart will then re-center on the cursors location.
5.5 How do I choose a chart type?
You choose the type of chart you want to display using the charting toolbar.
There are four primary buttons on the toolbar for controlling the type of chart being displayed. There is also a button to enable or disable radar overlay, and a button to enable or disable chart quilting. To select the chart type to be displayed: Click the button for the type of chart you want to be displayed. The button will highlight to indicate that chart type has been selected. If there is no chart type enabled, or charts are unavailable at the level of zoom that has been selected, only an aquamarine colored background will be visible. You can either select a chart type from the toolbar, or adjust the zoom level, using the range buttons, until the chart is visible.
6.2 How do I create a route?
You create a route by placing a series of waypoints between your starting point and your destination. Each waypoint represents a certain position along the path of a route. To create a route:
1. Click Route. The route softkeys are displayed. 2. Click Create Route. The Quick route dialog box is displayed.
3. Click OK to accept the default name of Qr, or click Edit the route name to enter your own. The on-screen keyboard is displayed. 4. Type in a name (up to 13 characters including spaces) for your route. 5. Click OK. The dialog box closes. 6. Move the cursor over the area where you want the route to begin. 7. Click the mouse. The route is started. and the name you have chosen along with the range and bearing of the first leg is displayed. 8. Draw the route you want to take. Click at each point you want to place a waypoint. The route name along with the range and bearing of each leg will be displayed between each waypoint. When you reach the end of your route right- click and select Finish Route from the right-mouse menu or click the appropriate softkey.
What if I place a waypoint in the wrong position?
If you place a waypoint in the wrong position: 1.Right click and select Delete Waypoint from the right mouse menu. The waypoint is removed. 2.Move the cursor to the correct position and click the mouse. 3.Continue to create your route as in steps 6 through 8 above.
6.3 How do I edit a route?
After you have completed plotting your route, you might want to make some changes. These changes can include: Adding, moving and deleting waypoints. Modifying waypoint properties. Creating and editing waypoint groups. For full details of how to edit waypoints refer to - Chapter 4 - Using Waypoints.
How do I add a waypoint to a route?
To add a waypoint to a route:
1. Select Routes/Edit Route. The Choose Route to Edit dialog box is displayed. 2. Highlight the route you want to edit. Click OK. The Editing Route dialog box for the selected route is displayed.
3. In the Route column, highlight where you want to add a waypoint. 4. In the Waypoints column highlight the waypoint or mark you want to add to the route. 5. Double-click the highlighted waypoint or mark. It will be added to the route below the highlighted waypoint.
How do I delete a waypoint from a route?
To remove a waypoint from a route: 1. Select Routes/Edit Route. The Choose Route to Edit dialog box is displayed. 2. Highlight the route you want to edit. Click OK. The Editing Route dialog box for the selected route is displayed. 3. Double-click the waypoint. It is removed from the route.
6.4 How do I monitor my course?
What is MARPA?
You can use the Mini Automatic Radar Plotting Aid (MARPA) functions for target tracking and risk analysis. MARPA improves collision avoidance by obtaining detailed information for up to 10 automatically tracked targets and provides continuous, accurate and rapid situation evaluation. MARPA automatically tracks acquired targets, calculates target bearing and range, true speed and course, Closest Point of Approach (CPA) and Time to Closest Point of Approach (TCPA).
Each tracked target can be displayed with a vector depicting approximate target speed (vector length) and course (vector direction). The target data can be displayed onscreen in the MARPA Target databox, each target is continually assessed, and you are warned if one becomes dangerous or is lost. Effective MARPA operation is dependent on the accuracy of your own ships heading data, plus Speed over Ground (SOG) and Course Over Ground (COG). The better the quality of the heading data, the better MARPA will perform. MARPA will function without SOG and COG data, but only relative vector, CPA and TCPA are shown; target course and speed cannot be calculated.
How is a risk assessed?
Each target is displayed as a symbol to indicate its status:
Target is being acquired Target is safe Target is dangerous Target is lost
Each target is monitored to determine if it will be within a certain distance from your own boat within a certain time. If so, the target is designated as dangerous, and you are notified with an audible alarm and a flashing on-screen MARPA target (ID No.) Dangerous warning. Press any key to cancel the alarm and remove the warning; however, the target is dangerous symbol remains displayed. Both the distance (Own Vessel Safe Zone) and the time (Time to Safe Zone) are selectable. If a target is lost, it is either because the MARPA software has lost contact with it, or it has moved out of range. If this occurs, you are notified with an audible alarm and an on-screen MARPA target (ID No.) lost warning. Press any key to silence the alarm and remove the message and lost target symbol from the screen.
How far from my boat does MARPA work?
MARPA target acquisition is only available at radar range scales of up to 12 nm, although tracking continues at all ranges. If you change to a smaller range scale, targets may be beyond the range of your scanner and will be lost. In such cases, an on-screen warning will indicate that the target is off-screen.
What are target vectors and history?
You can display MARPA targets with a vector line showing where they will be at a certain time in the future (assuming their present course and speed remains unchanged). You can select a relative or true vector, and the vector length. Relative vector A relative vector indicates the targets motion relative to your own boats motion. The targets relative course and sped are calculated to produce a vector that is displayed on the target only. Relative vector mode is used for collision avoidance and threat assessment. True vector A true vector indicates the targets motion over ground. In this mode, true vectors for the target and your own boat are displayed. MARPA measures the direction in which the target and your own boat are moving over the ground. The result is the boats true course and speed. Consider this motion as if you were in a helicopter looking down watching the targets move across the water. This mode is used as an aid to navigation. Target history You can also view a targets history, which appears as a trail of dots left by the target as it travels. You can change the display interval of these dots.
How do I set up target vectors and history?
To set up target vectors and history: 1. Click Target Tracking. 2. Click Marpa Options. The Marpa options dialog box is displayed. 3. Click the action boxes to set mode and distance as required. 4. Use the BACK button to return to the top level softkeys.
How do I acquire MARPA targets?
You can acquire up to ten targets, which are then automatically tracked by the MARPA system. The are two ways in which a MARPA target can be acquired. To acquire a MARPA target: Method 1 1. Click Target Tracking. 2. Click Acquire Target. 3. Move the cursor over the target you want to acquire and click. The target acquired symbol will appear at the cursors position, and the radar will search for a target in the location. If a target is present for several scans, the radar
locks on to it and the safe target symbol appears. The target ID number appears at the safe target symbol. The own vessel safe zone is also displayed. 4. Repeat Steps 1 through 3 for each target you want to acquire. Method 2 1. Move the cursor over the target you want to acquire. 2. Right click to display the right-click menu. 3. Highlight and click MARPA. The target options are displayed. 4. Highlight and click Acquire. The target acquired symbol will appear at the cursors position, and the radar will search for a target in the location. If a target is present for several scans, the radar locks on to it and the safe target symbol appears. The target ID number appears at the safe target symbol. The own vessel safe zone is also displayed. 5. Repeat Steps 1 through 4 for each target you want to acquire.
How do I cancel a MARPA target?
There are two ways in which a MARPA target can be cancelled. To cancel a MARPA target: Method 1 1. Click Cancel Target. 2. Move the cursor over the target you want to cancel and click. The target symbol and ID will disappear from the screen and the target is cancelled. 3. Repeat Steps 1 and 2 for each target you want to cancel. Method 2 1. Move the cursor over the target you want to cancel. 2. Right click to display the right-click menu. 3. Highlight and click MARPA. The target options are displayed. 4. Highlight and click Cancel One. The target is cancelled.
3. Click the appropriate softkey to adjust the gain control settings.
How do I get a clearer picture of the bottom?
You can get a clearer picture of the bottom using the Bottom Lock function. The normal scrolling bottom display provides a top-down view, referenced from the surface of the water. Bottom lock shows a water column of fixed height, referenced from the bottom that appears flat. It removes bottom detail to provide an image of objects directly above the bottom and is useful when you are looking for objects or fish that are feeding close to the bottom. You can select the bottom lock image to be vertically split with the scrolling bottom image, or to replace the scrolling bottom image.
The bottom lock image appears at the left hand side of the screen. The bottom appears as a straight line, but some features may extend above this line. Depth from the bottom is referenced at the right of the split screen, with the bottom shown as zero. Actual depth is shown in the bottom left of the screen. Bottom lock range is adjusted using the RANGE button. To display bottom lock image: 1. Click Bottom Lock. The bottom lock softkeys are displayed. 2. Click to select the way in which bottom lock is displayed.
How can I see a live image of whats below the boat?
The normal scrolling bottom display shows a historical record of sonar echoes. The AScope screen displays raw sonar data direct from the transducer beam. This gives you a real-time image of bottom structure and any fish directly below the transducer. This function is useful in showing the strength of echo returned from an object. A-Scope also displays the patented Bottom Coverage width indication.
A-Scope Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3
A-Scope can be displayed in three modes: Mode 1 -the image is angled outward as the signal width, indicated with dotted lines, increases with depth. Mode 2 - the image expands to take up the entire A-Scope pane, giving greater detail. Mode 3 - the left hand side of the Mode 2 image is expanded to the entire pane. This mode gives the greatest resolution.
If a bottom lock or zoom image is displayed, selecting A-Scope automatically switches them off. If you have split frequency images displayed, A-Scope is automatically displayed in both panes. To display the A-Scope image: 1. Click A-Scope. 2. Click A-Scope to ON. The A-Scope image will appear at the right of the screen. 3. Click right hand A-Scope to required mode.
Test Date Quality Notes Mainsail Headsail Awa Aws Twa Twd CorTwa CorTws CorTwd Bsp Vmg Heading Heel Pitch Rudder Tab Butt Forestay length Forestay strain Set Drift Name you have chosen for this set of test data. Date of the test run Number assigned by you to represent the quality of the data collected (this can be between 1 and 100) Your comments about the test data Name or code for the type of mainsail used Name or code for the type of headsail used Apparent wind angle - in degrees. Apparent wind speed - in knots True wind angle - in degrees True wind direction - in degrees Corrected True wind angle - in degrees Corrected True wind speed - in degrees Corrected True wind direction - in degrees Boat speed - in knots Velocity made good - in knots Heading of boat - in degrees Amount of heel - in degrees Amount of pitch - in degrees Amount of rudder deflection in degrees Amount of rudder trim tab deflection - in degrees Setting of the mast base adjustment. Length of the forestay - in meters or feet, specified by you. Amount of load on the forestay The direction of the current - in degrees Velocity of the current - in knots
Note: For full definitions of the terms used in the above table refer to Appendix L - Glossary of
terms. 3. Type your data into the appropriate fields, Click OK.
You can further refine your analysis by using filters to narrow the number of data test rows displayed in the Data Tests screen. 4. Click Filters. The filter test screen is displayed. The filter test screen enables you to display only those tests that fall within the specific criteria you select.
The filters screen selections sort the data test rows as follows:
> = TWS < = TWS > = TWA < = TWA > = BSP < = BSP
Displays only those tests having True Wind Speed greater than or equal to the value entered. Displays only those tests having True Wind Speed less than or equal to the value entered. Displays only those tests having True Wind Angle greater than or equal to the value entered. Displays only those tests having True Wind Angle less than or equal to the value entered. Displays only those tests having Boat Speed greater than or equal to the value entered. Displays only those tests having Boat Speed less than or equal to the value entered.
< = Quality Factor Displays only those tests having a quality factor less than or equal to the value entered. From/To Displays only those tests corresponding to dates entered.
5. After completing data entries, Click OK. Returns to the data test screen.
How do I graph and read a polar plot?
The polar plot screen graphs the theoretical headings your boat should take towards specified targets (both upwind and down wind) when encountering various wind conditions. The accuracy of these graphs depends primarily on the volume and accuracy of the boat and weather specific information that you have entered into the polar parameters and data test screens. Information that has been entered will be displayed as a polar graph in the polar plot screen. Placing the cursor in any position along the polar plot opens a small pop-up pane that displays the wind angle/boat speed correlation at that point.
To graph a polar plot: 1. Enter all the requisite detail into the polar parameters and data test screens as described in the previous sections. 2. Click Polar tab. The Polar Plot screen is displayed. 3. Select the required boat speed scale by clicking on the up/down arrows, or entering the numbers direct. 4. Select the range of True Wind Speed to be plotted by clicking on the up/down arrows, or entering the numbers direct.
To read a polar plot: Refer to the example shown below and the accompanying definitions:
Target upwind Bottom axis
The bottom axis shows boat speed range in knots. The maximum/minimum speed and speed interval are determined on the scale plotted. The top axis describes an arc of 180o representing the boats direction with respect to the wind. At 0o you are sailing directly into the wind, at 180o you are sailing directly with the wind. In this example the lines that lie precisely on the 70o and 110o axes correspond to the settings of the Twa1 and Twa2 variables entered in the polar parameters screen. These lines are displayed in blue. The lines that diverge between 30o and 50o, and 130o and 160o, represent the Target Twa upwind and downwind. These lines are displayed in blue. The line that scribes a semi-circle, plots the optimum heading and resultant speed relative to the Tws range you enter at the bottom of the screen. As the Tws range is increased, additional lines are plotted onto the graph, showing the heading you should take to make optimum progress as wind speed increases. These lines are displayed in black. The co-ordinate pop-up shows the current boat speed and heading, as entered into the data test screen.
How do I use the upwind, downwind and Vmc plot screens?
The upwind, downwind and Velocity Made good on Course (Vmc) screens enable you to directly analyze those aspects of the polar plot by reducing the displayed information to only those elements.
The upwind plot screen calculates the best angle and boat speed when sailing upwind and displays: Velocity Made Good (VMG) relative to Twa. Click Vmg to view, then select Tws range to plot by clicking on the Tws (kts)) up/ down arrows or entering the numbers direct. Boat speed relative to Tws. Click Bsp to view. True wind angle relative to Tws. Click Twa to view.
9.8 How do I use navigation numbers?
You can use the navigation numbers feature of RNS to display data collected from your boats instruments and adjust it in a What happens if scenario to optimize performance.
Using the What if page you can make an assumption about what the wind will do and enter this into RNS. Alternative laylines are then calculated and the information shown on screen allowing you to decide the best course to take. True wind direction and speed are calculated in short (30 second) and long (10 minute) averages. Information available includes:
Information and use Boat speed - actual and target True wind angle - actual and target Port layline/Starboard tack - time, distance and bearing Total - time, distance and bearing to mark Tacking angle Other tack heading Mark true wind angle Mark range Mark bearing Cross track error Leg range Whole route - length, distance to go, time to destination and ETA at destination
Screen What if
Information and use Permits you to enter assumptions about what the wind will do and calculate alternative laylines 30 second (short) and 10 minute (long) averages for true wind direction and sure wind speed Numbers updated using current position data Layline data displayed for data comparison Time on tack - port and starboard Tack heading - port and starboard Leg length Leg bearing Target boat speed Target true wind angle Leg bias (true wind if heading directly at the mark) Used to verify that GPS and instruments are functioning Key instrument data Internally calculated data Used to view wind averages over different periods, wind trending and shift Samples true wind direction and true wind speed in 2, 5, 10, 30, 60 and 120 minute samples Gives overall5 minute average of true wind speed ad true wind direction Used to view information on targets tracked with laser rangefinders Gives information on other boats data - range bearing, speed, direction Used in large course yachting Shows relative velocity made good on course Compares current performance with straight line performance to mark Gives predicted optimal angle to sail for best speed of advance towards a mark
The other system displays are not Pathfinder Plus/ hsb2. Incorrectly installed hsb2 interface drivers. Windows has failed to correctly initialize the RayTech hsb2 PCMCIA card.
Problem: Windows crashes (blue screen error)
Possible cause Faulty USB-serial adapter driver software Solution Refer to adapter recommendations given in Raytech system requirements on www.raymarine.com, or try updating the adapter drivers from the Manufacturers website. Update your graphics driver from the Manufacturers website, or set RayTech to use Microsofts OpenGL from within RNS Performance Settings. Contact Raymarine technical support.
Faulty graphics driver software
Problem: RayTech crashes (Windows continues to work)
Possible cause Faulty USB-serial adapter driver software Solution Refer to adapter recommendations given in Raytech system requirements on www.raymarine.com, or try updating the adapter drivers from the Manufacturers website. Update your graphics driver from the Manufacturers website, or set RayTech to use Microsofts OpenGL from within RNS Performance Settings - Contact Raymarine technical support. See table for Problem: No chart, radar or sonar available over hsb2 network above. Windows does not include drivers for all VIA chipsets. If Windows Device Manager lists any hardware made by VIA in System Devices, download the latest drivers from the VIA website -www.viaarena.com - or the PC Manufacturer. Try switching from 24/32 bit (16 million colors) to 16-bit (65,000 colors) or vice versa. To reset to defaults, run Raycleanup utility, by holding down ctrl as RNS opens. Tick in turn: Clean toolbars and menus - this resets the layout and display to defaults. Remove.ini files - this removes instruments and configuration: have your license key to hand so you can reenter it Remove chart.cdb - this removes the chart database, in case a faulty chart is causing the problem. Remove Marks.at - this removes all of your waypoints and routes - make sure you back them up beforehand. You can do this by copying the file to another location. Delete the file name Bounds.cch. Click clean up and try RNS between each of the above. Contact Raymarine Technical Support for further help. Has RayTech RNS been installed over the top of an earlier version of RNS software? Remove any RayTech programs using the Add/Remove Programs utility and remove the file called c:\windows\Raytech.ini. Re-install RayTech RNS.
hsb2 problem VIA-based PC without correct drivers
Graphics hardware has a problem running RayTech at the PCs current color depth Problem with RayTech configuration or display settings, or the chart library.
RayTech crashes or will not run properly.
Problem: Your PC slows to a halt or locks up completely
Possible cause Instruments incorrectly set up. Solution Set up your instruments again, or use the Raycleanup utility to Remove.ini files - have your license key ready to hand so that you can re-enter it. Contact Raymarine Technical Support for further help. Refer to adapter recommendations given in Raytech system requirements on www.raymarine.com, or try updating the adapter drivers from the Manufacturers website. Try using the Digi Edgeport USB-serial adapter. See table for Problem: No chart, radar or sonar available over hsb2 network above.
Problem with USB-serial adapter.
Problem with serial port. Problem with hsb2.
Problem: C-Map charts are not visible
Possible cause Problem with hsb2 (for charts repeated from an hsb2 chart plotter) One or more chart layers are hiding vector charts USB-Chart reader drivers wrong (If using a USB-chart reader). C-Map license code incorrect (If using NT+/PC charts from CD-ROM). You are using a parallel-port version of the C-Map chart reader. You are using a dongle. Solution See table for Problem: No chart, radar or sonar available over hsb2 network above Turn off the Raster chart layer, or make it transparent, with the raster icon in the Charting Toolbar. Use the drivers from Raymarine website or RayTech RNS CD-ROM. Updating your PC hardware or software can invalidate your chart keys. Contact C-Map for more information. RayTech V4.x and above do not support the parallel-port version, you need to get the USB C-Map C-Card reader. RayTech does not support dongled charts. It is recommended using a USB-chart reader instead. This also allows you to use your charts with a hardware chart plotter as well.
These problems, possible causes and solutions are by no means exhaustive. If you have any other problems contact Raymarine Technical Support.
11.3 How can I get Technical Support?
Raymarine provides a comprehensive customer support service, on the world wide web, through our worldwide dealer network and by telephone help line. If you are unable to resolve a problem, please use any of these facilities to obtain additional help.
World wide web
Please visit the Customer Support area of our website at: www.raymarine.com As well as providing a comprehensive Frequently Asked Questions section and servicing information, the website also gives e-mail access to the Raymarine Technical Support Department and a details of the locations of Raymarine agents, worldwide. If you dont have access to the world wide web, contact Technical Support where specialists are available to answer questions about installing, operating and troubleshooting all Raymarine products.
Action Pressure Wind Temperature Currents
Command Turns on/off isobars and speed layer Turns on/off wind direction layer Turns on/off ocean temperature layer Turns on/off ocean currents layer
Command Settings Float Dock Delete Add Default databoxes Insert channel Delete channel Modify channel Channel Up Channel down
Action Displays the Databox settings dialog box Enables you to float docked databoxes Enables you to dock floated databoxes Removes a databox Creates a new databox Restores default RNS databoxes Displays Databox selection list Displays Databox list dialog box Displays Databox list dialog box Displays the next level of channel selected in the Databox selection list Displays one level down of selected channel in the databox selection list
Appendix E: List of Abbreviations
Abbreviation AC Meaning Alternating Current
CD COG CPA
Compact Disc Course Over Ground Closet Point of Approach
DC DDS DGPS
Direct Current Differential Data Signal Differential Global Positioning System
Electronic Bearing Line
Fast Time Constant
GPS GRIB GUI
Global Positioning System GRIdded Binary Graphical User Interface
High Speed Bus
kilo Hertz knots
m MARPA MOB
meters Mini Automatic Radar Plotting Aid Man OverBoard
nm NMEA NOAA
nautical miles National Marine Electronics Association National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration
RayTech Navigator V5.0 - Users Manual
Meaning Personal Computer
RAM ROM Rx
Random Access Memory Read Only Memory Receive
SHM sm SOG SST
Ships Heading Marker sonar mark Speed Over Ground Sea Surface Temperature
TCPA TVG Tx
Time to Closest Point of Approach Time Varied Gain Transmit
Universal Serial Bus
VMC VMG VRM
Velocity Made good over Course Velocity Made Good Variable Range Marker
Appendix F: Glossary of terms
Term Awa Meaning Apparent wind angle Definition The angle of wind as measured by your vessels instruments. When the boat is stationary, Awa is equal to True wind angle (Twa). When the boat moves, Awa is always less than Twa. Measured in degrees. The speed of wind as measured by your vessels instruments. When sailing upwind, Aws is always greater than True wind speed (Tws). When sailing downwind, Aws is always less than Tws. Measured in knots. The angle between True wind direction (Twd) and he centerline of the vessel. Measured in degrees. The velocity of the wind relative to the surface of the water. Measured in knots. The magnetic direction that the wind is coming from, calculated to appear as though measured from a stationary boat. Measured in degrees. The route on the chart which is being used for navigation. Velocity made good Rudder tab The vessels speed towards or away from the Twd, used to measure the performance relative to upwind/ downwind targets. An adjustable section of the rudder that allows the rudder to be corrected for lee or weather helm as appropriate. Measured in degrees.
RayTech RNS Getting Started
Document Number: 81241_1 Date: May 2004
Trademarks and registered trademarks
Autohelm, HSB, Raymarine, RayTech, RayTech RNS, Sail Pilot, SeaTalk and Sportpilot are registered trademarks of Raymarine Limited. Apelco is a registered trademark of Raymarine Holdings Limited (Registered in all major marketing territories). AST, Autoadapt, Auto GST, Autoseastate, Autotrim, Bidata, Marine Intelligence, Maxiview, On Board, Raychart, Raynav, Raypilot, Raystar, ST40, ST60, Seaclutter, Smart Route, Tridata and Waypoint Navigation are trademarks of Raymarine Limited. Windows and NT are registered trademarks of Microsoft Inc. Pentium is a registered trademark of Intel. NVIDIA and GeForce are trademarks or registered trademarks of NVIDIA Corp. Maptech is a registered trademark of Maptech. C-Map and C-Map NT are registered trademarks of C-Map SRL. All other product names mentioned are trademarks or registered trademarks (if applicable) of their respective companies.
Copyright: Raymarine 2004
Important Information...1 System overview and features...5 Getting Started....9 System integration...19 Installation Guidelines...21 Interfacing RNS...25 Technical support....39
RayTech RNS V5.0 - Getting Started
About this manual
This manual describes how to get started using RayTech RNS marine navigation software. It shows you how to ensure that the PC on which this software is to be installed meets the requirements for running this version of RayTech RNS. It also shows how the peripheral equipment required for full functionality of the system should be interfaced with RNS. Details of how to operate RayTech RNS after it has been successfully installed are described in the RayTech RNS - Users Manual which accompanies this product.
RayTech RNS V5.0 is intended for recreational marine use. Users should note that only authorized government charts and associated Notices to Mariners contain all the information required for safe navigation.
WARNING:Navigation aid When this product is used within a navigation system, it is only an aid to navigation. Its accuracy can be affected by many factors, including equipment failure or defects, environmental conditions and improper use or handling. It is the users responsibility to exercise common prudence and navigational judgements. This product should not be relied upon as a substitute for such prudence and judgement. Always maintain a permanent watch so that you can respond to situations as they develop. WARNING:Product installation This equipment must be installed and operated in accordance with the Raymarine instructions provided. Failure to do so could result in poor product performance, personal injury, and/ or damage to your boat.
RayTech RNS - Getting Started
This electronic chart is an aid to navigation designed to facilitate the use of authorized government charts, not to replace then. Only official government charts and notices to mariners contain all of the current information needed for the safety of navigation, and the Captain is responsible for their prudent use. This program and its charts do not excuse the user from carrying the required official charts and documents. Raymarine does not warrant that this product is error free or that it is compatible with products manufactured by any person or entity other than Raymarine. This product utilizes digital chart data, and electronic information from the Global Positioning System (GPS) and weather information which may contain errors. Raymarine does not warrant the accuracy of such information and you are advised that errors in such information may cause the product to malfunction or give incorrect readings. Raymarine is not responsible for damages or injuries caused by your use or inability to use the product, by the interaction of the product with products manufactured by others, or by errors in chart data or information utilized by the product provided by third parties. Except for the limited warranty regarding the magnetic media contained in the license agreement accompanying the product, this product is provided AS IS without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, and any others which may arise from course of performance, course of dealing, or usage of trade.
The limits of electronic navigation
Experienced navigators know not to rely on a single method of navigation for determining their position. Two or more methods should be used to determine position and guard against errors placing you or your boat in a dangerous position. GPS based electronic navigation is an amazing application of technology, but like all other technology, has limits. A wise navigator will understand these limits and how they affect the safety of their boat and crew. The GPS is made up of components starting with ground based computers to monitor and maintain the system made up of 24 satellites in orbit around the earth. The system ends at your boats receiver. Like all systems it is not perfect and any part of it can fail. GPS accuracy varies between 2 and 50 meters. NMEA 0183 1.0 / 1.5 only supports 2 digits of latitude and longitude, giving a precision of approximately 60 feet. NMEA 2.0 / 2.1 supports 3 digits of latitude and longitude, giving a precision of approximately 6 feet.
Another limitation to the system accuracy is digital charts. These electronic charts are made by highly skilled cartographers. Surveys on which the cartography is based, were in some cases, made over 50 years ago. So despite everyones best efforts, it may be possible to have errors in the final product. Lastly, RayTech software was developed by highly skilled and talented software engineers and underwent a rigorous test and quality assurance program before being released. However, it is possible that software issues or malfunctions may remain undetected in the software. Whilst Raymarine make every effort to find, fix and repair software issues as they are discovered, this product is specifically not promised to be issue free.
In this manual the following conventions will be used: RNS refers to RayTech RNS V5.0. The names of keyboard keys are printed in boldface, such as Enter. Italics are used to show names, such as Open Chart, or softkeys such as Find Vessel. Instructions using menu options are written as menu option/submenu option. For example, the instructions might read Select File/ Layers. This means go to the File menu on the drop-down menus and select it. A submenu will appear that contains the Layers option for you to select. Click refers to clicking the mouse button. Unless otherwise stated, it refers to the left mouse button once. Right click refers to clicking the right mouse button once. Double click means to click the left mouse button twice quickly.
You may not use this product unless you agree to the terms and conditions of the license agreement. In accepting these terms and conditions, you agree to be bound by the terms of the license agreement and to release and hold Raymarine harmless from and against any and all claims, obligations and liabilities with respect to the product, except those specifically reserved in the license agreement. If you do not agree to the terms and conditions of the license agreement, you may return the program within thirty (30) days of the date of purchase by following the instructions contained within the license agreement.
Raytech RNS V5.0 has been designed to work transparently with Raymarine SeaTalk data communications package, or any other device that outputs data in National Marine Electronics Association (NMEA) 0183 format. These protocols allow information such as heading, wind speed and direction, sea temperature and other information to be accessed and displayed within RNS. Information generated by RNS can also be displayed on your boats standard onboard instruments.
The technical information contained within this manual, to the best of our knowledge, was correct at the time of printing. However, Raymarine cannot accept liability for any inaccuracies or omissions it may contain. In addition Raymarines policy of continuous product improvement may change specifications without notice. As a result Raymarine cannot accept liability for any differences between the product and the manual.
Under copyright laws use of this manual is intended for the original licensee. No portion of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or information storage and retrieval systems, for any purpose other than the licensees use, without the express written permission of Raymarine, and provided in the licensing agreement between you and Raymarine.
System overview and features
This chapter introduces RayTech RNS and covers the following: Whats in the box. System overview.
What do I get in the box?
When you open the box containing RNS, you will find various components, depending on which package you have purchased. RayTech RNS - Part No.E83034
Component RayTech RNS CD-ROM Softchart CD-ROM Maptech CD-ROM C-Map America CD-ROM set C-Map Asia and Europe CD-ROM set RayTech RNS license key RayTech accessory list RayTech RNS - Getting Started RayTech RNS Users Manual Global Positioning System (GPS) cable Raymarine Part No. 47001-2 47002-1 47003-1 47004-2 47005-2 47007-1 47015-1 81241-1 81216-2 E86001
RayTech Pathfinder PC - Part No. E86022
All of the components contained in Part No. E83034 above, plus: hsb2 to controls box cable hsb2 to PCMCIA interface RayTech SeaTalk Interface box SeaTalk to PC interface cable 4471-005-B 47013-1 E85004 E86001
If any of the above components are missing, you should contact, in the first instance, the Raymarine dealer where you purchased your package, or Raymarine Customer Support, the details of which can be found in the Technical Support section of this handbook, page 39.
RayTech RNS operates within a standard Windows environment, and enables you to utilize the latest digital charts and Global Positioning System (GPS) instrumentation to help you navigate your boat virtually anywhere in the world. RNS easily interfaces with your boats onboard navigational systems, offering you the flexibility to allow RNS to autopilot your boat to any destination you chose to plot. RNS also incorporates the capability to download the latest weather and oceanographic information and display it on any chart. Advanced features are included that will enhance RNSs route plotting and fishfinding performance making it an ideal choice for the serious sailor or fisherman.
RNS has been designed for ease of use and incorporates the following features:
Easy marine navigation
RNS takes the guesswork out of marine navigation by enabling easy and accurate planning and plotting of simple or complex routes. These can be stored and re-used, even changed whilst in use to take changing weather conditions or other factors into account.
RNS uses the latest digitized versions of the paper charts traditionally used in marine navigation, and supports the following chart formats: C-Map NT and NT Plus. Maptech NOAA/BSB. Maptech PCX. Maptech Photo Regions and Topographical charts. SoftCharts Nautical charts and PhotoNavigator. NDI/CHS charts.
Comprehensive Weather/ Oceanographic reporting
RNS offers you the capability to download and display the latest weather and ocean conditions, and then superimpose this information upon your charts in several layers. Weather and oceanographic charts (in GRIB format) can be downloaded directly from the Internet or requested via e-mail. These files can be animated to show predicted weather conditions over a specified period of time. Typical weather files contain information in 6, 12 or 24 hour intervals, covering a period of several days, giving you a comprehensive presentation of atmospheric and marine conditions.
Advanced graphical user interface
RNS is operated via an easy-to-use Graphical User Interface (GUI) complete with many customizable toolbars, softkeys and floating data boxes. Using an intuitive menu hierarchy, you can display only those tools that you commonly use, or customize screens to show you only pertinent information, with just a few mouse clicks. RNSs flexible GUI enables you to quickly and easily tailor its powerful resources to suit your needs.
Does the PC have a serial (RS232) port?
You will need a PCI-PCMCIA adaptor Visit www.raymarine.com for details of recommended PCs and adapters
Is the PC a laptop?*
Get the latest software updates for your PC from http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com and the manufacturer of your graphics adapter (e.g. http://www.nvidia.com) or PC.
Is the PC's software up-to-date?
Your PC is now ready for RayTech RNS
Note: *If you are not planning to buy the Pathfinder PC kit, or you are not intending to use
RayTechs hsb2 networking capability for chart, radar, sonar sharing, you can skip this check.
Upgrading drivers and adapters
Prior to installing RayTech RNS, Raymarine strongly recommend updating your PC display drivers and verifying that you have the latest versions of Microsoft DirectX and your Display adapter driver installed.
Note: It will be necessary to have the PC connected to the internet for these checks and up-
dates to be carried out.
To ensure that your PC is current with regard to Windows operating system patches you should execute the Windows Update utility. To run the Windows Update utility: 1. On the computer taskbar, click Start. The pop-up menu is displayed. 2. Select and click Windows Update. The PC will connect to the Microsoft Windows Update site. 3. The Welcome screen is displayed.
4. Click Scan for Updates. Your computer is scanned to find which update patches are required. The screen updates to show the progress of the scan. When the scan is complete the Review Updates screen is displayed.
5. Click Review and Install Updates. The available updates are displayed.
6. Click Install Now. Installation of the updates starts, with progress being shown on screen.
Upon completion of the installation a dialog box appears. This will tell you that installation is complete and that you need to restart your computer for the updates to be activated. 7. Check Restart Now. Click OK. Your computer will restart and Windows will be updated. 8. Repeat steps 1 through 7 until all applicable updates have been installed.
To ensure that you have the latest version of DirectX installed you should run the DirectX diagnostics utility. To run DirectX diagnostics utility: 1. On the computer taskbar, click Start. The pop-up menu is displayed. 2. Select and click Run. The Run dialog box is displayed.
3. Type in, dxdiag. Click OK. The DirectX diagnostic tool will be displayed.
4. Make a note of the version number installed on your computer (highlighted in the picture above). 5. Click the Display or Display 1 tab. The display adapter screen is displayed.
6. Make a note of the display adapter name, manufacturer, chip type and driver version installed on your computer (highlighted in the picture above). 7. Point your internet browser to - http:// www.microsoft.com/windows/directx/ downloads/default.asp and check the current version of DirectX. If the version installed is not current, download and install the latest version. 8. Point your internet browser to the display adapter manufacturers site and check the current version available. If the version installed is not current, download the latest version.
You may find he following websites useful when ensuring your PC has the latest drivers and adapters available:
Manufacturer Intel software VIA software AMD software SIS software ATI graphics NVIDIA graphics
Website www.intel.com www.viarena.com www.amd.com www.sis.com.tw www.ati.com www.nvidia.com
Having checked that your computer meets the operating requirements, and upgraded the drivers and adapters as necessary your computer is now ready for installing RayTech RNS. However, to make sure that RNS V5.0 operates correctly you should, before installation, execute the Windows Add/Remove Programs utility and remove any previously installed KiwiTech or RayTech program(s). To run the Add/Remove Programs utility: 1. On the computer taskbar, click Start. The pop-up menu is displayed. 2. Select and click Control Panel. The control panel is displayed. 3. Click Add/Remove Programs. The Add/Remove Programs dialog box is displayed.
4. Select the program you wish to remove. 5. Click Change/Remove. The Change/Remove wizard is displayed.
6. Check Remove. Click Next. Follow the on-screen instructions to remove the selected program. Your RNS software can now be installed from either a CD-ROM or downloaded directly from the Internet.
Installation from a CD
To install RNS using a CD-ROM: 1. Insert the RNS CD into the computers CD-ROM drive. After a few moments the Install Shield Wizard Welcome screen is displayed. 2. Click Next, and follow the on-screen instructions. If the Install Shield Wizard does not automatically run; 1. Select Start/Run from the computer taskbar and type e:\setup.exe (substitute the drive letter of your CD-ROM drive for e if it is different). After a few moments the Install Shield Wizard Welcome screen is displayed. 2. Click Next, and follow the on-screen instructions.
Installation from the internet
To install RNS from the internet: 1. Point your internet browser to http:///www.raymarine.com/RayTech software 2. Follow the on-screen instructions. Note: RNS is a very large file (85mb). Dial-up connections are not recommended for this operation.
SeaTalk2 protocol was developed as the Controller Area Network (CAN) based version of SeaTalk.
What is hsb2?
The high speed bus 2 (hsb2) protocol was developed by Raymarine to enable up to ten multiple displays to be linked together. This enables all of the screens to display data from any unit connected the bus to any other unit which is connected to the bus. This data can be displayed in full, split and overlay screen modes.
What is NMEA?
The NMEA 0183 Data Interface Standard was developed by the National Marine Electronics Association of America. It is an international standard to enable equipment from many different manufacturers to be connected together and share information. The NMEA 0183 standard carries similar information to SeaTalk. However it has the important difference in that one cable will only carry information in one direction. For this reason NMEA 0183 is generally used to connect a data receiver and a transmitter together, e.g. a compass sensor transmitting heading to a radar display. This information is passed in sentences, each of which has a three-letter sentence identifier. It is therefore important when checking compatibility between items that the same sentence identifiers are used, e.g. VTG carries Course and Speed Over Ground data, GLL carries latitude and longitude, DBT carries water depth and MWV carries relative wind angle and wind speed data.
EMC installation guidelines
All Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to best industry standards for use in the recreational marine environment. Their design and manufacture conforms to the appropriate Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standards, but correct installation is required to ensure that performance is not compromised. Although every effort has been made to ensure that they will perform under all conditions, it is important to understand what factors could affect the operation of the product. The guidelines given here describe the conditions for optimum EMC performance, but it is recognized that it may not be possible to meet all of these conditions in all situations. To ensure the best possible conditions for EMC performance within the constraints imposed by any location, always ensure the maximum separation possible between different items of electrical equipment. For optimum EMC performance, it is recommended that wherever possible: Raymarine equipment and cables connected to it are: At least 3 ft. (1m) from any equipment transmitting, or cables carrying radio signals, e.g. VHF radios, cables and antennas. In the case of Single Side Band (SSB) radios, the distance should be increased to 7 ft. (2m). More than 7 ft. (2m) from the path of a radar beam. A radar beam can normally be assumed to spread 20 degrees above and below the radiating element. The equipment is supplied from a separate battery to that used for engine start. Voltage drops below 10 V, and starter motor transients, can cause the equipment to reset. This will not damage the equipment, but may cause the loss of some information and may change the operating mode. Raymarine specified cables are used. Cutting and rejoining these cables can compromise EMC performance and must be avoided unless doing so is detailed in the installation manual. If a suppression ferrite is attached to a cable, this ferrite should not be removed. If the ferrite needs to be removed during installation, it must be reassembled in the same position. Suppression Ferrites The illustration shows typical cable suppression ferrites used with Raymarine equipment. Always use the ferrites supplied by Raymarine.
Connections to other equipment If your Raymarine equipment is to be connected to other equipment using a cable not supplied by Raymarine, a suppression ferrite MUST always be attached to the cable near to the Raymarine unit
Basic NMEA and RS-232 cabling principles
This section explains some of the basic principles involved with NMEA and RS-232 electrical connections. Knowledge of this information is not required to connect t RNS to your peripheral instrumentation: however, it is provided for the advanced user as a pertinent technical background.
Most marine electronic devices that output data do so over NMEA ports. These ports are known as a balanced pair, which means that the data signal is carried over two wires (via an RS-422 electrical layer, in computer/datacom terminology). The signal level is determined by calculating the voltage difference between the two wires, hence the NMEA output signal is called a Differential Data Signal (DDS). This DDS should not be confused with Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS), which is a GPS system error correction method. DDS are designed to be error-resistant by keeping the positive and negative leads close together for the entire cable run. This means that they both pick up the same levels of noise, which is ultimately subtracted from the signal, preserving the signals data integrity. NMEA ports typically have four connections (two for each lead); Transmit (positive/ negative) and Receive (positive/negative). Some devices may use a single-direction port, meaning that they can transmit or receive only. To connect one NMEA device to another: 1. Connect device As positive Transmit (Tx+) lead to device Bs positive Receive (Rx+) lead. 2. Connect device As negative Transmit (Tx-) lead to device Bs negative Receive (Rx-) lead. IMPORTANT: When performing the above connection, make sure that you connect the devices directly; DO NOT use the boats DC grounding circuit to carry the Tx- signal. You may encounter a device that does not properly implement the NMEA specification, and shares its Tx- lead with the device DC power ground circuit. In this case, you must still run a cable directly between the Tx- and Rx- leads as previously stated. DO NOT share the DC power ground circuit.
Most desktop and laptop computers have RS-232 ports. These ports use a 3 wire interface, in which the transmit and receive leads reference the same signal ground. It is important not to confuse the RS-232 cables ground with the boats power ground
circuit. While the boats power ground may, co-incidentally, be at the same level as the RS-232 signal ground, there is no industry standard that requires this. Since the RS-232 transmit and receive data signals reference a common signal ground to maintain their integrity, you must connect the signal ground circuit directly between the two RS-232 linked devices. To wire one RS-232 device to another: 1. Connect device As Tx lead to device Bs Rx lead. 2. Connect device As Rx lead to device Bs Tx lead. 3. Connect device As signal ground (SGnd) lead to device Bs SGnd lead. RS-232 uses a common ground, which differs in electrical specification form NMEAs transmit/receive- pair arrangement. Because of these signal level differences, the way you interconnect an RS-232 device and an NMEA device varies with the application.
Note: You may also encounter voltage differences when interconnecting older RS-232/NMEA hardware. Take care to ensure the correct connections.
To wire an RS-232 device to provide input to an NMEA device: 1. Connect the RS-232 device TX lead to the NMEA device RX+ lead. 2. Connect the RS-232 device SGnd lead to the NMEA device RX- lead. To wire an RS-232 device to provide and receive input from an NMEA device: 1. Connect the RS-232 device Tx lead to the NMEA device Rx+ lead. 2. Connect the RS-232 device Rx lead to the NMEA device Tx+ lead. 3. Connect the RS-232 device SGnd lead to the NMEA device Tx- and Rx- leads. There are some infrequent cases where binding the NMEA device Tx- and Rx- leads together may cause difficulties. If you do encounter problems, you will need to use an RS-232 to NMEA converter between the two devices. A converter is required in rare cases, but is a good place to begin troubleshooting if problems arise with the RS-232/ NMEA connection. It should be noted that the modern Furuno radar systems do require a converter.
Circuit grounding issues
The most important issue in electrical connections is proper circuit grounding. In addition to all of the other electrical gremlins that poor grounding gives rise to, instrument signals are easily scrambled if they are badly grounded. This results in erratic and unreliable displays. Installations using both AC and DC current have a separate ground circuit for each. In such cases, the checklist that follows will ensure that the ground circuits are kept fully isolated: Always use isolating transformers or a separate power-inverter to run PC, monitors and other sensitive electronic instruments or devices.
Always use an isolating transformer with weather FAX audio cables. Always use an RS-232/NMEA converter with optical isolation on the signal lines. Always use PCs and other devices that are directly DC powered.
Cables and cable runs
When installing system cables consider the following: All cables should be adequately secured, protected from physical damage and exposure to heat. Avoid running cables through bilges or doorways, or close to moving or hot objects. Acute bends must be avoided. Where a cable passes through an exposed bulkhead or deckhead, a watertight feed-through should be used. Secure cables in place using tie-wraps or lacing twine. Coil any extra cable and tie it out of the way. Do not pull cables through a bulkhead or deckhead using a cord attached to the connector. This could damage the connections.
Proper cable shielding
For all but the shortest length cable runs, data cables must be shielded to prevent them from picking up electrical noise from other devices, and to keep them from radiating potential interference. If you encounter a data corruption problem, a good place to begin troubleshooting is with the cable shielding, especially on longer cable runs. Make sure the cable shielding hasnt been scraped off by being squeezed through a tight area.
Preventing interference and crosstalk
You should always run data cables: as isolated as possible. as far away from high current carrying AC and DC power lines as possible. as far away from antennas as possible. While it may be convenient to bundle power and data cables together, this causes crosstalk between them, which results in scrambled and unusable data. If you must cross a power cable when running a data cable, try to make the crossing as close to 90o as possible; never run power and data cables parallel within the same bundle. If you have long cable runs planned for data cables, and are using NMEA equipment, use a shielded twisted pair cable to eliminate the danger of interference and crosstalk.
This section shows you how to connect various instruments and devices that can interface with RNS with systems that use: NMEA devices. SeaTalk devices. hsb2 devices.
Connecting RNS to your instruments
The connection between the PC that is running RNS and your instruments is achieved using a 9-pin cable, Raymarine Part No. E86001. One end connects directly to your PCs Serial Port, the other to the various devices.
Connecting directly to a GPS
Connecting RNS to a Global Positioning System (GPS) is the simplest way to get position data. To connect RNS directly to a GPS: 1. Verify that GPS NMEA output is turned ON. 2. Set the GPS datum to WGS84. 3. Using Raymarine Cable Part No.E86001, connect the cables as follows:
Cable color Yellow (Rx) Black (SGnd) Green (Tx) Black (SGnd)
GPS lead NMEA + output may also be labelled Tx, Tx+, Data out +, or NMEA OUT +. Not used Not used NMEA - output may also be labelled TX-, Data out-, NMEA- out, or Ground.
Connecting directly to NMEA equipped instruments
Most instrument systems are equipped to accept incoming NMEA data from your GPS, and will output additional collected NMEA data, such as position, heading, speed, water depth etc. To connect directly to an NMEA equipped instrument system: Connect the cables as follows:
Cable color Yellow (Rx) Black (SGnd) Green (Tx) Black (SGnd) NMEA instrument lead NMEA + output may also be labelled Tx, Tx+, Data out +, or NMEA OUT +. NMEA - Input may also be labelled RX-, Data In -, NMEA IN-, or Ground. NMEA + Input may also be labelled Rx, Rx+, Data In +, or NMEA IN +. NMEA - output may also be labelled TX-, Data out-, NMEA- out, or Ground.
Connecting directly to radar
In order for RNS to be able to display variable range markers (VRMs), electronic bearing lines (EBLs) and cursor information, the radar system you use must be able to output the NMEA RSD string. To display MARPA targets, your radar system must be able to output NMEA TLL or TTM strings. If you are using this feature, make sure your radar system is correctly tracking MARPA targets before connecting it to RNS. To connect RNS directly to a radar system: Connect the cables as follows:
Cable color Yellow (Rx) Black (SGnd) Green (Tx) Black (SGnd) NMEA instrument lead NMEA + output may also be labelled Tx, Tx+, Data out +, or NMEA OUT +. Not used Not used NMEA - output may also be labelled TX-, Data out-, NMEA- out, or Ground.
Connecting directly to an autopilot
The following cabling instructions apply to most autopilot systems, however, you should also refer to the Manufacturers handbook that came with your autopilot. Your autopilot must support NMEA 2.3 strings APA or APB. To connect RNS directly to an autopilot: Connect the cables as follows:
Cable color Yellow (Rx) Black (SGnd) Green (Tx) Black (SGnd) Autopilot lead Not used Not used NMEA + Input may also be labelled Rx, Rx+, Data In+, or NMEA IN+. NMEA - Input may also be labelled Rx-, Data In-, NMEA IN-, or Ground.
Connecting specific instruments and devices
The sections that follow detail how to connect RNS to specific Manufacturers instruments and devices.
The following drawing shows how to connect an instrument system instruments using the Raymarine SeaTalk data format.
E85004 RayTech SeaTalk E86001 Interface
MENU CH 16/9 WX SCAN SQ WATCH HI/L OK
Speed display Power IN
SeaTalk SeaTalk SeaTalk
E85001 SeaTalk Interface
DSM 250 Power IN Power IN
Detailed connection of the 9-pin cable, Raymarine Part No. E 86001, and the SeaTalk system using the RayTech SeaTalk Interface, Raymarine Part No. E85004 is detailed in the following section.
RayTech SeaTalk interface
The RayTech SeaTalk interface converts the SeaTalk data format into RS-232 signals and vice-versa. When configuring your instrument connections within RNS, the COM port to which SeaTalk is connected must be set to: Raymarine SeaTalk Interface. The connections are:
Cable to SeaTalk System 9 - pin cable Part No. E86001
RayTech SeaTalk Interface Part No.E85004
Mounting the interface box
To mount your SeaTalk interface box, select a suitable location that is: away from direct contact with water. clean and grease-free. easily accessible for cabling. reasonably well protected from physical damage.
PCI to PCMCIA cardbus adapter
Wherever possible Raymarine recommend using a PC with a PCMCIA slot fitted as standard, e.g. a laptop. However, if RNS is being integrated into a desk top PC then it may be necessary to add a Type II compliant PCMCIA adapter. The following are typical installation instructions, but if you experience problems, contact your PC Manufacturer: 1. Install driver CD-ROM supplied with PCMCIA card adapter. 2. Follow the on-screen instructions to install driver software. 3. When the software is successfully installed, shut down and turn off the PC. 4. Open the PC case and plug the PCMCIA card adapter into a spare PCI slot. 5. Close the PC case and power up, as Windows opens the Found New Hardware wizard will appear. Follow the on-screen instructions. 6. Once you have installed the PCMCIA card adapter follow the instructions detailed in To connect an hsb2 PCMCIA card to your PC system: on page 32
Connecting to an Autohelm system
The optimum way to connect RNS to a Raytheon Autohelm system is to use the SeaTalk interface, Raymarine Part No. E85004. To connect RNS directly to an Autohelm system: Connect the cables as follows:
Cable color Yellow (Rx) Black (SGnd) Green (Tx) Black (SGnd) NMEA instrument lead RS-232 + output NMEA - input may also be labelled Rx-, Data IN -, or NMEA IN -, or Ground. NMEA + input may also be labelled Rx, Rx+, Data IN +, or NMEA IN +. NMEA - output may also be labelled Tx -, Data Out -, NMEA OUT-, or Ground.
Connecting to B & G Instruments
RNS connects to the B & G 290, 390, 690, 790 and 2000 instrumentation systems via the B & G Performance Board. Using the performance board has the advantage of enabling RNS to automatically send data back to the B & G unit for remote display. For details of how to connect to other B & G instruments, refer to the section NMEA basics page 22.
To install RNS to a B & G Performance Board: 1. Install a jumper on the performance board between Pin 7 (RTS) and Pin 8 (CTS). 2. Set the Output Baud Rate setting (cross track error calculation value 2) to 6.4 bps. Refer to the relevant Manufacturers handbook for instructions. 3. Connect the cables as follows:
Cable color Yellow (Rx) Black (SGnd) Green (Tx) Black (SGnd) Performance board pin Pin 10 Not used Pin 9 Pin 11
To connect RNS to a B & G NMEA FFD display Connect the cables as follows:
Cable color Yellow (RX) Black (SGnd) Green (Tx) Black (SGnd) NMEA FFD lead color Violet (NMEA output) Not used Not used Black (Ground)
Connecting to KVH Instruments
RNS connects to KVH instruments via the KVH NMEA box or Race box interface devices. Connecting via the Race box has the advantage of automatically sending RNS data back to the KVH system displays. Using the Race box also requires you to use the NMEA box, because the Race box does not propagate all of the NMEA data. For details of how to connect to an NMEA box, refer to the section NMEA basics in this appendix. To connect RNS to a Race box: Connect the cables as follows:
1. Check on one of your Raymarine hsb2 displays hat all the expected options (chart, radar, sonar) are available by pressing the DISPLAY button. 2. Set up RNS to show all of the same options as listed in 1. Make sure the radar and sonar picture match from your hsb2 display to RNS. If they do not, check all hsb2 connections. 3. Chart data an be shared via hsb2. With a chart cartridge installed in a Raymarine hsb2 display, check that the same cartography is displayed on RNS. On the RNS chart page, turn raster charts OFF, and C-Map ON. Click the RANGE button to zoom in and check that the chart data is correct.
Raymarine provides a comprehensive customer support service, on the world wide web, through our worldwide dealer network and by telephone helpline. If you are unable to resolve a problem, please use any of these facilities to obtain additional help.
World wide web
Please visit the Customer Support area of our website at: www.raymarine.com. As well as providing a comprehensive Frequently Asked Questions section and servicing information, the website also gives e-mail access to the Raymarine Technical Support Department and details of the locations of Raymarine agents, worldwide. If you dont have access to the world wide web, contact Technical Support where specialists are available to answer questions about installing, operating and troubleshooting all Raymarine products.
Help us to help you
When requesting service, please quote the following product information: Equipment type(s). Model number(s). Serial number(s). Software version number(s).
Contacting Raymarine in the US
You can contact Raymarine in the US using the previously detailed world wide web or by calling one of the telephone numbers below:
Accessories and parts
You can obtain Raymarine accessories and parts directly from your authorized Raymarine dealer. However, if your Raymarine dealer does not have the item you want, contact Raymarine Technical Services at: 1-800-539-5539, extension 2333, or (603)- 881 - 5200 You can use these numbers Monday through Friday 0815 hrs to 1700 hrs Eastern Standard Time or Eastern Daylight Savings Time.
If you are not sure which item is appropriate for your system or unit, you should first contact the Technical Support Department to verify your requirements at: 1 - 800 - 539 - 5539, extension 2444, or (603) - 881 - 5200
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