Raymarine ST5000 Stern Drive Hydraulic Pilot
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Raymarine ST5000+ Stern Drive Hydraulic Pilot, size: 2.1 MB
Raymarine ST5000 Stern Drive Hydraulic Pilot
User reviews and opinions
|enoch81||9:23am on Thursday, October 21st, 2010|
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|titch||1:26pm on Tuesday, September 7th, 2010|
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|onsy||4:08pm on Friday, August 27th, 2010|
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|e.fabene||2:24pm on Tuesday, August 24th, 2010|
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|lfys_drie||10:07pm on Tuesday, July 13th, 2010|
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|recusant||6:36am on Thursday, April 29th, 2010|
|At present, as the market prices continue to drop in, use and want to try to use the GPS navigation equipment Friends increasing. My husband just bought this and granted it is his first GPS system but he has fallen in love with it! He will never travel anywhere without it again.|
|David_Nash_434||12:02pm on Saturday, April 10th, 2010|
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Comments posted on www.ps2netdrivers.net are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.
5.2 Control head.. 39 Siting... 39 Mounting procedure.. 39 Surface mounting.. 40 Flush mounting.. 41 Cable connectors.. 42 Power supply connection.. 42 Hydraulic... 43 Sterndrive... 43 Connection to the SeaTalk bus.. 43 SeaTalk cables... 43 Cable types... 44 Typical SeaTalk cabling.. 44 5.3 Fluxgate compass.. 44 Mounting location for steel-hulled vessels.. 45 Installing the fluxgate compass.. 46 Cabling... 47 5.4 Rudder reference transducer.. 47 Mounting position... 47 Control dimensions... 48 Installing the rudder reference transducer.. 48 Cabling... 49 5.5 Sterndrive actuator installation.. 50 Installation for Volvo (post Type 872215). 50 Installation for Mercruiser 93/OMC/Yamaha. 52 Installation for Mercruiser 95 (Z329).. 54 Important Pre-installation check. 54 Installation... 54 Mounting in a restricted area. 56 Installing the Universal I/O Drive.. 57 Cable connection.. 61
5.6 Hydraulic pump installation.. 61 Introduction... 61 Cabling... 62 Hydraulic... 62 Types of steering system.. 63 Two line system... 64 Two line pressurised system.. 65 Three line system.. 65 Bleeding the system.. 66 5.7 NMEA interface... 67 Cabling... 67 NMEA data transmission to other equipment. 67 Data formats... 68 Transmission of NMEA data on SeaTalk. 68 Chapter 6: Post Installation Procedures.. 69 6.1 Functional test... 69 Switch on.. 69 Operating sense.. 70 Navigation interface (GPS, Decca, Loran).. 70 SeaTalk interface.. 71 6.2 Dockside procedures.. 71 6.3 Initial sea trial... 72 EMC conformance.. 72 Overview.. 72 Automatic compass deviation correction. 73 What if I turn the boat too quickly?.. 74 Can I cancel the process?. 75 Further heading alignment adjustment.. 76 Checking autopilot operation. 77 AutoRelease (sterndrive systems only). 77 Checking the rudder gain.. 78
Chapter 7: Maintenance.. 81 General... 81 Servicing and Safety.. 81 Advice... 81 Chapter 8: Fault Finding.. 83 Index... 85
This handbook contains information on the operation and installation of your new equipment. In order to obtain the best performance from your autopilot, please read this handbook thoroughly.
How this handbook is organised
This handbook is divided into the following chapters: Chapter 1: Introduces the autopilot, its features and its use. Chapter 2: Covers basic autopilot operation. Chapter 3: Explains how to use Track mode and adjust autopilot performance, and summarises the ST5000 Plus alarms. Chapter 4: Provides details on how to make adjustments to customise the autopilot to your particular vessel. Chapter 5: Explains how to install your autopilot and its components. Chapter 6: Covers functional testing and dockside procedures after installation, and initial sea trials. Chapter 7: Provides general maintenance procedures. Chapter 8: Provides information to help you resolve any problems you may encounter with your autopilot. An index is included at the end of this handbook, followed by templates for the installation of the control head, SeaTalk deck connector and rudder reference transducer.
To verify the ownership of your new autopilot, please take a few minutes to complete the warranty card. It is important that you complete the owner information and return the card to the factory to receive full warranty benefits.
Passage making under autopilot control is an enjoyable experience that can, if you are not careful, lead to the relaxation of the permanent watch. A permanent watch MUST be maintained no matter how clear the sea may appear to be. Remember, a large ship can travel two miles in five minutes just the time it takes to make a cup of coffee. The following rules should always be observed: Maintain a permanent watch and regularly check all around for other vessels and obstacles to navigation no matter how clear the sea may appear a dangerous situation can develop rapidly. Maintain an accurate record of the vessels position either by use of a radio navigation receiver or visual bearings. Maintain a continuous plot of position on a current chart. Ensure the locked autopilot heading steers you clear of all obstacles. Make proper allowance for Tidal Set the autopilot cannot! Even when your autopilot is locked onto the desired Track using a radio navigation receiver, always maintain a log and make regular positional plots. Radio navigation signals can produce significant errors under some circumstances and the autopilot cannot detect this situation. Make sure that all members of crew are familiar with the procedures to disengage the autopilot. Your Raymarine autopilot will add a new dimension to your boating enjoyment. However, it is the responsibility of the skipper to ensure the safety of the vessel at all times by careful observance of these basic rules.
All Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to the best industry standards for use in the leisure marine environment. Their design and manufacture conforms to the appropriate Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standards, but good installation is required to ensure that performance is not compromised.
Chapter 1: Introduction
The ST5000 Plus is a SeaTalk compatible autopilot, available for sterndrive or hydraulic steering systems, which can also repeat instrument data in a programmable selection of Data Pages. The ST5000 Plus can share all data transmitted from other Raymarine SeaTalk instruments: Track information, from a navigation instrument, provides waypoint control from the autopilot. Boat speed from the Speed instrument provides optimum trackkeeping performance. The ST5000 Plus autopilot can also be used with any navigator (GPS, Decca, Loran) transmitting NMEA 0183 data. There are three operating modes: Standby: Autopilot disengaged Autopilot engaged and locked onto a heading Auto: Track: Autopilot maintains a track between two waypoints created using a navigation system When the ST5000 Plus is being used to repeat instrument data, popup pilot pages are displayed for 5 seconds whenever a change in autopilot control is made. The ST5000 Plus also provides the following: Automatic compass deviation correction Northerly/Southerly heading compensation Automatic heading deadband seastate control Waypoint advance feature Setup and calibration options to suit each installation, giving maximum performance with many types of boat, with three calibration menus (user, intermediate and dealer)
The bar graph at the bottom of the display is normally a rudder bar for ST5000 Plus Hydraulic systems. For ST5000 Plus Sterndrive systems (or if the bar graph has been set as a direction-to-steer indicator) the display depends on the current mode, as follows: Mode
Standby Auto Track
Rudder bar for systems with a rudder reference transducer Heading error bar Cross track error (XTE) bar, in 0.02 nm increments
If neither distance units (nm or SM) are displayed, the distance is in Km.
2.3 Using Auto mode
Engaging the Autopilot (Auto)
1. Steady the vessel on the required heading. 2. Press auto.
In Auto mode, the display shows the locked autopilot heading.
Passage making under autopilot control is an enjoyable experience that can, if you are not careful, lead to the relaxation of the permanent watch. A permanent watch MUST be maintained no matter how clear the sea may appear to be. Remember, a large ship can travel two miles in five minutes just the time it takes to make a cup of coffee.
Disengaging the autopilot (Standby) to return to hand steering
In Standby mode, the display shows the vessels current compass heading. The previous autopilot heading is memorised and can be recalled.
Changing course in Auto mode
The +1 and +10 (starboard) and 1 and 10 (port) keys are used to change the locked heading, in increments of 1 and 10, when the autopilot has control. Example: a 30 course change to port = press 10 three times.
Dodging obstacles in Auto mode
In order to avoid an obstacle when your vessel is under autopilot control, select a course change in the appropriate direction (for example, port 30 = press 10 three times).
When safely clear of the obstacle, you can reverse the previous course change (for example, press +10 three times), or return to the previous locked heading (LAST HDG).
Returning to the previous locked heading (LAST HDG)
If for any reason the vessel is steered away from the selected locked heading (for example, executing a dodge manoeuvre or selecting Standby) you can return to the previous locked heading: 1. Press auto for 1 second. The previous locked heading (LAST HDG) is displayed for 7 seconds.
Note: A direction-to-steer indicator is displayed to show you the direction the vessel will turn. 2. To accept this heading, and resume the original course, press AUTO once within this 7 second period.
If you do not press auto while the display is flashing, the current heading will be maintained.
Waypoint arrival and advance
As the vessel arrives at the target waypoint, the navigation receiver should select (manually or automatically) the next target waypoint. The ST5000 Plus detects the new target waypoint number, sounds the Waypoint Advance alarm and displays the Waypoint Advance information. This display shows the new bearing to waypoint and the direction the boat will turn to acquire the new track.
To accept the new target waypoint, press track. Note: When you reach the last waypoint in the track, the NO DATA alarm will sound to indicate that there is no further waypoint information. Press auto to continue on the same heading, or standby to return to hand steering. Skipping a Waypoint SeaTalk Navigators Only If you wish to advance to the next waypoint before you have arrived at the target waypoint, press track for 1 second. The Waypoint Advance information for the next waypoint is displayed.
While the Waypoint Advance alarm is sounding, Track mode is suspended and the ST5000 Plus maintains the current boat heading. 1. Check that it is safe to turn onto the new track. 2. Press the track key. This will cancel the Waypoint Advance alarm and turn the boat towards the next waypoint. Note: Unless the Waypoint Advance is accepted in the above manner, the alarm will continue to sound and the current heading will be maintained.
Full control is still available from the keypad when the autopilot is in Track mode.
Initiating a dodge manoeuvre
In Track mode, dodge manoeuvres are accomplished by simply selecting the desired course change using the course change keys (-1, +1, -10 or +10).
Cancelling a dodge manoeuvre
Once the hazard has been avoided, the course change selected for the dodge manoeuvre should be cancelled by selecting an equal course change in the opposite direction. Note: Provided the vessel remains within 0.1 nm of track, there is no need to steer back towards the track.
Passage making in Track mode removes the chores of compensating for wind and tidal drift, and will aid precise navigation. However, it is important to maintain an accurate log with regular plots.
Position confirmation at the start of a passage
At the start of a passage you must always confirm the fix given by the position transducer, using an easily identifiable fixed object. Check for fixed positional errors and compensate for them.
Verifying computed positions
Verify the computed position with a dead reckoned position, calculated from the average course steered and the distance logged.
In open water, plots should be at least hourly. In confined waters, or when potential hazards are near, plots should be more frequent. Local variations in radio signal quality, and changes in the tidal stream, will produce deviations from the desired track.
NEXT WPT? The Waypoint Advance alarm sounds whenever the target waypoint number changes, which occurs in the following circumstances: Automatic acquisition is selected by pressing track from Auto mode When the vessel arrives at the target waypoint and the navigator accepts the next waypoint.
Waypoint advance is requested by pressing track for 1 second in Track mode (SeaTalk Navigators only). When the Man Overboard (MOB) function is activated in Track mode. When the alarm sounds, the pilot continues on its current heading, but displays the bearing to the next waypoint and the direction in which the boat will turn to take up that bearing. Check that it is safe to turn onto the new track, and press track to accept the waypoint advance. Alternatively, to cancel the alarm without accepting the waypoint advance, press standby to return to hand steering, or auto to return to Auto mode. Note: The waypoint advance will only operate on pilots receiving valid bearing to waypoint and waypoint number information.
LOW BATT The Low Battery alarm sounds when the supply voltage drops below 10 V (0.5 V). Press STANDBY to clear the alarm and return to hand steering. Start the engine to recharge the battery.
WATCH The Watch alarm is activated in Watch mode when the timer reaches 4 minutes. It is not available from Standby mode. If you wish to set the Watch mode, the WATCH screen must be configured as one of the Data Pages for display, as described in section 4.1. To set and control the Watch alarm: 1. Select Auto, Track or Vane mode. 2. Press the disp key until the WATCH Data Page is displayed.
The watch timer starts counting. When the timer reaches 3 minutes, the text on the display starts flashing to indicate the last minute of Watch alarm. When the timer reaches 4 minutes, the audible Watch alarm is activated. 3. Press auto at any time to silence the alarm and reset the timer to 4 minutes. (Pressing any other key resets the timer and performs the keys normal function.) 4. To clear Watch mode, press disp to display a different page, or press standby. Note: You cannot engage Auto mode from Watch mode pressing auto only resets the Watch timer.
SHALLOW The Shallow alarm is activated on the ST5000 Plus if a shallow depth alarm is received via SeaTalk. Press standby or disp to cancel the alarm.
Man overboard (MOB)
If a man overboard (MOB) message is received from another instrument on the SeaTalk system, the text MOB is shown instead of the waypoint number for the XTE, DTW and BTW Data Pages. If the autopilot is operating in Track mode, the Waypoint Advance alarm will sound to notify the change in waypoint.
Chapter 4: Customising the ST5000 Plus
The ST5000 Plus provides setup and configuration options that are used to adjust the settings for the ST5000 Plus itself, the compass, and the autopilot. Note: You should perform the post installation procedures described in Chapter 6 before adjusting any other calibration features. There are three setup levels: User Setup, which controls compass setup, rudder calibration and the ST5000 Plus display features Intermediate Setup, which displays version number information Dealer Setup, which controls the autopilot settings, and also the calibration lock which can be used to prevent accidental access to User and Intermediate Setup The ST5000 Plus is calibrated at the factory to provide stable performance for most yachts. Although many of the setup and calibration features available in the ST5000 Plus can be fine tuned, it should not normally be necessary to adjust the Dealer Setup values once the initial installation and trials have been performed.
4.1 User setup
The flow chart on the following page shows the User Setup control procedure, and the setup screens with their default settings. Information on the functions of the different settings is given in the remainder of this section. The following points should be considered: If the CAL LOCK screen is displayed instead of the initial page, you need to turn off the lock feature in Dealer Setup Setup options are always saved on exit
Compass deviation correction (SWING COMPASS)
The compass deviation correction option allows you to correct the compass for deviating magnetic fields. The procedure must be performed as the first item in your initial sea trial, and is described in detail in Chapter 6, Post Installation Procedures.
Adjusting User Setup Values
Deviation display (DEVIATION)
The deviation screen shows the current deviation value, calculated from the correction procedure (Swing Compass). You cannot edit this value.
Heading alignment (ALIGN HDG)
The heading alignment screen is used to align the autopilot compass with the ships compass. Steer your vessel onto a known heading. Adjust the displayed heading using the -1, +1, -10 and +10 keys. Check the autopilot display on various headings and adjust as necessary.
Heading mode (HDG MAG/TRUE)
Up to 2.5 m (8 ft). Up to 4 m (13 ft) Up to 6 m (19.5 ft)
1 mm2 1.5 mm2 2.5 mm2
Note: Correct cable size is critical for correct autopilot operation. If the cable is too small, a voltage drop will occur between the supply and the control head. This will reduce the power to the drive, causing slower response to course changes and corrections.
Connection to the SeaTalk bus
SeaTalk cables are not supplied with the equipment, as different installations have different cabling requirements.
The following table lists the standard SeaTalk cables available from your Raymarine dealer: Part No:
D187 D188 D284
Flat to a male round connector 0.15 m (6 in) long Flat to a female round connector 0.3 m (12 in) long Flat moulded plugs at both ends 1 m (3 ft 3 in) long
D285 D286 D287
Flat moulded plugs at both ends 3 m (9 ft 9 in) long Flat moulded plugs at both ends 6 m (19 ft 6 in) long Flat moulded plugs at both ends 9 m (29 ft 3 in) long
Typical SeaTalk cabling
Autopilot Control Head (rear)
5.3 Fluxgate compass
Correct positioning of the fluxgate is crucial if ultimate autopilot performance is to be achieved. The fluxgate should, to minimise gimbal disturbance, be positioned as near as possible to the pitch and roll centre of the vessel.
0.3L to 0.5L L
To avoid deviation of both compasses, the fluxgate compass should be installed at least 0.8 m (2.5 ft) away from the steering compass. The fluxgate compass must be positioned as far away as possible from large iron masses, such as the engine and other magnetic devices, which may cause deviation and reduce the sensitivity of the sensor. If you have any doubts about the magnetic suitability of the chosen site, the position may be surveyed using a simple hand bearing compass. The hand bearing compass should be fixed in the chosen position and the vessel swung through 360. Differences between the hand bearing compass and the main steering compass should, ideally, not exceed 20 on any heading.
Mounting location for steel-hulled vessels
If you have a steel-hulled vessel and mount the compass in the conventional location, you will obtain significant deviation due to the effects of steel on the Earths magnetic field. To minimise this effect, you should raise the compass transducer above the main deck or wheelhouse. However, the higher above the waterline you mount the transducer, the more the vessels pitch and roll will affect the compass performance. Recommended mounting positions are shown in the following diagram.
Installing the fluxgate compass
Attach the fluxgate compass to a bulkhead using the four self-tapping screws provided.
Note: A label is supplied to warn people of the area in which the compass is mounted. This label should be attached where it can be clearly seen.
1. Route the fluxgate compass cable back to the control head. 2. Connect the five core cable (colour for colour) to the Compass terminals.
5.4 Rudder reference transducer
The rudder reference transducer is supplied with the ST5000 Plus Hydraulic system, and is available as an optional extra (Catalogue No. Z131) for Sterndrive systems. This device provides the autopilot with accurate information on the position of the rudder.
The rudder reference transducer should be attached to a suitable base adjacent to the rudder stock. The base height must maintain the correct vertical alignment of the transducer arm and tiller arm. If it is more convenient, the transducer may be mounted upside down (logo downwards). The transducer has a built in spring to remove any free play in the linkage to the tiller. This gives very precise rudder position. Transducer arm movement is limited to + / 60.
Care must be taken during installation to ensure the transducer arm is opposite the cable entry when the rudder is amidships. Failure to position the arm correctly could result in damage if the arm is driven onto its end stops by the steering system.
Installing the Universal I/O Drive
The Universal I/O Drive can be used with both Volvo and Mercruiser engines. As the method of fitting to both engine types is similar, a common procedure is given. Differences between the two engine types are shown in the accompanying illustrations: 1. Referring to the following illustration, select the correct adaptor pin for your engine type.
2. Remove the locating pin attaching the cable rod to the tiller block and replace it with the adaptor pin supplied, as shown.
Adaptor pin Tiller block
Steering cable rod
Fitting Volvo adaptor pin
Fitting Mercruiser adaptor pin
3. Secure the adaptor pin with the supplied split pin. 4. Fit the supplied hexagonal bracket centrally on the existing steering cable securing nut as shown in the appropriate following illustration. Secure the bracket with one of the socket cap screws supplied, ensuring that it is correctly aligned with the adaptor pin.
Ensure adaptor pin and hexagonal bracket are in line
Fitting hexagonal clamp to Volvo
Fitting hexagonal clamp to Mercruiser
5. Insert the Universal I/O Drive cable into the clamp on the hexagonal bracket, so that the recess on the cable engages with the protrusion in the clamp. Secure the clamp with the remaining socket cap screw. 6. Extend the Universal Drive cable until the rod end is aligned with the adaptor pin, then fit the rod end onto the adaptor pin.
Fitting cable to Volvo
Fitting cable to Mercruiser
7. Secure the rod end on the adaptor pin with the split pin supplied. 8. Fit the Universal I/O Drive assembly in a suitable, safe position, remote from the engine, using the clamps and tie-wraps provided.
9. Slowly turn the steering system from hard over to hard over. Ensure that the steering system operates freely and there is no contact between the cable and any part of the engine.
1. Fit the cable supplied with the drive unit make sure the connector is locked in place by turning the locking ring clockwise. 2. Route the cable back to the control head. 3. Secure the cable close to the drive unit make sure there is sufficient free length to allow for movement of the drive unit.
4. Once again use the steering wheel to move the rudder from hard over to hard over and check that the cable does not catch on any part of the vessel or fittings.
5.6 Hydraulic pump installation
The hydraulic drive unit should be mounted horizontally so that it is clear of spray and any possibility of immersion in water. The drive unit should also be located as near as possible to the hydraulic steering cylinder. It is important to bolt the hydraulic drive unit securely to a substantial member to avoid any vibration that could damage the interconnecting pipework. Care should be taken to avoid losing excessive hydraulic fluid. If the system is pressurised, release the pressure at the reservoir in
Navigator with NMEA output
Red (Data In +ve)
Blue (Data In -ve)
NMEA data transmission to other equipment
If you wish to transmit NMEA information to other equipment a SeaTalk Interface (Z290) should be installed.
The following NMEA 0183 wind and navigation data can be decoded by ST5000 Plus. Data
Course Over Ground Speed Over Ground Cross Track Error Bearing to Waypoint Distance to Waypoint Waypoint Number Apparent Wind Speed Apparent Wind Angle Speed Through Water Depth Water Temperature
VTG, RMC, RMA VTG, RMC, RMA APB, APA, RMB, XTE APB, BWR, BWC, RMB BWR, BWC, RMB APB, APA, BWR, BWC, RMB VWR, MWV VWR, MWV VHW DBT MTW
Note: The autopilot only decodes the last four characters of waypoint names. Therefore, if long waypoint names are used, the last four characters must be unique to enable the waypoint advance function to work.
Transmission of NMEA data on SeaTalk
If any of the above NMEA data is received and the equivalent data is not present on SeaTalk, the autopilot will transmit the data onto SeaTalk to make it available to other SeaTalk compatible instruments. Depth is transmitted in the units defined by the first page in the data page rollover. Water temperature is always transmitted in C.
Chapter 6: Post Installation Procedures
Once you have installed the system, you need to confirm that the system is wired correctly and is also set up to suit your type of boat. This chapter provides instructions for the following procedures: Functional test, consisting of a few simple tests to confirm that the system is wired correctly Dockside procedure, necessary if a rudder reference transducer is fitted, to ensure that the rudder reference transducer is correctly aligned with the rudder Initial sea trial, to swing the compass and align the heading, check the autopilots operation and check the rudder gain Further customisation can be performed after the sea trial, as described in Chapter 4.
Automatic compass deviation correction
The ST5000+ will correct the fluxgate compass for most deviating magnetic fields. Compass errors due to deviating magnetic fields can be up to 15, depending on your vessel type. The correction procedure reduces this to a few degrees, so it is essential to perform the procedure as the first item during the initial sea trial.
Failure to carry out the deviation correction may result in impaired autopilot performance on some compass headings. To allow the system to determine the deviation and calculate any correction required, you must turn your vessel in slow circles. This procedure must be carried out in calm conditions and preferably in flat water. To perform the deviation correction: 1. Make sure that the autopilot is in Standby mode. 2. Press and hold the standby key for 2 seconds to display the User Setup entry page.
If CAL LOCK is displayed, you need to turn off the lock feature contained in Dealer Setup (see Chapter 4). 3. Press the DISP key to move on to the Swing Compass page.
4. Press the +1 or -1 key to change the setting from OFF to YES. The TURN BOAT page is then displayed.
5. Keeping the boat speed below 2 knots, turn your vessel in slow circles. It should take at least 3 minutes to complete 360.
What if I turn the boat too quickly?
If you turn the boat too quickly for the compass to be corrected correctly, the text TOO FAST will be displayed. Slow down and continue to circle.
Can I cancel the process?
You can abort the correction process by pressing the DISP key to move on to the Deviation screen. If you wish to attempt deviation correction again, you can step back to the Swing Compass page or keep pressing disp to cycle through the calibration options until the page is displayed again. (To step back to the previous screen, press and hold the disp key for one second. You can only do this within two seconds of advancing to the current screen.) Repeat the procedure from step 4. 6. Keep turning your boat until the unit beeps and the DEVIATION screen is displayed.
This shows the maximum deviation detected, and indicates that compass correction has been completed successfully. Note: If the deviation value exceeds 15 or a deviation value is not displayed at all, you should consider moving the fluxgate compass to a better location. 7. Press the disp key to move on to the Heading Alignment page.
8. Use the +1 and -1, keys, or the +10 and -10 keys, to increase or decrease the displayed heading, until it agrees with the ships steering compass or a known transit bearing.
9. Press and hold STANDBY for 2 seconds to exit calibration and save the new settings. Note: Setup options are always saved on exit.
Further heading alignment adjustment
You should always check the compass alignment after swinging the compass. However, once the initial deviation correction procedure has been performed, you can make adjustments to the alignment as often as you wish, without swinging the compass again. Although the compass deviation correction procedure removes most of the alignment error, you will probably be left with small errors (of the order of a few degrees) that will vary depending on the heading. Ideally, you should check the heading reading against a number of known headings, plot a deviation curve, and determine the heading alignment value that will give the lowest average alignment error. This value can then be entered on the Heading Alignment screen, as described above.
If the average heading error is more than 5, you should perform the compass deviation correction procedure again, circling slower and in move favourable conditions.
Checking autopilot operation
Having calibrated the compass the following procedure is recommended to familiarise yourself with autopilot operation: 1. Steer onto a compass heading and hold the course steady. 2. Press auto to lock onto the current heading. A constant heading should be achieved in calm sea conditions. 3. Use the -1, +1, -10 and +10 keys to alter course to port or starboard in multiples of 1 and 10. 4. Press STANDBY and disengage the autopilot to return to hand steering:
AutoRelease (sterndrive systems only)
The AutoRelease feature provides an emergency manual override for ST5000 Plus Sterndrive systems. It is only available on installations with a ST5000 STRN pilot type, and the default setting is ON (see Chapter 4). 1. In an area clear of obstructions, press auto to lock onto the current heading. 2. Turn the steering wheel. The ST5000 Plus should display the text AUTO RELSE and sound an alarm for 10 seconds, and then return to Standby mode. There is a slight delay before the autopilot returns to Standby: excessive force is not required and will not reduce this delay. 3. Repeat the procedure two or three times until you are confident with its operation. 4. Press standby and disengage the autopilot to return to hand steering. Note: AutoRelease is intended for emergency use only. In normal use, you should press the standby key to disengage the ST5000 Plus.
Raymarine equipment should be serviced only by authorised Raymarine service engineers. They will ensure that service procedures and replacement parts used will not affect performance. There are no user serviceable parts in any Raymarine product. Some products generate high voltages, and so never handle the cables/connectors when power is being supplied to the equipment. Always report any EMC related problem to your nearest Raymarine dealer. We will use any such information to improve our quality standards.
Should any difficulties arise with this product, please contact the Raymarine Product Support department in the UK, or your own national distributor who will be able to provide expert assistance. The working parts of the drive system are sealed and lubricated for life during manufacture servicing is not required. Before you consider returning the autopilot, make sure that the power supply cable is sound and that all connections are tight and free from corrosion. If the connections are secure, refer to the Fault Finding chapter of this handbook. If the fault cannot be traced or rectified, please contact your nearest Raymarine dealer or Service Centre. Always quote the product serial number, which is printed on the rear cover of the autopilot, and the software version number, which is displayed when you enter Intermediate Setup (see Chapter 4).
Chapter 8: Fault Finding
All Raymarine products are subjected to a comprehensive test procedure prior to packing and shipping. In the unlikely event that a fault does occur with your autopilot, the following check list should help identify the problem and provide a cure. The autopilot display is blank No power check the fuse/circuit breaker. The displayed compass heading does not agree with the ships compass The compass has not been corrected for deviation carry out the deviation and alignment procedures. Vessel turns slowly and takes a long time to come on to course Rudder gain too low. Vessel overshoots when turning on to a new course Rudder gain too high. The autopilot appears to be unstable in Track mode, or trackholding is slow If tide speed exceeds 35% of boat speed, and boat speed is not available via SeaTalk, change the Cruise Speed setting in Dealer Setup to the boats cruising speed. The autopilot appears to be unstable on Northerly headings in the Northern hemisphere and Southerly headings in the Southern hemisphere Northerly/Southerly heading correction not set up. Display shows CAL LOCK when entering calibration Calibration locked out calibration protection feature is turned on in Dealer Setup. The autopilot will not talk to other SeaTalk instruments Cabling problem make sure all the cables are connected properly.
a u t o p i l o t s
Raymarines Autohelmright Autopilot choice. Series the
Radar Navigation Aids Instruments Autopilots Fishfinders Communications Software Systems
When it comes to autopilots, there is one name that stands above the rest. Raymarine is synonymous with performance, reliability and ease of use. With a comprehensive range of pilots to choose from, whatever type of boating you enjoy cruising, racing or fishing an Autohelm Series autopilot from Raymarine is the right pilot for your boat.
Raymarine the intelligent choice of pilot.
No matter which model you choose, every Raymarine pilot is packed with intelligent features. From a basic tiller pilot to a powerful inboard system, each comes with a simple, intuitive keypad for easy operation and a clear, functional LCD display to keep you informed (option for SportPilot). SeaTalk and NMEA compatibility allow you to integrate the pilot as part of a complete Raymarine navigation system. Set the pilot to steer a course, track to a waypoint from your GPS or chartplotter, or steer to the wind. Additional control units and hand held remote controls ensure you remain in complete command anywhere on board. Behind the scenes, intelligent software and proven hardware have earned Raymarine a reputation for building the worlds finest autopilots to steer your boat in all conditions. Some of the features you will find in Autohelm pilots from Raymarine: Informative and versatile LCD display. Simple push-button control keypad. SeaTalk/NMEA compatible. Track to waypoint from GPS or chartplotter. Instrument/navigation Datapages. Remote control and multi-station option. AutoTack (programmable turn). Steer to wind angle - True/Apparent. Rudder angle display.
AST Advanced Steering Technology: state-of-the-art software, for new G-series course computers with built in rate gyro, gives superb steering performance and boat handling (see page 37). AutoLearn: When fitted with the 150G/400G core packs, the ST6001 and ST7001 inboard pilots learn your boats handling characteristics for optimum pilot performance. SeaTalk Networking: The world renowned on-board plug and play solution for connecting multiple remote autopilot displays and connecting to Raymarine integrated navigation systems. Data pages: Customize your favorite navigation information to be displayed as you would like to see it.
Right choice the world over
In a recent survey of over 130 transatlantic yacht skippers, 70% use an Autohelm from Raymarine to get them safely across the ocean*, and in the worlds toughest single-handed yacht races, youll find Raymarine autopilots steering the boats day and night, all over the globe. No wonder the worlds top boat builders fit Raymarine as standard equipment.
With literally millions of miles of experience in steering all kinds of boats, its no surprise that Autohelm (Raymarine today) pioneered all the major advances in autopilot technology integration with instrument and navigation systems, the fluxgate compass, push button steering, AutoSeastate, AutoAdapt, AutoTrim and now AST Advanced Steering Technology.
* Figures quoted in June 2001 Yachting World.
AutoTack: Tacks the boat through a preset, user-defined turn.
Automatic Compass correction: Automatically adjusts the compass to give accurate read outs and heading information on all headings.
Auto Speed Gain: Adjusts the amount of helm applied at different boat speeds for a smooth safe ride.
Wind Trim: When sailing to a set wind angle, the pilot will monitor subtle wind shifts and alert you if there is a long term shift which may affect your ability to hold a course. AutoSeastate and AutoTrim: Automatically adjusts for wind and sea conditions to hold the best course.
Remember, always take the fully laden displacement weight of your vessel into account, this is often 20% above the designed displacement, so dont be tempted to choose a pilot which will always be working at the limits of its designed capabilities. If you choose your pilot with safety in mind, it wont struggle when the going gets tough.
Course Memory: After a manual course change to avoid an obstruction, simply press down Auto for one second to return to your previous course.
Calibration Lock: Allows you to secure your customized settings from unauthorized access.
Selecting the perfectinboard pilot system.
An introduction to inboard autopilots
Inboard pilots must be powerful enough to handle the demanding loads applied to the steering system of larger boats. The drive unit of an inboard pilot is mounted below decks linking directly with the boats steering system all you see at the helm is the control unit. Raymarine offers a range of control units to suit your needs and style. To determine which drive unit you require, simply answer the questions in this chart. Once you have selected a drive, refer to pages 74 & 75 for detailed drive specification and part number information.
IS THE STEERING HYDRAULIC?
Selecting the right pilot
An inboard pilot consists of a drive unit, corepack and your choice of control units. The first step is to specify the correct drive unit to match your boat's steering system, displacement and size. Use the flowchart (right) and specifications on pages 74 & 75 as a guide*. Next, select the appropriate corepack; T150/T400 or G-series 150G/400G course computer (with AST and built-in gyro). Finally, choose from ST7001, ST6001, ST600R or Raypilot 650 control units.
* We recommend that you consult a Raymarine approved dealer who can specify, install and commission the correct Raymarine system for your boat. An approved installation also carries our full worldwide 2 year warranty.
DOES THE STEERING USE CABLES?
IS THE CABLE SHEATHED?
IS THE STEERING PUSH PULL?
IS THE STEERING POWER ASSISTED?
CAN THE STEERING BE BACK DRIVEN?
HYDRAULIC PUMPS PAGE 75
UNIVERSAL STERNDRIVE PAGE 74
ROTARY DRIVES PAGE 74
MECHANICAL OR HYDRAULIC LINEAR DRIVE PAGE 75
Contains course computer, rudder reference and fluxgate compass.
Course Computers setting new standards in autopilot performance.
More powerful and rugged than ever before, Raymarine course computers serve as the central intelligence hub of our inboard pilot systems. Choose the standard T150 or T400 or the advanced G-series 150G and 400G course computer with built in rate gyro sensor. The G-series adds a new dimension to autopilot technology, delivering AST, AutoLearn* and FastTrim features as well as high performance heading output. 37
Advanced Steering Technology (AST)
Using AST (Advanced Steering Technology) software and a built-in rate gyro transducer, the new G-series course computers maintain a razor sharp course with smooth, crisp and controlled turns right onto your next heading. With a Raymarine GPS to guide it, your inboard pilot will track straight to your next waypoint making cross track error a thing of the past.
Intelligent AutoLearn function
With the new ST7001 and ST6001 control units, AST and AutoLearn* software learns your boats handling characteristics and automatically sets up your pilot for optimum performance. Fastrim AST corrects for any changes in standing helm needed to keep the vessel on course (e.g. weather helm or loss of one engine), keeping you right on course when the going gets tough. Sensitive Response AST allows you to retain complete control of how the pilot steers your boat to provide the most comfortable ride or conserve power on long sail passages. MARPA and Radar/Chart Overlay G-series course computers also provide accurate and stable heading data for MARPA and chart overlay functions on Raymarines Pathfinder radars and chartplotters.
* AutoLearn requires ST6001/ST7001 control unit with 150G/400G course computer.
Technical Specifications see page
superb AST* performance with AutoLearn** technology.
A powerful and versatile maxi-sized control unit, the ST7001 is really simple to use. Its large informative display and intuitive keypad give you quick and easy access to all pilot data, as well as up to 15 pages of selectable instrument or navigation data pages. Setting the pilot up could not be easier when installed with a G-series course computer corepack. Using advanced AST (Advanced Steering Technology) software, the ST7001 will AutoLearn your boats steering characteristics and automatically enter the optimum settings to give crisp, smooth turns and superb course keeping at all times. Ideal for longer passages, the response function controls how the pilot helms the boat, ensuring the most comfortable ride at all times while keeping you right on course.
ST7001 outstanding features
Large crisp LCD display with easy-to-read rudder angle indicator. Intuitive keypad and the proven Autohelm button control. SeaTalk networking enables the easy addition of multiple remote ST7001 and ST6001 control heads or multiple ST600R handheld remotes.
ST7001 Plus and ST6001 Plus 1. Master head ST7001 Plus 2. Master head ST6001 Plus 3. Optional ST6001 Plus flush mount 4. Course computer 5. Optional Raypilot 650 head 6. SeaTalk network 7. 12v DC 8. Fluxgate compass 9. Rudder reference 10. Drive units.
The ST7001 integrates with Raymarine SeaTalk instruments with up to 15 configurable data displays and GPS data. In addition the ST7001 can serve as a remote keypad control for ST60 instruments!
* With 150G or 400G course computer corepacks only. ** AutoLearn requires ST6001/ST7001 control unit with 150G/400G course computer.
Setting new standardsand AutoLearn*. the versatile ST6001 with AST
The ST6001 has become the benchmark for autopilot performance and styling, installed aboard more sail and motor yachts than any other inboard pilot. Perfect where space is limited, its clear LCD display with up to seven SeaTalk data pages allows you to monitor important navigational data. When installed with the new G-series Course Computer corepack, ST6001 will AutoLearn your boats handling characteristics, just like the ST7001 and will automatically set up your pilot for optimum performance.
Outstanding ST6001 features:
Compact and stylish control head matches Raymarine ST60 Instruments. Proven Autohelm button control. SeaTalk networking enables easy addition of multiple remote ST6001 and ST7001 control heads or multiple ST600R handheld remotes.
* With 150G or 400G course computer corepacks only.
ST5000 Plusall-in-one autopilot package for powerboats. PowerPilot an
A high performance pilot for powerboats, the ST5000 Plus PowerPilot is the right choice for mid-size sport and powerboats with systems available for hydraulic, outboard and power-assisted steering. Advanced software makes the ST5000 Plus the ideal pilot for both high speed passages and for trolling. The separate control unit is simple to use with an easyto-read display. As you would expect, SeaTalk and NMEA interfaces are standard, allowing you to steer to a compass course or direct to a waypoint from your GPS or chartplotter.
ST5000 Plus PowerPilot features
Complete "all-in-one-box" autopilot system. Patented external fluxgate compass for optimum performance and course keeping accuracy. SeaTalk networking allows for additional ST7001, ST6001 or ST600R remote display heads.
Data displays can be accessed via the display key (maximum of seven displays).
Designed for vessels with power assisted sterndrive or hydraulic steering (see specifications on pages 74 & 75).
Note: Not all sterndrive steering systems are supported. We recommend that you consult a Raymarine approved dealer who can specify, install and commission the correct Raymarine system for your boat. Or visit www.raymarine.com to learn more about sterndrive pilot installations.
ST5000 Plus PowerPilot system 1. Master head 2. Optional control heads (ST6001/ST7001) 3. Flush mount option 4. SeaTalk network 5. Rotary rudder reference 6. Fluxgate compass 7. Drives: universal I/O (see page 74), Hydraulic kit (see page 75), Sterndrive (see page 74) 8. NMEA GPS 9. 12v DC 10. Autopilot control head (rear).
SportPilot and SportPilot Plus
An easy-to-use and easy-to-fit pilot for powerboats with a single-station helm. Just line up on the desired course, turn the control stick to AUTO and let go of the wheel it really is that simple! When you want to steer again, grab hold of the wheel and steer as normal. With built in SeaTalk and NMEA interface, you can select a waypoint on your GPS or chartplotter and SportPilot will take you straight to it.
compact autopilot for powerboats.
Rapid user intervention allows the operator to shift the pilot from auto into manual by simply taking hold of the wheel. So simple select Auto and go! One of the easiest pilots to install. GPS waypoint navigation.
SportPilot Plus is ideal for smaller sport fishing boats* with easy speed settings for high speed pursuits or trolling, so you can prepare the bait while the pilot steers the boat. The standard SportPilot is ideal for sports cruisers and rigid inflatable boats.
Sportpilot installation note
Fits 0.75" and 1" tapered wheel shafts. Max. wooden wheel diameter for 0.75" and 1" steering shafts: 21" (540mm). Max. metal wheel diameter for 1" steering shafts: 18" (460mm). SportPilot Plus recommended for trolling speed applications.
SportPilot designed for boats up to 8.5m (27ft). SportPilot Plus for boats up to 10.7m (35ft).
* Check with your approved Raymarine dealer for the correct pilot for your boat.
SportPilot system and SportPilot Plus system (no rudder reference) 1. SportPilot or SportPilot Plus 2. Rear wheel connection 3. Optional autopilot control head 4. SeaTalk network 5. Linear rudder reference 6. Fluxgate compass 7. Rotary rudder reference 8. 12v DC.
ST5000 Plus SailPilotfor size sailboats. rugged performance medium
ST5000 Plus is the perfect autopilot package for offshore sailing yachts. The free running mechanical linear drive unit is mounted below decks, providing responsive steering in auto mode and friction-free movement in standby mode. The computer is integrated within the control unit for easier installation. ST5000 Plus is simple to use and a versatile addition to your navigation system. SeaTalk and NMEA interface with GPS and wind instruments and the large display repeats your choice of up to seven pages of navigation/instrument data.
ST5000 Plus SailPilot features
Designed for yachts up to 9000kg (19,800lbs) (see tech tip on page 44).
ST5000 Plus SailPilot system 1. Master head 2. Optional control heads (ST6001/ST7001) 3. SeaTalk network 4. Rotary rudder reference 5. Fluxgate compass 6. 12v DC 7. NMEA GPS 8. Linear drive 9. Autopilot control head (rear).
With its rotary steering control and power steer mode, Raypilot is a popular choice for motor and sportfishing yachts. Below decks, AST software in the new G-series course computer corepacks uses a built-in rate gyro to provide superb steering performance and also output highly accurate, stable heading data to Raymarine radars for MARPA and chartplotter overlay.
Raypilot 650 features
Large rotary course control with Power Steer mode for total helm control. Oversized LCD and rugged housing with trunnion mount bracket for console or overhead mounting. Multiple remote Raypilot 650 control heads can be added thanks to SeaTalk networking.
Raypilot with rotary course change 1. Master head Raypilot 650 2. Optional control heads (ST6001/ST7001) 3. Course computer T150/T150G/T400/T400G 4. SeaTalk network 5. 12v DC 6. Fluxgate compass 7. Rotary rudder reference 8. Drives (see pages 74 & 75).
* RayPilot 650 is compatible with all course computers (AST, FastTrim and fast heading data output require G-series course computer). AutoLearn is not available with RayPilot 650 control unit.
The powerful and compact ST600R is the ideal addition to any Raymarine autopilot system. Its push-button keypad gives full control of the autopilot, while the powerful LCD display allows you to monitor up to 21 pages of SeaTalk instrument and navigation data, keeping you in control anywhere on board.
autopilot remote control.
Full function autopilot control.* SeaTalk deck sockets can be added anywhere onboard for complete Autohelm control. Instrument/navigation data repeater. Up to 21 selectable pages of information. "Chapter and Page" menu to find data fast. Compatible with any Raymarine SeaTalk autopilot and SeaTalk instrument system.
*G-series course computer corepacks require either the ST7001 or ST6001 control heads for complete calibration and AutoLearn.
Optional SeaTalk handheld remote also available.
Selecting the right
tiller and wheel pilots.
Tiller Autopilot selection chart
The right pilot, correctly installed, will give you many years of dependable service in all weather conditions and will quickly become a valued member of the crew. Start by selecting the correct pilot for your needs. Consider the type of boating you plan to do, then match your boats steering system, fully laden displacement weight and length with the tables (right) to find the right pilot model for you.
ST1000 Plus ST2000 Plus ST4000 Plus ST4000 Plus GP P47 P47 P46 P46
Wheel Autopilot selection chart
ST4000 SportPilot SportPilot Plus ST5000 Plus Inboard Modular Inboard
P45 P41 P41 P42 P38/9
Extensive cruising and long offshore passages. Coastal cruising and occasional offshore passages.
ST4000 Plus Mk II Wheel Pilot
The innovative ST4000 Plus wheelpilot is equipped with the fully enclosed Mk II wheel-drive for simple installation and below deck autopilot performance. The separate ST4000 Plus control unit can be mounted where it is easy to reach and see. The patented fluxgate compass is mounted remotely for optimum performance. The LCD confirms pilot status and repeats up to seven pages of user-defined navigation data from your ST60 system. The rugged Mk II 4000 wheel drive unit is available as an upgrade for existing ST4000 systems.
Designed for vessels up to 8,500kg (18,700lbs) (see tech tip on opposite page).
with Mk II drive unit.
Belt driven autopilot for wheel-steered yachts up to 13,200lb (see tech tip opposite). Proven Autohelm series belt driven wheel pilot. Integrated control and compass unit makes installation easy and pilot can be quickly removed when not in use. Complete ST3000 details available at www.raymarine.com
Designed for vessels up to 6000kg (13,200lbs) (see tech tip opposite).
ST4000 MKII wheeldrive system 1. Drive only 2. Autopilot control head (rear) 3. Optional control heads (ST6001/ST7001) 4. Flush mount option 5. SeaTalk network 6. 12v DC 7. NMEA GPS 8. Rotary rudder reference 9. Fluxgate compass 10. Master head.
Autohelm Series and ST4000T Plus GP tiller ST4000T Plus
pilots for the serious sailor.
ST4000T Plus and ST4000T Plus GP
With its rugged drive unit, the ST4000T Plus range is the perfect pilot for larger tiller steered yachts. The fluxgate compass is separated from the drive unit for greater accuracy and the control unit can be mounted where it is always easy to reach. Full SeaTalk and NMEA compatibility means you can steer straight to a waypoint, lock on to a given wind angle, or simply set and follow a course to steer. Whichever you choose, the large clear display keeps you up to date and also acts as a multi-function instrument or navaid repeater. Used by the worlds top singlehanded race skippers, they are the perfect choice for the serious sailor.
ST4000T and ST4000T GP features
Unique Tiller pilot system with full function ST4000 Plus control head and remote mounted fluxgate compass. SeaTalk networking allows for additional ST7001, ST6001 or ST600R remote display heads. Powerful tiller drive unit is compact and unobtrusive.
ST4000T Plus and ST4000T Plus GP 1. Master head 2. 12v DC 3. NMEA GPS 4. Tiller drive 5. Flush mount option 6. Optional control heads ST6001/ST7001 7. SeaTalk network 8. Optional: fluxgate compass 9. Autopilot control head (rear).
ST4000T Plus designed for vessels up to 6000kg (13,200lbs) and ST4000T Plus GP for vessels up to 7,500kg (16,500lbs) (see tech tip on page 44).
Autohelm Series tiller pilots perfect crew members.
ST1000 Plus and ST2000 Plus
Invented by Autohelm in 1973, tiller pilots have consistently been the worlds most popular pilot ever since, setting the standard for performance, reliability and ease of use. Advanced features are standard. AutoTack lets you handle the sheets while the pilot tacks the boat and AutoSeastate intelligently keeps the boat on course while conserving power. Whether used as a stand-alone pilot or with a SeaTalk/NMEA GPS, the clear backlit LCD and six button keypad make these pilots safe and easy to use.
ST1000 Plus and ST2000 Plus features
Built in LCD display for easy setup, compass heading display, and waypoint navigation data display. SeaTalk networking permits multiple ST600R, ST7001 or ST6001 control heads to be connected. Seamless SeaTalk integration with other Raymarine equipment. NMEA 0183 compatible for GPS navigation.
Typical ST1000 Plus and ST2000 Plus tiller pilot displays.
ST1000 Plus and ST2000 Plus tiller pilots 1. Tiller drive 2. Bulkhead connection 3. SeaTalk network 4. 12v DC 5. NMEA GPS.
ST1000 Plus designed for yachts up to 3,000kg (6,600lbs). ST2000 Plus for yachts up to 4,500kg (10,000lbs) (see tech tip on page 44).
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