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November 15, 1999 SN118 v1.0 The Roland VM-3100 and VM-3100Pro V-Mixing Stations place the quality and power of digital mixing within the grasp of all musicians, producers and engineers. These easy-to-use, affordable mixers are perfectly suited for project studios, rehearsal spaces, sound reinforcement, post-production suites, broadcasting, and an endless number of other applications. The VM-3100 and VM-3100Pro feature 24-bit audio, onboard high-quality effects, flexible routing and Scene memory, as well as digital inputs and outputs. The VM-3100 and VM-3100Pro are also powerful MIDI mixers that can control external MIDI devices and MMC-compatible sequencers and recorders. This Supplemental Note provides a basic introduction to the VM-3100 and VM-3100Pro using real-life mixing examples. Everything youll encounter in the Supplemental Note applies to both mixing stations except as noted. Well cover the following topics in this document:
I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII. XXIV. XXV. XXVI. XXVII. XXVIII. How to Set Up Inputs 1-8 How to Set Up Inputs 9-12 Activating Phantom Power on Inputs 1 and 2 How to Route Inputs to Channels How to Set Up Digital Inputs How to Route Digital Inputs to Channels How to Solo Channels How to Mute Channels Using Channel EQ How to Use the EQ Library How to Use the Onboard Compressors How to Use the Compressor Library Understanding Effects Setting Up a Send-and-Return Effect Setting Up an Insert Effect Understanding Busses Choosing a Bussing Method BussingThe BUS Method BussingThe SND Method Listening to the VM-3100s Busses The VM-3100s Outputs How to Save Mixer Settings as a Scene How to Recall Scenes How to Delete Scenes How to Initialize the VM-3100 Conclusion Where to Turn for Additional Help Get Connected
The Basics of the VM-3100/VM-3100Pro
1999 Roland Corporation U.S.
Supplemental Notes Listening to the VM-3100
You can listen to the VM-3100 through stereo headphones connected to its MONITOR jack, or you can connect the L and R MASTER OUT jacks to powered speakers or a speaker-amplification system. The best way to listen to the VM-3100 is to connect one of its stereo digital outputs to a pair of Roland DS-90 Powered Monitors. The MONITOR LEVEL knob controls your monitoring listening volume. Start with a setting of about 8 oclock.
How to Set Up Inputs 1-8
The VM-3100 provides eight standard 1/4 TRS jacks for Inputs 1-8. Inputs 1 and 2 also have alternate XLR jacks with optional phantom poweryou can use either inputs 1/4 or XLR connection, but not both at once. An additional high-impedance guitar input is provided for Input 4 to allow the direct connection of a guitar or bassagain, you can use Input 4s 1/4 connection or its high-impedance guitar input. The following procedure demonstrates how to set up an input and set the level of its signal in the VM-3100. Well use Input 1 as an example: 1. Turn off the VM-3100 and plug an instruments 1/4 cable into Input 1s 1/4 jack or an XLR microphone (mic) cable into its XLR jack. 2. Bring the red Master fader all the way down (toward you). 3. As the VM-3100 is set up at the factory, Input 1 is controlled by Channel 1this can be changed, as well see later. Bring Channel 1s fader all the way down. 4. Power on the VM-3100. 5. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF. The F1, F2, F3 and F4 buttons often function as switches that activate various features. In such cases, the display shows you what youll turn on if you press the corresponding F1, F2, F3 or F4 buttonthis is signified by the arrow () to the left of the displayed items name. Its important to remember that this is not the current settingits what youll get if you press the button. F1 allows you to adjust the level of the channels signal at either of two places along its journey through the channel. You can choose: to adjust the signals level: Pre (for Pre-Fader) before it reaches the channel fader. Pst (for Post-Fader) using the channel fader. Tap F1 until Pre appears above it on the display, if necessary. Press F1 once more to select the pre-fader setting. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF to return to the main level screen. Play the instrument or sing into the mic connected to Input 1. (You wont hear anything through the VM-3100 just yet.) Adjust the signal input level by turning the GAIN knob for Input 1 until the meter displays a level between -12dB and -4dB. The level scale is printed to the right of the display. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF again. The display shows Pst above F1. Press F1 to select Pst. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF to return to the main level screen. Play the instrument or sing again and raise Channel 1s fader until the display shows a level between -12dB and -4dB. Raise the Master fader to its 0 marking to hear the output of Channel 1. Turn MONITOR LEVEL to adjust your listening volume.
Activating Phantom Power on Inputs 1 and 2
Inputs 1 and 2 can each provide powercalled phantom powerto connected condenser-type microphones. Before this can be done, the system-wide phantom power switch must be turned on in the SYSTEM PREF screen. Phantom power can then be activated independently for Inputs 1 and 2 on their individual Input Assign screens. Use the following procedure to turn on the system-wide phantom power: 1. Press SYSTEM. 2. Use the DOWN page button to select Phantom. 3. Rotate the large gray VALUE dial to select ON. Use the following procedure to switch the phantom power on or off for Inputs 1 or 2: 1. While holding SHIFT, press the SELECT button for the + desired Channel (1 or 2). 2. Use the DOWN or UP page buttons to select Phantom. 3. Rotate the VALUE dial to select ONthis enables the channels phantom power or OFF to turn the phantom power supply off.
How to Route Inputs to Channels
One of the great features of the VM-3100 is its routing flexibility. Any input on the VM-3100 can be routed to any channel so you dont have to physically unplug a cable when you want to control its signal using a different channel. An input can also be routed to multiple channels. There are two methods in the VM-3100 that you can use for routing an input to any channel.
This method uses the desired channels Input Assign screen. Well use Channel 6 as an example: 1. While holding down SHIFT, press Channel 6s SELECT button. The Input Assign Display appears. 2. Use the DOWN or UP page buttons to select Source. 3. Turn the VALUE dial to choose the desired inputIN01 (Input 1) through IN12 (Input 12). VM-3100Pro Only: You can also choose TR01 through TR08 to select any track from a digital recordersuch as Rolands VSR-880connected to the VM-3100s RMDBII I/O terminal. The RMDBII, or R-BUS, terminal can also be connected to a Roland ADA-7000 AD/DA Converter or to a Roland AE-7000 AES/EBU Interfacewhen using either device, you can choose from among eight channels of digital audio by selecting TR01 through TR08. 4. VM-3100Pro Only: To select inputs jacks or tracks for Channels 1320, tap AUDIO CH until it turns green. Hold down SHIFT and the SELECT button for the desired channel. Turn the VALUE dial to choose the desired input. 5. Press LEVEL METER (BIG T.C.) to exit the Input Assign screen. As shipped from the factory, inputs are controlled by their like-numbered channels. For example, Input 1 is routed to Channel 1, etc. You can reestablish these settings by initializing the VM-3100, as described on Page 22 of this Supplemental Note.
How to Set Up Digital Inputs (continued)
1. With the VM-3100 and the digital device powered down, connect the devices digital output to either of the VM-3100s digital inputs. 2. Power on the digital device youre connecting to the VM-3100. 3. Set the device to output a digital signal of 44.1kHz. 4. While holding down SHIFT, press DIGITAL IN (CLK SELECT). 5. Turn the VALUE dial to select either DIN-A for the coaxial input or DIN-B for the optical input.
If you prefer, you can press F2 to select DIN-A or F3 to select DIN-B instead of using the VALUE dial. The display flashes Digital IN Checking for a few seconds. When the VM-3100 is successfully locked to the digital input, the display shows Digital IN Locked! and returns you to the main level screen. The stereo digital input youve selected will be controlled by Channel 11-12. To set up a digital input signal on Channel 11-12: 1. Bring the Master fader all the way down. 2. Bring the fader for Channel 11-12 all the way down. 3. Press the F1-F4 ON/OFF button. 4. Press F1 until Pre appears in the display, if necessary. Press F1 once more to select the pre-fader setting. 5. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF to return to the main level screen. 6. Play the digital device and adjust the devices output volumeif possibleuntil the VM-3100s display shows a level between -12dB and -4dB. 7. Press the F1-F4 ON/OFF button. 8. Pst appears above F1 in the display. Press F1 to select the postfader setting. 9. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF to return to the main level screen. 10. Raise the Channel 11-12 fader until the VM-3100s display shows a level between -12dB and -4dB. 11. Raise the Master fader to hear the output of Channel 11-12. If theres no way to lower the output level of your digital device, dont worry: the VM-3100 allows you to reduceor attenuatethe level of an incoming digital signal. This can also be helpful if a digital devices signal is distorted or clipping even though the VM-3100 shows it as being in the desired -12dB through -4dB level range. To attenuate a digital signal, follow these steps: 1. While holding down SHIFT, press the SELECT button for Channel 11-12. 2. Press the DOWN page button to select ATT. 3. Turn the VALUE dial to adjust the volume of the signal from 0dB down to -18dB until you obtain an acceptable signal level. 4. Press LEVEL METER (BIG T.C.) to exit.
How to Route Digital Inputs to Channels
Just like analog input signals, signals from the currently selected digital input can be routed to any channel, or groups of channels, you desire. The following procedure shows how to route the currently selected digital inputs signals to channels other than the default Channel 11-12. There are two methods that you can use.
The first method uses the desired channels Input Assign screen: 1. While holding down SHIFT, press the channels SELECT button. 2. Press the DOWN or UP page button to select Source. 3. Turn the VALUE dial to select DIN-L for the left side of the stereo digital signal or DIN-R for the right side of the stereo digital signal. Youll only see DIN-L or DIN-R if a digital device has been selected as the master clock on the SYSTEM PREF screen or the M.CLK SELECT screen, and when Digital IN Lock has been confirmed. 4. Press LEVEL METER (BIG T.C.) to exit.
You can also route digital inputs to channels using the VM-3100s EZ Routing feature: 1. Press EZ ROUTING. The EZR SEL screen appears. 2. Turn the VALUE dial to select 01 BASIC MIX if necessary. When you select a new EZ Routing template, the VM-3100 asks if you want to change templates. Press ENTER/YES (REDO) if you do. 3. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF. 4. Press F1 [IN]. The EZR IN screen appears. 5. Use the RIGHT page button to move to the desired channel. 6. Turn the VALUE dial to select DL for the left side of the stereo digital signal or DR for the right side of the stereo digital signal. 7. Press LEVEL METER (BIG T.C.) to exit.
How to Solo Channels
You may want to be able to listen to a specific channelor group of channelsindependently when youre adjusting EQ settings, selecting effects or setting levels. Using the VM-3100s Solo feature, you can mute the rest of the mix and listen only to the channel or a group of channels you wish to hear. To solo one or more channels, use the following procedure: 1. Press SOLOit will light, indicating that youre in Solo mode. When youre in Solo mode, you can solo or un-solo channels. 2. Press the SELECT button for each channel you wish to solo. SELECT will flash to indicate that the channel is being soloed. Youll hear only the soloed channels. 3. Press SOLO to exit Solo mode. When you exit Solo mode, SOLO will flash as a visual indicator that one or more channels are soloed.
How to Solo Channels (continued)
To un-solo channels, use the following procedure: 1. Press SOLO so that it lights solidlyand stops flashingto enter Solo mode. 2. Press the flashing SELECT button for the channel that you wish to un-solo. The SELECT buttons light will go out, indicating that the channel is no longer soloed. 3. Press SOLO once more to exit Solo mode. You can solo a channels signal at various places along its journey through the VM-3100. Use the following procedure to choose what youll hear when you solo any channel: 1. Hold down SOLOas you continue to hold down the button, the SOLO MODE screen appears in the display. 2. Without releasing SOLO , turn the VALUE dial to select the desired setting, or press the corresponding F1-F4 button. You can choose: PRE EQ (F1)to hear the channels signal before its been processed by the channel EQ. This setting is most helpful when you want to hear what a signal sounds like when it first enters the VM-3100. POST EQ (F2)to hear the channels signal after its been processed by the channel EQ, but before it reaches the channel fader. Use this setting to check your EQ settings. AF (After Fader Listen) (F3)to hear the channels signal as it exits the channel, after the fader. Soloing a signal in this state lets you hear what it sounds like as it leaves its channel, but before youve added any send-and-return effects or positioned it in the stereo mix (well discuss send-and-return effects later). Inp. (In Place) (F4)to hear the channels signal as it sounds in the final mix, with added send-and-return effects, and in its actual position in the overall stereo image. Use Inp. when you want to isolate individual elements within a mix. 3. Release SOLO to exit the SOLO MODE screen.
1. Make sure youre on the main level screen. If not, press LEVEL METER (BIG T.C.). 2. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF. 3. Press F4 [EQ] to display the EQ settings screen. 4. If the desired channels SELECT button is not already lit, press its SELECT button. 5. Press F4 until ON appears above it in the display. Press F4 again to turn the channels EQ on. 6. Adjust the EQ as desired following Steps 4-8 in Method One above.
Using Channel EQ (continued)
You can quickly boost or cut a channels already selected EQ bands from its CH VIEW screen: 1. Press the channels SELECT button. 2. Use the DOWN, UP, LEFT or RIGHT page buttons to select the desired EQ bands level controlthe controls are displayed as H, M, L knobs. 3. Use the VALUE dial to adjust the gain of the selected band. 4. Press LEVEL METER (BIG T.C.) to exit the CH VIEW screen when you re done adjusting the EQ.
How to Use the EQ Library
Yet another convenient feature of the VM-3100 is its EQ Library. The VM-3100 provides 16 preset EQ settings designed for specific applications. The VM-3100 also provides 16 memory locations in which you can store your own re-usable custom EQ settings. Lets say were recording a blues duo: an electric rhythm guitar player and a slide guitarist. Channel 1 is controlling the rhythm guitar signal, while the slide guitars on Channel 2. The presets in the VM-3100s EQ Library quickly provide the ideal EQ settings for these instruments. Heres how wed use them: 1. Make sure youre at the main mixer screen. If not, press LEVEL METER (BIG T.C.). 2. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF. 3. Press F4 [EQ] to display the EQ settings screen. 4. If its not already lit, press Channel 1s SELECT button. 5. Press F4 until ON appears above it in the display. Press F4 again to turn the channels EQ on. 6. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF. 7. Press F1 [LOAD]the LOAD EQ LIB screen appears. 8. Press F1 until Pre (for Preset) appears above it in the display. Press F1 again to select the VM-3100s factory EQ presets. 9. Turn the VALUE dial clockwise to select 11 BluesGtr. 10. Press ENTER/YES (REDO) to select the EQ preset. 11. ARE YOU SURE? appears in the display. Press ENTER/YES (REDO) to confirm the selection. 12. Channel 1 is now set to use the BluesGtr EQ preset. 13. Repeat Steps 4-11 for Channel 2, selecting 12 SlideGtr in Step 9. 14. Press LEVEL METER (BIG T.C.) to exit the EQ screen when you re done setting your EQ. The VM-3100s EQ Library contains 01 Rock BD 02 Rock SD 05 Hi Hat 06 Cymbals 09 ElecGtr 10 NylonGtr 13 LineGtr 14 Male these 16 factory 03 Rimshot 07 Overhead 11 BluesGtr 15 Female EQ presets: 04 Toms 08 RockBass 12 SlideGtr 16 Narrator
How to Use the Compressor Libraries
The VM-3100s Compressor Library provides sixteen factory compressor presets, programmed to handle a variety of tasks. The Compressor Library can be handy when you need to quickly set up a compressor, or as a starting point for your own compression settings. Lets use Compressor 1 to tighten up a bass performance by smoothing out its dynamic fluctuationswell use one of the factory compression presets in the Compressor Library: 1. Begin by assigning Compressor 1 to the basss channel. Use Channel 7 for our example. 2. Press the F1-F4 ON/OFF button twice so that LOAD appears over F1. 3. Press F1the Compressor Librarys LOAD COMP LIB screen appears. 4. Press F1 until Pre (for Preset) appears above it in the display. Press F1 again to select the VM-3100 factory compressor presets. 5. Turn the VALUE dial to select the 04 DI Bass preset. 6. Press ENTER/YES (REDO) to load the preset. Are you SURE? appears in the display. 7. Press ENTER/YES (REDO) again to confirm your choice. 8. Press EXIT/NO (UNDO) button to return to the Compressor 1 screen. The 16 factory compressor presets are: 01 KickDrumSnareDrumDI Bass 05 Mic Gt Cab 07 Rap Vocals 08 Narration 10 StereoLmtr 11 RockVocals 13 Acoustic Gt 14 DI Guitar 16 Kb Rhythm 15 Overheads Breakbeats StereoComp Jazz Vocals KeyboardLd
How to Use the Compressor Libraries (continued)
You can also save 16 compressor settings of your own as presets in the VM-3100s Compressor Library: 1. While on the desired compressors screenCOMP1 or COMP2tap F1-F4 ON/OFF until SAVE appears over F2. 2. Press F2 [SAVE]. 3. Select a memory location for the storage of your compressor preset. You can save your preset in any location from 17 to 32. 4. Press the DOWN page button to select Name. 5. Use the VALUE dial and the LEFT and RIGHT page buttons to name the preset. 6. After youve finished entering the desired name, press ENTER/YES (REDO). Are You SURE? appears in the display. 7. Press ENTER/YES (REDO) to finish saving the compressor preset in the VM-3100s Compressor Library.
The VM-3100 provides 50 effect presets. The VM-3100Pro contains 100 preset effects as well as 100 user locations in which you can save your own custom effect presets. Though the VM-3100 doesnt offer memory locations in which you can save your own effect presets, an edited effect can be saved as part of a Scene. Scenes are described later in this Supplemental Note. You can use effects in either of two ways in the VM-3100: You can send a copy of a channels signal to an effect for processing, and return the output of the effect directly into the VM-3100s main mix or to a bus that youre sending to an external device such as a multitrack recorder. Such an effect is called a send-and-return effect. A send-and-return effect is useful when you want to add an effect to a signal and mix the effect together with the original dry signal. Use a send-and-return effect when adding reverb, delay, chorusing, flanging or phasing to a signal. You can apply the send-and-return effect to as many signals as you wish. You can insert an effect within a channels signal flowwhen you do this, the effect is referred to as an insert effect. With an insert effect, a signal is interrupted as it travels through its channel and diverted into the effect for processing. The output of the effect is then inserted back into the channel and the signal continues on its way. When you insert an effect, it cant be used for any other channels signals. An insert effect is useful when you want to completely replace an original, unprocessedor drysignal with a processed version. This would be the case when youre running a signal through a mic simulator, a vocal/guitar/keyboard multi, a pitch shifter, a guitar amp simulator, dynamics processor, parametric equalizer, canceller or a filter.
Setting Up a Send-and-Return Effect (continued)
21. Press F1 until PstF is displayed. Press F1 once more to select this setting. 22. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF. 23. Turn V1 to adjust the drum machine signals effect send level. This determines how much reverb will be added to the drum machine. Set it to 115 to add a healthy amount of reverb. 24. Repeat Steps 18-23 to apply some post-fader reverb to the bass and vocalist. In Step 23: set the basss effect send level to 75 for just a touch of reverb. set the vocalists effect send level to 100. 25. Press LEVEL METER (BIG T.C.) to return to the main level screen. You can quickly view a channels effect send level by pressing the channels SELECT button to show its CH VIEW screen. On this screen, the effect send weve been using is shown as FX1 (V2). The (V2) signifies that the effect send can be adjusted from this screen using V2however, you can set it with greater precision using the numeric readout on the FX/AUX SEND screen.
Setting Up an Insert Effect
To illustrate how to use insert effects in the VM-3100, lets add some distortion to a guitar using one of Rolands exclusive COSM effects COSM effects are typically applied as insert effects. Lets connect the guitar directly to Channel 4s special high-impedance guitar input jack. Well start by selecting the effect we want to use: 1. Press EFFECTS. VM-3100Pro Only: Lets use Effect 2. Press EFFECTS2 to call up the FX2 select screen. 2. Turn the VALUE dial to select P36 GT:RockLed. 3. Press ENTER/YES (REDO) to confirm your choice. Now well insert the effect into Channel 4s signal flow: 1. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF. 2. Press F1 until On appears in the display. Press F1 once more to turn on the effect. 3. Press F2 [LOC]. 4. Use the DOWN page button to move to Location. 5. Use the VALUE dial to select INS CH04. 6. Use the DOWN page button to move to In Level. 7. Turn the VALUE dial to adjust the level of the guitar signal thats being diverted from Channel 4 into the effectyou can use a setting of 100 for this example. 8. Use the DOWN page button to move to Out Level. 9. Turn the VALUE dial to adjust the volume of the effect as its inserted back into Channel 4s signal flow. A setting of 100 will do for our purposes.
In the VM-3100, channel signals get from one place to another by traveling through busses. A bus is simply a pathway down which one or more signals can travel. The VM-3100 utilizes a variety of busses with different names and purposesbut theyre all basically the same simple thing: pathways. Whats great about busses is that they allow you to easily group together a bunch of signals and send them anywhere you like. A bus can be monoa single stream of signalsor stereo, with its signals distributed across two streams of audio. Youve actually already been working with busses. When you sent your drum machine, bass and vocal to Effect 1 back on Page 14, you were actually using the VM-3100s mono FX bus. (The VM-3100Pro has two mono FX busses, one that carries signals to Effect 1 and another that takes them to Effect2). And throughout this Supplemental Note, youve been listening to signals sent from their channels into the stereo main mix bus. Unless theyre muted, channel signals are always sent to the main mix buswhen you raise or lower a channels fader, youre controlling how much of its signal is going to the main mix bus. The stereo main mix bus delivers signals to the MASTER OUT L and R (for Left and Right) jacks and also to the MONITOR headphone jack. Busses in the VM-3100 often carry signals to output jacks. To route a signal to a particular output jack, therefore, you can simply send the signal down the bus thats connected to it. You can send as many signals as you want to a jack by sending them to the bus that feeds it. In addition to its FX and main mix busses, the VM-3100 provides another eight mono bussesnumbered 1 through 8that can bring signals to other output jacks: Busses 1 and 2 carry signals to the AUX SEND 1 and 2 jacks, also labeled as Jacks 1 and 2, respectively. Busses 3 and 4 carry signals to the BUS OUT L and R jacks, also labeled as Jacks 3 and 4, respectively. The stereo DIGITAL I/O Out jacks A and B are special cases. You can connect them to any odd/even pair of busses (1 and 2, 3 and 4, and so on). This affords you tremendous flexibility and convenience when you want to send signals digitally from the VM-3100 to another device. As configured at the factory, Busses 4 and 5 feed Digital Out A, and Busses 7 and 8 carry signals to Digital Out B. The VM-3100s eight digital RMDBII/R-BUS tracks also get their signals from Busses 1-8. Any of the eight busses can be routed to any R-BUS track. When you send a channels signal to a bus, youre actually sending a perfect digital copy of the signal, not the signal itself. The original signal remains in the channel. As a result, you can send it to several busses and destinationsfor example, you can send a signal to a send-andreturn effect and to the main mix, as we did in our send-and-return effect example.
XVIII. BussingThe BUS Method
In the last section, we set Busses 1 and 2 to BUS. This allows us to send a channels signal to the busses by simply flipping a switch. Lets demonstrate how to do this using Channel 4: 1. If its not already lit, press Channel 4s SELECT button. 2. Press BUS ASSIGN (PARAM VIEW)a 04 appears in the upper left corner of the BUS ASSIGN screen to show that were setting the bus assignments for Channel 4. 3. Use the UP, DOWN, LEFT or RIGHT page button to move to the 1/2 (AUX) box. 4. Turn the VALUE dial to place a checkmark in the box. This signifies that Channel 4s signal is now being sent to Busses 1 and 2. The amount of signal to be sent to Busses 1 and 2 will be determined by Channel 4s fader. The channels pan controls set how much of its signal will go to Bus 1 and how much will go to Bus 2if youre creating a single stereo image with the two busses, the pan control will position the signal in the stereo field. 5. Turn the VALUE dial again to remove the check and turn off Channel 4s send to Busses 1 and 2.
BussingThe SND Method
For a greater degree of independent level control, youll need to set the desired busses to SND. Once again, well send a signal from Channel 4 to Busses 1 and 2: 1. Since were already on the BUS ASSIGN screen, press F3 [OUT] to call up the EZR OUT screen. 2. Use the UP, DOWN, LEFT or RIGHT page button to select the BUS box next to 1/2 at the left edge of the display. 3. Turn the VALUE dial until the box is replaced by a small dial with an sSND-S will appear in the upper right corner of the display. 4. Press LEVEL METER (BIG T.C.) to exit the EZR OUT screen. 5. Press FX/AUX SEND (PARAM VEW). The settings on this screen allow you to precisely control the amount of signal sent from the currently selected channel to any busses. You can control the sends to all of the VM-3100s busses from this screenwith the exception of the main mix busincluding its FX bus (or both FX busses on the VM-3100Pro). 6. Press the RIGHT page button twice to select the volume control for Busses 1 and 2. 7. Turn F3 or the VALUE dial to set the amount of Channel 4s signal to be sent to Busses 1 and 2. Set the send to 100 for now. You can see a ghost of a knob to the right of the volume control were adjusting. If we had selected SND-M on the EZR OUT screen, this second knob would control Channel 4s send level to Bus 2, while the one we just adjusted would control its send to Bus 1. Since we selected Channel 4 in the previous section, 04 appears in the upper left corner of the FX/AUX SEND screen. If we wanted to select another channelwe dont right nowwe could simply press its SELECT button and the displayed number would reflect our selection.
BussingThe SND Method (continued)
8. Press the UP page button once. You can turn the VALUE dial to send the signal to Busses 1 and 2 from before Channel 4s fader (Pre) or from after it (Pst). The Pre setting makes the send level completely independent of the fader. Pst adds the send level to the faders level so that it moves up and down with changes you make using the fader. When youre creating a headphone mix, youll typically want to use the Pre setting. When youre sending a signal to an external effect processor, youll probably want to use Pst.
Listening to the VM-3100s Busses
You can listen to any of the VM-3100s busses through its MONITOR headphone jack. Its a good idea to listen to: the MASTER (main mix)bus when recording tracks, and during mixing when you want to hear the whole mix. FX SND 1 (and FX SND 2 in the VM-3100Pro)to check the sound of signals youre sending to the VM-3100s internal effects. Busses 1 and 2 when setting up your performers monitor-speaker or headphone mix, or when youre checking the quality of signals youre sending to an external effect processor. Busses 3 and 4 to check the sound of signals youre sending to external devices from the BUS OUT (3/4) jacks. Busses 1-8 when youre using them to send signals digitally to external devices using the A OUT and B OUT digital jacks. During normal operation, youll want to listen to the main mix. Heres how to select what youll hear: 1. Press LEVEL METER (BIG T.C.) to view the main level screen. 2. Press SOURCE (SELECT). 3. While holding down SHIFT, press SOURCE (SELECT) again. The SOURCE SEL screen appears. 4. Turn the VALUE dial to select the desired busses. You can choose: MASTERthe main mix 1/2the busses that feed the AUX OUT jacks (Jacks 1 and 2) When Busses 1 and 2 are set to SND-M on the EZR OUT screen, you can listen to Bus 1 and Bus 2 individually. When this is the case, youll have the option of selecting 1 or 2 instead of 1/2. 3/4the busses that feed the BUS OUT jacks (Jacks 3 and 4) 5/6the busses that typically carry signals to the coaxial digital output, A OUT 7/8the busses that typically carry signals to the optical digital output, B OUT FX SND1the bus that carries signals to the internal effects, or Effect 1 in the VM-3100Pro. VM-3100Pro Only: FX SND2the bus that carries signals to Effect 2.
You can also press F1-4 to select 1/2, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8 and MAS (MASTER). When Busses 1 and 2 are set to SND-M, you can press F1 to toggle between Bus 1 and Bus 2. 5. Press LEVEL METER (BIG T.C.) to exit the SOURCE SEL screen. 6. Adjust your listening volume using the MONITOR LEVEL knob.
The VM-3100s Outputs
The VM-3100 provides an assortment of output jacks that allow you to send your signals to a variety of places. For example, you can use: the AUX SEND jacksalso labeled as Jacks 1 and 2to send signals to a device that has RCA/phono inputs, such as an external effect processor or a speaker or headphone amplifier that allows your performers to hear what theyre doing. the BUS OUT jacksJacks 3 and 4to send signals to an analog multitrack recorders 1/4 track inputs. the MASTER OUT L and R jacks to send signals to your monitor speakers or monitor-speaker amplifier. You can also connect the MASTER OUTs to the 1/4 inputs of an analog mixdown recorder. the DIGITAL I/O OUT A and B jacks to send digital audio to S/PDIFcompatible coaxial and optical devices, such as Rolands VS workstations, a computer sound card, an effects processor with digital I/O (such as the Roland SRV-3030D), a Mini Disc Recorder, and so on. the RMDBII/R-BUS connector to digitally send up to eight channels of digital audio to an RMDBII/R-BUS-compliant device. As we mentioned earlier, you can send signals to the DIGITAL OUT A and B jacks using any odd-even pair of bussesthe factory settings use Busses 5 and 6 for OUT A and Busses 7 and 8 for OUT B. To demonstrate how to change these settings, well route Busses 1 and 2 to OUT A: 1. Press BUS ASSIGN (PARAM VIEW). 2. Press F3 [OUT]the EZR OUT screen appears. 3. Use the RIGHT page button to move to the DOUTA box. When this box is selected, you can turn the VALUE dial to connect any pair of busses to this output. Each pair of busses is represented by a horizontal line. 4. Turn the VALUE dial all the way counter-clockwisethe connection indicator for OUT A comes to rest on the line associated with Busses 1 and 2 (1/2), indicating the Busses 1 and 2 are now routed to the digital OUT A jack. As you can see, the connection indicator for the AUX outputs also rests on the line associated with Busses 1 and 2. This means that signals sent to Busses 1 and 2 will go to both the AUX OUT jacks and OUT A.
XXII. How to Save Mixer Settings as a Scene
You can save your current mixer settings as a Scene that will remember your: fader levels channel panning channel EQs bus and effect routings bus and effect send levels effect settings compressor settings Scenes provide a great way to quickly saveand recallyour work. You can try out different setups and save each setup as a Scene. Scenes let you jump from project to project without losing your settings since you can get the settings back with the press of a button. You can also re-use favorite setups for different mixing projects.
How to Save Mixer Settings as a Scene (continued)
The VM-3100 can store up to 32 different Scenes arranged into eight setsor bankscontaining four Scenes each. Once youve chosen the desired bank, you can select the desired Scene by pressing one of the four dedicated Scene buttons located in the VM-3100s SCENE MEMORY area. Lets save everything weve done so far in this Supplemental Note as Scene 2 in Bank 4: 1. Press the BANK 1-8 (LOC/SCENE) button. The SELECT BANK screen appears. You can turn the VALUE dial to select any of the eight banks of Scenes. The currently selected bank is noted with an asterisk to the right of its number. 2. Turn the dial to select Bank 4. 3. Press ENTER/YES (REDO) to confirm your selectionan asterisk will appear to the right of the 04. 4. Press LEVEL METER (BIG T.C.) to exit the screen. To save a Scene in the selected bank, you can press any unlit Scene button. When a Scene has been saved in one of the four Scene memory locations in the current bank, the corresponding Scene button lights to indicate that the location is already in use. 5. Press SCENE 2 (DEL)the button lights, indicating that your settings are now stored as Scene 2 in Bank 4.
XXIII. How to Recall a Scene
Select the desired Scene banksee Steps 1-in How to Save Mixer Settings as a Sceneand use the following procedure to recall the Scene: 1. Press the desired SCENE button.
XXIV. How to Delete a Scene
Select the desired Scene banksee Steps 1-4 in How to Save Mixer Settings as a Sceneand use the following procedure to delete the Scene: 1. While holding down SHIFT, press the SCENE button of the Scene you wish to delete. Its light will turn off, indicating that the Scene has been deleted, and that the location is now available for the storing of a new Scene.
XXV. How to Initialize the VM-3100
You can restore the VM-3100 to its original factory settings by initializing it. This can be useful, for example, if you want to clear all of the VM-3100s Scene memory locations for a new project, create a new set of EQ or compressor libraries, or troubleshoot the VM-3100. You can choose to initialize the entire VM-3100, or select: System Setupto reset the settings on the SYSTEM PREF and SYSTEM MIDI screens. Mixerto reset input routings, EQ settings, panning, bus routing and phantom power settings. Sceneto delete all Scenes currently in the VM-3100s memory. Routing Setsto delete all of your custom EZ Routing templates. EQ Librariesto delete all of your custom EQ libraries. Compressor Librariesto delete your custom compressor settings. Effect Patches (VM-3100Pro Only)to delete all of your custom effect presets. You can choose to initialize any or all of the settings above. To select the settings you wish to initialize, and to perform the initialization process, use the following procedure: 1. Press SYSTEM. 2. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF. 3. Press F4 [INIT]. The SYSTEM INIT screen appears. 4. Use the DOWN or UP page buttons to select a type of setting you wish to initialize. 5. Turn the VALUE dial to place a check mark in its box. 6. Repeat Steps 4 and 5 to select any other setting types you want to initialize. 7. When youve finished, press ENTER/YES (REDO). Initialize. Are You SURE? appears in the display.
Once youve initialized something, its permanently deleted from the VM-3100s memory. Think twice before proceeding to make sure that youre not about to erase something you need. 8. Press ENTER/YES (REDO). Initialize Really SURE? appears in the display. 9. Press ENTER/YES (REDO). The VM-3100 executes the initialized process.
Thats it for this VM-3100 Supplemental Note. We hope it helps you realize the full potential of your powerful VM-3100. Additional Supplemental Notes regarding the VM mixer series are available from Rolands Faxback system. For a catalog of available documents, please call (323) 890-3700, Extension 2771, and order Faxback #3.
XXVII. Where to Turn for Additional Help
Rolands Product Specialists for our Digital Mixing Group are dedicated to helping you with questions concerning your VM-3100. This team of experts can be contacted at (323) 890-3742, between the hours of 8:30 am and 5:00 PM, Pacific Standard Time.
XXVIII. Get Connected
For the latest info on new products, support documents, upcoming Roland events and more, visit our Website, www.rolandus.com, or www.rolandgroove.com.
24 hours a day, 7 days a week, you can receive a library of support materials and product information on your fax machine - and its all FREE! Just call (323) 890-3780.
If its a real-live person you want, weve got a team of Product Specialists that cant be beat. Theyre on call from 8:30am to 5:00pm PST Monday through Friday at (323) 890-3740.
ROLAND VM-3100/3100Pro TURBO FACTS The VM-3100 and VM-3100Pro V-Mixing stations offer professional digital mixing capabilities and outstanding 24-bit sound quality in compact and affordable desktop mixers. Features include: 12 audio channel/8 bus design Coaxial and Optical digital in/out (S/P DIF) Hi-Z guitar input Scene memory for instant recall of mixer settings EZ Routing for simple mixer operation 3 bands of parametric digital EQ per channel Preset and User libraries for both EQ and EZ Routing 2 built-in compressors that can be applied to any channel Stereo digital effects processing with reverbs, delays, chorus, vocal, guitar, and keyboard multi-effects MIDI compatibility with external sequencers including transport control, timecode display, and mixer adjustments Additional VM-3100Pro Features: New Roland R-BUS (RMDB II) interface for digital connection to Tascam DA-series, ADAT MDMs, digital soundcards, other digital mixers and more (using the optional DIF-AT Interface Box) Additional effects processor, 50 additional presets including COSM speaker, microphone, and guitar amp modeling, parametric and graphic EQs, RSS 3-D processing, and more 20 channel mixing ability Initializing the VM-3100/3100Pro Use the following procedure to restore the factory settings: NOTE: This procedure will erase all user saved settings. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Press SYSTEM. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF to display the System functions. Press F4 [INIT]. Use the CURSOR buttons ( ) to select All, and rotate the VALUE dial clockwise to confirm the selection. Press ENTER/YES three times.
Applying Reverb to the Mic Channel (continued) 3) 4) Press SELECT 5 for the CH VIEW screen. Turn the V2 knob up to increase the reverb level. Press EFFECTS 1. Turn the VALUE dial to select a different effects Patch, and press ENTER/YES.
Using the EQ on the Microphone Channel Use the following procedure to apply EQ to the mic: 1) Press LEVEL METER, then press SELECT 5. 2) Press F1-F4 ON/OFF, then press F4 [EQ] to access the Channel 5 EQ. 3) Use the UP/DOWN CURSOR buttons ( ) to highlight the desired EQ parameter, and use the VALUE dial to adjust it. 4) Use the EQ HIGH, MID, and LOW knobs to boost or cut the selected frequencies. 5) Use the F4 [OFF/ON] button to turn the EQ on or off.
Using EZ Routing to Route the Mic Signal Use the following procedure to send the microphone signal from Input 1 through Channel 5: 1) Press LEVEL METER. Make sure the Channel faders, Master fader, and the MONITOR LEVEL knob are all the way down. 2) Connect a dynamic microphone to Input 1 (XLR or ). Connect a pair of headphones to the MONITOR jack. 3) Turn the INPUT 1 knob up to MIC level (all the way clockwise). 4) Press EZ ROUTING. 5) Press F1-F4 ON/OFF. 6) Press F1 [IN]. Use the LEFT/RIGHT CURSOR buttons ( ) to select Ch05 (in the upper right portion of the display) and use the VALUE dial to select IN01. 7) Press LEVEL METER. 8) Raise the Channel 5 and Master faders to 0dB, and turn up the MONITOR level knob slowly while talking into the mic.
Creating and Saving Custom Scenes The VM-3100/3100Pro mixers allow you to save all mixer information (channel levels, panning, effects settings, EQ, Routing, etc.) as a scene. Use the following procedure to create and save 2 custom scenes: 1) Press BANK, then press F1 [PREF] to see the specific settings you can save as part of your scene. 2) Use the CURSOR buttons to scroll through the parameters, and the VALUE dial to select the parameters you wish to save as part of your scene. 3) Press the DOWN CURSOR button to display Trans. Speed. Rotate the VALUE dial to select 5.0 sec. 4) Press SCENE1 to save your settings to the first scene (the button lights up). 5) Press SELECT 5. Turn the V1 and V2 knobs all the way right then all the way left to pan the signal and turn the effect down. 6) Press SCENE2 to save these settings to the second scene (the button lights up). 7) Press SCENE1 and speak into the mic to hear your original scene. Press SCENE2 while talking into the mic to hear the transition between the scenes, then press SCENE1 again. 8) To erase a scene, hold SHIFT and press the corresponding SCENE button (scene button light turns off). 9) Press LEVEL METER to return to the main display. Applying Speaker Modeling to the Output (VM-3100Pro only) Speaker modeling allows you to audition your mix in a variety of listening environments using the same pair of monitor speakers. Use the following procedure to apply the COSM speaker modeling effect to the VM-3100Pros Master Outputs: NOTE: Although this effect can be used with any monitoring system, it is specifically designed for the Roland DS-90 Powered Monitors. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) Press EFFECTS 2. Turn the VALUE dial to select P99 SPM: SpFlat and press ENTER/YES. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF. Press F2[LOC]. Use the UP/DOWN CURSOR buttons to highlight the current Location setting and use the VALUE dial to select INS MASTER. Press F1-F4 ON/OFF. Press F3[VALUE]. Use the LEFT CURSOR button to highlight SpM on the left of the screen, and press the ENTER/YES button. Use the UP/DOWN CURSOR buttons to highlight the current Model setting and use the VALUE dial to scroll through the speaker models while speaking into the mic. Press LEVEL METER to return to the main display.
Applying Reverb to the Mic Channel Use the following procedure to apply digital reverb to the mic: 1) Press EFFECTS1. 2) Use the VALUE dial to select P09 RV: Vocal RM and press ENTER/YES.
TBSRoland Corporation U.S., 5100 S. Eastern Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90040
Faxback # 20092
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