Samson S-COM4 - Four Channel Compressor/Limiter with GatingThe S com4 provides four channels of dynamics processing with an expander/gate and compressor/limiter on each channel. The four channels operate independently or in stereo pairs. The compressor/limiter section of the S com4 includes variable threshold, ratio and output levels. The expander/gate section features a continuously variable threshold control as well as a switch for fast or slow release times. An enhancer switch restores high f... Read more
Part Numbers: S-Com 4, S-com 4, SA-SCOM4, SCOM 4, SCOM4
UPC: 00809164001379, 809164001379
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Samson Scom4, size: 3.1 MB
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S Class Signal Processors
GAIN REDUCTION dB -24 -12 -6 -4 -2
INPUT / OUTPUT LEVEL dB -18 -+6 +9
COMPRESSOR / LIMITER
4 CHANNEL COMPRESSOR GATE
GATE -2 6
I/O -10 +10
IN/OUT IN/OUT 2 0
I/O -10 +0
IN/OUT IN/OUT 4 0
OFF +10 dB RELEASE
1 dB ENHANCER
STEREO COMPRESSOR / LIMITER
Caution: To reduce the hazard of electrical shock, do not remove cover or back. No user serviceable parts inside. Please refer all servicing to qualified personnel.
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK DO NOT OPEN
DO NOT EXPOSE THIS EQUIPMENT TO RAIN OR MOISTURE
RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRONIQUE NE PAS OUVRIR
FOR CONTINUED PROTECTION AGAINST RISK OF FIRE, REPLACE ONLY WITH SAME TYPE FUSE
UTILISER UN FUSIBLE DE RECHANGE DE MME TYPE
WARNING: To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, do not expose this unit to rain or moisture.
The lightning flash with an arrowhead symbol within an equilateral triangle, is intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated "dangerous voltage" within the products enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons. The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of important operating and maintenance (servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the product. Important Safety Instructions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Please read all instructions before operating the unit. Keep these instructions for future reference. Please heed all safety warnings. Follow manufacturers instructions. Do not use this unit near water or moisture. Clean only with a damp cloth. Do not block any of the ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the manufacturers instructions. Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers) that produce heat. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has two blades with one wider than the other. A grounding type plug has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide blade or third prong is provided for your safety. When the provided plug does not fit your outlet, consult an electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet. Protect the power cord from being walked on and pinched particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles and at the point at which they exit from the unit. Unplug this unit during lightning storms or when unused for long periods of time. Refer all servicing to qualified personnel. Servicing is required when the unit has been damaged in any way, such as power supply cord or plug damage, or if liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen into the unit, the unit has been exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has been dropped.
10. 11. 12.
Table of Contents
Table des matires ENGLISH Forward by Ray Kennedy Introduction Scom 4 Features Controls and Functions Front Panel Layout Rear Panel Layout Operating the Scom 4 Setting Up the Scom 4 Compressing A Signal Gating A Signal Using The Expander Using the Enhancer Dynamics Processing 101 Applications System Set-ups Scom 4 Connections Specifications 5 6-7 6-11-12 13-14 15-60-61 Inhalt DEUTSCHE Vorwort von Ray Kennedy Scom 4 Features Regler und Funktionen Vorderseite Rckseite Bedienung des Scom 4 Scom 4 einrichten Signal komprimieren Signal gaten Expander einsetzen Enhancer einsetzen Dynamikbearbeitung 101 Anwendungen System-Einrichtungsbeispiele Scom 4 Anschlsse Technische Daten 34-35 34-39-40 41-42 43-60-61 Contenido
Ray Kennedy is a Nashville based Producer, Engineer and Songwriter whose production company Twang Trust, a partnership between Ray and singer songwriter Steve Earle, has been credited with well known artist recordings and performances including Steve Earle, Art Garfunkel, Willie and Waylon, Farm Aid, The Del McCoury Band, Nancy Griffith, Lucinda Williams, David Alan Coe, Shaver, V-Roys, and Rosie Flores.
Thank you for purchasing the Samson Scom 4 dynamics processor. The Samson Scom 4 is a one-space, four channel dynamics processor optimized for recording, live sound reinforcement systems, DJ set-ups and commercial installations. The Scom 4 is a complete dynamics processing solution offering four channels of full function Compressor, Expander/Gate, and Enhancer. Scom 4s convenient meters provide instant status of important gain management settings. In these pages, youll find a detailed description of the features of the Scom 4 dynamics processor, as well a description of its front and rear panels, step-by-step instructions for its setup and use, and full specifications. Youll also find a warranty card enclosedplease dont forget to fill it out and mail it in so that you can receive online technical support and so we can send you updated information about these and other Samson products in the future. With proper care and adequate air circulation, your Scom 4 will operate trouble free for many years. We recommend you record your serial number in the space provided below for future reference. Serial number: Date of purchase:
Should your unit ever require servicing, a Return Authorization number (RA) must be obtained before shipping your unit to Samson. Without this number, the unit will not be accepted. Please call Samson at 1-800-3SAMSON (1-800-372-6766) for a Return Authorization number prior to shipping your unit. Please retain the original packing materials and if possible, return the unit in the original carton and packing materials.
Scom 4 Features
GAIN REDUCTION dB -24 -12 -6 -4 -2 INPUT / OUTPUT LEVEL dB -18 -+6 +9 GAIN REDUCTION dB -24 -12 -6 -4 -2 INPUT / OUTPUT LEVEL dB -18 -+6 +9 GAIN REDUCTION dB -24 -12 -6 -4 -2 INPUT / OUTPUT LEVEL dB -18 -+6 +9 GAIN REDUCTION dB -24 -12 -6 -4 -2 INPUT / OUTPUT LEVEL dB -18 -+6 +9
The Samson S com 4 dynamics processor utilizes the latest technology in gain management design. Here are some of its main features: Full featured, four channel dynamics processor including Compressor/Limiter and Expander/Gate on each channel. SKD (Smart Knee Detector) switches from soft to hard knee based on the level of input signal. AEG (Automatic Envelope Generator) feature constantly adjusts the Compressors Attack and Release times based on input signal. 5 Segment LED Input/Output Meter, plus 5 Segment LED Gain Reduction Meter on each channel. Gate function can be switched from hard Off to light Downward Expander. Gate Open and Closed LED's. Expander/Gate with switchable Fast and Slow Release times. Stereo Link Switch for channels 1 & 2 and 3 & 4. Advanced circuit design, utilizing low noise operational amplifiers and high quality VCAs. Servo balanced inputs and outputs on XLR and 1/4 connectors. Switchable +4 and 10 operating levels. High quality 41 position detent pots and backlit switches. The stylish bead blasted electric blue anodized front-panel is as easy to read as it is to look at. Three-year extended warranty.
Controls and Functions
Front Panel Layout
I/O -10 +10 50
GATE OPEN & CLOSED LEDS - Indicates when the gate is open and closed. GATE SWITCH - Selects either Gate or Expander mode. GAIN REDUCTION METER - Displays the amount of Gain Reduction when Compressor circuit is activated. INPUT/OUTPUT METER - Displays the Input or Output signal level based on the setting of the I/O meter switch. STEREO LINK SWITCH- When engaged channel 2 functions are controlled by the settings on channel 1. CHANNEL 2 CONTROLS - The same knob and switch complement as channel 1.
CHANNEL 3 CONTROLS - The same knob and switch complement as channel 1. STEREO LINK SWITCH (3 & 4)-When engaged, channel 4 functions are controlled by the settings on channel 3. CHANNEL 4 CONTROLS - The same knob and switch complement as channel 1. MAINS POWER SWITCH - When turned on, activates the Scom. RACK EARS - Used for mounting into a 19inch standard rack. TRIGGER- Controls the threshold level that the Expander/Gate becomes activated. RELEASE SWITCH - Selects FAST or SLOW Release Time for EXPANDER/GATE.
Rear Panel Layout
A B C D E F G
AC INLET - IEC standard AC power cable connector with external fuse. CHANNEL 4 XLR LINE INPUT - XLR Balanced line input.
CHANNEL 4 1/4 TRS LINE INPUT - 1/4 TRS Balanced line input. OPERATING LEVEL SWITCH - Switches the operating level from -10 to +4.
GATE 0 -2 6
14 THRESHOLD - Used to set minimum signal level at which the Compressor circuit begins to function. 15 RATIO - Controls the amount Gain Reduction in proportion to the amount of signal over the selected threshold level. 16 I/O METER SWITCH - Selects either the input or output level to be displayed on the Input/Output meter. 17 ENHANCE SWITCH- Activates Scom 4s ERF (Enhanced Frequency Recovery) circuit restoring the high end loss resulting from extreme Gain Reduction. 18 OUTPUT- Controls the level of output signal.
CHANNEL 1 IN/OUT - Activates Scom 4 Channel 1. CHANNEL 2 IN/OUT - Activates Scom 4 Channel 2. CHANNEL 1 IN/OUT - Activates Scom 4 Channel 3. CHANNEL 2 IN/OUT - Activates Scom 4 Channel 4.
CHANNEL 4 XLR LINE OUTPUT - XLR Balanced line output. CHANNEL 4 1/4 TRS LINE OUTPUT - 1/4 TRS Balanced line output.
CHANNEL 3 - Same Inputs and Outputs as channel 4 CHANNEL 2 - Same Inputs and Outputs as channel 4 CHANNEL 1 - Same Inputs and Outputs as channel 4
Operating The Scom 4
Whether you are an experienced audio engineer, just starting out, or you just want to experiment, follow the steps below to get going. Further sections in this manual will cover basic dynamics and the associated parameters, system set-ups and applications for using dynamics processing in recording and live sound applications.
SETTING UP THE Scom 4
Connect one set of inputs and outputs to the Channel 1 connectors on the rear panel. Set the controls to the following positions:
EXPANDER/GATE TRIGGER OFF GATE SWITCH OUT FAST RELEASE OUT COMPRESSOR THRESHOLD +20dBu (fully clockwise) RATIO 1:1 ENHANCER - OUT
METER SWITCH IN OUTPUT LEVEL O dBu STEREO LINK SWITCH OUT CHANNEL 1 IN/OUT OUT
In this configuration, the Scom 4 is simply passing audio at unity gain with no dynamics processing. It is a good idea to check your gain structure at this point. Use the Input/Output meter to match the level. Send a signal to the Scom 4s inputs and outputs. Press the METER switch to see that the input and output levels are matched.
COMPRESSING A SIGNAL
Scom 4's Compressor section can be used for a variety of gain management tasks including printing signals to a multi-track recorder, as a mix-down effect, mastering, and for increasing the loudness of a live PA system. To begin compressing your signal, follow the steps below: Follow the section above, SETTING UP THE Scom 4 for normalizing the controls. Press the In/Out switch (located between Channels 1 and 2) to the IN position. Adjust the Ratio to 2:1.
Now gradually turn down the THRESHOLD level and listen for the compression. For a visual representation, the amount of compression is indicated on the GAIN REDUCTION meter.
GAIN REDUCTION dB -24 -12 -6 -4 -2 INPUT / OU -18 -6
1 dB ENHANC
GATING A SIGNAL
Unwanted noises, buzzes and hisses can be easily removed by using Scom 4s GATE. The idea is to have the Gate open only when your desired signal is playing and to mute off (Gate closed) the unwanted noise, buzz and hiss. To Gate your signal, do the following: Follow the section above, SETTING UP THE Scom 4 for normalizing the controls. To engage the Gate, make sure that the EXPANDER/GATE switch is pressed in. Press the RELEASE switch to the IN position to select FAST release time. Now increase the TRIGGER level and listen as the signal begins to gate. For a visual representation of the gate opening and closing, look at the GATE OPEN/CLOSED LEDs located above the EXPANDER/GATE TRIGGER control.
GAIN REDUC -24 -12 -6
USING THE DOWNWARD EXPANDER
You can set the Scom 4's Gate section to work as a DOWNWARD EXPANDER to lower the volume of a signal. Try the simple steps below: Follow the section above, SETTING UP THE Scom 4 for normalizing the controls. To engage the EXPANDER, make sure that the EXPANDER/GATE button is switched to the OUT position. Press the RELEASE switch out to select a SLOW RELEASE. Now increase the TRIGGER level and listen as the signal begins to get softer.
USING THE ENHANCER
The Scom 4s ENHANCER switch can be engaged to activate the EFR (Enhanced Frequency Recovery) circuit. By engaging the ENHANCER, the Scom 4 EFR restores the high frequency content that can be lost when high gain reduction is applied. The Scom 4 EFR achieves this by adding back the high-end of the original signal in an amount that is equal to the amount of gain reduction.
Follow the section above, SETTING UP THE Scom 4 for normalizing the controls and run a signal such as a CD through the Scom 4. Press the In/Out switch (located between Channels 1 and 2) to the IN position. Adjust the Ratio to 6 - 8:1. Switch on the ENHANCER and listen to how the high end is restored when the ENHANCER is on.
Dynamics Processing 101
To begin to understand dynamics processing, we must first understand what dynamics are. Dynamics, or the dynamic range of a signal or audio device, is the amount of level between the softest and loudest possible output. Dynamics processing is applied to a signal to manage the changes in level. Various types of processing units are available to control dynamics including Noise Gates, Expanders, Compressors, Limiters and De-Essers. All of these processes have a unique effect on a signal, but one common element they share is that in one way or another they control gain. Some dynamics processors control gain in a subtle way by slightly reducing how soft and loud a signal is, while others make drastic changes in gain like reducing the signal until its off. Applications for dynamics processing can be categorized by two distinct groups; first, to treat a signal that has an unpredictable dynamic range and make it predictable, and second, to create a "sound" by squeezing out the dynamic range. Whether used for a live sound application, recording, mixing or mastering, dynamic processors like the Scom 4 are valuable tools for controlling gain. The following is a basic overview of dynamics processing and how it is used to improve the quality of recorded and live sound.
A good compressor is one of the most useful tools in live sound and recording. Compressors are used to control the dynamic range of a signal, which offers a variety of benefits including leveling a signal thats being recorded, having an instrument sit in the mix, and increasing the loudness of a sound system to name a few. Drastic amounts of compression will also result in an effect that becomes more of a sound, than just controlling gain. To understand how a compressor works, it is necessary to become familiar with the basic parameters which include threshold, ratio, attack time, and release time.
Threshold is the level that once the signal exceeds, gain reduction is applied. The normal range of adjustment for the threshold level is 40 to +20 dBu. If the threshold level is set above the highest level of the signal being sent to the compressors, the gain reduction is never triggered. Therefore, the compressor is virtually by-passed. If the threshold level is set very low so that any signal will trigger gain reduction, the compressor is working as an automatic leveler.
The ratio control is used to set the proportion of gain reduction in relationship to the input signal. For example if the ratio is set to 2:1 and the signal crosses above the threshold level, an increase in level of 2 dB will produce a 1 dB increase in level at the output. A ratio setting of to 1 means that an infinite amount of input signal is needed to raise the output level by 1 dB. This means that the output level stays constant even when the input crosses over the threshold level.
Attack time is the amount of time that a compressor takes to effect the gain reduction after the signal rises above the threshold level. A well-designed compressor has adjustable attack times ranging from 100 s (microseconds) to 150 ms (milliseconds). A good compressor will sound smooth as it begins to control the gain regardless of the attack time.
The release time is set to control how long the compressor takes to return the input signal back to its original level once the signal falls below the threshold level. The acceptable range for release time is from 500s to 5 seconds. In normal use, faster release times are used for spoken word and longer release times are generally better for instrumental music.
Auto Attack and Release
Today, sophisticated compressors often incorporate a dynamic or Auto Attack and Release mode. The Scom 4s AEG (Auto Envelope Generator) automatically adjusts the attack and release times based on the dynamically changing input signal.
Dynamics Processing 101 - Continued
Soft-Knee / Hard-Knee
In order to prevent harsh, unnatural envelopes on compressed signals, sophisticated dynamics processors like the Scom 4 feature an SKD (Smart Knee Detector) or automatic knee circuit. The Smart Knee Detector automatically switches from Soft-Knee when the signal is less than 10 dB over Threshold, to Hard-Knee when the signal is 10db above Threshold. In Soft-Knee mode, there is a gradual effect on gain change, which begins as the signal approaches the Threshold level. In Hard-Knee mode, gain reduction is linear based on the Threshold and Ratio controls. Any signal that falls below the Threshold level will be unprocessed.
Noise gates are used to remove unwanted noise and/or bleed from recorded tracks in the studio or from open microphones in live sound systems. Noise gates can also be used as a sound effect, most commonly to chop the end of a reverb lets say on a snare drum so that the entire snare sound ends just before the beat. The basic principle of a noise gate is to work as an automatic mute switch. Mute off (Gate Open) when the desired signal is present and mute on (Gate Closed) when the desired signal is not present. In order to get the gate to work predictably, it is necessary to set a threshold, or trigger level that will determine when the gate will open. If the signal is below the trigger the gate will remain closed. When the signal is above the trigger, the gate will trigger open allowing the desired signal to pass and be heard. Noise gates often have other adjustable controls like attack, hold, range and release. Many noise gates like the Scom 4 use sophisticated circuits to control some of these parameters automatically.
The purpose of a well-designed Downward Expander is to increase the perceived dynamic range of a system. This is accomplished by decreasing the gain during the softer sections, thereby lowering the relative noise floor. When the signal level is below the desired trigger level, the expander lowers the overall gain by the selected amount.
A Limiter is a specific form of a compressor configured to prevent peaks and for general overload protection. It is often characterized by a high ratio setting (10 or above), as well as a relatively high threshold level.
Stereo Link Mode
The Scom 4 can be configured from dual-mono operation to stereo by using the Stereo Link switch. In Stereo Link mode, Channel 2 functions are controlled by the settings of Channel 1 with the exception of IN/OUT, KEY and LIMITER. The same holds true for Channels 3 and 4.
Using the Expander/Gate to Remove Hiss and Noise
The Scom 4 is an extremely useful tool in reducing the level of unwanted noises. By using the Expander/Gate you can effectively fade the noise into the noise floor or abruptly turn the unwanted signal completely off.
Lets say you want to reduce the bleed or cross talk that occurs when different instruments are recorded in close proximity to each other. You have recorded an acoustic guitar simultaneously in the same room as with some other acoustic instruments. The problem is that you hear a lot of the other instruments playing when the acoustic guitar is silent. This can cause phasing and comb filtering problems due to microphone placement, so having the bleeding signal drop into the noise floor is desirable. To do this, set the Scom 4 to Expander mode with the Release switch to Slow and adjust the Trigger so that the acoustic guitar signal is well above the threshold level. When the signal from the acoustic guitar track falls below the threshold level, the signal subtly fades into the noise floor. Now lets say youre attempting to remove the pick-up noise and hum from a guitar track that was recorded through a loud amplifier. The hum and noise is most noticeable in-between the rhythm of the performance, so you want to have the gate close during the silent parts and open during the musical passages. To do this, set the Scom 4 to Gate mode and adjust the Trigger level so that the gate is open just during the musical guitar parts, and so that the gate is closed during the silent passages so that the hum and noise is muted.
Using noise gates on drums is particularly useful in recording and in live sound. When a drum kit is set up with individual microphones on each drum in a live PA system, theres potential for great sound. However, there are several gain management problems that can occur. Several microphones like the ones on the tom-toms, will only be used occasionally and until the time that the tom-tom is actually played, its microphone is merely picking up unwanted sound from other instruments on stage. This adds a lot of unwanted mush in the mix and also adds to feedback problems. Use the Scom 4 to gate the signal of the tom-tom by selecting Gate with the Expander/Gate switch. Now adjust the Trigger control so that the gate opens only when the tom-tom is played, and at the same time, so that the gate is closed even when the adjacent tom-tom is played. This same technique is useful on drums that have been recorded on individual tracks. By using the Gate to mute the bleed of the other drums ,you can effectively reduce the comb filtering produced by phase cancellation due to microphone proximity.
Gating Longer Sounds
When using a noise-gate on sound with a longer decay like piano, it is usually necessary to use a longer release time. Run the piano signal through the Scom 4 and set the Expander/Gate Release switch to Slow. Adjust the Trigger level on sustained passages to get the best results. Be sure to listen for the natural decay of the instrument and allow the gate to remain open until just after end of the decay.
Leveling a Vocal Track
When recording a vocal track, the vocalist may change the distance between them and the microphone, or they may naturally have a lot of dynamic range in their performance. In either case, the sound engineer must decide how much compression should be used to balance the natural performance and printing a good level to tape or disk. Adjust the Scom 4s Ratio to 4:1. The Scom 4 uses the AEG (Auto Envelope Generator) for automatic attack and release. Now adjust the Threshold level so that the Gain Reduction meters show 6 to 10 dB of gain reduction. Adjust the Ratio control if necessary.
Leveling a Guitar or Bass
Guitar and especially bass guitar can have a lot of level change between strings and even frets on the fingerboard. Using compression when recording guitars and bass will even out these differences. Adjust the Scom 4s Ratio to 4:1. The Scom 4 uses the AEG (Auto Envelope Generator) for automatic attack and release. Now adjust the Threshold level so that the Gain Reduction meters show 10 to 12 dB of gain reduction. Youll notice that the each note is at the same loudness and the overall sustain is increased.
Adding compression on drums can make a boomy kick drum tighten up, almost as if you were tightening the head of the drum. Adjust the Scom 4s Ratio to 6:1. The Scom 4 uses the AEG (Auto Envelope Generator) for automatic attack and release. Set the Threshold so that the Gain Reduction meter reads 12 to 15 dB. Adjust the Ratio control if necessary. You can use the same basic set up on snare and toms as well.
Getting a Track to Sit in the Mix
By using a heavy amount of compression you can get the effect of the vocal suspending in the mix. While this may be a bit radical for some, the effect can be dramatic, especially if the vocal is mixed without any reverb or delay. Adjust the Scom 4s Ratio to 6:1. The Scom 4 uses the AEG (Auto Envelope Generator) for automatic attack and release. Now adjust the Threshold level to so that the Gain Reduction meters show 21 to 24 dB of gain reduction.
There are several ways to use a compressor to protect a speaker system and many considerations can be made including whether the speaker system is crossed over actively or passively. If the speaker system is stereo using a passive crossover, then the line output of the mixer or equalizer is run directly into the Scom 4 inputs. The Scom 4 should be last in the chain before the power amps with its outputs feeding the inputs of the amp. Now set the Scom 4 to Stereo Link mode. Adjust the Threshold and Ratio so that the systems entire dynamic range is under control. When using an active crossover, multiple compressors can be used to compress each section of the PA. For example, if the PA is using an active crossover to run a four-way mono system, the Scom 4 can be used for four band compression. By compressing each output of the crossover, you can maximize the output level while minimizing the gain to sensitive speakers like the mid-range. Run the low and low-mid frequencies into channel 1 and 2 of Scom 4 and the high-mid and high frequencies into channel 3 and 4 of the second Scom 4.
CH 1 LOW OUTPUT
CHANNEL STEREO 1 INPUT 3 WAY
MONO HIGH OUTPUT
MONO HIGH-MID OUTPUT
MONO LOW-MID OUTPUT
MONO LOW OUTPUT
MONO 4 WAY
S2000 Power Amp (Bridged Mono Low)
PUSH TO RESET 25A/250V
In this example, the Scom 4 is inserted after the mixer and before the graphic equalizer, thereby compressing the full range signal from the mixer.
SERIAL NUMBER BRIDGED MONO STEREO
120V - 60 Hz 35W
INPUTS (BALANCED 10K/0dBm0)
TIP RING SLEEVE TIP + RING SLEEVE GND
~AC INPUT 115V/230W, 50/60HZ 510W (115V)900W (230V)
Right High / Mid
PUSH TO RESET 20A/250V
~AC INPUT 115V 60Hz, 920W
TIP=HOT TRS RING=COLD BALANCED SLEEVE=GND
XLR BALANCED 3=COLD 2=HOT 1=GND
~AC INPUT 115V 60Hz, 1100W
LIVE SOUND SYSTEM WITH MULTIBAND COMPRESSION
S1500 Power Amp (Mid) SCom 4
In this example, two Scom 4s are inserted after the mixer, equalizer and crossover, thereby providing individual compression on the low, mid and high frequencies.
Scom 4 Connections
CONNECTING THE Scom 4
The are several ways to interface the Scom 4 to support a variety of applications. The Scom 4 features servobalanced inputs and outputs, so connecting balanced and unbalanced signals is possible without any signal loss. The Scom 4 can be used on a single instrument by connecting to a mixer channels insert points, or on an entire mix "in-line" between a mixers outputs and a power amp or equalizer. INSERT POINTS Many mixers today provide channel and bus or group inserts. Insert points are input and output patch points that interrupt the channel or bus signal so that external processors can be connected. Channel insert points are ideal for connecting to when using the Scom 4 to process a single channel like a vocal, bass or guitar. Bus insert points are ideal for compressing groups of instruments like vocals, strings or drums. If you are connecting to a channels insert points, you may have a single TRS jack for Send & Return. In this case, use an Insert "Y" Cable that configured like the one in the wiring diagram below. Insert Cable 1/4 male TRS connector to two male 1/4 in send and return configuration.
Conector de 1/4 no equilibrado
Se al Se al Punta (se al)
Gua de cableado XLR equilibrada
Excitado Com n Com n (1) Excitado (2)
Fr o (3)
Puntos de soldadura
Conector TRS de 1/4 equilibrado
Se al (punta)
Se al (anillo) Punta (se al Anillo (se al) Se al (punta)
Com n (1)
Se al (anillo)
System Specifications Frequency Response Dynamic range THD Crosstalk Detector Expander/Gate Trigger range Attack Release Compressor Section Threshold Ratio Auto Attack Time Auto Release Time Output gain
20Hz to 20kHz + - 0.5 dB 95 dBu, un-weighted, 22 Hz to 22 kHz 0.008 % typ. @ +4 dBu, 1 kHz 90dB, 22 Hz to 22 kHz RMS
variable (Off to +10 dB) Auto, variable <1 ms per 50 dB Auto ,variable (Slow:100 ms / 1dB, Fast:100 ms/100 dB)
-40 dB to +20 dB variable (1:1 to 1: ) variable (0.3 ms / 20 dB to 300 ms / 20 dB) variable (0.05 to 5 Sec) variable (-20 to +20 dB)
Function Switches Gate Release Enhancer I/O Meter Stereo Link
Gate or Expander Fast/slow In/Out Switches the Input/Output meter to read input or output level. Linking two channels for stereo operation. Channel 1 becomes master for Channel 2. Channel 3 becomes master for Channel 4. Changes the internal reference level from-4 dBu to -10 dBV.
Meters & LED's Gain Reduction Input/Output level Auto Open/Closed Function switch
5 segment LED display: -24/-12/-6/-4/-2 dB 5 segment LED display: -18/-6/0/+6/+9 dB 2 LED's under and over signal window LED indicator in each
Audio Input Connectors Impedance Nominal Operating Level Max. Input Level CMRR Audio Output Connectors Impedance Max. Output Level XLR and 1/4" TRS jack 20k Ohm balanced, 10k Ohm unbalanced Selectable +4dBu/-10 dBV +21 dBu, balanced and unbalanced Typ. 40dB, >55dB @ 1kHz
XLR and 1/4" jack 60 Ohms balanced, 30 Ohms unbalanced +21 dBu, balanced and unbalanced
Power Supply Mains Voltages/selectable
USA/Canada U.K./Australia Europe
~120 V AC, 60 Hz ~240 V AC, 50 Hz ~230 V AC, 50 Hz
Samson S-COM4 - Four Channel Compressor/Limiter with GatingThe S com4 provides four channels of dynamics processing with an expander/gate and compressor/limiter on each channel. The four channels operate independently or in stereo pairs. The compressor/limiter section of the S com4 includes variable threshold, ratio and output levels. The expander/gate section features a continuously variable threshold control as well as a switch for fast or slow release times. An enhancer switch restores high frequencies that are sometimes diminished by heavy compression. Multi-segment LED metering on the S com4 displays input/output level, as well as gain reduction. Balanced inputs and outputs, with +4dB or -10dBV operation allows the unit to interface into any professional environment.
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