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this ideal, and use language as a stalking horse for quite different ideas they wish to disguise or dare not acknowledge.
He says the techniques used fall under five broad umbrellas: tact, diplomacy, euphemism, doublespeak or lying. There are some quite horrific examples of these. Steven Poole, author of the book Unspeak (2006), talks about the misuse of language by those in power to manipulate people:
Words and phrases have the power to excite our spirits, to free our minds, and to help us envision innovative ideas. He refers to Martin Luther King Jr.s I have a dream speech, saying that Dr. Kings speeches are powerful because he spoke passionately about his beliefs and followed up with commitment. (Millward 2007)
Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd (2008) agrees that powerful language must be backed up by action, delivering this message to Parliament:
What do the phrases pro-life, intelligent design, and the war on terror have in common? Each of them is a name for something that smuggles in a highly charged political opinion.
He argues that the use of language of this nature is essentially propaganda, but that most of the people hearing it fail to realise and hence buy into it. Climate change is less threatening than global warming: we say ethnic cleansing when we mean mass murder. This is not a modern phenomenon; George Orwell discussed a similar use of language in 1946:
cloudy vagueness. Defenseless villages are bombarded from the air, the inhabitants driven out into the countryside, the cattle machinegunned, the huts set on re with incendiary bullets: this is called pacication. Millions of peasants are robbed of their farms and sent trudging along the roads with no more than they can carry: this is called transfer of population or rectication of frontiers. People are imprisoned for years without trial, or shot in the back of the neck or sent to die of scurvy in Arctic lumber camps: this is called elimination of unreliable elements. Such phraseology is needed if one wants to name things without calling up mental pictures of them.
Likewise, Burnside discusses similar use of language by the Nazis:
certain feelings, thoughts and imagery. It seems less offensive to lock up illegals than to lock up innocent, traumatised human beings. The term queue jumpers implies that there is a queue and that it is in some way appropriate to stand in line when your life is at risk. When these people arrive in Australia they are detained this description is false in every detail. They are locked up without trial for an indefinite period. Without the media to act as a platform, politicians would be largely unable to communicate their messages effectively. As well as allowing politicians to get across their messages, sometimes the media will manipulate of its own volition. One possible explanation for this beginning is because newspapers increasingly felt they had to bring something more to the events they covered than simply telling people what happened. (Rosenstiel 1994, cited by Andrews 2006) The media is in a position of power as it provides the main means of people acquiring information, particularly about current events. It is widely agreed by academics that the media has a social responsibility to society to be truthful. McQuail (2000, cited by Bardoel and DHaenens 2004) defines social responsibility as the obligations and expectations that society has regarding the media. Bardoel and DHaenens explain McQuails theory that the media has a public responsibility:
to contribute to the public good, and outside the media, with individuals and groups as constituents of civil society and operating in the public sphere.
Likewise, the American Commission on Freedom of the Press (1947, cited by Christians and Nordenstreng 2004) found that the media has a duty to provide a truthful, comprehensive, and intelligent account of the days events in a context which gives them meaning. They also found that the media should provide a forum for the exchange of comment and criticism, give a representative picture of the constituent groups in society, help in the presentation and clarification of the goals and values of society, and provide full access to the days intelligence. However, not all media lives up to these responsibilities. Michael Parenti (1997) suggests media bias does not occur in random fashion and that it favours those with a vested interest in particular media outlets. This may include favouring corporations over corporate critics, affluent whites over low-income minorities, officialdom over protestors US dominance of the Third World over revolutionary or populist social change, national security policy over critics of that policy. A variety of techniques are used to push these agendas, including spin, suppression by omission, attacking a story, labelling, false balancing and framing. But how much does the media really affect and shape our views? In October 1938, the Mercury Theater of the Air presented HG Wellss novel War of the Worlds as a one-hour radio program presented in the style of a news bulletin. The broadcast of a story of aliens invading earth presented as radio news convinced many that it was true, despite disclaimers from the
radio station stating the opposite. People believed if radio said we were being invaded, then it must be true. Hundreds of calls were placed to newspapers (the New York Times alone received more than 800), radio stations, and police. (Sterling 2003) In 2006, a group of Dutch researchers (Kleinnijenhuis, et al) examined whether the way the media portrays certain events affects public trust of politicians and Government. All their research relates to the 2002 Dutch Federal Elections. The findings suggested that negative news did lead to distrust in party leaders. It was also found that distrust did not affect the way people intended to vote, however, on the day, distrust was a key issue in deciding whom to vote for. 32 per cent of voters said that they did not choose who to vote for until the last days before the election or on the Election Day itself. This suggests that citizens accrue information on a daily basis but that they will often not update their summary evaluation, for example, their intention to cast a vote for a specific party, until the moment of decision. The media and politicians have the potential to shape views in society, for the betterment or detriment. All too often, though, they choose to use their authority for negative purposes. History suggests that this affects the opinions of society. Our research has given us insight into how this occurs the techniques and reasons and when this has occurred in the past and the effects it has had. This will inform our process in reaching our aims.
amongst authority in society. There is a need for greater public awareness and for people to be able to discern what is true. Politicians and the media often manipulate language to push an agenda and without proper awareness and knowledge, the public may digest this without thought to question it. We hope to encourage a better informed society in which individuals are better equipped to understand and evaluate the language presented to them; a society whose actions are informed by the truth and in which people can form their own opinions.
Making people aware of this language is Steven Pooles objective in writing Unspeak. He writes:
With different messages being put forward by different media outlets and politicians, people may become unsure of what is true and what to trust. We aim to make news more credible and relevant by empowering people with the tools to consider the source of news and to make their own judgements on the truth.
As BBC World presenter Kirsty Lang explains: Its much easier to take the language thats given to you, and the government knows that full well. So if you keep saying coalition forces, coalition forces, people will use it. I think people do need to be more careful. They do take phrases willy-nilly from the government without thinking, without seriously analysing what they say. The citizens plan of action is simple. When the media do this, talk back: write and tell them. Possibly the growth of Unspeak cannot be reversed. But that doesnt mean we have to go on swallowing it.
The answer is getting people enthusiastic about gaining knowledge and educating themselves. We also aim involve people in a dialogue on important current issues, including the manipulation of language. We aim to empower them with knowledge and information that can be used to inform their own free thinking. We aim to expose manipulative language for what it is, and inform people as to where they can find truthful and accurate information. In the absence of such information, we aim to enable people to be better equipped to judge what is true.
HOW TO SPOT LANGUAGE MANIPULATION
Tip #1: Trust your instincts If it doesnt feel true, chances are, it isnt. There are many techniques used to sway opinion, and some are extremely subtle. If your suspicions are aroused, take that as a sign your subconscious has probably noticed something you havent. Tip #2: Be suitably skeptical We arent suggesting that you disbelieve everything you hear or read, however, it is important to be suitably skeptical in order to not be gullible and simply take everything on board as truth. If you believed everything you read, youd believe those emails from the Nigerian President.
Australians are a passionate lot. We are also a very practical lot. For us, symbolism is important but, unless the great symbolism of reconciliation is accompanied by an even greater substance, it is little more than a clanging gong. It is not sentiment that makes history; it is our actions that make history.
However, with a tool of such power, there will always be parties who manipulate it for their own benefit. Julian Burnside (2005) says:
In most circumstances, language is intended to convey meaning. Ideally, it should do so accurately. Some writers and speakers betray
In our time, political speech and writing are largely the defense of the indefensible. Things like the continuance of British rule in India, the Russian purges and deportations, the dropping of the atom bombs on Japan, can indeed be defended, but only by arguments which are too brutal for most people to face, and which do not square with the professed aims of political parties. Thus political language has to consist largely of euphemism, question-begging and sheer
In the Nazi dictionary of sardonic euphemisms nal solution of the Jewish problem was a phrase which meant extermination; special treatment of prisoners of war meant killing; protective custody meant concentration camp; duty labor meant slave labor; and an order to take a rm attitude or take positive measures meant to act with unrestrained savagery.
He goes on to compare John Howards use of language, in particular with reference to immigration. He describes the use of phrases such as illegals, queue jumpers and detained and the way they evoke
Currently the issue of political and media manipulation is mainly dealt with satirically. Whilst this is an effective means of reaching the masses, is this the best way to inform people and raise awareness? Whilst television programs like The Chasers War On Everything and The Daily Show are very funny, are we taking anything away from them other than a few laughs? It is important that people are able to understand the information they receive. A more serious approach could help to improve public awareness.
The general idea behind this is that the media ought to serve public purposes and be socially responsible; the theory of social responsibility of the media and the idea of media as a public trustee are relevant here again. These ideas nd both support, according to McQuail, from within the media that choose an active role in society and wish
new forum threads + + + + + The budget HECS debts Petrol prices Public transport Euthanasia
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Input.Output. research project Research publication
This research document proposes the Input.Output. website, discussing the research and rationale behind the final product.
Landscape Tanks Corporate identity and brochure (A4 4-page)
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Ongoing design and project management of all Landscape Tanks design solutions from the inception of the business, beginning with the identity design, at right. The current print run of the brochure, at far right, is 40,000.
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Landscape Tanks Website To further promote their product, Landscape Tanks required a website. The website can be found at www. landscapetanks. com.au
ALP Casey FEA Wine labels Wine labels designed for the Casey branch of the Australian Labor Party for their Christmas fundraiser.
ABC broadsheet A2 folding promotional broadsheet This broadsheet is designed to promote the ABC Radio National via a transcript of one of its programs. The chosen program was about euthanasia.
A walk in the Euthanasia Underground. New Australian research has found that many health-care professionals involved in HIV/AIDS medicine carry out euthanasia. But perhaps surprisinglymost of those who do arent interested in seeing the law change and emerging from the legal shadows.
About About Radio National
the presiding physician instructed this nurse to get the cocktail up and get him out of here by sundown
a psychiatric opinion would be good, had assisted death without a psychiatric opinion. So they kind of contradicted themselves a bit. But thats what you might expect when youre dealing with an underground, where there are no clear norms or principles guiding involvement. People act on the basis of their own idiosyncratic discretions, their own gut instinct. Damien Were talking here about active, voluntary euthanasia. But did you come across cases where the voluntariness of the euthanasia was in question, or unclear? Roger I did, yes. The real focus I suppose was on patients who had requested euthanasia and it was subsequently performed, but I was given detailed examples of non-consensual euthanasia, and indeed involuntary euthanasia. Ill give you one example of non-consensual euthanasia, and by that I mean where the patients wishes are just not known. In one case, a doctor gavehis whole interview consisted of a very detailed, almost confession of what had happened with one patient who was discharged from a hospital under his care on a Friday afternoon. Now it appears that the patient was comatose. The thing was though that the family all wanted euthanasia to be performed, and the mother was saying, This is what my son wanted, and so the doctor, who was pretty much a rookie, didnt feel condent enough to speak to anyone else, hed never dealt with this situation before, so he spent the entire Saturday talking with the family and more or less clarifying their wishes. And on the Sunday he provided a lethal injection of drugs to the patient, who subsequently died. He was a little bit concerned because not all of the family were 100% approving of what had
they would sit around and sit in the garden etc. until the day they decided that theyd had enough and then the doctor would chart a lethal dose. But the story she was most concerned to tell me was about a patient who appeared to be demented, he was very debilitated, wasnt really able to move. His mother sat with him, day after day, and the nurse felt that this was really what the family wanted. The man himself, the patient himself, was saying things like Well when am I going home? and What of the doctors, have they found out whats wrong with me yet? Anyway the presiding physician in that unit instructed this nurse to get the cocktail up and get him out of here by sundown, I think those were the words. And she was shocked, not so much because it was euthanasia, but because the patient knew nothing about it and the mother was sent home to have a shower, and was sort of excluded from the whole process. So she really felt that this was murder. Its interesting that this was a woman who had participated in other acts of voluntary euthanasia, and yet what really upset her was the fact that this was involuntary. So its not someone who was misunderstanding what was happening. Damien Did that woman make any kind of complaint, or take any action?
Damien After immersing yourself in this area for so long, whats your conclusion about what would be the best legal response to this extraordinarily complex area? Roger I have to approach this with some humility because I think that the circumstances of assisted death are really so context-specic that its very difcult to really stand in judgement. On the other hand, Im just relying on what patients told me and the bright theme that comes from this I think is of an unregulated underground. I think that there may be some value in seeing if its possible to ush it out into the sunlight. It may be paradoxically, the criminal law does not always protect vulnerable patients as well as it could. So I put the view that a statutory regime that comprises and includes safeguards, what they would be is of course a matter of debate, might be one way of channelling some of these underground activities out into the open so that you dont have the many disturbing issues that arise when practices are not subject to any oversight and never see the light of day, because what we have is an environment of backyard euthanasia in the same way as we would have backyard abortion if we didnt have an exception that permitted the termination of pregnancy. So I really argue on a harm minimisation basis, that there might be at least a preliminary argument that we should move towards the legalisation of euthanasia. Damien Roger Magnusson, Co-ordinator of the Health-Law Program at the University of Sydney.
Newsreader The Upper House of the Dutch Parliament has given nal approval to a Bill legalising euthanasia. Passing the law Reporter has been a widely-accepted practice in The Netherlands and in neighbouring countries like Belgium for decades. Newsreader Euthanasia and doctor-assisted suicide remain technically illegal in The Netherlands. However Man I dont think that it is acceptable that it is still in the penal code, so the most important thing that will change now is to get that wish of the people to have euthanasia dealt with in a decent and honourable way, to get it out of the criminal sort of atmosphere. Woman Were all afraid of the effects in our society and our culture that there will be more pressure on doctors, perhaps also on patients, to request death.
strangulation which was euphemistically called pillow jobs, by several interviewees. Thats when that occurs. Off tape one nurse was telling me that he injected air into the patient, so you have these desperate measures taken when the overdoses dont work. Damien These activities are clearly illegal, arent they? Roger Most certainly assisted suicide is a crime in the criminal statutes of the States and Territories, and euthanasia, socalled killing for compassionate motives, is still unlawful killing. So yes, these things are very much unlawful. Damien Prosecutions in Australia are rare, I think theres only been one which was in W.A. last year. There was a doctor and two siblings of a deceased who were charged with murder. Now I should point out I believe the jury took only ten minutes to dismiss all charges against them, and it wasnt actually a test case for euthanasia because at all times the accused denied that any injection had been given. But its an interesting case, isnt it? Roger Yes. I think whats interesting about the Western Australian case, which was dealt with in this program in October last year, was it really emphasises the fact that recollections can who perform assisted death, and it exists at all sorts of levels. It starts with procuring the drug, actually performing the euthanasia and covering over the fact that its been performed after the event. Damien The people that you spoke to, the people who are carrying out euthanasia, do they want to see the law changed, do they want to see what they do become legal? Roger Some of them do, some of them dont. One doctor who had performed euthanasia, or had assisted in suicide about 20 times, said to me, Im looking for legalisation but not regulation. Ive got to use my own mind and my own professional standards. So some of the activist doctors I spoke to perhaps counter-intuitively, didnt want euthanasia legalised because legalisation means that the law will then step in with statutory procedures that they would have to comply with, and they didnt want that. So theres an interesting sort of paradox here in that the moral conservatives agree with certain activist doctors, they both dont want euthanasia legalised. One of them because they think euthanasia is wrong and the other because they resent the laws interference with their clinical discretion. Damien And yes, The Netherlands takes a permissive approach to many social issues, including euthanasia. Ironically that position has developed, because unlike Australia where doctors are virtually never charged, in The Netherlands they have been charged and they have been put on trial. And since the early 1970s those court battles have gradually out a a defence of justication to charges arising out of a doctors involvement in euthanasia. In October 2001, those common law defences were explicitly acknowledged in legislation passed by the Dutch Upper House of Parliament. John Grifths is a Professor of Law at the University of Groningen, in The Netherlands. He says the legislation doesnt really change the situation on the ground, because for many years doctors have been sheltering behind those common law defences, and avoiding prosecution by following a number of clear-cut steps. John Your patient has to make a competent, voluntary and explicit request, and the patient has to be suffering unbearably and without prospect of improvement. And you have to follow a number of procedural rules of which by far the most important is consulting a second independent doctor, and you have to report the case afterwards as a non-natural death. The reporting procedure in The Netherlands is a reporting procedure that distinguishes between natural deaths and non-natural deaths, and if its euthanasia you have to report it as a non-natural death. Damien And are many deaths reported in this way, this non-natural way? Do you nd that many doctors report? John Oh yes. I dont know what the number is this year, I believe its somewhere in the neighbourhood of 2,000, maybe more than that, but its a considerable number. Its as a percentage of causes of death, its very small, its somewhere around 3% of all deaths in The Netherlands, but its a substantial number of cases. The total number of euthanasia cases of course is bigger than that because you asked me about how many got reported, and we know in The Netherlands as a result of this research in 1990 and 1995 that about 50% of all cases of euthanasia are being reported at this point. Damien Do you think the system encourages transparency and honesty about whats actually taking place? John Well it depends on whether youre talking about a glass being half full or half empty. If you look at 50% and you say 15 years ago in The Netherlands the reporting rate was zero, but we have every reason to suppose there was euthanasia going on, then you can say 50% reporting now is a triumph for Dutch policy, it doesnt happen very often in life that you can get such a dramatic change in the behaviour of doctors or anybody else, over such a relatively short period. And I think its legitimate to look at it as a very successful policy so far in the sense that were now up around 50% reporting rate. I think also that my assumption is that as more and more doctors report, it will become more and more not done not to report, that will have a kind of self promoting momentum. But anyway, thats one side, the triumph of Dutch policy. And by the way the reporting rate is zero in every other country in the world, and we know for Australia by the way, that theres euthanasia being performed but none of it is being reported as such. On the other hand, you can say 50% is obviously inadequate. You cant think that you have adequate control of this kind of medical behaviour, and I think adequate control, everybody whos sensible thinks adequate control is a matter of great importance, you cant fool yourself into thinking that you have adequate control when you have 50% reporting. Damien Opponents of euthanasia and of lessening the restrictions of euthanasia say that there will always be a euthanasia underground and the criticism is made that decriminalisation like you have in Holland is just leading to a slippery slope which doesnt actually mean that the best interests of the patient are safeguarded. John I dont think theres any evidence that theres more euthanasia in The Netherlands now than there was before it was legalised. I dont think theres much evidence that theres more here than there is in other countries, in Belgium, Australia and other places. So the idea that the amount of euthanasia has increased I think is in itself dubious. But even if the amount of euthanasia had increased, that wouldnt be a criticism of Dutch policy, because Dutch policy was to treat it as okay, so if its okay and more people do it, it would be ne. The real slippery slope is the idea that its being applied in an inappropriate way in inappropriate cases, in cases where the patient didnt really ask for it, or cases in which the doctors cut corners on procedural requirements and things like that, and there I think there is absolutely no indication of the slippery slope. All of the research that I know of suggests that there is more termination of life without a request, and thats the sort of bad category that people are worried about slipping into, theres more of that in countries where its not legal, like Belgium and Australia, which are the countries where the most information is available. And all of the evidence that we have for The Netherlands suggests that quite apart from the reporting, doctors perform euthanasia more carefully year by year, so that theres a slippery slope in the direction of more careful euthanasia, more consultation, better consultation, more professional carrying out, this kind of health care professionals who carry out euthanasia dont really want to see it legalised. Theyre happy with the legal status quo as it is; does that surprise you? John No, it is very interesting I think, but it doesnt surprise me because we know exactly the same thing from Belgium. One of the Belgian medical associations has opposed legislation thats now working its way through the Belgian parliament on exactly this ground, that they didnt want all of the regulation that the situation now no doctor is ever prosecuted in Belgium, and theyre perfectly happy with the situation in which its just a matter between the doctor and his patient,
death is achieved. Others will stay beyond the death and will sign fraudulently the death certicate to say that the patient died naturally, and often in these cases, the concern is that the patient be cremated so that theres no evidence, and that in some States requires a second signature, so the euthanasia underground sometimes co-operates there too, so that doctors who are in the know will counter-sign the cremation certicate so that the patient can be burned and there will be no evidence. Damien I believe that one of the interviewees you spoke to said that he was happy to, if you like, insert the needle into the patients body but not happy to actually to push down on the syringe. Roger Yes, and health care workers draw the line at different places. Some are happy to in fact inject the patient, but then not to remain for the next half hour till it has its effect. So there was one interviewee who described walking around the suburb with a mobile phone waiting to get that call to say that the patient had died. So theres no manual on how to achieve death and doctors act in all sorts of different and strange ways. Damien What sorts of drugs were used? Roger Quite a range. Often it was the drugs that the patient was on anyway, so that the health care workers could always say, Well of course the patients on morphine, or Of course the patients on valium or analgesics, antidepressants, so these were used. Often they were hoarded and then used in massive, immediate quantities, but there were also some unusual drugs used, such as the veterinary drug Lethabarb which several interviewees told me about. One doctor said, I get it from a vet whos on side. Another doctor told me how she used to go to this chemist who would grind up some sort of barbiturate and make it into a palatable mixture. And often interviewees told me about the kinds of drug recipes they used, you know, so much of this and so much of that ground up into yoghurt, taken with a glass of wine or a nip of alcohol to potentiate the action of the drug. Damien If the drugs didnt cause the death of the patient, what did these people who you describe as Angels of Death do? Roger Well often youll end up with a situation where the doctors sitting there and all he or shes managed to do is put the patient into a deep coma. Sometimes the doctors not there at all. I mean the whole issue of doctors in particular eeing the scene and leaving it to others to actually stay there until the death occurs is another issue. But when the health care worker is there youve got someone in a deep coma and often then in desperation the doctor will inject everything in his doctors bag into the patient, and its in those circumstances that you get suffocation and
many health care professionals who carry out euthanasia dont really want to see it legalised
thing. So I dont know what the slippery slope is supposed to be, I think its simply an argument of a slippery slope is an empirical argument, you have to say because of something, something went from A to B and B is bad. But I dont think theres any evidence that anything has gone from A to B. So actually I think the slippery slope argument is a total red herring. Damien So youre arguing that because its done in the open and because there are procedures in place, and indeed because I guess doctors have experiences which they can talk about with their colleagues etc. that the risk of doing something quickly on the run in isolation, in fear, is minimised and therefore the John Well I think its less in this country than in other countries. I certainly wouldnt argue that it never occurs, all bad things occur, but I dont think theres any reason to suppose it happens more here. By the way, if I say I think the slippery slope argument is a total red herring, that doesnt mean that I think there are no legitimate arguments against legalisation of euthanasia. I think you can make a straightforward moral argument against legalising it. I dont happen to agree with it and the Dutch Parliament doesnt either, but its a perfectly legitimate argument. I just object to people who are against euthanasia falling into phoney empirical arguments. Damien Australian medico-legal expert Roger Magnusson has just published research here in Australia which shows that many and the law doesnt concern itself with it at all. This also by the way was, until relatively recently, the position of a considerable part of the Dutch medical profession; not the Dutch Medical Association, its always taken the position that if doctors do this sort of thing, it has to be regulated. But I think in 1990 out of the national research 25% of all doctors said that they would not report euthanasia under any circumstances, even if the law were changed to meet any objections that they might have. They wouldnt report under any circumstances because they didnt regard it as a matter that the State had any business interfering in, it was purely a matter between the doctor and his patient. So its a well-known position. I think its a completely unacceptable and untenable position. I dont see why doctors, more than anybody else, have a right to put people to death without anybody asking them to account for their behaviour. But I do know its a position of a signicant number of doctors. Damien Professor John Grifths, based at the University of Groningen in The Netherlands. And since that interview the Belgian legislation he spoke abouthas been passed. Thats it for The Law Report this week. A big Thank You to Law Report producer, Michael Shirrefs, and to technical producer Chris Lawson, and also to Sabrina Lipovich from ABC Archives.
But of course its no secret that some doctors do commit euthanasia, and new Australian research suggests that in some medical circles, its common practice. Dr Roger Magnusson is the Co-ordinator of the health law program at the Law Faculty at Sydney University. Over six years, he conducted 49 in-depth interviews with health care workers, doctors, nurses and counsellors, who specialise in HIV-AIDS care in Sydney, Melbourne and San Francisco. Many of those interviewed told Roger Magnusson they regularly carry out euthanasia. In the course of his research, Magnusson uncovered a network of what he describes as Angels of Death, people involved at various degrees in organising, carrying out and concealing euthanasia. Roger Some will refer patients on to an activist health care worker who will explore the euthanasia option more seriously with them. Some will provide advice but go no further, you know theyll play that facilitating role or mentoring role, others will provide injecting equipment, or they will provide massive doses of drugs, knowing that its going to be hoarded and used in a suicide attempt. Others will attend at the scene, and actually stay with the patient, inject drugs or set up a cannula and so forth, and remain with the patient until the
Emerging Writers Festival Festival programme
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Emerging Writers Festival Festival programme map and schedule liftout For simplicity and ease-of-use, the schedule and map were designed as a liftout that could be separated from the main programme.
Place research project Website Place aims to equip people with knowledge on domestic technologies to inform their purchases and practices via its website and in-store Place Card system. The website allows users to place technologies (new and old) into their virtual homes to see how they would look together in context, and to receive a readout on energy and water usage and costs.
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All usage statistics for this product are based on three hours of use per day, with the product on standby for the rest of the time.
Place research project Research publication This research document proposes the Place website and Place Card system, discussing the research and rationale behind the final products.
Mosaic Renaissance A4 presentation folder containing three proposal documents, CD and letter In 2008, the Ethel Swinburne building at Swinburnes Hawthorn campus was demolished, leaving a studentdesigned mosaic from the 1960s without a home. After months of activism and networking, an in-depth proposal was developed. It was accepted, with plans for the mosaic to be installed in the new Student Services building in 2010.
21st birthday invitations Personal project The invitations were designed to represent my personality, style and taste, whilst also taking cues from the venue.
Chris & Emil
You are invited to join Nadia for her 21st birthday celebrations
7:30pm until late on Saturday 28 June at Mischief Function Bar 42 Johnston Street, Fitzroy near the corner of Nicholson Street on tram route 96 (get off at stop 15) Finger food provided By invitation only (partners welcome) RSVP by 16 June to Nadia on 319 Hope to see you there
BANGALOW SCHOOL NEWS
Principal: Tim Edwards
Byron Street Bangalow NSW 2479 Phone: (02) Fax: (02) Email: email@example.com Web: www.bangalow-p.schools.nsw.edu.au
Thursday 18th March 2010
Newsletter 8 Term 1, Week 8
This week I had a meeting with representatives from the Reed Group about the construction of our school hall. I was told that will they are still waiting for the final DA, they plan to start work here at school in the second week of April. The construction period is planned for 26 weeks. Hutchinson Building firm has been awarded the contract for the hall. The first stage of the building will see the relocation of S1Ms demountable building. It will be placed on the playground side of the walkway in front of the MDR (Mrs Culberts and Mrs Coxs building). S1M will use the library for the week that it will take to relocate their classroom. Safety fences will be erected around all building and construction areas to ensure safety for our students. The hall will be a wonderful addition to the facilities here at Bangalow PS. I have attached a copy of information from the RTA about child restraints. The new law came into action on the 1st March, 2010. TVs for sale by tender Since the installation of the Interactive White Boards in each classroom, we now have five large screen TVs that have been purchased with the help of the P&C that are no longer needed: Purchased March x Centrex 42 Plasma TV Model CTPL42S5 Purchased December x GVA 42 Plasma TV Model GAVPDP422 Purchased March x Samsung 42 Plasma TV Model PS42C91HD We are calling for tenders for the purchase of these TVs. Please enclose your tender price inside a sealed envelope and place it in the sealed box in the Administration Office. The Tender Box will be opened after 1pm on 1st April, 2010. The money raised through the sale of the TVs will be used to purchase goods for the school as directed by the P&C executive.
Congratulations to the following students who received awards this week: BRONZE Zambia Neely; Tom Simpson; Siobhan Thompson; Fletcher Maxwell; Milan Sidoti-Mills; Angus Rowley; Riley Milsom; Neve Kelly; Amy Roland; Max Schoeman; Ellie Schneider; Freya Peacock MERIT AWARDS KM Madison Barton; Jack Crabtree K/1J Keelin Goninan; Louis Girardin S1H Kurtis Barton; Paris Hamill S1M Chloe Rudgley; Delilah Hatch S2M Conor Bensley; Lily Spiteri S2/3W Sarah Elliott; Jack De Gail-Johnson S3C Eve Lafferty-Ryan; Lily Maxwell S3S Kalinikah Paterson; Zoe Le Sueur QUALITY WORK KM Siobhan Thompson K/1J Oliver Rolfe S1H Ella Basso S1M Jasmine Rudd S2M Remy Devaux S2/3W Bella Gorman S3C Lara Goldingay S3S Carl Ashworth
Friday Assembly: S2M will be performing at our 2:30pm assembly this week. All families and friends are welcome to attend.
~ SPORTING CHAMPS ~
Congratulations to Tahlia Bourke and Marlie Campton on being selected in the Zone Tennis team. They will now compete at the Regional Trials at Sawtell next Monday 22nd March. Good luck girls! Next Wednesday, 23 of our students will be competing in the Winter Sports Trials at Mullumbimby. Permission notes will be sent home today with those who have been selected please send these back to school, along with the $5 levy payment by next Monday.
Mondays Tuesdays Fridays 22/03/10 24/03/10 26/03/10 29/03/10 30/03/10 01/04/10 Uniform Shop 8:30 9:30am Student Banking Litter-free Lunch Day Assembly S3C Art Workshop PSSA trials hockey, soccer, netball & rugby league Young Leaders conference Manic Maths software orders due S3S Art Workshop S3C Excursion to Court House Last day of Term 1 Staff Development (pupil free) Term 2 commences for students ANZAC service 10:45am P&C meeting
Trainee Youth Ministry Sydney Mission & Bible College Performance with Puppetry & Play March 23rd (during Scripture 10:50-11:20am) All students are invited to attend. If you DO NOT wish for your child to attend, please notify in writing to the class teacher of your child.
Simple bible based Easter presentation
19/04/10 20/04/10 23/04/10 11/05/10
Litter Free Lunches
Here are some examples of the litter free lunches that came to school on Tuesday. It is great to see so many students making healthy food choices.
Each class is choosing a student (or a different student each week) to monitor conserving power e.g. turning lights out at lunchtime, opening windows when air conditioning is not required, and shutting down the computers when they are not in use.
National Young Leaders Day
Our Student Leaders from Years 5 and 6 will be attending the Young Leaders Day at the Brisbane Convention Centre next Friday. They will hear from an exciting line-up of speakers, including Marayke Jonkers (Paralympian Medallist), Geoff Wilson (first to cross the Sahara Desert by wind power alone), members of Hi-5 and others. This experience should help prepare them to be better leaders of the future.
S3C Attends Court!
Mrs Culberts class will be attending an excursion to the Lismore District Court House on Tuesday 30th March, to witness the Justice System in action. These students should ensure their notes are returned by next Friday.
VOLUNTARY SCHOOL CONTRIBUTIONS
Voluntary Contributions are requested of all families to assist us with the ongoing replenishment of our library resources. Voluntary Contributions and Library Fund donations are tax deductible. As these are deposited into a separate Library Fund Account, please endeavour to send these contributions as a separate payment. Although the NSW Department of Education and Training recommends setting these at $40 per student, Bangalow Public Schools Voluntary Contributions for 2010 remain at:
$35 for a single child or $70 per family Please send this in at your earliest convenience.
Which would you choose???!
THANK YOU to those families who have paid!
Please send in your payment ASAP.
Manic Maths Software
Our school is participating in the EdAlive Community Software Plan (CSP) featuring the Australian-made Manic Maths series along with all the regular EdAlive favourites. As well as the CSP saving, all titles are also eligible for the new 50% Education Tax Refund so dont miss out! Please return your orders to school by next Friday 26th March. Leaflets will be handed out with this newsletter.
Whats happening in 2010? P&C Fundraising Agenda.
Heres a chance to suggest what you would like to see! We are planning to have a calendar of organised events for the year so all families can look forward to coming events. Billy Cart Derby information to come home soon (we will definitely be at the finish line) Wed love to hear about your ideas from previous schools, clubs, etc. Big and small ideas appreciated. Eg Film Night Trivia Night Coffee appreciation tasting Easter Raffles (2011) Disco Please submit a brief proposal and hand it into the office or email your ideas to: firstname.lastname@example.org Michelle Spry P&C President
Community Fundraising for BPS
Byron Bay Supa IGA has put their Community Chest board back up, with our school included. If you shop there, please be sure to put your tokens in the box for Bangalow Public School, in order for us to receive a cash donation.
DRINKS AND POPCORN DAY FOR END OF TERM ONE
The canteen will be open on Wednesday 24th March during lunchtime to sell Just Juice Poppers, strawberry milk and fresh popcorn. The drinks are nearing their use-by date and, to make way for fresh stock, will be offered to the students at the special price of: Poppers: $0.50 Strawberry Milk: $0.50 Popcorn $0.20
Stewart House Donation Drive
For many years, Stewart House in Sydney has provided holidays with an educational focus and health care, for school students in need from throughout NSW and ACT. Students at Bangalow PS have benefitted from this service. They rely largely on donations to achieve this. Envelopes for the 2010 Donation Drive have been sent home today. Your gold coin donation enters you in the draw to win a $4,000 holiday for your family to the destination of your choice! Please send in your donations by Friday 14th May, using the envelopes provided.
CANTEEN OPENING IN TERM TWO VOLUNTEERS NEEDED
The canteen will reopen in term two to provide lunches for students and staff on Fridays only. We have reduced the number of days to one to make it easier to recruit volunteer helpers. We have also simplified the menu slightly, retaining the items that have proven most popular in the past. The emphasis continues to be about providing convenient, fresh and healthy lunch choices, with a view to organising specialty theme days later in the term. Sushi will continue to be offered weekly and, like last year, will need to be pre-ordered by the Thursday. This year, fresh sandwiches and wraps will also need to be pre-ordered on the Thursday to help reduce wastage of perishable items. Canteen duty is a great opportunity for parents to get to know their childrens friends and other parents in the school community. Three volunteers will be needed every Friday to help from 9am 12pm and we are hoping helpers will only be required once a term. To volunteer please call Lisa Peacock on or email email@example.com. We are aiming to have a roster emailed to all participants prior to term two commencing.
Proudly supporting the schools Munch & Crunch Program with fresh fruit and vegetables.
New child restraint laws
On 4 November 2009, former NSW Premier Nathan Rees and Minister for Transport David Campbell announced the introduction of new child restraint laws for children up to seven years of age.
Using a restraint correctly greatly increases a child's safety during a crash. Placing a child in a restraint that is designed for a larger/older child increases the risk of serious injury in a crash. Ensure the restraint is installed correctly. See a restraint fitter if in any doubt. Always use the top tether strap where required. Teach your child to always keep both arms within the harness system of the child seat or the seat belt of the booster seat. When using a seat belt with a booster, ensure the seat belt is correctly fitted over the childs shoulder. Move your child into a forwardfacing restraint only when they no longer fit into a rearward-facing restraint. Move your child into a booster seat only when they no longer fit into a forward-facing restraint.
Summary of changes
From 1 March 2010:
Children younger than six months must be secured in a rearward facing restraint. Children aged six months to under four years must be secured in either a rear or forward facing restraint. Children aged four years to under seven years must be secured in forward facing child restraint or booster seat. Children younger than four years cannot travel in the front seat of a vehicle with two or more rows. Children aged four years to under seven years cannot travel in the front seat of a vehicle with two or more rows, unless all other back seats are occupied by children younger than seven years in a child restraint or booster seat.
A transitional period will apply until 30 June 2010 to allow parents and carers to fully understand and comply with the new laws. The transitional period does not provide an exemption for the new requirements regarding seating young children in the front seat. Drivers will need to ensure that children younger than four years of age do not travel in the front seat of a vehicle with two or more rows. Drivers will also need to ensure that children aged four years to under seven years of age do not travel in the front seat of a vehicle with two or more rows unless all other back seats are occupied by children younger than seven years. In the interests of improved child road safety it is recommended parents and carers of young children make every effort to comply with the new requirements as soon as possible.
COMMUNITY NEWS Easter Workshop
Bangalow Uniting Church (Station Street) Tuesday 23rd and Tuesday 30th March 3:15 5:00pm Activities / Craft / Cooking $5 per child
Choose the right child restraint
A child that is properly secured in an approved child restraint is less likely to be injured or killed in a car crash than one who is not. Child restraints can be purchased from retail outlets or hired from some local councils, some maternity hospitals, community groups and from privately run rental companies. Child restraints available in Australia must meet the Australian /New Zealand Standard 1754:2004 Child restraints for use in motor vehicles. The standard is one of the toughest child restraint standards in the world and child restraints manufactured to this Standard offer good protection in a crash. A significant number of the restraints have been tested and assessed under the Child Restrain Evaluation Programme (CREP). Find out more about the results of these tests and the guidelines you should follow when buying a child restraint in the safer child restraints brochure.
Junior Cricket Presentation
Wednesday 24th March @ Sports Field from 4pm Milo / 10s / 12s / 14s BBQ and drinks provided Call Anthony on for info
Opportunities to advertise in our newsletter exist (certain criteria must be met and conditions apply). Newsletters are distributed in hard copy, via email, and on our website. Please contact the school office on or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. While we exercise due care, Bangalow Public School does not endorse or guarantee any goods or services advertised.
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