Samsung Samsung Format Utility Manual
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User reviews and opinions
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|blackDecker||3:41pm on Tuesday, July 20th, 2010|
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Samsung Format Utility
Samsung Format Utility Ver. 1
Using the Samsung Format Utility
This program is designed to format your Samsung External Hard Drive only. It is critically important that you read and understand the results of formatting your drive.
NOTE: PARTITONING AND FORMATTING YOUR DRIVE WILL PERMANENTLY ERASE ALL THE FILES ON THE DRIVE. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO DO THIS UNLESS ALL OF YOUR FILES HAVE BEEN BACKED UP AND CHECKED FOR RELIABILITY AND READABILITY.
This manual describes the features, uses, and instructions to format a Samsung External Hard Drive and is designed for the advanced computer user.
Only Samsung External Hard Drive Windows XP / Vista / 7 NTFS and FAT32 more than 32GB Disk label setting Partition the HDD into a single partition with an optional quick format
Does not support:
Partition size adjustment
Files Included in this Program
Samsung Format Utility Vx.x.exe The Samsung USB Format Utility is a Windows application and is available for downloaded from Samsung's online Customer Support page. (Homepage : www.samsunghdd.com)
Partitioning and Changing File System Type
The Samsung External Hard Drive can be formatted to three different filing systems: FAT32 NTFS Macintosh
Reformat to FAT32
Use Samsung USB Format Utility to format your Samsung External Hard Drive to FAT32.
1. Launch Samsung Format Utility Vx.x.exe 2. After you have read the warning message, click OK
Figure 1-1 Format Warning Screen
3. From the Drive To Format Pull-Down menu, choose Whole Hard Drive to format the drive as one partition or, if there is another partition, choose the desired partition 4. From the File System Pull-Down menu, choose the File System (NTFS or FAT32) 5. Click the Quick Format box to use the Quick Format option. A check mark indicates that the option is chosen 6. Enter the Volume Label if applicable
7. Click Start
Figure 1-2 Samsung Format Utility Screen
8. From the Warning screen, click OK
Figure 1-3 Warning before Formatting
The Lower Left window of the Samsung Format Utility changed from Enumerate Device Success to Running. This will change back to Enumerate Device Success when the process has completed. After the process has completed, you will receive a message from Task Bar indicating OK if the process was successful or Fail if the process failed. Samsung Format Utility Ver. 1 5
Figure 1-4 Format Utility Running
Reformat to NTFS
Now that your Samsung External Hard Drive has been formatted, the drive can now be reformatted with the NTFS. 1. Connect the Samsung External Hard Drive to your computer 2. From the Windows Explorer, right-click MyComputer -> Manage
Figure 1-5 Manage option in Windows Explorer
Samsung Format Utility Ver. 1 7
3. From the Computer Management screen, choose Disk Management 4. Right-click the your Samsung External Hard Drive -> click Delete Partition
Figure 1-6 Partitioning your Samsung External Hard Drive
5. IF YOU ARE ABSOLUTELY SURE YOU ARE REMOVING THE CORRECT PARTITION, click Yes
Figure 1-7 Delete Partition Warning
6. Once the drive partition has been deleted, right-click the drive to format -> New Partition
Figure 1-8 New Partition
7. From the New Partition Wizard, click Next
Figure 1-9 Partition Wizard
8. From the Select Partition Type screen, click Primary Partition -> Next
Figure 1-10 Choose the Partition Type
9. Enter the size of the partition -> Next
Figure 1-11 Enter a Partition Size
From the Assign Drive Letter or Path, click Assign the following drive letter: -> choose the Drive Letter Designation -> Next
Figure 1-12 Choose the Drive Designation Letter
11. From the Format Partition screen, click Format this partition with the following settings: 12. In the box to the right of File System: choose NTFS -> Next
Figure 1-13 Choose NTFS
The last screen is the Completing the New Partition Wizard to indicate that the partition was successfully completed. Samsung Format Utility Ver. 1 11
13. Click Finish
Figure 1-14 Successful Partition Creation screen
Your drive is now partitioned with NTSF.
Figure 1-15 NTFS Partitioned Drive in the Management screen
Reformat in Macintosh
Following are the instructions for formatting a computer running the Macintosh OS X: 1. Launch Mac Os Xs Disk Utility tool 2. Open the main drive folder from the desktop 3. Open Applications -> Utilities folder 4. Select the Disk Utility file 5. Select the drive you wish to reformat 6. Select the Erase menu 7. Select Mac OS Externded(Journaled) from the volume format menu and Click Erase button 8. Once formatting is complete, the drive will appear on your desktop.
SAMSUNG ATA FLASH CONTROLLERS REFERENCE DESIGN MANUAL
Samsungs ATA Flash Controllers Reference Design Manual
CompactFlash / PC Card / IDE Disk
HELP DESK - About Controller - About Flash : firstname.lastname@example.org : email@example.com
Samsung Electronics Co.,LTD
Revision No. 0.0 Initial issue History Draft Date June 23th 2001
This attached guide reference is prepared and approved by SAMSUNG Electronics CO.,LTD. SAMSUNG Electronics CO., LTD. reserve the right to change the specifications.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 Introduction 1.1 Overview 1.2 NAND Flash Components & Controllers 1.2.1 1.2.2 1.3.1 1.4.1 NAND Flash Components NAND Flash Controllers Features Features
1.3 S3C49F9X Controller Features 1.4 S3CI910X Controller Features 1.5 Design Guide for Card Assembly 1.6 Compliance Test of Cards Assembled with Samsungs Controller CHAPTER 2 For S3C49F9X Flash Controller 2. ATA Card Utility Program 2.1 Overview 2.2 Schematics and Manual Files 2.3 Utility Program Files 2.4 Setup I/O Range for System 2.5 How to Use Utility Program 2.5.1 2.5.2 2.5.3 2.5.4 2.5.5 2.5.6 2.5.7 2.5.8 Batch File Features Details of Commands Command Form IDI Parameter Definition The Example Code of an Initial Batch File Example of Running Utility BOM (Bill Of Material) Vendor Unique Command
CHAPTER 3 For S3CI910X Controller 3. ATA Card Utility Program 3.1 Overview 3.2 Schematics and Manual Files 3.3 Utility Program Files 3.4 The Hardware 3.5 How to Use Utility Program 3.6 BOM (Bill Of Material) 3.7 The Interleave Method Using S3CI910X Controller
Chapter 1 Introduction
This document describes application information required to assemble PC-ATA, CompactFlash card and True-IDE hard disk with Samsungs "NAND Flash memory" and "NAND Flash controllers". Samsung manufactures both the "NAND Flash memory" and "NAND Flash controllers". Until now, the NAND Flash of density ranging 4Mb to 1Gb is available. For more detailed features and specifications for NAND Flash memory, please refer to the current data sheets and technical note parts.(http://www.intl.samsungsemi.com/Memory/Flash/datasheets. html). The NAND Flash controllers support 32Mb, 64Mb, 128Mb, 256Mb, 512Mb and 1Gb NAND Flash memory made by Samsung. S3C49F9X and S3CI910X are under mass production.(X means a version number for firmware and hardware revision)
1.2 NAND Flash Components & Controllers
1.2.1 NAND Flash Components
Density (Under M/P) 1Gb (K9D1G08U0M-YCB0) 512Mb (K9D1208U0A-YCB0 & K9F1208U0M-YCB0) 256Mb (K9F5608U0A-YCB0) 128Mb (K9F2808U0B-YCB0) 64Mb (K9F6408U0B-YCB0) 32Mb (K9F3208U0B-YCB0) 2.7V~5.5V 512B/Page 8KB/Block 250us(Per Page) / 2ms(Per Block) 44(40) TSOP II Power Supply 2.7V~3.6V 512B/Page 16KB/Block Features Access Time 10us/50ns Serial Program / Erase Time 200us(Per Page) / 2ms(Per Block) 48 TSOP I Package
1.2.2 NAND Flash Controllers
Flash Component Supported Max.10ea Max.16ea Write Performance > 1MB/s > 1.5MB/s Densities Supported (Min. / Max.) 4MB / 896MB 4MB / 256MB Package 100 Pin TQFP 100 Pin TQFP
Part Number S3C49F9X S3CI910X
1.3 S3C49F9X Controller Features
- PC Card-ATA / True IDE / CompactFlash compatible host interface. - 1-bit ECC function - Operating voltage: 3.3V to 5.0V - System Clock 20MHz - Efficient and powerful ARM7TDMI CPU core - The minimum and maximum card capacity is as follows. NAND Flash Density 32Mb, 64Mb, 128Mb, 256Mb and 512Mb 1Gb Min / Max. Capacity (Number of Flash) 4MB / 512MB (Up to 10ea) 128MB / 896MB (Up to 7ea)
1.4. S3CI910X Controller Features
- PC Card-ATA / True IDE / CompactFlash compatible host interface. - Embedded Intel 80C32 Microprocessor - On-The-Fly EDC and ECC parity bytes encode - Embedded 40K SRAM partitioned into 3 sections : 32KB for Data Buffer, 7KB for Firmware Micro code and 1KB for Defect Mapping Table - Operating voltage : 3.0V to 5.0V - System Clock 24MHz
- 2-Way Interleave Read/Write capability to reduce Flash access latency - The minimum and maximum card capacity is as follows NAND Flash Density 32Mb, 64Mb, 128Mb 256Mb 512Mb 1Gb Non-Interleave Mode Min. / Max.Cap. (Number of Flash) 4MB / 128MB (Up to 8ea) 32MB / 128MB (Up to 4ea) 64MB / 128MB (Up to 2ea) 128MB (Up to 1ea) Interleave Mode Min. / Max.Cap. (Number of Flash) 4MB / 256MB (Up to 16ea) 32MB / 256MB (Up to 8ea) 64MB / 256MB (Up to 4ea) 128MB / 256MB (Up to 2ea)
Note: SEC has a plan to increase the maximum card capacity up to 1GB for S3CI910X on September 2001
1.5 Design Guide for Card Assembly
The following lists are application information required to assemble cards. Samsung supports items described below in order to help with card assembly. - Board Schematics and PCB Gerber file : Compact Flash Card, True-IDE Disk - Data Sheet : S3C49F9X, S3CI910X - Initialization Utility Program - Vendor Unique Command Description & CIS/IDI Information - Compatibility Test Results ( Digital Still Camera, Desk-Top/Handheld PC, Card Reader etc.)
1.6 Compliance Test of Cards Assembled with Samsungs Controller
TESTMETRIX has been selected as the official provider of Certification Compliance Testers for the Compact Flash Association. CFA Members can either purchase the compliance tester, or receive an upgrade for an existing tester if already purchased. Samsungs ATA / Compact Flash Production Test Library has been already completed by TESTMETRIX. Manufacturers have to purchase the Production Test Library at TESTMETRIX. (http://www.testmetrix.com) A general compliance test program is offered for registered customer by TESTMETRIX. If customer has no user name and password, please contact with us. Customer has to use the latest compliance test program updated by TESTMETRIX.
Chapter 2 For S3C49F9X Flash Controller
2. ATA Card Utility Program
This utility program is the Flash initialization program provided by Samsung. In order to process the initialization program, manufacturer should use batch file of each density made by Samsung. The batch file consists of ATA and Vendor Unique Command. Samsung provides the following files to manufacturer. Note : If customer wants to test assembled card, please test it under Native-DOS with SMARTDRV,
2.2 Schematics and Manual Files
49CARD_00.pdf : CF card schematic (00 means that version number for CompactFlash card) 49IDE_00.pdf : IDE disk schematic (00 means that version number for IDE interface like HDD) 49DATA_00.pdf : Data sheet for S3C49F9X (00 means that version number for firmware revision) SAMSUNG.def : CIS/IDI information summary 49VENDOR.pdf : Described vendor unique commands
2.3 Utility Program Files
Users should create a new directory and copy all the files to this new directory. Cmdlog.c Setcmd.c Longsec.c seata.h Cmdlog.exe Setcmd.exe Longsec.exe Initcard.bat Initclr.bat : Cmdlog source file : Setcmd source file : Longsec source file : Header file : Cmdlog execution file : Setcmd execution file : Longsec execution file : This batch program performs initialization of CF card, which controlled by S3C49F9X : This batch program performs initialization of CF card, which controlled by S3C49F9X It must be used carefully. This batch file erases all flash chips clearly. Furthermore, it erases also bitmap information in the flash chips. : This file contains CIS/IDI information of CF card which controlled by S3C49F9X
2.4 Setup I/O Range for System
1. First of all, customer should search I/O range used on customer system. In case of using the cardsoft program made by SystemSoft co., customer can check I/O range using "cardinfo" command under DOS environment. If customer finds your system I/O range, for #define EVEN_DATA #define ERROR 0x381 #define FEATURE #define SEC_COUNT #define SEC_NUM #define CYL_LOW #define CYL_HIGH #define DRIVE_HEAD #define STATUS example, 0x380-0x38F, change header file as follows: 0x380 0x381 0x382 0x383 0x384 0x385 0x386 0x387
3. Recompile the source file each by each by using Turbo-c or Borland-c compiler. And then customer will get setcmd.exe, cmdlog.exe and longsec.exe. To distinguish used I/O range address in the batch file, rename execution files as follows: setcmd.exe ===> set380.exe cmdlog.exe ===> cmd380.exe longsec.exe ===> long380.exe If I/O range was 0x270, customer can rename the execution files as follows: setcmd.exe ===> set270.exe cmdlog.exe ===> cmd270.exe longsec.exe ===> long270.exe setcmd function : setcmd execution file performs the ATA commands and vendor unique commands. cmdlog function : cmdlog file executes thereafter read data from controller's buffer save to the host as file of which default file name is "dat.log". longsec function : longsec execution file performed the same functions of setcmd file except long byte(528bytes) access. 3. Now, customer can use these commands as shown in the following format: (refer to chapter 2.5.3)
Command <Feature><Sec Cnt><Sec Num><Cyl Low> <Cyl High><C/D/H><Command>[definition file]
* Command ~ setcmd or cmdlog or longsec * [definition file] ~ This is Option.
Ex) Case1: To read sector C:> cmdSector's data were stored in host as "dat.log" You can see "dat.log" file on your current directory. Case2: To write Sector C:> cmdCIS_SMP.def Case3: To execute Initial Drive Parameter command C:> setCase4: To write Sector as all "FF" C:> setFF Case5: To read physical sector from 3rd chip, 0 block, 1 page C:> long380 f0 c00 ef
2.5 How to Use Utility Program 2.5.1 Batch File Features
The Compact Flash card and IDE disk need initialization before they are used for the first time. This process requires the several special information. Customer should set the appropriate parameters in the batch file for different density and the number of chips For example, the initialization of the Compact Flash card consists of following process. 1) Flash Memory Initialization 2) CIS/IDI Information Amendment 3) CIS/IDI Read 4) MBR/PBR Write 5) Logical Formatting For example, the initialization of the IDE disk consists of following process. 1) Flash Memory Initialization 2) CIS/IDI Information Amendment 3) CIS/IDI Read 4) After rebooting on your PC, try to execute FDISK 5) Logical Formatting
A batch file is used for the consecutive execution of the above process. This batch file consists of several command according to the above 1) ~ 5) sequences. The main commands used in a batch file, are SETCMD, LONGSEC, CMDLOG, ATAINIT and FORMAT. SETCMD , LONGSEC and CMDLOG commands are the utility commands which supported by SAMSUNG Electronics. When customer wants to use these commands, the modifications of the command arguments and the definition file are required. ATAINIT is the special command that is given by PC card reader (PCMCIA type) maker. And FORMAT is DOS command.
2.5.2 The Details of Commands
The main commands need to parameters input. The commands require 7 parameters input except CMDLOG (CMDLOG requires 8 parameters. It needs to input the file name of the definition file additionally.) The description of this command is found in Vendor.pdf. Following source is a batch file to initialize 128MB(256Mb x 4EA) CF card.
setcmd f0 ca0 ef longsec f0 ca0 ef cmdlog f0 cfa0 ef samsung.def longsec f0 ca0 ef longsec f0 ca0 ef c:\cardsoft\atainit.exe d: /v format d: :end
1) Flash Memory Initialization 2) CIS/IDI Information Amendment
3) Read the written CIS/IDI
4) Write the MBR/PBR 5) Logical DOS format
Following source is a batch file for the initialize for 128MB(256Mb x 4EA) IDE disk.
setcmd f0 ca0 ef longsec f0 ca0 ef cmdlog f0 cfa0 ef samsung.def longsec f0 ca0 ef longsec f0 ca0 ef :end
CAUTION : To initialize an IDE disk based on these platforms, customer should remove two lines (c:\cardsoft\atainit.exe d: /v and format d:) from the batch file of compact Flash card above. That is, customer should not use CardSoft program made by SystemSoft co. An initialization method for IDE disk is as follows. 1. Setting of hardware : - Connect to primary master or slave - Use DOS diskette for IDE drive system booting - Try to store source, execution and batch files into DOS diskette 2. Execute power-off or software reset (ctrl+alt+delete) 3. Execute an appropriate batch file according to the disk capacity 4. After rebooting on PC, try to execute FDISK and logical DOS Format Customer has to change the value according to number of mounted Flash memory. Line "setcmd f0 c#1 (Number of mounted Flash memory) 00 a0 ef "of batch file should be modified as following examples. For example, 04 means that four Flash memory are mounted on card. Line "cmdlog f0 cfa0 ef samsung.def " : Writes CIS/DID information into Flash memory. - After Completion of Initialization for Flash c:\cardsoft\atainit.exe d: /v Create the boot sector format d: DOS Logical format ATAINIT is a to create a DOS partition on the Flash Disk card. This program is the utility program which is given by SytemSoft Corp.
2.5.3 Command Form
[FORM] SETCMD <feature> <sec_cnt> <sec_num> <cyl_low> <cyl_high> <C/D/H> <command> [FORM] LONGSEC <feature> <sec_cnt> <sec_num> <cyl_low> <cyl_high> <C/D/H> <command> [FORM] CMDLOG <feature> <sec_cnt> <sec_num> <cyl_low> <cyl_high> <C/D/H> <command> <definition file >
Feature register set value.
Used when the host sets a particular function to the card. Available only for writing data and not for reading.
Sector count register set value.
The host sets the number of sectors to transfer in this register. The default setting is 01H. The number of sectors are 256 when 00H is set.
Sector number register set value.
Sets the number of the sector where transfer start.
Cylinder low register set value.
Sets the lower 8bits of the number of the cylinder where the sector transfer starts.
Cylinder high register set value.
Sets the upper 8bits of the number of the cylinder where the sector transfer starts.
Drive head register set value.
Sets the LBA,DRV and head number. When LBA=0,the cylinder head sector(CHS) mode is selected. The DRV bit is used for selecting the master or slave configuration. The card can be accessed when the DRV# bit of the socket and copy register is equal to this bit. Bit3 to bit0 are used to set the number of the head where sector transfer starts.
<command> <define file name>
Command register set value. Drive Information parameter definition filename
The define file name mentioned above includes <cylinder>,<head>,<sector/track>, <total sector> information according to CF memory sizes. But you dont have to modify it. Just input samsung.def as definition file-name. All parameters will be adjust automatically.
2.5.4 IDI Parameter Definition
<samsung.def> definition file contains drive information parameters for card initial. The Initial program checks the number of flash memory ICs and calculates card size. And then, CIS/IDI parameters are modified automatically and suitably. Therefore, you need not handle these parameters in <samsung.def> definition file. The following definition files contents are just reference.
Definition File for 128MB(256Mbit 4EA) CF Card
(256Mbit * 4) 128Mbytes Card:
000 : df 4a 01 ff 1c dff df 01 : 100 : 84 8a 03 c: c: 160 : 03 c: cc: EX) For 128 Mbytes Cylinder Head Sector/Track Total Sector 0x03c4 0x08 0x20 0x03C400 (HEX) (HEX) (HEX) (HEX) Cylinder Head Sector/Track Total Sector
Memory IC Select Table for Various CF-Card Size
Number of Flash Memory IC (EA) CFSIZE [MBytes] K9F6408 64Mbits K9F2808 128Mbits K9F5608 256Mbits K9F5608 512Mbits K9F1G08 1Gbits 7
2.5.5 The Example Code of an Initial Batch File
For your understanding, the example codes of the initial batch file and the definition file, are shown in [EXAMPLE 1] and [EXAMPLE 2]. When you have difficulty in modifying file, refer to following code. [EXAMPLE 1] contents of the Initializing batch file <INITCARD.BAT> echo ************************************** echo Flash Memory Initialization
echo ************************************** setcmd f0 ca0 ef pause cls
echo ************************************** echo Change the CIS/IDI Information
echo ************************************** longsec f0 ca0 ef cmdlog f0 cfa0 ef samsung.def pause cls
echo ************************************** echo Read the CIS/IDI Information
echo ************************************** longsec f0 ca0 ef pause cls longsec f0 ca0 ef pause cls
echo ************************************** echo Write the MBR/PBR
echo ************************************** pause c:\cardsoft\atainit.exe d: /v pause cls
echo ************************************** echo Perform the Logical Format
echo ************************************** format d: :end
[EXAMPLE 2] Contents of the definition file <samsung.def> 000 : df 4a 01 ff 1c dff df : 07 c41 4d 4e 020 : 2d : 31 2e 00 ff 040 : 02 0c 0f 1a 02 0f 1b 08 c0 c: a1b b5 1e 4d 1b 0a 060 : cf0 ff ff 20 1b b: 1e 4d 1b 0f c55 ea 61 f07 f080 : 01 ee 20 1b b5 1e 4d 1b 0f c: ea 01 ee 20 1b 01 0a0 : 21 b5 1e 4d ff ff 0b0 : 0c0 : 0d0 : 0e0 : 00 00
0f0 : 100 : 84 8a 07 b: d120 : 130 : 31 2e 4d 4e 140 : 2f : 160 : 07 b: dd180 : 190 : 1a0 : 1b0 : 1c0 : 1d0 : 1e0 : 1f0 : 200 : 00 00
2.5.6 Example of Running Utility
At this directory including the initial batch files and the definition files, type program. D : > initcard The programs main menu will look like this
initcard.bat to evoke the utility
************************************************ Initialization Start ************************************************ Press any key to continue. ************************************************ Flash Memory Initialization ************************************************ Press any key to continue. <<< ATATEST : ATA Command TEST for SECF-KT>>> Ver. X.X Date Copyright (C) Samsung Electronics Co. Set ATA command BLOCK  Set Feature  SEC_COUNT  SEC_NUM  Cyl_LOW  Cyl_HIGH  DRIVE_HEAD  Status_REG  Set Command f0[Hex] c4[Hex] 00[Hex] 04[Hex] 00[Hex] a0[Hex] 50[Hex] ef[Hex]
Status (change DRDY?) | d0 Return Value Register  Error REG  SEC_COUNT 00[Hex] c4[Hex]
 SEC_NUM  Cyl_LOW  Cyl_HIGH  DRIVE_HEAD  Status_REG
00[Hex] 04[Hex] 00[Hex] a0[Hex] d0[Hex] ******************* Press any key to continue.
************************************************ Change the CIS/IDI Information ************************************************ Press any key to continue. <<< ATATEST : ATA Command TEST for SECF-KT>>> Ver. X.X Date Copyright (C) Samsung Electronics Co.  Set Feature  SEC_COUNT  SEC_NUM  Cyl_LOW  Cyl_HIGH  DRIVE_HEAD  Status_REG  Set Command Start Data Transfer Status (change DRDY?) | 50 Return Value Register  Error REG  SEC_COUNT  SEC_NUM  Cyl_LOW  Cyl_HIGH  DRIVE_HEAD  Status_REG 00[Hex] c5[Hex] 00[Hex] f0[Hex] 00[Hex] a0[Hex] 50[Hex] Press any key to continue. f0[Hex] c5[Hex] 00[Hex] f0[Hex] 00[Hex] a0[Hex] 50[Hex] ef[Hex]
************************************************ Write the MBR/PBR ************************************************ Press any key to continue.
General Configuration Word Fixed Cylinders Removal Cylinders Heads Unformatted Bytes / track Unformatted Bytes / sector Physical Sectors / track Minimum Inter-Sector Gap Sync Bytes Minimum PLO Bytes Serial Number Controller Type Controller Buffer Number of ECC Bytes Firmware Rev Controller Mode 1 Secors / interrupt
: 848A ; 2034 :0 :1 :0 : 512 : 32 :3 : 63744 :0 : :2 : 1K of buffer :4 : Rev. X.X : SAMSUNG ATA CF :1 <F1> - Help <ESC> - Quit
Here is the drive info. Only cylinder, head and sector info are used. The rest are here to confirm the correct drive was found. Examine this carefully to insure it is correct. Hit ENTER t accept and continue or <P> to prompt. Do you wish a compact format ? Y Here is the drive info. Only cylinder, head and sector info are used. Partition table successfully written PBR Boot sector successfully wiped
Processed with a DOS FORMAT /U command Press any key to continue. ************************************************ Perform the Logical Format ************************************************ Press any key to continue. WARNING : ALL DATA ON NON-REMOVABLE DISK DRIVE D : WILL BE LOST ! Proceed with Format (Y/N) : Y Checking existing disk format. Existing format differs from that specified. This disk cannot be unformatted. Proceed with Format (Y/N) ? Y Format complete Formatting 127.06M Volume label (11 characters, ENTER for none) ? SEC 132,956,160 bytes total disk space 132,956,160 bytes available on disk 2,048 bytes in each allocation unit 64,920 allocation units available on disk Volume Serial Number is OA26-10E9. This is the end of the initialization. CAUTION : If the cards fail the testing after initialization, they need to be re-initialized. Since, NAND Flash is already written data, most of blocks will be considered bad during re-initialization. To resolve this, a re-initialization based on the original bad block table (bit-map table) is necessary. 1. When valid bit-map exists in the cards Firmware erases all blocks excluding the original bad block based on bit-map table automatically. For example, At this directory including the initial batch files and the definition files, type the same initcard.bat. That is, customer can use the same method as the initialization of the new CF card D : > initcard 2. When valid bit-map does not exist in the cards
The firmware creates new bit-map table by erasing all blocks and running test patterns. The pattern erases and writes AAh and 55h for each block to find bad blocks. Another pattern test with complement data is also executed. But customer has to change to setcmd f0 c4 ff a0 ef in behalf of setcmd f0 ca0 ef in a batch file. For example, At this directory including the initial batch files and the definition files, type the same initclr.bat. That is, customer can use the same method as the initialization of the new CF card D : > initclr
2.5.7 BOM(Bill Of Material)
This section lists the bill of material for the S3C49F9X controller. The BOM for CompactFlash cards will vary depending on the number of Flash memory used. Please refer to the CF card schematic recommended. Table 2. Type 1 Samsung ConpactFlash Parts Master List Item 1 U3 Reference Designator Qty 1 Description Voltage Detector Part Number : RN5VD26C(Ricoh Product) Need an external capacitor for setting output delay on pin 5(CD )
This device is very important thing. You should check this part number !!!
(http://www.ricoh.co.jp/LSI/english/spec/power/rn5vd/rn5vd-e.pdf) 2 UVoltage Regulator Part Number : AME8801AEEV(AME Product) - SEC guarantees for voltage regulator of 300mA output (3.3V). (http://ame.ame.com.tw/Datasheet/ame8801.pdf) CON1 U2 U4, U5, U6, U8 U11 R1 R2 R3 C1,C3,C5,C6,C7, C8,C9,C10,C15,C 16,C17,C18, C2,C4 C12 C21 C12 50-Pin Connector Controller, 100TQFP Flash Memory Crystal 20MHz Resistor 10K Resistor 1M Resistor 100K Capacitor 0.1uF
Capacitor 10uF Capacitor 1nF Capacitor 20nF Capacitor 0.47uF
2.5.8 Vendor Unique Command
S3C49F9X supports the eight vendor unique commands with standard ATA commands. Table 3 summarizes Vendor Unique Command set. Table 3. Vendor unique command Command Name Physical Read Physical Write Physical Block Erase Flash Initialize Change Information CIS/IDI Get Flash Information Get Firmware Revision Get Flash ID Information Description Read from physical page in Flash memory Write data to physical page in Flash memory Erase physical block in Flash memory Executing Flash memory initializing Changing data of CIS/IDI Getting Flash memory information. (Structure of block number and page number) Getting firmware revision Getting Flash information of maker ID and device ID
Chapter 3 For S3CI910X Controller
3. ATA Card Utility Program
This utility is used to initialize the Compact Flash card (CF card ) after assembly. This utility supports the True IDE interface mode only. First this utility is used to write the firmware and its parameters into CF card. After that, the utility also provides the disk partition function and formatting. The CF card will be formatted with FAT12 or FAT16. Currently, this utility only runs under DOS systems. To use this utility to program un-programmed card, connect to this card after power-off. After booting PC, start initializing the card. In some Phoenix bios, an un-programmed card is not executed to this utility. However, this utility program runs both in AMI and AWARD bios.
3.2 Schematics and Manual Files
I9CARDNI_00.pdf : CF card non-interleave schematic (X means that version number for CF card schematic) I9CARDI_00.pdf : CF card interleave schematic (X means that version number for CF card schematic) I9DATA_00.pdf : Data sheet for S3CI910X (X means that version number for firmware revision) I9CISIDI.pdf : Described CIS/IDI contents
3.3 Utility Program Files
Users should create a new directory and copy all the files to this new directory. File names Diag.exe M8102.bin Initfw.bin Cis.bin Partitio.bin Boot.bin id.bin File Descriptions Utility executable program Operation Firmware in binary format. Initialization firmware in binary format. M8102 Card Information Structure in binary format. This file contains the needed parameters for the firmware. Partition code, not executable. Bootable sector code, not executable. IDI data in binary format
3.4 The Hardware
It is necessary the IDE reader/writer between PC and the CF Card. Hardware Names Hardware Descriptions IDE reader/writer Customer should buy the IDE reader/writer Compact Flash Adapter This adapter is used to insert the CF Card. CF card The Compact Flash card with Compact Flash Controller.
3.5 How to Use Utility Program
At this directory, type
to evoke the utility program. The programs main menu will look like this
CF Initialization Main Menu, Rev. X.X
0. True IDE Base IO address- 170h 1. Master/Slave Selection- Master 2. ID File Name- id.bin 3. CIS File Name- cis.bin i. Initialization CF card r. Re-initialization CF card q. Exit
Please Input Selection -----Item 0 : True IDE Interface Base IO Address Selection.(Default = 170h) Default is 170h. If customer enters 0 at the prompt, the 170h is changed as 1F0h 170h : Secondary Drive(Default) 1F0h : Primary Drive Item 1 : Master / Slave Disk Selection (Default = master) Default is master. If customer enters 1 at the prompt, the master is changed as slave. Item 2 : CF Cards Identify Data file Selection (Default file name = id.bin) Default file is id.bin. Enter 2 at the prompt, At that time, if customer wants to change to the Identify Data file, which is altered by customer, it should write the file name at the sub menu. Item 3 : CF Cards CIS file Selection(Default file name = cis.bin) Default file is cis.bin. Enter 3 at the prompt, At that time, if customer wants to change for CIS file, which is altered by customer, it should write the file name at the sub menu. Item i : Initialization of the Brand_New Card For example : To start initializing the card, select item i. A well-done message will appear on the screen after a successful downloading of a firmware and Flash Card Configuration Detection to check the configuration of the CF Card. The screen will show as follows. C.F. Card current mode identification C.F. Card downloading initialization firmware. Flash memory auto detection. Chip number 0 group A-Block Size=32, total Size=1024 Chip number 0 group B-Not Found. Chip number 1 group A-Not Found. Chip number 1 group B-Not Found. Chip number 2 group A-Not Found. Chip number 2 group B-Not Found. : : : Chip number 7 group A-Not Found. Chip number 7 group B-Not Found. Is the list correct? Y
In this configuration, there is only one flash chip installed in group A at chip 0 location. Depending on the location of the flash chip installed, flash memory auto detection will show a different chip number and group. The block size is 32 pages and the total number of blocks is 1024. Total number of Blocks = Block Size = 32 Pages 1 Page = 528 Bytes (includes 512 bytes per sector and 16 bytes spare area) 1 Byte = 8 Bits Capacity of Flash Chip = Total Size * Block Size * Page * Bits = 1024 * 32 * 528 * 8 = 138,412,032 Bits = About 128Mb or 16MB Capacity of Flash Card = Number of Flash Chips * Capacity of Flash Chip Enter Y for YES at the prompt if the configuration was correct. The program will then start the auto initialization. The following will be seen on the screen. This is not an interleave Configuration!!! Mapping table initialization Parameters initialization Firmware initialization DOS system initialization has been finished. This is the end of the initialization. If you want to use card, take out the card from the CF adapter after power-off on PC and use in the Digital Camera or PC or etc. Item r : Re-Initialization of the used Card. For example : To start re-initializing the card, select item r. A well-done message will appear on the screen after a successful downloading of a firmware and Flash Card Configuration Detection to check the configuration of the CF Card. The screen will show the following. (During re-initialization, test Flash memory to search bad block using AA and 55 pattern) C.F. Card current mode identification C.F. Card firmware erasing. C.F. Card downloading initialization firmware Flash memory auto detection. Chip number 0 group A-Block Size=32, total Size=1024 Chip number 0 group B-Not Found. Chip number 1 group A-Not Found. Chip number 1 group B-Not Found. Chip number 2 group A-Not Found. Chip number 2 group B-Not Found. : : : Chip number 7 group A-Not Found. Chip number 7 group B-Not Found. Is the list correct? Y
This is not an interleave Configuration!!! Start erasing.. Whole Flash Memory Erased. Flash memory auto detection. Chip number 0 group A-Block Size=32, total Size=1024 Chip number 0 group B-Not Found. Chip number 1 group A-Not Found. Chip number 1 group B-Not Found. Chip number 2 group A-Not Found. Chip number 2 group B-Not Found. : : : Chip number 7 group A-Not Found. Chip number 7 group B-Not Found.
Is the list correct?
This is not an interleave Configuration!!!
Start erasing.. Whole Flash Memory Erased. Flash memory auto detection. Chip number 0 group A-Block Size=32, total Size=1024 Chip number 0 group B-Not Found. Chip number 1 group A-Not Found. Chip number 1 group B-Not Found. Chip number 2 group A-Not Found. Chip number 2 group B-Not Found. : : : Chip number 7 group A-Not Found. Chip number 7 group B-Not Found.
This is not an interleave Configuration!!! Start erasing.. Whole Flash Memory Erased. Mapping table initialization Parameters initialization
Firmware initialization DOS system initialization has been finished. This is the end of the initialization. If you want use card, take out the card from the CF adapter after power-off on PC and use in the Digital Camera or PC or etc.
3.6 BOM(Bill Of Material)
This section lists the bill of material for the S3Ci910X controller. The BOM for CompactFlash cards will vary depending on the number of Flash memory used. Please refer to the CF card schematic recommended. Table 4. Type 1 Samsung ConpactFlash Parts Master List(Non-Interleave mode) Item 1 U4 Reference Designator Qty 1 Description Voltage Regulator Part Number : AME8801BEEV(AME Product) - SEC guarantees for voltage regulator of 300mA output (3.0V). (http://ame.ame.com.tw/Datasheet/ame8801.pdf) J1 U5 U10,U11,U12,U13 C1,C2,C3,C5,C8, C11 C4,C7,C9 C6 R4 R1 R6 R1 Capacitor 10uF NC NC Resister 10K Ohm Resister 680 Ohm Resister 0 Ohm 50-Pin Connector(CF-CON50A) S3CI910X Controller, 100TQFP Flash Memory Capacitor 0.1uF
Table 5. Type 1 Samsung ConpactFlash Parts Master List(Interleave mode) Item 1 U6 Reference Designator Qty 1 Description Voltage Regulator Part Number : AME8801BEEV(AME Product) - SEC guarantees for voltage regulator of 300mA output (3.0V). (http://ame.ame.com.tw/Datasheet/ame8801.pdf) 4 J1 U5 U1,U2,U3,U50-Pin Connector(CF-CON50A) S3CI910X Controller, 100TQFP Flash Memory
C1,C2,C3,C4,C6, C8,C12,C13,C14, C15
C5,C7,C11 R1,R2 R6
Capacitor 10uF Resister 10K Ohm Resister 680 Ohm
3.7 The Interleave Method Using S3CI910X Controller
To use an interleave mode, use even numbers of Flash memory. Please refer to page 81 in data sheet. For example, to build a 64MB card with two 256Mb Flash memory, connect A-CE0 with one 256Mb Flash and B-CE0 with one 256Mb Flash. To build a 128MB card with four 256Mb Flash memory, connect A-CE0 with one 256Mb Flash, A-CE1 with one 256Mb Flash, B-CE0 with one 256Mb Flash, and B-CE1 with one 256Mb Flash. In case of using odd numbers of Flash memory, controller cannot support an interleave mode. Samsung provides customer with a noninterleave and interleave gerber files to assemble CF card
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