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DUMPING AND COUNTERVAILING DUTIES ACT 1988 DUMPING APPLICATION NON-CONFIDENTIAL
INITIATION REPORT WASHING MACHINES FROM KOREA
1.1 1.2 1.3 PROCEEDINGS INTERESTED PARTIES IMPORTED GOODS
NEW ZEALAND INDUS TRY
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 LIKE GOODS NEW ZEALAND INDUSTRY IMPORTS OF WASHING MACHINES NEW ZEALAND MARKET
EVIDENCE OF DUMPING
3.1 3.2 3.3 E XPORT PRICES NORMAL VALUES COMPARISON OF EXPORT PRICE AND NORMAL VALUE
EVIDENCE OF INJURY
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 IMPORT VOLUMES PRICE EFFECTS ECONOMIC IMPACT OTHER CAUSES OF INJURY CONCLUSIONS RELA TING TO INJURY
Trade Remedies Group Ministry of Economic Development December 2000
ABBREVIATIONS The following abbreviations are used in this Report: Act (the) Amendment Act (the) Anti-Dumping Agreement (the Agreement) Chief Executive CIF EBIT F&P FOB INFOS LDC LG LLDC Ministry (the) _____ Pac Samsung VFD WTO Indicates confidential information Dumping and Countervailing Duties Act 1988 Dumping and Countervailing Duties Amendment Act 1994 WTO Agreement on Implementation of Article VI of the GATT 1994 Chief Executive of the Ministry of Economic Development Cost, Insurance and Freight Earnings Before Interest and Tax Fisher & Paykel Ltd Free on Board Information for Official Statistics Less Developed Countries LG Electronics Least Developed Countries Ministry of Economic Development ________________________________________ Forum Island Members of the South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Co-operation Agreement Samsung Electronics Value for Duty World Trade Organisation _______________
PROCEEDINGS On 7 November 2000, the Ministry of Economic Development accepted a properly documented application from Fisher & Paykel Limited (F&P), alleging that imports of washing machines from Korea were being dumped and by reason thereof causing and threatening to cause material injury to the New Zealand industry. In accordance with section 10 of the Dumping and Countervailing Duties Act 1988 (hereinafter also referred to as the Act), the Chief Executive of the Ministry of Economic Development (Chief Executive) may, on receipt of an application from the industry, initiate an investigation to determine both the existence and effect of any alleged dumping of any goods on being satisfied that sufficient evidence has been provided that: (a) (b) the goods imported or intended to be imported into New Zealand are being dumped; and by reason thereof material injury to an industry has been or is being caused or is threatened or the establishment of an industry has been or is being materially retarded.
In considering an application, the Chief Executive is required to be satisfied that there is evidence going beyond mere assertion and of a nature and extent that indicates a likelihood of dumping and resultant material injury, and requiring investigation. The evidence is to be scrutinised with due scepticism, bearing in mind the commercial context, and the Chief Executive is to be satisfied of the sufficiency of the evidence, not of dumping or material injury. Basis for the Application
F&P claims that as a result of the alleged dumping, material injury is resulting from: increased volume of the allegedly dumped imports; price undercutting, price depression, and price suppression,
and is resulting in: decline in market share; and decline in profits;
and will result in: declines in output and sales; decline in return on investments; and possible adverse effect on employment.
F&P has stated in its application that the material injury resulting from the importation of allegedly dumped washing machines commenced in the AprilJuly 2000 period. F&P has requested the imposition of provisional anti-dumping duties to prevent material injury being caused during the investigation. Provisional anti-dumping duties may be imposed no earlier than 60 days after initiation of an investigation if the Minister has reasonable cause to believe that the imported goods are being dumped and are causing or threatening to cause material injury to an industry, and the Minister is satisfied that action is necessary to prevent material injury being caused during the period of investigation. It should be noted that the Ministry approaches investigations on the basis that injury and threat of injury are alternatives, i.e. an industry is either injured or threatened with injury, but both cannot apply at the same time. INTERESTED PARTIES New Zealand Industry
The application was lodged by F&P, the only producer of household automatic washing machines in New Zealand. F&P is a wholly owned subsidiary of the listed company Fisher & Paykel Industries Ltd. Importers and Exporters Exporters
F&P has identified the following exporters from Korea as allegedly dumping washing machines: LG Electronics (LG); and Samsung Electronics (Samsung).
Available Customs data for the year ended 31 October 2000 lists the following as suppliers of washing machines from Korea: Dae Hyun Agriculture & Fisheries Co Ltd Daewoo Corp Daewoo Electronics Corp Ltd Dong Nam Co Ltd Fisher & Paykel Pty Ltd GAE Asia Ltd LG Electronic Inc LG International Corp Samsung Aust Pty Ltd Samsung Electronics Importers
F&P states that several companies import automatic washing machines under different brand names. F&P believes the following companies are importers: Baigent & Daughters;
Washing Machines from Korea
Email New Zealand Ltd; Radiola Corporation; and LM Rankine Trading Corporation Ltd. 1.2.5 Customs data shows the following as importers of washing machines from Korea: Email Appliances (NZ) Ltd Eurolife Ltd Fisher & Paykel Ltd* Hagemeyer NZ Ltd LM Rankine Trading Co Ltd Radiola Corporation Ltd Sanford South Island Ltd South East Resources Ltd
* As noted in Section 4.4 of this Report, F&P has imported sample models from Korea.
Due to the number of suppliers and importers identified, should an investigation be initiated it is intended to specifically investigate those suppliers (and their associated importers) representing the top 99 percent of imports (by volume) of the subject goods over the year ended October 2000. In making this calculation the various Samsung, LG and Daewoo companies listed in the NZCS data have been treated as one entity. All other suppliers and importers will have the opportunity to provide submissions but these will not be directly solicited. Suppliers and importers falling into the above category are as follows: Exporters Samsung LG Daewoo Importers Radiola Corporation Ltd LM Rankine Trading Co Ltd Email Appliances (NZ) Ltd Eurolife Ltd
Any investigation will need to establish the extent to which the parties listed are importing the goods subject to this application. In addition, the investigation will need to establish whether such goods have any degree of manufacture in the country of export, or whether they are merely transshipped. IMPORTED GOODS The goods which are the subject of the application, hereinafter referred to as washing machines or subject goods, are:
Household fully automatic washing machines with a dry linen capacity not exceeding 10kg, the capacity determined by standard AS/NZS2040. 1.3.2 The allegedly dumped goods consist of both top loading and front loading models. F&P refers to capacity measures for washing machines in terms of standard AS/NZ2040, which requires machines to meet a number of wash performance and energy consumption standards at the claimed capacity. The New Zealand Customs Service has advised that the washing machines enter under the following tariff classifications: 84.50 Household of laundry-type washing machines which both wash and dry: 8450.11 8450.11.01 -Machines, each of a dry linen capacity not exceeding 10kg: Fully-automatic machines:
--Household. Of a dry linen capacity not exceeding 6kg: 02H. Top loading machines 05B. Front loading machines. Other: 07J. Top loading machines 11G. Front loading machines
Applicable duty rates are: Normal Australia Canada LDC LLDC Pac 7 Free 3 5.5 Free Free
In this report, unless otherwise stated, years are March years and dollars values are NZ$. Year to date (YTD) figures refer to the period April to July 2000. In tables, column totals may differ from individual figures because of rounding. The period for considering claims of dumping is from 1 November 1999 to 31 October 2000. This was the period for which Customs data as close as practicable to the date of initiation was available. The applicant claims that injury has occurred in the April to July 2000 period and that injury is also threatened. The period over which injury will be considered is 1 April 1997 to 30 September 2000, but may include more recent information if available. The application also refers to threat of injury, and threat will be evaluated if actual material injury is not established. In evaluating threat of material injury the investigating team would consider information relating to the likely effect of the allegedly dumped imports in addition to historical financial information.
a strong indication that the retailer views a potential buyer of a washing machine making a choice between a top loading machine and a front loading machine. F&P refers to the growth in imports of front loading washing machines (see discussion under Other Causes of Injury), as indicative of the substitutability of the machines. 2.1.20 F&P notes that both types of machines are sometimes advertised together. Other Relevant Matters 2.1.21 F&P notes that claimed capacities in Korea are not the same as those used on the New Zealand market due to the use of different standards in each market. F&P states that F&P model sizes 5.5kg, 6.5kg and 7.5kg, easily rate as 10kg under the Korean standard. Both front loading and top loading washing machines are classified under the same tariff item, but under different statistical keys. F&P considers that:
The imposition of a remedy against a top loading machine and not a front loading machine would result in the remedy failing to address the material injury caused by dumping because the prices of front loading machines from Korea would continue to depress the prices of top loading machines manufactured by F&P. This would only occur if top loading machines were not seen as like goods to front loading machines.
Conclusions Relating to Like Goods 2.1.24 2.1.25 The washing machines produced by F&P are not identical to the washing machines imported from Korea. F&P produces only top loading washing machines which, after weighing up similarities and differences in terms of physical characteristics, function and usage, pricing structures, marketing and distribution and tariff classification, have characteristics closely resembling top loading washing machines imported from Korea. F&Ps top loading machines possess similarities with imported Korean front loading machines in terms of production methods, many components, function and usage, pricing structures, marketing and distribution, and tariff classification. F&Ps top loading machines differ from imported Korean front loading machines in terms of appearance, some internal components and some aspects of consumer operation and perception. After weighing up these similarities and differences, the Ministry considers that F&Ps top loading machines have characteristics closely resembling front loading washing machines imported from Korea. On the basis of the information available, for initiation purposes, the Ministry considers that the washing machines produced by F&P, while not identical to the subject goods, have characteristics closely resembling the subject goods and are therefore like goods to the subject goods.
NEW ZEALAND INDUSTRY An investigation may not be initiated unless the Chief Executive is satisfied that the requirements of section 10(3) of the Act are met. These requirements are that the collective output of those New Zealand producers who have, in writing, expressed support for the application constitutes: (a) Twenty-five percent or more of the total New Zealand production of like goods produced for domestic consumption (assessed during the most recent representative period, being not less than six months); and More than 50 percent of the total production of like goods produced for domestic consumption (as so assessed) by those New Zealand producers who have, in writing, expressed support for or opposition to the application.
The application was submitted by Fisher & Paykel Limited, the sole New Zealand producer of household automatic washing machines. The Ministry is aware that there is only one manufacturer of household automatic washing machines in New Zealand and research supports this fact. The applicant has advised that production closely follows sales. The applicant has provided sales volume and value information, representing its production, for the years ended March 1998 to 2000, and has provided forecast figures for the year ending March 2001. IMPORTS OF WASHING MACHINES The applicant provided INFOS data from Statistics New Zealand for the tariff items and statistical keys in section 1.3 above. The following table shows import volumes of washing machines. Table 2.1: Imports of Washing Machines (Units) Months to July 2000 Korea 5,729 5,813 Other Imports 42,174 39,749 48,054 15,134 Total Imports 42,180 40,437 53,783 20,947
Section 11(1) of the Act provides that where the Minister is satisfied in respect of some or all of the goods under investigation, that there is insufficient evidence of dumping or injury to justify proceeding with the investigation then the investigation shall be terminated. Section 11(2) of the Act provides that evidence of dumping shall be regarded as insufficient if the volume of imports of dumped goods, expressed as a percentage of total imports of like goods into New Zealand, is negligible, having regard to New Zealands obligations as a party to the Anti-Dumping Agreement. The Agreement deals with the negligibility of dumped imports under Article 5:8 as follows:
5.8 An application under paragraph 1 shall be rejected and an investigation shall be terminated promptly as soon as the authorities concerned are satisfied that there is not sufficient evidence of either dumping or of injury to justify proceeding with the case. There shall be immediate termination in
cases where the authorities determine that the margin of dumping is de minimis, or that the volume of dumped imports, actual or potential, or the injury, is negligible. The margin of dumping shall be considered to be de minimis if this margin is less than 2 per cent, expressed as a percentage of the export price. The volume of dumped imports shall normally be regarded as negligible if the volume of dumped imports from a particular country is found to account for less than 3per cent of imports of the like product in the importing Member, unless countries which individually account for less than 3 per cent of the imports of the like product in the importing Member collectively account for more than 7 per cent of imports of the like product in the importing Member.
The import volume figures in Table 2.1 above show that imports from Korea represented 11 percent of all imports in the year ended March 2000 and 28 percent of all imports in the 4 months to July 2000. On the basis of this information, imports of the subject goods from Korea are not negligible. NEW ZEALAND MARKET The following table shows the New Zealand market for washing machines and was prepared from Statistics New Zealand INFOS data provided by F&P. Figures for NZ industry sales are for only those washing machines produced in New Zealand. Table 2.2: New Zealand Market (Units) 2000 Korean Imports Other Imports Total Imports NZ Industry Sales NZ Market 6 42,174 42,39,749 40,437 5,729 48,054 53,783
Ministry has made some adjustments to these calculations to ensure they are consistent with the numbers of washing machines per container shown in calculations for port service charges. Port Service and Customs Charges 3.1.15 F&P has calculated port service and Customs charges on the basis of flat fees per container divided by the number of washing machines of each size capacity that is able to be packed into a container. Insurance 3.1.16 An amount for insurance has been allowed at ____ percent for both Samsung and LG. F&P states this is based on known costs for a shipment of whiteware (refrigerators) from Korea. Import Duty 3.1.17 An amount for import duty has been allowed at the current rate for imports of the subject goods from Korea of five and a half percent. Inland Freight to Port of Export 3.1.18 An amount of ______ percent of ex-factory value has been allowed for freight from the Korean factories to the port of export. Exchange Rates 3.1.19 In its application F&P converted the NZ dollar FOB price to Korean won at the Customs exchange rate effective on 18 September 2000 of 1NZ$ = 470.07 Korean won. Since then the won has appreciated against the NZ dollar which would have the effect of further reducing the export price in won. For the purposes of initiation the exchange rate at 18 September has been used. Export Prices 3.1.20 The calculation of constructed export prices on the basis set out above is shown in the tables below. Samsung 3.1.21 The following table shows export prices calculated from retail prices in October and November 2000.
Table 3.1: Constructed Export Prices Samsung Top Loading Oct Nov Oct Capacity (kg) 5.5 5.5 6.5 Korean Model No. SEW-80W NZ Model No. SW55AP SW65ASP SW65ASP Advertised price 749.95 799.95 949.95 Less: GST (12.5%) 83.33 88.88 105.55 666.62 711.07 844.40 Less: Retailer's margin (____) Invoice price ex-distributor to retailer Less: Warranty (__)
Less: Freight (____) Less: Advertising (__) Less: Selling & admin. Overhead (__) Less: Profit (__) Landed cost Less: Freight to NZ Less: Port Service Charges Less: Customs charges Less: Insurance (_____) Less: Import duty (5.5%) FOB (NZ$) Less: Freight to wharf (____) Ex-Factory Export Price (NZ$) Convert @ NZ$ = 470.07 won (Customs rate @ 18/9/00)
LG Electronics 3.1.22 The following table shows constructed ex-factory export prices of top loading and LG washing models.
Table 3.2: Constructed Export Price LG Top Loading Capacity (kg) Korean Model No. NZ Model No. Advertised price Less: GST (12.5%) Less: Retailer's margin (_____) Invoice price ex-distributor to retailer Less: Warranty (__) Less: Freight (__) Less: Advertising (__) Less: Selling & admin. Overhead (__) Less: Profit (__) Landed cost Less: Freight to NZ Less: Customs charges Less: Insurance (_____) Less: Import duty (5.5%) Less: Freight to wharf (____) FOB Export Price (NZ$) Convert @ NZ$ = 470.07 won (Customs rate @ 18/9/00) 4.5 6.5 8.5 WF-J55N WF-J85B WF-WS133G WFT452 WFT652 WFT852 749.00 1,099.00 1,299.00 83.22 122.11 144.33 665.78 976.89 1154.67
notes that it has elected to show the full __ percent margin and ____ percent discount as a conservative estimate of the full retail margin. Freight from Factory to Consumer 3.2.11 An amount of ___ percent has been allowed for both Samsung and LG. F&P states that information obtained by it from sources inside and outside Korea suggests that washing machines are delivered from the manufacturer/manufacturers warehouse direct to the end consumer. F&P states it has estimated the freight cost on the basis of the known cost to it in Australia of ____ percent plus a ___ percent loading to cover delivery into the home and installation. F&P notes that the three percent cost it incurs in Australia is for delivery from warehouse to the retailer. Warranty Costs 3.2.12 An amount of ___ percent has been allowed for both Samsung and LG. F&P states that ___ percent is the accepted figure for warranty provision in the whiteware business. F&P notes that a deduction has been made for warranty costs on the basis that this cost is incurred on domestic sales but not on export sales. Other Costs 3.2.13 F&P notes that corporate advertising costs for maintaining the presence of an established brand in the market is ___ percent of turnover. No deduction has been made for this amount and the Ministry would not normally make an adjustment for this type of advertising cost which is incurred regardless of whether an individual sale is made. The applicant also notes that it has not made a deduction for warehouse and distribution costs as they are not costs directly related to sales and are incurred regardless of whether there is a sale. Freight from factory to consumer has been deducted, as noted above, to arrive at ex-factory prices. Calculation of Normal Values 3.2.14 The calculation of normal values for Samsung on the basis set out above is shown in the table below. Table 3.4: Normal Values Samsung
Top Loading Capacity (kg) Korean Model No. NZ Model No. 5.5 SW55AP 6.5 SEW-80W SW65ASP
Retail Price (Won) Less Discount (__) Net Retail Price (VAT incl) Less VAT (10%) Net Retail Price (VAT excl) Less Retailer's Margin Price to Retailer Less Inland Freight (__) Less Warranty (__) Ex-factory Normal Value
The calculation of normal values for LG on the basis set out above is shown in the table below. Table 3.5: Normal Values LG
Top Loading Capacity (kg) Korean Model No. NZ Model No. 4.5 WFJ55N WFT452 6.5 WF-J85B WFT652 8.5 WF-WS133G WFT852
Retail Price (Won) Less Discount (__) Net Retail Price (VAT incl) Less VAT (10%) Net Retail Price (VAT excl) Less Retailer's Margin Price to Retailer Less Inland Freight (__) Less Warranty (__) Ex-factory Normal Value Front Loading Models 3.2.16
F&P states that a selling price in Korea for the two front loading LG models was not reasonably available. The two front loading models each have a 7kg capacity. For those two models, after discussion with the Ministry, F&P has used the normal value established for a Korean top loading domestic LG model, and, to obtain an estimated normal value for the higher specification model, has adjusted that value by the difference in New Zealand retail prices between lower and higher specification models. The retail selling price in New Zealand of LGs top loading 6.5kg model, $1,099, is the same as the retail price of the lower-specification 7kg front loading machine. It would seem reasonable, therefore, to use the normal value established for the LG top loading 6.5kg model for comparison with the lower specification 7kg front loading model. To assess a normal value for the higher-priced 7kg front loading model, it would also seem reasonable, given the limited information reasonably available to the applicant, to adjust the normal value of the lower-priced 7kg model by the relativity between the retail pricing of the two models in New Zealand. The calculation of normal values for LG, on the basis set out above, is shown in the table below. Table 3.6: Normal Values LG Top Loading Capacity (kg) 7.0 7.0 Korean Model No. WF-J85B WFWS133G NZ Model No. WD8050FH WD1021W Retail Price (Won) 266,276 302,620 Conclusion on Normal Values
The Ministry considers that, for purposes of initiation, the information provided by F&P is sufficient evidence of normal values for the subject goods.
COMPARISON OF EXPORT PRICE AND NORMAL VALUE F&P notes that it has calculated dumping margins on the basis of information reasonably available and states that information on other brands has not been available and estimates have not been made for all brands because sufficient evidence of dumping has been shown for initiation. F&P notes that its research indicates that models exported to New Zealand are not identical to models manufactured for the Korean market. In particular, F&P notes that claimed capacities in Korea are not the same as those used on the New Zealand market due to the use of different standards in each market. F&P states that the Korean standard (KS C9608-96) is based on the Japanese standard JISC 9606. F&P notes that this standard is based on an old wringer machine as the standard and is rather primitive. Capacity claims under this standard need to meet an electrical safety benchmark and the standard does not have a wash performance requirement. F&P states that F&P model sizes 5.5kg, 6.5kg and 7.5kg, easily rate as 10kg under the Korean standard. At the same time, F&P has attempted to take a conservative approach to the calculation of comparative normal values. For example, in calculating LG top loading normal values, F&P states The lowest domestic price has been used so that the normal value calculation is conservative. For example, a 10kg domestic model could be compared with the 6.5kg export model but this would result in a substantially higher dumping margin. F&P has compared New Zealand models of specific capacities with Korean domestic models with claimed capacities as follows: Table 3.7: Comparison of Capacities Capacity (kg) Samsung LG Models Model exported to NZ 6.5 4.5 6.5 Model sold in Korea 8.0 5.5 8.5
Based on the information provided to the Ministry, the following is the evidence of dumping:
Samsung Top Loading Capacity (kg) Korean Model No. NZ Model No. Normal Values Export Prices Dumping Margins As % of Export Price LG Top Loading Capacity (kg) Korean Model No. NZ Model No. Normal Values Export Prices Dumping Margins As % of Export Price
Table 3.8: Dumping Margins Oct Nov Oct 5.5 5.5 6.5 SEW-80W SW55AP SW65ASP SW65ASP 258,353 258,353 287,059 173,190 185,980 224,349 85,163 72,373 62,710 49% 39% 28% 4.5 6.5 WF-J55N WF-J85B
200,208 157,316 42,892 27%
266,276 238,100 28,176 12%
358,499 283,724 74,775 26%
LG Front Loading Capacity (kg) Korean Model No. NZ Model No. Normal Values Export Prices Dumping Margins As % of Export Price
7.0 7.0 WD860R WD860R WD8050F WD1021 H W 266,276 302,620 225,471 276,866 40,806 25,754 18% 9%
The evidence provided shows that the alleged margins of dumping range from 9 percent to 49 percent and are not de minimis in terms of Article 5.8 of the Agreement as set out above in paragraph 2.3.2. The Ministry is satisfied on the basis of the information provided that the comparison of export prices and normal values provides sufficient evidence of dumping for the purposes of initiation in respect of the importation of washing machines from Korea. Any investigation will need to give consideration to the provisions of section 4 (export price) and section 5 (normal value) of the Act as they should apply, and in particular to the application of the appropriate adjustments required by section 4(1)(a)(i) and (ii) and section 5(3).
The basis for considering material injury is set out in section 8(1) of the Act:
8. Material injury to industry(1) In determining for the purposes of this Act whether or not any material injury to an industry has been or is being caused or is threatened or whether or not the establishment of an industry has been or is being materially retarded by means of the dumping or subsidisation of goods imported or intended to be imported into New Zealand from another country, the [Chief Executive] shall examine (a) The volume of imports of the dumped or subsidised goods; and (b) The effect of the dumped or subsidised goods on prices in New Zealand for like goods; and (c) The consequent impact of the dumped or subsidised goods on the relevant New Zealand industry.
IMPORT VOLUMES Section 8(2)(a) of the Act provides that the Chief Executive shall have regard to the extent to which there has been or is likely to be a significant increase in the volume of imports of dumped or subsidised goods either in absolute terms or in relation to production or consumption in New Zealand.
Table 4.3: Average Selling Prices of Washing Machines (NZ$ per Unit) est. 2002 est. With Price Without Increase Increase GW5.5kg GW7.5kg IW7.5kg NA NA Total 22.214.171.124 The figures show that overall average prices declined in 1999, recovered in 2000 and will increase in 2001. The increased average selling price in 2001 is due to ________________________________________. F&P refers to the significant increase in Korean imports in 2000 and states that to maintain volume market share F&P has been forced to drastically reduce its prices to dealers to maintain sales. F&P has compared prices in the first four months of this financial year with prices in the same period last financial year, as shown in the following table. Table 4.4: Average Selling Prices of Washing Machines (NZ$ per Unit) Apr-Jul 1999 Apr-Jul Change % Change 2000 GW5.5kg GW7.5kg IW7.5kg Total 126.96.36.199 The most recent financial information shows that average prices for all F&P models produced in New Zealand were lower than average prices for the same period in the previous financial year. However, F&P expects the forecast figures for the full year 2001 (as shown in Table 4.2 above) to be ______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________. The Ministry considers that the evidence provided by F&P shows that at times average prices have decreased, but also that _______________________. The evidence presented in support of price depression claimed to be due to dumped imports is unclear and not sufficient for purposes of initiation. Price Suppression Section 8(2)(c) of the Act also provides that the Chief Executive shall have regard to the extent to which the effect of the dumped or subsidised goods is or is likely significantly to prevent price increases for those goods that otherwise would have been likely to have occurred. 188.8.131.52 The Ministry generally bases its assessment of price suppression on positive evidence, in particular the extent to which cost increases have not been recovered in prices. Cost increases not able to be recovered by price increases will be reflected by an increased ratio of costs to sales revenue. Where cost savings have been made, the lack of any price increase will not normally be regarded as price suppression. While the inability to recover cost
increases in prices is the main indicator of price suppression, the Ministry will consider any other factors raised as positive evidence of price suppression. 184.108.40.206 F&P states that it has in recent times been lowering its prices to maintain competitiveness and import volumes and that it has been unable to increase prices to recover increased costs. F&P refers to increased costs of imported raw materials due to the fall in value of the New Zealand dollar. The transfer of production of F&Ps 6.5kg model to Australia in March 1999, means that comparison of financial information over the years 1998 to 2000 will be distorted, making interpretation of any trends problematic. For purposes of assessing whether there is price suppression, F&P has compared financial information (excluding 6.5kg sales) for the four months April to July 1999 with the same months in 2000. From the financial information provided by F&P, the Ministry has prepared the following table. Table 4.5: Price Suppression (NZ$ per Unit) (5.5kg & 7.5kg models only) Apr-Jul 1999 Ave Selling Price Cost of Production Gross Margin Selling & Admin. EBIT GM as % of Sales EBIT as % of Sales 220.127.116.11
In an investigation, the Ministrys assessment of the impact of dumped imports is based on an examination of trends in actual profits in order to establish whether or not there is an actual or potential decline in profits. In some circumstances it may be possible to determine that injury is being caused where profits are not declining, but that would depend on the circumstances of the case, and would need to be based on positive evidence. Such an impact would also need to be attributable to the dumping of imports. The table below shows an analysis of the earnings before interest and tax achieved for washing machines. Table 4.12: Earnings Before Interest and Tax (Units NZ$) Months to July 2000 EBIT on all NZ Sales - Per Unit - As % of Revenue EBIT (Excluding 6.5kg) - Per Unit - As % of Revenue
The table shows that, in the first four months of the 2001 financial year, EBIT has declined significantly on a per unit basis and as a percentage of sales revenue. F&P states that in this period 5,813 units were imported from Korea compared with 953 units in the same period a year prior. F&P notes that, for washing machines other than _____, EBIT increased in 2000 and this suggests that the allegedly dumped imports did not have an effect in that year. Sales volumes in 2000 were down by ______ units on the previous year but F&P notes that this decline was offset by improved prices which contributed significantly to the EBIT increase in 2000. F&P states that the major contributor to the improvement in EBIT was, however, the result of redesigning the electronics used in the automatic washing machines. The redesign lead to cost reductions of $__________, although these were partly offset by increased overheads. F&P states:
In the absence of the dumped imports the improvement in EBIT would have been higher as the price/volume effects of the dumping margin would not have impacted on F&P. The dumped imports have completely removed from F&P the opportunity to benefit from the cost reductions achieved in YEM 2000. It is reasonable to observe that these cost savings should be contributing to the profits of the business in YEM 2001.
F&P has forecast EBIT for the year ending March 2001 on the basis of two different scenarios. _________________________________________, F&P forecasts EBIT will decline significantly to _____, _____ per unit and ____ percent of sales revenue. _______________________________________ ________, F&P forecasts ______________ or _____ per unit, _____ being ___ percent of sales revenue. F&P states that loss of profits has been greater than shown in this analysis, as [F&P] has not addressed the profits that should have been achieved in the absence of dumping.
On the basis of the information available, it is concluded that, for the purposes of initiation, there is sufficient evidence that: (a) (b) Automatic washing machines from Korea are being dumped; and By reason thereof material injury to the New Zealand industry is being caused.
It is recommended on the basis of the conclusions reached and in accordance with section 10 of the Dumping and Countervailing Duties Act 1988: (a) that the Chief Executive of the Ministry of Economic Development formally initiate an investigation to establish whether imports of automatic washing machines from Korea are being dumped and are causing or threatening to cause material injury to the New Zealand industry producing like goods; that the Chief Executive sign the attached Gazette notice, and give notice to interested parties in accordance with section 9 of the Act.
... Investigating Team Trade Remedies Group
7/11/02 3:23 PM
Reciprocating mini agitator imitates hand wash action:
o With strong power for heavy clothes and soft touch for delicate items, the mini agitator moves up and down to remove dirt just like hand washing.
Detergent box and fabric softener dispenser:
o The detergent box evenly dispenses the washing detergent during the wash cycle to improve detergent dilution and reduce residue build-up. This feature also prevents bleaching damage to clothes from undiluted detergent when using the delay start cycle. o The convenient fabric softener dispenser adds the softener automatically.
Twin filter nets collect lint and residue:
o Two large, wide filter nets catch lint and other larger particles that can accumlate on certain fabrics.
Water cascades pound the wash:
o Powerful waterfalls injected from two ports above the wash bowl pound and push down floating garments to produce a more effective overall wash action.
DESCRIPTION OF PARTS
WATER SUPPLY HOSE
DRAIN HOSE DETERGENT BOX
FABRIC SOFTENER DISPENSER
CONTROL PANEL FABRIC SOFTENER DISPENSER (See Page 5)
BLEACH INLET POWER PLUG
LINT FILTER NET
HEIGHT ADJUSTING FEET
To reduce the risk of fire, electric shock, or injury to persons when using your appliance, take care to adhere to the following precautions.
q Where an unearthed power cord is not fitted, be sure that the washer is grounded.
To avoid electrical shock use metal piping for the ground connection. Take care not to ground the washer to gas pipes or telephone cables due to the danger of explosion from lightning strikes.
q Place clothes evenly into the washer as unevenly distributed laundry may cause excessive out-of-balance noise and vibration. q Maximum hot water supply temperature 60 degrees.
q During spinning, don't put your hand in the spin basket.
Because the spin basket is rotating at the high speed, rotating parts may injure your hand.
q Before washing, check all pockets.
If nails or pins remain in pockets, they may damage the washer or clothes.
q Dont press the control panel with a sharp object.
Panel damaged or malfunction may occur. If the control panel for this washer is damaged, it must be replaced by a repair shop appointed by the manufacturer, as special purpose tools are required.
q Openings must not be obstructed by carpeting when the washing machine is installed on a carpeted floor. q Turn off water taps when the washer is not in use to avoid water pressure damage to the pump. q To minimize the possibility of electric shock, unplug this appliance from the power supply or disconnect the washer at the household distribution panel by removing the fuse or switching off the circuit breaker before attempting any maintenance or cleaning.
q Do not operate this appliance if it is damaged, malfunctioning, partially disassembled, or has missing or broken parts, including a damaged cord or plug.
q The appliance is not intended for use by young children or infirm persons without supervision.
q Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors and liquids in the vicinity of this or any other appliance.
q Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with the appliance.
q The instructions for use shall specity the maximum mass or dry cloth in kg, for which the appliance is designed.
q If the power supply cord is damaged, it must be replaced by the manufacturer or its service agent or a similary qualified person in order to avoid a hazard.
q If the appliance is supplied from a cord extension set or electrical portable outlet device the cord extension set or electrical portable outlet device should be positioned so it is not subject to splashing or ingress of moisture.
INSTALLATION & MAINTENANCE
Leave some space.
Maintain at least 10cm between the washer and the wall.
In case of pump-drained washer
q Take out the q Be sure to join tightly q Install the drain
Place the washer on a sturdy flat surface.
If the washer is placed on an uneven or weak surface, noise and vibration can occur (allowable slope is 1 degree)
cap-hose and connect the outlet-hose.
the drain hose into the drain-outlet on the left side of the machine.
hose in the position of about 70~80cm above the ground.
Never install the washer in a very steamy environment or where it might be open to the rain.
Excessive moisture may cause an electrical shock hazard.
Avoid direct sunlight or heaters.
As plastic and electrical components are affected by direct heat,never place the washer near furnaces, boilers,etc.Do not place under direct sunlight.
HOW TO CONNECT WATER SUPPLY HOSE
Check the type of tap fitting which is in your laundry and then see appropriate instruction below:
A tap of ordinary type is desirable
In case of square tap
q Take out the internal part of the connector
and join it in the following way.
1.Remove the adaptor from the water supply hose.
4.Connect the water supply hose to the adaptor. Pull down the part (c) of the water supply hose. When you release part (c) the hose is automatically connects to the adaptor making a 'click' sound. 5.Connect the other end of the water supply hose to the inlet water valve at the top of the washer. Screw the hose clockwise all the way in. 6.If the water tap is a screw type,assemble a water supply hose that fits to the tap as shown.
2.First,using a "+" type screw driver, loosen the four screws on the adaptor. Next,take the adaptor and turn part(b) following the arrow for gap about 5mm between them. 3. Connect adaptor to the water tap by tightening the screws firmly. Then,turn part (b) following the arrow and put (a) and (b)together.
CLEANING THE FILTER NET
If the filter net is clogged after washing, lift up the net Remove the collected lint and rinse the filter net.
CLEANING THE FILTER (pump drained washer)
1. 2. 3. 4. Place a rag under washer filter not to wet the floor. Turn the filter-cap to the left. Take out the filter and remove any sludge. Reassemble in reverse order.
HOW TO ADD THE DETERGENT
1. Open the detergent box by pulling in the direction of the arrow as shown in the figure. 2. Add the amount of detergent for one washing evenly in the box so that the detergent does not overflow the box.
1. Pull down the adjusting handles of the adjusting feet which are located at the right and left of the front side. 2. Adjust the height of the machine upwards or downwards. 3. When the adjustment is finished, push back the handles to fix the adjusting feet.
HOW TO ADD THE FABRIC SOFTENER
q When a proper amount of fabric softener is stored
in the box, it is automatically added in at the final rinse cycle. In case the hot water only is connected, this function will not be operated.
NOTE Do not kick or step on the adjusting handles.
When too much softener is stored above the
base line, it may not be operated properly. SEE IF THE MACHINE IS PLACED LEVEL BY CHECKING THE POSITION OF THE WASHING TUB.
q Open the lid of the machine, pour water into the tub up to the level just below the pulsator, and adjust the legs so that the pulsator is positioned at the center of the water as shown in the figure. q Place the machine more than 10cm away from the wall.
Only For models with polypropylene(plastic) wash bowl
q When the manufacturers recommended amount per
load of fabric softener is stored in the softener inlet, it will be automatically dispensed during the final rinse cycle. Before operating the washing machine, make sure that any water remaining in softener dispenser from a previous load is removed.
WARNING! NOTE THE FOLLOWING PRECAUTIONS TO PREVENT ELECTRICITY LEAKAGE AND THE POSSIBILITY OF ELECTRIC SHOCK.
Earthing is necessary to prevent leakage or electric shocks caused by the electric currents leaked from the machine.
How to earth an outlet with earthing terminals when an earthed power load is not fitted.
Outlet with earthing terminals: q Even when the internal wires of the earthing terminals are joined, connect the earthing conductor (green) of the machine to the tap. When using an extension cord and a boosting transformer: q Make sure that the earthing conductor is connected.
Never make an earthing to
q The telephone line, lightning rod, or gas pipe as it is
extremely dangerous in case of lightning strikes.
TO DO A CLEAN WASHING
Press the POWER botton. Pour a little detergent into case-detergent. Turn on water supply to the wshing machine. Choose the SOAK in CYCLE button and the HIGH in WATER LEVEL button. Press the START/PAUSE button.
PROCEDURE 1. Sort the laundry into separate wash loads.
Each load of washing should contain clothing which needs the same washing conditions. For example, you should not wash delicate clothes with very dirty work clothes.
2. Load the laundry into washing.
Before load, check all pockets, and close zippers, hooks and eyes.
3. Add the detergent. (see page 5) 4. Add the fabric softener. (see page 5) 5. Close the lid. 6. Press power button. 7. Choose the wash program & optional cycle. (see page 7~8)
If you choose SENSOR program you dont need to select water level. Water level is set automatically at SENSOR program. Press the START/PAUSE button.
8. Select the water level.
Before choosing the water level, remember following things. When you choose SENSOR, HEAVY-DUTY, ECONO-WASH, DELICATE program, water level is selected AUTO automatically, but if you want to choose water level manually you can select. HIGH, MEDIUM, LOW, EXTRA LOW
9. Select the water temperature.
Before choosing thr water temperature remember the following: 1) You can choose HOT, WARM, COLD on all programs except for delicate program. HOT is hot wash and cold rinse. WARM is warm wash and cold rinse. COLD is cold wash and cold rinse. 2) When you choose delicate program, water temperature is selected automatically for warm wash and warm rinse.
10. Close the lid and press the START/PAUSE button. 11. Do you want extra rinse?
For extra rinses press the cycle key 1 to 5 times (depending on the number of extra rinses required). You can select up to 5 extra rinses or return to a single rinse by pressing the cycle key. The time left display will show the number of rinses selected. Note that the extra rinse program is not available when pause is selected or during the spin cycle.
SENSOR Wash Time Wash Action Wash Temp. 18 min Normal HOT WARM COLD COLD 6 min 56 min HEAVY DUTY 20 min Normal HOT WARM COLD COLD 6 min 59 min ECONO WASH 5 min Normal HOT WARM COLD COLD 3 min 40 min WOOL 6 min Gentle WARM COLD WARM COLD 1 min 36 min DELICATE 6 min Gentle WARM COLD WARM COLD 1 min 37 min
Deep Rinse Spin Time Total Time (High Water level)
q The best washing program is chosen automatically q Load size and water level is determined automatically Unplug the power cord after washing.
HEAVY DUTY Program
q This program is suitable for heavily soiled laundry q Load size and water level are determined automatically or you can choose the water level you want Unplug the power cord after washing.
ECONO Wash Program
q Saving your time and energy q This program is suitable for lightly soiled laundry q Load size and water level are determined automatically or you can choose the water level you want Unplug the power cord after washing.
q This program is suitable for woollen clothes q Only high and medium water levels are available Unplug the power cord after washing.
q Washing action is very gentle, so this program is suitable for delicate clothes like lingerie. q Load size and water level are determined automatically or you can choose the water level you want Unplug the power cord after washing.
q When you choose this cycle, only wash cycle is operated. q Pressing optional cycle key during washing changes the wash time in two minute intervals. q The wash time can be changed to between 3 and 25 minutes. q Load size and water level is determined automatically. Unplug the power cord after washing.
q When you choose this function, only rinse cycle is operated. q Pressing function key during rinsing changes the number of rinses. Up to 5 rinses can be optionally selected. Unplug the power cord after washing.
q The laundry is soaked in water so that heavy dirt can be eliminated sufficiently. q You can choose soak cycle after choosing wash program. q When you select soak function, 5 minute cycle (1 min. washing then 4 min. pause) continue for 30 minutes before main wash program. q Load size and water level is determined automatically. Unplug the power cord after washing.
q This function allows you to take drip clothes out of the washing machine while they are still wet before the final spin. q You can choose drip dry cycle after choosing main wash program. q When you select drip dry the cycle is finished before final spin. Unplug the power cord after washing.
q When you choose this cycle, only spin cycle is operated. q Pressing cycle key during spinning only cycle changes the spin dry time. The spin dry time can be changed to between 1 and 7 minutes. Unplug the power cord after washing.
RINSE AND SPIN ONLY
q When you choose this cycle, only rinse & spin cycle are operated without wash cycle. q Pressing cycle key during operation changes the number of rinse (see above). You cannot change the spin dry time using this function. Unplug the power cord after washing.
q This function allows you to delay the start of your chosen wash program for 3, 4,. 18 hours. q By pressing the delay start key you can select delayed period for 3, 4,. 17, 18 hours, and your washing machine will finish the selected wash program after the delayed period.
Washing machine wont work
Is the water tap opened? Is the washer plugged in? Is the power cut off? Is the fuse all right? Is there enough water?
Spinning does not work
Is the laundry spread out evenly in the washer? Is the washer set on a sturdy flat surface? Is the lid closed?
Water does not drain
Is the drain hose down? (No pump) Is the drain hose frozen? Is the drain hose clogged? If the water does not drain in 15 minutes, a buzzer will sound, and the remaining time indicator will show E
Water is not supplied
Is the water tap opened? Is the water cut off? Is the water supply hose or hose connection clogged? Is the water tap frozen? If water is not supplied in 60 minutes, a buzzer will sound, and the remaining time indicator will shown 7E.
While lid is opening, the washing machine wont work
Make sure to close the lid while washing machine is operating.
Water supply does not stop
Close the water tap. Disconnect the power supply cord. Call Samsung or service centre.
IF YOU NEED HELP WITH YOUR NEW SAMSUNG WASHING MACHINE
Contact your nearest Samsung office or Samsung authorised service centre for technical assistance.
Bowl Power input(Watts) Load capacity(kg) Size (WxDxH)(mm) Net Weight (kg) Water Consumption(liters) Water Pressure(min-max) 6.5 600X660X150(high) 50~780KPa
CODE NO : DC68-00967A
PP 450 5.5
CONTENTS Page FEATURES... 1 DESCRIPTION OF PARTS... 2 SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS.. 3 INSTALLATION & MAINTENANCE.. 4 Environment... 4 Connecting the drain hose.. 4 In case of pump-drained washer.. 4 How to connect water supply hose.. 4 Cleaning the filter net.. 5 How to add the detergent.. 5 How to add the fabric softener... 5 Cleaning the sump filter.. 5 Levelling... 5 Precautions...6 WASHING INSTRUCTIONS.. 6 Procedure... 6 Wash programs... 7 WASHING PROGRAM DETAILS.. 7 OPTIONAL CYCLES...8 TROUBLESHOOTING... 8 SPECIFICATIONS
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