Yaesu FT-817 Manual
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The FT-817 is a compact, innovative multiband, multimode portable transceiver for the amateur radio MF/HF/VHF/UHF bands. Providing coverage of the 160-10 meter bands plus the 6 m, 2 m, and 70 cm bands, the FT-817 includes operation on the SSB, CW, AM, FM, and Digital modes, yielding the most comprehensive performance package available for portable operation. Designed for use either from an external DC power source or internal batteries, the FT-817 provides five watts of power output from a 13.8-Volt external power supply. When using the optional FNB-72 Ni-Cd Battery Pack or 8 AA Alkaline Cells (not supplied), the FT-817 automatically switches to 2.5 Watts of output power. Via the Menu system, High power may be selected during battery operation, providing as much as 5 Watts of output, depending on the operating frequency. The multi-function Liquid-Crystal Display includes both Blue and Amber backlighting, which may be disabled for battery conservation. The display includes bar-graph indication of power output, ALC voltage, SWR, and modulation level. Also include are a number of operating status icons, as well as the function displays for the three operating function keys ( , , and ). Among the advanced features of the FT-817 are many incorporated only in large basestation transceivers. These include Dual VFOs; Split-Frequency operation; IF Shift; Clarifier (R.I.T.); IF Noise Blanker; AGC Fast/Slow/Auto/Off selection; RF Gain and Squelch control; IPO (Intercept Point Optimization) and a receiver front-end Attenuator; AM Aircraft reception; AM and FM Broadcast reception; VOX; Built-in Electronic Keyer; Adjustable CW Pitch; Automatic FM Repeater Shift (ARS); Built-in CTCSS Encoder/Decoders; ARTS (Auto-Range Transponder System); Smart Search Automatic Memory Loading System; Spectrum Scope; 200 Memories plus Home Channels and Band-limiting Memories; Alpha-Numeric Labeling of Memories; Automatic Power-Off (APO) and Time-Out Timer (TOT) functions; Computer Interface capability; and Cloning capability. We urge you to read this manual in its entirety, so as to gain a full understanding of the amazing capability of the exciting FT-817 Portable Transceiver.
FT-817 Operating Manual
Receive: 100 kHz-30 MHz 50 MHz-54 MHz 76 MHz-108 MHz (WFM only) 87.5 MHz-108 MHz (EU) 108 MHz-154 MHz (USA) 144 MHz-148 (146) MHz (Other markets) 430 (420) MHz-450 (440) MHz Transmit: 160-6 Meters 2 Meters 70 Centimeters (Amateur bands only) 5.1675 MHz Alaska Emergency Frequency (USA only) Emission Modes: A1 (CW), A3 (AM), A3J (LSB/USB), F3 (FM), F1 (9600 bps packet), F2 (1200 bps packet) Synthesizer Steps (Min.): 10 Hz (CW/SSB), 100 Hz (AM/FM) Antenna Impedance: 50 Ohms, Unbalanced (Front: Type BNC, Rear: Type M) Operating Temp. Range: 10 C to +60 C (+14 F to +140 F) Frequency Stability: 4 ppm from 1 min. to 60 min after power on. @25 C: 1 ppm/hour 0.5 ppm/1 hour @25 C, after warmup (with optional TCXO-9) Supply Voltage: Normal: 13.8 VDC 15 %, Negative Ground Operating: 8.0-16.0 V, Negative Ground FBA-28 (w/8 AA Alkaline Cells): 12.0 V FNB-72 (Ni-Cd Battery Pack): 9.6 V (Option) Current Consumption: Squelched: 250 mA (Approx.) Receive: 450 mA Transmit: 2.0 A Case Size (W x H x D): 135 x 38 x 165 mm (5.31 x 1.5 x 6.50) Weight (Approx.): 1.17 kg (2.58 lb) w/Alkaline battery, antenna, w/o Microphone Frequency Range:
5 W (SSB/CW/FM), 1.5 W (AM Carrier) @13.8 V SSB: Balanced Modulator AM: Early Stage (Low Level) FM: Variable Reactance FM Maximum Deviation: 5 kHz (FM-N: 2.5 kHz) Downloaded by Spurious Radiation: 50 dB (1.8-29.7 MHz) Amateur Radio Directory 60 dB (50/144/430 MHz) Carrier Suppression: >40 dB www.hamdirectory.info Opp. Sideband Supp.: >50 dB SSB Frequency Response: 400 Hz-2600 Hz (6 dB) Microphone Impedance: 200-10k Ohms (Nominal: 600 Ohms) RF Power Output: Modulation Types:
Circuit Type: Double-Conversion Superheterodyne Intermediate Frequencies: 1st: 68.33 MHz (SSB/CW/AM/FM); 10.7 MHz (WFM) 2nd: 455 kHz SSB/CW AM FM Sensitivity: 100 kHz-500 kHz 500 kHz-1.8 MHz 32 V 1.8 MHz-28 MHz 0.25 V 2 V 28 MHz-30 MHz 0.25 V 2 V 0.5 V 50 MHz-54 MHz 0.2 V 2 V 0.32 V 144/430 MHz 0.125 V 0.2 V (IPO, ATT off, SSB/CW/AM = 10 dB S/N, FM = 12 dB SINAD) Squelch Sensitivity: SSB/CW/AM FM 1.8 MHz-28 MHz 2.5 V 28 MHz-30 MHz 2.5 V 0.32 V 50 MHz-54 MHz 1 V 0.2 V 144/430 MHz 0.5 V 0.16 V (IPO, ATT off) Image Rejection: HF/50 MHz: 70 dB 144/430 MHz: 60 dB IF Rejection: 60 dB Selectivity (6/60 dB): SSB/CW: 2.2 kHz/4.5 kHz AM: 6 kHz/20 kHz FM: 15 kHz/30 kHz FM-N: 9 kHz/25 kHz SSB (optional YF-122S installed): 2.3 kHz/4.7 kHz (66 dB) CW (optional YF-122C installed): 500 Hz/2.0 kHz AF Output: 1.0 W (8 Ohms, 10% THD or less) AF Output Impedance: 4-16 Ohms Specifications are subject to change without notice, and are guaranteed within amateur bands only. Frequency ranges vary according to transceiver version; check with your dealer.
ACCESSORIES & OPTIONS
MH-31A8J Hand Microphone FBA-28 Battery Case (holds 8 AA size Alkaline cells [not supplied]) YHA-63 Whip Antenna for (50/144/430 MHz) E-DC-6 DC Cable Shoulder Strap Ferrite Core
FNB-72 NC-72B/C/U YF-122S YF-122C TCXO-9 MH-36E8J CT-62 CT-39A Ni-Cd Battery Pack (9.6 V, 1000 mAh) Ni-Cd Battery Charger Collins SSB Filter (2.3 kHz/4.7 kHz: 6 dB/66 dB) Collins CW Filter (500 Hz/2 kHz: 6 dB/60 dB) TCXO Unit (0.5 ppm) DTMF Microphone CAT Interface Cable Packet Cable
CONNECTING THE SUPPLIED YHA-63 ANTENNA
Your FT-817 is supplied with a three-section antenna, model YHA-63 which is designed for optimum performance on the 50 MHz, 144 MHz, and 430 MHz. It also works well on the FM broadcast and other VHF bands. This antenna is intended for connection to the front panels BNC-type antenna connector. For HF and/or 50 MHz operation, most hikers carry their own dipole or collapsible vertical antenna, fed by a small-diameter coaxial cable terminated in a type M (PL-259) plug, and these kinds of antennas may be connected to the rear panels antenna connector. The YHA-63 should be connected to the top panels BNC connector, using the following guidelines: For 144/430 MHz operation (only), connect the shorter cap section to the screw post on the top of the main antenna shaft, then screw the assembled YHA-63 onto the BNC connector, twisting it 1/4 turn clockwise to secure the antenna. For 50 MHz operation, unscrew the short cap section, and replace it with the long cap section. The long cap section will provide good results on 144/430 MHz, as well, but those owners not using 50 MHz may prefer the shorter total length of the YHA-63 when using the short cap on 144/430 MHz. For shortwave listening using a random-length wire antenna for reception only, you may wish to consider connection of the wire between the main YHA-63 shaft and the cap, using a spade lug or similar lug on the end of the wire to provide a secure connection between the cap and the rest of the antenna. Menu #07 (ANTENNA) allows you to define which connector (Front or Rear) is used on a particular band. See page 60 for details.
Press this key momentarily to activate the Receiver Clarifier feature. When this feature is activated, the knob may be used to set a tuning offset of up to 9.99 kHz. The transmitters frequency is not affected by the setting of the Clarifier. Press and hold this key for 1/2 second to activate the IF Shift feature, which allows you to use the knob to adjust the center frequency of the IF filters passband response.
Connect the supplied 50/144/430 MHz rubber flex antenna (or another antenna presenting a 50 impedance) to this BNC connector. In its default setting, this jack does not function on the HF bands. If you want to enable this jack on the HF bands, recall and change the setting of Menu #07.
1 A/B key to switch Press the between VFO-A and VFO-B on the display.
A=B key Press and hold in the for second to copy the contents of VFO-A into the VFOB register, so that the two VFOs contents will be identical. MC key to desigPress the nate the current Memory channel to be skipped during scanning. RCL Press the key to recall the QMB Memory. SPL key to activate Press the Split frequency operation between VFO-A and VFO-B.
MW key Press and hold in the for 1/2 second to transfer the contents of the VFO into a Memory register. STO Press the key to store the contents of the VFO into the QMB (Quick Memory Bank) register. RPT Press the key to select the direction of the uplink frequency shift (, +, or Simplex) during FM repeater operation. Press and hold in the key for 1/2 second to recall Menu #42 (for setting the shift frequency offset). SCN Press the key to initiate scanning (in the direction of higher frequencies). SSM Press the key to activate the Spectrum Scope Monitor feature. Press and hold in the key for 1/2 second to recall Menu #43 (for selecting the SSM sweep mode). IPO Press the key to bypass the receiver preamplifier, thereby activating Intercept Point Optimization for improved overload characteristics. The IPO feature does not function on 144/430 MHz.
TAG key to select Press the the display type (Frequency or Alpha-numeric Tag) during Memory operation. PMS Press the key to activate the Programmable Memory Scan feature. TON Press the key to activate CTCSS or DCS operation. Press and hold in the key for 1/2 second to recall Menu #48 (for selecting the CTCSS tone frequency).
AGC (AUTOMATIC GAIN CONTROL)
The receiver recovery time constant of the AGC system may be modified to match your operating needs. key momentarily, then rotate the knob, as needed, until Operating 1. Press the Function Row 8 [NB, AGC] appears on the display. (AGC) key to toggle the AGC recovery time constant among the following 2. Press the selections: AGCauto AGCfast AGCslow AGCoff AGCauto where AGCauto represents AGCfast on CW and DIG(AFSK), and AGCslow on the voice modes. If AGCoff selected, the S-meter (which monitors AGC voltage) will cease to function.
The IF Noise Blanker may be useful in reducing or eliminating some types of impulse noise, especially noise generated by automotive ignition systems. 1. Press the key momentarily, then rotate the knob, as needed, until Operating Function Row 8 [NB, AGC] appears on the display. (NB) key to activate the Noise Blanker. The icon will appear at the 2. Press the right of the NB indication. (NB) key again to turn the Noise Blanker off. 3. Press the
IPO (INTERCEPT POINT OPTIMIZATION)
The IPO feature bypasses the receiver RF preamplifier, thereby eliminating the preamps gain. This feature is not available on the 144 MHz and 430 MHz. 1. Press the key momentarily, then rotate the knob, as needed, until Operating Function Row 7 [IPO, ATT, NAR] appears on the display. (IPO) key to bypass the receiver input preamplifier. The icon will 2. Press the appear at the right of the IPO indication. (IPO) key once more to re-activate the preamp. 3. Press the On the bands below 14 MHz, the input preamplifier is rarely necessary, and activation of the IPO feature will provide substantial protection against intermodulation and other problems associated with strong signal input to the receiver. Rule of thumb: so long as the S-meter is moving on background noise, additional front-end gain is not necessary.
ATT (FRONT END ATTENUATOR)
The Attenuator will reduce all signals (and noise) by 10 dB, and it may be used to make reception more pleasant under extremely noisy conditions. This feature is not available on the 144 MHz and 430 MHz. key momentarily, then rotate the knob, as needed, until Operating 1. Press the [IPO, ATT, NAR] appears on the display. Function Row 7 (ATT) key to activate the Attenuator. The icon will appear at the right 2. Press the of the ATT indication. (ATT) key once more to switch the Attenuator out of the receiver front end 3. Press the circuit.
In the AM and FM modes, the knob is locked out (via the setting of Menu #04) so as to allow channelized tuning on these modes. To adjust the operating frequency, rotate the knob. knob for tuning in the AM and FM modes, change the setting If you wish to enable the of Menu #04. See page 60 for details. The channelized mode of tuning on AM and FM automatically rounds off the frequency to the next logical step when you rotate the knob one click in either direction. This eliminates the inconvenience of having to preset the frequency to an even channel.
The VOX system provides automatic transmit/receive switching based on voice input to the microphone. With the VOX system enabled, you do not need to press the PTT switch in order to transmit. 1. Press the key momentarily, then rotate the knob, as needed, until Operating Function Row 10 [VOX, BK, KYR] appears on the display. (VOX) key to activate the VOX circuitry. The icon will appear at the 2. Press the right of the VOX indication. 3. Without pressing the PTT switch, speak into the microphone in a normal voice level. When you start speaking, the transmitter should be activated automatically. When you finish speaking, the transceiver should return to the receive mode (after a short delay). (VOX) key. The 4. To cancel VOX and return to PTT operation., again press the icon will disappear. 5. The VOX Gain may be adjusted, so as to prevent accidental transmitter activation in a noisy environment. To adjust the VOX Gain: (VOX) While still in Operating Row 10 [VOX, BK, KYR], press and hold in the key for one second. This is a hot key feature which will instantly recall Menu #51 (VOX GAIN). While speaking into the microphone, rotate the knob to the point where the transmitter is quickly activated by your voice, without causing background noise to activate the transmitter. When you have selected the optimum setting, press and hold the key for one second to save the new settings and return to normal operation. 6. The Hang-Time of the VOX system (the transmit-receive delay after the cessation of speech) may also be adjusted via the Menu. The default delay is 1/2 second. To set a different delay time: Press and hold in the key for one second to activate the Menu mode. Rotate the knob to select Menu #50 (VOX DELAY). Rotate the knob while saying a brief syllable like Ah so as to set the desired delay time. When your adjustments are complete, press and hold in the key for one second to save the new setting and return to normal operation. The delay time for return to the receive mode is set independently on CW and voice modes; for CW, use Menu #17 (see next section).
Operation using Straight Key/External Keying Device
When using a straight key, an external electronic keyer, or a computer-generated keying device, please follow the instructions in this section. 1. Insert your keys (three-conductor) plug into the rear-panel KEY jack. 2. Press the / key, as needed, to select one of the CW (CW/CWR) modes. The CW mode utilizes USB-side carrier injection, while the CWR (Reverse) mode utilizes LSB-side injection. 3. Press the key momentarily, then then rotate the knob, as needed, until Operating Function Row 10 [VOX, BK, KYR] appears on the display. (BK) key, as needed, to activate Semi Break-In operation. The icon 4. Press the will appear at the right of the BK indication. 5. The CW hang time can be adjusted using Menu #17 (CW DELAY). To adjust the CW hang time: Press and hold in the key for one second to enter the Menu mode. Rotate the knob to select Menu #17 (CW DELAY). Rotate the knob to select a longer or shorter delay time (default: 250 ms). This transceiver was not expressly designed for full QSK operation, the minimum (10 ms) setting of this Menu item (CW DELAY) will be very close to full break-in performance. When done, press and hold in the key for one second to save the new setting and exit to normal operation. If you are already in Operating Function Row 10 [VOX, BK, KYR], pressing (BK) key for one second will instantly select Menu #17 and holding in the (CW DELAY). (BK) key to make the 6. To practice your CW sending (without transmitting), press the icon disappear. Now, pressing the key will cause the CW sidetone to be heard, but your radio will not be transmitting a signal on the air. 7. You can adjust the CW sidetone volume level via Menu #44 (SIDETONE). To adjust the CW sidetone volume level: Press and hold in the key for one second to enter the Menu mode. Rotate the knob to select Menu #44 (SIDETONE). Rotate the knob to select a new level; on the arbitrary scale of 0 ~ 100, the default value is 50. When done, press and hold in the key for one second to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
1. 2. 3. 4. Press the / key so as to select the FM mode. Press the microphones PTT switch, and speak into the microphone in a normal voice. Release the PTT switch to return to the receive mode. If you get reports that your modulation level is too high or too low, you may need to adjust the FM-mode microphone gain. The procedure is similar to that used on SSB: Press the key momentarily, then rotate the knob, as needed, until Operat(MTR) ing Function Row 9 [PWR, MTR] appears on the display, then press the key to select the Deviation meter function (mod will appear at the right side of the MTR icon). Press and hold in the key for one second to enter the Menu mode. Rotate the knob to recall Menu #29 (FM MIC). Increase or decrease the setting of the FM Mic Gain, depending on the level correction required, then press and hold the key to save the new setting. Close the PTT switch, and while speaking into the microphone observe the meter indication; the proper setting of the FM Mic Gain will produce five bars of indication on voice peaks, slightly less on lower levels of speech input. When done, press and hold in the key to save the new setting for the FM-mode microphone gain. 5. The VOX feature is operational during FM transmission. From Operating Function Row (VOX) key to activate/deactivate VOX. 10 [VOX, BK, KYR], press the
1. Press the key momentarily, then rotate the knob, as needed, until Operating Function Row 4 [RPT, REV, TON] appears on the display. (RPT) key to activate repeater operation. One press of the (RPT) key 2. Press the will have set the transceiver for Minus Shift operation. In this situation, you will observe the indicator on the display. The transmitter frequency will be shifted down by a default value so as to access the repeater input frequency. If your repeater uses a posi(RPT) key again; the + indicator will tive shift (instead of negative), press the replace the indicator on the display. 3. If the default repeater shift is not appropriate for your area, it may be set independently for each band. To change the repeater shifts: (RPT) key for one second. This instantly recalls Menu #42 Press and hold the (RPT SHFT). Rotate the knob to select the desired shift frequency. When done, press and hold in the key for one second to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
(TON) key to activate the CTCSS tone encoder, which provides a subaudible 4. Press the (TON) key will activate the CTCSS tone repeater access tone. One press of the encoder. In this situation, you will observe the indicator on the display. If you press (TON) key repeatedly, you will observe the (CTCSS Encode/Decode), followed by (Digital Coded Squelch, Encode/Decode). One additional press will disable all repeater-access tone systems. See the next section for a discussion of DCS operation. 5. If the default repeater access tone are not appropriate for your area, it also may be set independently for each band. To change the repeater access tone: (TON) key for one second. This instantly recalls Menu #48 Press and hold the (TONE FREQ). Rotate the knob to select the desired CTCSS frequency. When done, press and hold the key for one second so save the new setting and exit to normal operation. 6. Set the transceivers receiver to the repeater output (downlink) frequency. 7. Close the PTT switch and speak into the microphone. You will observe that the transmit(RPT) key. ted frequency has shifted according to the setting of the 8. Release the PTT switch to return to the Receive mode. 9. With repeater shift activated, you can temporarily reverse the transmit and receive fre(REV) key. The icon will blink while Reverse shift quencies by pressing the (REV) key again to revert to the Normal shift direction. is activated. Press the 10. When you are finished with repeater operation, you may wish to set the repeater shift to (RPT) key, and disable the CTCSS or DCS tone by presssimplex by pressing the (TON) key. ing the 11. On many transceiver versions, the Automatic Repeater Shift (ARS) feature is enabled at the factory. This feature automatically activates the appropriate repeater shift when you are operating inside the designated 144 MHz or 430 MHz FM repeater sub-bands in your country. If you wish to change the settings for the ARS, use Menu #01 (144 ARS) or Menu #02 (430 ARS) (see page 60). If your local repeaters need a 1750-Hz burst tone for access (typically in Europe), press and hold in the front panels key to transmit the burst tone.
MEMORY OPERATION ON HOMEECHANNEL MEMORIES
Four Special one-touch Home channels are available, for special frequencies you use often. Either simplex or split frequency/mode data may be stored in the Home channel locations. Special Home channels are available for HF (any frequency between 1.8 and 29.7 MHz), 50 MHz, 144 MHz, and 430 MHz. These memories may prove particularly useful for monitoring propagation beacons, providing one-touch recall of the beacon frequency for a quick check of band conditions.
HOME Channel Storage
1. Tune the desired frequency, and set the operating mode. If this is an FM channel, set up any required CTCSS/DCS and repeater shift configurations. 2. Press the key momentarily, then rotate the knob, as needed, until Operating Function Row 2 [MW, MC, TAG] appears on the display. (MW) key momentarily to enter the Memory Check mode. 3. Press the 4. Press and hold in the key for one second. This stores the frequency data into the Home channel location. As usual, you will hear a double beep to confirm the successful storage of the frequency data. 5. If you wish to store a Split frequency pair into the Home channel, store the Receive frequency in steps 1 ~ 4 above. Now set the desired Transmit frequency. (MW) key momentarily. 6. Once more, press the 7. Press and hold in the microphones PTT switch; while holding the PTT switch, again key for one second. This stores the transmit frequency data into press and hold the the Home channel location.
HOME Channel Recall
1. Press the key momentarily to recall the Home Channel on the band group where you currently are operating (HF, 50 MHz, 144 MHz, or 430 MHz). The HOME indication will appear on the display. 2. Press the key once more to return to the previously-used frequency (either a VFO frequency or a memory channel).
You may wish to append an alpha-numeric Tag (label) to a memory or memories, to aid in recollection of the channels intended use (such as a club name, etc.). This is easily accomplished using the Menu mode. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Recall the memory channel onto which you wish to appended a label. key for one second to enter the Menu mode. Press and hold in the Rotate the knob to recall Menu #35 (MEM TAG). Press the knob to enable the programming of the label. Rotate the knob to select the first character (number, letter, or symbol) in the name you with to store, then rotate the knob clockwise to move to the next character. 6. Again rotate the knob to select the next number, letter, or symbol, then rotate the knob clockwise to move to the next characters slot. 7. Repeat step 6 as many times as necessary to complete the name tag for the memory, then press and hold in the key for one second to save the A/N (Alpha-Numeric) name entry and exit to normal operation.
DUAL WATCH OPERATION
Dual Watch is similar, in some respects, to scanning. In Dual Watch, however, the transceiver monitors (squelched) on the VFO-A frequency while periodically checking VFO-B for activity (or vice-versa). A typical example might be for you to set VFO-A to 50.110 MHz, watching for DX stations who might call CQ on that frequency, while periodically checking 28.885 MHz for stations reporting band openings on 6 meters. To activate Dual Watch: 1. Set up transmit and receive operation on VFO-A, establishing your primary monitoring frequency. Set up the frequency to be checked periodically on VFO-B. 2. Recall VFO-A, then rotate the control until the background noise is just silenced. 3. Press the key momentarily, then rotate the knob, as needed, until Operating Function Row 5 [SCN, PRI, DW] appears on the display. (DW) key momentarily to activate Dual Watch operation (the DW icon 4. Press the will appear at the bottom left corner of the LCD. 5. The transceiver will continue to monitor (squelched) on the current (VFO-A) frequency, but every five seconds will switch briefly to VFO-B frequency, looking for activity. 6. If a station is detected on the VFO-B frequency, the transceiver will pause on the VFOB frequency (the decimal point in the frequency will blink). (DW) key again to cancel Dual Watch operation (the DW icon will 7. Press the disappear). Note that pressing the PTT switch on the microphone does not cancel Dual Watch operation.
OPERATION ON ALASKA EMERGENCY FREQUENCY: 5167.5 KHZ (U.S. VERSION ONLY)
Section 97.401(d) of the regulations governing amateur radio in the United States permit emergency amateur communications on the spot frequency of 5167.5 kHz by stations in (or within 92.6 km of) the state of Alaska. This frequency is only to be used when the immediate safety of human life and/or property are threatened, and is never to be used for routine communications. The FT-817 includes the capability for transmission and reception on 5167.5 kHz under such emergency conditions via the Menu system. To activate this feature: 1. 2. 3. 4. Press and hold in the key for one second to activate the Menu mode. Rotate the knob to select Menu #28 (EMERGENCY). Rotate the knob to select ON. Press and hold in the key to exit the Menu mode.
Emergency communication on this spot frequency is now possible: Press the key, as necessary, to enter the Memory mode, then rotate the knob to select the emergency channel (M-EMG), which is found between channels M-PU and M-001. Note that the receive-mode CLARIFIER functions normally while using this frequency, but variation of the transmit frequency is not possible. Activation of Menu #28 does not enable any other out-of-amateur-band capability on the transceiver. The full specifications of the FT-817 are not necessarily guaranteed on this frequency, but power output and receiver sensitivity should be fully satisfactory for the purpose of emergency communication. If you wish to disable operation on the Alaska Emergency Frequency, repeat the procedure detailed above, but set Menu #28 to OFF in step 3 of the procedure. In an emergency, note that a half-wave dipole cut for this frequency should be approximately 453 on each leg (906 total length). Emergency operation on 5167.5 kHz is shared with the Alaska-Fixed Service. This transceiver is not authorized for operation, under the FCCs Part 87, for aeronautical communications.
The Menu System allows you to customize a wide variety of transceiver performance aspects and operating characteristics. Once you have gone through the various Menu customization procedures initially, you will find that you will not have to resort to them frequently during everyday operation.
1. Press and hold in the key for one second. The Menu Item number and a brief title for the Menu Item will appear in the display. 2. Rotate the knob to select the Menu Item you wish to work on. 3. When you have chosen the desired Menu Item number, rotate the knob to change the value or condition for the Menu Item. 4. When you have made your selection, press and hold in the key for one second to save the new setting and exit to the normal operation. In step (3) above, if you press the key momentarily, it will reset the setting of that Menu Item to its factory-default value. In step (4) above, if you press the key momantarily, you will exit to normal operation without saving the new setting.
Menu Item 144 ARS 430 ARS 9600 MIC AM&FM DL AM MIC AM STEP ANTENNA APO TIME ARTS BEEP BACKLIGHT BATT-CHG BEEP FREQ BEEP VOL CAT RATE COLOR CONTRAST CW DELAY CW ID Function Activate/deactivate the Automatic Repeater Shift when operating on the 144 MHz band Activate/deactivate the Automatic Repeater Shift when operating on the 430 MHz band Adjust the audio input level from the TNC during 9600 bps Packet operation Enabling/disabling the knob on the AM and FM modes Adjust the microphone gain level for the AM mode Select the tuning steps for the knob on the AM mode Select the antenna connector to be used on each operating band (HF/50/144/430 MHz) Select the Auto Power Off time (time before power goes off) Select the ARTS beep mode Select the LCD lamp mode Select the battery charging time Select the beep frequency Select the beep volume Set the transceiver's circuitry for the CAT baud rate Select the illumination color for the LCD illumination Setting of the display contrast level Set the receiver recovery time during pseudo-VOX CW semi-break-in operation Enables/disables the CW identifier during ARTS operation Available Values OFF/ON OFF/ON 0 ~ 100 ENABLE/DISABLE 0 ~ 100 2.5/5/9/10/ 12.5/25kHz FRONT/REAR OFF/1h ~ 6h OFF/RANGE/ALL OFF/ON/AUTO 6/8/10 h (hours) 440/880 Hz 0 ~ 100 4800/9600/38400 bps COLOR1 (Blue)/ COLOR2 (Amber) 1 ~ ~ 500 msec OFF/ON Default 50 DISABLE 1 OFF RANGE AUTO 8h 880 Hz bps COLOR250 msec OFF
CTCSS TONE FREQUENCY (Hz)
67.0 82.5 100.0 123.0 151.4 171.3 189.9 210.7 250.3 69.3 85.4 103.5 127.3 156.7 173.8 192.8 218.1 254.1 71.9 88.5 107.2 131.8 159.8 177.3 196.6 225.7 74.4 91.5 110.9 136.5 162.2 179.9 199.5 229.1 77.0 94.8 114.8 141.3 165.5 183.5 203.5 233.6 79.7 97.4 118.8 146.2 167.9 186.2 206.5 241.8
Menu Item 50 [VOX DELAY] Function: Set the hang time for the VOX circuitry. Available Values: 100 ~ 2500 msec Default: 500 msec
Menu Item 51 [VOX GAIN] Function: Set the gain of the VOX circuitrys input audio detector. Available Values: 1 ~ 100 Default: 50 Menu Item 52 [EXTEND] Function: Enable/disable the extended Menu Items (#53 ~ #57). Available Values: OFF/ON Default: OFF Menu Item 53 [DCS INV] Function: Select Normal or Inverted DCS coding. Available Values: Tn-Rn/Tn-Riv/Tiv-Rn/Tiv-Riv Default: Tn-Rn n = normal iv = inverted Menu Item 54 [R LSB CAR] Function: Set the Rx Carrier Point for LSB Available Values: 300 ~ +300 Hz Default: 0 Hz Menu Item 55 [R USB CAR] Function: Set the Rx Carrier Point for USB Available Values: 300 ~ +300 Hz Default: 0 Hz Menu Item 56 [T LSB CAR] Function: Set the Tx Carrier Point for LSB Available Values: 300 ~ +300 Hz Default: 0 Hz Menu Item 57 [T USB CAR] Function: Set the Tx Carrier Point for USB Available Values: 300 ~ +300 Hz Default: 0 Hz
You can transfer all data stored in one transceiver to another set by utilizing the handy Cloning feature. This requires a user-constructed cloning cable which connects the ACC jacks on the two transceivers as shown below. To clone from one transceiver to another, use the following procedure: 1. Insert the Clone Cable into the ACC jack of each transceiver. 2. Turn both transceivers off, then press and hold in the and keys on each radio while turning the power on again. The CLONE MODE notation will appear on the display. 3. On the destination radio, press the key. 4. Now, on the source radio, press the key. Data will now be transferred to the Destination radio from the Source radio. 5. If there is a problem during the cloning process, Error will be displayed. Check your cable connections and try again. 6. If cloning is successful, turn the destination radio off. Now turn the source radio off.
Remove the clone cable. Channel and operating data for both radios are now identical. They both may be turned on now for normal operation.
CAT SYSTEM PROGRAMMING
The FT-817s CAT System allows the transceiver to be controlled by a personal computer. This allows multiple control operations to be fully automated as a single mouse click, or it allows a third-party software package (such as contest logging software) to communicate with the FT-817 without (redundant) operator intervention. The Optional CAT Interface Cable CT-62 is a connection cable for the FT-817 and your computer. The CT-62 has a built-in level converter, allowing direct connection from the rear panel ACC jack to the serial port of your computer, without the need for an external RS232C level converter box. Vertex Standard does not produce CAT System operating software, due to the wide variety of personal computers, operating systems, and applications in use today. However, the FT817 (and other Yaesu products) are widely supported by third-party software packages, and we recommend that you contact your dealer for advice, or check advertisements in amateur radio journals. Most software vendors also have Home Pages on the World Wide Web which contain a wealth of information on the features and radio support for their software packages. The information presented in this section will allow the programmer to understand the command structure and opcodes used in the FT-817s CAT System.
CAT Data Protocol
All commands sent from the computer to the transceiver consist of five-byte blocks, with up to 200 ms between each byte. The last byte in each block is the instruction opcode, while the first four bytes of each block are arguments (either parameters for that instruction, or dummy values required to pad the block out to five bytes). Each byte consists of 1 start bit, 8 data bits, no parity bit, and two stop bits.
CAT DATA BYTE FORMAT
CAT 5-BYTE COMMAND STRUCTURE
There are 17 instruction opcodes for the FT-817, listed in the chart on next page. Many of these opcodes are On/Off toggle commands for the same action (e.g. PTT On and PTT Off. Most of these commands require some parameter or parameters to be set. Irrespective of the number of parameters present, every Command Block sent must consist of five bytes. Accordingly, any CAT control program must construct the five-byte block by selecting the appropriate instruction opcode, organizing the parameters as needed, and providing unused dummy Eargument bytes to pad the block to its required five-byte length (the dummy bytes can contain any value). The resulting five bytes are then sent, opcode last, from the computer to the FT-817 CPU via the computers serial port and the transceivers ACC jack. All CAT data values are hexadecimal.
Constructing and Sending CAT Commands
Example #1: Set the VFO frequency to 439.70 MHz Per the CAT command table, the opcode for Set Frequency is 01. Placing the opcode into the 5th data bit position, we then enter the frequency into the first four data bit positions: DATA 1 DATA 2 DATA 3 DATA 4 DATA Parameter Command Send these five bytes to the transceiver, in the order shown above. Example #2: Turn the Split Mode On Per the CAT command table, the opcode for Split On/off is 02. Placing the opcode into the 5th data bit position, we then enter dummy values into all other parameter locations: DATA 1 DATA 2 DATA 3 DATA 4 DATA Dummy Data Command
OPCODE COMMAND CHART
Command Title LOCK ON/OFF PTT ON/OFF Set Frequency Operating Mode P1 P1 P2 P3 P4 Parameter Opcode CMD CMD Notes CMD = 00: LOCK ON CMD = 80: LOCK OFF CMD = 08: PTT ON CMD = 88: PTT OFF P1 ~ P4 F requency Digits F 01, 42, 34, 56,  = 14.23456 MHz P1 = 00: LSB, P1 = 02: CW, P1 = 04: AM, P1 = 0A: DIG, CLAR ON/OFF CLAR Frequency P1 P3 P4 CMD F5 P1 = 01: USB, P1 = 03: CWR, P1 = 08: FM, P1 = 0C: PKT
CMD = 05: CLAR ON CMD = 85: CLAR OFF P1 = 00: + OFFSET P1 00: OFFSET P3, P4: CLAR Frequency 12, 34 = 12.34 kHz
VFO-A/B SPLIT ON/OFF Repeater Offset P1
81 CMD 09
Toggle CMD = 02: SPLIT ON CMD = 82: SPLIT OFF P1 = 09: SHIFT P1 = 49: + SHIFT P1 = 89: SIMPLEX
Repeater Offset CTCSS/DCS Mode
P1 ~ P4 F requency Digits F 05, 43, 21, 00, [F9] = 5.4321 MHz P1 = 0A: DCS ON P1 = 2A: CTCSS ON P1 = 4A: ENCODER ON P1 = 8A: OFF
CTCSS Tone DCS Code Read RX Status Read TX Status Read Frequency & Mode Status POWER ON/OFF
0B 0C E7 FCMD
P1 ~ P2: CTCSS Tone Frequency (Note 1) P1 ~ P2: DCS Code (Note 2) (Note 3) (Note 4) (Note 5) CMD = 0F: POWER ON (Note 6) CMD = 8F: POWER OFF
Note 1: CTCSS Tone
Note 2: DCS Code
P1, P2: DCS Code P1 P23 = 023
P1, P2: CTCSS Tone Frequency P1 P85 = 88.5 Hz
Note 3: Read RX Status
Note 4: Read TX Status
Note 5: Read Frequency & Mode Status
Note 6: POWER ON/OFF
Do not use this command when using Alkaline batteries or the optional FNB-72 Ni-Cd battery Pack. Send a 5-byte dummy data (such as 00, 00, 00, 00, 00) first, when send this command.
INSTALLATION OF OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
OPTIONAL FILTERS YF-122S/YF-122C
1. Turn the transceivers power off by pressing and holding in the switch for 1/2 second, then remove the FBA-28 Battery Case or FNB-72 Ni-Cd Battery Pack from the transceiver. Additionally, disconnect the DC cable from the INPUT: 13.8V jack on the rear panel of the transceiver, when operating the FT-817 with a DC power supply. 2. Referring to Figure 1, remove the shoulder belt bracket and its two screws from both side of the transceiver, then remove the five screws affixing the top case of the transceiver, and remove the top case; disconnect the speakers connector when you remove the top case. 3. Refer to Figure 2 for the mounting locations for the optional filters. Position the filter so that its connectors are aligned with the mounting pins on the board, and push it into place. 4. Replace the top case (remember to replace the internal speakers plug), and connect the FBA-28 Battery Case or FNB-72 Ni-Cd Battery Pack (and/or attach the DC power supply), and turn the transceiver on by pressing and holding in the switch. 5. Change the setting of Menu #38 (OP FILTER) to SSB (if installing the YF-122S), or CW (for the YF-122C). 6. Filter installation is now complete.
A complete set of frequencies may be stored for each LEO satellite you wish to utilize, and once configured, the FT-817 provides a flexible and easy-to-use earth station capability for these popular satellites.
BAND DATA FORMAT
The FT-817 BAND DATA Format (available on the ACC jack) is presented below. The BAND DATA line provides a stepped voltage, which denotes the current operating band. This data may be interpreted by an external device (such as an antenna switch or amplifier)to provide automatic band switching.
BAND 1.8 MHz 3.5 MHz 7 MHz LEVEL 0.33 V 0.67 V 1.00 V BAND 10 MHz 14 MHz 18 MHz LEVEL 1.33 V 1.67 V 2.00 V BAND 21 MHz 24.5 MHz 28 MHz LEVEL 2.33 V 2.67 V 3.00 V BAND 50 MHz 144 MHz 430 MHz LEVEL 3.33 V 3.67 V 4.00 V
Use shielded cable for interconnections to external devices, so as to prevent RF interference.
1. Changes or modifications to this device not expressly approved by VERTEX STANDARD could void the users authorization to operate this device. 2. This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions; (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference including interference that may cause undesired operation. 3. The scanning receiver in this equipment is incapable of tuning, or readily being altered, by the User to operate within the frequency bands allocated to the Domestic public Cellular Telecommunications Service in Part 22. This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions; (1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesirable operation of the device.
WARNING: MODIFICATION OF THIS DEVICE TO RECEIVE CELLULAR RADIOTELEPHONE SERVICE SIGNALS IS PROHIBITED UNDER FCC RULES AND FEDERAL LAW.
Copyright 2003 VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD. All rights reserved. Printed in Japan
No portion of this manual may be reproduced without the permission of VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
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