Yamaha MDX-793 Manual
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A sampling rate converter that lets you make digital recordings from 32 kHz (DAT, etc.) , 44.1 kHz (CD, DAT, MD, etc.) and 48 kHz (DAT, etc.) program sources. Editing features (MOVE, ERASE, DIVIDE, COMBINE, TITLE, and UNDO) that let you take full advantage of the MD recording system. Multiple digital INPUT terminals (2 optical inputs and 1 coaxial input) let you connect up to three different digital program sources. The digital optical OUTPUT terminal lets you output digital audio from an MD.* In addition to the standard disc and track repeat modes, this unit also has a part (A-B) repeat mode that lets you repeat a specific part of a track. Synchro Record lets you make synchronized recordings from any type of source component. Time Rescue Record monitors the sound being input and allows you to recover sound input from a point approximately four seconds before you start the recording operation. (So you will not miss the beginning of a song when recording directly from the radio, etc.) The Monaural Record mode lets you record up to 148 minutes of audio onto one MD. Timer playback and recording modes that let you start playback or recording at a preset time using an optional audio timer.
PART DESCRIPTIONS... 5 FRONT PANEL... 6 REMOTE CONTROL... 7 CONNECTIONS.. 8 ANALOG CONNECTIONS... 8 DIGITAL CONNECTIONS.. 8 PLAYBACK... 9 Skipping Tracks... 9 Searching.. 10 Switching the Display... 10 RANDOM PLAY... 11 REPEAT PLAY... 11 Single Track Repeat.. 11 Full Disc Repeat.. 11 Part (A-B) Repeat.. 12 PROGRAM PLAY... 12 RECORDING... 14 Recording Level.. 15 Auto Marking.. 15 TIME RESCUE RECORDING.. 16 SYNCHRO RECORDING.. 16 MONAURAL RECORDING.. 17 MONITOR OUT.. 17 EDITING.... 18 MOVE.... 18 ERASE... 19 Disc Erase... 19 Track Erase... 19 Part Erase.. 20 COMBINE... 20 DIVIDE... 21 TITLING... 22 TIMER OPERATIONS.. 23 Timer recording.. 23 Timer playback... 23 MD SYSTEM LIMITATIONS... 24 COPY PROTECTION (SCMS).. 25 NOTES REGARDING THE REMOTE CONTROL. 25 Remote control operation range. 25 Battery installation... 25 TROUBLESHOOTING.. 26 DISPLAY MESSAGES.. 27 SPECIFICATIONS... 28
* This is not possible if MD is a direct copy of another digital signal (see page 25 for details regarding SCMS copy protection).
US and foreign patents licensed from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
NATURAL SOUND MINIDISC RECORDER MDX793
S/P REPEAT AB
ENTER 0 10
% ^ & * (
% ~ !
! S/F & RNDM ABC 1 PQR 6 SPACE +10 ? AB PROG DEF 2 STU 7 GHI 3 VWX 8 JKL 4 YZ 9 MNO 5 / 0 REPEAT ( ) DISPLAY SCROLL
@ # $
^ & * ( )
See the pages in parenthesis for details regarding operation.
POWER (9) Press to turn the unit on or off. Disc insertion slot Insert the disc into this slot. ) EJECT Press to remove the disc. If the TOC* data has not yet been written, it is written automatically before the disc is ejected. Remote control sensor (25) Receives the signals emitted from the remote control. Display panel (10) Displays various information. #/* (9, 14) Press during stop (or pause) to start playback. Press while playing to pause. Press during record pause to start recording. Press while recording to pause. & (9, 14, 18, 22) Press to stop recording or playback. Press to cancel an edit or title input operation. REC (15) Press during stop or pause to activate the record pause mode. Press while recording to manually add a track division. TIMER (23) Use to set the unit to play or record when activated by an external timer. RANDOM (11) Press to activate or deactivate the random play mode. REPEAT S/F (11) Press to select single track (S) or full disc (F) repeat. REPEAT A-B (12) Press to specify the A and B points for A-B repeat. DISPLAY (10) Press repeatedly to switch between the title and time displays.
& * (
SCROLL (10) Press to scroll the disc (track) title across the display. Press while scrolling to pause the scroll. TITLE (22) Press to activate or deactivate the title mode. CHARA. (22) Press repeatedly to select different types of characters when titling a disc (track). DELETE/CANCEL (18, 22) Press to cancel an edit function or to delete the selected character when titling a disc (track). EDIT (18) Press repeatedly to accesses the different edit modes. SET/ENTER (18, 22) Press to confirm the current operation or select an edit mode (etc.). Jog dial [ / +] [$ ] (9, 22) Use to skip to the beginning of the previous or next tracks. Use to select characters when inputting a disc (track) title. SEARCH ! (10, 22) Press and hold to search quickly during play or pause. Use to move the cursor when inputting a disc (track) title. INPUT (14) Press repeatedly to select the input jacks you want to record from: ANALOG or DIGITAL (OPTICAL 1, OPTICAL 2, or COAXIAL). REC LEVEL (15) Use to adjust the recording level when recording from the analog inputs. PHONES (13) PHONES jack For connecting stereo headphones. PHONES LEVEL knob Turn to adjust the volume of the headphones connected to the PHONES jack.
* TOC (Table of Contents): This is the non-audio data contained on all mini discs (track numbers, playback time, title data, etc.). UTOC (Users Table of Contents): This is non-audio data that you can edit (like track numbers, playback time, and title data).
REPEAT (11~12) S/F (!) Press to select single track (S) or full disc (F) repeat. Press to select ! when creating a disc (track) title. A-B (?) Press to specify the A and B points for A-B repeat. Press to select ? when creating a disc (track) title.
Notes for analog connections
The white plug on the connecting cables corresponds to the L (left) channel and the red plug corresponds to the R (right) channel. Be sure to connect L (left) to L and R (right) to R. Also make sure that the plugs are fully inserted and that the connection is firm. The LINE OUT jacks on the MD recorder should be connected to the MD PLAY jacks on your amplifier. The LINE IN jacks on the MD recorder should be connected to the MD REC jacks on your amplifier. The LINE OUT terminals on this unit are numbered 3 and the LINE IN jacks are numbered 4. When connecting this unit to a YAMAHA amplifier or receiver whose terminals are numbered 1, 2, 3, 4. (etc.), connect this units LINE OUT terminals to the input terminals numbered 3 and connect this units LINE IN terminals to the output terminals numbered 4 on the rear panel of the amplifier or receiver.
Optical fiber cable (not included)
DIGITAL OUT OPTICAL
CD player (etc.) with optical OUT
DIGITAL OUT COAXIAL
Amplifier/Receiver (or MD/DAT recorder) with optical IN/OUT
Coaxial cable (not included) Optical fiber cable (not included)
Satellite tuner (etc.) with coaxial OUT
Notes for digital connections
The DIGITAL IN terminals can be connected to any component with an optical or coaxial output so you can make direct digital recordings. The DIGITAL OUT terminal can be connected to a any component with an optical input so you can output digital audio from an MD. Before making OPTICAL connections, remove the terminal cover(s). In order to protect the terminals from dust, be sure to attach the terminal covers when the optical terminals are not being used.
Preparations Be sure to set the TIMER switch to OFF, then press POWER to turn this unit on. Set your amplifier or receiver to MD.
To stop Press & (or & STOP on the remote). To pause Press #/* (or * PAUSE on the remote). Press again to resume playback (or press # PLAY on the remote). To eject the MD Press ).
TIMER OFF REC PLAY RANDOM S/P REPEAT AB DISPLAY SCROLL TITLE CHARA. DELETE EDIT SET
The MONO indicator lights when playing monaural MDs.
To skip to the next track Turn the jog dial to the right (or press SKIP on the remote).
! S/F & RNDM ABC 1 PQR 6 SPACE +10
? AB PROG DEF 2 STU 7 GHI 3 VWX 8 REPEAT (
JKL 4 YZ 9
MNO 5 / 0
SEARCH ! SKIP $
To skip to a previous track Turn the jog dial to the left (or press SKIP $ on the remote). Turn one click to skip to the beginning of the current track. Turn an additional click to skip to the beginning of each previous track. To skip to a specific track number Press the number buttons on the remote corresponding to the track you desire.
Example: To select track 3, press 3. To select track 13, press +10, then press 3. To select track 23, press +10 twice, then press 3.
1 Insert an MD.
Label facing up
D MINID ISC RECO RDER MDX 793
To skip to the last track on the disc Turn the jog dial to the left when the display is showing the total tracks and total playing time.
Arrow pointed toward disc insertion slot
2 Press #/* (or # PLAY on the remote) to start
Continued on next page
3 Adjust the volume using the volume control on
your amplifier or receiver.
To search forward during play or pause Press and hold SEARCH. To search in reverse during play or pause Press and hold SEARCH !.
2 Time remaining on the MD (only for recordable MDs) REMAIN indicator
DISC TRACK TOTAL REMAIN
Time remaining on the MD
Sound can be heard when searching in play mode to help you locate the desired position within the track. No sound is heard when searching in pause mode, but the search is conducted at a higher speed. When searching in play mode, playback stops when you reach the end of the last track. Search may not function correctly when there are several consecutive tracks consisting of only a few seconds apiece.
3 Disc title
Switching the Display
When you insert an MD the disc title is displayed automatically (No Title appears if there is no disc title). Pressing DISPLAY during stop or playback lets you display other information, such as the remaining time and track titles.
During playback Press DISPLAY to repeatedly to display the following information.
If the total time exceeds 255 minutes 255mOver is displayed instead of the total time. SKIP $ or can be used during playback to skip between programed tracks. SEARCH can be used during playback to search through all tracks in the current program. SEARCH ! can be used during playback return to the beginning of the current track.
To adjust the volume level of the headphones Use the PHONES LEVEL knob. Turn toward 10 (maximum) to increase the volume. Turn toward 0 (minimum) to decrease the volume.
To check the programmed data 1 Stop or pause program playback. 2 Press SKIP $ or to skip through the step information (or use the jog dial on the front panel).
To use headphones for private listening Set the PHONES LEVEL knob on the front panel to 0 (minimum) and insert the headphones plug of your stereo headphones into the PHONES jack.
This unit allows you to make recordings from a wide variety of program sources (both analog and digital). When recording an analog source (such as an LP or cassette) this unit converts the analog signals to 44.1 kHz digital signal before recording them onto the MD. When recording a digital source, this unit converts the digital signals to 44.1 kHz for recording onto the MD. However, If you are recording a 44.1 kHz source signal (such as a CD) there is no conversion. This unit can record 32, 44.1 and 48 kHz digital signals. Preparations Be sure to set the TIMER switch to OFF, then press POWER to turn this unit on. Set your amplifier or receiver to the program source to be recorded.
RDER MDX7 93
2 Press INPUT repeatedly to select the input
connected to the sound source you want to record.
For LINE IN 4 DIGITAL IN COAXIAL DIGITAL IN OPTICAL 1 DIGITAL IN OPTICAL 2 Input indicator Select ANALOG DIGITAL COAX. DIGITAL OPT. 1 DIGITAL OPT. 2
ANALOG DISC TRACK DIGITAL TOTAL OPT. REMAIN COAX.
3244.148 kHz RANDOM PROGRAM
This function lets you change the position of any track. First, you select the track you want to move, then you specify the track number you want to move it to. After the move, the tracks located between the old and new positions are renumbered automatically. You can perform this operation repeatedly to completely reorder the disc.
Lets you move a track to a different track number.
Lets you erase a track, the entire disc, or part of a track.
Lets you combine two adjacent tracks.
1 Turn the jog dial to select the track you want to
Lets you split a single track into two different tracks.
2 Press EDIT repeatedly to display Move ?, then
Lets you undo the previous edit operation if you make a mistake (you cannot, however, undo the undo). Note
After performing an edit operation, the TOC indicator lights up to show that the TOC information has not yet been written to the disc. Undo is possible only when the TOC indicator is lit. However, if you perform a recording operation (by pressing REC, TIME, or SYNC), undo is not possible even if the TOC indicator is lit.
3 Turn the jog dial to select the tracks destination.
4 Press ENTER.
To cancel before moving the track Press CANCEL (or &). To undo MOVE 1 Press & to set this unit to stop mode. 2 Press EDIT repeatedly to display Undo Move, then press ENTER.
Undo OK ? appears in the display.
Press ENTER again to undo.
To cancel, press CANCEL (or &).
The ability to erase sound without having to re-record is another convenient function. You can erase the entire disc, a single track, or just part of a track.
SEARCH ! #/* &
This operation lets you erase a single track. After you erase the track, the total number of tracks decreases by one and all tracks following that track are renumbered. If you plan to erase two or more tracks
To avoid confusion you should always erase from higher track numbers to lower track numbers. This prevents accidental renumbering of tracks you plan to erase.
2 Press EDIT repeatedly to display Erase ?, then
(track number) EraseOK? appears in the display.
3 Press ENTER again.
The track is erased and Complete appears momentarily.
This operation lets you erase all audio and title (character) data to create a blank MD. Please note that once erased, this data cannot be recovered. To cancel before erasing the track Press CANCEL (or &). To undo ERASE 1 Press & to set this unit to stop mode. 2 Press EDIT repeatedly to display Undo Erase, then press ENTER.
1 Press & to set this unit to stop mode. 2 Press EDIT repeatedly to display Disc Erase?,
then press ENTER.
DiscEraseOK? appears in the display.
When all audio, name and title data has been erased Complete appears momentarily. To cancel before erasing the entire disc Press CANCEL (or &). To undo ERASE 1 Press & to set this unit to stop mode. 2 Press EDIT repeatedly to display Undo Erase, then press ENTER.
Undo OK ? appears in the display. Continued on next page
This operation lets you erase part of a track.
This function lets you combine two consecutive tracks into one. After you combine the tracks, the total number of tracks decreases by one and the tracks following the combined tracks are renumbered.
1 Press #/* to play the track containing the part
you want to erase.
2 Use SEARCH ! or to locate the beginning
of the part you want to erase (point A), then press #/* to pause at that point.
NATURAL SOUND MINIDISC RECORDER MDX793 POWER
3 Press EDIT repeatedly to display AB Erase?,
Point A (from step 2) is registered and Erase A_ appears in the display.
4 Use #/* and SEARCH to locate the end of
the part you want to erase (point B).
1 Press & to stop playback. 2 Turn the jog dial to select the second track of the
two you want to combine.
5 Press ENTER to register point B.
Check appears, then the part you specified plays repeatedly and Erase AB? appears in the display. To adjust point B Turn the jog dial while the B of Erase AB? is blinking Point B can be adjusted up to 2 second (176 steps) in either direction.
3 Press EDIT repeatedly to display Combine ?,
Check appears momentarily, then the unit plays the 4 seconds before and after the point where the tracks will be connected. (track number) + (track number) OK? appears in the display.
6 Press ENTER again.
The part is erased and Complete appears momentarily.
4 Press ENTER again.
The tracks are combined and Complete appears momentarily.
To cancel before erasing the part Press CANCEL (or &). To undo ERASE 1 Press & to set this unit to stop mode. 2 Press EDIT repeatedly to display Undo Erase, then press ENTER.
To cancel before combining the tracks Press CANCEL (or &). To undo COMBINE 1 Press & to set this unit to stop mode. 2 Press EDIT repeatedly to display Undo Combine, then press ENTER.
3 To erase parts spanning more than one track Use the COMBINE function described below to combine the tracks into one track before performing this operation. Note
After part erase, a new track number is automatically assigned to the section starting after point B.
This operation is not possible when track 1 is selected. You can also divide the track later using the DIVIDE function. If Cant Edit appears in the display the tracks cannot be combined. This sometimes happens when you have edited the same track many times. This is due to the technical limitations of the MD system and is not a mechanical error or malfunction.
This function lets you divide one track into two separate tracks by adding a new track number to a certain point in the track. If you add a track number at the beginning of a section you want to hear, you can access it quickly by using the skip function during playback. After you divide a track, the total number of tracks increases by one and the tracks following the divided tracks are renumbered.
1 Press #/* to play the track you want to divide. 2 Use SEARCH ! or to locate the point
where you want to divide the track, then press #/ * to pause at that position. press ENTER.
Check appears momentarily, then Divide OK ? appears and the unit starts repeating the point where the track will be divided.
3 Press EDIT repeatedly to display Divide ?, then
4 If necessary, use the jog dial to adjust the
position of the point where the track will be divided.
The divide position can be adjusted up to 2 second (255 steps) in either direction.
5 Press ENTER.
The track is divided and Complete appears momentarily. To cancel before dividing the track Press CANCEL (or &). To undo DIVIDE 1 Press & to set this unit to stop mode. 2 Press EDIT repeatedly to display Undo Divide, then press ENTER.
You can also combine the tracks later using the COMBINE function.
This function lets you title recorded MDs and the individual tracks. Titles may consist of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols for a maximum of up to 250 characters for each title.
2 Press TITLE to activate the title mode.
The cursor appears in the display.
With a commercially available audio timer it is possible to make recordings and initiate playback automatically at any time. Make sure that all power cord connections between the timer and amplifier/receiver are properly made. For details, refer to the instructions of your audio timer. No change in any of the other connections between the recorder and amplifier/receiver, etc., is necessary.
PLAY RANDOM S/P REPEAT AB DISPLAY SCROLL TITLE CHARA. DELETE EDIT SET
Amplifier Tuner Audio Timer
Timer Recording 1 Turn on the power to each component, then set
your tuner to the station you want to record.
Timer Playback 1 Turn on the amplifier/receiver and adjust the
volume and tone controls.
2 Set this units recording options.
Select digital or analog inputs, auto or manual marking, and stereo or mono recording. When recording analog signals, be sure to set the recording level. (See pages 14, 15 and 17 for details regarding these operations.)
2 Set the input mode selector of your amplifier/
receiver to MD.
3 Set the timer to the times at which you want to
start and stop playback.
3 Turn down the volume on your amplifier/receiver.
This has no effect on the recording level.
4 Set TIMER to PLAY.
REC OFF PLAY
4 Set the timer to the times at which you want to
start and stop recording.
We recommend setting the timer to start a few minutes before and stop a few minutes after the actual broadcast to leave some room for later editing.
5 Set TIMER to REC.
When the preset time arrives, the timer turns on the components (amplifier/receiver and MD recorder) and the MD recorder starts to play. When the stop time arrives, the timer stops the playback by turning off the components. Notes
When the preset time arrives, the timer turns on the components (amplifier/receiver, tuner and MD recorder) and the MD recorder starts to record. When the stop time arrives, the timer stops the recording by turning off the components. Notes
When recording to a blank MD, recording starts from the beginning. When recording to a previously recorded MD, recording starts from the end of the last track. Set TIMER to OFF when not using the timer recording function. If the power is turned on (by pressing POWER, plugging in the power cord, etc.) when TIMER is set to REC, the MD recorder will start recording automatically.
Playback always starts from the beginning of the MD. Set TIMER to OFF when not using the timer play function. If the power is turned on (by pressing POWER, plugging in the power cord, etc.) when TIMER is set to PLAY, the MD recorder will start to play and may cause a sudden output at high volume.
As a digital audio component, this MD recorder conforms with the Serial Copy Management System (SCMS) standards. The Serial Copy Management System restricts copies made by recording digital signals to first-generation copies only. Therefore, an MD recorded through a digital input cannot be used as a source for making another digital recording. However, subsequent recordings can be made from the first-generation copy by using the analog input/output jacks. There are three general rules that apply to this unit. Rule 1 You can record from digital program sources (CDs, DATs or pre-mastered MDs) onto a DAT tape or recordable MD via the digital input jack on a DAT or MD recorder. You cannot, however, record from this recorded DAT tape or MD to another DAT tape or recordable MD via a digital input jack. Rule 2 You can record a digital signal input from a digital satellite broadcast onto a DAT tape or recordable MD via the digital input jack on the DAT or MD recorder. (This unit is equipped with a sampling rate converter that allows you to make digital recordings from 32 kHz, 44.1 kHz, or 48 kHz digital program sources). If the broadcast does not contain a copyright protection code, you can then record the contents of this recorded DAT tape or MD (first-generation) onto another DAT tape or recordable MD via a digital input jack on the DAT or MD recorder to create a second generation digital copy (these copies may also be copied digitally). Note, however, that if the broadcast contains a copy protection code, secondgeneration digital copying will not be possible. Rule 3 You can record a DAT tape or MD recorded via the DAT or MD recorders analog input jack onto another DAT tape or MD via the DAT or MD recorders digital output jack. You cannot, however, make a second-generation DAT tape or MD copy via the DAT or MD recorders digital output jack.
Remote control operation range
There should be no large obstacles between the remote control and the remote sensor on the main unit. Strong light (especially from an inverter type fluorescent lamp) shining directly on the remote sensor may prevent proper operation. In such cases, reposition the main unit to avoid direct lighting.
Slide the record-protect tab to the closed position. Load a recordable MD. Check all connections again. Press INPUT repeatedly to select the correct input jacks. Turn REC LEVEL to adjust the recording level. Set the digital output level of the digital source to MAX. Load a recordable MD with fewer recorded tracks, or erase unnecessary tracks from the current MD. If recording was interrupted, try recording again starting from the beginning. Insert the MD completely, then press 0 EJECT to eject it. Place the unit farther away from the television or other component. Replace batteries. Operate it from less than 6 meters (about 20 feet) and 30. Place the unit away from the strong light.
The unit is too close to a television or other component. The batteries are exhausted. The remote control transmitter is operated from an incorrect distance or angle. The remote control sensor is located in strong direct light.
The remote control does not operate.
To clean the cabinet Use a soft cloth slightly moistened with mild detergent solution. Care of MDs Do not expose the MD to direct sunlight or heat sources such as hot air ducts, nor leave it in a car parked in direct sunlight as there can be a considerable rise in temperature inside the car. Periodically remove dust and debris from the cartridge surface by wiping it with a dry cloth. Because the MD itself is housed in a cartridge, you can handle it normally without being concerned about dirt or fingerprints. However, malfunctioning may result if the cartridge itself is dirty or warped. Do not open the shutter on the MD cartridge Trying to force the shutter open will damage the shutter.
Cant Copy You cannot make a digital recording. (See COPY PROTECTION (SCMS) on page 25.) Cant Edit Edit operations are not possible. Cant Play! Timer playback is not possible. The loaded disc may be blank, damaged, or it may be an incompatible format. Cant REC! Timer recording is not possible. The loaded disc may be protected or there may not be enough blank space remaining on the disc. Cant REC Recording is not possible because there is not enough blank space remaining on the disc. DIGin Unlock No digital signal being input to the selected digital input jack. Disc Full Recording is not possible because there is no blank space remaining on the disc. Program Full Additional steps cannot be programmed because the maximum number of steps (30) have already been programmed. Title Full Additional characters cannot be input for the current title because the maximum number of characters for a single title (250) have already been input. UTOC WError Error occurred when writing to the UTOC. Not Audio The inserted disc is not an audio MD. Tr Protected The selected track cannot be edited because it is protected. TOC Full The disc area allotted for TOC data has become full and further editing is not possible. UTOC ERR L. Problem involving UTOC data.
TOC Writing The TOC data is being written to the disc. Do not move the unit or pull out the mains lead. If you do, recorded material may not be saved normally. TOC Reading The unit is reading the TOC data. Protected The record protection on the inserted MD is set to protect. Playback MD The inserted MD is a designed for playback only (you cannot record on this disc). MONITOR OUT The monitor out function is active. The audio signal input to the selected input terminals is output from this units output terminals.
TMP Over!! The temperature of the unit has exceeded the normal operating temperature. Turn off the unit and let is cool down. If the unit is installed in a place with little ventilation (such as a built in bookcase), move the unit to another location with better ventilation.
Digital audio system
System MiniDisc digital audio system Disc MiniDisc Recording method Magnetic field variation overwrite Reading method Non-contact optical pickup (using semiconductor laser) Laser Semiconductor laser Laser Diode Properties Material: GaAIAs Wavelength: 780 nm Pulse time: Read mode. 0.8 mW Continuous Write mode. max 10 mW 0.5S min cycle 1.5S Repetition Record/playback time Max. 74 minutes (using MDW-74 disc) 74 minutes (stereo) 148 minutes (mono) Revolutions Approx. 400~900 rpm (CLV) Error Correction ACIRC (Advanced Cross Interleave Reed-solomon Code) Sampling frequency 44.1 kHz (32 kHz and 48 kHz signals converted to 44.1 kHz for recording) Coding ATRAC (Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding) Modulation system EFM (Eight-to-Fourteen Modulation) Number of channels 2 (stereo) or 1 (mono, for extended recording) Frequency Response 5 ~ 20,000 Hz 0.5 dB Signal-to-Noise Ratio More than 98 dB during playback Wow and Flutter Below measurable limit
LINE IN (REC) Type: pin jack Input impedance: greater than 22 k-ohms Standard input level: 200 mV DIGITAL IN (COAXIAL) Type: pin jack Input impedance: 75 ohms Standard input level: 0.5 Vp-p DIGITAL IN (OPTICAL) 1/2 Type: square optical connector jack
LINE OUT (REC) Type: pin jack Standard output level: 2.0 0.5 Vrms DIGITAL OUT (OPTICAL) Type: square optical connector jack PHONES Standard output level (20 dB): mV
Power Supplies 120 V, 60 Hz Power Consumption 20 W Dimensions (W x H x D) 435 x 108 x 400 mm (17-1/8" x 4-1/4" x 15-3/4") Weight 5.5 kg (12 lbs. 2 oz.) Accessories Remote Control 1 Audio cord 2 Batteries (size AA, R6, UM-3) 2 Specifications subject to change without notice.
e d i t o r i a l
c o m m e n t
The following reference equipment is regularly used by Audio Video reviewers for evaluation purposes, and is either owned by the reviewers, or provided by suppliers on long-term loan.
The rules of enjoyment
his months reviews include a high-end digital component that sounds uncannily analogue. And elsewhere, our vinyl corner column features a brace of long-playing records that sound fresher and more immediate than many of my compact disc releases. All of which goes to show that the question of digital versus analogue isnt exactly relevant when it comes to judging the music or, for that matter, enjoying hi-fi. On our letters page, Marius Mostert poses the question whether digital hi-fi is better than analogue then goes on to say hell stick to the former for the sheer enjoyment of it. Is digital better than analogue? That depends on the definition of better. Is the compact disc better than the vinyl record? Undoubtedly yes, in purely technical terms. Noise floors are lower,THD ratings much reduced, signalto-noise ratios vastly improved. And those are only some of the benefits. Also, lets not forget the sheer convenience the compact disc medium, compared to vinyl. CDs are much more durable, arent nearly as prone to scratches, and can live in environments as diverse as cars and portable devices. Turntables are generally finicky and need pampering, while playing back vinyl is a ritual involving careful unsleeving and meticulous cleaning, repeated every 20 min or so. Oh yes, and a good deck, tonearm and cartridge combination costs a lot more than your average CD player. So, if better relates to affordability and convenience (and to the shortage of decent vinyl releases compared to compact disc), then there is no doubt about digitals superiority. But if the
EDITORIAL Editor Deon Schoeman Managing Editor Andrew Rowland Assistant Editor Joel Kopping Chief Editorial Assistant Ruzena Demel-Mller Contributors Paulette Malcolm, Richard Haslop, Evelyn Holtzhausen, Gavin Isaacs,William Kelly, Johan Potgieter, Rod Willis, Rowan Callaghan, Nigel Hesk, Bojan Andrejevic, Lance Welshlund. ADVERTISING Advertising Executive Bob Pryers Tel 011-326-1653/4 Fax 011-326-1650 E-mail email@example.com SUBSCRIPTIONS Audio Video SA, P O Box 3846, Cresta, 2118. Tel 011-326-1653/4 Fax 011-326-1650 E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Electrocompaniet EC4.6 pre-amp Electrocompaniet AW-120 power amp Marantz Music Link MA-22 monoblocks Marantz Music Link SC-22 pre-amp Audio Synthesis Passion pre-amp Audio Synthesis Desire power amp Harman Kardon AVR5000
Cables and Interconnects
Kimber Kable 4PR speaker cable Madrigal EZ Gel balanced interlinks Transparent Audio The Wave speaker cable Transparent Audio Music Link & Music Link Plus interconnects Van den Hul The First and The Second interlinks XLO Reference and Signature cabling XLO video cabling and interconnects
Rotel RCD-991 CD player Rotel RCD-951 CD player Rotel RDP-980 D/A converter
Digital Audio Recorders
Yamaha CDR-HDD1000 digital audio recorder Yamaha MDX-793 MiniDisc recorder
Sennheiser HD 600
Atlantic Technology 170 AV speaker system B&W CDM 2 Celestion SL700SE MkII Epos ES11
debate focuses on sonic appeal, involvement and realism, the chase is much, much closer. Anyone who has conducted an objective comparison of the same album on CD and LP, played back on a decent deck and record player respectively, will have to admit that vinyl has a special magic, a certain texture and presence simply absent from the digital version. Its not whether the one is better than the other (after all, as another correspondent on our letters page, Dave de Villiers, so eloquently explains, perceptions between listeners differ), but simply that they differ, and that sometimes, musicality is less dependent on accuracy than on accessibility and believability. But the digital versus analogue debate stretches beyond the hackneyed LP vs CD comparison. Digital amplification is on the up, typically offering cooler, smaller, simpler designs than solid state, hybrid or valve products that have dominated audio and AV for decades. Again, which is better? Tube fans will always maintain that the richness and warmth of valves cant be bettered. Solid state enthusiasts will point to pace and authority. And yet, those traits are certainly not restricted to those specific technologies. Better? No. Better suited to personal preference? Yes! As components such as the Class CDP-100 prove, digital can sound smooth and engaging some would say almost analogue. As records such the Mobile Fidelity release of the Los Lobos classic, Good Morning Aztlan underscore, vinyl can sound dynamic and exciting. In audio, there arent any rules. Make your own, trust your senses. Most importantly enjoy!
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Panasonic The One
Linn Sondek LP12/Ittok/AT OC-9
GoldStar RF90 Hi-Fi Stereo Sony XL-V825
Designs Unlimited audio furniture Eagle Audio AV component stand Power Wedge 216p and Power Enhancer 1P, Tice Elite, Signature and Solo power conditioners
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