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Playing the Demos
The Demos are more than just songs they also provide helpful, easy-to-understand introductions to the features, functions and operations of the instrument. In a way, the Demos are an interactive mini-manual complete with sound demonstrations and text showing what it can do for you.
Select the desired Language.
Press the [HELP] button to call up the language selection display.
Press the / buttons to select the desired language.
Press the [DEMO] button to start the Demos.
Demos will play back continuously until stopped.
Press the [EXIT] button to stop the Demo playback.
When the Demo stops, the display returns to the MAIN display.
Showing Specic Demo Topics
Press the / buttons in the Demo display to call up the specic Demo menu.
Press one of the [A][I] buttons to show a specic Demo.
To return back to the previous display, press the [J] button.
When the Demo has more than one screen. Press a  button corresponding to the screen number.
Press the [EXIT] button to exit from the Demos.
Operations in Basic Displays
To start with, you should know a little about the basic displays that appear in the Quick Guide. There are three basic displays: Main display File selection display Function display See below. See below. page 27
Operation of the Main Display
The Main display shows the basic settings and important information for the instrument (It is the same display that appears when the instrument is turned on.).You can also call up display pages related to the displayed function from the Main display.
n About information in the Main display See page 62.
1 [A][J] buttons The [A][J] buttons correspond to the settings indicated next to the buttons. For example, press the [F] button, and the Voice (RIGHT 1) selection display will appear in the display. 2  buttons The  buttons correspond to the parameters which are indicated above the buttons. For example, pressing the  button will increase the Song (page 35) volume. 3 [DIRECT ACCESS] and [EXIT] buttons Heres a convenient way to return to the Main display from any other display: Simply press the [DIRECT ACCESS] button, then the [EXIT] button.
Operation of the File Selection Display
In the File Selection display, you can select the Voice (page 29)/Song (page 35)/Style (page 45), etc. In the example here, well call up and use the Song Selection display.
Press the  (OK) button to apply the setting.
n Save the notation view settings The notation view settings can be saved as part of a Song (page 160).
Muting the Right- or Left-hand Part Viewing the Score
The display called up via the [SCORE] button indicates the notes you should play, when you should play them, and how long you should hold them down. You can also practice at your own pacesince the accompaniment waits for you to play the notes correctly. Here, mute the right- or left-hand part and try practicing the part.
Practicing the Right-hand Part (TRACK 1)
Select a Song (page 35), then press the [SCORE] button to call up the Score display.
Turn the [GUIDE] button on.
Press the SONG [TRACK 1] button to mute the right-hand part.
The indicator of the [TRACK 1] button goes out. You can now play that part by yourself.
Practice the muted part viewing the Score display.
n Adjusting the tempo 1 Press the TEMPO /[+] button to call up the Tempo display. 2 Press the TEMPO /[+] button to change the tempo. Pressing and holding either button continuously increases or decreases the value. You can also use the [DATA ENTRY] dial to adjust the value. Quickly changing tempo during a performance (Tap function) The tempo can also be changed during Song playback by tapping the [TAP] button twice at the desired tempo.
Turn the [GUIDE] button off.
Adjusting the volume balance between the Song and the keyboard This lets you adjust the volume balance between Song playback and the sound you play on the keyboard.
Press the [BALANCE] button to call up the volume balance display. To adjust the Song volume, press the  button. To adjust the keyboard (RIGHT 1) volume, press the  button. Press the [EXIT] button to close the volume balance display.
n About keyboard parts (Right 1, Right 2, Left) See page 77.
Other guide functions The initial setting Follow Lights was used in the instructions Muting the Right- or Left-hand Part Viewing the Score above. There are additional functions in the Guide feature, as described belo w. To select a guide function, see page 139. For keyboard performance Any Key This lets you practice the timing of playing the keys. For Karaoke Karao-Key This automatically controls the timing of Song playback to match your singinga convenient feature for singing along with your keyboard performance. Vocal CueTIME (PSR-3000) This automatically controls the timing of the accompaniment to match the melody (pitch) of your singingallowing you to practice singing with the correct pitch.
n About Karaoke See page 54.
Press the [MULTI PAD SELECT] button to call up the Multi Pad Bank selection display, then select the desired Bank.
Use the  buttons to select the different menus (P1P6) of Multi Pad banks, then use the [A][J] buttons to select the desired bank.
Press any of the MULTI PAD CONTROL  -  buttons to play the Multi Pad phrase.
The corresponding phrase (in this case, for Pad 1) starts playing back in its entirety as soon as the pad is pressed. To stop it, press and release the [STOP] button.
Simply tap any of the Multi Pads at any time to play back the corresponding phrase at the currently set tempo. You can even play two, three, or four Multi Pads at the same time. Pressing the pad during its playback will stop playing and begin playing from the top again.
About the color of the Multi Pads Green: Indicates that the corresponding pad contains data (phrase). Red: Indicates that the corresponding pad is playing back. Multi Pad data There are two types of Multi Pad data. Some types will play back once and stop when they reach to the end. Others will play back repeatedly until you press the [STOP] button. Stopping playback of the Multi Pads To stop all pads, press and release the [STOP] button. To stop specic pads, simultaneously hold down the [STOP] button and press the pad or pads you wish to stop.
Using Chord Match
Many of the Multi Pad phrases are melodic or chordal and you can have these phrases automatically change chords as you do with your left hand. While a style is playing back and [ACMP] is on, simply play a chord with your left hand and press any of the Multi Pads Chord Match changes the pitch to match the chords you play. You can also use this with the style stopped (with the Stop Accompaniment function). Keep in mind that some Multi Pads are not affected by Chord Match.
In this example, the phrase for Pad 2 will be transposed into F major before playing back. Try out other various chord types while playing the Multi Pads.
Calling Up Ideal Setups for Each Song Music Finder
If you want to play in a certain genre of music but dont know which Style and Voice settings would be appropriate, the convenient Music Finder function can help you out. Simply select the desired music genre from among the Music Finder Records, and the PSR-3000/1500 automatically makes all appropriate panel settings to let you play in that music style. A new record can be created by editing the currently selected one (page 109).
n The data (records) of the Music Finder are not the same as Song data and cannot be played back.
Press the [MUSIC FINDER] button to call up the MUSIC FINDER display.
Press the TAB  button to select the ALL tab.
The ALL tab contains the preset records.
Select the desired record by using the following four search categories. To select a record, press the / buttons
n You can also select the desired record by using the [DATA ENTRY] dial, then press the [ENTER] button to execute. Searching the records The Music Finder is also equipped with a convenient search function that lets you enter a song title or keyword and instantly call up all the records that match your search criteria (page 107).
Internal memory (User tab displays) capacity The internal memory capacity of the instrument is about 1.5MB (PSR-3000)/650 KB (PSR-1500). This capacity applies to all le types, including Voice, Style, Song, and Registration data les.
Select the appropriate tab (USER, CARD, etc.) to which you want to save the data by using the TAB / buttons. Press the  (SAVE) button to call up the le naming display.
Enter the le name (page 71). Press the  (OK) button to save the le. If you want to cancel the Save operation, press the  (CANCEL) button. The saved le will be automatically located at the appropriate position among the les in alphabetical order.
Restrictions for protected Songs Commercially available song data may be copy protected to prevent illegal copying or accidental erasure. They are marked by the indications at the upper left side of the le names. The indications and relevant restrictions are detailed below.
Prot. 1 Indicates Preset Songs saved to the User tab display, Disk Orchestra Collection (DOC) Songs, and Disklavier Piano Soft Songs. These cannot be copied/moved/saved to external devices such as SmartMedia cards and hard disk. Indicates Yamaha-protection-formatted Songs. These cannot be copied. These can be moved/saved only to the USER tab display and SmartMedia cards with ID. Indicates edited Prot. 2 Orig Songs. Make sure to save these to the same folder containing the corresponding Prot. 2 Orig Song. These cannot be copied. These can be moved/saved only to the USER tab display and SmartMedia cards with ID.
Prot. 2 Orig
Prot. 2 Edit
Note for Prot. 2 Orig and Prot. 2 Edit Song le operation Make sure to save the Prot. 2 Edit Song to the same folder containing its original Prot. 2 Orig Song. Otherwise the Prot. 2 Edit Song cannot be played back. Also, if you move a Prot. 2 Edit Song, be sure to move its original Prot. 2 Orig Song to the same location (folder) at the same time.
Copying Files/Folders (Copy & Paste)
This operation lets you copy a le/folder and paste it to another location (folder).
Call up the display containing the le/folder you want to copy. Press the  (COPY) button to copy the le/folder. The pop-up window for the Copy operation appears at the bottom of the display.
Press one of the [A][J] buttons corresponding to the desired le/ folder. To cancel the selection, press the same [A][J] button again. Selecting all les/folders Press the  (ALL) button to select all les/folders indicated on the current display including the other pages. To cancel the selection, press the  (ALL OFF) button again.
Press the  (OK) button to conrm the le/folder selection. To cancel the Copy operation, press the  (CANCEL) button. Select the destination tab (USER, CARD, etc.) to paste the le/folder, by using the TAB / buttons. Press the  (PASTE) button to paste the le/folder. The folder/le copied and pasted appears on the display at the appropriate position among the les in alphabetical order.
Moving Files (Cut & Paste)
This operation lets you cut a le and paste it to another location (folder).
Call up the display containing the le you want to move. Press the  (CUT) button to cut the le. The pop-up window for the Cut operation appears at the bottom of the display.
Press one of the [A][J] buttons corresponding to the desired le. To cancel the selection, press the same [A][J] button again. Selecting all les Press the  (ALL) button to select all les indicated on the current display including the other pages. To cancel the selection, press the  (ALL OFF) button again.
Press the  (OK) button to conrm the le selection. To cancel the Cut operation, press the  (CANCEL) button. Select the destination tab (USER, CARD, etc.) to which the le is to be pasted, by using the TAB / buttons. Press the  (PASTE) button to paste the le. The le moved and pasted appears on the display at the appropriate position among the les in alphabetical order.
This operation lets you delete a le/folder.
Call up the display containing the le/folder you want to delete. Press the  (DELETE) button. The pop-up window for the Delete operation appears at the bottom of the display.
Deleting all data in a SmartMedia card at once Formatting a SmartMedia card completely erases all data on the SmartMedia card (page 66).
Press the  (OK) button to conrm the le/folder selection. To cancel the Delete operation, press the  (CANCEL) button. Follow the on-display instructions. YES.Delete the le/folder YES ALL..Delete all selected les/folders NO.Leave the le/folder as is without deleting CANCEL..Cancel the Delete operation
Selecting an Effect type
Same operation as in the Basic Procedure on page 86. In step 2, select the EFFECT tab.
Press the [F] (TYPE) button to call up the Effect Type selection display.
DSP: Stands for Digital Signal Processor (or Processing). DSP changes and enhances the audio signal in the digital realm to produce a wide range of effects.
Use the / buttons to select the effect BLOCK.
Effect Block REVERB CHORUS DSP1
Effect-applicable parts All parts All parts
Effect characteristics Reproduces the warm ambience of playing in a concert hall or jazz club. Produces a rich fat sound as if several parts are being played simultaneously.
STYLE PART In addition to the Reverb and Chorus types, SONG CHANNNEL 116 the PSR-3000/1500 has special DSP effects, that include additional effects usually used for a specic part, such as distortion and tremolo. RIGHT 1, RIGHT 2, LEFT, Any unused DSP blocks are automatically assigned to the appropriate parts (channels) SONG CHANNEL 1-16 as needed. * Handled only by DSP4. Microphone sound* (PSR-3000)
DSP2 DSP3 DSP4
Use the / buttons to select the part to which you want to apply the effect. Use the / buttons to select the effect CATEGORY. Use the / buttons to select the effect TYPE.
If you want to edit the effect parameters, go on to the next operation. Editing and Saving the selected effect Press the [F] (PARAMETER) button to call up the display for editing the effect parameters.
If you have selected one of the DSP 2-4 effect blocks in step 5: You can edit its standard parameters as well as its variation parameter. To select the standard type of parameters, press the [B] button. To select its variation parameter, press the [E] button.
Re-selecting the Effect block, category and type Use the  buttons. The re-selected effect conguration is displayed at the upper left side box in the display.
Effect Return Level: Determines the level or amount of effect applied. This is set for all parts or channels.
Select one of the parameters you want to edit by using the /  buttons. Available parameters differ depending on the selected Effect type. Adjust the value for the selected parameter by using the /  buttons. If you have selected the REVERB, CHORUS or DSP1 effect block in step 5: Adjust the Effect Return Level by pressing  button. Press the [H] (USER EFFECT) button to call up the display for saving your original effect. Use the  buttons to select the destination for saving the effect. The maximum number for effects that can be saved differs depending on the effect block.
Press the [I] (SAVE) button to save the effect (page 67). When recalling the saved effect, use the same procedure as in step 8. If you want to change the effect name, press the [H] (NAME) button.
CONTROLLER MODULATION The MODULATION wheel can be used to modulate the parameters below as well as the pitch (vibrato). Here, you can set the degree to which the pedal modulates each of the following parameters.
FILTER AMPLITUDE LFO PMOD LFO FMOD LFO AMOD Determines the degree to which the pedal modulates the Filter Cutoff Frequency. For details about the lter, see page 97. Determines the degree to which the pedal modulates the amplitude (volume). Determines the degree to which the pedal modulates the pitch, or the vibrato effect. Determines the degree to which the pedal modulates the Filter modulation, or the wah effect. Determines the degree to which the pedal modulates the amplitude, or the tremolo effect.
SOUND FILTER Filter is a processor that changes the timbre or tone of a sound by either blocking or passing a specic frequency range. The parameters below determine the overall timbre of the sound by boosting or cutting a certain frequency range. In addition to making the sound either brighter or mellower, Filter can be used to produce electronic, synthesizer-like effects.
BRIGHTNESS Determines the cutoff frequency or effective frequency range of the lter (see diagram). Higher values result in a brighter sound.
Volume Cutoff frequency
These frequencies are passed by the lter.
Frequency (pitch) Cutoff range
Determines the emphasis given to the cutoff frequency (resonance), set in BRIGHTNESS above (see diagram). Higher values result in a more pronounced effect.
EG The EG (Envelope Generator) settings determine how the level of the sound changes in time. This lets you reproduce many sound characteristics of natural acoustic instrumentssuch as the quick attack and decay of percussion sounds, or the long release of a sustained piano tone.
ATTACK DECAY Determines how quickly the sound reaches its maximum level after the key is played. The lower the value, the quicker the attack. Determines how quickly the sound reaches its sustain level (a slightly lower level than maximum). The lower the value, the quicker the decay. Determines how quickly the sound decays to silence after the key is released. The lower the value, the quicker the decay.
Synchro Stop Window This determines how long you can hold a chord before the Synchro Stop function is automatically cancelled. When the [SYNC STOP] button is turned on and this is set to a value other than OFF, this automatically cancels the Synchro Stop function if you hold a chord for longer than the time set here. This conveniently resets Style playback control to normal, letting you release the keys and still have the Style play. Style Touch Turns touch response for the Style playback on/off. When this is set to ON, the Style volume changes in response to your playing strength in the chord section of the keyboard. Section Set Determines the default section that is automatically called up when selecting different Styles (when Style playback is stopped). When set to OFF and Style playback is stopped, the active section is maintained even if the different Style is selected. When any of the MAIN A-D sections is not included in the Style data, the nearest section is automatically selected. For example, when MAIN D is not contained in the selected Style, MAIN C will be called up.
Editing the Volume and Tonal Balance of the Style (MIXING CONSOLE)
You can set various mixing-related parameters of the Style. (See Adjustable items (parameters) in the MIXING CONSOLE display on page 88.) Call up the STYLE PART display in step #3 of the Basic Procedure in Editing the Volume Balance and Voice Combination (MIXING CONSOLE) on page 86, and follow the instructions.
Convenient Music Finder feature
Music Finder (page 52) is a convenient feature that calls up pre-programmed panel settings (for Voices, Styles, etc.) that match the song or type of music you want to play. The records of the Music Finder can be searched and edited.
Searching the Records
You can search the records by specifying a song name or keyword, using the Search function of the Music Finder. You can also save your favorite records in the FAVORITE display.
Press the [MUSIC FINDER] button to call up the MUSIC FINDER display. Press the TAB  button to select the ALL tab. The ALL tab display contains all the preset Records. Press the [I] (SEARCH 1) button to call up the Search display.
Enter the search criteria.
Clear the search criteria To clear the entered Music/Keyword/Style, press the [F]/[G]/[H] (CLEAR) button.
Search by song title or music genre (MUSIC) or keyword
Entering several different keywords You can search several different keywords simultaneously by inserting a separator (comma) between each.
1 Press the [A] (MUSIC)/[B](KEYWORD) button to call up the character entry display. 2 Enter the song title or music genre, or the keyword (page 71). Search by Style name 1 Press the [C] (STYLE) button to call up the Style selection display. 2 Use the [A][J] buttons to select a Style. 3 Press the [EXIT] button to return to the search display. Adding other Search Criteria You can specify other search criteria in addition to the song name/keyword/Style name. BEAT..Select the beat (time signature) you want to use in your performance by pressing the [D] button. All beat settings are included in the search if you select ANY. SEARCH AREA.Select the pages to be included in the search by pressing the [E] button. (These correspond to the tabs at the top of the Music Finder display.) TEMPO..Set the range of the tempo you want to use in your performance by using the / (TEMPO) buttons. GENRE..Select the desired music genre by using the /  (GENRE) buttons.
MELODIC MINOR 5th HARMONIC MINOR
HARMONIC MINOR 5th NATURAL MINOR
NATURAL MINOR 5th DORIAN
NTT BASS ON/OFF The channels for which this is set to ON will be played back by the bass root note, when the on-bass chord is recognized by the instrument.
HIGH KEY This sets the highest key (upper octave limit) of the note transposition for the chord root change. Any notes calculated to be higher than the highest key are transposed down to the next lowest octave. This setting is available only when the NTR parameter (page 123) is set to Root Trans.
Example When the highest key is F.
Root changes Notes played
NOTE LIMIT This sets the note range (highest and lowest notes) for voices recorded to the style channels. By judicious setting of this range, you can ensure that the voices sound as realistic as possible in other words, that no notes outside the natural range are sounded (e.g., high bass sounds or low piccolo sounds). The actual notes that sound are automatically shifted to the set range.
Example When the lowest note is C3 and the highest is D4.
High Limit Low Limit
RTR (Retrigger Rule) These settings determine whether notes stop sounding or not and how they change pitch in response to chord changes.
STOP PITCH SHIFT PITCH SHIFT TO ROOT RETRIGGER RETRIGGER TO ROOT The notes stop sounding. The pitch of the note will bend without a new attack to match the type of the new chord. The pitch of the note will bend without a new attack to match the root of the new chord. The note is retriggered with a new attack at a new pitch corresponding to the next chord. The note is retriggered with a new attack at the root note of the next chord. However, the octave of the new note remains the same.
The Multi Pads... page 51
Multi Pad Creating (Multi Pad Creator)
This feature lets you create your original Multi Pad phrases, and also allows you to edit existing Multi Pad phrases to create your own.
Editing Vocal Harmony Parameters
This section explains briey how to create your own Vocal Harmony (page 56) types, and lists the detailed parameters for editing. Up to ten Vocal Harmony types can be created and saved.
Press the [MIC SETTING/VOCAL HARMONY] button.
Press the [H] (VOCAL HARMONY TYPE) button to call up the VOCAL HARMONY TYPE selection display.
Press one of the [A][J] buttons to select a Vocal Harmony type to be edited.
Press the  (EDIT) button to call up the VOCAL HARMONY EDIT display. If you want to re-select the Vocal Harmony type, use the /  buttons. Or you can re-select the Vocal Harmony type by pressing the  (RETURN) button to return to the Vocal Harmony selection display.
Use the  buttons to select the parameter (page 182) you want to edit.
CAUTION The settings here will be lost if you change to another Vocal Harmony type or you turn the power off without executing the Save operation.
Set the value of the parameter selected above. Press the [I] (SAVE) button to save your edited Vocal Harmony type (page 67).
Editable Parameters in the VOCAL HARMONY EDIT Display
VOCODER TYPE Determines how the harmony notes are applied to the microphone sound when the Harmony mode (page 186) is set to VOCODER. Determines how the harmony notes are applied to the microphone sound when the Harmony mode (page 186) is set to CHORDAL. Determines whether the gender of the harmony sound is changed or not. Off The gender of the harmony sound is not changed. Auto The gender of the harmony sound is changed automatically. Determines whether and how the gender of the lead vocal sound (i.e., the direct microphone sound) will be changed. Please note that the number of harmony notes differs depending on the selected type. When set to Off, three harmony notes are produced. Other settings produce two harmony notes. Off No gender change occurs. Unison No gender change occurs. You can adjust the LEAD GENDER DEPTH below. Male The corresponding gender change is applied to the lead vocal. Female The corresponding gender change is applied to the lead vocal. Adjusts the degree of lead vocal gender change. This is available when the LEAD GENDER TYPE above is set to other than Off. The higher the value, the more feminine the harmony voice becomes. The lower the value, the more masculine the voice. When Correct is selected, the pitch of the lead vocal is shifted in precise semitone steps. This parameter is only effective when the LEAD GENDER TYPE above is set to other than Off. Gender change will occur when the harmony pitch reaches or exceeds the specied number of semitones above the lead vocal pitch. Gender change will occur when the harmony pitch reaches or exceeds the specied number of semitones below the lead vocal pitch. Adjusts the degree of gender change applied to harmony notes higher than the UPPER GENDER THRESHOLD. The higher the value, the more feminine the harmony voice becomes. The lower the value, the more masculine the voice. Adjusts the degree of gender change applied to harmony notes lower than the LOWER GENDER THRESHOLD. The higher the value, the more feminine the harmony voice becomes. The lower the value, the more masculine the voice. Sets the depth of vibrato applied to the harmony sound. Also affects the lead vocal sound when the LEAD GENDER TYPE above is set to other than Off.
COMPRESSOR This effect holds down the output when the input signal from the microphone exceeds a specied level. This is especially useful for smoothing out vocals that have widely varying dynamics. It effectively compresses the signal, making soft parts louder and loud parts softer. SW (Switch) This turns the Compressor on or off. TH. (Threshold) This adjusts the input level at which compression begins to be applied. RATIO This adjusts the compression ratio. OUT This adjusts the nal output level. VOCAL HARMONY CONTROL The following parameters determine how the harmony is controlled. VOCODER CONTROL The Vocal Harmony effect in Vocoder mode (page 186) is controlled by note datathe notes you play on the keyboard and/or the notes of the song data. This parameter lets you determine which notes are used to control the harmony.
SONG CHANNEL MUTE/PLAY When set to MUTE, the channel selected below (to control Harmony) is muted (turned off) during song playback. OFF/Channels 116 When set to OFF, song data control over harmony is turned off. When set to one of the values 116, note data (played from a song on the PSR-3000/1500 or an external MIDI sequencer) contained on the corresponding channel is used to control the harmony. This setting is linked to the HARMONY CH setting in the SONG SETTING display (page 139). OFF Keyboard control over harmony is turned off. UPPER Notes played to the right of the split point control the harmony. LOWER Notes played to the left of the split point control the harmony.
BAL. This lets you set the balance between the lead vocal (your own voice) and Vocal Harmony. Raising this value increases the volume of the Vocal Harmony and decreases that of the lead vocal. When this is set to L<H63 (L: Lead Vocal, H: Vocal Harmony), only the Vocal Harmony is output; when it is set to L63>H, only the lead vocal is output.
MODE All of the Vocal Harmony types fall into one of three modes, which produce harmony in different ways. The harmony effect is dependent on the selected Vocal Harmony mode, and this parameter determines how the harmony is applied to your voice. The three modes are described below.
AUTO When the [ACMP ON/OFF] or [LEFT] is set to ON and if chord data exists in the song, the mode is automatically set to CHORDAL. In all other cases, the mode is set to VOCODER. The harmony notes are determined by the notes you play on the keyboard and/or song data. You can specify whether the Vocoder effect is controlled by your keyboard performance or by the Song data (page 185). The harmony notes are determined by the following three types of chord: chords played in the chord section of the keyboard (with the [ACMP] turned on), chords played in the LEFT Voice section of the keyboard (with the [ACMP] turned off and the [LEFT] turned on), and chords contained in song data for controlling the harmony. (Not available if the song does not contain any chord data.)
Acoustic guitar note production Digital instrument note production
Internal amp L
Tone generator (Electric circuit)
Internal amp R
Playing the key board
USB storage device Computer Instrument Pluck a string and the body resonates the sound. Based on playing information from the keyboard, a sampled note stored in the tone generator is played through the speakers.
Disconnect the USB storage device from the computer and connect it to the instrument Reading les on the USB storage device from the instrument
As shown in the illustration above, in an electronic instrument the sampled note (previously recorded note) stored in the tone generator section (electronic circuit) is played based on information received from the keyboard. Now, lets examine what happens when we playback a recording. When you play back a music CD (for example, a solo piano recording), youre hearing the actual sound (vibration in air) of the acoustic instrument. This is called audio data, to distinguish it from MIDI data.
Recording and playing back the performance of an acoustic instrument (audio data) Recording Playback
USB storage device [USB TO DEVICE] termina Instrument
In the above example, the actual acoustic sounds of the pianists performance are captured in the recording as audio data, and this is recorded to CD. When you play back that CD on your audio system, you can hear the actual piano performance. The piano itself is not necessary, since the recording contains the actual sounds of the piano, and your speakers reproduce them.
Recording and play back the performance of a digital instrument (MIDI data) Recording Playback
Tone Generator Sequencer
Controller (keyboard, etc.)
SmartMedia card SmartMedia card
Finally, well take a look at the actual data that gets recorded and that serves as the basis for playing the sounds. For example, lets say you play a C quarter note using the grand piano sound on the PSR-3000/ 1500 keyboard. Unlike an acoustic instrument that puts out a resonated note, the electronic instrument puts out information from the keyboard such as with what voice, with which key, about how strong, when was it pressed and when was it released. Then each piece of information is changed into a number value and sent to the tone generator. Using these numbers as a basis for sound generation, the tone generator plays the stored sampled note. Example Keyboard Data
In the case of digital instruments, the audio signals are sent through output jacks (such as [AUX OUT]) on the instrument.
Voice number (with what voice) Note number (with which key) Note on (when was it pressed) and note off (when was it released) Velocity (strength at which it was played)
01 (grand piano) 60 (C3) Timing expressed numerically (quarter note) 120 (strong)
The controller and tone generator in the illustration above are equivalent to the piano in our acoustic example. Here, the players performance on the keyboard is captured as MIDI song data (see illustration below). In order to record the audio performance on an acoustic piano, special recording equipment is needed. However, since the PSR-3000/1500 features a built-in sequencer that lets you record performance data, this recording equipment is unnecessary. Instead, your digital instrument the PSR-3000/1500 allows you to both record and play back the data.
There is a slight difference in sound quality among different notes played on the keyboard. Some Voices have a looping sound. Some noise or vibrato is noticeable at higher pitches, depending upon the voice. This is normal and is a result of the PSR-3000/1500s sampling system. Some Voices will jump an octave in pitch when played in the upper or lower registers. This is normal. Some voices have a pitch limit which, when reached, causes this type of pitch shift. The Main display does not appear even when turning the power on. This may occur if a USB storage device has been installed to the instrument. Installation of some USB storage device may result a long interval between turning the power on and appearance of the Main display. To avoid this, turn the power on after disconnecting the device.
Some characters of the le/folder name are garbled. The language settings have been changed. Set the appropriate language for the le/folder name (page 19). An existing le is not shown. The le extension (.MID, etc.) may have been changed or deleted. Manually rename the le, adding the appropriate extension, on a computer. The data contained in the external media (SmartMedia card, etc.) is not shown on the instrument itself. Data les with names of more than 50 characters cannot be handled by the instrument. Rename the le, reducing the number of characters to 50 or less. The le/folder copied or cut from one media (such as a SmartMedia card, etc.) cannot be directly copied or pasted to another media. This is normal. Since directly copying data is not possible, copy or paste the data once to the User display, then copy or paste it again to the Card/USB display after changing the media.
How can I stop the demo? Press the [EXIT] button.
How can I leave the Help feature? Press the [EXIT] button.
The Voice selected from the Voice Selection display does not sound. Check whether or not the selected part is turned on (page 77). To select the Voice for the right-hand key range, press the PART SELECT [RIGHT 1] button. For the Voice to be layered in the right-hand range, press the PART SELECT [RIGHT 2] button. To select the Voice for the left-hand key range, press the PART SELECT [LEFT] button. The sound seems strange or different than expected when changing a rhythm Voice (drum kit, etc.) of the Style or Song from the Mixer. When changing the rhythm/percussion Voices (drum kits, etc.) of the Style and Song from the VOICE parameter, the detailed settings related to the drum voice are reset, and in some cases you may be unable to restore the original sound. In the case of Song playback, you can restore the original sound by returning to the beginning of the Song and playing back from that point. In the case of Style play, you can restore the original sound by selecting the same Style again. Tremolo/Trill cannot be applied to the Organ Flute Voice. This is normal; Tremolo and Trill settings in the Harmony/Echo display are not effective for Organ Flute Voices. The Harmony function does not operate. Harmony cannot be used with the Full Keyboard or AI Full Keyboard ngering modes. Select an appropriate ngering mode (page 102). When a Voice is changed, the previously selected effect is changed. Each Voice has its own suitable preset settings, which are automatically recalled when the corresponding Voice Set parameters are turned on (page 101). The Voice produces excessive noise. Certain Voices may produce noise, depending on the Harmonic Content and/or Brightness settings in the FILTER page of the Mixing Console display (page 88). The sound is distorted or noisy. The volume may be turned up too high. Make sure all relevant volume settings are appropriate. This may be caused by certain effects. Try canceling all unnecessary effects, especially distortion-type effects (page 90). Some lter resonance settings in the Sound Creator display (page 97) can result in distorted sound. Adjust these settings if necessary. Noise may occur depending on the settings made in the Filter display of the Mixing Console. Adjust the Harmonic Content or Brightness controls in the Filter display (page 88).
EXPERIENCE THE MUSICAL MAGIC
Ultra Realistic Voices and Styles
Mega Voice Technology
Yamahas groundbreaking Mega Voice technology captures more than the tone of the original instrument, it re-creates the behavior, so you can hear all the elements as when listening to the actual instrument. For example, the string and pick noise is part of the natural sound of a guitar, and it would sound unnatural without it. Mega Voice include all the extra characteristics of the instrument, providing a whole new level of realism. The bundled CD-ROM includes Software, which allows you to convert MIDI data on your PC so that it takes full advantage of the PSR-3000s Mega Voice capabilities.
What are Mega Voices?
To provide a more authentic and natural sound, keyboards commonly use velocity switching to dynamically change the characteristic of a voice (tone, volume level, etc.) according to how strongly or softly you play the keys. Mega voice take this concept even further by giving each velocity range (the measure of your playing strength) a completely different sound. For example, a Mega guitar voice includes the sounds of various performance techniques, such as picking, strumming and muting the strings, as well as fret noise and harmonics. In conventional instruments, different voices having those sounds would be called up via MIDI and played in combination to achieve the desired effect. With Mega voice, however, a convincing guitar part can be played with just a single voice, using specific velocity values to play the desired sounds.
Velocity 0 harmonics slide hammering muted dead note open hard open mid open soft Strumming Fret Noise The sounds of various guitar performance techniques are independently assigned to different velocity and note ranges.
C-2 C-1 C0 C1 C2 C3 The illustr ation above is an example for explanation.
Packed with features that make it fun to play
Performance assistant technology
Sound like a pro, no matter what youre playing level may be Even if youve had no musical training whatsoever, you can still make great sounding music the moment you turn on the keyboard thanks to Yamahas Performance assistant technology. Like magic, the backing accompaniment will follow every note you play in perfect musical harmony.
Large display for easy operation
Whether youre composing a song, playing live or enjoying the karaoke function at a party, the keyboards large 320 x 240 dot display makes operation easier and more enjoyable. The PSR-3000 features a QVGA color LCD, and the PSR-1500 a monochrome LCD.
Karaoke Function (PSR-3000)
Karaoke fun for everyone! Connect a microphone to the PSR-3000 and it becomes a karaoke studio. Add effects and vocal harmony to your voice. Sing along to song lyrics displayed on the LCD screen. You can even connect a TV monitor to the keyboards Video Out jack and display the lyrics screen so that everyone can sing along.
Option: USB Floppy Disk Drive (UD-FD01)
Expand your possibilities with USB Connect to the Internet without a computer!
By connecting the PSR-3000/1500 to your broadband modem through USB, you can directly access Yamahas exclusive online music website filled with downloadable song files. Use the LCD screen and panel buttons to locate your favorite songs and download them right to the keyboard for instant enjoyment.
* A network environment such as noted below is required for Internet Direct Connection.
Equipped with a USB port, the PSR-3000/1500 can connect to external storage devices such as hard drives and memory devices, allowing you to back up your song files and exchange data with other users.
Connect to your PC and the Internet for even more fun and entertainment!
You can also connect the keyboard directly to your computer and discover new musical possibilities with the software on the bundled CD-ROM.
Bundled CD-ROM: DIGITAL MUSIC NOTEBOOK/ Software
USB-wireless LAN adapter to USB Connector
USB-LAN adapter to USB Connector
ADSL Modem ADSL Wireless Router Router
ADSL Modem ADSL
w w w. y a m a h a P K c l u b. c o m
Specifications and appearance are subject to change without prior notice. Availability of models may vary from country to country.
Printed in Japan
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