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Yamaha RY20

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Handling and Transport

Never apply excessive force to the controls, connectors, or other parts of the instrument. Always plug and unplug any cables by gripping the connector, not the cord itself. Disconnect all cables before moving the instrument. Dropping the RY20 or otherwise subjecting it to strong physical shocks can damage it. Handle it with care.

Cleaning

Clean the cabinet and panel with a soft dry cloth. A slightly damp cloth may be used to remove stubborn grime and dirt. Do not use solvents such alcohol, benzine, or thinner to clean the cabinet or panel. Avoid placing vinyl objects on top of the instrument. Vinyl can stick to and discolor the surface.

Electrical Interference

The RY20 contains digital circuitry and may cause interference or noise if placed too close to TV sets, radios, or similar equipment. If such a problem does occur, move the RY20 further away from the affected equipment.

Memory Back-up

The RY20 contains a special long-life battery that retains the contents of its internal RAM memory even when the power is turned OFF. The back-up battery should last for several years. When the back-up battery needs to be replaced, the message BATT LOW will momentarily appear on the display when you turn the power ON. When this happens, have the back-up battery replaced by qualified Yamaha service personnel.
WARNING DO NOT ATTEMPT TO REPLACE THE BACK-UP BATTERY YOURSELF.
Transfer important data from your RY20 to a MIDI data recorder such as the Yamaha MDF2 MIDI Data Filer for safe long-term storage. Yamaha cannot be held responsible for data loss caused by battery failure or improper operation of the RY20.

Service and Modification

The RY20 contains no user-serviceable parts. Opening the case and/or tampering with the internal circuitry can lead to irreparable damage and will void the warranty. Refer all maintenance to qualified Yamaha service personnel.

Third-party Software

Yamaha cannot take any responsibility for software produced for this product by third-party manufacturers. Please direct any comments about such software to the manufacturer or their agents.
YAMAHA is not responsible for damage caused by improper handling or operation.

Introduction

With its wide collection of voices and easy-to-use controls, the Yamaha RY20 is the perfect musical partner for guitarists, bassists, keyboard players, and many other instrumentalists. It offers the features and capability required for recording applications, rehearsals and practice sessions, and live performance. The RY20 uses Yamahas AWM (Advanced Wave Memory) tone generator system to create 300 realistic tunable voices including drums, effected drums, percussion of all kinds, and basses. You can add effects to the voices, either reverb or delay, using the built-in DSP (Digital Signal Processor). Using one of the 20 user drum kits, you can assign any voice to one of the pads. The RY20 has 50 professionally-programmed preset patterns. You can also create and store 50 user patterns of your own, and combine tracks from different patterns and store them for an additional 50 combination patterns. Each pattern has six sections (INTRO, MAIN A, MAIN B, FILL AB, FILL BA, and ENDING) and each section has four tracks (bass drum, snare drum, hi-hat and other instruments). Patterns can be combined to create complete songs. The RY20 can store 50 songs in its user song memory. It features easy-to-use controls with a large, useful LCD display. Change values quickly using the Shuttle dial, then fine-tune them using the Jog dial. Create patterns in real-time or step record mode using the velocity-sensitive pads. Make up kits of commonly-used drum and bass sounds. Make your patterns reflect your musical ideas and escape from the mechanical feel common to conventional rhythm machines by using the built-in swing and groove functions. The RY20 includes full MIDI capabilities (including General MIDI compatible drum mapping) to allow full communication with the rest of your MIDI set-up. Please read this owners manual carefully in order to familiarize yourself with the RY20 and its features and keep the manual in a safe place for later reference.

Setting the Tempo

The preset patterns on the RY20 are programmed with an initial tempo. As long as the machine is stopped when you select a pattern, its initial tempo is loaded. If you select another pattern while the RY20 is playing, the new pattern will inherit the current tempo setting. Modify the current tempo setting by pressing the [TEMPO] button to place the unit in Tempo Mode. Notice the TEMPO indicator flashing beside the current Tempo value.
PAD BANK OTHERS HH SD BD TEMPO A CHASE

Current Tempo

The tempo can be adjusted either when the RY20 is stopped or while it is playing a pattern or a song.
NOTE You can also change the tempo while you are recording a pattern or a song.
Adjust the tempo by rotating the Jog Dial or by using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. The playback tempo can be set to any value from 40 to 250 beats per minute.
NOTE Each pattern has been recorded with a specific tempo. Pressing the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons simultaneously resets the tempo to its default value.
Press the [PATTERN] button to return to Pattern Mode.
NOTE Pressing the [TEMPO] button again is another method of switching the RY20 back to the previously selected main mode.

Muting a Track

The RY20 records its patterns into four tracks. The tracks are Bass Drum, Snare Drum, High Hat, and Others.
To mute a track, press the appropriate Track Select/Mute button. For example, to mute the percussion instruments or a bass part, press the [OTHERS] button. The MUTE indicator lights up next to the word OTHERS.

Mute Indicator

PAD BANK OTHERS HH SD BD MUTE A CHASE
Press the key again to turn muting off.

Playing the Pads

The RY20 has 300 Advanced Wave Memory voices including standard drums and percussion, a range of electronic percussion sounds, and bass. You can assign its voices to individual drum kits. These kits can be selected and played using the 12 drum pads, or you can use a MIDI instrument connected to the MIDI IN connector.

Internal Layout

There are 20 preset drum kits and 20 user drum kits, each containing five drum banks and a bass bank.
20 PRESET DRUM KITS (USER DRUM KITS (20

39 DRUM KIT

- 39) 00 DRUM KIT

0 - 11

9 SIDE STICK MAIN B HH PEDAL FILL AB

12 - 23

24 - 35

36 - 47

48 - 59

60 - 119

Changing the Meter

Before you record data into a pattern, you can adjust the time signature and the number of measures. Select the Meter display page by pressing the [ PAGE+ ] button. The display indicates METER and the current time signature flashes.
Set the time signature by rotating the Jog Dial or using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. The default time signature is 4/4. The range of time signatures is from 1/4 to 8/4, 1/8 to 16/8, and 1/16 to 32/16.
Recording a User Pattern Set the number of measures by using the [ > ] cursor button to change the focus to the MEASURE prompt. Change the number of measures by rotating the Jog Dial or using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. The default length is 02 measures. The range is 01 measure to 16 measures.
NOTE The meter and number of measures in a pattern that contains data cannot be changed. If you try to change these values, the message NOT EMPTY will momentarily appear on the display.

Adjusting the Click

The RY20 has a built-in click sound which sounds on each beat of the measure to serve as a rhythmic guide when you record in Real-time Mode. You can change both the volume and the quantization of the click sound. Select the Click display page by pressing the [ PAGE+ ] button until the display indicates CLICK.
PAD BANK OTHERS HH SD BD QUANTIZE LEVEL A CHASE
Set the volume by rotating the Jog Dial or using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. The default volume level is 15. The range is from 00 to 15.
NOTE Pressing the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons simultaneously resets the level to 00.
Recording a User Pattern Set the quantization by using the [ > ] cursor button to change the focus to the QUANTIZE prompt. Change the value by rotating the Jog Dial or using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons.
The default quantization is quarter note. The quantization values are:
= quarter note. = eighth note. = eighth note triplet. = 16th note. = 16th note triplet.
NOTE Changing the click level or quantization in Pattern Record Mode also changes it in Song Record Mode.

Other Pattern Functions

There are additional functions in Pattern Play Mode, helping you to precisely complete your own patterns.

Repeat the above steps.

NOTE You can reset each parameter to its default setting by pressing the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons simultaneously.

Clearing a Pattern

Clearing data from a user/combination pattern is a flexible operation. You can clear individual tracks or an entire section. Press the [PATTERN] button to put the RY20 into Pattern Mode. Select a pattern by rotating the Jog Dial or using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. Select the Clear display page by pressing the DELETE [ CLEAR ] button. The display indicates CLEAR SURE?.
PAD BANK A OTHERS HH SD BD CHASE
You can also select the Clear display page by pressing the [ PAGE+ ] or [ PAGE ] buttons.
Select the section of the pattern you want to clear. Press and hold the [SECTION] button, then press the appropriate Drum Pad button. The appropriate Section indicator lights up, for example, the INTRO indicator. Select the tracks you wish to clear with the Track Select/Mute buttons. Notice as you press a button, the track indicator for the corresponding track lights up.
If you select a track by accident, just press the button again to switch it off.
IMPORTANT If you decide that you DO NOT want to clear the pattern, you can cancel this operation by simply selecting another function. There are several ways to do this: Press the [PATTERN] button to return to Pattern Mode. Press the [ PAGE+ ] or [ PAGE ] buttons to select another display page.
Clear the selected tracks in the current section by pressing the [ ENTER ] button. The END prompt will momentarily appear on the LCD.
NOTE If the selected pattern contains a lot of data, you may see the prompt PLEASE WAIT as the RY20 clears the data from the pattern.
When you see the END prompt, the RY20 has finished clearing the selected tracks.
WARNING When you press the [ ENTER ] button the clear operation will be performed. It is not possible to recover data that you have lost by clearing the pattern. PLEASE BE CERTAIN THAT THIS IS WHAT YOU INTEND TO DO.
NOTE If you forget to select any tracks, the RY20 will prompt you with the error message SELECT TRACK.
Select another section to clear by pressing the appropriate Drum Pad button while holding the [SECTION] button.
NOTE The preset patterns 000 to 049 cannot be cleared. Also note that the pad bank selection and the tempo, swing, groove, and velocity settings of a user pattern cannot be cleared.

Select a song from 00 to 49 to record into by rotating the Jog Dial or by using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. Song 50 is the demonstration song and cannot be edited. See page 12 for demonstration song playback.
Be careful not to overwrite a song accidentally. If a song is empty, the PATTERN number is marked --- indicating that there is no pattern data recorded. If the song position you want to use already has pattern data in it, you may want to clear the existing data before you start to record your new song. See page 77.
Recording a Song Start recording by pressing the [RECORD] button. The red Record LED lights and the PATTERN indicator flashes.
NOTE The current Pattern is shown beside the flashing PATTERN indicator.
The following illustration points out some key indicators on the display when the RY20 is in Song Record Mode.

SONG Song number

Part number
OTHERS HH SD BD SONG PART

Measure number

Pattern number Current section Song name
Select your first pattern by rotating the dial Jog Dial or by using the [ +1 ] or [ 1 ] buttons. You can select any pattern from 000 to 149 to record into your song. Select one of the six pattern sections. The default section is the last one selected in Pattern Mode, for example MAIN A. Press and hold the [SECTION] button. Then press the Drum Pad button for the section you want to record, for example INTRO. The selected section of the pattern is automatically recorded at the current part.
Recording a Song Press the [FORWARD] button to select the next part to record.
NOTE The PART number and MEASURE number prompts both get updated.
Part numbers that exceed 999 will be displayed without the fourth digit, for example, part number 1001 will be displayed as 001. A measure number that exceeds 999 will also be displayed without the fourth digit. For example, measure number 1001 will be displayed as 001.
Repeat the previous three steps to record the next part.
HINT Most songs consist of an intro, a number of measures of verse and chorus, optionally a bridge, and an ending. The patterns of the RY20 follow this design. For example, start your song off with an INTRO section. Then select the MAIN A section and record four parts. Record a single part of FILL AB and follow it with two parts of MAIN B, a single part of FILL BA to make the transition back. Record another four parts of MAIN A, then select ENDING.

Repeat step 4 until you have recorded all the patterns and sections you want. Press the [ STOP ] button to stop real-time recording. The green Play LED stops flashing. However, the RY20 is still in record mode, allowing you to continue adding to your song.
Set the tempo for your new song. Press the [TEMPO] button to place the unit in Tempo Mode. Adjust the tempo by rotating the Jog Dial or by using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. The tempo can be set to any value from 40 to 250 beats per minute. Press the [ SONG ] button to return back to Song Record Mode.
NOTE Pressing the [TEMPO] button again is another method of switching the RY20 back to Song Record Mode.

Deleting a Part

In Song Record Mode, you can delete a part from the current song. Select the Delete Part display page by pressing the DELETE [ CLEAR ] button. The DEL indicator is lit and the prompt SURE? is displayed.
DEL OTHERS HH SD BD SONG PART MEASURE PAD BANK A CHASE
NOTE You can also select this display page by pressing the [ PAGE+ ] button.
Select the part to be removed by stepping through the parts with the [FORWARD] or [BACKWARD] button.
Recording a Song Press the [ ENTER ] button to delete the part.
WARNING BE CERTAIN THAT THIS IS WHAT YOU INTEND BEFORE YOU PRESS THE [ ENTER ] BUTTON.
IMPORTANT If you decide that you DO NOT want to delete a part from the song, you can cancel this operation by simply selecting another function. Press the [ SONG ] button to return to Song Record Mode. Press the [ PAGE+ ] or [ PAGE ] buttons to select another display page. Cancel the recording by pressing the [RECORD] button.
Press the [ PAGE ] button to return to Song Record Mode.
NOTE If the selected part has no data, the message PART EMPTY will momentarily appear.

Inserting a Part

In Song Record Mode, you can insert a part into the current song. Select the Insert Part display page by pressing the INSERT [ COPY ] button. The INS indicator is lit and the prompt SURE? is displayed.
INS OTHERS HH SD BD SONG PART MEASURE PAD BANK A CHASE

INSERT COPY

NOTE You can also select this display page by pressing the [ PAGE+ ] buttons.
Select the insert location by stepping through the parts with the [FORWARD] or [BACKWARD] button. Select a pattern to insert by rotating the Jog Dial or by using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. Alternatively, select another section to insert. Press and hold the [SECTION] button. Then press the drum pad button for the section you want to record. Press the [ ENTER ] button to insert the part.

When you play the songs using the Chain function, the RY20 plays each song in order until it encounters a song with no data or until it finishes playing the last song. Cancel this mode by rotating the Jog Dial or using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons.

Repeat and Chain

You can combine the Repeat and Chain functions. This allows continuous playback of all the songs in order. The icon in the top right corner of the LCD panel changes again.
This indicates that both the repeat and chain functions are selected and active.

Clearing a Song

This function is used to remove all the song data from a song. Press the [ SONG ] button to put the RY20 into Song Mode. Select the Clear display page by pressing the DELETE [ CLEAR ] button. The display reads CLEAR SURE?. Notice that the SONG prompt is flashing beside the currently selected song number.
NOTE You can also get to this display page by pressing the [ PAGE+ ] or [ PAGE ] buttons.
Select a song to clear by rotating the Jog Dial or using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. Clear the song by pressing the [ ENTER ] button. The END prompt will momentarily appear on the LCD.
IMPORTANT If you decide that you DO NOT want to clear the song, you can cancel this operation by simply selecting another function. There are several ways to do this: Press the [ SONG ] button to return to Song Mode. Press the [ PAGE+ ] or [ PAGE ] buttons to select another display page.
NOTE If the selected song contains a lot of data, you may see the prompt PLEASE WAIT as the RY20 clears the data.
WARNING When you press the [ ENTER ] button the clear operation will be performed. It is not possible to recover data that you have lost by clearing or overwriting the song. BE CERTAIN THAT THIS IS WHAT YOU INTEND TO DO.
NOTE Clearing a song DOES NOT clear the pattern data from the patterns that were included in the song. To clear the pattern data, refer to page 55.
WARNING Turning the power off while clearing a song may cause the irretrievable loss of ALL user data.

Copying a Song

You can copy the data from any song to another song number. Press the [ SONG ] button to put the RY20 into Song Mode. Select a song to copy from by rotating the Jog Dial or using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. The song you just selected is the Source Song. Select the Copy display page by pressing the INSERT [ COPY ] button. The display reads COPY SURE?.
Select the song to copy to by rotating the Jog Dial or using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. The song you just selected is the Destination Song. You must select a song from 00 to 49 as your destination song.

WARNING Be careful not to overwrite a song accidentally. The EMPTY indicator will light for songs that contain no data. If the destination pattern you have selected already contains data, the copy function will replace that data.
Copy the song by pressing the [ ENTER ] button. The END prompt will momentarily appear on the LCD.
IMPORTANT If you decide that you DO NOT want to copy a song, you can cancel this operation by simply selecting another function. There are several ways to do this: Press the [ SONG ] button to return to Song Mode. Press the [ PAGE+ ] or [ PAGE ] buttons to select another display page.
NOTE If the source song contains a lot of data, you may see the prompt PLEASE WAIT as the RY20 copies the data to the destination song.
NOTE The message MEMORY FULL may appear on the display. See the important message on page 66 for further details.
WARNING When you press the [ ENTER ] button the copy operation will be performed. It is not possible to recover data that you have lost by overwriting the song. BE CERTAIN THAT THIS IS WHAT YOU INTEND TO DO.
WARNING Turning the power off during execution of the copy function may cause the irretrievable loss of ALL user data.

Name that Song

This mode allows you to assign a name of up to five characters to a song. Press the [ SONG ] button to put the RY20 into Song Mode. Select a song by rotating the Jog Dial or using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. Select the Name display page by pressing the [PAGE+] button until the display reads NAME and shows the name of the current song. Notice that the first character is flashing.
The default name for all songs is -----. Select the first character of the name by rotating the Jog Dial or by using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons.
To move to the next character, press the [ > ] button. The second character will flash. Change that character by rotating the Jog Dial or by using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. Repeat the previous step until you have finished creating the name for your song.

Modifying the Drum Kits

The RY20 contains 300 realistic tunable voices including drums, effected drums, percussion of all kinds, and basses.
You will find a detailed description of the layout of the drum kits on the RY20 in the section Playing the Pads starting on page 21. The RY20 has 20 preset drum kits and 20 user drum kits. Each drum kit has five drum pad banks and a bass pad bank. Each drum pad bank has a set of 12 pads, which means each drum kit has 60 drum voice locations. The bass pad bank has a five-octave range bass or pitched voice. This means that each kit has a 60-key keyboard. The user drum kits 20 to 39 initially contain the same data as the preset drum kits 00 to 20 respectively.
IMPORTANT When you attempt to change the voice assignment or any of the parameters of the preset drum kits, numbered 00 to 19, the message PRESET will momentarily appear on the display. You cannot modify any of the parameters or voice assignments for a preset drum kit. However, the Pad Sensitivity and Chase functions affect the entire system. You can also copy one of the kits to a user kit. You can then modify all the settings in the user location.

Stereo Pan

Define the stereo pan for a drum pad. Select the Pan display page by pressing the [PAGE+] or [PAGE] buttons. The display reads PAN and the current pan setting flashes.
Press the pad you want to modify after selecting the Pad Bank. Set the pan for the selected pad by rotating the Jog Dial or by using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. The pan setting can be OFF or range from -7 (extreme left) to +7 (extreme right). A setting of +7 results in the output of the selected voice coming from the right channel only, while a setting of -7 pans fully left. A setting of 0 is stereo centre.
NOTE Even though a voice is panned fully to one channel, you may still hear that voice in the other channel due to the effects processing performed by the built-in DSP.
All drum voices have a pre-assigned pan. Selecting OFF uses that value. Pressing the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons simultaneously resets the pan to the OFF setting.
NOTE Each pad in your drum kit can be set with a different pan setting unless you have selected the Bass Pad Bank. The bass or pitched voice is assigned one pan for the entire bank.
You can use the [ < ] and [ > ] cursor buttons to access the PAN, DRUM KIT and PAD settings.
The RY20 can adjust the pitch of its voices over a range of four octaves, two octaves above and two below the centre frequency. Select the Pitch display page by pressing the [PAGE+] or [PAGE] buttons. The display reads PITCH and the current pitch flashes.
Press the pad you want to modify after selecting the Pad Bank. Adjust the pitch of the pad by rotating the Jog Dial or by using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. You can adjust the pitch from -2400 cents (minus two octaves) to +2400 cents (plus two octaves) in increments of 10 cents (100 cents = 1 semitone).
NOTE Some of the voices may not produce an audible effect.
Pressing the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons simultaneously resets the pitch to 0000.
NOTE If you have selected the Bass Pad Bank, you assign the pitch change for the entire bank. Each pad still plays a different pitch, but the pitch of all the pads is shifted by the adjusted setting.
You can use the [ < ] and [ > ] cursor buttons to access the PITCH, DRUM KIT and PAD settings.
The decay setting is used to modify voices, such as cymbals, that have a longer decay. Select the Decay display page by pressing the [PAGE+] or [PAGE] buttons. The display reads DECAY and the current value flashes.
Press the pad you want to modify after selecting the Pad Bank. Adjust the decay of the pad by rotating the Jog Dial or by using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. The range is from +7 to -7.

Press the pad you want to modify after selecting the Pad Bank. Adjust the decay sensitivity of the voice by rotating the Jog Dial or by using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons.
The range is from +3 to -3. Depending on the Decay (see page 89) and Pad Sensitivity (see page 98) settings, adjusting this setting affects the way the decay changes as the velocity with which you tap the drum pad changes.

+3 +2 +-1 -2 -3

Pressing the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons simultaneously resets the decay sensitivity to 0.
NOTE If you have selected the Bass Pad Bank, the decay sensitivity setting applies to all the pads.
You can use the [ < ] and [ > ] cursor buttons to access the SENS DCY, DRUM KIT and PAD settings.

Balance Sensitivity

Some of the voices of the RY20 are two-layered. For example, a snare drum will have both a center snare and a rim shot voice. The balance sensitivity controls how much of the second sound is heard as the pad is tapped harder. Select the Balance Sensitivity parameter by pressing the [PAGE+] or [PAGE] buttons. The display reads SENS and BAL and the current balance flashes.
Modifying the Drum Kits Press the pad you want to modify after selecting the Pad Bank. Adjust the balance sensitivity of the voice by rotating the Jog Dial or by using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. The range is from +3 to -3. Depending on the setting of the Pad Sensitivity (see page 98), this setting affects the balance of the voice, as the pad is tapped harder. The following diagram illustrates the effects of the different settings on two-element voices.

SENS=0

E1 (element1)

SENS=+1

SENS=+2

SENS=+3

E2 (element2)

SENS=-1

SENS=-2

SENS=-3

NOTE If the balance sensitivity setting is not applicable to the voice currently assigned to the pad, the display shows -- to indicate that this parameter cannot be changed.
Pressing the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons simultaneously resets the balance sensitivity to 0.
NOTE If you have selected the Bass Pad Bank, the balance sensitivity setting applies to all the pads.
You can use the [ < ] and [ > ] cursor buttons to access the SENS BAL, DRUM KIT and PAD settings.

Voice Polyphony

You can use the [ < ] and [ > ] cursor buttons to access the ALTER, DRUM KIT and PAD settings.

Note/Trigger Driven

You can set each drum pad to receive Note-Off information. Once NOTE Driven is selected, its sound is cut immediately when you release the pad or when the internal sequencer or an external MIDI device sends a Note Off message. Select the Note Driven display page by pressing the [PAGE+] or [PAGE] button. The display reads DRIVEN and the current status flashes.
Press the pad you want to modify after selecting the Pad Bank. The Note Driven value of a drum pad is either TRIG or NOTE. Select a value by rotating the Jog Dial or by using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. When the Note-Off is received, the sound is cut off immediately.

NoteOff NoteOn

Trigger Driven Note Driven
NOTE If the Driven setting is not applicable to the voice currently assigned to the pad, the display shows ----- to indicate that this parameter cannot be changed. In this case, the voice is fixed to the Note Driven setting. Refer to the Voice List shown on page 124
You can use the [ < ] and [ > ] cursor buttons to access the DRIVEN, DRUM KIT and PAD settings.

Pad Sensitivity

You can modify the velocity response of the pads with the pad sensitivity function. Unlike the preceding parameters, this setting affects the entire system. Select the Pad Sensitivity display page by pressing the [PAGE+] or [PAGE] button. The display indicates PADSNS and the current curve flashes.
Select the pad sensitivity by rotating the Jog Dial or by using the [ +1 ] and [ 1 ] buttons. The RY20 has four pad sensitivity settings: EASY, LINER (Linear), HARD, and CONST (Constant): EASY sets the drum pads to the most sensitive level. You do not have to tap very hard to get a louder sound. LINER is a linear setting. HARD requires you to tap the drum pads firmly in order to get a louder sound. CONST (Constant) turns off velocity sensitivity.

Strength

Velocity Strength

Linear

The YAMAHA RY20 prompt will appear, then the instrument will default to Pattern Play Mode.

Pattern List

Type LCD Name Name

Time Signature

LCD Name
0 Pop 5 Rock 14 Ballad 17 18
8bPop 16bPp D.Pop 24Sf1 24Sf2 Rock1 Rock2 Rock3 HRock Metal RckSf RkBgy 5/4Rk 7/8Rk Bald1 Bald2 Bald3 Bald4 Bald5
8-beat Pop 16-beat Pop Detroit Pop 24-beat Shuffle 1 24-beat Shuffle 2 Rock 1 Rock 2 Rock 3 Hard Rock Metal Rock Shuffle Rock Boogie 5/4 Rock 7/8 Rock Piano Ballad R&B Ballad Ballad 6/8 Ballad Analog Ballad 6/8 Blues 6/8 Gospel Fast Gospel Funk Disco Funk EuroBeat
4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 5/4 7/8 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 6/8 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4
25 Dance 32 R&R 33 Swing Fusion 40 Latin 45
House DncPp B.C Tecno Acid Rap DncSf BgWgy Rag Swing BeBop JWalz Fusn1 Fusn2 Fusn3 Mambo Samb1 Samb2 Bossa ChCha Bomba
House Dance Pop Black Contemporary Techno Acid Rap Dance Shuffle Boogie Woogie Ragtime Swing BeBop Jazz Waltz Fusion 1 Fusion 2 Fusion Shuffle Mambo Samba Jazz Samba Bossa Nova Cha Cha Bomba Reggae 1 Reggae 2 Ska Calypso
4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 3/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4 4/4
19 Rhythm Blues 20 & Blues GsplDance 24 Gspl2 Funk Disco Euro
46 Caribbe Regean Rege49 Ska Clyps

Preset

Drum Kit List
Stand Balad Pops Pops ROOM1 TDryH TDryM TDryL TDryF HOMid RdHi KTgt3 SPic1 Rim1 HPedl HCls1 Crsh1 KDry2 SPr6 TDryH TDryF BrTap BrSlp KGat2 SDry4 SRim2 SRoll BrSwL BrSwH AgogH AgogL JBell BelTr RdMd Cup1 TriM TriO Cowbl Spls1 Chns1 Crsh2 TmblH TmblL CuicM CuicO WhstH WhstL BongH BongL CongM CongH CongL Tmbrn WdBlH WdBlL Clave Casta Vibra Stick GuirS GuirL Cabas Marac Shakr Clap BFngr R&B Rhythm & Blues ROOM2 TDryH TDryM TDryL TDryF HOMid RdHi KDry3 SDry1 Rim1 HPedl HCls1 Crsh1 KJaz6 SPic3 TDryH TDryF BrTap BrSlp KDry1 SDry4 SRim5 SRoll BrSwL BrSwH AgogH AgogL JBell BelTr RdMd Cup1 TriM TriO Cowbl Spls1 Chns1 Crsh2 TmblH TmblL CuicM CuicO WhstH WhstL BongH BongL CongM CongH CongL Tmbrn WdBlH WdBlL Clave Casta Vibra Stick GuirS GuirL Cabas Marac Shakr Clap BPick Funk Funk ROOM2 TDryH TDryM TDryL TDryF HOMid RdHi KTgt5 SPr8 Rim1 HPedl HCls1 Crsh1 KDry3 SPic3 TDryH TDryF BrTap BrSlp KGat2 SPr11 SRim2 SRoll BrSwL Revrs AgogH AgogL JBell BelTr RdMd Cup1 TriM TriO Cowbl Spls1 Chns1 Crsh2 TmblH TmblL CuicM CuicO WhstH WhstL BongH BongL CongM CongH CongL Tmbrn WdBlH WdBlL Clave Casta Vibra Stick GuirS GuirL Cabas Marac Shakr Clap BSlp69 Regae Reggae HALL1 Ethn1 Ethn1 Ethn1 Ethn1 HOMid RdHi KTgt6 STgt8 Rim1 HPedl HCls1 Crsh1 KTgt3 SRim2 Ethn1 Ethn1 BrTap BrSlp KDry1 SPr1 SRim5 SRoll BrSwL BrSwH AgogH AgogL JBell BelTr RdMd Cup1 TriM TriO Cowbl Spls2 Chns1 Crsh2 TmblH TmblL CuicM CuicO WhstH WhstL BongH BongL CongM CongH CongL Tmbrn WdBlH WdBlL Clave Casta Vibra Stick GuirS GuirL Cabas Marac Shakr Clap BFngr Room Room ROOM1 TRomH TRomM TRomL TRomF HOMid RdHi KGat8 SPr5 Rim1 HPedl HCRom Crsh1 KGat4 SPr9 TRomH TRomF BrTap BrSlp KAmb1 SAmb2 SRim2 SRoll BrSwL BrSwH AgogH AgogL JBell BelTr RdLo Cup1 TriM TriO Cowbl Spls1 Chns1 Crsh2 TmblH TmblL CuicM CuicO WhstH WhstL BongH BongL CongM CongH CongL Tmbrn WdBlH WdBlL Clave Casta Vibra Stick GuirS GuirL Cabas Marac Shakr Clap BFngr Rock Rock PLAT1 TPwrH TPwrM TPwrL TPwrF HOSt5 RdHi KGat2 SRck8 Rim1 HPedl HCSt2 Crsh3 KGat9 SRck5 TPwrH TPwrF BrTap BrSlp KRck1 SRck2 SRim2 SRoll BrSwL BrSwH AgogH AgogL JBell BelTr RdMd Cup2 TriM TriO Cowbl Spls1 Chns1 Crsh5 TmblH TmblL CuicM CuicO WhstH WhstL BongH BongL CongM CongH CongL Tmbrn WdBlH WdBlL Clave Casta Vibra Stick GuirS GuirL Cabas Marac Shakr Clap BPick Power Power PLAT2 TPwrH TPwrM TPwrL TPwrF HOSt5 RdHi KRck2 SPwr1 Rim1 HPedl HCSt2 Crsh3 KGat7 SRck5 TPwrH TPwrF BrTap BrSlp KGat2 SPwr2 SPr9 SRoll BrSwL BrSwH AgogH AgogL JBell BelTr RdMd Cup2 TriM TriO Cowbl Spls1 Chns1 Crsh5 TmblH TmblL CuicM CuicO WhstH WhstL BongH BongL CongM CongH CongL Tmbrn WdBlH WdBlL Clave Casta Vibra Stick GuirS GuirL Cabas Marac Shakr Clap BPick Elctr Electronic HALL1 TElc1 TElc1 TElc1 TElc1 HOHi RdHi KElc3 SElc1 Rim1 HPedl HCls1 Crsh1 KElc1 TElc2 TElc1 TElc1 BrTap BrSlp KGat2 SElc2 STgt8 SRoll BrSwL Revrs AgogH AgogL JBell BelTr RdMd Cup1 TriM TriO Cowbl Spls2 Chns1 Crsh2 TmblH TmblL ScrH ScrL WhstH WhstL BongH BongL CongM CongH CongL Tmbrn WdBlH WdBlL Clave HighQ Vibra Stick GuirS GuirL Cabas Marac Shakr Clap BFngr

Elements 2 1

Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed
Voices xed to Note Driven cannot be changed to Trigger Driven. They always receive Note Off.

Troubleshooting

If you encounter one of the problems listed below, please check the possible causes and solutions before you assume that your RY20 is faulty. Problem

No sound

Possible Causes and Solutions
Make sure the VOLUME control is turned up to a reasonable level. The VOLUME control affects the level of both the OUTPUT jacks and the PHONES jack. Check the levels set in the MIDI functions, Volume and Expression (seepage 116). The level of the drum pad is set to zero (see page 86). The pattern or song that you selected is empty. The tracks of the selected pattern or song have been muted (see page 20). If you are using an external sound system, check the connections between the RY20 and the sound system. Look for possible connection failures or shorts. Make sure the volume control(s) on your external sound system is turned up to a reasonable level. Make certain that the RY20 is properly connected to the Yamaha AC adaptor that is included and that the power is turned ON.

Distorted sound

Bad connections and faulty audio cables can cause distorted sound. Make sure the cable plugs are clean and that all cable connections are secure. If your RY20 is connected to an external sound system, check that the RY20 VOLUME control is not turned up too high, thereby overloading the input to your sound system and causing distortion.
The pads produce sound, but the songs or patterns will not play
This problem is most likely caused by an improper MIDI Sync setting (see page 110). If you are not synchronizing the RY20 to an external MIDI clock signal, make sure the MIDI Sync is set to INT (internal clock). If you are synchronizing the RY20 to an external MIDI device and have set the MIDI Sync to MIDI (MIDI clock), make sure that the MIDI OUT connector of the external MIDI device is properly connected to the RY20 MIDI IN connector and that the external device is transmitting an appropriate MIDI clock signal to the RY20.
The RY20 does not respond to MIDI control
Check that the RY20 MIDI channels are set to match the channels of the controlling MIDI device. The RY20 has three MIDI channel settings drum channel (page 111), bass channel (page 112), and program change channel (page 113). Make sure these parameters are set properly for the type of MIDI control you are attempting. Check your MIDI connections and cables carefully.

LCD Messages

The following is a list of messages that the RY20 will display if errors or other conditions have occurred. PRESET MEMORY FULL SELECT TRACK PART EMPTY NOT EMPTY TS NOT MATCH BUFFER FULL BATT LOW
You have attempted to change a parameter in a preset pattern, song or drum kit. The RY20 memory is full or almost full and the specified operation cannot be performed. Delete unwanted songs to make more memory available. You have attempted to copy or clear a pattern without first selecting tracks. Select tracks and try the operation again. You have attempted to delete a part in Song Record Mode that was already empty. You have attempted to change the meter or number of measures in a pattern which contains data. Clear the pattern and try again. You have attempted to copy tracks to a pattern that has a time signature different from that of the source pattern. Too much MIDI data is being received by the RY20 at one time. Reduce the amount of data that is being sent to the RY20. The built-in memory back-up lithium battery is running low. Take your RY20 to an authorized Yamaha Service Center to have the battery replaced. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO REPLACE THE BACK-UP BATTERY YOURSELF.

 

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