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Yamaha TDM900-2008 Annexe 1
yamaha tdm 900 & rieju smx 50 2008
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YAMAHA MOTOR ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
1450-6, Mori, Mori-machi, Shuchi-gun, Shizuoka-ken, 437-0292 Japan
DECLARATION of CONFORMITY
We Company: YAMAHA MOTOR ELECTRONICS CO., LTD. Address: 1450-6, Mori, Mori-Machi, Shuchi-gun, Shizuoka-Ken, 437-0292 Japan Hereby declare that the product: Kind of equipment: IMMOBILIZER Type-designation: 5SL-00 is in compliance with following norm(s) or documents: R&TTE Directive(1999/5/EC) EN300 330-2 v1.1.1(2001-6), EN60950-1(2001) Two or Three-Wheel Motor Vehicles Directive(97/24/EC: Chapter 8, EMC) Place of issue: Shizuoka, Japan Date of issue: 1 Aug. 2002 Revision record No. Contents To change contact person and integrate type-designation. 1 Version up the norm of EN60950 to EN60950-To change company name 3
Date 9 Jun. Feb. Mar. 2007
General manager of quality assurance div.
Welcome to the Yamaha world of motorcycling! As the owner of the TDM900, you are benefiting from Yamahas vast experience and newest technology regarding the design and manufacture of high-quality products, which have earned Yamaha a reputation for dependability. Please take the time to read this manual thoroughly, so as to enjoy all advantages of your TDM900. The owners manual does not only instruct you in how to operate, inspect and maintain your motorcycle, but also in how to safeguard yourself and others from trouble and injury. In addition, the many tips given in this manual will help keep your motorcycle in the best possible condition. If you have any further questions, do not hesitate to contact your Yamaha dealer. The Yamaha team wishes you many safe and pleasant rides. So, remember to put safety first!
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations: The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED! WARNING Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe injury or death to the motorcycle operator, a bystander, or a person inspecting or repairing the motorcycle. A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to the motorcycle. A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
NOTE: G This manual should be considered a permanent part of this motorcycle and should remain with it even if the motorcycle is subsequently sold. G Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while this manual contains the most current product information available at the time of printing, there may be minor discrepancies between your motorcycle and this manual. If you have any questions concerning this manual, please consult your Yamaha dealer.
WARNING PLEASE READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY AND COMPLETELY BEFORE OPERATING THIS MOTORCYCLE. *Product and specifications are subject to change without notice.
TDM900 OWNERS MANUAL 2007 by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. 1st edition, June 2007 All rights reserved. Any reprinting or unauthorized use without the written permission of Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. is expressly prohibited. Printed in Japan.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY INFORMATION.1-1 DESCRIPTION..2-1 Left view..2-1 Right view...2-2 Controls and instruments.2-3 INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS..3-1 Immobilizer system.3-1 Main switch/steering lock..3-2 Indicator and warning lights.3-4 Tachometer unit.3-5 Coolant temperature gauge.3-6 Multi-function display..3-7 Anti-theft alarm (optional).3-8 Handlebar switches..3-8 Clutch lever.3-10 Shift pedal..3-10 Brake lever.3-10 Brake pedal..3-11 Fuel tank cap..3-11 Fuel..3-12 Fuel tank breather hose..3-13 Catalytic converters..3-13 Seat..3-13 Storage compartment..3-14 Adjusting the front fork.3-15 Adjusting the shock absorber assembly.3-16 Luggage strap holders.3-18 Sidestand.. 3-18 Ignition circuit cut-off system. 3-19 PRE-OPERATION CHECKS. 4-1 Pre-operation check list. 4-2 OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS.. 5-1 Starting the engine. 5-1 Shifting.. 5-2 Tips for reducing fuel consumption.. 5-3 Engine break-in. 5-3 Parking.. 5-4 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR.. 6-1 Owners tool kit.. 6-1 Periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.. 6-2 Removing and installing cowlings and panels.. 6-5 Checking the spark plugs. 6-6 Engine oil and oil filter element. 6-7 Coolant.. 6-10 Replacing the air filter element. 6-14 Adjusting the engine idling speed... 6-15 Checking the throttle cable free play.. 6-16 Valve clearance.. 6-16 Tires... 6-17 Cast wheels.. 6-19 Adjusting the clutch lever free play.. 6-20 Adjusting the rear brake light switch... 6-21 Checking the front and rear brake pads.. 6-21 Checking the brake fluid level. 6-22 Changing the brake fluid.. 6-23 Drive chain slack.. 6-23 Cleaning and lubricating the drive chain.. 6-25 Checking and lubricating the cables.. 6-25 Checking and lubricating the throttle grip and cable.. 6-26 Checking and lubricating the brake and shift pedals.. 6-26 Checking and lubricating the brake and clutch levers. 6-26 Checking and lubricating the sidestand.. 6-27 Lubricating the rear suspension. 6-27 Checking the front fork. 6-27 Checking the steering. 6-28 Checking the wheel bearings. 6-29 Battery.. 6-29 Replacing the fuses.. 6-30 Replacing a headlight bulb. 6-31
G G G G
ed by road and traffic conditions. Always signal before turning or changing lanes. Make sure that other motorists can see you. G The posture of the operator and passenger is important for proper control. The operator should keep both hands on the handlebar and both feet on the operator footrests during operation to maintain control of the motorcycle. The passenger should always hold onto the operator, the seat strap or grab bar, if equipped, with both hands and keep both feet on the passenger footrests. Never carry a passenger unless he or she can firmly place both feet on the passenger footrests. G Never ride under the influence of alcohol or other drugs. G This motorcycle is designed for on-road use only. It is not suitable for off-road use.
cle accidents are the result of head injuries. The use of a safety helmet is the single most critical factor in the prevention or reduction of head injuries. G Always wear an approved helmet. G Wear a face shield or goggles. Wind in your unprotected eyes could contribute to an impairment of vision that could delay seeing a hazard. G The use of a jacket, heavy boots, trousers, gloves, etc., is effective in preventing or reducing abrasions or lacerations. G Never wear loose-fitting clothes, otherwise they could catch on the control levers, footrests, or wheels and cause injury or an accident. G Never touch the engine or exhaust system during or after operation. They become very hot and can cause burns. Always wear protective clothing that covers your legs, ankles, and feet. G A passenger should also observe the above precautions.
Modifications Modifications made to this motorcycle not approved by Yamaha, or the removal of original equipment, may render the motorcycle unsafe for use and may cause severe personal injury. Modifications may also make your motorcycle illegal to use. Loading and accessories Adding accessories or cargo to your motorcycle can adversely affect stability and handling if the weight distribution of the motorcycle is changed. To avoid the possibility of an accident, use extreme caution when adding cargo or accessories to your motorcycle. Use extra care when riding a motorcycle that has added cargo or accessories. Here are some general guidelines to follow if loading cargo or adding accessories to your motorcycle: Loading The total weight of the operator, passenger, accessories and cargo must not exceed the maximum load limit.
Turn signal indicator lights and The corresponding indicator light flashes when the turn signal switch is pushed to the left or right.
NOTE: Even if the oil level is sufficient, the warning light may flicker when riding on a slope or during sudden acceleration or deceleration, but this is not a malfunction.
Immobilizer system indicator light The electrical circuit of the indicator light can be checked by turning the key to ON. If the indicator light does not come on for a few seconds, then go off, have a Yamaha dealer check the electrical cir-
cuit. When the key is turned to OFF and 30 seconds have passed, the indicator light will start flashing indicating the immobilizer system is enabled. After 24 hours have passed, the indicator light will stop flashing, however the immobilizer system is still enabled. NOTE: This model is also equipped with a self-diagnosis device for the immobilizer system. If the immobilizer system is defective, the indicator light will start flashing a pattern and the odometer/ tripmeter will display a 2-digit code when the key is turned to ON. When this occurs, have a Yamaha dealer check the self-diagnosis system. However, if the indicator light slowly flashes five times, and then quickly flashes two times repeatedly, error code 52 will be displayed. This error could be caused by signal interference. If this occurs, try the following. 1. Use the code re-registering key to start the engine.
NOTE: Make sure there are no other immobilizer keys close to the main switch, and do not keep more than one immobilizer key on the same key ring! Immobilizer system keys may cause signal interference, which may prevent the engine from starting. 2. If the engine starts, turn it off, and try starting the engine with the standard keys. 3. If one or both of the standard keys do not start the engine, take the vehicle, the code re-registering key and both standard keys to a Yamaha dealer and have the standard keys re-registered.
1. Tachometer 2. Tachometer red zone 3. Clock
The electric tachometer allows the rider to monitor the engine speed and keep it within the ideal power range. When the key is turned to ON, the tachometer needle will sweep once across the r/min range and then return to zero r/min in order to test the electrical circuit.
CAUTION: Do not operate the engine in the tachometer red zone. Red zone: 8000 r/min and above
This tachometer unit is equipped with a clock. To set the clock: 1. Push both the SELECT and RESET buttons for at least two seconds. 2. When the hour digits start flashing, push the RESET button to set the hours. 3. Push the SELECT button to change the minutes. 4. When the minute digits start flashing, push the RESET button to set the minutes. 5. Push the SELECT button to start the clock. NOTE: G After setting the clock, be sure to push the SELECT button before turning the key to OFF, otherwise the clock will not be set. G When the key is turned to OFF, the clock display will remain on for 48 hours and then go off to prevent the battery from discharging.
Coolant temperature gauge
CAUTION: Do not operate the engine if it is overheated.
1. Coolant temperature gauge 2. Coolant temperature gauge red zone
With the key in the ON position, the coolant temperature gauge indicates the temperature of the coolant. When the key is turned to ON, the coolant temperature gauge needle will sweep once across the temperature range and then return to C in order to test the electrical circuit. The coolant temperature varies with changes in the weather and engine load. If the needle reaches or enters the red zone, stop the vehicle and let the engine cool. (See page 6-39.)
WARNING Be sure to stop the vehicle before making any setting changes to the multi-function display.
two tripmeters (which show the distance traveled since they were last set to zero) G a fuel reserve tripmeter (which shows the distance traveled on the fuel reserve) G a fuel gauge G a self-diagnosis device NOTE: G Be sure to turn the key to ON before using the SELECT and RESET buttons. G For the U.K. only: To switch the speedometer and odometer/tripmeter displays between kilometers and miles, press the SELECT button for at least one second. Odometer and tripmeter modes Pushing the SELECT button switches the display between the odometer mode ODO and the tripmeter modes TRIP 1 and TRIP 2 in the following order: ODO TRIP 1 TRIP 2 ODO If the fuel level warning indicator flashes (see page 3-4), the odometer display will automatically change to the
1. Speedometer 2. Odometer/tripmeter 3. SELECT button 4. RESET button 5. Fuel gauge
fuel reserve tripmeter mode TRIP F and start counting the distance traveled from that point. In that case, pushing the SELECT button switches the display between the various tripmeter and odometer modes in the following order: TRIP F TRIP 1 TRIP 2 ODO TRIP F To reset a tripmeter, select it by pushing the SELECT button, and then push the RESET button for at least one second. If you do not reset the fuel reserve tripmeter manually, it will reset itself automatically and the display will return to the prior mode after refueling and traveling 5 km (3 mi). NOTE: The display cannot be changed back to TRIP F after pushing the RESET button. Fuel gauge The fuel gauge indicates the amount of fuel in the fuel tank. The display segments of the fuel gauge disappear towards E (Empty) as the fuel level decreases. When only one segment is left near E, the fuel level warning indi-
The multi-function display is equipped with the following: G a digital speedometer (which shows riding speed) G an odometer (which shows the total distance traveled)
cator and the last fuel gauge segment will flash. Refuel as soon as possible. Self-diagnosis device This model is equipped with a self-diagnosis device for various electrical circuits. If any of those circuits are defective, the odometer/tripmeter will indicate a two-digit error code. If the odometer/tripmeter indicates such an error code, note the code number, and then have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
(a). To decrease the rebound damping force and thereby soften the rebound damping, turn the adjusting knob in direction (b).
Rebound damping setting: Minimum (soft): 20 clicks in direction (b)* Standard: 12 clicks in direction (b)* Maximum (hard): 3 clicks in direction (b)* * With the adjusting knob fully turned in direction (a)
force and thereby harden the compression damping, turn the adjusting knob in direction (a). To decrease the compression damping force and thereby soften the compression damping, turn the adjusting knob in direction (b).
Compression damping setting: Minimum (soft): 12 clicks in direction (b)* Standard: 11 clicks in direction (b)* Maximum (hard): 1 click in direction (b)* * With the adjusting knob fully turned in direction (a)
Compression damping force NOTE: Although the total number of clicks of a damping force adjusting mechanism may not exactly match the above specifications due to small differences in production, the actual number of clicks always represents the entire adjusting range. To obtain a precise adjustment, it would be advisable to check the number of clicks of each damping force adjusting mechanism and to modify the specifications as necessary.
1. Compression damping force adjusting knob
WARNING This shock absorber contains highly pressurized nitrogen gas. For proper handling, read and understand the following information before handling the shock absorber. The manufacturer cannot be held responsible for property damage or personal injury that may result from improper handling. G Do not tamper with or attempt to open the gas cylinder. G Do not subject the shock absorber to an open flame or other high heat sources, otherwise it may explode due to excessive gas pressure. G Do not deform or damage the gas cylinder in any way, as this will result in poor damping performance. G Always have a Yamaha dealer service the shock absorber.
To increase the compression damping
Luggage strap holders
The sidestand is located on the left side of the frame. Raise the sidestand or lower it with your foot while holding the vehicle upright. NOTE: The built-in sidestand switch is part of the ignition circuit cut-off system, which cuts the ignition in certain situations. (See further down for an explanation of the ignition circuit cut-off system.)
pair it if it does not function properly.
1. Luggage strap holder
There are four luggage strap holders below the passenger seat, two of which can be turned out for easier access.
WARNING The vehicle must not be ridden with the sidestand down, or if the sidestand cannot be properly moved up (or does not stay up), otherwise the sidestand could contact the ground and distract the operator, resulting in a possible loss of control. Yamahas ignition circuit cut-off system has been designed to assist the operator in fulfilling the responsibility of raising the sidestand before starting off. Therefore, check this system regularly as described below and have a Yamaha dealer re3-18
Ignition circuit cut-off system
The ignition circuit cut-off system (comprising the sidestand switch, clutch switch and neutral switch) has the following functions. G It prevents starting when the transmission is in gear and the sidestand is up, but the clutch lever is not pulled. G It prevents starting when the transmission is in gear and the clutch lever is pulled, but the sidestand is still down. G It cuts the running engine when the transmission is in gear and the sidestand is moved down. Periodically check the operation of the ignition circuit cut-off system according to the following procedure.
WARNING If a malfunction is noted, have a Yamaha dealer check the system before riding.
With the engine turned off: 1. Move the sidestand down. 2. Make sure that the engine stop switch is turned on. 3. Turn the key on. 4. Shift the transmission into the neutral position. 5. Push the start switch. Does the engine start?
NOTE: This check is most reliable if performed with a warmed-up engine.
With the engine still running: 6. Move the sidestand up. 7. Keep the clutch lever pulled. 8. Shift the transmission into gear. 9. Move the sidestand down. Does the engine stall?
The neutral switch may be defective. The motorcycle should not be ridden until checked by a Yamaha dealer.
After the engine has stalled: 10. Move the sidestand up. 11. Keep the clutch lever pulled. 12. Push the start switch. Does the engine start?
The sidestand switch may be defective. The motorcycle should not be ridden until checked by a Yamaha dealer.
The clutch switch may be defective. The motorcycle should not be ridden until checked by a Yamaha dealer.
The system is OK. The motorcycle can be ridden.
The condition of a vehicle is the owners responsibility. Vital components can start to deteriorate quickly and unexpectedly, even if the vehicle remains unused (for example, as a result of exposure to the elements). Any damage, fluid leakage or loss of tire air pressure could have serious consequences. Therefore, it is very important, in addition to a thorough visual inspection, to check the following points before each ride. NOTE: Pre-operation checks should be made each time the vehicle is used. Such an inspection can be accomplished in a very short time; and the added safety it assures is more than worth the time involved.
WARNING If any item in the Pre-operation check list is not working properly, have it inspected and repaired before operating the vehicle.
Pre-operation check list
Fuel consumption depends largely on your riding style. Consider the following tips to reduce fuel consumption: G Shift up swiftly, and avoid high engine speeds during acceleration. G Do not rev the engine while shifting down, and avoid high engine speeds with no load on the engine. G Turn the engine off instead of letting it idle for an extended length of time (e.g., in traffic jams, at traffic lights or at railroad crossings).
There is never a more important period in the life of your engine than the period between 0 and 1600 km (1000 mi). For this reason, you should read the following material carefully. Since the engine is brand new, do not put an excessive load on it for the first 1600 km (1000 mi). The various parts in the engine wear and polish themselves to the correct operating clearances. During this period, prolonged full-throttle operation or any condition that might result in engine overheating must be avoided.
the oil filter element replaced. 1600 km (1000 mi) and beyond The vehicle can now be operated normally.
CAUTION: G Keep the engine speed out of the tachometer red zone. G If any engine trouble should occur during the engine break-in period, immediately have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
01000 km (0600 mi) Avoid prolonged operation above 4000 r/min. 10001600 km (6001000 mi) Avoid prolonged operation above 6000 r/min.
CAUTION: After 1000 km (600 mi) of operation, the engine oil must be changed, and
When parking, stop the engine, and then remove the key from the main switch.
WARNING G Since the engine and exhaust system can become very hot, park in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to touch them. G Do not park on a slope or on soft ground, otherwise the vehicle may overturn.
CAUTION: Never park in an area where there are fire hazards such as grass or other flammable materials.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Owners tool kit
9 Safety is an obligation of the owner. Periodic inspection, adjustment and lubrication will keep your vehicle in the safest and most efficient condition possible. The most important points of inspection, adjustment, and lubrication are explained on the following pages. The intervals given in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart should be simply considered as a general guide under normal riding conditions. However, DEPENDING ON THE WEATHER, TERRAIN, GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION, AND INDIVIDUAL USE, THE MAINTENANCE INTERVALS MAY NEED TO BE SHORTENED.
1. Oil lter element 2. O-ring
6. Install the oil filter element cover by
Recommended engine oil: See page 8-1. Oil quantity: Without oil filter element replacement: 3.80 L (4.02 US qt) (3.34 Imp.qt) With oil filter element replacement: 3.90 L (4.12 US qt) (3.43 Imp.qt)
for several minutes while checking it for oil leakage. If oil is leaking, immediately turn the engine off and check for the cause. 10. Turn the engine off, and then check the oil level and correct it if necessary.
The coolant level should be checked before each ride. In addition, the coolant must be changed at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
NOTE: Be sure to wipe off spilled oil on any parts after the engine and exhaust system have cooled down.
To check the coolant level 1. Place the vehicle on a level surface and hold it in an upright position. NOTE: G The coolant level must be checked on a cold engine since the level varies with engine temperature. G Make sure that the vehicle is positioned straight up when checking the coolant level. A slight tilt to the side can result in a false reading. 2. Check the coolant level in the coolant reservoir. NOTE: The coolant should be between the minimum and maximum level marks.
CAUTION: G In order to prevent clutch slippage (since the engine oil also lubricates the clutch), do not mix any chemical additives. Do not use oils with a diesel specification of CD or oils of a higher quality than specified. In addition, do not use oils labeled ENERGY CONSERVING II or higher. G Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase. 9. Start the engine, and then let it idle
coolant, have a Yamaha dealer check the antifreeze content of the coolant as soon as possible, otherwise the effectiveness of the coolant will be reduced.
1. Coolant reservoir 2. Maximum level mark 3. Minimum level mark 1. Coolant reservoir cap
WARNING Never attempt to remove the radiator cap when the engine is hot. NOTE: G The radiator fan is automatically switched on or off according to the coolant temperature in the radiator. G If the engine overheats, see page 6-39 for further instructions.
3. If the coolant is at or below the minimum level mark, remove panel B (See page 6-5.), remove the reservoir cap, add coolant to the maximum level mark, and then install the reservoir cap and the panel.
Coolant reservoir capacity (up to the maximum level mark): 0.25 L (0.26 US qt) (0.22 Imp.qt)
CAUTION: G If coolant is not available, use distilled water or soft tap water instead. Do not use hard water or salt water since it is harmful to the engine. G If water has been used instead of coolant, replace it with coolant as soon as possible, otherwise the cooling system will not be protected against frost and corrosion. G If water has been added to the
To change the coolant 1. Place the vehicle on a level surface and let the engine cool if necessary. 2. Remove the seat. (See page 3-13.) 3. Remove cowling B and panel B. (See page 6-5.) 4. Remove the fuel tank bolts, and
then lift the fuel tank to position it away from the coolant reservoir. (Do not disconnect the fuel hoses!) 5. Place a container under the engine to collect the used coolant. 6. Remove the radiator cap retaining bolt and the radiator cap.
1. Coolant drain bolt
WARNING Never attempt to remove the radiator cap when the engine is hot.
the cap, then turning the reservoir upside down. 11. Install the coolant reservoir by placing it in the original position, then installing the bolt. 12. After the coolant is completely drained, thoroughly flush the cooling system with clean tap water. 13. Install the coolant drain bolts, and then tighten them to the specified torque. NOTE: Check the washers for damage and replace them if necessary.
Tightening torque: Coolant drain bolt: 10 Nm (1.0 mkgf, 7.2 ftlbf)
8. Remove the coolant reservoir bolt.
1. Radiator cap retaining bolt 2. Radiator cap 1. Bolt 2. Coolant reservoir
14. Pour the recommended coolant into the radiator until it is full.
7. Remove the coolant drain bolts to drain the cooling system.
9. Pull the coolant reservoir upward and away from the vehicle. 10. Drain the remaining coolant from the coolant reservoir by opening
Antifreeze/water mixture ratio: 1:1 Recommended antifreeze: High-quality ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion inhibitors for aluminum engines Coolant quantity: Radiator capacity (including all routes): 1.75 L (1.85 US qt) (1.54 Imp.qt) Coolant reservoir capacity (up to the maximum level mark): 0.25 L (0.26 US qt) (0.22 Imp.qt)
4. Lift the fuel tank away from the air filter case. (Do not disconnect the fuel hoses!)
WARNING G Before installing the fuel tank, make sure that the fuel hoses are not damaged. If any fuel hose is damaged, do not start the engine but have a Yamaha dealer replace the hose, otherwise fuel may leak. G Make sure that the fuel hoses are properly connected and routed, and not pinched. G Be sure to place the fuel tank breather hose and the fuel tank overflow hose in the original position.
Adjusting the engine idling speed
The engine idling speed must be checked and, if necessary, adjusted as follows at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. The engine should be warm before making this adjustment. Check the engine idling speed and, if necessary, adjust it to specification by turning the idle adjusting screw. To increase the engine idling speed, turn the screw in direction (a). To decrease the engine idling speed, turn the screw in direction (b).
1. Original position (paint mark)
10. Install the panels and cowlings. 11. Install the seat.
1. Fuel tank breather/overow hose 2. Fuel hose 6-15
Checking the throttle cable free play
The valve clearance changes with use, resulting in improper air-fuel mixture and/or engine noise. To prevent this from occurring, the valve clearance must be adjusted by a Yamaha dealer at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
1. Idle adjusting screw
Engine idling speed: 11001200 r/min
1. Throttle cable free play
NOTE: If the specified idling speed cannot be obtained as described above, have a Yamaha dealer make the adjustment.
The throttle cable free play should measure 3.05.0 mm (0.120.20 in) at the throttle grip. Periodically check the throttle cable free play and, if necessary, have a Yamaha dealer adjust it.
9 To maximize the performance, durability, and safe operation of your motorcycle, note the following points regarding the specified tires. Tire air pressure The tire air pressure should be checked and, if necessary, adjusted before each ride.
Replacing a turn signal light bulb
1. Screw 2. Turn signal light lens
Replacing the auxiliary light bulb
1. Remove the auxiliary light lens by removing the screws.
1. Remove the turn signal light lens by removing the screw.
1. Turn signal light bulb
3. Insert a new bulb into the socket, push it in, and then turn it clockwise until it stops. 4. Install the lens by installing the screw.
1. Auxiliary light lens 2. Screw
2. Remove the defective bulb by pushing it in and turning it counterclockwise.
CAUTION: Do not overtighten the screw, otherwise the lens may break.
2. Remove the defective bulb by pulling it out.
Supporting the motorcycle
Since this model is not equipped with a centerstand, follow these precautions when removing the front and rear wheel or performing other maintenance requiring the motorcycle to stand upright. Check that the motorcycle is in a stable and level position before starting any maintenance. A strong wooden box can be placed under the engine for added stability. To service the front wheel 1. Stabilize the rear of the motorcycle by using a motorcycle stand or, if an additional motorcycle stand is not available, by placing a jack under the frame in front of the rear wheel. 2. Raise the front wheel off the ground by using a motorcycle stand. To service the rear wheel Raise the rear wheel off the ground by using a motorcycle stand or, if a motorcycle stand is not available, by placing a jack either under each side of the
frame in front of the rear wheel or under each side of the swingarm.
1. Auxiliary light bulb
3. Insert a new bulb into the socket. 4. Install the lens by installing the screws.
CAUTION: Do not overtighten the screws, otherwise the lens may break.
To remove the front wheel
WARNING G It is advisable to have a Yamaha dealer service the wheel. G Securely support the motorcycle so that there is no danger of it falling over. 1. Loosen the front wheel axle pinch bolt, then the brake caliper bolts. 2. Loosen the wheel axle with a 19-mm hexagon wrench.
CAUTION: G Avoid using strong acidic wheel cleaners, especially on spoked wheels. If such products are used on hard-to-remove dirt, do not leave the cleaner on the affected area any longer than instructed. Also, thoroughly rinse the area off with water, immediately dry it, and then apply a corrosion protection spray. G Improper cleaning can damage plastic parts such as cowlings, panels, windshields, headlight lenses, meter lenses, etc. Use only a soft, clean cloth or sponge with mild detergent and water to clean plastic. G Do not use any harsh chemical products on plastic parts. Be sure to avoid using cloths or sponges which have been in
contact with strong or abrasive cleaning products, solvent or thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust removers or inhibitors, brake fluid, antifreeze or electrolyte. G Do not use high-pressure washers or steam-jet cleaners since they cause water seepage and deterioration in the following areas: seals (of wheel and swingarm bearings, fork and brakes), electric components (couplers, connectors, instruments, switches and lights), breather hoses and vents. G For motorcycles equipped with a windshield: Do not use strong cleaners or hard sponges as they will cause dulling or scratching. Some cleaning compounds for plastic may leave scratches on the windshield. Test the product on a small hidden part of the windshield to make sure that it does not leave any marks. If the windshield is scratched, use a quality plastic polishing compound after washing. After normal use Remove dirt with warm water, a mild detergent, and a soft, clean sponge, and then rinse thoroughly with clean water. Use a toothbrush or bottlebrush for hard-to-reach areas. Stubborn dirt and insects will come off more easily if the area is covered with a wet cloth for a few minutes before cleaning. After riding in the rain, near the sea or on salt-sprayed roads Since sea salt or salt sprayed on roads during winter are extremely corrosive in combination with water, carry out the following steps after each ride in the rain, near the sea or on salt-sprayed roads. NOTE: Salt sprayed on roads in the winter may remain well into spring. 1. Clean the motorcycle with cold water and a mild detergent, after the engine has cooled down.
CAUTION: Do not use warm water since it increases the corrosive action of the salt. 2. After drying the motorcycle, apply a corrosion protection spray on all metal, including chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces to prevent corrosion. After cleaning 1. Dry the motorcycle with a chamois or an absorbing cloth. 2. Immediately dry the drive chain and lubricate it to prevent it from rusting. 3. Use a chrome polish to shine chrome, aluminum and stainless-steel parts, including the exhaust system. (Even the thermally induced discoloring of stainless-steel exhaust systems can be removed through polishing.) 4. To prevent corrosion, it is recommended to apply a corrosion protection spray on all metal, including chrome- and nickel-plat8 9
ed, surfaces. 5. Use spray oil as a universal cleaner to remove any remaining dirt. 6. Touch up minor paint damage caused by stones, etc. 7. Wax all painted surfaces. 8. Let the motorcycle dry completely before storing or covering it.
treat them with a suitable care product. G Avoid using abrasive polishing compounds as they will wear away the paint. NOTE: Consult a Yamaha dealer for advice on what products to use.
Short-term Always store your motorcycle in a cool, dry place and, if necessary, protect it against dust with a porous cover.
WARNING G Make sure that there is no oil or wax on the brakes or tires. G If necessary, clean the brake discs and brake linings with a regular brake disc cleaner or acetone, and wash the tires with warm water and a mild detergent. Before riding at higher speeds, test the motorcycles braking performance and cornering behavior.
CAUTION: G Storing the motorcycle in a poorly ventilated room or covering it with a tarp, while it is still wet, will allow water and humidity to seep in and cause rust. G To prevent corrosion, avoid damp cellars, stables (because of the presence of ammonia) and areas where strong chemicals are stored. Long-term Before storing your motorcycle for several months: 1. Follow all the instructions in the Care section of this chapter. 2. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel stabilizer (if available) to prevent the fuel tank from rusting and the
CAUTION: G Apply spray oil and wax sparingly and make sure to wipe off any excess. G Never apply oil or wax to any rubber and plastic parts, but
fuel from deteriorating. 3. Perform the following steps to protect the cylinders, piston rings, etc. from corrosion. a. Remove the spark plug caps and spark plugs. b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine oil into each spark plug bore. c. Install the spark plug caps onto the spark plugs, and then place the spark plugs on the cylinder head so that the electrodes are grounded. (This will limit sparking during the next step.) d. Turn the engine over several times with the starter. (This will coat the cylinder walls with oil.) e. Remove the spark plug caps from the spark plugs, and then install the spark plugs and the spark plug caps.
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