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User reviews and opinions
|Naaduxa||9:53pm on Sunday, October 17th, 2010|
|Over all best business phone. Best business phone, name card scanner, pc sycn, 3.2MP camera, Qwerty KB. touch screen i didnt find any u will find everything in it!!! camera,sound,...almost everything stylus,softwares|
|ddardenne||10:40am on Friday, October 15th, 2010|
|super cell of a breakthrough technology is surpassed when super renewing cell that has done everything you precisacelular concept to others he is the ...|
|sebastiaanveld||12:01pm on Thursday, August 19th, 2010|
|unreliable business partner I used to have a sony Ericsson P910. I regret the day I replaced with this phone. King of Smarphone This phone is great! Best value for money..The stock P1i is great by itself, but after some modifications.|
|slidgey||5:44am on Sunday, August 15th, 2010|
|I have been and will always be a fan of Sony / Sony Ericsson and I have always been using their phones since the 688 model phone nicknamed “The tank” ...|
|rdriscoll||3:31am on Monday, July 12th, 2010|
|Best Phone I have ever owned I have owned this phone for over a year now and know it in and out. This is the best phone I have used so far. Excelente... He tenido varios Sony Ericson, pero mi experiencia con este telefono ha sido cheverisima.|
|music||9:32pm on Friday, July 9th, 2010|
|Back in 2008 I very much liked this phone imm... Nice set of features for advanced users the worst phone I have had in terms of reliability Back in 2008 I very much liked this phone immediately out of the box. I still kind of do, but as of now it has been dead and needed repairing 3 times. I got the phone at the end of December 2008 a... Design, features.|
|J-h-m-L||5:51pm on Wednesday, June 23rd, 2010|
|This was my previous phone, and it has been a very good phone to own. It has all the features to satisfy every sort of customer. Highly recommended! You could even install walkman 3 touch player and lot more useful third party application such as google map,document to go.|
|domenic.murtari||4:03am on Tuesday, April 6th, 2010|
|Back in 2008 I very much liked this phone immediately out of the box. I still kind of do, but as of now it has been dead and needed repairing 3 times.|
|dackel||8:18pm on Wednesday, March 24th, 2010|
|(.)(.) _ _____ R00wFl!_Nnxg LOL! My P900 was on its last leg, so I picked up the P1i as its the latest successor on the P-line phones from Sony- Ericsson.|
Comments posted on www.ps2netdrivers.net are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.
Enjoy Internet Phone Service
Support Open SIP v2 Standard Effective Media Bandwidth Management Four Built-in Phone Jacks for VoIP Applications over Internet Connection Robust, State-of-the-Art Firewall Security Easy Installation and Management with Auto-provisioning
Support Multiple SIP Phone Numbers and Automatic Number Assignment Mechanism
End users can use 4 phone lines simultaneously. The P-2304R-P1 automatically uses one of the phone ports for communication. With support of G.729 on each phone port, the P-2304R-P1 is ideal in a network environment with limited bandwidth.
Integrated NAT Router Capability
The Network Address Translation (NAT) feature on the P-2304R-P1 allows multiple computers on the LAN to share a single Internet connection. This eliminates purchases of additional network routing devices and provides an affordable and easy-to-use Internet sharing experience.
Rich Call Features
The P-2304R-P1 comes with a comprehensive set of phone features such as the built-in phone book. In addition, the keypad allows users to forward calls, transfer calls, perform three-way call conferencing, etc.
Effective Network Bandwidth Management and State-of-theart Security Firewall
The P-2304R-P1 enables network administrators to allocate network resources while guaranteeing Quality of Service (QoS). Network Bandwidth Management increases productivity and efficiency by tailoring a system to specific demands such as time-sensitive VoIP and multimedia applications. In addition, the ICSAcertified ZyNOS operating system ensures state-of-the-art SPI firewall protection especially against DoS attacks. Thus the P-2304R-P1 provides the first line of defense against hackers, network intruders, and other malicious threats.
Easy Provisioning Management with TR-104 (customizable)
The TR-104 Provisioning parameter for VoIP CPE defines the data model for provisioning of a VoIP CPE device by an Auto-configuration Server (ACS) using the mechanism. With TR-104 support, service providers can easily manage and configure the P-2304R-P1 remotely using an ACS server.
VoIP Station Gateway
VoIP Station Gateway p-2304r-p1
Built-in TWO Auto MDI/ I/MDI-X 10 10/ 0/100M RJ-45 Ports s for LAN & WAN 4 FXS POTS Interface for Analog Telep r An ephone (SL SLIC) Restore Factory Default ults/Reboot Butto b on
CW (Call Waiting) Call Waiting with Caller ID Call Forwarding (Unconditional/Busy/No Answer) Call Transferring Three Way Conference with local mixing CLIP (Calling Line Identification Presentation) CLIR (Calling Line Identification Restriction) Call Hold/Call Retrieve Incoming Call Policy (Call Accept/Call Forward/ Call Block) Second Call Internal Call Early Media Flash Hook Timer Music on Hold MWI (Message Waiting Indicator, RFC 3842) IVR (Interactive Voice Response) Speed Dial (Phone Book) DND (Do NOT Disturb)* MCID (Malicious Call Identification)* Call Block* Distinctive Ringing* Last Number Redial* COLP (Connected Line Identification Presentation)* COLR (Connected Line Identification Restriction)* Conference Call with Media Server* Call Filtering* Call History* Automatic Call Return* MWI by e-Mail* Fixed Destination Call*
Secure TFTP and HTTP Auto-provisioning (Default by 3DES Encryption) IVR for IP Address and FW Upgrade 2-tier Web and Management: Admin & Guest Access Authority (by project)
NAT (Includes Multi-to-m es o-multi NAT)/S SUA NAT Server (Port Forw N r orwarding) TCP CP/IP PPPo Client oE DHCP Client rver C nt/Ser RIP I/RIP II Support P rted IP Multicas Mu asting, IGMP v1 and v2 MP Dynamic DN Support Dy NS rt IP Alias
Simple Traversal of UDP over NAT (STUN, RFC3489) Outbound Proxy Manual Configured SIP and RTP (Fake address)
Embedded FTP/TFTP Server for Firmware Upgrade and Configuration Backup and Restore Easy Provisioning Management of TR-104 (by project) Remote Management Control: Telnet, FTP, Web UPnP Support
SIP (RFC 3261) v2 SDP (RFC 2327) RTP (RFC 1889) RTCP (RFC 1890) Echo Cancellation G.168 n: VAD (Voice Activ Detection) ivity Silence Suppre ression CNG (Comfo Noise Generation) ort Support TO & Diffserv Tagging TOS VLAN Tag Support g Codec: G.7 (PCM A-law or -law selectable), 711 G.729a/b Option: G.726 (ADPCM), G.723* 6 DTMF Detection on Multiple SIP Num mber Supports Multiple Channel Su Supports Modem and Fax Tone Detection ne T.38 Fax Relay Polarity Reverse* DNS SRV*
ICSA Certified Firewall with Stateful Packet Inspection Prevent DoS Attack Access Control of Service Content Filtering: URL Blocking Such as ActiveX, Java, Cookies and Web IP & Generic Packet Filtering Real-time Attack Alert and Log
Operating Temperature: 0C ~ 40C Storage Temperature: 0C ~ 60C Operating Humidity: 10% ~ 85% RH Storage Humidity: 10% ~ 90% RH
Friendly Web-based Configuration Tool Remote FTP/TFTP Firmware Upgrade and Configuration Backup/Restore
Dimensions: 115 (W) x 51 (D) x 165 (H) mm Weight: 295 g
*Firmware upgradeable for future enhancement
IP Telephony Service Provider
VoIP Call Server Serv
Bro roadband CPE
DSL Line PSTN/ISDN Fixed Line
For more produc t information, visit us on the web www.ZyXEL.com
Corporate Headquarters ZyXEL Communications Corp.
Tel: +886-3-578-3942 Fax: +886-3-578-2439 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.zyxel.com http://www.zyxel.com.tw
ZyXEL Denmark A/S
Tel: +00 Fax: +07 Email: email@example.com http://www.zyxel.dk
ZyXEL France SARL L
Tel: +33 (0)Fax: +33 (0)20 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.zyxel.fr
Tel: +36-1-336-1646 Fax: +36-1-325-9100 Email: email@example.com http://www.zyxel.hu
ZyXEL North America
Tel: +1-714-632-0882 Fax: +1-714-632-0858 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.us.zyxel.com
Tel: +48 (22) Fax: +48 (22) Email: email@example.com http://www.pl.zyxel.com
Tel: +Fax: +Email: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.zyxel.es
ZyXEL UK Ltd.
Tel: +44 (0) Fax: +44 (0) Email: email@example.com http://www.zyxel.co.uk
ZyXEL Czech s.r.o.
Tel: +Fax: +Email: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.zyxel.cz
ZyXEL Finland Oy
Tel: +358-9-Fax: +358-9-Email: email@example.com http://www.zyxel.fi
ZyXEL Germany GmbH.
Tel: +49 (0) 2405-Fax: +49 (0) 2405-Email: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.zyxel.de
Z ZyXEL Kazakhstan
Tel +7-327-2-590-699 el: Fax: +7-327-2-590-689 : Email: email@example.com l: http://w /www.zyxel.kz
ZyXEL Norway A/S
Tel: +80 Fax: +81 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.zyxel.no
Tel: +7 (095) 542-8920 Fax: +7 (095) 542-8925 Email: email@example.com http://www.zyxel.ru
ZyXEL Sweden A/S
Tel: +46 (0) Fax: +46 (0) Email: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.zyxel.se
Tel: +31 Fax: +32 Email: email@example.com http://www.ua.zyxel.com
Copyright 2006 ZyXEL Communications Corp. All rights reserved. ZyXEL, ZyXEL logo are registered trademarks of ZyXEL Communications Corp. All other brands, product names, or trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. All specifications are subject to change without notice.
Part IV: Security and Management... 135
Chapter 12 Firewall..... 137
Table of Contents 12.1 Firewall Overview... 137 12.1.1 Stateful Inspection Firewall... 137 12.1.2 About the ZyXEL Device Firewall... 137 12.1.3 Guidelines For Enhancing Security With Your Firewall.. 138 12.1.4 The Firewall, NAT and Remote Management... 138 12.2 Triangle Route..... 139 12.2.1 The Triangle Route Problem... 139 12.2.2 Solving the Triangle Route Problem... 140 12.3 Firewall Screens.... 141 12.3.1 General Firewall Screen.... 141 12.3.2 Firewall Services Screen... 142
Chapter 13 Content Filter.... 145
13.1 Content Filtering Overview.... 145 13.2 Content Filtering Screens... 145 13.2.1 Content Filter Screen... 145 13.2.2 Content Filter Schedule Screen.... 147
Chapter 14 Static Route..... 149
14.1 Static Route Overview.... 149 14.2 Static Route Screens... 149 14.2.1 IP Static Route Screen... 149 14.2.2 IP Static Route Edit Screen... 150
Chapter 15 Bandwidth MGMT.... 153
15.1 Bandwidth Management Overview.... 153 15.1.1 Bandwidth Classes and Filters... 153 15.1.2 Proportional Bandwidth Allocation... 154 15.1.3 Application-based Bandwidth Management... 154 15.1.4 Subnet-based Bandwidth Management... 154 15.1.5 Application- and Subnet-based Bandwidth Management.. 154 15.1.6 Scheduler.... 154 15.1.7 Maximize Bandwidth Usage... 155 15.1.8 Bandwidth Borrowing... 157 15.1.9 Over Allotment of Bandwidth.... 158 15.2 Bandwidth Management Screens... 158 15.2.1 Bandwidth Management Summary Screen.. 158 15.2.2 Bandwidth Class Setup Screen... 160 15.2.3 Bandwidth Class Edit Screen... 161 15.2.4 Bandwidth Monitor Screen... 163
Chapter 16 Remote MGMT.... 165
16.1 Remote Management Overview... 165 16.1.1 Remote Management Limitations... 165 16.1.2 Remote Management and NAT... 165 16.2 SNMP.... 166 16.2.1 Supported MIBs.... 167 16.2.2 SNMP Traps.... 167 16.2.3 System Timeout.... 167 16.3 Remote Management Screens... 168 16.3.1 WWW Screen.... 168 16.3.2 Telnet Screen.... 168 16.3.3 FTP Screen... 169 16.3.4 SNMP Screen... 170 16.3.5 DNS Screen.... 171 16.3.6 Security Screen.... 171
Part V: Maintenance and Troubleshooting.. 173
Chapter 17 UPnP.... 175
17.1 Introducing Universal Plug and Play... 175 17.1.1 How do I know if I'm using UPnP?... 175 17.1.2 NAT Traversal.... 175 17.1.3 Cautions with UPnP.... 175 17.1.4 UPnP and ZyXEL.... 176 17.2 UPnP Examples.... 176 17.2.1 Installing UPnP in Windows Example... 176 17.2.2 Using UPnP in Windows XP Example.. 179 17.3 UPnP Screen.... 185
List of Figures Figure 125 Internet Options.... 232 Figure 126 Security Settings - Java Scripting.... 233 Figure 127 Security Settings - Java.... 233 Figure 128 Java (Sun).... 234 Figure 129 WIndows 95/98/Me: Network: Configuration... 236 Figure 130 Windows 95/98/Me: TCP/IP Properties: IP Address... 237 Figure 131 Windows 95/98/Me: TCP/IP Properties: DNS Configuration... 238 Figure 132 Windows XP: Start Menu.... 239 Figure 133 Windows XP: Control Panel.... 239 Figure 134 Windows XP: Control Panel: Network Connections: Properties... 240 Figure 135 Windows XP: Local Area Connection Properties... 240 Figure 136 Windows XP: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties... 241 Figure 137 Windows XP: Advanced TCP/IP Properties... 242 Figure 138 Windows XP: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties... 243 Figure 139 Macintosh OS X: Apple Menu.... 244 Figure 140 Macintosh OS X: Network... 244 Figure 141 Red Hat 9.0: KDE: Network Configuration: Devices.. 245 Figure 142 Red Hat 9.0: KDE: Ethernet Device: General.. 246 Figure 143 Red Hat 9.0: KDE: Network Configuration: DNS... 246 Figure 144 Red Hat 9.0: KDE: Network Configuration: Activate.. 247 Figure 145 Red Hat 9.0: Dynamic IP Address Setting in ifconfig-eth0.. 247 Figure 146 Red Hat 9.0: Static IP Address Setting in ifconfig-eth0 Figure 147 Red Hat 9.0: DNS Settings in resolv.conf... 247.. 248
Figure 148 Red Hat 9.0: Restart Ethernet Card.... 248 Figure 149 Red Hat 9.0: Checking TCP/IP Properties.. 248 Figure 150 Network Number and Host ID.... 250 Figure 151 Subnetting Example: Before Subnetting... 252 Figure 152 Subnetting Example: After Subnetting... 253 Figure 153 How NAT Works..... 260 Figure 154 NAT Application With IP Alias.... 261 Figure 155 Full Cone NAT Example.... 263 Figure 156 Restricted Cone NAT Example... 264 Figure 157 Port Restricted Cone NAT Example... 265 Figure 158 Symmetric NAT.... 265 Figure 159 Configuration Text File Format: Column Descriptions... 267 Figure 160 Invalid Parameter Entered: Command Line Example... 268 Figure 161 Valid Parameter Entered: Command Line Example... 268 Figure 162 Internal SPTGEN FTP Download Example.. 269 Figure 163 Internal SPTGEN FTP Upload Example... 269
List of Tables
Table 1 LED Descriptions..... 28 Table 2 Web Configurator Icons in the Title Bar... 37 Table 3 Navigation Panel Summary.... 37 Table 4 Status Screen.... 42 Table 5 Any IP Table.... 45 Table 6 DHCP Table.... 45 Table 7 VoIP Statistics..... 46 Table 8 BW MGMT Monitor.... 48 Table 9 Packet Statistics Window.... 50 Table 10 Main Wizard Screen.... 52 Table 11 Connection Wizard > Welcome.... 53 Table 12 Connection Wizard > System Information... 54 Table 13 Connection Wizard > ISP Parameters (Ethernet).. 55 Table 14 Connection Wizard > ISP Parameters (PPPoE)... 56 Table 15 Connection Wizard > IP Address.... 57 Table 16 Connection Wizard > IP Address (Ethernet)... 58 Table 17 Connection Wizard > IP Address (PPPoE).... 60 Table 18 Connection Wizard > MAC Address.... 61 Table 19 Connection Wizard > Finish.... 62 Table 20 VoIP Setup Wizard > SIP Settings... 63 Table 21 VoIP Setup Wizard > Registration Complete (Success).. 64 Table 22 VoIP Setup Wizard > Registration Complete (Fail)... 65 Table 23 Bandwidth Management Wizard > Welcome... 66 Table 24 Bandwidth Management Wizard > General Information.. 67 Table 25 Bandwidth Management Wizard > Services Setup... 68 Table 26 Bandwidth Management Wizard > Priority Setup.. 69 Table 27 Bandwidth Management Wizard > Finish... 70 Table 28 Bridge Mode: Features by Screen... 71 Table 29 Private IP Address Ranges.... 75 Table 30 Network > WAN > Internet Connection (Ethernet)... 77 Table 31 Network > WAN > Internet Connection (Roadrunner)... 79 Table 32 Network > WAN > Internet Connection (PPPoE)... 80 Table 33 Network > WAN > Advanced... 82 Table 34 Network > WAN > Traffic Redirect... 84 Table 35 Network > LAN > IP.... 90 Table 36 Network > LAN > DHCP Setup.... 90 Table 37 Network > LAN > Static DHCP... 92 Table 38 Network > LAN > Client List.... 93
List of Tables Table 125 NAT Definitions.... 259 Table 126 NAT Mapping Types... 262 Table 127 NAT Types.... 263 Table 128 Abbreviations Used in the Example Internal SPTGEN Screens Table. 270 Table 129 Menu 1 General Setup.... 270 Table 130 Menu 3..... 270 Table 131 Menu 4 Internet Access Setup.... 273 Table 132 Menu 12.... 275 Table 133 Menu 15 SUA Server Setup... 275 Table 134 Menu 21.1 Filter Set #1... 277 Table 135 Menu 21.1 Filer Set #2.... 278 Table 136 Menu 23 System Menus.... 280 Table 137 Menu 24.11 Remote Management Control... 281 Table 138 Command Examples.... 282 Table 139 Examples of Services.... 283
P ART I
Introduction and Wizard
Introducing the ZyXEL Device (27) Introducing the Web Configurator (33) Status Screens (41) Wizard Setup (51) Bridge Mode (71)
1.1 VoIP Station Gateway Overview
Introducing the ZyXEL Device
This chapter introduces the main features and applications of the ZyXEL Device.
The P-2304R-P1 VoIP (Voice over IP) station gateway lets you use traditional analog telephones to make telephone calls over the Internet. The ZyXEL Device uses SIP (Session Initiation Protocol), an internationally recognized standard for implementing VoIP. You can call any landline or mobile telephone as well as IP telephones. You dont need to know if the recipients connection type is an IP, cellular or landline based service. Calls received from IP telephones work exactly as you would expect from the traditional telephone service. The NAT and DHCP server features allow you to use an Ethernet hub or switch to set up a private network and allow multiple computers to share a single Internet connection. The ZyXEL Device also provides content filtering and a firewall for security. The ZyXEL Device's web configurator allows easy management and configuration. See Appendix A on page 223 for a complete list of features.
1.2 Ways to Manage the ZyXEL Device
Use any of the following methods to manage the ZyXEL Device. Web Configurator. This is recommended for everyday management of the ZyXEL Device using a (supported) web browser. Command Line Interface. Line commands are mostly used for troubleshooting by service engineers. FTP for firmware upgrades and configuration backup/restore. SNMP. The device can be monitored by an SNMP manager. See the SNMP chapter in this Users Guide.
1.3 Good Habits for Managing the ZyXEL Device
Do the following things regularly to make the ZyXEL Device more secure and to manage the ZyXEL Device more effectively.
Chapter 1 Introducing the ZyXEL Device
Change the password. Use a password thats not easy to guess and that consists of different types of characters, such as numbers and letters. Write down the password and put it in a safe place. Back up the configuration (and make sure you know how to restore it). Restoring an earlier working configuration may be useful if the device becomes unstable or even crashes. If you forget your password, you will have to reset the ZyXEL Device to its factory default settings. If you backed up an earlier configuration file, you would not have to totally re-configure the ZyXEL Device. You could simply restore your last configuration.
Use the ZyXEL Device to make a call to the recipients IP address without using a SIP proxy server. Peer-to-peer calls are also called Point to Point or IP-to-IP calls. You must know the peers IP address in order to do this. The following figure shows a basic example of how you would make a peer-to-peer VoIP call. You use your analog phone (A in the figure) and the ZyXEL Device (B) changes the call into VoIP. The ZyXEL Device then sends your call through the Internet to the peer VoIP device (C).
Figure 4 Peer-to-peer Calling
Introducing the Web Configurator
This chapter describes how to access the ZyXEL Device web configurator and provides an overview of its screens.
2.1 Web Configurator Overview
2.2 Accessing the Web Configurator
1 Make sure your ZyXEL Device hardware is properly connected and prepare your computer/computer network to connect to the ZyXEL Device (refer to the Quick Start Guide). 2 Launch your web browser. 3 Type "192.168.1.1" (the ZyXEL Devices default LAN IP address) as the URL. The Login screen appears.
Chapter 2 Introducing the Web Configurator Figure 5 Login Screen
4 Type "1234" (default) as the password, and click Login. In some versions, the default password appears automatically - if this is the case, click Login. The Change Password screen appears.
Figure 6 Change Password Screen
5 It is highly recommended to change your password. To change your password, type a new password, retype it to confirm it, and click Apply. Otherwise, click Ignore if you do not want to change your password right now. The options screen should appear.
Chapter 2 Introducing the Web Configurator Figure 7 Select Mode Screen
6 In the options screen, Click Go to Wizard setup if you are logging in for the first time or if you want to make basic changes. See Chapter 4 on page 51 for more information. Click Go to Advanced setup if you want to configure features that are not available in the wizards. The main screen appears. See Section 2.4 on page 36 for more information. Click Exit if you want to log out.
Chapter 3 Status Screens Figure 10 Any IP Table
Table 5 Any IP Table
LABEL # IP Address MAC Address Refresh DESCRIPTION This field is a sequential value. It is not associated with a specific entry. This field displays the IP address of each computer that is using the ZyXEL Device but is in a different subnet than the ZyXEL Device. This field displays the MAC address of the computer that is using the ZyXEL Device but is in a different subnet than the ZyXEL Device. Click this to update this screen.
3.3 DHCP Table
To access this screen, open the Status screen (see Section 3.1 on page 41), and click (Details.) next to DHCP Table.
Figure 11 DHCP Table
Table 6 DHCP Table
LABEL # IP Address Host Name MAC Address Refresh DESCRIPTION This field is a sequential value. It is not associated with a specific entry. This field displays the IP address the ZyXEL Device assigned to a computer in the network. This field displays the system name of the computer to which the ZyXEL Device assigned the IP address. This field displays the MAC address of the computer to which the ZyXEL Device assigned the IP address. Click this to update this screen.
Chapter 3 Status Screens
3.4 VoIP Statistics
To access this screen, open the Status screen (see Section 3.1 on page 41), and click (Details.) next to VoIP Statistics.
Figure 12 VoIP Statistics
Table 7 VoIP Statistics
LABEL SIP Status Account Registration This column displays each SIP account in the ZyXEL Device. This field displays the current registration status of the SIP account. You can change this in the Status screen. Registered - The SIP account is registered with a SIP server. Register Fail - The last time the ZyXEL Device tried to register the SIP account with the SIP server, the attempt failed. The ZyXEL Device automatically tries to register the SIP account when you turn on the ZyXEL Device or when you activate it. Inactive - The SIP account is not active. You can activate it in VoIP > SIP > SIP Settings. This field displays the last time you successfully registered the SIP account. It displays N/A if you never successfully registered this account. This field displays the account number and service domain of the SIP account. You can change these in VoIP > SIP > SIP Settings. This field displays the transport protocol the SIP account is currently using. This field indicates whether or not there are any messages waiting for the SIP account. This field displays the last number that called the SIP account. It displays N/A if no number has ever dialed the SIP account. This field displays the last number the SIP account called. It displays N/A if the SIP account has never dialed a number. DESCRIPTION
SIP Server Address SIP Service Domain Authentication User Name Password Check here to set up SIPx settings < Back Apply
Figure 26 VoIP Setup Wizard > Registration Test
Wait until it finishes. Exit Click this to close this screen and return to the main screen.
4.3.2 Registration Complete
This screen depends on whether or not the ZyXEL Device successfully registered your SIP account(s).
Chapter 4 Wizard Setup Figure 27 VoIP Setup Wizard > Registration Complete (Success)
Table 21 VoIP Setup Wizard > Registration Complete (Success)
LABEL Return to Wizard Main Page Go to Advanced Setup page Finish DESCRIPTION Click this to open the main wizard screen. See Section 4.1 on page 51. Click this to close this screen and return to the main screen. Click this to close this screen and return to the main screen.
If the ZyXEL Device cannot register your SIP account(s), see the Quick Start Guide for troubleshooting suggestions.
Chapter 4 Wizard Setup Figure 28 VoIP Setup Wizard > Registration Complete (Fail)
Table 22 VoIP Setup Wizard > Registration Complete (Fail)
LABEL < Back Register Again Exit DESCRIPTION Click this to go to the previous screen. Click this if you want the ZyXEL Device to try to register your SIP account(s) again. Click this to close this screen and return to the main screen. The ZyXEL Device saves the information you provided.
4.4 Bandwidth Management Wizard
Use this wizard to control how much traffic can pass through your ZyXEL Device and the priority of each service (application) that can use it. Each service you select is guaranteed a small amount of bandwidth. The remaining bandwidth is divided by priority. If one service has higher priority than another, then the first service uses as much of the remaining bandwidth as it needs. If there is no more bandwidth for the second service, then it waits. If you do not select a service in this wizard (or if you do not find a particular service), the service can still use bandwidth, but it does not have any guaranteed amount and it has the lowest priority. See Chapter 15 on page 153 for more information.
Figure 29 Bandwidth Management Wizard > Welcome
Table 23 Bandwidth Management Wizard > Welcome
4.4.2 General Information
Figure 30 Bandwidth Management Wizard > General Information
Table 24 Bandwidth Management Wizard > General Information
LABEL Active Managed Bandwidth (kbps) DESCRIPTION Select this to enable bandwidth management. Bandwidth management applies to all traffic flowing through the router. Enter the total amount of traffic the device can send to the WAN. It is recommended to set this speed to what the device connected to the WAN can handle. For example, set this field to 1000 kbps if a broadband device connected to the WAN port has a maximum speed of 1000 kbps. This does not affect the total amount of traffic the device can send to the LAN. See Management > Bandwidth MGMT > Summary to do this. Click this to go to the previous screen. Click this to go to the next screen. Click this to close this screen and return to the main screen.
The ZyXEL Device supports DTMF at the time of writing. The ZyXEL Device does not support DiffServ at the time of writing.
Chapter 9 SIP Figure 58 DiffServ: Differentiated Service Field
DSCP (6-bit) Unused (2-bit)
DSCP is backward compatible with the three precedence bits in the ToS octet so that nonDiffServ compliant, ToS-enabled network device will not conflict with the DSCP mapping. The DSCP value determines the forwarding behavior, the PHB (Per-Hop Behavior), that each packet gets across the DiffServ network. Based on the marking rule, different kinds of traffic can be marked for different priorities of forwarding. Resources can then be allocated according to the DSCP values and the configured policies. 22.214.171.124 VLAN Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) allows a physical network to be partitioned into multiple logical networks. Only stations within the same group can communicate with each other. Your ZyXEL Device can add IEEE 802.1Q VLAN ID tags to voice frames that it sends to the network. This allows the ZyXEL Device to communicate with a SIP server that is a member of the same VLAN group. Some ISPs use the VLAN tag to identify voice traffic and give it priority over other traffic.
9.2 SIP Screens
9.2.1 SIP Settings Screen
Use this screen to maintain basic information about each SIP account. Your VoIP service provider (the company that lets you make phone calls over the Internet) should provide this. You can also enable and disable each SIP account. To access this screen, click VoIP > SIP > SIP Settings.
Chapter 9 SIP Figure 59 VoIP > SIP > SIP Settings
Table 47 VoIP > SIP > SIP Settings
LABEL SIP Account SIP Settings Active SIP Account Number SIP Local Port SIP Server Address SIP Server Port REGISTER Server Address REGISTER Server Port SIP Service Domain Send Caller ID Authentication Select this if you want the ZyXEL Device to use this account. Clear it if you do not want the ZyXEL Device to use this account. Enter your SIP number. In the full SIP URI, this is the part before the @ symbol. You can use up to 127 printable ASCII characters. Enter the ZyXEL Devices listening port number, if your VoIP service provider gave you one. Otherwise, keep the default value. Enter the IP address or domain name of the SIP server provided by your VoIP service provider. You can use up to 95 printable ASCII characters. It does not matter whether the SIP server is a proxy, redirect or register server. Enter the SIP servers listening port number, if your VoIP service provider gave you one. Otherwise, keep the default value. Enter the IP address or domain name of the SIP register server, if your VoIP service provider gave you one. Otherwise, enter the same address you entered in the SIP Server Address field. You can use up to 95 printable ASCII characters. Enter the SIP register servers listening port number, if your VoIP service provider gave you one. Otherwise, enter the same port number you entered in the SIP Server Port field. Enter the SIP service domain name. In the full SIP URI, this is the part after the @ symbol. You can use up to 127 printable ASCII Extended set characters. Select this if you want to send identification when you make VoIP phone calls. Clear this if you do not want to send identification. DESCRIPTION Select the SIP account you want to see in this screen. If you change this field, the screen automatically refreshes.
Chapter 9 SIP Table 47 VoIP > SIP > SIP Settings
LABEL User Name Password Apply Reset Advanced Setup DESCRIPTION Enter the user name for registering this SIP account, exactly as it was given to you. You can use up to 95 printable ASCII characters. Enter the user name for registering this SIP account, exactly as it was given to you. You can use up to 95 printable ASCII Extended set characters. Click this to save your changes and to apply them to the ZyXEL Device. Click this to set every field in this screen to its last-saved value. Click this to edit the advanced settings for this SIP account. The Advanced SIP Setup screen appears.
9.2.2 Advanced SIP Setup Screen
Use this screen to maintain advanced settings for each SIP account. To access this screen, click Advanced Setup in VoIP > SIP > SIP Settings.
Chapter 9 SIP Figure 60 VoIP > SIP > SIP Settings > Advanced
Table 48 VoIP > SIP > SIP Settings > Advanced
LABEL SIP Account SIP Server Settings URL Type Select whether or not to include the SIP service domain name when the ZyXEL Device sends the SIP number. SIP - include the SIP service domain name TEL - do not include the SIP service domain name Enter the number of seconds your SIP account is registered with the SIP register server before it is deleted. The ZyXEL Device automatically tries to re-register your SIP account when one-half of this time has passed. (The SIP register server might have a different expiration.) Enter the number of seconds the ZyXEL Device waits before it tries again to register the SIP account, if the first try failed or if there is no response. Enter the number of seconds the conversation can last before the call is automatically disconnected. Usually, when one-half of this time has passed, the ZyXEL Device or the other party updates this timer to prevent this from happening. Enter the minimum number of seconds the ZyXEL Device accepts for a session expiration time when it receives a request to start a SIP session. If the request has a shorter time, the ZyXEL Device rejects it. Enter the listening port number(s) for RTP traffic, if your VoIP service provider gave you this information. Otherwise, keep the default values. To enter one port number, enter the port number in the Start Port and End Port fields. To enter a range of ports, enter the port number at the beginning of the range in the Start Port field enter the port number at the end of the range in the End Port field. Select the type of voice coder/decoder (codec) that you want the ZyXEL Device to use. G.711 provides higher voice quality but requires more bandwidth (64 kbps). G.711A is typically used in Europe. G.711u is typically used in North America and Japan. In contrast, G.729 only requires 8 kbps. The ZyXEL Device must use the same codec as the peer. When two SIP devices start a SIP session, they must agree on a codec. Select the ZyXEL Devices first choice for voice coder/decoder. DESCRIPTION This field displays the SIP account you see in this screen.
Table 50 European Type Flash Key Commands
COMMAND Flash Flash Flash Flash 2 SUB-COMMAND DESCRIPTION Put a current call on hold to place a second call. Switch back to the call (if there is no second call). Drop the call presently on hold or reject an incoming call which is waiting for answer. Disconnect the current phone connection and answer the incoming call or resume with caller presently on hold. 1. Switch back and forth between two calls. 2. Put a current call on hold to answer an incoming call. 3. Separate the current three-way conference call into two individual calls (one is on-line, the other is on hold). Create three-way conference connection. Transfer the call to another phone.
10.1.3.2.1 European Call Hold Call hold allows you to put a call (A) on hold by pressing the flash key. If you have another call, press the flash key and then 2 to switch back and forth between caller A and B by putting either one on hold. Press the flash key and then 0 to disconnect the call presently on hold and keep the current call on line. Press the flash key and then 1 to disconnect the current call and resume the call on hold. If you hang up the phone but a caller is still on hold, there will be a remind ring.
10.1.3.2.2 European Call Waiting This allows you to place a call on hold while you answer another incoming call on the same telephone (directory) number. If there is a second call to a telephone number, you will hear a call waiting tone. Take one of the following actions. Reject the second call. Press the flash key and then press 0. Disconnect the first call and answer the second call. Either press the flash key and press 1, or just hang up the phone and then answer the phone after it rings. Put the first call on hold and answer the second call. Press the flash key and then 2. 10.1.3.2.3 European Call Transfer Do the following to transfer an incoming call (that you have answered) to another phone. 1 Press the flash key to put the caller on hold. 2 When you hear the dial tone, dial *98# followed by the number to which you want to transfer the call. to operate the Intercom. 3 After you hear the ring signal or the second party answers it, hang up the phone. 10.1.3.2.4 European Three-Way Conference Use the following steps to make three-way conference calls. 1 When you are on the phone talking to someone, place the flash key to put the caller on hold and get a dial tone. 2 Dial a phone number directly to make another call. 3 When the second call is answered, press the flash key and press 3 to create a three-way conversation. 4 Hang up the phone to drop the connection. 5 If you want to separate the activated three-way conference into two individual connections (one is on-line, the other is on hold), press the flash key and press 2. 10.1.3.3 USA Type Supplementary Services This section describes how to use supplementary phone services with the USA Type Call Service Mode. Commands for supplementary services are listed in the table below. After pressing the flash key, if you do not issue the sub-command before the default subcommand timeout (2 seconds) expires or issue an invalid sub-command, the current operation will be aborted.
Table 51 USA Type Flash Key Commands
COMMAND Flash SUB-COMMAND DESCRIPTION Put a current call on hold to place a second call. After the second call is successful, press the flash key again to have a three-way conference call. Put a current call on hold to answer an incoming call. *98# Transfer the call to another phone.
10.1.3.3.1 USA Call Hold Call hold allows you to put a call (A) on hold by pressing the flash key. If you have another call, press the flash key to switch back and forth between caller A and B by putting either one on hold. If you hang up the phone but a caller is still on hold, there will be a remind ring. 10.1.3.3.2 USA Call Waiting This allows you to place a call on hold while you answer another incoming call on the same telephone (directory) number. If there is a second call to your telephone number, you will hear a call waiting tone. Press the flash key to put the first call on hold and answer the second call. 10.1.3.3.3 USA Call Transfer Do the following to transfer an incoming call (that you have answered) to another phone. 1 Press the flash key to put the caller on hold. 2 When you hear the dial tone, dial *98# followed by the number to which you want to transfer the call. to operate the Intercom. 3 After you hear the ring signal or the second party answers it, hang up the phone. 10.1.3.3.4 USA Three-Way Conference Use the following steps to make three-way conference calls. 1 When you are on the phone talking to someone, place the flash key to put the caller on hold and get a dial tone. 2 Dial a phone number directly to make another call. 3 When the second call is answered, press the flash key, wait for the sub-command tone and press 3 to create a three-way conversation. 4 Hang up the phone to drop the connection. 5 If you want to separate the activated three-way conference into two individual connections (one is on-line, the other is on hold), press the flash key, wait for the subcommand tone and press 2.
10.2 Phone Screens
10.2.1 Analog Phone Screen
Use this screen to control which SIP accounts each phone uses. To access this screen, click VoIP > Phone > Analog Phone.
Chapter 10 Phone Figure 62 VoIP > Phone > Analog Phone
Table 52 VoIP > Phone > Analog Phone
LABEL Phone Port Settings Outgoing Call Use SIP1-4 Select the SIP account(s) used by this phone port when it make calls. If you select more than one SIP accounts, the ZyXEL Device tries to use the last registered SIP account. DESCRIPTION Select the phone port you want to see in this screen. If you change this field, the screen automatically refreshes.
Incoming Call apply to SIP1-4 Select the SIP account(s) for phone calls received on this phone port. If you select more than one source for incoming calls, there is no way to distinguish between them when you receive phone calls. Click this to save your changes and to apply them to the ZyXEL Device. Click this to set every field in this screen to its last-saved value. Click this to edit the advanced settings for this phone port. The Advanced Analog Phone Setup screen appears.
Scheduler Maximize Bandwidth Usage
Chapter 15 Bandwidth MGMT Table 70 Management > Bandwidth MGMT > Summary
LABEL Speed DESCRIPTION Enter the amount of bandwidth for this interface that you want to allocate using bandwidth management. The recommendation is to set this speed to match the interfaces actual transmission speed. For example, set the WAN interface speed to 1000 kbps if your Internet connection has an upstream transmission speed of 1 Mbps. You can set this number higher than the interfaces actual transmission speed. This will stop lower priority traffic from being sent if higher priority traffic uses all of the actual bandwidth. You can also set this number lower than the interfaces actual transmission speed. If you do not enable Max Bandwidth Usage, this will cause the ZyXEL Device to not use some of the interfaces available bandwidth. This field is not affected by the Bandwidth Management Wizard. Select Priority-Based to give preference to bandwidth classes with higher priorities. Select Fairness-Based to treat all bandwidth classes equally. Select this if you want the ZyXEL Device to divide any unallocated and unused bandwidth among bandwidth classes that require bandwidth. Clear this if you want to reserve bandwidth for traffic that does not match a bandwidth class or if you want to limit the speed of this interface. Click this to save your changes and to apply them to the ZyXEL Device. Click this to set every field in this screen to its last-saved value.
15.2.2 Bandwidth Class Setup Screen
Use this screen to look at the configured bandwidth classes by individual interface. Each interface has a permanent root class. The bandwidth budget of the root class is equal to the speed you configured on the interface (see Section 15.2.1 on page 158). There is a default class for all the bandwidth in the Root Class that is not allocated to bandwidth classes.
For each interface, you must enable bandwidth management before you can configure classes.
To access this screen, click Management > Bandwidth MGMT > Class Setup.
Figure 81 Management > Bandwidth MGMT > Class Setup
NAT (Network Address Translation - NAT, RFC 1631) is the translation of the IP address of a host in a packet. For example, the source address of an outgoing packet, used within one network is changed to a different IP address known within another network.
Inside/outside denotes where a host is located relative to the ZyXEL Device. For example, the computers of your subscribers are the inside hosts, while the web servers on the Internet are the outside hosts. Global/local denotes the IP address of a host in a packet as the packet traverses a router. For example, the local address refers to the IP address of a host when the packet is in the local network, while the global address refers to the IP address of the host when the same packet is traveling in the WAN side. Note that inside/outside refers to the location of a host, while global/local refers to the IP address of a host used in a packet. Thus, an inside local address (ILA) is the IP address of an inside host in a packet when the packet is still in the local network, while an inside global address (IGA) is the IP address of the same inside host when the packet is on the WAN side. The following table summarizes this information.
Table 125 NAT Definitions
TERM Inside Outside Local Global DESCRIPTION This refers to the host on the LAN. This refers to the host on the WAN. This refers to the packet address (source or destination) as the packet travels on the LAN. This refers to the packet address (source or destination) as the packet travels on the WAN.
NAT never changes the IP address (either local or global) of an outside host.
Appendix F NAT
What NAT Does
In the simplest form, NAT changes the source IP address in a packet received from a subscriber (the inside local address) to another (the inside global address) before forwarding the packet to the WAN side. When the response comes back, NAT translates the destination address (the inside global address) back to the inside local address before forwarding it to the original inside host. Note that the IP address (either local or global) of an outside host is never changed. The global IP addresses for the inside hosts can be either static or dynamically assigned by the ISP. In addition, you can designate servers (for example a web server and a telnet server) on your local network and make them accessible to the outside world. If you do not define any servers (for Many-to-One and Many-to-Many Overload mapping), NAT offers the additional benefit of firewall protection. With no servers defined, your ZyXEL Device filters out all incoming inquiries, thus preventing intruders from probing your network. For more information on IP address translation, refer to RFC 1631, The IP Network Address Translator (NAT).
Telnet 226 Text File Format 267 TFTP 226 TFTP Restrictions 165 Three-Way Conference 123, 124 Time Resetting 189 Time RFC Tip/ring Polarity Reversal 226 TOS 226 ToS 112 Touch Tone 112 trademarks 287 Triangle 139 Triangle Route Solutions 140 Trigger Port Forwarding 98 Process 98 Type Of Service 112
UIC 176 Uniform Resource Identifier 107 Universal Plug and Play 175 Application 175 Security issues 175 Universal Plug and Play Forum 176 UPnP 175, 185 Auto-discovery 179 Installing Example 176 UPnP Certification 176 USA Type Call Service Mode 123 Use NAT 110, 111 User Agent, SIP 108 User Name 191
VAD 121, 225, 226 Virtual Local Area Network 113 VLAN 113 VLAN Group 113 VLAN ID 113 VLAN ID Tags 113 VLAN Tag 113 Voice Activity Detection 121, 225, 226 Voice Channels 225
Telephone Keys 112
Voice Coding 111 Voice Functions 226 Voice Mail 107 Voice over IP 27, 107 VoIP 27 VoIP Service Provider 29
warranty 288 note 288 Waveform Codec 111 Web Configurator 33 weight 223
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