MSI MS-7267, size: 2.6 MB
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MSI MS-7267 manual (user guide) is ready to download for free.
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Manual da placa m e msi ms 7267
User reviews and opinions
|flaime||4:53am on Tuesday, November 2nd, 2010|
|Featuring a closed-loop liquid cooled system, the Sapphire Radeon HD 4870 X2 Atomic ST-6026 brings workstation class cooling to the PC.|
|whitecrowe||4:33pm on Saturday, September 18th, 2010|
|I just purchased one of these for a pc I built for a friend. In years past I was pretty much anti-ati.|
|sophie_calypso||5:48am on Thursday, August 26th, 2010|
|I bought this card to replace an ageing Radeon 3650 in my current PC, which to be honest, was the only thing holding it back.|
|Joey||1:19pm on Monday, May 10th, 2010|
|This is a great card for the cost. It plays WoW on all the highest settings with a solid 60 fps. Even in Oggrimmar with all the players. In Series graphics card ATI Radeon HD 4600.|
|shadrach||12:55am on Monday, April 26th, 2010|
|The ATI Radeon HD 4850 X2 graphics cards deliver up to 2x the performance per watt of the previous generation.|
|pete.zhut||8:38am on Monday, March 22nd, 2010|
|Ok performance, does not quite fit Dell Optiplex 980 SFF I bought this to fit into a Dell Optiplex 980 Small-Form-Factor unit. is it ok Not Using the card for games at all, but for streaming video from card to high definition television.|
Comments posted on www.ps2netdrivers.net are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.
Standard Cable for Power Cable Floppy Disk
Standard Cable for IDE Devices
USB Bracket (Optional)
Back IO Shield
* The pictures are for reference only and may vary from the packing contents of the product you purchased.
MSI Special Feature
PC Alert 4
The PC AlertTM 4 is a utility you can find in the CD-ROM disk. The utility is just like your PC doctor that can detect the following PC hardware status during real time operation: monitor CPU & system temperatures monitor fan speeds monitor system voltages If one of the items above is abnormal, the program main screen will be immediately shown on the screen, with the abnormal item highlighted in red. This will continue to be shown until the condition returns to the normal status.
Users can use the Adjusting Keys to change the minimum and maximum threshold of each item for the system to send out a warning message. Click Temperature to select the temperature modes of either Fahrenheit (oF) or Celsius (oC). The PC Alert 4 icon on the Status Area will show the current CPU temperature.
The Live Update 3 is a tool used to detect and update your BIOS/drivers/VGA BIOS/VGA Driver/Utility online so that you dont need to search for the correct BIOS/driver version throughout the whole Web site. To use the function, you need to install the MSI Live Update 3 application. After the installation, the MSI Live Update 3 icon (as shown on the right) will appear on the screen. Double click the MSI Live Update 3 icon, and the following screen will appear:
Several buttons are placed on the left column of the screen. Click the desired button to start the update process.
Live BIOS Updates the BIOS online. Live Driver Updates the drivers online. Live VGA BIOS Updates the VGA BIOS online. Live VGA Driver Updates the VGA driver online. Live Utility Updates the utilities online. If the product you purchased does not support any of the functions listed above, a sorry message is displayed. For more information on the update instructions, insert the companion CD and refer to the Live Update Guide under the Manual Tab.
This chapter provides you with the information about hardware setup procedures. While doing the installation, be careful in holding the components and follow the installation procedures. For some components, if you install in the wrong orientation, the components will not work properly. Use a grounded wrist strap before handling computer c om ponen ts. S tatic elec tric ity m ay damage the components.
Quick Components Guide
ATX1, p.2-9 DIMM1/2, p.2-7 JCI1, p2-15 JPW1, p.2-9 JCOM1, p.2-19 CPU, p.2-3 CPUFAN1, p2-15
Back Panel, p.2-11
I DE 1 , p.2-13
PCIE_X16, p.2-21 PCI 1~3, p.2-22
SYSFAN1, p.2-15 PWRFAN1, p.2-15 SATA1~4, p.2-14
JAUD1, p.2-17 CD_IN1, p.2-16 FD D 1 , p.2-13
CPU (Central Processing Unit)
The mainboard supports Intel Pentium 4 series processors. The mainboard uses a CPU socket called LGA775. When you are installing the CPU, make sure to install the cooler to prevent overheating. If you do not have the CPU cooler, contact your dealer to purchase and install them before turning on the computer. For the latest information about CPU, please visit http://www.msi.com.tw/program/ products/mainboard/mbd/pro_mbd_cpu_support.php.
1. Overheating will seriously damage the CPU and system. Always make sure the cooling fan can work properly to protect the CPU from overheating. 2. Make sure that you apply an even layer of heat sink paste (or thermal tape) between the CPU and the heatsink to enhance heat dissipation. 3. While replacing the CPU, always turn off the ATX power supply or unplug the power supplys power cord from the grounded outlet first to ensure the safety of CPU.
Introduction to LGA 775 CPU
The pin-pad side of LGA 775 CPU. The surface of LGA 775 CPU. Remember to apply some silicone heat transfer compound on it for better heat dispersion.
Yellow triangle is the Pin 1 indicator
CPU & Cooler Installation
W hen you are installing the CPU, make sure the CPU has a cooler attached on the top to prevent overheating. If you do not have the cooler, contact your dealer to purchase and install them before turning on the computer. Meanwhile, do not forget to apply some silicon heat transfer compound on CPU before installing the heat sink/ cooler fan for better heat dispersion. Follow the steps below to install the CPU & cooler correctly. W rong installation will cause the damage of your CPU & mainboard. 1. The CPU socket has a plastic cap on it to protect the contact from damage. Before you install the CPU, always cover it to protect the socket pin. 2. Remove the cap from lever hinge side (as the arrow shows).
3. The pins of socket reveal.
4. Open the load lever.
1. Confirm if your CPU cooler is firmly installed before turning on your system. 2. Do not touch the CPU socket pins to avoid damaging. 3. The availability of the CPU land side cover depends on your CPU packing.
5. Lift the load lever up and open the load plate.
6. After confirming the CPU direction for correct mating, put down the CPU in the socket housing frame. Be sure to grasp on the edge of the CPU base. Note that the alignment keys are matched.
PIN 3 SIGNAL +3.3V +3.3V GND +5V GND +5V GND PWR OK 5VSB +12V +12V NC PIN SIGNAL +3.3V -12V GND PS-ON# GND GND GND Res +5V +5V +5V GND pin 13
ATX 12V Power Connector: JPW1
This 12V power connector is used to provide power to the CPU.
JPW1 Pin Definition
PIN SIGNAL GND GND 12V 12V
1. Maker sure that all the connectors are connected to proper ATX power supplies to ensure stable operation of the mainboard. 2. Power supply of 350 watts (and above) is highly recommended for system stability. 3. ATX 12V power connection should be greater than 18A.
Important Notification about Power Issue
NForce chipset is very sensitive to ESD (Electrostatic Discharge), therefore this issue mostly happens while the users intensively swap memory modules under S5 (power-off) states, and the power code is plugged while installing modules. Due to several pins are very sensitive to ESD, so this kind of memory-replacement actions might cause system chipset unable to boot. Please follow the following solution to avoid this situation. Unplug the AC power cable or unplug the power connectors before the 1st installation or during system upgrade procedure.
Unplug the AC power cable
Unplug the power connector
Mainboard photos shown in this section are for demonstration only. The appearance of your mainboard may vary depending on the model you purchase.
Parallel L-In LAN RS-Out
M ou se
L-Out SPDIF Out Mic
M ouse/Keyboard Connector The standard PS/2 mouse/keyboard DIN connector is for a PS/2 mouse/keyboard. Parallel Port Connector A parallel port is a standard printer port that supports Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) and Extended Capabilities Parallel Port (ECP) mode. Serial Port Connector The serial port is a 16550A high speed communications port that sends/ receives 16 bytes FIFOs. You can attach a serial mouse or other serial devices directly to the connector. VGA Connector The DB15-pin female connector is provided for VGA monitors. USB Connectors The OHCI (Open Host Controller Interface) Universal Serial Bus root is for attaching USB devices such as keyboard, mouse, or other USB-compatible devices. LAN (RJ-45) Jack The standard RJ-45 jack is for connection to single Local Area Network (LAN). You can connect a network cable to it.
Activity Indicator Link Indicator
LED State Off
Condition LAN link is not established. LAN link is established.
On (steady state)
On (brighter & pulsing) The computer is communicating with another computer on the LAN. Green Right Orange Off On On 10 Mbit/sec data rate is selected. 100 Mbit/sec data rate is selected. 1000 Mbit/sec data rate is selected.
Audio Port Connectors These audio connectors are used for audio devices. You can differentiate the color of the audio jacks for different audio sound effects. Green audio jack - Line Out, is a connector for speakers or headphones. Blue audio jack - Line In / Side-Surround Out in 7.1 channel mode, is used f or external CD player, tapeplayer or other audio devices. Pink audio jack - Mic In, is a connector for microphones. Orange audio jack - Center/ Subwoofer Out in 5.1/ 7.1 channel mode. Black audio jack - Rear-Surround Out in 5.1/ 7.1 channel mode. Gray audio jack - If there is a gray audio jack on the back panel in your mainboard, the Gray audio jack is for Rear-Surround Out and the Black audio jack will be used as the SideSurround Out. Optical S/PDIF-Out connector This SPDIF (Sony & Philips Digital Interconnect Format) connector is provided for digital audio transmission to external speakers through an optical cable.
Floppy Disk Drive Connector: FDD1
This standard FDD connector supports 360K, 720K, 1.2M, 1.44M and 2.88M floppy disk types.
Hard Disk Connector: IDE1
The mainboard provides a one-channel Ultra ATA 100 bus Master IDE controller that supports PIO mode 0~4, Bus Master, and Ultra DMA 66/100 function. You can connect hard disk drives, CD-ROM drives and other IDE devices.
VDMA 66/100 Controller Intel ICH7 RAID N/A ATAPI Yes
IDE1 (Primary IDE Connector) IDE1 can connect a Master and a Slave drive. You must configure the second hard drive to Slave mode by setting the jumper accordingly.
If you install two hard disks on cable, you must configure the second drive to Slave mode by setting its jumper. Refer to the hard disk documentation supplied by hard disk vendors for jumper setting instructions.
Serial ATAII Connectors: SATA1~SATA4
SATA1~SATA4 are high-speed Serial ATA interface ports. Each supports serial ATA data rates of 300MB/s. Both connectors are fully compliant with Serial ATA 2.0 specifications. Each Serial ATA connector can connect to 1 hard disk device.
7 PIN 5 7
SATA1~ SATA4 Pin Definition
SIGNAL GND RXP TXN GND PIN 6 SIGNAL RXN GND TXP
Serial ATAII cable
Take out the dust cover and connect to the hard disk devices
Connect to SATA1/2/3/4
Please do not fold the Serial ATA cable into 90-degree angle. Otherwise, data loss may occur during transmission.
Fan Power Connectors: CPUFAN1, SYSFAN1, PWRFAN1
The fan power connectors support system cooling fan with +12V. W hen connecting the wire to the connectors, always take note that the red wire is the positive and should be connected to the +12V, the black wire is Ground and should be connected to GND. If the mainboard has a System Hardware Monitor chipset on-board, you must use a specially designed fan with speed sensor to take advantage of the CPU fan control.
CONTROL SENSOR +1 2V GND
GND +12V NC
Please refer to the recommended CPU fans at Intel official website or consult the vendors for proper CPU cooling fan.
Chassis Intrusion Switch Connector: JCI1
This connector connects to a 2-pin chassis switch. If the chassis is opened, the switch will be short. The system will record this status and show a warning message on the screen. To clear the warning, you must enter the BIOS utility and clear the record.
GND CINTRU 1
CD-In Connector: CD_IN1
This connector is provided for CD-ROM audio.
R GND L
Front Panel Connectors: JFP1/JFP2
The mainboard provides two front panel connectors for electrical connection to the front panel switches and LEDs. The JFP1 is compliant with Intel Front Panel I/O Connectivity Design Guide. JFP1
10 Power Switch + Power LED + Reset - Switch - HDD + LED
Speaker + + -
JFP1 Pin Definition
PIN 9 SIGNAL HD_LED + FP PWR/SLP HD_LED FP PWR/SLP RST_SW PWR_SW + RST_SW + PWR_SW RSVD_DNU DESCRIPTION Hard disk LED pull-up MSG LED pull-up Hard disk active LED MSG LED pull-up Reset Switch low reference pull-down to GND Power Switch high reference pull-up Reset Switch high reference pull-up Power Switch low reference pull-down to GND Reserved. Do not use.
JFP2 Pin Definition
PIN SIGNAL GND SPKSLED BUZ+ PLED BUZNC SPK+ DESCRIPTION Ground SpeakerSuspend LED Buzzer+ Power LED BuzzerNo connection Speaker+
Front Panel Audio Connector: JAUD1
The JAUD1 front panel audio connector allows you to connect the front panel audio and is compliant with Intel Front Panel I/O Connectivity Design Guide.
JAUD1 Pin Definition
PIN SIGNAL AUD_MIC AUD_GND AUD_MIC_BIAS AUD_VCC AUD_FPOUT_R AUD_RET_R HP_ON KEY AUD_FPOUT_L AUD_RET_L DESCRIPTION Front panel microphone input signal Ground used by analog audio circuits Microphone power Filtered +5V used by analog audio circuits Right channel audio signal to front panel Right channel audio signal return from front panel Reserved for future use to control headphone amplifier No pin Left channel audio signal to front panel Left channel audio signal return from front panel
If you dont want to connect to the front audio header, pins 5 & 6, 9 & 10 have to be jumpered in order to have signal output directed to the rear audio ports. Otherwise, the Line-Out connector on the back panel will not function.
Front USB Connectors: JUSB1, JUSB2
The mainboard provides two USB 2.0 pinheaders (optional USB 2.0 bracket available) that are compliant with Intel I/O Connectivity Design Guide. USB 2.0 technology increases data transfer rate up to a maximum throughput of 480Mbps, which is 40 times faster than USB 1.1, and is ideal for connecting high-speed USB interface peripherals such as USB HDD, digital cameras, M P3 players, printers, modems and the like.
PIN 9 SIGNAL VCC USB0USB0+ GND Key (no pin) PIN 10 SIGNAL VCC USB1USB1+ GND USBOC
Connected to JUSB1/2
USB 2.0 Bracket (Optional)
Note that the pins of VCC and GND must be connected correctly to avoid possible damage.
IrDA Infrared Module Header: JIR1
The connector allows you to connect to IrDA Infrared module. You must configure the setting through the BIOS setup to use the IR function. JIR1 is compliant with Intel Front Panel I/O Connectivity Design Guide.
Pin Signal IRRX IRTX GND VCC5 NC NC
Serial Port Connector: JCOM1
The mainboard provides one 9-pin header as serial port JCOM1. The port is a 16550A high speed communication port that sends/receives 16 bytes FIFOs. You can attach a serial mouse or other serial devices directly to it.
PIN 9 SIGNAL DCD SIN SOUT DTR GND DSR RTS CTS RI DESCRIPTION Data Carry Detect Serial In or Receive Data Serial Out or Transmit Data Data Terminal Ready Ground Data Set Ready Request T Send o Clear To Send Ring Indicate
Clear CMOS Jumper: JBAT1
There is a CMOS RAM onboard that has a power supply from external battery to keep the data of system configuration. With the CMOS RAM, the system can automatically boot OS every time it is turned on. If you want to clear the system configuration, set the JCMOS1 (Clear CMOS Jumper ) to clear data.
You can clear CMOS by shorting 2-3 pin while the system is off. Then return to 1-2 pin position. Avoid clearing the CMOS while the system is on; it will damage the mainboard.
PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) Express Slots
The PCI Express Lite slot (PCI Express x4) is a special design that supports only the following compatible PCI-E x16 VGA cards and runs at x4 speed.
PCI Express x16 Slot
Supported PCI Express VGA Card List for PCI Express Lite Slot (PCI Express x4)
Model MSI MSI MSI MSI MSI ASUS MSI
VGA Chip MS-8969 MS-8968 MS-8983 Ver: 200 MS-8979 Ver: 11B MS-8984 Ver:20B EAX300SE/TD /128M/A MS-8961
VGA Geforce FX5700 Geforce FX5200 Geforce 6600GT Geforce 6600GT Geforce 6800 Radeon X300SE Radeon X600XT
Memory/Memory Type 128MB, DDR SDRAN 128MB, DDR SDRAN 128MB, DDR SDRAN 128MB, DDR SDRAN 128MB, DDR SDRAN 128MB, DDR SDRAN 128MB, DDR SDRAN
VGA BIOS 22.214.171.124.12 126.96.36.199.13 5.43.02.16.00 5.43.02.64.00 5.41.02.37.00 BK-ATI VER008. 015.117.000 113-MS89610004SHynixCRT +DVI+VO 113-A32110-100 5.43.02.16.00 113-A71300104-MI 002 5.43.02.69.00 5.43.02.72.00 113-AA48910-102 5.43.02.75.00
MSI MSI MSI MSI MSI ASUS ASUS MSI
MS-8997 Ver: 1 MS-8981 Ver:100 RX1300Pro TD256E RX700-TD128E /128Bit NX6600LETD128E/128B EN6600LE /SILENCER/TD EAX700/TD /256M/A NX6600LETD128E(128B
Radeon X800 Pro Geforce 6200 Radeon X1300 RadeonX700 Geforce 6600LE Geforce 6600LE RadeonX700 Geforce 6600LE
128MB, DDR SDRAN 128MB, DDR SDRAN 128MB,DDR2 SDRAM 128MB,DDR SDRAM 128MB,DDR SDRAM 256MB,DDR SDRAM 256MB,DDR SDRAM 128MB,DDR SDRAM
PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) Slots
M PS Configuration Press <Enter> to enter the sub-menu, and the following screen appears.
MPS Revision This field allows you to select which MPS (Multi-Processor Specification) version to be used for the operating system. You need to select the MPS version supported by your operating system. To find out which version to use, consult the vendor of your operating system. Settings: [1.4], [1.1]. PCI Express Configuration Press <Enter> to enter the sub-menu, and the following screen appears.
Active State Power-M anagement These items allow you to enable or disable the PCI Express L0s and L1 link power states.
Advanced Chipset Setup
Configure DRAM Timing by SPD Selects whether DRAM timing is controlled by the SPD (Serial Presence Detect) EEPROM on the DRAM module. Setting to [Auto By SPD] enables DRAM timings and the following related items to be determined by BIOS based on the configurations on the SPD. Selecting [Manual] lets users configure the DRAM timings and the following related items manually. Setting options: [Enabled], [Disabled]. Initiate Graphic Adapter This setting specifies which VGA card is your primary graphics adapter. Setting options are: [IGD] The system initializes the IGD (internal graphic display) first. [PEG/IGD] The system initializes the PEG (PCI Express graphic) first. If a PCI Express graphic card is not available, it will initialize the IGD. [PEG/PCI] The system initializes the PEG (PCI Express graphic) first. If a PCI Express graphic card is not available, it will initialize the PCI graphic card. [PCI/PEG] The system initializes the PCI graphic card first. If a PCI graphic card is not available, it will initialize the PEG (PCI Express graphic) card. [PCI/IGD] The system initializes the PCI graphic card first. If a PCI graphic card is not available, it will initialize the IGD. AGP Aperture Size This setting controls just how much system RAM can be allocated to AGP for video
purposes. The aperture is a portion of the PCI memory address range dedicated to graphics memory address space. Host cycles that hit the aperture range are forwarded to the AGP without any translation. VGA Share M emory size The system shares memory to the onboard VGA card. This setting controls the exact memory size shared to the VGA card.
USB Functions This setting is used to enable/disable the onboard USB host controller. Setting options: [Disabled], [Enabled]. USB 2.0 Controller Set to [Enabled] if you need to use any USB 2.0 device in the operating system that does not support or have any USB 2.0 driver installed, such as DOS and SCO Unix. Setting options: [Disabled], [Enabled]. Legacy USB Support Set to [Enabled] if you need to use any USB 1.1/2.0 device in the operating system that does not support or have any USB 1.1/2.0 driver installed, such as DOS and SCO Unix. Set to [Disabled] only if you want to use any USB device other than the USB mouse. Setting options: [Disabled], [Enabled]. USB Keyboard Legacy Support Select Enabled if your system contains a Universal Serial Bus (USB) controller and you have a USB keyboard. USB M ouse Legacy Support Select [Enabled] if you need to use a USB-interfaced mouse in the operating system. The settings are: [Enabled], [Disabled]. Onboard LAN Controller The item enables or disables the onboard LAN controller. Setting options: [Enabled], [Disabled].
Power Management Features
ACPI Function This item is to activate the ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Management Interface) Function. If your operating system is ACPI-aware, such as Windows 98SE/ 2000/ME, select [Enabled]. Setting options: [Enabled] and [Disabled]. ACPI Standby State This item specifies the power saving modes for ACPI function. If your operating system supports ACPI, such as W indows 98SE, W indows ME and W indows 2000, you can choose to enter the Standby mode in S1/POS or S3/STR fashion through the setting of this field. Options are: S1/POS The S1 sleep mode is a low power state. In this state, no system context is lost (CPU or chipset) and hardware maintains all system context. The S3 sleep mode is a lower power state where the in formation of system configuration and open applications/ files is saved to main memory that remains powered while most other hardware components turn off to save energy. The information stored in memory will be used to restore the system when a wake up event occurs. The system will decide when to enter S1 or S3 state.
Re-Call VGA BIOS from S3 W hen ACPI Standby State is set to [S3/STR], users can select the options in this field. Selecting [Yes] allows BIOS to call VGABIOS to initialize the VGA card when system wakes up (resumes) from S3 sleep state. The system resume time is shortened when you disable the function, but system will need an AGP driver to initialize the VGA card. Therefore, if the AGP driver of the card does not support the initialization feature, the display may work abnormally or not function after resuming from S3. Options: [Auto], [Yes], [No]. Suspend Time Out (M inute) If system activity is not detected for the length of time specified in this field, all devices except CPU will be shut off. Settings: [Disabled], , , , , , , , , , . Power Button M ode This feature allows users to configure the Power Button function. Settings are: [On/Off] The power button functions as a normal power-on/-off button. [Suspend] W hen you press the power button, the computer enters the suspend/sleep mode, but if the button is pressed for more than four seconds, the computer is turned off. Restore on AC Power Loss This setting specifies whether your system will reboot after a power failure or interrupt occurs. Available settings are: [Off] Leaves the computer in the power off state. [On] Leaves the computer in the power on state. [Last State] Restores the system to the previous status before power failure or interrupt occurred. Wakeup Event Setup Press <Enter> to enter sub-menu and the following screen appears.
USB Device Wakeup From S3 This setting allows you to wake up the system from S3 state. Settings are: [Enabled], [Disabled]. Keyboard Wakeup This controls how and whether the PS/2 keyboard is able to power on the system. If you choose [Specific Key], you must type the password to power on
IRQ (Interrupt Request) lines are system resources allocated to I/O devices. When an I/O device needs to gain attention of the operating system, it signals this by causing an IRQ to occur. After receiving the signal, when the operating system is ready, the system will interrupt itself and perform the service required by the I/O device.
CPU Shutdown Temp select If the CPU temperature reaches the limit preset in the next setting, the system will shutdown automatically. This helps you to prevent the CPU overheating problem. This item is available only when your OS supports this function, such as W indows ME/XP. Setting options: [Disabled], [80oC/176oF], [85oC/185oF], [90oC/194oF], [95oC/203oF]. Chassis Intrusion The field enables or disables the feature of recording the chassis intrusion status and issuing a warning message if the chassis is once opened. To clear the warning message, set the field to [Reset]. The setting of the field will automatically return to [Enabled] later. Setting options: [Enabled], [Reset], [Disabled]. Smart FAN Target The mainboard provides the Smart Fan system which can control the fan speed automatically depending on the current temperature to keep it with in a specific range. Smart FAN Tolerance You can select a fan tolerance value here for the specific range for the Smart Fan Target Temp. ( oC) item. If the current temperature of the fan reaches to the maximum threshold (the temperatures set in the Smart Fan Target Temp. ( oC) plus the tolerance values you set here), the fan will speed up for cooling down. On the contrary, if the current temperature reaches to the minimum threshold (the set temperatures minus the tolerance value), the fan will slow down to keep the temperature stable.
System/CPU Temperature, System/CPU/Power FAN Speed, CPU Vcore, +12V, +5V, +3VSB, +3.3V These items display the current status of all of the monitored hardware devices/ components such as CPU voltages, temperatures and all fans speeds.
Spread spectrum W hen the motherboards clock generator pulses, the extreme values (spikes) of the pulses creates EMI (Electromagnetic Interference). The Spread Spectrum function reduces the EMI generated by modulating the pulses so that the spikes of the pulses are reduced to flatter curves.
1. If you do not have any EMI problem, leave the setting at [Disabled] for optimal system stability and performance. But if you are plagued by EMI, select the value of Spread Spectrum for EMI reduction. 2. The greater the Spread Spectrum value is, the greater the EMI is reduced, and the system will become less stable. For the most suitable Spread Spectrum value, please consult your local EMI regulation. 3. Remember to disable Spread Spectrum if you are overclocking because even a slight jitter can introduce a temporary boost in clock speed which may just cause your overclocked processor to lock up. Adjust CPU FSB Frequency This item allows you to select the CPU Front Side Bus clock frequency (in MHz) and overclock the processor by adjusting the FSB clock to a higher frequency. Setting options: For CPU FSB200: ~
Adjust CPU Ratio This item allows you to adjust the CPU ratio. Setting to [Startup] enables the CPU running at the fastest speed which is detected by system. Adjusted CPU Clock This item shows the current CPU clock. Adjusted M emory Frequency This item shows the current DDR memory frequency. Adjust DDR Memory Frequency W hen it is set to [Manual] in High Performance Mode, user can place an artificial memory clock limit on the system. Please note that memory is prevented from running faster than this frequency. Setting options: [200 MHz], [266 MHz], [333 MHz], [400 MHz], [By SPD]. Adjust PCI Express Frequency This item allows you to select the PCI Express clock frequency (in MHz) and overclock the processor by adjusting the PCI Express clock to a higher frequency. Auto Disable PCI Clock This item is used to auto detect the PCI slots. W hen set to [Enabled], the system will remove (turn off) clocks from empty PCI slots to minimize the electromagnetic interference (EMI). Adjust PCI Frequency This item allows you to select the PCI clock frequency (in MHz) and overclock the processor by adjusting the PCI clock to a higher frequency. Adjust DDR Voltage (V) Adjusting the DDR voltage can increase the DDR speed. Any changes made to this setting may cause a stability issue, so changing the DDR voltage for long-term purpose is NOT recommended. Adjust NB Voltage (V) These item adjusts the voltage of North Bridge Voltage. Any changes made to this setting may cause a stability issue, so changing the NB voltage for long-term purpose is NOT recommended.
Load Optimized Defaults
The Optimized Defaults are the default values set by the mainboard manufacturer specifically for optimal performance of the mainboard. W hen you select Load Optimized Defaults, a message as below appears:
Pressing Y loads the default factory settings for optimal system performance.
BIOS Setting Password
W hen you select this function, a message as below will appear on the screen:
Type the password, up to 6 characters in length, and press <Enter>. The password typed now will replace any previously set password from CMOS memory. You will be prompted to confirm the password. Retype the password and press <Enter>. You may also press <Esc> to abort the selection and not enter a password. To clear a set password, just press <Enter> when you are prompted to enter the password. A message will show up confirming the password will be disabled. Once the password is disabled, the system will boot and you can enter Setup without entering any password. W hen a password has been set, you will be prompted to enter it every time you try to enter Setup. This prevents an unauthorized person from changing any part of your system configuration.
Realtek ALC850 Audio
The Realtek ALC850 supports 8-channel audio output, including 2 Front, 2 Rear, 1 Center and 1 Subwoofer channel. It enables connection to 2, 4, 6 or 8 speakers for better surround sound effect. This section tells you how to install and use 2-, 4-, 6- or 8-channel audio function on the board.
Installing the Audio Driver
You need to install the driver for Realtek ALC850 codec to function properly before you can get access to 2-, 4-, 6- or 8- channel audio operations. Follow the procedures described below to install the drivers for different operating systems.
Installation for Windows 98SE/ME/2000/XP
For W indows 2000, you must install W indows 2000 Service Pack2 or later before installing the driver. The following illustrations are based on W indows XP environment and could look slightly different if you install the drivers in different operating systems. 1. Insert the application CD into the CD-ROM drive. The setup screen will automatically appear. 2. Click Realtek AC97 Audio Drivers.
The AC97 Audio Configuration software utility is under continuous
update to enhance audio applications. Hence, the program screens shown here in this appendix may be slightly different from the latest software utility and shall be held for reference only.
3. Click Next to install the AC97 Audio software.
4. Click Finish to restart the system.
S el ec t t hi s option
After installing the audio driver, you are able to use the 2-, 4-, 6- or 8- channel audio from the system tray at the lower-right corner feature now. Click the audio icon of the screen to activate the AC97 Audio Configuration. It is also available to enable the audio driver by clicking the Sound Effect M anager from the Control Panel.
Here you can select a sound effect you like from the Environment list.
You may also edit the properties for an environment as you wish by clicking the Edit button, then just scroll the bar in the bottom for each property to adjust.
You may choose the provided sound effects, and the equalizer will adjust automatically. If you like, you may also load an equalizer setting or make an new equalizer setting to save as an new one by using the Load EQ Setting and Save Preset button, click Reset EQ Setting button to use the default value, or click Delete EQ Setting button to remove a preset EQ setting. There are also other pre-set equalizer models for you to choose by clicking Others under the Equalizer part.
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