1 Rack Space Deluxe Channel Strip The Joemeek oneQ is the most full-featured, technologically advanced studio channel we've ever made! A single channel combining Mic Pre (with Burr-Brown IC), four band EQ, the most flexible of any Joemeek ever, our "signature" optical compressor, De-Esser, and Enhancer, it's a master channel like no other. Housed in a 2u chassis, the elegantly sculpted faceplate is intelligently laid out, with clear, easy to read legends and a large analog VU m... Read more
Part Numbers: ONEQ, oneQ
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Joemeek OneQ Studio Channel Strip @ FrontEndAudio.com
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|Joe Meek One Q Studio Preamp This preamp is pretty killer. Joe Meek One Q Studio Preamp This preamp is pretty killer.|
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FIELD TEST FIELD TEST
BY TONY NUNES
Joemeek oneQ Channel Strip
Single-Channel Preamp/Compressor/EQ With Digital Output
oemeeks new Q channel strip series maintains that classic Joemeek 60s midrange boost and presence, while better integrating into todays modern analog/digital studios. Upgrades such as a Burr Brown mic amp with transformer coupling, optical compressor, a toroidal power supply and digital outputs are a few of the improvements.
for DI access. The mic pre section has switches and LEDs for all anticipated controls, including 48V, 20dB pad, line input selection, polarity reversal and an 80Hz highpass filter. There is also an Iron switch that introduces a transformer into the mic circuit. My tracking session featured an AEA R84 ribbon mic on an acoustic guitar. I
gain controls. It can be switched either pre- or post-EQ. During some pop rock mix sessions, the combination of the optical compressor and the Meequalizer gave uninspiring bass DI tracks new life. On bass, the enhancer added character to the upper harmonics. The Meequalizer is a 4-band peaking EQ. High and low frequencies are selectable
The next generation of Meeks includes the threeQ, sixQ, twinQ and the oneQ (reviewed here). Out of the bunch, the twinQ is the only dual-channel unit, but the oneQ adds an enhancer and de-esser, making it the lines most full-featured processor.
GETTING IN AND OUT
The rear of the unit is loaded with options. Under Channel 1 are two inputs: a 1.2kohm XLR mic input and a dedicated inch TRS line input. Analog outputs are simultaneously fed through a standard XLR or -inch TRS jack. The -inch is switchable between +4dBu or -10dBv levels. There is also an unbalanced TRS insert (pre-compressor/EQ). The digital interface includes BNC word clock inputs and outputs. An XLR provides AES3 digital protocol, while S/PDIF format is delivered through optical or RCA connections. All standard sampling rates of 44.1 to 96 kHz (16- or 24-bit) are supported via rear panel switches. A front panel switch would have been more user-friendly.
found myself cranking the gain about 55 to 60 dB for proper levels, inducing some unwanted noise. The results were good but not very inspiring. In a drum session, I placed a RDE NTK about 18 inches outside the kick, and the oneQ shined. I used the transformer in the circuit, giving me a well-defined, full kick sound. Later, the oneQ was combined with a Neumann TLM 127 to capture a tuba. In this application, the Iron switch made all the difference, giving the tuba a nice, low midrange tone and robust presence. On aggressive rock vocals, I used a large tube condenser mic and achieved good results. The oneQ produced plenty of high midrange and maintained dynamic control with the optical compressor (4:1 ratio with 6 dB of gain reduction). The Iron setting again made a huge difference, adding more body and presence to the vocal. Quite frankly, the Iron remained in the circuit from here on out. The oneQ also excelled as a bass DI. I plugged straight into the front, used a little compression, ran through the Meequalizer EQ (+3 dB @ 80 Hz) and had a nice, thick tone for the song.
between 7 kHz/14 kHz and 80 Hz/120 Hz, respectively, while the HMF and LMF are sweepable. All four bands allow a boost or cut of 15 dB and have a Q value of 0.9 (1.6 octaves). While cutting and mixing electric rhythm guitars, a 4dB boost at 7 kHz nicely accentuated the pick action and tucked the Les Paul properly into the overall mix.
During tracking sessions, setting the oneQs levels was a breeze with the large VU meter, which multitasks for mic pre, gain reduction and channel output levels. There is an ancillary XLR mic input on the front and a -inch instrument input
For dynamics, the oneQ features an optical compressor, EQ (Meequalizer), enhancer and a de-esser. The optical compressor features compress (threshold), slope (ratio), attack, release and makeup
Distributor PMIs upgrades to the line pay off. The only issue I had was not having enough gain with a ribbon mic during a tracking session. The mic pre was clean, and with the transformer, it had a lot of personality. While mixing guitars and bass, I found myself experimenting with the Meequalizer with good musical results. The optical compressor could be both traditional and very expressive. Throw in every digital and analog I/O, word clock capabilities, a good pre, dynamics galore and an attractively revamped front panel interface, and the oneQ is definitely a full-featured channel strip. With a list price of only $799, the oneQ is a steal. Joemeek, 877/JOEMEEK, www.joemeek.com. Tony Nunes (email@example.com) is an audio engineer and educator based out of Phoenix.
108 MIX, December 2005 www.mixonline.com
Enhancer RANGE sets the frequency above which enhancement is applied. Enhancer Q adds a resonant peak at the frequency set by the RANGE control. Enhancer ON switch - turns the Enhancer on. The LED lights when active. De-Esser TUNE sets frequency at which gain reduction takes place. De-Esser LISTEN switch assists with tuning into the Ess sound by listening to the output of the side chain filter. The LED lights when active. DE-ESS sets the threshold above which gain reduction is applied to the Ess sound. The red De_Ess LED lights when gain reduction is taking place. De-Esser ON switch - turns the Enhancer on. The LED lights when active. OUTPUT GAIN - the volume control or Fader for the output of the oneQ. PEAK FSD LED - lights 6dB below clipping. FSD means Full Scale Digital and this LED also warns you if the Digital Interface is about to be overloaded.
METER - analogue movement shows output signal level (VU), preamp signal level or the amount of Compressor gain reduction (GR) in dB, depending on the settings of the Meter switches. The momentary PRE switch overrides both VU and GR metering. COMPRESS - sets the level of signal (or Threshold) above which the signal starts to be compressed. SLOPE - sets the compression ratio applied to signals above threshold. ATTACK - sets how quickly the compressor responds to peaks above threshold. RELEASE - sets the time taken for the signal to return to its normal size after compression. In general, the longer the time, the less obvious the compression. MAKE UP GAIN - restores the level of the signal after compression. POST EQ switch places the Compressor after the Meequalizer in the signal path. (When this switch is out the Compressor is before the Meequalizer in the signal path). The LED lights when active. COMP LINK for stereo work, the master oneQs Compress, Attack and Release control both master and slave oneQ (the corresponding slave oneQs controls are redundant). This avoids stereo image shifts. All other controls still operate independently on both master and slave and must be set the same for correct stereo balance. Compressor ON switch - turns the compressor on. The LED lights when active.
EXT CLK LED - illuminates when the oneQs digital output is successfully locked to an external word clock. +4dBu/-10dBv switch - selects the operating level of the 1/4 jack output, either to the professional +4dBu level, or to the -10dBv semi-pro level.
The JOEMEEK oneQ is like having one channel of a professional recording studio in one box. It takes microphones or instruments, amplifies them, compresses and equalizes them ready to be recorded. Simple to use yet extremely powerful, the oneQ will bring out the best in any microphone or instrument and give the gloss of a professional studio production to all your performances. As well as recording it will also be found useful for live work. Think of each channel of the oneQ as six separate items of equipment: Both Mic and Line inputs are electronically balanced. Note: although the Line input is not normally used for microphones, it can also be suitable for some high output unbalanced microphones, such as battery powered Electret types. The front and rear panel Mic inputs (XLR) are balanced and wired as follows: Pin 2: + (hot) Pin 3: - (cold) Pin 1: ground The Line input (jack) is balanced and wired as follows: Tip: + (hot) Ring: - (cold) Sleeve: ground The front panel Instrument input (jack) is balanced and wired as follows: Tip: + (hot) Sleeve: ground (NB: use a mono jack plug). Note that if something is plugged into the Instrument input, anything plugged into the rear panel Line input will be cut off. Phantom power Most high-quality studio mics are Phantom powered, which is to say they have electronics inside them, which get their power from the preamp. Most mics require a supply of 48 Volts, so Phantom Power is often labelled 48V. The 48V switch turns this power on or off and a red LED lights when active. When switching the Phantom Power on, quite a loud thump may be produced, so it is a good idea to turn down the Output Gain (or to momentarily select the Line input), when pressing the switch.
The The The The The The
Preamplifier JOEMEEK Optical Compressor Meequalizer Enhancer De-Esser Fader
This is the all-important front end to the oneQ. Its job is to accept any type of microphone, instrument or other source of audio signal, and make it loud enough. Microphones often need rather a lot of amplification, while guitars, keyboards and CD players need less. Mics need to be connected to low impedance inputs, while instruments prefer high impedance inputs. To ensure correct impedance matching, the inputs are split into an XLR connector for Mics, and 1/4 jack Line and INSTRument connectors for everything else. A switch on the front panel decides which input connector is active, the XLR or the 1/4 jacks. The LED next to the switch lights to show that the Line inputs (jacks) are selected. In other words:Switch out (LED off) = Mic Switch in (LED on) = Line or Instr
When using dynamic or ribbon mics, do not turn Phantom Power on. It probably wont do any harm but it certainly wont do any good, so leave it off! Consult the microphone handbook if you are unsure what kind of mic you have.
The main control, labelled Input Gain, covers a range of amplification from 10dB to 60dB. In many other preamps the action of the Gain control is rather uneven, with the 40dB to 60dB range being crammed into the last 1/6th of a turn. All Joemeek preamps use a specially designed control that ensures smooth operation over the whole range of rotation. The (0) symbol next to the 25dB mark, means unity gain, or 0dB, for a signal in the Line input. Hence for Line inputs the range of gain adjustment either side of this mark, is +35dB, -15dB. The PEAK LED lights 6dB below clipping, so occasional brief flashes are OK but if its on all the time you need to back the Input Gain off! HPF means high-pass filter. Mainly for use with microphones, this helps remove stage rumble, handling noise and pops. The LED lights when active.
Of course when there is no signal going on, you may hear the background noise of the electronics. In that case, given the amount of gain in a typical studio monitoring system, this noise floor should ideally be in the region of -80dBu or lower, in order for it not to be noticed. The oneQ microphone preamplifier uses state-of-the-art electronics and has an equivalent input noise of around -128dBu (with 150ohm input load). Despite all the hyperbolae and obfuscation, the theoretical best possible performance for silicon-based electronics is about -132dBu. So the preamplifier design used in the oneQ and all other NextGen Joemeek products approaches this limit. To improve significantly on this would require highly specialised electronics and probably a vat of liquid Nitrogen to cool it! The maximum gain available from the preamp is 60dB, in which case the noise floor will be -68dBu. This is actually quite noisy - if you record that noise onto a digital recorder and play it back you can definitely hear it. In practice of course, you do not record and play back silence and the rest of the mix will probably be more than 70dB louder than this noise and will mask it completely. Even so it is generally a good idea not to use gains greater than 40dB or 50dB and indeed, it should rarely be necessary to do so.
Technical stuff Very low noise - does it matter? Yes and no, it all depends what you are doing - what really matters is signal-to-noise ratio. All electronics produce a certain amount of background noise - its in the nature of things. Providing there is only a relatively small amount of noise, the signal will cover it up, or mask it. So providing the signal is much bigger than the noise, you wont be aware of the noise. In other words the signal-to-noise ratio needs to be a big number, ideally such as 80dB or 90dB. So how do you achieve that in practice? The trick is to keep the microphone as close to the sound source as possible without overloading it, so as to get as much signal out of it as possible. Then you set the Gain control to give only as much gain as is needed to get a decent level into the recorder.
This is simply an unbalanced Send and Return jack on the rear panel. It allows you to patch any other pieces of equipment into the signal path, such as an effects processor or noise gate. To use it you will need a Y lead wired as follows:
Tip: send Ring: return Sleeve: ground
When no jack is inserted, the socket is internally linked, or normalled, so that the signal flows uninterrupted. Note that the Insert Point is after the Preamp but before the Compressor and EQ. METER The analogue meter displays one of three things, depending on the setting of the METER switches. In VU mode (GR switch out), the Meter shows signal level at the outputs, after the Output Gain fader. Note that this is relative to the selected operating level of +4dBu or -10dBv. In other words if you have selected +4dBu and the meter reads 0, then you have +4dBu coming out of the 1/4 jack output socket. If you have selected -10dBv and the meter reads 0, then you have -10dBv coming out of the output jack. Its a bit like manually riding the volume control, except the compressor does it automatically, responding far quicker and more accurately than you ever could by hand. The compressor is applied in several ways: 1. Make Sounds Stand Out Because compressors make loud sounds quieter, you can boost the volume of the quiet bits without the loud bits getting even louder. That means you can raise the average level of an instrument or vocal in the mix, which has the effect of lifting it and bringing it forwards. This can actually improve vocals for example, bringing them out in front of a mix, making them sound denser, more even, and more confident! 2. Crank Up The Volume Raising the average volume of whole mixes means they can be heard in noisy environments, such as vehicles and factories. Boosting the average level is what makes radio stations sound LOUD and the same technique is used on TV commercials too, which is why they always seem annoyingly louder than the movie you were trying to watch!
In Gain Reduction mode (GR switch in), the Meter changes to read 0dB, when no signal is present. Whenever the compressor reduces the gain of a signal, the meter then moves backwards to show the amount of gain reduction taking place at any moment. Note that unlike many other products, in the oneQ this reading is a true measurement of gain reduction, derived by comparing the input and output of the PhotoOptical gain cell. The third mode PRE allows the output of the preamp to be metered directly, rather like the PFL button on a mixing console. This is useful for adjusting the gain of the Preamp. The momentary PRE switch overrides both VU and GR metering.
The hardest device to understand, yet one of the most useful, the PhotoOptical Compressor is what gives Joemeek products their unique character. Its job is to make quiet sounds louder and loud sounds quieter, or in other words to reduce the dynamic range of the programme material.
3. Protection Fast response times are generally used to control brief transients. In other words if an occasional peak sticks its head above a maximum permitted level, the compressor clobbers it; this is known as limiting and a compressor designed solely for this purpose is known as a Limiter. Limiters are primarily used to protect recorders and monitor systems from overload, radio transmitters from overmodulation, etc. The Joemeek compressor is not primarily intended for this purpose as the Attack is not really fast enough to satisfy radio station requirements, although it is generally good enough to protect recorders and monitors, where the effect of transients is less critical. Normally you should not hear a limiter operating but if it is driven hard constantly, it can render a mix somewhat flat and lifeless. 4. Accommodation The dynamic range of the human ear is phenomenal, extending from
the threshold of hearing (eg: a pin dropping onto soft carpet) to threshold of pain (eg: standing next to a jet aircraft) - some 120dBA in all. By contrast, vinyl, cassette tape and radio broadcasts all have a dynamic range of about half that. Since the advent of the CD, the dynamic range of the medium is far less of an issue and compressors are used more to give a certain feel to a production. AM and FM radio however, is still very much compressed to fit its restricted dynamic range. 5. Modification A compressor can change the dynamics, or envelope of the track and it is here that the Joemeek Compressor excels! Types of Compressor Most compressors work in essentially the same way: a volume-controlling element or gain cell is inserted into the audio signal path. The level of the signal at any given moment is measured and that information is used to control the gain cell. So if the signal gets bigger, the volume is turned down. Various types of gain cell in common use include FETs, valves (tubes), light-dependent-resistors (photoelectric), digital potentiometers and voltagecontrolled-amplifiers, better known as VCAs.
practice only compressors based on VCAs and digital potentiometers are likely to behave in this way. Some compressors have a control to set the ratio anywhere between 1:1 (ie: no compression), and 20:1 (which would be regarded as a brick wall limiter). In the oneQ the Slope or Compression Ratio is variable from 1:1 (ie: no compression) to 10:1. Slopes around 3:1 are gentle for vocals while higher slopes are hard for drums and guitars. However thats not all there is to it. Variable Ratio In the Joemeek optical compressor the compression threshold is not clearly defined and the compression ratio varies with the amount of compression applied. Suppose the Slope control is set to 5:1. For signals only just exceeding threshold, the ratio is little more than 1:1. As the compressor is driven harder, the ratio rises to 5:1, at least up to a point. It is a feature of the Joemeek compressor that the compression ratio actually reduces again during large transients and, adjusted correctly, this helps to retain brightness that is often lost with other types of compressor. This is why vintage compressors often sound more lively than their modern counterparts.
The oneQ Compressor is a unique recreation of the sort of photoelectric compressor used by record producer Joe Meek in the 1960s. Using modern components for consistency and reliability, it nonetheless reproduces faithfully the same punchy sound that was so characteristic of the pop records of that time. Compression Ratio What?? OK, its simpler than it sounds. If the input gets 10dB louder but the output only increases by 5dB then the compression ratio is 2 to 1. If the input goes up 10dB but the output only goes up 1dB, then the compression ratio is 10 to 1. In a theoretically ideal compressor, this ratio is the same for any size of signal above the threshold but for that to be true, the gain cell and its control circuitry must be perfectly linear over a very wide range. In
Controls COMPRESS sets the level of signal (the Threshold) above which the signal starts to be compressed. Turning the compression control clockwise lowers the compression threshold, and drives the compressor harder. SLOPE sets the average compression ratio applied to signals above threshold. Lower settings (anti-clockwise) have less effect. Turning the control clockwise increases the ratio and makes the effects of compression more dramatic. At maximum (10:1) the Joemeek compressor effectively becomes a limiter.
ATTACK sets how quickly the compressor reacts to peaks above threshold. Turn this control anticlockwise for a quick response. Slower (clockwise) allows the fast leading edge of percussive sounds to pass uncompressed for a moment, before the compressor reacts to control the gain. This example of changing the envelope of a sound exaggerates the percussive nature of drums and other instruments. Settings around mid-position are used where the compression needs to be less obvious. Vocals for example, require Attack times around 10msec for natural sounding results. Faster attack times (anti-clockwise) in conjunction with large amounts of compression, result in extreme pumping effects. COMP LINK This is important when two oneQs are used together for stereo work. When two mono compressors are used for stereo, differing amounts of gain reduction occur in each channel, which causes the stereo image to wander. The Comp Link switch avoids this problem by summing the compressor control paths of both oneQs and assigning control of the slave oneQs gain cell to the master oneQ. The Compress, Attack and Release on the master then operate both oneQs and the corresponding slave oneQ controls are redundant. Note however that all other controls still operate independently on both oneQs and must be set the same for correct stereo balance. The LED lights when active.
The oneQ Meequalizer is a highly effective, versatile and musically rewarding four-band equalizer, or tone control system. Each stage allows boost or cut of up to 15dB around the frequency in question. The EQ switch turns the equalizer on, and the green LED lights when active. The LF band is centred at either 80Hz or 120Hz. Cutting can be used to reduce unwanted LF noise, such as hum or rumble. Boosting can bring out the warmth and body of bass lines and (especially around 80Hz) kick drums.
RELEASE sets how long the compressor goes on squashing the sound for, once the signal has dropped below threshold. If it stopped instantly there would be very noticeable modulation or pumping of the sound. So we may want it to stop compressing less abruptly and that is what the Release control is for. Generally, the longer the Release time, the less obvious is the compression. Of course some pumping might actually be desirable as a special effect and that is another way in which the envelope of a sound can be modified. The oneQ Release is variable from 100mS up to 3 seconds giving a wide variety of effects. How the compressor behaves actually changes with programme content and volume. So experiment with the controls with different kinds of material to discover the range and depth of effects that can be achieved. The COMP in/out switch allows comparison between compressed and uncompressed sound (blue LED lights when active). Remember that the MAKE UP GAIN is there to restore the level of the signal after compression. Correctly adjusted, there will be no change in volume as the Compressor ON switch is operated. The Compressor is normally after the Preamplifier and the Insert Point, and before the Meequalizer. Pressing the POST EQ switch however, places the Compressor after the Meequaliser.
The Lower Mid band can be tuned or swept anywhere between 200Hz and 2kHz. It may help to think of it as like a graphic equalizer, only instead of lots of frequency bands, you have just one, but it can be moved to cover any given frequency band. Cutting the Lower Mid can reduce boominess or other annoying resonances. Boosting can bring out the body and warmth of a vocal, or the harmonics of bass instruments.
The Upper Mid band can be tuned or swept anywhere between 1kHz and 6kHz. Cutting the Upper Mid can reduce sibilance or other annoying resonances. Boosting can bring out the harmonics of instruments or make vocals more distinct. Increasing or reducing the presence of an instrument or vocal in this way, can appear to move the sound forwards or backwards in a mix. The HF or treble section is centred at either 7kHz or 14kHz. Boosting the 14kHz band gives a sense of air or sparkle to vocals, instruments and mixes, without boosting harsh upper-mid frequencies. Alternatively with bass instruments, cutting this band will reduce HF noise such as hiss and crackle. The 7kHz setting is very effective at controlling sibilance and reducing harshness, or indeed creating it, for example by boosting the harmonics of electric guitars. The EQ ON switch allows comparison between equalised and unequalised sound (LED lights when the Meequalizer is active). The Meequalizer is normally after the Preamplifier, the Insert Point and the Compressor. Pressing the POST EQ switch however, places the Meequalizer before the Compressor. Technical stuff Each section of the Meequalizer has a peaking or bell shaped frequency response, which will be found to be musically more satisfying than conventional shelving equalizers. The use of bell curves at LF and HF also avoids boosting subsonics and ultrasonics which can have adverse effects on other studio equipment, such as recorders, monitor amplifiers and speakers. The Q value of the peaking filters is 0.9 (or 1.6 octaves). Zero phase distortion ensures the best possible audio coherence.
ENHANCER The enhancer imparts a sense of presence and clarity to all types of programme material. It does so by analysing a range of upper mid frequencies and synthesizing musically related harmonics, which are then added in small quantities to the original signal. The EFFECT control sets the percentage of harmonics to be mixed with the original, while TUNE selects the range of upper mid frequencies used for harmonic synthesis (the part of the audio spectrum above the indicated frequency will be processed). Q emphasizes a narrow range of frequencies around the frequency set by the TUNE control and this can be used to concentrate processing on a particular band of frequencies. Using the TUNE and Q controls together allows the Enhancer to lift out a particular part of a voice or mix. The ON switch allows comparison between processed and unprocessed sound (LED lights when the Enhancer is active). DE-ESSER The De-Esser can be used to remove or reduce annoying sibilance in vocal recordings, such as the S or T sound. It is basically a frequency-conscious compressor that compresses only a narrow range of frequencies rather than the whole spectrum. The TUNE control sets the filter to match the Ess frequency and the best way to do this is to press the LISTEN switch so as to hear only the output of the filter, then adjust the TUNE control until the Ess is at maximum loudness. The DE-ESS control sets the amount of gain reduction within the Ess band. The ON switch allows comparison between processed and unprocessed sound (LED lights when the De-Esser is active) and the DE-ESS LED lights when gain reduction is taking place. The jack output is balanced and wired as follows: Tip: + (hot) Ring: - (cold) Sleeve: ground Balanced or Unbalanced To run the XLR output unbalanced, it will be necessary to ground pin 3 of the cable connector. To run the 1/4 jack output unbalanced, just plug in a mono jack plug. Either way, this increases the gain of the + signal by 6dB, so there is no drop in level compared with balanced gear. All outputs on all NextGen Joemeek products are properly balanced, which is to say there is a signal on both pins! In this way the maximum
Using the oneQ
GETTING CONNECTED The figure shows the oneQ being used instead of a mixing desk in a recording setup: A guitar is connected to the Instrument Input The insert point is being used to divert the preamplified signal through an external effects processor The recorder output is connected to the Line Input for playback. Previously recorded tracks may also be replayed via the Line Input, to permit compression and equalization A microphone is connected to the Mic Input
POWER SUPPLY Connect the oneQ power cord to the AC connector on the rear panel and switch on the mains supply. NB: ensure that the oneQ is set to the correct mains voltage for your region either 115V or 230V. Orientate the fuse holder / mains voltage selector draw so that the required voltage appears at the top. If in doubt consult a competent engineer.
Using the Preamp
Turn the INPUT GAIN control to minimum and connect the input source. If you are using a condenser microphone, remember to switch on the 48V Phantom Power. Set the OUTPUT GAIN to 0dB. Turn up the INPUT GAIN until the microphone sound registers on the VU Meter, adjusting it so that the meter reads between 0 and +3 on sound peaks. When the red LED (labeled Peak) lights, the oneQ is within 6dB of clipping. Occasional flashes are OK but if it is on all the time, turn the Input Gain down! Remember you can check the preamp gain at any time by pressing the Meter Pre button.
Using the Compressor
Start with the Compressor and Meequalizer off and adjust the input and output gain so that the VU Meter reads around 0dB. Now switch the meter to read gain reduction using the GR pushbutton. You need to be careful about too much boost or lift, since boosting takes the oneQ closer to overload. The oneQ has generous overload margins but when a lot of boost is used, it may be necessary to compensate by reducing the Output Gain or the Input Gain (the latter will affect the Compressor setting though). Keep an eye on the VU Meter when adjusting the EQ. When the red LED (labeled PEAK FSD) lights, the oneQ is within 6dB of clipping. Occasional flashes are OK but if it is on all the time, turn something down! The way to use the LMF and HMF controls, is to apply quite a lot of boost, then sweep the frequency until you tune in to the sound you are interested in. Once you find it, adjust the amount of boost or cut to give the desired effect. The overall result of compression depends on the combined settings of the Compress, Slope, Attack and Release controls. Experiment with different combinations to discover what best suits the material you wish to compress. Watch the GR meter and dont overdo things - its possible to apply 20dB of gain reduction before you realise it! Use the Compressor ON switch to make comparisons between compressed and uncompressed signals. Experiment with combinations of settings of EQ and try to picture how the audio signal is being affected. Use the EQ ON switch to make comparisons between EQd and non-EQd signals.
Joemeek Limited Warranty
THIS PRODUCT IS FOR PROFESSIONAL USE ONLY
PMI Audio Group warrants that all products will be free from defects in material or workmanship: A: For a period of (3) three years from the date of purchase (hereinafter the labor warranty period), PMI Audio Group will repair or replace this Product if determined to be defective. After the expiration of the labor warranty period, the Purchaser must pay labor charges. B: In addition, PMI Audio Group will supply, at no charge, replacements for defective parts for a period of (three years) from the date of purchase. During the labor warranty period, to repair the Product, Purchaser must return the defective Product, freight prepaid, or deliver it to PMI Audio Group Service Center. The product to be repaired is to be returned in either its original carton or a similar package affording an equal degree of protection. PMI Audio Group will return the repaired Product freight prepaid to the Purchaser. PMI Audio Group is not obligated to provide Purchaser with a substitute unit during the warranty period or at any time. replacement by Purchaser of any Product or part thereof shall extend the warranty period as to the entire Product. The specific warranty on the repaired part only shall be in effect for a period of ninety (90) days following the repair or replacement of that part or the remaining period of the Product warranty, whichever is greater. 2. Exclusive Remedy: Acceptance: Purchasers exclusive remedy and PMIs sole obligation is to supply (or pay for) all labor necessary to repair any product found to be defective within the warranty period and to supply, at no extra charge, new or rebuilt replacements for defective parts. If repair or replacement fails to remedy the defect, then and only in such an event, shall PMI exchange to Purchaser a new or reconditioned unit. Purchasers failure to make a claim as provided in paragraph 1 above or continued use of the product shall constitute an unqualified acceptance of such Product and a waiver by Purchaser of all claims thereto.
3. Exceptions to Limited warranty: PMI shall have no liability or obligation to Purchaser with respect to any Product subjected to abuse, improper use, negligence, accident, modification, failure of the end-user to follow the operating and maintenance procedures outlined in the users manual, attempted repair by non-qualified personnel, operation of the unit outside of the published environmental and electrical parameters, or if such products original identification (trademark, serial number) markings have been defaced, altered, or removed. PMI excludes from warranty coverage, Products sold AS IS and/or WITH ALL FAULTS and excludes used products which have not been sold by PMI to the Purchaser. PMI also excludes from warranty coverage consumables such as fuses and batteries, tubes, etc. 1. Notification of claims: Warranty Service: If Purchaser discovers that the Product has proven defective in material or workmanship, then written notice with an explanation of the claim shall be given promptly by Purchaser to PMI but all claims for warranty service must be made within the warranty period. If after investigation PMI determines that the reported problem was not covered by the warranty, Purchaser shall pay PMI for the cost of investigating the problem at its then prevailing time-and-materials rate. No repair or 4. Proof of purchase: The dealers dated bill of sale must be retained as evidence or the date of purchase and to establish warranty eligibility
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EXCEPT FOR THE FORGOING WARRANTIES, PMI HEREBY DISCLAIMS AND EXCLUDES ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR LIMITED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY/OR ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANT ABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND/ OR ANY WARRANTY WITH REGARD TO ANY CLAIM OF INFRINGEMENT THAT MAY BE PROVED IN SECTION 2-312(3) OF THE UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE AND/OR IN ANY COMPARABLE STATE STATUE. PMI HEREBY DISCLAIMS ANY REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTY THAT THE PRODUCT IS COMPATIBLE WITH ANY COMBINATION OF NON-PMI AUDIO PRODUCTS PURCHASER MAY CHOOSE TO CONNECT TO THE PRODUCT.
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THE LIABILITY OF PMI, IF ANY, AND PURCHASERS SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR DAMAGES FOR ANY CLAIM OF ANY KIND WHATSOEVER, REGARDLESS OF THE LEGAL 24-25 THEORY AND WHETHER ARISING IN TORT OR CONTRACT, SHALL NOT BE GREATER THAN THE ACTUAL PURCHASE PRICE OF THE PRODUCT WITH RESPECT TO WHICH SUCH CLAIM IS MADE. IN NO EVENT SHALL PMI BE LIABLE TO PURCHASER FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF ANY KIND INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, COMPENSATION, REIMBURSEMENT OR DAMAGES ON ACCOUNT OF THE LOSS OF PRESENT OR PROSPECTIVE PROFITS OR ANY OTHER REASON WHATSOEVER.
Information in this User Guide is subject to change without notice. No part of this User Guide may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical or by any other means, for any purpose, without the express written permission of PMI Audio Group. PMI Audio Group may have trademarks, copyrights or other intellectual property rights covering the subject matter of this User Guide. Except as expressly provided in any written agreement from PMI Audio Group, the furnishing of this User Guide is provided for the sole use of the authorized User [or Service Agent where applicable] and does not give the User any license to use any trademarks, copyrights or other intellectual property of PMI Audio Group. PMI, PMI AUDIO, TED FLETCHER, MEEQUALIZER, STUDIO PROJECTS, JOEMEEK, TOFT AUDIO DESIGNS, CURRENTSENSE, MEEKROPHONE, TRAKPAK, and (If it Sounds Right.It is Right!) are either registered trademarks or trademarks of PMI Audio Group in the U.S.A. and/or other countries. Copyright 2005 PMI Audio Group. All rights reserved.
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1 Rack Space Deluxe Channel Strip The Joemeek oneQ is the most full-featured, technologically advanced studio channel we've ever made! A single channel combining Mic Pre (with Burr-Brown IC), four band EQ, the most flexible of any Joemeek ever, our "signature" optical compressor, De-Esser, and Enhancer, it's a master channel like no other. Housed in a 2u chassis, the elegantly sculpted faceplate is intelligently laid out, with clear, easy to read legends and a large analog VU meter. We even included 24bit, 96K A/D converters with word clock input and output. The new oneQ raises the bar for all studio master channels! Digital Interface The Joemeek Digital Audio Interface provides high quality digital audio outputs plus the ability to synchronize to an external word clock. The digital audio outputs are compatible with most digital recorders, as well as Digital Audio Workstations and mixers. S/PDIF format is available from the optical and RCA phono connectors, while the transformer coupled XLR connector provides an AE
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