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Kawasaki Concours 14 Manual

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Kawasaki Concours 14Kawasaki 12048-0047 (TENSIONER-ASSY,HYDRAU)

Brand: Kawasaki
Part Number: 12048-0047

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2008 Kawasaki Concours 14 Design Facts Q & A with Karl Edmondson, Kawasaki Product Manager
Q: Karl, can you tell us about the overall performance or design objectives for the new Kawasaki Concours 14? A: Sure. The target for this bike was to offer a fast, aggressive, highperformance and comfortable long distance riding sport-touring machine. Besides offering unrivaled performance, its overall form and surface were styled to be visually appealing as well. Q: How much brand new technology has been incorporated into this motorcycle? A: This motorcycle represents a lot of next generation technology for Kawasaki We have the Variable Valve Timing, the Kawasaki Intelligent Proximity Activation Start System or KIPASS and the all-new Tetra-lever suspension system just to name a few.
Q: What was changed on the ZX-14 chassis in creating the Concours 14?
The shaft drive is the first clue the C14 chassis is much more than a warmed over ZX-14
The C14 (L) and ZX-14 (R) frames
A: Quite a bit. In the evolution to the Concours 14, the chassis was altered considerably to meet the new demands of a sport tourer. First of all, the swingarm attachment area of the frame was redesigned to accommodate the shaft drive. This required different upper and lower cross members. For higher stability, the rake was increased 2.5 degrees, requiring a change to the frame casting around the head tube area also. Add in increased wall thicknesses, sections swapped from plastic to metal and some newly added frame components, and the C14s frame has 20 percent more torsional stiffness than the ZX-14. This increased rigidity permits the bike to handle better with the addition of luggage and a passenger, yet Some of the refinements to the C14 frame retain a crisp sport handling. Q: Why was steel used for the subframe? Doesnt that add weight? A: An aluminum subframe would have been nice, but to get the same strength as steel to handle a fully loaded bike and a passenger requires a lot more material and space. To keep the interior roomy enough for the parts layout and to minimize the overall width of the saddlebags, the Kawasaki designers chose steel.
Q: Why was the Tetra-Lever Swingarm system used? A: The Tetra-Lever Swingarm was chosen because it offsets the lifting or squatting tendency of shaft drives when the throttle is opened or closed. The highly rigid, dual-sided, 4-link system which makes the bike behave as if it were a chain driven bike. The TetraLever system does this by constantly keeping the motor output drive on the same plane as the final drive at the The Tetra-Lever Swingarm in motion rear hub. Another benefit of this design is it effectively transfers the engines massive torque and power to the pavement while allowing designers to tune both dimension and damping characteristics from the drive train for smoother motion. Q: How does the Concours compare to the BMW and Yamaha FJR? A: The Concours 14 is unique in its market position. Compared to the other two, its more a sport bike with bags, without some of the ultra-luxury features seen on the BMW. And while the FJR may weigh less, the C14 (at 606 lbs for the standard model and 615 lbs with ABS) has it trumped on sport bike handling and performance. A large part of this is due to better mass centralization and its Tetra-Lever swingarm, beefy inverted 43mm fork with radial mounted calipers and Variable Valve Timing system. All these refinements increased weight in the end, but were all items that allowed us to define the character of this bike. Q: Is the seat too firm for touring duties? A: The seat is relatively firm, but after a long-distance ride you feel less tired. Also like a sport bike, the seat transmits good feedback from the chassis. A softer seat gives a good first impression, but sacrifices chassis feel and leaves you more fatigued after a long ride. This was quite clear in our development experience. The rear seat is shaped and cushioned for comfortable tandem riding.

Q: Tell us about the electrically adjustable wind shield. A: The wind screen is designed to balance touring wind protection with good sport styling. It is a bit compact compared to existing sport tourer models, but its sufficient for normal cruising and offers better visibility when riding aggressively on winding roads. For taller riders and those who want more, Kawasaki will have an accessory screen that is larger and has a flared shape for increased wind protection.
Wind protection at the touch of a button
Q: Is there a speed limitation to wind screen movement? A: No, you can operate the electrically driven windscreen at any speed. However, as you go faster, the pressure differences grow, so you should exercise caution as with any movable windscreen at speed.
Screen adjustment at all speeds
Q: What kind of range can owners expect from the C14? A: Approximately a 180+ mile cruising range which is comparable to the competition. The actual numbers will depend on the rider and riding environment of course. Q: How much does the ABS option add to the overall price of the C14? A: Talk about bang for your buck, the ABS model is only $900.00 over the basic C14 and adds only nine pounds to the total weight.
Q: What are the key advantages of ABS? A: Again we started with the ZX-14, taking the Nissin brake system and fine tuning it according to the C14s chassis and tire character. The big advantage to our system is it utilizes a neutral holding position that doesnt completely release brake pad contact with the rotors during ABS pulses like the competitors versions. This greatly reduces the pulsating effect felt by the rider under hard braking conditions and inspires more confidence. In optimizing the ABS on the Concours, we tested the system on a variety of road conditions and aimed for a performance balance between dry winding roads and low traction road surface conditions. Q: Are the front and rear brakes linked? A: No. For sport touring bikes, brakes that can be used independently front and rear on winding roads are part of the fun. Our view is current Linked Brake Systems tend to remove this fun factor the underlying principle of the C14. Q: Did the brake and clutch master cylinders reservoirs get changed too? A: Yes. To fit into the touring category, we redesigned them for a unique look and higher quality feel.

ABS advantage; the C14s Nissin brakes use a neutral holding piston that reduces the ABS pulses
Redesigned reservoir tanks for the front brake and clutch master cylinders
Q: What about the storage compartment on the tank? A: The C14 has a 1.6qt (1.5L) compartment on the tank for stowing small items like a wallet or sunglasses when riding.
Tank top storage compartment
Q: Tell us about the capacity of the hard cases? A: Sure, the 9.2 gal (35L) saddlebags are quite roomy big enough for a large full faced helmet and can hold 22 lbs (10kg) of cargo inside.
Large capacity side cases
The rear rack offers more storage options
Q: And theres more. storage? A: You bet. We designed the C14 to be a truly capable tourer. Besides the saddlebags, it has a 22 lbs (10kg) capacity rear rack, that can also accommodate a 10.3 gal (39L) capacity accessory top case.
Q: How does the KIPASS work?
The KI-PASS components interaction
A: The Concours 14 uses an electronic key and FOB system called the KIPASS (Kawasaki Intelligent Proximity Activation Start System) to function. The traditional key remains locked into the ignition switch during normal operation, but will only turn when the FOB is within a 5.25 foot radius of the middle of the motorcycle. No FOB within 5.25 feet means the bike is completely lifeless good for the rider, bad for thieves. With the FOB in range, turning the switch (key) to the FSS (Fuel, Seat and Storage) position allows you to remove it and use it as a mechanical key to open the fuel filler, seat or saddlebags. There is also a small backup key in the FOB, so you can leave the main key locked in the ignition. The reason for retaining a conventional key is it allows the lock system on the C14s saddlebags to be similar to most on the market and stay a very simple and light system. The KIPASS electronic switch For the fuel tank and seat latches, it avoids the weight and bulk increase required for bigger and more complex keyless locks.
Q: What happens if the FOB is lost? A: Naturally with such a crucial electronic item, there is a great deal of concern about what will happen if you lose the FOB. With no FOB, nothing happens before the motor is running. Period. Once this crucial condition is met, there are two detection systems working to alert you of any danger. The first is the detection system at starting. As the name implies, it starts working after the bike is started. Then, if you drop the FOB after starting the bike, it will alert you via a No Transponder warning on the display. It is not a continuously monitoring device, however, and there are several actions that control its operating behavior, which include: 1. When the speed is over 12.4mph (20km/h) and the rpms are under 5000 or when accelerating (the speed increase is more than 1.2mph (2km/h) in three seconds) the FOB detecting system activates. 2. When a valid FOB is identified, the system stops trying to detect anymore (saving battery life). 3. When a FOB cannot be found in-range, the system retries to detect and the NO TRANSPONDER warning illuminates on the display. Once it finds and identifies a valid FOB, the warning turns off. 4. Should you drop the FOB while riding, that same detection system works at the first stop (i.e. a traffic light). When it doesnt find a FOB, it will alert you. 5. Once the ignition is turned off at the main switch, the second detection system kicks in and gives you 10 seconds after turning off the ignition to re-start the engine so youll have a chance to ride back to where you lost your FOB! 6. When the FOB battery is dead, the FOBs immobilizer function can still work without a battery, but you must put the FOB next to the ignition switch so the system can identify it and start the engine. The good news is two FOBs are included with each Concours 14, so losing one doesnt cause down-time in your riding pleasure. Youll be able to purchase additional FOBs (up to six) and get them programmed at your local dealer, as long as at least one of the original FOBs is present.

Q: What are the details on the tire pressure monitoring system? A: The tire pressure monitoring system shows the actual air pressure in the tires while they are rotating. It also alerts the rider when the pressure drops below 32 psi +/- 2.9psi (220kPa +/- 20kPa). That extra tolerance is included since the air pressure reading is always a corrected value according to temperature. The 32 psi point itself is a compromise between a high setting with the possibility of frequent warnings and one at a lower value, which comes on later at the risk of instability. The Kawasaki engineers erred on the side of caution and set the warning level towards the high end. Q: Whats the battery life of these devices? A: The FOBs use standard watch batteries. The FOB will alert you with a low battery warning on the display as its battery begins to fade. The tire sensors use non-replaceable batteries that are designed to last approximately five years once turned on and require a sensor replacement at the dealership when they have completely used up their charge. Q: How much do the ZX-14 and C14 engines have in common? A: Like the chassis, the starting point was the ZX-14s engine, but as the engineers changed its personality for better sport touring and incorporated new technology items --thus many newly designed parts--, the commonality shrank. Now just a small portion of the original components are shared between the two models, like the balancer, starter, shift drum, connecting rods and some of the engine covers.
Tire pressure monitoring system signal flow
Q: So, in short; the C14 and the ZX-14 are not rivals? A: Thats correct. The aim was to make a touring bike with the soul of a sportbike. Sure, the peak horsepower number of the Concours is lower than the ZX-14, but it is a more refined power to better handle the expected passenger and loading for sport touring situations. As such, the Kawasaki engineers calculated that its 156 ps (153 Hp) will be plenty and youll still able to push the tires to their limits. Q: How much of a difference does the ram air system make? A: Some of the C14s impressive power numbers come from its aerodynamics alone. Its ram air system not only provides a five horsepower boost via a supercharging effect, but has other benefits as well such as reduced intake noise. Q: What else was done to achieve more low to mid range? A: In developing the powerband traits, we noted that many of our customers from this category do not rev the engine as much, so we tuned the engine for more low to mid range and better acceleration in any rpm range. To accomplish this, we made the following changes: Decreased the throttle body diameter from 44mm to 40mm. The smaller diameter increases intake velocity, making the throttle response very crisp at low rpm. Changed the throttle body holder diameter accordingly. Different exhaust lift and actuation angles on the intake and camshafts. The intake camshaft is controlled by a Variable Valve Timing system. Changes to the pistons to alter the combustion chamber capacity, resulted in the compression ratio decreasing from 12.0:1 to 10.7:1.

Connected exhaust pipes in a 4:2:1 system with cylinders 1 and 4 and cylinders 2 and 3 dumping into two collectors, with the pipe diameter decreased from 38.1mm to 35mm and ultimately flowing through a single muffler. A single muffler was used because the left muffler would have stuck out very far to avoid the drive shaft on that side of the bike. The single tri-oval muffler also saves weight and produces less noise than the ZX-14.
This angle shows the new 4:2:1 exhaust system
Q: How does the Variable Valve Timing system function? A: The way Variable Valve Timing works is by continuously varying the intake camshaft timing via oil fed through a dedicated oil path into both the advancing and retarding chambers. The timing is adjusted by an Oil Control Valve (OCV) changing the oil pressure in the chambers as dictated by the camshaft timing data sent from the ECU, which monitors engine rpm and throttle position parameters for valve timing control. The system starts at 2000rpm. This rpm was chosen so that Variable Valve Timing operation could start as low as possible. From idle to 2000rpm, the engine is fixed in its most retarded timing position the best place for such extremely low rpm range and it avoids any strange and undesired torque alteration in that range.
Pressurized oil flowing into the advancing and retarding chambers on the intake camshaft is the basis of the VVT system
Q: What is the advantage of having Variable Valve Timing? A: The variable range of the valve timing is 24 degrees in camshaft angle, so the engine always has the optimum valve timing throughout the rpm range, which results in an improved torque character. Thats one advantage; the other is better fuel consumption and a cleaner exhaust emission level.
Why is the compression ratio lower?
A: The theoretical compression ratio of 10.7:1 is lower than the 12.0:1 of the ZX14. However, the actual compression ratio increases when the camshaft timing is advanced higher. With intake camshaft timing becoming more advanced than the ZX-14s via the C14s Variable Valve Timing, it was necessary to start at a lower ratio so we could keep the actual compression ratio from becoming higher than the engines knocking limit. Q: Why is sixth gear called Overdrive? A: The C14 has an extra-tall Overdrive sixth gear that lets the engine run slower when cruising, producing less vibration and noise thus raising comfort levels and lowering fuel consumption by approximately five percent. It also permits for a closer gear ratio from 1st to 5th for better sport performance. Q: How does the C14 pull off such smooth and seamless power delivery? A: The C14 owes part of its silky and linear power to its maintenance free and clean (no chain oil splatter) shaft drive - a must for any self-respecting sport touring machine. Kawasaki engineers went one step further and fitted the shaft drive system with a back torque limiting (slipper) clutch, something normally found only on race and sport machines. This absorbs shocks when shifting down gears and minimizes rear wheel hop, Shaft drive + Tetra-Lever swingarm + back torque resulting in smoother corner entries while limiter = Silky smooth delivery also helping to protect drive train parts. Wrapping up the smooth delivery are the dampers installed in the clutch and front bevel gear areas. Because this drive train transmits on/off throttle operation more directly to the rear tire than a chain drive, these dampers prevent load alteration behavior (lash) when riding the bike.

Q: Why are there two radiator fans? A: Basically to maintain a high cooling efficiency. With the room and electrical power to allow it, the extra fan was added in part because the Concours 14 has more cowling than the ZX-14. A second reason is that touring conditions could put the machine in hot environments with more of a load on the machine (and strain on the engine) than ZX-14 riders are likely to encounter. Q: How does it comply with emissions standards? A: Using two catalyzers in the manifold area, Variable Valve Timing and optimized FI settings the C14 complies with all applicable U.S. standards without compromising performance.

ZX-14 the starting point

The finished product - the C14
Q: The styling looks similar, yet different to the ZX-14. A: The resemblance between the two is intentional. After all they share some common components in the chassis and engine, yet there are some pretty significant design differentiations injected. First and foremost are the different roles. As a sport tourer the C14 has purposeful items like saddlebags, a shaft drive, an electrically adjustable windscreen and a storage compartment on the tank. The overall bike was designed to incorporate such functionality into its look and yet remain balanced visually - with or without the saddlebags. The four fins on the cowling, which signify the strongest 4-cylinder, are inherited from the ZX-14 and are even found on the saddlebags.
The Concours retains its good looks without side cases
Q: Whats the design theory behind the C14s lights? A: The LED taillight is located high over the turn indicators under the rear carrier mainly for improved visibility from behind. The headlight is another example of functioning art. For this sport tourer, the designer also addressed night riding with a bright, large, multi-reflector lamp. It has special light-guiding lenses at the sides of the headlight to make the bike more visible from the side.



Engine Type Displacement Bore and Stroke Maximum Torque Compression Ratio Fuel System Ignition Transmission Final Drive Rake / Trail Front Tire Size Rear Tire Size Front Suspension / Wheel Travel Rear Suspension / Wheel Travel Front Brake Type Rear Brake Type Fuel Tank Capacity Seat Height Curb Weight Wheelbase Overal Length Overall height windscreen min / windscreen max Overall width at handlebars / at saddlebags Color
Four-stroke, liquid-cooled, DOHC, four valve per cylinder, In-Line Four with V V T ( Variable Valve Timing) 1,352cc 84.0 x 61.0mm 102.0 LbFt @ 6,200 rpm 10.7:1 Digital Fuel Injection TCBI with Digital Advance 6-speed Tetra-Lever shaft drive 26.1 degrees / 4.4 in. 120/70 ZR-17 190/50 ZR-17 43mm inverted, telescopic fork with adjustable rebound damping and spring preload / 4.4 in. Tetra-Lever with stepless rebound damping adjustment and remote spring preload adjuster / 5.4 in. Dual oating 310mm petal discs with four-piston calipers Single 270mm petal disc 5.8 gal. 32.1 in. 670.3 lbs. / 679.1 lbs. (ABS model) 59.8 in. 89.4 in. 50.8 / 55.3 30.7 in. / 39.4 in. Metallic Diablo Black / Flat Super Black Candy Diamond Red / Flat Super Black
Three-Year Warranty Your new Concours motorcycle comes with a 36-month/unlimited mileage limited factory warranty. Read the next paragraph to find out how you can extend your coverage inexpensively, or ask your dealer for details about the factory warranty and available extended coverage. Up to Three Years Additional Coverage* Let Kawasaki protect your new machine for years to come* with the exclusive Good Times Protection Plan. This plan repairs or replaces most components free of charge if found defective in material or workmanship. Everything about the plan is easy: Theres no deductible. Its honored at every authorized Kawasaki motorcycle dealer nationwide. Its transferable to another owner with no fee. Just ask your dealer how you can buy extended coverage of 12, 24, or 36 months. Imagine, for just pennies a day, you can ride with no worry and no hassle. Just tell your dealer you want the Good Times Protection Plan.
*Depending on the program purchased.

14/14 ABS



Ride With Zero Down** We offer up to 100% instant financing on most Kawasaki products with the Good Times Credit Plan and the Good Times Credit Card. Qualified buyers can ride away on a brand-new Kawasaki with no down payment. In most cases, the computerized credit approval takes just minutes. You can even add insurance, accessories and the Good Times Protection Plan to your contract. Ask your participating dealer for details.
Good Times Credit Plan not available in Canada. Qualified buyers.
Safe Ridings More Fun Ride responsibly. Kawasaki believes safety begins with us and continues with you. Always wear a helmet, eye protection and proper apparel. Passengers too. Ride defensively. Obey the Basic Speed Law. Never ride under the inuence of drugs or alcohol. Riding is more fun on a well-maintained motorcycle.follow the instructions in your owners manual. Remember, riding safe is smart.
Specications subject to change without notice. Availability may be limited. Always wear a helmet and appropriate apparel. Call 1-800-446-9227 for the Motorcycle Safety Foundation beginner or expert course near you. Action Photography: Professional riders on a closed course.

For more information, visit our Web site at: For the nearest Kawasaki dealer, call: 1-800-661-RIDE
Concours 14 ABS Concours 14
Kawasaki Motors Corp., U.S.A. 9950 Jeronimo Road, Irvine, California Kawasaki Motors Corp., U.S.A
P/N 99969-3396 Printed in U.S.A.
Conveniently located on the fuel-tank cover, the Concours glove box can easily hold a wallet, sunglasses, garage-door opener or other small items while youre riding.
Its generous 1.6-quar t storage capacity improves versatility. An easy-to-use centerstand improves parking stability and secur ity for a fully loaded Concours 14.
favorite stretch of two-lane roads laced with owing esses, challenging hairpins, and inviting straightaways. Now imagine expanding the possibilities to the entire continent on the Concours 14, a sport-touring machine so complete in its mastery of the road it has earned several Motorcycle of the Year honors. Its 1,352cc digitally fuel-injected DOHC In-Line Four engine with variable valve timing leaps to the task, delivering incredible midrange torque together with a superbike-strength top-end punch along with superb smoothness from dual balancers. Whether sport-touing by yourself, with that special someone, no gear, or fully loaded, the Concours 14 allows you to easily adjust the preload settings on the rear suspension for that perfect ride. The chassis likewise offers unparalleled command and comfort with an aluminum monocoque frame and theres an electrically adjustable windscreen, Kawasakis Intelligent Proximity Activation Start System (KI-PASS) for no key starting and security, a Tetra-Lever Swingarm, detachable side cases, an accessory power outlet and optional anti-lock brakes take this a sport-touring machine to a whole new level. No wonder all roads belong to the Concours 14.
Most weekend sportbike riders have their own personal
1 Comprehensive multi-function LCD instrumentation includes a trip computer that estimates fuel mileage, plus gear-indicator and tire-pressure readouts for peace of mind. Controller Area Network (CAN) circuitry reduces complexity for improved reliability.
2 With its advanced geometry, the unique 4-link Tetra-Lever Swingarm provides the suspension response of a chain-drive sportbike with the smoothness, quietness and reliability of a touring bikes shaft drive.
3 Lockable and detachable side cases hold up to 22 pounds of gearincluding a full-face helmet. The rear rack further expands storage capability with mounts for an accessory top case.

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