M-audio Axiom 49
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M-audio Axiom 49
M Audio Axiom 49 Midi Home Recording Rig by Steve Yang
User reviews and opinions
|deej||2:41pm on Friday, October 8th, 2010|
|M-Audio Axiom Pro49 Surface Abrasion and Tight Knobs I like the product. Works flawlessly for me so far Best price that I could find anywhere else was $479 plus tax or shipping. $372 total at amazon.|
|Richard Hart||4:11pm on Sunday, October 3rd, 2010|
|Great Buy - Hands Down This is a unique keyboard and is really useful if you do any music production of any kind on your computer.|
|[-Stash-]||5:36am on Friday, September 17th, 2010|
|Awesome I like most of M-Audio products and this one is included in this set. HyperControl functionality is great for controlling Cubase 5.|
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Section 2: Basic MIDI Control From Your Axiom
Your Axiom controller will not make any sound unless it is connected to a computer or other external MIDI gear. This is because the Axiom sends MIDI data when you play it and does not produce sound on its own. Instead, it is used to control a virtual instrument on your computer or a MIDI sound module to generate sounds. Programming MIDI data can get complicated at times, so with the Axiom range of keyboards, we have strived to make MIDI programming as simple as possible. In this section we look at the most common MIDI messages and how to program them on your Axiom. So to begin, you should familiarize yourself with the function button panel. This is a good place to introduce you to the way we approach the differences between the Axiom 61 and 49 and the Axiom 25. The appearance and functionality of the Axiom 61 and 49 are the same, its just the size of the keyboard that is different, thus when we give instructions for these models, they are always grouped together. The Axiom 25 looks different and a number of its functions are accessed in a different way, so for this model we will always give you a separate set of instructions.
2.0.1 Axiom 49 And 61 Functions
Use the numeric keypad to enter values during programming. The LCD display will show the values as you enter them.
2.0.2 Axiom 25 Functions
Advanced A number of advanced functions on the Axiom 25 are accessed from the keyboard itself. These functions are listed above the keys on the front panel of the unit. To use any one of these functions, rst press the Advanced button. The button will light indicating that the keyboard is now in Advanced Function mode. The keys can now be used to select the functions shown above them, instead of sending MIDI notes. Here is a list of the advanced functions that are available on your Axiom 25:
White Keys: Ctrl Assign Chan Assign Vel Lock Bank LSB Bank MSB Mem Dump MIDI Out (from USB) Store Black Keys: Zone Chan Ctrl Select Data 1 Data 2 Data 3 Curve (Velocity curve, Pad curve, Rotary encoder acceleration curve) Numeric Data Entry Keys Numbers 0-9 and Enter.
Some of the functions on the Axiom 25 require you to enter numeric values. These functions are used in the following way:
< < <
Press the Advanced button. Press the key of the function (for example, Bank LSB). Enter the data value using the Numeric Data Entry keys 0-9 on the keyboard (printed above the keyboard). In this example type in a value between 0 and 127. Press the Enter key to conrm the value.
Use the -/+ buttons to make small single step adjustments. As you enter data from the keyboard numeric keys or use the -/+ buttons, the current value is displayed on the LCD.
2.0.3 Function Index
Curve F10 F11 F12 Fixed Velocity Value 127
To change the velocity curve:
49- and 61-note versions:
Locate the label Vel Curve. Press the two buttons above this label. The LCD will show the currently selected velocity curve, preceded by a C if a curve is selected, or F if a xed velocity is selected. Enter the new curve number using the numeric keypad or use the -/+ keys to select a different curve.
Press the Advanced button. This sets the keyboard to control data entry. Press the Curve key on the keyboard. The LCD will show the currently selected velocity curve preceded by a C if a curve is selected, or F if a xed velocity is selected. Enter the new curve number using the numeric data entry keys or use the -/+ keys to select a different curve. Press the ENTER key to conrm the selected curve.
The velocity curve is saved whenever you power down your Axiom.
There are 128 possible notes that can be sent as MIDI messages. If you wish to play a note that is out of your keyboards range, it is possible to shift the keyboards range up or down using the Octave buttons. The Octave buttons shift the range of the keyboard up or down by 12 notes at a time. All of the 128 notes can be accessed via the Octave button.
To access all 11 available octaves from your keyboard:
Locate the Octave buttons. Press < to shift down one octave at a time.
Press > to shift up one octave at a time.
The Octave buttons can also be used to transpose your keyboard. Some players like to play in a particular key like C or F, for example. Transpose lets you change the pitch you are controlling and continue to play in the key that is most comfortable for you. It is possible to transpose up or down by as much as 12 MIDI notes (or semitones). This means if you press one of the transpose buttons 12 times, the tone will sound exactly one octave higher or lower.
To transpose the pitch you are playing:
Locate the Octave / Transpose buttons and press them both together.The current transpose value will show on the LCD display. Press either > to transpose up by one half step, or < to transpose down by one half step. The transpose value on the LCD will update accordingly. When you stop pressing the Octave / Transpose buttons, the Trans symbol on the LCD display will stop ashing and performance mode will resume.
3.3 How To Avoid Jumping Parameters
A common problem with MIDI controllers occurs when you move a physical controller and the receiving parameter on your external MIDI gear or software jumps from its present setting to the position of the knob or fader that you are using. The result can be a volume spike, a vibrato effect suddenly engaging or a pan position jumping from one side to another. The Axiom is well equipped to avoid this situation.
The Mute button on your Axiom will turn off the MIDI data output from all controls. This allows you to re-position the knob or faders that you are using to a setting that matches the current value of the parameter you are addressing. When the controls are all muted, the LCD displays the MUTE symbol. The controls are un-muted by pressing the Mute button a second time.
Note that Mute does not affect the assignable buttons, sustain pedal or the keyboard. This is because these controls send one-shot MIDI controllers, so there is never a need to match them to the parameter they are controlling. So, Mute mode is disengaged when you play the keyboard, or if you press an assignable button or the sustain pedal. 3.3.2 Null
The Null button engages Null mode which is used to temporarily deactivate the controls on your Axiom when you call up a new memory location. Null mode blocks the controls from outputting MIDI data until they reach the same position at which you left them the last time you used the memory location. When Null mode is active, there is never a worry that a control on your Axiom will cause a parameter to jump. Turn Null mode on and off at any time simply by pressing the Null button. When Null mode is active, the LED in the Null button will be lit. When you recall a preset, if Null mode is active moving a control on the Axiom engages a comparison between the current position of the control and its position when you last used this preset. If the control is at a different position than where you last left it before changing presets, the NULL symbol on the LCD display is shown and the numerical value displayed indicates how far away you are from the original position. A negative number indicates that the current value is lower than where you had left it, and a positive number indicates a higher value. As you move the control nearer to its original value, you see the numbers on the LCD display tend towards 0. When 0 is reached, the NULL symbol turns off, and the control starts to output MIDI data again. The current positions of every control are remembered each time you leave a memory to recall a new one, regardless of whether Null mode is active or not. The status of Null mode is stored on powering down your Axiom.
The Snapshot function sends out the current values of the sliders, Expression pedal, Modulation wheel, Pitch Bend wheel and rotary encoders. This will adjust your software or external MIDI gear to the control positions on your Axiom. Press the - and + buttons together to use the Snapshot function. Snapshot can be used in conjunction with the Mute function (section 3.3.1) in order to perform a function not available on most hardware synths. Use the Mute function to reposition the controls of your Axiom as you like, and then use the Snapshot function to send all of the new positions at the same time.
3.4 The Rotary Encoders
As mentioned in section 2 it is possible to assign the rotary encoders to any MIDI controller message listed in Appendix C. When the encoders are assigned to MIDI controllers, they work in the same way as the sliders on the Axiom 49 and 61when the minimum or maximum limit is reached, no more data is sent until you turn the dial the other way. It is possible to program the encoders to increment or decrement the current value in the software, rather than sending an actual value. This means that there is never a risk of causing your software parameters to jump if they do not match the position of the control youre moving. Please note that not all software supports the use of rotary encoders. Also, those applications that do support them can differ in the way that encoder support is implemented. The Axiom therefore supports several different types of increment/decrement MIDI messages. You should check your softwares manual to see what message type is supported and how to engage endless dial support. To help with this we have listed the names commonly used for each of the relative data methods. We have also provided the data values used to represent data increment and data decrement. Where a range of values is specied for an increment or decrement, the range is in the form slow movement" to "fast movement. The Program change increment/decrement will send out program changes with each step.
In order to program one of these methods to the rotary encoders on your Axiom, you should assign the MIDI controllers given below:
MIDI CC Endless Data Method Program Change Increment/Decrement 2s Complement from 64 / Relative (Binary Offset) 2s Complement from 0 / Relative (2s Complement) Sign Magnitude / Relative (Signed Bit) Sign Magnitude / Relative (Signed Bit 2) Single Value Increment/Decrement RPN Increment/Decrement Message NRPN Increment/Decrement Message Increment 065 to to to to 096 then 000 to then 000 to 127 Decrement 063 to to to to 097 then 000 to then 000 to 127
Curve 12 Fixed Velocity Value 127
3.5.6 Velocity Lock
The Velocity Lock (Vel. Lock) feature allows you to immediately turn off the response curve of the pads, and lock them to a set velocity. You can assign a different Lock velocity to each pad individually. To turn Vel. Lock mode on and off for Axiom 49 or 61, press the Bank LSB and Glob Chan buttons together. On the 25-note version, rst press the Advanced button and then the Vel Lock key. The display will show Loc if you turn Vel Lock on. Please note that the Vel. Lock feature only applies to pads set up as trigger pads. If a pad is assigned as a pressure pad, the Vel. Lock function has no affect. The velocities that are locked by this function are set using the Data 2 and Data 3 parameters for each pad.
Setting the Vel. Lock parameters as follows:
Select the pad for programming as explained in section 2.4.2. Ensure the pad is set up as a note trigger pad as described in section 3.5.1. Press the Data 3 button. Enter the xed ON velocity. Press the Data 2 button. Enter the xed OFF velocity.
Select the pad for programming as explained in section 2.4.2. Ensure the pad is set up as a note trigger pad as described in section 3.5.1. Press the Advanced button Press the Data 3 key. Enter the xed ON velocity. Press the Enter key to conrm. Press Data 2 key. Enter the xed OFF velocity. Press the Enter key to conrm.
3.6 Controlling Several Devices at the Same Time
In a software MIDI environment, it is often desirable to control more than one device at a time. This is done by transmitting on different MIDI channels with each one triggering a different sound. Using the Axiom, you can divide the keyboard into sections, with each section transmitting on a different MIDI channel. Furthermore, you can assign the MIDI channel of each physical controller on your Axiom to individual channelsor even tie controls to the different sections of the keyboard you have set. Dividing the keyboard and assigning different channels is done using the Zone feature.
The Zone feature on your Axiom is used to control several different sound devices at the same time. In doing so, you can create splits, layers, harmony effects and more. For example, you can split the keyboard on your Axiom so your left hand plays a bass sound and your right hand plays a piano sound. You can create a setting where you hear a chord by playing a single note, or you can set up a way to quickly switch between different instruments. The Zone feature on the Axiom allows you to do all of these things and more.
3.6.2 Activating/Deactivating Zones
There are four zones assignable on the 49- and 61-note versions and three zones assignable on the 25-note version. To activate/ deactivate zones, rst press the Zone/Group button which will light.
To enable/disable any zone:
Press the Zone/Group button. On 49- and 61-note versions use Zone buttons 1, 2, 3 and 4, located beneath faders D9 through D12 to activate/ deactivate Zones 1-4 respectively. On the 25-note version, press the LOOP, RW and FF buttons to activate/deactivate zones 1-3 respectively. Press the Zone/Group button again to exit.
* When you enable a single zone, the other 2 (or 3) zones are automatically disabled. To enable multiple zones, press the respective zone activate/deactivate buttons at the same time.
The active zones will always be shown on the LCD display Zones have a number of parameters associated with them and editing these parameters affects all zones that are currently active simultaneously. Editing the various Zone parameters is described below. The active/inactive status of each zone can be stored to the 20 memory locations. You must ensure Group A is activated when storing this data since the Zone settings are stored within this group. Please see section 3.2.1 for more information on Groups.
3.6.3 Zone Channel
If you want to use the Zone feature to control a number of different instruments, you need to set each of the zones to transmit on different channels.
To assign the channel of a zone:
Press Glob Chan and Zone Range together to access the Zone Channel setting. The LED in the Zone/Group button lights to indicate that Zone/Group mode is automatically selected. The LCD displays the current transmit channel for the automatically selected zone and ashes its symbol. Use Zone buttons 1 through 4 to select a different zone if necessary.While multiple zones can be active at the same time, only the zone with the ashing symbol will be affected by this change. Enter the new channel number (00 to 16) using the numeric keypad. (Please note that assigning the zone to channel 00, will set the zone to transmit on the Global Channel (see section 2.2)). Once the channel edit is complete, Zone/Group mode exits automatically. Repeat to edit the channel settings of the remaining zones.
Select the Group A control. Press the Ctrl Assign button. The LED in the Zone/Group button lights to conrm your move. Select the zones that you do NOT want the Group A control to affect. Use the numeric keypad to set the value to 000 as described in section 2.4.2. Press the minus (-) button to set the control to OFF.
< < < < < < < < < <
Select the Group A control. Press the Advanced button. Press the Ctrl Assign key. The LED in the Zone/Group button lights to conrm your move. Select the zones that you do NOT want the Group A control to affect. Enter the value 000 using the number keys as described in section 2.4.2. Press Enter to conrm Press the Advanced button again Press the Ctrl Assign key again Press the minus (-) button to set the control to OFF. Press Enter to conrm.
Note: If a zone is not enabled, the Group A controller will NOT transmit the data that is assigned to that Zone.
3.8 Example of Control Functionality
3.8.1 Setting Toggle Values for the Buttons
The assignable buttons and the pedals can each be assigned to toggle between two MIDI controller message values. You may for example want to send out value 15 when you rst press the button followed by value 74 when you press the button for a second time.
Setting up a toggle effect:
Select the button or pedal to edit. Press the Data 2 button. Type in 015 using the numeric keypad. This sets the OFF position value. Press the Data 3 button. Type in 074 using the numeric keypad. This sets ON position value.
< < < < < < < < <
Select the button or pedal to edit. Press the Advanced button. Press the Data 2 key. Type in 15 using the numeric data entry keys. Press the Enter key to conrm. This sets the OFF position value. Press the Advanced button again. Press the Data 3 key Type in 074 using the numeric data entry keys. Press the Enter key to conrm. This sets ON position value.
If you want the button to send the same value every time you press it, simply set the same value for both Data 2 and Data 3. The above method toggles the button each time you press it. It is also possible to set the button to send one value when you press it, and another value when you release it.
Select the control to edit. Press the Advanced button. Press the Ctrl Assign key. Enter the desired RPN or NRPN number using the numeric keypad. Press the Enter key to conrm. Press the Advanced button. The Data 2 key can be used to dene the RPN LSB value, while the RPN MSB can be dened using the Data 3 key. This process is detailed in section 3.8.1.
You will nd that most data sheets for those devices that make use of NRPNs give the MSB and LSB values that you should enter with Data 3 and Data 2 (see Appendix B3 for Roland/XG dened NRPN messages). Some manuals however may only give you the hex values. The Axiom requires you to enter the decimal value. You can convert hexadecimal values to decimal using the table in Appendix H. For a detailed description of RPN/NRPN data see section 5.2.
Section 4: Usage Examples
4.1 MIDI Out from USB Function
MIDI Out from USB can be used to switch the source of the MIDI data seen at the MIDI Out port of your Axiom. On initial power up, MIDI Out from USB mode is off. This means that as you play your Axiom, MIDI data will be sent to the MIDI Out port. If you turn MIDI Out From USB mode on, playing your Axiom will no longer send data to the MIDI Out port. The data is instead streamed from the computer. So, as long as you have selected your Axiom as the active output port in your computers sequencer, this is the data that will be sent the MIDI Out port. For example, if you want to control a sound module from your Axiom, you should ensure MIDI Out from USB remains off. If you want the sound module to play data streamed from your computer however, then you should turn MIDI Out from USB on and ensure that the output port for your Axiom is selected as the computers MIDI output device (this is done in your computer software). The following diagrams clarify the routing of MIDI data when MIDI out from USB mode is both off and when it is on:
MIDI Out from USB mode is off.
MIDI Out from USB mode is on.
To control MIDI out from USB mode:
Press Data 2 and Data 3 together to change the MIDI Out setting to MIDI Out from USB. You will see a MIDI plug symbol appear on the LCD display. To turn MIDI Out from USB mode back off, press the same button combination again. When you do this, the MIDI plug symbol disappears.
Press the Advanced button. Press the MIDI Out key to activate MIDI Out from USB. You will see a MIDI plug symbol appear on the LCD display. To turn MIDI Out from USB mode back off, repeat these steps. When you do this, the MIDI plug symbol disappears.
5.3 SysEx Explained
System Exclusive (SysEx) messages were dened in the MIDI specication to allow individual devices to have undened function control via MIDI. The format of SysEx messages allows for virtually any function to be performed via MIDIso long as the receiving device is able to translate the message and act accordingly. This allows devices to send audio sample memory data, memory dumps, controller settings and much more. It also allows the controllers of one device to be controlled by another. It is not possible to program your own specied SysEx message into the Axiom. However, there are some useful SysEx messages preprogrammed into the keyboard that can be accessed by assigning the appropriate MIDI CC to a controller (see Appendices D-G). It should be noted that a SysEx message is not transmitted on any specied channel. All SysEx messages contain a device ID that is used to identify which of the connected devices should respond to the SysEx message. All other devices are ignored. If you are using a SysEx message on the Axiom, the global channel is ignored. When you press the Chan Assign key, instead of entering a channel for the controller, you will be entering a device ID instead. This is indicated by the fact that the LED displays a 3-digit number, not a 2-digit number preceded by a c. Device IDs values range from 00 to 127. 127 is the default device number setting on the Axiom. This setting transmits the SysEx message to all devices. Although it is not possible to program the controllers of the Axiom with your own SysEx messages, there are software applications that can receive a MIDI input signal and transmit a different, user specied message. You can program your SysEx messages into the translator software such as MIDI OX, then translate the incoming data from the keyboard to your own SysEx, depending on the controller you are using. And nally. If you are still having trouble with any of the features on the Axiom, please consult the following Troubleshooting Guide, which answers some frequently asked questions. If you are still not able to nd the answer you are looking for, please feel free to contact M-Audio technical support for further assistance. Support details are given following the Troubleshooting Guide below.
Section 7: Technical Info
Caution: Electro Static Discharge, Electrical Fast Transient and Conducted RF interference may cause the unit malfunctioning. In such case, unplug the unit and plug it in again to restore normal operation. Note: Your M-Audio product has been tested to comply with FCC Standards FOR HOME OR OFFICE USE. Modications not authorized by the manufacturer may void users authority to operate this device. Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
Re-orient or relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/ TV technician for help.
ASIO is a trademark of Steinberg Soft und Hardware GmbH. VST is a trademark of Steinberg Soft und Hardware GmbH
Tested to comply with FCC standards
FOR HOME OR STUDIO USE
WARNING: This product contains chemicals, including lead, known to the State of California to cause cancer, and birth defects or other reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
Section 8: Warranty Terms and Registration
M-Audio warrants products to be free from defects in materials and workmanship, under normal use and provided that the product is owned by the original, registered user. Visit www.m-audio.com/warranty for terms and limitations applying to your specic product.
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Section 9: Appendices
Appendix A - MIDI IMPLEMENTATION CHART
Function Basic Channel Mode Default Changed Default Messages Altered True Voice Note ON Note OFF Keys Channel
Transmitted 1-16 1-16 Mode ***** 0-127 ***** 0 X X 0-119 120-0 0-127 *****
Recognized X X X
Note Number Velocity After Touch Pitch Bend Control Change Program Change
X X X X X X X X X *GM, GM2, MMC, M-Audio: Dev ID Req Mem Dump
System Common System Real Time Aux Messages
Song Position Pointer Song Sel Tune Request Clock Commands All Sounds Off Reset All Controllers Local ON/OFF All Notes OFF Active Sensing System Reset
X X X X X X X
X X X X X X X X X X X
Mode 1: OMNI ON, POLY Mode 3: OMNI OFF, POLY
Mode 2: OMNI ON, MONO Mode 4: OMNI OFF, MONO
0:Yes X: No
Appendix B Useful MIDI Data Tables
B1 - General MIDI Instruments Program Change Numbers Piano
0 Acoustic Grand Piano 1 Bright Acoustic Piano 2 Electric grand Piano 3 Honky Tonk Piano 4 Electric Piano Electric Piano Harpsichord 7 Clavinet
32 Acoustic Bass 33 Fingered Bass 34 Electric Picked Bass 35 Fretless Bass 36 Slap Bass Slap Bass Syn Bass Syn Bass 2
64 Soprano Sax 65 Alto Sax 66 Tenor Sax 67 Baritone Sax 68 Oboe 69 English Horn 70 Bassoon 71 Clarinet
96 SFX Rain 97 SFX Soundtrack 98 SFX Crystal 99 SFX Atmosphere 100 SFX Brightness 101 SFX Goblins 102 SFX Echoes 103 SFX Sci-Fi
8 Celesta 9 Glockenspiel 10 Music Box 11 Vibraphone 12 Marimba 13 Xylophone 14 Tubular bells 15 Dulcimer
40 Violin 41 Viola 42 Cello 43 Contrabass 44 Tremolo Strings 45 Pizzicato Strings 46 Orchestral Harp 47 Timpani
72 Piccolo 73 Flute 74 Recorder 75 Pan Flute 76 Bottle Blow 77 Shakuhachi 78 Whistle 79 Ocarina
104 Sitar 105 Banjo 106 Shamisen 107 Koto 108 Kalimba 109 Bag Pipe 110 Fiddle 111 Shanai
16 Drawbar Organ 17 Percussive Organ 18 Rock Organ 19 Church Organ 20 Reed Organ 21 Accordion 22 Harmonica 23 Tango Accordion
48 String Ensemble String Ensemble Syn Strings Syn Strings Choir Aahs 53 Voice Oohs 54 Syn Choir 55 Orchestral Hit
80 Syn Square Wave 81 Syn Sawtooth Wave 82 Syn Calliope 83 Syn Chiff 84 Syn Charang 85 Syn Voice 86 Syn Sawtooth Wave 87 Syn Brass & Lead
112 Tinkle Bell 113 Agogo 114 Steel Drums 115 Woodblock 116 Taiko Drum 117 Melodic Tom 118 Syn Drum 119 Reverse Cymbal
24 Nylon Acoustic 25 Steel Acoustic 26 Jazz Electric 27 Clean Electric 28 Muted Electric 29 Overdrive 30 Distorted 31 Harmonics
56 Trumpet 57 Trombone 58 Tuba 59 Muted Trumpet 60 French Horn 61 Brass Section 61 Syn Brass Syn Brass 2
88 New Age Syn Pad 89 Warm Syn Pad 90 Polysynth Syn Pad 91 Choir Syn Pad 92 Bowed Syn Pad 93 Metal Syn Pad 94 Halo Syn Pad 95 Sweep Syn Pad
120 Guitar Fret Noise 121 Breath Noise 122 Seashore 123 Bird Tweet 124 Telephone Ring 125 Helicopter 126 Applause 127 Gun Shot
B2 - General MIDI Note Numbers
Octave Note Numbers C -2 -120 C# 121 D 122 D# 123 E 124 F 125 F# 126 G 127 G# A A# B 107 119
B3 - Roland GS And Yamaha XG NRPN Messages
NRPN MSB CC01 *14 *15 *16 **19 1A 1C 1D 1E %1F NRPN LSB CC00-7F 09 00-7F 0A 00-7F 20 00-7F 21 00-7F 63 00-7F 64 00-7F 66 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F 00-7F Data MSB CC06 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a Data LSB CC38 (-64 - 0 - +63) Vibrato Rate (relative change) (-64 - 0 - +63) Vibrato Depth (relative change) (-64 - 0 - +63) Vibrato Delay (relative change) (-64 - 0 - +63) Filter Cutoff Freq. (relative change) (-64 - 0 - +63) Filter Resonance (relative change) (-64 - 0 - +63) EG (TVF&TVA) Attack Time (relative change) (-64 - 0 - +63) EG (TVF&TVA) Decay Time (relative change) (-64 - 0 - +63) EG (TVF&TVA) Release Time (relative change) (-64 - 0 - +63) Drum Filter Cutoff Freq. (relative change) (-64 - 0 - +63) Drum Filter Resonance (relative change) (-64 - 0 - +63) Drum EG Attack Rate (relative change) (-64 - 0 - +63) Drum EG Decay Rate (relative change) (-64 - 0 - +63) Drum Instrument Pitch Coarse (relative change) (-64 - 0 - +63) Drum Instrument Pitch Fine (relative change) (0 to Max) Drum Instrument Level (absolute change) (Random, L>C>R) Drum Instrument Panpot (absolute change) (0 to Max) Drum Instrument Reverb Send Level (absolute change) (0 to Max) Drum Instrument Chorus Send Level (absolute change) (0 to Max) Drum Instrument Variation Send Level (absolute change)
* added by Yamaha XG; % changed from Delay to Variation by Yamaha XG
B4 General MIDI Drums Note assignments
0: 1: 2: 3: 4: 8: Small Room Medium Room Large Room Medium Hall Large Hall Plate
B5 - GM2 Chorus Types
0: 1: 2: 3: 4: 5: Chorus 1 Chorus 2 Chorus 3 Chorus 4 FB Chorus Flanger
B6 General MIDI Drums Note assignments
MIDI Note 51 Drum Sound Acoustic Bass Drum Bass Drum 1 Side Stick Acoustic Snare Hand Clap Electric Snare Low Floor Tom Closed Hi-Hat High Floor Tom Pedal Hi-Hat Low Tom Open Hi-Hat Low-Mid Tom Hi-Mid Tom Crash Cymbal 1 High Tom Ride Cymbal 1 MIDI Note 68 Drum Sound Chinese Cymbal Ride Bell Tambourine Splash Cymbal Cowbell Crash Cymbal 2 Vibraslap Ride Cymbal 2 Hi Bongo Low Bongo Mute Hi Conga Open Hi Conga Low Conga High Timbale Low Timbale High Agogo Low Agogo MIDI Note 81 Drum Sound Cabasa Maracas Short Whistle Long Whistle Short Guiro Long Guiro Claves Hi Wood Block Low Wood Block Mute Cuica Open Cuica Mute Triangle Open Triangle
Description Standard MIDI CC's Channel Mode Messages Pitch Bend Sensitivity Channel Fine Tune Channel Coarse Tune Channel Pressure RPN coarse RPN ne NRPN coarse NRPN ne Master Volume GM* Master Pan GM* Master Coarse Tune GM* Master Fine Tune GM* Chorus Mod Rate GM2* Chorus Mod Depth GM2* Feedback GM2* Send to Reverb GM2* Pitch Bend Controller Off*** Data 1 Data 2 MIN MIN RPN LSB RPN LSB NRPN LSB NRPN LSB Pitch Bend MIN Data 3 MAX MAX RPN MSB RPN MSB NRPN MSB NRPN MSB Pitch Bend MAX -
MIDI CC 0-119 120-***
SysEx messages - for details please see section 22.214.171.124. MMC SysEx messages, for details please see section 3.8.2.
*** This value cannot be typed in using the numeric keypad. Type in 0 and then press the - button to set this value.
Appendix E Assignable Controller Numbers to Non-Linear Controllers
< < < MIDI CC 0-119 120-***
Assignable buttons (Axiom 49/61 only) Transport controls Sustain pedal
Description Standard MIDI CC's Channel Mode Messages Pitch Bend Range Channel Fine Tune Channel Coarse Tune Channel Pressure RPN Coarse RPN Fine NRPN Coarse NRPN Fine Master Volume GM* Master Pan GM* Master Coarse Tune GM* Master Fine Tune GM* Chorus Mod rate GM2* Chorus Mod Depth GM2* Feedback GM2* Send to Reverb GM2* Pitch Bend Program/Bank Preset MIDI CC (on/off) Note (on/off) Note (on/off toggle) MMC Command** Reverb type GM2 * Reverb time GM2 * Chorus type GM2* MIDI CC Decrement MIDI CC Increment Program decrement Program increment Controller Off*** Data 1 Value Value Value Value Program MIDI CC Note Note MIDI CC MIDI CC Data 2 Toggle Value 2 Toggle Value 2 Sensitivity Value Tuning Amount Tuning Amount Pressure Amount RPN LSB RPN LSB NRPN LSB NRPN LSB Volume LSB Pan LSB Tuning LSB Tuning LSB Mod Rate Mod Depth Feedback Level Reverb Send Level Pitch Shift LSB Bank LSB Button Press Value Velocity Off Velocity Off Command Select Type Time Type Start Value Start Value Start Value Start Value Data 3 Toggle Value 1 Toggle Value 1 RPN MSB RPN MSB NRPN MSB NRPN MSB Volume MSB Pan MSB Tuning MSB Tuning MSB Pitch Shift MSB Bank MSB Button Release Value Velocity On Velocity On End Value End Value End Value End Value -
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