Polk Audio DSW Pro 400
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Polk Audio DSW Pro 400, size: 10.2 MB
Polk Audio DSW Pro 400
User reviews and opinions
|rfpeake||12:52pm on Wednesday, September 29th, 2010|
|This is the only sub one should buy. Not too high price and not cheap like others. This is the only sub one should buy. Not too high price and not cheap like others.|
|totallygreen||5:11am on Thursday, September 16th, 2010|
|DSW Pro 400 issues We just received our second DSW Pro 400 subwoofer within a week from Amazon and both have not worked right out of the box.|
Comments posted on www.ps2netdrivers.net are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.
O W N E R S M A N U A L
DSW PRO400 DSW PRO500 DSW PRO600
DIGITAL POWERED SUBWOOFERS
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS READ BEFORE OPERATING EQUIPMENT 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Read these instructions. Keep these instructions. Heed all warnings. Follow all instructions. Do not use this apparatus near water. Clean only with dry cloth. Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the manufacturers instructions. Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers) that produce heat. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has two blades with one wider than the other. A grounding type plug has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If the provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet. Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point where they exit from the apparatus. Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer. Use only with the cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or table specified by the manufacturer, or sold with the apparatus. When a cart is used, use caution when moving the cart/apparatus combination to avoid injury from tip-over. Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or when unused for long periods of time. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required when the apparatus has been damaged in any way, such as power-supply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has been dropped. WARNING: To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, this apparatus should not be exposed to rain or moisture and objects filled with liquids, such as vases, should not be placed on this apparatus. To completely disconnect this equipment from the mains, disconnect the power supply cord plug from the receptacle. The main plug of the power supply cord shall remain readily operable.
10. 11. 12.
15. 16. 17.
WICHTIGE SICHERHEITSHINWEISE VOR BEDIENUNG DER GERTE DURCHLESEN 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Lesen Sie diese Anweisungen durch Behalten Sie diese Anweisungen. Beachten Sie alle Warnhinweise. Folgen Sie allen Anleitungen. Verwenden Sie diese Gerte nicht in der Nhe von Wasser. Reinigen Sie sie nur mit einem trockenen Tuch Blockieren Sie keine Lftungsffnungen. Installieren Sie die Gerte entsprechend den Herstelleranweisungen. Installieren Sie sie nicht in der Nhe von Wrmequellen wie Heizkrpern, Warmlufteintrittsffnungen, fen oder anderen wrmeerzeugenden Gerten (einschlielich Verstrkern). Sie drfen die Sicherheitsfunktion polarisierter oder geerdeter Stecker nicht auer Kraft setzen. Ein polarisierter Stecker hat zwei Klinken, wobei eine dicker ist als die andere. Ein geerdeter Stecker hat zwei Klinken und einen dritten Erdungsstift. Die dicke Klinke oder der dritte Stift dienen Ihrer Sicherheit. Wenn der mitgelieferte Stecker nicht in Ihre Steckdose passt, sollten Sie die Steckdose durch einen Elektriker ersetzen lassen. Ein polarisierter Stecker hat zwei Klinken, wobei eine dicker ist als die andere. Vermeiden Sie, dass das Netzkabel belastet oder geknickt wird, vor allem bei Steckern, Zusatzsteckdosen, und beim Ausgang aus dem Gert Verwenden Sie ausschlielich vom Hersteller empfohlene Zusatzgerte/Zubehr. Verwenden Sie ausschlielich Wagen, Stnde, Stative, Halterungen oder Tische, die von Hersteller empfohlen oder mit dem Gert verkauft wurden. Bei Verwendung eines Wagens sollten Sie vorsichtig sein, damit Wagen und Gert nicht umkippen und Verletzungen verursachen.
Product Disposal. Certain international, national and/or local laws and/or regulations may apply regarding the disposal of this product. For further detailed information, please contact the retailer where you purchased this product or the Polk Audio Importer/ Distributor in your country. A listing of Polk Audio Importer/Distributors can be found on the Polk Audio website www.polkaudio.com or by contacting Polk Audio at 5601 Metro Drive, Baltimore, Maryland 21215, USA. Phone: +1-410-358-3600; in California: 1-800-377-7655.
Customer Service Hours of Operation: Monday-Friday, 9AM-6PM EST
FIRST THINGS FIRST
Caution: Subwoofers are heavy. Exercise caution when unpacking your subwoofer. Take Inventory 1 Subwoofer 1 Remote Control 1 Owners Manual 1 Power Cord 1 Registration Card 4 Rubber Foot Inserts Please inspect your subwoofer carefully. Notify your Polk Audio dealer if you notice any damage or missing items. Keep the carton and packing material. It will do the best job of protecting your subwoofer if it needs to be transported.
Feet/Carpet Spikes DSWPRO Series subwoofers have removable feet. Each foots shaft is also a carpet spike, which allows you to place your subwoofer on a carpeted floor. To remove the conical feet from the carpet spike, grasp a foot firmly and turn the foot clockwise while pulling up. Three complete turns should raise the foot enough to allow you to place your fingertips under the foot and pull it off the spike.
Your system includes a detachable power cord thats packaged separately from the subwoofer. Insert the female end into the receptacle on the amplifier plate and insert the AC plug into a wall outlet (or power strip) as per the safety instructions PLACING YOUR SUBWOOFER IN A CABINET found on the inside cover of this manual. We do not recommend connecting DSWPRO Series subwoofers have removable feet, allowing you to place the subwoofers AC power cord to your receivers switched outlet. the subwoofer in a cabinet, thereby reorienting the subwoofers driver so that it faces into your listening room.
PLACING YOUR SUBWOOFER IN A ROOM
Your DSWPRO Series subwoofer is magnetically shielded for placement near video monitors. (LCD, DLP and Plasma televisions are not affected by magnetism.) Allow at least 18" (46cm) of space between your subwoofer and any tube television, but if you do notice video distortion or discoloration, immediately move the subwoofer away from the TV. The Polk Room Optimizer (PRO) feature lets you place your subwoofer anywhere in the room without compromising performance. When placing your subwoofer in the room, always place your subwoofer on its base, feet side down. If you can avoid it, do not place your subwoofer next to an open door.
18" - 24" (46cm - 61cm)
Note: The remote control may not operate when the subwoofer is placed in a cabinet with the driver facing into the room. If this occurs, adding an IR repeater will enable the remote control to communicate with the subwoofer.
driver slot port
We do recommend placing your subwoofer in different locations within your room to learn what produces the best sound quality based upon your listening preferences. The PRO feature will tailor your subwoofers performance to its location in your room. Select one of the four buttons on your subwoofers remote control that indicates where youve placed your subwoofer in the room. (For more on this feature, see Polk Room Optimizer.) For more information on subwoofer placement, go to www.polkaudio.com/education/article.php?id=20.
Instructions For Placing Subwoofer In Cabinet: 1. With the subwoofers logo facing you, turn the sub on its side. 2. Unscrew the feet from the bottom of the subwoofer. 3. Reattach the feet in the threaded inserts located on the amplifier side. Press rubber inserts into bottom of feet. 4. Turn the subwoofer onto its feet. Place the subwoofer in the cabinet so that the driver faces into the room. Note: Grilles are available for DSWPRO Series subwoofers at your authorized Polk Audio dealer or at www.polkaudio.com.
Downward Firing Dimensions DSWPRO400: 13 3/4" W x 13 3/4" D x 14 5/8" H (34.9cm W x 34.9cm D x 37.2cm H) DSWPRO500: 15 1/2" W x 15 1/2" D x 16 1/8" H (39.4cm W x 39.4cm D x 41.0cm H) DSWPRO600: 16 1/2" W x 16 1/2" D x 17 1/8" H (41.9cm W x 41.9cm D x 43.5cm H)
Forward Firing Dimensions (height with rubber foot inserts) H DSWPRO400: 13 3/4" W x 13" D x 15 7/8" H (34.9cm W x 33.0cm D x 40.3cm H DSWPRO500: 15 1/2" W x 14 1/2" D x 17 5/8" H (39.4cm W x 36.8cm D x 44.8cm H DSWPRO600: 16 1/2" W x 15 1/2" D x 18 5/8" H (41.9cm W x 39.4cm D x 47.3cm H Note: Optional grille adds to depth (sold seperately).
AC POWER CONNECTION AND AUTO ON/OFF
Dual Voltage Switch DSWPRO Series subwoofers are equipped with either a dual voltage switch or an auto sensor. DSWPRO400 DSWPRO500 DSWPRO600 Auto Sense Selectable Selectable Standby With the switch in this position, the subwoofer will only turn on (become active) when the user presses the power button on the remote control. Once active the subwoofer will remain on regardless of whether an audio signal is present. Auto In the Auto position, your subwoofer automatically turns on when it senses an audio signal and the LED located on the back of the subwoofer will be green. We recommend the Auto mode if your subwoofer is always receiving power (i.e., if it's plugged into a wall outlet). When no signal is present, the subwoofer will enter a waiting state after 15 minutes and the LED will turn yellow. On The subwoofer is always on and fully active in this mode. The LED on the back of the subwoofer will be green. This mode is best if the subwoofer is plugged into a switched power outlet. The remote control cannot be used to turn off the subwoofer. Note: You may want to leave your subwoofer unplugged or the AC MAIN switch turned off during extended periods of non use, such as during a vacation. Power Mode LED Colors and Their Meaning: Green: Fully active Yellow: Standby Red: Protection
WARNING: The correct voltage for your country has been set at the factory. Only use the voltage setting specified for your country. Using an improper setting may damage your subwoofer. Main Power Switch Turn power on/off via the AC MAIN switch. Standby/Auto/On Switch Your DSWPRO Series subwoofer uses a 3-position power switch, which selects your subwoofers operational mode. The three modes are: Standby, Auto and On.
Ful ize l S
CONNECTING THE SUBWOOFER TO THE SYSTEMHOOKUP OPTIONS
IMPORTANT NOTE: USE ONLY ONE OF THESE OPTIONS. NEVER COMBINE HOOKUP OPTIONS. OPTION #1 Receivers that include a SUB OUT feature the most common hookup method with Dolby Digital and DTS receivers.
(Artwork not to scale)
Making Binding Post/Speaker Wire Connections Note that one of the speaker input terminals on the rear of the subwoofer is marked red (+) and the other black (-). Make certain that you connect the wire from the red (+) terminal of your receiver to the red (+) terminal on your subwoofer and the wire from the black (-) terminal of the receiver to the black (-) terminal on your subwoofer. Speaker wire has some indication (such as color coding, ribbing, or writing) on one of the two conductors to help maintain consistency. Note: If your subwoofer doesnt seem to produce much bass, it is most likely that one of the speaker wires is connected backwards. Double check all connections for correct polarity. Strip 1/2" (12mm) of insulation from each of the two conductors on both ends to expose the bare wire. Twist the exposed wire of each conductor to form two un-frayed strands (one on each end). Unscrew the binding post hex nuts several turns. Insert the exposed wire, ensuring that none of the bare wire ends touch each other, because contact could result in an electrical short and cause your receiver to turn off or malfunction.
Connect a single RCA cable from the SUB OUT of your receiver to the LFE input of the subwoofer. This connection method bypasses the subwoofers internal filter and relies on the filter built into your receiver. Make no other signal connections. Do not use speaker wire to make the connection to the subwoofer. Connect all other speakers directly to the receiver. Adjust your receivers speaker configurations as follows: Front speakers = SMALL Center and Surrounds = SMALL Subwoofer = ON, YES, or PRESENT Depending on your front speakers bass output capabilities, set the crossover frequency on the receiver to 80Hz for tower and bookshelf speakers (speakers with a woofer 5 1/4" in diameter or larger) and 100-120Hz for satellite speakers. Consult your receivers owners manual for instructions. OPTION #2 Two channel or Dolby Pro Logic receiver with no SUB OUT. Use two-conductor 16 gauge or thicker speaker wires. See your Polk Audio dealer for wire recommendations. Note: Do not use the line or LFE input in this configuration. Connect the left and right front speaker outputs of your receiver to the speaker level inputs of the subwoofer using speaker wire (see Making Binding Post/Speaker Wire Connections for detailed instructions). Connect the left and right front speakers using speaker wire from the speaker level outputs from the subwoofer. Connect the center channel speaker directly to the center channel output from your receiver. Connect the rear surround satellites directly to the rear or surround channel outputs from your receiver. Adjust your receivers speaker configurations as follows: Front speakers = LARGE Subwoofer = OFF or NO Center and Surrounds = SMALL
With the speaker wire inserted into the binding post, turn the hex nut clockwise until it's snug.
OPTION #3 Receivers with full-range (unfiltered) Left and Right Pre Out jacks (this is the least commonly used hookup)
POLK ROOM OPTIMIZER (PRO) Where you place your subwoofer in your room affects its response. DSWPRO Series subwoofers incorporate the Polk Room Optimizer ( PRO) featurefour pushbutton room equalization presets that maximize your subwoofers performance for typical room placements: cabinet, corner, mid-wall and mid-room. A traditional subwoofers response is affected by its location in a room. The Polk Room Optimizer (PRO) feature allows you to place your DSWPRO Series subwoofer where you want it in your listening room. Based upon the four most common room placements for subwoofers, PRO maximizes sound quality for you, smoothing out the bass response that a particular room placement creates. You simply choose the location you want and select the corresponding button on your subwoofers remote control. FINE TUNING YOUR SUBWOOFER Volume: Adjust by ear using a wide variety of CDs and video sources. Adjust for deep, powerful bass without boominess. Low Pass Filter Control: NOTE: This control does not operate when the subwoofer is connected with Option #1 (LFE Input). This control, which is located on the back of the amplifier, adjusts the frequency range over which the subwoofer operates. When using smaller main speakers the upper range of the control will probably yield the best results. With larger speakers the lower end of the control range will probably sound best, but always let your ear be the final judge. If male vocals sound thin, turn this control up until the voice sounds rich but not boomy. If male vocals sound too thick or chesty, turn this control down until the voice sounds natural. 4 Button Phase Control (0, 90, 180 and 270 degree settings): This control enables the subwoofer to blend more seamlessly with your main speakers. Sit in your favorite listening position. Using the subwoofers remote control, play music (not a movie) with a walking bass line. We recommend playing jazz or country music. Now listen carefully for the point at which the subwoofer transitions to your main speakers. This is the crossover point, and this point should be below the frequency of a male human voice. Whichever phase setting sounds louder or fuller at the subwoofers crossover (transition) point is the optimum setting. If after trying all four possible phase settings you cannot hear any difference, leave the phase setting at 0.
Connect the left and right preamp outputs from your receiver to the left and right LINE LEVEL inputs of the subwoofer. Do not use speaker wires. Connect the left and right LINE LEVEL outputs to the left and right inputs on the power amplifier. Adjust the settings on your receiver as follows: Front speakers = LARGE Subwoofer = OFF or NO
ADJUSTING YOUR SUBWOOFER
Note: When you set up your subwoofer for the first time, you will probably have to make adjustments several times before you hear what you personally like. Dont forget to turn the AC MAIN power switch on. INITIAL SETTINGS Your powered subwoofer offers a range of settings. The units initial settings are as follows: Phase: 0 Volume: 50% (20, on a scale from 0-40) PRO setting: mid-room The settings that are best for you depend upon your subwoofer placement, electronics and personal taste. After youve become familiar with what the settings do, experiment with alternate options to find the method that works best for your system setup. Youll find an informative article on Subwoofer Positioning and Adjustment in the set up section at: www.polkaudio.com/education/article.php?id=19.
DSWPRO REMOTE CONTROL
DSWPRO Series subwoofers come with a credit card sized remote control. All commands are sent to the subwoofer via IR control. The IR receiver is located on the front of the subwoofer when the subwoofer is in its downward firing configuration. The remote control has the following features: Power Volume 4 Button Phase Control (0, 90, 180 and 270 degree settings) 4 Button Polk Room Optimizer (PRO) presets Mute function Night function allows you to hear low-level bass detail at lower volumes. If you have the volume at 30 and press night, the volume is reduced by 50%, in this example to 15. Pressing night a second time restores the volume to its original setting. Pressing Volume+ (or Volume-) incrementally increases (or decreases) the volume in the normal manner and takes the subwoofer out of night mode. Also, the LED shines at a reduced intensity when the subwoofer is in night mode. Reset button restores the woofers settings to factory presets. Hold down for two (2) seconds. LED turns LED On/Off. The amplifier remains active. Important: To activate the remote control for the first time, remove the plastic tab.
VOLUME SETTINGS Volume Level 0 Blue LED Indicator Long Blinks Short Blinks 0 0
WHAT IS THAT BLINKING BLUE LIGHT?
Behind the logo badge on the front of your subwoofer there is a blue LED. The blue light blinks whenever you press a button on the subwoofers remote control. The light lets you know that the subwoofer has received the command and is enabling the function youve selected. The following table describes each buttons function and how the LED communicates to you: Power LED is on when power is active and is off when power is not active. (Pressing the LED button on the remote will also turn the LED off.) LED will blink a 2-digit code indicating volume setting from 0 to 40 (i.e., if the volume is turned up to 28, the LED will flash two long blinks followed by eight short blinks). LED blinks slowly when mute is selected. 0 degrees1 blink; 90 degrees2 blinks; 180 degrees3 blinks; 270 degrees4 blinks. LED is on at a lower intensity; volume is reduced by 50%. Cabinet1 blink; Corner2 blinks; Mid-wall3 blinks; Mid-room4 blinks. LED will blink 4 times. Turns LED on/off. The amplifier remains active
Mute Phase Night PRO Presets Reset LED
No sound coming from subwoofer. If hookup is SUB OUT to LFE, check and make sure your receiver is set to Subwoofer=YES. If hookup is via speaker wire, check that the polarity of the wires is correct. Adjust volume, low pass filter, phase and PRO settings. There could be interference from a cable TV line. Disconnect the cable TV line from the cable box to see if the hum stops. A low-level hum is normal. Is the AC MAIN switch on? Check outlet; check fuse after unplugging the subwoofer. The fuse is located under the power cord receptacle. Fuse type and rating is found on the back panel. Remove the plastic tab to activate the remote controls battery or try replacing the battery. Ensure the IR sensor is not blocked. Unplug subwoofer for 15 minutes, then plug back in.
Subwoofer doesnt sound right. The subwoofer is humming.
Subwoofer has no power.
Remote control doesnt work.
Power LED is red.
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND SERVICE
If, after following these hook up directions, you experience difficulty, please double-check all wire connections. Should you isolate the problem to the subwoofer, contact the authorized Polk Audio dealer where you made your purchase, or call Polk Audios friendly Customer Service Department at 1-800-377-7655 (calls from US or CAN only), 410-358-3600 9am to 6pm EST, Monday through Friday. You may also contact us via email: email@example.com. For more detailed hook up information and manual updates, visit: www.polkaudio.com. Specifications can be found on the DSWPRO webpages. Go to www.polkaudio.com.
Si, aprs avoir suivi toutes les instructions, vous prouvez toujours des difficults, vrifiez de nouveau tous les raccords et connexions. Si vous en concluez que le problme est reli au subwoofer, communiquez avec votre revendeur Polk Audio ou contactez le Service la Clientle de Polk Audio au 1-800-377-7655 (Canada ou.-U. seulement), du lundi au vendredi, de 9h00 18h00, HNE. lextrieur des.U. et du Canada, composez le: 410-358-3600. Vous pouvez galement nous contacter par courriel: firstname.lastname@example.org. Pour de linformation plus dtaille sur la connexion des enceintes et des mises jour de nos manuels, visitez: http://www.polkaudio.com.
Pour la fiche technique DSWPRO dtaille, visitez: www.polkaudio.com.
Modle DSWPRO400 DSWPRO500 DSWPRO600 Poids lexpd. 34,6 lb. (15,7 kg) 46,5 lb. (21,1 kg) 50,3 lb. (22,8 kg) Puissance nominale 100V-240V~50/60 Hz 160W 100V-120V~/220V-240V~50/60 Hz 160W 100V-120V~/220V-240V~50/60 Hz 200W
LIMITED FIVE (5) YEAR WARRANTY
Polk Audio, Inc., warrants to the original retail purchaser only. This warranty will terminate automatically prior to its stated expiration if the original retail purchaser sells or transfers the Product to any other party. Polk Audio, Inc., warrants, to the original retail purchaser only, that the LOUDSPEAKER(S), PASSIVE CROSSOVER COMPONENT(S) and ENCLOSURE on this Polk Audio Loudspeaker Product will be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period of five (5) years from the date of original retail purchase from a Polk Audio Authorized Dealer. Furthermore, Polk Audio, Inc., warrants, to the original retail purchaser only, that any AMPLIFIER OR OTHER ELECTRONIC COMPONENT that may be included in this Polk Audio Loudspeaker Product will be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period of three (3) years from the date of original retail purchase from a Polk Audio Authorized Dealer. To allow Polk Audio to offer the best possible warranty service, please register your new product online at: www.polkaudio.com/registration or call Polk customer service 800-377-7655 in the USA and Canada (outside the USA: 410-358-3600) within ten (10) days of the date of original purchase. Be sure to keep your original purchase receipt. Defective Products must be shipped, together with proof of purchase, prepaid insured to the Polk Audio Authorized Dealer from whom you purchased the Product, or to the Factory at 2550 Britannia Boulevard, Suite A, San Diego, California 92154. Products must be shipped in the original shipping container or its equivalent; in any case the risk of loss or damage in transit is to be borne by you. If upon examination at the Factory or Polk Audio Authorized Dealer it is determined that the unit was defective in materials or workmanship at any time during this Warranty period, Polk Audio or the Polk Audio Authorized Dealer will, at its option, repair or replace this Product at no additional charge, except as set forth below. All replaced parts and Products become the property of Polk Audio. Products replaced or repaired under this warranty will be returned to you, within a reasonable time, freight prepaid. This warranty does not include service or parts to repair damage caused by accident, disaster, misuse, abuse, negligence, inadequate packing or shipping procedures, commercial use, voltage inputs in excess of the rated maximum of the unit, cosmetic appearance of cabinetry not directly attributable to defect in materials or workmanship, or service, repair, or modification of the Product which has not been authorized or approved by Polk Audio. This warranty shall terminate if the Serial number on the Product has been removed, tampered with or defaced. This warranty is in lieu of all other expressed Warranties. All implied warranties on this Product are limited to the duration of this expressed Warranty. Some states do not allow limitation on how long an implied Warranty lasts, so the above limitations may not apply to you. This Warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you also may have other rights which vary from state to state. If this Product is defective in materials or workmanship as warranted above, your sole remedy shall be repair or replacement as provided above. This warranty does not cover service, parts, or supplies to repair damage to property other than the Product. In no event will Polk Audio, Inc. be liable to you for any incidental or consequential damages arising out of the use or inability to use the Product, even if Polk Audio, Inc. or a Polk Audio Authorized Dealer has been advised of the possibility of such damages, or for any claim by any other party. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation and exclusion may not apply to you. This Warranty applies only to Products purchased in Canada, the United States of America, its possessions, and U.S. and NATO armed forces exchanges and audio clubs. The Warranty terms and conditions applicable to Products purchased in other countries are available from the Polk Audio Authorized Distributors in such countries.
The Polk Audio DSWPRO subwoofers are the result of Polk Audios 15 years of experience developing superior performance powered subwoofers. We drew upon several exclusive Polk technologies to produce subwoofers with the best performance, convenience and value at the price. They were designed with serious listeners in mind listeners who are serious about the accurate reproduction of music and movie soundtracks at life-like volume levels in a home environment. The deep, precise bass of the DSWPRO woofers will remind listeners of the finest theater systems and live performances, not just a Home Theater Sub.
Features and Technologies
Polk Room Optimizer (PRO)
The response of any loudspeaker is influenced by its proximity to room surfaces boundaries. In the case of subwoofers adjacent surfaces have a profound effect on frequency (spectral) balance as the graphs below indicate. Figure 1a is the response of a subwoofer placed far away from room surfaces. Notice that the response is very smooth and flat but with a steep roll-off of deep bass. Figure 1b is that same subwoofer placed midway on a wall. Notice that the deep bass response is improved but there are other changes as well. Figure 1c is the same sub placed in a corner. Here the effects are more dramatic with a peak that would make for a poor listening experience.
Objectives of the DSWPRO Series Subwoofers:
Flat frequency response. Superior subwoofer performance depends on many factors but the cornerstone is flat frequency response. Excellent performance on all other aspects of design cannot overcome major errors in frequency response. Woofers with large response peaks may sound flattering on some program material but over a broad range of music types will come up short in listener satisfaction. Adaptability to placement conditions. Complicating the issue of accurate response are boundary effects. The DSWPRO woofers were designed to minimize the most pressing problems associated with placement and boundary effects. Highly accurate music reproduction. It is relatively easy to design a subwoofer that plays movie sound effects at thunderous levels, but difficult to design one equally adept at music reproduction that is tight, detailed and musical. Extended low bass response. There is no sense having a subwoofer unless it goes low. Real low. High SPL. In order to cover the wide dynamic range of live music and be fun to listen to, a subwoofer needs to be able to play loudvery loud. Low distortion. The key to obtaining bass you want to listen to for hours and adds to rather than subtracts from the music is maintaining low distortion at listening levels from whisper to live concert levels. Convenient operation. DSWPRO subwoofers were required to be easy to set up and adjust at the whim of the user. Convenient size. Consumers want subwoofers that are easy to place and fit into a room so the DSWPRO subs had to deliver big bass from modestly-sized enclosures.
80 freq 140
Figure 1c 2
The Best Bass Anywhere
Polk Room Optimizer (PRO) is a set of four preset equalization curves designed to compensate for these boundary effects. The four buttons near the bottom of the remote control correspond with the four primary placement options: mid-wall, mid-room, corner and in-cabinet to introduce the proper EQ compensation to yield ideal frequency response irrespective of location. All the listener has to do to get flat, accurate bass response is to choose the woofer placement that works best for his/her lifestyle and push the appropriate button on the remote. Figures 2a (mid-room), 2b (mid-wall), 2c (corner) and 2d (in-cabinet) are the actual EQ curves applied to the DSW600 for the four PRO settings.
Raw Curve 23852.2Hz 0.0db
-10 db -LF 10 Frequency Hz 100 HF 1000 1/2 Fs 48000
Figure 2a Mid Room
Figure 2c Corner
Figure 2b Mid Wall
Figure 2d In Cabinet
Feed Forward distortion suppression technology
No matter how big or how powerful a powered subwoofer may be it is always possible to push it beyond its limits to the point where it becomes distorted, makes objectionable noises or even damages itself. It is always a challenge when designing a powered subwoofer to come up with a method of limiting the maximum output in such a way that avoids excess distortion or damage but preserves as much of the dynamic capability and maximum output capacity of the subwoofer as possible. Distortion and, eventually, damage to a subwoofer comes from one of three major sources:
P1refn 80 Ztrefn
Too much power from the amplifier causes over heating of the voice-coil, higher distortion and ultimately failure of the woofer driver. Too little power available from the amplifier causes high distortion in the signal fed to the woofer driver, generates excess heat and may eventually burn out the amplifier. Excessive movement of the driver cone caused by over driving at low frequencies leads first to high distortion, then to objectionable mechanical noises and finally to mechanical damage to the woofer driver as it literally tears itself apart.
Figure 3Frequency Response (Red) and Impedance (Blue) for a hypothetical subwoofer. (For clarity the Impedance curve (blue) has been offset upward by 40 ohms)
Usually powered subwoofers are designed with amplifiers that have more than enough power to over drive the woofers mechanical system. So, #2 above is normally not a problem. Advances in voice-coil technology have also made voice-coil burnout much less likely and it is common practice to match woofer drivers and amplifiers to make burnout very unlikely. That leaves #3 as, by far, the most challenging problem. Mechanical distortion and damage can occur almost instantaneously regardless of how well matched the woofer driver and amplifier may be and may be triggered by any number of complex signal combinations which can be very difficult to predict. As a result, most attempts to protect the system or reduce distortion limit the output of the woofer far below its theoretical maximum output in an effort to guarantee a safe level of operation. The difficulty comes from the fact that even though a woofer may have flat frequency response it takes different amounts of power from the amplifier to produce the same amount of sound at different frequencies. This means that combinations of signals at different frequencies may overload a woofer while the same signal level at a single frequency would be okay. For example, lets consider a hypothetical 10" powered subwoofer in a 2.5 cu ft. ported box. Figure 3 shows the frequency response and impedance of the system. As you can see, the frequency response (Red) is quite flat to below 30Hz, but the impedance is far from flat. It rises from around 4 ohms at 30Hz to 36 ohms at 20Hz and 60 ohms at 50Hz. (please note that the impedance curve has been offset upward by 40 Ohms for clarity) That means this woofer will draw only 1/9th as much power from the amplifier at 20Hz compared to 30Hz and only 1/15th the power at 50Hz. So, if the amplifier has enough power to drive the system to maximum output at 30Hz it will have way too much for the system to handle at 20Hz and 50Hz. 4
Figure 4Max. hypothetical subwoofer acoustic output at 10' with 500 watt amp This demonstrates both why it is necessary to have some form of limiting or protection and why it is so difficult to do so in a way that still makes full use of the performance potential of the woofer. One common method of protection and distortion reduction is to apply compression or limiting to the amplifier signal over the entire bandwidth reproduced by the subwoofer. The basic method is to find some maximum amplifier output signal level that will not over drive the woofer at any frequency or combination of frequencies. The problem with this broad-band approach is that the same limit is used for all frequencies and for all combinations of frequencies. So, the entire system is limited to a safe level that is far below the actual maximum output at most frequencies. Figure 4 shows the maximum acoustic output of our hypothetical woofer versus frequency assuming a 500 watt amplifier. As you can see, the maximum output at 30Hz is about 6dB greater than at 40Hz to 50Hz and 25dB greater than max output at 20Hz. Broad band limiting would dictate that we roll off the low frequency response of the
amplifier below 30Hz to protect the woofer at the lowest frequencies even though the woofer can deliver significant low bass output (See Figure 3). We would also have to limit the amplifier to a safe level well below the max output in the 40Hz to 50Hz range. So, at normal listening levels we would lose all of the low bass capability of the woofer and at high levels we would lose at least 6db of dynamic range since the limiter setting is determined by the frequency range with the lowest maximum output. It is no surprise that this form of compression or limiting tends to make a subwoofer sound muffled, lacking in extension and lacking in punch. Another commonly used method is to apply limiting or correction based on the actual movement of the woofer driver cone as measured by a position sensor. These are known as servo feedback systems. The position sensor is coupled to circuitry that compares the input signal to the cone movement and provides a correction signal to the amplifier input signal. In theory the correction signal modifies the amplifier output signal in a way that will correct for any mechanical distortion in the acousticoutput. And, in practice servo feedback systems often produce excellent test results with steady state test tones. However, real program material is dynamic and the servo system cannot correct for anything until after something has already gone wrong. So, the more heavy handed the servo correction algorithms the more sluggish the system sounds as it tries to measure, compare and correct in a dynamic signal environment. In addition, the correction signal may go the wrong direction by asking the woofer to correct itself by moving beyond its mechanical limits. Therefore, broad band limiting is still required to protect the woofer driver against correction signals that might seriously overload the system. So, although a servo system can produce impressively low harmonic distortion numbers for steady state test tones its ability to handle the dynamics of real world audio signals can be seriously compromised due to the fact that it is correcting for something that has already gone wrong and, of course, still requires the broad band limiting we discussed above.
From a music or movies performance point of view the best limiting or protection system would be none at all. Obviously we cant take that risk. But, second best would be a system that limits only that which absolutely needs to be limited and which does its job proactively rather than reactively. Polks proprietary Feed Forward distortion suppression system anticipates problems and fixes them before they happen. It uses our ability to predict how the woofer will respond to complex signals to respond with the absolute minimum intervention to minimize distortion and chance of damage without compromising dynamics or transient response and while actually increasing maximum output. In essence the digital processors of the DSWPRO subwoofers are programmed with a mathematical model that knows in advance how the woofer acoustic system will respond to the output signal from the amplifier. The processor monitors the amplifier input for signal combinations that would cause distortion or damage and alters only that part of the signal required to maintain low distortion and safe operation. It does this before the signal ever gets to the woofer driver so there is no feedback correction time delay and no need for broad band limiting. Also, since Feed Forward is proactive rather than reactive, the limits can be set much higher and closer to the theoretical maximum output of the woofer at each frequency without risk of excessive distortion or damage. For example, in our hypothetical woofer of Figure 4 the Polk Feed Forward system would know in advance that the output capability is lower at 50Hz. Even if limiting at 50Hz were required, Feed Forward would still preserve full dynamics above and below that frequency. It would also preserve low bass capabilities at normal listening levels while providing appropriate protection from low frequency mechanical damage at higher levels. As a result, when the program material calls for greater dynamics Feed Forward allows the system to deliver without an artificial cutoff. Unlike other distortion reduction or protection systems Feed Forward is virtually undetectable in operation. It delivers all of the excitement and impact or subtlety of the program material, as the case may be, while maintaining lower distortion and higher maximum output levels.
The active subwoofer drivers used in DSWPRO models are robust designs with several premium features not normally seen in subwoofers in this price range. The DSW Series cone is injection molded Polypropylene stiffened by an oversized inverted dust cap. The cone is bonded to the basket with a soft Nitrile Butyl Rubber surround that acts to further suppress cone resonance. If an unwanted resonance develops in the cone it travels through the cone like a wave in a pool. Like a water wave reflecting off the side of a pool, if the cone resonance wave encounters a rigid boundary, it will reflect back through the cone (Figure 5). In addition to contributing to the drivers superior performance, this surround is impervious to Ultraviolet rays (sunlight), temperature extremes and humidity for ultimate long life and reliability. Our surround has a smooth, rounded transition from the roll to the cone attachment point to spread out stress over a wide area (Figure 6). Surrounds that meet the cone interface at severe angles concentrate stresses at that interface and are generally more prone to tearing and cracking (Figure 7). The most important part of a woofers suspension is the spider. The spider is a spring that resists and controls cone movement, keeps the coil centered in the voice coil gap and supplies the restoring force to move the cone back to the center rest position. It also prevents the voice coil from smashing against the back of the pole piece on its backwards travel and from flying out of the magnetic gap as it moves forward. It is a vitally important part. DSW drivers use flat spiders. Theyre not really flat but at the outer-diameter terminus they are flat rather than having a knee like traditional spiders (Figure 8) that can break down and become non-linear at high drive levels. But whats really cool about the DSW spider is that it is a Progressive Roll design-the roll sizes and spacing varies across the spider (Figure 9). This design improves the linearity of the spiders spring-the stiffness is the same whether the cone is moving forward or backward. Well see why that is important and the proof in the Klippel Optimization Chapterbelow.
Voice Coil, Former & Magnets
The voice coil is four layers of.45mm Copper wire wound around a 2" diameter low-mass glass/epoxy former rated to 220 C (428 F). Dual magnets are employed to soft shield the product. DSW Series subwoofers may be placed reasonably close to CRT video displays and monitors without causing magnetic interference.
Of even greater importance than voice coil material, magnet type or maximum excursion rating is the location of the voice coil in the magnetic structure and how it moves within that structure. In order for a driver to reproduce complex sounds accurately, the cone must move in exactly the same distance and manner in both directions of travel. To illustrate what we mean, take a look at Figure 10. If the cone moves 0.5 mm in the forward direction and
Figure 9Blue line indicates the progressive roll spider
only 0.4 mm in the backward direction in response to a given signal, the sound will be distorted.In order for the driver to move accurately in both directions equal force must be applied to the cone and the cone must be able to move as far and as freely in both directions. Youd think that would be easy but it isn't. Thankfully Polk Audio owns a Klippel Distortion Analyzera device that uses a laser and sophisticated software to analyze the behavior of drivers in motion under high power conditions. With this state-ofthe-art tool we can optimize the motor structure, voice coil alignment and suspension to yield the best possible performance. Figure 11 is a graph of the BL Product of the 10" driver from the DSW500. BL Product is the product of the motor's magnetic flux density times the length of voice coil in the gap. Put more simply it is a measure of the electromotive force imparted to the woofer cone. The important thing isnt whether you have more or less BL Product, but whether th motor is large enough for the drivers moving mass and whether the BL is applied uniformly. Ideally you would like to have constant BL Product through the entire excursion range. The perfect subwoofer would have
Force Factor BI (X)
-Xprot < X < Xprot Xp- < X < Xp+ BI (-X)
straight line graph plot. In the real world drivers have limitations. In Figures 11 through 13 the center 0.0 vertical line represents the cone at the center rest position. To the left of center line is backward cone movement; to the right is forward cone movement. In this kind of graph you're looking for a symmetrical curve, centered on the 0.0 line and a broad, flat shape. In Figure 12 the solid line represents the BL product of a competitive subwoofer driver. The dashed line represents the inverse of the actual BL product. The more different the two lines are the worse the BL Product symmetry. In this case we can see that the BL product curve is not even close to flat and the motor force is not the same in both directions of cone travel. From this data we can predict that this driver would have high amounts of distortion and low overall accuracy of sound. In Figure 11 we see that the DSW PRO500s driver has a symmetrical, broad, flat BL product curve indicating its high degree of movement linearity, low distortion and overall accuracy.
0.0 -15 << Coil in -10 -5 -0 X [mm] -Coil out>> 15
-10 << Coil in -X [mm] -Coil out>>
Figure 11 a
Klippel Distortion Analyzer
Another important result of Klippel analysis relates to the drivers suspension stiffness or springiness of the suspension. Again youd like to have a symmetrical, broad, flat curve indicating that the suspensions stiffness is consistent over a broad range of cone travel in both directions. Greater or lesser stiffness is immaterial, what is important is consistency. Figure 13 is the DSW400 drivers suspension vs. excursion plot showing symmetrical and linear suspension stiffness over a broad excursion range.
Stiffness of suspension Kms (X)
-Xprot < X < Xprot 2.5 Xp- < X < Xp+ Kms (-X)
Enclosure & Venting
DSWPRO enclosures are fabricated of 3/4" low-resonance MDF stiffened by braces positioned mid way on three of the side panels. Venting is accomplished via a slot load port whose MDF walls serve to further stiffen the enclosure and reduce panel vibration. The enclosure is finished in matte black paint that is unobtrusive and easy to care for. The enclosure can be re-painted after masking a few parts. If a DSWPRO owner wants a Puce subwoofer, he or she can have it. The large surface area slot port exhibits lower air turbulence at its mouth than tubular ports for lower chuffing, port noise and audible distortion. The driver and port face toward the floor to further minimize the audibility of port noise. Four rubber-clad feet provide stability on wood, tile and other hard surfaces. The rubber overshoes can be removed to reveal metal spikes that provide ideal stability on carpeted floors. If the user wants to position a DSWPRO subwoofer inside a cabinet, forward-firing driver and vent will yield better performance than the DSWs standard downward firing orientation. Simply remove the feet/spikes from the bottom of the enclosure and screw them into the threaded inserts on the amplifier side as shown in Figure 14.
0.0 -15 << Coil in -10 -X [mm] -15 Coil out>>
DSWPRO subwoofers are powered by Class D amplifiers which offer high power and cool, reliable operation. The low operating temperatures of the Class D amps make DSWPRO subs ideal for use in-cabinets and other confined spaces.* The DSW400 amp puts out a robust 180 Watts (360 Dynamic), the DSWPROWatts (400 Dynamic) and the DSWPRO 600 packs a wallop at 250 Watts (500 Dynamic). The DSW amps provide instantaneous shut down for excessive heat, short-circuit, current/power overdraw, clipping, and under/over supply voltage conditions, making them rock solid reliable. When the protection circuit is engaged the rear-panel pilot light glows red to alert the user. The protection is reset by switching the main power switch (on the amplifier) off and on. A full array of inputs and outputs allow great hookup flexibility. A preamp-level LFE input bypasses the adjustable low-pass filter. Preamp-level L&R inputs pass the incoming signal through the adjustable low pass filter. The amplifier allows both LFE and L&R inputs to be used simultaneously. 5-way binding post-style loudspeaker terminals for convenient, secure wire connections with a variety of terminator systems from bare wire through banana plugs. * For safety and reliability a DSWpro subwoofer should never be placed in a totally sealed enclosure. Some provision must be made for fresh air to enter the enclosure. Night ModeHome theater enthusiasts face a dilemma when listening under conditions where loud playback may disturb others (late night listening, apartment dwellers, etc.) Setting the average system level to moderate volume helps keep the others from complaining but low level sounds are rendered inaudible. Setting the system volume high enough to hear low level details renders the average and peak levels to the point where family members and/or neighbors object. Engaging the Night function, compresses the dynamic range of the DSWPRO subwoofer. Average level can be set high enough to reveal low level detail while limiting the peak output to one-half volume. The Blue front panel LED glows at half intensity when the Night mode is engaged. Resetresets volume control to half volume (20), resets Phase to 0 and EQ to the default PRO mid-room EQ setting (4 confirmation blinks).
The supplied remote control offers a bevy of cool and convenient features to help users get the best possible sound from their DSWPRO subwoofer. One of the coolest features of the DSWPRO is that the Blue light behind the logo badge gives the user feedback as to what functions have been engaged via a series of blinks. Powerturns the amplifier on/off. When the power is on, the light behind the logo badge glows Blue. LEDturns front panel LED on/off. In darkened room conditions even the gentle blue glow may be distracting; now you can toggle it on/off with ease. Volumeadjusts volume up/down with confirmation blinks. Phase0, 90, 180, 270 adjusts phase to one of these four settings. One of the most critical settings for getting seamless blending between a subwoofer and main speakers is the phase setting. With the four phase angles selectable on the remote a user can now do trial and error listening and phase adjustments without leaving the listening position. This beats the heck out of running back and forth between sub and chair. The blue logo pod light gives 1 confirmation blink for 0, 2 blinks for 90, 3 blinks for 180, 4 blinks for 270. Mutemutes amp output and the front Blue logo light flashes continuously to remind the user that Mute is engaged.
PerformanceHow to Know When You Have It
All of the technical wizardry would be for naught if the DSWPRO subwoofers didnt performand they do. But before we show you how well they perform, lets talk about how most consumers (and sadly, many salespeople) evaluate the performance of powered subwoofers. They use the Inches and Watts method. Their assumption is that the bigger the driver size and/or the higher the amp rating, the better the subwoofer. Bad assumption. These two facts tell you absolutely nothing about how loud the subwoofer will play, how deep it goes, or how accurate it sounds. One could at least assume that the powered sub with the largest amplifier would play the loudest, right? No way. Let us show you why: How loud a system plays is a function of the available clean power and the efficiency of the driver/cabinet system. Efficiency (and a similar spec called Sensitivity) tells you how much of the input power gets used to make the sound you hear. A speaker system with an efficiency rating of 90dB would sound audibly louder than another system with a rating of 87dB. Since every doubling of power gets you 3dB greater sound output, it follows that a 90dB efficient system driven by 100 Watts would play just as loud as an 87dB system
Presetsengages mid-room, mid-wall, corner and in-cabinet EQ settings as described on pages 2 and 3. The blue light blinks 1 through 4 times corresponding with the selected EQ setting.
driven by a 200 Watt amplifier and a 90dB efficient system driven by a 200 Watt amplifier would play 3dB louder. And yes Virginia, woofer size on its own is not a good predictor of efficiency and by the way, there is no Santa Clause. So, all you have to do is look up the Efficiency rating of the powered subwoofer, then look up the power spec and youre all set, right? Ah, not that easy. First since powered subwoofers are self-powered closed systems, no manufacturer publishes an efficiency spec. Second, power specs are often, ahem, exaggerated by manufacturers. Third, how loud a subwoofer plays on average does not tell you anything about how low it goes in frequency. We could easily design a subwoofer system that plays very loud down to 50Hz but that doesnt qualify it to be called a SUB-woofer. A sub has to have solid output down to 30Hz or lower to qualify.
Lets look at the CEA 2010 results of 4 subwoofers in Figure 16. based on the Inches and Watts method of evaluation, Subwoofer D is clearly the best woofer here as it has 50 more Watts than its nearest competitor and has a large woofer. But when you look at the CEA2010 numbers you see that in fact Subwoofer D has the poorest performance! Subwoofer A with its mere 10" woofer and 250 Watt amplifier outperforms all of the other models and trounces the performance of the mighty Subwoofer D.
So, Is That All You Have to Know?
Wouldnt it be great if every manufacturer published honest CEA2010 numbers? Youd never have to get out of your easy chair. Not so fast Virginia. One limitation of the CEA2010 standard is that it does not have the force of lawmanufacturers cannot be compelled to publish the data. As of 2007 it is unclear which manufacturers will publish the data. Polk Audio will, as always, stand up for Truth, Justice and the American Way and will publish CEA2010 numbers on all new models including the DSWPRO models (Figure 17). Also, CEA2010 numbers tell you a lot but not everything. If you can accommodate any size woofer, dont care about looks or convenience and you never listen to music, you can simply use verified CEA2010 number to make a subwoofer choice. But for most of us there are other things to consider such as size, features, cost and sound quality. It is easy to make a huge box that goes low and plays loud but most listeners are looking for space efficient, attractive subwoofers that are easy to use as well as powerful while other listeners are looking for subwoofers that are tight, fast and detailed enough to blend seamlessly with high-end audiophile speakers in music-only systems. For all of these people CEA2010 numbers will be but one of many factors to consider when choosing a powered subwoofer. At the end of the day there is no substitute for understanding your needs and listening to the models under consideration before making a final choice. Figure 17
CEA 2010 to the RescueLoud & Low
Recognizing the dilemma, the Consumer Electronics Association (CEA) formed a committee of engineers to study the problem and devise a new measurement standard that consumers could reliably use to make informed choices. Polk engineers served on this panel along with engineers from other quality minded manufacturers. They realized that what is most important is what comes out of, not what goes into the subwoofer. They established a standard way of measuring the undistorted output of a subwoofer at various frequencies and reporting the results in two easy to digest numbers. The standard is called CEA 2010 but we call it Loud & Low because it tells you how loud and how low a subwoofer actually plays. Lets take a look at Figure 15, the measurements of a subwoofer using the CEA2010 method. Sound Pressure Level (SPL) measurements were made at 6 frequencies: 20Hz, 25Hz, 31.5Hz (the ultra low bass range) and 40Hz, 50hz and 63Hz (the low bass range). Then the three SPL numbers for each range are averaged to come up with Low Bass and Ultra Low bass numbers that the manufacturer will publish. By comparing CEA2010 numbers you will at least be able to predict how different subwoofers compare in terms of how loud they play. Figure 15 Frequency 20 Hz 25Hz 31.5Hz 40Hz 50Hz 63Hz Figure 16 Woofer Size Advertised Power 10 250W 12 200W 12 250W 12 300W Low Bass (40-63Hz) 117.9 dB 114.0 dB 114.7 dB 113.9 dB Ultra Low Bass (20-31.5Hz) 100.8 dB 99.9 dB 93.9 dB 92.2 dB Max SPL 87.8 dB 104.3 dB 110.3 dB 115.2 dB 118.1 dB 120.3 dB CEA 2010 Rating 100.8 Ultra Low Bass
DSW PRO CEA2010 Specifications
CEA2010 DSW400 DSW500 DSW600 Low Bass (40-63Hz) 114 dB 118 dB 121 dB Ultra Low Bass (20-31.5Hz) 91 dB 96 dB 100 dB
117.9 Low Bass
Subwoofer A Subwoofer B Subwoofer C Subwoofer D
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