B W Dm 602
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B W Dm 602
B&W DM602 S2 Speaker Excursion Bass I Love You
User reviews and opinions
|paulk||11:18pm on Tuesday, April 20th, 2010|
|Sweet Sounds My wife and I bought our 602s before Amazon carried them from a local hi-fi shop. average joe When I stepped into an audio store, I said show me all your speakers that are under $500/pr. What I found was pure clearity.|
|Mianin||12:49am on Friday, April 9th, 2010|
|Sweet Sounds My wife and I bought our 602s before Amazon carried them from a local hi-fi shop. average joe When I stepped into an audio store, I said show me all your speakers that are under $500/pr. What I found was pure clearity.|
Comments posted on www.ps2netdrivers.net are solely the views and opinions of the people posting them and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of us.
Testing the B&W 602 S2 Loudspeaker
Reviewed by Joseph DAppolito
ran a series of impedance, frequency response, and distortion tests on the B&W 602 S2 loudspeaker. Figure 1 is a plot of system impedance magnitude. At low frequencies the plot displays the double-peaked curve of a vented system. The impedance minimum of 5.55 at 42Hz indicates the vented-box tuning frequency. There is a second local impedance minimum of 5.1 at 162Hz. Impedance phase lies between +47 and 55 over the full audio range. Fortunately, these rather large phase angles occur at relatively high impedance values. With minima in the range of 5, B&Ws 8 rating for this system seems a bit high.
Figure 2 shows the 602s full-range frequency response, which I obtained as a combination of the farfield quasi-anechoic response and properly summed near-field woofer and port responses. I placed the microphone along the tweeter centerline at a distance of 1.25m to produce the far-field response. I then spliced together the nearand far-field responses at 200Hz to produce the full-range response1. The response shown in Fig. 2 has been normalized to 1m to obtain system sensitivity. Sensitivity averages 87.9dB in the two octaves between 500Hz and 2kHz. This is
about 2dB less than the figure quoted in B&Ws specs. Relative to this level, the lowfrequency 3dB point is 48Hz. Response shelves up above 7kHz by 3dB. There is also a broad response peak of about 2dB centered on 100Hz and a sharp response dip of 35dB centered on 6kHz. Finally, an ultrasonic peak of 9dB at 24.8kHz (not shown) is due to the tweeters oil can resonance. The 602 has two pairs of binding posts for bi-wiring. This allowed me to measure the response of the individual drivers. The result is plotted in Fig. 3. The crossover frequency is seen to be 3500Hz. Notice that the tweeter response is quite smooth. The woofer that is out of phase with the tweeter at this point causes the sharp system response dip at 6kHz. B&W claims that the crossover is fourth-order, but it is clear that woofer response is not falling off anywhere near that fast in the first octave above crossover. I suspect that the woofer response peaks in this frequency region.
CUMULATIVE SPECTRAL DECAY
The 602s cumulative spectral decay (CSD) response (Fig. 4) shows the frequency content of the system response following a sharp impulsive input at time zero. On the CSD plot, frequency
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Joseph DAppolito, regular contributor to SB and author of many papers on loudspeaker system design, holds four degrees in electrical and systems engineering, including a Ph.D. Previously, he developed acoustic propagation models and advanced sonar signal processing techniques at an analytical services company. He now runs his own consulting firm specializing in audio, acoustics, and loudspeaker system design. A long time audio enthusiast, he now designs loudspeaker systems for several small companies in the US and Europe.
increases from left to right and time moves forward from the rear. Each slice represents a 0.05ms increment of time. The total vertical scale covers a dynamic 32dB range. Ideally the response should decay to zero instantaneously. Inertia and stored energy that take a finite amount of time to die away, however, characterize real loudspeakers. A prominent ridge parallel to the time axis would indicate the presence of a strong system resonance. The first time slice in Fig. 4 (0.00ms) represents the system frequency response. Tweeter decay time is good, but there is a strong woofer resonance mode at 7kHz that rises out of the background beginning at about 0.44ms. This ridge indicates the presence of a woofer response peak, which in turn, prevents the woofer from rolling off rapidly just above the crossover frequency and leads to the response dip.
The sharp first positive peak in the 602s step response (Fig. 5) indicates the tweeter arrival at the test mike. The second (more slowly rising) peak indicates the woofer arrival. This plot tells us that tweeter and woofer are wired in phase, but it also shows that the 602 is not timecoherent. The excess group-delay plot (not shown) reveals that the woofer arrives at the listening position 200s later than the tweeter.
Figure 6 is a waterfall plot of horizontal polar response in 10 increments from 60 right (60) to 60 left (+60) when facing the speaker. All off-axis plots are referenced to the on-axis response, which appears as a straight line at 0.00. Thus, the plotted curves show the change in response as you move off-axis. For
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good stereo imaging the off-axis curves should be smooth replicas of the on-axis response with the possible exception of some tweeter rolloff at higher frequencies and larger off-axis angles. With the exception of the offaxis peak at 6kHz, horizontal response is quite uniform out to 30. The on-axis response dip at 6kHz tends to disappear as you move off-axis. This causes an offaxis peak in the polar response curves that are plotted relative to the on-axis response. An alternate view of horizontal polar response (Fig. 7) plots responses on-axis and at 10 and 20 off-axis. Note the smaller response dip at 6kHz and reduced upward shelving above 7kHz at the off-axis angles. The average response over a 60 horizontal angle (30) in the forward direction is shown in Fig. 8. The dip at 6kHz is greatly reduced. Shelving of the average forward response above 7kHz is also reduced somewhat relative to the on-axis response. This may make the audible effect of the shelving less apparent, since the human ear integrates direct and reflected sound when judging the overall spectral balance of a loudspeaker. On balance, however, the frequency range between 500Hz and 6kHz is depressed relative to the response at the frequency extremes. This might make the 602
sound somewhat recessed. Figure 9 is a waterfall plot of vertical polar response, with responses shown in 5 increments from 20 below (20) the tweeter axis to 20 above it. Response changes very rapidly as you move off-axis. Here again, off-axis response is smoother. Figure 10 shows response on-axis and at 5 and 10 below horizontal; the 5 and 10 are much smoother than the on-axis response.
duce false readings by reducing the level of the fundamental while boosting the amplitude of a harmonic. In order to reduce the impact of reflections, I placed the microphone at 0.5m from the loudspeaker. Second-harmonic distortion was below 1% over most of the audible frequency range. Below 100Hz second-harmonic distortion did rise to 1.3%, but this is still a very low figure. Third-harmonic distortion was 0.7% or less. This is an excellent result.
Next I measured intermodulation distortion. In this test two frequencies are input to the speaker. Intermodulation distortion produces output frequencies that are not harmonically related to the input. These frequencies are much more audible and annoying than harmonic distortion. Let the symbols f1 and f2 represent the two frequencies used in (to page 48)
I ran harmonic-distortion tests at an average level of 90dB SPL. Ideally, harmonic-distortion tests should be run in an anechoic environment. In practice, it is important to minimize reflections at the microphone during these tests. Out-of-phase reflections can proA note on testing: The B&W 602 S2 was tested in the laboratories of Audio and Acoustics, Ltd. Measurements were made with the MLSSA and CLIO PC-based acoustic data-acquisition and analysis systems using an ACO 7012 laboratory-grade condenser microphone with a custom-designed wideband, low-noise preamp. The polar response tests were performed with a computer-controlled OUTLINE turntable on loan from the Old Colony Division of Audio Amateur Corporation.
FIGURE 1: B&W 602 impedance magnitude.
FIGURE 6: Horizontal polar response.
FIGURE 2: System frequency response.
FIGURE 7: B&W 602 at 0, 10, and 20 off-axis.
FIGURE 3: System and driver responses.
FIGURE 8: B&W average horizontal response over 60 window.
DM 602 S2
Technical Features Description Drive Units Frequency range Frequency response Dispersion Sensitivity Harmonic Distortion Nominal Impedance Crossover Frequency Power handling Max recommended cable impedance Dimensions Net Weight Finishes Nautilus tweeter tube Flat ring tweeter suspension Woven Kevlar brand fiber cone Bullet dust cap 2-way 4th-order vented-box system 1 180mm (7 in) woven Kevlar cone bass/mid 1 26mm (1 in)metal dome high-frequency 6dB at 43Hz and 30kHz 52Hz 20kHz 3dB on reference axis Within 2dB of response on reference axis Horizontal: over 40 arc Vertical: over 10 arc 90dB spl (2.83V, 1m) 2nd and 3rd harmonics <1% 60Hz 20kHz (90dB spl, 1m) 8 (minimum 4.3) 4kHz 25W 120W continuous into 8 on unclipped program 0.1 Height: 490mm (19.3 in) Width: 236mm (9.3 in) Depth: 306mm (12 in) 9.8kg (21.6 lb) Cabinet: Cherry or Black Ash Vinyl Grille: Black Cloth
FIGURE 4: Cumulative spectral decay.
FIGURE 9: Vertical polar response.
FIGURE 5: Step response.
FIGURE 10: Vertical response at 0, 5, and 10.
1. J. DAppolito, Testing Loudspeakers, Audio Amateur Corporation, Peterborough, NH, 1998.
B&W Loudspeakers, 54 Concord St., North Reading, MA 01864, (978) 664-2870, FAX (978) 664-4109, e-mail: email@example.com, website:www. BWSPEAKERS.COM
FIGURE 11: Effect of grille on the 602 frequency response.
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Reviewed by Tom Perazella I must have a thing with word associations. When someone mentions the word Nautilus, I first think of a submarine or a speaker, not the chambered sea animal from which they both derive their names. The sea animal has certainly been around longer, but alas, it has not had the marketing efforts of the former, possibly explaining the difference in recognition. The B&W Nautilus speaker, however, was a real attention-getter when introduced. The radical multipletapered chamber design not only looked striking, but it also had significant sonic benefits. B&W has taken the knowledge gained in producing the Nautilus and transferred it to a more affordable line of speakers. The DM602 S2 is one of a family of speakers derived from the Nautilus that boasts a friendly combination of small space and low price. Much more conventional in looks than the Nautilus, the design is a two-way utilizing a 7 woven Kevlar bass/midrange and a 1 metal dome tweeter. The tweeter, similar to that in the Nautilus, is loaded by a closed tapered tube to absorb rear radiation. The enclosure is a vented box 19.3 high 9.3 wide 12 deep. Weight is specified as 22 lbs. A knuckle-rap test showed that the construction was fairly solid, with some resonance from the back panel and upper area of the side panels. Connections are made on the rear through two sets of gold-plated binding posts, one for the woofer and one for the tweeter. Gold-plated jumper strips are provided for normal connections with the ability to remove them for bi-wire applications. As is typical of most UK and European products, the accursed positive-to-negative terminal spacing does not match standard plugs. A pox on the safety fanatics responsible for trying to save the world from self-immolation by making nonstandard speaker post spacing. The posts themselves have small plastic plugs to prevent insertion of banana plugs. You can remove these plastic inserts by unscrewing the caps of the posts, and then use standard individual banana plugs. The good news is that the posts have very large holes for wire, making insertion of 12-gauge speaker cables easy. TEST SETUP I auditioned the units in my loft that is with vaulted ceiling. The room has only three walls; it is open to a lower family room along the long dimension. I placed the speakers along the 21 wall facing both the listening position and the opening to the family room. I positioned them 6 apart with the right speaker 6 from the right wall and the left 9 from the left wall. Both were 5 from the back wall and angled toward the listening position that was 8 from each. The stands used raised the tweeter 40.5 from the floor and positioned the woofer 34 from the floor. I conducted all of the tests with the grilles removed. The signal source was a Sony 707ESD CD player feeding a custom pre-amp. I used two power amps. Since B&W specified a range of 25-120W as a suitable drive level, most of the listening was done with an AudioSource Amp Three that I have measured at 168W per channel at clipping into 8 and 267W per channel into 4. This amp is very clean and is one of the best values on the market. For higher power tests where I wished to eliminate the amplifier as a potential limiting factor, I used a Crown Macro Reference amplifier. At 760W/channel into 8 and 1160W/channel into 4, it was more than sufficient to handle any levels likely to be encountered by a speaker of this size. I made connections from the amplifier to the speakers with 12 of 12gauge stranded zip cord. SOURCE MATERIALS To provide consistency for all tests that appear in this publication, the editor has asked all contributors to include one reference CD as part of any audition. That CD, the Hi-Fi News & Record Review Test CD III, number HFN020, contains both musical and test passages. This is a tough test disk because, in my opinion, it is recorded a little on the bright side. It is clean, but if you have a forward-sounding speaker, this disk will immediately point out the brightness. For this review, I concentrated on the musical test passages, except for the garage door track. The other CDs were: CD-80126 Britten Young Persons Guide to the Orchestra Columbia CK57424 Tony BennettSteppin Out Columbia C2K68519 Pink FloydThe Wall Proprius PRCD7778 Jazz at the Pawnshop Chesky JD49 Clark Terry Live at the Village Gate Mapleshade 06932 Blue Rider Trio Harp, Steel & Guts CBS MK37793 VollenweiderBehind the Garden Tristar Music WK35862 KodoIbuki Telarc LISTENING TESTS The first series of tests was done with the AudioSource Amp Three. the problem was distortion. Were not talking about fatiguing here. The sound was just a little more forward than I would prefer. The bass was also quite good compared to many of the small speakers I have auditioned. It didnt come close to shaking anything off the walls, but the fireworks sounded like fireworks, although with a light impact. There seemed to be a slight rise in the upper bass with most of the instruments, but thankfully, the high level of boom that is often present in small speakers trying to make an impact on a prospective buyer was absent. The sins in the bass range were mostly venial rather than mortal, being those of omission, rather than commission. The location and separation of the instruments was very good, and the decay of the fireworks was very realistic. The oohs and aahs from the audience as the fireworks went off were rather convincing. TRACK 2JerusalemParry This cut has a choral work that is especially revealing of the midrange and treble detail. The definition of the voices was excellent, but again, the voices seemed to be just a tad forward. The sibilants were a little too noticeable, and the balance seemed just a bit light. Otherwise, they provided a very good accounting of the piece. At this point, I did a stand-up test and noticed quite a bit of change in the tonal balance. You definitely should listen somewhere around the tweeter axis. TRACK 3Henry VDoyle This piece has two tough tests, a high level of cymbals and a solo male voice. The cymbals at the lead-in sounded bright, but the crowd sounds were good. The voice and voice echos were very clean and detailed. Positioning of the voice was excellent, separated quite nicely from the instruments. On this piece, I did a leftto-right head movement to check for tonal changes. They proved to be minimal. TRACK 4Trumpet Concerto in CVivaldi The sound on this cut was very clean with good separation of the instruments, but with just a bit too much bite on the brass.
TRACK 7Welcome, WelcomePurcell TRACK 1La RejouissanceHandel Like most of the initial tracks on the Hi-Fi News CD, The vocals on this track had excellent separation the recording was made outside. It is a good test of and definition of the different vocal characteristics. imaging and definition, with some fireworks thrown The harpsichord was very distinct. in for dynamic flavor. It is by no means a killer cut, TRACK 14Rio Napa RSS Demo but there is enough energy in some of the fireworks This track is a good test of image movement, and to provide a sample of what you can expect in dy- there certainly was a lot of movement with these namic range from most commercial music CDs. From the first few minutes of this first piece, the strongest point of the SONIC CHARACTERISTICS RATINGS WITH NO SUB (NS) AND WITH SUB (S) DM602s was readily apparent. The Presence NS midrange was very good. As the old sayS ing goes, if you are going to get something right, make it the midrange. Stereophonic Effect NS Also apparent were the very clean and S detailed highs. For my taste they were Soundstaging NS just a little too apparent. Never did I get S the feeling that at any sane volume level Ambiance NS S ABOUT THE AUTHOR Tonal Balance NS Thomas Perazella is the Director of Information Systems for a national retailer of professional photoS graphic equipment headquartered in the midwest. His prior experience includes work as a Criminalist in Dynamic Range NS the San Diego and Long Beach California Crime Labs and Director of Marketing for a photographic S wholesale distributor. In addition to speaker design, Mr. Perazella has designed commercial high-powDistortion NS ered electronic flash equipment, as well as numerous pieces of audio electronics for his own use. Other leisure activities include cooking, golf, scuba diving, and motorcycles. S www.audioXpress.com
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speakers. The bass was just a little loose on this track, but the percussion was otherwise very good. TRACK 17Return of the Garage Door This was my one concession to non-music, but I could not resist the sound of a garage door closing and someone banging on it. One of my friends once said that I would stop to listen to a garbage can crashing down a concrete stairwell. What can I say? Dynamic range and, especially, transient dynamics provide a sense of realism thats hard to beat. On this cut there was a great sense of depth, but the dynamics came up a little compressed. If you are not a garbage-can junkie, you probably wont notice it. BrittenYoung Persons Guide to the Orchestra I listened to quite a few instruments, so Ill just list them and give you short snippets. WoodwindsPiccolo a little bright, but flute good. BrassGood midrange, especially the lower mid. StringsGood lower mids and mids with highs a little forward. PercussionOK at lower levels, but some loss of definition at higher levels. ClarinetVery good. Delicate with good air. OboeGood reed sounds. BassoonSmooth with good room sounds. ViolinsA little bright. ViolasSmooth and silky. CellosGood string sound but a little light. Double bassesVery good string sounds but a little light in the lower registers. HarpExcellent definition but a little light on the lower strings. HornClean with good definition. TrumpetExcellent definition. Trombone and tubaTrombone very smooth, but tuba a little light. Bass drums and cymbalsNo weight to drums. Short on definition. Castanets and gongExcellent air and shimmer. Tony Bennett TRACK 2Who Cares The piano, a Bosendorfer, had excellent definition of strings and hammer blows. The lower registers were a little light. Voice was very good. Intonation was very clear, and the gravely texture in Tonys voice was presented clearly without being raw. The dynamics were also very good. Pink FloydThe Wall TRACK 3Another Brick in the Wall There are a lot of things going on in this album, and it takes a speaker with good resolution to really produce the right mood. Voices were very clear. Guitar definition was excellent. The bass lines were just a little weak. The best part was that the sound was smooth and did not offend, even at relatively high levels. Separation of the different sounds was very good. Dynamics were quite good for a speaker of this size.
the right combination of attack and reverberation. Stick sounds on the cymbals were very realistic. Clark TerryLive at The Village Gate TRACK 8Hey Mr. Mumbles Voices and room sounds are the key to this track. The audience sounds were very realistic, including some background noises in the room. Terrys voice was the right level and reminded me of one of his live performances I attended. Bass was a little fat and not very deep. Sax was very good. The mute had good definition and bite where appropriate. Drums lost a little in the impact department, but again, not bad for a speaker of this size. Blue Rider Trio TRACK 8Stagolee If you havent heard any of the Mapleshade recordings, you should. So far I havent found any Grammy material, but the sense of having Pierre Sprey produce a transparent window to the artists is fascinating. On this piece, the guitar is just great. The string picking and harmonics are exceptional. Intonation on the voice is very clear, and the roughness in Ben Andrews voice is distinct. Let me try to explain the term distinct roughness. I think the real test in resolving power of any speaker is to separate sounds such as a rough human voice until you can almost count the different tones making up the voice. If it can do that, you have character instead of offensive noise. These speakers did that in spades, with only a slight prominence of sibilants. Placement of sounds was also excellent, with the ability to almost see the position of Andrews head as he plays. The sound was totally removed from the speakers. Vollenweider TRACK 1Behind the Gardens During the early part of this piece, a woman laughs from a position that seems well to the right of the right speaker, roughly 45 to the right of center. This is not quite as far as my reference system, but farther than many speakers I have auditioned. When you first hear it, it can be quite surprising, as you dont expect sound to come from that direction in a two-channel system. There are also some bird songs in this piece, and my dog Cinder, who is a very experienced listener by now, perked up his ears when he heard them. KodoIbuki TRACK 3Akabanah This is a very difficult piece for any speaker to reproduce. Some high levels of low-frequency drum sounds are superimposed on top of some delicate mid- and high-frequency sounds. Want some intermodulation distortion? Just crank up this piece. Two-way systems are particularly susceptible as the woofer extends well into the midrange, in this case 4kHz. At high levels, there was almost no appreciable reproduction of the drum fundamentals, and quite a bit of distortion in the midrange. TRACK 5The Hunted Impact is the name of the game with this track. Although not as deep as Akabanah, the drums in this piece have tremendous sock. In addition, there are again midrange details that should not become trampled in the fray. The results were better than with Akabanah, but the drum impact was moderate. TESTING WITH THE CROWN When trying to determine the limitations of a speaker, its best to make sure that the power amp is not the cause of any problems. To do that, I use a Crown Macro Reference amplifier as mentioned earlier. I repeated
the previous tracks until I got a clear understanding what the speaker and prior amp limitations were. There were no big surprises. TRACK 1La Rejouissance With the Crown, the overall tonal balance was the same as with the Amp Three. The sound was still a little on the light side, but the fireworks had a little more impact at very high levels. TRACK 2Jerusalem The results were the same as before. TRACK 3Henry V The results were the same as before. BrittenYoung Persons Guide to the Orchestra On the bass drum track, there was still no deep bass, but the sound was cleaner than before. Tony Bennett TRACK 2Who Cares The results were the same as before. KodoIbuki TRACK 3Akabanah The very low bass was still absent, but the midrange had not quite as much distortion. TRACK 5The Hunted There was much more impact from the drums than before, but still not as deep as it could be. At very high levels, the speakers surprised me. Even though they were 8 away from the listening position, on major hits of the drums, the puffs of air from the ports actually hit me in the face and the shirt sleeves. Mind you, this was at levels that were for testing only and not representative of normal listening. However, it was very distracting. The results showed that at sane listening levels with most musical sources, a competent 150W/channel amp should be a good complement to these speakers. Substitute a super amp costing in excess of $4K, and youll get some improvement, but hardly worth the expenditure. FINAL SOLUTION Ill admit it, Im biased. I think a good subwoofer is one of the best improvements you can make in any sound system. There are lots of reasons, but one of the most important is that a sub will unload the most difficult tasks from your main speakers. To see how this philosophy would work with the 602s, I used the high-pass function of my Orban parametric equalizers to act as a 12dB/octave high-pass filter to feed them signals only above 80Hz. Then, I passed all frequencies below 80Hz through a 12dB/octave summed mono low-pass filter to one half of my reference sub. Power for the 602s was again provided by the Amp Three. The results were dramatic. Regardless of how many times I do this, Im always surprised at the improvement this makes. Here are the results. TRACK 1La Rejouissance Most of this piece sounded the same, but the fireworks had much more impact, especially toward the end where there is a reasonable amount of low-frequency energy. BrittenYoung Persons Guide to the Orchestra On the cut with the bass drum, there was a total transformation. At high levels, the sound at all frequencies was still clean, with the required room shake from the drum. Tony Bennett TRACK 2Who Cares The piano now had the required weight you would (to page 48)
Jazz at the Pawnshop TRACK 1Limehouse Blues Ive listened to this piece so many times I feel like I own the club where it was recorded. The room sounds during the intro and at several places during the cut were excellent. This level of micro detail establishes a you are there effect. The brushes on the drums were very clear. The clarinet had good tonal range and was very smooth with just slight bite at times. The vibes were very good with
audioXpress February 2001 45
from page 45
expect from a Bosendorfer. The bass was also stronger. As a matter of fact, the bass is almost too heavy on this recording, and that was apparent in this configuration. KodoIbuki TRACK 3Akabanah Wow! Holy cow! The drums sound like drums again. The lows were very strong and clean. The mids lost the IM distortion that was evident when the sevenincher was chugging its little heart out trying to act like a big mean old drum. TRACK 5The Hunted Put on your flak vests for this one. Floor-pounding, chestthumping bass was abundant, again coupled with a very clean midrange. The annoying puffs in the face were also gone. As a matter of fact, putting my hand directly in front of the port revealed very little air movement, confirming the effectiveness of the high-pass filter.
CONCLUSIONS Again, for consistency, reviewers present a subjective rating of components being tested using four categories: presence, stereophonic effect, soundstaging, and ambiance. However, for testing speakers Im also including three other characteristics that I believe are very critical: tonal balance, dynamic range, and distortion. Ratings range from 0 to 10, with 10 being heavenly and 0 being unlistenable. These speakers are a great example of good engineering. Given their size and price, they get the basics right without trying to reach for the sky. By doing so, the addition of a sub to extend the frequency and dynamic ranges and also lighten the burden for the bass/mid driver yields a truly enjoyable system. Good speakers allow you to move into the recording venue and feel the music as a participant rather than an outsider. These speakers provide that to a high degree. Lesser approaches sacrifice midband performance to try to extend reach, making improvements more difficult to achieve. If price is an issue, there are other speakers that have a slightly more extended reach into the bass, but not with the clarity of the DM602s. If you never plan to
add a subwoofer, some of those may be better choices. But, if you are planning to use any speaker in this size and price range without a sub, I think you are missing the mark. There is no other addition you can make that will have as significant an effect as using a sub. Look at the results of changing from a $350 amplifier to a kilobuck amp compared to using the small amp and the sub. The difference is huge. Save your pennies and buy or build your own sub. Never before has there been a time when you have had so many choices of great drivers to build a sub. Companies such as ACI, HSU Research, Adire Audio, Madisound, and Parts Express, to name just a few, have drivers you would have killed for just a few years ago and at prices that will make people think you were holding a gun to someones head when you bought them. News Flash: Parts Express has just come out with a pair of dual voice-coil drivers with XMAX of around 16mm at ridiculous prices. The 15 driver has a suggested price of $132 in single quantities and $125 for four or more. This is probably the new champ for volume displacement per dollar. So give the DM602s a listen and then go build a killer sub for a great-sounding system.
from page 43
the test. Then a second-order nonlinearity will produce intermods at frequencies of f1 f2. A third-order nonlinearity generates intermods at 2f1 f2 and f1 2f2. I first examined woofer intermods by inputting 900Hz and 1kHz signals at equal levels. These frequencies should appear predominantly in the woofer output. Total SPL with the two signals was adjusted to 86dB at 1m. Because steady tones are used in the IM test, I thought it safer to use a
lower power level to prevent possible tweeter damage. Principal woofer IM products occurred at 800, 1100, 2800, and 2900Hz. However, the overall level was only 0.47%, an excellent result. I measured tweeter intermods with a 10kHz and 11kHz input pair also adjusted to produce 86dB SPL at 1m, observing IM products at 8, 9, 12, and 13kHz. Total distortion was 0.18%. Again, this is a very low figure. The last IM test examines crossintermodulation distortion between the woofer and tweeter using frequencies of 900Hz and 10kHz. (A 1kHz signal would pro-
duce intermods that fall on harmonic-distortion lines, confusing the results.) Ideally, the crossover should prevent high-frequency energy from entering the woofer and low-frequency energy from entering the tweeter. IM products appeared at 6.4, 9.1, and 10.4kHz at a level of 0.07%, the lowest figure I have measured so far in the series of tests.
I conducted all of the above tests with the grille off. Figure 11 shows the 602s system response with the grille on, but referenced to the response with the grille off; that is,
it plots the change in response under the two conditions. Below 3kHz the grille has little effect. Above 3kHz, however, the grille causes ragged response deviations of +2 to 4.5dB. As usual the grille has only cosmetic value. Two samples of the 602 system were available for testing. I conducted all of the tests described so far on one sample. Frequency response of the second sample matched the first to within 0.5 and +1dB from 100Hz 16kHz. Tweeter response of the second sample rose to 1.8dB above the first at 20kHz, but this should be of little consequence.
48 audioXpress 2/01
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